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The Evening standard. (Ogden City, Utah) 1910-1913, September 10, 1910, Part Two, Image 9

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85058397/1910-09-10/ed-1/seq-9/

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i CI L ES DWY I 4 4 4 a eo + i a r
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r i i I iJ Some Famous Women Philanthropists of Today j i C j I I i I r I
ems By LOUIS SHERWIN I i i +
i J
f Y rLAC 11ti 1
A > 1
i HOW AMERICAS COLOSSAL I
I i FORTUNES ARE BEING SPENT
I
I Mrs Stanford Founds a UniversityMrs Hearst the Angel
1 I of BerkeleyMrs Harriman Gives a Huge
I j I I Park to the People
t i N nothing do American women of
i today more clearly reveal the
I I 1 i active presence in themselves of
I a spirit which was at most dor
I h y mant in the American woman of yes
I terday than in the chnractcr and qual
I I ity and magnitude of their efforts in the
I direction of caring for others
Ii J Such is the summary of Elizabeth
I I MacCrackcns judgment in her took
I I about the American woman Super
ficially this may sound like a very par
I I I tial statement of a rhapsodically pa
1 iriolic person The Lady Bountiful
I I I is supposed to have existed even ill the
scmibarbniism of the Middle Ages
The males of past generations pro
verbially boasted of leaving charity en
i tirely to their women folk And no in
t telligent person for a minute supposes
w that the woman who cares for others
the word charity with its invidious
j meaning seems fortunately to be pass
I I ing from the languagenobody sup
I poses that she is to be found only m
this country
The multimillionaire female philan
thropisthowevcr is peculiar to America
Nowhere cUe have so man tremendous
fortunes fallen almost simultaneously
under the unrestricted administration
have the millions been spent so scien
tifically
It would seem as if some of the most
prominent men who have made America
proverbial for swo ten fortunes have
waited until after their death to reply
to the accusations of predatory finance
that were hurled at them all their life
long Hardly had the country overcome
its surprise at the Russell Sage will and
its feeling almost akin to sympathy at
the magnitude of the task before Rus
sell Sages widow when the news was
published of the testament of E II
Harriman supposed to be the shortest
document of its kind on record It cer
tainly is the briefest possible disposal of
149000000 But for many years before
die dynamic railroad man ever thought
of dying and while Sages miserly fingers
were still clutching at the hoards he was
piling up the bulk of two of the most
famous California fortunes were being
spent by the women whose names are
inseparably associated with philanthropy
on the Pacific coastPhoebe Appcrson
Hearst and the late Jane Lathrop Stan
ford
Gifts to Universities
The manifold and diverse beneficence
I
Mrs Huoaell Sago at Home
of women Nowhere else have the heirs of the two lastnamed is frequently lost
c > to such fortunes shown such a keen I sight of in Vicw of the size of their gifts
fr x flij sense of responsibility Nowhere else to the educational institutions in which
I
t t i DEPARTMENT STORES OFFER
it STEADY CAREER FOR GIRLS
1 I Excellent Chances of Advancement to Well Paid Positions
P41 for Industrious and Intelligent Persons
J
t 1 J 1 1 By LAURA A SMITH
j
I I
t I Learn to move quickly and
v quietly
4 Cultivate a pleasant obliging
manner
Be loyal to your firm
Never discuss a customer with
l outsiders
t
Have a definite ambition to climb
upwards
Try to gain and keep the good
I will of fellow employees
Avoid gum chewing exaggerated
1 I coiffure and cheap jewelry
1 Treat all men customers with dig
I nity and reserve
I Never accept invitations from
t strangers
0 popular Is clerking as an occu
i SO pation for women that we speak
of tho army of women clerks
Watch tho big city shops at
closing tUno and you will realize how
Immense la this body of women en
gaged in selling goods Formerly wo
thought of a woman clork as one em
ployed In a drygooda shop only but
now the saleswoman greets you from
behind tho counter of almost every
kind of shop
s In other lines of work tho first
t I I
4fT
question asked the girl applying for a
position as clerk is What experi
ence have you had Therefore if
you live in a small town and have
ambitions toward going to a larger
city I advise you to work in your
home shops for a few weeks or
months so that you may truthfully
say you havo had experience Clerk
ing in a small general store is a fine
experience for you are not confined
to one counter but learn many dif
ferent kinds of goods and prices In
a country store you come into closer
touch with your employer are called
into consultation when he deals with
buyers and thus you increase your
own knowledge of buying ordering
judging materials and what a good
store needs in the way of variety Be
cause you havo this general Knowl
edge you may advance more quickly
in the city You can fill a vacancy In
any department bettor than the girl
trained to sell just one kind of goods
Your experience will stand you in
good stead too Ittbc time arrives
when you can sot up your own little
shop
In your own town you como In con
tact with a different typo of custom I
ers from those In the largo cities
The persons who como to you are not
professional shoppers but friends
who havo faith in your judgment and
who ask you to decide for them Thus
you loam to sizeup customers and
study how to please them Merchants
they were respectively interested Of
these the leastone can say is that the I
high standard of education in California
is due to Mrs Hearst and Mrs Lcland
Stanford Being a State university of
course the school at Berkeley would
exist without Mrs Hearst although it
could not pretend to anything like its
present prosperity and an efficiency that
is recognized all over the country On
the other hand Leland Stanford Jun
ior University owes its existence to the
mother of the boy to whom it is a me
morial She has practically done every
thing for the Palo Alto school while
Mrs Hearst has vied with her in build
ing up the one at Berkeley Here arc
some of the things the latter has done
for the University of California she es
tablished built and endowed the school
II
of mines i gave Hearst Hall the assem
bly building in which meeting and con
certs arc held built the famous Greek
Theatre and whenever funds arc need
ed for any new academic departure
President Benjamin Ide Wheeler gen
erally knows where he can get them
without going outside the board of
regents Mrs Hearst is a member of
the board of regents
v
Hra Sages Country House at Lawrence L I Near Which Sho IB Conducting Experiments
In tlw Housing of Working People
L
III addition to this Mrs Hearst has
established and endowed five kindergar
ten classes for the children of the poor
in San Francisco The manual training
school in the Golden Gate city owes its
existence to her She has established
kindergartens and a kindergarten train
ing school in Washington D C and
has donated hundreds of thousands to
the American University She gave II
200000 for the erection and main I
tenance of the National Cathedral
School for girls She keeps up several
working girls clubs in San Francisco
which she has founded Mrs Stanford
while she was alive was also keenly in
terested in the kindergarten schools of
the same city and her gifts in that di
rection amounted to upwards of 160
000 She also built the Childrens Hos
pital at Albany N Y at a cost of 100
000 and then endowed it with a like
sum for its maintenance And these
are merely some of the bestknown in
stances of the philanthropy of Mrs
Hearst and Mrs Stanford
Mrs Sages Training
The fortunes of Russell Sage and Ed
ward H Harriman on the other hand
will be spent in more widely differing
was Mrs Sage and Mrs Harriman
are far more dissimilar in their person
alities and ideas than were Mrs Hearst
and Mrs Stanford It would seem as
if the formers entire life and training
were intended to equip her for thetask
with which she was confronted in her
e year Mrs Sage has always
been interested in philanthropic and
educational work before she married
the remarkable Wall Street money len
In smaller towns cannot depend on
tourists and surrounding towns to re
lieve them of old stock but expect
their clerks to sell the old stock be
foro tho time comes to lay in a new
supply Now though it is not gen
erally admitted a clerks duty is Just
as much to get rid of slowsellers as
it is to sell out fresh desirable goods
Tho more practice and success you
have in selling the former tho more
valuable you will bo to your employer
Anyone can soil a customer the
thing he wishes said a merchant I
expect my clerks to sell him tho
things wo wish sold
In Smaller Towns
The life of a girl clerk in a smaller
town is a pleasant one There is tho I
dally visiting with friends who como
to the storo and the making of new
acquaintances As tho townspeople
are her relatives and friends she en
joya more social lifo in tho evenings
than tho city clork does generally
Because tho girl in tho small town
knows her customers personal affairs
It Is difficult for her not to bring per
sonal likes and dislikes into her work
She needs must make new friends
and forgive old enemies lest they
take their spite out on her and buy
elsewhere No clerk receives a munif
icent salary but tho girl in the small
town who has from 260 to 7 a week
lives at home knows how to BOW and
can make her money go much further
than the girl In tho city who earns
twice as much Take all those things
into consideration especially the loss
of homo and personal friends when
you wish to go to ia larger city be
cause of bigger salary
In tho largo shops applying for a
position is a very cut auddried affair
You generally GO to a shop because
you know Borne of the clerks or It has
been recommended to you You are
told tho way to the desk whero appli
cants aro Interviewed and you aro
taken on at once or your name is put
t
dcr she was a school teacher in an ex
cessively Puritan community As a re
sult she approaches her task entirely
from a scientific standpoint But Mrs
Harriman has more of the qualities of
the mother and the housekeeper than
of the school teacher and the methodi
cal philanthropy She has naturally be
come strongly imbued with the view
point of her late husbandand it is
known that Mr Harriman was no be
liever in institutional charity lie did
not approve of giving money to the
poor but of giving them opportunities
to make money Consequently when he
started the work on his estate at Arden
he hired exclusively local labor al
though he could have got the job fin
ished in half the time by giving out the
contract elsewhere As it is it has
lasted five years already and probably
will take five years more before it is
completed
Helping the poor docs not mean giv
ing them money In most cases that
would be the worst possible thing to do
says Mrs Sage And her views arc
further expressed in the charter of the
Russell Sage Foundation Not to re
lieve individual or family need but to
eradicate the causes of poverty and ig
norance Within uvo years and a half
after the death of her husband she had
given away twenty of the seventy mill
ions he left 10000000 to the Russell
Sage Foundation 3250000 to educa
tion 5000000 to religious institutions
I The lako on Mrs Sacoo rotate on Long Island
750000 for the relief of the aged poor
and invalids 250000 to the Association
for the Relief of Indigent Females
300000 to the City Hospital New
York for the foundation of the Russell
Sage Institute of Pathology Six
months after the probating of the will
on tho waltlngHsU You aro but a unit
in a vast system in a big department
store Consider how little time your
employer can glvo you when there
are from one to two thousand em
ployes Your style of dress will bo
regulated so will your time your
lunches and perhaps your recreations
Most of the big stores have their
clubs and dancing classes for clerks
They also have restparlora sick
rooms and roof gardens and libraries
I for their omnlnvGK Many have day I
schools for tho cash boys and girls
and tho wrappers and night schools
for older clerks You will be under
rigid inspection every moment of tho
day You must keep your hair sham
pooed and becomingly arranged your
complexion healthy and your hands In
good condition Your gown must bo
neat and wellbrushod and your neck I
wear spotless Got into tho confi
dence of a girl clerk and you will find
that her evenings aro generally spent
In washing and Ironing neckwear and
white waists and in attending to her
hair hands and feet The continual
standing Is hard on tho feet so you
must patronlzq a good bootmaker and
must use every means of keeping your
feet from getting tender and sore
There aro two classes of clerks tho
impertinent gumchewing class mem
bers of which Gather in groups behind
the counter and chat while tho cus
tomer waits who use slang and who
ridicule a customer openly and the
dignified class whose members are
noted for quiet refined courteous
manners who do not gossip or flirt
and who rise steadily from cash girl
to heads of departments or foreign
buyers The best way to judge the
kind of clerk you wish to be isto
think What kind of girl do I prefer
to have wait on mo Try to bo that
kind and you will not go amiss
How Progress la Made
I cannot better describe a clerks
progress than to lot a most lovable
r
she doubled all the bequests made by
her husband to the other heirs
Homes for Working Girls I
The problem of comfortable and
pleasantlooking homes for working
people is one in which Mrs Sage is es
pecially interested Her men of affairs
arc now at work on a plan for estab
lishing model tenements in NcV York
City Furthermore she has bought 50
acres of ground near Jamaica where
she is spending 350000 in experiments
for this same cause Some illustrations
on this page show a portion of the
progress that is being made in this
quarter Her ten million dollar gift to
the Russell Sage Foundation has been
invested so as to yield an annual income
of 00000 A large proportion of this
is being spent in the AntiTuberculosis
campaign The National Playground
Association also is being helped and the
various institutions for the blind get
their quota John M Glenn is execu
tive head of the Foundation while the
School Hygiene Department is under
the direction of Luther H Gulick
Mrs ITarrimans most notable gift so
far has been the Palisades Park follow
ing the wellknown intention of her hus
band The State of New York not only
has been presented with a magnificent
tract of land but with sufficient money
to enable it to buy up as much more as
is necessary to make the finest inter
state forest reserve in the country
right on the Hudson River Mrs Har
riman has thus preserved for the use of
the people what is perhaps the most
gorgeous scenic territory in the East
although it is rather a large order to
make comparisons She is also carry
ing out Mr Harrimans wishes with re
gard to the Industrial School which he
had established on the East Side of
New York
Helon Goulds Philanthropy
The philanthropic activities of Helen
Miller Gould have been well known for
some time The greater part of the
good done by this woman will never be
known probably not even by the peo
ple benefited All her life she has de
voted both time and energy towards
spending her share of the money left
by Jay Gould in caring for the poor and
suffering Her greatest individual gift
was to the University of the City of
New York to which she presented a li
brary building at a cost of 310000 Of
the 100000 she sent the United States
Government when the Spanish war
broke out and how she equipped a hos
pital camp and went right to the scene
nnd nursed the wounded herself every
body knows Miss Gould is not so much
I
in favor of institutional philanthropy as
her friend Mrs SageMiss Gould is
one of the directors of the Russell Sage
Foundation This does not mean that
she is addicted to indiscriminate giving
to individuals But not having such a
tremendous sum to dispose of as Mrs
and efficient young woman in ono of
the large department stores tell her
story as she told It to mo Bessie is
neat pretty and refined Her em
ployers call her a model clerk for she
Is not only quick obliging and popu
lar with customers but she has brains
and wit enough to advance Her ex
perience Is tho experience of the suc
cessful girl In general
Bessie says Whon I first went Into
the storo I started as wrapper of pack
ages and cashier for tho counter
Soon I was mado inspector of wrap
pers and packages and received four
dollars a week I boarded with my
married slater and paid her three dol
lars a week Most of tho girls board
at home They could not pay board
outside and have enough left for car
fare lunches and clothes In three
months time I was transferred to sell
ing boys blouses I tell you 1 felt
proud when I stood behind the coun
ter and sold goods 1 had to attend
the school in tho stoio whore sales
people are instructed how to sell how
to address a customer pleasantly and
to bo willing and courteous My sal
ary at the blouse counter was So a
week I took tho place In JUno and in
December was given charge of tho
counter taking the place of a girl
who had been there fifteen years My
hours were from S A M to 530 P M
Hero I learned how to wait on cus
tomers and to fill In sizes by ordering
from tho manufacturer After selling
blouses two years they put mo In the
transfer department for ono month
My salary was then 58 a week Uere
I settled transfer slips when custom
ers had finished chopping and gavo
shipping directions I had to be quick
at figures adding amounts from dif
ferent bills and to know the different
express companies and railroad
routes Next I wont to tho handker
chief departmont for ono year then
to tho misses suits whore my salary
was increased to 9 Then I came to
whero I am now the French room
MRS RUSSELL SAGE GIVES I Vf
20000000 IN TWO YEARS I
Miss Helen Clay Frick and Recreation ParksPierpont
Morgans Daughter and the Shirtwaist Makers Strikes i l
Helen Goulds Work for the Poor
Sage she is able to give more individ
ual attention to the charitable gifts she
makes They arc by no means confined
to this country by the way as many un
fortunates on the other side of the At
lantic have found out
Mrs Oliver II P Belmont is such a
versatile personage and has been so
prominent lately in her fight for Woman
Suffrage that her philanthropic activi
ties have been lost sight of Neverthe
less they have always been in evidence
The Childrens Hospital that she recent
ly built and endowed at Hempstead L
I is perhaps the most notable of her
achievements or at least the most last
ing But the shirtwaistmaking girls
found her help indispensable in enabling
them to win their strike
This same strike by the way brought
forward the personality of one woman
never before heard of in this field
Anne Tracy Morgan daughter of J I
Picrpont Morgan Like all the others I
who try to help people with their money
Miss Morgan has avoided publicity as
much as possible It is not always pos
sible but it is only fair to say that the
majority of such women try to avoid
advertising their charitable propensi
ties if for no other reason at least be
cause such advertisement makes them a
mark for hordes of begging lettef
writers and other importunate persons
Mr Edward Lautcrbach is another
wealthy New Yorker who gives both I
time and money for the benefit of the t
f If
Mrs Sago and John M Glenn Executive Head of the Russell Sago Foundation tl
poor She was largely instrumental in
getting such legislation as the Mercan
tile bill the new Tombs bill the Public
School Prison and Antisweating bills
through the New York Legislature
Then too there is Helen Clay Frick
daughter of Henry C Frick the million
aire banker She does not have to bit
for anybodys death in order to spend
vast sums in social service work as she I
has already given them and is doing it
I
all the time Recreation parks for the
people is her favorite hobby j
In Chicago there arc many women I
who spend not only money but brains
and energy in their philanthropic enter t
prises Mrs J Ogden Armour Miss
Iliggcnbotham and almost a score of I I
others who arc generally supposed to
be frittering their time away solely in
social diversions arc as a matter of fact
extremely busy and capable women
who loqk upon their wealth as a respon
sibility which they try to discharge in j
telligently In fact persons of this type tl I
can be found in every city throughout d
the United States
STORY OF ONE SUCCESSFUL
YOUNG WOMANS EXPERIENCE
Hours Are Long and Pay is Small For Beginners But Good
Qualities Are RewardedBenefit Funds
ti
soIlIng French underwear and blouses
During tho first six months my salary
was 10 and from the next year I
have been receiving 12 a week
Whon I am experienced enough to sell
tho handsome French lingerie robes
my salary may reach 76 a week
The Hours
I am hero at 746 A M They take
our time and If vvo come later than
S30 wo are fined It is my duty to
dust tho cases and decorate the tables
of the room with the underwear and
robes Each morning wo got the ad
vertisement for that day and read It
thoroughly The buyer for this de
partment gets up the advertisement
Each cleric has stock to take care
of to clean brush and put away care
fully This occupies at least an hour
and a half of time as we havo to keep
leaving the stock to wait on custom
ors Wo are not allowed to have any
visitors nor nro the girls allowed to
talk with each other This is a Just
rule I think as wo need all our tlmo
and attention for our work Monday
for example 1 sold forty customers
different garments my Gales amount
Ing to 3Gi Tho girls who go ahead
In clerking run a good book The
Bales depend largely on tho ulrl
When it Is time to close we un
dross tho lay figures put the stock
away and cover it Wo keep an In
ventory of stock tJs work being di
vided among three clerks and a stock
girl The work in my department la
very fascinating It is pleasant to
I
handle tho pretty garments and wo I
got tho best clans of customors Those
who insist on having something en
tirely different from anything wo can
show them are trying on the nerves
but we learn to throw off tho unpleas
ant effects
In our storo there Is a benefit fund
to which all must belong We arc
taxed ten cents each for tho funeral
of an employe After wo havo been
in tho store two years wo aro allowed
two weeks vacation with pay Every
one is expected to take a vacation in
summer as trade ia dull then Most
of the girls go to tho country and a
few to the seashore Many stay right
at home resting and getting their
winter clothes in order
This Is my allowance Board 5 a
week carfare CO cents washing 75
cents a dozen lunches 60 cents
clothes average 3 a week Salary
12 expenses 9 OG save 5205
Any girl who wishes to clerk may
take this girls experience as typical
of what sho will havo to learn and to
do in the average big store
Toasted Cheeeo
Cut some Parmesan or American
cheese Into very thin sllcos or shreds
Put into a tin dish and sot in tho oven i
or before tho fire to toast and when i
thoroughly dissolved pour Into it ono
heaping tablespoonful of byVr a
little made mustard and a pinch of
whte pepper Serve It In the dish na
hot as possible with pulled bread or
place on toast
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