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INFLUENZA IN BERLIN
The Duchess of Sagan a
Victim of the
MANY PEOPLE STRICKEN.
The Epidemic Seriously Inter
feres With the Business
of the Law Courts.
OPPOSING GRAIN MONOPOLY.
Emperor William Strongly Resents
the Attitude of Agrarians
In the Matter.
Berlin. March 9.— The Duchess of
Sagan, mother of the wife of the German
Embassador at Washington, died of in
fluenza to-day. The disease is still epi
demic here. The Duke of Sagan is only
just recovering from an attack of the same
disease. Emperor William's eldest sister,
the Princess ot Saxe-Meiningen, is improv
ing. Two Berlin Judges, "Wilier and Hoff
man, have died from the effects of in
fluenza. The epidemic is seriously inter
fering with the business of the law courts,
and in several public schools, owing to the
sickness of su many teachers and pupils,
■whole classes have been suspended. In
the whole of Germany last week Xurem
burg had the doubtful honor of heading
the influenza statistics with the biggest
sick list, with Hamburg next with 1455.
The family of United States Embassador
Runyon have all recovered from attacks of
influenza, and on Thursday night a ball
was given at the Einbassador's house.
OI'POSES URAIS MONOPOLY.
Emperor William Expresses Himself
Strongly on Yon Kanitz's Kill.
Berlin. March 9. — The public is looking
forward to the convening of the State
Council on Tuesday with a great deal of
interest. Emperor William will deliver a
comprehensive address, defining the scope
of the deliberations and the propositions
to be submitted to the council. The ques
tion of the restriction or prohibition <fi the
entry of American cattle or meat into Ger
nnnv will be one of the subjects which
will be fully discussed. The Emperor per
sonally has obtained exhaustive informa
tion from the Minister of Husbandry,
Yon Hammerstein, during an audience
' mday, which lasted two hours. His
esty took this occasion to familiarize
self with the leading topics to be dis
•-.•<' by the State Council, and he will
the labors of that body as far as cir
■ mces will permit, attending many
is if possible.
itz'a grain-monopoly bill, ac
: romise which the Federa
• Husbandly made to the Emperor,
trod Lced in the Reichstag un
; r it has been considered by the State
I lin ail its bearings. Emperor Wil
t at the attitude of the A^ra
•■■ ' ■ . the credits asked for on
:' .if the Navy Department in the
I and it is reported his Majesty
■ sed I is indignation rather freely
_ Yon K.anitz'B bill. It is stated
asion of the recent banquet
Brandenburg Diet the Emperor,
[.rivately conversing with Baron
Mnnteuffel, strongly expressed his disap
• f the proposed grain monopoly.
ling to the %'ersion of the story the
• \><n cannot expect me to engage in
usury with bread."
Another account has it that the Empe
ror remarked :
■ I cannot help in making poor people's
bread dear." 1
An expression used with reference to the '
navy debate by the Agrarian leader, Yon
Ploetz, "Ohne Kanitz keine kaehne"
(without Kanitz no ships), came to the
ears of the Emperor and was much re
sented by him.
BISMARCK'S WAyiXG HEALTH.
The Prince Says He Is _Vof Equal to a
Public Birthday Festival.
Berlin, March 9.— Prince Christian of
Hohenlohe-Oehringer was the guest of
Prince Bismarck at Fried rich sruhe on Sun
day and Monday last. The latter spoke of
his waning strength and Dr. Schweninger's
positive prohibition not to excite himself
and receive large crowds. In additiou
Prince Bismarck expressed grave ctoubts as
to whether he would be equal to the task
of celebrating his eightieth birthday, as the
people wish him to do, publicly and with all
kinds of demonstration. The Emperor has
informed Professor yon Sybil, the histor
ian, he will personally participate in the
A newspaper of Leipsic recently asked a
number of literary and political men for an
expression of opinion upon the idea of
making Prince Bismarck an honorary
citizen of the German empire by an act of
Parliament, and almost all approved of the
plan. Dr. Sehaedler, a member of the
Center party, was rather pointed in his an
swer. He said: "I beg to say that in mem
ory of the Kulturkampf and the oppression
of the German Catholics at that time, your
questions are of no interest in any way."
The Conservative, National Liberal and
anti-Semite members of the Reichstag will
celebrate Bismarck's birthday by a com
mers, and will go to Friedrichsruhe to
gether on April 7 to deliver an address to
GUELPH 1' ARTY'S HOPES.
They Look for a Restoration of Tlteir
Berlin, March 9.— The long and friendly
conversation which the Emperor had with
the Duke of Cumberland while his Majesty
was in Vienna upon the occasion of the
funeral of Grand Duke Albrecht has re
vived the hopes of the Guelph party in
Germany. In the court circles the opinion
prevails that Prince George, the eldest son
of the Duke of Cumberland, will be the
reigning Duke of Brunswick upon attain
ing his majority in October. 1893. The
Prince Regent Albrecht, being very
wealthy, is not enamored of his office. He
harbors no intention of founding a dynasty
for Brunswick- He is, besides, an ultra
legitimist and never approved of the des
potism of the Gueiphs. The Prince Re
gent regards the regency as a provisional
arrangement and absents himself from
Brunswick as frequently as he decently
can. • ■ ■ ■
KoUr.n and Yirn Kotc Taken.
Yokohama, March 9. — The Japanese
have occupied Kokan and Yien Kow, port
of New Chwang, without opposition.
The coast forts about New Chwang are
still holding out. The lirst and second
Japanese armies effected a junction at
Yien Kow. The Chinese army, com
manded by General Sung, has retired to
Thien Chuang Lai.
It is officially announced that the safety
of the foreigners at Yien Kow has been
guaranteed by the Japanese, who are in
quiring into the personal injuries sus
The foreign settlement is guarded by
Japanese troops, the British and American
warships Firebrand and Petrel, respect
ively, leaving their protection in charge of
The Austrian-Poland Xorclist Who Was
Jtecorated by f ranee.
Frank fukt, March 9.— Leopold yon Rit
ter Sacher-Masoch, the novelist, is dead.
He was born at Lemberg, Austrian Poland,
January 27, 1836.
He published in 1859 his historical ac
count of the insurrection in Ghent, under
Charles V. His series of novels, entitled
•'Cain's Inheritance," was translated into
most of the European languages. After
that he wrote a number of interesting
works. Sacher-Masoch was a special
favorite with the French. The French
Republic in 1883 conferred upon him the
cross of the Legion of Honor.
Sati Domingo and France Settle.
Paris, March 9. — The terms of the set
tlement of the difficulty between San Do
mingo and France provide for the payment
of 1,000,000 francs for the illegal detention
of Captain Boimere and 20,000 Jrancs for
the murder of Caville, a French naval ora
cer. Naval honors will be paid to the mur
dered man by the French and Italian Min
isters. The remaining question in dispute,
which is of minor importance, will be set
tled through the Spanish Minister, -who is
acting as arbitrator.
Reported Resignations Confirmed.
Paris, March 9.— The members of the
Venezuelan Legation confirm the report
that the French and Belgian Ministers at
Caracas have handed in their passports.
It is claimed the matter is the result of a
personal misunderstanding with the Min
isters affected, and the action of President
Crespo in giving the passports is not di
rected against the Governments repre
sented by the Ministers.
Shoe Operatives on Strike.
London, March 9. — In consequence of the
National Federation of Bootmakers notify
ing the operatives to stop work on March
16, owing to a complicated dispute con
cerning the use of machinery, the Shoe
Operatives' Union has called out all the
operatives not obliged to give a week's
notice. Ten thousand quit to-day.
The Young Train-Robber Tells Something
of His Career.
St. Louis, March 9. — Superintendent
G rover B. Simpson of the Wells
Fargo Express Company arrived
here to-day from Southwest City,
Ho., where he has been superintend
ing the hunt for the robber companion of
Jim Cummins, the desperado, who held
up the San Francisco train near Aurora,
Mo., February 22. Agents of the railroad
and express company are trailing the man
and Mr. Simpson expresses the conviction
that he will be captured.
Cummins gave a brief history of him
self. He said his real name was Joshua
Craft, was born at Briar, Tex., and would
be 21 years old next June. He led the life
of a cowboy in Texas.
Last July, when he made the acquaint
ance of a man named Wilson at Pans,
Texas, they went to Claremore, I. T.,
where they worked for a time and then
went into the train-robbing business.
Their first attempt was on the San Fran
cisco, November 12, 1884, in which they
secured $250 and thirty watches. Th*»ir
next holdup was a Rock Island train in
the Indian Territory on November 23,
1894, receiving very little booty.
On the 31st of December last they held
tip a train on the Queen and Crescent Rail
road near Livingston, Ala., securing only
$18. They held up a train on the Cotton
Belt road near McNeil, Ark., January 21.
From McNeil they made their way across
the State of Missouri, and on February 22
held up train No. 1 on the San Francisco
road, near Aurora, Mo., and secured $58
and a watch. The robbers were on their
way to Texas when they were run onto by
the officers and the young one captured.
Gowns on Exhibition.
New York, March 9.— The exhibition of
gowns of every fashion and date, ancient
and modern, opened to-night at Madison
square Garden and will be continued until
The idea emanated from some of the
ladies of the Young Women's Christian
Association and St. James Mission. The
rirst exhibition was held a year ago and
was a success. The garden to-night was
well filled and interest in the exhibition
Of Interest to the Const.
Washington, D. C, March 9.— The Navy De
partment has ordered an Inquiry concerning
the accident to the Bennin^ton on her recent
trip to AcaDulco.
Judge Maguire and his wife left for San Fran
ew'o to-day via the Canadian Pacific. Repre
sentative Caminetti and wife leave Monday
Pensions granted: California: Original—
William J). Hastings, Columbia, Tuoluiune;
Luigi Kcrrerri, San Francisco; William Snow,
K'irt lirasg. Mendocino; John Doyle, San Fran-
Cisco. Increased — John P. Kopp, Veterans'
Home, N'apft; Christian yon Meyerhoff, San
Francisco. Reissued and increased — Thomas
Mullen, San Jo.se, Santa Clara. Mexican War
survivors— Edward Williams, Oakland, Ala
_>« It Kiif on Cocktails.
Washington, March 9. — Solicitor Reeve
of the Treasury Department, in an opin
ion rendered to-day, holds that a cocktail
made of American whisky, bitters, ab
sinthe, etc., is a manufactured article
within the meaning of section 9 of the
tariff act of IR!*4, and therefore entitled to
be manufactured in a bonded warehouse
for export without the payment of duty.
An Artist- Burglar Cai>tured.
PiTTSBURr;, March 9.— After dodging the
officers for years John A. Heits, a news
paper artist, was arrested to-day and will
be taken buck to Kentucky to serve four
years and a half in the Frankfort prison,
from which he escaped in IS9O. There was
a reward of $500 on his head. He was
known in Louisville as the "Dude Burglar,'*
and worked as a tailor, reporter and artist.
Pugilists in Jail.
Pocatello, Idaho, March 9.— Deputy
Sheriff Caldwell last night arrested Pugil
ists Thomas Brown, colored, and Joseph
McCall, Referee McLone, Robert Maxfold,
colored, and Ted Joseph during the
progress of a prizefieht to a finish for a $25
purse. One round had been fought and
Brown had been knocked under the ropes.
The five rneu were jailed.
Jtetter Times in Kansas.
Topeka, Kans.. March !>.— That better
times prevail in Western cities is evidenced
by the fact that twelve counties have noti
ced Governor Morrill that they are in need
of no further outside aid. The Legislature
had appropriated $100,000 to distribute
among the destitute in these and other
THE SAN FRANCISCO CALL, SUNDAY, MAECH 10, 1895.
WILDE ON THE STAND
His Case Against Lord
Objection Is Made to His
MYSTERIOUS LETTER OFFERED.
It Was Struck Out to Shield Some
One and the Marquis Held
London, March 9. — The Marquis of
Queensberry was to-day at the Marl
borough-street Police Court formally com
mitted for trial by Mr. Newton, the sitting
magistrate, on the charge of having libeled
Oscar Wilde in leaving at the Marlborough
Club on February 28 a card upon which
was written a disgraceful epithet. The
Marquis declared in court that he wrote
the card simply to bring matters to a head
and to save his son, and that he abided by
what he wrote.
Edward H. Carson, Q. C, M. P., formerly
Solicitor-General for Ireland, defended the
Marquis of Queensberry. The court was
crowded with well-known people.
Oscar Wilde, who wore a long dark blue
overcoat, drove to the Police Court in great
style in a carriage with a footman and a
coachman. Accompanying Mr. Wilde was
Lord Alfred Douglass, son of the Marquis
of Queensberry, but he was not allowed to
remain in court during" the examination of
Mr. Wilde was finally placed on the
stand and began his evidence with an air
of languid loftiness. When he was asked
if he was Oscar Wilde, the author and
dramatist, the witness replied, "I think I
am well known." This remark made Mr.
Newton interpose sharply, saying, "An
swer the question, please." Thereupon
the plaintiff replied, "Yes." The reproof
of the magistrate caused Mr. Wilde to
assume a less important air.
Replying to questions put to him by his
own counsel, plaintiff said that he first be
came acquainted with the Marquis of
Queensberry in 1893. He remembered
lunching with Lord Alfred Douglass (who
is the Marquis' second son, and who was
born in 1S70), in the Cafe Royal during the
month of October, 1892, when the de
fendant entered the room, and by invita
tion of his son sat down at the same table.
Continuing, Mr. Wilde said he did not see
the Marquis of Queensberry again until
1893, when he and Lord Alfred Douglass
were lunching in the same cafe. The de
fendant upon that occasion shook hands
with both his son and Mr. Wilde, and the
witness invited the Marquis to join them.
At this stage of the proceedings counsel
for Mr. Wilde handed him a letter, and the
witness was asked if such a document had
been placed in his hands by Lord Alfred
Douglass shortly afterward.
The magistrate here remarked that he
thought this document should be placed
Mr. Carson, counsel for the Marquis, in
terposed, saying that he did not object to
the letter being put in evidence. On the
contrary, he preferred that it should be
brought before the court, as he wished to
show the Marquis was acting in the in
terest of his son. Mr. Newton said that he
could not then enter into the question.
Mr. Carson objected to this, and asked
that the document be put in evidence in
order that the matter might be investi
gated in the fullest manner possible.
Counsel for Mr. Wilde said that it was
not intended that the letter should be read
in court, as the names of exalted persons
were mentioned, and he did not think it
right that their names should transpire.
Counsel also explained that the mysteri
ous letter was introduced with the view of
charging the Marquis of Queensbeiry with
additional libel, but as Mr. Newton in
sisted that in that case the letter should
be read in court, counsel for the plaintiff
withdrew the letter.
Mr. Wilde then continued his evidence,
testifying as to how he was handed the
card of the Marquis of Queensberry, upon
which was written the abusive words, by a
porter at the Albemarle Club.
Mr. Carson then cross-examined the wit
ness in regard to his acquaintance with
Lord Alfred Douglass, saying that he
wished to show that the object of the Mar
quis was to end the acquaintanceship of
his son with the plaintiff.
The magistrate said he considered this
defense to he a plea of justilication and did
not allow Mr. Carson to proceed.
The Harqnifl of Queen sberry was then
asked if he had anything to say, where
upon he arose and declared that he wrote
the card "simply to bring matters to a
head and save my son." He added, "I
abide by what I wrote."
The Marquis was then formally com
mitted for trial, bail being allowed in
HARRY HAYWARD UNEASY
Minnesota Legislators Applaud the Ver
dict in the Senate.
Minneapolis, March 8. — It was 4 o'clock
this morning before Harry Hay ward was
able to sleep, and at 10 he was still sleep
ing. He had packed his clothing in a
valise while waiting for the jury's ver
His only fear was violence from the
crowd when acquittal should come. When
he reached his cell after hearing the verdict
his first remark was: "By — , I'll have to
unpack this thing now. If I don't my
clothes will get wrinkled."
When he was removed to a cell on the
second floor he seemed to realize more
fully his situation. A day and a night
watch has been put over him.
St. Paul, March 9.— There was an un
usual scene in the Minnesota Senate yes
terday afternoon. Lieutenant-Governor
Day said :
"In this lull of business you will allow
me to announce the verdict of the Hay
ward jury, which has just been reported.
Hay ward is found guilty."
The verdict was received with a hum of
conversation, and in a second the entire
body broke forth into applause.
GENERAL HARRISON BETTER.
The Condition Mot Considered. Ttangerous,
as He Is Improving.
Indianapolis, March 9.— The condition
of General Harrison has not materially
changed to-day. Dr. Henry James said
this morning: "General Harrison has
been working very hard recently in Rich
mond. He has taken a bad cold, almost
the grip. He has acute bronchitis, and |
last Thursday he had pluerobynia, what j
are termed pluerisy pains. He is very
weak. He is seriously ill, but I should say
not in any danger. Overwork haa a gooa
deal to do with his weakness.''
At 3 o'clock this afternoon General Har
rison's condition was much improved. He
sat up part of the day and said there was
no cause for anxiety on the part of his
friends for his condition.
New Yoek, March 9. — Mrs. McKee,
daughter of ex-President Harrison, left for
Indianapolis upon receipt of a telegram
j advising her of General Harrison's serious
Schooner Seized in Florida.
Feknandina. Fla., March 9. — The
schooner Jennie H. Parker has been seized
here on account of defects in her clearance
papers and rumors are afloat that she has
contraband goods on board for Cuban revo
lutionists. Her papers have been re
turned and new ones will have to be
taken out before the vessel can put to sea.
Women in Ohio Politics.
Cincinnati, March 9.— Specials report
that primary elections for members of
Boards of Education were held in numer
ous cities in all parts of Ohio and that the
women were out in force. In nearly every
case where there was competition between
a woman and a man the woman won.
Chicago, March 9. — The match between
Choynski and Creedon has been arranged
for March 21 and that between Ryan and
Tracey for March 20.
The Treasury* Condition.
Washington, March 9.— To-day's state
ment of the condition of the treasury
shows: Available cash balance, $183,
--468,533; gold reserve, $89,723,015.
TELEGRAPHIC NEWS IN BRIEF.
Samuel P. Hill, the man who killed Robert
Peaslee in Sydney, N. V., in 1886, is dead.
Frederick Douglass memorial services were
held in Cincinnati by the colored residents.
Boston's Merchants' Association has sub
scribed $250 to the Newfoundland relief fund.
The story of mutiny on the American bark
Portland, wrecked near Juni, is pronounced a
Striking miners in Pennsylvania have gained
their fight. An increase to 69 cents has been
The hidden treasures of Peter Humphrey,
who W9.s known as a miser, were unearthed at
St. Joseph, Mich.
The golden jubilee of Very Rev. Carmody,
Vicar-General of Nova Scotia, was celebrated
by mass and presents.
The firm of G. A. Budd & Co. has failed in
Elyria, Ohio, with $750,000 liabilities and half
that amount in assets.
The experting of the book&of D. R. Markham,
defaulting County Clerk of Clinton, lowa,
shows a'shortagt- of $ 10,000.
Frank Wenter, president of the board of
directors of the Chicago drainage canal, has
been nominated for Mayor of Chicago.
A locomotive boiler exploded at Covees sta
tion, near Harrisburg, Pa., killing H. Pfefiy,
the fireman, and wounding the engineer,
Plans for reorganization of the Cattle-Feed
ing Company have been made public. Bonds
are to be issued to retire the $1,000,000 of
bonds now outstanding.
Colonel Coit of the Ohio National Guard is
! upheld by the commission which investigated
I the shooting of citizens while defending a
j negro prisoner from being lynched.
The official information has been received in
I Washington regarding the rumor of contemj
I plated request for recall of United States
| Consul-General Williams at Havana by the
j Spanish Government.
The Lost Ice Ax.
The valley above San Damiano is beauti
i ful with a rare loveliness. Debris from the
i hillsides once filled the floor across and
: made a wide flat area. Through the deep
i bed of conglomerate thus formed the river
i has again cut a gorge, within which it
; gracefully winds. In long green or wooded
! slopes the mountains spread down on
: either side to the fertile valley floor. Vil
lages are planted on the edge" of the lower
ravine, the sides of which are precipitous
with birch trees growing on their ledges,
now and then a waterfall leaping down
i over them. The floor of the ravine again
i is flat, with grass lawns of wonderful
verdure, contained by the loops of the
clear and hurrying waters.
As we drove along, gazing at the series
! of beautiful pictures thus revealed to us,
; we turned a corner, and a long tendril of
i wild rose in full blossom reached out from
I the rocks on our right and arched the pic-
I ture in. So entranced were we that an ice
i ax, my companion for eighteen summers,
■ leaped out of the carriage, and I did not
I miss it till we reached the trysting place,
! where ournien awaited ui<. Aynionod went
\ back a mile or so to look for it. He met
some peasants and asked them if they had
seen such a thing in the way. "Yes,'' they
. answered, "lying in the 'middle of the
, road." "Why did you not pick it up,
; then?" "Oh, why should we? It was not
; ours." And the next man we met said
I the same. "We saw it and Wt it; it was
j not ours." It lay where it Mltiil Aymonod
I found it and brought it saiely back.— The
: Contemporary Review.
A new railroad uniting the Atlantic and
Pacific is nearly completed. It crosses the
Andes, and brings Buenos Ayres within
forty hours' travel of Valparaiso.
Tp«t People who get the great
tT>/ est degree of comfort and
AjjviQA real enjoyment out of life,
7u\\ lHliv*sl arc 'hose who make
aPwiir^L^— the most out of their
w BJULl^ek """* lun i * es - Quick
W^fllgpW. ?7'*2jP - > ' (m and good
i '.J'i'.lg-Tr!''r.t. lead such
l^*JiP»f!«K promptly to adopt and
T^*M*fjl make use of those re-
. Es&Msra* fined and improved pro-
( • wffr walla ducts of modern in-
/■ r »Sw^'^ ;:; \ Vl : l ive genius
U'l J^teaSSKpfi/A which best serve
lii 1 ffiaSSnyV/W tlr needs of their
\%\^Mini\X''\l Physical being. Ac-
\ 11/ nAN 1 1 cordingly, the. most
\\^«X \ir\ // intelligent and pro-
v H^JJV JJ gressive people are
Xy^^H^j^/"^ found to employ
>v^ "'is.the most refined
V and perfect laxative
to regulate and tone up the stomach,
liver, and bowels, when in need of such
an agent — the great popularity of
Dr. Pierce s Pleasant Pellets. These are
made from the purest, most refined and
concentrated vegetable extracts, and
from forty - two to forty - four are con-
tained in each vial, which is sold at the
same price as the cheaper made and
more ordinary pills found in the market.
In curative virtues, there is no compari-
son to be made between them and the
ordinary pills, as any one may easily
learn by sending for a free sample,
(four to seven doses) of the Pellets,
which will be sent on receipt of name
and address on a postal card. ■
Qnce Used. They are Always in Favor.
The Pellets cure biliousness, sick and
bilious headache, dizziness, costiyeness,
or constipation, sour stomach, loss of ap-
petite, coated tongue, indigestion, or
dyspepsia, windy belchinjrs, heart-
burn," pain and distress after eating,
and kindred derangements of the liver,
stomach and bowels. Put up in glass
vials, therefore always fresh and reliable.
One little "Pellet" is a laxative, two
arc mildly cathartic. As a "dinner
pill." to promote digestion, take one
each day after dinner. To relieve dis-
tress from over-eating, they are un-
equaled. They are tiny,, sugar-coated
granules; any child will readily take
them. -. Address for free sample,
World's Dispensary Medical Asso-
ciation, 663 Main Street, Buffalo, N. Y.
EMBRACED IN PEACE
Brazil and Argentine
Bury All Their Dif
A JOINT MASS-MEETING.
Minister Thompson Declined
to Take Part in the Joy
HIS POSITION PREVENTED HIM.
Telegram of Congratulation For
warded to Baron de Rio Branco
Rio de Janeiro, Feb. 16.— The following
is an account of the mass-meeting held
here on Wednesday, February 12, to cele
brate the decision of President Cleveland in
favor of Brazil and against the Argentine
Republic in the question of the claim to
jurisdiction over the territory of Missiones:
The committee, consisting of Colonel
Zersallo Correa, Dr. Agostinho Dos Reis,
Dr. Antonio Azeredo, Dr. Elhidio de Mes
quita and Senor de Vasconcellos, sent
written invitations to the United States
Minister, Thomas L. Thompson, and the
Argentine Minister to be present.
Mr. Thompson, during the afternoon of
February 11, called at the Foreign Office
and explained that as he represented the
President of the United States in the affair
of arbitration he could not be present.
At 1 p. m. the square of St. Frances de
Paulo, just at the head of Onvidor, was
solidly full of people, and Senor Marinho
was selected as presiding officer of the
meeting. Colonel Correa, an ex-Minister,
under Marshal Floriano Peixoto, was the
The following telegram sent to Baron de
Rio Branco, Washington, was rean by Dr.
Rio Branco, Washington: The people of Bra
zil, in a vast meeting of acclaim, amidst psalms
and your name send you enthusiastic greet
ings on account of the honorable decision of
the question of the Missiones. The Brazilian
republic and the Argentine confederation
commemorating the victory of peace and of
right by means of arbitration, establish the
patriotic example of the real aggrandizement
of American nations. The undersigned, in the
name of the people who met and expressed the
unanimous sentiment of the whole nation,
salute you with the utmost enthusiasm, for the
commission of which you are the worthy chief
merits the heartfelt praise of the fatherland
and of Republican America.
The message was signed by the commit
tee having the meeting in charge. Minis
ter Rio Branco sent a reply.
After several minutes given to vivas the
procession formed and moved on to the
presidential palace. Colonel Correa made
In reply to the speech the Argentine
Minister, Dr. Garcia Meron, made a few
complimentary remarks in Spanish.
In his turn the President of the republic,
Dr. Prudente Moraes, said in Portuguese:
Minister of the Argentine Republic and fel
low-oitizens: The enthusiasm that bursts spon
taneously from your bosoms is just, noble and
patriotic. People are accustomed to crown
and glorify their heroes and generals on re
turning conquerors from the field of battle,
where they decide questions between nations.
The hero whom you glorify to-day is more
worthy than any great general, because repre
senting the Brazilian nation in a dispute of
ages he has caused to triumph your rignt with
out leaving the field of battie strewn with
Nations maneuver with such skill and with
great wisdom, and by our hero, in this well
fought battie.we have constituted the invincible
and eternal principles of right. The general
who conducted the bloodless battle has. there
fore, a right to the homage of Brazilians and of
Argentines, who are enabled to leave oft' strug
gling and embrace one another. Your enthu
siasm, I repeat, i.s just.
Let us profit by that lesson and show our
selves worthy of the majesty of the nature of
the fatherland. Let there be no obstacle to the
realization of our conquest: let us forget our
individualities and look only to the holy image
ot our Wind.
It only remains, fellow-citizens, after this
brilliant and honorable termination to the
question -which agitated the souls of two
brother nations for so loug a time, to draw still
tighter the bonds of friendship, sincere and
fruitful, ami bind them together as their rep
resentatives of this solemn moment.
Saying this the President threw his arms
around the Minister of the Argentine Re
public in a warm embrace.
President Moraes sent a telegram to the
President of the Argentine Republic con
gratulating him on the peaceful settlement
of the trouble.
They Are Made by Peasants in Spain and
"I wonder how many of the men who
come in here and use the orange-wood
toothpicks," said a man in an uptown
hotel, "know where they come from arid
how they are made? They are made by
the cleverest whittlers in the world, and
every one of them is of hand manufacture.
The peasants in Spain and Portugal make
them, and they first found their way into
this country through the medium of steam
ship officers. It is a fact that hotels in
all parts of this country are using these
orange-wood slivers now in preference to
either quills or the old-fashioned tooth
picks, and the demand for them here has
been a perfect godsend to the peasants
who make them on the other side.
"A year or so ago I was in Spain, and
saw the peasants making them. They
could turn one out with three slashes of
the knife, and it was their custom to do
them up in packages of twenty and sell
them to tourists and steamship officers for
the equivalent of 1 cent of our money. At
that time the peasants made them in their
leisure moments, but now I am told many
peasants make their living manufacturing
toothpicks. You see the demand for them
has increased to such an extent that the
peasants can sell all they make. The
steamship officers sell them here at a profit
of about a cent on each package, which
amounts to considerable when a large
number are sold.
"A peculiar phase of the matter is that
not a cent of duty is asked for or paid on
them. They were formerly received in
such small quantities that no attention
was paid to them, and the steamship offi
cers are still able to get them in free, be
cause toothpicks are the last things cus- .
Toms officers are looking for. And as
toothpicks they are really excellent. They
are strong and flexible, and, instead of
breaking, tear, so that there is no danger
of the end suddenly breaking off and re
maining in the tooth, a characteristic of
the old Drittle toothpicks. It is a wonder
to me that some one doesn't make a busi
ness of importing them. . I believe that
steamship officers have a monopoly of the
business up to date, and I am sure that,
there would be money in it for somebody
if he snatched the business out of their
hands."— York Sun.
____^__^_^__^ u^_^^_^^.J!J[^y TO-DAT— CLOTHING.
& JUIUBO. '
SEARCH FOR CHARLIE ROSS.
A Rascally New York Police Officer Pre
vented Success Being: Attained.
So many years have passed since the
child Charlie Ross was stolen from his
home in Germantown that the crime is iost
to the memory of many, but that has not
deterred some people from 111 making the
attempt to palm off a bogus youth upon
the afflicted family as the lost son, says the
Philadelphia Inquirer. The latest effort of
this kind was made by a woman who
represented herself as the widow of one of
the two burglars who were killed at ]say
Ridge, L. 1., while trying to rob the house
of a judge of the courts.
<The woman brought with her a young
man, who, a relative of the boy says, was
tiat-headed and beetle-browed, and could in
no way have borne resemblance to what
little Chariie would have been at
manhood. She had the story of the
disappearance pat enough — how the
two children, Charlie and Walter,
were decoyed from the lawn of the
house, at Washington Jane and Chew
street, by the two men in a wagon, Mosher
and Douglass; how they were driven into
the country, where Walter, the elder, was
dropped, and how $20,000 ransom had been
offered for the recovery of the younger
son. Other facts she seemed familiar with,
but her scheme had nothing else in it.
Many believe the boy to be dead. There
have been a hundred or more alleged Char
lies, but in no instance has the father, who
has traveled all over the country, had any
hope after once seeing the alleged child or
The secret of his fate probably died with
the Bay Ridge burglars, one of whom ex
pired immediately after being shot, while
the other lived long enough to say that his
companion had known where the child
was, that the lad was still alive, but that
he himself knew nothing of his location.
In nunating some of the facts the rela
tives of the Ross family also shed more
light upon the efforts to find the boy, and
made the important statement that once
whin success seemed assured they were
frustrated by one of the police captains of
Now York, a man who was charged before
the Lexow committee w'th having ac
quired w ealth by the nil st corrupt means.
It was there, he says, the had
arranged to deliver their prisoner upon the
payment of $20,000. They had exacted the
condition that Mr. Ross and those helping
him should leave New York upon board of
a spec/al train, a locomotive and one car,
bound for Albany.
At one point along the road a colored
lantern light was to be waved, and the
money, at this signal, was to be dropped
by the side of the track. Further up the
line there was to be another light shown,
and there the boy was to be delivered to
According to the relative's story, the
rescuing party took along with them an
expert rifleman, with the object of maim
ing the kidnaper, whoever he might be,
and then effecting his capture. They
made the trip as directed, but nothing
came of it. No lights were shown and no
other clew was obtained.
The police captain in question, the rela
tive says, gave the tip to the thieves that
the sharpshooter would be on board the
car. "Walter Ross, the son who was
dropped by the countryside, was married
about two months ago. *
FACTS ABOUT THE PYRAMIDS.
If the Monarch's Reign "Was Long His
Monument Was Large.
The pyramids of Egypt, for long and to
this day included among the world's won
ders, are to be regarded as marvelous
triumphs of mechanical skill. Of these
there are many scattered over the Nile
Valley, some of brick, some of stone and
of varied height. The two largest are in
the neighborhood of Cairo. They are, and
have been for thousands of years, the most
colossal monuments in the world.
The largest, thai of Cheops, in its origi
j nal state is said to have been 800 feet high,
i and the length of its base on each side the
J same. It is built of huge stones, ranging
I from two to four feet in height. It is now
I rugged and lias the character as well as the*
| appearance of a four-sided great stairway.
Ihe hollows between the steps are be
lieved to have been rilled in with white
| marble, which would shine like snow
'■ under the bright Egyptian sun. The py
i ram id is now much reduced in height, not
1 being more than 500 feet. It is generally
i admitted that the pyramids were built for
tombs, and on certain astronomical prin
There is an inner chamber where the sar
cophagus was placed. When a monarch
', began to reign he commenced to build his
; tomb. When he died his body was placed
in the sacred chamber prepared for it and
the opening which led to it was closed.
The pyramid was then completed. If the
i monarch's reign was long the pyramid was
! large. If short, the pyramid was small. —
The I.:i-t English Duel.
The last duel— the last fatal one, at least —
was fought in a field in Maiden Lane in a
solitary part of Holloway, in 1843. The
district acquired considerable notoriety
from the event. It was the duel fought
between Colonel Fawcett and Lieutenant
Munro. The former was killed. The duel
i-us were not only brother officers — they
were also brothers-in-law, having married
The Coroner's iurv, on the inquest, re
turned a verdict of willful murder, notonly
against Lieutenant Munro, but against the
seconds also. The latter, however, were
acquitted. Munro evaded the hands of
justice by seeking refuge abroad. Four
years later he surrendered to take his trial
at the Old Bailey. He was found guilty
and sentenced *to death. He was, how
ever, strongly recommended to mercy, and
the sentence was eventually commuted to
twelve months' imprisonment.
The neighborhood in which this duel
was fought is no longer solitary. A wie\}
thoroughfare, known as the Brecknock
road, runs through it, and a rifle ground
besides the Brecknock Arms appropriately
indicates the place where the final shot
was fired.— Chambers' Journal.
Nashville is the first city in the world
for hardwood lumber, and the largest
milling city in the South.