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'" IS SATURDAY, DECEMBER 22, 1917. - Bttfg (jgfrgtt 1 . OGDEN, UTAH
II J 'flBjf "TOY TOWN ' JOY TOWN, LITTLE
I J 3 GIRL AND BOY TOWN"
I ,1 i DAYS MOTE
I f v ' The fun place of multitudes, youngsters and grown-ups as well. t In this limited space we
I I cannot tell of even one per cent of the attractions gathered in our Bargain Basement Store and
I J in the heart of our Main Floor Store.
I ' fcjlflfettfe PATRONS WILL FIND A CAREFULLY SELECTED ASSORTMENT OF
I J Candies, Toys, Dolls, Games and a Thousand
I J .. Other Practical Gift Suggestions for Men,
I j j Women and Children
1 i ' .lf Which will materially aid those who have many to remember and desire to limit the cost.
I j Won't you come and see the many' new things and the new Variety Stores you are invited
I j I whether you intend making any purchase or not.
j ' THE AMERICAN RED CROSS 1
I asks the co-operation of every man, woman and child in the United States in increasing its
I A membership to a million, before Christmas.
I 1 The RED CROSS is the only volunteer organization for relief of war or civilian disas- j
I j I ter, authorized by the United States Government, by act of Congress, and presidential 1
I I proclamation. Its accounts are audited by the war department. It is non-sectarian and
m I non-political. !
I You may join your American Red Cross at our Red Cross Booth, Main Floor.
I ' v . ; I
if I Open Evenings From Now Until Christmas. Extra Sales People in Attendance
I " '
v' ' 37 !
I 2410 Washington Ave. OGDEN, UTAH.
If : LEWIS GUN
V : CONTROVERSY
Government's Reluctance 'to
, Adopt Type of Gun De
scribed by Witness.
. j WAITED FOR TESTS
, , I Browning Gun Adopted After
1 ! Many Tryouts Strong
J j j . Pull Made for Lewis,
j WASHINGTON, Dec. 22. Colonel
' ; Isaac Lewis, inventor of the cele
j i brated machine gun bearing his name,
i ' . today told the senate committee in
vestigating conduct of the war that
"while still an active officer in the
United States army, he tried without
j avail to persuade the war department
I to accept the gun free of cost as an
!' act of patriotism.
Colonel Lewis said he took his in-
, vention to the chief of staff, then
j Major General Leonard Wood.
1 "Even last June I went to the pres-
i ent secretary of war and offered him
j ! all my interests, without any emolu
ment," he declared. "The only condl
; Uon, which I think was fair, was that
the official test should not be made
at the Springfield arsenal."
When Senator Hitchcock asked if
any others were interested in his gun
and if they had offered their interests
j , to the government, Colonel Lewis said
i ; stockholders of the Automatic Arms
' i ' company, who backed his early
( patent, were interested,
i "Did they offer their Interests?" he
: , asked.
' , "My offer was not even considered,"
i i .
Colonel Lewis protested. "It was
turned down flat."
Colonel Lewis' Gun.
A letter dated December 11 last, re
newing his offer of his gun to Secre
tary Baker was read by Colonel Lewis.
In It he offered also to turn over all
his share 13 per cent of all royal
ties, aggregating ?21000,000, under ex
isting contracts. In the letter Colonel
Lewis protested alleged injustice of
statements by Secretary Baker re
garding the gup. He cited the success
the British had had with his arms and
declared that of twelve Zeppelins
brought down by the British, ten were
bagged with the Lewis gun.
"I want it understood that I was
and am ready to give my check to the
secretary for my royalties or my in
terest in the patents," he said, sating
he had offered his gun repeatedlv in
1911, 1912 and afterwards.
Ordnance Equipment Disgrace.
The ordnance equipment of General
Pershing's army, he said, "is an out
rage and a disgrace." The forces are
without enough machine guns or
rifles, he said, and have heavy artil
lery only borrowed from allies.
The country would not have a mil
lion men in France before 1912, Col
onel Lewis declared.
"Who is responsible?" he was asked.
"General Crozier is more responsible
for inadequate equipment of United
States forces than any one.
Belgians Buy Lewis Gun.
After rebuffs of his gun by the war
department, Lewis said he went to
Europe, retiring from the .United
States army "disgruntled and dis
guested, expecting to live abroad. A
group of Belgian bankers, he con-J
tinued, had bought the European
rights to his gun. j
The Belgian company he found in
1913 was drifting into German con
trol and he ousted the German direc
tors. He went to Birmingham, Eng
land, and in forty-eight hours, he said,
closed a contract with a British firm.
The guns used in the Belgian and
British tests which he said resulted in
its acceptance at both places, were
I I Christmas Holiday
I I Excursions I
l I Denver and return . $27.50 Chicago and return ... $61 50 I
,8 KanBas City and return . . $42.50 St. Louis and return. $53 jq
,1 Omaha and return . . $42.50 Memphis and return . . 62!so
'1 Oklahoma City and return $53.90 Minneapolis and return $S8M
H ! Tickets. on sale December 20, 22, 24. Good returning three months
tl from date. Liberal stopovers. Diverse routed.
I j 1 1 San-Francisco or Los Angeles and return $40.00. On sale December
I ; ?! 20,. 22, 24, 29. Good returning until February 28, 1918. Remember the
' j Jm Denver & Rio Grande-Western Pacific Scenic Line offers the best
. j ll service to all points in California.
ffl Usual-reduced round trip rates to all local points In the state. Best I
t" j ifr-ain -service to Park City, Bingham, Provo, Eureka, Lehi, American I
1 1 Fork and many other points. I
I i CKTYvTICKET"OFFICE,.ECCLES BUILDING I
j JH Tekphxm634 F. Fouts, General Agent I
I i j r4
the same original four models that
the American government refused to
test in 1912. The ammunition used in
the "British tests Avas of American
design, he said.
Senator Chamberlain asked why the
army should oppose the Lewis gun,
and the inventor replied:
"They want to kill it, to take the
label off it."
Scores Browning Gun.
The Browning gun he characterized
as "a picture, a figment of the imag
ination." (Ordnance manufacturers
have previously described it as super
ior to anything else now known). ,
1 "It's true it got through the arsenal
test, but never has been in the field,"
Lewis continued. "I have nevor seen
it, but my associates have."
Senator Hitchcock referred to
breaking of parts in the Lewis gun in
"Oh, yes." said Lewis, "I never saw!
nny IVint TvnnlrinM Vrftolr in foclo Tim
guns were made, rushed through in
England and were entered, over my
protests, by my associates, converted
to fire American ammunition."
"Did the Browning gun break in the
tests?" nsked Senator Hitchcock.
"Certainly," was the reply.'
"I wasn't invited to see the test, but
any gun breaks in a test."
Lewis Gun Tested.
"Then General Crozier did give you
an opportunity at a test to present
your gun?" asked Senator .Hitchock,
referring to the 1913 test.
"Yes, but my son, who represented
me, had a hard time at the depart
ment. At that time no guns had been
turned out at the British factory."
The 3913 test was premature,
against his judgment, Colonel Lewis
declared, but he did not regard the
outcome as a failure for his gun.
"The gun is just the same today as
It was then, not a change made," Col
onel Lewis said, declaring General
Crozier had adopted various different
types of machine guns, spending mil
lions on the Benet-Mercler (a French
"All the other experts believe the
Browning is the best gun developed
and you are the; only ono against
them," Senator Hitchcock suggested.
Lewis replied that, the experts were
interested in manufacturing the
Criticizes General Crozier.
Colonel Lewis' declared the ordnance
bureau was a "one man machine,"
and said General Crozier had used his
office for personal maline against a
.man not in "the ring." Mr. Lewis
said he did not think the ordnance de
partment was corrupt but hopelcsslv
Responding to other questions, Lew
is charged that General Crozier's at
titude towards him was due both to
personal and 'professional prejudice.
Lewis' "Range Finder.
Lewis told of his range finder which
the government adopted many years
I FOR THE KKDDIES 1
I FREE I
I XMAS DAY I
I 2 p. m. to 5 p. m. I
1 The Woodmen of the World will 1
I entertain the children of Ogden 1
at a dance Christmas day. Send I
the little ones up. They will be I
j WILL EDNA MAY
RETURN TO STAGE?
Mrs. Edna May Lewisohn. !
The recent death of Oscar Lew- '
1 isohn, wealthy breeder of horses I
who won the "yes" of Edna May by
buying a $2,000 bulldog for the act- 1
J ress at a Philadelphia dog show in
I 1905, has started discussion in stage
circles as to whether the widow can
resist the lure of the stage. His will I
left $150,000 to the former actress. I
1 ago. He said General Crozier opposed
1 it but a special board had. it adopted.
Under protect to Secretary Baker
! against General Crozier's order
against using the Lewis gun for
' ground work in France, Colonel Lewis
said the secretary had promised to
test it and exhibited no prejudice at
all against the Lewis weapon.
j WASHINGTON, Dec. 22. The gov
ernment's reluctance to adopt the
Lewis machine gun was described at
length by E. E. Boric, manufacturing
I head of the Savage Arms company, the
American makers, testifying at t,he
senate military committee's investiga
tion of the shortage in army supplies.
When the Mexican border trouble
began, Mr. Borie said, he offered 1500
Lewis guns to the war department but
got ah order for only 350 to use British
ammunition. Before the United States
entered the war, he offered Lewis guns
to the war department and was refus
ed orders but got them, from the navy
department, Mr. Borie said.
"I went to the war department in
February," he continued, "but they
would not do anything until after the
tests ordered for May (when the new
Browning gun was adopted). The navy
department also did not want to place
any order at that time until after the
navy department's tests but did order
some gun mounts.'
Lewis Guns Again Offered.
I "Affor iv.ir hrnlrn mil nm mynin rr. I
w nnw uiu ,nv 115(1111 unci
ed guns to the -war department and
I were told the tests were being await
ed.. The navy department and marine
corps, however, ordered a special test.
They did not want to wait for the war
department tests and we had a test for
the navy April 5. It was successful,'
Admiral Earle and General Barnett
stated. The test was sosucccssful that
the navy ordered on April 20, 3500 guns
inside of three weeks Admiral Earle
and General Barnett said they did not
want to wait any longer under tho con
ditions." On April 32, he said, tho Avar depart
ment ordered 1300 Lewis guns to use
With American 'ammunition because
the official test was held "on tnc
j strength of the navy test."
! If the war department had accepted
the original offer and saved time need-
ed for manufacture. Mr. Borie said it
could have saved $100,000 for machine
guns early in the war. .
Borie Pulls For' Lewis.
The ordnance bureau, he said, ap
proached his firm laat summer to have
it make the new Browning gun, but the
Cement That Stands
the Test '
The Rock Cement !
Sold by every dealer
in Ogden .
Union ' Portland
Gen. Office: Ogden, Ut
GET THIS PHONE, 3251
Rugs steamed or dry cleaned. We
clean wall paper and painted walls
and lace curtains.
WESTERN STATES HOUSE &
Call for Bert 3251.
v . ' 7
firm declined unless tho government
would pay for the factory.
"We know what the Lewis gun will
do, but nobody knows what the Brown
ing gun will do," he said. "It looks
good on paper rind in a few tests.
Private manufacturers who have
contracts to make Browning guns are
"fooling themselves and the American
people," declared Mr. Borie predicting,
deliveries could not be made as con
Mr. Boric saul he told war depart
ment, officials that if his concern made
Browning guns it would take six to
eight months to begin deliveries even
in small quantities.
Browning Gun Ordered.
A letter was received from the ord
nance bureau August 13, Mr. Borlo
said, directing the Savage company to
stop production of the Lewis guns July
1, 1918 and proceed thereafter with the
light. Browning gun.
"We were flabbergasted," he said,
"but they changed their minds and on !
September 25 ordered aircraft guns of j
the Lewis type which will keep thej
plant going all next year."
Mr. Borie stiid he had decided to
continue manufacture of tho Lewis gun
anyway since, if the United States
government would not buy them, for
eign governments would.
Statements by Goneral Crozier and
private machine gun manufacturers 1
that tho Lowis does not synchronize
through airplane propellors wore re
futed by Mr. Borie. Assertions also
that the Lewis gun cannot be success
fully .used with American ammunition,
Mr. Borie said,' he desired to "nail as
an absolute falsehood."
The ordnance bureau's business svs-'
tern was sharply criticised' by Mr.!
"We ought to have a director of rau-!
nitions," ho said, "a big broad-minded i
man, a he-man not a pussy-foot. Until
you do that you'll never get anv-J
WASHINGTON, Dec. 21. The j
navy's utilization of much of the'
country's shipbuilding facilities was1
cited by Chairman Hurley of the ship-1
ping board before the senntn tnvocti. !
gating commmittee today as one rea- j
son for the slow progress of merchant
Mr. Hurley in response to questions,
said he is now entirely responsible for
the building program and that if ships!
afnot built h(? alone is to blame. Noi
additional legislation, he said, is need-1
ed. The chairman of the shipping)
board has obtained through re-organ- !
ization of the fleet corporation, he
said, all. the authority he needs. 1
Forced to Build New Yards.
Mr. Hurley declared the fact that the
jnavy at the outbreak of the war con-; 1
i trolled 70 per cent the building fa- J
cilltles of eighteen prominent ship - j
yards, forced the shipping board to1
have new shipyards built. I
Continual re-organization of tho'l
emergency fleet corporation was due'l
I to make the corporation responsive to 1 1
the demands made upon it. ' 1
Delay in turning out ships, Mr. Hur-1 1
ley said, was in part attributable to the I E
small capacity of American shipyards n
The task of the fleet corporation he 3
said, is not only the construction of'l
more ships but more especially fab- Q
ncation of more facilities and con- I
struction of new yards. H
Manpower Needed In Expansion. ! 1
AUth the tremendous expansion of. 1
the new industry and with the rela-l
tively small number of workmen here-k 3
tofore engaged in shipbuilding, some I
time must be granted for the proper i
expansion and development of the no-
cessary labor and dirp.Hnn- fni-no,
man the newly created facilities.
"It is hardly fair to say that the
newly created facilities shall, from
the very day they have been put into
operation, produce ships at maximum
capacity. The output will increase
progressively as experience grows and
man power is increased.
"The work thus far has been in
many cases preparatory," and it has
carried with it the usual amount of an
noyance and disappointments, but this
period of preparation is getting- rapidly
1 Arc causing many changes in our ways of living. We are now I
I facing the greatest peril that this country has ever known. I
I Many Americans will give up their lives on the battle field 1
I before peace is restored. We all know that we must win to I
I make democracy safe for the world. 1
j Our Bit J
This country must supply millions of men on the battle
I field with food. The government has asked us all to con- I
serve on food, and cut down expenses where ever possible. 1
We are operating under the United States Government i
License (No. G 30533) and have agreed to do our bit
Cash and Carry j
I We have never charged more than a fair profit con-
1 sidcring the service rendered. For the past month we have
I been operating a small CASH AND CARRY department as an 1
experiment and find that many people like the idea and we I ,
I have decided to extend the plan to include the whole store. I
January 1st, 1918 I
3 We will open up under the new plan. All goods will be
I marked in plain figures on a CASH AND CARRY price. The
I reductions will amount to as high as ten and fifteen per cent. I
I We have always felt that the customer who paid cash and
B took the goods with her should not be required to help pay fi j
bookkeeping and delivery expense. '
I We Will Charge and Deliver j
I Ve will ask charge customers to pay one ce.nt on a dol-
a far or fraction thereof on every order charged, to cover some S
i of the expense of bookkeeping. Then we will ask all cus- a f
J tomers desiring goods delivered to pay five cents for each
J order delivered regardless of size of order.
We Are Not Convinced
That we should do away entirely with credit accounts and 1
delivering. It is sometimes mighty inconvenient to carry a
around enough cash to pay for all goods bought. Also many g
people would soon tire of coming down town every day and I
carrying their purchase home in time to prepare dinner Un-
der our new plan you can have goods charged and delivered I
and stiU get them much cheaper than under the old plan.
Wilcox, Sci k Harris ft I
pu ,, (THE MODERN MARKET) . I
Phone 2200- 2430-4 Washington Ave. j
behind us and the period of actual ship
construction in full accordance with
your plansjs immediately before us."
Organization of Shipping Board.
Mr. Hurley explained the organiza
tion of the shipping board and fleet
corporation in which the president of
the latter is clothed with complete au
thority and is solely responsible!
- "Admiral Capps (a former president)
had fuU authority in construction of
nu3- -aid Mn Hurlc-V but upon l
?,f w by Senator ffdson admit-
tea that he had the power to veto any
cpntaict made by Capps. '
But I never did," added Mr. Hurley. I
AJ?ve.r d any disagreement with
u 4Capps' 0ur relations were
such that construction work was not
rotaraded in any way."
I -DO If
Read the Classified Ads. j I
I Spend XmasWith the Folks at Home i
J . HOLIDA Y EXCURSIONS II ' I
f DECEMBER 20, 22 and 24 ffl I
I3g ' return Limit, Three Months . 'i I
M '4 TO Chicago, Colorado. Spring ' M sk I
M Oklahoma City, St.- Paul, t ' , M I
Wt : . bt Louis, Omaha, , '- 'K' -.Y W '( I
fSJ " ther nts East - , Lj f l
II " LOCAL3 : ' via ' V ' III ' I
II EXCURSIONS CIYTICKET0FFICE
mM December 20 to 25 HflfTfa 2514 W-whtr, Will H
Trrwimgrfm, .. ,