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lead, 6J46Jc; spelter, 7Jc; copper, - cept light snow In north central por- H
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y J' FEARLESS. INDEPENDENT, PROGRE SSIVE NEWSPAPER.
jfj I Forty-second Year No. 301. Price Five Cents. OGDEN CITY, UTAH, THURSDAY EVENING, DECEMBER 20, 1917. . Entered as Second-Class Matter at the Postofflce. O0den, Utah,
i TEUTONS TAKE 9,000 SOLDIERS I
hi British Are Disappointed Over Collapse of the Russian Armies I
' Claim Repulse of
) j BERLIN, Dec. 20. Repeated Italian counter-attacks
' against the positions recently captured by the Austro-Germans
j ' i on Monte Pertica were repulsed yesterday, the. German general
fj staff announced today. Since December 1 1 the Teutons have
j taken nearly 9,000 prisoners in the fighting between the
) Brenta and Piave rivers.
PARIS, Dec. 20. The official statement issued today
by the French war office says :
i "There was moderate artillery activity along the front
' 3 last night. There were no infantry actions."
': WITH THE AMERICAN ARMY IN FRANCE, Dec.
: : 20, by the Associated Press. Th.e officers of the Russian
- V ; army in France have volunteered as a body tb give their service
" I - " to the United States.
' WITH THE AMERICAN AH MY IN
f." ; ' FRANCE, Dec. 20. In April of last
i i year five contingents of Russian
I ! . ; troops ivpro landed at Marseilles after
.j a land -and sea journey of approxi-
) mat el j- 17,500 miles from Moscow to
i Port Dalny, Manchuria, by rail and
thence by water. The number of men
I ' In the contingents was estimated at
something like 25,000, although no
rJ) official figures wore given. A sector in
--jr ! the Champagne was taken over by the
u'- J Russian troops.
7-. I When thoRusso -Gorman armistice
0 iirt vj negotiations were begun Ahc Germans
i tec- fCj' stipulated that the Russians in Franco
must be included in the armistice,
h Review of War Situation.
. A state of siege has been pro-
claimed in Pctrograd and tho Ukran-
lj ian Rada has refused to obey an ulti-
5Pa malum presented by the Bolsheviki
'JP government. Disorders in the capital
-3tr i . due. it is said, to the looting of wine
smm ) ci'llars and shops made necessary the
- ..i proclamation of a state of siege.
; Relations between the Ukrane and
' i i 1,10 Bolsheviki government have not
Nil l)rrn cor(lial' Tho Ukrano has refused
j 10 permit Maximalist troops to cross
I its territory to attack General Kalc-
, j dii pr and several days ago Bolshevik!
' 1 tioops attacked the Rada as it was
. ' j sitting in Odessa and were defeated by
'. 'S I'kranian troops. Tho Bolsheviki gov-
' -j , ) ernment has accused the Ukranian
i M j. Rada of being friendly to the Consti-
- tutional-Domocrats and the Cossacks,
' )' tht- main factors behind the counter-
j'l " revolution.
Cossacks Take Rostov.
y. . ' Rostov-on-the-Don. recently rc-
:K ported captured by the Bolsheviki, is
'; now said to have been occupied Mon-
tjf -. day by the Cossacks of General Kale-
'? r dines who, according to another re-
, cent rumor, bad been arrested by his
' own officers. The Cossack leader, ac-
' cording to a dispatch reaching London
, from Petrograd, Jias proposed to the
. . ; Bolsheviki that, civil strife come to an
.j . end by declaring the independence of
V? ' i .: the Don territory and ' providing
- " .) against Maximalist intervention there.
J ' Between Monto Grapha and the
i a ! Brenta on the Italian northern frout
-'j - the Italians are resivung uesper-
ately renewed Austro-Gcrmnn efforts
' to break through the hills to the
'J plains. Tlio Italians, after withstand -
1 ' inB stron5 attacks and inflicting heavy
- 1 -' Iobscs on tho enemy, were forced to
' M retire to new portions when the in-
fi I vaders brought up reserves. On tho
9 i southorn end of the Piava line the
$ B I Austro-Germans have been checked in
.j M I several attempts to cross tho river.
9 j ( Germans Plan Drive.
: 1 On the western front the Germans
, have not yet given strong indication
j of where their advertised drive Is to
I begin. The German guns continue to
1 bombard various sectors along tno
front from the North sea to the Swiss
border, including the Ypres and
Champagne areas, and enemy raiding
parlies are harassing the British and
French soldiers. Enemy raids havo
been repulsed by the British in the
Arras area and northeast of Ypres,
while the French have repulsed an
attack at Regneville, northwest of
Verdup. Germany's present strength,
on the western front approximates the
maximum reached last July when It
was 155 divisions. The allies, how
ever, are believed to have a superior?
ity In numbers.
week total 17, a decrease of four com
pared with the previous week. The
number of ships of more than 1600
tons lost remained stationary, the re
duction being in vessels under 1600
ROME, Dec. 19. The weekly report
of shipping losses shows that two
sailing vessels of more than 100 tons
and one" of less than that size were
sunk. One steamship was damaged by
a mjne but reached port.
PORTUGUESE REPULSE GERMAN
LONDON. Dec. 20. Portuguese
troops near Laventie, north of Arras,
last night repulsed an attempted Ger
man raid, according to an official
statement issued today from British
headquarters in France and Belgium.
The German artillery vas active in the
Ihe statement reads:
"A raid attempted by the enemy last
nght southeast of Laventie was re
pulsed by Portuguese troops. Except
for hostile artillery activity in the
neighborhood of PasBchendaele there
is nothing further to report."
Allies Encouraging Ukrane.
PETROGRAD, Wednesday. Dec. 19.
The Bolsheviki newspapers are
complaining that the presenco of the
allied military missions In the Ukrane
is encouraging General Kaled(nes,
leader of the counter-revolution,
against the Maximalist government
'Answering this complaint on behalf of
the American military mission of
which he Is chief, Lieutenant Colonel
W. V. Judson says that all American
officers are in Petrograd.
Negative Answers Is Sent to
the Bolsheviki Government's
Will Not Permit Troops to Go
Through to Fight General
PETROGRAD, Wednesday. Dec. 19.
The Rada, the governing body of the
Ukrane, has sent a negative answer to
the ultimatum of the Council of Peo
ple's commissaries, the Bolsheviki
The Ukranian Rada and the Bolshe
viki government In Pctrograd have
been at odds since the successful rev-!
olution of the Maximalists early in
November. The ultimatum referred
to probably is the demand made by the
Bolsheviki that the Rada permit its
troops to go through the Ukrane to aid j
in putting down the Kaledines' revolt.
The Ukrano which is on tho frontier, i
is part of the old kingdom of Poland.
It is made up of parts of the govern- j
ments of Poltava, Kiev, Podolia, Khar
kov, Ekaterlnoslav and Kherson. These
governments have a combined area of
about 127.000 square miles and a popu
lation of about 25.000,000.
UtTIMATUM SENT UKRANlANS
LONDON, Tuesday. Dec. 18.-The
Bolsheviki government, according to
Petrograd advices, has sent an ultima
I turn to the Ukranian Rada. It demands
. that within -IS hours a decision be
made whether the Ukrane will cease
to assist General Kaledines by sending
hfm troops while forbidding passage to
Bolsheviki government troops and also
whether -it-will- stoudisarmingftrodp?
in the Ukrane. In case of refusal the
Rada will bo considered at war with
the congress of Workmen's and Sold
I nr. t
SANTA am TO
Americans Must Provide Toys
for Hundreds of Blind and
1,100 LOSE SIGHT
Gifts for Children Who Will
Never See Again Are
HALIFAX. N. S., Dec. 20. An
American Santa Claus must provide
toys for hundreds of blind and crippled
children in hospitals here. The limited
stock carried by the local dealers has
been exhausted. Americans have been
asked to help.
Although nq approximate estimate
of those blinded by the explosion is
available, it is believed the number
may reach 1000, including those who
lost the sight of one or both eyes.
Many of these are children and gifts
which they never will see are sadly
Wonders of Vast U. S. Camp
I T in France Described By Writer
0 si ''
(I 9ij PARIS, Tuesday, Dec. IS The won-
& H ' ders of a vast American training camp
. H for aviators in central Franco arc dc-
fl2 m t scribed enthusiastically in the Petit
VI M Parlslen by Paul Ginisty, who has just
51 11 visited tho camp. With the exception
yj f 1 of a few huts, ho writes, all tho mater-
S I 4 1 ial was brought from America. The
1 r : work was bogun in September under
5j )'t the direction of 250 men, experts in
M 1 4 ' various branches and the driving pow
9 y v vMch they are putting into their
3 W, tasks was ovident on every hand. From
hi v thlr, camp fully trained pilots will be
B fey icnt to tho front. French aviators am
a Pj . there to give the benefit of their ex
H e.-i pern nccs.
a ' The arrangements which havo been
jS P: mado for tho comfort an dentortalu-
v. L mcnt of the American soldiers .In all
3? ' :cai"DS are praised by M. Ginlstywho ,
Since 1914 tho women employed on
trams, buses and railways Jn England 1
have increased 326 per cent. I
also was greatly Impressed by too
highly developed administrative or
ganization which has been perfected.
Ilo vat especially struck by a table at
thu aviation camp which records the
progress of each pilot from the time of
his first flight until he Is performing
acrobatic tricks In the air.
AUSTRALIANS DO GOOD WORK.
LONDON. Wednesday, Dec. 19. Av
iation activities by tho British army
air service are reported in an official
statement as follows:
"Good work, was dono In the air
Monday by Australian pilots. Two of
them who were attacked by many hos
tile scouts when employed on artillery
work, succeeded in bringing down one
of tho eneray.'s machines In our lines
and dispersed the remainder.
LA FAYETTE PROBE POSTPONED
WASHINGTON, Dec. 20. Inability
to obtain a quorum compelled the sen
ate committee investigating Senator
LaFollettc's recent St. Paul's speech
to postpone action again today for the
fourth time. The committee met to
extend time for conducting the inquiry
and to decide when former Secretary
Bryan and other witnesses should testify.
"On Tuesday a thick haze again lim
ited flying to the northern part of
tho front where a great deal of artil
lery photographic work was done.
During the day over 150 bombs were
dropped on tho enemy's railway sta
tions, sidings and trenches and "many
rounds were fired from tho air into
trenches and billets.
Intense Air Fighting.
"Fighting in the air on this part of
the front was intense all day and re
sulted greatly In our favor. Several
hostile machines were brought down
by our airplanes. One machine was
shot in our lines by anti-aircraft gun
fire and another by tho fire of our in
fantry. Three others were driven down
out of control Three of our machines
Dr. Von Kuehlmann and
Count Czernin on Way
! to Brest-Litovsk.
BERLIN BOARD MEETS
Central Powers Intend to
Make Peace Proposals
to the Allies.
1 LONDON, Dec 20. Peace negotia
tions between Russia and the central
powers, an armistice having been
reached.' arc assuming- an aspect of
iniporUinco. Dr. von Kuehlmann, the
German foreign secretary and Count
ei?n minister, are both said to bo on
their way to Brest-Litovsk, being ac
companied bj advisory suites from
various government departments. It
is also indicated from Berlin that the
main committee of the reichstac will
be summoned to meet in special ses-
sion in connection with these negotia
1 hons and somo German newspapers
interpret this as shewing that the will
of tho people's representatives is
'about to assert itself.
Another result of the armistice is
that Ensign Krylenko, the Bolsheviki
commander-in-chief, has been able to
move divisions from the northern
front against General Kaledines, who
is reported to bo gaining new victories.
There is no direct confirmation of the
report that former Premier Keronsky
is in the vicinity o'f Pctrograd with an
Drastc Methods of Bolsheviki.
Meanwhile the Bolsheviki adminis
tration is adopting drastic methods
against its opponent, including the re
instatement of tho death penalty.
A dispatch from Tammerfors, Fin
land, says that the Russian troops arc
preparing to evacuate Finland, their
transportation already having been
Peace Proposals to Allies.
PETROGRAD, Wednesday, Dec. 19.
According to press reports, Russia
has been informed by the central
powers that they intend to make peace
proposals to the allies.
This report is published in the
Evening Post, which says the repre
sentatives of the central powers at the
first preliminary peace conference
with the Russians held yesterday an
nounced that their governments in
tended on principle to put the ques
tion of peace before all tho powers
and they had asked their allies to do
likewise. Russia was asked to do the
same. The Russians are endeavoring
by all means to sound their allies.
Terms of Central Powers.
The Evening Post says the Germans
havo officially informed the Bolshe
viki headquarters that the central
powers aro ready to consider the ar
rangement of peace on tho basis of no
annexations and no indemnities but
pointed out that self-definition of na
tions was impracticable.
The representatives of the central
powers informed the Russians they
were ready to discuss peace prelimin
aries but desired to know the result of
Russia's efforts to induce the allies to
join in tho negotiations before pro
ceeding with them. They said this
point of view might be "exchanged,
however, and that they might be will
ing to discuss peace with Russia alone.
The Germans were of the opinion that
the Russian armistice' might Influence
the other fronts.
The first conference was devoted
merely to a discussion of who could
participate in the negotiations.
Embassy Without Advices.
WASHINGTON, Dec. 20. The Rus
sian embassy today was entirely with
out advices of the progress of peaco
negotiations between the Bolsheviki
and the central powers and whatovor
advices the government was re
ceiving through American Ambassador
Francis or through other sources was
not made public
An arbitration board raised wages of
Seattle and Taconia street car em
ployees 4 cents a.n hour.
England Must Pay Ger
many for Her Lost
POLAND TO BE
Another Step in German
Propaganda to 1m
' press Public Mind.
WASHINGTON, Dec. 20. What pur
poses to be an outline of the kaiser's
much advertised "Christmas peace
terras" has been received through neu
tral diplomatic channels.
The so-called terras include the fol
lowing: To leave the disposition of Alsace
Lorraine to a plebiscite of inhabitants.
"""England to' pay" Germany for her lost
African colonies and the money to be
used for the rehabilitation of Belgium,
Serbia, Rumania, and northern France.
Russian provinces bordering the
Baltic sea,' the Black sea and Prussia
to become independent under a Ger
Poland to bo called an independent
state under Austrian suzerainty.
Disarmament, freedom of the seas
and commerce to be left to the peace
Rumania, Serbia and Montenegro to
retain their original boundaries with
the right of access to the sea being
granted to Serbia.
Turkey to remain intact
Whether such a proposal of terms is
merely another step In the German
propaganda to impress the public mind
that the allies are responsible for a
continuance of the war or whether it
is really a feeler for peaco is a sub
ject for the estimate of the govern
IN NEW ENGLAND
WASHINGTON. Dec. 20 A critical
condition In Now England was pictured
to the fuel administration today by J.
J. Storrow, fuel administrator for
New England, and Governor McCall of
Massachusetts. Public utilities com
panies and manufacturing plants, the
fuel administration waB told, will be
forced to close until shipment's are
REVIEWS WAR OH I
UNO AND OH SEA I
LONDON, Dec. 20. Speaking in the
house of commons today, David Lloyd -George,
tho British prime minister,
said that the margin of losses at sea
was narrowing. The sinkings by sub
marines, he declared, was decreasing
while shipbuilding was increasing.
The premier said the sinking of sub
marines was increasing. Althougn the
merchant tonnage was down by 20 per
cent, he added, the loss had only been
6 per ent of imports over that of last
Regarding tho military situation, Mr.
Lloyd-George said It was idle to pre
tend that the hopes formed had been
realized. This disappointment he at
tributed to the Russian collapse.
Tho Germans, tho premier said, had
had only one success which was due
to surprise and this was now engag
ing inquiry. The Germans, he stated,
had lost 1000,000 prisoners, valuable
positions and hundreds of guns.
Complete restoration of the territor
ies taken by the enemy, together with
compensation, was demanded by
Premier Lloyd-George in explaining
the war aims of the government.
The premier said that the losses in
shipping had been lighter by 100,000
tons than he had anticipated In his
The premier said that if tho Russian
army had fulfilled tho expectations of
its generals by this tlmo the pride of
the German military power would have
been completely humbled.
On the whole the British campaign
hart not achieved the exnectations
formed, he said, but there had been
military successes in Palestine which
would have a permanent effect on the
history of tho world. Jerasulem, he
stated, never would be restored to the
Great Britain Must Prepare,.
After referring to the Italian re
verses, the premier said it would be
necessary for Great Britain to make
greater sacrifices to strengthen its
armies in the coming year. Tho need
would arlso to increase tho nation's
manpower by taking somo men now
The premier's speech was delivered
when adjournment for the holidays
was moved In the house of commons
this afternoon. Ho dealt first with the
problem of food. Two circumstances,
he said, had contributed lately to the
gravity of tho situation the failure to
obtain margerino and butter from Hol
land and Denmark and the fact that
England had been required to make
sacrifices in order to supply defic
iencies of her allies. Owing to the
efforts of the food controller, an im
provement was visible in circum
stances which had caused so much
anxiety in the last fow days. More
tea was coming in and It was hoped
by increased manufacture to improve
the situation as regards margerino
Owing to the food difficulties in
Germany, the premier went on, tho
physical deterioration of workmcr
there had been so marked that tho
output per man had been decreased by
33 per cent
British Casualties Less Than German.
As for the British casualties, Mr.
Lloyd George said, they had not
amounted to moro than one-fourth or
ono-fifth of the Germans. Opposed to
Germany, Austria and their allies, he
asserted, were manpower and reserves
more than double those which the
Teutonic allies possessed.
Tho government, said the premier,
would confer next week with trades
unions on the manpower proposals
America Looms Large,
The advent of America into world's
politics, the premier declared, was an
event which would loom largo In the
future. This was true, also of the
establishment of the international
council at Versailles.
As for tho disposition of the Ger
man colonies, the premier said, that
must be settled by the peaco con
grcss. The future trustees of those
countries must take Into account the
sentiments of the people themselves.
League of Nations Hollow Farce.
- The premier told his hearers that a
league of nations In which Germany
was represented by triumphant mill- jH
tarism would be a hollow farce.
Great Britain did not enter the war
to increase by a yard the territory of
anyone else, but because of tho belief
that Great Britain's honor, the ques- iH
tion of standing by her word, was in
DIE IN FRANCE
WASHINGTON, Dec. 20. The fol
lowing deaths were reported today by
Wagoner Leonard Sargent, field ar
tillery, measles, Bedford, Ind.
Private James N. Gravclle, engl
necrs, December IT, cercbro spinal fl
meningitis, East Fltchburg, Mass.
Private Clarence W. Manchester,
engineers, December 16, measles, com
plicated with pneumonia acute; father,
Charles Manchester, Fort Bragg, Cal.
Prlvato Milton S. Marks, engineers,
December 17, pneumonia, West Lynn, fl
LONDON, Tuesday, Dec. 18. Brit
ish casualties reported in the week
ending today totalled 17,976 officers
and men, as follows: ifl
Officers killed or died of wounds,
331: men. 3181. jH
Officers wounded or missing, 1039;
Portland, Oro., cooks and their as- jH
slstants have formed a new union. ifl
Francis J. Henry Making I
Sensational Disclosures I
WASHINGTON. Dec 20. Sensa
tional disclosures of "high finance" be
tween the Chicago packers and tho
stock yards and terminal railroads
there and promises of more to come
featured today's session of the fed
eral trade commission's Investigation
to get at some of the innermost caus
es of the high cost of living.
Backed with an array of facts and
figures gathered by trained investi
gators working under the ?250.000 fund
recently appropriated by congress,
Francis J. Hcn.ey In charge of tho in
vestigation for the commission, began
cracking ono sensation after the other.
Today's session had wholly to do
with a big operation in which a $2600
block was the medium of forming an
$8,000,000 corporation which took the
risk of tho Chicago stock yards and
terminal railways being moved further
west and developed testimony to show
how tho packers in return to use the
language of one of the participants, got
their share of "tho plunder" and took
J. Ogden Armour, it was said, got all
the profits over 9 per cent.
The point of the whole transaction,
as brought out by the testimony was
that tho packers were threatening to
raovo away frbm Chicago; that a cor
poration, was formed to take oyer the
stock yards properties and assume the
risk of their becoming valueless and
that 113 a result the enormous profits
of the yards and terminal equipment
was divided with the packers as an In
ducement 16 them to continue their
business and not move further west.
Whllo today's testimony dealt only
with that phase of tho packing Indus
try, it was said tho commission Is in
possession of facts to broaden the in
vestigation to show whether thero is a
practical monopoly in control of tho
country's food supply.
, Inside of Story
The Insido story of how the big tran
saction came about was laid bare as a
result of the introduction of letters
passing between tho stockholders of
tho holding corporation and the stock
holders of tho company which former
ly controlled tho yards and the rail
ways. One letter said that the directors,
fearing a court decision against the re
organization plan were nnxlous to get
it through beforo the decision came
Another, telling the reasons for the
re-organization of the new company
said: "For a long time somo of the
western railroads have been endeavor
ing to induce tho packers to move west
and It has only been on account of
pecuniary considerations which your
.company has given the packers from
time to time that they have remained
in Chicago. Suit has now been enter
cd to prevent further payments of this
sort and in addition there is a bill
pending in the Illinois legislature to
regulate the charges made by your
Formed New Company
"Under these circumstances it was
thought besl toiform a new company
which would be controlled by the
packers and In that way give them a
pecuniary interest in your company
which would make it worth while for
them to turn all possible business over JM
to the company. Therefore, tho com
pany composed of the packers have
agreed, If the stockholders of the Chi- fl
cago Junction railways and the Union
Stock Yards company accept the pro
position to guarantee 9 per cent on the
stock which is now paying S per cent,
or to glvo $200 and 5 por cent bonds
for each share of stock, which amounts
to 10 per cent of the stock." !
Interest of the packers in the coun
try's stock yards extends also to Kan- jM
sao City, according to E. V. R. "Thayer,
president of the Chase National bank'
of New York, who said he understood JH
one of the packers owned part of the
yards there but that the others did not.
He did not name the packer,