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STRUCK DOWN IN THE SHADOW OF THE ALTAR
Minnie Williams Mur
dered in Emmanuel
HACKED WITH A KNITE.
Suspicion Falls on Theodore
Durrant, a Medical
£E IS SOUGHT FOR IN VAIN.
The Missing Man Seen With Her
Saturday Night— He and She
Knew Blanche Lamont.
One of the most atrocious murders ever
committed in San Francisco was brought
to light yesterday in the Baptist church on
Bartlett street, between Twenty-second and
Twenty-third. William Herman Nolt and
two or three of the Bunday-school srirls
were the lirst to make the horrible discov
ery. They found nothing to arouse their
suspicions until they reached a small room
off the library.
Entering it they found lying on its back,
MINNIE WILLIAMS, THE MURDERED GIRL.
[From a photograph.]
covered with blood and •with clothing dis
arranged, the body of a girl. She had been
stabbed in several places. Her right hand
was almost cut off and there was a horrible
gash on the forehead. Some of the cloth
ing had been torn from the body, and ap
pearances all pointed to an outrage fol
lowed by murder.
It was soon ascertained that the mur
dered girl was Miss Minnie Williams of
Alameda, a Sunday-school classmate of
the missing Blanche Lamont. The closet
in which she was found is in the front part
of the church. The body lay in such a
position that the right arm outstretched
was in sight from the library entrance.
A broken caseknife, with which the mur
der had been committed, lay near the
body. There was no evidence of a strug
gle, and the chances are that the assault
was a complete surprise to the victim.
The wounds were frightful to gaze upon.
There was a gash extending from between
the eyes to the right, two slashes on the
breast where the dress had been torn open,
and the probably fatal wound on the right
A stab in the right breast broke a piece of
the blade off the knife and it remained
embedded in the flesh. Another portion
was found in a second wound and a third
is missing, but is supposed to be embedded
in the body.
Dr. Thomas A. Vogel was summoned by
the Rev. J. George Gibson, pastor of the
church, and he examined the dead girl in
the presence of the Coroner's deputies.
He had done some dental work for her,
and when her mouth was pried open in
order that he might be certain it was Hiss
Williams another horrible discovery was
A white substance was seen pushed into
the throat. It was a portion of her under
Jttß. WILLIAMS, THE GRIEF-STRICKEN FATHER, HEARING THE
TERRIBLE STORY AT THE CORONER'S OFFICE.
[Sketched by a "Call" staff artist.]
clothing, which had been torn off and used I
as a gag.
The supposition is that when the couple
entered the church the man made an in
sulting proposal to tne girl.' She repelled
him and he persisted.
She ran into the little room and he forced
it open, breaking the lock in the attempt.
While securing an instrument with which
to break open the door from the church
kitchen, he also secured the knife and hav
ingmurdered the girl finished his bloody
work with it.
She was a frail girl, weighing only about
90 pounds, and could have made no resist
ance to her assailant's attack.
Miss Minnie Williams and her sister
Augusta were members of the First Bap
tist Church of Alameda, and Minnie was
only in San Francisco to attend the Easter
services at Emanuel Church.
She was to have been in the Bible class
conducted by Superintendent P. D. Code
I to-day. The golden text is "Take my
! yoke upon you and learn of me for I am
meek and lowly of heart, and ye shall find
j rest unto your souls." Miss Williams had
evidently been studying this in connection
with the Easter season as a well thumbed
card with points on the lesson was found
in her pocket.
A memorandum, "For Jennie Tufts,
2524 Mission street, class 10, Miss Turuer,"
was also found in her pocket. Mrs. Tufts,
the mother of the little girl, knew very lit
tle about the murdered girl. She had heard
that she and Durrant were friends for a
considerable time, but had fallen out over
some insulting remark he made to her.
He wrote asking her to meet him last
Friday, but she refused. Durrant rode a
bicycle and was also a great friend of Miss
Lamont. Durrant, Dr. Gibson and young
King were all fond of music, and the cler
gyman is said to have a fine voice. The
trio were inseparable, and King and Gib
son are both supposed to know where
DUBBANT HAS DISAPPEARED.
Circumstances Which Connect Him With the
As soon as Chief Growley was informed
of the murder he put all the detectives
available on the case, and instructed Ser
geant Burke to detail as many men as pos
sible also on the case.
Minnie Williams formerly lived on the
corner of Twenty-second and Howard
streets. About a year ago her family was
stricken down with diphtheria and throe
of its members died. Minnie and her sister
Augusta survived. Afterward the father
and mother separated and the members of
the Emanuel Baptist Church assisted
the mother and children in their effort to
reach their relatives in the East.
Shortly afterward they returned to Cali
fornia, and Minnie went to live with H. C.
Morgan, president of the California Casket
Company, in his home at Alameda. She
did not give up her connection with
the Eraanuel Baptist Church, how
ever, and occasionally came over from
Alameda to attend concerts and special
services given in the church.
A meeting of the Young People's Chris
tian Endeavor of the church was held last
Friday night in the honse of Dr. James A.
Vogel, 2602 Howard street. It was fol
lowed by an entertainment, and both Min
nie Williams and W. H. T. Durrant, the li
brarian of the church, were to be present.
Minnie left her home in Alameda at 4
r. m. Friday and arrived at the house of
Mrs. Boyes, 1707 Howard street, an hour
later. She had her trunk with her, as she
intended staying a week or so and intended
taking part in the Easter service being
held in the church to-day. She left Mrs.
Boyes about 7 :30 p. m. in order to be at Dr.
Vogel's about 8 o'clocK, and from that
time up to noon yesterday nothing was
heard from her.
\Y. H. T. Durrant, the medical student
who is mentioned in connection with the
disappearance of Miss Lamout, and who is
; also said to have been a friend of Miss
\ Williams, has disappeared. H. F. "Wynne,
| the druggist at the corner of Twenty-sec
j ond and Folsom streets, knew him well.
He says that if rumor is to be believed
Durrant wrote to Miss Williams asking her
to meet him last Friday. She refused, but
said she would be at the church social at
Dr. Vogel'i residence. Between 8 and 8:30
i p. M. Charles Hills of 208}^ Bartiett .street
saw a couple whose description tallies
with that of Durrant and Miss Williams
standing on the corner of Twenty-third
and Bartiett streets. They were ia earnest
THE SAN FRANCISCO CALL, SUNDAY, APRIL 14, 1895.
conversation. The man was neard to say,
"Oh, come along; what are you afraid
of?" and presently they moved toward the
The man produced a key, opened the
basement door and the two entered, clos
ing the door after them. The man is de
scribed as being about 5 feet 6 inches high,
shaved clean, save a dark mustache, wore
a soft, slouch hat and a long, dark over
coat. According to Dr.Vogel, Mr. Durrant
arrived at the social about 10:30 p. m., but
Miss Williams did not put in an appear
Officer Jonn McGreevy, who lives at 137
Bartlett street, also saw the couple stand
ing on the corner of Twenty-third and
Bartlett, and his description tallies with
that of Mr. Hills. Whether the murder
was committed between the hours of 8:30
and 10:30 p. m. remains to be proven. One
thing is certain— the blood on the floor was
in a liquid state when the body was found
A number of people had keys to the
church. Among them were the Rev. Dr.
Gibson, the pastor; W. H. T. Durraut, the
librarian; Frank A. Sademan, the janitor;
P. D. Code, the superintendent of the Sun
day-school, and one or two others. There
is a bedroom adjoining the pastor's study,
and when Dr. Gibson was detained very
late preparing a sermon he would sleep
Durrant also used the room on occasions
and was frequently in the habit of running
in and out of the building at night. He
disappeared yesterday morning, and Dr.
a told all inquirers that he had gone
to Mount Diablo with the signal service
corps. The police say this is not true, and
are now anxiously looking for the missing
A. E. Williams of 716 Bush street, the
murdered girl's father, did not learn of the
horrible fate of his daughter till 5 o'clock
yesterday afternoon. He at once hastened
to the Morgue, and when he saw her mu
tilated body he was convulsed with grief.
He went to police headquarters and Officer
Moffitt went with him to Mrs. Boye's
house. They examined the girl's trunk,
and took all her letters to police head
"My daughter," said Mrs. Williams,
"w;is 21 years of age. I saw her last about
a week ago, when I took her to the theater.
She was a good girl, a bright girl, and
never had an enemy. Mr. Morgan's fam
ily treated her as one of themselves. She
did not keep company with any one that I
know of. Everybody was her friend.
"She had been a member of Emanuel
Church for six or seven years. Her mother
and one other child are in Canada. We were
divorced about four years ago and Minnie
preferred to remain here instead of going I
to Canada with her mother. I do not know
how I am to break the news to her mother.
Oh. my God ! It is awful ! My poor girl."
As he eaid this his broke and he walked
MISSINQ BLANCHE LAMONT.
Is There Any Connection Between Her Case
and the Murder?
Owing to certain circumstances the fear
ful murder of Minnie Williams brings for
ward more conspicuously the case of
Blanche Lamont, the young girl who dis
appeared several days ago, and who, it has
been thought, met with foul play.
It is only a surmise that there is any
EMMANUEL. BAPTIST CHURCB, BARTLETT STREET, BETWEEN
TWENTY - SECOND AND TWENTY - THIRD, IN WHICH MINNIE
WILLIAMS WAS MURDERED.
connection between the two cases, but in j
working up clews in a case of such fright- (
ful nature as that of yesterday, the police
are not inclined to overlook anyt&ing.
Minnie Williams and Blanche Lamont
were members of the same class in the
Sunday-school of which P. D. Code is su
perintendent. Durrant is a dental student
and lives at 421 Fair Oaks street. He is
librarian of the Sunday-school. He often
slept in the church, and is a friend of Rev.
Dr. Gibson, the pastor.
Pretty Blanche Lamont, who disappeared
from the home of her aunt, Mrs. Noble, at
209 Twenty-first street, is now supposed to
have died in some private house or hos
pital in this city.
How her body was disposed of is not
known, but it is supposed that it met with
similar treatment to that of the unfortu
nate Addie Gilmour, who waacutupby Dr.
W. H. Durrant answers the description
of the young man who was with Blanche
Lamont when she was last seen on a
Powell-street car, nearly two weeks ago. He
is about 25 years of age ; has a black mus
tache, and is of the build of the man de
scribed. He was often seen in company
with both Blanche Lamont and Minnie
Blanche had been attending the Normal
School with the intention of becoming a
teacher. She had come from Montana,
where her mother lives, to secure a good
education here. She was of a romantic
turn of mind.
Her sister, Maud Lamont, is a teacher in
the schools of this city. Blanche was a
brown-haired girl of 21 years, but she ap
peared much younger. She had large,
brown eyes, a girlish smile and acted like
a young woman of inexperience.
The belief that Blanche Lamont has met
her death as the result of an operation is
strengthened by the fact that the three
rings she used to wear were received in a
somewhat mysterious manner by Mrs.
Mn, Noble received by mail yesterday
morning a newspaper in which was
wrapped three rings known to have been
the property of the missing girl.
Written in lead pencil on the margin of
the newspaper was the name, "George R.
Kiiij;," and Ihc ii.imc, "Shernstein." King
is the son of l>r. King of 521 Capp street.
He is a member of the choir of the same
church, and knew both Durrant and Miss
Detective Anthony saw him and he said
he knew nothing about the girl's disap
pearance or the return of the rings. Shern
stein is an old man and was Miss Lam
bert's music teacher.
MISS WILLIAMS A DOMESTIC.
She Was About to Leave This City for
Minnie "Williams was well known in Ala
meda, where she had acted as a domestic
in several families. Gossips are now tell
ing tales about the butchered girl, but the
fact remains that wherever she was known
she was highly respected and was deemed
a pure and modest young woman.
Miss Williams has generally lived as
one of the family of C. H. Morgan, secre
tary of the California Casket Company,
especially when she was out of work. She
was engaged in making shrouds in this
city for the California Casket Company for
three months in the latter part of last year.
She had also been employed as a domes
tic by J. N. Young of 2123 Alameda
avenue, and Mrs. N. R. Lipman of 1547
Everett street, Alameda. The Morgan
family lived for a long time at 1220 Ver
sailles avenue, but recently moved to the
house of A. 0. Gott, the jeweler, of 2232
Pacific avenue, Alameda.
The parents of Mamie or Minnie Wil
liams are well known tn Alameda. They
resided there three years ago on Santa
Clara avenue, near Walnut. Her father
and mother could not live happily to
gether and they separated. Minnie Wil
liams then becarnt> a domestic.
It may have been that the murderer of
Minnie Williams was wildly infatuated
with her, and knowing that f,he was about
to leave for Tacoma, preferred to kill her
rather than let her go away from him. It
is also possible that he attempted to more
securely bind her to him by assaulting
Mr. Morgan has severed his connection
with the California Casket Company to ac
cept a position in a similar firm in Ta
corua. He was to have left for Tacorua to
day, and Miss Williams was to have
accompanied his family.
Miss Williams left Alameda Friday at 5
p. m. The last seen of her in Alameda was
when she left the Morgan home, ostensibly
to visit a friend living on Howard street,
in this city, and also to attend the enter
tainment of the Baptist churah.
VIEWED BY A FRIEND.
Thinks Durrant's Well-Known Piety Precludes
Such a Thing.
George R. King, in speaking of the mat
ter, said: "I cannot believe that young
Durrant is guilty of so foul a crime. I have
known him a nnmber of years, and he cer
tainly was a most exemplary young man.
It has been stated that my son saw Dur
rant and the murdered girl walking in
front of the church Friday night about 9
"But that is a mistake, for my son at
tended the Tivoli with a friend, returning
home about 11 o'clock. The whole affair
is shrouded in mystery, but I think Dur
rant is innocent of the crime. It would be
very hard for me to believe that a man of
guch regular habits could do so foul a
MBS. DUREANT'S STATEMENT.
She Is Confident That Her Bon Can Prove
Sirs. Durrant, mother of the man who is
supposed to know more about the mur
dered girl than any one else, said last
'My son came home Friday afternoon
about 5 o'clock, bringing with him his uni
form, as he intended to leave for Mt.
Diablo yesterday morning. He left home"
about 7:3o>o'clock to go to Dr. Perkins' for
some articles of clothing needed in the
"Of course, after leaving the house I
know nothing of his movements except
what has been told me, and which I know
to be correct. There was a church recep
tion at Dr. Vogel's Friday night, and
Theodore, being a prominent member of
the young people's society, was present.
"From what I can learn through those at
the reception the entertainment broke up
about 11 o'clock, and my son, in company
with Henry Wolf, escorted Miss Mariam
Lloyd home. Of course, what might have
been done after that I can only surmise —
that is, Mr. Wolf and my son pitied M
Twenty-second street, near Howard, the
latter coming directly home.
"Anyway, my son came in at 11:30,
though I did not see him. He is a mem
ber of the Signal Corps, and he left yester
day morning at 20 minutes of 7 for his
station. 1 did not »cc him before be left,
though he will be ba< k to-morrow night.
•This will ail be DCWI for him, for he can
easily prove his wlinrca bouts every minute,
of time from ieariDf this house at 7:30 and
returning at ll:.'K>o'clock. Why hfl Hcarce
ly knows the girl, und as for being at all
intimate with her, that is not the case and
can be proved.
"I am very much distressed and grieved
that his name should be mixed up in the
unfortunate affair, and I am sure it would
not have been but for the mysterious dis
appearenceof Blanche Lamont. He was a
good friend of the girl, but that is all.
"He did not even know that she had dis
appeared until the Sunday following the
Wednesday she dropped from view. He
came home and told me then that he had
heard it at church. Theodore will be able
to exonerate himself when he returns, but
I think it an outrage that he should be
accused without the slightest evidence. It
has been said that the murdered girl was
at the reception, but that is a mistake."
BESULT OF THE AUTOPSY.
Wild Grief Displayed Dy the Father Over
the Awful Tragedy.
The remains reached tne Morgue about
2 p. m., and the news of the horrible murder
having spread like wildfire, there was a
larger crowd of morbid curiosity-seeekers
than usual awaiting the arrival of the
The body was at once removed to the
autopsy-room and a post mortem examin
ation held. The physicians were unable to
state precisely what caused death, so their
verdict was "hemorrhage due to lacerated
wounds and asphyxiation due to strangu
About an hour after the autopsy had
been held the father of the girl arrived at
the Coroner's office. He was completely
overcome when the details of the murder
were told him, and bewailed the loss of
his child in heart-broken tones.
He said a purer and brighter daughter
never breathed than his girl, and his curses
on the villain who had killed her were hot
and heavy. No date has been set for the
inquest, but it will probably be held next
Wednesday. In the meantime the police
are hot on the trail of the murderer.
A BULLET IN HIS BRAIN
C. Calmon Kills Rene Lefevre in
a Jackson-Street Lodg
The Dead Man Had Been Intimate
With the Wife of the Mur
C. Calmon, proprietor of the White
House, 520 Jackson street, shot and in
stantly killed Rene Lefevre, a shoemaker,
and an ex-convict, living at the Contra
Costa House, 14 Jackson street, on the
stairway of the lodging-house, 520 Jack
son street, shortly before 10 o'clock last
night. Calmon was arrested, and ad
mitted the crime, but he pleads self-de
According to Calmon's statement Lefevre
has been too intimate with Mrs. Calmon.
The dead man had been living at the
house conducted by Calmon until two
weeks ago. He had been found in a com
promising position, and was told to leave
the house. He did so, but has been back
several times, although repeatedly warned
by Calmon to keep away.
Last evening Lefevre called at the White
House, but was told by Calmon not to
come up the stairs. According to Calmon's
story Lefevre said he would go, but that he
added : "I will do you up in less than a
Lefevre then left the house, but a few
moments later returned. As he came up
the stairs Calmon called out to him to
stop or he would kill him. When four or
five steps from the top of the stairs Cai
mon fired. The ball struck Lefevre over
the left eye and he fell back dead on the
landing midway on the stairs.
Calmon made ne effort to escape. Word
was taken to the old City Hall police sta
tion by two eye-witnesses of the affair, and
Calmon was placed under arrest by Offi
cers Little and Love.
He Bhowed no regret over the affair,
claiming that he believed Lefevre in
tended to kill him, but that he shot rirst.
When the body of the dead man was
searched at the Morgue no weapon of any
kind was found. A few cards of Attorney
P. B. Nagle and a letter crediting him with
authority to solicit for 8. Ronda, merchant
tailor, 11 Ellis street, comprised his effects.
Lefevre is known to the police. He was
sent to San Quentin about two years ago
for burglary. He was a young man and
rather prepossessing. Since his release he
has given the police no trouble and has
evidently been working right along.
FIGURES ON THE RETINA.
Strange Discovery in a Belgian Hos
The legendary belief that the eye of a
murdered man might retain a permanent
image of his destroyer has just received
something like scientific confirmation.
According to the Revue dcs Questions
Scientifiques, Drs. Deneffe and Clayes of
Ghent University recently had their atten
tion directed by a medical student to the
curious appearance presented by the eyes
of a woman under treatment in the hos
The student declared that he had found
certain figures distinctly inscribed on the
surface of both eyes. Dr, Deneffe was in
credulous, and suggested that if any such
marks existed they must merely be the
chance result of some injury, and that the
resemblance to figures was probably im
Next day, however, he examined the
patient himself, and was astonished to
find that the left iris bore the number "10"
and the right "45," these figures being
traced with caligraphic perfection.
The eyes were photographed, and on the
enlarged proof the numbers "10" and "45"
stood out with unmistakable clearness.
Nor is this all. Although the origin of
these particular impressions cannot be as
certained, it has Been proved that their ac
quisition may be hereditary. The wonian's
daughter has the same peculiarity in her
eyes, but with a much less degree of regu
larity and distinctness.
The girl's right eye is found to bear a
feeble reproduction of the number "10,"
while in the left iris the figures "20" take
the place of the mother's "45."
Here, then, is a pleasing puzzle for the
physiologists. It would be strange, at this
time of day, to discover that the eye, under
certain conditions, could really perfom the
functions of the camera. — Westminster
Degrees in Honesty.
A couple of pickpockets had "pinched"
a hne gold watch from a victim, who
offered a reward of $100 for it.-i recovery,
and no questions as>ked. The notice fell
under the eyes of one of the gentry before
the watch had been diipoied of, ami ho
took it to his pal, »aya the New York Ku
•'I say, Bill," he said, "here's a clmnco
for us to get $100 for the ticker."
"It's worth $100, ' replied Hill.
"Yes, but you see we get thin $100 and no
"And we lose all the balance?" BUggentud
the- thrifty William.
"Perhaps; but we get $100 straight."
"And that ain't what we want."'
Bill's pal robbed bla chin and contem
plated his partner Ncriously.
"You're a good deul worse than I am,
Hill," he said ut last, in a tone of enrrow.
"I gu«M not," protested Bill. '-It's a
stand-off between us."
"Not much," responded the pal; "['m
willing to be honest when I get the ohftSCe,
but you ain't."
It is considered not Improbable that
some specimens of OhineM poetry were
written as long as 3000 years ago.
AN AFRICAN METAL KING.
How a Circus Clown Became
Worth Six Hundred Mil
A MOST WONDERFUL CAREER.
Notwithstanding His Vast Wealth
He Is a Quiet and Unassuming
Paris has a king within its walls to-day,
one whose subjects do him homage
throughout the world of business, for the
monarch is none other than Barnato, the
king of mines, who at the lowest computa
tion is worth 600,000,000 of francs.
The name of Barnato says little to those
people who do not follow events in South
ern Africa, and yet the king is popular not
only at the Cape but in London, where he
is a great power and where he makes the
sun to shine or the rain to descend on the
mining market. If he were only a fortu
nate speculator he would not be particu
larly interesting, however, but his life is as
curious as a romance.
Twenty years ago a circus, which had
traveled, goodness knows how, from Eng
land to South Africa, arrived at. Kimberley.
It was not a big circus, in fact it was
only composed of the manager, the mana
ger's wife, a clown and two trained mules.
At that epoch Kimberley was not the dia
mond town that it has become since. The
circus did poor business, and one morning
the director and the directress fled, leaving
the clown with two mules and thirty shil
lings in his pocket, which is not much in
Europe, but which is still less at the Cape
of Good Hope. What could be done with
mules at Kimberley? Go outriding? That
was what Mr. Barnato, the hero of this
During his second ride in the outskirts
of Kimberley he found in the fields traces
of diamonds; he took some stones, showed
them to a miner, and entering into partner
ship with him, went to sell them in the
town. Then, without divulging his dis
covery be bought the lield where he had
made his tind, only took out a very few
stones, for fear of arousing suspicion,
bought other fields, and found himself at
last a large landholder. This first period
lasted three years, and it was with these
fields that the famous society of Boers was
created, of which Mr. Barnato is now gov
ernor, with Sir Cecil Rhodes and another,
each of these three gentlemen now receives
an annual salary of |125,000 from the com
pany. At the time of its formation Mr.
Barnato was only a millionaire. He
wanted more, and he found it.
When the first gold mines were dis
covered at Johannesburg Mr. Barnato
rushed there. He recommenced the
strategy that had so well succeeded at
Kimberley, bought as much land as he
could find, organized societies on the
London market and became king of the
mines. He also went in for politics, and
although not a follower of Sir Cecil
Rhodes' policy he caused himself to be
elected deputy to the British Parliament
from the Cape of Good Hope. That was
certainly a good deal of ground to get over
in twenty years.
Now Mr. Barnato lives in London and
only goes to the Cape for the Parlia
mentary sessions; that is why he will sail
on May 7. If he were Conservative
candidate at the next election he would be
returned, for the English take merit when
they find it, and every one who meets Mr.
Barnato is struck with his intelligence.
He is a little man, about 45 years old;
wearing a slight mustache. In his dress
he is very simple, and behind a pince-nez
mounted in gold (it is the only trace on
his person of the metal king) he has two
eyes of an incredible vivacity. He does
not speak a word of French, and he says
that during the two weeks he has be^n in
Paris, occupying the Prince of Wales'
apartments at the Hotel Bristol, he has
only had time to see the financiers. He
refused to say why he has come, but when
asked whether it was to sell his mines, he
fairly bounded in the air. Sell his mines!
He believes in the future of his Africa and
his mines, and only sees one danger
ahead, and that is "gambling."
Truly there was something intensely
striking about this little man when he re
counted his past and when he said
he wished "Paris should know his
credit," and he added, "My mines are
serious and business-like, I give you my
word of honor."
He has not the serious and imposing
calm of the miners of Western America,
the Mackays and others who give one the
impression of colossal crushers of min
erals and men — he is just a man who has
made his niche in the world and who evi
dently finds himself cramped in his apart
ments in Paris that princes and kings gen
erally occupy. Paris is so far from Kini
berley and his gold fields.— Translated for
the Call from Jacques St. Cere in Le
Figaro. _______^____ J __
BANKS ESTABLISHED BY WOMEN.
The Penny Savings Bank of a New Tork
Mrs. George L. Norton read a paper be
fore the New York Society for political
study on ''Banking and the Clearing
She commenced, says the New York Re
corder, by saying; "Madam President and
Fellow Citizens," which caused a ripple of
merriment around the room, then at once
dipped into statistics, giving the total
number of national, State and savings
banks. The tabulated statement of the
State Bank Department at Albany proves
conclusively the popular favor enjoyed by
savings banks as well as their great use
Mrs. J. Pierpont Morgan has successfully
established at Highland Falls a penny
savings bank, which has demonstrated its
usefulness to the poor and frugal. Mrs. 1
Brown of Washington knows more about
mutilated money than any other person
in the world, and it is a woman's deft fin
gers also that are expert in detecting coun
The total transactions since the organi
zation of the Clearing-house, forty-two
years ago, show an amount so gigantic as
to be appalling to think of. One trillion
forty-five billion two hundred and forty
eight million seven hundred and thirty
eight thousand dollars, all without the use
There is no Clearing-house in Paris, and
their methods of exchange are clumsy and
antiquated. Mrs. Blake, Mrs. Fay Pierce
Dr. ( i turn and Mrs. Newton took" part in
AS LIVELY AS A BOY.
rttauncejr Depew Enjoys tlfe Like a
A funny sight, which costs you nothing,
is Chauncey M. Depew coming down
Madison avenue in the early morning on
his way to hia office. There are few people
mi the street, and he seems to think that
there is none at all. He thoroughly en
joys himself. He is little boy Chauncey
and is having just barrels of fun. In one
of his hands he carries an umbrella, and
he swings both hands with joyful aban
don, says the New York Press. His strides
|T8 l<mg and ungraceful; a roguish smile
broadens his countenance; the lips which
huve made men roar with laughter and
Chen like demon! are wide apart, or else
whistling some popular tune, as the twink
lin.i; ryes gaze toward the heavens.
His whole appearance suggests '-I'll play
you marbles for keeps." Two hours later,
if you see him on the street, he will be
walking properly and carrying his cane
daintily, and would be at once taken for a
swell and very dignified man of the world.
He is a boy only on the mornings when he
arrives at the offices of the Central long be
fore the clerks. On other mornings he
usually rides. The boyishness, not un
mixed with triumph, still twinkles in his
coys when he asks his private secretary,
Mr. Dv Val, to compliment him on his en
terprise. If Mr. Depew lives to be 100 years
of age he will not be old.
THE DEBTS OF EUKOPE.
France Leads in the Per Capita Amount,
It will probably be news to most people
that according to the latest statistics every
baby born in France is from the very hour
of its birth 922 francs 50 centimes in debt,
says the New York World. The national
debt of France is greater than that of any
other country in the world, amounting in
round numbers to 35,425.000,000 francs, of
which about 4,000,000,000 are departmental
or communal debts, while the rest, strictly
speaking, is owed by the state itself, of
which each of the 38,200,000 inhabitants is a
part. After France the gay nation of Por
tugal has the largest per capita debt, each
little Portuguese being GO9 francs wor:e off
than nothing when it comes into the
world, while every subject of King Hum
bert of Italy is burdened with 405 francs of
national obligations. It may be thought
that, as France carries a heavier financial
burden than any other country.it is nearer
the verge of rum. But figures, which are
said not to lie, are sometimes deceiving.
Italy and Portugal, though their national
debts are much less, are more nearly in
solvent, for they are almost entirely in
debted to other countries, while the people
of France are the creditors of the nation.
The German debt is only 2,131,000,000
francs, many times less than that of
France. The French pay an average of 88
francs 20 centimes per capita in taxes for
the support of the Government, while the
German contribution is but 44 francs for
each individual. This is accounted for by
the fact that it costs the French people
377,000 francs per hour to be governed,
while the monarchial machinery of Ger
many is much less expensive. Another
reason is the constant and rapid in
crease of population in Germany, despite
the steady and enormous emigration.
Statistics show that the Germans are the
most and the French the least prolific
peoples of Europe. The .Vrench are a na
tion of stay-at-homes, and do not adapt
themselves in foreign lands so easily as the
Germans, yet their population, instead of
increasing* is slowly diminishing. When
Dr. Roux's discovery of antitoxin as an
antidote for diphtheria was made public he
was hailed as the greatest benefactor of his
age, as 3.6 per cent of the population of
France fall each year victims to that dis
ease, and the saving of so many lives
means that the population will begin to
increase, or at least hold its own.
SEN, THE HRE DOG.
Death of a Pet of the New York Engine-
A spotted coachdog, known as Ben,which
belonged to engine 13 in Powers street,
Williamsburgh, was shot by a policeman,
after a doctor tried in vain to alleviate his
sufferings. Ben was run over by the en
gine while going to a fire at Stagg and
Humboldt streets, says the New York Sun.
Four years ago the firemen got the dog
from engine 34. Ben was a small pup and
great interest was taken in him on account
of his sagacity. The firemen trained him
to lead the engine-horses to a water-trough
and also to buy newspapers. The dog
knew every signal on the gong, and when
ever the engine was called to a fire Ben
would take his place in front of the
team and never stop until the fire was
Everybody in the neighborhood of the
engine-house knew Ben and provided him
with food when he appeared among them.
The dog never went away more than a few
yards from the entrine-house, and on sev
eral occasions he was knnwn to jump
through the basement windows of houses
in the neighborhood of the engine-house
when he heard the tiregon<; ringing.
Thomas Shanley. a blacksmith on Pow
ers street, near Graham avenue, got a big
bulldog about two weeks ago to guard his
place at night. The dog- did not show any
sitrns of viciousness, and Shanley let him
have the freedom of the shop. When the
gong in the engine-house rang for a fire at
Humboldt and Stagg streets on Saturday
morning Ben, as usual, took his place in
front of the engine, and when the doors
were thrown open and (he team started
away he barked vigorously.
The etfgine went up towers street to
Graham avenue. Shanley's dog heard Ben
barkingand ran out of the blacksmith
shop. When the bulldog saw Ben he at
tacked him, burying his teeth in Ben's
throat. Both dogs fell, and while they
were rolling over on the stones the engine
came dashing along and ran over them.
Shanley's dog was instantly killed and
Ben's back and one of his legs were broken.
Ben was carried to the engine-house and
a veterinary surgeon was called. Every
thing was done to help the dog, but the
firemen decided yesterday morning to
have him shot. Ben will be stuffed and
mounted, and will be placed in the engine
BEAVEEY OE AFGHANS.
They Recognize It in Their Foes ag
The courage and undaunted boldness of
the Afghans will bear comparison with
that of any nation, and many are the
instances of personal bravery known to
British officers. There lives in the Yusu
fzai country an old chieftain, the hero of
many fights, who now enjoys a well-earned
pension, with the village manor as a re
ward for honorable service, and who on
more than one occasion risked his life to
save that of his commanding officer.
The present editor of the London Even
ing Globe records with gratitude the fact
that thirty years ago his life was saved by
Afzal Khan, the recent envoy to the Cabul
court. Major Wigram Battye, whom I
buried at Jellalabad, fell on the battlefield
of Fattahabad in the conquest of Afghan
territory, biit they were Afghan soldiers of
his own regiment who stood over his dead
body to protect it from insult. The mis
sionary Tuting was attacking the faith of
the Moslem in the streets of an Afghan
city, when his life was attempted by an
assassin, but it was his Afghan servant
who saved the preacher's life even in the
midst of popular tumult.
Colin M ackenzie, one of the Cabul pris
oners of 1842, of ten told the story of that
Afghan chivalry which protected the lives
ana honor of English ladies in the excite
ment of a national rebellion. Nor are they
slow to appreciate the quality of bravery in
others. In the frontier war of 1863, a young
English officer was deserted by his native
sepoys, and for some time held his own in
the midst of a crowd of Afghan warriors.
When the brave young soldier fell, cov
ered with wounds, the very men who had
cut him down bore testimony to the indom
itable pluck of the young Englishman, who,
rather than run with his men, faced the
foe and died like a man. They raised ono
united shout in the Afghan language us
he fell, "Bravo! Bravo! There's a brave
young fellow !"
But they are revengeful and jealous. —
Home and" Country.
• — ♦ — ♦■ ■
The Century's Close.
The question whether the twentieth cen
tury will begin with the beginning or the
end of the year 1900 bids fair to reach a
stage of acute controversalism. Some
people declare tnat the present century
will end with the last day of 1899, while
others are equally certain that the century
will not be complete until the year 1900 has
This latter view is mathematically cor
rect, as any one can prove when he knows
that the first year of the Christian era
ended at the close of the year 1, and the
first century at the close of the year 100.
If the (Christian era had begun with a
year 0 taen the centuries wouldhave begun
with that year ami ended with the years
99, and |v on to 1899.