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ffiM Torty-second Year-No. 303. Price Five Cents. OGDEN CITY, UTAH, SATURDAY EVENING, DECEMBER 22, 1917. Entered as Second-Class Matter at the Postofflce, Ogden, Utah, fJ
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Reports Reiterated That Germans Would Not Accept Russian Terms I
r ITALIANS MAKING MORE GAINS I
I' ROME, Dec. 22. Italian forces in the region of Monte
j AsoIone.Von the northern Italian front yesterday made further
progress after lively fighting, in spite of adverse atmospheric
; conditions, it was officially announced today by the war of
PARIS, Dec. 22. There was lively artillery fighting last
night in the region of Fayette near St.' Quentin and in the Ver
dun region around Beaumont and around Chaumes' wood as
well in the Apremont wood sector, the war office announced
in today's official statement. A successful raid was carried
out by French troops near Moronvillers, in the Champagne.
v Review of War iStuation.
Opposition by the Ukranians and the
I (J followers' of General Kaledincs to the
Bolsheviki. niovemcs together with
' . an unconfirmed report that the Ger
mans have rejected the peace propo
' sals of the Bolsheviki delegates con
tinue to overshadow military opera
tions in the European war. The re
port that a definite alliance has bepn
formed between the Ukranians and the
Don Cossacks gives credance to an
other rumor that the Ukranian rada
has definitely . notified the Bolsheviki
commissioners that -it will not recon
sider its action in aiding the Kaledines'
German attacks in Alsace have been
repulsed according to the French, war
office. The chief of these attacks at
Hartmann-Weiler-Kopf took the Ger
mans into the French first line trench
but in .the engagement that followed
they were'drlven out with heavy loss
es. At other points along the French
front artillery activity has been inter
mittent, except at Caurieres wood
, Rheims has again been shelled by the
Germans. In Flanders the Belgian war
office reports war activity though less
intense because of fog.
An offensive movement in Italy by
the Italians in which they launched
1 seven attacks against the enemy front
west of Monte Asolono is claimed by
the German official communication to
have been without success.
Artillery Activity Continues.
In the region, of Doiran in the east-
. era war theater artillery activity con-
J tinues. In the same war theater Brit
I ish troops have carried a. successful
J raid in the region of Lake Butkova.
1 capturing one officer and fifty-four
i- Bulgarian soldiers.
' Riots in Buenos Aires.
The publication of telegrams sent
by Count Luxburg, former German
; minister, to the Berlin foreign office,
has resulted in .riots in Buenos Aires
1 where crowds of people assembled and
demanded a rupture of relations with
i Germany. A mob in the 'Calle Florida
i was dispersed after' a fight with
j mounted police. Guards again have
I been stationed around property owned
by Germans in the city and police are
) guarding the office of La Union, the
newspaper for which Count von Lux-
: burg obtained a subsidy. Congress is
I expected to insist upon an explanation
i by (he government of the conditions
'j revealed in the von Luxburg tele-
EARTH SHOCK RECORDED.
KU BUFFALO, N, Y., Dec. 22. An
al' earthquake- shock was recorded on the
' Seismograph at Canisus' college yes
tcrday, it was announced today. The
main shock lasted from 1:10 p. m. to
1:37 p. m.. with preliminary tremors
mI!" nt 1:01 Thc estimated distance of
r-n3i the disturbance was 3300 miles.
fpSj MANY BUY STAMPS.
EGfcll WASHINGTON", Dec. 22. C. S.
Mill Pierce, cashier of the United. States
Mvm treasury, today instituted the plan of
y vSky asking all who presented interest
.jlB i bearing coupons of the first Liberty
i: bonds for payment to invest the pr.o-
&H'i ceeds in war savings stamps. Most
$H , complied immediately.
Extensive Traffic in
Written Messages in
MANY ARE WATCHED
Well Organized Scheme
in Operation Since
U. S. Entered War.
WASHINGTON, Dec. 22. An exten
sive traffic in written communications
to" Germany, Austria and the northern
European neutrals involving use of in
visible ink and code system, has been
discovered and stopped by customs'
officials within the last few weeks,
treasury officials disclosed today.
The traffic, it was disclosed, was
carried on largely by Swedish ship and
Scores Under Surveillance.
Scores of persons now are under
surveillance and a number of arrests
probably will be made soon. Evidence
that the channel of communications
has been open ever since the United
States entered, the war has been un
covered and officials suspect that much
of the information which the German
Government is known to have received
concerning Avar preparations in Amer-.
ica has been transmitted under a weli
organized scheme directed by subjects
of neutral countries assisted by some
Americans, r r
Tw.enty per cent of the letters writ
ten in the United, States, or on ship
board and heretofore sent to Europe
by messenger, or by a member of the
ship's crew have been found to bear
messages In invisible ink or to contain
I LANSDOWNE ONCE WAS
Lord Lansdowne, whose peace
fetter has aroused all Britain ia
i -72. He was formerly governor
1 general of Canada. He was. made
! a minister without portfolio In tho
i British cabinet in 1915 where he ,
served until the coalition ministry
was ousted. Lansdowne has been
a political foe of Lloyd George.
He was once Britjsn foreign secre
I code or cryptic phrases suspected of
holding hidden meaning.
Discovered by Custom Officials.
Tho discoveries wero made by cus
1 torn officials "after promulgation, sev
eral weeks ago, of regulations under
! the trading with the enemy act for
j bidding transmission of communica
I tions to or from the United States ex
' cept through the regular courses of the
mails or under license of customs' au
thorities and the war trade board.
When the rules were established, a
strict system of inspection of ships,
' their crew and cargoes was begun and
(he dangerous nature of many com
, munications found on shipboard was
Before incoming ships were permit
ted to dock, crows were mustered and
their clothing and other personal ef
1 fects examined carefully. Shore leave
,was given by special license and every
precaution taken to insure against se
cret passage of letters from the vessel
J to shore.
i Sudden Action Taken.
This action, taken suddenly without
notice to the crews, caused the discov
lery of many lotters which, heretofore,
' hnd been skillfully concealed. These
were subjected to examination by
, chemists and code experts and one in
flvo was found suspicious.
Most messages in invisible ink ap
parently wero only personal communi
1 cations from persons in the United
Slates to friends or relatives in Ger
' many "and although superficially they
bore no evidence of carrying valuable
information to the enemy, they were
held up on the ground that they might
Swedes and Norwegians Guilty.
Government agents have gathered
j evidence, that certain persons in this
country, many of whom are Swedes or
'Norwegians, have conducted a money -
making scheme of transmitting letters
I to the northern European neutral
countries or to Germany at high prices.
By this means the British censorship
in many cases was evaded.
i STRIKES A MINE
Steamship, Reported Tor
pedoed, Not Sunk But Dam
aged and Turned Back
AN ATLANTIC PORT, Doc. 22.
Tho British steamship City of Naples,
reported a few days ago to have been
sunk by a torpedo off the British coast
while under convoy of destroyers, ar
rived here today. It was learned tho
vessel was not attacked by a U-boat,
but struck a mine and her officers,
fearing she was seriously damaged,
put back to a British port. There an
examination showed the effect of the
explosion was negligible and ihe ship
resumed her voyage.
: Great German Munitions
for Past 24 Hours.
, Town Guarded With Ex
treme Care Little
MAESTRICHT, Holland, Friday, I
!Dec. 2L British Admiralty, per Wire-'
j less Press, Workmen from Essen, j
i Germany, say that the Krupp plant, '
I the great German munition establish- .
I raent, has been ablaze for twenty-1
j four hours. j
i The plant at Essen, the mammoth
home of the Krupps; the largest man- j
! ufacturers in Germany of arms r.nd
j munitions, employed about 30.000 men
before the war. It has been expanded
I greatly during the war. Facts relating ';
to its present size and the number of j
workmen are kept secret by the Ger
! man government. It was reported un
officially of last year that about 70,
! 000 persons including several thoua
j and women were at work there and
that 20,000 were to be added to the
' force. Early this year there was a
j strike at the Krupp works, said to (
, have been due to lack of food. It ;
1 was reported that -10,000 workers Vero
involved, and tho authorities com-
batted it by sending many of the men
i to the front, but littlo authentic in- j
! formation was permitted to come out I
j of Germany.
Essen is in Rhenish Prussia, about ,
I 40 miles from tho Dutch border. Few ,
j places in Germany arc guarded more ;
: carefully. No persons unknown to tho
German authorities aro permitted to
! visit the town. The plant has been
I raided several times by French and
British airmen notwithstanding its ;
( formidable anti-aircraft defenses. ;
I Press dispatches last July said 100 j
i persons thcro had been killed in a j
j raid by French airplanes and that con- j
) sidorable damage had been done to ,
' tho works. I
TWO NURSES ARE TO
DEPART FOR FRIGE
Two nurses from tho Dee hospital
arc shortly to leavp that institution as
members of the Red Cross overseas
force and depart for France for aotlve
service. They are SupU Stella Sains -bury
and Asst. Supt, Anna Wisberg.
The two nurses will leave Ogdon early
in January for France. They arc to be
succeeded In their positions by Miss
Stella Peterson as superintendent and
Miss Irene Swenson as assistant sup
erintendent. Miss Peterson is present
superintendent of the Salt Lake coun
ty hospital and Miss Swenson is a
member of tho Deo hospital staff and
will bo promoted as a reward of ef
ficient services. ,
Miss Sainsbury is a graduate of the
Latter-day Saints hospital in Salt Lake
and followed a special course in hypo
therical work at Battle Creek, Mich.
Miss Welberg is also a graduate of tho
Latter-day Saints' hospital.
Wholesale Destruction of
Cattle and Hogs Through
out United States Planned.
Poison Was to Be Shipped Out
of St. Louis to Be Mixed
With Cattle Feed. t
CHICAGO. Dec. 22. Federal offic
ials today said that the raid on local
I. W. W. headquarters Monday was
made with the hope of discovering evi
dence connecting Industrial Workers
'of the World with an alleged poison
' plot aimed at wholesale destruction of
, cattle and hogs throughout tho United
States and particularly In the south
west. It is understood that the poison was
' to be shipped out of St. Louis. Officials
said the poison was mixed with cattle
, feed and caused a disease similar to
the foot and mouth disease-.
Operatives have been stationed In
, I. W. W. headquarters since Monday's
I raid, and it is said that they have col
! lected damaging evidence of a poison
SUPREME COURT '
SEATS MV. INT
Unanimous Decision in Ari-j
zona Election Contest
Handed Down Today. '
43 MAJORITY FOR HUNT
Fifteen Days Allowed Govern
of Campbell's Attorneys j
to File an Appeal.
PHOENIX. Ariz.. Dec. 22. The Ari
zona supremo court today seated G.
W. P. Hunt as governor of Arizona.
Hunt contested the election of Gov
ernor Campbell, who now holds the
office. Hunt is a Democrat
The decision of the court was unani
mous. Fifteen days were allowed
Governor Campboll's attorney to file
On tho face of thq returns, Camp-j
bell was given tho certificate of elec
tion by the small margin of thirty-one
votes. Hunt instituted a contest, de
claring that a re-count would show
he had been elected. He declined to
surrender the office on January 1,
but when the -supreme court issued an
order declaring Campbell the de facto
governor, pending the nppeal, he
vacated and Campbell has held the
office during these months.
On a re-count of the voto Judgo
Sanford of the superior court of Mari
copa county declared Campbell elect
ed. The decision of the lower court
was regarded as ambiguous and an
appoal was taken to the court above,
which today unanimously decided that
the re-count showed that Hunt had;
been elected by forty-three votes.
Georgo Wylle Paul Hunt, who by
the decision of tho supreme court to
day is declared governor of Arizona,
was elected the first governor of the
state of Arizona in 1911. He was born
in Huntsvllle, Mo., In 1859. During
tho recent labor troubles following
tho deportations at Bisbee, President
Wilson appointed Hunt a federal me
diator to investigate Arizona strikes..
Governor Thomas E. Campbell an
nounced ho would take no further ac
tion to bold the governorship.
"My next appeal will be to the peo
plo of the stato," said Governor Camp
boll in a statement following tho de
cision. The decision handed won today re
verses the court below and finds that
Hunt was elected and is entitled to nil
the emoluments of tho office for the
terra "beginning January 1, 1917. Camp
bell has served as de facto governor
for eleven months and three weeks
without salary. The state auditor re
fused to issuo Warrants for tho 'irtlary
of tho governor pending the decision,
but has issued warrants for the sala
ries of his appointees.
PETROGPlAD, Dec. 22. Leon Trot
zky, the Bolsheviki foreign minister, in
addressing the Council of Soldiers' and
Workmen, declared that If the German
emperor ofTered "offensive" peace
terms, the Russians would fight
"We did not overthrow czarism to
kneel before the kaiser," he said.
Continuing, he said: "If our country
would have to accept tho kaiser's
terms we would do so to rise up again
jwith the German people against Ger
The report is reiterated today that
the Russian delegation to the peace
I conference at Bret-Litovsk has been
I recalled - because ' the Germans would
i not accept the Russian terms. It is the
Daily Mail's correspondent in'Petro
grad who now makes this declaration
in a .dispatch filed on Thursday and
Reutcr's Petrograd correspondent
, reports that tho premises of the TJk-
Purported 1917 Document Is
sued by Liliuokalani Thrown
Out of Court.
PREACHER SIGNED NAME
Had Been Promised Bribe of
I New Church by the
j "Princess" Theresa.
HONOLULU, T. H.. Dec. 21. (De-
layed.) A purported 1917 will of the
late Queen Liliuokalani, bequeathing
the major. part of her estate to "Prin
cess" Theresa Belliveau was thrown
out of court today by Judge C. W.
Ashford, who stated from the bench
that all evidence and his own knowl
edgs convinced him it was a forgery'.
Sam Kamakaya, u preacher, swore
he signed as a witness to the late will
in his own home and not at the bed
side of the queen. Hx.Keakoha, a sec
ond witness to the purported will, gave
similar testimony in repudiating pre
ceding affidavits. Kamakaya stated
that tho "Princess" Theresa offered
him the bribe of a new church if he
A 1909 will of the queen, containing
a deed of trust in favor of Theresa
Belliveau, said , to bo only a distant
relative of Liliuokalani, remains con
tested by Jonah ("Prince Cupid")
Kalanlanaole, congressional delegate
from Hawaii, on tho ground that the
queen was mentally incompetent at
the time of its execution.
WASHINGTON, Dec. 22. General
I Pershing today reported tho death of
Private Harold Ainsworth, signal en
listed reserve- corps of Swarthmoro,
Pa., on December 19 as the result of an
General Pershing also reported these
deaths from natural causes:
Private Oran C. Hooker, supply
train, December 11, coronary embol
ism, father J. C. Hooker, Colorado,
Private William F. O'Brien, machine
gun battalion, December 17, scarlet
fever, North Walpole. N. H.
P. G. LEWIS GASSED.
OTTAWA, Ont.. Dec 21. P. G.
Lewis, Sah Francisco, was listed as
"gassed"' in today's casualty list.
rainan revolutionary staff in Petro
grad were invaded by the Red guard
and the four members who were pros- IH
ent at the time arrested and taken to jH
the Smolny institute, the Bolsheviki
headquarters, the guard then going in
search of the remaining Ukrainan rep- El
Will Not Submit to Leninc. 11
PETROGRAD, Friday, Dec."5l. M. fH
Tohernoff, former minister of agricul- E
ture, and Mme. Catherine Breshkovs
kaya and 'other Social -Revolutfonist .H
members of the constittuent assembly, r
have proclaimed their determination p
not to submit to Premier Lenine and
Foreign Minister Trotzky but to con
vene the assembly and to endeavor lH
through it to carry out a program of
peace and land freedom.
The total number of .members elect
ed to the constituent assembly is now
36S but only forty-eight of these have
been registered as members by the
German People Not Only Hun
gry But Literally Starving
While Rich Have Plenty.
j HOARDING NOT STOPPED H
Absolute Catastrophe and Col
lapse Within Germany Fore
cast If People Are Not
LONDON, Dec. 22. According to a
Reuter dispatch from Amsterdam, Vor
waerts of Berlin, in a plain spoken at
tack upon the system of Herr von
Waldow, the German food controller,
declares that great masses of German
people not only are hungry but are
literally starving. Tho paper adds
that agricultural producers and rich
residents in towns are living ia plenty,
as hoarding is no longer prohibited.
Middle Class and Masses Suffer.
"Every war profiteer and million-aire,"-.'ays
the paper, "has his kitchen IH
an'! collar full of ham and bacon, the
middle class ekes out a precarious ex
istenco, spending all it possesses on
foqd, but forty millions of the masses
aro starving and are unlikely to sit
"We might have within a month an
absolute catastrophe within Germany
and a collapse, even worse than Rus
sia, resulting in German defeat and
loss of tho war."
MORE MONEY NEEDED
FOR ARMY AND NAVY
WASHINGTON, Dec. 22. Almost IH
$50,000,000 In further appropriations to ll
complete war preparations during the IH
present fiscal year has been asked In
deficiency estimates submitted to
congress since tho holiday recess be
gan last Tuesday. The navy alone
has asked for more than $-15,000,000 of IH
this and the largest single itom is $15,- IH
458,500 for naval ordnance and ord- IH
FIRE IN BILLIARD PARLORS
SAN FRANCISCO. Dec. 22. Firo in IH
Eddio Graney's billiard parlors here, IH
known to sportsmen throughout the
country, caused serious damage early
today. The watchman was missing-.
Tho property is valued at about $50,-
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