j; NEW YORK, Dec. 24 Silver, 86c; C J VI (7 WV V"V W 'V "V )
iSw ,ead' 67-10c? sPe,ter 7J2c; -copper, f V-x' ? , UTAH Colder tonight and Tues- j
19 ' i 2VZc. ' gr 1 day Co,der m north portion.
J.fli! ! ; FEARLESS. INDEPENDENT. PROGRESSIVE NEWSPAPER,- - M
ittH ; Forty.second Year No. 304. Price Five Cents. OGDEN CITY, UTAH, MONDAY EVENING, DECEMBER 24, 1917. Entered as Second-Class Matter at the Postofftce, Ogden. Utah. Lj
1 Italians Counter-Attacking Austro-German Forces With Good Results I
Ijj ROME, Dec. 24. Enemy forces which have crossed the
fl : Piave river at Piave Veccni have been driven back over the
I ', r river, the war office announces.
I j On the mountain front, the statement says, the Austro-
I; Germans passed the Italian positions in the Asiago sector in
I ; the region of Buso Monte Valbella but stopped at the Italian
I i i rear positions from where the Italians are counter-attacking
Mi' ' with satisfactory results.
(Ht Glorious Page in War.
Hl-i WASHINGTON, Dec. 24. Offiical
HhV dispatches from Rome today give a
flfw detailed story of the fighting on Monte
H$ Asolone. They say:
f- "With the recapture of the positions
' on Monte Asojone the Italian soldiers
have written a glorious page in the
: ' annals of this war. Their bravery
has prevented the enemy from spread
i ing his forces to the south and com
? plete Xhe surrounding of Monte
Grapba, Our soldiers fought for sov-
M M eral days -under terrific 'artillery-tire
and against the deadly effects of
K? asphyxiating gases. The enemy suf-
$ fered enormous losses. It Is calcu-
'H ; lated that in the actions at Berrcta
i and Monte Asolone the enemy .has lost
; three divisions which havo already
; been substituted, from the 26th of
;; ; November to date. General Pfeffer,
. commander of the Fourth enemy dlvi-
' sion and the commanders of the Scv-
' enth and Eighth Austrian brigades
haveb cen seriously wounded.
I Enemy Working Civilians.
"The enemy command in the city of
i Udlne has issued rules by which all
; workmen, women and children are ob
liged to work In the fields from -1'
o'clock in the morning until S o'clock
J in the evening, with half an hour rest
; in the morning, one hour and a half at
' midday and half an hour in the even-
', ing. The transgressors of these rules
will be accompanied to work and
watched by German soldiers and at
the termination of the harvest they
1 will be imprisoned for six months and
r. j every threo days they will receive
8 only bread and water. Slow or lazy
women will be exiled and lazy cbil-
. drcn will he flogged. If necessary the
2pi ; commander will inflict on the work-
iMj f men corporal punishments.
"In Macedonia German troops have
roS i recently launched three very powerful
S ; ; attacks against the positions held by
' Italian soldiers along the Cerna river.
ldTra :. All the attacks were repulsed and the
"jjjj enemy suffered considerable losses."
3' REVIEW OF WAR SATUATION.
,: Peace without annexations and
without indemnities, the formula
Kg j ' adopted by the German reichstag in
Im i its peace resolution last July, is the
pi : keynote of the .Russian peace terms
Itljj , ' now being discussed at Brest-Lltovsk.
SflS The Russian terms have been submit-
wm i ted to the representatives of the cen-
ieivjg ; tral p0Wers who havo taken them un-
tndtS! J der consideration.
m& ) compulsory annexation of lerri-
tory seized during the war and imme-
5 dlate evjicuatlon of it and no contri-
15 i butlons to be required fron) belliger-
fjnjtf ) '. ent countries are proposed by Russia,
wfl 1 This is similar to the reichstag reso-
lSrft lution which, however, was not accept-
Xgaj i ed by Dr. Michaelis. who was then
German imperial chancellor Russia
suggests that countries deprived of
their independence during the war bo
reinstated and that national groups
not independent before the war shall
decide their status by a referendum.
Kaiser Going to Breat-Litovsk.
Germany scored a point in the se
lection of Dr. von Kuehlmann, former
foreign secretary, as permanent chair
man of the conference. Emperor Wil
liam, it is reported unofficially, in
tends to go -toBrest-Litovsk as soon
as the diplomats" there arrive at an
agreement, to attempt to assemble all
European rulers in a peace confer
ence. The German ruler is said to
have declared that everybody wants
Heavy Fighting Subsides.
The heavy fighting which has
marked the situation on the Italian
northern front the last few weeks has
almost subsided and only local en
counters have taken place along the
line from Asiago to the Piave. Indica
tions' are, however, that the Austro-1
Germans will again initiate a strong
offensive in an effort to reach the
plains or the northern edge at least
before severe winter weather halts
largo scale operations.
Raids and local attacks have been
carried out in the Ypres and Verdun 1
sectors on the western front. The Ger
mans gained slightly in a local attack
on the Ypres-Staden railway but at !
all other points on both the British
and French fronts they were re-nulsed.
Big Guns Active.
The artillery has been extremely ac
tive in the Ypres and Verdun sectors.
General Allenby has begun success
fully an advance along the Mediter
ranean coast north of Jaffa, Palestine,
after crossing the-Nahr El-Auja, his
troops on Saturday reached the plain
of Sharon and captured ten towns near
the Nahr El Auja.
General Sarrail, who has been In
command of the allied armies on the
Macedonian front for the last two
years, has beon recalled by the French
government. He will be succeeded by
General Guillauraat who commanded
the French forces in their brilliant at
tack northeast of Verdun lasts um
Intense Artillery Fighting.
PARIS, Dec. U. Intense artillery
activity is reported by the war office.
In the course of combats in the air
during the last few days tho French
brought down eighteen Gorman ma
chinos. The announcement follows
"On the right bank of the Meuse
(Verdun front) the Germans made
two raids againgt our small posts
Brotherhoods to Confer at
White "House Thursday
Next With President.
TO OUTLINE ACTION
Workers to Learn Decision on
Means to Obtain More Ef
WASHINGTON. Dec. .24 President
Wilson has summoned tb chiefs and
legislative agents of the four railway
brotherhoods to a conference at the
White House Thursday.
It is expected that the president will
outline to the representatives of the
railroad workers whatever action he
has decided is' necessary to obtain
more efficient transportation during
the war crisisr
Both the chiefs and the legislative
agents have conferred with the presi
dents, the chiefs soon after their de
mands were made on the railroads for
increased wages and the legislative
agents several days ago when they
asked for assurances that war de
mands should not relax the safety re
strictions imposed on railroad opera
tion. They were told that nothing of
that kind was contemplated.
The new conference came as a sur
prise in tho railroad situation. Presi
dent Wilson has been studying all
phases of the situation. and it has. been
understood that he intended to address
congress on the subject after the holi
days. While sentiment in favor of gov
ernmental operation, of the railroads
apparently has been growing, no inti
mation of what the president would
recommond has been given and pend
ing his address it was thought no fur
ther action was contemplated.
(war CASUALTIES i
v . j
OTTAWA, Ont.. Dec. 24. Today's
casualty list contains, among the
wounded, the name of H. N. Wilkinson,
WASHINGTON, Dec. 24. C. B.
Murphy, a seaman of Orovillo, Cal.,
and George 0. K. Vidahia, a seaman
of Arlington, N. J., were lost over
board from a transport on December
near Bezonvaux and Caurieres wood.
Their efforts were repulsed by our
fire. The artillery fightingfwas rather
vigorous on theleft bank of the river,
in the sector of Bethincourt. On tho
remainder of the front tho night was
"On December 21, 22 and 23 our
pursuit aviators were very active.
Our pilots engaged in 100 combats,
most of them over the German lines.
Eighteen German machines were
brought down. Of these seventeen fell
in flames or crashed to the ground and
were destroyed. During this period
our bombarding squadrons dropped
38,000 kilograms, (nearly 20 tops) of
projectiles on railway stations, fac
tories, encampments and other objec
tives behind the enemy's lines."
I APPLES FOR SOLDIERS.
NORTH YAKIMA, Wash., Dec. 24.
A campaign has been organized 10 se
cure 15,000 boxes of apples for ship
ment to American soldiers in Franco
and Great Britain. Growers and ship
pers are responding enthusiastically
1 to the appeal.
w Red Cross Drive in U. S.
If Is Proving Great Success
I WASHINGTON, Dec. 21. Reports to
fOES I the Red Cross today on the results of
its campaign for 10,000,000 new mom-
'Sfgi 4 bers showed some divisions ba.d ex-
$j2U cecded their quotas and others were
npproaching figures set for them. The
'fflffi central division which voluntarily
raises its quota from 850,000 to 1.G0O,-
a" ' 000 oxpccLs to exceed the higher fig-
iMgj i ures, and the gulf department com-
jfjfS prising Alabama, Louisiana and .MIs-
faM I sissippi had gone several thousand
'9 f over its quota.
viaSI 1 Oregon has gone 28,000 over its
'mil Quota notwithstanding bad weather
ilWIJ .) which has been the cause of extending
jCil I the time limit to the end of the week
in several divisions.
"'"M s Pennsylvania was 10,000 today with-
in its quota of 1,150,000 and the Pacific
division lacked 30,000 of the 347,000
expected. Reports of tho Potomac di
vision show much hard work would be
necessary there if the quota of 356,000
Christmas Message to People.
Secretary of State Lansing aided the
campaign today with the following
Christmas message urging people to
"Christmas tide has become, by long
established custom, the time for the
giving of gifts, a time when hoarts, in
spired with thankfulness to God for his
supreme gift to mankind, throb with
rcoponslve emotions which And ex
pression in acts of love and generosity.
"It is peculiarly fitting, therefore, in
these days when the world is darken
ed by war and misery that tho Ameri
can people should, with a true Christ
mas spirit give of their bounty to that
great agency of mercy, the American
Red Cross, which Jb doing such splen
did service in alleviating suffering on
tno battlefields of Europe and in bring
ing comfort to the thousands of help
less ones who are victims of the bru
talities of war,
"In response to the general impulses
awakened by thoughts of Christmas,
lot us, as a nation, show our love for
humanity nnd our gratitudo to God by
remembering at this time the Red
Cross and its needs." - I
Gravity of Situation
I Growing and Bolshe
viki Beginning to
Released German Sol
diers Said to Be Con
LONDON, Dec. 24 . Petrograd dis
patchos report that attempts are being
made by the Bolshevik! leaders to ne
gotiate with the Ukranians for a set
tlement of the difficulties which have
arisen and it is also reported that the
authorities of the new Ukranian gov
ernment are ready to accept proposals
looking toward a peaceful arrange
ment. Tho movement for harmony is
attributed by the correspondent of tho
Times to tho fact that the growing
dangers of the situation are being rec
ognized to nn increasing extent by the
Bolshoviki. For tho same reason, ho
says, they are believed to be inclined
to mqdify their attitude of hostility to
wards the constituent assembly which
is likely to meet within a week.
Concurrently with these statements!
appear numerous further reports of I
military activities on the part of the
Ukranians and Cossacks and of the
sending of more Bolsheviki troops
southward to oppose the Ukranians.
There aro disconnected rumors of fur
ther fighting but apparently thero
have been no hostilities on a largo
scale, or of such a nature as to Indi
cate important developments.
Arrival of Germans Impending.
Many news dispatches from Petro
grad speak of the supposed impending
arrival of the Germans there which is
said to be the universal topic of dis
cusion in the city, but evoryone seems
to have a different version. Many of
these stories center around the report
ed concentration near the capital of a
large force of released German war
prisoners, to whom arms aro being
reports. Referring to these rumors, the
Petrograd correspondent of the Post
says that unquestionably thousands of
German war prisoners aro flocking to
ward Petrograd from all parts of Rus
sia but he believes that at presont a
more important phase of the situa
tion is the active and thorough man
ner in which the Germans have been
pushing trade with Russia since tho
frontier was oponed. Ho reports thoy
are making the most of a commercial
opportunity such as the world has
never seen before inasmuch as Russian
Industries are nearly dead and the
Germans have no competition.
Lenine Delegate Turned Down.
The Germans have refused to admit
M. Zinovleff, a close associate of Niko
lai'Lenine, and other Bolsheviki whom
the Soldiers' and Workmen's delegates
wished to send in to spread their doc
trines in the German annv. Thoy also
declined to admit Trotzky's newspaper
printed in German for army propagan
da. The Bolshevik! arc negotiating with
the Social-Revolutionists on tho left
for tho. formation of a coalition gov
ernment wherein tho latter will hold
tho ministries of tho interior, justice,
posts and national affairs.
Trial of Arrested Persons.
The trial of porsons who havo been
arrested by the Bolshoviki authorities
was to have begun yesterday before a
military revolutionary courL according
to delayed dispatches from Petrograd.
The- first person to bo tried, theso re
ports said, would bo Countess Panln,
former minister of education, who was
arrested for refusing to turnover to
LAUDS RED CROSS I
Prof. Albert P. Fitch.
Prof. Albert P. Fitch of Amherst
college is now tolling the people of
the United States by means of lec
tures and addresses what the Red
Cross is doing to make life more en
durable for the civilians and soldiers
in the war-wrecked districts oi' I
France. He has only recently re-j !
turned from tho front,
the Bolsheviki the funds of her de
partment. Tho Council of Petrograd
university on Friday elected tho coun
tess" an honorary member in recogni
tion of her educational work.
Keronsky Commander Lynched.
A dispatch from Tashkent, capital of
Turkistan. described the lynching
under horrible circumstances, of Gen
eral Korovitchcnko, who was Keren
sky's military commander in the prov
ince. The Italian embassy has made a for
mal protest against the pillaging by
armed men of the apartment of the
embassy's first secretary.
It is reported that the Germans are
moving troops from the Russian north
ern and western fronts to the south
western fronts and Rumanian fronts.
TR0T2KY OPPOSING RED CROSS
WASHINGTON, Dec 24. State de
partment officials declared today that
the statements of Leon Trotzky, the
Bolsheviki foreign minister, that the
American Red Cross mission in Rus
sia was giving aid to the opponents of
the Bolsheviki government could be
attributed only to his ignorance of tho
facts. A report from . Ambassador
Francis on the arrest of Colonel Kol
pasninoeff. an attache of the Red Cross
mission while in charge of a relief
train had not reached the state depart
Tho stale department does not be
lieve Trotzky will persist in his atti
tude, however, when he realizes the
true state of affairs. Arrangements
wero made in this country some time
ago for strengthening the, ambulance
corps of Russia with seventy-eight
ambulances and other supplies much
deeded in certain districts. . It was
deemed advisable to send them via the
Rumanian frontier. This was done
with the approval of tho Russian Red
Transfer of Red Cross Money.
The incident of money which It was
alleged Ambassador Francis had of
fered and the insinuation that it was
intended as a bribe to the enemies of
the Bolsheviki had no other signifi
cance, it was stated, than humanitar
ian. It was merely the ordinary trans
fer of money through tho embassy sent
by the Red Cross and Intended for re
SS Iff D " m
Is Summed Up I
HALIFAX, N. S.f Dec. 24. Fifteen
hundred killed, four thousand serious
ly injured, twenty thousand homeless
and total property loss amounting to
$50,000,000 was the estimate today of
the destruction and damage caused by
the explosion of the munition ship
Mont Blanc on December 6 which
wrecked and burned an area of two
and a half squaro miles in the norlh
enw of Halifax.
Tho estimate was prepared and sub
mitted to the general relief comrait
j tee by J. H. Wingfield, jm expert,
Wants Democratic Peace Leav
ing Peoples to Dispose
of Themselves. -
ADMITS WAR PROBABLE
Russia Will Be Given Over to
Anarchy If Bolsheviki
" PARIS. Dec. 23. Leon Trotzky, the
Bolsheviki foreign minister, according
to a note Issued by the Havas agency,
called on- JosephsNoulens, the French
ambassador to Russia, and explained
that the Bolsheviki wished to keep to
the principles of a "democratic peace"
leaving to the peoples the right to dis
pose of themselves. The ambassador
asked him what he would do if Ger
many refused such a peace. Trotzky
answered that then the peaco would
not bo signed and that the Maximalists
might be led to "wage a revolutionary
Trotzky added that "if public opinion
was opposed to such a war, the ques
tion would then be carried before the
ponstitutent assembly." He concluded
by saying that "if tho Bolsheviki suc
cumbed to the resistance they are
meeting with in Russia the country
would be given over to anarchy."
The Havas note concludes:
"This conversation, which is correct
throughout, must be considered as
creating no new relation between tho
. Maximalist government and us."
TO BE PROSECUTED
PARIS, Sunday, Dec. 23. General
Dubail today signed the order for the
prosecution of Deputies Caillaux and
Loustalot and M. Comby. It is alleged
that Comby was present at the lunch
at which former Premier Caillaux mot
Cavallini and is said to have accom
panied Loustalot to Switzerland where
ho paw the former. Khedive of Egypt.
Maitre Demange who defended
Dreyfus at Rcnnes, has been chosen by
M. Caillaux as his counsel
who made detailed examination. The l
figures, while not accepted as final,
were regarded by the committee as j M
conservative. I M
Millions in Property Loss. jH
"The value of homes destroyed or
damaged beyond repair," Wingfield
stated, "will not be less than $7,000,-
000. The damage to home3 that can )
be repaired plus the value of furniture j;H
and personal effects lost will reach J'l
$8,000,000. Damage to chic, provincial, f jH
government, military', naval, instltu- I IH
tional and university property was IH
HUtS take office J
Governor CampbelFs Appoin
tees Resign and Hunt's In- 'IH
PAY TO BE ADJUSTED
Campbell Attorneys Resreve
Right for Rehearing Within
the 15-Day Limit.
PHOENIX, Ariz., Dec. 24 Governor jH
G. W. P. Hunt is waiting for Governor
Thomas E. Campbell to turn over the 'M
executive office to him. An announce- , M
ment is expected later in the day in- i
dicating just when this ceremony will
take place. The supreme court on ,
Saturday seated Hunt as governor. flH
Practically all of Governor Camp- BH
bell's appointees have resigned and
it is said most of tho incumbents hold
ing office when Hunt was deposed
last January will be reinstated.
Under the supreme court decision
Governor Campbell will receive no 'M
pay for his year's service as gover-
nor and must besides pay most of the- ' M
costs. It is probable that he will be :H
given relief by legislative enactment.
Governor Hunt Is busy today clean .H
ing up the affairs of the office and
contents himself with the statement
that the final issue is with the people. .
The Campbell attorneys have reserved
the right to apply for a rehearing
within the fifteen-day limit although
the physical possession of tho office
is given up but any further legal pro
ceedlngs are not probable.
TO BE PROMOTED
WASHINGTON, Dec. 24. Medical
Directors Gcorgo H. Barber and Ed- iH
ward R. Stitt of the navy will be pro- ll
m'oted from the rank of captain to rear I fl
admiral as soon as congress re-as-
sembles in recognition of distinguish-
ed services. Il
Dr. Barber is at the head of the
naval hospital in Las Animas, Colo.,
and Dr. Stilt is president of the naval
medical school at Washington. Il
American Christmas Cheer I
For the Italian Soldiers I
VENICE, Sunday, Dec. 23. (By the
I Associated Press.) American Cbrlst
mas cheer will be carried to the Ital
! ian soldiers in the tronches and to the
sick and wounded soldiers in and
around Venice by B. Harvey Carroll,
Jr., American consulato nt Venlco, act
ing for tho American Tied Cross. Mr.
Carroll will leave Venice with General
!dt Viterfranchesoa, so as to make tho
tour of tho trenches on Christmas eve.
They will bo accompanied by detach
ments of soldiers with trucks bearing
hugo bundles of gifts for distribution
among tho troops.
Each soldier will receive a package
containing socks, handkerchiefs, to
bacco, sweets, some articles of food!
and a distinctive present. j
Anothor distribution will bo made In j
Venice on Christmas cvo and Christ-j
mas morning to "wounded soldiers and
civilian poor. Large numbers of
wounded are now cQming in from the
Piave to the hospitals of Venice. Each
of these will be remembered with
clothing, food and sweets.
Venice Remains Undisturbed.
Tho city of Venice remains com
paratively undisturbod by the recent
concentration of oneiuy pressure on
the lower Piave nearest to Venice,
where his line Is twelve miles east of
the city. While the shells from the
heavy guns could reach Vonice, It Is
known that the enemy has been unablo
to bring across the river anything ex
cept machine guns and a few pieces of
small caliber. No shells havo fallen
anywhere near tho city.
The rumble of tho bombardment can
be heard day and night, but the popu
lation has become accustomed to it, as
it had to the previous menaco fromm
the air and the sea.
One of the chief reasons for calm is
the belief that Pope Benedict has in- M
tervened in soiuo way by which the iH
Austrians will not shell the city. fil
Art Treasurer Being Removed. fl
Tho custodians of tho art. treasures
in the city, havo considered it desir- 9 jH
able to movo n large number of paint- H
ings and statuos which up to this time
had beon stored within the city. Tho
most valuable were sent south months H
ago but now the entire bulk of rcmov
nblo art treasures has been taken
away. It is estimated that 12,000
square motors of paintings were taken
from the ducal palaco alono.
The famous Equestrian statue before jH
St. Mark's is being dismounted for re
m oval although it was at first intend
ed to protect It, by a brick covering. jH
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