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The Ogden standard. (Ogden City, Utah) 1913-1920, December 21, 1917, 4 P.M. CITY EDITION, Image 1

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KJ " " FEARLESS. INDEPENDENT, PROGRESSIVE NEWSPAPER.
BPl Forty-second Year No. 302. Price Five Cents. OGDEN CITY, UTAH, FRIDAY EVENING, DECEMBER 21, 1917. Entered as Second-Class Matter at the Postofflce, Ogden, Utah,
I ITALIANS RETAKE GROUNDI
I Bomb With Fuse Attached Found Near Ogden I
0
f urious Enemy
Fire Fails to
Dislodge Latins
ROME, Dec. 2 1 . A considerable portion of the ground
gained by the enemy on Tuesday in the region of Monte As
olone on the northern front east of the Brenta river has been
retaken by the Italians, the war office announces. The po
sitions regained by the Italians were held despite the most
violent fire from the enemy artillery.
Heavy Artillery Fighting".
PARIS, Dec. 2 1 . Active artillery fighting on the Ver
dun front east of the Meuse is reported by the war office. The
artillery is active also at points on the eastern end of the line,
especially in the vicinity of Hartmans-Weiler-Kopf and east
Iui i ileum.
Review of the War Situation. j
Opposition to the Bolshevik! appar- J
cntly Is Increasing as reports of Ger-;
man support of the Maximalist gov-)
crnment become more pronounced
and tho situation in Russia grows
more chaotic, while the Bolshevik! en
deavor to arrange a separate peace
with the central powers.
Tho Ukrano, m its hostility to the!
Bolsheviki government, has been join-1
ed by tho Russian staff on tho south- j
western front and General Stchcr
batcheff. the commander Jn Rumania,
-has-been appointed head of tho Ukran
ian forces, reported to be marching
against the Bolsheviki.
Another report reaching London
pays that the Rumanians have joined
tho Ukranians, while other dispatches
declare that former Premier Kerensky
is marching against Moscow and that
Grand Duke Nicholas is raising a
rnvallst army in the Caucasus.
Diplomats Hurrying to Peace Parley.
Meanwhile diplomats of tho central
powers arc hurrying to begin peace
negotiations with the Bolsheviki. On
leaving Berlin the German emissaries
wero urged by the populace to make
"a strong peace."
Premier Lloyd George of Great
Britain, simultaneously with the pub
lication of German peace feelers, de
clares that the allies must defeat mili
tarism and that a league of nations,
Including the Prussian autocracy,
would be a farce. The Teutons must
restore territory and repay losses.
Italians. Counter-Attacklng.
Apparently undaunted by the heavy
forces the enemy has been using in
attempting to break the Brenta-Plavo
line, tho Italians are making counter
attacks in an attempt to regain Monte
Asolene. On other sectors of this
front tho Italians have repulsed with
loss strong Austro-Gcrman counter
Raiding engagements occupy the
Mga opposing forces on the northern end of
Hg tho western front while the artillery
HH9 continues activo in the- Yprcs and
Cambral sectors.
oo
GOLD COINS BARRED
AS CHRISTMAS GIFTS
H9 WASHINGTON. Dec. 21. Use of
Hja i gold coins as a Christmas gift has al-
most been entirely eliminated this
RP year by a campaign of education to the
Wwl public as to tho need of conserving the
Hral l gold supply In bank vaults, according
Hal- to reports to John Burke, treasurer of
H9f the United States. Banks have persls-
Hjlf tcntly declined to give out gold on dc
mand, explaining to customers that the
KJi tendency of persons to hoard gold
mr il ploces given as Christmas presents for
W' 7J. weeks or months had a serious effect
H l in depleting tho aggregate gold re-
CIVIL WAR IN
RUSSISPREADS
Opposition to Bolsheviki
Grows Stronger and Kale
dines Is Gaining in Favor.
TROTZKY'S STATEMENT
If Germany Rejects Peace
Without Annexations and
Indemnities Negotiations
t Stop.
LONDON, Dec. 2.O. The corre
spondents in Russia continue to em
phasize the growth of tho opposition
to the Maximalists in parts of the
country and consequent spread of civil
war. The rejection of the Bolsheviki
demand on the Ukranians presumably
adds tho resources of the entiro Uk-
rane to the forces combatting the Bol
shoviki rule.
The position of General Kaledines,
hetman of the Don Cossacks, is re
ported to have become very much
strongor and his- close association
with tho Ukrano Is generally con
ceded. A dispatch irom Petrograd
confirms tho previous reports that
Roston-on-the-Don is in the hands of
the Cossacks and that the entire antl
Bolsheviki movement is causing ser
ious anxiety to tho Bolsheviki com
missioners. With regard to the reported pres
ence of allied military missions in tho
Ukrano. it Is asserted that Leon Trot
zky, the foreign minister, visited the
French embassay and made represen
tations that the presenco of French
officers in tho Ukranc was impossible
while the Rada was disarming the
Bolsheviki, openly supporting Gen
eral Kaledines and disorganizing the
genoral front by recalling Ukranlan
troops from the Russo-Rumanian
front, M. Noulans, the French am
bassador to Russia, replied that the
French mission was in tho Ukrane at
the request of Russia to supervise the
formation of the national Ukrano
army; that they had been ordered not
to interfere In any internal political
affairs and would not participate in
tho fighting in the event of a struggle.
Tho dispatch did not mention any
other members of the entente being In
tho Ukranc.
Little news regarding the peace
negotiations has reached London.
Foreign Minister Trotzky is said to
havo told M. Noulens that if Germany
rejects a peace without annexations
and Indemnities It will end the nego
tiations. It Is noteworthy now that in
tho Petrograd dispatches, every gov
ernment act is attributed to Trotzky.
RUMANIA LOYAL TO ALLIES
PARIS. Dec. 21. V. Antoncsco, the
Rumanian minister here, has Issued
the following statement concerning the
situation on the Rumanian front:
"Tho armistice was simply a meas
uro of military order imposed on us
through the Rumanian front being en
tirely enclosed within the Russian
front. It would be a, mistake to make
a political deduction from it. Ruman
ian Intends to remain faithful to her
alliances and to work until the end
with the Allies."
PEACE BUREAU OPENED
AMSTERDAM. Dec 21. A German
government bureau for "studying
questions relating to peace" has been
opened in Berlin. Dr. Karl Heltferich.
former vice chancellor, Is at the head
of the bureau with Privy Councillor
Albert, the former commissioner to the
Panama-Pacific exposition as his as
sistant EMPEROR AUTHORIZES PEACE
AMSTERDAM. Dec. 21 Count von
Hertling, imperial chancellor, yester
day received reports of all the relch
stag parties with whom he had a con -fidential
discussion on tho situation
caused by the opening of peace nego
tiations with Russia.
The chancellor, according to a Ber
lin official dispatch, that the e.-.peror
had authorized him to conclude peaco
and he had charged Foreign Secret? ry
von Kuehlmann to conduct the nego
tiatJ. ns.
According to the newspapers tho In
dependent Socialists were represented
at tho conference by Deputy Haas.
This is the first time since the forma
tion of the party that it has had aircci
! Intercourse with the German govern -
j ment.
Peasant Congress Protests.
NEW YORK. Dec. 21. A cablegram
saying that the peasant congress in
Russia adopted a resolution protesting
against the policy of the Bolsheviki
in arresting members of the consti
tuent assembly, was received here to
day by tho Jewish Dally Forward from
its Petrograd correspondent.
The message reads as follows: "A
very important sitting of the Peasants'
congress was held today. Premier
Lenine in person addressed the con
gress and in a lengthy speech de
fended the attitudo of the Bolsheviki
towards the constituent assembly. He
justified the arrest of the members of
the assembly and said that tho labor
council ought to be considered the
highest authority.
"Notwithstanding Lenine's presence,
the congress passed a resolution pro
testing against the policy of tho Bol
sheviki with a vote of 360 to 321."
uo
1
I
Incessant Fighting Occurs in
Many Parts of Capital
Over Drinking.
RAID ON DISTILLERY
Fifteen Soldiers Drink Them
selves to Death, Others Killed
and Wounded.
PETROGRAD, Thursday, Dec. 20.
Incessant fighting has occurred in
many parts of Petrograd iu connec
tion with the efforts to check drunken
ness and prevent the raiding of wine
cellars. A mob raided one distillery
where fifteen soldiers drank them
selves to death. Fifteen persons were
killed and wounded when an armored
motor car attack tho distillery which
was set on fire. The tire department
was prevented from extinguishing the
blaze by rowdies and many persons
were burned bpfore the situation was
brought under control.
Tho streets are running with wine
in many sections where the soldiers
are pumping out tho cellars to pre
sent disorder.
II No Scarcity of Volunteers
I for Dangerous Airplane Work
!k WITH THE AMERICAN ARMY IN
FRANCE, Thursday, Dec. 20. (By the
Associated Press.) Thero is no scar
f city of volunteers for the dangerous
work of airplane observers among the
younger officers of tho army. When a
;' call was issued at the heavy artillery
training grounds three times tho num
I ber asked for responded. Some of
these wero sent to train with Amor
: ican pilots and other with French
I The latter aro doing the observation
I work fo'r'the heavy artillery which the
I Americans, who had been working
1 with guns from approximately from
j y 150 to 200 millimeters caliber aro now
ready to fire.
Tho American artillery today watch
ed tho French handling the gigantic
100 millimeter gun, which hurls a pro
jectile weighing more than a ton, at
such a great range that it was neces
sary to haul tho weapon several miles
outside tho training camps, which are
probably the largest in the world, so
that tho shells would fall on open
ground at the targets. Tho firing
continued all day, tho terrific 'explo
sions shaking the houses in the ter
ritory and being hcard at a distance
of many miles.
After a certain period tho American
gunners will begin firing with the 100
millimeter pieces so that by the time
they get into action they will be ns
familiar with the gun as their com
rades now are with the 75's.
During the firing a big shell burst
prematurely near an observation post
filled with young American officers.
Splinters and fragments rained down,
but no one was injured.
Among tho heavy guns with which
tho Americans have been w:orklng are
big howitzers of a certain caliber
which aro declared to be among tho
most powerful weapons the war has
produced.
Heney Will Take Drastic
a fi n
Action to force lom
pany to Produce
Records.
DE.MAND MABEj
i
Commission to Ask Fed
eral Court to Compel
Obstinate Packers
to Obey. -
WASHINGTON,. Dpc. 21. Swift fc
Co: of Chicago havo refused to de
liver to the federal trade commission
records desired by the commission in
( its investigation of the packing indus
try, and drastic action will be taken
in court to force their production,
Francis J. Heney announced today at
the resumption of tho commission's
Inquiry.
it was said that when tho commis
sion's Investigators went to Chicago
they received only evasive replies
from the officers of Swift & Co. and
that direct demand for the records had
been refused. To obtain tho papers,
which relate to tho ownership of the
Chicago stock yards and other details
of the meat industry, the commission
will go into the federal court and ask
for an order compelling the company
to produce them.
uu
STRICT RULE FOR
Every Man in Pershing's Com
mand Held to Stern Ac
countability for Conduct.
STRONG DRINK BARRED
Fullest Compliance With Or
ders Demanded by Officers
of Army in Farnce.
WITH THE AMERICAN ARMY IN
FRANCE, Dec. 21. (By the Associat
ed Press.) All alcoholic beverages ex
cept light wines and beers are dented
to members of tho American expedi
tionary forces in Frame by General
Pershing, in generaf n:ders Issued to
day. Extraordinary measures are be
ing taken to Insure sobriety and a high
morale standard fin tho army and tho
ofllcers have been informed thev will
be held to strict accountability for the
fullest compliance with tho orders.
oo
WIDOW OF DEAD
MANMSAPPEARS
TOLEDO, O., Dec. 21. A postmor
tem examination of the body of Lu
cius C. Burden, Toledo millionaire who
died in a Chicago hospital last week,
will be made today by Coroner Har
tung. Members ,of the family con
sented to tho examination.
The widow of the dead man has not
yet been found but her attornov stat
ed today that she was neither in To
ledo, Chicago nor Cleveland, where it
was reported she had gone.
oo
AMERICANS EDIT PAPER.
PARIS, Dec. 31. The London Dally
Mail yesterday began tho publication
of an American edition from the
offices of Its Paris edition. The now
edition will bo for Americans in
France and will carry special cables
and a page of mall nows. ,
'".-r.SiJ'.'X."-' 1 " . Wk. L'W
PACKERS' SCHEME
BEINGJXPOSED
J. Ogden Armour and F. H.
Prince Own and Control
Chicago Stock Yards.
DUMMY DIRECTORS
New Treasurer Put in Every
Two Years and Affairs Made
Complex to Sift.
WASHINGTON, Dec. 21. Testi
mony to show that J. Ogden Armour
is part owner of the Chicago Stock
Yards company was given today at the
ffidernl tradft commission's innuirv into
the packing industry and it was said
the next thing to be developed was the
extent of the interest of other packers
in the same concern.
Operation of the other company has
been made as complex as its formation
by means of dummy directors. A new
treasurer was put in every two years
or so, resulting in only incomplete
.'knowledge of the company's activities
on the part of any officer.
I F. H. Prince of Boston was said to
I receive the dividends and make -dis-I
tribution among tho shareholders, bo
Heved to include all the large packers,
whose Identities have not been estab
lished, j
Flat admission that J. Ogden Armour!
and F. II. Prince of Boston own thej
Chicago Stock Yards company, con-1
trolling the Chicago stock yards and
terminal railways was made by W. M.
Wadden, former treasurer of the Union
Stock Yards company. Although the
stock yards appears in the name of
Frank R. Pegram, secretary of the
company, Wadden said he knew who
the real owners were.
Wadden said he was a partner in
F. P. Prince & company of Boston but
some times took short-hand dictation
from Prince. Two pages of short-hand
notes were identified by Wadden as
having been taken by him in 1915.
The notes were headed "proposition"
and set forth how Prince and J. Ogden
Armour were to obtain control of the
Junction Railways company. Then
came, a sub-head "scheme" which de
tailed how the new corporation, the
Chicago Stock Yards company was, to
be formed and obtain the control of
the yards and railroads held by the
other Prince.
"Prince, Armour and his friends
controlled most of tho preferred stock
and can be counted upon to vote," the
memorandum read. "He and Armour
control the common stock."
The object of the new corporation
was said to be to "get contracts 'from
packers and give them $1,400,000 of S
ocr cent stock of the now corporation."
oo
.SERBIAN MISSION
HIGHLY HONORED
WASHINGTON. Dec. 21. Serbia's
military mission was received here to
day with much ceremony. Escorts of
cavalry and a party of American of
ficials headed by Secretary Lansing
met the commissioners. Later tho mis
sion was received by President Wilson
and presented an autograph lettor from
King Peter.
Tonight tho president will entertain
the mission at a state dinner.
oo
EXCHANGE OF COURTESIES
PETROGRAD. Thursday, Dec. 20.
Tho British. Danish, French and Bel
gian consuls have visited Leon Trot
zky, tho Bolsheviki foreign minister,
and arranged to exchange Russian
courtesies to official couriers.
oo
Plasterers at Phoenix, Ariz., demand
$7 a day.
BERLIN CROWDS
SHOUT PEACE
Sing National Anthem and Tell
Kuehlmann to "Bring Us
Strong Peace."
GREAT ENTHUSIASM
German Foreign Secretary and
Other Important Officials
Leave for Brest-Litovsk..
LONDON, Dec. 21. Dr. Richard von
Kuehlmann, the German foreign sec
I rotary, with other, important officials,
left Berlin yesterday for Brest-Litovsk
amid scenes of enthusiasm, the crowd
singing the national anthem and rais
ing shouts of -ibring us a strong
peace." It Is said tho peace nego
tiations will be under the presidency
of Ibrahim Hakki Pasha, the Turkish
ambassador to Berlin and dean of the
Berlin diplomatic corps. Tho Bulgar
ian delegates include Minister of Jus
tice Popoff and M. Kosseff, chief of
the foreign office.
While the peace delegates are as
sembling tho activity at Petrograd of
a numbor of German and Austrian
officers apparently is causing heart
burnings. Circulars have been spread
alleging that tho Council of Soldiers'
and Workmen's delegates is in nego
tiations with the officers. The Pravda,
tho Bolsheviki organ, prints an un
equallficd denial and makes a counter
charge against the Constitutional
Democrats claiming that they are try
I ing to undermine Trotzky and Lenine
Tho Pravda Turther appeals to the
workmen to defeat the attempt of the
Constitutional .Democrats to place
Russia under tho control of Germar
imperialism. The Bolsheviki also ac
cuse the Constitutional Democrats ol
being responsible for tho looting ol
wine shops which caused serious rioU
in Petrograd and, claim the possessior
of documentary evidence which the
threaten to publish later.
rvn
SENATE INQUIRY
OF SHIPPROGRAM
Chairman Hurley .First Wit
ness Gives Details Concern
ing Ship Construction.
CALL BOARD MEMBERS
General Information to Be
Given to the Senate Com
merce Commission.
WASHINGTON, Dec 21. Inquiry
into the progress of the government's
shipbuilding program was begun by
the senate commerce commission to
day with Chairman Hurley of the ship
ping board as the first witness. Other
early witnesses will be Vice-Chairman
Stevens and John A. Donald of the
board
The commission called on Mr. Hur
ley yesterday to be ready with the fol
lowing information:
An itemized statement of all con
tracts with the names and locations of
contracting parties.
The number of ships constructed.
Number or ships under construction
and the amount of work completed on
each.
Details concerning the construction
of ships for private account
nn
Salem, Ohio, retail clerks have or
ganized a union.
f& I
Peace Conditions Pro-
mulgated by Trotzky
Are Declared Un- I
satisfactory. I
UNOFICIAL REPORT I
British, French, Danish I
and Belgians Arrange I
for Exchange of
i ' Courtesies.
- LONDON, Dec.. 21 It Is reported
. unofficially that the Germans have re- jJ
jectcd the Russian peace terms, the
, Petrograd correspondent of the Ex
change Telegraph company wires
under date of Thursday. jH
SYDNEY, Australia, Thursday, Dec. jH
20. Unless the soldier voto on the
various fronts, which has not yet been jH
counted, offsets the vote in Australia,
the government's conscription scheme
has been defeated in a referendum by IH
a majority of about 150,000. This is iH
believed to be hardly likely, however,
on account of the heavy vote against
conscription in New South Wales,
which gave a majority of 115,000
against the proposal. Those favorable
to conscription were surprised by the
result in Victoria, which reserved last
year's favorable vote by giving a ma
jority of 1500 against conscription this
00
WAR STAMPS AS
CHRISTMAS GIFTS I
WASHINGTON, Dec. 21. To facill
tatc tho use of war savings stamps
and certificates as Christmas gifts, vM
First Assistant Postmaster General
Korn3 has telegraphed postmasters In
the leading cities to sell an unlimited
amount of stamps to individuals, firms
or corporations wishing to glvo them IH
as Christmas presents. Temporarily
the rule forbidding persons to buy
more than $5000 worth of the stamps
at a time will be waived.
Secret Treaty Against U. S I
and Great Britain Disclosed I
PETROGRAD, Thursday, Dec. 20.
Under the heading "Secret Treaty Be
tween Japan and Russia for Joint
Armed Demonstration Against Ameri
ca and Great Britain in the Far East,"
the Izestevia publishes what it says
is the text of tho secret treaty drawn
up last year providing for joint action
by Russia and Japan to prevent nny
third party from achieving political
dominance in China. The treaty, dat
ed July 3, 191G, runs for five years,
automatically extending itself until a
year after one party expresses tho de
sire to annul It. It Is signed by Ser
gius Sazonoff, then Russian foreign
minister, and Viscount Montono, Jap
anese foreign minister.
Tho treaty stipulates that "the
agreement shall remain a deep secret
for all except the contracting parties."
It opens with the statement. that it. is
designed to supplement and strength
en the secret treaties of 1907, 1910
and 1912.
Article I is given as follows:
"Tho contracting parties recognized
that thq interests of either side de
mand tho defense of China from po
litical domination by any third power,
whatsoever, cherishing hostile Ideas
towards Russia and Japan and, there
fore, undertake, whenever circum
stances necessitate, to ontor into open
rolations based on full confidence, in
order co-jointly to take the necessary
stops to prevent the advent In China
of such a state of affairs."
Other articles are published as fol
lows: "Article II In tho event that, as a
consequence of any measures under
taken by mutual consent by Russia
and Japan on the basis of the preced
, ing. article, any third power as fore
seen by article I, should declare war jH
against Russia or Japan, the other con
trading party shall, on the first de
mand of its ally, come to its aid. Each
contracting party binds itself not to jH
make peace with the common enemy
without obtaining the agreement of its
"Article III The condition on
which cither party shall give armed
assistance and the means by which
such assistance shall bo expressed, IH
shall be flved by the respective author
ities of tho contracting parties. VM
"Article IV It must especially ho
kept In mind that neither party shall
consider Itself obligated in accordance
with Article II to give its ally armed jH
assistance unless It receives guaran- IH
tees from its allies to the effect that
they will give it assistance to the ex
tent nccesitated by the seriousness of
the possible conflict."

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