HI- . ' i HH
I r Ws Metal Prices " f"t fl v VV1vXwv I 4 P. M. CITY EDITION I
i lead, $6.40; spelter, S9.7510.50; cod 7 V WEATHER Utah: Tonight and
per, $24.0026.00. M f Saturday Fair; Not Much Change In lH
FEARLESS, INDEPENDENT, PROGRESSIVE NEWSPAPER. , : I DBJ
F.5ixh Yar-No. 174. Prle. Fve OGDEN CITY, UTAH, FRIDAY EVENING, JULY 21, 1916. Entered a, Second C1aM Matter th. P.c.. ddon H! I
. - B
Russian Forces Capture Turkish Town; I
Austro-Hungarian Troops in Retreat I
BATTLE ON BRITISH LINE CONTINUES
WITHOUT ANY INTERMISSION
English Push Forward to Foureaux Wood Where Germans
Counter Attack With Intense Bombardment With Gas
Shells Charge on French Lines Fails, Germans Suf
fer Heavy Losses and Are Driven Back in Dis
order Heavy Artillery .Fighting at Ver
dun Fierce Fighting on Italian and
Vienna, July, 2 1 , via London, 9:15 p. m. Under the
; pressure of attacks by the Russians the Austro-Hungarian
i forces in the region of the Styr and Lipa rivers, north of the
j Galician border, have been forced to withdraw to new positions
in the region of Berestachk says an official statement issued
by the war office today.
Petrograd, July 21. The capture by Russian troops of
the town of Gumuskhaneh, forty-five miles southwest of
Trebizond, in Turkish Armenia, was announced today by the
Gumuskhaneh is forty miles northwest of Baiburt, the
capture of which was reported by the Petrograd war office on
ijuly 16. It is about 50 miles directly north of Erzignan, the
objective of the Russian army wjiich recently took Mamak
hatun, 50 miles to the west.
The Anglo-French offensive in north-
l ern France is being vigorously pushed.
Driving from Bazentin and Longeuval
toward Bapaume, General Haig's
troops have advanced as far as the
Foureaux wood. South of the Sorame
the French have been "able to hold
) trenches captured in their drive along
a five-mile front on Thursday, with.
; standing a vigorous counter attack.
Special despatches from Copenhagen
to London report the capture by a
i German warship of the American sail
; ing vessel Prins Valdemar, bound from
an American port for JSWeden with.-a
I v cargo of oil.
: The British steamers Yzer and
Grangemoore, both vessels of some.
what more than 3,000 tons are report
British Push Forward.
; London, July 21, 2:55 p. m. The
British line north, of Bazentin aiid
X Longueval has been pushed forward in
Foureaux wood, the war office an
L nounced today. The British drove the
; Germans from the wood but lost part
; of this position subsequently.
5 The statement says:
"The battle continues without in
termission between the Leipslc re
doubt on the west and Delville woou
on the east. North of the Bazentin
f Longueval line the British advance
has been pushed to Foureaux wood
from which wo drove the enemy.
"During the night the enemy count-,
er attacked after an intense bombard
ment with gas shells and succeeded
' in effecting entry into the northern
; part of the wood, but failed to dls
i lodge us from the southern half.
"Elsewhere there Is no change.
Germans Lose Heavily.
,; Paris, Julv 21, 12 noon Positions
captured yesterday by the French
south of the Somme were subected
to a vigorous counter attack during
the night. The Germans charged tho
French lines south of Soyecourt but
the war office announced today sut
fered heavy losses and wero driven
back in disorder. .
A strong German aetncnmeni.
advanced to tho attack in the ; Cbaul.
i nes region was repulsed with the
Between Soissons and Rheims ; the
French penetrated a German tiench,
clearing it of its defenders.
On the Verdun front artillery
was active on both sides m the iicin.
ity of Chattancourt and Fleury
; French aeroplanes successfully bom.
barded stations at Conflaans, Mars-la-Tour,
Longueyon and Brieulles.
- "South of the Somme the enemy
the enemy yesterday evening deiiv-
;, cred a counter attack on our new posi
tlons south of Soyecourt. The battal.
' ' ion which led the assault was caught
by our curtain of fire and by our
machine guns nnd was thrown back m
) disorder after having suffered great
' "The night was calm on the other
side of the Somme. In the region ot
ChaulneB a strong detachment of the
enemy which attempted to approach
' our lines south of Maucourt was re-
: Soissons and Rheims, northeast ot
- - Vendressc a French reconnoltering
detachment, assisted by the explosion
of a mine, penetrated a trench ot
the enemy, which was cleard out with
"On the Verdun front there -waa
great activity of the artillery on both
; : sides in the sectors of Chattancourt
Violent Bombardment. 1
"In the Vo3ges after a violent bom.
bardment an attempt was made with,
f out success to storm our positions
' north of "Wisembach,
"On tho day of July 20 and during
V the night of July 20-21, our aeroplane
i. squadrons bombarded several impor-
tant points behind the enemy's lines.
4 The stations at. Conflans, Mars-la-Tour,
h Longueyon and Brieulles and the rail
.j road junction at Ham were bombarded
with many projectiles of large caliber.
"The undefended village of Baccarat
and Luneville were again bombarded
by enemy aviators on July 17, IS and
19. Material .damage was caused.
These acts are accepted as meriting
Russians Disregard Hague Law.
London, July 21, 9:57 a. m A Ren
ter's Petrograd correspondent says
that the Russian minister of foreign
affairs has informed the Turkish gov
ernment through the ambasadors of
the United States-and-Spaki-thati3l-u&'-sia
wiil henceforth disregard the prin
ciples of The Hague convention as
far as Turkish hospital ships arc con
cerned. The Russian hospital ship Portugal
was sunK oy a suimiaiuie m uie uian
sea last March. There were a large
number of wounded on board at the
time and 115 lives were lost It first
was stated that the ship had been
sunk by a German submarine but lat
er Turkey accepted the responsibility
declaring that the ship did not fly the
Red Cross -flag and was mistaken for
On July 9 the Vperiode which took
the place' of the Portugal was torpedo
ed and sent to the bottom while on
her way to Batum to embark wounded
soldiers. -The official report of the
disaster made no mention of loss of
lives, or of the nationality of the sub- J
Threaten Air Raids.
Berlin, July 21, 11:25 a. m Threats
of air raids on open French towns as
measures of reprisal, are made in an
official statement issued here today.
The statement says mat the French
airmen hnve bombarded towns in the
Black Forest which are outside the
zone of field operations, while the Ger
man air attacks have been up to now
directed exclusively against fortres
ses or field works. In vpne of the
French raids it is said that a woman
and four children were killed.
"We shall now be forced," says the
report, "to use our strong battle squad
rons for the purpose of reprisal. A
great number ot peacoiui iTencn
towns outside the zono of field opera
tions are within the reach of our air
Russians Pushed Back.
Berlin, July 21, by wireless to Say
vllle. A retirement of the Russians
in one sector of the Volhynian battle
front 1b reported In the Austria-Hungarian
army headquarter's report of
July 20, which says: (
"In Volhynian the Germans pushed
the enemy 'back west of the Zulni
iicz (Svlniusky) lowlands toward the
"In tho Italian war theater the
situation is generally quiet."
Two Submarines Drown.
Berlin, July 21, by wireless to Say
vllle. Tho destruction in the nothorn
Adriatic on July 15, of two sub
marines, one of them Italian, by Aus
trian torpedo boats, is announced in
an official communication received
here today from Vienna.
Special Mobilization Ordered.
Petrograd, via London, July 21, 1:41
a, ni. An imperial ukase orders a
special mobilization, for tho construc
tion of defense works and lines of
communication in the region of the
active armies, of the whole male na
tive population of the province of
Astrakhan, Siberia, the Island of Sak
halan and Turkistan. The order In
cludes males of from 19 to 43 years.
The nomad population are specially
Germans Suppress Riots.
Rotterdam, July 21, via London, 6
p m Food riots which broke out in
Belgium and northern France have
been suppressed by the German mili
tary authorities, according to reports
received here from reliable sources.
The rioting was especially severe at
j "HERO OF THE MARNE" REPORTED TO BE I
1 DIRECTING FRENCH FORCES AT VERDUN
It is reported that General Mangin is directing- tn operations of tfio
Jench-aimynthe CeixlunbaUle be'
known in France as the "Hero of the Marne." It was through his energy
and presence in the midst of his troops that he was able to maintain a
counter attack against the Germans in the battle of the Marne, a year ago
last September. '
Liege, Verviers, Roubaix, Renaix, St.
Nicholas, Lokern, and Termonde.
Helena, Mont, July 21. Heavy emi
gration of Rumanians from Montana,
all going east, was reported hero to
day. When asked whether Rumania
had summoned her reservist men
they would not discuss the matter.
German Submarine, One of
Latest Prizes of British Navy,
Visited by A. P. Cor
respondent. U-35 BOAT DESCRIBED
Was on Twentieth Trip and
Had Laid Over 200 Mines
When Captured by Pa
London, July 21. The German sub
marine mine layer, which is one of the
U-35 class, one of the latest prizes of
the British navy, was visited by an
Associated Press representative to
day prior to its being placed on pub
lic exhibition in the Thames.
The prize, flying the German naval
ensign, surmounted by the British en
sign, lay In a naval dock yard on the
east coast. The vesel is designed
purely for mine laying. The entire
forward part is composed of wells,
six In number, each containing two
powerful mines which an be releas
ed by levers. The ship has no torpedo
tubes or other armament except small
arms -for the crew and Is only 100 feet
Thirteen bluejackets and five offl-
l cers comprise the crew of the sub-
marine. According to one of the sea
men she made prior to her capture 19
trips rrom ner Dase in uunuuuj w
the British coast and laid over 200
mines In routes frequented by merch
ant vessels. She was on her twen
tieth trip when she was captured by
the British patrol boat.
The sailors said that when the sub
marine was sighted and chased by a
patrol tho crew tried to got rid of her
remaining mines but had not suffici
ent time. Seeing that capture was
inevitable, the officers ordered the
abandonment of tho ship, destroyed
tho log and other records and virtual
ly demolished the six cylinder Diezel
engine of approximately 250 horse
power. All of tho crew and officers
were taken prisoners.
Tho hull of the submarine is in
good condition but shows a number
of dents where it struck obstacles
In its underwater voyages. The craft
shows signs of rapidity of construe-
tion but appears Avell fitted for short
trips across the North sea.. British
naval officers pointed out that the
mines carried no apparatus for ren
dering them harmless, if they broke
loose from their moorings, as requir
ed by The Hague convention.
AVIATOR SERIOUSLY INJURED.
Mendoza, Argentina, July 20. Lieu
tenant Berisco, the Uruguay aviator
who won the international military
aviation race from Buenes Aires to
Mendoza, a distance of G45 miles, was
seriously injured today by the fall of
his machine. Ho ascended to greet
the other competitors in the contest
I on their arrival, but his aeroplano got
out of hand and dropped to the
i ground. Lieutenant Beriaso suffered
a broken leg and injuries of the
German Warship Takes Ves
sel With Cargo of Oil Into
London, July 21, S:56 a. m. The
American schooner Prinz Valdemar
has been captured by a German war
ship while on its way from Philadel
phia to Sweden with a cargo of oil,
according to a dispatch to the Ex
change Telegraph company quoting
the Copenhagen Politiken. Tho
schooner was taken into Swinemun
de. The only American schooner of this
name which is listed here belongs to
George W. McNear of San Francisco.
The McNear firm is one of those In
cluded in the recent British blacklist
Shipping records tlhow that the
American sailing vessel Prinz Valde
mar, a bark, left San Francisco on
February 24 for Tellcborge, Sweden.
She did not touch at Philadelphia.
TU t n .1 l I -r l -. ml In .
x uuuueijMim, JUiy zi. itiero ia
record hero of an American schooner
named Prinz Valdemar said to have
sailed from this port for Sweden
with a cargo of oil. No sailing 'ves
sels have left here recently for Eu
rope with oil. Shipping records show
a bark Prinz Valdemar foreign built
but under American register. The
bark, according to records here, was
last reported at San Francisco in No
Portland, Me., July 21. Three
Americans, George lvey of Philadel
phia; Richard Nelligan of Boston and
Davis Rosseneau of Oldtown, Me.,
wore members of the crew of the
British steamship Yzer, reported to
day from London as liavlng sunk. The
Yzer carried a cargo of 27,754 bush
els of oats and was commanded by
Captain William McL. Hunter.
Major-General Bliss Finds Ex
cellent State of Health With
Sanitary Conditions Good.
MEN WELL SHELTERED
Camp Water Supply System
Nearly Completed Abund
and, Excellent and
Washington, July 21. Another re
port today from Major General Bliss
on the condition of national guard
v-uuipa un me iuexican uoraer saiu ne
found the camp at Llano Grande,
Donna, Mercedes and Harlingen, Tex
as, in an excellent state of health with
sanitary conditions Tanging from
good to excellent.
The dispatch follows:
"Finished inspection of Minnesota
and Indiana infantry brigades and two
regiments of Nebraska infantry and
auxiliary troops from these states, all
stationed at Llano Grande and por
tions of Texas infantry brigade sta
tioned at Donna, Mercedes and Har
lhigen. With the exception of one In
diana regiment which was in shelter
tents, the troops inspected today are
comfortably sheltered. The large
tents for this regiment are coming
by express today.
"Command is in excellent state of
health, the sick "report being prac
tically negligible. Camp water supply
system at Llano Grande is nearly
completed. Tho water at all stations
Inspected is of excellent quality. San
itary conditions of the camps varied
from good to excellent. The condi
tions of the poorer camps in this re
spect is being rapidly improved.
''All officers and .men interviewed
(by "me-'Stated ' .that the rations are
abundant in quantity, excellent in
quality and of suitable variety. Gen
eral spirit of contentment the same
as indicated in my previous tele
gram." General Plummer Transferred.
Mercedes, Texas, July 21. Brigadier-General
Edwin P. Plummer, re
cently placed in command of troops
at Llano Grande, Texas, has been
transferred to Nogales, Ariz., and will
leave Immediately to take charge fo
his new command.
Party Declares for Nation-wide
Prohibition and Equal Suf
frage and Opposes Mili
NO WAR WITH MEXICO
Nominating and Seconding
Speeches Made and J. Frank
rjianley Wins on First
St. Paul,. Minn., July 21. The na
tional Prohibition convention resumed
its work shortly after ten o'clock and
after a brief discussion adopted the
platform without serious opposition.
By a rising vote the convention includ
ed in tho platform E. W. Chafln's
plank endorsing the initiative, refer
endum ajul recall.
The platform of the National Pro
hibition party, adopted at today's ses
sion of the party's convention de
nounces tho liquor traffic as a crime,
declares for nation-wide prohibition
and equal suffrage and opposes the
military programs of the Republican
and Democratic parties, but favors
constructive platform, which, summar
ized, makes the following declara
tions: Expresses opposition to the 'waste
ful military programs of the Demo
cratic and Republican parties." Sup
port would be given a compact among
nations to dismantle navies and dis
band armies, but until such compact
is established maintenance of an effec
tive army and navy and adequate
coast defenses are recommended.
Favors reciprocal trade treaties to
be negotiated with all nations and
commissions appointed to gather
Favors national legislation to en
courage the establishment of an ade
quate fleet of merchant ships.
Opposes war with Mexico; pledges
aid to the protection of American lives
and favors uso o force when neces
sary. Approves strict Interpretation of the
Opposes abandonment of the Philip
pine islands at this time but favors
i ultimate Independence.
, Favors non-political promotions to
bo governod by civil service reguln-,
tions applicable to all federal execu
Uniform Marriage and Divorce.
Favors uniform marriage and di
vorce daws and complete suppression
of white slavery.
Declares for prohibition of child
labor, approves an eight hour day with
one hour rest each day and extension
of compensation and liability federal
Opposes "pork barrel" legislation
and useless federal expenditures.
Favor a single presidential term of
Demands public ownership of utili
ties to be operated in the Interests of
Favors public grain elevators, own
ed and operated by the federal gov
ernment and abolition of speculation
on the markets.
Favors equitable retirement law for
maintenance of superannuated federal
Aside from a plank declaring in fav
or of the initiative, referendum and
recall which was agreed upon after a
short discussion, the platform was
adopted today as originally drawn.
VILLA PLANS TO
Bandit Chief With 1800 Men
Directing Campaign Is Re
ported to Pershing.
San Antonio, Texas, July 21. Corro
boration of the reports that Fran
cisco Villa is personally directing a
campaign that has for its immediate
object the capture of Torreon was
contained in a report from General
Pershing to General Funston today.
General Pershing's report was filed
yesterday at Columbus and appeared
to have been written the day before.'
Information that had reached General
Pershing at that time was that Villa
with 1.S00 men, was planning an attack
on Torreon. He., addqd, that it had
Ibeen- deffaitelj- established that Villa
still was suffering from the wounds
in his right leg. General Pershing
said Villa was using a crutch.
No orders have been sent to Gen
eral Pershing to resume operations
Order States That All Allies of
Austria and Hungary Are to
Be Treated as Enemies.
Rome, July 20. Via Paris, July 21.
12:55 a. m. A ministerial decree was
issued today placing the persons and
property of Germans on the same foot,
ing of those of Austria and Hungary.
The decree does not directly mention
Germans but stated that allies of Aus.
tria are to be treated as enemies and
their subjects and goods are liable to
Prior to the war German property
and interests in Italy were estimated
to be worth $250,000,000. Their value
now is placed at about $150,000,000.
There are only a few German subjects
in Italy now and these will either ba
placed in concentration camps or sent
across the Swiss border.
Strong Agitation in Italy.
There has ben a strong agitation
in Italy for some time for the breaking
off of all relations with Germany.
The curious situation caused by Italy
being at war with Austria while nom
inally at peace with Germany was
emphasized by an agreement between
Rome and Berlin wherein all rights
of the citizens of one country domi
ciled in the other were to be respected.
On July 16 this agreement was de.
nounced l)y Italy on the ground it was
not being observed by Germany.
At the great council of the entente
powers held in Paris last February
tho Italian representatives were
pressed for an explanation as to why
Itaaly had not declared war on Ger
many. On Februnry 29 Italy requisi
tioned '34 German ships which were
interned in Italian ports. As a similar
action by Portugal had promptly
caled forth an ultimatum from Berlin
which was followed by a declaration
of war, it was confidently expected
that the same sequel wouiu conow
in regard to Italy. As far as is known,
however, Wilhelmstrasse did not even
make a 'protest If war is now de
clared Italian troops may be sent to
tho western front, according to the
expectations expressed in London and
Poc'atello, Ida., July 20. The auto
traffic to and from Yellowstone park
has thus far been almost double that
of a year ago, no less than eleven
states having been represented dur
ing the past week. During the last
few days a number of residents of
this city havo joined the procession,
but the majority are planning on mak
ing the trip during the first. week
in August. . . ' '
STORY OF FIGHT
ON THEJOMME 1
French Adyance to Attack
Simultaneously With British
N German Trenches
GERMANS FROM VERDUN H
More Big Guns Brought Up H
Great Mortality Only 120 H
Left Out of 1100 M
British Front in France, July 20, G IH
n. m.. via Lnriflnri Julv 91 9-1 A n m HH
"The French are attacking." This
was the message that the rapid fire
of their 75s and the thunders of their
heavy guns brought from the valley
of the Somme over the hills to the
While marking time while the Brit- H
ish took the second Hue in front of
them, the blue tide of French soldiers
on the right of the British khaki ad- H
vanced at dawn to play their part In
the development of the entente allied
plans and, the people of the towns in
the rear had the welcome news at
luncheon hour that the soldiers were
already in occupation of German H
trenches north of the Somme and had !H
gained ground south' of the Somme, H
.Meanwhile, the Australians on a il
two mile front in the Armentieres
Neuve Chapelle region took part In the 'H
biggest trench raid ever undertaken, H
its extent making it a departure. AT- :H
ter cutting the wire by shell fire they H
rushed the German trenches, doing H
what damage they could by bombing IH
and hand-to-hand fighting before re- H
tiring to their own trenches.
During the French attack the guns
on both sides were untiringly busy. H
Having ,jmad Longueval and their; H
positions In Delville wood secure, the IJ
British stormed tho high road, and in H
both these woods and the fields be- H
tween the front and the village of H
Guillemont, the Germans, massing
fresh forces brought from Verdun
since their whole tactical situation H
in the Somme region became endang-
ereu, resisieu me rriusu wim iue oa-
age determination not to yield further H
high ground, which is nothing more H
than knolls and rolling farmland har-
rowed by shells and whipped by bul-
lets, whose loss leaves command of H
the position to the British.
The Germans are still bringing up
guns, presumably from Verdun and H
from the high woods to the Somme,
all day they seemed to bo answering
the preponderant British fire with all
the power they had. H
Among the British troops recently H
engaged are some units of the "bant- IH
ams", England's little men five feet H
three inches in height and under, (
whom Lord Kitchener enlisted In spe- H
cial battalions. They wen in with all VM
the courago and pride of a corps of
six foot guardsmen and the audacity
of the bantam cock which is their
symbol, when it comes to stalking a
machine gun, or sniping rrom a shell
crater they are loss exposed than men H
of ordinary stature. A
A captured diary from the 190th H
regiment of the 185th German divis- H
ion, which was rushed from the Cham-
pagnc to the Somme the second of
July, shows that out of 1100 men of
one battalion 120 are left and less H
than half the men of the other two bat- H
talions. The writer complains that H
all this loss was suffered without tho H
men really having ever beeh engaged H
face to face with the English, thecal- H
ways having been caught by a con- H
centration of shell fire, or by flank H
General Calles Announces H
That Mexican Rioters Will
Be Severely Punished, Re-
gardless of Position. H
Douglas, Ariz., July 21. Upon re-
celving reports today that the civilian H
population of Canauea participated in
ir,f o niTiMfiAnt with the return of
American employes of the Cananea jH
Consolidated Copper company from
tho border. General P. Ellas Calles,
military commander of Sonora, issued
orders that every disturber be placed H
under arrest. It was intimated at the H
Comandancia in Agua Prieta that the H
leaders, regardless of their positions, H
would be shqt or imprisoned for long
General Calles also ordered Matea
Orez, recently appointed president ol H
the town, to hasten his departure for M
Cananea and dispatched Florenclo 'H
Fimbres; Orez's chief of police, to
Cananea by motor. VM
Mexican authorities pointed ou( Jm
that the operation of American Indus
tries in Sonora is necessary to tho Jm
economic welfare of the stato and as
serted that every Possible step to
eliminate disturbances will be taken,
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