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The Evening standard. (Ogden City, Utah) 1910-1913, December 03, 1912, Image 1

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J The Evening Standard has the aPtM 0&$ &, A Sk ' 1 I
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II FEARLESS, INDEPENDENT, PROGRE SSIVE NEWSPAPER. I I
Wt ' "JZJrl!l OGDEN CITY, UTAH, TUESDAY EVENING, DECEMBER 3, 1912 e sa.cuss , at .. mm. oge, uh. I
I ARMISTICE WILL
1 BE SIGNED TODAY
Greece Fears Bulgaria Will Dispute Hellenic
M ? J,,to SaIoniki Austro-Servian Dispute
m htill Worrying Nerves of Europe.
NEGOTIATIONS WILL TAKE PLACE IN LONDON
JI Grce May Be Left Alone to Continue War With
W Turey If She So Desires Adrianople Is
jg Serious Hindrance to Agreement
aaftl Sofia, Dec. 3. An armistice will be
signed today at Baghtche, on the lines
jWf: of Tchataja .with or without Greece
yajjf; being a party to It, according to in-
'5tf- formation obtained from authoritative
jJjjT sources here.
M' Greece will be left alone to con-
Ht' tiauo the war with Turkey if she so
JHf desires.
tflj It is statod here that the reprosen-
M tatives of the allied Balkan nations
M have acceded to tho request of the
. Turks that the peaco negotiations take
place in London,
H London, Dec 3. Adrianople was the
M point which delayed the parleys bc-
H tween tho plenipotentiaries of Tur-
H key and the Balkan allies when they
H first opened at Baghtche and Adrian-
6 opie appeared again'at the end of the
J5J: negotiations as to the most serious
fi hindrance to the attainment of an
rmv agreement
'! At the first session the Turks ab-
'iiV solulely refused to surrender Adrian-
frS Ple- DUt when tho Bulgarians finally
vTEfi yielded to them on this point the
la Greek delegates shrank back and de-
ffi ' manded time in which to submit the
MA question to tho government at Ath-
2S ens.
S ; Tho reason for the Greoks' objec-
l tlon is not far to seol;, according to
. diplomats here. It is pointed out as
obvious that the Bulgarians sacrifice
J2 the" ultimate possession of Adrlano-
Hf plo in the Interests of general peaco,
Hi but they will expect their allies to
Bp fahare their sacrifice and the only way
L. in which thin can bo done Is to give
IjBr Bulgaria compensation -Jn the shape
iMf of terr'tor.v conquered by the Greeks,
gj Serians and iMonlcncgrins, and which
tmS ' they staked out for themselves. Hence
jd the wall from Athens that any conces-
S" slons to Turkey will "endanger the
fruits of victory gained by the allies
above all those of Greece and Ser-
L via" '
Greece apparently fears that in case
Turkey ultimately retains her north
ern fortresa, Bulgaria will more ac
tively dispute the Hellenic claims to
the possession of Salonlki.
The Ann and unchangeable attitude
of Turkey on the subject of Adrian
ople throughout tho negotiations Is
I shown in a telegram from the sul
tan to King Ferdinand to the effect
that while he Is prompted by the most
peaceful motives, he Is unable to
renounce Turkey's hold on Adriau
f opie, which all Ottomans consider us
fl I a sacred Mohammedan sanctuary.
It J Diplomats In all the European coun-
I tries are anxious to see tho real peaco
I negotiations begun, as they consider
I there will then be a better chance of
fl i reaching a settlement of the Austro
2 Servian dispute, which is still wor-
jj rying the nerves of Europe.
CROWN PRINCE
VISITS KAISER
I Berlin, Doc 3. Crown Prince Fer-
' dlnand, accompanied by Admiral Al
"J ; fred Robesco of the Roumanluu
' navy, arrived here unexpectedly to
day. The prlnco was the guest of
Emperor William at luncheon, and
i during the course of the day will con
fer with Albert Von KiderUn-Waech-ler,
Imperial secretary for foreign af
fairs, and other German statesmen.
No announcement regarding the ob
i ject of Prince Ferdinand's visit has
been made, but the press generally
' declares that it would not be wrong
to consider it as a link in the recent
demonstrative chain of visits which,
1 ; like tho trip of Field Marshal Conrad
1 von Hetzerndorf, the inspector sener-
I 1 ' al of the Austrian army at Bucha
I rest, are Intended to indicate to the
i outside world the solidarity of the
lr members of the triple alliance Gcr
1 I many, Austrla-nungary and Italy.
I I , with Riumanla.
il GREECE ANNOYED
WITH BULGARIA
Athens, Dec. 3. Surprise and an-
noyauco are expressed by the Crock
I nowspapers, at, what they term, the
. complaisance shown by Bulgaria In
accepting tho Turkish propo b
which arc bo advantageous to the Ol-
toman empire. ,.,
K It is contended by many enters
that tho completo and dcfiniUvo im
' oration of tho Christians In tho Orient
I 18 obtainable only by combined land
; and sea action of tho allies against
I Constantinople
U KILBANE DENIES
FRAUD CHARGE
1 1 .
(' Cleveland, Dec. 3. Kcatlicrwclcbt
tf Champion Johnny Kilbano andJIiainj
Z Dun, his manager, accused of c on
jf npiracy and fraud at a Ifdng ul
ft Johnstown, Pa., on October 9. pro
1 tost tehir Innocence.
f "We wont to JohnBtown to &
I exhibition bout," said Dunn. "When
I
r m-iTT
wo got there wo found Tommy Mc
GInty of Cleveland had been billed as
'Tommy Dugan of San Francisco.' Wo
insisted that his real Identity be made
known, but when McGlnty entered the
ring he was introduced as Duggan.
Rather than disappoint the crowd I
told Kilbane to sail In and finish him
quickly. McGlnty was knocked out in
the fourth round."
SNEED FOUND
NOT GUILTY
Of Murder of Colonel Al
G. Boyce, Sr., on Claim
of Self Defense.
Fort Worth. Texas, Dec. 3 J Beal
Snccd today, was found not guilty of
the murder of Colonel Al G. Boyce
Sr.
Sneed shot Colonel Boyce to death
on January 13, soon after Sneed had
returned from Winnipeg, Canada, with
his wife, with whom Al G. Boyce Jr,
a son of Colonel Boyce, had eloped.
Sneed claimed self-defense nnd also
a conspiracy on the part of the Boyces
to rob him of his. wife. ..AJ Boyco Jr.
was killed by Sneed In AmarMIo Sep
tember 14 last Sneed will bo tried
on this chargo at Vernon.
The members of tho two families
are wealthy and have had promlnout
parts in the upbuilding of Texas. Aft
er the elopement Sneed spent $20,
000 in a chase across the continent
to find his wife. Sneed's first trial
on tho chargo of killing Colonel Boyce
resulted in a disagreement
ju
WERECAI1ED
In St Louis Merger Case
Goes to Supreme
Court for Test.
Washington, Dec. 3 The doclsion
of the Judges to supervise the Union
Pacific merger, as order by the de
cree, may depend upon the disposi
tion of the St. Louis Terminal merger
case, now before the court.
Four judges were called in under
the "expedition act" to try the gov
ernment charges in the circuit court.
In hoth cases the court sent the cases
back to tho circuit court to carry out
Its mandate
The terminal decree went hack for
enforcement and a controversy aroso
as to whether tho district court In
which the suit was brought should
enforce the docreo of the supremo
court or whether the four circuit
Judges should bo called in again. The
government has brought tho St Louis
dispute to tho supremo court for a
test decision.
oo-
GAMBLERS
DESPERATE
Chinese Trap Officers in
Gas-Filled Chambers
in San Francisco.
San Francisco, Dec 3. Chinese
gamblers resorted to desperate strat
egy last night to escape the police and
lured two officers to Imprisonment
in gas filled chambers, leaving them
to asphyxiate. The fact that each
ofllcer carried a small ax saved them,
as they succeeded In chopping holes
through the wall to obtain air and
aid.
Corporal Gotf, the flrBt victim, was
walking alone when an unknown Chi
nese brushod by him and whispered
"Plgow in Siberia club."
Without waiting to call his squad,
Goff rushed to the club, which was
lighted up as usual. He thrust aside
the doorkeeper. As tho door swung
back he heard doore clicking and si
multaneously tho gas lights went out.
Trying the othor door ho found him
self Imprisoned in a narrow hallway,
seven feel long, and almost Immedi
ately became aware that gas was
rushing from tho open Jots. After
15 minutes of furious work with his
ax he penetrated the wall and was
rescued nearly overcome
Officer Bailey was trapped similar
ly In another club at almost the same
time.
00
U. S. SENATORS
SWORN IN TODAY
Washington, Dec. 3. William P.
Jackson of Maryland, successor to the
late Isidor Rayner and Klrtland I.
Perky of Idaho, successor to the late
Weldon B. Heyburn, wer0 sworn in
the senate today. The credentials of
Robert F. Broussard of Louisiana,
now a representative, but elected sen
ator for tho term beginning In 1915,
were received
uu
JOHNSON TO
WED TONIGHT
Moving Picture Firm to
Pay $5,000 for Film
of Wedding.
Chicago, Dec 3 Jack Johnson, ne
gro pugilist, today procured a license
to wed Miss Lucille Cameron, the
white girl who has been identified
with Johnson's recent troubles in the
federal court. The ceremony is set
for tonight, it was said
When Johnson first made his ap
plication Miss Cameron was not with
him and the clerk declined to issue
the permit unless she was presont to
swear to her age.
Johnson then appealed to Robert
M Sweitser, county clerk, who over
ruled the clerk, and Johnson went
away grinning with the document safe
ly stowed In his pocket.
Johnson explained to the county
celrk that the records in court show
that the Cameron girl Is over 19 years
of age. Johnson gave his ownj age
as 31 years.
The chief of police declared he
would try to prevent the exhibition
of the proposed moving pictures of
the wedding.
"The affair Is against public policy
and morals." ho said.
00
SCIEPPS TO-
New York Gangster Is
En Route to Long
Beach.
Los Angeles, Cal , Dec. 3. Tho po
lice of Long Eeach announced today
that steps would bo taken to dis
courage or prohibit If possible the
proposed visit of Sam Schepps, the
New York gangster, to that city, whero
his sister, Mrs. II, Levy, resides.
, Mrs Levy stated that sho has not
heard from her brother since tho con
clusion of tho trial, although it was
reported that Schepps was on his way
to her home.
The police asserted today that they
had proof that tho shooting and rob
bing of Edward A. Danier. a chauf
feur, yesterday, was tho work of gun
men recently nrrived from the east
A rigid investigation has been or
dered. 00 .
TODAY IN
CONGRESS
Washington, Dec. 3 ,
Senate.
Convened at 11 am
Senator McCumbcr introduced bill
to repeal newspaper publicity law.
Message read from Prcsldont Taft
reviewing American foreign relations,
urging that tho fundamental foreign
policies of tho nation be raised above
the conflict of partisanship.
Robert Dollar of San Francisco rec
ommended changes In seamen's Invol
untary servitude, testifying bofoio
commerce sub-committee.
Senator Penrose Introduced bill for
one-cent letter postage
Senator McCumbcr introduced Mil
to pension former presidents as commanders-in-chief
of tho army a: $10..
000 annually, and $5,000 for former
presidents' widows.
At 12-30 p m., the trial of Judge
Robert W. Archbald on articles of
Impeachment began. After adopting
formal orders for meeting at 2 p. m ,
daily, tho court recessed until 2 p. m.
HouGe.
Convened at noon.
ON VISIT.
Mrs. D. J. Sheohan and little daugh
ter Llllinn havo left for Promontory
Day ranch, where they will visit for
a week or ten days.
00
Recovering Mrs. Daisy Vickery
Johnson of Green River, Wyo., but
formerly of Ogdeu, Is recovering from
a severe illness, which has required
a trained nurse at tho Deo hospital
for the past week. Mrs. Johnson luu
many Ogden friends who will bo
pleased to know that she is recover
ing.
00
Sprained Ankle Mrs. James Bal
lard is recovering from the effects of
a badly Bpralned ankle, caused from a
fall. Mrs. Ballard was In bed for
Bomo time, but is now ablo to get
about with the aid of crutches.
i
ARCHBALD
TRIALOPENS
For Conduct Amounting
to Violation of Oath as
Federal Judge.
Washington, Dec. 3. For the ninth
time In its history tho senate con
vened today as a high court of im
peachment to try Judge Robert W
Archbald of the commerce court on
13 separate charges alleged to con
stitute "high crimes and misdemean
ors." Counsel for tho Judge has admitted
commission of all the acts alleged, but
denies that any' was Improper
Judge Archbald and his attotrneys
entered tho chamber promptly, as did
the house members
The court adopted formal orders,
setting tho hour of meeting daily at
2 o'clock and providing that the open
ing statements of the case should be
made by onefperson on each side
That will confine the opening state
ments to Representative Clayton, who
had been designated by the house
managers, and A. S. Worthington.
chief of the counsel for Judge Arch
bald. The court then recessed for a brier
time.
Washington, Dec 3. Tbo senate
was prepared today for the opening
of the ninth trial by impeachment of
a public officer sworn to uphold the
constitution and laws of tho United
States.
Robert W. Archbald, a Judgo of the
commcrco court, was summoned to
face the demands of the house of rep
resentatives that he be "Impeached
for misbehavior and for high crimes
and misdemeanors."
The house will ho represented in
the hearings by seven membors, who
act as the prosecutors In the trial.
They are Representatives Clayton of
Alabama. Webb of North Carolina,
Floyd of Arkansas, Davis of West
Virginia, Sterling of Illinois. How
land of Ohio and Norrls of Nebraska.
A. S. Worthington of Washington,
who with Alexander Simpson Jr. of
Philadelphia will represent Judge
Archbald throughout the case, was
prepared to follow with a statement
of defense Chairman Clayton's review
,of the case against the Jurist.
Washington, Dec. 3 The trial of
Judge ROboibr Arohbald of-tho Uni
ted Stales commerce court for con
duet amounting to a Eolation of his
oath as federal Judge had boon set
to opon today before the senate court
of impeachment as a rosult of Judgo
Archbald's request last August that
his attorneys be given more time to
propare their case.
Tho charge against Judgo Archbald
arose in connection with private ami
official acts both as a Judgo of the
court of commerce and as United
States district judgo for middle Penn
sylvania He was impeached by the
House of Representatives after a full
investigation or the facts by the de
partment of justice, and extended
hearings beforo the house judiciary
committee.
Scores of Witnesses.
Tho managers appointed by the
house to pro3ecuto the case before
the senate asked for an Immediate
trial last August, but the senate de
clined to hasten Its consideration of
tho case During the last week Bcores
of subpoenaes were issued for wit
nesses who will be brought before
the senate by the house managers and
by Judge Archbald's attorneys In con
nection with the trial
House Demands Impeachment.
Aftor the house committee on ju
diciary had concluded its hearings last
spring it recommended that Judge
Archbald bo called before the senate
under Impeachment proceedings. The
last time the house had exercised Its
impeachment proceedings powers
was in 1904 when Judge Swane, Uni
ted States judgo for tho northern dis
trict of Florida, wag called to account
for misconduct and was acquitted by
the senate The house of representa
tives on July 11, 1912, adopted arti
cles of Impeachment by a vole of
222 to 1 and a committee headed by
Representative Clayton of Alabama,
was chosen to act as the managers
on the part of the house to try the
case before the senate. The house
managers? urged the senate to grant
an immediate trial, but that body de
clined to hear the case before the end
of the last session.
Thrteen Articles Against Judge
Thirteen separate articles consti
tute the basis for the Impeachment
trial These embrace dealings be
tween Judge Archbald and railroad
officials and others In regard to
Pennsylvania coal or "culm" dumps
and coal landB; contributions by at
torneys and others to the judge's va
cation trip to Europe in 1910. reputed
"secret" correspondence by the judge
with a railroad attorney concerning
a pending caso; and alleged attempts
to have notes payablo to Judgo Arch
bald discounted by attorneys and liti
gants before his court
Moral Sense Deadened.
In presenting the case to the house
Representative Clayton said that the
Judiciary committee was of opinion
that Judge Archbald's 'scuso of mor
al responsibility had become deaden
ed" and that he had "prostituted his
high office for personal profit" The
principal charge grew out 0f the
Katydid culm bank deal. in this
chargo it was asserted that while the
Erie Railroad company had pending
before the commerce court two suits
Judge Archbald. corruptly taking ad
vantage of his official positon. induc
ed the officials or tho Hillside Coal
& Iron company and of the Erie rail
road which owned that company, to
agreo to sell the coal company's In
terest In tho Katydid dump to Judge
Archbald and Edward J. Williams.
In his answer Judge Archbald do-
nled that he had acted corruptly or
had taken advantage of his position.
His attorneys took the position that
It was not a crime for a fcdoral judgo
to become Interested In an attempt
to purchase property from one who
was or might become a litigant of the
court. They declared that no at
tempt was made to get the property
for less than Its fair value.
Prominent Charge Made.
Another prominent enargo was that
Judgo Archbald undertook ror a con
sideration to assist George M. Wat
son, an attorney of Scrautou. Pa., to
settle a reparation suit brought by
the Marlon Coal company against the
Delaware. Lackawanna & Western
Railroad company and to soil for C.
G. Boland and W. P Boland, a large
portion of the Btock of the Marlon
Coal company to the railroad. In his
answer Judge Archbald declared he
acted i" tills matter merely as a
friend of Watson and C. G. Boland,
without ever having received a sug
gestion of compensation
His Acts Not Impeachable.
In response to every charge at
torneys for Judge Archbald replied
that tho acts charged did not consti
tute an impeachable offense, or a high
crime or misdemeanor, as defined in
the constitution
THEY HAVE
NO PLAN LAID
For Separation of Union
Pacific and Southern
Pacific Lines.
New York, Dec. 3. Aftor a two
hours' conference today of the execu
tive committee of the Union Pacific
railway. Judge R S. Lovett, the chair
man, said that not even a tentative
plan of separation from the Southern
Pacific Railway company had been
evolved. Ho added that no definite
action would be taken for several
weeks.
Maxwell E. Evarts, general coun
sel for tho Harriraan lines, said ho
had not yet read the text of the su
premo court'3 decision and could not
make any statoment until he had more
thoroughly acquainted himself with
the legal aspects of tho case.
New York. Dec 3 The federal
grand jury ror December, sworn In
here today, rormally began an Inves
tigation Into the traffic, agreement be
tween the Now York-, New Haven &
Hartford railroad and tho Grand
Trunk railway of Canada, with a view
to determining whether It Is a vio
lation of the Sherman anti-trust law.
Assistant Attorney General Adkins
Is conducting tho caso for the government
INDICTMENTS FOR GRAND TRUNK
Washington, Dec. 3. Indictments,
it was declared today, will be hand
ed down if the Grand Trunk-New Ha
ven inquiry at Now York shows the
Sherman law has been violated There
is no present intention to 'begin a
civil investigation.
It Is understood that only such per
sons to whom it is believed to be nec
essary to grant immunity will be sum
moned before tho grand jury.
uw
DETECTIVES
President of Iron Work
ers Claims Office Was
Looted by Officers.
Indianapolis, Ind , Dec 3. Frank M.
Ryan, president of the Iron workers'
union, testified at tho alleged "dyna
mite conspiracy" trial today that his
office was "robbed" by detectives
when J. J. McNamara, the secretary,
was arrested in April of 1911.
Ryan, asserting he" had no suspi
cion that McNamara had stored ex
plosives at tho union headquarters,
said he protested when officials of
the National Erectors' association
Joined detectives In searching the
files. While he was endeavoring to
furnish the combination of the safe,
he said, a cracksman proceeded to
drill tho lock Meantime McNamara
was being hurried to California,
During the search of the premises,
said Ryan, he sent for his attorney,
and compelled the authorities to pro
duce search warrants Eighty-two
quarts of nltro-glyceriu are alleged to
have been found in tho vault
Ryan also denied as had been
charged, that as early as 190C W T.
Jerome, then district attorney In New
York, had "given warning that ex
plosions were being done by the Iron
workers."
Cross-examined, Ryan was naked
what ho meant by writing from New
York to union headquarters:
"I will not have a report this month.
Nearly all my work cannot be referred
to."
The government charges that, as
head or the union, Ryan from New
York was directing union officials In
other cities about Jobs to be blown
up.
"I moant by that I was trying to
settle disputes among tho iron work
ers in Now York," answered Ryan,
"and I did not think it wise for mem
bers in other cities to know theru
was so much dissension in the ranks."
Ryan added ho gavo little atten
tion to tho 51.000 a month used by
McNamara and for which no account- ;
Ing was required.
MESSAGE TO
CONGRESS
Taft Appeals for Uplift
of Foreign Policies
Warns Europe.
Washington, Dec. 3. President
Taft's first message to tho last ses
sion of congress In hlB term was re
ceived with close atteution or both
branches when legislative business
belgmi today. Dealing entirely with
rcrelgn relations and America's com
mercial progress In foreign trade, the
rafissago paved the way for others the
chief executive will sond later dealing
with tho big questions of legislation
zCnd government
Washington, Dec 3, A note of
warning to European powers, which
by indirect means continue to dis
criminate against Amorican trade: a
strong appeal to tho congresB to up
lift the great foreign policies of
America above mere questions of par
tisanship; a triumphant vindication
of the diplomacy of the administration
which is characterized as that of "dol
lars versus bullets," a masterful pride
in the enormous expansion of Ameri
can trade an a result of the foreign
policies of his administration, and an
earnest appeal for Joint action by
congress and the oxecutlve to open
new markets for American industries
these arc the more striking fcaturos
of President Taft's fourth annual mes
sage sent to congress today.
First of Series.
The message is the first of a sc
ries of such communications which
he will make to congress in the early
days of the session, and deals entire
ly with tho foreign relations of tho
United States.
Beginning with tho usual reference
to the existing good relations with
foreign powers, the President adds
that these have been strengthened by
"a greater Insistence upon Justice to
American citizens, or interests, wher
ever it may have been denied, and a
stronger emphasis of the need or mu
tuality in commercial and other rela
tions." U. S. Most Favored Nation.
For the first time In its history,
says the President, tho state depart
ment has obtained substantially the
most favored nation treatment from
all of the countries of the world.
Therefore, he says, it is only natural
that competitive countries should view
with' some concern tho expansion of
our commerce. Hence the warning,
"If In some Instances the measures
taken by them to meet It arc not en
tirely equitable, a remedy should be
found."
Recommends Knox Bill.
To this end the President recom
mends strongly the enactment of the
bill recommended by Secretary Knox
last December, permitting the gov
ernment, Instead of Imposing the full
maximum rates of duty against dis
criminating countries to apply a grad
uated scale of duties up to that max
imum of 25 per cent
Flat Tariffs Out of Date.
"Flat tariffs are out of dato," says
tho President "Nations no longer
accord equal tariff treatment to all
other nations Irrespective of tho treat
ment from them received. It is very
necessary that tho American govern
ment should be equipped with weap
ons of negotiation and adapted to
modern conditions."
State Department Modernized.
Tho state department, "an archaic
and Inadequate machine" at tbo be
ginning of this administration, tho
President says, has become a now
organization, with highly specialized
bureaus and experts deallns with ev
ery phase of American trade and di
plomacy Holding that the essence of
this reorganized servico Is found in
the merit system, which Prosident
Cleveland is credited with having In
troduced, President Taft makes a
strong appeal to congress to make
this machine permanent by giving the
force of statutory law to the execu
tive orders governing admission to
and promotion in tho diplomatic and
consular services.
Appointments Nonpartisan.
To show that these appointments
are already largoly nonpartisan, the
President points to the fact that throe
of tho present ambassadors are hold
overs: that of the ten he has appoint
ed, five were by promotion from the
rank of minister, that of tho thirty
ministers appointed, eleven were pro
motions; and that in the consular ser
vice no less than 55 per cent of the
consuls appointed by him were from
the southern states.
Dollars for Bullets.
'"The diplomacy of the present ad
ministration has sought to respond to
modern ideas or commercial inter
course," says President Taft. "This
policy has been characterized as sub
stituting dollars for bullets. It is ono
that appeals alike to Idealistic human
itarian sentiments, to tho dictates of
sound policy and strategy, and to Io
gklmato commercial aims."
The President adds that "bocause
modern diplomacy is commercial there
has been a disposition in somo quar
ters to attribute to It none but mate
rialistic aims."
"How strikingly erroneous Is such
an Impression may be seen from a
study of tho results by which the di
plomacy of tho United States can be
Judged," says tho President
Arbitration Treaties.
Ho mentions tho arbitration treaties
with France and Great Britain, which
failed of confirmation in the senate;
tho successful tripartite mediation of
the Argentine Republic, Brazil and the
United States between Peru and Ecua
dor; the arbitration of the Panama
Coata Rica boundary dispute; the in
tervention between Haiti and tho
Dominican Republic on the verge of
war, the suppression of the Nicara
guan war. tho halting of Internecine
strife In Honduras, tho adjustment of
the celebrated Taona-Afrlcan dispute
i
between Peru and Chile, and the ad- H
justment of the Pcruvian-EIcuadoreau i. H
boundary Issue. 1H
U. S. Active In Diplomacy. H
In consequence of these things, says (H
the President, there has been a gen- ). H
cral easing of International tension H
on tho west coaBt of South America H
He also adds that the diplomacy of ( H
tho United States Is active In seek- ' H
ing to assuage the remaining 111 feel- H
Ing between this country and Colom- H
bia. ;
Taking up some of tho details of tho I
year's diplomatic work, the Prosident M
refers with expressions of pride to fH
China, where "tho policy of encour- H
aging financial Investment to enablo H
that country to help Itself has had jH
the rosult of giving new life and prac- H
tical application to the open poor H
policy. --H
The consistent purpose has been to H
encourage the use of American capl-
tal In China, says the President, to H
promote tho reforms to which that , H
country Is pledged by treaty with the f H
United States and other powers. There ; H
has been a vigorous assertion, alBO, H
he says, of tho equal right of tho IH
United States to a voice In all quea- H
tlons pertaining to Chinese loans and H
developments. M
Makes Direct Charge. H
President Taft makes the direct
chargo that the terrible evonts re- H
corded In Nicaragua recently, tbo use- H
less loss of life, the devastation of H
property, tho bombardment of the H
principal cities, tbo killings and the H
tortures and suffering "'might have H
been averted had the department of H
stato, through approval of the loan H
convention of the senate, been permit-
ted to carry out its now well devel-
oped policy." M
"In Central America the aim has 'H
been to help Buch countries as Nlcara-
gua and Honduras to help them-
reives," says the President H
Monroe Doctrine Vital. M
While they are tho Immediate ben-
ellciaries, tho profit to the United
Statos Is two-fold, he adds. The Mon- H
roe doctrine is more vital in the IH
neighborhood or tho Panama canal H
and such countries should be reliev- H
ed or the Jeopardy or heavy foreign M
debts likely to provoke international H
complications.
The financial rehabilitation of these H
countries by Amorican bankers and IH
tho protection of their customs house3 H
from boing tho proy or would-bo die- H
tators, says the President,, would re- H
move the menace or foreign creditors -
and revolutionary disorder Further- b
more the United States would profit j
largely In a business way through the
development of tho great natural re- t
sources of Central America. H
Commends New Neutrality Laws. H
Commending tho successful results 'H
of tho application or tho new neutral- H
Ity laws to Moxlco and othor trou- H
bled countries, tho President suggests H
that means be found in addition to IH
prevent the professional revolution- IH
Ists from making American ports IH
"foci" for revolutionary intrlguo. He H H
reiterates his determination to adhere H
in tho case of Mexico to tho "patient H
policy of non-interference, stoadfaat H
recognition of constituted authority : H
and the exertion of every effort to H
protect American interests." H
Exports Over the Billions. H
Other paragraphs of the message IH
point to tho increase of American do- IH
mestic exports by 200,000,000 during
the past year, making the greatest H
total over known, $2,200,000,000; to the IH
agricultural credit system, which he H
thorouhgly indorsed, to the probable . H
necessity of an amendment to tho IH
tur seal act to permit limiting kill- -M
ing or seals; to a meeting or tho ar- IH
bitrators In Washington noxt year to H
adjust tho pecuniary claims between H
Great Britain and America, to nego- H
tlations with Mexico for tho distribu- H
tion of the waters of the Colorado H
river In the Imperial valloy section, H
and to the financial rehabilitation H
of Liberia. H
Thoro Is merely historical reference H
to the Chincso revolution; to tho San H
Domlngan troubles, the rebellion In H
Cuba and tho Balkan war develop- H
monta, In which it is said the United
States Is not Involved.
Appeal for Co-operation. t
Tho message concludes with an
earnest appeal to congress to co-op-
erate with the executive in its effortB
to apply the old principles of diplo- f
macy which have governed the coun
try, tho momentous new situations of j
today, when America finds itself at
tho threshold of her middle ago as n
nation, "too maturo to continue In
Its foreign relations those tempo
rary expedients natural to a people
to whom domestic affairs are the sole
concern."
00
WARDEN WAS
GIVENJONEY
To Defeat Bill Authoriz- ,
ing Prison Made
Twine.
St Louis, Dec. 3. B A. McCleer of
Oklahoma resumed the stand on cross- I
examination when tho Bult of the gov- 1" '
ornment to dissolve tho International 1
Harvostcr company went Into its sec- J
ond day this morning, testifying he f
did not believe an independent com
pany could start In business because n
of lack of agents. U
John II. Bowler of Sioux Falls, S I- s
D former warden of the South Dako-
ta penitentiary, was on hand ready to !
take the stand In reply to the state
ment made yestordny by Michael H.
Lamb that Lamb had given him $300
to dotcat a bill authorizing prison
made twine, but neither the govern
ment nor tho harvester company at
torneys expressed a desire to have
him testify. Bowler admits receiving
the money, but says It was used In
defraying expenses of tho loglslatlve
committee of the State Implement
Dealers' association,
Lil

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