Newspaper Page Text
CHARLES M. SHORTRIDQE,
Editor and Proprietor.
DAILY CALL— per year by mail; by carrier, 15c
SUNDAY CALL— per year.
"WEEKLY CALL— J1.50 per rear.
The Eastern office of the SAX FRANCISCO
CALL (Dally and Werkl.v), Pacific States Adver
tising Bureau, Rhlnelander building, Rose and
Dunne streets, STew York.
THURSDAY ~ APRIL 18, 1895
Roses are riotous.
We are living in a festive State.
Reports of the fiestas are pleasant read
He serves himself best who serves his
The man who is off for the fiestas is de
cidedly on. _
San Francisco weather is as good as a
fiesta any day.
Everything California undertakes this
year is a success.
Some men who are proudest of their
money abuse it most.
There is no robbery In taking a monopoly
away from a monopolist.
The way of progress is straight ahead on
the road we have started.
The Solid Eight seems just about heavy
enough to sink itself in the mud.
If you like the harmony of progress you
should assist in paying the piper.
The Queens of Beauty hold the title by
natural right, as well as by election.
It is an easy prediction that the number
of fiesta cities will be doubled next year.
Selling raw fruit and buying back pre
serves is where we get caught in the jam.
Los Angeles may have the bigger show,
but Santa Barbara is just as full of beauty.
Cleveland's letter has had the effect of
arousing silver-toned echoes all round the
It appears that the goldbugs will have
to renominate Cleveland, or go without a
The income tax might as well lie down
and give up, for Mrs. Hetty Green is
going to fight it.
Though Japan is now willing to let her
up it will be a long time before China gets
on her feet again.
The success of Boss Croker's hor?e at
Newmarket will probably incline him to
the English race.
In the racket of southern revelry we
must not forget the business of advancing
the people's road.
Don't fret about the money question in
1896, for the Republican convention will
Bettle that all right.
Great Britain must arbitrate her dis
pute with Venezuela or Uncle Sam will
know the reason why.
California has no need to brag of her
spring climate. She has only to keep quiet
and let the flowers blow.
The Mechanics' Institute promises an
august exhibit in August, aad is making
the right preparations for it.
The gayety seekers in the whirl of the
fiesta may be having lots of fun, but
those people who have staid at home are
having all the rest.
The cold money champions might as
well understand that in fighting the spook
of silver monometallism they are not hurt
ing bimetallism a bit.
Pictures by telegraph as a feature of
daily journalism have been proven practi
cable by the Call, and will soon be as fa
miliar as telegraphic news.
The meltine snow has turned the
Eastern rivers into raging floods and the
people of many cities are enjoying Vene
tian festivals in the swim of the streets.
With earthquakes in Italy, floods in New
England and a tornado in Kansas, Califor
nia ought to be able to bear up under the
burden of her glorious sunshine and riot
"When the Pan Joaquin Valley fully real
izes that It is to be sidetracked by the South
ern Pacific it may be too late to do what
it might have done before in promoting a
railroad of its own.
The Chamber of Commerce has done
well in reiterating the demand for the con
struction of the Nicaragua canal, as that is
one of tne enterprises on which we cannot
put too many licks.
Eastern people who are complaining of
the high price of spring flowers will prob
ably regard the festivals at Santa Barbara
and Los Angeles as another proof that all
Californians are millionaires.
Eastern art exhibitors have not been so
good this spring as formerly, but ours will
be better than ever before. That is the
way we are catching up with the centers of
culture and making our way to the lead.
An interesting hint to California is con
tained in the coincidence between the
great rise in the price of oil in the East
and our knowledge that abundant unex
plored stores of this oil exist in this State.
England's greed for territorial acquisi
tion and the absence of such an appetite in
the United States should not make our
Government less cautious with regard to
Guatemala merely because we are less
Tne Chinese must have Borne peculiar
and instructive reason for believing that
their presence in a white nation with which
China has no treaty is necessarily danger
ous to them, else those in Guatemaia
would not have called on the United States
to protect them.
By persisting in her demand for the
opening of the Chinese empire to trade,
Japan may walk Into a spider web like a
foolish fly. The Chinese are not good at
war, but when it comes to industrial and
commercial competition, the Japanese will
have to look out.
Denver has a double woman-strangling
horror somewhat similar to the one in San
Francisco, but a very remarkable differ
ence is seen in the fact that the accused
man's sister has gone insane since
his arrest, and that in her ravings she dis
closes pitiful contradictions between her
efforts to shield him and her evident
knowledge of his guilt
THE CITY'S CKEDITOES.
The attempt of the creditors of the City
of San Francisco, who have or are soon to
have claims against its general fund for
supplies furnished during the current year,
to coerce its officials into making some
provision for their payment by the threat
of cutting off supplies, is of itself entitled
to but small measure of consideration.
These creditors cannot afford to put San
Francisco on their blacklist, nor persist in
a refusal to supply its various departments
with the necessary articles to maintain
them. The City of San Francisco, we
safely assert, is in no such state of abject
dependence upon a few contractors. It is
not at all likely to go without needed sup
plies because it happens to have no ready
money in one of its several pockets. If
any particular body of contractors con
clude that it is a bad customer, there are
plenty of other contractors who are ready
to step into their shoes and take the
chances of being ultimately paid.
It is non© the less an important and very
serious fact that the general fund of the City
is empty at this distance from the end of the
current fiscal year. It is, moreover, a fact
which is getting into the habit of repeating
it=elf annually and in the last quarter of
each fiscal year. The reason usually
assigned for this condition, viz.: that the
City officials have /been wasteful of its
finances, is not as a rule the true cause for
this poverty of the general fund.
The real reason rests in the well
established truth that every growing
city which by law or by conserva
tism seeks to keep within an inade
quate tax rate finds that its general
fund will persist in becoming insolvent
toward the close of each year. This is
because the annual expenditures of a city,
which increase most noticeably with its
growth, are in the main drawn from the
general fund. The salaries of officials, the
current expenses of the increasing offices,
the furniture and sundry expense ac
counts and the like are augmenting
charges a^ain^t this fund. The revenues
from which the general fund is replenished
never keep up with its increase of outlay,
and the result is inevitably that as the city
grows its funds and linances get into a tan
gle which becomes more hopeless with
every year's devotion to the illogical policy
of growing great by dollar limits and free
dom from debt.
The truth is that San Francisco has too
long allowed its finances to be dictated by
the tax shirker and the silurian and has
dreamed that in a debtless idleness and
a dollar limit lay the hope and fruition of
municipal prosperity. The exact opposite
is the only theory and practice by which
modern cities, especially in the United
States, have been able to grow great and
The time has come for San Francisco to
adopt a new financial policy; to get out of
the sad straits in which it finds itself ; to
have its name taken off the blacklist of its
own business men; to amply provide each
year for the payment in full of its floating
indebtedness and to borrow a few millions
of dollars with which to beautify itself and
make such permanent improvements in its
street and sewer systems as the time de
mands. Such a policy would put an end
to the petty worrying and squabbling in
which its officials find themselves forced to
annually engage in order to nuike ends
meet in the expenditure of moneys which
are entirely too meager in amount for the
increasing needs of an expanding city.
AGAINST THE LOTTEEIES.
The peremptory order issued by Wells,
Fargo & Co., forbidding the employes of
the express to receive or forward any
ticket or advertisement of a lottery, will go
a long way toward putting an end to lot
tery gambling on this Coast. The success
of such schemes depends on the ability of
the managers to reach large numbers of
people. "When the maiis were closed
against them, they turned to the express
companies, but now that the express will
no longer serve them, they are practically
forced out of the field and must sooner or
later abandon all attempts to circulate
either their tickets or their advertisements.
On this result the Call has certainly a
good right to congratulate the people. The
sale of lottery tickets has been an evil to
the State of almost incalculable magni
tude. It has led many industrious people
to waste money which if invested in sav
ings banks or in building and loan associa
tions would have encouraged thrift and
laid the foundation of a prosperous home.
California is rich, but she cannot afford for
her people to waste money in that way ;
and therefore it was on the score of thrift
among the people, as well as of obedience
to law, that the Call refused to publish
lottery advertisements and the list of lot
tery drawings, and began an agitation
against the evil.
It is probable the refusal of the express
company to carry lottery matter may have
the effect of stimulating local lotteries by
crushiug out the competition of those that
have heretofore covered the T'nion. To pre
vent this result the police should be active
and vigilant. The evil has taken strong root
in this City and it will require earnest work
to stamp it out. Local lotteries, however,
will not prove so widely injurious as the
big ones have been. They cannot offer
such large prizes to purchasers, nor such
inducements to canvassers, nor can they
expend anything like such sums in adver
tising. We may claim, therefore, that the
greater par^of the evil has beer, practically
done away with by the order of the ex
press company, and Wells, Fargo & Co.
will have the cordial approval of the better
element of the people in the course they
The challenge to the bimetallists con
tained in Cleveland's letter has been met
by answers from every section of the coun-
try. His bold assumption that the gold
standard men are the only champions of
sound money and safe currency has been
refuted by the press, by statesmen and by
mass-meetings. The advocates of bimetal
lism therefore have every reason to be sat
isfied with the effect produced by the let
ter. It has served only to reawaken public
interest in the subject and to strengthen
popular Bentiment in favor of the remone
tization of silver.
It now seems probable that Cleveland, so
far from exerting any important influence
upon the country at large on this question,
will hardly have any even upon his own
party. From present appearances both
the great parties will declare for bimetal
lism in the conventions of 1896. The choice
of the people on that issue therefore will
be the simple one of deciding to which
party they will intrust the great task of
reorganizing our finances. Buch a choice
will not be difficult to make. The experi
ence with Democratic rule, or rather mis-
rule, duriug the last two years, has
afforded a lesson which this generation is
not likely to forget. Under its present
leaders, Democracy is known to be hope
lessly incapable of any kind of systematic
legislation. Buch excessive bungling as
was made by the late Congress was never
equaled in an American legislative body,
and it is certain the Democratic party will
never have another lease of national power
during the lifetime of the present leaders.
Under this condition of affairs the hope
THE SAN FRANCISCO CALL, THURSDAY, APRIL I§, 1895.
of the people for any and for all great
reforms must be centered in the Repub
lican party. He is but a foolish advocate
of bimetallism who talks of organizing a
third party to reform the currency. Such
a course would lead to a division in the
ranks of the bimetallists at the rery in
stant victory is within their reach by
remaining united. Eastern Republicans
are rapidly coming into sympathy with
those of the West on this issue. In fact, it
may be said the leaders of political thought
all over the civilized world are coming to
an agreement on the subject. Bimetallism
waxes stronger in England and Germany,
as well as in this country. There is no
doubt of the eventual remonetization of
silver everywhere if only the extreme ad
vocates of it will act with ordinary
common-sense and not attempt to ignore
or to subordinate all other political issues
by forming a party devoted to that one
AN ABSUED SITUATION.
A friend of the Call has furnished it
with the following instructive narration:
Not long ago, while on a visit to one of
the minor cities of an Atlantic State, he
entered a large store which was kept by a
friend of his. In the store he saw a number
of tubs bearing the label "California Apri
cots," and the oroprietor informed him
that he prepared the article himself by
stewing dried apricots received from Cali
fornia and packing the compound in the
form of a sort of marmalade, in tubs, and
that he sold the tubs in large numbers to
smaller dealers. The price which he re
ceived from the retail merchants was
twice the cost of the dried apricots, and
the retail merchants sold the product at a
considerable additional advance. The de
mand for the article was great and was
rapidly increasing, as the consumers found
It is evident that in the production of
this article the enterprising manufacturer
by the necessary addition of water and
some sugar at least doubled the weight of
the dried apricots, and that as he charged
for this compound twice as much as he
paid for the dried article, he received four
times the original cost to him, charging as
much for the water which he had added as
for the fruit itself, and it can hardly be
supposed that the cost of manufacture was
sufficient to offset the price which he re
ceived for the water. He certainly is de
serving of all praise for his ingenuity and
enterprise, but it is something of a pity
that the California grower himself had not
possessed tne acumen to forestall him.
The situation is ludicrous. It is hardly
more so, however, than the common
knowledge that the delicious apricot mar
malade made by Crosse i, Blackwell of Lon
don, and consumed with so much gusto
by the epicures of San Francisco, is made
exactly after the fashion of the New Eng
land grocer, though possibly with a little
more skill — that is to say, Crosse & Blnck
well buy apricots grown and dried in Cali
fornia, pay the charges of transporting
them 6000 miles to London, manufacture
thtm into marmalade and ship this con
feet 6000 miles back to San Francisco,
where in buying it we pay the transporta
tion charge of 12.000 miles on the fruit and
(AM) miles on the water and the class or
stone packages, besides a comfortable
profit to the manufacturers and to various
dealers through whose hands the product
has pas-- 1 d.
The absurdity of all this is both pitiful
and disgraceful. The apricot grows in very
few places in the world. It is nearer like
the banana than any other fruit in deli
cacy of flavor and richness of nutritive
elements. If California grew nothing but
apricots it would still be the most fortu
nate section of the Union, for this is the
rarest and most valuable of all the fruits
grown outside of the tropics. Seemingly
it is only Californians who do not realize
how valuable it is.
If the freight charges on apricot marma
lade from California to the Atlantic sea
board are too heavy to permit of the profit
able manufacture of the article here, it is
difficult to see why dried apricots should
not be shipped East and there made into
marmalade by agents of the California
growers, or a union of a sufficient number
of growers to establish a factory on a large
Marmalade, however, is not the only or
even the best, though the daintiest, form
in which dried apricots may be prepared
for table use, for marmalade is a confec
tion, whereas the apricot is not only a deli
cious fruit but is a nutritious food as well.
In this last regard it stands practically
alone among the fruits produced in the
United States. This gives it a special value
which probably not an Eastern consumer
in a hundred thousand understands. The
work of educating the people of the East
in this regard is one that might be under
taken by Californians with great profit to
It is fortunate for us that the southern
fiestas are in their glory to divide attention
and relieve the public mind from the strain
of the Emmanuel Church crimes. There
is always more or less of danger in a long
continued reading of Euch atrocities as
powerfully affect the sensibilities of the
mind. Such reading tends to produce a
morbid condition of all the faculties, both
mural and mental, and where there is any
weakness or abnormal development of
either, the consequences are often seriously
evil and sometimes tragic. Instances of
such results are common, and it is only an
ordinary truth that any one who reads
much about crime should read also a great
deal about the brighter, happier and better
things of life.
The reports from the fiestas bring to us
every day exactly the kind of reading
needed to offset the reports of the great
crime. Here we have glimpses of hu
manity under its loveliest and most whole
some aspect. In these reports, where
skillful writers vie with one another to re
produce in jewel-colored, flower-sweet
words the beauty and the joy of the pro
fuse festivals, there is a power to charm
away all gloomy thoughts, all sick fancies
and all grewsome imaginings. There is
the healthful life of the sunshine and the
breezy, open air in these descriptions.
They are warm, rich and glowing in their
pictures of a vigorous, virtuous, joyous
humanity, and, in their suggestions of an
Elysian life of love and grace and beauty,
are a vital tonic for the marbid mind and a
refreshing stimulant for the oppressed
Read the stories of the fiestas and see
how fair and pure and sweet life is in Cal
ifornia despite the wretchedness and the
crime that torments us here and there.
Happiness is the normal life of man, and
in its atmosphere he breathes most health
fully. To all its impulses, moreover, he is
fortunately sensitive. From every scene
where joy dwells there radiates a spiritual
illumination at which every mind bright
ens, and in its light every heart is glad.
There are sad, bad, mad things in the
world, it is true, but none the less it is a
world where health prevails and goodness
lives. A thousand "fair passions, bounti
ful pities and loves without stain" are
throbbing all around us, and their exist
ence is manifest most conspicuously at this
time In those iiestas where love dances
amid the roses to the sound of sweet mu<
sic; where the voices of healthy-minded,
happy-hearted men and women come to
us mingled with the clear, free laughter
that will move us also to smile and be glad.
The local elections which are now pro
ceeding in the East show that the "side
parties" are cutting a considerable figure,
as they possibly did in the recent elections
in California. These departures indicate
the necessity of missionary work on the
part of the Republican party, which may
be depended upon to promote all that is
best for the greatest number of citizens.
That there should have been the least
suspicion that Count Yamagata, a Japan
ese field-marshal, was an Austrian arch
duke in disguise might cause every Aus
trian to wonder if there are no external
physical differences between them and
Japs ; and then they are likely to be justly
AROUND THE CORRIDORS.
The Hon. Jeremiah Lynch of San Francisco
was in a poetic mood yesterday.
"I believe," «aid Mr. Lynch, "in the beauties
of verse. I believe it is part of a man's con
science and an element of hib soul. I—"
"Excuse me, Senator, but can you tell me
who your favorite poet is?" inquired a scholar
who sat by Mr. Lynch in the window of the
"Omar Khayam, a Persian astronomer-poet
the author of 'The Rubaiyat.' "
"Because, sir," replied Mr. Lynch, assuming
a thoughtful expression, ''because he wrote of
HON. JEREMIAH LYNCH.
[Sketched from life for the "Call" by XanklveU.'i
religion and life as it really was, and did it
without offending. Let me think a moment.
Do you recall the lines? Let me see. OU, licre
I ecnt my soul Into the Invisible
Home li'itf-r of that ufier life to spell.
And by and by my soul returned t—
"Can't remember it all, but anyhow he was a
marvelous man. I must freshen up a little on
Omar. There is another verse about the— by
Jove, I really must freshen up on Omar."
"Well, now, Senator, to go deeper into the
world of letters. Tell me your favorite
"Robert Louis Stevenson I consider the peer
if not ihe superior of modern writer*. He was
the Oliver Goldsmith of the present generation
and do better writer of English erer lived.
His sentences were pure and simple, but they
were resplendent with meaning and strength.
He was a genius. We are just learning to ap
preciate him and— l don't know, though." Mr.
Lynch paused a moment, and after calculating
to himself a little ventured to remark that
Stevenson made about f 20,009 a year on his
books, all of which he considered pretty good
H"Certainly, Jere," said an old acquaintance,
"a man who has been such a slave to poetry
and prose must always have a musical idol."
'If you mean what is my favorite song, I will
tell you the drinking song from 'Lucretia
Borgia.' It goes like this," and in order to
further the knowledge of his listeners Mr.
Lynch hummed a few lines. "Do you know
it?" lie saiil, looking around the circle for a
nod of familiarity, "and the chorus is—" some
of which he tang in a low, mubical voice.
"Oh, yes, of course," responded a majority of
the gentlemen present. -'You're right. That's
a great song."
At this juncture several voices hummed little
melodies taken from different parts of the
opera, and everybody decided that Lynch was
right about thatone particular thing, anyhow.
Presently the conversation turned to tne Tight
of ordinary mortals to touch the lyre of Homer.
"By the way, Senator, do you think a busi
ness man is justified In writing poetry?"
"It all depends upon the appreciation it re
ceives," answered the Senator. Now, most
poets amount to nothing while they live;
therefore, few men are justified. Some day I
will be dead myself; therefore the future is
"Let me tell you how I came to owo a debt of
gratitude to a man with plenty of nerve," said
L. R. Mead, secretary of the Manuiacturers* As
sociation, to a few friends in the rotunda of the
Mills building last evening. "About a score of
years ago I visited the Coeur d'Alene mining
region in what was then the sparsely settled
Territory of Idaho. I went as the representa
tive of some creditors of a mine that had failed,
ana my business was to investigate the com
pany's affairs and see if any settlement could
be effected. I reached the camp in the morn
ing, and was not long in learning that the
miners who had been thrown out of work by
the shutdown hadn't received a cent of their
last month's wages, and that the mine super
intendent had quieted the demands by assur
ing the crew that I would be along in a few
days and settle with the wage-claimants dollar
for dollar. Consequently I was besieged from
the moment I alighted from the stage. I ex
plained to the miners my position, and assured
them that my visit was simply one of investi
"Well, there was one miner who wouldn't
take any explanation. He was commonly
known as a bad man. His appearance, his
language and actions were all decidedly tough.
He drew me aside, showed me his account and
said, gruffly: •Say, captain, I want my stuff.
You can't put me off the way you did the rest
of the boys, because I won't stand it. I want
my stuff, and I want It inside of twenty-four
hours, or you'll have trouble on your hands.
Square me up, and I'll help you out a little, for
the boys are pretty sore.'
"That bad man steered up against me time
and again, repeating the warning to 'fork over
his stuff' in the specified number of hours. The
miners had law in their own hands in that
camp, and I began to fear that the bad man
might do me some injury.
"On the afternoon of that day I got into con
versation with another guest at the hotel. I
invited him to have a cigar with me, and we
Btrolled through the camp together.
"Evening came, and the bad man came with
it. I was standing on the hotel steps alone.
To my astonishment the fellow didn't mention
the subject of money at all. He asked me a
question. It was:
" 'Do you know Earp?*
" 'Earp?' I replied, wondering whatmotivo
prompted such a question. 'Know him, 1 I
laughed ; 'I should think I did.'
" 'Where did youjget acquainted with Earp?'
asked the bad man.
" 'Why, I've bunked and cateu with tboE&rp
boys down in Arizona,' said I, chuckling to my
self at the curious turn of affairs. The news
papers had told me who the Earps were, but I
pretended that I had always known them, so I
said : 'I went to school with the Earp*.'
"'ls that so?' he murmured thoughtfully.
'Then he must bo a good friend of yours.'
" 'Of course,' said I.
"The tough air had actually vanished. He
whistled a bit, turned on his heel and walked
away. I had no more trouble in camp. The
Miners treated me with respect and politeness.
I had accidentally fallen into the good graces
of Wyatt Earp, who was my companion in the
afternoon walk. He was a brother oi the
famous Bill Earp, of whom the Territory stood
in respect closely bordering on fear. Wyatt
Earp had the reputation of being the bestjshot
and most nervy man in the diggings. I was
surprised when the hotel clerk informed me
the name of my illustrious companion. Did I
cling to him? Well, during my brief sojourn
at that camp my chief expense was in keeping
that deadshot of a brother of Bill Earp in
Cigars and liquid refreshments. His reputa
tion proved my safeguard and security at the
George B. Walker, a mining man who has
been north for the past ten years, hat lately
been back in Arizona, where he w»b in the
early ' Bo's. Speaking oi Prescott he said : "It
is a lively little place. The people are there
to stay; they believe in the town and in the
country and the mines, but it is very strange
that they will not take any trouble to beautify
the place. They could easily enough grow
grass, but will not do it. One's first impression
of such places is unfavorable, and unjustly bo,
through this seeming want of public interest.
There are some fine mines^ in Arizona, particu
larly in the northern portion, where there is
more gold. I beliere that the United Verdi at
Jerome, the product of which Is gold, silver and
copper, is one of the greatest mines in the
world. Clark, the Colorado banker, who is one
of the principal owners, has lately I under
stand invested a million In reduction works at
Jersey City for handling the product of this
Dr. A. M. Rohr of Santa Rosa Is at the Lie*.
Dr. Jamep A. Moore of Hanford is at tho Lick.
C. F. McGUshr.n of Truckee Is at the Baldwin.
Dr. W. 11. Miller of Hanford is a guest at the
Silas Carle, a contractor of Sacramento, Is at
Judge W. M. Conley of Madera is a gnest at
Dr. J. A. Dawson of Grayson is registered at
Dr. E. W. Whitney of Salt Lake is a guest at
Dr. George 11. Jackson of Woodland Is stop
ping at the Grand.
Dr. William D. Knight of Sacramento is reg
istered at the Grand.
F. M. Miller, a merchant of Fresno, is among
the guests of the Lick.
Dr. J. F. Boyce of Santa Rosa Is one of yester
day'i arrivals at the Lick.
Dr. George A. White of Sacramento is in town
aud stopping at the Grand.
J. C. Shinii, a horticulturist of Nlles, regis
tered at the Lick yesterday.
D. E. Knight, a capitalist of MarrsvUle, ar
rived at the Lick yesterday.
George H. Warneld, a banker of Healdsburg,
is stopping at the California.
John T. Sullivan of the Sea Beach Hotel,
Santa Cruz, is at the California.
James M. Quilter, the United States Marshal
of Washington, is at the Grand.
John Garwood, a merchant of Stockton, and
Mrs. Garwood, are guests at the Grand.
G. G. Brooks, a merchant of Colusa. and his
bride, registered at the Grand yesterday.
Dr. Thomas Ross came down from Sacra
mento yesterday and registered at the Grand.
J. Bennallock, a mining man of Grass Valley,
was among yesterday'i arrivals at the Occi
sheriff U. S. Gregory of Amador camft into
town yesterday on his way East on a yisit aud
registered at the Grand.
P. A. Buell, one of the active supporters of
the uew road in Stockton, came down yester
day and put up at the Grand.
SPIRIT OF THE PRESS.
In promoting the prosperity of a city pluck is
one-quarter the battle, and the courage to tell
the truth about that which threatens or retards
is th« other quarter of the first half. Pluck
and courage, then, with natural resources and
goud government end good location, are all
there is in the building up. Those persons
who speak below their breath and whisper
"don't" when a courageous voice warns the
people of impending danger are of the class
who are content to live in the present and take
no thought for the morrow.— Sacramento Rec
The monomentallists are tearing their linen
trying to persuade Japan to take gold rather
than silver from China. But they will never
succeed. In the first place, China could not
find the gold to pay with; in the next place.
Jupan would not have it. The talk of "gold
credit" is all right, but that credit would at
once be converted, when needed, into 6ilver
coin. Oh, what a wise lot of Wall-street pro
phets we have, to be sure.— Santa Fe New Mexi
The fact that the price of illver advanced
about 10 cents an ounce in two weeks has been
regarded by many as the beginning of more
prosperous times for the silver miners. The
rise was equivalent to about 15 per cent. If it
were permanent it would add not less than
$25,000,000 in value to the annual production
of silver in thig country. — Santa Cruz Sentinel.
The shipment of flowers from California to
the East is a new phase of local commerce
which cannot fail to call a great deal of atten
tion to the fact io often lost sight of that Cali
fornia has actually no winter.— Santa Barbara
As reputable papers refuse to advertise the
lotteries and Wells, Fargo & Co. will no
longer transact business for them, they will
soon be compelled to go out of business. — San
If the Monroe doctrine in worth anything it
should be enforced when circumstances de
mand. — Phcenix Gazette.
The people of the interior of the State have
good cause for feeling very friendly toward the
Call.— Merced Sun.
Virtue bears up under accusation with less
noise than guilt.— Pendleton Oresronian.
SUPPOSED TO BE HUMOROUS.
McSwatters — I tell 70a what, but Mesmer
looks unusually happy for a man who has got
McSwltters— Man, didn't you know that his
business was that of a hypnotizer and he prac
tices on the kids.— Syracuse Post.
Young Girl (going through jail)— Poor, poor
man. May I offer you these flowers? ~ c *':i)
Convict (from behind the — You've made
a mistake, miss. The feller that killed his
wife and children is in the next cell. I'm yere
fur stealing a loaf of bread.— Truth.
Rhoades (as he and Mrs. Rhoades are leaving
church)— What a refreshing sermon that was,
Mrs. Rhoades (sharply)— l don't know, I didn't
go to sleep.— _
(The lady arrives a little late at the sewing
circle.) Servant— Excuse me, madame, but I'd
advise you to wait a few minutes. Just now
they are talking about you.— Humoriatische
Anarchist— Our motto Is "down with all titles
and decorations I' 1
Reformer— decorations do you allude
Anarchist— of 'em. The Order of the Bath
in particular.— York Herald.
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country. Pure blood means good health.
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The success of the portion of Gluck's "Al
oeste" recently published in Paris has been
so great that the French critics are conviuo«d
that all is needed is a revival of hig operas for
audiences to be clamoring for Gluclt'g works.
The scene from "Alces.te" that has just been
performed, in its noble and yet intensely human
feeling Is infinitely superior to the feelings of
the low-lived passion and crimes on which the
latest school of tragic opera, like the "Caval
leria Ruaticana," is based. In the temple
scene from "Alceste," which is drawn from
Greek drama, the people, the priests, Alceste
the Queen, and her children are all assembled
in Apollo's temple, where a sacrifice of sorrow
CHEIBTOPH WTLIBOLP GLUCK.
[From an engraving.]
is being offered, because the King Admete is
attacked with a mysterious sickness which
nothing can cure. Suddenly the high priest
announces that the oracle will speak, and a
voice, coming from the mouth of Apollo's
statue, proclaims, "The King must die to-day
if another life is not voluntarily sacrificed for
his." The terrified crowd rushes away, and
the Queen remains alone in the temple. Her
husband shall not die, for Alceste decides to
give her life for that of Admete. "But it is no
sacrifice," cries the young and beautiful Queen.
"How can they call dying for him a sacrifice?"
and, exalted by her love, she defies the divini
ties of Styx, and her last ascent is, at the same
time, a cry of enthusiasm and of horror as she
feels the shades of death closing round her.
The roles in "Alceste" give splendid oppor
tunities for tragic actiDg. That, however, is
only in accordance with Gluck's ideas, even
though here and there his librettist has made
parts of the book monotonous. The preface to
"Alceste," which was published when the
opera was first produced in Vienna in 1767,
was Gluck's confession of faith— a faith which
in many respects found a disciple in Richard
Wagner. "I have endeavored," says Gluck,
"to reduce music to its proper function, that of
seconding poetry by enforcing the expression
of sentiment and the interest of the situation
without interrupting the action or weakening
it by superfluous ornament." But the Vien
nese public at that time was used to regard
opera as a mere vehicle for showing off the
florid vocalization of the singers, and it re
ceived "Alceste" so coldly that in the preface
to "Paris and Helen," Gluek says: "Only in
the hope of finding imitators did I resolve to
bring out the music of 'Alceste.' I am con
vinced, however, that my hopes were vain."
But in 1770 "Alceste" won the enthusiasm of
Paris, and now in 1895 it has conquered the
French capital again. It would not be a
strange thing, according to the French critics,
if a great Gluck revival took place, now that
Wagner and his disciples have pushed Gluck's
operatic theories far beyond his wildest dreams.
Some thirty odd years ago Wagner was de
nied a hearing in France. Now the pendulum
has swung back with such a vengeance that no
capital in the world has such ardent Wagnero
maniacs as are to be found in Paris. More
over, Wagner has established such a firm foot
hold at the national opera-house that it Is as
serted the best native composers have not a
chance of a hearing. Anyhow, it is an un
doubted fact that of late years several import
ant French operas have been produced for the
first time over the border. The present plight
of the French composers seems a sort of Ne
mesis, though the men who suffer are not the
ones who attacked Wagner. Twenty-five years
ago the critics attacked Bizet for his allege d
Wagnerism. Nowadays the dominant coterie
in critical circles is so enamored of Wagner
that a young composer who does not adopt his
principles has no chance of a hearing. What
with England's musical partiality for France,
Germany's for Italy and France's for Germany,
musical taste reminds one of nothing so much
as a game of international "general post."
The death is announced from Vienna of
Camillo Walzel, the librettist of "Fatinitza,"
"Boccaccio" and several other of Suppe's
operas. He also wrote the book of "Cagliostro"
and "A Night in Venice" for Strauss, as well
as "The Beggar Student" for Millocker and
"The Marine Cadet" for Richard Genee. At
one time he was an officer in the Austrian in
fantry, and later became captain of a steam
boat on the Danube. In his latter years, how
ever, he Bhared with Jannerthe directorship of
the well-known theater, An der Wien.
The town of Weimar la preparing to fete th©
fiftieth artistic anniversary of the Belgian com
poser, Edward Lassen. He made bis debut in
184(5, at the Brussels Conservatory, when he
was only 13 year 3 old. Called by Liszt to Wei
mar, he has remained there ever since. Las
sen was a firm friend of Wagner and was one
of the first opera conductors to mount his
works. Lassen is celebrated in Germany for a
remarkable musical scene, inspired by Goethe's
"Faust." In America he is very popular as a
Walter Pamrosch and his company of Ger
man artists are now giving a season of Wagner
opera in Chicago at the Auditorium. "Thus
far, and no farther," seems to be the sign-post
of the Windy City, as far as all the great or
ganizations are concerned. West of the Rockies
people do not even taste of the operatic crumb 3
that fall from New York's table. Last week
Boston enjoyed the spectacle of an opera war
—German opera at one house and Italian at the
Mascasrni's latest opera, "Silvano," has not
obtained the success that "Ratcliff" had a few
weeks ago at the Scala. The groundwork of
the plot of "Silvano" is in substance the same
as that of the "Cavalleria Rusticana." Hatred
and rivalry in love lead to the catastrophe.
The music is easy and melodious, but after
"Ratcliff" the public expected more and did not
hide its disappointment. The orchestration of
"Silvano" was judged to be very weak.
Saint-Saens has buried himself in, the rural
districts of the Malay Peninsnla to compore
the music of his new lyric drama, "Brune
hilda." Writing to a friend of the impression
Singapore made upon him, he says: -'It has
remained in my eye like a dazzling vision, the
landscape of a Chinese fair, with its Chinese
houses of surprising luxury and picturesque
ness. I intend to go to Egypt to orchestrate
the fourth act of 'Brunehilda.' "
It is stated that an ironclad, legal contract
has been made with the violinist Ysaye and
his company by which they will certainly ap
pear in San Francisco, at the Baldwin
Theater, on May 13th. Too often the great
virtuosi who are announced fail to materialize,
but if Ysaye really comes ue can scarcely fail
to create a sensation. In the East last winter
he more than consoled the matinee girl for the
absence of Padorewski.
A new opera-house, the Theatre Mondain, has
been opened in Paris. The impresario, Franck
Vnlery, (fives this information about it: "The
new tkoater is to help young composers oi
talent by giving the public a chance of hear
ing their worts. In the present day the diffi
culty of getting an unknown work presented
kills" young talent. The Theatre Mondain will
receive with the warmest sympathy the works
of gifted young composers who aspire to see
their own compositions put upon the sta;?o. It
will, in short, direct the debuts of future
celebrities, and prevent them from becoming
disillusionized by disappointment." This is
certainly a generous programme, and it is said
that the Theatre Mondain means to live up
Poor Benjamin Godard's opera, "The Vlvan
diere," which he finished on his deathbed, has
just been produced at the Opera Comique.
The librettist, Henri Cain, lias had an historic
remark, made by a French officer, General
Marceau, printed outside the book: "Yes, my
soldiers are little men, but they have big
Max Bruch's latest work is an oratorio entitled
"Moses," and is said to be noteworthy for find
and massive choruses. It is in four parts, the
several headings of which are "On Sinai,"
"The Golden Calf," "The Return of the Mes
sengers From Canaan" and "The Promised
Land and the Lament of the People Over the
Death of Moses."
A woman's rights society In Paris has Just ad
dressed a petition to the members of the Mu
nicipal Council in Paris praying that the name
of Alboni be given to some street or square in
the French capital. The petition draws atten
tion to the will of the great singer, in which
she left 2,000,000 francs to the poor of Paris.
After all America is not to have the famous
Wagner museum of Herr Oesterlein in Vienna,
for the announcement is now made that it has
been purchased by the municipality of Leipzig
for $10,000. The poet-composer was born in
Leipzig, so the selection is an appropriate one.
Henschel's "Stabat Mater," which was given
at the Birmingham festival, has just been per
formed in London. It is a scholarly work, but
one so little inspired, that, as some one sug
gested, it might have been written by a man in
joy at the recovery of his mother-in-law.
Armand A. Solomon, the second violin of the
Saturday Popular String Quartet, announces
his intention of going to Europe in September
to finish his musical education.
Louis Gregh, the well-known song-writer, ha 3
just written the music of a new operetta,
"Captain Roland," which is described as very
bright and pretty.
A society has been formed at Brema for pre
senting "Christus," the religious opera that
Rubinstein completed in his latter years.
Some of the recent concerts in London have
been wrecked by la grippe.
PEOPLE TALKED ABOUT.
Baron Max Guido yon Thielmann, who Is to
succeed Baron yon Sanrma-Jeltsch as German
Embassador at Washington, was born in 1848.
He began his diplomatic career in Washing
ton, and since then has served in a half-dozen
capitals of Europe. He is a great linguist, and
is said to have written a short account of the
surrender of Sedan in Sanskrit for his Berlin ,
teacher. He has written several books of
The late Professor Blackie, the distinguished
Scotchman, was a man of many eccentricities.
One of them was his fondness for a Panama
hat, which he wore on every possible occasion,
even at times in his dining-room. With this
hat on his head and a large dressing-gown
around him he was in proper attire, as he con
sidered it, for receptions.
Tay Ham Li, a cousin of Li Hung Chang, is a
prosperous business man of Boston. lie is edu
cated, speaks English fluently and is thoroughly
Amercanized. He says the name of the vice
roy is pronounced as though it was spelled Lee
Hung Chung, but in colloquial usage it is
shortened to Lee-un-jung.
The widow of General Anderson, who lives in
Washington, treasures as a sacred relic the
famous flag which was on Fort Sumter when
the rebels attacked it. It was draped about the
casket for her husband when he was carried to
his final rest.
Sperker Peel of the House of Commons, who
retired recently, had served eleven years. He
will now receive a pension of $20,000 a year
and probably a peerage. Mr. Peel is the eighth
Speaker of the Commons since the beginning of
Mrs. Platt, wife of the ex-Senator, has been
down in Florida, saving what she could of her
frost-bitten orange crop. Her groves have been
very unfortunate, 3000 boxes of their fruit
having been frozen solid.
Ex-Governor Russell is one of the busiest
lawyers in Massachusetts. He figures very lit
tle at public dinners or gatherings of any sort
nowadays, but devotes himself strictly to busi
Dr. Edward Eggleston is a firm believer In co
education. He believes that the highest intel
lectual satisfaction is to be derived in these
days in assemblies in which men and women
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