Newspaper Page Text
CHARLES M. SHORTRIDQE,
Editor and Proprietor.
DAILY CALL— «C per year by mall; by carrier, 15c
SUNDAY CALL— M.SO per year.
WEEKLY CALL— 11 -DOper year.
The Eastern office of the SAN FRANCISCO
CALL (Daily and Weekly), Pacific States Adver
tising Bureau, Khinelander building, Rose and
Duane streets, New York.
THURSDAY APRIL 11, 1895
Come to the front.
The pledge is the thing.
Work with those who work for you.
A dime well expended will earn a dollar.
Make California have a market for home
United California means prosperous
Sectional jealousies are buried with the
dead past. ' '
The Pacific Coast is teaching the Union
in enterprise this year.
Get ready to visit the southern fiesta
and enjoy the springtime.
The Half-million Club is being wielded
with the strength of a giant.
Subscribe to the San Joaquin road and
get your name on the record.
The Democratic losses in New Jersey did
not surprise even the Democrats.
Visalia is smoothing her way to prosper
ity by laying bituminous pavements.
There seems to have been almost as
much steal as silver in the Carson Mint.
Southern Californians turn out the fiestas
and Northern Californians take them in.
The silurian who wishes to be spoken of
gently as the dead, should quit his kicking.
The Call would rather use an olive
branch than a rod, but it knows how to use
Those whose only idea of thrift is a
selfish application of industry are making
bricks without straw.
From her ability to advertise herself it
would appear the coming woman intends
to elevate the stage.
The only cloud on the silver lining just
now is the attempt of some brash Demo
crats to get in and hoodoo it.
Don't purchase any imported article un
til you are sure there is no California article
that will serve your purpose.
It is now asserted that Arizona and New
Mexico will have to wait outside the Union
until the silver question is settled.
In the phrase "new, united, progressive
California," the Half-million Club has
given the watchword to the million.
In comparison with the foolish people
who continue to live in the blizzard-blown
East, every man in California is wise.
The report that Gladstone will return to
Parliament and make a speech implies
that the old man has caught his second
Californians who buy the products and
manufactures of California are* depositing
in the savings bank that pays the largest
Don't be surprised at the number of pro
gressive men springing up all over the
State. This is the season when daisies
A community that is not resolute in pro
tecting its law from the contempt of the
powerful will never have a law strong
enough to protect its people.
Bear in mind that every resident of the
Pacific Coast is expected to do what he
can to bring the next Republican National
Convention to San Francisco.
The Democrats of the country are about
concluding that a gold plank is too nar
row and thin to support the enormous
weight of President Cleveland.
We could suggest a number of very
stately and imposing Silurians who might
be induced to take the place of the relics
stolen from the Park Museum. Nobody
would ever steal them.
The portraits of pretty Santa Rosa and
Petaluma girls, which ' the papers have
been publishing lately, have set a few phi
losopher? wondering why most of the pretty
girls in the world seem to prefer being born
He who employs all his capabilities in
the pursuit of money in the belief that it is
the only commodity exchangeable for
happiness, will discover after he becomes
rich that his money is the rainbow and
his happiness the bag of gold that lies at
As it seems likely that the theater
managers of other cities will follow those
of New York in abolishing billboard and
lithograph posters, the newspaper will soon
reign supreme and without a rival in the
field of advertising. The proposed change
is certainly in the direction of common
sense and good business, the only draw
back to it being the danger that advertis
ing supplements in glaring colors may
become a necessary feature of all future
General Campos, who is on his way with
an army from Spain to Cuba, is unable to
Bee any martial glory in the suppression of
the Cuban insurrection, and he declares
that he will shed as little blood as possible;
but it is more than likely that if he finds
any American adventurers among the in
surgents he will make them stand with
their faces to the wall and their backs to
a line of leveled rifles, and that he will not
fool away any time easing the consciences
of the executioners by distributing blank
cartridges with those that are loaded.
It is announced that Keeley has at last
succeeded in constructing a machine that
can be worked by his mysterious vibratory
force, and that he will soon exhibit it in
the form of a 250-horse-power commercial
engine. The sole motive power is said to
be "a sympathetic force of outreach repre
senting in the full receptive circuit an ac
cumulation of polar , sympathy of more
than twenty-three tons when under rota
tion to be distributed to the polar and di
polar circuits" of his machine. Notwith
standing the many failures of the past
there are quite a number of people who
have confidence in Keeley, and the ap
proaching exhibit is awaited with consider
THE LIAES CALLED DOWN.
The policy of the Call's present proprie
tor is not only to do -all that he can as a
journalist to assist in building up this
splendid State, but to assist all other jour
nalists, to the full extent of his power, in
that worthy aim. In doing this we 'have
made a radical departure ' from the estab
lished "ethics" of journalism in San Fran
cisco, in that we have given praise and
other assistance to our contemporaries, by
name, for acts intended to- benefit the
State. At the same time, we have an
nounced that we are just as ready to assail
them when they deflect from the standard
It has fallen to the lot of the San Fran
cisco Post to be the first of our local con
temporaries to learn that the Call can be
as vigorous in chastisement as in praise.
In its issue of yesterday the Post contained
an editorial entitled "The New Bosses,"
in which, after saying that the local politi
cal bosses had been disposed of in the last
election, and after referring to the recent
ordinance concerning bituminous rock, it
says: "The ordinance does not suit
two esteemed contemporaries, for the
reason, it is said, that they are interested
in the proscribed bituminous mines. Both
are therefore engaged in rendering a
chorus, the purport of which is that the
Grand Jury should immediately indict all
It is not our present business to an
nounce what local papers besides the Call
have opposed the infamous bituminous
rock ordinance which Mayor Sutro has
vetoed. It is sufficient to say that the
Call denounced it, and that it intimated a
course which the Grand Jury mieht take
to the credit of the City and the discom
fiture of those who may in league to
rob the City.
If the editor of the Post, or any other
human being, says that the proprietor of
the Call is directly or indirectly interested
in any bituminous mine in the State of
California or elsewhere, or that his oppo
sition to this ordinance is inspired by any
selfish motive, he utters a deliberate and
barefaced lie; and what is more, we charge
that all who make such statements know in
their hearts that they are liars. We
hope that they will note the fact that
we have publicly branded them as such.
If this is not sufficiently direct, or if it is
desired that it should be given that per
sonal turn which shall permit of no hiding
behind the ample petticoats of a newspaper,
and which shall force the utterer of the
charge to stand solely upon the ground
which every courageous man should be
glad to occupy, we should be pleased to be
informed, in order that there may be noth
ing lacking in our attitude.
"There are two or three things," adds
the Post, "of which these journalistic
bosses ought to be reminded. One is that
Supervisors cannot be indicted for their
votes." True, true; but they can and
ought to be indicted for any corruption
which may lie behind their votes. "The
law provides," says the Post, "that
when a man becomes a Supervisor he is
guaranteed liberty of conscience so long as
he exercises his rights honestly." Which
means to say that a man's conscience is
not violated so long as he himself does not
Enough of this. The Call does not think
that it has lowered the standard of its dig
nity in thus showing that the Post has
placed itself in alignment with an ordi
nance that bore every evidence of a corrupt
inspiration on its face, nor in showing that
after the ordinance has been irretrievably
defeated the Post displays an eagerness to
prevent a Grand Jury inquiring into the
rottenness that may lie behind it. If the
Post desires to show that it has an editor
who regards himself as amenable to the
rules of conduct which govern gentlemen,
whether they be engaged in journalism or
any other occupation, he may decide upon
the course which he may think has been
left for him to pursue. As for his attitude
before the public in defense of public mat
ter that seems to have had a corrupt in
spiration, he has published it to the whole
THE LAW OP WILLS.
Among the enactments of the last Legis
lature there is one law at least which the
legal and moral sense of the people of Cali
fornia most heartily approves. - It is the
law which so amends the Civil Code as to
provide for the formal recordation of mar
riage contracts as a prerequisite to their
validity. It is high time in the history of
California that such a statute should be
enacted and enforced, and had it been so
twenty years ago, much of the disgraceful
and disgusting litigation of that period
would not have occurred.
.The principle which underlies the public
satisfaction with this enactment is, that
instruments which are intended to affect
the domestic relation and the rights of
property arising therefrom should be sus
ceptible of exact and official proof as to
their validity, and that to permit their exe
cution without formality and their preser
vation in privacy and secrecy is to allow
endless opportunities for fraud, to the com
mission of which the temptation is pecu
liarly subtile and strong.
The same common-sense which has
applauded the statute requiring the record
ation of marriage contracts should have
suggested to the last Legislature another
law touching a kindred subject. The law
of wills in this State is in as much or more
need of amendment as was the law of mar
riage contracts. By its present terms an
apparent solemnity is cast about the execu
tion of a will which the testator does not
himself fully write or will or sign. The
required formalities of the present statute
avail but little, however, in view of the
fact that any paper, no matter how in
formal, purporting to be in the handwrit
ing of the testator is entitled to admission
to probate as the dead man's will. The
result of this loose condition of the law of
wills has been the establishment as genuine
of all sorts of nondescript documents. Wills
scrawled upon walls, upon envelopes, upon
wrapping-paper and the like with varying
sorts of perishable pigments have demand
ed recognition from courts of law after the
hand which uncertain oral testimony
asserts to have written, them is dead. If
it is sound public policy to require the
official acknowledgment and recordation of
deeds and mortgages and marriage con
tracts why not also require an equally
formal authentication of wills and that,
too, before the death of the testator?
We may well learn wisdom in this mat
ter from the laws of older States and social
systems than our own. In Germany and
France the laws have long required the
authentication of the will during the life
time of him who is claimed to have written
it We might, easily adopt a similar pol
icy and enforce it without any violation of
that secrecy which is often desired by the
makers of wills. All that would be neces
sary by way of amendment of our present
law would be a requirement that the tes
tator in his lifetime present to some au
thorized official, such as the County Clerk,
bis will for filing. Let it be sealed and its
contents be as sacredly , kept as other"
sealed records are now preserved. Let a
duplicate original be certified and returned
to the testator, if he so desired, as an added
precaution against the ■ possibility of loss
of the official copy. ; Let all wills i other .
THE SAN FRANCISCO CALL, THURSDAY, APRIL 11, 1895.
than those so filed, certified and officially
held be refused admission to probate.
Thus nearly all probate contests and every
doubt as to the genuineness of the wills
would be • forestalled, and thus also a
double benefit would be done in that our
courts would be relieved of an increasing
mass of unsavory litigation, and decedents'
estates would in every instance be dis
tributed, and that speedily, in accordance
with their undoubted desire. Such a reform
in the law is a crying need of our State
A SUPEEME DUTY.
The Supreme Court of the United States
owes a supreme duty to the people in
the matter of the odious and how
eviscerated income tax law. The duty
is the rendition of a decisiou at the
earliest possible time upon the vitality
of that portion of the statute which
has not as yet been either sustained or
overthrown. 'The importance of a speedy
and decisive opinion from the court of last
resort upon this matter has been doubly
accentuated by what it has recently de
If the officials who are charged with the
execution of the law were in a state of
doubt before, they are now in. a state of
despair. If the law as a whole was un
equal, that which now -remains is doubly
so and more than doubly inequitable and
unjust. If the statute in its completeness
placed a burden, with some pretense of
uniformity, upon the virtues of saving and
thrift, it now imposes the whole weight of
its discouragement upon still higher vir
tues of enterprise and energy, upon the
very genius and faculty of creating wealth.
In the cause just decided the Supreme
Court has not seen its way clear to pass
upon the whole law and declare it as an
entirety valid or void. We propose to sub
mit to that high tribunal a case so fairly,
fully and directly presenting the whole act
for decision as to make the avoidance of
ouch a judgment impossible to the court
without a breach of its solemn duty to the
people, whose servant it should be.
The proprietor of this newspaper has
heretofore declared and now reiterates that
he will refuse to pay an income tax, and
will resist at every stage the effort to col
lect it under this unequal and now emas
culated act This will be done with no
design to oppose or impede the enforce
ment of the laws of the country which are
valid, but solely with a view to test the
constitutionality of a statute which in
all honor and good conscience is believed
to be void. The cause which has been pre
sented already appears to have been such
in form as not to compel tbe Court to an
opinion upon the whole enactment. In
short, upon that case the court could in
honor, as it did in fact, postpone its ruling
as to those parts of the statute upon which
there was a serious division among its
We intend to leave no loophole for such
an evasion of the supreme duty of the
hour with respect to this matter. This
upas tree of legislation should have the ax
of justice laid to its roots and not applied
to its branches. It ought to be stricken
down as a whole rather than de-
Btroyed piecemeal. The Supreme Court
cannot afford to wield a pruning
knife when the iniquity of the statute
and the emergency of its . attempted
execution require the woodsman's blade.
Let the ministers of the law proceed to
enforce this act upon its offered victim
with all the speed they may and we shall
feel proud to present our claim, as well as
the claim of the great State of California,
that this always unequal but now intensi
fied outrage in the form of legislation is
void in its entirety and vain and bad and
, A NEEDLESS ALARM.
The Sacramento Record-Union sees
serious cause for alarm because the Cali
fornia Debris Commission have issued
licenses to 112 hydraulic mines to operate.
The tabulated statement of the 112 mines
includes an exhibit of the number of cubic
yards of earth they propose to move, and
the Record-Union says: "They propose to
move earth enough to fill Suisun Bay and
raise the delta of the Sacramento and San
Joaquin rivers . to such an extent as to
make a lake of all the country lying be
tween Antioch and the city of Stockton."
The ground is taken that this material will
be run into the tributaries of the Sacra
mento River, and only be held back by un
substantial dams. The paper says also that
the Caminetti bill is "simply an ingenious
device for the resumption of hydraulic
mining, utterly regardless of the rights and
interests of the people whose property is to
be destroyed by it."
The real fact is that no hydraulic mine
can be legally operated in the drainage
basin of the Sacramento and San Joaquin
rivers unless it obtains a license from the
California Debris Commission, and the
law under which they were appointed ex
pressly stipulates that the tailings from
such mines" must be impounded. No per
mission to mine can take effect until the
prescribed . restraining works or settling
basins are safe to use; and no license is
issued . until the commission is satisfied
the mine can do no harm with its debris.
The commission is composed of United
States engineers, who are very conserva
tive, and who are skilled in the preserva
tion of navigable streams. They will not
issue a license to mine where the streams
will be endangered..
If the miners were in fact, as is implied,
to dump their debris into the rivers, a stop
would be put to their operations at once,
as would be proper. ;No one wants to see
the streams injured or individuals suffer
loss from mining debris; nor does it seem
at all probable that this can occur under
the present law and Debris Commission.
When it is found that the debris-impound
ing works enforced by the commission, and
paid for by the miners, are ineffective, it
will be time to consider some other
method. But thus far they have been
found to, answer the purpose very well,
though the miners are unable to work to
their former capacity/when using them.
At the same time, they prevent damage to
streams or individuals, while permitting
the miner to pursue his vocation and add
to our gold product.
If it is ever found that damage is being
done the law will doubtless be changed,
but there is little fear of that as long as
the Government engineers have control of
the mining operations as well as the rivers,
as at present. They have the power to
close down any mine at any time when
they see 'fit, and there is no appeal from
their decision. The whole question of
hydraulic mining in the section referred to
is in their hands, with absolute authority
conferred by the ; Congress of the United
States, and they will . permit no injury to
be done. - . ■•■•• ■■■■■■'■■ ■"--■■' ' • ;
A WARNING FROM WHEELING.
In 1891 a leading citizen of Wheeling,
West Virginia, bought an old concert hall,
the walls of which had been condemned as
dangerous, and in spite of a popular pro
test added a story to the structure and
opened a store in it -: This building, jas
everybody expected, has now collapsed,
killing a . number of persons and greatly
damaging ; contiguous property. The dis
patches announcing the catastrophe naively
add that "owing to the lack of adequate
laws" the leading citizen was permitted to
commit this crime.
This tragedy discloses an exceedingly
common fault in the government of Ameri
can cities. The citizens of Wheeling saw
this outrage being committed, and not one
of them, not even the Mayor, had the civic
spirit sufficiently developed to apply the
simple remedy of a court injunction, and
it is not supposable that this act caused
the passage of an ordinance prohibiting
others from committing similar outrages.
The science of architecture is so well un
derstood in these days that there is no
difficulty in devising reasonable safeguards
against fires and structural weakness, but
in the absence of laws defining modes of
construction and in the presence of a lax
administration of such laws as do exist,
the mean leading citizen, who cares more
for money than for the lives, safety and
health of" the people, finds hardly any
check upon the propensity to murder which
his rapacity creates.
San Francisco has a great number of
enormous wooden tinder-boxes into which
people are packed by the thousands, but,
terrible as they are, they are not a whit
worse than other disgraceful accompani
ments of a lax public sentiment. A city
in all its public details is an expression of
the pride and intelligence of its inhabi
tants. Its rich men would not be per
mitted to erect dangerous or unhealthful
structures if the masses were not willing
that they should. The people of Wheeling,
in permitting this disaster, cannot escape
a share of moral responsibility with the
owner of the house. If any of the danger
ous structures of San Francisco should
burn, the blood of its victims will rest upon
the head of every resident.
Likewise, every citizen of San Francisco
must bear the disgrace and material loss
which the presence of death traps, fire
holes, inadequate sewers and wretched
pavements imposes. It is not sufficient to
gay that the City is young and that the
correction of these evils will come with
time, for observation is as valuable as ex
perience. A stranger will properly judge
the character and intelligence of a city by
its externals, and if he comes hither from
a city where the externals are more invit
ing, he will be justified in deciding against
investment and a residence here. The
pavement of Market street alone is a bar
rier that the superb natural attractions of
the City can with difficulty overcome.
When we compare the perfectly smooth
and noiseless streets of Los Angeles with
the rude, primitive and exasperating pave
ments of San Francisco, we need go no
further in our quest for the cause of the
wonderful prosperity of that charming
city of the south.
PEOPLE TALKED ABOUT.
General Eko Tanga, a Tartar commander sta
tioned near Mukden, recently reported to the
Chinese Board of War that between November
23, 1894, and January 3, 1805, he had killed
2000 Japanese. He said the Japs didn't know
anything about warfare. "I sent . 1000 braves
with flags," he reports, "to strike terror into
them, followed by 3000 troops. Instead of
waiting in a diunified manner, the Japanese
opened fire from every direction. To avoid
bloodshed I was obliged to retire my army
M. Andree, the Swedish aeronaut and scien
tist, who proposes to reach the North Pole by
balloon, has secured a companion for his aerial
trip. Mr. Elkholm of the Stockholm Meteoro
logical Bureau, who headed the Swedish expe
dition to Spitzbergen. in 1832 to watch the
transit of Venus, has volunteered to accompany
The grandfather of William Court Gully,
Lord RoseberyV choice for Speaker of the Brit
ish House of Commons, was a pugilist and
gambler. The House of Commons has fre
quently shown the necessity for a Speaker who
can enforce the Marquis of Queensberry rules,
and is willing to take chances.
The late Rev. Dr. Lord of Buffalo officiated at
the funeral of one of Buffalo's notoriously rich
and wicked citizens. After noting the de
ceased's parentage and date of birth he
closed his tribute by saying, "Our dead friend
had one noble virtue. lie always got up
early in the morning." -;■»-:
George Moore, the novelist, advances several
reasons for not fighting a duel with Artist
Whistler. One of the reasons he gives is that
Mr. Whistler is very short-sighted. There is no
telling, of course, how deadly his pistol might
be under the circumstances.
The sole surviving member of Yale's class of
1822 is said to be the Rev. Dr. Edward Beecher,
a brother of Henry Ward Beecher. He is
nearly 92 years old.
Grant Allen commenced life as a school
master, and it was some years before he en
tirely abandoned the calling for literature.
Captain Grossman, commander of the Alli
anca, was for two years an acting ensign in the
United States navy.
SPIRIT OF THE PRESS.
: g- /
Oregon and the Pacific Northwest have vast
resources and natural wealth, but Is enor
mously; handicapped by exorbitant freight
rates that confront the agriculturist and
manufacturer on every side. Let us hope and
pray for the early completion of the Nicaragua
Canal which will relieve the Pacific Coast from
the bondage in which it is held by extortionate
toll gatherers.— Guard. .-'. V."
America Is a great country. We see our
mints turned into dens of thieves and robbers.
We shoot negroes In Louisiana, lynch Italians
In Colorado and convert the Indiana State
capitol Into a prize ring. And' still we con
tinue foreign missionary work.— Virginia City
Humboldt wants a railroad, but how to get
it is a difficult problem to solve. While some
believe that an outside company will build it,
others entertain the idea that to get it sooner
would be for us to go to work and construct it
ourselves.— Blue Lake Advocate.
We want more wealth producers and fewer
wealth destroyers before we can hope to have
prosperous conditions. It Is the man who
destroys — does not produce - any
thing who causes hard times. Pendleton Ore
gonian. _1- -"" r *'**^-: :
Every acre of land which is reclaimed to agri
culture is a perpetual productive factor, and
represents just so much prosperity to the
community.— Albuquerque Citizen.
If we taxed wisdom and let each one assess
himself, what a big revenue the State would
have.— Williams Farmer.
Stop talking about -'hard times." You only
destroy confidence and injure your own and
the community's prosperity.— Woodland Mail.
Low prices for Easter eggs, Townsend's. •
The prettiest Easter novelties ever made, at
Sanborn & Vail's, 741 Market street. *
Bacon Printing Company," soS Clay street •
Crystallized ginger, 25c lb, Townsend'a. *
Floor paints,; stains and bath enamel in
small cans, at Sanborn & Vail's, 741 Market St.*
The value of the French wine crop for
1894, which is enormous, is placed , at 16
cents per gallon. '■-• ■
Fob that tired feeling,"* or i when you are weak,
nervous and worn out, Hood's ' Sarsaparilla Is Just
the medicine to restore your strength and give you
a good appetite. It purifies the blood.
All danger of drinking Impure water Is avoided
by adding 20 drops of Dr. Heigert's Angostura Bit
ten. , :^SBBW(MBteMWHBWBBB^BMB--6888--H--B
Why suffer from ; corns .when . Hindkbcobs
removes them so easily.': IS cts at druggists.
' Parker's Oino Tonic, the best cough cure.
"Brown's Bronchial Troches" are an effect
ual remedy for all Bronchial Affections.
MUSICIANS HELD UP BY A LYNCH
BY JAMES E. WILSON.
Theatrical life does not bristle with thrilling
incidents as a rule, but I remember once hav
ing an experience that few actors ever met
with. It was when I was with the first English
speaking company that ever crossed the Mexi
can frontier. On our way we played through
Just before our arrival at the town of Dennl
son, a horrible murder had been committed. I
forget the details, but the town waa much
stirred up over the affair, and patrols were out
for miles around scouring the country to find
the murderer. The thing did not trouble us,
and our band, In which I played first cornet,
set out to promenade the streets as usual.
On our way back to the hotel we were met by
a big mob, heading toward one of the suburbs,
and the leaders commanded us to turnback
and lead the procession. It seems the mur
derer bad been caught and the mob was on its
way to lynch him. There was no joking about
the way the leaders said, "Go ahead and play
a lively tune." So having no choice left to us
[From a recent photograph.]
we went back and played a succession of popular
airs. They made us give them music while the
man was being lynched, and then forced us to
head the procession with "Marching Through
A few days after crossing the Mexican fron
tier we had a different sort of lynching expe
rience, in which, strange to say, we ourselves
played the part of the mob. Going to Laredo
we made the acquaintance of a sheriff who had
a manacled man in his charge, and who, he
told us, was an escaped murderer who had not
yet been tried.
■ The Sheriff remarked that our destinations
were not far apart, for the theater at Laredo
is only a few feet from the jail. The night of
our arrival we played . "The French Spy," a
regular blood-and-thunder melodrama, with
any amount of shooting, red light and pistol
firing. The next morning some of us strolled
down to visit the Sheriff and casually asked
after his prisoner. "He nearly died of fright,"
was the answer. "When he heard the shout
ing and the firing outside, no one could per
suade him that a mob had not come together
to lynch him."
And after what we had seen at . Dennison we
did not laugh at the man's unnecessary terror,
as we might otherwise have done.
James E. Wilson.
California Theater, April 10, 1895.
AROUND THE CORRIDORS.
Ben C. Maddox, editor of the Visalia Delta,
who is in town with the committee to confer
with the directors of the new, road was telling
yesterday at the Lick of the county seat jug
gling done by the Southern Pacific in some of
the southern counties in the past. "Visalia beat
them," he said, "in the county-seat war in
Tulare County, and they have never been
friendly to the town since. They located the
town of Tulare City, eleven miles from Visalia,
made it the end of a division, built machine
shops, and built up quite a little town, and at
tempted to Ret the county seat moved from
Visalia there, but in spite of all the work
they did to influence the electors were
beaten. They pursued similar tactics in
Stanislaus, Merced and Fresno and were
successful. Knights Ferry was the couniy
seat of Stanislaus, but they had it moved to
Modesto, and Knights Ferry has gone down
very much". In Merced County Snellings was
the county seat and quite a flourishing town,
but they had the seat of the county govern
ment moved to Merced, and Snellings is now
merely a little village. In Fresno the county
seat was at Millerton. They had it moved to
Fresno, and to-day Millerton has not even a
"When they found that they could not get a
local branch built into Visalia by the Southern
Pacific, the people raised enough local capital
to build two branch roads, one to Goschen,
seven miles, and one to Tulare City, eleven
miles, and to-day Visalia is the largest and
most prosperous town in the valley excepting
Stockton and Fresno. Our streets are paved
with asphalt and lighted by electricity, and we
have an excellent water service. In fact, it is
a live modern town. It is the oldest* in that
part of the State, having been founded in
1850, before there was any gold excitement in
that neighborhood. "
Attorney C. A. Faughinbaugh, representing
the Franklin Line and Oil Company of Mont
pelier, Ind., is at the Golden West Hotel. He
has come with a view of establishing a depot
for the handling ot his company's oils in this
city. :;u^ ; :
"We have extensive oil wells near Mont
peller," said he yesterday. "As you can im
agine, we are having a hard fight with the
Standard Oil Company, which is doing its best
to freeze us out of business by leasing all the
wells it can. The feeling against the Standard
is very bitter in Indiana, however, and we are
able to hold our own with the great monopoly
except in the matter of freight. We are now
establishing pipelines, and can pump oil a
distance of 137 miles at an average cost of 5%
cent* a barret We control a large petroleum
field in Southeastern Kansas,* and are arrang
ing to put in 150 miles of pipes and pump our
oil right into Kansas City. It is only by pipe
lines that we can hope to compete with the
Standard Oil Company, for by its system of re
bates on freight it nearly always freezes out all
competitors. The Franklin Line and Oil Com
pany, is a new concern with a capital of
$3,000,000. We now operate thirty-five wells,
with an average flow of 2700 gallons each a
G. P. Carnell of the Green Mountain and
Cherokee mines at Crescent Mills, Plumas
County, who is staying at the Russ, says that
during the past winter there has been more
snow in that county than in any other winter
for over thirty years. "Plumas suffered
severely on account of the closing down of the
hydraulic . mines, but during the past year
a good many permits have been, granted
by the . Debris Commission, and £ there
is promise of greater prosperity. Prospecting
for quartz has been more active the. past year
and considerable Eastern capital has been in
vested. What is wanted Is more capital to
develop the mines that have been discovered.
Plumas has produced in the past a great deal
of gold, particularly from the hydraulic mines,
and then there is the Plumas Eureka, which
has been mined steadily for forty years, and
from which- over twenty millions of dollars
have been taken. .'The English company that
owns it now has paid many millions in divi
de mis." ■■■ " : ' ■ " "■' '
SUPPOSED TO BE HUMOROUS.
Jack— l proposed to May last night. 5 " '; .
Tom— How did you come out?
Jack— first.— Town Topics.
r Down on the Rio Grande a horsethlef stole
a runaway mule that nobody else could catch.
—Texas Sittings. v _____ ~'"- i ' ■'■'"'
5 Bryce— Algernon Fits Sappy is one of those
fellows who has more money than brains, isn't
he?-/ :.':■-- - ;';- --; ■ ; // ; .;-: " . : -.'.' ' •
Knowso— Yes; and he is poor, too.—
Calendar. '• _____
. She— would ■ never ! get married if I had to
ask the man. He— And you mightn't if you
aid.— Detroit Free Press.
.! Bragg— When it comes to cooking my wife is
right at home. Wagg— where my wife
cooks, Boston Courier.
"Planks tells me his last painting was a great
: success." "It .was/ /'What' was, it?" "The
| front fence."— Inter Ocean.
The popularity of the fairy opera, "Hansel
and Gretel," continues to spread over Europe
like an epidemic. It is only one of Grimm's
fairy tales put to music that has been described
as "Wagner made easy," and was written by
Wagner's favorite disciple, Engelbert Humper
dinck, who was once chorus master at Bay
reuth, but the work continues to charm chil
dren and adults alike. In Germany more than
forty cities have hailed it with enthusiasm, in
London it has run successively in three dif
ferent theaters, and is still the rage, while in
Vienna, where it has just been produced, the
puolic have gone crazy over it. The famous
critic, Ed. Hanslick, who is not lenient toward
new works, does not fear to affirm that since
Mozart no composer has appeared with more
genius than Humperdinck. The Viennese pa
pers are telling some pretty stories apropos of
"Hansel and Gretel." One is that a little girl,
10} ears old, wrote to the Empress that she
was very unhappy because she heard every one
talking of the fairy opera, and she could never
see the beautiful work because her bedtime
came before the hour of going to the theater.
The Empress, touched by the little letter, in
structed the manager of the theater to reply to
the baby petitioner that "Hansel and Gretel"
should be given once as a matinee on her ac
count The Emperor, wishing to have his
share in the affair, decided to make the repre
sentation a children's fete, and had candy and
toys distributed to all the little visitors. At
Mullhouse "Hansel and Gretel" was also the
occasion of a fete, when a splendid Christmas
tree was donated to the town's children, and
when the opera was being played at Mayence
an amusing scene took place. Among the
flowers that enthusiastic admirers heaped upon
the prima donna was discovered a beautiful
basket containing a tiny curly dog. The play
was by common consent interrupted while the
little creature was christened "Hensel."
Miss Zelie de Lussen, the New York prima
donna, who is so popular with her Britannic
Majesty that she is known as "The Queen's
Own," has given her opinions upon women as
composers in the current number of Music.
The subject is one that has excited consider
able attention lately on account of Miss
Holmes' new lyric drama, "The Black Moun
tain," and Miss de Lussen, who has had oppor
tunities of meeting many of the prominent
women composers, speaks her mind very frank
ly about them:
"I do not think a woman is strong-minded
enough to become a composer," she says. "As
a rule a woman composer is much more mas-
ZEILE DE LUSSEN.
culine than any other kind of woman.' lt may
also be that a woman cannot well devote the
time ehe should, and that a man would. In
her singing capacity a prima donna works as
hard as a man, but if it came down to com
posing—counterpoint, harmony ana all that
sort of thing, I don't think so. You will find,
too, that as a rule a composer has begun his
career as a child of 5 or 6 years old and a
woman has not. Look at that Hoffman boy for
instance. He began at i years of age. It is
very seldom that a girl of 5 or 6 knows any
thing about harmony or counterpoint. Take
those choirboys in England. Where do you
find girls 5 or 6 years old singing in choirs?
The reason is that a woman does not begin early
enough. I do not think that she doesn't want
to, but I don't think she could."
in discussing whether women are possessed
of the creative faculty Miss de Lussen says she
thinks they are charming composers of ballads,
but when it comes to symphonies and grand
operas they cannot, in her opinion, compete
with men. lV-
Back in the last century, when Glnck's
"Alceste" was produced at the Opera of Paris,
and was at first coldly received, the great com
poser exclaimed : " 'Alceste' will not only please
now in its novelty. It knows no time, and I
affirm that it will please equally in two hun
dred years, if the French language remains the
same. The reason is that I have built it on a
foundation of nature, and that is never swayed
by fashion." SD3|S
How strangely prophetic these words were 1
The other day the temple scene from Gluck's
"Alceste' - was revived at the Paris Conserva
tory, and seldom had the building resounded
with such applause as i* aroused. The music
of the classical master performed the. miracle
of thrilling a public surfeited with good music.
It was very evident that the simple accents of
the noble tragedy had kept their power, and,
in spite of the progress accomplished in the
technique of musical art, the inspiration of the
old master had remained young and vivacious.
Corney Grain was not a great musician, but
in his musical sketches and satires, for which
he was famous as an entertainer in London, he
was able to ridicule in a good-natured way all
the follies and affectations of the musical ama
teur as perhaps no other man has succeeded in
doing. "The average audience," Grain used to
say, "expects a high note at the end of a song.
If the song terminates without one they fold
their hands and say, 'That is not the end ; give
us our high note.' Every abuse of singing
and pianoforte playing was delicately held up
to ridicule and laughter at some time or other
in the course of this gifted entertainer's career,
and unconsciously he did much to improve
musical taste. His sudden death from la grippe
has been recognized in England as a national
calamity," and high social and church dignita
ries attended his funeral. The well-known
drawing-room actor, German Heed, who was
for years associated with Corney Gram, died of
la grippe one day before his friend.
A composer, Adolph Wibelle, to whom a long
time ago a brilliant career seemed to be open
ing, has just died in Paris, forgotten and neg
lected. Twenty years ago Wibelle's opera
comique, in four acts, "The Alibi," was played
very successfully in Paris, and enjoyed a long
run. Among other works of his that found
favor were "The Fountain of Berny ' and "Tha
Benediction of the Neva." The latter work
contained some very beautiful and exalted
passages. Unfortunately, however, Wibelle
had more exalted views with regard to compo
sition than his talents justified him in attempt
ing. He gradually slipped out of the public
view, and at the time cf his death, which took
place in his seventieth year, he was entirely,
forgotten by, the musical world. ■ s ; '
There are all sorts of rumors about Verdi un
dertaking a new opera, though the aged com
poser stoutly denies them all. One story is to
the effect that Verdi 'is■ at work on a one-act
opera, the plot of which is : founded upon the
deeds of his old friend Ismail Pasha, the late
Khedive of Egypt. The Pasha was certainly
a warm admirer of the Italian maestro, and not
only commissioned him to write his Egyptian
opera "Aida," but mounted it lavishly when it
was produced in Cairo.
. The noises of London streets . have been a
constant source of annoyance, to foreign ; musi
cians. Anton Rubinstein was known to bound
from the piano-stool in the middle of .Chopin's
'.'Marche Funebre" in St. James Hall when the
coach horns outside in Piccadilly broke in upon
the tender pathos of a piano passage. Hans
> yon Bulow used to complain bitterly of the
clock of St. James Church, which has a trick
of chiming at awkward moments, and Herr
Saver's pet aversion has proved to be the
muffin man. At a recent Saturday popular
concert the tinkling of the muffin bell outside
was too much for him, and he stopped his
performance of Chopin's fantasia in F minor
till the vender of indigestibles had passed
away on his rounds. _____
When the pianist Stavenhagen was in New
York the Musical Courier did not cease to re
port that his recitals were a failure because of
the bad piano he played. When the same artist
went to Chicago the artistic correspondent of
the Courier, Walton Perkins, lately critic of the
Chicago Times and a good pianist himself, re
ceived a telegram from headquarters desiring
him to "roast" Stavenhagen, all on account of
the piano. Mr. Perkins immediately resigned
and now journalism knows him no more.
Levi, the gifted conductor of the Royal
Theater of Munich, has just distinguished him
self by a beautiful production of Berlioz's "The
Troyens." The difficulties of the staging, such
as that which putting the famous wooden
horse on the scene presents', were all victori
ously overcome at Munich, as they had been
before at Carlsruhe under Felix Mottel. The
Paris Grand Opera-house still shrinks from
coping with the difficulties of staging "The
South America has come to the front with
another operatic composer. Hitherto the most
popular of the composers born in the New
World has been the Brazilian, Gomez— at least
as far as Europe is concerned. His opera "II
Guarany" enjoys great popularity in Southern
Europe. Now, Berutti, a resident of Buenos
Ayres, has written an opera, "Taras-Bulba,"
which has been enthusiastically received at
The Nikisch concerts take place in London
on June 10. There is great curiosity to hear
this great conductor from Buda Pesth, who
used once to conduct the Boston Symphony
Orchestra. Paderewski has agreed to play at
the last of the Nikisch orchestral concerts. He
will probably give another recital in London
before sailing for New York in November.
The oratorio performances given by the Sun
day National League in London have proved
so successful that orchestral concerts are to bo
given under the conductorshlp of Alberto
The unpublished works of Chopin, which
were recently discovered at Varsovia, have just
been performed in Paris at the Salle Erard, by
the brilliant pianist, Miss 11. Kezyzanowska.
George Ellsworth Holmes, a barytone who
has won considerable success in the East, is
expected in San Francisco shortly. His trip is
said to be a sight-seeing one only.
Mme. Patti will receive $2000 a night for her
forthcoming performances at Covent Garden
Theater, London, with the Augustus Harris
Opera Company. C i
The season of Wagner opera, which has just
closed in New York, has been a great financial
Eanford E. Moses Is a guest at the Palace.
W. T. Ellis of Marysville is registered at the
Dr. J. S. Stephen of Petaluma is stopping at
J. B. Waggener of the navy arrived at the Pal
T. 8. Rosenbaum, a merchant from Stockton,
is at the Palace. ; > : ;
Senator Thomas Flint Jr., registered at the
Grand yesterday. - --..-*■•■
P. B. Fraser, a merchant of Stockton, is stay
ing at the Palace.
R. H. Willey, an attorney of Monterey, Is a
guest of the Grand.
G. C. Hyatt, a foundryman of Stockton, is
staying at the Grand.
W. H. Poole of Poole Bros., bankers in Chi
cago, is at the Palace.
G. B. Vanderhurst, a merchant of Salinas, is
stopping at the OccidentaL
L. U. Shippee of Stockton came down yester
day and put up at the Palace.
Charles Faulkner, a prominent banker of
Chico, is registered at the Grand.
W. F. Shepherd, a real estate man of Fresno,
arrived at the Baldwin yesterday.
Samuel Frankenheimer, a merchant of Stock- ;
ton, is among the guests of the Grand.
H. F. Bragdon, a prominent mining man of
Salt Lake, is stopping at the California.
F. J. Branden, secretary of the Senate during
the last session, registered at the Grand yester
Ex-Judge J. M. Walling of Nevada, depart
ment commander of the G. A. R., is registered
at the Russ.
NEW SPRING GOODS !
Negligee Shirts, a
Latest Novelties I
748 and 750 Market St., S. F.
242 Montgomery Street, S. F.
112 S. Spring St., Los Angeles.
A POSITIVE BARGAIN
1100 ACRES, WITH IMPROVEMENTS,
$186,500, 1 SMMATEO MUSTY. ,
IN THE PLAIN OF OAKS: S. P. R. R. RUNS
X through ; S. F. and S. J. V. R. R. may also. The -_
best- and a growing locality. To inspect, address
Owner, box 117, Call Branch Office. No agents.
fes^t Urriut jfeSf -*
HTTTW RPQitQ ffiifiw
&jyj|yiJ- ucoivo. HjuLtyL
92-4.00 --— DROPPED—- $24.00
GEO. H. FULLER DESK CO.,
638 and 640 Mission Street.