I Greatest Day In All History Being Celebrated I
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L- O FEARLESS ' INDEPENDENT PROGRESSIVE NEWSPAPER ; - 1
I p'oTehaT-No. 264. Price fivo cenu. OGDEN CITY, UTAH, MONDAY EVING' NOVEMBER 11, 1918. LAST EDITION 3 : 30 P. M.
" ' . j
I ' - riEvcr'rawn 'tip "By Any Nation I
WASHINGTON, Nov. 1 1 .President Wilson issued a
formal proclamation at I 0 o'clock this morning announcing
that the armistice with Germany had been signed.
The proclamation follows:
g "My fellow countrymen: The armistice was signed this
morning. Everything for which America fought has been ac-
complished. It will now be our fortunate duty to assist by
; example, by sober friendly council and by material aid in the.
j? 'if. 'cstablishmentof -jusr democracy throughout trTeworiaT""
5 "Woodrow Wilson."
ij President Wilson will read the terms of the r.rmistice with
( Germany before a joint session of congress today.
rt So few members had returned today from their election
I j vacation that when word of the president's coming reached
U the capitol, there was some doubt whether enough could be
T mustered for a joint session.
j All members were hastily called together here to
ll day and arrangements made for a joint session at 1 o'clock
jl this afternoon.
fti PARIS, Nov. 1 1 Official announcement of the sign-
II ing of the armistice and the termination of hostilities at 1 I a.
Iff m. this morning was given to the Paris press at 1 1 :30. Flags
If speedily began to appear and preparations were begun for a
i Marshal Foch was received by Premier Clemenceau at
i ten o'clock this morning.
1 PARIS, Nov. 11, 8:17 a. m. Announcement is made
1 that the German delegates signed the armistice terms at six
Ij o'clock, (French time), Monday morning.
l Hostilities will end at 1 1 o'clock this morning.
I The official announcement from Washington early to-j
I' day said that the armistice terms were signed at five o'clock
t French time. The London announcement fixed the same hour
j of signing.
I LONDON, Nov. 1 1 .Field Marshal von Hindenburg
1 has placed himself and the German army at the disposition of
1 the new people's government at Berlin, says a dispatch from
the German capital by way of Copenhagen.
it . LONDON, Nov. 11, 1 :56 p. m. Marshal Foch, accord-
Ij ing to a French wireless dispatch, has informed the German
l commander-in-chief that hostilities will cease on the front
J on November 1 1, 11 a. m. (six o'clock Washington time).
m' e ec trooPs not until -further orders, go be-
ff yon e inc reached at that date and hour.
Ji r PAR1S Sunday, Nov. 10. Besides the five' principal
It, German delegates, the others in the German party are Majors
I Pusterberg, Erzbergcr, General H. K. A. Winterfeld, Count
i . von Oberndorff, General von Gruennell and Naval
Captain von Salow; Majors von Brinckmann, Kriebel and von
'm -Boettcher and Baron von Lersner.
jft MADRID, Nov. 1 1 , (Havas) .Manifestations have oc-
&' c"rred in the larger cities ,pf Spain on the announcement of
jj the victory of the Allies over Germany. The news has oc-
m casioned a recrudescence of sentiments favorable to the
ill NDON, Nov. 11. 10:55 a. m.
Ml WS 0f thc sI-nlna of the armistice
lim i0f became known to those persons
ft n the center of the city as flags were
K mmedlatcly flown to the breeze and
M the Issuance of evening newspapers,
m "or which there was a great rush at
H fleven o'clock.. .The first official celc-
pratlon came when the old air raid
signals were fired from all police and
WASHINGTON, Nov. J1 Wit.! lh-
graniinj.; or the armistice 10 tha boaten
German nrmies by Mnrsh.il Food. I ho
next siep -will bo the nrraugoment for
ihe ui'liiu; vi ftio peace c t ufore.n t:
hich will rm eavor lo reach si per i
t . i
WASHINGTON,. Nov. 1 1 .President Wilson drove to the Capitol at 12:45 o'clock
throughstreets thronged with cheering people.
WASHINGTON. Nov. 11 President
Wilson's first public appearance today
was in response to calls from war
trade board omployes, who, headed by
manent settl n ent of the vt'st Issues
arising from the reat wo-'-j war. He
ginning in August, 1914, as the direct
f.V:R of the .i-. assinatior of the heir
to the Aiia'.ro -Hungarian il'ron', the
Archdultc Vv?.a ? and h.n consort at
Snrujevo, Dosniit, by a Serbian stud
ent, more than four and a half jenr.
of bloody strife have develDyM ,j: ib
iems 'tint n.ay not be peiuaanently ad
justed for a foO. oration.
Tho armistices which havo termi
nated actual hostilities with the Cen
tral powers, beyond general references
to peace settlements and guarantees
for the performance of any condition
that may bo dictated by the vlctora,
did not contain any provision for tho
assemblage of peace delegates.
Military to Act Promptly.
Consequently it is believed that the
diplomatic agents will proceed to that
task at once, leave tho military agen
cies to deal with such questions as de
mobilization of the enemy forces, ex
tension of immediate relief to the dls-
tressed civilian inhabitants, not only
of evacuatod territory but even of the
Central powers, and disposition of the
vast stores of war material, of war
ships and naval stores and finally of
the closure of munition plants In the
onemy countries will proceed imuie
diately with the plana for the- p'eacc
Vast Business Interests in -Suspense.
There Is every reasonfor holding
the gathering as soon as stable gov
ernments can be-'set up in the Central
powers to succeed ousted autocracies.
Vast business- interests are -held In
supense until it Is determined what 1
to be the future. Aside from other and
urgent vea'sons, groat industrial plants
used for, war purposes must again bo
Chairman Vance McCormick and a
band paraded to tho White House at
noon. The president bowed and wav
ed his hand from tho portico.
converted to the manufacture of staple
commodities, and arrangements made
for the return to civil life and employ
ment of the millions oi soldiers lately
engaged in war.
Entente Council to Meet.
In order lo insure a continuation of
the harmony which has characterized
all of the diplomatic and military re:
lations of the Entente powers and
America, it Is expected that the dele
gates of these, countries will get to
gether first in private conferences, in
order io frame their own program bo
fore any effort is made to assemble a
formal peace - conference. Delegates
from tho Central powers will join tho
gatheriug, whoro It comes, under se
"Word capie by wireless that Pre
mier Clemenceau would read the
terms to tho French chamber of dep
uties at about the same hour.
Their governments already have
solemnly engaged to be bound by the
fourteen peace terms and other con
ditions laid down by President Wilson
ami their activities probably must bo
limited to efforts to Induce the other
delegates to accept America's intor
pretatiou as to the exact meaning of
But one fact mubo borne in mind.
In case of any real jsue between the"
delegations the dccisi6ns of the dele
gates of the Allies, and America must
prevail; tho representatives or the de
feated powers may plead and argue
but they must submit for the simple
reason the p'eoplu for whom they
speak are bereft of any military or
naval resourcoR. -with which to renew
tho war. or to orfer any physical - resistance.
The fuel administration employes
followed the war trade board workers
and with crowds assembling fromvev
ery where joined in the demonstration
before the White House.
Conference Will Surpass All History
The coming peace conference will
surpass any in history, not only be
cause of the tremendous importance
of the. issues with which it must deal,
but also literally in size. Indications
are that the United States govern
ment will be represented by at least
half a' dozen principals, with a num
erous body of secretaries, counselors,
translators, and clerks, and it is as
sumed that even tho smallest of the
nations which will participate will
seek to make a show in point of num
ber of delegates.
This fact uiay involve the transac
tion of moat of the business of the
conference by selected committees
which will represent in their compo
sition every element and whose re
ports will come before ,thc full con
ference for ratification. '
Place of Meeting
As to the place of meeting there Is
yot much doubt, with many claimants
for that honor. AVhilo it has been
urged that the . conference gather in
bouic historic spot in Franco, objec
tion may lie against that proposition
based generally on the accepted view
that, such meetings should bo hold at
a point where they can be quite free
from the charge of any local influ
ence; in other words it should be on
neutral territory and even some of
that territory is regarded as unsuit
able because of thc pronounced sym
pathy of the population with one side
or the .other.
. Switzerland A Strong Favorite
Little Switzerland is believed to be
a strong favorite and thero has been
some mention of the beautiful town of
:Lausanne as an Ideal meeting place,
WASHINGTON, Nov. 1 1 .The strictly military terms H
i of the armistice are embraced in eleven specifications which
include the evacuation of all invaded territories, the withdrawal
of the German troops from the left bank of the Rhine and the
' surrender of all supplies of war. vM
The terms also provide for the abandonment by Ger
. many of the treaties of Bucharest and Brest-Lkovsk.
The naval terms provide for the surrender of 1 60 subma
rines, fifty destroyers, six battle cruisers, ten battleships,
' eight light cruisers and other miscellaneous ships.
All Allied vessels in German hands are to be surrendered
land Germany is to notify neutrals that they are free to trade
at once on the seas with the Allied countries.
WITH THE AMERICAN ARMY ON THE SEDAN H
I FRONT, Nov. 11, 2 p. m., (by The Associated Press). H
j Thousands of American heavy guns fired the parting shot to
t the Germans at exactly eleven o'clock this morning.
WASHINGTON, Nov. 11. The
terms of the armistice with Germany
were read to congress by President
Wilson at 1 o'clock this afternoon.
Assembled in the hall of the house
where nineteen months ago senators
and representatives heard tho presi
dent ask for tho declaration of war,
they today heard him speak the words
which herald the coming of peace.
The president spoke as follows:
Gentlemen of the congress: In these
anxious times of rapid and stupendous
chango it will in some degree lighten
my sense of responsibility to perform
in persou the duty of communicating
to you some of the larger clrcumstanc-j
es of the situation with which it is
! nocessary to deal.
j The Ggrman authorities who have at
. the invitation of tho supreme war
1 council, been hi communication with
i Marshal Foch, have accepted and
signed the terms of armistice which
he was authorized and instructed to
communicate to them. Those terras are
as follows: ,
1 Military clauses on western
1 Cessation of operations by land
and in tho air six hours after the sig
nature of tho armistice.
2 Immediate ovacuation of Invaded
! conntries; Belgium, France, Alsnce
j Lorraine. Luxemburg, be ordered to
I bo completed within fourteen days
from the signature of "the armistice.
German troops which havo not left the
above mentioned territories within tho
period fixed will become prisoners of
I war. Occupaiiou by the allied and
j United States forces jointly will keep
pace with evacuation In these areas.
All movements of evacuation and oc
cupation will be regulated in accord-,
j ance with a note annexed to the stated!
3. Repatriation beginning at once
and to be completed "within fourteen!
'days of all inhabitants of the coun-1
I tries above mentioned, Including hos-j
I tages and persons under. trial or con-i
' victed. j
: 4. Surrender in pood condition by
the German armies of the following
dquipment: Five thousand guns (two
thousand, five hundred heavy, two
thousand fivo hundred field), thirty
thousand 'machine guns; two thousand
minnenwerfors, two thousand airplanes
. (fighters, bombers firstly J) 37's ami
, night bombing machines.) The above
j lo be delivered in Situ to the Allies
' and the United States troops in Vc
cordance wlthjLhe detailed conditions
laid down in the annexed note.
5. Evacuation by the German ar
mies of the countries ou the left bank
of the Rhino shall be administered by
tho local authorities-undor tho control
of the Allied and United States ar
mies of occupation. The occupation
of these territories will bo determined
bv Allied and Uujlcd States gnrrisons
holding the principal crossings of the !!
Rhine, Mayence, Soblenz, Cologne to- Hl
get her with bridgeheads at these !!
points in thirty kilometer radius on
the right -bank and by garrisons shn- !!
ilarly holding the strategic points of !!
the regions. A neutral zono shall be !!
reserved on the right of the Rhine be- !!
tween the stream and a line drawn !
parallel to it for forty kilometers to
thc east from the frontier of Holland !!
to the parallel of Gershelm and as far
as practicable a distance of thirty kilo-
meters from thc east of the stream IH
from tins parallel'upon the Swiss fron-
tier. Evacuation by the enemy of the
Rhinelauds shall be so ordered as to
be completed within a ffj-ther period
of eleven days, in all nineteen days
after the signaturo of the armistice,
C In all territory evacuated by th i
enemy there shall ho no evacuation of i
inhabitants; no damage or harm shall (
be done to the persons or property of i
the inhabitants ; no destruction of any
kind to be committed. Military estab
llshments of all kinds shall be dellv
ered intact as well as military stores of
food, munitions, equipment not re
moved during" the periods fixed foi
evacuation. Stores of food of All kinds
for tho civil population, cattle, etc ,
shall be left in Situ. Rail establish-
ments shall not be impaired in a in v
way and their personnel shall not he
moved. Roads and means of coinmuni j
cation of every kind, railroad, water- I
ways, main roads, bridges, telegraphs, !IH
telephones shall in no manner be im- I VM
j paired. v v !
1 All civil and military personnel '
at present Piuployed on them shall re
main. Five thousand locomotives, 50,- :
000 wagons and 10,000 motor lorries in .
good woiking order with a)l nccessarj
spare parts and fittings, shall be de KH
livered to the associated powers with H
i in mo period tlxed for the evacuation HH
lot Belgium and Luxemburg. The rail- 1H
! ways of Alsace-Lorraine shall be H
handed over within the same period,
together with all pre-war personnel 11
i and material. Further material neces
! sary for the working of railways in
I the" country on the left bank of thc
Rhine shall be left In Situ. All stores 1 1
I of coal and material for the upkeep of 1
permanent ways, signal and repair
shops left entire in Situ and kept in H
an efficient state by Germany during 1
the whole state of armistice proceed 1
lugs. AH barges taken by Germany 1
shall be restored to them. A note ap- I
ponded regulates thc details of these il
8 The Gcrmau eormnaud shall be
responsible for revealing all mines or ;
delay acting fuses disposed Jn terrl
tory evacuated by the German troop."'
and shall assist in theli' discovery and H
destruction. The German command '
shall also roveal all destructive, meas- i 1
ures that may have been taken (such. !
(Continued' on Page Seven. ) j
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