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The San Francisco call. (San Francisco [Calif.]) 1895-1913, April 29, 1895, Image 2

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FAIREST PLEASANTON.
One of the Thriving
Towns of Liver
more Valley.
ITS GREAT STOCK FARMS.
Rich Soil and Good Cultivation
Characteristics of the
County.
VINE- COVERED COTTAGE HOMES
Hops and Sugar Beets, as Well as
Cereals and Fruits, the
Products.
PLEASANTON, Cal., April 28.—"Solo
mon in all his glory was not arrayed" as
are the wall-like hills of beautiful Niles
Canyon, covered as they are to-day with
the regal wild poppy. It is surely the
SOME OF THE K-EPRESENTATIVE CITIZENS OF PLEASANTON.
flower of California, but vhen the bill is
passed by the legislators decreeing it such
let be under the simple understandable
name "wild poppy." The ugly name
eschscholtzia was the cause of Governor
Budd's pocketing the late session's bill on
the subject, but it is with the fair valley of
Livermore that this article deals.
About an hour's ride from the Oakland
mole through picturesque Niles Canyon—
which is always tilled with campers and
tourists during the summer months — past
lovely Sunol and the travel emerges into
Livermore Valley. The first town of this
district is appropriately named Pleasan
ton. The air is clear, the heavens blue, no
salt sea winds can pass through the Coast
Range of mountains that lie off to the west
and separate Livermore Valley, thirty-five
miles from the shores of San Francisco
Bay, with its great metropolis and thriving
sister city, Oakland, on either side.
Pleasanton, with its 1000 or more inhab
itants, is a pretty town, with streets bor
dered with shade trees. But the glory of
California is the country. The country
about Pleasanton has a moist soil that is
very fertile. Grain, hops, sugar beets, veg
etables, are especially adapted to this soil,
which is an alluvial sediment. Fruit and
vines are a wonderful success on the roll
ing ground and the foothills. Sunshine
and the absence of rough winds bring the
grapes to perfection. Some of the best
wine made in this State is from the vine
yards of the Livermore country. Ruby
Hill vineyard, owned by the Crellin fam
ily, is the largest in the immediate vicinity
of Pleasanton. There are 225 acres planted
in choice vines. There is a winecellar, a
substantial three-story brick building, with
a capacity of 300,000 gallons. A distillery
is connected with the vineyard, where all
wine not up to the highest test is made
into brandy.
They bottle and label their own wines as
a rule. During last season their sales
amounted to 150,000 gallons of wine and
2000 gallons of brandy.
The acreage planted in sugar beets in
creases each year, and well it may, as the
beets grown in the soil of this locality con
tain a very large percentage of sugar and
are consequently in demand at the nearest
refinery, Alvarado.
Daring 1894, 1,717,120 tons were shipped
from the Pleasanton Station. The price
paid for the beats was $4 a ton when
loaded on the cars, or $5 when delivered at
Alvarado. When it is considered that the
average yield per acre is from 18 to 30 tons,
the conclusion is that sugar-beets can be
profitably grown in the rich bottom lands
near town. As the United States is as yet
unable to produce more than a small frac-
tion of the sugir consumed within its
boundaries, there is no fear of over-pro
duction in the sugar-beet line.
The raising of hops is an important in
dustry in this locality, the soil and cli
mate being peculiarly well adapted. There
are no failures in crop 9 as in Washington,
Oregon, and in the English hop-fields of
Kent.
The Pleasanton Hop Company, of which
P. H. Lilienthal of San Francisco is the
president, has 350 acres planted in hops.
They have adopted the system of trellising,
the poles being 18 feet high. The system
surpasses, and is now superseding all oth
ers, so says Mr. Davis, the intelligent and
practical manager of the hop-fields. The
company employs twenty white men to
plow, and seventy-five Japanese as string
ers. They have eight drying kilns and two
ware-houses. Last year the crop was 2200
bales, each bale weighing 185 pounds.
The Pleasanton Company encourages the
planting of hops, as it is bound to be a
permanent industry, and one suited to thi3
vicinity. The hop-raiser has the advantage
of the fruit-grower in that hops produce
largely the first year of planting, and the
roots last many years.
The great brickyard of the Remillard
Company, which plant consists of two
Hoffman patent kilns, with a capacity of
17,000,000 bricks a year, is located about one
mile east of Pleasanton. This company
employs 130 men during the busy season.
Natural gas baa been struck in this local
ity, showing a heavy flow, which, with de
velopment, could be utilized by this district
to advantage. )
Pleasanton has splendid cool artesian
water from many wells in the vicinity,
which contain many medicinal properties,
magnesia and iron predominating.
The raising of fine stock is almost a craze
in this Livermore Valley country. And
why shouldn't it be, when Pleasanton
stock has lowered the world's record? Xo
one ?eems to drive slow horses in this
royai domain of horsedom. All tLe ranch
hoys go spinning along the smooth high
ways. A number of fine stock farms are
here, where famous thoroughbred sires and
dams see their sons and daughters train
and go forth to win on all the great race
courses of the country.
The Pleasonton stock farm and training
track of Monroe Salisbury, which is re
nowned the world over, is located just at
the t^wn limits of Pleasanton. Many
noted horsemen and trainers make this
farm their headquarters.
Andy McDowell, the trainer and driver
of queenly Alix, is now at horne — literally
at home— for his pretty vine-covered cot
tage, well-kept grounds and fine stables are
very near the justly celebrated stock farm
of Monroe Salisbury. Mr. McDowell, a
medium-sized, lithe, muscular man, with
a pronounced composure of manner and
perceptible iron nerve, showed the Call
representative through the stables, which,
as stables, are plain, unattractive and un
adorned in comparison with the Bonner sta
bles in New York and some of the palatial
stables of Kentucky. But the stalls are
large rooms with fancy robes and blankets
hung about the walls as a protection to the
satin-like coats of the beautiful animals
that live under them.
Intelligent brown Alix, the "queen of
the turf," who lowered the world's record
| to 2:00% on the Galena (111.) racetrack
when driven by Andy McDowell, was
i called upon first, as was her due through
j the law of royal precedence. The writer
had a bunch of lilac blossoms at her belt,
which this humanlike creature with the
soft eyes commenced to eat half teasingly
\ as the wonderful record she had made and
the greater things she is going to do were
\ tal ked of.
Fifty thousand dollars has been offered
and refused for Alix — a big price consider
! ing the fact that the price of horseflesh has
I gone down during the last two years.
The cart used in the great race, which
weighs but twenty pounds and tnree
ounces, was next examined. Then Flying
Jib, the pacer with the world's record of
I:sß}^, was seen. This hore has a tierce
eye and keep-your-distance air. Altibo,
with a record of 2:16, was next called upon.
This horse, who i 9 owned by an Oregon
man, can be looked out for, as his possi
bilities are great.
Little Directly with the world's record of
two-year-olds, 2:07^, is a beauty and as
hospitable as Alix. Diabla with 2 :(B}4 re
cord shows royal blood and training, as
George Dexter, Lulu P and many others
who are here training for the season.
Mr. McDowell will take a great string with
him to the Eastern tracks in a few weeks
to compete with the world's swiftest trot
ters and pacers.
The big warehouses of the Chadbourne
Warehouse Company, incorporated, tell
the story of a good production and much
shipping. Joshua Chadbourne is Presi
dent and T. W. Harris manager of this
large storage, shipping and commission
firm.
H. Arendt & Co. have a large gen
eral store besides warehouses for shipping
and commission purposes.
Philip Kolb, K. Kalisky, Cutler & Silver
and numerous other good business houses
testify to the substantial outlying country.
Pleasanton has a bank, judging from
the names of the directors, which is im
pregnable. P. N. Lilenthal is President,
! E. L. Benedict cashier.
The churches, Methodist, Presbyterian
and Catholic, are prosperous. The Presby
terian pastor is an earnest worker. The
Methodist Church is thriving with a large
THE SAN FEANCISCO CALL, MONDAY, APRIL 29, 1895.
Sunday-school and a strong Epworth
League Chapter. Father Power, who lives
at Livermore, has charge of the Pleasanton
parish. Father Power is a -strong power
for good among his people, and is popular
among all classes in this valley, where he
is counted almost as a pioneer.
What about the schools may be asked,
and the verdict is good, very good. A. M.
Sanford, who has been principal of the
grammar schools for eight years is doing
good work in which he is well assisted by
Miss L. Harris, vice-principal and a faith
ful corps of teachers. Mr. Sanford has ten
pupils ready for graduation.
The school has several unique points not
always found in public schools; that is a
good literary society in connection with
the school work, and a well equipped gym
nasium where teachers and pupils have
certain hours for athletic exercise. Mr.
Sanford is a particularly earnest man, the
friend of his pupils.
Pleasanton has an enterprising weekly
paper, the Times, which is edited by a live
young man, C. S. White.
When the gas wells are developed and a
sugar and other factories are established
here, as they surely will be, 'this town of
Pleasanton will be a business point of con
sequence. ________________
MURDER MYSTERY SOLVED
Philadelphia Police Unravel a
Crime Committed Sixteen
Years Ago.
Evidence -Pointed to the Husband of
the Dead Woman, But He
Was Innocentf
PHILADELPHIA, Pa., April 28.-A
murder mystery dating back several years,
where evidence pointed strongly to James
E. Logue, known to the police of the
United States as "Jimmy" Logue, has been
cleared up by a confession of the murderer.
On the night of February 22, 1879, Jo
hanna Logue, the wife of Jimmy, vanished
as suddenly as if the earth had opened and
swallowed her. The newspapers at the
time were full of it, rewards were offered
and no one was more indefatigable in his
efforts to locate the woman than Logue
himself. On October 16, 1893, fourteen
years afterward, a carpenter rppairing the
house at i 250 North Eleventh street tore
up some boards in the kitchen and there
found the skeleton of a woman. When it
became known that Logue and his wife
had lived in the house suspicion at once
pointed to him as the murderer, but all
search for him proved unavailing.
On the evening of March 5 last the door
bell of Coroner Ashbridge's private resi
dence rang, and, answering it in person,
he was confronted by an old white-haired
man, who said abruptly: "lam Jimmy
Logue and I have come to give myself
up."
That was all he said and the Coroner
handed him over to the police under an
assumed name. From that time on the
Coroner and Detective Geyer worked to
gether in secret until they had unraveled
the complete story, which culminated a
few days ago in the arrest of a man whose
identity was not revealed until to-day. He
is Alphonse Cutaier Jr., the illegitimate
son of one of Lopue's former alleged wives.
He is locked up in the City Hall on a
charge of murder, while in a neighboring
cell is Logue, held as the star witness.
Cntaier has made a confession, in which
he acknowledges causing the woman's
death, though he asserts it was done in
voluntarily.
CHARGED WITH MURDER.
Ex-City Treasurer Zuseotnb of Milwaukee
Will Plead Self-Defense.
MILWAUKEE, Wis., April 28.-Ex-City
Treasurer Luscomb was formally placed
under arrest this afternoon, charged with
murder in the first degree for shooting his
brother-in-law, Emil A. Sanger, brother of
the champion bicyclist, Saturday night.
The prisoner was released on |10,000 bail
furnished by his father and Henry Haase.
Public sympathy seems to be with Lus
comb and hundreds of leading citizens
called upon him at the police station to
offer assistance and advice. Even some of
the members of the Sanger family do not
bear him any great resentment, knowing
as they did that the murdered man had
cruelly beaten his wife and threatened to
kill Luscomb.
When Sanger went to the Luscomb home
on Grand avenue and Fifteenth street,
where his wife had taken refuge with her
brother and father after he had beaten her,
he carried a heavy cane but no revolver,
and when he stepped up to the door and
tried to force an entrance Luscomb shot
him through a heavy plateglass. His
head was literally filled with the pieces
and he died instantly. He had been to the
house before and showed a gardener a long
knife which he said he would use on Lus
comb. This is the latter's excuse for
shooting Sanger.
PELICAL FOIXT MURDERS.
The Utah Sheriff Receives an Important
Tip From Montana.
SALT LAKE, Utah, April 28.—Impor
tant developments are looked for in con
nection with the recent murder of the
three men at Pelical Point, Utah. On the
strength of a letter received from Montana
the Sheriff of Lehi made another visit to
the cabin formerly occupied by the mur
dered men and found it occupied by Hayes,
Tyrell and Lars Peterson. Hayes is the
father-in-law of one of the murdered men.
The Sheriff discovered evidence which it is
thought will lead to arrests.
The exact purport of the letter from
Montana cannot be learned, as the officials
claim its publication would be detrimental
to the investigation.
BLOWN VP BI GAS.
Erplosions of Xatural Illuminant
Causes Injuries in Vittsburg.
PITTSBURG, Pa., April 25.-At Edge
wood, a suburb, to-day, the residence of
Attorney A. L. Spindler was blown apart
by an explosion of natural gas, which
leaked into the cellar through a drain.
Rebecca Spindler was probably fatally
injured by falling from the second floor.
Her sister Mary and Officer Selhermer
were seriously burned. The explosion was
followed in quick succession by two others,
which wrecked the adjoining houses of A.
L. Swift, Professor D. W. Downing and A.
J.Johnson. Total loss, $20,000 ; insurance
unknown.
Cruisers Reach A>u> York.
NEW YORK, N. V., April 28.-The
United States cruisers, the Columbia, com
manded by Captain Sumner, and the New
York, commanded by Captain Evans,
which were detached from Admiral
Meade's squadron at Key West and or
dered to proceed to the navy yard at
Brookljn to prepare for participation in
the ceremonies of the opening of the North
Sea and Baltic Canal in June, arrived Here
to-day. Both vessels anchored temporarily
in the North Paver.
In Melbourne there is a lawn tennis
court attached to the Legislature and in
Sydney billiard tables and card 3 are pro
vided.
SOON TO BE A STATE.
Utah Will Be the Next
to Add a Star to
"Old Glory."
READY FOR THE DEBUT.
A Fair Territory That Is Rich
in Resources and At
tractions.
ITS WONDERFUL PROGRESS.
The Olty of the Saints as It Is To-
Day-Changres Which a Few
Years Have Made.
SALT LAKE CITY, Utah, April 28.—
"The letter in the candle" points to Utah—
the coming State. The political and social
interests of its people will now find voice
in the halls of National legislation and
commerce, while the sparks of achieve
ment, long smoldering, will burn with
ever-increasing brightness when fanned by
the prosperity which will surely come with
Statehood.
The eyes of many have recently been
turned upon this fair Territory ,not only on
account of its coming importance in the
political issues of the Nation, but also
from the fact of its changed social condi
tions, its resources and attractions and its
growing financial relation to the surround
ing States in the West.
The changes in its political, social and
financial condition during the last few
years have been most marked, and to-day
Utah is passing through the most impor
tant epoch in its history, endeavoring to
enter the Union as a free and Independent
State, having passed through the late finan
cial storm with but little damage; and for
the first time the people of the Territory
have recently appeared at the polls under
the banners of Republicanism and Democ
racy, with a signal victory for the first
named cause.
For years the political fight in Utah
was kept up on religious lines — the People's
party (Mormon) against the Liberal party
(non-Mormon). With the disbanding of
the People's party some years ago, and the
more recent disruption of the Liberals, the
two great National parties slowly raised
their heads, and the old lights, the bitter
ness of the past, faded into memory. It
was generally supposed that the People's
party was Democratic, and that the Lib
erals were mostly Republicans. This was
partly proved in the election of 1892, when
the fight was made between Democracy,
Liberalism and a small array of faithful
Republicans. The Peoples-Democratic
candidate was elected to Congress as a Del
egate from Utah, and the prognosticators
smiled. In the more recent election, that
of last November, when only the National
party lines were drawn, the Republicans
elected their candidate, and many came
to the conclusion that there was a heavy
percentage of Republicans in both the old
local factions. Be that as it may, the rea
sons which made Utah Republican can be
ascribed to the silver and wool legislation,
combined with the present policy of the
administration.
In accordance with the provisions of the
enabling act the Constitutional Conven
tion is now assembled in a magnificent
and new city and county building framing
the laws which will govern the new State.
The constitution will first be submitted to
the people, and then presented to Con
gress with the petition for the admission
of Utah into the Union.
The complexion of the convention is Re
publican, and its sessions so far have not
been characterized by any serious disturb-
ances on party issues, although the
woman's suffrage question called up a
lengthy discussion. From the first it was
Known that the woman suffrage plank
would be introduced, but it was not
deemed a party issue, as the convention
was divided on the subject, and many
wanted the questiou submitted to the
people in a separate article. At present it
is pretty certain that it will form an article
in the constitution, and if the people want
it they will vote for it.
The convention has just closed a severe
struggle with prohibition. This question
has been hanging fire for some months.
In Salt Lake's social life can be seen the
most striking changes of all. In the past
there was little affiliation between Mormon
and gentile, but to-day this has been en
tirely forgotten and the utmost cordiality
exists between all, the leading set in the
city being equally made up of the wealth,
education and refinement of the inhabi
tants, with no thought of religioug ideas.
The dozen or more schools which have
been erected here but recently are a source
of pride to the whole Territory, while the
system, generally speaking, is a revelation,
owing to the short time it has taken to
build it up.
The growth of churches and religious
bodies has been noticeable for the last
few years, and on Easter the services were
of a high order, while the music in many
was really excellent, and the congrega
tions were not only large but the number
of strangers seen in attendance upon that
day in the various churches proved con
clusively that there is a steady influx of
pood Americans into this portion of the
West.
The evolution of architecture in Salt
Lake is a most interesting study. Stand
ing in the upper part of town is a little
hewn-log, mud-covered house, one of the
first built here in 1847. It is a famous old
landmark and the tirst place where the
tourist is driven. Directly opposite, on an
other corner, commanding a perfect view
of the valley, is the handsome residence of
a leading banker, built a few years ago,
and often the scene of an up-to-date recep
tion, german or other entertainment. The
contrast is striking and shows at a glance
the difference between then and now.
Two dozen homes could be mentioned
which have been erected in the last five
years, with all the modern ideas of luxury,
comfort and artistic effect. The number of
less pretentious homes is also very large
houses which, in cost, range from $8000 to
$15,000. and are erected by the solid busi
ness class of men These homes have done
much to encourage the entertainments and
social functions which go so far toward >
making a city an attractive place for a
stranger to settle in, and the cordiality
shown visitors who come with an intro
duction or on a visit to local friends, is
marked for its sincerity and has often been
the subject of pleasant comment by those
who have enjoyed a stay in Salt Lake.
The building of Raltair has done much
to encourage the evolution of the social
life in Salt Lake, and the lovely resort has
proved a boon toj the enforced resident
during the hot spell, giving one a chance
to pass an afternoon and evening in a
partly metropolitan manner.
Salt Lake has always been a theatrical
town, dating from the days of the stock
company organized by Brignam Young at
the historic theater which is still doing
business and booking only first-class at
tractions. The new Grand Opera-house,
opened on Christmas, employs a first-class
stock company from New York and San
Francisco, and has' been a great success
from the day of its opening, a stock com
pany being an innovation which seems to
have 6truck the fancy of the public.
It is the establishment of these seemingly
unimportant things which have helped
revolutionize local society, and many more
features could readily be spoken of which
have had their share in building up the
attractive place of the present day, the
city and Territory which has so many
charms for the visitor, the tourist or the
resident.
Salt Lakers returning from California
are enthusiastic over the projected San
Joaquin Valley road which seems, to the
careful observer, to be an assured fact.
Others, recently back from la fiesta in the
City of Angels, report, in much the same
strain, that the people there are anxious to
have the Salt Lake and Los Angeles con
necting line also.
The dispatches tell us that Bishop
Taylor of Utah has been in San Diego for
some time on one more Utah-California
line, a line which is proposed to run from
the neighborhood of Cedar City, a virgin
country, yet untouched by the bands of
steel and in a region abounding in a
wealth of natural resources, mainly eco
nomic material. The dispatch aiso states
that a Mr. Powers has started for Utah to
Investigate the Cedar City region— and
this fact is significant when coupled with
the information that yesterday afternoon
a party of railroad magnates started from
Saiina, Utah, the southern terminus
of the Rio Grande Western, on a trip
to Cedar City. The party went in
wagons, was equipped for camping
and carried pack animals. With the party
were General William J. Palmer and A.
Foster Peabody of New York, president
and vice-president of the Rio Grande
Western Railway. General Manager Dodge,
resident engineer yard and Superintend
ent Welby are also supposed to be of the
party, as they left Salt Lake together on a
"pleasure trip." Perhaps the gentlemen
are merely on a hunting trip, but as Cedar
City is their destination, and as an emis
sary from San Diego is also bound for that
locality, and as the Rio Grande Western
sees the importance of extending its lines,
the impression has gained ground that this
trip is the first of a series of investigations
which will lead to the extension of the
"Western" to the southwest corner of Utah,
at least, there to connect with the San
Diego projected road.
The Rio Grande Western sees the import
ance of heading off the San Pete Valley road,
which also points to Southern California.
This road has connections with the Union
Pacific, and operates about 55 miles to
Manti and Morrison, owing to extensive
coal properties at the latter place. It is
an English road, and though the local offi
cials refuse to be interviewed on the sub
ject, it is known that money is behind
their road ana an extension is confidently
looked forward to by those who know the
general standing of affairs ia the railroad
world.
But the San Joaquin road is the one to
which Utonians should pin their faith, as
it is a feasible project, backed by the solid
men of San Francisco and planned to build
up the territory througn which it will run.
Salt Lake should and probably will take
steps to co-operate with the promoters of
this line, which will be the means of en
riching this Territory tenfold. Unfortu
nately this city has had but little of that
hurrying, bustling and pushing spirit of
the San Franciscan, but it is coming to it,
and men of this description are going into
business here right along, entering into
everything which helps to build up the
commercial interests of their home.
While affected in a measure by the low
price of silver and lead, two of the leading
products of the Territory, the business con
ditions of Utah are by no means bad.
While other towns of the West were hav
ing their phenomenal growth in th«
"eighties" Salt Lake was conservative.
The honeyed words of the boomer failed to
plunge her people into the recklessness
which eventually comes with unhealthy
growth, so that when the crash came and
banks were crumbling in other cities Salt
Lake withstood the strain. Not having
been overboomed the people were not over
bought. Not so much as a suggestion of a
"run" on any Salt Lake bank occurred at
this critical time. There were but few
mortgage foreclosures, and but two or
three important failures. In the very cen
ter of the stringency, when money was the
most timid, the city sold $800,000 in
twenty-year 5 per cent bonds in the open
market, at a premium.
Inquiry among the representatives of
companies holding mortgage securities
discloses the fact that a number of such
companies have not had a single default in
either interest or principal. Well-situated
real estate has not depreciated in value.
The city has been slowly but steadily
growing, and, as a matter of fact, to-day
there is a greater demand for modern resi
dences in well-situated portions of the town
than can be supplied.
Recent discoveries of a sufficient amount
of natural gas to practically eliminate coal
from domestic use, the possession of a
greater diversity of resources than can be
claimed by any other area equal in size to
Utah, the early coming of Btatehood, the
presence here of the Great Bait Lake, hot
springs and other unique attractions and
the wonderful character of the climate of
the Territory are circumstances which
combine to make the City of the Saints an
early candidate for the honor of Utah's
capital and before the end of the century
one of the great centers of wealth, business
and population on the highway of great
cities between the two oceans.
ARRIVED AT TOLEDO.
The Crete of the Sadie Shepard Reach
Shore After a Bough Trip.
TOLEDO, Ohio, April 28. — Captain
George Hay ward and four of the crew of
the little steamer Sadie Shepard, which
foundered and sank just outside of Mau
mee Bay yesterday afternoon, arrived in
Toledo safe and sound to-day. They left
the sinking steamer in a yawl just before
she sank and safely made the Michigan
shore. William Jones, the cook, and Al
bert Hamlin, the engineer, were left on the
wreck. Hamlin was afterward rescued
by the tug Roy of this city, but Jones was
drowned, he having jumped overboard in
the excitement.
The steamer was coming across the head
of Lake Erie in the trough of the sea and
the strain was too much for her. She
sprung a leak and filled so fast that she
sank in less than an hour after the water
commenced coming into the hold.
The men who were saved report a very
rough experience, having rowed seven
miles in the yawl in a terrific sea that
threatened to swamp their frail craft any
minute.
In Armenia no preparations whatever
made by an occult art may be lawfully
sold in the public.
COAL PORTS NEEDED
Admiral Meade's Cruise
Demonstrates That
Fact.
CARIBBEAN SEA SUPPLY
The Stations Are Largely Held
by the British, Who Are
Exorbitant.
OWNERSHIP MEANS ECONOMY
Secretary Herbert May Recommend
to Congress the Purchase of
Suitable Sites.
WASHINGTON, D. C, April 28.-The
recent experience of Admiral Meade in
his cruise with a squadron through the
waters of the Gulf of Mexico and the Car
ibbean Sea has served to again attract the
attention of the officials of the Navy De
partment to the necessity of acquiring at
least one or two coaling stations in these
waters for the use of the navy. Although
the cruise lasted only a few weeks the dif
ficulty of procuring a sufficient supply of
coal at different points and at a reasonable
price has strikinnly indicated the trouble
that may be expected when it shall be
necessary to maintain for long periods of
time, or perhaps permanently, a number
cruising gunboats in these waters. Such a
contingency is being prepared for by the
construction of a number of boats calcu
lated for just such service.
The sources of coal supply in that sec
tion are at present largely in British pos
sessions. The price is always high in some
ports, but it is very much higher in others,
being known to reach $156 a ton at Colon.
Now that the navy has rid itself almost en
tirely of sail power and that the ships rely
altogether on steam the amount of money
expended in coal is assuming formidable
proportions and the naval officials are us
ing all their ingenuity to keep down this
expense without injury to the service.
Perhaps, for this reason, a number of offic
ers who had not regarded favorably the
proposition to establish coaling stations
outside of the United States are now be
coming convinced that such a plan would
be decidedly in the interest of economy.
In the case of Admiral Meade's cruise, to
prevent the paying of extortionate charges
for coal, the navy adopted the plan of con
tracting with an American firm to deliver
coal alongside the vessels of the squadron
at some of the ports. This plan worked
well within certain limits, and a consider
able economy was effected. But there
were grave objections to the adoption of
such a plan as a permanency.
It requires the arrangements of the
movements of the vessels of the squadron
with great exactness a long time in ad
vance, and this would be quite impossible
in times of trouble just when the ships are
required to be well supplied with coal so
as to be able to make sudden movements.
There is also reason to believe that, while
no objection has yet been made to this ex
periment, the nations owning the ports
where the coal is transferred to our cruis
ers will not permit the practice to continue
without the collection of heavy duties on
coal, and up to this time no thoroughly
satisfactory method has been found" by
which the coal can be transferred on the
open sea.
But aside from these purely economical
reasons for the establishment of coaling
stations, a stronger one is found. In the
time of war, under the neutrality laws, our
ships would be excluded from the priv
ilege of coaling in foreign ports and would
thus be absolutely prevented from hostile
operations, if they did not fall easy victims
to an enemy better equipped with bases of
coal supply.
It is said by naval officers that the com
mon belief that these coal stations would
be very expensive to acquire and would be
required to be strongly fortified to defend
them, also at great expense, is without
real foundation. Some of these officers
who have been giving great attention to
the subject are confident that the United
States could readily arrange for the acqui
sition of coaling stations from almost any
of the countries along the Gulf of Mexico
or the Caribbean Sea at a nominal price.
Nothing in the way of equipment is n«
cessary except a landing wharf, and the
services of a man to watch the place would
suffice.
Victims of Dyspepsia
Find such ready relief in Hood's Sarsapa-
rilla, that it seems to have almost a magi-
cal touch. For in-
i^^^^^^Sv stance read Mr.
fs& "I cannot in one
eil' '^9i*A >««! short letter tell of my
feu '^23? v *sSk¥ sufferings. I would
f®^- briefly gay that I had
ljJ3i _. V all the horrors of
'\I2L «?^Os dyspepsia, insomnia
I^?M>s!sV&&ms s5 tried man y ways to
fegjKgPiiwlsgli^ LSjet relief and failed.
«R\w?*KMln\KS' jS!t ' but not least I
W^a^^^ffi^^jhave used about eight
BffiPy®^»«SOT§ bottles of Hood's
Kf||^^P|tt£| 3ar » a P an ' llfl . and feel
LC-2fcs.\r '/At'jb^'/^jmora than 50 per
cent Detter tnan i uave for three years
past; and all this at a cost not so great as
three trips to a doctor. I giye God the
praise for the inspiration that brought out
Hood's Sarsaparilla. May its proprietors
live long and do good. Of all the prepara-
tions extant, Hood's Sarsaparilla is the
best for all sufferers with similar com-
plaints. lam a farmer, nearly 58 years of
age, and weigh 185 pounds."
8. E. Bakbb, W. Jefferson, 0.
Hood's Sarsaparilla
I® the Only
True Blood Purifier
This is the reason for its remarkable
cures. Try it this spring.
Hood's Pillc** 8 * tobny.eaiytoUke,
■ Iy : » *lIIISI I1IS easy in effect. 25c.
/"""^ Dr.Gibfoon'sDispensary,
JUt^jn 633 KEARKY ST. Established
H^^TBa in 1834 'or the treatment of ivate
gsLjJ&Jßsil Diseases, Lost Manhood. Debility or
vflßßßira <11seaa* wearlngon bodyand mind ami
«^*?S^aSJclnDl3faseH. doctor cures when
KSSBSfiisI others fall. Try him. ClmriCM low.
iSHraSßoata (areicnarantfed. Callor write.
Br. J. F. 6IBBOIT, Box 1»»7, San I'rancUoo.
ElWtws Ocst Cotaikeo Br DEWEY & C 0.,1
7 - ; 220 Mahket St., 9. f ., Cm. J 1
ITEW TO-DAY.
THE
POWER
OF
MONEY!
(*S|4l.OO
MATCH
It is marvelous the power of
money! As an example o! whai
ready money will accomplisb in a
depressed market here's this pretty
Oxford Tie, vici kid foxed, >vitii
pointed toe, V-shaped tips, turned
soles. We sell it for
$1.00.
It looks and fits as well as any
$1 50 tie, and will give splendid
service. Remember, your money
buck if not satisfactory.
__
SOUTHERN TIES.
tk.i!f£ -\%w§^2*. m% I 111
CASH! CASH! CASH!
That is the secret of our low
prices. We have the largest Cash
capital of any concern in San
Francisco, and we buy at NET
CASH PRICES. Therefore, while
others must charge you $2 and
$2 50 for this latest and prettiest
style of low shoe we can sell it at
51.50.
Tan cloth top, tan vici kid fox,
pointed toe and tip, hand turned,
and your money back if not satis-
factory.
tiTsi.oo
B &V Sizes 4to 8.
A pretty lan shoe, V-shaped tip,
spring heel.-*, neat square toe, for
children between 2 and 5 years.
This is a good shoe for wear, and
the color is just a shade dark, verg-
ing on russet. It will not show
the dirt as readily as the lighter
shades.
Iwk f^ ■
For the older children, those be-
tween the ages of 6 and 12, we've a
stylish tan shoe, neatly iinished, a
good fitter and splendid wearer.
Others will ask half a dollar more
for the same shoe.
Sizes Bto 10!4 - - - - - $1.25
Sizes 11 to 2 - - - - - $1.50
LOW SHOES FOR
CHILDREN.
SANDALS.
These little slippers for the chil-
dren are, we believe, carried by us
exclusively. At any rate, our
prices are exclusive. They come
in tan or patent leather, medium
round toes, spring heels and turned
soles. The prettiest kind of slip-
per for after-dinner wear in sum- ■
mer hotels or for dancing parties.
Sizes 5 to 1)4 • $1.25
SizesBto 10& $1.50
Sizes Hto2 $1.75
Children's Tan Oxfords.
Graceful, stylish, serviceable, and
at prices astonishingly low.
Sizes 5 to 1 A $1.00
SizesB to 10^ $1.05
Sizes 11 to 2 $1.50
We are the San Fran-
cisco selling agents for
Buckingham & Hecht's
San Francisco made Fine
Shoes.
Country orders filled and shipped
upon receipt.
Catalogue free upon application.
Kast's
738-740 Market St. *
Weak Men andWpmen
S^SFJ'V* B ,* D 4 MI *NA BITTEKB.THB
Btmujrth u> Ui aiajmai OrtJUU. **•»"* l"

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