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FAVO RS HER FREEDOM
Senator Call Speaks in
the Cause of
ALL FOR INDEPENDENCE.
Residents of the Island Should
Throw Off the Yoke of
THEIR BUEDENS TOO HEAVY.
Paying: a Tribute to an Army Which
Will Now Be Brought to
WASHINGTON, D. C v April s.—Speak
ing of the mass-meeting held in Jackson
ville last night and the resolutions adopted,
Senator Call of Florida said :
•■.l have frequently introduced in the
Senate resolutions requesting the Presi
dent of the United States to open negotia
tion. with Spain looking to the inde
. pendence of Cuba on the basis of an issue !
of bonds from Spain to Cuba as compensa
tion, these bonds to be guaranteed to any
reasonable extent by the United States. !
; Secondly, I have called the attention of
the State Department to the condition of
affairs in Cuba and urged legislation in
line with the resolutions referred to and
■shall recommend these resolutions when
ever opportunity offers.
. •'At present the Cubans have not estab
lished any provisional government that
■ .we -could recognize, but the moment they ;
'.do organize one that seems to have a!
reasonable chance of permanence I shall
• strongly urge their recognition as belliger- 1
. Tents. • Nine-tenths of the people of Cuba
'•are. in favor of independence, and most of
' them are in favor of annexation tothe
■'■■ yfcfnited' States. Cuba offers one of the i
" finest markets for us in the world. It is |
.' JOae of the richest and under proper sani-
I'tary laws will be one of the healthiest coun
tries to be found anywhere, and would be
.', a .perfect garden if under our controL
I ••; ."The Cubans are courageous, bright and '
' "quick-witted and make excellent citizens. |
•': Iji' spite of the absence of schools in Cuba, ;
the people have managed to keep them- !
i selves very high in the scale of intelli- j
gence. They pay an annual tribute of I
over $22,000,000 to Spain to maintain the
."• army that is to be used to try and crush !
. tii«m. I earnestly, hope for their inde
'.'■[ -\ CONCEDES THE BEQUEST.
-.'Spain to Give Americans Arrested in
';..:■• ■ . Cuba a Civil Trial.
.. '^WASHINGTON, d. c, April 5.-The ;
.■.S.pa : ni?h Government has conceded the re- j
vq&est of the United States that the two \ .
, American citizens, August Boleton and !
' Gustav Richelieu, imprisoned at Santiago ! :
; ■ bYe;.-Criba, be given an opportunity to estab
• li|.h their innocence before a civil tribunal, j :
: " T-jie.se men were picked up in a small boat j i
• near "Santiago by a Spanish cruiser and j I
brought to the town and placed in jail. '
" X>nited States Consul Hyatt secured their • i
. re}ease, but they were again arrested under •
suspicion of having landed insurgents on :
■jth.fe Ctfban coast. Instructions were cabled I
Consul Hyatt to protest against a trial ,
, by . jth'e naval authorities, and to insist upon ;
*idefibite accusation of crime, and a civil
= trial-.' ' ,
■ : '::pPA.XISH TItUOPS ATTACKED.
'■■ i 4» Attempt to Cover the Landing of Max- !
' S. : '..': itno Gomez. "
.;.;viIAT>BID, Spac*-. April 5.— A dispatch
'•received here from Cuba announces that a ;
'.ba.nd.of 700 Rebels, which has appeared in j ;
: : t'h'ieicenter of the island, attempted to at- '
•tack the Spanish troops stationed on the
.•smith .coast, in order to cover the landing !
.'of Maximo Gomez, who is said to be com- '
■; ing: south to Cuba from Hayti.
CRUISERS SENT TO SYRIA.
Missionaries Fear a Massacre
\:\\ of Christians by the
'"■/; . Turks.
Demonstrations to Be Made That
•„'; May Queil the Bloodthirsty
WASHINGTON, D. C, April s.— The
United States steamer Marblehead, now at
Gibraltar, was cabled yesterday by Secre
tary Herbert to proceed with dispatch to
Beyroot, Syria. The commander-in-cbief
t>ftbe European station will sail imme
diately on the San Francisco, now at
Palermo, for Smyrna. He was instructed
to -order the vessels of his command to also
visit Alexandria and confer with the
United States Consuls and resident Amer
ican citizens, and if it is found there are
.good grounds for the apprehensions ex
pressed in these quarters concerning a
probable massacre of Christians to inti
mate to the responsible authorities that
this Government will afford full protec
tion to American citizens living peaceably
in that part of the world under its treaty
The orders to the European squadron
were issued at the instance of the State De
partment, which had received a letter from
United States Minister Terrell at Constan
tinople suggesting this course. He re
ported that the missionaries in S3*ria were
in- a state of alarm in view of the turbulent
feeling manifested by the Turks, and while
no overt acts had been reported he felt it
might be a judicious movement to send
some of our warships to the towns along
the seacoast for the sake of the moral im
pression it would make. The Board of
American Missions also has been urging
the Navy Department to make Smyrna a
rendezvous for the Mediterranean squad
ron-to impress the natives in that section
of the country. It is not, however, the in
tention of the department to adopt any ar
rangements that will interfere with* the
Bari Francisco and Marblehead at the great
Kiel naval demonstration unless there
' should appear to be real danger of an out
break in Turkey that might jeopardize the
lives of Americans.
RAIZWAY MEJi TO MEET. (
Plans for Holding the Big Convention of
WASHINGTON, C, April 5.— A call
has been issued by Allen W. Post for the
-seventh annual convention of the Railway
Commissioners, to be held in this city on
May 14 next at the office of the Interstate
Commerce Cemmissien. The call is issued
under authority of a resoly^ss passed by
the last annual convention of Railway
Commissioners held in thi; city last May.
The Railway Commissioners of all States,
and all officers charted with any duty in
the supervision of railways are asked t«
attend. The session of American railway
| accounting officers is also invited. The
committee on organization of programme
consists of I. B. Brown of Pennsylvania,
J. Yantis of Illinois, J. W. Luke of lowa,
James W. Rea of California and Edward
A. Mosely of the Interstate Commerce
OF INTEREST TO THE COAST.
Additional Pension* Granted in Califor
nia and Oregon.
WASHINGTON, D. Cv, April The
special mail service will be stopped be
tween Tollhouse and Pine Ridge, Fresno
John W. Ebner was commissioned Post
master at Mount Angel, Oregon.
Pensions have been issued as follows:
California: Original— George W. Green,
Prunedale, Monterey County; .William H.
Joy, Healdsburg, Sonoma County. Reis
sued—Samuel E. Cobbs, Elsinore, River
side County. Original widows, etc. — Sarah
j Macqueen, Freshwater, Humboldt County.
; Mexican War widows — Ellen Smith, San
Oregon: Original— Lorenzo B. Hoover,
Clackamas County; David H. Sexton,
Lucky Green, Josephine County. Reis
sue—Nathan B. Sweet, Cottage Grove,
THREE RAILROAD WRECKS.
Eight Men Are Instantly Killed
and Others Fatally In
In Two of the Disasters Cars Were
Dumped Into a Deep
ALTON, 111., April 5.— A fearful wreck
: occurred this morning at the Wood-river
j bridge on the Chicago and Alton cut-off,
' about a half-mile north of East Alton. A
long, heavy freight train was coming down
i the grade when the middle of the train
bulged out and fifteen cars were piled on
top of each other. Four men were killed
■ outright, and two fatally injured.
None of them are known, but they are
supposed to be tramps who were stealing
a ride. The injured men were brought to
the hospital in this city. An inquest was
held at East Alton.
The wreck was caused by the train being
too heavily loaded behind. When the
brakes were put on the front cars the
weignt behind was thrown on the fiat car
in the middle of the train, crushing it to
atoms and wrecking the other cars.
On the train were sixty laborers, most
of whom had just quit work on the drain
age canal near Chicago. The accident oc
curred on the Wood River bridge, an open
structure seventy-five feet above the water.
None of the train crew were hurt, as only
the middle cars went over.
ZANESYILLE. Ohio, April s.— Four
persons were killed outright and a fifth
was fatally injured in a wreck on the Bel
laire, Zanesville and Cincinnati narrow
gauge at a trestie five miles west of Sum
merneld this morning. A coach jumped
the track as the train was approaching the
trestle, which is situated on a curve. The
coach went down five bents of the trestle
to a ravine below.
Eli Lucas, the engineer, whose family re
side in this city, was instantly killed. Mrs.
E. Young and little daughter of Summer
field and residents of Beallsville suffered
the same fate. Jesse Jones, the fireman,
was fatally injured.
GARRISON, CoiiO., April 6.— A broken
flange on the tender of a south-bound Rio
Grande passenger train caused a bad
wreck near here to-day. The express-car
was thrown to the right side of the track
and the baggage-car and one coach to the
left side, rolling over. Express Messenger
S. P. Thomas was" caught under a stove
and badly injured. The car caught fire
and was with difficulty saved from de
struction. A coffin containing a corpse
was badly burned. Considerable of the
express matter was destroyed.
OPEXIXO TAXKTOX J.AMtS.
Intricate Questions to Be Investigated by
WASHINGTON, D. C, April 6.-Tbe
proclamation for the opening of the Yank
ton lands in South Dakota will not be is
sued until there can be an investigation by
the Secretary of the Interior of the present
contentions. Secretary Smith will deter
mine whether the State can select the
lands, and whether it will not be compelled
also to pay for them at the same prices as
agreed upon in the treaty with the Indians.
In the enabling act admitting South Da
kota the State was granted about 500.000
acres of land. It is an open question
whether selections made of ceded Indian
lands would not mean that the State would
get them free of charge, while settlers have
to pay $3 75 per acre. The proclamation
will be withheld unta the questions are
ARRESTS TO BE MADE.
Detective* Investigating the Carson Mint
WASHINGTON, D. C, April 5.-The
j mint and secret service officials are reticent
j regarding the Carson mint. It is learned,
I however, that tip to this time shortages in
j gold have been discovered aggregating 4072
j ounces, which is equal to $80,000. In nearly
all the cases gold was abstracted during
the process of melting the bars and the
false •weights of gold contained therein
marked on them/
The gold thus secured was sold to banks
at different points west from Carson, a
considerable quantity being disposed of at
San Francisco. Most of the abstractions,
it is said, took place in 1891 ana 1892, but
small amounts have been taken within the
last two years. Important arrests are ex
Always at the head of the procession —
Dr. Price'e— the best of the bating pow
TO BE HELD IX fOREIGX WATERS.
Order* for the Final Trial of the Cruiser
WASHINGTON, D. C. April 5.-The
triple screw cruiser Minneapolis is to have
her final trial in foreign seas, which will be
a departure from the old practice. Orders
were to-day cabled to the admiral at Kings
ston, Jamaica, to put the ship through a
thorough two days' sea trial some time
between the 23d inst. and May 6, which
last date will be just rive months from that
of tne original acceptance trial. The trial
board will be made up of the following
officers of the squadron: Captain Evans,
Chief Engineer Harris, Lieutenant-Com
mander Alibone, Lieutenant Kellogg and
Cold for South America.
WASHINGTON, D. C. April 5.-The
treasury officials were notified of the with
drawal yesterday from the New York sub
treasury of $115,000 in gold for export to
THE SAX FRANCISCO CALL, SATURDAY, APRIL 6, 3 895.
HISSED THE JURORS.
Missourians Sore Over
the Failure to Convict
BRIBERY IS SUSPECTED.
Five Who Stubbornly Hold Out
for an Acquittal of the
THEN THEY QUICKLY DISAPPEAR
Mob Violence or Grand Jury Indict
ments May Cut Some Figure
in the Scandal.
CARROLLTON, Mo., April s.— The jury
in the Taylor case came into court at 9:30
o'clock this morning and reported that
they could not agree. The jury stood
seven for conviction, five against. The
Judge thereupon discharged them.
At 9:30 o'clock the jury was brought into
the courtroom and Judge Rucker asked:
"Gentlemen, is there any prospect that
yon will agree on a verdict?"
"None whatever," replied Foreman
'What do the rest of you say?" said the
"There is no show whatever," replied
"Do you stand now as you stood from
the first?" asked the Judge, and the jurors
replied that the first ballot was seven for
conviction and five for acquittal, and the
result remained unchanged in all future
Judge Rucker ordered the clerk to enter
a disagreement and discharged the jury
and continued the case until the next term
As the jurors filed out they were hissed,
hooted and reviled by the people gathered
about the courthouse. It is the general
opinion that Carroll County has been dis
graced by the five jurors who stood out for
The jurors who voted from the first for
conviction were J. A. Rose, David Jame
son. Adolph Aver, Granville Jenkins,
Elijah Baker, James H. Creel and W. R.
Brammer. The five who stood out for
acquittal from the first were Frank Yehle,
Barnett L. Hudson, Ben Glover, George
Fleming and J. T. Noland.
As soon as the jury was discharged tbese
five disappeared. It is said by the other
jurors that they stole out of town, fearing
Before leaving the juryroom Frank
Yehle made each juror promise not to
reveal to any one the names of the jurors
who voted for acquittal, but when the
seven jurors got out and mingled with the
people on the street and learned the state
of the public mind and that uniess it was
known how the jurors voted each man of
the twelve would rest under the suspicion
of having been bribed, they told the names
of the five.
The jurors who voted for conviction say
that Frank Yehle sustained all arguments
made in the juryroom against conviction,
and it has developed that George Fleming,
foreman of the jury and one of -those who
voted for acquittal, has a niece who mar
ried a cousin of the Taylors.
Ben Glover, another of the five, is a rela
tive of one of the attorneys for the defense.
Stories of bribery are multiplied daily, and
it looks as though the Grand Jury will
have its hands full when these charges are
brought before it.
A vital question— what baking powder
do you use? Dr. Price's is immeasurably
THAT BIG ORINOCO GRANT.
It Would Seem That England
Has No Claim to the
Venezuela Encourages Americans
In Securing Products of
MINNEAPOLIS, Mist?., April 5. — A
representative of the Journal who visited
Mayor Grant of Faribanlt, Minn., to-day,
obtained interesting information about the
treaty concessions about the mouth of the
Orinoco in Venezuela which Mr. Grant^nd
his associates have secured. Mr. Grant
denies with considerable vigor the asser
tions made in Washington that the con
cession is in any way involved in the
international complications between Ven
ezuela and England. Nearly all of the
land which is granted to the syndicate to
be improved and colonized has always
belonged to Venezuela and has never been
claimed by England. Mr. Grant admitted,
however, that a small corner of the con
cession had been settled on by the English,
but it was the least valuable and no trouble
would arise out of the fact. He adds that
the concession is really eleven years old,
having been granted to J. A. Bowman in
1884, who has been interested in it with
After some work had been done in im
proving the privileges granted the revolu
tion broke out which finally pnt Crespo in
power and nothing was done. The trip
wnich Mr. Grant, with Bowman and W. H,
Fisher, has just taken was to have the con
cession confirmed and the divergent inter
ests harmonized. In this they were
successful and expect to improve their
privileges, if the talk about international
complications or a war with England does
The concession includes valuable iron
mines, great forests of mahogany, rose
wood, and an island at the mouth of the
Orinoco, in which there are valuable as
phalt wells. It is also believed that there
is gold in paying quantities. The Vene
zuelan Congress adjourns June 15, and Mr.
Grant expects to go there again before that
date to close up the negotiations.
COSf ESS ED WITHOUT AUTHORITY'
Attempt to Set Aside a Heavy Judgment
in a Chicago Court.
CHICAGO, 111., April 6. — A motion was
made in Judge Goggin's court to-day to
set aside tbe judgment which was rendered
recently in the Superior Cour» by the
National Bank of the Republic against the
Walter A. Wood Harvester Company of
$26,000. The judgment was entered by
confession on a note of the company held
by the bank.
Attorney I. K. Boyesen, who appeared
for the company, told the court that the
confession of judgment was not authorized
by the company. It was made by Vice-
President McGowan and Assistant Treas
urer Finnigan, officers of the company who
lire at St. Paul, where the principal plant
of the company is, but the attorney says
these officials have not been authorized by
the directors or other officers of the con
cern to confess judgment in favor of the
bank. C. H. Remy, attorney for the bank,
opposed the motion and argued that the
confession was legal and that the officers
had the authority to make it. Judge Gog
gin said he would hear the matter fully
and decide it on Tuesday.
WITH TREMENDOUS CAPITAL.
Heavy Baching Behind the Xeit Telephone
NEW YORK, N. Y.i April s.— Thurlow
W. Barnes, the active spirit in the new
Standard Telephone Company, confirms
the statement that the capital of the com
pany is $160,000,000 and that there are fifty
different companies chartered and organ
ized. He further says:
"We have 200 prominent capitalists in
the United States interested in the com
pany. We propose to commence our ser
vice this summer in this city with a rate of
$3 a month for telephones. It is true that
Mr. Searles of the Sugar Company is not a
director of the company. He sold out.
He was originally interested in the Stand
ard scheme, but was bought out by the
syndicate. Mr. Searles left last night for
Arizona, to be gone a month or more, but
among those- associated with the New
York organization are his nephew, Ennis
M. Searles, and his son-in-law, William
SPENDS A NIGHT IN JAIL
Oscar Wilde Arrested on a
Charge of Committing a
Marquis of Queensberry's Plea
In the Libel Case Is
LONDON, Esq., April s.— The jury in
the case of Oscar Wilde against the Mar
quis of Queensberry found that the plea of
justification submitted by Queensberry was
proved, and the Marquis was discharged
from custody. The verdict was received
with loud applause from the spectators,
which the Judge did not check.
A warrant for the arrest of Wilde was
promptly applied for, copies of all the wit
nessed statements and the shorthand notes
of the trial having been furnished the
Early in the afternoon Lord Alfred
drove to the bank, cashed a check and re
turned to the hotel. Soon after both
Wilde and Alfred drove away. Wilde was
arreated at the Cadogan Hotel. He was
taken in a cab by two detectives to Scot
Wilde was very pale but cool when he
arrived at Scotland Yard. At 8:10 p.m.
Wilde was arraigned. The prisoner re
mained silent throughout the proceedings.
He was then taken to Bow street and
placed in the docket in the police station.
Here he stood with his hands in his pock
ets white the charge against him was being
taken. A police inspector then read the
charge aloud and asked Wilde if he had
anything to say, adding the usual warning
that anything he said might be used
against him. The prisoner remained
silent and apparently indifferent.
He was then searched, after which he
was locked in a cell. Shortly after he had
been locked up one of his friends arrived
in a carriage at the station with a Glad
stone bag containing a change of clothing
and other necessaries, but the police re
fused to permit him to leave it. Later
Lord Alfred Douglass went to the police
station and inquired whether Wilde could
be admitted to bail. The police inspector
explained that Wilde had been arrested for
a criminal offense, which did not allow of
bail being *ccepted until he had been ar
raigned in court
Lord Alfred was greatly distressed by
this information. He was told by the in
spector that Wilde had a blanket and all
requisites in his cell to be as comfortable
as the regulations allowed. The prisoner
would be allowed to receive food from a
hotel until to-morrow, when he will be
arraigned on a charge regarding the penal
Three deaths from supposed mushrooms
last week. How many unrecorded from
use of as deadly adulterated baking pow
ders? Insist upon having Price's Cream
Baking Powder; its purity and goodness
have never bee.n questioned.
AN ENGINE IN TEAGMENTS.
Terrible Force of the Blow Which Dis-
abled the Solano.
The old Solano lies high and dry on the
ways at the Oakland railroad yards, and
although somewhat weather beaten from
her years of service she is still sound and
tight far beyond what it was expected she
The Solano has been sixteen years in
commission, and during all that time she
has never been out of the water. Twice a
year the barnacles have been scraped trom
her hull by a kind of submarine scraper,
but beyond that she has been practically
unrepaired. As she is out of the water
now, however, she will be given a thor
ough overhauling and it is probable that
fully $100,000 wii'l be spent on her before
she is again put in the water. Planks
are being taken from all over her hnll, and
the least bit of decayed wood found is
scraped out, or the damaged beam is re
placed with a new one.
It is in the engine-room, however, where
the greatest damage has been done and
where the most money for repairs will be
spent. The accident which caused the
damage was a most peculiar one.
The engine is one of the same kind as
are familiar to all ferry-boat travelers, and
on the Solano there are two of them, one
to drive each paddle. The piston is about
sixty inches In diameter, and the engine
has a stroke of eleven feet. The piston
had just completed its upward stroke
when the rod broke off in the socket by
which it is attached to the mechanism of
the walking-beam, Steam at a pressure of
45 pounds to the square inch had just been
admitted above it, and the condenser,
which is immediately under the cylinder,
had just formed a vacuum below the
piston, which was equivalent to adding 13
pounds more pressure to the square inch.
Under this pressure of 53 pounds to the
inch the piston, released from the walking
beam, was driven down with an original
force of nearly 140 tons. The bottom of
the piston is slightly convex and the
lower head of the cylinder is shaped to fit
it accurately, so when the piston struck
the lower head it shattered it like glass; it
went right on, too, through the condenser
and did not stop until it had reached the
bed-plate of the engine. When the steam
was turned off they could not find a piece
of the lower part of the cylinder or
of the condenser which a man could not
pick up and easily carry away. The sides
of the cylinder and the condenser were two
The action of the blow was exactly simi
lar to the stroke from a steam hammer.
The piston and its LJ-foot rod weighed 2%
tons, and with the force of the steam and
the vacuum driving it down 11 feet into a
cup wnich it exactly fitted, the effect was
to grind the massive steel castings almost
into a powder. It will take thousands of
dollars to repair the damage it caused.
SCHOOL MA'AMS AND ART
Teachers Say That Too Much
Time Is Given to
THE PRESENT SCHOOL FAD.
Nine Hundred Teachers Discuss
Miss Ball and Her
The teachers of the city had a big time
yesterday afternoon over the teaching of
drawing in the public schools according to
the system and method of Miss Ball, the
special teacher of that art. They all got
together at the Lincoln and Webster
schools at 1 o'clock, and after long discus
sions expressed their finding of judgments
by vote. They were generally in favor of
a good deal of trimming.
This gathering, which was called a
special institute, so that absentees would
be fined, was one of the culminations of a
long and somewhat restless agitation. !
Prior to the present school year drawing
was always down in the course of study,
but teachers taught it or not according to
their ability to do so, and when they did
teach it they generally followed their own j
ideas and methods.
When Miss Ball came here about a year
ago as the agent of the Prangs and that
firm's system of drawing she was engaged
ONE OF THE WAYS OP A CHILD'S PENCIL WITH NATUBB.
[Reproduced from a public school specimen.]
as a special teacher to introduce her sys
tem and instruct the teachers. She "re
s signed her position as agent, and went to
, j work at the beginning of the present school
. j year. Drawing at once leaped into promi-
I nence. Miss Ball called the teachers of
', i each grade together regularly after school
I hours, laid out the work for the month and
j told them what to do. Drawing has been
• : increased in the schools from the lowest
; j grade to the highest, and more drawing
i i paper has been used up since July than in
j any three previous years.
| But Mia Ball found her job a hard one.
> She tried to get 900 teachers to pull to
gether all at once and all do the same work.
At first she was unpopular, because the
teachers said she was dictatorial and arro
i rant, but lately she has become generally
liked personally. Then they criticized her
j system and methods in all sorts of way?.
One month the children all drew spheres,
cubes and cylinders in all sorts of positions.
Then the cat was taken up as an elabo
, rated cylinder and several thousand pic- !
, I tures were taken, labeled "cat." In many j
j classes the teachers tried her advice of tak
ing to school a very docile cat, that would
sit still on the teacher's desk. Leaves,
' bugs and other products of nature were
■ j drawn, and the children tried their hands
• at illustrating stories.
, The old board stood by Miss Ball, but
with the new administration there com-
I raeuced a movement to find out anew the
j merits of Miss Ball's work. A meeting of
the principals was held three weeks ago,
' at which the majority indorsed the sys
j tern "with modifications." That meeting
(ailed for the appointment by the Super
j intendent of a committee of fifteen to find
j out the sense of the teachers of the entire
I department and report to another meeting
jof principal*. That committee decided to
call the teachers all together and they had
j their say about drawing yesterday. The
I teaohers'of the nine primary and grammar
i grades met in separate rooms and held
j nine separate meetings.
They discussed and voted on several
definite propositions. One question was,
"How Much Time Should the Children
Devote to Drawing?" The time given has
been about a half-hour a day. All the
grades voted in favor of one hour a week,
divided into two or three lessons. The
grades were unanimous, too, in favor of
plain drawing-paper, instead of textbooks
with pictures to be ropied.
They all voted, too, in favor of a new
wrinkle. The teachers want a special,
printed monthly bulletin, illustrating the
work to be done during the month, and
containing explicit instructions to teach
ers. If the teachers get this improvement
Miss Ball will become an editress.
Another question was, "Do you favor
each teacher instructing her class individu
ally?" The unanimous verdict was "yes,"
though one trade adopted a resolution
making it optional for teachers to exchange
work during the drawing hour, where one
was especially skilled in the work.
On the great question of whether the
teachers should gather at the Normal
School to be taught by Miss Ball after their
regular school work was ended or should
be allowed to dismiss their classes earlier
once a month the vote was divided. Six
grades voted in favor of gome after school
hours, and the second, eighth and
ninth grades carried the vote in
favor of saving this extra tax on the teach
ers' time. This spending the rest of the
afternoon listening to Miss Ball once a
month when their school work is done is
what many of the teachers have been growl
ing about," and some prominent teachers
said that most of the teachers were a little
afraid to vote in their personal favor on
A number of recommendations were
made by various grades. One of the criti
cisms of Miss Ball's system that some
teachers have made is that it did not ap
pear to tend to any particular good — artistic
On motion of Miss Pechin. principal of
the Cooper Primary School, the fourth
erade meeting asked that the aim of the
instruction in drawing be clearly defined.
Then a graded course of drawing, begin
ning with the lowest grade and ending
wit li the highest, was demanded.
This consensus of pedagogical opinion
about how art should be taught in the
public schools will be officially considered
by Superintendent Moulder, and when the
principals hold another meeting be will
make a lot of recommendations to the
The teachers now generally like Miss
Ball and approve her system, out there is
likely to be a paring of the time that sev
eral thousand children give to drawing
and a trimming and pulling together of
the methods by which the rising genera
tion is learning to draw pictures.
Miss Ball is an exceedingly bright and
talented young woman, who for eight
years superintended the drawing work of
the Omaha public schools. Then she
spent three successful years as agent for
-Prang. She explained yesterday just what
she was trying to do in the field of art. She
I am not trying to produce artists. Thou
sands of children should not be taught draw
ing to develop six artists. My aim is flm to
develop the ability to draw as a mean? of ex
pressing ideas. It is a practical means of ex
pression that can be constantly used in a mul
titude of ways through life. One can express
ideas by writing though the writing be crude,
and so to express ideas by drawing it is not
necessary to be an accomplished artist. With
a fair ability to draw one can oiten explain to
a dressmaker or carpenter how a thing is to be
made, for instance, by a little sketch better
than by any amount of telling.
Then drawing should be taught so as to
quicken observation. It can give mental
power and it should cultivate the taste. The
instruction in the public school should be
general and aimed at developing the child's
own power to do something with a pencil, not
merely to imitate while a teacher stands near
him. This gives the groundwork for special
training in either industrial or freehand draw
ing, and that should be specially given. Next
year ray work would be more directed toward
industrial drawing than this year.
MBS. LE BALLISTER TALKS.
She Declares She Ha« Nothing to Con
ceal From the Authorities.
So far as straightforward defiance goes,
Fred Hansted and Mrs. Eeina Le Ballister
| have thrown down the gauntlet to the al
i leged Senatorial combine in the last Leg
j islature, in the pilot bill, and dares either
i Senator Seymour or Senator Linder to at
tack them as blackmailers.
Ever since Fred Hansted, or Young
Dutchy as he is commonly called, made
: his statement before Foreman La Rue of
i the Sacramento Grand Jury, to the effect
! that there had been a Senatorial combine
i and that he and Mrs. Le Ballister had
j been "thrown down" by Senator Seymour
in the matter of the division of the alleged
"sack," there ha 3 been blood in the air,
but no no one would, in the language of
the lobbyist, "give up."
Whispers and rumors were rife, but
Young Dutchy, Mrs. Le Ballister and Miss
! Minnie Howard declined to say a definite
; word until Hansted was brought before
Mr. La Rue in W. W. Foote's law office.
! All this time Mrs. Le Ballister declined to
be seen or interviewed.
It was admitted on all Eides that the
woman knew the facts, but for once the
woman declined to talk. When Ed Con
roy stated that he had declined to call on
Mrs. Le Ballister, because he did not call
on "women who were strangers," the bar
riers of feminine prudence gave way, and
I yesterday Mrs. Le Bailister gave an'inter
j view to a Call reporter.
| That she was connected with the Legis
i lature regarding the pilot bill she would
I neither deny nor affirm, but when it came
to Ed Conroy's statements, her big eyes
. flashed and her white 'hands grasped the
j arms of her chair and there was wrath in
! every gesture.
"If, said she. "Mr. Conroy says that he
declined to call upon me because I was a
I stranger to him, he tells a deliberate false
"I was introduced to Mr. Conroy in due
form, and his intimation is a deliberate to
'■ suit." Here Mrs. Le Ballister's eyes grew
full of tears, and she said in a "strongly
: emotional manner: "I do not want any
| publicity. I have done all I could to avoid
it, but if it must come I will be ready to
tell all I know before any Grand Jury in
"I was in Sacramento. I did know Sena
tor Seymour, but I absolutely deny that I
ever said to Ed Conroy or to' any "one else
that I thought he had money to* be used
for the retarding of the passage of the
pilot bill or that I expected or had a right
to expect any money from any clique or
set interested in that bill, or that I ever
intimated to Mr. Conroy that the men in
terested in the prevention of the passage
of that bill had better brine up the sack.
I met Mr. Conroy incidentally and knew
At this point anger dried the lady's
tears and she flashed out: "This I will say.
What I know I will tell when called upon
by the proper authority. I have nothing
to fear. If I have, as is" alleged, been con
nected with any deal let it be proved.
If I . am interested in any blackmailing
scheme let me be definitely accused.
"I have accused neither Mr. Conroy nor
Mr. Phillips with having been go-betweens.
I accuse no one. I only ask to be let
"Young Dutehy," or Fred Hansted,
when seen last night said :
If Ed Conroy says he did not know Mrs. Le
Ballister, ne lie«. He not only knew her, but
he called upon her and even occupied the seat
next her in the legislative galleries. His inti
mations that she <ought his acquaintance are
wholly and absolutely false. lam in this fight
to stay. lam spending my own money, an*i all
I want is to have either Senator Seymour or
Senator Linder meet my defiance.
If I am blackmailing them lot them take the
proper course. As to E. A. Phillip*, I can only
«ay I have a score-to settle with him. I helped
him when he needed help, and now that he
thinks I am alone in this fight he deserts me
Mrs. Le Bellister will tell all she knows to any
proper legal authority, and so will I.
While talking Hansted evinced strong
excitement and repeated several times the
assertion that he was spending his own
money and making his fight alone against
the concentrated efforts of the "combine."
But he declared that if any legal authority
would ask him to verify his statements a"s
to the "sack," Senator Seymour and the
"combine," he would be only too ready to
Senator Linder and E. A. Phillips left
town yesterday and are believed to have
gone to San Bernardino. Just where they
went no one of their friends Beemed to
know, and when told of their departure
Hansted grinned sardonically and said
"They don't seem anxious to make a fight
do they?" '
when undergoing much strain
of I Body or Brain.
THE IDEAL TONIC:
■••? ..I find it uniformly beneficial, it
strengthens the entire system."
j Mailed F7ee.l_ _;
I Dcicriptlve Book with Tectimonywd
I Portraits •
\—m. .2F.JHn^P CELEBRITIES.
Beneficial and Agreeable.
Every Te»t Prove, Reputation.
Arold Subitltntiong. Ask for ' Yin Hariui.*
At DrnrgUts and Fancy Grocers.
MARIAN! & CO.,
, Fakii: 41 84. H«»«mann. E2 U 15tifit U«»7»k.
Uik> . Ut Oxford StretU «tlßfc,«iWXßfc
THE SPHERE OF
Tie Breaii of Research Which
tie Science Undertaies.
ITS IMPORTANCE UNDENIABLE.
The Wisest Man Who Has Lived
Was a Student of the Trees and
Flora of His Time— Ramifi-
cations Not Confined Merely to
Arrangement and Nomenclature.
•■■.■"■"■*■._- ■- ■ . . ••.•■■--.. •"'".'*-■.■ ■ ■'■ .■ .■.■■■.-.■■. ■ ■■ .:
The work ■which botanists have done, and
that which they are to-day doing, has received
scant enough recognition from the people, and
yet it is a most important branch of natural
science. And from the very remotest antiquity
it seems to have been studied more or less.
Holy Writ is authority for the statement that
King Solomon "spake of the trees, from the
cedar tree that is in Lebanon, even unto the
hyssop that springeth out of the wali"; but
perhaps the earliest preserved botanic notes
are those of Aristotle and his successor,
Theophrastus. These cover the era B. C. 350
to B. C. 300, and from that time right down to
to-day the study has never been entirely
The proper scope of botany is admitted to be,
not only the naming and arrangement of the
entire vegetable productions of the globe, but
also the consideration of the external forms of
plants; of their anatomical structure, however
minute; of the functions which they perform;
of their distribution over the globe at the pres-
ent and at former epochs, and of the uses to
which they are subservient. This 1 alter phase
of the subject is the one in which the populace
is principally interested ana to which, all
things being considered, most attention has
been given. It treats as clearly about the ad-
visability of eating potatoes' as about the in-
advisability of smoking opium. It is this
phase of botanic study which has given to as a
number of purely vegetable remedies which
are as much valued as gold itself, and in the
world's economy some of them are more neces-
sary than is the most precious metal. Califor-
nia abounds in vegetable remedies, and when
the very choicest and effective are combined,
as they are in the height of perfection in Joy' ■
vegetable Sarsaparilla, and as they are in no
other home remedy, then we have a botanic
production that is actually priceless.
MD FOR WHOM IS IT GOOD ?
FOB THE BABY— Because 'it is so mild in
its effects it strengthens the little constitu-
tions by nature's means. "It acts splendidly
in children and can't be equaled."— airs. F.
ROMAINE, San Jose.
FOB TELE YOUNG MEN— Because It pre-
serves the tissues, clears the blood from all
impurities which are sure to make their ap-
pearance in young manhood. '1 have taken
five bottles and now my troubles have left
me."— LEE, Third and Market sts.
IN YOUR PRIME- if you have neg-
lected your health it will stimulate nature
to perform her proper functions and brace
you up generally. "I find it the most effec-
tive remedy I ever came across." CHAS.
ELKINGTON, 125 Locust aye.
IN LATER TEAKS — there Is no dis-
ease on earth that it will not help. If you
cuff from indigestion, torpid liver, kidney
trouble, dyspepsia, irregular bowels or any-
thing else in the wide world, try Joy's.- -: "
You cannot make any mistake if you ask for
Joy's Vegetable Sarsaparilla, but you will make
a mistake, AND A BIG ONE, TOO, if you allow
any drug clerk to tell you that he has some-
thing else which, is quite* as good. There is
nothing else quite as good. Tell him
Unless you want to have your skin covered
with unsightly pimples and hard-looking
blotches you must keep away from the sarsapa-
rillas that have mineral poisons in them, Joy's
hasn't a particle, and if you nave been taken
in, and you are now suffering from the effects
of having taken a substitute, order Joy's at
once. That will make your skin . clear again,
and then see that you are not
0 Millions §
ffl sent H
YjGn Every year from California 1^
\gTA to P a >" f° r manufactured Head
XJWI goods that we have the re- k?N§j
IpP^ sources, the capital and the J^^l
T^m labor to make right here. If |^M
Lb^J we'd only 'get together!" EOS
W^m The first step is to liberally L^u
]^rj patronize home industries. fOh
f^\ Let's be proud of what we R&v|
\^w\ have an( * we'll soon have B*kSfcJ
W^A more. Patriotism builds* na- M
\£&\ tions and local enthusiasm k^RI
y^Tjk builds cities ! fo^
pS standard -KS
Hj STANDARD Nfl
S^a SHIRTS N3
Br>&! You add to the wages fund f%^
\£&\ of S. F.— while getting the |lH®|
fyjk very best value for your f^Vl
YJSn money. All dealers sell them. kjSStf
USo4 NEUBTADTER BROS., San r%£B
fA^l Francisco, make them. L^Bj
LAUREL MILL CEHETERY
/CHOICE LOCATIONS IX ANY PART OF THE
\J grounds for sale and lots laid out on the Law
system or inclosed with* low walls, as purchaser
may desire. - ... . •'
Perpetual care of plats a specialty. •
- Cemetery permanent. • . . ; ' ■• r . .
■ For the purchase of lots or for any improvements
apply to the superintendent on the grounds, Cen-
tral avenue and Bosh ats.; San Francisco, Cal. ■•**■■'
_ T«E NEWPORT, ALAMEDA.
POPULAR HOUSE HAS BEEN LKASKD
ttnJL a . responsible party, newly furnished and
thoroughly renovated; room and board by the
w ft or month; »urt bathing. •■ Second -»ye. .tatted