CHARLES M. SHORTRIDGE,
Editor and Proprietor.
DAILY CALL— IO per year by mall; by carrier, 15c
j>er «ii El.
SUNDAY CALL— 4I.CO per year.
WEEKLY <am * 1.60 per year.
ThH Eastern office of the SAN FRANCISCO
CALL (Dully and Weekly), Pacific States Adver
tising IJurcau, Rutnclamler building, Rose and
Jinan* streets. New York.
FRIDAY MARCH. 22,1895
Home goods for home use.
Home protection is self-protection.
The manufacturers talk business with a
If th»- < i.ty water doesn't agree with you,
try California wine.
The way to advance the Union is to ad
vance your own State.
Local patriotism should touch the busi
ness men as well as the heart.
Eailroad building is not difficult when
undertaken by the right men.
Of hydraulic mining it may be said lit
erally, '"there's millions in it."
Pausalito is not only rightly incorpor
ated, but has the right spirit in her.
Even our hens and cows are blushing
because we ship eggs and butter from the
It is doubtful whether the Burroughs di
vorce case was designed for a side show or
a free ad.
The size of Cleveland's girth increases
with his fondness for bloated English
If the people of the United States would
pay only in silver, England would be very
glad to take it.
It i? worth noting that in the Oriental
war China stands for silurianism and Japan
The only way to protect ourselves from
competition with the East is to use what
Until the Lake Merced controversy is
tettled, no San Franciscan will be in a hu
mor to take water.
Sutro must be wedded to the Board of
Supervisors, for he scolds it like a Silurian
talking to his wife.
We tax our ships and then ship our taxes
away to buy things abroad that can be
produced in California.
Don't forget that the prime element in
building up California industries is the
maintenance of the Republican system of
The statistics of California industries
submittea to the Manufacturers' Conven
tion are a proof that speeches of figures are
more effective at times than figures of
The Standard Oil Company might be
able to explain why the great petroleum
resources of California are not utilized in
the advancement of our manufacturing in
It has been a Jong time since we heard
the term Honorable Bilks applied to those
who make no effort themselves, but are con
tent to Jine their ribs with the fat which
others glean from industry.
The letting of the contract for 10,000 of
the 35,000 tons of steel rails that the San
Joaquin Valley Railroad intends to start
operations with was one of the promptest
pieces of work ever done in this country.
One of the needs of California is a scien
tific study and utilization of the peculiar
climatic conditions which invite to the
establishment of industries which might
produce many expensive articles of luxury
imported at enormous cost.
Sine* having been informed that John
\Y. Mackay Jr. and Mi^s Consuelo Vander
bilt are to "wed," we are not yet decided
whether to be astounded over her decision
not to buy a prince or amazed at his deter
mination not to buy a princess. The con
solation of knowing that either could have
done either remains.
The orange-growers of Los Angeles are
pursuing the right course in calling upon
Senator White to explain the reduction in
the tariff on oranges. Any member of
Congress who fails to stand up for full pro
tection to every American industry should
be made to explain, apologize, recant and
atone, and then step down and out.
It is difficult to see why it should be so
much more dreadful to take such little
things as harmless bacteria into the stom
ach and fatten on them than to eat such
larger beast? as cows and pies. Of course
it is hard on the poor little cocci and things
to be eaten, and we would cheerfully strain
them out and save them to their wives
and children if we only knew-how. Of
course, too, we may boil them; but is that
a Jess cruel death than digesting them?
Now that Police Commissioner Gunst
has carried his point to make policemen
wear helmets, it is respectfully suggested
that he apply a pair of shears to their coat
tails. The American idea of having big
policemen and of increasing their apparent
size with high helmets and long coats is
amusing to a man from Paris, where the
police are small men. The theory there is
that agiiityand alertness are better than
great size and the physical indolence which
naturally goes with it.
F. W. Dobrmann stated an important
truth with terseness and a telling effect in
.•-aying to the Manufacturers' Convention
that every merchant who is not ignorant
or narrow-minded understands the general
advantages of home manufacture, and
also that to sell home products requires
Jess profit and less loss by overstock and
depreciation, and that therefore he can
afford to sell goods manufactured at home
at a much smaller advance than if he had
to import and carry in stock the same
class of goods.
We are to have good times ahead, be
cause progressive men will dominate them
and make them pood. As was said to the
manufacturers by R. S. Moore: "The new
valley road, with Claus Spreckels at the
helm, is, if I may adopt figurative lan
guage, the herald of the new California,
blowing a blast on its horn which lias
awakened the whole State and will arouse
il Mtill further. This road, it is certain,
will start other roads, deprive the East of
its artificial privileges in our field, and
give home energy, home enterprise, home
brains and home money a fair chance to
do California's work and get their just re
The addresses delivered and papers read
at the Manufacturers' Convention are
worthy of something more than the casual
reading generally given to newspaper
reports. They not only embody facts and
statistics peculiarly interesting at this
time by reason of the light they throw
upon the existing condition of our in
dustries, but many of them also give ex
pression to those fundamental truths of
trade and industry that are important at
all times and should be thoroughly under
stood by every community. These truths
are osentially the same as those which
underlie the great National policy of pro
tection and reciprocity. To make the
Nation great we protect the Nation's in
dustries, and to promote prosperity at
home we should promote home industries.
Business and patriotism unite at this
point. It is America agninst the world in
industry as in war. We must stand for
our .sister States in opposition to foreign
nations; and among the sisterhood, fur us
at any rate, California must be first.
It is to the interest of all Californians to
promote the industries of California. "We
should make a market for local goods and
manufacture the goods to supply the mar
ket. No citizen should buy any foreign ar
ticle that competes with American prod
ucts, nor any Eastern article that competes
with California products. This is not
merely a philosophy to be preached, but a
code to be practiced. For thirteen years
the proprietor of the Call has been a pur
chaser of news paper, and during all that
time has never given a contract to an East
ern paper-mill, nor ever used Eastern-made
paper save at one brief interval, when the
Pacific Coast mills were unable to supply
the demand. To help home industry there
fore is not only our principle, but our ha
bitual practice. It should be the same
everywhere. It is a shame to import paper
across the continent when our own mills
could supply as good paper at as cheap a
price if only they found a sufficient pat
ronage to be run at their full capacity.
California first. That should be the
motto of every household in the State.
Home prosperity and home industry can
never be separated. The American people
have in the last two years learned by bit
ter experience the value of protection. Free
traders are very few in these days and
the protectionists are more numerous than
ever. It is beginning to be understood
that we should carry protection to its logi
cal conclusion and build a tariff wall
around the Union that would shut out
foreign goods altogether, provision being
made by reciprocity treaties for trade with
countries that produce articles we cannot
produce at home. With such a tariff, the
industry of the Nation would be prosper
ous and the wages of workingmen secure.
The next step then would be for each lo
cality to foster its own industry and make
a market for its own goods. That is the
true industrial system. It is the one that
we should follow. Protection for all the
States, and patronage for California first.
AN OBJECT LESSON.
The history of the construction and op
eration of the South Pacific Coast Railroad
prior to the year 1887 and of its transfer
and subsequent manipulation furnishes an
instructive object lesson to those who are
interested in the subject of competing rail
The work of building the South Pacific
Coast Railroad was begun in 1370 by a cor
poration controlled by a directorate of men
who were independent of the Southern Pa
cific Company and who furnished nuances
for the lirst work on the road. Between
187fi and 1886 the labor of construction
went on until it was practically completed
in the latter year.
During this period of construction and
operation the officers of the corporation
rendered annual reports, at first to the
Commissioners of Transportation, and
later to the Railroad Commission, as to the
cost of the road and of its equipment, and
as to the earnings from its operation while
the work of construction proceeded. These
official reports are exact and lucid. They
disclose simply and truthfully what this
railroad co9t and earned during the decade
of its construction and operation as a com
peting road through one of the most popu
lous and productive portions of the State.
Let us examine briefly these figures,
drawn from their official source?, as the
first chapter of our object lesson. The
biennial report of the Commissioner of
Transportation for the year 1877 shows
that the South Pacific Coast Railroad Com
pany had constructed its line from Dum
barton Point across the Santa Clara Valley
to Los Gatos, a distance of nearly thirty
miles. The cost of this portion of the road
was $627,020. The cost of its equipment
was $50,890, making the total outlay requi
site to prepare the road for operation
$708,500, or $23,650 per mile.
With the construction of this railroad
through the Santa Clara Valley, and with
its opening to operation in the year 1877,
an era of active, earnest competition for
the transportation of the people and prod
ucts of that section of the State began, and
thereafter continued for the next ten
years. During that period the South Pa
cific Coast Railroad was completed, and
including certain small leased lines, it ex
tended from San Francisco to Santa Cruz,
with branches to New Almaden and
Boulder. In all it h.ad about 100 miles of
track. The report of the officers of the
road to the Railroad Commission adds the
second chapter to our object lesson.
It shows that the total cost of construc
tion and equipments of the South Pacific
Coast Railroad was $2,909,441 25, and that
there was a net outstanding indebtedness
of $1,!>45,999 44. It further disclosed that
the railroad during the period of its opera
tion had earned in net profits $1,503,441 81
for its owners, and hence that the road in
the midst of the difficulties attending its
construction, and under the tire of an active
and bitter competition, had been a most
profitable venture for its projectors.
During the year 1887 James G. Fair
gained control of the South Pacific Coast
Railroad Company and soon opened nego
tiations for its sale to the Southern Pacific
Railroad Company. As a result the road
was transferred to the latter corporation
for the purchase price of $5,500,000 in bonds,
upon which 4 per cent interest p^r annum
was guaranteed. The corporation was
straightway reorganized or rather <vas super
seded by a new corporation. The report of
this new corporation to the Railroad Com
mission supplies the third and last chapter
to this object lesson before its moral is ap
plied. It then appeared that,whilethecap
ital stock of the old corporation was $1,000,
--000, the capital stock of the new one was
$6,000,000; that the debt against the road
was increased from $2,000,000 to $5,500,000,
which was the amount of the Fair bonds,
and upon which there accrued annually
interest amounting to $220,000. This
interest has been regularly paid out of the
earnings of the road. Since 1887 the South
Pacific Coast Railroad Company has been
part of the system of the Southern Pacific
Company, and has been operated under a
lease to that corporation by which the net
income from the operation of the road is
applied to the payment of the interest on
its bonds, with possibly a modicum of
profit to the lessee.
What moral may be drawn from Ihese
THE SAN FRANCISCO CALL, FRIDAY, MARCH 22, 1595.
chapters of this object lesson and applied
to the conditions and projects of the pres
ent time? This is the moral and the logic
of it which we submit to candid minds.
If almost twenty years ago a competing
railroad could be constructed into and
across the heart of the Santa Clara Valley
at a cost of about $23,000 per mile, and
could there be operated for ten continuous
year 3 with such success as to earn
$1,0u0,000 for its projectors from its traffic
in the teeth of constant competition, and
could further, during the same period, in
crease its value to more than double its
cost, and is to-day paying interest on
$5,500,000 at 4 per cent,, which is more than
10 }>er cent per annum on the original cost
of the road, does not the prospect of a
competing railroad into the same section,
which has in the mean time more than
doubled in population and more than
quadrupled in wealth and in annual
production, hold out as sure and
as practical a promise of success
to its investors as did the South Pacific
Coast Kailroad to its projectors nearly
twenty years ago? And further, does not
the same logic apply to the San Joaquin,
and is not a like promise and prophecy
shouted out from all the great valleys of
California which are clamoring for com
A TIMELY HINT.
One of the most important suggestions
that has been made at the Manufacturers'
Convention was that by George W. Dickie.
After showing the prominence of San Fran
cisco's maritime interests and her great
achievements in ship-building, Mr. Dickie
vigorously assailed our policy of taxing our
ships so heavily and pointed out the fact
that these vessels have to come in compe
tition with those which have no such bur
dens to bear. Here is the most startling
part of his arraignment:
I made some figures the other day for a San
Francisco house of the cost of a special steamer
tor service on this coast. The cost was, say
(80,000. I was then asked to give the monthly
cost of running this vessel in this State. In
this case the State, city and county taxes just
equaled the captain's pay, and it further
showed that if our clients should have their New
York agent get a ship built there, register her
in the New York Custom-house, the annual
expenses s.ived in taxes would enable the
owner to give the preference to an Eastern
builder of $20,000. This is the legislative en
couragement we get for home industry.
Mr. Dickie deserves all credit for calling
the attention of so intelligent and public
spirited a body of men to this important
subject. Instead of doing all in our power
to encourage so valuable an industry, we
have been doing everything possible to
hamper it. The geographical position of
San Francisco with regard to ocean com
merce clearly indicates the tremendous im
portance which a reasonable encourage
ment of this element of our commercial
prosperity might be made to assume, and
in addition to that we have an ideal har
bor and an unlimited natural supply of
much of the most important material en
tering into the construction of vessels;
with regard to material which we have to
bring hither from a distance we have
thoroughly efficient plants with which to
bring it to the perfected form for use. The
great ship-building plants which we have
give employment to thousands of opera
tives and have long ago demonstrated their
ability to compete with the leading ship
yards of the world in the production of
lim-tlass vessels of all kinds. These are
supplemented by numerous small plants,
which line the bay at intervals from Ala
iueda to Benicia and which are needed
to turn out the smaller craft, which it
would hardly be practicable to have built
on the Atlantic Coast and brought hither
round the Horn.
The amount of capital invested and
the number of men employed are already
surprisingly large and these give further
employment to many others remotely con
nected with the industry. That this in
du.-try, vital in so many ways, should be
fostered is a self-evident fact.
THE PHILBROOK BILL.
An act has succeeded in passing both
branches of the Legislature and is now in
the hands of the Governor which provides
that "no person shall be deprived of the
right to practice as attornw or counselor
in any court of this State because of words
spoken or written by him in the argument
of any cause pending in any court, unless
for such words he shall have been tried by
jury and convicted of criminal libel pur
suant to the provisions of the Penal Code
of the State of California." It is known as
the "Philbrook" bill, becanse that is the
name of its reputed author, and also be
cause it provides for his restoration to the
list of licensed attorneys, despite his recent
disbarment by the Supreme Court.
Without any reference whatever to the
authorship of the bill or to the clause
which would remove its author's disabili
ties, it is evidently a blunder of legislation
in its present form. The glaring and gap
ing defect in the measure is this: That it
forbids the disbarment of an attorney for
any words whatever spoken in court. It
will be noticed that it is only after a trial
and conviction of criminal libel that an
attorney, by the provisions of this bill, can
be disbarred. But there is no such thing
as a trial or a conviction for spoken words,
for the reason that such words are not
libel at all, but are merely slander, and
slander, however atrocious, has not been
made a crime. It will be seen at once
that this defect is all-sufficient to work
the undoing of the Philbrook bill.
There is, however, a kernel of reason aud
justice within this measure which should
survive and be given form and force in later
legislation. The power of Judges to visit the
penalty and dishonor of disbarment upon
attorneys or any punishment of like se
verity upon laymen for contempt of court
should be limited to cases where a jury has
pronounced the alleged offense to be a
crime. No Judge should be permitted by
law to occupy the place simultaneously of
complainant, court and executioner.
There is only one exception to this rule of
justice, and for that the law already pro
vides. The exception is where the order
and proceedings of a court are being inter
fered with or its dignity is being violated
by an express contempt. Under such cir
cumstances a court should be enabled to
compel order and to maintain its dignity
by immediate action, imposing a moderate
tine or even a brief imprisonment upon the
offender. It is necessary for courts to
possess this limited power for self-defense.
But when Judges claim the right to go
beyond this limit and to arraign citizens
by summary processes and punish them
with severe penalties for offenses against
themselves, the right of trial before an
American jury should be guaranteed to the
This is justice. This is consistent with
our principles and canons of liberty. This
should be law. The right of trial by jury
should apply to contempt proceedings as
it already applies to every other cause
involving the liberty of a citizen.
It is quoted as an evidence of the pro
gressive liberalism of Japan that no less
than sixteen native Christians are em
ployed as chaplains in the army. This
means a broadness of religious freedom
that many more civilized countries have
not reached yet.
AROUND THE CORRIDORS.
A great many men and women who have no
idea of the brain fag involved think it would
be pleasant to get $100 a day for keeping an
eye, or for that matter a rair of eyes, on a
bunch of racehorses and dropping a red flag
at the right time. That is what James B. Fer
guson of Kentucky has to endure every day he
goes out to the Bay District Track. In a word,
he is the starter.
In speaking of his onerous employment yes
terday afternoon he said: "As far as horse
racing is concerned I find that I like the duties
imposed on me to that extent that it takes
away the color of hard work. Of course it looks
easy to stand near the stake and start off a
bunch of hard-mouthed horses, mounted by a
crowd of roljicking, strong-headed boys; but
when one comes down to the actual work it
ceases to be a sinecure. Now, for instance, sup
pose there is a mile race and every boy is out
to win from the jump and some particular
horse has a failing which can be accentuated
JAMES B. NER6TOON, THE STARTER AND WRITER.
[Sketched for the "Call" from life by Xan/civtil.]
by worry. Isn't it natural to suppose ttfat
every one of those boys will try his best to
worry that animal and fret him into a state
that makes it impossible for him to win ? They
will do it every time they get a chance, and
while I have to see that each entry has a good,
fair start, I have to keep a very watchful eye
on the kids. They do not mean to exhibit" a
spirit of deviltry, but if you give them enougn
rope they will own the whole track.
"I like the boys, but they think 'Fergy,' as
they call me, is pretty severe sometimes.
"Now, there you go asking me about the
effort it is for a horse to run on a muddy track
like it was to-day, lama starter, not a trainer.
If you want any points on training go and ask
James Howe or some of those men who make a
life study of it. You see every man must con
fine himself to the particular business he finds
himself best adapted to. I don't believe in a
man trying to handle several different kinds of
business at the same time. Whenever you
want a couple of yarns for the Sunday Call on
incidents of the racetrack, and particularly the
starters, you can call on me and I will respond.
I can write anything for the newspapers and
fill up all the space you assign me. Oh, yes,
indeed. I am considerable of-a writer."
"I supposed you were a starter, Ferguson?"
remarked a listener who had dropped into the
Palace Hotel billiard-room, "and that you
thought a man should confine himself to one
thing and not try to do several others at
"Well, of course, that's true; but I always
stand in on any proposition that helps the
newspaper boys along. I may be going out of
my class to get a same, but with a good handi
capper and a fair start I'm not afraid of the
Just then "White Hat" McCarthy sauntered
up with a subscription for a sick jockey, and
"Fergy" threw in a heavy gold piece.
George Schneider, president of the Bank of
Illinois, with office* in Chicago, is at the Pal
ace Mr. Schneider is a well-known character
in the city by the lakes. Many years ago he es
tablished the Staats-Zeitung, a German paper
which Ims sin^o «ro\vn to be a power among
that people. He has for several years been the
treasurer of the Chicago Press Club, and is a
welcome figure among that body of bohemians
at their social gatherings. In political life Mr.
Schneider has for years been a prominent
figure. He was a fast friend of Lincoln, and
was a delegate to the convention held in Cni
cago in 1800 whirh gave the illustrious sou of
Illinois the Presidential nomination. He was
also a delegate-at-kirtfe to the Republican con
vention held in I'hiladelphia in 1856, when
John C. Fremout was the nominee, and
was appointed Minister to Switzerland
by President Hayes in 187Gr Just at this time
the panic came on, however, and he found that
his private interests would not admit of his ac
cepting the position. Mr. Schneider was also
the first Collector of Internal Pvevenue ap
pointed at Chicago, holding office from 1302 to
1800. This is his lirst visit to San Francisco
and he said yesterday that he thought it to be
a great town. "You have splendid opportuni
ties and your water communication and gen
era.l resources make California a world in itself.
There is a great future before it. This Oriental
war will bring gnat chances, of which San
Francisco will reap the benefit." Mr. Schneider
came out with a party of Chicago and Detroit
people to attend the opening of the Prescott,
Phoenix and Arizona Railroad, and after that
event came on to this city.
The Palace Hotel had an unexpected caller
yesterday in the person of A. G. Fletcher,
Game and Fish Commissioner, who in the
afternoon had appeared before Judge Low and
secured a search-warrant upon the statement
that, to the best of his belief, there were
concealed in the cold-storage rooms of the
hotel divers quantity of quail, pheasants,
duck, geese and trout, for which the season
closed March 1. The Commissioner unearthed
about everything imaginable in the line of
meats and game except the species of which
he was in search, and at last concluded that
his information had been of an untrustworthy
MUSIC AND MUSICIANS.
Mrs. Rogers, who BRng the part of the old
nurse in Mascagni's "Ratcliff" on its first per
formance, is an American. Madame Vital, the
French singer who had studied the role,
sprained her shoulder only a few hours before
the performance, and iv order that the opera
might proceed, Mrs. Rogers learned more than
half of the long and difficult part, and ap
peared before the most critical audience in
the world, at less than a day's notice. She
must certainly be possessed of more than even
the usual amount of American pluck.
Kdmund Missa, a young French composer,
has just produced a successful opera "Ninon
de l'Enclos," at the Opera Comique in Faris.
The work is spoken of in the highest terms, the
fourth act in particular being declared to be
a perfect musical gem. The poem of Leneka
and Bernede is not in verse at all, but in prose.
Indeed it is the latest fad now among compos
ers to discard poetry altogether iv their libret
tos. Prose is said to be more elective and
more modern than verse.
Herr Willy Burmester, the violinist, concern
ing "whom so much has been heard from Ber
lin, wus a pupil of Joachim at the Berlin
Hochschule, but after one tour, being dissatis
fied with himself, he withdrew to Helsingfors
for three years' practice of the violin' in pri
vate. Such artistic modesty is rare, despite
the whimsical idea of a German writer, that
Herr Burmester purposely fixed upon this
northern height for so lengthy a residence
because the intense cold necessitated a prac
tice of ten hours a day in order to keep the
fingers warm. At any rate, Herr Burmester
has since won a name as an executant of very
A certain Senor Rubio, a solo player on the
violoncello, lately tried to give a concert in
London before noon, in order that the musical
critics not being otherwise engaged -would all
be in attendance. He discovered, however, that
there is a law in England prohibiting concerts
before 12 o'clock, and the disappointed vir
tuoso has had to abandon what one writer sar
donically calls "his before breakfast perform
Mexico, a country that liberally supports
grand opera, is just having a magnificent new
opera-house built at San Luis de Potosi.
PEOPLE TALKED ABOUT.
Professor John Fiske is an able man in several
branches of learning. Ii is interesting to know
that, according to a recent biographical sketch
of him, he was the prize infant prodigy, in
America at least, of modern times. At 7 he
was reading Latin authors, at 8 he had read all
of Shakespeare and a great deal of Milton, and
at 9he was deep in Greek. He seems, Indeed,
to have taken to Greek as a duck takes to
water, for at 15 he had dipped into nearly all
the extant classical authors and was reading
Plato at sight, while attending to such inci
dental recreations as mastering trigonometry,
analytical geometry, surveying and navigation.
According to the Belgian blue book on the
the subject of the purchase of the Congo Free
State, it appears that Henry M. Stanley re
ceives from the King of Belgium £2000 a year
when on duty in Africa and £1000 when in
Europe. While in the service he must neither
publish a book nor deliver a lecture without
the King's permission.
The Japanese Mikado is very busy these days.
He is examining a detailed account of the ex
penses chargeable to the war with China, and
is also reading a treatise prepared by experts
giving an account of all the military opera
tions in which the Japanese troops have taken
part. The Mikado is a good student and has a
very active mind.
Poor Liliuokalani says that she wants no
more efforts made in her behalf in this coun
try; that everything possible has already been
done. We hope the irony of the remark was
unintentional.— New York Tribune.
PLAIN MARCH WEATHER NOW
The Equinoctial Storm Idea Is
Like the Goose-Breast
Mr. Hammon Tells Why It Was
Not "Fair and Warmer" as
Yesterday's rainstorm, given energy by
a good 150-horsepower wind that would
keep up with the overland mail train, was
the spring equinoctial storm. The sun
crossed the line. For some time now, if
the plane of the earth's orbit, and the
ecliptic and a few other of those things,
work as they have done for several aeons,
the refulgent orb of day will spend its time
north of the equator.
Thus thing of crossing the line has long
been celebrated by man in a variety of
ways, and there has been for ages an abid
ing belief that when the sun accomplished
the same feat twice a year 'nature cele
brated it by getting up, all over the two
temperate zones, disturbances that have
been called equinoctial storms. The "equi
noctial fury" of March and September gales
has for centuries been celebrated by the
makers of the ballads and stories of the
sea, and the most enlightened, every-day
people have up to the present day made
sage observations about the to-be-expected
ness of storms occurring about the 21st
day of March and September, in fact if
the storm comes two or three days before
or after that time the average weather
wise man observes that that must be the
equinoctial storm and that it is a little late
But in making up his reports and pre
dictions yesterday Mr. Hammon, the offi
cial weather man, didn't pay any more
attention to the astronomical happenings
than he did to the warnings of astrology
or the condition of the breastbones of
geese. According to Mr. Hammon equi
noctial storms have been relegated to the
plane of scientific contempt occupied by
the goose-breast and ground-hog stories.
He says that there is no such thing as an
equinoctial storm, and thus another idol is
shattered. He says that meteorologists do
not and never have recognized "equinoc
tial" storms, but that the popular belief has
led investigators to give some special atten
tion to refuting the theory. Some time ago
H. A. Hazen, not the General Hazen who
was once at the head of the weather serv
ice, but a well-known professor connected
with the service in Washington, wrote a
paper giving the results of several years'
observations of March and September
storms in various regions of the temperate
zone. He showed that during a long series
of years the storms on the 20th, 21st and
22q of those months were, on the average,
no more frequent or severe than the storms
of any other three-day period in those
months. He made a similar ten-day
showing for those months. Other scientific
articles of like tenor have appeared in the
meteorological journals. The scientific
dictum is that if it storms on or about the
21st of March or September it is because
there is a "low" getting in its work in the
"I don't know how the fiction of
equinoctial storms got into people's heads,"
said Mr. Hammon "unless it was the result
of the ola idea of planetary influence on
the weather, coupled with a vague knowl
edge of the earth's shifting its axis in its
relation to the sun. The months of March
and September are subject to frequent
changes of temperature in the tern- >
perate zones, and hence to frequent storms
because the degree of heat received from
the sun is undergoing its most marked
change. But storms are not to be antici
pated on a special day, and the mere posi
tion of the £un in relation to an imaginary
line has no effect on the weather.
"In this region, as elsewhere, the rate of
storm movement in March is more rapid,
but still there are not so many changes on
the Pacific Coast as in the East."
The storm that stormed yesterday was
the same old storm, and it fooled Mr.
Hammon beautifully. He had predicted
fair weather for yesterday, and he had to
endure the chagrin of carrying an umbrella
from morning till night. But then it was
the first mistake he had made for some
time, and then a weather prophet ought to
be let off in March because that month is
This storm came in from the ocean to
the Puget Sound region several days ago.
It had to hustle to get the rain here on St.
Patrick's day, but it succeeded. The area
of low barometer has stayed around Puget
Sound ever since, keeping San Francisco
at its southern edge. All this time a
"high has been occupying Southern Cali
fornia and crowding northward. Night
before last everything indicated that San
Francisco and vicinity would be captured
by the western end of the high yesterday
and hence enjoy nice weather, but during
the March nightthe brooding "low" chased
the high back a few miles south of the
Golden Gate and gave us rain all day long.
To-day is apt to be showery but not as bad
as yesterday, Mr. Hammon says.
Ihe March weather this year was much
finer than usual up to the 15th inst. Since
then it has been more like itself.
Children Will Hear the Concert.
The free tickets generously issued bj the
American Concert Company to school children
for the afternoon of March 30 will also be good
on the preceding Monday evening, March 25,
when stereopticon views will be given.
HAUNTED BY SPIES.
The Poet is Practically a Pris
oner in the City of
HIS COTTAGE HOME GUARDED.
He Spoke His Mind Too Freely
to President and Mrs.
it is possible that Joaquin Miller, the
Poet of fhe Sierras, will arrive in San
Francisco by the next steamer from Hono
lulu as a ticket-of-leave man from Hawaii
with instructions not to return until he
has learned how to write newspaper cor
respondence in accord with the spirit of
the powers that be.
Mr. Miller was received with open
arms by President Dole and his political
household last December and thereupon
the poet wrote some letters to several
newspapers, in which he extolled the
young republic and its rulers and the arti
cles just bubbled over with pleasant and
pretty sentences, such as Mr. Miller knows
so well how to indite. Now, however, it i 3
stated that Mr. Dole and hia government
colleagues are more than ready to open
their arms and throw the poet out of Ha
waii, bag and baggage, sonnets and all,
without saying, "By your leave, sir."
And it is All due to "the fa^t that the poet
has written too much and has talked too
freely of what he has written.
C. *W. Ashford, ex-Attorney-General of
Hawaii, exile and ex-leader ef the legal
profession in Honolulu, who is now a
guest at the Lick House, related the cir
cumstances of Joaquiu Miller's favor and
disfavor with the Dole Government last
"I became very intimate with Mr. Miller
before and after the alleged insurrection of
January 6," said Mr. "Ashford, 'and he
told me all about the queer experiences he
had met while in Jtlonolulu just before I
sailed away on the Arawa. My own ob
servations corroborated all he said.
"It is my belief that Mr. Miller will come
back to America by the next bteamer, with
injunctions not to visit Hawaii again ex
cept under certain conditions. For several
weeks previous to the sailing of the Arawa
Mr. Mfller was watched by spies of the
Government, his footsteps were dogged by
detectives and his cottage at the base of
Puiyiui (Big Hill) was constantly under
the surveillance of the Government police.
The poet soon became aware of the fact
that he was constantly kept under guard,
and he explained to me the reason for it.
He told me that when he first landed in
Hawaii he was deceived. 'I thought,' he
said, 'that I had come into a young and
struggling republic. While laboring under
that impression I wrote a lot of articles for
American newspapers, in which I lauded
the efforts of the provisional and praised
them for their patriotism. But I was very
soon undeceived. I found that the so
called republic was nothing but a scurvy
oligarchy — a species of tyranny carried on
by false pretense and under a false name.'
"Mr. Miller then told me," continued
Mr. Ashford, ''that he had spoken his
mind very clearly and emphatically to Mr.
Dole and Mrs. Dole, with whom he had
established an intimate friendship. This
friendship had its beginning on the day
of the attempted revolution, when Mr.
Miller shouldered a gun and joined the
Government forces in their march against
the enemy which could not be found. The
friendship had its ending for good and all
a short time thereafter when Mr. Miller's
eyes were opened to the truth, and he told
Mr. Dole and his colleagues that they were
a set of tyrants over an inoffensive and
helpless people. That very day the poet
found that he was watched by spies on all
sides. Mounted policemen were sent out
to his cottage, two miles from the city,
and paraded in front of his garden gate
day and jiight. One day when I
went out to call on 'Mr. Miller
I found a dismounted policeman in front
of the garden grazing his horse. When I
asked him what he was doing there he re
plied that he was holding down his regu
lar beat and keeping his eyes on the poet's
home. But notwithstanding these signs
of evident disfavor Mr. Miller continued
to visit Mr. and Mrs. Dole every Sunday.
But he had broken friendship with all the
other Republicans because one day when
he had spoken his mind rather freely he
had been threatened with arrest and con
finement in jail if lie did not keep his
"On the Sunday before the Arawa sailed
for San Francisco I met Mr. Miller. He
was just returning from a visit to Mr. Dole.
He remarked that he and the President
had not parted as friendly as usual, be
cause he had read to Mr. Dole some letters
which he intended to send to America by
the Arawa. Mr. Miller then read to me
some of those letters, and I must say they
were scorchers — red-hot arraignments of
the Provisional Government and an em
phatic denial of what he had previously
written while under misapprehension of
the true state of affairs, accompanied by
apologies therefor. After reading these
letters to me Mr. Miller said :
"'I want you to do me a favor. I can
not trust this correspondence in the hands
of the postal authorities of this Govern
ment, because I know my mail has already
been tampered with. You are going away
on the next steamer, the Arawa? Well, "I
want you to take a packet of letters — these
and a few more that I wish to add— and
see that they are safely landed in America.
Will you do it?'
"I promised to do as he desired.
" 'Very good,' he said. 'I shall be at the
dock just before the steamer leaves and
will give you the packet.'
"But he did not come. The Arawa came
and docked and took on passengers and
cargo, but Mr. Miller did not appear.
The vessel sailed, but it carried no cor
respondence from the poet of the Sierras.
Among the articles which he was most
anxious to have printed was an account of
his visit to the jail where the political
prisoners were confined and which he had
incautiously read to Mr. Dole. It is my
opinion that Mr. Miller and his letters
were kept away from the steamer by
H. M. Reed of Reedly was at the Grand last
Mayor Robert Effey of Santa Cruz is at the
A. C. Bingham of Marysville was at the Palace
B. D. Sinclair of Placerville was at the Licjc
J. D. Grant of Healdsburg is a guest at the
The Rev. H. White of Stockton is a gnest at
B. F. Sargent, an attorney from Salinas City,
is at the Lick.
W. P. Rouse, a mining man of Denver, Is reg
istered at the Palace.
R. I. Bentley, attorney from Sacramento, is
registered at the Lick.
S. R. Murdock, an extensive stock-raiser of
Colusa, is a guest at the Palace.
George H. Warfield, cashier of the Bank of
Healdsburg, is at the California.
Thomas Crouch, the large mine-owner of
Butte, Mont., is again at the Palace.
J. C. Mogk, superintendent of the big irriga
tion canal at Colusa, is at the Grand.
F. VV. Madera, the new passenger agent of
the Burlington, is at the Occidental.
SPIRIT OF THE PRESS.
A crank always wants his name kept before
the public, but he never wishes to pay for the
advertising.— Los Angeles Express.
The Silurian never objects to the other fol
low doing the work that benefits him as well as
the fellow who does the work.- Contra Costa
Grover may be a poor marksman as far as
ducks are concerned, but he managed to hit
the Democrat bird in a vital spot.— Los Angelei
The Legislature has been very generous to
Governor Budd. It has provided him plenty of
material with which to cover himself with
glory.— Fresno Republican.
As it is estimated that Cleveland's friends in
Wall street have made about $25,000,000 out
of his three bond issues, it is probable that for
him, at any rate, the financial cloud has a
golden lining.— Lakeport Bee.
If the Republican party does pick up with
free silver coinage, as it is alleged it will, and
sticks to its protection idea, it will then oc
cupy a consistent position and get into power
and stay in power for a decade.— East Ore*
When you buy a Chicago ham— Chicago has
the money and you have the ham. When you
buy a home-bred, home-fed, home-cured ham
the ham and money are both in the State, one
to eat and the other to use in producing an
other ham.— San Benito Advance-
The old bogie man of the Chinese Empire is
dead. But what are we to think of the new
great power across the water? Fof the first time
since the conquests of the Saracens the world
has a first-class military power outside of
Christianity. It is a novel condition in the
world's history. What is its implication?—
SUPPOSED TO BE HUMOBOUS.
Father — So you wish to make my daughter
Suitor— Well, it's the only way I can see of
becoming your son-in-law.— Chicago Inter
Father— Nowadays it costs me more to mend
shoes than to buy new ones.
Daughter— You must be mistaken.
"Why do you think so?"
"If it did, patched shoes would be fashion*
able.'— New York Weekly.
"I want to git a collar fer my husband," said
the hard-faced woman, "and I declare I have
plumb forgot the size. I giner'ly buy all his
collars f.nd ties fer him, t8o." "Ah!" said the
astute clerk; "then you probably want a thir
teen and a half or fourteen?" "Yes, that's
right; but I don't see how you guessed it so
easy." "Oh, I have noticed that a man, who
lets his wife buy such things for him usually
wears about that size."— Cincinnati Tribune.
Rosina has been reading in the paper that
Crispi advocated the system of reciprocity in
the Chamber of Deputies.
Rosina — What is meant by reciprocity?
Giacomo — It means an exchange in which
neither party gains an undue advantage over
the other. For instance, if you give me a kis>—
so— l feel bound to give you one in return— so —
tliat is reciprocity.
Rosina— This is not bad, but I altogether fail
to comprehend why an old gentleman like
Crispi should attach so much importance to it.
Attorney (badgering witness)— Now, sir,
wouldn't you like 'to swear
Witness— Yes.— Spare Moments.
Was Not More's Son.
Martha Dv Val and Eleanor H. More have
filed answers to the petition of J. B. Quintero
de More that part of the estate of Alexander P.
More be distributed to him. They allege that
the petitioner is not the son of Alexander P.
More, and that he was never acknowledged as
such. More asked to have $87,000 distributed
to him on the strength of him being the ille
gitimate son of the testator.
Bacon Printing Company, 508 Clay street. •
— •— — «
Vermont maple sugar, 15c lb, Townsend's.*
. • — ♦ — •
The new Easter Cards, Booklets and Easter
Novelties have arrived. Sanborn, Vail & Co. •
• — * —
J. F. Cutter's Old Boubbon— This celebrated
whisky for sale by all first-class druggists and
grocers. . Trademark— Star within a shield * 5
* — . • • • 1 t
CuR-iT-rp; heals wounds, burns and sorys a?
if by magic; one application cures poison oak;
it relieves pain and abates inflammation. •
• — ♦ .
Husband's Calcined Magnesia. Four first
premium medals awarded. More agreeable to
the taste and smaller dose than other mag
nesia. For sale only ia bottles with registered
trade-mark label. *
♦ — ♦ — •
How many members of this Legislature have
lived up to their pledges? Call the roll.—
Fob that tired feeling, or when yon are weak,
nervous and worn out, Hood's SarsaparlUa Is just
the medicine to restore your strength and give you
a good appetite. It purities the blood.
— • — ♦ —
"Mm. Winslow's Soothing Syrup"
Has been used over fifty years by millions of moth
ers for their children while thing with perfect
success. It soothes the child, softens the gums, al
lays Pain, cures Wind Colic, regulates the Bowels
and is the best remedy for Diarrhoeas, whether
arising from teething or other causes. For sale by
Druggists- in every part of the world. Be sure and
ask for Mrs. Winslow's Soothing Syrup. 25c a
Between us and our Eastern brethren thert
are a thousand miles and more of moun-
tains and desert plateaus.
Transportation charges are high; why
don't we make our own goods ?
We make SHOEB that are not only equal
■but in some respects superior to Eastern
We do more — we sell them direct to the
people of San Francisco and suburbs (none
others) at what Eastern and all other deal-
In short: SHOES RETAILED AT THE
FACTORY AT FACTORY PRICES.
WHOLESALE MAKERS OF SHOES,
581-583 MARKET ST.
Open till BP. I*l. Saturday Nights till iO.
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