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TALKING INCOME TAX.
Upholds the Present
CONGRESS IS SUPREME.
No Court Can Ignore the Action
of the National Body of
THE TEST CASES LOST TIME
Unless Former Decisions Are Dis
puted the Present Law Must
Washington, March 12.— The proceed
ings in the income-tax case in the Supreme
Court to-day opened with an argument by
Attorney-General Olney, on behalf of the
Government, for the validity of the tax.
The courtroom inside the bar was crowded,
and there was no time when the limited
capacity of the room was sufficient to ac
commodate the audience.
Mr. Olney began by saying that the chief
interest of the Government in the litiga
tion was limited to constitutional questions,
which the several plaintiffs allege to be
involved. Whether they are really in
volved he would not attempt to determine.
An examination of the plaintiffs' bills and
briefs and arguments seemed to him to
show that many of the alleged objections
to the validity of the income tax are
simply perfunctory in character.
They are taken pro forma by way of pre
caution because of the possibility of a point
developing in some unexpected connection
and just as a good pleader, but his knowl
edge of this case and of the pertinent
remedies ever so thorough never fails to
wind up with the general prayer for other
and further relief. No time need be spent
in discussing the averments that the in
come-tax law is an invasion of vested
rights, or taxes property without due pro
cess of law. The propositions are pure
generalities and if there is anything in
them it is because they comprehend others
which are the only real subjects of proba
Again, suppose it to be true that the
income-tax law undertakes to ascertain the
income of citizens by methods which'hre
not only disagreeable but are infringe
ments of personal rights, the consequence
is not that the law is void but that the
hotly denounced inquisitorial methods
cannot be resorted to. The like considera
tions apply to the objection that the law
is to be pronounced void because taxing ]
(ho agencies and instrumentalities of the j
governments of the several States. It has
not yet been definitely adjudicated and it
.is by no means admitted that the income
of the State and of municipal securities is
no taxable by the United States when
as *st d as part of the total income of the
"If 1 am right in these observations," he
cnr.'ir.ued, "the constitutional contention
of tic plaintiff simmers down to two
rpojwts. One is that the income tax is a
dirv i lax .-. i must be imposed according
to the ale of apportionment, and the
other is based upon the alleged violation
of the constitution with regard to uni
1 f '.• declared that whether the income tax
i* what the constitution describes as a
"direct. tax is a question as completely
concluded by repeated adjudications as
any question can be. It is not a direct
tax within the meaning of the constitution
unless five concurring judgments of this
court have all been erroneous.
Speaking on another point raised by the
appellants, he said no land tax is aimed at
or attempted by the — there is no
lien on land for payment — and the whole
scope and tenor of the statutes shew the
contemplated subject of taxation to be per
sonal property and to be nothing else.
Mr. Olney devoted considerable time to
the meaning of the word "uniform" as ap
plied to the collection of imposts, excises,
etc., declaring that the word had a terri
torial application and no other.
"The power to tax," he said, "is for
practical • use and is necessarily to be
adapted to the practical conditions of
human life. These are never the same for
any two persons, and as applied to any
community, however small, are infinitely
diversified. Regard being paid to them,
nothing is more evident, nothing has been
oftener declared by courts and jurists than
that absolute equality of taxation is im
possible, is, as characterized in an opinion
of this court, only 'a baseless' dream.'
"No country, for example, no State of
this Union, ever adopted a plan of taxa
tion that did not except some portions of
the community from a burden that was
imposed upon others. The power to do so
is unquestioned and is universally exer
cised. Nevertheless the power to exempt
has bounds. It cannot be used without
regard to the end in view nor to gratify a
mere whim or caprice. The rules of
uniformity place no restriction upon any
division of the community into classes for
taxable purposes which the Legislature
may deem wise. Uniformity between
members of a class created for taxable
purposes is required. It is quite beside the
issue to argue in this or any other case
that Congress has mistaken what public j
policy requires on that point. Congress is
the sole and final authority and its de
cision, once made, controls every other de
partment of the Government. The statute
makes no exception in favor of a class that
is not based on some obvious line of public
policy, and the class being established
one uniform rule is applicable to its
"Take, for example, the principal classifi
cations of all, the grand division by which
the entire population of the country is
separated into people with incomes of $4000
and under, which are non-taxable, and
people with incomes of over $4000, who
are taxable. It is manifest that in this
distinction Congress was proceeding upon
definite views of public policy and was
aiming at accomplishing a great public
object. It was seeking, to adjust the load
of taxation to the shoulders of the commu
nity in the manner that would make it
most easily borne and most lightly felt.
"Take another illustration— that of busi
ness corporations. Their net incomes are
taxed at the standard rate of 2 per cent,
but undiminished by the standard deduc
tion of $4000. The result may be that a
man in business as a member of a corpora
tion is taxable at a little higher rate than
a man in the same business by himself or
as a copartner. Here, it is claimed, is a
distinction without a difference. It is
common knowledge that, corporations are
so successful an agency for the conduct of
business and the accumulation .of wealth
that a large section of the community
views them with intense disfavor as ma
liciously and cunningly devised inventions |
for making rich people richer and poor
people poorer. When, then, this inceme
tax makes a special class of business cor
porations and taxes their incomes at a
higher rate than is applied to the incomes
of persons not incorporated, it recognizes
existing social facts and conditions which
it would be folly to ignore."
Mr. Olney closed as follows: "It would
certainly be a mistake to infer that this
great array of counsel, this elaborate argu
mentation and these numerous and vol
uminous treatises, miscalled by the name
of briefs, have any tendency to indicate
anything extraordinary or unique either
in facts before the courts or in the rules of
law, which are applicable to them. All
these circumstances prove is the immense
pecuniary stake that is being played for.
It is so large that counsel fees and costs
and printers' bills are absolutely of no con
sequence. It is so large and so stimulates
the efforts of counsel that no rule or prin
ciple that stands in the way, however well
settled and however long and universally
acquiesced in, is suffered to pass unchal
lenged. It is matter for congratulation,
indeed, that the existence of the constitu
tion itself is not impeached, and that we
are not treated to a logical demonstration
that, for all taxable purposes, we are still
under the old articles of confederation.
"Seriously speaking, however, I venture,
to suggest that all this laborious and
erudite and formidable demonstration is
bound to be without effect on one distinct
ground. In its essence and •in its last
analysis it is nothing but a call upon the
judicial department of the Government to
supplant the political in the exercise of
taxing power; to substitute its discretion
for that of Congress in respect to the sub
ject of taxation, the plan of taxation and
all the distinctions and discriminations by
which taxation is sought to be equitably
adjusted to the resources and capacities of
those who have it to bear. Such an effort,
however weightily supported, can, I be-
lieve, have but one result. It is inevitably
predestined to fail, unless this court shall,
for the first time in its history, overlook
and overstep the limits which separate the
judicial from the legislative power, and
the scrupulous observation of which is ab
solutely essential to the integrity of the
constitutional system of our country."
When Olney closed James C. Carter be
gan his argument. He stated that he ap
peared for the Continental Trust Com
pany, which had been advised that the tax
was constitutional, and he was glad to say
they had decided to obey the law, for he
was pleased that there were some rich men
who did not object to the imposition of
such a tax.
Carter asserted that he agreed with
counsel for the appellants in the necessity
for equality in taxation, but he stated that
the true test in the matter of equality was
the ability to pay, according the principle
of levying burdens.
Awaiting the Decision.
WjWhington, March 12. 1t is now re
garded as certain that if the Supreme
Court decides the income tax to be uncon
stitutional an extra session of Congress is
inevitable. The decision will be handed
down immediately after the case has been
argued. The law goes into effect in April,
and politicians, who are confidently ex
pecting that the court's decision will be
adverse, are speculating upon the organ
ization of the House.
THE XEXT SPEAKER.
JL Western Man May Displace Reed of
Washington, March 12.—The cry of a
Western man for Speaker is being invoked
in certain quarters, and while it is not prob
able that anything of consequence will
come of it, there is an effort being made by
certain old Republican members, re
elected to the next Congress, who do not,
like Mr. Reed, or who fear that their pros
pects are not bright for committee assign
ments which they desire, to get a Western
man among the contestants for speaker
ship against Reed. These men have
selected Mr. Hopkins of Illinois, but it ap
pears that he is not willing to enter the
contest, but they may find some other man
who will go through the candidacy merely
for the precedence it would give him.
This movement might have some small
chance of success if it weie not for the
large number of new members elected to
the next Congress.
Among the old members there have been
some rivalries during the past three or four
years, which have weakened Mr. Reed's
influence. Moreover, the fact of his being
prominently mentioned as a Presidential
candidate leads the friends of other candi
dates t<j discourage the disposition to make
a hero of the "ex-Czar."
Among the new members, however, Mr.
Reed is greatly admired. He is known to
them through his reputation, and none of
them have been put in contact with him in
a manner to excite jealousies.. All of these
new members take it for granted that Reed
will be elected Speaker.
Of Interest to the Coast.
Washington, March 12.Senator Gor
man has conclnded to take his family for a
long trip through Southern California and
then up north through the State. They
will then go to Alaska. If the present
plan is carried out Senator and Mrs. Gor
man with their family will start for Cali
fornia on May 1 and spend the entire sum
mer on the Pacific Coast. Their visit to
Alaska will be so timed that they will re
turn to their country home in Maryland
some time in September.
Mrs. Hearst has gone to New York to
remain until Thursday or Friday. She
will not go abroad until the latter part of
April or early in May.
Ex-Representative Caminetti and wife
expect to leave for California to-morrow
via the northern route.
Mr. English will be here several days yet
winding up his departmental business.
Among the coast arrivals to-day are:
William C. Strong of San Francisco, D. W.
Bond of Los Angeles and Henry Watson
of Portland. V^v>' -
William Merry has been appointed Post
master at Corning, Cal. -';•
An Earl as an Attache.
Washington, March 12.— Sir Julian
Pauncefote, the British Embassador, has
notified the State Department that the
Earl of Westminister has been assigned
to the embassy in the capacity of an at
Condition of the Treasury.
Washington, March To-day's state
ment of the condition of the treasury
shows: Available cash balance, $183,
--163,976; gold reserve, $90,020,309. *
Vetoed in Xebraska.
Lincoln, Nebr., March 12. — The bill
passed by the Legislature enabling the
State to take a change of venue in criminal
cases, was vetoed by the Governor as un
constitutional. This measure was primarily
for the purpose .of, enabling the State to
try the alleged lynchers of Barrett ; Scott.
It is not believed they can be convicted in
the county where the crime was committed.
• * •
P.n,iAß_E under all circumstances is Dr. Bull's
Coash Syrup, the people _ friend. •
•..£■-' .'-•■■ ■ _ "
THE SAN FRANCISCO CALL, WEDNESDAY, MARCH 13, 1895,
A NEW ORLEANS RIOT.
White and Black Labor
ers Fight With
j FIVE MEN WERE KILLED.
Many of the Injured Are Badly
Hurt and Some Deaths
THE POLICE ARE POWERLESS.
State Troops Have Been Called Out
to Suppress Any Further
New Orleans, March White laborers
employed along the levee came in contact
with non-union negroes this morning, and
as a result a number of men are dead and
others seriously wounded.
The thick fog early this morning was the
veil behind which the desperate white
levee laborers gathered, and which they
penetrated with Winchester rifles all aimed
at the colored non-union workmen on the
ships loading at the docks. The attack
was made at points several miles apart just
before the arrival of the police, and as a re
sult there are half a dozen corpses and a
dozen or so wounded men.
The police saw the attack, but no arrests
were made, they claiming they were too
few to cope with the unexpected outbreak.
The day before the massacre all was quiet
and the Governor saw no grounds for in
terference, but to-day the business men
are denouncing both; the militia is in
readiness to move ; an appeal to the Fed
eral Government has virtually been made,
and even the foreign Consuls have decided
to join in the move for peace at any price.
The causes which led to the trouble have
been of long standing and grew out of the
attempt of the ship agents and others in
terested to reduce rates. The white screw
men claim that the colored men who were
given a share of the work under an agree
ment made secret cuts and violated the
agreement in order to obtain more work,
and gradually crowd the white men off.
The white association then severed all
ties with the blacks and refused to work
with them or for the men who employed
them. The white longshoremen joined
the screwmen in this. Since then the
steamship lines have been gradually going
over to the negroes. Lately the white
screwmen quit work on the lines still loyal
to them, stating that they would not work
until the whole affair was straightened out.
Several more lines then took on negro
laborers from necessity.
The white union finally determined to
retaliate upon the stevedores by offering to
reduce rates and deal with the ships direct.
Ships in haste accepted the offer, but the
agents stood by the stevedores. The latter
offered to pay more than the screwmen
asked, but the screwmen refused to deal
with them. The agents offered to pay
the screwmen their wages and place the
stevedores over them as superintendents,
but this the screwmen declined. Then the
stevedores began importing colored screw
men from Galveston, and the whites, grow
ing desperate, broke loose in riots.
The dead are: William Campbell, colored
screwman, shot at Phillips street; Jules
Calice Carrabe, shoemaker, shot in front of
Lyons' clothing-store; unknown man,
shot in the vicinity of Cromwell line ; negro,
in same vicinity, not yet identified ; Leon
ard Mellett, colored sere an.
The injured are: James 11. Bane, white,
the purser of the steamship Engineer, shot
in the head twice and arm once, danger
ously; Henry Brown, colored screwman,
shot five times in both arms and both legs,
will recover; Lem Perlsen, colored coal
wheeler, shot seven times in both legs,
thigh and head, may recover; Lunis Cast,
colored employe at the sugar refinery, shot
in the hip, will recover; Billy Williams,
colored screwman, shot in the leg, will re
cover; Frank Lighthall, colored, shot in
the leg dangerously; Marion Brooks,
white longshoreman, shot in the* right leg
below the knee. Two negroes, names un
known, jumped into the river and it is
supposed were drowned.
General John Glynn, commanding the
State troops, was seen this afternoon by an
Associated Press reporter and asked what
action the militia would take in case of
General Glynn stated that he was en
gaged in keeping Governor Foster well in
formed upon what was taking place; that
orders received by him from the Governor
would not be disclosed, tout that orders
issued by himself he could make public,
and he had not given any, awaiting the
commands of the chief executive.
A visit was then paid to the British con
sulate on Carondelet street, between Canal
and Common. The Consul stated that
Captain Woods of the British steamer En
gineer had called upon him in the morning
after Purser Bane was shot and made a
statement of the fact of the shooting. The
Consul declined to make any statement as
to what action would be taken.
Leonard Mellett, the negro who was
shot in front of the sugar exchange this
morning, died at the Charity Hospital at
5:30 p.m. J. H. Bane, the wounded pur
ser of the British steamer Engineer, is
comfortably quartered at Touro Infirmary.
His wounds are by no means so serious as
they were at first supposed to be. Another
body has been identified as that of Henry
James, a colored laborer. Henry Bland, a
colored laborer, who resides in Algeria,
crossed the river this morning in search of
work and had just left the ferry when the
fight began. He received a load of shot in
the body and was taken back to hisjhome,
where he now lies in a dangerous condi
tion. v ..
The police up to 8 o'clock to-night had
made but two arrests ,in connection with
the riot. Robert Brooks and Mike Fitz
patrick, both white screwmen, were taken
into custody early in the evening. Both
were wounded, Brooks in the groin and
Fitzpatrick in the wrist, and are said to
have been shot by their comrades during
the promiscuous firing. The prisoners
were charged with inciting to riet and
were remanded to await hearing.
Calmly reviewing the happenings of the
morning everything would seem to indi
cate the attack to be a prearranged affair.
It is rumored, and there is every'reason to
believe the rumor to be correct, that a
secret meeting was held last night and the
bloody affair of this morning carefully
mapped out. il;--;-:
• The details seem to be that the crowd of
rioters who were sent uptown were resi
dents of the lower districts, while these
who were sent downtown were those who
live uptown. The guns and rifles which
were used by the downtown men who went
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uptown seem to have been deposited in the
various saloons along the levee. The men
assembled somewhere in the vicinity of
Nun street and in a dense fog proceeded up
the levee. It seems to be generally under
stood that the guns used by the men who
went uptown were taken to some place in
the vicinity of the sugar refineries in a
wagon and then were secreted until such
time as they were required. It also seems
to be agreed that the preconcerted attack
shooting should be done between 6:45 and
7:30 o'clock in the morning, a time when
the men would be going to work.
XO XATIOXAL TROOPS.
The War Department Has Xot Been
Called Upon for Assistance,
Washington, March 12.— The United
States will not send troops to New Orleans
until it has been fully demonstrated that
the city and State officials are no longer
able to maintain the peace and protect the
interstate traffic. This determination was
reached late this afternoon and telegraphed
to United States Attorney Earhart at New
Orleans. ■ :.
Mr. Olney in speaking of the situation at
New Orleans said that bo far as he has been
able to learn neither the city nor the State
authorities had called out. the local militia
or taken any vigorous means to suppress
the existing lawlessness. lie had no doubt,
however, of the ability of the local authori
ties to handle the mob if they really set
about doing so, and in any event the Gov
ernment would not interfere until the situ
ation was beyond the control of the gov
ernment of the State aided by all the mili
tary force at its command.
The British officials here regard the
present trouble as part of a racial agitation.
The progress of the trouble is being
closely observed by the British officials,
though they feel -confident the local
authorities in Louisiana are doing every
thing possible to suppress the disorder,
and if the trouble passes beyond local
control the Federal authorities will take
such steps as are necessary to protect
foreigners and Americans alike. If the
offense was shown to be against Bane be
cause he was an Englishman it is expected
that Sir Julian Pauncefote would demand
an explanation. If, however, Bane
nationality had no part in the affair and
he was hit because he was in the mob then
no attention would be given to the inci
The action of the Italian Government at
the time of the New Orleans lynching is
cited as showing the diplomatic aspect of
the trouble. The lynchings were against
Italians as such, and not against a mis
cellaneous mob, including Italians.
WILL FIGHT A SELMA LA W.
A. A. Rowell Convicted of Violating a
Fresno, Cal., March 12.— A. Rowell, a
brother of Assemblyman W. F. Rowell
and of Dr. Chester Rowell, a very highly i
respected physician of this city, was
brought up | from Selma yesterday to
serve a term in the County Jail. He was
found guilty by a jury in Recorder W. H.
Tucker's court lof selling meat within the
town- limits of Selma without paying the
license of $10 a day. The ordinance cover
ing the offense reads that $10 a day license
must be paid by "each traveling solicitor,
peddler or vender of every kind and species
of goods, wares or merchandise of any de
scription." /; :-■■' -''■}■ ■ *__ t f ~
. Mr. Rowell . conducted his own case, and
when convicted refused to pay the
fine.. He was released by Judge J. R.
Webb of the Superior Court on a writ of
habeas corpus. He will push his defense
on the ground . that the license, which
would amount to $3650 a year, while that
on storekeepers is only $10 a year, is un
constitutional, as it is practically pro
hibitory., / i
NEW J TO'PAY--CI OT-_-ffG._
SUSPECTS AT STOCKTON.
Three Men and a Woman Under
Police Surveillance for
They Are Supposed to Be the
Trio Who Are so Badly
Stockton, March 12.— For the last few
days the officers have been shadowing three
men and a woman who have been living in
an old house in the southern part of town,
near the railroad track. The men are sus
pected of being the robbers who last Friday
night held up the eastbound mail-train at
The description of the two men who on
October 11 last held up a train in 1 Yolo
County and secured $53,000 fits two of the
individual- whom the officers suspect of
the recent hold-up.
One of the men in that robbery the
tall one— and the third of the trio under
suspicion, correspond with the descrip
tion of . the men who held up the.engineer
and the fireman in last Friday night's at
It is supposed that the other one isthe
man who held the horse and buggy, the
tracks of which were seen at Armstrong
station the morning following the attempt
Deputy Sheriff Black had the mysterious
trio under surveillance for the last few
days, but last evening they eluded his
vigilance and left for parts unknown.
-Two of the men and the woman, who
claims to be the wife of one of the men,
left in a covered wagon, while the third
man went in a buggy. Sunday night a de
tective secured the measurement of the
tires of the bugsry, and they corresponded
exactly with the impression made by the
buggy that had been. tied near Armstrong
It is known that the buggy used by the
bandits came toward Stockton, as the offi
cers traced its tracks to the Cherokee lane,
where the trail was lost. " ;'
OREGOX RECEIVERSHIP CASE.
Arguments for the Dismissal of the
Short Line Suit.
Portland, Or., March 12.— the Oregon
Short Line independent receivership case
to-day Judge A. H. Tanner, one of the
special counsel for the Government, ar
gued for the dismissal of the case on the
ground that the court here is not the
proper tribunal to decide the question. ;
At the conclusion of Judge Tanner's
argument ex-Senator Sanders asked coun
sel for the Government to state what inter
est the Government had in the line from
Ogden to Garrison, or in the line from
Granger to Huntington.
General Cowiri replied that in the consol
idation agreement the Oregon Short Line
was recognized as a part of the Union Pa
cific. He said the receivers were opposing
the Short Line in connection with the
Union Pacific under an order of the court,
and that if such operation is wrong it can
be shown and the order changed without
a change of receivers. *,"'•*'-■
Ex-Senator Dolph continued his argu
ment against a motion for dismissal and
change of venue. If this case was remanded
to the Wyoming court where would the
Utah and Northern part of it be remanded
to by that court? Would it be remanded
to the District of Idaho on the theory that
it was the court of original jurisdiction
The receivers were dummy receivers, to
prevent the appointment of any others,
and to secure the control and operation of
the Oregon Short Line and Utah Northern
to the Union Pacific.
Senator Dolph said the first mortgage
holders might be satisfied with any re
ceivers. It is the junior mortgage-holders
w^o are interested in having the roads
operated for the interest not only of senior
lien-holders, but of junior lien-holders as
THE MEXDOCIXO MURDER.
Joseph Haqquist Held for Trial for the
Alleged Killing of William McLean.
Mendocino, Cal., March — Joseph
Haqquist, the accused murderer of Wil
liam McLean, who was found dead last
Sunday morning in front of Gus Semmler's
saloon, had his hearing to-day, and was
held for trial without bonds.
George Sturtevant, District Attorney of
Mendocino County, came over from Ukiah
last night and represented the people.
Haqquist had no attorney. The evidence
was very conflicting.
McLean had been seen Sunday morning
at 2 o'clock going up the Mansion House
stairs, as he said, to bed, and the place
where his body was found was about five
hundred yards from the Mansion House.
Dr. McCornack testified to the fact that
either of the two knives which were taken
from Haqquist could have inflicted the
wounds. Blood was found on Haqquist's
coat, but it seems reasonable that this
blood could have come from a slight
wound that he received Saturday night
while in a fight. The blood found on his
doorstep he said came from the wound
also, while he was examining the porch of
his house that morning.
Gus Wilson, a cousin of Haqquist, said
that he came up the street Sunday morn
ing, and that he had seen McLean crawl
ing out of Haqquist's yard, and had seen
blood along the sidewalk leading to Haq
Robert Mills and John McLean testified
that they were talking with Haqquist Mon
day morning, and that he said .he never
killed McLean, but he helped to do so.
DOCTORS COXVEXE AT STOCKTOX.
Meeting of the Xorthem California Med
Stockton, March 12. — fifth semi-an
nual convention of the California Northern
District Medical Society was called to
order in this city this afternoon by^its
president, Dr. H. D. Lawhead of Wood
land. There were about a dozen visiting
doctors present, and as many more from
this city. : v :-"■•
Mayor McCall delivered an address of
welcome, after which papers were read by
Drs. Sutliffe of Sacramento, Rohm of Red
ding, Gill of Dunsmuir and Fife of Red
At this evening's session Drs. Ward and
MacFarlane, of Woodland, and Nichols
and Briggs, of Sacramento, read papers.
There will be a session to-morrow morning,
which will close the convention. -v _:'.?i
A paper that was read during the morn
ing on the treatment of insane patients
brought out a great deal of discussion, dur
ing which the opinion was broached that in
sane patients were not treated with suffi
cient consideration from the time of their
arrest to the time of their being received
at the asylum. Local asylum physicians
stated that jails throughout the State must
be in a very dirty condition, as only 5 per
cent of the patients received at the institu
tion were free from vermin.
. A banquet was tendered the visiting doc
tors to-night. . Iv
Fire in Brooklyn.
Brooklyn, March 12.— four-story brick
building owned and occupied by Charles
Feldtman and known as Tivoli Hall was
totally destroyed by fire this evening. Two
adjoining buildings were also badly dam
aged. Loss about $200,000, insurance' small-
PHOENIX RAILROAD FETE.
Opening of the Line Connecting
Northern and southern
A Fine Street Parade and Ova-
tion to Distinguished
Phcenix. Ariz., March 12.— formal
opening .of the Santa Fe, Prescott and
Phcenix Railroad, which connects the
northern and southern sections of Arizona
by rail, took place to-day.
' The guests of the city, railroad officials,
General McCook and staff and other dis
tinguished visitors received an ovation
such as no other place has ever excelled.
The street parade was magnificent. The
principal feature was 150 Indians of the
Pima and Maricopa tribes, in their war
paint and nude except a breech cloth,
astride of horses bareback. Following
came floats characteristic of frontier life
and incident to struggling trade; then,
came the Indian students from the United
States Indian School. Both sexes marched
in platoons to the measured time of drum
corps. Their marching and evolutions
were a revelation. They were uniformed
and marched in perfect alignment and
looked admirable. The applause was con
tinuous as they passed. The sidewalks,
windows, balconies and roofs of buildings
were covered with people. The parade
last one hour.
Speeches followed at the military plaza
by Mayor Monihan, E. F. Kellner of the
Chamber of Commerce, Governor Hughes,
Hon. A. C. Baker, Hon. N. O. Murphy,
General Kretzinger and Major -General
McCook. ■ The speeches were replete with,
reminiscences and humor.
- Chief Justice Baker said in concluding
his speech of welcome: "Let us paint the
town vermilion — a lurid red." .
It is being painted.
Snowstorm at Carson, Xev.
Carson, Nev., March 12. A snowstorm
set in this evening after a heavy wind.
UNTIL APRIL 1
To Give All an Equal Opportunity,
Dr. Ellis Will Continue the $25
Rate for a Radical Cure of Rup-
In announcing a rate of $25 for a radical
cure of Rupture, Dr. C. Z. Ellis intended that it
should be for a limited time only, and pro-
posed withdrawing the rate on March 1. Since
that date Dr. Ellis has bad many inquiries
from persons suffering from Rupture, who
state that it was not possible for them to take
advantage of the low rate before its with-
drawal "and requesting an extension of the
time. Dr. Ellis does not ya_t to show any
favoiltlsm in extending the time, but to allow
all an equal opportunity will continue the $25
rate until April 1. It must be distinctly under-
stood, however, that it will positively be dis-
continued on and after that date.
Names of patients cured will be fur-
nished on application.
C. Z. ELLIS. M.D.
916 Market Street, San Francisco.