CHARLES M. SHORTRIDGE,
Editor and Proprietor.
DAILY CALL— »C per year by mail; by carrier, 13c
SUNDAY CALL— «I.SO per year.
• WEEKLY CALL— I 1.50 per year.
The Eastern office of the SAN FRANCISCO
CALX (Pally and Weekly), Pacific Mates Adver
tising Bureau, Khinelnnder building, Rose and
Duane streets, New York.
SUNDAY " ...APKIL 28,1895
Have you seen the Spring Exhibit?
If we cannot do well, let us think well.
Society owes a duty to the art exhibit.
To have an artistic taste you must digest
Everything comes to those who don't
There is always rest in the right kind of
The longest lane is the one that leads
Whatever is done for another is generally
A profligate wife makes a skinflint of
Stagnation wastes more money than en
"Praising the cook is a good way to im
prove the broth.
It is the pinch of poverty that causes the
most rubs in life.
The optimist can see something good
even in a pessimist.
No iconoclast has the power to break
but frangible idols.
Display your enterprise yourself, but let
another man advertise it.
Spend your time at home and your
money for home products.
In the eyes of the average woman man is
but a bundle of bad habits.
To remember your friends with pleasure
you must forget a good deal.
The sunshine of California is so liquid
that sensible people drink it in.
Take your exercise yourself and let an
other mah take your medicine.
If you wish to be praised by good people,
you must not praise vicious ones.
Very few people can tumble to them
selves without feeling all broken up.
The goldbug thinks he sees a silver cloud
wiiere the people see hilver sunshine.
There can be no art culture in a com
munity where there is no art patronage.
Cross looks and hard words pave even
the pathway of home with cobblestones.
Most men who are lacking in pride made
a mistake in the selection of their wives.
You can make almost any man rise to
the occasion by putting a pin in his chair.
If there were no white lies in the social
world there would be many a black story.
A great deal of what is called high art in
these days isn't even clothed with genius.
People who spend their lives in doing
good never die — they are merely promoted.
Make yourself master of a single good
opportunity and many more will come to
Satire is the weapon of a cruel heart, but
humor is red paint on the nose of Kind
True character, like the glowworm, emits
the strongest light in the darkest situa
If enemies quarreled as often as lovers,
there would never be any peace in the
Good doing is more efficacious than
prayers to secure forgiveness for evil
An open-hearted woman is one whose
cardiac perforations have been made by
No woman should confine her study of
California art to the contemplation of a
As a supervisor of society even Mrs.
Grundy has been accused of being partial
We have a better reason to be proud of
the Spring Exhibition than of the attend
ance on n.
In courting the sunshine of California
one indulges in the most pardonable of
People who rely upon others to give them
a lift never get very high without losing
Country people may say they come to
San Francisco on business, but they act as
if it were a picnic.
If San Francisco wishes to begin the
work of improvement, every cobblestone
will afford an opportunity.
Nature provides a reward for all good
ness and never demands that anybody
should be good for nothing.
The man whose heart is not set aflutter
by a sight of the pretty girls of San Fran
cisco has need of a physician.
The New York company which is build
ing houseboats to rent has set an example
to enterprising San Franciscans.
It appears that woman proposes to con
tinue extending her sleeves until she gets
even with the wide, wide world.
If you are not thankful for the beauty
and the delight of San Francisco you have
never yet realized your situation.
There is an esthetic education for every
body in studying the artistic and pictur
esque possibilities of San Francisco.
In these days of elastic complexions no
husband should be permitted by his wife
to imagine that he married her too hastily.
People who read a great deal without
cultivating a taste for the finer forms of
literature are guilty of a dissipation that
weakens some of the best fibers of the
Novelty is a good thing so long as it is
but a modification of something old and
tried, but nobody would like to hear the
music that an elephant might get out of a
A SUMMEE CHANGE.
If it were not for the wonderful variety
of climates in California at all times of the
year, our people would be denied one of
the most precious gifts that nature has be
stowed upon the State. It is so generally
the fact that one cannot tell the truth
about California without seeming to tell a
lie, that it requires a certain degree of
courage even to tell what is true. Califor
nians themselves know the truth, and are
aware that a comprehension of it is ina pos
sible to a stranger. Thus, what person
who has not lived here can understand
that at any season of the year climates
peculiar to all the four seasons elsewhere
may be found in a few hours' travel? On
its very face it looks incredible that these
radically different and opposing conditions
should stand shoulder to shoulder almost
from one end of California to the other.
The "California liar" will never become
extinct until he ceases to tell the truth.
He is as absurd a creation in Eastern eyes
as the casual traveler who writes about
our State is in ours.
And yet very many localities in Califor
nia have their transitory local discomforts ;
again, a particular place may have a cli
mate that is good for one person and bad
for another; still again, a locality may
have a climate agreeable to one person at
one time of the year and disagreeable at
another. But this is the one great fact to
keep in mind: Any person under the sun
can find somewhere in California, at any
time of the year, a climate that exactly
The close contiguity of these various con
ditions has produced in California a pecu
liar social habitude. This is seen in the
form of a kind of seasonal migration, and
it is the wisest thing that Californians do.
The residents of the coast, for instance,
after a "winter" of balmy, soft, yet highly
stimulating winds from the tropic seas,
long for the crisp, dry heat, brilliant sun
shine and rarelied air of the mountains in
summer; and during the growing season
of summer, when there is nothing to do on
the farms and vineyards and orchards, the
residents of the great plains of the interior
desire to escape from the heavy, palpita
ting heat of their homes and come over to
the coast, where constant breezes are fresh
and cool, and where sleep beneath a pair
of warm blankets is infinitely sweet and
as caressing us the gentle stroke of some
good angel's hand on the weary brow.
But the finest of all these gentle pleas
ures is camping in the summer, whether
on the coast by residents of the interior, or
along the mountain streams by dwellers
on the coast ; for the change of climate is
as valuable as the novelty of the outing.
The Coast Range north and south of San
Francisco is the favorite and proper resort
for this pleasure, for there the noble,
solemn and mysterious redwoods abound,
with streams which are rivulets of sun
shine and pearls. There, too, we fiud the
rhododendron, filling all the space with its
exquisite perfume; the dogwood blossom,
big, white and bold: the tiger lily, luxuri
ating in its gorgeous panoply of splendid
colors, and innumerable more modest
blooms holding up their dainty lips to re
ceive the sun's bold kiss.
There is no danger of rain in these long,
whining mouthy. A drowsy fog may linger
now and then in the mornings, but it only
makes the bed feel more luxurious and en
ticing; and when it passes away the great
sun empties its very soul upon the earth
and pours its richest treasures into every
human heart open to receive them. And
so slips away this glorious summer in the
woods, where nature's unshackled limbs
are stretched lazily abroad in the sun
shine and men have a foretaste of the
peaceful life that lies beyond the ends of
TEE DEBTS Of THE CITY.
The City of San Francisco will, during
the present week, be forced to face again
the specter of its debts, and that in a way
which always proves distressful to the in
dividual debtor, and which is likely to do
so to the Municipality unless some of its
wiseacres shall be able to point the way
out of its present dilemma.
The creditor* of the City, whose claims
for the unpaid balances of last year and of
the present one amount in the aggregate
to about half a million dollars, appear to
be unwilling to go further in the way of
furnishing supplies to the various depart
ments of the City Government without
assurance from some source that their
bills, at least for supplies yet to
be furnished, will be paid. There
seems to be an impression that the State
constitution makes illegal all claims against
the City for goods furnished to it or for ob
ligations incurred by it, when its treasury
is empty, and forbids the payment of any
debt arising during one year out of the
revenues of the succeeding one. The sec
tion of the constitution referred to reads as
"Xo city shall incur any indebtedness or
liability in any manner or for any purpose
exceeding in any year the income and
revenue provided for it for such year with
out the assent of two-thirds of the qualified
electors thereof voting at an election to be
held for that purpose, nor unless before or
at the time of incurring such indebtedness
provision shall be made for the collection
of an annual tax sufficient to pay the in
terest on such indebtedness as it falls due,
and also a provision to constitute a sink
ing fund for the principal thereof on or be
fore maturity, which shall not exceed forty
years from the time of contracting the
same. Any indebtedness or liability in
curred contrary to this provision shall be
void." (Const., Art. XI, Section 18.) '
It would seem at a glance that this sec
tion of the constitution could never have
been intended to be applied to that class
of the obligations of a city which includes
either the salaries of its officers, which are
fixed by law, or the necessary supplies for
the conduct of its departments, and which
are essential to their maintenance, in
order that its functions as a city may be
performed. The construction of the sec
tion of the organic law whioh would com
pel the City to close its almshoupes and
hospitals, to cease the operation of its Fire
Department, to stop its gas and water sup
ply, and to have a general jail delivery of
its prisoners, because, forsooth, its Silurian
officials had failed to make an adequate
tax levy to meet these absolutely essential
expenses, is one which should not be
adopted, if by any nicety of reasoning its
avoidance is possible.
A careful reading of this section of the
constitution would seem to disclose that
its only object was to prevent the incurring
by cities of those obligations which its
officers have the discretion to incur or not,
and which are generally obligations for
those civic improvements or adorn
ments which lind their usual form
of payment in a funded debt. The
idea seems to have been to prevent the
creation of a funded indebtedness without
lirst securing the assent of the qualified
electors of the City, and without also pro
viding beforehand for the collection of
an annual tax running through a long
series of years by which this special
form of debt should be paid. Such
is the only reasonable construction to be
given to this section. The construction
which is being attempted to be applied to
it, and which is being used to alarm the
creditors of the City and to involve
THE SAN FRANCISCO CALL, SUNDAY, APRIL 28, 1895.
it in embarrassment, is without any rea
son at all. Suppose, for example, that
by reason of some defect in the process
of levying the annual taxes, the whole of
the revenues of the City for any single
year should fail, and their collection be
found to be impossible after the City had
progressed through some months of its
administration, is it conceivable that the
outstanding bills of the City for its sala
ries and for its necessaries would be void,
and that during the rest of the year the
wheels of its government should perforce
cease their motion and its operations and
functions be suspended until the revenue of
the succeeding year began to flow in? It
must be apparent that such could never
have been the purpose of those who framed
this section of the constitution nor their
idea as to its operation and effect.
In a recent case before the Supreme
Court a long step was taken toward reliev
ing the constitution from this harsh and
illogical construction. The court decided
that the salaries of City officials which
are fixed by statute were not.intended
to be included within the classifica
tion of this section, nor to be lim
ited as to their sources of pay
ment to the revenue of the year within
which the service was performed. The
court expressly limited the scope of the
section to those debts or liabilities which
the City possesses the discretion to incur.
From the reasoning of this decision
it follows naturally that if the salaries
of City officials are to be excepted
from the effect of this section the
necessary supplies for those of its depart
ments which by statute it is bound to
maintain must always be excepted. The
City has no more discretion with reference
to the expenses of its Fire Department
than it has with reference to the salary of
the Chief Engineer of that department. If
it is bound to maintain the department it
stands to reason that it must be bound to
pay the bills necessarily incurred in its
From this reasoning there is no escape,
and there should be none. The City must
be bound in law as it is bound in honor to
pay its debts. There is no use dallying
with this dilemma nor postponing the
settlement of the question because
it happens to be disagreeable, nor
because the City treasury is at present de
pleted. It is due to the merchants who
have already furnished the City with a
large amount of supplies, and who arc
expected to continue to do so without re-
ceiving their money due or about to become
due therefor, that the legal status of their
debts should be established at the earliest
possible time. L,et the City officials take
hold of this matter with a rirrn hand, and
either resolve to honor these obligations as
soon as the condition of the City treasury
will permit, or else take the matter at once
into the court and have the issue decided
as to what the municipal liability may be.
A NOBLE BOULEVAED.
Standing in the center of Market street
and looking westward, we observe that the
imaginary prolongation of this .greatest of
San Francisco's thoroughfares sweeps up
the rolling incline and disappears beyond
the range of low mountains through the
lowest point in the saddle of Twin Peaks.
It is known to most of the older residents
that the original intention in laying out
Market street was to extend it over the
saddle of Twin Peaks and down the slope
of the western side to the ocean.
As the improvement of the City is now
the order «>f the hour, and every citizen
possessed of a spirit of pride and patriot
ism is casting about for the best means to
that end, let us imagine what Market
street would be if extended over Twin
Peaks to the sea.
At present the street stops, a little over
three miles from the ferry, at the foot of
the steeper hills which traverse the penin
suia from north to south. The Market
street Railway Company has a cable line
from the ferry to this point, and there it is
deflected southerly into Castro street, fol
lowing that thoroughfare nearly two miles
further, to its end at the base of the hills.
If instead of this deflection Market street
were opened the cable would have to make
a sharp climb to the summit. On the
western side the grade would be compara
tively easy all the way down to the beach.
The point where the extension would
strike the beach is about eight and a half
miles from the ferry and about the same
distance from the Cliff House. Thus, the
ferry, the Cliff House and tne western end
of Market street would be the three points
of an equilateral triangle, and therefore
would constitute the three salient points
past which to run the grandest scenic
boulevard in the world.
Pursuing Market street, the grade from
the present terminus to the summit would
be too steep for boulevard purposes, but in
nowise would lessen the charm and avail
ability of the route for a cable scenic road.
For a boulevard a great detil better scheme
than a straight road is available. The
neighborhood of the summit is surveyed
and platted into a most picturesque laby
rinth of crooked streets, which follow the
bewildering contours thereabout on the
easiest grades. It would be far better to
construct a tortuous boulevard over a route
which should wind in and about the nu
merous pinnacles that serrate the sky line,
for by this means there would be secured,
not only a comfortable grade, but an amaz-
ing variety of panoramas, which would
include the facing of every point of the
compass and every one of the splendid
pictures which the summits of these hills
Once past the barren saddle of the t>eaks
the westward-bound driver will iind before
him about four miles of a country totally
different from that which he left behind
on the eastern flank. Much of this long,
rolling stretch has been planted to pines,
with wide plantations of eucalyptus here
and there. A cable could follow the con
tour without difficulty, but a boulevard
might have to make a slight diversion at
intervals. The street would pass within a
half mile of the Almshouse, would cross
the San Miguel and ocean roads near their
juncture, and passing over a large open
cattle range would strike and cross both
arms of Lake Merced. Every inch of the
route is beautiful and picturesque.
Expensive though such an improvement
would be, its grandeur would compensate
for all. From the ocean northward to the
Cliff House we should have the ocean boule
vard, already made part of the way, and
at the Cliff House we should find Golden
Gate Park with its splendid drives and its
smooth road back to the City.
In referring to the action of the Call
urging business men to give support and
encouragement to the San Joaquin road by
pledging their business to it the Bishop
RegitUr says: "This is identically the
eanie, in intent and motive, as the pledge
the people of Inyo County were asked to
sign when the teaming plan was advanced
several years ago, when such a pledge
would have helped the project to success.
The San Joaquin Valley people have not
been scared into a fear of such an agree-
ment, as Inyoites were, and the enterprise
will receive encouragement accordingly."
This reference to the experience of Inyo
is one that should not escape the attention
of the people of any section along the line
of the San Joaquin. As the Register well
says, similar pledges, if given in time,
would have materially promoted a helpful
enterprise in that county, and there can
be no doubt they will be of great advantage
in the present instance, while fortunately
there is not much danger that the
monopoly can frighten the peopie into re
fusing to give them.
The most notable of our Pacific Coast ex
changes of recent date is an issue of the
Santa Cruz Surf on the anniversary of the
disastrous fire which destroyed the business
portion of that city last year, and to which
the editor has given the appropriate title
of the Phoenix edition. Even the most
casual survey of the paper shows that dur
ing the past year Santa Cruz has made a
record for energy, enterprise and accom
plishment of which any community might
be justly proud, for while one large illustra
tion shows the ruins of the city on the
morning after the fire, others exhibit the
handsome blocks of buildings that within
a single year have been erected in their
In addition to this, Editor Taylor has
been sagacious enough to make the record
of this particular display of energy the oc
casion for a general review of the advan
tages and resources of Santa Cruz and an
account of what has already been achieved
there by the enterprise of individuals or
the commendable public spirit of the com
munity. The showing in this respect is a
remarkable one. Santa Cruz is one of the
most progressive of American towns. She
has not only had great advantages, but
has made good use of them, as is made evi
dent in such public works as her streets,
her sewers, her parks, her electric lighting
and her water supply.
Among the more noticeable features of
the edition are two excellent maps; one
showing the position of Santa Cruz in rela
tion to San Francisco and the adjacent
counties, and the other a railroad route
from San Francisco via the ocean coast
and Santa Cruz to Tulare. These maps
may well engage the attention of capital
ists and railroad builders, as they clearly
reveal the possibilities of profit in con
structing lines along the route suggested.
Every page of the issue, in fact, contains
something worthy of study, and the peo
ple of Santa Cruz should see to it that it
has a wide circulation.
It is pleasing to note the cordial way in
which the leading papers of the coast are
supporting the proposal to make an
earnest and aggressive struggle to bring
the next Republican National Convention
to San Francisco. It is generally recog
nized that the assembling of the conven
tion here would be a benefit to the whole
Pacific Slope from Washington to Arizona,
and hearty promises of co-operation with
San Francisco in the undertaking come
from everj T side.
One of the ablest and most forcible arti
cles on the subject that has yet appeared
was recently published in the Los Angeles
Express, which in conclusion said :
"Politically it would be a wise move for
the Republican party, which has always
found its warmest friends and most loyal
adherents in the West. We hope this mut
ter will be at once taken up by the press,
Boards of Trade, Chambers of Commerce,
and other organs of public opinion on this
coast, and pushed to a successful issue. Los
Angeles will help San Francisco all she
The enterprise is indeed one that may
rightly engage the energies of every pro
gressive organization on the coast, and if
it does so there can hardly be any doubt
that it will be successful. San Francisco
and Los Angeles make a strong team in
themselves, and if they receive any assist
ance from other enterprising communities
they will be almost certain to win.
According to reports that come to us
from various parts of the State, we are
going to have fruit crops this year that will
afford excellent material to work on in
building up an extensive industry in fruit
preserving. The Woodland Mail says:
"The late frosts were only a blessing in
disguise, and will save the orchardist the
trouble of thinning his fruit. It is better
to have one large apricot than six that are
small in size and inferior in taste." The
Hanta Cruz Sentinel gives a similar view of
the case, in saying: "Unless much greater
calamities happen to the fruit from now
forward than have yet been felt, we shall
have all the fruit of nearly every kind in
California that we can take care of."
Equally good reports come from other
sections, and, what is more, there are signs
that an effort will be made to preserve a
good deal of fine fruit in this State, instead
of shipping it as raw material. The Santa
Clara County Grange has begun moving in
the matter, and other counties will not be
long in following the example. In fact,
the Fresno Republican is already urging
the enterprise in that county, and very em
"We ought, in very shame, to cease
shipping dried fruits East, that they may
there be manufactured into various edibles.
Regard for our pocketbooks and for our
reputation for business sagacity should
terminate such a child's business."
A good hint for the people of San Fran
cisco is found in the recent statement of
the Los Angeles Herald that the price nt
which Los Angeles city bonds have been
recently sold, and the eagerness of the
multitude of buyers, would indicate that
there is no lack of money in the country
for those who have the collateral. In fact
there has never been a time when a com
munity with good credit could borrow
money so cheaply as at present, and ac
cordingly it would be wisdom on our part
to follow the example of those cities that
are borrowing money for municipal Im
provements. When all the circumstances
are taken into consideration, it will be seen
that the hint given in Los Angeles is not
only good, but it is co broad there is no
getting around it.
TSAYE, A MUSICAL, IDOL.
There is no denying that San Francisco is far,
very far, from the madding crowd of musical
celebrities who annually escape from Europe
and spread themselves over the Eastern States.
Many of these performers are advertised and
sustained by piano and other manufacturers
to play upon their particular brands of instru
ments and thereby popularize them; but in
this case, when the virtuoso is not quite up to
the mark, the public generally detects the
cloven hoof of self-advertisement and refuses
to accept the performer at the raanufactut^r's
valuation, and the discomfited musician retires
whence he came, shaking the dust of inartistic
America off his feet.
Other European artists, however, like Pade
rewski, are accepted on their own great merits,
and are idolized and raved over in a manner
peculiar to America— that is, to Eastern Amer
ica, for the Pacific Coast is rarely accorded an
opportunity of hearing an artist who is the
idol of the hour, and there is little precedent
as to the manner of treatment he would re
ceive. Virtuosi whose glory has fled often
come to us, it is true. Remenyi, for instance,
who has just departed, once set London on fire,
but that was many years ago, when he was
young and charming. Now, grand old man of
music that he is, Remenyi is in the sear and
yellow leaf, and it would be a farce for San
Francisco to languish over a musical Rip Van
However we are really to hear at last the
newest celebrity, for Ysaye, the most promi
nent figure on the artistic horizon in the East
at present, is coming to give ntuas vieiiA *•• I
citals at the Baldwin In May. Ysaye only came
over from Europe a few months ago, but he im
mediately tilled the aching void that Pade
rewski had left in the dilettanti's heart and was
the joy of the matinee girl who split her white
gloves to shreds in applauding him. The tri
umphant performer at once crushed his rival
and friend, the famous Caesar Thomson, who
had also come over to star. Henri Marteau has
been no more thought of since he appeared,
and the great Paderewski's memory has sunk
into temporary oblivion from New York to
Ysaye is a man of about 35, a native of Liege,
in Belgium, and a pupil of Vieuxtemps. One of
his charms is that he is modern and emotional,
a musical impressionist in fact, and his follow
ers profess to experience whatever feelings he
chooses to evoke in them. There is nothing
ethereal about Ysaye's appearance. If he
were a mere ordinary mortal he might be de
scribed as a sort of fat boy, but when he plays
his face is as the face of an angel to his ad
mirers. As for his locks, they are not so fluffy
as Paderewski's, but they are longer, and as he
fiddles they wave about in rhythmical ripples.
Ysaye is in most respects the foremost man
among the young violinists, and he has been
more raved over during the last six months
than any other artist, not excepting Paderew
ski. v ...
The interesting question now arises, \vi"
San Francisco prostrate itself before this idol
as the East has done, or will it gaze askance at
the long-haired fiddler and give him occasion to
say, in the Frencn vernacular, that the City by
the Golden Gate is a jay town?
The programme for Monday, May 18, will in
clude the following numbers:
Concerto (Xo. 3, B minor, Op. 61) Salnt-Saens
Allegro non troppo.
Andantlno qiiiusi alleKretto.
Molto moili'rato c Maestoso.
Allegro non troppo.
M. Ysaye and Grand Orchestra.
Concertstuclc ....". • • Weber
M. Lachaume, with orchestra.
Allegro molto appasionata.
Allegro molto vivace.
M. Ysaye, with orchestra.
Ballad (B minor) Chopin
"Faust" fantasle WienawsJcl
M. Ysaye, with orchestra.
There will be frequent changes of programme
during the engagement.
AROUND THE CORRIDORS.
Judge Dibble is safe from the confidence
man. Yesterday morning as he stepped out of
the Lick House a man passed him and nodded
with a familiar air.
"I don't know that fellow," said the Judge,
as he looked over his shoulder and followed
the stranger around the corner with his eyes.
"It is a daugerous thing to let people claim an
acquaintance with you, and it pays to never
acknowledge a nod unless you know your man.
The town is full of confidence men, and they
have very little feelingr about claiming any
acquaintance which they think will be of
financial benefit to them."
"Suppose the gentleman accosting you really
knows you through some previous meeting?"
"Oh, no, never. That is out of the question.
I never forget a t'ace."
The Judge shook his head with a positive air
"Suppose you are walking along the street
and an absolute stranger rushes up to you and
says he met you in such-and-such a place or at
so-and-so's house. What is the best thing to
do? I mean in case you never saw him
"What would you do, Judge?"
"Simply say, 'I never saw you before, sir.'
Why, certainly I ■would. I have no doubt that
dozens of men misrepresent themselves, and I
believe you could recall cases yourself. It is
infamous, sir. Yes, infamous, sir. Do you not
know that the reach of the confidence man is
without limit? Just think."
After a brief pause, during which the gentle
man addressed thought a little, he proceeded
JUDGE DIBBLE ESCAPING A CONFIDENCE MAN.
[Sketched from We far the "Call" by JTankiveU.]
to tell how Judge do Haven and Surveyor-Gen
eral Pratt were both hoaxed by the same man.
"It appears," he said, "that the fellow, who
was young, good-looking and claimed to hail
from Connecticut, walked into Judge de
Haven's office one morning and grasping the
judicial hand of his Honor, laid out the family
history and brought up by announcing that he
was a nephew of the Judge. Great was the joy
of the uncle when ho found out that a nephew
fresh from the native heath was in the city.
He was so boisterous in his delight that he
handed the boy $20 and bought him a city
map so that he could run around town a few
moments before going home to dine with the
rest of the family.
"Nephew never came back, and it is stated
that on the same day he dropped in on General
Pratt, aud, with a burst of good old Down East
information, announced himself a first cousin.
This was enough for the Surveyor, and he im
mediately left the office and took his new re
lation to see the sights, after which he
graciously saw the gentleman for a gold loan,
and then telephoned home to gather the clan
of Pratt and welcome the new man. During
the day Mr. Pratt got separated from his cousin,
and they have never been able to find each
Judge Dibble smiled a satisfied I-told-yon-so
smile, and walk away, remarking that it paid
to be sure.
J. 8. Power, European buyer for Murphy,
Grant & Co., has just returned from an ex
tended tour of the European markets. He has
taken up his quarters at the Palace, and was
shaking hand? with his numerous friends all
of yesterday. He reports business on the im
prove, and that trade in England, France and
Germany has received a considerable impetus
during the last six weeks. In the East the cry
of "dull times" is not so frequently heard, and,
all in ail, Mr. Power is of the opinion that the
volume of trade will be much larger this year
"I am glad to be back home," said Mr. Power,
as the longer one stays away from California
the more homesick he becomes. We have many
novelties on the way for the summer trade,
and the ladies will go into ecstacies over one or
two particular lines."
Quite a number of internal revenue officers
are quartered at the Occidental. Several
changes have gone into effect, and engineers
and lieutenants who had nice easy shore duties
will now have to visit Bering Sea. Engineer
Zastro of the Richard Rush and Engineer
Myers of the Hartley will change places, and
succeed Lieutenant McConnell of the Hartley.
The latter will go out on the Perry when she
sails for the Arctic. The Hartley is the board
ing cutter used in San Francisco Bay, and an
appointment to her is eagerly sought after by
all the revenue officers.
THE VICE OF DEADHEADISM.
BY S. H. FBIKDLANDEK, THEATBICAL VAJTAGEB.
Deadheadism is a pernicious vice that per
vades all classes in every city of the Old World
as well as the New, and of late years has become
more and more noticeable and obnoxious.
"No pent-up Utica" contracts its powers. Some
managers of theaters have thought the vice
might be restricted If a portion of the audito
rium, to be known as "Deadhead Row," were
assigned to seat those who do not pay, but the
idea was abandoned, because there were per
sons who would stand the pillory, as well as
the contempt of the honest ticket-buyer, if
they thought they could make a nickel by it.
Now the Eastern managers, as well as those in
this city, propose to attack the vice in a more
radical form, and make an effort to abate, if
not destroy, it altogether. The lowest form of
"deadheadism" belongs to a species of the
genus "deadbeat," who pays nothing and
makes it the business of his worthless life to
subsist on the honest labor of others. He is
chronic. He glories in his scheme. This spe
cies may be seen around hotels and other in
stitutions of public resort. You can tell him
as easily as a gambler tolls a marked card, or as
a police officer detects a sneak thief by the
hang-dog look he wears. He studies to victim
ize the theater, particularly, and when he
succeeds in doing so loudly boasts of It.
You will see this creature in the auditorium,
seated by and annoying responsible ticket pur
chasers, and no matter how creditable the per
formance may De he will be sure to decry it as
"a frost," a favorite term with him.
This nuisance works a double damage to the
theatrical manager's business. First, by Im
posing his worthless presence on the theater;
and, secondly, by keeping those who would
pay out of the house by disparaging, in season
[From a photograph by Thors.]
and ont of season, the different productions.
There are scores of these vermin about the dif
ferent San Francisco theaters. This species
of marauder on theatrical enterprise has, I
venture to say, done more to impair the busi
ness, not only here, but elsewhere, than any
other cause that may be cited or suggested.
What is it to him the heavy re. Nt the lessee pays
for the theater, the large and expensive com
pany occupying the stage, or that In whatever
direction the manager reaches out his hand it
must carry money. The deadhead has only
one opinion of the performance, after beating
hi 6 way in, and that is, tersely expressed, "I've
been to see the show and it's no good." He
knows no more about the merit or the demerit
of the play than a cow knows about Sunday,
but he thinks it is the correct thing to con
demn it, and he rubs his hands in glee if the en
terprise promises to fail.
There is another kind of deadhead— a man
who intends lobe honorable and respectable in
his dealings among men, who would scorn to
take any man's labor or substance in business
life without recompense, and yet bo insidious
is this deadhead vice that he does not scruple
to avail himself of the investment of the man
ager and of the time and study of the "poor
actor, who struts his brief hour on the stage,''
without making proper return. He had a free
ticket given him once and thus became tainted,
giving rise to the expression, "once a dead
head, always a deadhead." It is to such indi
viduals, however, that managers look for a
measurable cure of this vice of deadheadism.
A little reflection will convince such men of
the injustice of free admissions, and being
business men used to reason from cause to
effect, each one will put himself in the man
ager's place and get a correct view of the situa
tion. Their example would work a most desir
able and wholesome reform in this respect.
I am. happy to say that the managers and
legitimate journals all over the United States
have joined in vigorous effort to fling this
'•Old Man of the Sea"— this vice of dead-
headism— from the shoulders of the profes
sion. It was, indeed, high time to at
least make an attempt to Ktop the abuse,
one will acknowledge, when he reads of the
condition of the theaters on account of it in
the different cities of the Eastern States. The
Philadelphia managers say that that city is
"overstocked" with deadheads. They seek the
merest excuse to get a ticket, and the man
ager's life is made a hard one Dy them. A well
known manager of that city says: "They
usually lay for me about a quarter of 8 o'clock
in the evening and wait around the box-office.
They come in singles, pairs, trios and quartets.
And so I wait around until 8:30 o'clock before
I put in an appearance at the theater. By that
time the would-be deadheads have gone home
or bought tickets, and I am often $100 the
In Cincinnati, it 'is paid, all the railroad offi
cers, from the president down, are deadheads,
as well as every influential citizen of German
extraction across the Rhine, all the force in the
Mayor's office, the police and every hotel
In Boston, on one occasion, there were 1000
lithograph-pickets received at the door — an
auditorium crowded from pit to dome counted
up only $250— and it may be said that this
same pernicious lithograph and bill-board
practice of free admission prevails t? a greater
or less extent in all the leading cities of the
While the deadhead vice does not prevail in
San Francisco to the extent it obtains in the
places I have named, it has, at the same time,
gained so firm a footing here that a united'
effort iB demanded on the part of our local
managers to displace it. Otherwise, in a short
time the situation will become a fight for
managerial right in this city, as it is in many
of the cities of the East, and the dignity of the
profession will be lowered beneath notice.
As one of the managers of a new theatrical
enterprise I feel myself constrained to write as
above. I am heartily in sympathy with the
fight against the vice of deadheadism going on
in the East, ai.d consider it but just that every
body who desires to spend an enjoyable even
ing at the theater, or for any other privilege
should pay a fair price for it. In this way our
legitimate enterprises will be placed on a pav
ing basis, and manager? will be enabled to
supply a line of talent difficult to do at present
where, on account of this deadhead practice'
so much financial uncertainty exists.
It is the intention of the Columbia Theater
managers to cut off at the start of the enter
prise what is usually catted "the free list " ex
cepting members of the press on whom the
public depend for correct theatrical informa
tion, and also such people as give full value for
the privilege of admission. It is a bold move,
but I hope it will be recognized as s> just one
and be sustained by an intelligent public.
They may succeed in reducing the price of
the telephone service, but they will never be
able to thaw out the voice of the young woman
who informs us that the lines are in use.—
Thomas Maclay of Petaluma is at the Liok.
Colonel A. K. Whitten of San Jose is at the
G. C. Freeman, an attorney of Fresno, is at
State Senator E. C. Hart of Sacramento is at
Major L. W. Juilliard of Santa Rosa is a guest
at the Lick.
A. Hanson, a lumberman of Redwood City, is
at the Lick.
L. Gundelfinger, a banker of Fresno, is stay
ing at the Lick.
J. B. Stevens, an attorney of Napa, is regis
tered at the Lick.
Dr. Walter R. Gillette of New York is stop
ping at the Palace.
Governor Budd and Mrs. Budd registered at
the California yesterday.
G. MeM. Ross, a mining man of Copperopolis,
j is a guest at the Occidental.
E. P. Stacey, a banker of Minneapolis, regis
tered at the Grand yesterday.
C. M. Cassin, an attorney of Santa Cruz, reg
istered at the Grand yesterday.
Judge A. P. Catlln of Sacramento came down
yesterday and registered at the Lick.
Dr. J. L. Ord of Pacific Grove and Mrs. Ord
registered at the Occidental yesterday.
John T. Sullivan of the Sea Beach Hotel at
Santa Cruz is stopping at the California.
B. F. Hawes, a hotel man of San Andreas, is
among yesterday's arrivals at the Grand.
Worth E. Ross of the United States Revenue
Service is among yesterday's arrivals at the
Judge J. If. Murphy of Arizona and Mrs.
Murphy arrived in the City yesterday and put
up at the Lick.
W. W. Douglas, Assistant State Controller,
came down from Sacramento yesterday and Is
stopping at the Grand.
J. S. Power, the European buyer for Murphy,
Grant & Co., has returned from his annual trip
to Europe and is registered at the Grand.
Mrs. D. J. Staples is lying dangerously ill at
her residence. Her condition is such that
hopes of her recovery have been given up.
Colonel D. B. Fairbanks of the Fifth Regi
ment, a banker of Petaluma, came down yes
terday to attend the University alumni ban
quet, and registered at the Lick.
Mrs. Clara Shortridge Foltz left for an ex
tended Eastern tour yesterday. During her
absence Mrs. Foltz will contribute a number of
letters to the columns of the Call.
John E. Budd, an attorney of Stockton and
brother of Governor Budd, came down yester
day to attend the banquet of the alumni of the
university. Mr. Budd graduated in 1874, and
has tho honor of having sent the first son of an
alumnus to the university in Harry Berkeley
Budd of the class of '98.
SPIRIT OF THE PRESS.
It is better to be a high private in the rear
rank of the army of progress than to have a
front seat with mossbacks ana Silurians.—Mar
It begins to look as though Great Britain
might take extreme measures in her dispute
with Nicaragua. Evidently Lord Rosebery
realizes that James G. Blame is dead, and that
Walter Q. Gresham reigns in his stead.— Los
Sixty men are reported to have deserted from
the warship Olympia since she left San Fran
cisco for Santa Barbara and Los Angeles. Here
is a chance for some of the unemployed, but it
is one which few will jump at. Uncle Sam, in
his military and naval service, is an unpopular
employer. — Oakland Enquirer.
The influence of c local paper is not limited
to its own circulation or readers. If the arti
cles have been well prepared come of them are
extensively copied, and thus, instead of three
or four thotisand people reading the items,
they are often perused by hundreds of thou
sands of people. — Oroville Register.
The opening of China to a less restricted com
merce with the world leads the way to great
things for the Pacific Coast. The opportunity
will soon be ours. It remains with us to show
our appreciation of it, and not allow the North
west to derive the most benefit from It by a
greater energy and a more alert activity.- San
PEOPLE TALKED ABOUT.
Prince Massimo of Italy thinks that his la
the oldest family in Europe. He traces his an
cestry to Quiutuß Fabius Maximus.
Jorge Isaacs, the celebrated novelist of the
Republic of Colombia and one of the greatest
literary lights of Latin America, is dead.
Major yon Wissman, the famous African ex
plorer, who has been spending the winter at
Naples, proposes to take up his permanent
residence in Berlin.
Mine. Dessin, who died in Calais, France,
recently, was famous as the landlady of the
Hotel Dessin, where Laurence Sterne wrote his
Thomas Hardy's novel, "Tess of the d'Uber
villes," is to be dramatized, with Mrs. Patrick
Campbell in the title-roll. It ought to make
a powerful and entrancing play.
F. J. Williamson, sculptor, has executed »
bust of the late Lord Tennyson in marble, to
the order of the Queen, to be placed in the
grand corridor of Windsor Castle.
Since the recent attack on his life Premies
Crispi wears under his shirt, says the Caffero,
a Genoese journal, a light but solid coat of
mail of steel of double thickness over his
Colonel Waring, the Street-cleaning Commis
sioner of New York, recommends the building
of street lavatories in the city. Charles G.
Wilson, president of the Board of Health, joins
also in the recommendation.
IfSaint-Saens has been making an extensive
tour of the far East, and it is likely that he
will give the world some orientalized music
in the near future. He was especially in
terested in the strange dead cities of Kmer, ia
SUPPOSED TO BE HUMOROUS.
She— How old would you say I was?
He— Urn -well, I should say you were old
euough to know better than to think I would
answer a question like that. -Detroit Free Press.
Sweet Girl— Papa says you can't afford to
Ardent Youth— Nonsense! I canget a
preacher to perform the ceremony for $-.
Sweet Girl-Can you ? How foolish papa is.-
New York Weekly.
First Mamma-I hearfyour daughter has writ
ten a book-ahem-a very modern book I am
Second Mamma-Yes. I certainly shouldn't
have allowed the dear child to read it if she
hadn't written it.-Pick-Me-lp.
Nowadays it is a wise grandfather who knows
as much as his grandson-Tammany Times.
The pathway of the magazine that pays on
publication is strewn with the pale corpses ol
starved authors.-Atlanta Constitution.
In spite of her boasted independence in nine
cases out of ten the new woman couldn't get
along without the old man.— Boston Globe.
E. H. Black, painter, 114 Eddy street. •
rents collected. Ashton, 411 Montgomery.*
__ *■ ♦ — ■»
California Glace fruits, 50c lb. Townsend's.*
Bacon Printing Company, 508 Clay street •
Try our "Atlas Bourbon" and you will want
none other. Mohns &. Kaltenbach, 29 Market.*
The Marquis of Lome has just finished writ
ing a light opera libretto, of which the scene is
laid in Scotland. A story by this nobleman
appears in the current Pall Mall Magazine.
He seems to be bent on literary fame.
Hood's Sarsaparllla Is the only true blood puri
fier. Thla is the reason for the remarkable cures
which have followed its use in all parts of the
country. Pure blood means good health.
after a, sleip'osi night use Dr. Slegert's Angos
tura Bitters to tone up your system. All druggists.
If afflicted with sore eyes use Dr. Isaac Thomp
son's Eye Wui«. Druggists sell it at 25 cents.
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