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A SURPRISED COMMUNITY
HOW OIL WAS FOUND IN SUMMERLAND
Santa Barbara, March S.— Most every
body in the civilized world lias heard of
Summerland, the new Utopia that spirit
ualists undertook to found some live or six
years since, where they were to enjoy
their occult belief in peace, undisturbed
by the ridicule or unbelief of unsym
pathizing skeptics. An account of the
outcome of this experiment has never
been written; of the disappointment
and homesickness of the gentle stran
gers who came to this coast with happy
expectations, only to find that the town
lots for which they had paid decent
village prices of from $40 to $50 apiece, re
themselves into the steep hillside of
a barley field of doubtful value, which al
most any one would count dear at a hun
dred dollars an acre. Homes were built
and teiits were pitched on the steep slope.
There was nothing else to do, for the
of the emigrants had \ erv nearly consumed
their small competences in their investment
■ le cost of the transcontinental jour
ney. They tried to console themselves with
the undoubted beauty of the location of the
colony, lying midway between Montecito
and Csrpenteria, some eighi miles from
Santa Barbara, vested with an ineompar-
SUMMERLAND FROM THE SEA.
able climate, and looking down upon the I
beautiful l'acitic and the tranquil islands
that hounded the horizon's edge. A pub
lic library was founded and well patron- ;
, ized, f or the colony was for the most part
composed of pei :nc intellect and
ition, possessed of qui^r tastes and
•■♦ for knowledge. There was a lec
ture-nail, and it was understood by -won
dering outsiders that one of the more pre
tentious buildings that rose from amid the
tiny dwellings was a aeance-house, where
I and mysterious doings took place.
It was only a short time, however, before
thp little settlement began to have grum
-5s of intercine strife. This was a logi
cal result of the situation, (riven a com
munity of people with nothing to do. no 1
industries and no way of making a living !
except by selling the necessaries of life to
each other, cut off from intercourse with I
the outside world by their peculiar organi
zation, and discord will be the inevitable j
rrMilt. The tone of social intercourse grew
decidedly wintry in Summerland. There
uj' quarreling over water, quarreling over
land, allegations of misrepresentation and ;
fraud. The tempest ended in an outburst ,
of Mbel suits, in which about half of the ;
population of the settlement was arrayed !
on one side and the remaining half on the !
other: libel suits that resulted in a fine bill j
• ?::d a verdict of "no j
of action." Disgusted and discour- I
•me or two of the Summerland liti
moved away, and others were pre
paring to go, when a new and thrilling i
discovery was made that literally threw oil i
on troubled waters and bids fair to make
the little settlement one of the most thriv
ing in the State.
In the early days of the colony the acci
dental discovery was made that the whole '
village was underlaid with a stratum of nat- j
ura.l gas, and the hopes excited by this :
knowledge, as well as the immediate utili- >.
zation of the gas for purposes of fuel and '
lighting, did much to assuage the first .
murmuringa of the discontented and to
fortity the settlers to patience. As time
went on and no Bow was found of >uili- j
cient importance to justify the founding |
of manufactories or piping to surrounding j
towns, and the fact that little Summerland i
j i her fuel underground became a mat- !
tei of as little moment as the fact that j
Banta Barbara finds her fuel by denuding
her hills of their beauty.
Buddenly a report was circulated that
beneath the black adobe soil that covers
the most of Summer!:. :d oil had been
found. A man nami I Smith Cole, digging
for water, had Struck .1 considerable How
of oil, which, when accurately measured,
proved to be about live barrels a day.
Other Summerland people went to digging
wells, hoping that they, too, would chance
upon like happy discoveries, and a desul
tory experiment or so was made by some
for" the purpose of speculation. But,
although a trace of oil was found here and
there, no one else found the fluid in paying j
quantities, and the matter was allowed to ;
almost drop out of sight, as the discovery I
of natural gas bad done. This indifference
wa- not unnatural, in view of the fact that
in a canyon back of Carpenteria, some eight
years ago, a flow of oil was struck in pay
ing quantities, and a company was at once
organized to develop the "oil field," into
which several prominent Santa Barbara |
men put considerable capital, with the re- I
suit that after some years of expensive ex- j
ploration and experiment, the company |
suspended operations, after having ex
pended a s'lin many times over the profit
derived from the "original well, the rlow
from which was soon exhausted. This
canyon lies but three or four miles back of
Summerland, and it seemed extremely
probable that the flow in Mr. Cole's well
was an accidental "strike" of the same
Meanwhile H. L. Williams, one of the
founders oi the Summerland colony, had j
silently considering the situation and
making observations of his own. All
along the beach in the vicinity of Sum
meriand films of oil are seen on the ebb
tide, and in some spots the sand is curiously
puffed up by a gas. which forces its way
bom far underground, which will burn if a
match' Is applied to it. Instead of sinking
a shaft upon the hieh bluff upon which the
town stands, Mr. Williams decided to see
what could be found along the ocean beach,
Where the indications were most favorable.
Accordingly he sank five wills along
the Bands, a little above the reach of the
tide. This work was pursued In the most
primitive way. without any boring ma
chinery or any of the improved appliances
generally used in Mich cases, shovels and
spades being the tools and the motive
power the sturdy muscles oi Summerland
men. At a depth of from sixty to seventy
feet he found oil. In two of the wells the
flow was inconsiderable. In two the oil
welled in at a rate of about twenty-five
barrels a day, according to his crude facili
ties for measurement. The fifth proved to
be a fifty-barrel well, and quite recently
oil was found in a sixth shaft, the flow in
this case swelling the total to about 125
barrels a day.
When the news of Mr. Williams' first
important discovery was noised about, the
<>il-!,,, ring fever beean t<> fire the veins of
Snnitnerland people, and even to«agitate
the citizens of Santa Barbara, who are gen
erally understood to have reached a state
of nirvana, where nothing mundane can
disturb their composure. Hut Santa Bar
bara lias of late evolved a P.oard of Trade,
and this Board of Trade has been stirring
up matters generally, and all the town is
tingling with new' purpose. It did not
take long for L. K. Fisher, a prominent
and wealthy citizen, to decide that Sum
merland offered a promising field for in
vestment. Mr. Fisher at once commenced
boring a couple of wells upon his own land,
half a mile east of the little settlement,
near Ortega station. Mr. Roberts of
Goleta followed his example. A man
named Loomis, from Los Angeles,
leased some ground in Summerland
and commenced sinking a shaft. Sanders
and Dana, the latter the teacher employed
at the tiny schoolhouse on top of the hill,
concluded that they could hot invest their
savings to any better advantage. The de
feated prohibition candidate" for Public
Administrator of Santa Barbara County
caught the infection and started a well.
The Summerland poetess watched the sink
ing of a shaft in her front-door yard with
as great interest and as high expectations
as if she had never written a sonnet to the
roses which were uprooted to give way to
it. All Summerland is now (jigging holes
or preparing to sink -hafts in its posy beds
and vegetable gardens. The very children
<:i!i be seen vigorously removing the top
soil with fireshovels and rigging toy der-
ricks. Meantime, Mr. Fisher has struck a
rich How in both of his welis and is pre
paring to prospect his land on an extensive
There never was a little town as sur
prised as Summerland. Be it said to the |
colony's credit that with all its internal !
bickerings it has been from the beginning :
a peaceful, law-abiding place, whose name '
scarcely once appears on the county's i
criminal docket. A Summerland thief, a ;
Summerland tough or swindler or gambler
or drunkard, is an unknown quantity.
Awakening from her idle day-dream of
high philosophical contemplation the little
5< tt lenient finds itself preparing to be a
bustling manufacturing town. The tiny
houses and tents on the hillside are losing j
their aspect of bandbox nicety, and the I
dainty little gardens look neglected. The |
Summerland aristocrat wears a tarry
jumper and is besmeared with oil from head
Unprepared as the settlement was for
these developments in an ethical way,
practical facilities were no less lacking.
Where were the tanks to store this great
daily output, the barrels in which to ship
it, the side tracks to receive it* freight cars?
For the entire daily exports of the small
town have hitherto been limited to a coop
of chickens and a sack of vegetables.
These obstacles are being overcome as fast
as possible. Improved pumping machin
ery is being imported, tanks are being
built, barrels bought by the thousand, ana I
before long the daily* oil shipments from !
Summerland will cut quite a iigure in i
the county's traffic. A considerable
amount of the oil, the most of which is
of an excellent quality for fuel, is heing^
daily consumed by the ice and macaroni
factories and the Arlington Hotel in Santa
Barbara and by the asphalturn works at
Taken all in all the development of this
great body of cheap fuel has the most im
portant bearing upon the growth and pros
perity of Santa Barbara and all of the sur
TO DEDICATE ST. ANTHONY'S
German Catholics Will Assist
Archbishop Riordan To
Ecclesiastical Processions, Sol
emn High Mass and Two
The formal dedication of St. Anthony's
German Catholic Church will take place at
the church edifice, corner of Army and
Folsom streets, this morning at 10 o'clock,
his Grace the Archbishop P. W. Riordan
officiating. Four German Catholic benevo
lent societies will attend the ceremonies,
and Father Miller, the Jesuit priest from
San Jose, Father Clementine, director of
the Catholic orphanage at Watsonville,
and the clergy of St. Boniface will assist
the Archbishop in the services.
Promptly at 8:30 o'clock the procession
will form in front of St. Boniface's Church
on Golden Gate avenue. The Society of
St. Louis, an organization of boys, will be
in the van, and those of St. Anthony, St.
Peters and St. Paul's will follow in the
order named, and the clergy of St. Boni
face's in carriages will bring up the rear.
The line of march will be Golden Gate
j avenue, to Sixth street, to Mission, to
Army, to Folsom.
The church will be reached at about 10
o'clock. St. Peter's Society will welcome
i the Archbishop at the church entrance, and
! the formal blessing of the building within
i and without will follow. The clergy of St.
| Boniface, clad in the cowls and robes of
I their order, will participate in the ecclesi
j astical procession.
After the dedication a solemn high mass
will be sung, with Father Clementine as
| celebrant. The gospels and a sermon in
German by Father Miller continue the
' service, and after another mass the Arch-
I bishop will preach in English.
At the conclusion of the services a grand
dinner will be served, and at this, as well
as at the dedication, all friends of the Ger
man Catholics out in the Mission will be
made welcome. The ladies of the congre-
THE SAN FRANCISCO CALL,, SUNDAY, MARCH 10, 1895.
gation have done everything in their
power to make the occasion a pleasant one
for their guests.
St. Anthony's Church is- conducted by
the Franciscan Fathers. Rev. P. Leo Brun
ner is the pastor and Rev. P. Quirinus
Stucker, 0. S. F., acts as assistant pastor.
CITY CREDITORS ASTIR.
Possibility of the Supervisors and Grand
Jury Aiding Their Cause.
A meeting of the Associated Creditors of
the City and County of San Francisco,
many of whom are prominent members of
the Board of Trade, was held yesterday
afternoon. J. P. Le Count, ex-president
of the Board of Trade, presided, a goodly
attendance of the creditors being present.
Mr. Le Count briefly outlined the work
that has been done in behalf of the credit
ors and pointed out the necessity for the
enrollment of all claimants against and
creditors of the city. He said that the
Supervisors and members of the Grand
Jury seemed inclined to do everything in
their power for the relief of the confiding
creditors of the city. They regard the
present situation as a discreditable one to
the city and are anxious to see the matter
In answer to a question Mr. Le Count
said: "A mistake has been made by some
body, perhaps one of our members, to say
that we were organized in opposition to
the charter election. Such is not the fact.
We are not looking for trouble. We have
enough on our hands just now without
mixing tip in elections of any character.
We are creditors with but one organized
purpose, and that is to secure the satisfac
tion of our claims."
With an understanding that the move
ment should bo prosecuted vigorously the
Associated Creditors adjourned.
THE STINGS OF REMORSE
Sam Meyer, Husband of Grace
Benjamin, Turns His Back
on His Home.
His Record Shows That He Has
Been a Slave to His
The tragedy of Grace Benjamin Meyer,
•who lost her life by asphyxiation in a bath
room at 406 Sutter street, has come to a
close and the curtain of oblivion is slowly
rolling down. The sad talc has been told
and retold, and soon it will be forgotten by
all save one, whose conscience makes a
coward of him and will not be at peace.
That one is Samuei C. Meyer, the lawfully
wedded husband of the poor young woman,
whose honor, even in death, he tried to
besmirch by denying the marriage.
Meyer is no longer the debonair and
happy man about town that he was. He
is miserable now because his seliishncss
outweighed his manhood and his honor.
He no longer occupies his rooms at 4W
Slitter street, although his personal prop
erty is there still. Mr. Margetson, agent
of the building, yesterday said that Meyer
had not been near his rooms for two days.
Memories of joys that were and maddening
miseries of awakened conscience that
now are haunt the man's mind and make
it impossible for him to abide among the
Meyer no longer attempts to offer ex
cuses for his denial of the marriage. He
freely admits that he did a mean and
highly reprehensible act. He now looks
back on his career, on his episodes of pas
sion and reckless gratification of the
senses, and sees the trail of the serpent
behind him. His friends have forsaken
him; his relatives look upon him with
He has been a Lothario, this man Meyer.
Somewhere back in the eighties he made
the acquaintance of a handsome young
woman of doubtful reputation named
Pearl Wood, who had a child, a little girl
1 year old, and resided in Quincy place.
Meyer fell madly in love with her, and it
is said the woman returned his passion.
But a wealthy young San Franciscan was
also a suitor for the favors of the fair
When the relatives of this young man
learned that the infatuated youth intended
to marry his charmer, they set their heads
! to work-, and evolved a scheme by which to
save the young man from a disgraceful
mesalliance. They went to Pearl "Wood
and bought her off for the sum of $5000 on
the agreement that she should leave the
State. She' accepted the money and
straightway informed her other lover,
Meyer, of what she had done, and they
quickly came to an understanding. Pear),
with her money, left the city, and Meyer
followed and joined her immediately after.
They traveled to Omaha, where they were
married. After that they went to the
Eastern cities, and had a merry time so
long as Pearl's purchase money lasted.
When it \va,s all but gone vicissitudes be
gan to crowd thick and f;tat upon Meyer.
! He finally made his way back to San
Francisco, was forgiven by his mother and
other relatives, and once more landed on
his feet as a good fellow.
But his ruling passion rushed him into
trouble time and again. He was always in
Kmglements with some woman with a
ty face and an attractive figure with
rcgard to the moral side of the charm
nature. Among those to whom he
I court — and considerable monev — was
a notorious woman named Kate Burke,
who came very near wrecking him irre
trievably on the shoals of his unbridled
ijion. His best friends finally prevailed
n him to give her up and take on a
eyer had many other flames around bis
;eptible heart from time to time, but
c of them proved serious until he met
cc Benjamin, whose sad story has al
ready been told. It is not Meyer's fault
that this woman does not now sleep in a
A CABLE-OAR WRECKED.
Its Trucks "Wrenched From Their Fas-
tenings— Nobody Hurt.
The Ellis-street cable railway broke
down about 9 o'clock Friday night, and it
was not until 4 o'clock yesterday morning
that the last car left the corner of Market
The trouble was caused by a broken
strand in the cable. Just before car f>o2,
in charge of Gripman Hilary, reached
Devisadero street on the eastbound trip
the strand tore out a pulley at the foot of
the hill. Two cables run through the con
duit at that point, and because of the de
rangement of the pulley Hilary's grip
caught in the wrong rope. All went well
until the sidelrill curve into Broderick
street was readied, but there the car
stopped suddenly, the forward truck was
wrenched from its fastenings and thrust
back against the rear truck and the car
was tilted nearly on end. The few passen
gers on board escaped with a severe shak
ing up, but the work of clearing away the
wreck lasted till peep of day.
COMING BACK FOR REPAIRS.
The Gunboat Keiiniiigton on Her Way
News has been received here that the
gunboat Bennington has left Acapulco for
San Francisco, and that she may be ex
pected to arrive in about a week. The ves
sel left here about a month ago to do po
lice duty on the Central American coast,
and when she arrived at Acapulco it was
rumored that one of her boilers was dam
aged. This was denied at Washington,
but the statement was confirmed by ad
vices on the City of Sydney. Before she
sailed the vessel had just come off the dock
at Mare Island.
The lighthouse tender Madrono is taking
in stores and fuel at Union-street wharf,
and to-morrow she. will sail south to in
spect the lighthouses.
Not excelled by any high prired liniment,
Salvation Oil, Lwcuty-iivt- cents a boitle.
To the new woman who is reaching out
her slender hands to grasp so many of this
world's opportunities and possibilities,
pharmacy has often been suggested as an
Theoretically, a first-class drugstore —
luxurious in its appointments, exquisite in
its neatness, bright with glittering rows of
shining glass bottles and j;trs lettered with
burnished gold, sweet with the mingled
odors of spices, essences, roots, herbs and
vaporized perfumes, and always quiet and
well ordered — is the one place devoted to
trade where a lady would be quite in har
mony with her surroundings, and her
presence and work meet with unqualified
To be a good proscription clerk requires
only a fair amount of education, combined
with good judgment, accuracy of eyes and
touch, discretion, and a decent stock of
common-sense. Thus equipped a man
whose tastes run in that direction finds a
position in a pharmaceutical establishment
both agreeable and well paid, an dit has
seemed to many that a woman equally
well endowed might take up this line of
work and be most successful therein.
Indeed, so well fitted do women seem for
[From a photograph.]
this especial business that some years since
it was confidently predicted "that they
would soon drive from the field the men
who have for so long, in peaceful and un
disputed possession of pestle, mortar,
scales and graduated glasses, put up our
prescriptions. Oddly enough, though, in
spite of all that has been said in favor of a
feminine invasion into the kingdom of
drugs, pharmacy is the one profes
sion which has, so far. held close to its
old conservative way. Though the colleges
of pharmacy throughout the civilized
world number among their students many
women and girls who have faith enough in
their own abilities, and in the ultimate ap
preciation thereof by the general public,
to take ap the study in earnest, the drug
stores that employ women as clerks are
far from being numerous.
Even here in California. where, under the
act of 18'Jl, some forty women are registered
as pharmacists and assistant pharmacists,
the woman prescription clerk is rarely
seen, ana, when seen, is looked upon as a
curiosity. There are quite a number of
drugstores in the State owned by women,
but in the great majority of case's a male
manager and male clerks are employed
therein, and the lady proprietor does none
of the practical work.
In the small country places the wife or
daughter of the resident physician often
has charge of a miniature pharmacy; but,
with few exceptions, in deference to popu
lar prejudice the putting up of any but the
simplest prescriptions is left to the medi
cal gentleman himself.
Here in San Francisco we have three
drugstores managed by women, Mrs. J. B.
McElroy, Mrs. A. E. Scott and Mrs. Me-
Dermott each being the proprietor and
practical superintendent of an establish
ment which will not suffer by comparison
with any under masculine "control and
At St. Joseph's Hospital also there is a
woman in charge of the drug department,
and never yet has pious Sister M. Hya
cintha made a mistake in the work in
trusted to her or given any cause for com
plaint. In Sacramento there are two such
stores under feminine control, and Los
Angeles and San Diego also have within
their borders women drutrgists pursuing
their chosen calling.
Little by little the barriers are being
broken down, but it is slow work to com
bat prejudice and change public opinion,
and prejudice and public opinion seem, so
far, very much against the innovation.
Mrs. Ella Higginson, the well-known and
brilliant writer of New V/hatcom, Wash.,
is a practical pharmacist, and for some
years conducted a drugstore in that pleas
ant town. At first she met with not
a little opposition — silent and other
wise — for the place was comparatively
new then, and among its citizens
were many who had little faith
in the reliability and business capacity of
"wimmen folks." Before long, however,
she demonstrated her fitness for her posi
tion so decidedly that .she won her way
into public confidence and favor, and when
she retired from the cares of business to de
vote herself exclusively to literary work, in
which line she lias achieved such signal
success, her retirement was most sincerely
regretted by the whole community.
Like nearly all women who have had
practical experience, Mrs. Higginson is a
firm believer in pharmacy as a profession
for her sex, but she is fully convinced
that almost every woman who attempts
to enter it will find it uphill work
at first. Adverse public opinion, she says,
is a great and most serious obstacle, and
close and thorough study of the subject has
forced her to believe that in regard to this
matter such opinion is far stronger and
harder to overcome here in the "West than
it is in the East.
Mrs. Higginson is also of the conviction
that pharmacy is the one profession which
men, us a rule, are jealously defending
against the encroachment of their sisters,
and that only in rare and exceptional
cases do established druggists look upon
the addition of women to their ranks with
favor. The fact that in many cases it is
almost impossible for v girl or woman to
obtain admission behind the counters of a
pharmacy in order to gain the necessary
four years' experience which is a neces
sity for graduation from our college of
pharmacy does indeed show that there is
no warm welcome for her in the new field.
When, however, she is fortunate enough
to have some relative or friend in the busi
ness or to lind some pharmacist broad
minded and progressive enough to give her
an equal chance with her brother students,
it can be said to her credit that almost
without exception she makes the. most of
it and proves conclusively her fitness for
Among the little band of women phar
macists — practical, self-reliant, self-edu
cated, skilled and enthusiastic — which we
have within the borders of our State,
one of the most prominent is Mrs.
Elizabeth McGaughey Bennett, formerly
of Santa Rosa, now of Oroville. Indeed
so successful has this lady been in her
chosen profession that her example cannot
fail to be a help and encouragement to all
women whose tastes and inclinations lead
them to take up this branch of work and
Mrs. Bennett, who is one of a decidedly
medical family, three members of which, a
sister and two brothers, are successful phy
sicians, began her business iife on the
foundation oi an excellent education, as a
teacher in the city schools of Wi
nona, Minnesota, afterward teaching four
years in Sonoma County, in this State.
An enthusiastic student of chemistry
even in her schoolgirl days, she early de
termined to become a practical pharma
cist, and to that end entered the (Jollejre of
Pharmacy in this city, afterward working
at the business for several years under the
direct supervision of one of the best drug
gists on the coast.
At the expiration of this self-imposed
season of probation Mrs. Bennett, with a
line courage which augured success, pur
chased a drugstore in Santa Rosa, burden
ing herself with a debt of $5.X)0 borrowed
money, and started in business for herself.
"I was obliged to succeed," she says
simply, "for I had to Day back that money
with interest, and," with a sigh of satis
faction, "1 did."
Mrs. Bennett has been particularly for
tunate in her chosen calling, for the com
munity in which she established herself
was exceptionally free from anything like
trade jealousy and narrow-mindedness and
gave her the heartiest support, both moral
and financial. She found few, if any, pre
judices to combat, and the popularity of
her store, and its owner, were unques
tioned from the first.
A branch store in Sebastopol was soon
started by this enterprising lady, and con
ducted by her for two years, at the expira
tion of which it was sold at a handsome
profit. Later on Mrs. Bennett sold her
large drugstore in Santa Rosa, and removed
to Oroville, where she has built up a
flourishing business, and identified herself
with the best interests of the town.
Mrs. Elizabeth McG. Bennett.
[From a photograph.]
It is needless to say that this lady is a
strong advocate of pharmacy as a pro
fession for women, provided that
they are equal to its requirements.
" The business demands long hours,
close confinement, much drudgery and
constant study," she says, "and carries
with it heavy responsibilities. Sex cuts
little figure in the matter, but individuality
makes all the difference in the world, and
she who wishes to be successful
must love the profession and devote
to it her whole time and energy.
I never argue the matter, but I think
I am proving by my work that a drugstore
is just the place for me, as it is for any
woman whose tastes and education fit her
for such a position ; and I hone to see the
time when every lirst-class pharmacy will
employ at least one woman prescription
ONE OF EDISAON`S EARLY SCHEMES
It Failed Through the Kindly Congld-
eratiun of a Freight Crew.
"It vras while Thomas A. Edison and I
were co-tramp operators together years ago
that the then very amusing genius of the
great inventor was made manifest and util
ized by him to subserve his purposes in ob
taining sleep while on duty at a small
town in New York State," said Colonel L.
C. Weir, president of the Adams Express
Company, to a Cincinnati Fnquirer re
porter. "\Ve had both secured positions as
operators at the railway station, I being
the day and Mr. Edison the night man.
As Mr. Edison's whole mind was absorbed
in his electrical studies he spent his entire
time when off duty and supposed to be
sleeping in his experiments, and when the
time for him to relieve the day man came
he was very much physically and mentally
"In fact, I have seen him come to the
office to begin his day's work almost worn
out. But fortunately there was little for
him to do other than answer the calls sent
over the wire every two hours by the dis
patcher to ascertain if all the operators
were on duty. To Edison to have to keep
awake for such trivial duties as this was
very trying, and though then quite a
novitiate he conceived of a plan by which
he could sleep and wake in time to answer
"It was this: Near his instrument he
placed his cot and over the head of that he
placed a bucket. By means of a rubber
tube he conveyed the water from an over
head tank to the bucket, which was so con
structed that within less than two hours
enough water would be conveyed from the
tank to the bucket to completely till the
bucket, and when it began to pour over it
would drop in his face, awakening him in
time to answer his call.
"By this means he continued to make his
electrical experiments through the day and
sleep at night and answering every call for
three months, when one night a belated
freight was sidetracked at his station. The
night was very sultry and the crew sought
the office for water. They discovered the
bucket almost full of water and also Mr.
Edison sound asleep.
"V, r ithout awakening him they emptied
the contents of the bucket, supposing it to
be drinking water, and departed. The call
came. Edison slept soundly on, oblivious
of ail about him. The bucket refilled just
as the succeeding call went over the wire.
Springing up, he answered it, and the
question, 'Where were you when the
previous call was sent?' greeted his ears
immediately, and was a puzzler until he
glanced at the old office clock and saw he
had slept four instead of two hours. Frank
and brief was his reply, 'Asleep.'
" 'Report at the oftiee here to-morrow
and get your time,' spoke the dispatcher,
and the next day we were tramping f< >r
new pastures. It "was several days after
ward before Edison learned of the secret of
the failure of his new invention to do its
work at the proper time and cause his dis
missal. He swore me to secrecy at the
time and I had not thought of it in years
before until just now."
MAN'S FATAL DEFECT.
The One So Regarded in the Eyes of a
The papers are poking unmerciful fun at
one woman for having the courage of her
convictions. An unprecedented oppor
tunity to pay back the grudge of ages was
offered by a London journal which invited
its "lady readers," as they seem always to
call them on that side of the water, to air
their views as to which of man's sins
comes nearest to being unpardonable.
Naturally enough, this called out an "ele
gant derangement of epitaphs" from the
fastidious fair ones, who, judging from
their answers, object less to moral dis
hevelment than to uncouth manners or
uncut hair. One of them, however, held
up as the final and fatal shortcoming a
quality which she called •'ineffectualness,"
ami the race of rising journalists has risen
in a body to ask, "What does that mean?"
and to nuike merry over the eccentricity
which "stands at the gates and swallow's
sawmills," as the little' girl expressed it,
and passing over all known vices, sticks at
one whose very name is a mystery to the
The critics are all men, of course. If
they weren't they would understand 1 in a
trice what she meant, and would know
hers to be the only genuine stumbling
block among them all. For every one has
noticed that poverty, stupidity, bad man
ners, personal uneomehness or even untidi
ness seem incapable of suggesting an im
pediment to the marriage of true minds.
Their possessors go gayly to the altar every
day, nor does the " full-fledged villain
apparently find difficulty in persuading
some member of the persuadable sex to
share his shady fortunes. Who ever heard
of a bachelor criminal? He always has a
wife and family to plead for him. But
'•ineffectualness!" where is the woman
who can forgive it? Its definition is diffi
cult without resorting to slang. In that
vernacular the ineffectual man is the
"chump," another word whose meaning
must be felt rather than explained.
"What is a 'chump'?" disdainfully asked
a severe relative of an irrepressible school
girl who had used the objectionable word
and who as quickly replied, "Why, a
chump is a — well, a person who doesn't get
This is the ineffectual man in a nutshell.
He cannot arise to the occasion, he doesn't
get there, he is a chump — and woman de
spises him from the bottom of her discern
ing little heart. She asks but little here
below; often, indeed, she only wants the
merest masculine peg on which to hang
her affections and ideals and feminine as
pirations. ■ She does not require that peg
to "stay put" in the wall, and let it wabble
ever so slightly or come tumbling down
from its place, not all the king's horses nor
all the king's men can put it back. She
won't have it! The man who misses the
propitious moment for a kiss, the man who
seizes the moment too soon, the man who
is afraid to propose and the man whose
self-security leads him to precipitate mat
ters, the man who cannot put a bold face
on his lack of business success and the man
whose prosperity makes him presuming —
one and all, she scorns them as ineffectual
and passes by on the other side. As the
astute banker in "The Henrietta" ruefully
remarks, "A woman never forgives a mail
for not being there when she is about to
fall." Success, or at least a simulation of
success, is what woman worships; and
while she may overlook failure in the man
she already loves, she never falls in love
with it in the first place.
This is why woman, by no means "un
certain, coy and hard to please," looks
critically on two men and one is taken
and the other left. It is not mere boldness;
oh, no! nor business prosperity nor com
mon-sense that commends the" former to
her favor, but that subtle, undefinable
characteristic partaking of all these quali
ties yet distinctly different, which we call
''sand." Fair Ellen, before the stirring
events of her wedding night, probably
thought one man was as good as another,
but when young Lochinvar pranced Jll ami
at exactlythe right moment, and in ex
actly the right way, blaimed her for his
own, while the ineffectual man, "the poor,
craven bridegroom, said never a word,"
what woman would hesitate? She never
does. She has no other but a .woman's
reason, which she puts in softened form to
the disconsolate possessor of all the virtues
but the one thing needful:
She said: "I admire and respect you.
But my heart's choice is Barney McGee!"
— Philadelphia Press.
The poet Swinburne is 58 years old and
in the prime of physical condition. He is
an unimpressive figure. Ho is scarcely live
feet in height, his face is ghastly pale, and
his head, which is large in proportion to
his body, is covered with a thick shock of
AM) BEARING-DOWN PAINS
Jfearly Drove Mrs. Martin Hale "Wild.
How She Obtained Relief.
[SrSCIAI, TO OUR LAST SEADEBB.]
"Nearly all last winter I was sick in
bed, and was attended by different phy-
(gjE-y^g^ sicians ; none
tiJjj^f^K^pvjj^^l cured me, none
o> ». 1 j? licldc(l xiig vorv
® ' i® mucll - When
|; 9 1 attempted to
1 1 f^^^^ I e et u p> ifc was
I $V&s±' c .r ifPl<?}' * ache, I was
dizz y antif:iil > t >
■Ifel^ . I down terrible.
iK^^Sil i z ais ° had kid *
must have help right away. I resolved to
try Lydia. E. Pinkhani'a Vegetable Com-
pound. The results were marvellous. I
have gained in every way, and am en-
tirely cured." — Mrs. Martin Hale,
Oakdale, Mass. Every druggist has it.
Purely Vegetable, mild and reliable. Are a cure
for Indigestion, Biliousness and Disordered Liver.
Speedily cure Sick Headache, L«ss of Appetite,
Dyspepsia, Constipation, by regula;ing digestion,
'it mm * 6c_
NEW TO-DAY— DRY GOODS.
Dry-Goods and Cloak House.
ti ATP Previous to our GRAND
fit! 91 9 L OPENINGof New Spring-
-111 81 Ml Goods next week, ad-
II V I L vance Invoices of which
are now arriving daily and being:
> opened up, we will offer In the
700 PIECES 22-INCH
COLORED SURAH SILK
Light and dark shades, reduced from 50c to
25c Per Yard.
A portion of this immense purchase will
be displayed in our show windows, and we
invite inspection. This transaction must
create a great sensation.
WE WILL ALSO PLACE ON SALE
Some of the Late Arrivals of New Styles
SPRING DRESS GOODS
Foreign and domestic at very modest prices.
35TPLEASE GIVE US A CALL
LADIES' WRAPPERS AND WAISTS.
We have an immense assortment— en-
tirely new — select from, and our prices
will be found very low.
KW Mall orders carefully and promptly attended
to. Goods forwarded C. O. I), or on receipt of re-
mittances by express or mall.
He' Samples free on application.
PHILIP KENNEDY & GO.
MARKET AND FIFTH STREETS.
FOR THIS WEEK.
Latest style Fedoras 81.45
Yacht Caps, good quality 45
Genuine Seal Combination Purse 85
Lizard-skin Combination Purse 555
Cut-T-Cure Soap, per cake 15
Dairy-made Soap, 3 cakes for 25
Nickel Alarm-( 'locks, guaranteed 75
Eoonizod Mantel Clocks. llxl6Va.
Special, Misses' Washable Chamois
Gauntlets, in white and tan, reduced
from $1 to 4O
Ditto Ladies, white only, reduced from
$125 to i^lli- 55
Quadruple-plate 6-bottle Caster 2.00
Triple-plate Combination Sugar Bowl,
with 12 Tea-spoons 2.00
Diamond Carpet Sweeper , 1.05
18-inch Lacquered Japanese Tray 30
Etched Gas Globes, 4 or 5 inch J5 5
50-can ile power Bisc Lamp, Shade to
REED GOODS ~DE~P'T.
Full size Hood-top Baby Carriage 6.00
Ladies' Reed Rocker Sewing Chair. 3.00
Complete set George Eliot's Works, 6
Charles Dickens' Works, cloth bound, 15
4000 Titles, Songs, Waltzes, etc. 05
Popular Music, half price, full line,
Title Insurance anfl Trnst Company,
Money to Loan on Real Estate at
Lowest Market Kates.
Real Estate Titles Examined and Guaranteed
mHIS COMPANY WILL HEREAFTER MAKE
J. and continue Abstracts of Titles for the use of
attorneys at short notice, and at the usual rates
charged, by searchers.
We are prepared to verify all Abstracts mad.« by
any other seacher of records.
Its facilities for searching and the reputation and
lesponslbility of the company are so well known
that the abstracts furnished can be depended upon
as being most complete and reliable.
L. B. ELLERT, Manager.
NEW WESTERN HOTEL.
KEARNV AND WASHINGTON STS.— RE-
modeled and renovated. KING, WARD <fc CO.
European plan. Rooms 50c to $1 50 per day, 92
to $8 per week, $8 to $30 per month; free baths;
hot and cold water every room; lire grates in every
room; elevator runs all algae