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f NEWS OF INTEREST ) Y W f Ik M W& W If H7V W Mi ' AUTO TIRE REPAIR 1 fl
" - owner J- d J & 1 A JL9 JL JL? Jl JL ' . dealers f
Leaves the Proper Mixture
With Water Solution
Should Be Tested Oc-
"For the winter months a radiator
cover is recommended with an open
Ing in the front that can be dropped
down while the motor is in use but
IB when the car is standing idle may bo
HH closed to keep the cold air from the
H motor and radiator.
K9Jt . "A further aid in preventing frecz-
HlGi ing Is found In the many preparations
BHr "V containing chlorine and glycerine, sold
by automobile accessory houses.
"Chlorine 1b detrimental to the sol
dcr in the radiator, whllo glycerine is
detrimental to the .rubber hoso con
ncctions at tho bottom and top of the
radiator, which connect Uie radiator to
"Denatured alcohol is tho best pre
ventativo against freezing that can be
used, but even this should be used in
quantities, proportionate to the water
supply of the motor and radiator.
' "Alcohol should be mixed with water
not only In accordance with the cap
ncity of the cooling system but with
relation to the varying temperature.
"To save excessive use of alcohol,
which is not only expensive, but caus
es overheating, the autolst should get
in touch, with the nearest dealer and
find out from him the number of gal
Ions of water the onrire cooling tays
torn will hold, and the proper mixture
B of alcohol and water.
"For instance, at a freezing tempera -B
ture, down to zero, alcoholic solution
B should be used in proportion of 25 per
cent alcohol to 75 per cent water. At
B a temperature to sovon below zero 30
B. per cent aloohol and 70 per cent water.
BBR At fifteen degrees below zero thlrty-
Ejl -i five per cent alcohol and 65 per cent
BCJwc water. At twenty-two below zero 40
I Iff per cent alcohol and 60 per cent water.
Ill "The solution should be tested occa-
( sionnlly for evaporation by tho use of a
In , hydrometer for specific gravity. If one
H of these instruments Is not available,
l then precaution should be taken to re-
Wt place the solution frequently.
"It is disappointing and expensive
U for one to go to a garage on a cold
In winter morning to find that on account
II of lack of precaution the water pump
of his motor car Is frozen; or possibly
! the housing of the pump burst or the
1 1 radiator frozen and burst or the water
I jackets In the cylinder frozen or burst,
I ', All of theso things cause long delays
I nnd oxpensivo repairs," says George C.
I Gurney, of the King Motor Car com-
I pnny. This is especially true where
I ' the temperature has been hovering
1 1 around the zero mark.
"Automobile engineers strive to
build motors of the thcrmo-syphon
type and also of the water pump type
so that they will be of maximum ef-
ficiency during all periods of the year;
summer and winter.
I "The cylinder walls of a motor get
g' jr exceedingly cold in tho winter while
j the car is standing in an unheated gar-
nge over night. Also, the piston heads
I and water In the cooling system are so
1 1 cold that an enormous number of
heat units are used up In order to
, warm these parts.
"When the motor is cold it takes
B some little time, with the motor run-
B . , nlng slowly, to reach the points whore
-JAfj It exerts Us full power. This point Is
jfffl , reached when the water has become
tB . heated and properly circulated and the
iflB , oil has become thin for proper lubrlca-
B ! Hon of the pistons, bearings, otc.
jjJ ' "Power is lost in the motor by over-
OUTBURST OF EVERET TRUE
(SiNT 5 -v ' '
I "DON'T GO d.8
heating as well as by overcoollng. For
tho wintor months an ant i-freeze solu
tion in proper quantity should be put
In tho motor and kept therein until the
freezing weather is past.
FDR MOTOR CARS
Radical changes In gasoline engine
construction must be made In the noar
future if the Avar and commercial
needs of the country, depending upon
gasoline for fuel, are to be maintained
at their highest efficiency. W. P.
Deppe, a mechanical engineer, told the
members of the Metropolitan section
of the Society of Automotive engineers
at their monthly meeting last week at
tho Automobile club of America.
The problem of obtaining a reason
able amount of efficiency with the
grado of gasoline now in use has al
ready become sufficiently important to
arouse the attention of the leading
automobile engineers, and various
methods of adapting the carburetlon
system to give maximum results with
tho low-grade fuels are being heralded
with more or less success.
Mr. Deppe made no attempt to dis
guise the fact that the motorist will
probably never again see the day of
tho high -grado gasoline which was so
readily obtainable before tho outbreak
of tno war. At that Lime this fuel for
I Automobile Production '
I Curtailed- j
I Prices must go up and up
I America's low prices on automobiles have always i
I been dependent on quantity production. . i
; I Now the production promises to be alarmingly cur- ?
A tailed and perhaps cut to almost nothing next year. !
I The Government will, naturally, get first call on I
I raw materials for war and agricultural purposes.
I That means a sure shortage of automobiles and 1
1 prices 50 per cent higher, possibly even double. fj
" I nC srew buyers are waking up to this1 situation I
1 how. They are securing their cars immediately. j
I Even now they face a serious situation. When
ji 1 they start out to buy they find that many makers
1 have already made price increase after .price in-
j, 1 crease without notice within a few weeks.
I Forty Horse Power Four $1050 j
: I fifty Horse Power Six $1385
1 F, O. B. Detroit. '
f I You. too, will find tho same condition but if you act quickly '
fa i 'I ?u C?n StP 8.ecur.e a studobnkor with high quality fully main- I
gJL I tainc,d ard at prices several hundred dollars below cars of 1
I 1 equal quality. g
I Other manufacturers aro adding the new 3 per cent Excise Tax I
j to their quoted prices buL for tho present tho above prices H
J ihcludq this tax, u
I. I When the few cars which we have in stock are sold, a great ' I
I . I automobile buying opportunity will bo gone. It Is doubtful if
I 't wHl over bo duplicated within a lifetime. Come In today S
find make, your selection. y t
h 1 $40,00 War Tax After January 1, 1918.
j! I AUTO COMPANY i
the internal combustion engine ropro- j
sented barely 5 per cent of the entire!
crudo oil production. .The tremendous
increase of automobile use in America
supplemented in recent years with its
demand for war uses has forced the oil
refiners to use about 18 per cent of the
tolal production for commercial fuel.
Naturally such a large percentage
means poorer quality. This is the
grade of gasoline that the automobile
owner is now using.
This is a condition that must be rec
ognized and met, said Mr. Depee. bj
tho automobile manufacturing Indus
try. He did not stop th,ero, but went so
far as to affirm that by improved
methods of carburetlon design it would
be possible to use as commercial fuel
from 10 to 50 per cont of the crudo oil
Air. Deppe based his main argument
upon the necessity of obtaining an ad
ditional supply of gasoline fuel, not so '
much by conserving Its use under ox-1
istlng methods, but by finding means to
use a much larger proportion than is
now available without any decrease in
efficiency. Indeed, he showed that it
would be possible to obtain greater ef
ficiency with the lowor-grade fuels.
"All cars now average about twelve
miles per gallon of gasoline," said Mr.
Deepo. "Thoy can average from eigh
teen to twenty miles by better carbure
tlon, using tho low-grade fuels, repre
senting about one-half gasoline and
one-half lcoroaene. Trucks now aver
age from four to five miles per gallon
They can be made to average from six
to eight miles."
The crude oil production of' the
United States is now about 310,000,000
barrels. The present world's produc
tion is something less than 500,000.000
barrels. The demands upon America
f by our allies, It was stated, indicate
that for 1918 about 50,000.000 barrels
are needed In excess of tho annual
production, and this will bo obtained
by breaking In on the storage supply.
Of tho 310.000,000 barrels production
only about 50,000,000 to 55,000,000 bar
rels, representing 18 per cent can be
used as gasoline for motor engines
'Over 5,000,000 motor cars, trucks
etc. of which over 4,250,000 are in use
In this country, are the foundation on
which aro now built the transportation
systems of tho world," said Mr. Deppe.
Gasoline engines furnish tho prime
motive power for two-thirds of all the
mechanical powor now servlne- fh nxr.
Ilized world. In addition there will be
supplied from this country about 30,000
airplanes, each of 200 horsepower or
over, and using twenty gallons of high
grade gasoline per hour If thoy deliver
anything like their horsepower. At an
average of five hours' servic per day
here is an additional demand next year
of 70.000 barrels of good gasoline per
day, to say nothing of over 50.000 mili
tary trucks and thousands of commer
"We can no mora cut down the use
of gasoline engine vehicles than wo
could cut down tho use of stoam and
electric car lines. A way must be found
to make more commercial gasoline out
of crudo oils and also socuro more
useful work out of overy gallon of oil
now furnished or we are going to get
some unpleasant jolts in tho near fu
Divested of excessive technicalities,
Mr. Depoea explanation of tho necos
sary engine design for tho lower-grade
fuels was substantially as follows-
The gas engine world UBlng oils re
fined in high temperatures In tho oil
refinery Is still trying to carburet such
oils In low temperature carburetor
methods, which means that wot mix
tures of oil and air go Into tho cylin
ders, using the cylinders as inefficient
vaporizers, and the flame spreads aftor
Ignition as tho gasification means.
km t0 WfU5tcful- nnd "raits Iho
ability to secure fuel economv in tho
englnos and limits tho oil roflnor to
the use of loss than 20 per cent of his
crudes for motor fuels, instead of -10
to 50 per cont of all his fuels.
The next groat improvement in gas
engines is to oporato thorn as super
heated gas engines, a method whoroby
the engines recoivo supor-heatcd hom
ogeneous fixed dry gasos boforo tho Ig
nltion by Hpark. This sort of a fluid
gas instantaneously namos complete
ly at the moment of highost compres
sion and before tho piston has had
time to got much past tho top dead
center of compression stroke.
Super-heated homogeneous dry gaa
I Because the Utah Tire Repair Company has the only plant in the Rocky Mountain states that can handle tire rebuilding as 1 l
I well as tire repairing, attention of tire experts throughout the west is being focused on this corporation's, growing business. The I ;
work that has been done has won the commendation of these men. Letters praising the rebuilding or retreading work of this I
I plant have been frequent, recommendations have been numerous from these experts. During the past week we received the 1 ?'
I following from the offices of the Fisk Rubber Company, one of the greatest tire companies of the world , 1 ' i H
READ THI5 LETTER , I ll
I "Paea708 kmc 1
I ' FROM ' '!fr'' I ('J
j Fisk RubW Company : . Ky( . :.: ' . I I
1 '. OFN.Y. s" 'i? ? :'ri':H$ ' . I VM
... 'ozvrvr. :::-. ' I H
I - n'V' Hansen Gexvago f't 1 I
f Sho sho 0 . Idaho f - 1
"' ' ftentleaen: , 1
I " $ 1
I , t?c aQ jws In 2oip 'of a Xts? Sroa'orar" wr ' 1
'' ': l.; - Tripp 0 end ha stt3 that yosa t?osia Ilk o h&v ua
-v rocoEHiond Qoraoono to you islhQ tsa, & 6firt-.olaa re- J 1
J t troadijig worko . Tlia tffcah i? &. -peir ' Co?5pan7 of I
; Ogtlen "Ofcsk is oqnipjsd tottS2? fy this olaee of I H
I -?7ork thfin any 023a olso In tire stato Xa .aMUloa to r j
If oil oife), S ))' 1
I " tims have hep Jult a X&ttl sperlsaG Qobig 1
I tgrdp kSBjhettQr ropntoSlon tas onyiizMD I
: 'te KJ. "csn Iwi aamirbd. that es v$o?y: that thay-eay fio for yoat 1 11
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I " mMPm mst &mz em wmm H
j Our Tire Rebuilding Work I
5 Equipped with the very best machines, molds and material for building tires, this company is now able to do work that can not I jH
. be even considered by others in the Rocky Mountain states including Utah, Idaho, Nevada, Wyoming, Colorado or Montana. I
' Automobile owners of Ogden, Salt Lake, Logan and Provo, even from daho and Wyoming, have been using tires built in this I
) plant. They have found them absolutely satisfactory. We will be glad to give you names of these automobile owners, so 1 IH
) you can make inquiry as to the merit of tires rebuilt or retreaded"The Utah Tire Way." 1
Telephone 794 K. E. SMITH, Manager 2582-84 Washington I H
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methods of operating englnos menus
that the world tomorrow with super
heated gas engines can uso a mixturo
of present gasoline with present kero
sene, half and half, which doubles mo
tor fuels over night, In fact. Added to
this Is 50 per cent or more of useful
work per gallon of that hybrid mix
ture. Further, It will enable oil roflners to
triple the total volume of motor gaso
lines by the cracking mothods which
tho bureau of minos has so carefully
tested, to show tho way for bettor util
ization of crudo oils In the refinery.
"We may shut our ears and say im
possible or that it cannot bo done,"
added Mr. Deppe. "But what must bo
ultimately is simply to do these simple
things. Because they Involve large
sums does not offer any called reason
why they cannot bo done. Lilco Mar
shal Joffro'a remark, gasoline saved
Verdun so it will be finally If wo win
thai world's war. Car makers and gas
engine men must recognize the neces
sity of changing their carlmretion
Ideas. It will also mean that within
four or Ave years all oxistjng motor
cars will be scraped by wear and
toar and Inability to uso the. lowgrade
fuels, and, like old clothes whloh have
served us well, will be thrown away,
but the motalg will bo available for
Commendation from the head of tho
nation himself is given to tho Ameri
can Automobile association because of
tho action of its contest board In dis
continuing1 to Issue sanctions for motor
contests during the period of war ex
igency. President Woodrow Wilson, in
a communication directed to John A.
Wilson, chairman of tho A. A. A. mili
tary preparedness committee says:
"I am very glad Indeed to leam that
It la the purpose of tho American Au
tomobile association to stop automo
bile racing until after the close of tho
war. It is so destructive of materials
and involvos so great a consumption of
gasoline that I think every man who
cares for tho proper fulfillment of our
duties during tho Avar and tho neces
sary conservation of resources which
the performance of those duties in
volves must applaud the action of the
association In tills matter.
"(Signed) "WOODROW WILSON." .
Need of skilled operators of motor
trucks and passenger vehicles, as well
as mechanics, brought about the ac
tion taken, which will release over
1000 capable men for motoring Avar
work. In preamble and resolution the
A. A. A. contest hoard thus sots forth
of war in which our entire available
man power is needed for national ac
"Whereas, Tho national need" for
skilled workmen in numbers greater
than It is possible to furnish Is urgent;
"Whoreas, Tho national need for
mechanics, automobile drivers and
othors skilled In tho care and raUln
tonance of motor apparatus, that Is
playing suoh a leading part In the war,
Is imperative; therefore, be It
"Resolved, That it is tho sonso of the!
contest hoard of tho Amorican Auto
mobile association that it will not
sanction automobile contests during
tho period of tho war exigency and
that during tho aforesaid period tho
rules of the board shall bo suspended."
The president of the A. A. A., Dr. H.
M. Howe, former President John A.
Wilson, Executive Chairman A. G.
Butchelder, Treasurer H. A. Bonnoll
and other national officers were in at
tendance at the meeting and approved
tb'e decision of the contest board,
which will go into effect January 1.
Practically all of the big speedways
in tho country aro in accord with the
action taken, several of them leaving
the matter of continuance entirely to
the judgmont of Chairman Richard
Kennerdell and his follow members of
the A. A, A. contest board.
STOP THE LEAKS
Radiator leaks constitute one of tho
most expensive and annoying draw
backs to wintor motoring, and it is the
contention of Ray Long, chief engineer
of tho Columbia Motors company, that
this trouble will bo greatly lessened if
not entirely eliminated when auto
matic motor temperature control
comes into more gonoral use.
"Equlplng a motor car with radiator
shutters and a thermostat to control
them will not eliminate radiator leaks
unloss the enr owner takes the precau
tion to add a sulllclent quantity of al
cohol or other an tl -freezing mixturo
to his radiator wator," said Mr. Long.
"But this equipment, we find by oxpor
ionco with Columbia cars, holps the
antl-freeze mixture wonderfully, es
pecially when the latter is not com
bined with wator in sufficient quantity.
"In ordinary city driving It fre
quently happens that the engine does
not run long enough to warm up the
cooling mixture This means, unless
there Is an abundance of anti-freezing
mixturo In tho radiator, that Uio latter
will freeze shortly after the car stops.
With radiator shutters, a very short
trip is sulllclent to thoroughly warm
the radiator water, which means that a Hl
longer stop is permissible without
freezing. It frequently happens that
tho difference of a very few degrees In
water temperature means a frozen ra-
dlator and a subsequent leak.
HOW TO ADJUST IH
When the commuter brushes of the
generator become slightly worn, so
that they cause arcing, they should he
filed to make a good contact with the
commutator. A small magneto file is
best fqr this purpose. If the commuta-
tor itself proves to he dirty, a piece of
fine sandpapor held against It while IH
the generator armature is revolving
will clean It off. A mistake frequently
made is In adjusting the brushes so
that the springs nre stretched too
much, causing the brushes to heat rap
idly by reason of tho excessive friction.
This causos rapid w,ear. The brushes
should bo set so as just to touch tho
commutator lightly and yet not so JM
much as to give poor contact. The cur
valure of the brush should be the same
as that of the commutator.
10 Per Cent Discount I I
'j on Auto Repair Work and