Newspaper Page Text
— f& flf ■
CHARLES M. SHORTRIDOE,
Editor and Proprietor.
i DAILY CALL— *G per year by mail iby carrier, 15c
SUNDAY CALL— U per year.
"WEEKLY CALL— *I.OO per year.
The Eastern office of the SAX FRANCISCO
CALL. (Daily and Weekly), Pacific States Adver
tising Bureau, Khinelander building, Roae and
Duane streets, New York.
TUESDAY APRIL 23, 1895
Bond the City and pay its debts.
Crime comes and goes, but virtue stays
Impeach the traitors in the Board of Su
Treachery to party means dishonesty to
Time will improve you if you improve
The dignity of train robbery is degraded
"by the robbing of streetcars.
The best way to help everybody's bnsi
feess is to attend to your own.
Local development that waits for out
side capital will wait a long time.
People who brood over horrible murders
fere courting suicide or the asylum.
The healthy mind is that which is able
to force its thought into healthy channels.
It is right to take an interest in the
taurder case, but don't get morbid over it.
A city that cannot pay its debts ought
to close up and go out of the city business.
Corruption is generally at the bottom of
a coalition among Supervisors of opposite
Fine art is an infant industry in Califor
nia that ought to have praise, patronage
A "solid ei^ht" composed of Republican
end Democratic Supervisors is a proclama
tion of rascality.
There were no Silurians among the
pioneers and there shouldn't be among
Now that the fiestas of Los Angeles and
Santa Barbara are out of the way that of
Santa Rosa has the whole road.
From the crop of Half-million Clubs that
are sprouting all over the State we are
bound to reap a big harvest of settlers.
Men who claim to represent the Repub
lican party in tne City Government are in
honor bound to keep the pledges of the
As soon as Mendocino shows an ability
to play a lone hand on railway building,
there will be plenty of partners willing to
The dignity and prestige of the Republi
can party have been dragged in the dust
by the traitors who represent it in the
Board of Supervisors.
What party is to be held responsible for
the men whom the hybrid "solid eight"
are putting into office after turning out
men of tried competency?
The Republican party must defend
itself and its responsibilities to the public
by punishing the traitors who represent it
in the Board of Supervisors.
No combination of Supervisors of oppos
ing political faiths, for the evident purpose
of carrying through concerted schemes,
can be defended by honest men.
The inconvenience of surname has been
experienced by a cousin of Jim Stokes,
who gets a great deal of attention because
his servant-girl's brother got drunk.
If Denver is dissatisfied with the hard
transportation conditions to which its un
fortunate geographical position has given
rise it can pick up and move to California.
In asserting that the Monroe doctrine
has no validity in international law, Sena
tor Hill evidently intended to prepare the
public mind for his retirement from
The squabble in the Democratic party
over the silver question is the worst wast
ing of breath on record, for the party will
have no power to deal with the question
Curio hunters are advised that the cob
blestones in the streets of San Francisco
might be taken up by them and treasured
along with the flints used by the men of
the stone age.
Unless the Republican party punishes
the traitors who represent it in the Board
of Supervisors it must bear the disgrace
and contumely which their acts have
brought upon it.
The "eruption" of an island off the
shore of Mendocino County has no more
startling significance than the furnishing
of further evidence of abundant natural
gas in California.
Perhaps the main reason why the ad
vanced woman offends so many people is
that she is progressing so rapidly she has
to move by leaps and bounds and hasn't
time to notice whom she jumps on.
The Democratic party may do as it
pleases with its renegades in the Board of
Supervisors, but the Republican party can
not afford the disgrace which its own ren
egades in that body have brought Upon it
If ever the Republican and Democratic
parties had a reason for temporary com
bination, to punish political crookedness,
the conduct of the renegades who represent
them both in the Board of Supervisors has
The organization of bodies all over the
State which shall co-operate with the
Half-million Club is a step in tlie direction
of achieving an ambition similar to that
of Archimedes, who said that if he had a
lever long enough he could move the world.
The money problem in this country is
not a circumstance to that which confronts
the rulers of India and the impression
grows that unless there is a speedy increase
in the price of Indian products the attempt
to force the gold standard there will result
in a collapse, a catastrophe and perhaps a
In marrying Mr. Cnrzon, Miss Leiter's
friends have anxiously explained that he
is not a Lord and therefore that by mar
rying him she is not becoming a Lady,
but we cannot forget that if he lives long
enough he will become a Lord, and that he
is very poor and Miss Leiter vexy rich—
and aa American.
SHAME OAST TO THE WINDS.
The "solid eight" of the Board of Super
visors proclaimed themselves aloud yes
terday when, without any explanation,
excuse or charges, they passed an order
dismissing seven City officers and appoint
ing others in their stead. It was in vain
that a member of the minority pro
tested against the outrage and demanded
that charges be made against the
holders of the offices. He was
contemptuously ignored, and the shame
less act has gone on the records of the City.
Not even party spoils or civil service
reform can be urged to excuse this
action by the " solid eignt." The
Board of Supervisors is composed of
eight Republicans and four Democrats.
The Republicans are: King, Benjamin,
Hughes, Dunker, Morgenstern, Taylor,
Spreckels and Hobbs; and the Demo
crats are: Scully, Hirsch, Wagner and
Dimond. The "solid eight" are: Scully,
King, Benjamin, Hirsch, Hughes, Dunker,
Morgenstern and Wagner— five Republi
cans and three Democrats — and the mi
nority is composed of Dimond, Taylor,
Spreckels and Hobbs— three Republicans
and one Democrat.
In electing eight out of the twelve Su
pervisors the Republican party came into
control of the Board of Supervisors, and is
therefore responsible for the acts of the
majority of the Board. The very fact
of a combination of five Republicans with
three Democrats to form a "solid eight"
who shall vote together constantly makes
it impossible to imagine an honest purpose
on their part and makes it impossible for
the minority of the Board to act with
In all the political scandals that hare
afflicted the City this is the most conspic
uous and disgraceful. We all remember
the earnest protest from the public
against the election of dishonest men,
and we have fresh in mind the stren
uous efforts of many good citizens to
defeat the two old parties by forming non
political organizations for the purpose of
electing clean men to office. The Demo
cratic party had betrayed the people, and
it was feared that the Republican could
not be trusted. But the Republican party
pledged itself solemnly to elect worthy men,
and it was faith in that pledge and
in the stern integrity and clean history
of the Republican party that broke the
strength of the non-political movement
and caused the election of a Republican
majority in the Board. A feeling of se
curity arose. Now a majority of the
Republican members have proved ren
egades from the party and traitors
to public duty, and have dragged
their party in the mire and dashed
the hopes of the people to the ground. It
is the most disgraceful combination of
scandalous elements ever found together
in our municipal affairs, and it comes at a
time when the proud and energetic men of
the City were pressing forward with high
hopes and an earnest purpose to make San
Francisco one of the greatest cities in the
Disgraceful as this is, it would be vastly
more disgraceful and absolutely ruinous to
permit this scandalous state of affairs
to continue and flourish unchecked.
While it is every citizen's duty, what
ever his political belief may be, to take a
hand in purging his lair City of this
shame that has fallen upon it, it is
more directly the duty and responsibility
of the Republican party to take the lead.
By whatever means these renegades can be
reached, let the work proceed. Now, if
ever, is the time to hold up such men to
public scorn, as a punishment to them, as
a check upon their future exercise of an
evil power, and as a warning to others who
may be tempted to betray so sacred a thing
as a public trust.
Supervisor Scully, who hitherto has
roted consistently with the "solid eight,"
declined to vote on this motion to dismiss
tried and competent officers, but in the
absence ot his history in the Board and of
his protest and opposing vote, he has failed
to keep his name out of the mire.
It cannot be expected that men who
would act with so open shamelessness
could be induced by b popular protest
either to resign or reform. The proceed
ings to cripple their power for harm must
oome from without, and it is the clear
duty of the Republican party, both for the
sake of its own fair name and for its
responsibility to the public, to take prompt
and determined action in the premises.
AN UNSOUND CONDITION.
Nearly every resident of the City seems
to have been transformed into a theoreti
cal detective by the recent awful and mys
terious murders, for the officers and news
papers have been overwhelmed with theo
ries. It is natural for the people to have
opinions, but when it come 3to serious
elaborations of theories they have com
panaively little value, except in a purely
iitcrary way, are rarely of any assistance in
the actual work of running down the
crime, and when undertaken by persons
not specially trained in this difficult line of
literary work are invariably foolish, annoy
ing and superfluous.
All this voluntary detective work pro
ceeds from two causes. One is that species
of vanity which finds expression otherwise
in shrewd guesses at the involved plots of
stories and dramas. Anothtr is a popu
lar misunderstanding concerning the act
ual work of ferreting out a crime. That
word "ferreting" explains the whole case
of the real detective. A naturalist, if
asked to give the best method of bringing
a rat out of its hole, will apply his scien
tific knowledge to the case, and by an
elaborate course of reasoning devise some
ingenious scheme wholly theoretical and
more than likely impracticable. But a
ferret turned loose upon the same business
will pursue the rat bodily and bring it
forth. It is well, therefore, to leave the
hunting of rats to ferrets and the discover}'
of criminals to men qualified both by in
ptinct and special training to do the work
The popular tendency to interfere in this
dreadful case shows that the average mind
is given over to its contemplation. This
is a vice, and as such is deplorable ; and its
encouragement by the newspaper publica
tion of private theories is vicious. The
law has a machinery of its own for such
cases; and when it is evident, as in this
case, that the most careful and intelligent
work is being done by the machinery of
the law, there is no excuse whatever for
interfering with its operation.
To what extent the press in decency may
go in such a case in organizing its re
porters into a detective corps is a matter
to be measured by the publisher's sense of
THE SAN FRANCISCO CALL, TUESDAY, APRIL 23, 1895.
his responsibility to the public. If his in
dependent detective work hampers that of
the police and inflames the public mind,
then clearly his course is not taken either
with a view to assist the law or to con
tribute a healthy element to the moral
tone of the community. It will not do to
pay that a newspaper should give the news
without regard to all other considerations.
That would mean to say merely that the
publisher is willing to cripple the law and
degrade the moral sense of his readers if
by so doing he can sell a few more copies
of his paper.
In Its treatment of the great double
tragedy in this City the Call has aimed
simply to give such news as it could give
without doing harm. In this it has used
such discoveries made by the police as
they were willing to give out to the press,
and has supplemented it with such inde
pendent work of its own as was necessary
to make a complete, reliable and intelli
gent story of the affair. It has had no
prejudice for or against any person sus
pected of the crimes. If the circumstances
point more strongly to one person than
another, it is that person's misfortune and
not.the Call's fault. There lias been no
attempt on the part of this paper to make
out a case against any one, or to "dig up"
evidence in support of any theory. Least
of all has the Call gone at any length into
or to any extent gloated over and paraded
those pitifully unprintable features with
which the case is burdened.
Let every sensible person, therefore,
drop the case from his mind. The law
now has it in hand, and that is sufficient.
All the real and reliable news of the case
will appear in the Call hereafter as for
merly, and there it will stop. This is a
great City, a noble State and a great coun
try, in which important things are hap
pening every day. Let us turn now to this
wholesome record and thereby drag our
minds out of the noxious depths into
which they have fallen, and turn our faces
to the great throbbing world which is pass
ing in the full light of heaven before us.
In American politics the party defeated
at the polls may, if it choose, retire from
political work and wait until the next
campaign opens; with the party in power,
however, the reverse is true; that party
must be vigilant and active to have its
pledges carried out by its representatives
in office. To it applies the wisdom of the
proverb, "make hay while the sun shines."
It cannot ignore a single political issue.
It is responsible to the people for good
government and cannot shift or evade that
responsibility without paying the penalty
at the next election.
The truth of its responsibility to tha peo
ple in this way cannot be too strongly en
forced upon the Republican party of San
Francisco. The demand of the progressive
element of the community for public im
provements, makes it imperative that the
City Government should show itself worthf
to be intrusted with such work and capable
of carrying it forward with energy and
economy. It is known that the City Gov
ernment is under Republican control, and
if there is any failure in the Government to
fulfill the elpectations of good citizens and
public spirited meja, the whole party will
bo sure to suffer the effects of that disap
pointment and will enter the next cam
paign with a loss of prestige that will
greatly endanger its chances of success.
Those officials who represent the Repub
lican party on the Board of Supervisors
and in other City ana County offices, are
particularly charged with the duty of keep
ing the party pledges. They should bear
in mind they were not elected on their
individual popularity. They were elected
because they were nominated by the Re
publican party and recommended to the
people as men who could be relied upon to
f uliiil every pledge made in the Republican
platform. It was the strength of the party
organization, the influence and arguments
of the party press and the cordial support
of all loyal Republicans, that gave them
office; and therefore if they have either
manly honor or ordinary political wisdom
they will respond to the demands of the
party, be true to their campaign promises
and keep faith with the people.
The responsibility of power, however,
is not contined solely to those who hold
office. The leaders of the Republican
party, the great Republican clubs and the
stalwart Republican newspapers that
urged the people and the taxpayers to
elect these men to office also owe some
thing to the community. They should
give every Republican official fair warn
ing that he will not find any party sup
port if he breaks his pledges, and on the
other hand they should give him every
commendation and assurance of support
if he will keep them.
These truths must not be lightly set
aside as commonplaces. They are perti
nent to the issues before up. They con
cern the practical affairs of the City. They
refer to matters of present interest. It is
by applying them that the Republican
party can give to the people of Ban Fran
cisco a good government and set forth
upon the work of municipal improvement
with the confidence and support of the tax
payers. The Call speaks for the whole
community when it demands that the rep
resentatives of the Republican party, In
office or out of office, shall bear in mind
the great responsibilities imposed upon it
by the confidence of the voters at the last
election, and shall be diligent so long as it
has the power, to use it for the public wel
fare, for progress, for economy and for
WITHOUT A EIVAL.
The people of San Francisco can find
abundant cause for satisfaction in the
thousand evidences of awakening enter
prise throughout all the broad region
known as the Pacific Coast. Rivalries
there may be between other cities and
other localities, but for San Francisco
there is no rival. Holding the command
ing position on the coast, with an easy
supremacy over the whole trade of the
Pacific Ocean, she has no temptation to
oppose or belittle the enterprises of other
places, but has, on the contrary, a thousand
inducements to encourage them, foster
them and promote them by every means in
It was the extraordinary advantage of
her position with reference both to the
continent of North America and to the
Pacific Ocean that led Bret Harte to refer
to San Francisco as sitting "indifferent to
fate." The aptness of the phrase has been
everywhere recognized. No caprice of
fortune, no process of fate can take from
this city the lordship of the Pacific Coast.
Only by the folly, the ignorance or the
laziness of her own people could she lose
it, and even then she could easily regain it
as soon as a wise, resolute and energetic
generation of men rose np to take control
of her cojnmerce and her industries and
shape the course of her history.
It is because of this easy supremacy that
she is pre-eminently fitted to be the leader
and the helper in Pacific Coast enterprises.
Whatever tends to build up any part of
the Greater West from Washington to New
Mexico, serves to advance the greatness of
San Francisco. Step by step our popula
tion will increase with that of the whole
coast. We cannot any more effectually
promote the progress of our own City than
by promoting that of every other city in
this part of the Union. Our interests are
identical with their interests, and as other
flourishing cities to the north and to the
south of us approach a population of a
quarter of a million we approach a popula
tion of a million.
The full understanding of this identity
of interest between the metropolis and the
coast, will do a great deal in confirming
into permanence the glow of harmony that
is now animating the people of California
and uniting them for enterprise and action.
When once it is made clear that San Fran
cisco has no jealousy of any other com
munity and no interest to serve opposed
to that of the State at large, there is cer
tain to be a cordial co-operation in all
ereat undertakings. That time, according
to all evidence, has now arrived, and the
era of progress has already opened.
THE CALL'S NEW PEESS.
The splendid new press which the pres
ent proprietor of the Call ordered as
soon as he took charge of the
paper is on the way across the conti
nent and will soon arrive. Until it
does arrive and is started we beg that
our subscribers will have a little
patience if they receive the paper some
what late. The circulation of the Call has
so quickly outgrown the capacity of the
machinery bought with the paper that the
present embarrassment could not have
been avoided. Our consolation is that the
delays will not continue long.
AROUND THE CORRIDORS.
Ned Murray, who came down from his mine
at Oro Fino in Siskiyou the other day, was
telling about the bad quality of the whisky
they used to have over in Sawyers Bar before
the wagon road was built over Salmon Moun
tain. "Over at the Blju'k Bear mine was ru
Arkfinsawyer named Billy Ford, who had been
cutting timber for the Black Bear, and felt at
home. Once, the day before Christmas, he
went into the superintendent's office and said:
•Want to get some money; want thirty or forty
dollars; like to go over to the bar and get good
and full; I ain't been good and full since last
Christmas ; of coarse, I've been on one or two
little jamborees — Fourth of July and such
times— but that ain't what I want ; what I want
is to get good and full so I'll feel as if I done
my duty and go back to work having some re
spect for myself.' 'How do you know when
you're good and full, Billy? 1 asked the superin
tendent. 'Oh, easy enough; soon's that Saw
yers Bar whisky begins to taste good I know I
must be blamed drunk.' "
Louis Dean of Reno, one of the big cattle
men of Nevada, %vho is stopping at the Russ,
was telling last evening about some of the ad
vantages of competing railroads to the cattle
business. "The charges for a carload of cattle
from Reno down to the Bay, a distance of 230
miles," he said, "is $70. The charge from
points 300 miles further East, or over twice as
far, is only $15 a car more. It would probably
be more than that ii the traffic would bear
it. Down south, from Capistrano, not far from
Pan Diego, we were charged gome time ago
$128 for each car to San Francisco, but from
there to Denver, which Is over twice as far, we
were charged no more for the cattle-cars, al
though they were thirty-six feet in length,
while those over the Southern Pacifio here were
only twenty-seven feet long. There was com
petition East. Now that the profits in cattle
raising in Nevada have come down very much
competing roads and a reduction in freights
will make a great difference to us."
Road Commissioner Marsden Manson has
been up to Tehaina County with Mr. Irvine, at
the request of the county authorities, to assist
and advise them as to carrying out their work
in building a road from Red Bluff to Manton.
Yesterday speaking of the work of the com
mission he said: "The lavf is broad and well
drawn, and contemplates work tending to be
useful to every country home In California. It
is of great Importance to the State, and I was
very glad to see the Call start the proposition
to build the boulevard down the peninsula.
We are here now to get from the Southern Pa
cific authorities rates for the distribution of
road-building material from Folsom to what
ever points it may be required. We expect to
investigate the geology of every county to" find
the most suitable and accessible road-building
material, and to look into the various water
supplies for the purposes of sprinkling and
watering the roads."
They were talking about the counties in Cali
fornia in which there are no railroads at the
Lick yesterday, and some one said that Sierra
was one of the benighted. "What, Sierra?"
*aid'M. H. Mead, who is an ex-Sheriff and ex-
Senator of that county. "Why, Sierra has two
railroads, the Central Pacific main line and the
Nevada, California and Oregon Railway."
But when the matter was looked Into, it was
found that the Central Pacific overland line
had one and three-quarter miles of track in
Sierra passing across the southeastern corner,
without any station in the county, while the
California, Nevada and Oregon Railway had
three-quarters of a mile over the northeastern
corner, with one station in Sierra at Evans'
place for passengers for Long Valley.
A FIESTA EDITION.
The Los Angeles Herald issued a special
Fiesta number last Weduesday which covered
the bubject very completely. The descriptive
articles were well written, and the edition as a
whole was very attractive. The improvements
which have been introduced since the Herald
pagsed into the hands of Mr. Bradbury are
notable in every department.
Judge McGarvey ot Ukiah Is at the Baldwin.
P. Farjeon, editor of the Concord- Sun, is in
F. C.Cnld well, an attorney of Bakersfield, is
registered at the Grand.
C. R. Mason, manager of Byron Hot Springs,
is a guest at the Palace.
Colonel William Forsythe, the Fresno vine
yardist. Is at the Occidental.
H. M. La Ru°, president of the Railroad Com
mission, is stopping at the Occidental.
6. L. Blake, a merchant of Weaverville, came
to town yesterday and put up at the Grand.
Assemblyman H. A. Laugenour of Woodland
and Mrs. Laugenour are registered at the Cali
Mrs. Nettle R. GnnlocK of Chicago, national
president of the Ladies of the G. A. R., Is regis
tered at the Baldwin.
P. B. Armstrong ol New York, who has come
out to look after his great almond orchard, is
stopping at the Palace.
Henry F. Gullixson, formerly of this city, but
now an insurance broker of Portland, Or., is
here on a short business trip.
Baron E. de La Grange of Paris, who is inter
ested in the big hydraulic mines of Trinity
County, arid his friend, Count de Polignac, regis
tered at the Palace yesterday.
PEOPLE TALKED ABOUT.
Count yon Bismarck of Berlin, who is now in
St. Augustine, Fla., is a distant relative of the
Bishop Balsley, the oldest theologian In Den
mark, died last month, aged 90. Of his text
book tm theology very many editions have
Mrs. Helen Choate Prince of Boston, whose
novel, "The Story of Christine Rochefort," has
just appeared, is a granddaughter of Rufus
Mine. Dcssin, who died in Calais, France, re
cently, was famous as the landlady of the Hotel
Dessin, where Laurence Sterne wrote nis "Sen
The University of Aberdeen has conferred the
degree of LL.D. on Miss Jane Harrison. Twenty
years ago she entered Newnham College, then
in its infancy, and she has since distinguished
herself by tier researches into the origin of
George V. Massey, who may be the Repub
lican United States Senator from Delaware, Is
a tall and somewhat gaunt man, with flowing
side whiskers and a great sombrero-like black
felt hat. lie is one of the most successful law
yers in the State, and, although a life-long Re
publican, he has many friends among Demo
crats. He was useful and active as a commis
sioner fiom Delaware to the Chicago fair.
Rear-Admiral Daniel Ammen, now residing
in Ammendale, Md., has been elected a member
of the San Francisco Chamber of Commerce in
recognition of services he rendered to Califor
nia while he was stationed on the Pacific Coast.
Rev. Dr. William H. Furness, who eighty
three years ago witnessed the launching of the
United States frigate Constitution, one of the
first war vessels built for the United States
navy for the war of 1812, was an interesting
figure at the launching of the St. Paul at Phila
SUPPOSED TO BE HUMOROUS.
"Do you havejnuch trouble with your help,
Mrs. Penguin?" asked Mrs. Wajrlum.
"Not a bit," said Mrs. Penguin.
"Why, how do you avoid it?" said Mrs. Wag
lum in astonishment.
"I don't keep any," said Mrs. Penguin. -New
Watts— Did you try that hot-water cure for
Potts— Yes. It's simply great, too. You see,
I mixed it with a little whisky and lemon, and
I never had anything slip down so easy.—ln
"Did you ever surrender yourself to the po
lice?" asked Plodding Fete.
"No, sir," replied Meandering Mike. "I'm a
believer in the principle that the officer should
seek the man, not the man the officer."—Wash
"Waiter," said the fUOft, "I wlnh you'd ask
the proprietors to turn on n little more light.
It'B so dark in here I <:ari't««»« whether I'm eat
ing planked kliikl or v paper of pins." -Chicago
If the sun ba<l nothing cloo to do but to
shine on the righteous It would be hardly
worth while for him to rlso as early aH lie docs.
"And now," *ald the imrl^r, who had In
herited a fortune, "him! DOH I run r-nt otilons in
the morniiiK whtMVtf 1 din want to!"—ln
Expert ovldence lias *t Inut fx-nn glv«n that
the gas meter undt-i ci-rtain atmospheric con
ditions cannot tell the truth. How In It Unit it
always lies on the sidt; of tin- companies— New
"My task in life," Raid the pastor of one of
our churches, complacently, "consists In Having
young men." Whereupon one of our fair
maidens, with a soulful longing, replied:
"Save a good one for me."— Troy Chief.
Phccbe Couzins asserts that the late Senator
Fair camo all the way from San Francisco to
Chicago to "claim one thousand kisses," but
leaves an anxious public in the dark as to
whether he got them or not.— New York Press.
"Things are gittin' into a bad bunch," re
marked the man from the interior of Way back
Township. "The politicloneers are all tryin'
to teech the grangers how to grange, en the
grangers are all tryin 1 to pint the politicion
eers how to politish."— Philadelphia Inquirer.
When the bellows save out and the organist
in a Rockland church was unable to get any
thing but a few groans from the instrument,
the pastor remarked: "The organ has failed us
at a vital moment; let us rise and i«ing, 'Praise
God from whom ail blessings flow. I"—Lewiston1 "— Lewiston
WEIGHS TWO POUNDS.
A One-Month-Old Baby Boy
Who Can Make a Bed of
The Child Is Doing Well and Will,
No Doubt, Live and
In a 'little cottage on Bright-street hill,
Ocean View, there is a diminutive speci
men of humanity in the shape of a baby
boy, the son of Mrs. M. E. BoDnell. The
child is just 1 month old and tips the beam
at two pounds.
The child, although it appears to be
quite vigorous, has not gained in weight
perceptibly since its birth. It is less than
seven inches in length, has a waist meas
urement liKe that of a boy's wrist, and its
head seems no larger than a china teacup.
Its arms are veritable pipestems and its
hands marvelously small and delicate. It
can be hidden from view in an ordinary
cigar-box, and on one or two occasions, for
the benefit of visitors, a bed has been made
for the boy in such a receptacle, wherein
he has slept for hours with a smiling face
and untroubled conscience.
Mrs. Bonnell is a young, well-developed
woman, and has ttiree children. She is
convinced that her month-old boy will live
to be a comfort to her in her old age, and
at present there is nothing apparently to
wreck her hope in that direction. The
child is doing nicely, and the indications
are that it will continue to prosper.
Mrs. Bonnell is a poor woman, and for
several months she has been dependent
upon relatives for support. This was due
to the desertion of her husband, who. Mrs,
Bonnell says, is living with another
woman on Tehama street. She has looked
for him repeatedly in vain.
"Iwouldlike to find him," said she to
Secretary McComb of the Society for the
Prevention of Cruelty to Children yester
day. "He has not provided for me for
over a year, but so long as he was with me
I did not complain. Some years ago he
met a woman whose name I do not wish
to give just now, and a few months ago he
went to live at her house. He is there yet
and refuses to see me. If lam forced to
take the step I will have him arrested on
the charge of failure to provide."
The officers of the society have been fur
nished with Bonnell's address and an
effort will be made to-day to have him re
turn to his family. If he refuses he will
be arrested and prosecuted..
POUGHT OVEE A SIGNBOARD.
A Milkman 1 * Advertisement Annoys a
As befits the watchman of a temple of.
Thespis, J. B. Fleming, who sees that all
goes well about the East End Theater, has
an artistic soul. Fond of beautiful things,
Mr. Fleming's sense of art revolted when
he saw the signboard put up by William
E. Duncan over a new milk depot now in
course of construction just across the street
from the theater. He remonstrated with
Mr. Duncan, and so strongly that the latter
swore out a warrant yesterday before
Alderman Negley, charging him with ag
gravated assault and Dattery, says the
Pi ttsburg Dispatch. According to Mr. Dun
can, Fleming, unlike the iconoclasts of
old, wreaked his vengeance not on the of
fensive picture but on the author and
owner thereof. This is Mr. Duncan's story,
narrating Mr. Fleming's efforts on behalf
of the esthetic.
"Fleming objected to a new signboard
just pat up by me. He said it was a dis
grace to Collins avenue. I told him it was
none of his business what the sign looked
like, and asked him to go away. He re
fused, and when I threatened, to call a
policeman he struck me in the face with
nis h"6t, knocked me on the head with a
brick and attempted to cut me with a
Mr. Fleming gave bail for a hearing next
Tuesday. Though his violent efforts on
behalf of the beautiful do not nleet with
the sanction of the residents of Collins ave
nue it must be said that most of them
think his action was very excusable. They
argue that the East End" should not be de
faced with inartistic signboards, and they
will put in a good word for the champion
The Royal Baking Powder is the great
est of the modern thne helps to perfect
cooking, and every receipt requiring a
raising ingredient should embody it.
SILVER MEN ARE ACTIVE
The First Committeeman in
This City Has Been
LAWYEE CHIISTROM CHOSEN.
Being a Populist, Ha Must Now
Find a Republican and a
The bimetallists do not propose to lose
any time in their work of organization.
Already Enoch Pepper, chairman of the
executive committee of the State Silver
League, has appointed a worker for free
coinage in the person of P. 0. Chilstrom,
an attorney, who has been prominently
connected with the People's party. Mr.
Chilstrom has been selected as the first
committeeman from San Francisco, and he
is now engaged, according to the instruc
tions sent to him by Chairman Pepper, in
looking about for the men whom he is to
associate with him on the committee.
Previous to the return of Emissary Alva
Udell to Los Angeles that gentleman was
informed by wire or the withdrawal of
John R. Berry, L. M. Holt, Charles L.
Eager and M. Dromgold from the com
mittee to make room for San francisco
nun. He had a talk with Attorney Adrian
O. Kllis before he left, but whether Mr.
Ellis will be committeenian No. 2 is not
The fact that Mr. Ellis has been an ac
tive Democrat — an old Southern Demo-
cr.it- in the past will not militate against
his selection as a Silver League committee
man In the least, because the free-coinage
men are not drawing party lines tight.
They hope to make up" the silver party
from all the others, and are therefore
taking a Republican here and a Democrat
there, as well as the more easily reached
Populists, in making up the State Central
Committee of seventy-five. The com
mittee of which Mr. Chilstrom has been
made a member is better known as the
Committee of Fifteen, and is the executive
committee of the new movement.
The plan of the bimetallists is to start
out in each county with a "general county
committee of three," and such a committee
they hope to form by associating a Popu
list, Republican and Democrat together.
It might be said of Mr. Ellis that he could
hardly now be selected as a Democrat, at
least if the very letter of Chairman Pep
per's type-written instructions is to be fol
lowed, because Mr. Ellis, since President
Cleveland's connection with the gold
power seemed to be indicated in the last
big bond contract, has kicked clean over
the traces of his party and avers that he
has cut loose.
In this connection a recent visit may be
mentioned of Mr. Chilstrom to Morris M.
Estee, the Republican candidate for Gov
ernor iv the last campaign. Mr. Estee has
published a pamphlet in which he has
taken an emphatic stand for silver. That
was right in line with the ideas of the bi
metallists, but Mr. Chilstrom's visit fur
nished Mr. Estee with an opportunity for
saying that he "did not want anything to
do with the Republican machine in this
State any more.
The end aimed at is the free and unlim
ited coinage of silver at the ratio of 16 tol,
and it does not matter what the political
means used are so long as that end is real
The membership of these county general
conimittees will be increased later on. The
basis of representation in them which the
executive committee has established in
the country districts is one member for
every fifty votes polled at the last election.
The plans of the new party contemplate
tho organization of ward and township
leagues, too, and the incidental co-opera
tion of all the presidents of such sub
leagues as a "board of presidents," with
the general committees.
Chairman Pepper has written to Mr.
Chiibtrom with reference to the coming
silver mass-meeting here, at which Presi
dent A. J. Warner of the executive com
mittee of the American Bimetallic party
and Senator Stewart of Nevada are booked
to speak. If General Sibley can get back
from Pennsylvania in time he is certainly
to be on the programme as a speaker.
Committeeman Chilstrom will commence
preparations at once for the event.
Tne platform of principles of the Silver
League is being circulated and canvassed
for in the form of a pledge of membership.
The position of the bimetallists is plainly
defined, and the three closing paragraphs
make interesting reading. They are :
We believe that in the effort to secure public
reforms it is the part of wisdom to consull^he
state of public opinion and to unite in taking
up that question first upon which there seems
to be the greatest probability of securing the
affirmative action of a maiority of the voters.
We believe that public opinion is now
ripe for action upon the measures of reform
which it is the object of this leagne to accom
plish, and that success in effecting these re
forms will be easy if those who think alike can
be induced to vote alike.
We believe it to beHpresent duty, enjoined
alike by patriotism ana philanthropy, for all
voters 10 ignore their present party affiliations,
and, for the time being at least," to unite in
electing to office those only who are unequivo
cally pledged to— at the earliest practical mo
ment — give the people financial legislation of
the kind herein outlined.
A manifesto calling upon all Populists
to concentrate their whole attention upon
the financial question has been issued by
the party leaders in Washington, D. 0. It
bears the signatures of Lafe Pence, O. M.
Kern, T. J. Hudson, William Baker, W.
A. McKeighan, William V. Allen, John
Davis, W. A. Harris, Jerry Simpson, John
C. Bell, James H. Kvle, Haldor E. Boen,
H. E.Taubeneck, J. It. Turner and General
James B. Weaver. These names are famil
iar to Populists, being of men either repre
senting the party in Congress or standing
well at the top.
Its Power In Sustaining the Burden of
The Rev. Dr. W. D. Williams, Plymouth
Church, preached Sunday morning on
"The Life of Christ in Our Life," and said:
Parents are sorry for what their children
do; Christ is sorry for what we are. His
life in our life adds love to prudence. The
sustained burden of each day makes the
burden of the next day easier to bear. The
living Christian is a mediator between
Christ and the uninstructed soul. The Son
of God came from heaven to earth in order
that the sons of men might go from earth
to heaven. Alas for us if the ladder of
science were the only "steps up to heaven."
lhat is true Christian life which gives us
sympathy with every form of human life
and enables us to work most successfully
for its advancement. Religion that carries
us away from our fellow-men is not the
best type of Christ's religion. Socially we
are woven into the fabric of society, where
every man is like onn thread in a piece of
cloth. And no man has a right, by an im
moral or un-Christian act, to draw* out and
thereby mar the well-woven fabric.
Men hear only what they are capable of
hearing. Some ears only hear the lowest
elements of music. The better parts are
nothing to them. It is not in them to like
it. A prowling burglar is incapable of ap
preciating disinterested benevolence, and a
cold, seltish life cannot understand a large,
loving, Christlike principle. It is the eye
and not the horizon that determines what
we can see. It is life in the soul and not
environment which enables us to discern
the power and glory of the life of Christ in
ours and in other lives.
SOME NEW BOOKS.
Recent Additions to the Shelves of the
Free Public Library.
The San Francisco Free Library Bulle
tin for April, just issued, shows that a
large number of valuable books have re
cently been added to the shelves. Many
of these will be of value to those who are
interested in electricity. There is on this
list the titles of 186 books on electrical en
gineering, electric bells, electric light, elec
tric railways, electro-metallurgy, telegraph,
telephone and phonograph. The list also
shows six additions on religion and phil
osophy, fourteen on social science, two on
philology, twelve on science and useful
arts, ten on general literature, three on
geography and description, fourteen on
history, nine o*n biography, fourteen fic
tion, thirty-nine for the young and fifty
eight for reading by the fifth, sixth and
seventh grades pupils of the public schools.
The library has now upon its shelves
NOBILITY AND COMMONERS.
In the Days of the Tudors Sharp Caste
Lint-H Were Not Drawn.
A story in one of the magazines about
a woman named Divver, who haunted
genealogists and experts in heraldry until
she satisfied herself that her family name
was De Vere and immediately adopted
that aristocratic patronymic, affords no
end of amusement to paragraphers as illus
trating the height of absurdity in the quest
of ancestry, says the Boston Transcript.
But may not the worthy Mrs. Divver have
been justified in her action? It is very
probable that Divver is a plebeian deform
ity of De Vere, which time, custom, care
lessness and an indifference to descent
brought about. Names suffer just such
mutilations and attrition in the course of
time and are ground down to an indistinct
sound, losing edge and accent in the pro
cesa We once heard of a man who signed
his name Simmer without the slightest
suspicion that genealogy would have jus
tified him in writing it" Seymour.
This very beautifnl and euphonious
name is treated with barbarity by many
who bear it, who pronounce it "Seemore,
utterly oblivious that it comes from St.
Mauri In which form it is now written by
the Duke of Somerset, whose heir is Lord
Seymour. This family of Seymours, by
writing the name in its ancient and au
thentic form and conserving its concentra
tion as Seymour in one of their titles,
undoubtedly are moved by the purpose of
letting the world know how they would
have it pronounced. They are a very old
race, associated with Saint Maur in Nor
mandy before the Conqueror invaded Eng
land. They are as proud as the proudest.
When Sir "Edward Seymour joined Wil
liam of Orange at Exeter, the latter said :
"I think, Sir Edward, that you are of the
family of the Duke of Somerset." "Pardon
me, sir," responded the aristocrat of aris
tocrats, speaking as the head of the elder
branch, "the Duke of Somerset is of my
If a man or woman in America thinks it
worth the time and trouble to trace de
scent in search of an ancestor, it is quite
possible that he or she may make a dis
covery gratifying to family pride. Social
lines have been much more closely drawn
in Great Britain in the last two centuries
than they were in the times of the Plan
tagenets'and the Tudors. It was no un
common thing, four hundred years ago,
for the sons of nobles to go into trade in
association with men who had made their
way from very humble beginnings. The
sons of country knights were often glad to
be taken into" the counting houses and
households of rich London merchants.
Marriages often followed that united the
tradesman's family with old, historic lines.
Very kindly relations sprang up between
the "palaces and "tne city."
Even monarchs did not disdain to mate
with ladies of no higher rank than simple
gentry. Edward IV married Elizabeth
Woocrrille, who, though the daughter of a
Baron, was the widow of a simpie knight
when the King, who was always taken by
pretty face, met her. The mighty Queen
Elizabeth had among her near kinfolks on
her mother's side some good-natured,
everyday country people who bore the
name of Brown, ana wno when she came
to the throne visited London in the expec
tation of nepotism. (
The great <jueen was more Tudor than
Brown — by the way Owen Tudor himself
was but a* plain Welsh knight wfto made
himself a lucky marriage— and she sent her
country relatives back with an intimation
that court life was not their sphere, and
with no sinecure to console them.
Dr. Doran conjectured that the slang
phrase, "Astonishing the Browns," long
in vogue in England, may have had its
origin in this incident. The Browns were
types, for there was many a plain country
gentleman who might with genealogical
justification "call the king his cousin. 1 All
this has changed. Caste has hedged itself
in within the last two centuries; classes do
not mingle so much as they did in the time
of the Tudors, which is the best period for
Americans to study when in search of an
cestors. If a lady or gentleman with a
taste for ancestors wants to gratify it, it is
only an embittered enemy of the Heraldry
Office who will seek to thwart the en
liast Duel on English Soil.
The last duel — the last fatal one, at
least — was fought in a field in Maiden lane,
in a solitary part of Holloway, in 1843. The
district acquired considerable notoriety
from the event. It was the duel fought be
tween Colonel Fawcett and Lieutenant
Munro. The former was killed. The duel
ists were not only brother ameers, they
were also brothers-in-law, having married
The Coroner's jury, on the inquest, re
turned a verdict of willful murder, not
only against Lieutenant Munro, but
against the seconds, also. The latter, how
ever, were acquitted. Munro evaded the
hands of justice by seeking refuge abroad.
Four years later he surrendered to take his
trial at the Old Bailey. He was found
eruilty and sentenced to death. He was,
however, strongly recommended to mercy,
and the sentence was eventually commuted
to twelve months' imprisonment.
The neighborhood in which this duel
was fought is no longer solitary; a wide
thoroughfare, known as the Brecknock
road runs through it, and a ririe ground
beside the Brecknock Arms appropriately
indicates the place where the final shot
was tired.— Chambers' Journal.
Too <ireat an Honor.
Upon his access-ion to the throne the
Emperor of Uiir-M.i was appointed colonel
in-chief of the Royal Scota <i:uys. While
dressing for dinner an enthusiastic sub
altern communicated the information to
his soldier servant.
"Donald," he said, "have you heard tnat
the new Emperor of Russia has been ap
pointed colonel of the regiment?"
"Indeed, sir," replied Donald. "It is a
very proud thing." .
Then, after a pause, he inquired:
"Beg pardon, sir. but will he be able to
keep Doth places?'— Tid-Bits.
Bacon Printing Company, 503 Clay street •
Gko. \V. Montf.ith, law offices, Crocker bldg.*
Pineapple and cherries, 50c lb, Townsend's.*
Wine-drink int. people are healthy. M. &K.
wines, 5c a glass. Mohns & Kaltenbach. 29 Mkt.«
There is an article on this market seldom
equaled and never excelled— Jesse Moore Whis
key. Moore, Hunt & Co. guarantees its purity."
A New Department.
Furniture moved, stored, packed and shipped
at low rates by Morton Ppeoial Delivery. Only
experienced men employed. Equipment first
class. Offices, 31 Geary street and 408 Taylor. •
A man recently died in New Hope, Pa.,
who was a first cousin of the Empress Eu
genic. His house contained many valuable
relics and curiosities from all parts of the
Now is the time to see that your blood is pure,|ln
order that you may avoid serious disease later on.
Make sure of health by taking Hood's Sarsaparilla,
the great blood puriiier.
Throat Diseases commence with a Cough,
Cold or Sore Throat. "Brown's Bronchial Troches''
give immediate and sure relief
Essence of Ginger don t cure coughs and build
you up like Parker's Ginger Toxic.
Parkkb's Hair Balsa si cleanses the scalp.
After a sleepless night use Dr. Siegert's Aners
tura Bitters to tone up your system. All druggist