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9 0 FEARLESS 4) INDEPENDENT PROGRESSIVE NEWSPAPER --
H FdrtM-N- as? "Pr.cc Five cent.. QGDEN CITY, UTAH, SATURDAY"evENING, NOVEMBER 9, 1918. LAST EDITI0N---3-3n P fl
GERMANY IN COLLAPSE I
and Unconditional SiirrendeF of Germans 1
f --1 . i IH
II jFinaitcial Crash-Berlin Banks Suspend Payment and : I
I . Revolution Spreads' Over The Entire Nation m
: ' PARIS, NOV. 9, -THE A B D I C A -
IALLY ANNOUNCED FROM 111,
! ACCORDING 1 A HAVAS DISPATCH
FROM BASEL , ,
! WASHINGTON, -Nov. 9. Abdication of the German
emperor has been officially announced in the French chamber
of deputies, according to information reaching Washington
through official channels.
I LONDON, Nov 9. (British Wireless Service). A Ger-
i- 1 man wireless message received in London this afternoon
"The German imperial chancellor, Prince Max of Baden,
issued the following staJtement: t; .. .j
''"Thelcaiseranclkingnas" 'decided to renounce the
I The Havas Agency which also transmits the announcc-
i ment of Emperor William's abdication from Basel, is the semi-
official French news agenc
" 'The imperial chancellor will remain in office until the
situation connected with the abdication of the kaiser, the re
nouncing by the crown prince of the throne of the German
empire and of Prussia and the setting up of a regency have been ,
.-: " 'For the regency he intends to appoint Deputy Ebert
as imperial chancellor and he proposes that a bill shall be i
I brought in for the establishment of a law providing for the
immediate promulgation of general suffrage and for a consti
tutional German national assembly, which will settle finally
the future form of government of the German nation and of
those peoples which might be desirous of coming within the
" 'Berlin, November 9,191 8." '
The imperial chancellor!' "
LONDON, Nov. 9. (British Wireless Service). Another!
dispatch from Amsterdam says that owing to the rush on the
banks in Berlin these institutions have stopped payment. i
LONDON, Nov. 9. (British Wireless Service). A tele-1
jjram received from Copenhagen from Brunswick by way of
Berlin asserts that Emperor William's son-in-law, the Duke of
Brunswick and his successor, have abdicated.
LONDON, Nov. 9. (British Wireless Service). It is re
Dorted from Amsterdam that a revolution is now spreading
.J1 L - II i i , i i i
Iu.i over western ijermany. u is reported to nave rcactied
LONDON, Nov. 9, (British Wireless Service) .The
resignation of German ministers of the interior instruction,
agriculture and finance are reported in a telegram received
from Berlin. The Prussian food controller again has re
quested to be relieved from office and the resignation of the
Prussian minister of public works has been in the hands of
the cabinet for some time.
Deputy Ebert, who according to the German wireless
message is to be appointed imperial chancellor, is Friederich
Ebert, vice-president of the Social-Democratic part' and
resident of the main committee of the reichstag.
WITH THE AMERICAN ARMY ON THE SEDAN
FRONT, Nov. 9, (by The Associated ress). The Ameri
cans started in today with the knowledge that with Germany's
action on the armistice conditions imminent, an early cessa
tion of hostilities .was among the possibilities. This fact,
' however, only appeared to make the men more anxious to ac
; ! complish as much as possible against the enemy while he was
. deciding what response to make.
WASHINGTON, Nov. 9. Food Administrator H over
vll leave soon for Europe to direct preparations for feeding
people of redeemed northern France and Belgium and aiding
; in the task of preventing starvation in Austria, Bulgaria and
! ' Turkey.
m WHO FORCED THE ' j -.
KAISER OFF THE fRONE
PARIS, Nov. 9 Germany's armistice
delegates were received by Marshal
Foeh yesterday morning at 9 o'clock in
a railroad car In -which, the commander-in-chief
of the allied forces has his
headquarters, according to the Petit
Journal, when the Germans' creden
tials, had been verified, Mathlas Erz
berger, leader of the enemy delega
tion, speaking in French, announced
that the German government hud bten
advised by President Wilson that Mar
shal Foch was qualified to -communl-ato-to-titon
had appointed thom plenipotentiaries
to take cognizance of tlie terms and
eventually sin an armistice.
PARIS. Nov. 9.-11:11 a. m. U was
learned during this morning that Ad
miral Sims is not taking part in tho
negotiations but has gone to head
A dream of world dominion obsess
ing the mind of Emperor William
plunged the world into war. Upon him
and the tremendous military engine of
destruction of which he was the em
bodiment, the exponent and the leader
rests Ih responsibility of deliberately
planning and bringing about the greatest-
conflict the world has ever seen.
It did not matter to the world that
the emperor's personal share in the
swift events immediately proceding
the war had been obscured. The world
convicted him or organizing, directing
and maintaining at the lop notch of
efficiency the great German military
machine. It remembered that he sign
ed the order for the German mobiliza
tion. It remembered that he stood
sponsor for the terrorism and brigan
dage which, under the guise of war
fare, ravished Belgium, laid waste the
cities of France, depopulated and out
raged Serbia and sent the Lusltania
with her. freight of -women and chil
dren to a grave m the Atlantic.
Civilization will never forget that
its was the minion's of the emperor
who official ly shot to death Edith Cav
ell the English girl who btriended tho
Belgians in Brussels.
Guilty Before Bar of Humanity.
Against these his cry "I did not will
tho war" availed as nothing. Before
the bar of humanity William was ad
judged guilty of the greatest crime
since the cruciflxiou. In him humanity
saw the last of the autocrats, the final
Cassar. Assertions that he was at
heart peaceful, so persistently circu
lated for years as to give them the
stamp of German propaganda, became
branded as certainly false. He who had
long proclaimed himself the prince of
peace stood revealed as humanity's
scourge, and against him and all that
ho represented rose the new world of
democracy and freedom.
Many doubt whether William was
entirely sane. He said repeatedly that
Oll'S CITIZENS CELEBRATE .
A11IEHT Of KAISER'S
ABDICATION OF THE THRONE
The receipt of the official notification that Kaiser W.ilhelm had abdi
cated was received by The Standard over the Associated Press virc at 1:34
o'clock, within five minutoc from the time it was received in New York.
Immediately upon the receipt of the news The Standard communicated with
Foreman Stone of the Southern Pacific shops and the ministers of the va
rious churches, who proclaimed the good news to the people by the blowing
of whistles and the ringing of bells.
Within five minutos from the time the announcement was received that
the Hun ruler had quit his throne, several hundred people gathered in front
of The Standard's bulletin board. Within fourteen minutes from the time
the news was received The Standard extra was being sold on the streets
by one hundred newsboys. This number was increased to about 150 boys
within a few minutes.
As the whistles were blowing and the bells ringing employes of the!
Southern Pacific Shops quit work and started celebrating. The store sales
men, shoppers and people upop the street rushed to The Standard office
where they could see the glad tidings themselves. The crowd was so dense at
the office that tho newsboys could not move fifty feet avay from the build
ing before they had sold out.
The receipt of the news at the John Scovcroft & Sons' company was a
signal for the cessation of work. The firm's drum corps headed by a squad
of gun men, paraded the streets with the men and women' employes march
ing on foot, with several autoo filled with citizens. Everywhere in the city
the joyous Thanksgiving spirit was shown and the rejoicing was the great
est of any shown liere in years. The people are prepared to hear of the good
nevs of the ending of the war which will undoubtedly follow within a few
he possessed a divine mandate to rulo.
that the almighty was his "uncondi- j
tional and avowed ally." It is not en-1
Urely clear whether such outgivings
were the product of a disordered brain
or were due to unbounded egotism
and an effort to impress his subjects
with the idea of reverent and unques
tioning submission. His speeches to I
his armies in which he asserted he and
they were "instruments of divine judg-1
ment upon Germany's enemies" were
regarded by many outside of Germany
as pieces of rhetoric, intended only to
deceive his own people.
William's claim to close affinity with!
God was tho burden of dozens of his,
speeches long before as well as after'
the beginning of the war. Of these,,
perhaps, none moro clearly defined his i
claim then his notorious "diviuo right"
speech delivered at Brandenburg in
1890, in which he said ho regarded the
German people as "a responsibility"
conferred upon him by God and that
It was "my duly to Increase this heri
tage for which one day I shall be
called upon to give account. Those
who try to interfere with my task I
j shall crush."
j In all this the world saw before the
war not a menace but a comedy, it
laughed with the then Captain Joseph
B. CoghJun of the United States navy
when, returning from the Avar with
Spain and lolling of the clash with (he
commander of the German squadron'
at Manila bay, the captain recited the
famous poem, "Hoch Dor Kaiser." In
this the concluding refrain was, in thej
suppositious words of the emperor: i
"Gott pulls mlt me and I mit him
MEINSELF Und Gott."
Few statesmen realized then that
tho deluded emperor in his "shining
armor," mauoeuvcriug his armies and
his fleets, building up the German
military system ui, cementing the Cen
tral empires and Turkey, and foster
ing the preaching of tho supremacy of
autocracy was erecting a machine that
one day would make war upon all civ
Yet the world was warned by some
far-sighted men that the emperor
would one day bring catastrophe upon
the nations. These men saw in him
then and see him now as a mad inven
tor given in his youth tho most dan-
gorous of all toys his army and navy.
They were his playthings. He de
veloped them throughout the years to
the point where ho had to put them to
n test. Like a crazed Inventor, he fear
ed the end of his reign would iind his
inventions untried; so grasped the
first opportunity to wage a world war.
. Meantime the German war party
grew with William as its head, and
rhe scheme of world dominion awaited
the hour to begin its attainment. It
came with the assassination oT tho
Austrian ArchdukeFrancis Ferdinand,
and his wife at Sarajevo.
Recalled from a yachting trip, Will
lam presided at a conference at Pots
dam of representatives of the German
and Austrian armies, navies and com
mercial interests. There, according to
the best Information obtainable, the'
decision was reached to mako the as- j
sassination of the archduko n pretense
for the world war for which Germany I
had long prepared. j
In tho diplomatic exchanges between
Germany and Austria on one Hide and
(Great Britain, France and Russia on"
the other William posed as one wlsh
i Ing for peace but driven to war. He'
signed the order for the mobilization'
I of the German army and from that1
moment war was Inevitable. There
) after he drove on his armies relent-.
: lessly in the mad campaigns for -ic-i
tory, encouraging them with every de
vice and sometimes appearing on thei
I front to be proclaimed .as personal)
j commander in a great offensive. i
I Publication or the "Willy-Nicky"
j correspondence in 1S17, placed the
German emperor in the light of an
unscrupulous plotter. The telegrams
disclosed that Emporor William had
induced Emporor Nicholas of Russia
to sign a secret agreement to which he
was 'to force the adherence of Franco
in the perfection of an offensive and
defensive alliance against England.
The treaty was discovered and repu
diated, by a. Russian minister.
Failing iu his attempt, the German
emperor set upon himself, the task of
i drawing England to his side against
. France and Russia. How well he
1 thought he had succeeded in this may
be gathered from a letter he wrote to
President Wilson in 1914 in which he
said King George had promised Prince
Henry of Prussia, on July 29, 1911.
that England would remain neutral in
I a war involving the Central Powers
I with France and Russia.
! Perhaps the most direct and author
I itative of the accusations against the
: Gorman emperor and the pan-Germans
are contained in the published secrot
I memorandum of Prince Charles Max
I Lichnowsky, who was German ambas
sador at London at I he outbreak of
1 hostilities. The Prince unequivocally
placed the blame for the Avar on Ger
many, and for his frankness Avas im
1 prisoned in a Silesian chateau, per
manently expelled from the Prussian
House of Lords, Avhlch action jvaasan
ctioned by the emperor, and. finally?
Avas exiled to Switzerland.
Emperor William s domination over
Gorman statesmen, diplomats and the
high command of the German army
Avas emphasized by Dr. Wilhelm
Muehlon, a former director of the!
Krupp Avorks, the great German mu-
nitlons factory-, in his book on "The,
Devastation of Europe." In this he nolj
only, laid blame upon Germany for bad)
faith and criticized, the German army (
for its brutality but asserted that in,
the German foreign office "only hej
who did the emperor's bidding Avasj
alloAved to remain. They could not do
belter," he declared, "because of the
character, tiie power, the vacillation
of and continued interferen.ee by the
kaiser." It Avas Dr. Muehlon avIio as
serted the authenticity of the state
ment that Emperor William slates all
a meeting of German army officers I
that he had plenty of prisonei-3 and!
that lie hoped the ofilcers Avould see
that no more prisoners Avere taken.
Maximilian Harden, a German lib
eral leader, declared the German ruler
brought on the Avar because of his de
sire "for something like Avorld rule."
William often proclaimed his inno
cence, and endeavored to put the onus:
of the war on the shoulders of the En-1
tente allies. In his speech from thej
throne after the Avar began he said: j
"In pursuing its interests the- Rus-(
sian empire stepped In the Avar of
Austria -Hungary. Our duty as an ally
called us to tho side of tho Austria
Hungary. Tho situation arose not from
temporary conilicts of Interests or dip
lomatic combinations but is the result
of ill-Avill existing for years against
the strength and prosperity of the
The emperor,, despite his previous
expressions of good will for America
gave vent to his anger against tho
United' States' Avhen it became eA'identj
no official action would be taken to
stop the shipment of munitions and
supplies to the Entente Allies by de
claring to the American Ambassador
James W. Gerard, "I shall stand no
. (Continued on Page 9) j
LONDON, Nov. 9 The Britis
forces have captured the fortress c
Maubeuge, Field Marshal Haig an fH
Maubeuge was the last importnn
French fortress in the hands of th
Germans. Before the var It was con 9H
sldered a fortress of the first clas
and guarded the Namur-Charler
route Into France by the way of th liH
Sambre river. ' ll
Maubeuge was taken by the tjer
I mans after heavy righting with th !
British and French late in AugUs. 'lH
1914. The town is within a few mile IH
of the Belgian border south of Mon jjH
which is thirteen miles northward b HH
rail. Namur Is about forty miles east i IH
northeast of Maubeuge and Charlero I flH
is about midway between the two. '11
South of, Maubeuge the British nr ' fH
pushing eastward and are well beyon ll
the Avesncs-Maubeuge road. Il
LONDON, Nov. 9. British troops v
Flanders have crossed the rive !
Scheldt on a wide front north of Tour ll
nai and have established themseive fH
on the east bank, according to Fie! IkH
Marshal Haig's announcement toda) 1 11
LONDON, Nov. 9 In their advanc
north of the Danube and the Save tlv I
Serbian troops entered Moldava, Baz
lag, Kubin, Panosova, Semlin, Klcnal
and Mitrovltz, according to a Serbiai
official statement received here. IH
The provisional government at Sara
jevo, Bosnia, which has invited thi '
Serbian troops to come to its assist pH
ance, the statement adds, Is headei IH
by Atahasigne Chola. The Serbian
now are on their way to Sarajevo.
SALONIKA, Nov. 9. Allied troop
have entered Sarajevo, in Bosnia, ac
cording to, an official statement issue IH
today by the French headquarter
here. It was at Sarajevo that Arch IH
duke Franz Ferdinand of Austria w; . j
assassinated just prior to the outbreal ;
of the great war. ! IH
American Flag Flying Over Dun,. !
WITH THE AMERICAN ARMY 0? I
THE SEDAN FRONT, Nov. 9. (B !
tho Associated Press.) The Ameri !
can flag today is flying over Dun-sur ;
Meuse. Dun is a picturesque town ot JH
the oast bank of the Meuse and Is sit
uatcd on high hills whose tseep slope
rise abruptly from tho main street.
When the Americans entered 'h J , JH
town tho German battle flag Avas Ha lH
Ing on tho spire of the church Avb.ii.1 , fH
crowns a hill. For a feAv hours th JH
Americans Ave re too busy to botbe
with it, but later the American flni
took its placo, tho German emblen iH
becoming the trophy of the euginee fH
The usual despoliation marked Hi
German AVithdrawal from Dum A grea HH
part of the little city Isyet habitable
but there are few houses that do no HH
Little of value Avas left behind with JH
in the houses. The Germans carte IH
away everything of value they couh ' jH
carry, Wha t they could not mave the j miH
deserted. , IH
LIBERTY BONDS 11
WASHINGTON, Nov. 9 The tlnv ifH
limit for converting four per cent H iH
berty bonds in -i1! per cent bonds ex tj IH
pircs at midnight and it is held otfi : iH
cially there can be no extension undo V fl
the laAV but the treasury announce !
today that such bonds mailed to fed ,,j
cral reserve banks before midnight to j
night Avill be accepted for conversion !
Envelopes must bear today's postmark j 1 pH
4- LONDON, Nov. 9. (British. Wireless Sen-ice Armistice.) The Brit- -I JH
ish press bureau issued the following announcement this afternoon: -
"OAving to the heavy barrage and gunfire on tho battle front, the A i iH
f passing of the courier from Marshal Foch's headquarters to Spa Avas h .
so delayed that he is not expected to reach German headquarters until -f , iH
this afternoon. Consequently, it is unlikely that any decision in regard ;
to the armistice will be reached today." -t ipfl
4 f t f