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CHARLES M. SHORTRIDGE,
Editor tad Proprietor.
DAILY CALL— t'J pier year by ma!! ; by carrier, L3c
SUNDA Y CALL— II J/i per year.
WEEKLY CALL-tl-50 per year.
The Eastern otSc* of t»;e SAX FRANCISCO
CALL (Dally au<l Weekly), Pacific -•_!«-» Adver
t—ins liureuu, Rbint-larider building, Ko&e anil
Du_-e streets, New York.
SATURDAY . APR] J. 27, 1895
Enterprise is the best capital.
The rain came just when needed.
Ten fogs are as good as one shower.
Metropolitan airs should not Include
This is the day to leave orders for the
Gold money talks loudly, but it cannot
A word to the wise is sufficient provided
it is a wise word.
The Half-million Club has made a good
beginning by its big outing. '
The Bureau of Highways should main
tain a sideboard of information.
Even Madagascar wishes to come under
the cover of the Monroe doctrine.
The shriek of the dying cobblestones will
borne day go hurtling down the ages.
Merchants who advertise California
.good for sale will do the best business.
In laying hands upon Nicaragua Great
Britain is in danger of getting her foot in it.
The bicycle demands good roads because
it is the latest development of a high civil
California sunshine produces its most
tempting effects on the cheeks of girls and
No citizen really wants clean streets un
less he subscribes to the Merchants' Asso
You can make no better preparation for
the leisure of Sunday than by ordering the
You can make your Saturday's chopping
something of a public benefit by asking for
In the political vocabulary of the admin
istration, civil service means working for
Grover would probably be willing to
carry out the Monroe doctrine if he could
carry it out and bury it.
The blunders of Cleveland's foreign pol
icy have generated heat enough among the
people to make patriotism boil.
Japan listens to the European chorus of
protest and, observing the discord in it,
keeps right along with her own song.
If for no other reason than that good
streets would drive Silurians to an early
grave we should make the improvement.
City extension in San Francisco will
never reach its destined height until Mar
ket street is extended and improved over
Just as California had united itself the
Southern Pacific and the Santa Fe begin to
make faces at each other and threaten to
undo tiie work if they can.
The Monroe doctrine might at least be
carried out to the extent of requiring
European powers to submit their. quarrels
with Americas countries to arbitration.
The men who have been writing songs
about the Bowery sar if the name of the
street is changed they will change the
names of their songs and keep up the
The Interstate Commerce Commission,
sitting at Denver, is making it unpleasant
for tbe Southern Pacific because of the
company's policy of short hauls and long
According to a careful canvass made by
the Chicago Tribune, the business of the
region tributary to that city shows that
trade this spring has increased 20 per cent
over that of last year. *
. Perhaps the reason why Great Britain
is so peremptory with Nicaragua is be
cause her Government understands the
importance of getting through with the
business before Cleveland gets out of office.
At the pit-sent time Great Britain is In
volved In difficulties in Central America,
South America, South Africa, Northern
India and Bering Sea, with chances of a
stormburst in Egypt, in Armenia and in
""riverside has already sent out 1200 car
loads of her golden oranges in exchange
for golden dollars.from the East, and yet
that is not half the crop at' Riverside nor
half the Eastern money that is aching to
repose in Riverside pockets. ■•
A Swiss engineer proposes to bore a tun
nel to the center of "Mont Blanc and then
cut a shaft through to the top and put in
an elevator to carry tourists to the summit,
thus giving an American lift to European
travel. ". . ..-:
-Kvery Californian who produces any
thing for Eastern consumption is adding
to the wealth of .the State, and every Cali
fornian who buys an' Eastern-made article
when he might got the same article of Cali
fornia manufacture is taking away from
the wealth of the State.
-~ ~ »
Two or three persons in San Francisco
have gone insane over the Lament-Wil
liams murders; one shot himself in Golden
Gate Park, and now a tramp in San Diego
County, rendered morbid by prolonged
rtndy of the ease, has been killed while re
sisting arrest for having assaulted a woman.
The old Marquis of Queensbcrry has
shown twice lately that, there is a broad
etreak of manhood in him. .The first time
was when be. objected to one of his sons
consorting with Oscar Wilde and the other
was when he declared that ho does not dis
approve, on principle, of his American
•00 I marriage to a girl who is employed in
Nothing li more pathetic or instructive
than the recently developed fact that the
negroes who went from the South to Mex
ico are un prosperous, badly treated and
anxious to return, and are being given
money by the South for that purpose. This
baa been their experience whenever they
left their old homes to settle as a com
munity in a strange place. .
THAT LABOB COEPOEATION.
A few days ago the Call made mention
of a plan proposed by J. G. Jeffries for an ''
incorporation of workingmen, in which
shares shall be of the par value of 1 cent,
and the number of shares held by each
member to be limited to one. The corpo
ration ia to have a labor bureau and . quar
ters for the housing of the member*. At
that time we suggested that this was a line
opportunity for men of capital and busi
ness experience to take the lead in the or
ganization of such a corporation, to the
end that it might' be kept out of the hands
of adventurers and practicable?, and
that closer relations might be established
between laborers and employers.
The matter has attracted a great deal of
attention, particularly from the laboring
element, who show a most commendable
desire to be on close and friendly terms
with large employers. Mr. Jeffries has
made the following suggestion, which we
publish largely for the value of the general
principle which it embodies:
The Ban Francisco and -an Joaquin Val
ley Railroad will require some thousands
of men for about a year on the work of
construction. As a rule, such work is
done by contract, the contractor paying
the men about $1 25 a day and charging s
the company $1 50, retaining the difference
for his profit. Suppose, instead of a ion
tractor, the workingmen's corporation
should be formed and should furnish the
laborers at $1 2. a day. It would be able
to give as good a bond as a contractor, and
would save the company the contra
profit. Further, suppose that, instead of '
paying the corporation $1 23 a day in cash,
it paid 75 cents in cash and 50 cents in j
■-hares in the road; the 75 cents would be '
about as beneficial to the laborers as would
have been the $125 from a contractor, for
the workingmen's corporation would keep
the men, while at work, for a very much
less cost than would be the case where a
contractor required them to board, lodge
and spend their money with. him or hi..
agents. - •
° .... _ _
The remaining 50 cents, paid .in shares,
is to go into the general fund of the work
ingmen's corporation, either as shares Or as
money from the sale of the shares, arid
this fund is to be invested in lands other
things, which would give' the members of
the corporation an opportunity to' earn a
livelihood. Thus the railroad .company
would be getting Its work done for a less
contract price, would have only three-fifths
of this reduced amount to pay in cash and
would be secured by a sufficient bond,
while the workingruen vrould be benefited
la several ways.
The application of this case to the Val
ley road is used merely as an' illustration
of the vast good which might accrue
to workingmen from the organization of
such a corporation and the massed ass
of a part of the earnings of its members.
It is a hint not only to the workingmen
but also to large employers of labor. "Evi
dently the latter would be benefiting them
selves by promoting buch a corporation
and employing its members, would be
strengthening a strong principle of self
government among those who need it
most, would be encouraging the entire
labor element to enter upon ways of thrift
and industry, wo old weaken the dissatis
faction and lessen the poverty of the labor
element, and would be aiding in the de
velopment of the natural resources of the
State. It seems to be a matter in which
both employers and employes should
manifest a deep interest.
A BOSTON EXAMPLE.
As a widespread belief prevails in this
country that the American people prefer
foreign goods to those of American make
and will never buy the home product as
long as it is possible to get anything that
comes from abroad, it is pleasing to note
every evidence of a contrary tendency.
Such evidence has been recently afforded
by the experience of a Boston firm and is
important enough to merit the attention of
merchants all over the Union.
According to the story as told by the
Commercial Bulletin, the belief that con
sumers prefer foreign goods has been so
strong in Boston that merchant tailors
have been obliged to mark Hockanum
goods as "our latest importations from
England," and dry-goods merchants label
Pacific mills dress goods "Haute Nou
veaute de Paris," and with steady faces get
five cents a yard profit on fancy Barnaby
ginghams from foolish women who want
the "genuine imported Scotch plaids." In
defiance of this custom the firm of Shepard,
Norwell fc Co. have filled their windows on
Winter street, Boston, with American up
holstery goods, American prints, plisses
and crepons, American ginghams, Ameri
can wool dress goods and American silks.
These goods arc ail labeled "Made in
America," and they tell their own story.
The result of the experiment is said to
have been in every way satisfactory. The
enterprising firm has lost no customers,
but on the contrary has gained many, for
there are thousands of people who are
pleased with the pluck and courage shown
by the firm in confronting the foolish pre
judice for foreign goods and boldly relying
upon the patriotism and common-sense of
the American people.
An equal success could doubtless be ob
tained in Ban Francisco In the same way.
There is a whole host of California goods
sold under foreign or Eastern labels that
ought to be sold as home products. The
custom of giving them foreign labels works
a double injury to the State. In the first
place it encourages the foolish prejudice
against home productions. In the second
place as the goods sold under the false
title are generally our best wines and best
fruits, foreign countries get a reputation
for producing better articles of this kind
than California, and thereby the sale of
our goods is injured even among people
who have no prejudice against them.
Certainly there never was a time in Cali
fornia more favorable for the undertaking
of this much needed reform than right
now. The merchants who will put Cali
fornia goods to the front will succeed in
San Francisco as Shepard, Norwell & Co.,
have succeeded in Boston. Everybody,
except the foolish, is in favor of
home products. A liberal patronage is
sure to be extendi to home-made articles
as soon as they are placed conspicuously
before consumers. The Boston example
is worth imitating, and we commend it to
THE SUNDAY "CALL."
The readers, of the Sunday Call have
found a fine literary pleasure in Captain
Charles King's story "Fort Frayne,"
which gives an accurate picture of Ameri
can military life and abounds in vivid de
scriptions and thrilling incidents. The
chapters of tho serial which will be pub
lished to-morrow are prefaced by an
epitome of the . preceding events of the
story, so that new readers can begin with
that number and follow the narrative «n
--deratandingly. It is a novel which every
one should read, for in addition to its in-
terest as a romance it has a higher value in
giving information concerning the services
to the Nation which have been rendered
by the brave men who have guarded the
army posts and protected the settlers on
Another article of the highest historic
THE SAN FRANCISCO CALL, SATURDAY, APRIL 27, 1895.
value which will appear in the Sunday
Call is the third of the series of recollec
tions of Abraham Lincoln, by the Hon.
Joseph Medill. This paper narrates inci
dentally some anecdotes concerning Han
nibal Hamlin and Schuyler Colfax, but is
mainly devoted to the orders given by
Lincoln to General Meade immediately
after the battle of Gettysburg, and conver
sations with Lincoln concerning them.
Other articles of more than ordinary in
terest to be found in the Sunday Call are:
An account of Antelope Valley, a descrip
tion of the finest collection of orchids in
California and a charming study of frog
life, under the title of "idyls of the Fields."
In addition to these and many other arti
cles of interest to -all classes of readers,
the Sunday Call contains all the news of
the day, with particular reference to Pa
cific Coast industries and events, pertinent
comment on topics of current importance
and reviews of literature, science and art.
The paper can be obtained from any news
dealer and should be ordered by all who
wish good reading for the day of rest.
FOE BETTEB HIGHWAYS.
There is no better measure of a people's
pride, intelligence, thrift and prosperity
than the condition of its roads and streets.
Thus at San Jose, Lob Angeles, Riverside
and a few other places in California, where
these qualities of the residents are conspic
uous in other ways, the roads and street?
are models of perfection. In San Francisco
they are disgracefully bad, being a neces
sary accompaniment of poor architecture,
dilapidated houses, a lax moral sentiment
and a corrupt City Government. That
grade of popular intelligence which fails to
see in the maintenance of good roads and
streets one of the wisest and most profita
ble investments of public funds cannot be
expected to conduct public business on a
commendable plan or in mercantile and
industrial affairs to pursue such a policy
as will extend trade and develop local re
sources. These matters are simple and
Traffic is conducted over rude and bar
barous highways at an enormous expense
to production and consumption. The loss
thus suffered represents an amount in dol
lars many times exceeding the interest on
an original investment in the construction
of good highways, plus the amount rA
quired to keep them in good order. Fon
that matter it is more costly to keep M
badly made highway in order than a -res
made one. The loss from traffic conducted
over bad highways Comes in the form of a
heavier outlay to provide strong horses
and vehicles, a heavier wear on both these
elements, a necessity for providing greater
traction power and the consumption of
more time. These matters are all so obvi
ous that the necessity for reducing them
to a mathematical form has never been
dreamed of. In addition to these might
be mentioned the severe strain on the
nerves and consequently the health of all
persons who are forced to be in the neigh
borhood or to participate in the drawbacks
and inconveniences of bad highways.
But California in general and San Fran
cisco in particular are waking out of the
nightmare-burdened sleep of bad high
ways, for the pressure of many circum
stances has been accumulating. A Bureau
of Highways was created by the last Legis
lature, and the men whom Governor Budd
has appointed are superior men. Only
a handful of money ($31,000) has been set
apart for their use, and that is but a trifle
when it comes to building the main coun-
try highways which the State so seriously
needs ; but the Commissioners have a
nobler and more arduous task to perform
than the building of roads — they can
achieve the higher task in inducing the
various counties to build roads of their
That is to say, the main work of the
Commissioners must be one of education.
As the governing bodies of towns, cities
and counties represent the pride, intelli
gence and policy of those who elect them
to office, clearly the people must be ap
proached directly, aud the best way to
accomplish that end is through the press.
Happily, the whole press of California is
free from silurianism and is an advocate
of good highways. The Bureau of High
ways, therefore, can do no better than fur
nish the press with appeals, suggestions
and instructions to the people, going fully
into the question of road-making and into
the one of benefits accruing from good
The Merchants' Association of San Fran
cisco has done splendid work in cleaning
the streets, and has made only a beginning
which shall lead in time to decent pave
ments. The hope of the City rests as much
with these earnest and intelligent mer
chants as with any other thing vital to the
welfare of the City. But they are unjustly
bearing an expense that should be shared
by all who are in sympathy with their
work, and it is sincerely hoped that those
among us who are blessed with public
spirit will come to their assistance.
The Call has received several copies of
the Madagascar News, accompanied by an
earnest appeal from the editor, E. Under
wood Harvey, for American arbitration
in the dispute between France and the
people of that island.
Madagascar is a far cry from the United
States, and cannot by any possible? con
struction be brought under the application
of the Monroe doctrine. The appeal,
nevertheless, is one which may rightly
engage our attention, inasmuch as the sub
ject involves the struggle of a weak people
for the preservation of their independence
against the aggression of a strong Euro
pean power. In addition, moreover, to
this address to American sympathy for the
weak and American sentiment in favor
of local independence for every people
capable of self-government, the appeal has
the further effect of flattering our patriotic
pride by demonstrating that our country
is looked upon as the champion of justice
and independence by the people of the
remotest part of the world.
Of course the appeal from so remote an
island will receive no favorable response
from our Government, and hardly any
from our press. Nevertheless it is not alto
gether an unimportant event. The des
tiny of a nation is not always understood
by its own people, nor is it wholly depend
ent upon them. The view which foreign
ers take of its influence and its force is
therefore interesting as a sidelight upon
the course which, it may be destined to
take as a result of outside pressure. The
appeal from Madagascar shows that our
influence is felt in lands of which we take
little note, and that the effect of that influ
ence is to lead the smaller nations of the
earth to look, to us as the coming arbi
trator of the international disputes of the
world and the defender of the rights of
the weak all round the globe.
Madagascar is certainly deserving of the
independence she so ardently desires to
maintain. The island is the fourth largest
in the world, and contains a population of
more than 4.000,000. The civilization is of
a high order, the people are rapidly im
proving in education and industry, and the
commerce, which is extensive, is largely in
the , hands of Americans. The French
have no just claims to the island and are
seeking to possess it only to carry out a
jingo colonial policy. The people of Mad
agascar, however, are apparently resolved
to defend their independence at all haz
ards, and may yet succeed in forcing the
civilized world to bring such a pressure
upon France as to compel that country to
submit her claims to the decision of im
partial arbitrators, in which case the
United States might have something to say
about it. '
AROUND THE CORRIDORS.
Harry H. Webb, a well-known mining man,
who has for several years been connected with
the Seiby Smelting Works, is the last man
drafted from among the best miners of this
State by Cecil Rhodes through his chief enjri
neer, John Hays Hammond. Mr. Webb, who
starts in a few days for South Africa, will re
ceive a salary of $15,000 a year. He is a grad
uate of the mining school of the State Univer
sity and of the Itoyal School of __ines of Frei
berg. He will leave a host of friends in this
City, where he is well known and very popular.
Editor Moore of the Kern Standard wore an
amused expression as he commented on the
Lord Sholto Douglas-Loretta Addis comedy at
Bakersfield in the reading-room of the Occi
dental Hotel yesterday afternoon.
"Why, my dear sir, Lord Douglas is no more
insane than the friend who had him arrested,"
said Mr. Moore. "Yoo see, Easter Monday the
British Club, of which the Lord is an active
member, had a pony-race at the track, and the
Lord came out away ahead of the others. Im
mediately after the race Lord Douglas began
to celebrate his victory, and he didn't let up
till his convivial gaze rested upon Miss
Loretta Addis, who does a sketch turn,
with her brother in a Bakersfield variety thea
ter. When he beneld Miss Addis he concluded
she was the fairest being on earth, and there
upon decided to marry her. The other British
residents of Bakersfield resolved to save the
young gentleman from himself, and with this
in view had him arrested on a charge of insan
ity. They didn't expect to convict, not much,
but they accomplished their object. His Lord
ship will probably show extreme exhilaration
hereafter, and Loretta will gain from the inci
dent considerable notoriety as the American
skirt-dance artist who drew a real English
Lord to her feet." . /-
C. T. Hlbbett of the navy is at the Palace.
Dan Murphy of San Jose is at the Baldwin.
11. J. Leigemeir of the navy is registered at
J. J. Grinnell, a big rancher ol Red Bluff, Is
at the Russ.
/ Dana Perkins, the State Librarian, is stopping,
t at the Grand. **"
a Colonel J. H. Polk of Los Angeles Is regis-
Vrcd at the Palace.
W.B. Tobey, a wealthy lumberman of Car
son, ib at the Palace.
W. F. Peterson, a merchant of Sacramento, is
a guest at the Grand.
A. G. Newcomer, a merchant of Palo Alto, ar
rived at the Russ yesterday.
Isaac Diener, a prominent rancher from Red
ding, is stopping at the Russ.
Sam M. Rucker of San Jose was among yes
terday's arrivals at the Palace.
Senator Thomas Flint Jr. of San Juan regis
tered at the Grand yesterday.
Colonel J. E. Doolittie, the mining man, of
Alta registered at the Palace yesterday.
K. Eabichi, a big orange-grower of Los An
geles, is among yesterday's arrivals at the
F. L. Delano, owner of granite quarries at
Lincoln, arrived in town yesterday and is stop
ping at the Lick.
Sheriff A. L. Borgward came up with some
prisoners for the State prison and registered at
the Grand yesterday.
George H. McLean has returned from Grass
Valley, where he la interested in mines, and Is
registered at the Lick.
C. 11. Phillips, a prominent land-owner and
banker of Ban Luis Obispo, came In yesterday
and is stopping at the Palace.
F. Levy, a leading merchant of Halfmoon
Bay, and his family came to the city yesterday
and registered at tne Lick. They are about to
start for Europe. .."."- . V :- :
SPIRIT OF THE PRESS.
Let California preserve her money by pre
serving her fruits.— San Jose Mercury.
The expenditure of money by tha Los An
geles fiesta committee amounted to $20,000,
donated by the people there, and competent
authorities there figure that it resulted in the
expenditure of over $400,000 in that city. A
good investment.— Santa Rosa Republican.
When one stops to think of it Buffalo's de
mand for the next National Republican Con
vention la pretty thoroughly annihilated by the
following argument advanced by the Woodland
Mail : "Buffalo gave us Grover, and hasn't yet
apologized for it." And even if it had apolo
gized there are some things that can never be
forgotten or forgiven.— Republican.
With American beef shut out from nearly all
the European countries it ought to be cheapar
here at home instead of dearer, if there is any
truth in the law of supply and demand. The
Agricultural Department denies that the meat
trust has had anything to do with recent ad
vances in the price of meat, but the preponder
ance of evidence Is on the other side.— An
geles Times. *
When Uncle Sam bought Alaska he got a bar
gain. The lease of the seal islands alone has
yielded annually 4 per cent on the purchase
money. Besides this the gold mines produce
a million dollars a year, the salmon fisheries
another million, besides large catches of cod
fish and halibut. All this trade, which in
creases annually, 1. tributary to San Francisco,
and is carried on by San Francisco capital.—
Santa Cruz Record. *
Whoop up the plan for holding the next Na
tional Republican Convention in San Fran
cisco by all means. California is the home of
patriotism, and the bird of freedom finds a
home and eyrie on our mountain tops where
the breezes whisper the spirit of liberty that
nerved the heart of Tell and Winkelried. Hold
the convention in the Sunset City, and Califor
nia's generous and hospitable heart will see
that the delegates representing the grand old
party of the Union are treated royally, and
that they will not have to go hunting around
for decent-price hotel accommodations, as
many of the delegates did at Chicago and Min
PEOPLE TALKED ABOUT.
Maurice Boucher has finished his translation
into French of all the songs found in Shake
speare's works. ,
John H. Knowles, the sailor who lashed Ad
miral Farragut to the mast during the engage
ment in Mobile Bay, died at Annapolis recently.
Hiram S. Maxim, the inventor, says that New
Englanders are the best mechanics in the
world, and that the French are the best me
chanics in Europe.
The real name of the noted whist critic,
"Pembridge," is John Petch Hevvby. He is GO
year, of age, and his parents were stern Purl
tans, who never allowed a pack of cards to en
ter their house. . . _* .„ . : , . .
The Lord Chief Justice of England, at Liver
pool assizes, said recently that he saw the
diminution of drunkenness in Liverpool syn
chronized with the diminution of public-houses.
King Humbert can broil a steak, grid a chop
and do plain cooking just as well as he can run
with the machine, couple up hose or pump at
a fire. Indeed, his Majesty of Italy Is a man of
many talents. . ■]'
In his lecture before the students of Harvard,
Herbert Bccrbohm Tree, the English actor,
strongly urged the establishment of a national
theater as necessary to the highest develop
ment of dramatic art. - f ""' "'
The new Spanish Premier, Senor Canovas,
Is said to be the homeliest man and the most
sarcastic orator in Madrid. The senor was the
champion of the abolition"-* slavery in Spain
and its dependencies. ■'••._
John Blondelle Burton, the English novelist,
atands 6 feet - inches, and looks more like a
big Life Guardsman than a wrlter'of romance.
He has traveled widely, and his first newspaper
work was done in Baltimore. He married the
daughter of a Philadelphlan. ' ,
- ■-.■■■ x - *....._■ . .1
# UP TO DATE IDEAS.
The conduit through which the conductor!
will run is like the cable conduit on Broadway.
On each side of it at distances of 30 feet are
soaps-one pillars 13. _ inches high and 8 Inches
square. No wirei9 to be used at all. In its place
are 4J_-inch iron channel-bars running from
pillar to pillar and resting on insulators. Tbe
pillars rest in cast-iron pedestals provided with
sockets six inches deep and one inch larger in
inside diameter than the pillars. The apaca
then left is filled with sulphur. There la a
manhole at each pillar, so that in case of any
THE UNDERGROUND TROLLEY.
trouble it will be possible to make instant re
pairs without interfering with the street. On
each side of the conduits and outside of the
pillars are five pipes running the entire length
of the line, and in these the feed wires will be
carried. The arrangements for the drainage
of the conduits Is believed to be perfect, says
the New York Sun in describing the under
ground trolley to be used on the Lenox
avenue line in New York.
The trolley itself which will be used on the
cars is a five-eighth-inch steel bar provided at
the lower end with outwardly pressing springs,
which are secured to positive and negative
contact shores. The trolleys are attached to
the car by crossbars attached to the side frames
of the wheel trucks. <*..
SUPPOSED TO BE HUMOROUS.
Dunner— When shall I call again with this
Owen Long— Suppose you wait until I return
your Philadelphia Inquirer.
Jones— that umbrella I borrowed from
you yesterday. ; *:*:
Brown— Great Scott! What's the matter with
it T— Town Topics.
Customer— So you sell these watches at $5
each. It must cost that to make them.
Jeweler— does. *
__ Customer— Then how ■do you make any
» Jeweler— Repairing 'em.— New York Weekly.
"' never have to be called, mornings, now."
said Bolton Locke. "We have a cook lady who
lights the kitchen fire with kerosene. She'll
blow herself up some day and I wouldn't miss
it for the world."— New York Journal.
Bessie Footlights— should like to show you
my new dance, but there isn't room for it here.
Manager— Wait till I move this table out of
Bessie Footlights— That won't do any good;
the ceiling is too low.— New York World.
New York's Greek church is not a very large
affair, but by the selection of ushers of rare
judgment they always manage to make room
for the name of the pastor, Rev. Agathodores
A. Pappageorgeopolis.— New York Recorder.
Martini— They tell me you had a great time
last night. I suppose you didn't allow the
others to do all the treating. ■'._".'
Stoughton —It was about an even thing.
They paid for the liquor, but the jokes were
mostly at my expense.— Boston Transcript.
When President Cleveland waa fishing off
Tarheel inlet his smack was overhauled by a
Spanish gu_boat, which insisted on prying
into his can of worms, sampling his bait and
borrowing a bite of tobacco from the rear ad
miral. No wonder drinks warm blood.
Captain— Sergeant, note down Private Gras
grun three days on bread and water for slov
enly turnout on parade.
Sergeant— Beg pardon, captain, that won't
make the slightest difference to him; he's a
Captain— What? Then put him for three
days on mutton broth and beef.— German paper.
FLOWERS WITHOUT LIMIT
The Floral Society's Rose
Show Promises to Be a
Fine Exhibits Will Be Received From
Nearly All of the Northern
The committee of arrangements of the
California State Floral Society's rose show,
hatt will be held in the Palace Hotel on
May 2, 3 and 4, met yesterday and made
final arrangements for the event. The
Maple and Marble halls in the hotel will
be magnificently decorated with bamboo,
ferns, palms and flowering plants. .No
bunting will be used.
The decorations will be arranged by the
members of the society, assisted by a well
known floral artist. Professor Smith
stated that although there will be 3000
square feet of space there will be no room
to spare. The exhibition promises to be
the largest and finest ever given in this
city, and nearly every variety of the rose
and flowering plants of California will be
displayed. The Half-million Club will be
invited to attend, and it is believed the
members will be as much impressed with
the northern floral display as they were
with those viewed in the south recently.
The exhibitors at the rose show will be
from Santa Clara, San Mateo, Monterey,
Santa Cruz, Alameda, Sonoma, Napa,
Marin, Mendocino and San Francisco
counties. Other counties will be heard
from within a few days. The arrange
ment of the tables for the flowers has re
ceive! special attention.
In the maple room there are four large
tables in each corner, and in the center
there are three large diamond-shaped ta
bles. In this room musical entertainments
will be given every evening. The window
and stage decorations will be a Dart of the
exhibition. In the marble hall will be
sixteen long tables, with one round and
two oblong tables in the center. Across
the end oi the hall will be a large, wide
table upon which a magnificent and artist
ically arranged exhibit will be displayed.
The walls and windows from the floor to
the ceiling will be beautifully decorated.
It was decided that the rose show should
be open from 10 a. M.'to 5 p. m. and from
7:30 p. M. to 11 p. m. All of the exhibits
will be in place on the day before the show
The musical programme is not yet com
plete, but the iollowing well-known artists
have volunteered their services, which have
been accepted: Dr. Thomas Hill, Al
phonse Hirsch, Professor Ferraris Mando
lin Club, Mrs. Alista Shed Eaugstroth, Miss
Helene Nielsen, Miss Henriette Grother
well, Mrs. R. S. Lamotte, Miss Charlotte
Gruenhagen, Miss Josephine Sistermans,
A. Harold Kay ton, Miss Mira Merriman,
Miss Florence Doane, Mrs. Gertrude Judd,
Miss Gerda Wismar, Miss Alice 'Raymond
of Oakland and Chester Packard.
The Supreme Court has denied a rehearing
in the case of Delaney against the City, involv
ing the title to a portion of Lafayette square.
Two blocks yet remain under a cloud, but
under this decision the blocks bounded by
Octavia and Laguna, Sacramento and Wash
ington streets are now freed from litigation.
The greatest adepts in culinary art are
particular to use the Royal Baking Pow
der only, and the authors of the most pop
ular cook-books and the teachers of the
successful cooking schools, with whom the
best results are imperative, are careful to
impress their readers and pupils with the
importance of its exclusive employment. '
An Encouraging Outlook for
Marketing This Season's
REPORTS FROM ORCHARDS.
In Several Localities Fruit Trees
Have Been Badly Damaged
An interesting meeting of the State Hor
ticultural Society was held yesterday, at
which was discussed the outlook for mar
keting California fresh and dried fruits
during the coming season. Reports were
received from the members on the condi
tion of the orchards in various parts of the
.State. The Capri fig is now being received
from Smyrna at Mr. Bonding's place at
Fresno. Quarantine Officer Craw stated
that fig insects or fife* which carry the
pollen to other fig trees are received in
these figs and doing well. A. J. Hatch,
who has orchards in Solano Tehama,
Alameda, Contra Costa and Butte coun
ties, stated that the apricot and almond
crops were badly damaged by the frosts.
The cherry crop is light. B. F. Walton of
Yuba City reported that an unknown dis
ease had destroyed the pear crop, and at
one orchard not over 50 boxes would be
harvested, where 5000 were gathered last
K. A. Gammon of Sacramento stated that
in his locality the apricot and pear crop
would be light. (}. P. Kexford of Tulare
reported that the 'frosts of -two weeks ago
had destroyed all the young fruit in the
lower lands, but the foothill orchards were
not. injured. Howard Overacker Jr. of
Alameda said that while some sections of
that county were in good bearing other
places were poor. Professor Arnold of
Santa Clara said that the cherry crop would
be light, but the ' other fruits were promis
Professor H. Weinstock of Sacramento
read an interesting paper upon the general
outlook for the sale of California dried and
fresh fruits this season in which he said :
"To my mind the outlook is unusually
hopeful" and encouraging, and, unless the
unexpected takes place, the season of '95
should be the most profitable one to all
concerned in the industry." He reviewed at
length the causes of last year failures on
the part of reducers to secure returns for
their labor, and asserted that most of these
obstructions had been or would be re
moved this year. He concluded by say
From all that has been stated It can readily
be seen how much more favorable are pros
pective conditions than have been the condi
tions in the recent past. While the fancy
prices which prevailed years ago for California'
fruits in Eastern markets need never again be
looked for, because of the increased quantities
to be marketed, yet there Is every reason to
believe, owing to the Improved conditions,
that the increased shipments of the coming
season are likely to yield reasonable and living
prices, prices such as should make the fresh
fruit business of California profitable enough
to compensate for all the energy and capital
and intelligent effort that have been applied
to its development.
A long discussion followed on selling
fresh fruits in Eastern markets by auction,
and the sentiment of the society was that
the producers should combine against the
Eastern middle-men and jobbers who have
combined to secure fruit at their own
It was decided that the next meeting of
the society should be held in Yuba City on
the last Friday in May. Various county
horticultural societies will be invited to
participate. B. F. Walton, H. P. Staples
and R. C. Kells will be the committee on
arrangements. Papers on the manipula
tion of dried fruits, drying and processing
of fruits and thinning fruits will be read
by B. F. Walton, Ralph Hersev, F. M.
Righter, Frank H. Buck and A. T. Hatch.
The subject for the June meeting in San
Francisco will be the "Proper Grading and
Packing of Fruits." Resolutions deplor
ing the Governor's failure to sign the bill
appropriating $20,000 for the use of the
Horticultural Commission were passed.
Action to Compel the Authorities to
Enforce the Ordinance Regard
ing Car Guards.
The executive board of the Civic Federa
tion, at a special meeting held Thursday
evening in the offices of George T. Gaden at
819 Market street, decided that the city
ordinance requiring the street railways to
equip their cars with suitable guards shall
be enforced. The board has retained an
attorney and he is now preparing the
necessary papers for an appeal to the
courts. The matter has been brought to
the attention of the Grand Jury, but unless
immediate action is taken by that body
the federation will proceed on its own re
sponsibility. The members of the execu
tive board declined to state whether their
action will take the form of suits against
the railroads or mandamus proceedings to
compel Chief Crowley to take action in the
premises. They say, however, that both
methods were discussed last night and
that a definite decision was reached. Their
suits, if tiled at all, will be filed not later
than Monday or Tuesday of next week.
The board also discussed the action of
the "solid eight" in the Board of Supervi
sors regarding the Church-street franchise,
and unanimously adopted resolutions con
demning that action and calling on the
Grand Jury to impeach the members who
voted to grant the franchise. A copy of
the resolutions was left at Foreman Gagan _
place of business last night. The full text
of the resolutions will be found in another
column. C, .•-.:-:;;
Many People ln the Eastern States
Who Desire to Settle in '.
Many letters of inquiry are being re
ceived this year by the California State
Board of Trade from people who desire in
formation concerning California, with a
view of settling in this State. Secretary
Filcher is kept busy answering the inqui
ries and sending California literature to the
Nearly all of the writers are in the East
ern and Middle States/and all claim to
have enough means to care for themselves
when they reach this coast.
More letters of this character have been
received this spring than at any time be
fore. -H. j?';.;. i
Among the more recent ones was a letter
from F. J. Smith of Stanton, Nebr., who
stated that he has* been appointed by a
colony of 150 families to find a location "for
them in California. The colony is com
posed of farmers, stockmen, merchants
and mechanics, all good citizens. Mr.
Smith asserted that the colony has cast a
favorable eye upon Inyo County, and if
the reports of that locality- are favorable
the colonists will probably move into the
SIGNS OP BETTER TIMES.
An Increased Demand at the Mint for
Small Gold and Silver Money.
Chief Clerk Barnett at the Mint says
that there is an increased demand on , the
part of the public for the issuing of five
dollar gold pieces and small silver from 50
cents down. This demand is made not
only through the banks, but by private
citizens. Mr. Barnett states that there is
$00,000,000 in silver in the banks, in the
United States sub-treasury and Mint and
in general circulation in San Francisco.
When this large sum is not sufficient for
the transaction of -business where silver is
used, it is evidence to his mind that trade
and business in this locality are becoming
more active. He regards tbe demand as
an indication of better times in the near
future. Mr. Barnett states that the output
of tho mines is larger so far this year than
SERVES THREE MASTERS.
A. r«,_i»/,a>>t«-7 -i"i .luntUf of the Peace
Who Dees tft« I'.-ilroad'a
The dry routine of a trial was enlivened
in tbe United States Circuit Court yester
day. Judge Hawley of Nevada was on the
bench and Charles 0. Clark was on the
witness I). M. Delmas of Delmas <fc
rAi'jn: was --examining, and in
consequence Clark told more about his
various employments than he ever in
He told Mr, Delmas that he was the
postmaster of Mott, Siskiyou County. The
inaiJ, he said, passed through his hands
and OO occasions he was roused from his
peaceful slumbers to deliver an epistle to
an amorous swain who had arrived a few
hours after closing time.
He was also Justice of tbe Peace and as
such heard the trivial little disputes that
arose iv the village _nd gaTe decisions to
the best of hi« knowledge and ability. But
this was not all. Besides being postmaster
and Justice of the Peace Mr. Clark was
also a Southern Pacific detective, and that
was the point on which he got into trouble
with Attorney Delmas.
The suit on trial was that of John O,
Welsh vs. the Southern Pacific Railroad
Company. The plaintiff's property was
burned by sparks from the defendant's
locomotive. His dwelling-house, store,
machine-shop, lumber-yard and lodging
house were consumed, and he was prac
tically ruined. The original suit was
brought in Siskiyou County, but at t_3
instance of the Southern Pacific Company
it was removed to San Francisco. The
testimony put in went to show that Clark,
while acting as Postmaster and Justice of
the Peace of the town in question,
really an agent of the Southern Pacific.
He gathered in the witnesses, gave them
passes to San Francisco, marshaled them
ere and saw tnat they were ready to go on
the stand when called. He was the right
bower of the railroad attorney and at the
same time was drawing a salary from the
United States as Postmaster and another
from the county as Justice of the Peace,
while in reality all his time has been spent
in getting witnesses together for the South
As a number of the jurors wanted to get
off next Monday morning, Judge Hawley
adjourned court until 2 p. m., the 29tn
Y. M. I. Entertainment.
An entertainment and social to be given by
Borromean Council No. 129, Young Men's In
stitute, at Mission Opera Hall next Sunday
evening is attracting a good deal of attention
in Y. >f. I. circles. On this occasion the mem
bers of No. 129 will produce for the first time a
one-act farce entitled "Justice." The lines are
considered very clever by those who have
heard them in rehearsal, and the many amus
ing situations will contribute to the success of
the piece. A social dance will follow.
Bacon Printing Company, 503 Clay street. *
Plain mixed candies, 10c lb. Townsend's.*
Geo. W. Monteith, law offices, Crocker bldg.*
Wine-drinking people are healthy. M. &K.
wines, seac a glass. Mohns tt Kaltenbach. 29 Mkt.*
Durrant or Gibson— The Brown-
Herron Controversy. Baldwin.-, Depravity. In
famy Rebuked. How to Increase Population.*
When a gunpowder lighter comes along
side a ship all fires are put out. Matches
are carefully stowed away, the cook sus
pends operations, pipes are extinguished,
and the heavy chests are carried on board
Biliousness is caused by torpidity or inaction
of the liver. As a liver regulator and stimulant
Hood's Pills are uneqnaled. They act without
griping or causing pain, promptly and efficiently.
Remove the causes that make your hair lifeless
and gray with Parker's Hair Balsam.
*_i*n*de_cobxs, the best cure for corns, 15 cents.
Thboat Diseases commence with a Cough,
Cold or Sore Throat. "Srovm't Bronchial Troches"
give immediate and sure relief, -* v •:
After a sleepless night use Dr. Slegert's Angos
tura Bitters to tone up your system. All druggists.
FOR SALE BT
Thos. Magee & Sons,
REAL ESTATE AGENTS
And Publishers "Real Estate Circular."
4 Montgomery Street,
WW TRUST BUILDW, COMER BARRET.
Rents $100; $12,500; store property; Howard
St., nr. Tenth.
Rent3?7s; *8500: Hyde St., bet. Pine and Cali-
fornia: 3-story new building.
$:>2,750; rents $250: SE. cor. on Pine st.; cov-
ered with good buildings. » •■■: ■•- ■■■.. - •".'
$3300: 114x80; NW. cor. Sanchez and Duncan,
Octavia St.. west side, nr. Filbert: '.'sxBs; $1175.
$4700; 160x11-; NW. cor. Sanchez and Twenty-.'
$3500— Neat cottage; 7 rooms, bath and modern
conveniences; lot 50x114: Hill St., bet. Churcli
and Sanchez; fine view; 1 block from electrj_-car"&
$2000— Duncan St., bet. Sanchez a_.d Noes 80x
Sutter-st. business property, near Kearny; 54 :6 x '
120 to rear street, and solid brick building: will ba
INVESTMENTS AND BUSINESS PROP-
ERTY, 850.000 AND OVER.
$50,000: rents $333— 3-story brick building and.
large lot, 81x137:6: downtown property.^
Kearny-st. corner; paving $500 a month. •„-■••
Rents $400; $75.000— Busn-su investment; larga
lot and brick building. '
Sutter-st. business, lot 54:9x127:6: nr. Stockton.
Polk-st. corner: rents $305: 68x102: in tho
heart of Polk-st. business: $56,000.
Third St.: rents $385; $70,000; solid building in
stores and rooms. - . _ ',_
Elegant residence; fine view of bay; N. side
Washington St., near Central aye.; 32 feet front;
fine 2-story and attic home; 13 rooms. 2 baths and
all modern conveniences; house finished in hard
wood; $12,500. _____
O'Karrell st., near Jones; 22x68:9 and house of
6 rooms ; $7800. - ___
Cheap, $5500: Pine st., near Stockton; 34:6 x
77:6 and -story house; 12 rooms and modern con-
Make Vallejo and Octavia; corner; 25x
112:6 and very comfortable residence of rooms
and every convenience: fine view; $10,500.
Grove St., N. side, bet. Franklin and Gough;
27:6x68:9 and 2 story, in two tenements; $5250.
Cheap, $4500: cottage and large lot, 50x120 to
rear St.; Hermann, bet. Fillmore and Steiner; one
and a half blocks from Halght-st. cable-cars. ' •
Treat aye., W. side, bet. 23d and 24th sts., and
near cable-cars; cottage 6 rooms and bath; 26x100;
corner LOTS, ALL KINDS, 81500
to. 810,000. ;,; ,* :
NE. cor. Clay and Baker. 56x105; both streets
bttumlnlzed and artificial stone sidewalk laid i
Pine and Buchanan, NW. corner, 55x81 :3; both
streets sewered and Pine St. bltumlnized: $10,000.
Make offer: Grove and I.yon corner; 37:6x100;
desirable for residence or business.
Cheap; reduced to $7500; Pavific aye. and Lo-
cust St.. fronting on the Presidio; 118x137:6; view
cannot be shut off. -
i Polk and Filbert, SE. corner; 25x100: $3250;
Polk st. now being cut through; cable line will
then be extended. - .
Cheap corner, 37:6x100; $2400; SW. cor. Scra-
mento and Maple; cable line passes.
. Cheap; $2500; SW. cor. Castro and 16th: 30x*
100; fine view.
Corner, 35:6x100; $3100; cor. Fillmoro and Fil-
bert: stone blocks on Fillmore and Filbert st.
sewered; a very desirable cheap corner. - <
Greenwich and Octavia: SW. corner; 25x100;
Reduced to $4500; NW.cor. 23d and Vicksburg
sts.: 65x117:6 to rear alley; both streets in order.
. SE. cor. Point Lobos and 17th ayes.; 25:4x100;
cheap; only $1500.