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CHARLES -M. SHORTRIDQE, W°
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The Eastern office of the SAN FRANCISCO
CALL (Dally and Weekly), Pacific States Adver
tising Bureau, l'.liiatiamitr " building, Rose and
puane streets, New York. . o^'vJ.v,
THE SUMMER MONTHS. . i .
Are you going to the country on a vacation II
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prompt attention. ' i, .
THUR5DAY.'.....;.:.......... MAY 16, 1895
New California is the watchword.
Hard work overcomes hard times.
Healdsburi? dons its holiday attire to
People who make no progress make
The ways of enterprise are always win
Shutting off the City lights won't keep
the deficit dark.
Until we have better pavements no one
can live on Ea^y street.
Economy should illumine our path and
not leave us in the dark.
Westward the fruit-grower must take his
way if he desires a sure thing.
The picnic season seems to have been a
dead frost all over the lake region.
The best plant to cultivate on the Pacific
Coast just now is the factory plant.
If Cleveland leaves the Democratic party
the only place for him will be a hole in the
Just as soon as we get pleasant pave
ments in the City it will be difficult to find
A few nights of dark streets will incline
everybody to bond the City and make
light of it.
San Francisco hag a good opportunity
now to get a public library her people can
be proud of.
There would not be so many festivals in
( alifornia if there were not so many reasons
Sooner or later the fruit factories must
come where the orchards are and meet the
fruit half way.
No sort of moral reform can precede
knowledge of how the commonest affairs
of life can be managed wisely.
It is a foolish man who spends his time
mourning over lost opportunities instead
of looking round for new ones.
While we are talking of festivals and
progress our Eastern friends are discussing
nothing but politics and baseball.
Shipping fresh fruit across the continent
may be risk}-, but it is not half so much so
as trying to grow it in the frost belt.
A sneer is easier than wisdom, and flip
pancy is the slide on which Folly flies
down, screaming with laughter, to drown
If the bicyclists make an earnest fight
for good streets the time will soon come
when cobblestones will be remembered
with a shudder.
It must be comforting for the residents
of the San .Toaquin Valley to read of the
profits secured by the Southern Pacific
Company in 1894.
The Sacranien'o Valley editors are evi
dently determined to supply the valley
with a new drc sa an>l issue its industries in
an enlarged form.
Those who insist that arbitration would
settle all disputes seem to overlook the
function of the courts and the duty to re
frain from disagreeing.
The extension of tho railway is bringing
about the inevitable result in America of
localizing the production of all the leading
articles of consumption.
It is said Tom Reed can speak English,
French and Italian and is now studying
Spanish, but we notice he always talks
The only exaltation that would be seemly
over the destruction of so niueh of the
Eastern fruit by frost is that based on the
ability of California to supply the loss.
Put your pencil down at random on any
part of the map of the Pacific Coast, and
you will touch a locality where a new en
terprise is either under way or on the way.
According to the latest report the mines
of West Australia are in a bad situation,
for not only is there very little gold in the
region, but there isn't enough water to
water the stock.
If the report that the Half-million Clnb
is willing to receive advice should induce
all who are eager to give it to come to San
Francisco it would grow to be a Two
million Club inside of a year.
Tariff reformer? say the revival in trade
is due to the Wilson bill, themonometal
listß say it is due to the gold standard, but
business men know it is due to hard work
and energy in the face of obstacles.
No matter how hard the times and how
difficult it has been for California indus
tries to prosper under the Southern Pacific
freight charges, the last annual report of
Mr. Huntington's corporation shows a net
profit of nearly $2,000,000.
It is no trouble for those who want too
much undertaken at once for the devel
opment of the State to be blind to the fact
that only one great thing can be done at a
time, and that the greatest thing now be
fore the people is the San Joaquin Valley
;*oaa:H ; =;-v-;Sm;;;" :^^v ; -'■■?-:■ ■ v :- : : •-■
As more than 900,000 pounds of overland
freights were shipped from San Jose last
week as against little more than 600,000
pounds for the corresponding week of 1894,
it appears that Santa Clara intends to keep
up her anuual practice of breaking her own
It was a graceful act of the Los Angeles
Chamber of Commerce to pass resolutions
indorsing the efforts of the Half-million
Club to bring about a better understanding
between the different sections of the State,
and certainly if Los Angeles and Ban Fran
cisco continue to work together to that end
there can be no doubt of the result.
"While the condition of the City finances
precludes the undertaking of any exten
sive work in the way of improvement at
present, the time is nevertheless opportune
for considering the subject and impressing
its importance upon the public mind. The
lull in National and State politics gives oc
casion for an undivided attention to muni
cipal affairs and permits of the fullest and
fairest study of the conditions and needs
of the City. It is with more than ordinary
satisfaction therefore that every progres
sive citizen can note what is being done by
various civic organizations to make a cam
paign of education in street improvement;
aided, we are glad to say, by our vigorous
contemporary, the Examiner.
Any comprehensive study of the subject
will, we believe, lead all intelligent
men to the conclusion that the improve
ments needed in the immediate future
will require the bonding of the City to
raise the money required for the work.
It is to this policy that progressive citizens
must sooner or later be committed, nor do
we know of any reason why they should
hesitate to adopt it at once. The affairs of
a growing city cannot be administered like
those of a town which has ceased to grow
ana where there is no demand for new
streets, new sidewalks, new sewers and
new improvements of every kind. The or
dinary revenues of the City are sufficient
for its ordinary needs if economically ad
ministered, but they are not sufficient for
those great works of permanent utility
whose first cost is great simply because
they are permanent and are not mere mat
ters of yearly repair and maintenance.
Every city noted for the excellence of its
municipal wor£, whether in America or in
Europe, has achieved that excellence by
borrowing the money to. pay for it. Bor
rowed money wisely expended is not a
burdensome "debt. It soon saves for the
community far more than the sum bor
rowed and the interest on it. This is par
ticularly true of money expended in street
improvement. No other work yields a
better return to a community. The wear
and tear of the vehicles engaged in traffic
on the cobblestones of our streets are enor
mous and represent a large expense to
merchants every year. The saving in this
direction alone would be great, and that
saved by the increase in the weight of the
loads which could be hauled over better
paved streets would be hardly less.
The prime object of all discussion of mu
nicipal improvement at this time therefore
should be the education of the people on
the policy of a bond issue to provide the
improvements. We must follow the ex
ample of progressive cities if we expect to
achieve equal results. We need improve
ments of all kinds as soon as we can get
them, and it is a mere folly to hesitate to
borrow the money to pay for them.
Like most other great artists, Ysaye has
responded generously to the enthusiastic
encores which his wonderful fiddling has
called forth. It is fortunate for him that
with his abounding good nature he has so
strong a physique. For audiences are
often utterly heedless of an artist's comfort
and physical capabilities, and hence often
those performers who do not wish to ap
pear ungracious must submit to torture.
There is not a true artist, no matter how
long he has performed in public, but that
must feel a certain swelling of the heart
as he listens to the generous applause of
his performance and a clamorous demand
for a repetition. It is an appreciation
which is personal, immediate and spon
taneous, and differs wholly from the praise
which stn author, a sculptor or a painter
may read in the cold, sharp and severely
studied lines that a critic pens. This is
one of the reasons why the stage, whether
in music or the drama, has so powerful a
hold upon its devotees.
Actors do not find extremely enthusi
astic applause unpleasant, but musicians
have to face the terrible encore, and that is
a very different thing. In most cases the I
audience intends merely to compliment
the performer and show the intensity of
its enjoyment; but very often the value of
the compliment is lost in the tortures of a
repetition. It is very rare that great tiusi
cians are physically weak, but it is a fact
that even the strongest of them may be
temporarily exhausted by a supreme ef
fort in presenting a masterpiece. There
have been many instances of even
a strong young woman singing an
exhaustive aria, retreating in excellent
outward form to the winga, failing ex
hausted on a lounge in her dressing-room
and then bursting into hysterical tears
when the audience persisted in calling her
out for an encore. After the elder Salvini,
powerful though he was, had finished the
closing scene of "Othello," the audience
has been known to thunder for a curtain
bow until the stage manager was forced to
come out and explain that it was impossi
ble for the master to appear. Salvini
meanwhile was lying in his dressing-room
completely exhausted and half-uncon
scious, his two personal attendants wait
ing for his comatose condition to pass, and
tten reviving him with a vigorous rubbing,
to be followed by a hearty supper and a
snug tucking into bed.
When a great musician shows a positive
willingness to respond to an encore it is
only kind to reflect that there may be some
good reason for it and to cease the demon
stration after a reasonable time. For that
matter, when it comes to an inquiry into
the philosophy of an encore, we fall upon
vague ground. It is an interesting fact
that although the word "encore" means
"again" or "repeat," a repetition even of a
part of what has been sung or played i 3
generally a safe plan to prevent another re
call. To repeat a part of what already has
been given is an absurdity in an artistic
sense, and hence most great artists give
something different — usually a simple,
familiar and inartistic production. They
must do this in violation of their own
sense of art and fitness, and either out of
weak kindness or through a commercial
sense to secure a wider popularity. In any
aspect of the case response to an encore is
generally a violation of art ethics, and a
demand for one — for anything more than
a curtain bow— is generally a confession on
the part *f the audience that it has
an understanding of art below that of the
great artist whom it is blunderingly seek
ing to flatter^
TRADE AffD THE TARIFF.
It is one of the marked features of the
revival in trade that it has encouraged
everybody. Even the tariff reformers who
were so humiliated by the Wilson-Gorman
compromise, and so utterly routed at the
elections last fall, have begun to feel suffi
ciently encouraged to perk up their heads
again. It is not unusual now to find
tariff reform organs actually claiming the
improvement in business as one of the
results of their reforms. .Some of them
are even so fully persuaded they can carry
off the credit of bringing back better
times that they are urging the Demo
cratic party to drop the money question,
and make the campaign of 1896 on the
argument that business has been im
proving since the Wilson bill was passed.
Against this presumptuous claim, how
ever, there is arranged a mass of facts
THE SAN FRANCISCO CALL, THURSDAY, MAY 16, 1895.
which not even the most sophistical
rhetorician among the reformers can gloss
over sufficiently to delude the people. The
revival of the time is an improvement
only when compared with the conditions
of the last two years. If the comparison
is made with the conditions that existed
before Cleveland came into office, it will be
found we are still living in the low lands of
the great Democratic depression. There is
a long uphill journey yet before we reach
the standard of prosperity set up by the
Republican system of protection; and
nothing but a return to that system in its
full completeness of protecting every
American industry from foreign comple
tion will enable either the capital or the
labor of the United States to attain it.
The revival will be of permanent value
to us only if we rightly understand its
causes and accurately estimate its extent.
It is a revival brought abolit by American
energy, despite the obstacles of bad tariff
laws and a bad system of finance. It is
the outcome of the restoration of public
confidence by the great Republican vic
tories of last fall. In the assurance of a
speedy return of the Republican party to
power, the business of the country is able
to face even the deficit of the National
treasury and the diminished revenues re
sulting from the panic tariff without fear.
This fact is too well understood for the
tariff -thinkers to succeed in deluding the
people into the belief that the Wilson bill
is the cause of the revival, and their efforts
in that direction are about as futile as the
chattering of jays.
TOR SACBAMEFTO VALLEY.
The meeting of the editors of the Sacra
mento Valley at Woodland and the organi
tion there of an editorial association may
prove to be an occasion from which will
date a comparatively jiew era in the de
velopment of the valley. This possibility
does not arise from any new ideas ad
vanced at the meeting, ; nor from any new
enterprise suggested there, but from the
fact that it will put a greater force behind
the ideas and enterprises already enter
tained, and thereby will more effectually
put them into action and push them for
ward toward a successful realization.
It is in the highest degree creditable to
the editors of tne valley that they have
not only caught the enthusiasm for prog
ress which pervades the State and have
expressed it with vigor in their columns,
but that in forming this association among
themselves they have set an example in
the direction of right action. It may be
said of them, they "have allured to brighter
things and led the way." Certainly the
first effective step toward material progress
which any community can take in these
daya is that of a co-operative organization
among its people; and it is because the
editors have set so good an example of
this kind that their meeting is likely to
prove something of noted consequence in
the industrial history of the State.
The resolutions adopted at the meeting
have the double merit of brevity of ex
pression and concentration of purpose.
They express the resolve of the association
to work for three things— the impnvement
of the Sacramento River, the subdivision
of large land-holdings and the wide adver
tisement of the industries and resources of
the valley. Each of these things is good,
but the improvement of the great river is
the one of dominant importance. In the
arduous task of bringing about the full ac
complishmenf of that work all Calif ornians
can well afford to unite. Certainly San
Francisco can easily see how greatly it
would be to her advantage to have the
river made navigable for large boats as far
as Red Bluff all the year round. For this
work the assistance of the National Gov«
ernment will be required and can be ob
tained if all Californians unite in demand
ing it. The Editorial Association can do
important service to the whole State, as
well as to the Sacramento Valley, in edu
cating public opinion on such great issues
as this, and for that reason, if for no other,
its organization may well be commended
THE "WEEKLY CALL."
The Weekly Call, issued this morning,
commends itself particularly to readers in
the rural and mining districts of the Pa
cific Slope. Its agricultural and mining
pages are replete with valuable informa
tion with reference to California's imperial
industries, its commercial quotations are
fresh and reliable, and its condensation of
coast news is an excellent summary of the
week's happenings in States west of the
Rockies. It presents a faithful picture of
California as it is, and no better advertise
ment of the resources and advantages of
this favored State could be sent to friends
in the frost-bitten East than the Weekly
Among other features in the issue of thi3
date may be mentioned articles descriptive'
of Lodi and Livermpre, two prosperous
California towns ; a' carefully prepared
household column ; queries and answers •
news of the various fraternities; a page
. for children ; a scientific department and a
review of manufactures, Another install
ment of that deeply interesting serial^
"Fort Frayne," is presented, and, in ad
dition to a page of timely, able editorials,
the brilliancy of many coast writers is re
flected in the "Spirit of the Press." The
latest and most important telegraphic news
is given, and, on the -whole, the Weekly
Call is just such a newspaper as will be
cheerfully welcomed in every home.
R. D. Stephens of Sacramento Is at the Palace.
C. H. Dencil of the Oroville Mercury is at the
Dr. J. J. Stephens of Petaluma is at the
V. C. Richards of the Chico Record Is at the
\V. B. Dunning of the navy is at the Occi
Senator Thomas Flint Jr. of San Juan is at
Philo Hersey of San Jose registered at the
P.. M. Green, a merchant and mine-owner of
Oroville, is at the Grand.
O. O'Connell, a merchant of Coos Bay, regis
tered at the Lick yesterday.
Dr. C. W. Chapman and Mrs. Chapman of
Nevada City are at the Palace.
A. Malpas, a vineyardist from Los Gatos, reg
istered at the Grand yesterday.
J. J. O'Brien and wife are making a short
visit to the southern part of the State.
James D. Hoge Jr., manager of the Seattle
Post-Intelligencer, is a guest at the Palace.
Allan Towle and nls family of Towles came
in on the Australia yesterday from the Ha-
J waiian Islands.
Commander George P. Kut* of the navy and
Mrs. Kutz came down from the navy-yard yes
terday, and are at the Occidental.
David Lubin of Sacramento, ' corresponding
secretary of the Equitable Protective League,
is at the Grand. He will address the Chamber
of Commerce Thursday of this week on the
subject of "Export Bounty for American Agri
Colonel Volney V. Ashford, who was accused
of participation in the late attempt at revolu
tion in the Hawaiian Islands and sentenced to
imprisonment, and was released on condition
of leaving the islands, came up by the Austra
lia and is staying at the Occidental.
State Senator E. C. Voorheis of Amador
County is a guest at the Baldwin, He says that
the mining counties of California are really
prosperous. Amador is particularly pi-ogres
sive. The mines in the vicinity of Jackson dis
burse about $40,000 monthly and the result Is
good times in that town.
Ex-Speaker John Lynch of San Bernardino
County is at the Baldwin. When he left home
the prospects for a large crop of lemons were
Julius A. Palmer, who has been for many
years a correspondent of the Boston Transcript,
and who has lately been to the Hawaiian
Islands as special correspondent for the New
York Evening Post, came i l on the Australia
yesterday, and is a guest at the California,
where he will stay several days.
PEOPLE TALKED ABOUT.
William Hope Harvey, the author of "Coin's
Financial School," waa born in Buffalo, W. Va.,
in August, 1851. His father was a Virginian
of Scotch-English extraction, a descendant of
the famous Harvey who discovered the circula
tion of the blood. His mother was a Miss Hope,
of Irish descent. He received a slender educa
tion in a country loghouse school and a rustic
academy, doing farmwork between times, At
16 he taught school, and later studied law.
The French sculptor Jules Roulleau died in
Paris the other day at the age of 40. In the
opinion of many he was at the head of the
younger French sculptors. Among his best
known works is the statue of Joan of Arc at
Chinon, near Toura. At the time of his death
he had about finished the monument to the
memory of President Carnot for the city of
The Rev. Charles H. Strong, rector of St.
John's Episcopal Church, Savannah, Ga., has
followed the example of the Rev. Dr. B. Heber
Newton, and repudiated the doctrine that the
physical body of Christ was raised from the
Kaiser William has forbidden the officers and
men of the Berlin garrison to smoke in the
principal streets of the city, in consequance of
irregularities in the salute offered to his
Majesty and the members of tbe royal family.
Mrae; Muhling, who has translated many
French dramas into German, celebrated the
hundredth anniversary of her birth in Berlin
on April 15. She is still hale and heart y.
The Rev. William J. Petrie, who has been
pastor of the Church of Our Savior, Chicago,
for twenty years, has resigned, and will travel
The latest description of the Chinese Empe
ror portrays him as "looking about 17, a thin
shouldered, narrow-chested, frail, worn-out
Charles Dickens, the younger, has succeeded
the late James Sime as a literary adviser to the
house of Hacmillan & Co., in London.
SPIRIT OP THE PRESS.
Sensible people, who are neither radicals,
criminals nor agitators, find out that happi
ness consists in contentment and resolution to
make the best of things. There is no greater
fallacy, nothing that is more stirring the dregs
of dissatisfaction, than the fancy tnat plenty
of means insures to each of us greater pleas
ures and broader satisfaction in life. Let no
one run away with the idea that there is not
plenty of joy without wealth ; that the man of
modest means may not be as happy as the rich,
and that the very poor man may have reasons
of the very best kind for not wishing to ex
changa lots with the very rich.— Record-Union.
The Watchman suggests that it would be
well to call a general railroad meeting of the
citizens of Humboldt County to discuss the
matter of transcontinental railroad. The
thought, the wish, the desire for direct com
munication with the East is rapidly gaining
ground; our people appreciate the fact that a
real benefit and tangible advancement can
only come from outside connection and through
roads. Such meeting could not do otherwise
than to awaken deeper the public Interest in
an earnest effort to get Humboldt out of the
woods.— Blue Lake Advocate.
The subdivision of our large ranches Is a
matter which should not be allowed to slumber.
Mendoclno needs a large population in order
that her vast resources may be developed. In
comparison -with European countries and many
of the Eastern States this county could well
support ten times the population It now con
tains. There Is scarcely a hillside in the county
that is not susceptible of cultivation, and its
hundreds of fertile valleys only await to be
touched into life and prosperity by the magic
wand of industry.— Ukiah Republican-Press.
Lincoln's birthday, just as much as George
Washington's, should be made a legal holiday
throughout the country. His memory is en
titled to all the respect a patriotic and grateful
people can pay him. We do not believe there
would be a dissenting voice to ths proposition,
certainly not in the Southern States, where he
was respected and esteemed for his purity,
magnanimity and boundless patriotism.— San
Francisco Spirit of the Times.
The "Committee on Sound Currency," which
the same Is a goldbug outfit, has sent us an
offer to furnish supplements free to the Citro
graph if we will use them. The offer is
promptly, positively and persistently declined.
We have no use for that kind 01 literature.
We are for the free coinage of silver on the
ratio of 16 to 1 and believe that the people
will so decide at the elections next year.—Red
Take an honest pride in the community you
call home. No matter whether some one you
may not love as a brother is holding an im
portant position over you. Sustain him in
doing his duty and manfully fight for him
when you see he is in the right. Be a man and
rise above personal bickerings and little jeal
onsies when the welfare of yonr town is at
stake.— Santa Clara Journal. ;'-. :
Now that the California wine trade is get
ting on Its feet it is a matter for regret that it
should be given a backset by the exportation
of inferior winesby a few vignerons who have ;
not the business ability to see that that sort of
thing will not only injure themselves but the
•whole boay of CaliforniA winemakers.-^San
Jose Mercury. '■■■ . . ■'•:
It was a right good day for California when
San Francisco discovered that she had a "back
country" and concluded to do something with
it.— Fresno Republican.
SUPPOSED TO BE HUMOROUS.
Printers are threatened with a greater danger
than they need fear from the introduction of
machines. A $3,000,000 heiress of Boston has
inaugurated a new fad by marrying a typo
tourist. Head for the woods, boys, when you
take to the road, for there will not be a •'cor
poral's guard" left of us after the epidemic
has taken a good hold of the heiresses. There
are many of them and few of us— who would
make the sacrifice.— Pacific Union Printer.
Fuddy— You say that Cheffery has 6lain his
thousands. Has he been a soldier or are you
only joking and mean that he is a physician?
Duddy— My dear fellow, I never was more
serious in my life. No, sir, ho is neither soldier
nor doctor. He is the publisher ot a cook book.
Mrs. Toogood— l don't see how it is that men
find so much pleasure in such a brutal business
Broken Face Bill— l don't see how we kin
help it, lady. The women is crowdin' us men
out of all the professions and they ain't nothin'
else fer us ter do. That's the only reason I'm
in it; lady.— Pvoxbury Gazette.
She— One can judge the character of * man
by his opinion of women, •
He— Yes? ■ ;. ' .: . ••.■■■ - .
She— Yes. Now what kind ol a maii would
you say always held women in the highest
He— A bachelor, I should think.— Detroit
Free Press. . . ■
Sizzer— The Czar of Russia would make an
awful food modern playvriter.
Whizzer— What makes you think that? ■'•
Sizzer— Because he hates plots.— Philadelphia
Inquirer. • . . ■
"Why, she actually cut Mr. Storflington, and
Storflington, you know, is one of the better
"Yes; choice cuts come high now, but we
must have 'em."— Boston Transciipt.
">*ay," said the young editresß, coldly, to her
penniless lover, "ask me not to break every
tradition of my chosen calling. I cannot re
turn your love, for it is unaccompanied by
stamps."— Life. I
The following is one of the latest criticisms
on the French composer, Saint-Saens, who is at
present wandering in the Orient to seek in
spiration for his "fcrunhilde": "Saint-Saens
is a wonder-working fellow, a spouting vol
cano of new forms, new effects, each more
bizarre, less expected than the last. lie writes
for orchestra as if it alone had been his lifelong
study ; for organ or piano, or violin or 'cello,
as we have hitherto supposed they could only
be written for by specialist virtuosos. Appar
ently he is acquainted with and master over
the oldest and newest, devices in the mechan
ism of composition, and he certainly knows
well how to mix every shade of orchestral
color used on the modern music-painter's
palette. He works marvels, yet one cannot
resist the suspicion that his artistic personality
M. CAMILLE SAINT-SAEN
[From an engraving.]
is wholly fictitious. This is not merely because
extraordinary facility, accomplishment with
out effort, always arouses suspicion. However
favorable a first impression of his music may
be its charm soon wears shabby; we soon feel
that it is entirely without depth, is more uni
formly shallow than any music of the century,
except, perhaps, Meyerbeer's, and we resent
having been cheated by a composer who never
writes an original or sincere bar, and never a
bar that is not a miraoulouely clever imitation
of real music. What sincerity, indeed, beyond
the sincerity of the shopkeeper may one expect
of an artist who in his maturer years writes a
'Samson et Dalila,' and by the side of figures
written after Bach at his augustest, lays on
gorgeous splashes of the voluptuous coloring
of Wagner in his most royal mood? Baint-Saens
is always for the moment some one else ; he
lacks the higher sincerity that keeps the artist
true to himself."
It is announced, on what seems excellent
authority, that Abbey and Gran have engaged
Anton Sekll to conduct two nights of German
opera each week during their next season.
M elba has been dropped from the forces and
has signed with Ellis of the Boston Symphony
orchestra for a series of concerts. Sembrich,
about whose voice there have been all sorts of
rumors since she was in America last, has been,
secured in Melba's place. Nordica, Eames,
both the Ds Reszkes, Plancon and Maurel re
main, and Tamagno goes. Whether Seidl will
have a contingent of German singers for the
Wagner works is not yet settled, but it is almost
certain that he will conduct Italian as well as
German opera. Walter Damrosch has also en
gaged the Metropolitan for a term of German
opera next season, and apparently means to go
right ahead in the face of this serious oppo
sition. Next season will be a happy one for the
lovers of opera in New York whatever it may
be for the managers.
Otto Foersheim, writing of the new opera
"Kenilworth," says: "Americans may well be
proud of the production at Hamburg of Bruno
Oscar Klein's music-drama 'Kenilworth.' It
means that Poloni, the cleverest of European
opera-house intendants, has found sufficient
merit in an American opera not only to pro
dnce it at his;own opera-house, but, so to speak,
to identify himself with it." Foersheim, alter
seeing the opera, adds: "My anticipations, great
as they were, have been far surpassed. The
work held me spellbound from first to last.
The steigerung was so great, and the interest
created in the listeners so intense that in the
final and most touching scene— Amy Robsart's
self-destruction by poison— l waß bo affected
that tears streamed from my eyes, and I can
assure you that the effect was not brought on
merely by the clever acting and superb singing
of Mrs. Klefsky, but in the main by the innate
tenderness and sympathetic character of Oscar
Bruno Klein's music."
Dvorak has gone to Europe to spend the va
cation. Before sailing he is reported to have
said in regard to the colored pupils whom he
has been instrumental in introducing into the
National Conservatory of Music. "The plan
has worked very well, though but few of
the new students have been my immediate
pnpils. A few weeks ago there was a great ado
because I took two colored pupils into a box with
me at one Of the concerts of the Philharmonic
Society. I am glad I took them. What I like
about our colored pupils is that they are re
spectful. The Americans, I mean the white
Americans, are also respectful and polite. Of
the young men the Americans always are gen
tlemen, and the manners of the girl pupils are
Julien Tiersot, in an article in the Revue
Blue, communicates an interesting discovery
made with regard to Berlioz. Tiersot has found
in the library of the Paris Conservatory the
almost complete music of the famous fanfare
of the "Tuba Mirum," from the "Requiem,"
and it was sent by Berlioz from Rome to the
conservatory. Now the composition of the Re
quiem dates from 1837, while from Berlioz'
own memoirs we learn that the fragment of a
solemn mass, his first work, was sent from
Rome fifteen years before. One sees by this
how long Berlioz was haunted by the idea of
his "Requiem," and as Mr. Tiersot remarks:
"This page represents the dominating idea of
his youth, if not of his entire life."
At the present moment works of the modern
Russian school are in great favor in Paris, and
as British composers can make no headway in
the gay French capital a writer in the Strand
Magazine makes the following suggestion : "If
some of our leading native composers were to
adopt Muscovite terminations to their names
they might perhaps succeed in obtaining a
hearing in Paris. Sullivanski, Cowenkoi, Mac
kenzikoffj Stanfordtscheff, Parrykine, would
look very imposing on a programme, and if
their music were to achieve any measure of
success it would, alw.ays.be open to any of the
above composers to. throw off his Russian dis
Finck, writing in the New York Evening
Posi, says: "Franz Betz, who had the honor of
being the first Hans Sachs and the first Wotan
in Wagner's operas, celebrated his sixtieth
birthday on March 19. He is still one of the
best singers in the Berlin opera, a living proof
of the fact that Wagner's music does not injure
the voice." Finck, however, has overlooked
the fact that to be one of the best singers at the
Berlin Opera-house does not necessarily imply
that one is a good singer, nor does the capacity
of one sexagenarian artist to sing Wagner
prove that Wagner does not injure the voice.
When a pupil of the Pari. Conservator
makes his or her debut at the Grand Opera it
is done without having had a single rehearsal
witn the chorus and orchestra, the debutant
has not been on th« stage before the perform
ance, does not know how far he is going to
find himself from the public, how many steps
I it will take to cross the immense «u?e nor
anything of the mysterious problem of strug
glieg lor the first time with a powerful orches
tra. In addition to this there is the emotion
of finding oneself for the first time the cyno
sure of two thousand pairs of eyes.
A lady whose name is withheld from a curi
ous public is said to have written an opera un
der the inspiration of Beethoven's ghost. This
work is to be presented in London in the course
of the season. Beethoven, it appears, has been
distressed for a good while because he could
not find a mortal capable of executing his
ideas. All the music that has been pent up in
him since he died will, no doubt, come out in
the opera, which has already been gravely ac
cepted by many spiritualists in London as a
Music says: "It was rather an ill-natured
man, who, when asked how he had liked
'Tristan and Isolde,' said he liked it extremely
and did not remember ever before having at
tended a grand opera where there was nobody
who could sing that he had enjoyed so well.
As vocal criticism, this was not quite wide,
and 'as art appreciation, also, it was rather
close. For in 'Tristan' it is not a question of
singing, but of orchestral throbbing, singing
Cyril Taylor, a boy soprano no longer, says
that while he was visiting Patti in Wales she
promised to sing Juliette to his Romeo when
his voice shall have changed to a tenor, as it
probably will. As Patti seems truly perennial,
perhaps her promise may be fulfilled.
An Italian paper, the Carriere della Sera, an
nounces with all seriousness that Mascagni is
about to visit Paris— not for musical purposes,
but to challenge the French champion, M.
Vlgnaux, to a billiard match.
Zaltan Dome, the Hungarian tenor who is
engaged to marry lime. Nordica, has been en
gaged by the Paris Grand Opera-house, ne
Will make Ms debut there in November.
The fairy opera, "Hansel and Gretel," has
reached its hundredth performance in London
and shows no diminution in popularity.
Gilbert's conilc opera, "His Excellency," is
going to Berlin and Vienna.
ON ITS TENTH BIRTHDAY.
Mission Council of the Young
Men's Institute at
An Enjoyable Evening Spent With
Toasts and Speeches, Wine
Gay with waving palms and banners,
filled with music and the sounds of
laughter and revelry, the Mission Parlor
Hall was an attractive place Tuesday even
ing, and one where the guests stayed late
and drank their wine with the satisfaction
born of a successful event. It was the
tenth anniversary of the formation of Mis
sion Council No. 3, Y. M. 1., and all the
members of the council and all the promi
nent people of the order were there to
drink a glass and say a word on the future
success of the council of which they were
It was a reunion and banquet, a gather
ing of friends and a time of story-telling,
toasts and rtminiscenoes. The tables were
set in the form of the capital E, and at the
cross-table at the head sat the officers of
the banquet and the honored guests of the
James E. Kenny, president of Mission
Council, was toastmaster of the evening,
and among those who responded were
some high in the ranks or the Young
Men's Institute and others who have been
the grand officers.
The toast "The Young Men's Institute"
was responded to by Frank J. Kierce, the
grand president. He was followed by
Rev. P. .7. Cummins, who responded to
"Our Faith." Then came "Our Country,"
"Mission Council No. 3," "Fraternity,"
"California," "Our Motto— Pro Deo, Pro
Patria," "Pioneer Council No. 1." "The
Future of the Young Men's Institute,"
"The Press" and "The Ladies." In that
order they were announced and responded
to, the respondents being representative
men of the bar, the mercantile circles and
THE HAEBOR COMMISSION,
Th« Conference With the Valley Road
Directors Postponed Until
The Harbor Commissioners met yester
day, and Engineer Holmes submitted
plans and specifications for a coal platform
i for the San Francisco and North Pacific
The board was unable to decide on the
merits of the collision between the General
McDowell and the State's mudscow, on
account of the conflict of testimony be
tween the captains of the McDowell and
the Markham, and it was finally agreed
that the State should pay one-half the loss,
amounting to $60.
The board agreed to pay for the damage
to the cars of San Francisco and North
Pacific Coast Railroad Company, incurred
on the belt railroad. :
Alex J. Roseborough of Oakland was ap
pointed wharfinger, vice J. F. Thomas,
term expired. J. B. Hyslop was reap
A communication was received from
Governor Budd, asking for the postpone
ment of the conference with the Valley road
directors from Monday until Wednesday
at 10 o'clock a. m. The postponement was
The Check Was Worthless.
Henry Bre of Bre & Lewis, clothiers, 111
Sixth Btreet, swore out a warrant in Judge
Joachimsen's court yesterday for the arrest of
B. Alexander on the charge of obtaining goods
by false pretenses. Alexander had a shoe
store at 113 Sixth street, but sold out on Mon
day. That day he bought a $30 suit of clothes
from Bre & Lewis and gave thorn in payment
a check on the London and San Fraiicit^co
Bank. When Bre presented the check at the
bank he was told that Alexander had no ac
couut there. Alexander has gone to Victoria,
; Luigi Ghielmetti has sued Mart Levy, J. Ein
stein and Einstein & Levy for $1500, and that
defendant, Mark Levy, be imprisoned for fraud
until the same is paid. - The plaintiff avers that
he lent i the sum asked on the i security of a
r^ e h v,° l l s receil ? t . and fire insurance policy^
and that the receipt was afterward delivered to
o? ffi&JWaS&J a P^tense urge^
' '" ' - ' ~ ' t t ' « ' '- ~ . ■
Bacon Printing Company, 508 Clay street • '
Crystallized ginger, 25 c Ib, Townsend's. •
y Finest sautefnea.baut-sauternes and dessert
wines. Mohns & Kaltenbach; 29 Market street.*
Van Dyke's mother i. was quite an 1 art
critic with a ; very correct s appreciation of
excellence in drawing and painting.
Hood's Sar'saparUla purifies the blood. : It gives
strength, appetite and refreshing sleep. ' It cures
every form of disease which has its origin '■ In the
blood. Take Hood's Sarsftparllla now. ■
FT,—' •■-*.• ;-'-"'t — '■' ' »'"• • .'.--. ' '■>■' ■'■'•-,'.
• Those who seek relief; from pain and weakness
should use Pakkek's Ginger Tonic. ■• •. . • : .. .
HiNDEßcoßss, the best cure for corns, 15 cents
-•■ ■'-'<-' '" ■' '' * " t ' r" » ' ' '■; .'•-.-" • .
•We recommend the use of Dr. Siegert's Angos
tura Bitters to our friends who suffer with dyspep
sia. '^:' : \ ■;..-;;.••■;. jr- -■- ■. . ■•■ . -.r^..
■:* Fob Ali,ayiko Hoabskness and Ibbitatiok
of thi Throat, use "Brown's BroncMallTrochc*."
25c a box. Avoid imitations.
TO ELECT HEW TEACHERS
The School Board Is Divided \_
° Over the Method to Be /
° •■■■ . •■' °' Adopted.
TWO EXTREMES ADVOCATED.
But a Compromise Plan Is Likely to
'""• ". '".-"Be Finally Agreed^ ° • "'
The Board of Education has struck a
snag in the work of revising the rules.
The snag is concealed in the rule provid
ing the manner of appointing new teachers.
There is a disposition to run to extremes
one way or another and as a result the
board is all at sixes and sevens, so to
Director McElroy has introduced a reso
lution providing that where teachers are to
be appointed each Director shall nominate
his candidate and the lady receiving seven
votes shall be called fortunate. No com
petitive examination is required in this
plan— nothing but a pull.
Director Murdock, on the rtherhand,
advocates the reference of all applicants to
the Board of Examiners, to secure their
appointment only through a competitive
examination, followed by actual trial at
teaching with approval of methods and
ability. This, it is claimed, takes the
power of appointment out of the hands of
the board entirely, but it is said by the
opponents to it that it would place very
onerous duties upon the shoulders of the
board. "The board would have its hands
so full that its members could attend to
nothing else," said a member of the board
Dr. Clinton has a plan which is midway
between these extremes and which he ex
pects will reconcile the champions of both,
and be adopted perhaps with some modifi
It provides that the Directors Bhall
nominate the candidates, but that twice the
number shall be named that there are va
cancies. For instance, if there is room on
the extra substitute list for thirty teachers
then each of the twelve Directors shall
name five candidates, or sixty in all.
These shall go before the Board of Ex
aminers and the thirty be chosen from
them upon their merits.
"Under this plan," said Director Clinton
yesterday, "the Board of Examiners will
not be thronged with applicants all the
time. They will have a certain number,
like a class, to deal with, and will know
when they are through. Neither is there
any element of the one-man power, such
as is advocated by some of the members,
where the Directors name the teachers
without regard to competitive examina
tion, but simply take their place in line by
"On the other hand the members have
something to «»av in the appointments, as I
think they should, but they are compelled
by it to place good material in nomination
in order that the candidates shall stand
any chance at success. For every one of
the sixty, say, so nominated is in compe
tition with fifty-nine others.
"The candidates so chosen, you under
stand, take their place in the extra snsti
tute list without pay. They pass
into the substitute ifst under pay
as vacancies occur, and on this list they
stand in line for regular appointments.
Ordinarily about sixty teacners are ap
pointed every year."
The fixing of this rule, it is expected,
will call out the warmest kind of a debate
in the board and the advocates of the sev
eral methods are set in their notions.
Another meeting of the board in com
mittee of the whole will be held in a few
days to give this rule its undivided atten
Conference of German Baptists.
The German Baptist churches of California
and Oregon will hold their first annual confer
ence, beginning next Thursday evening at 8
o'clock. An Introductory sermon will be
preached at tne First German Baptist Church,
Seventeenth and Dehone streets, near Sanchez
by Rev. William Rabe of Portland, Or. Ses
sions will be held the following days and
preaching every evening, including Sunday.
. FOR BUYERS OH
Great American Importing Tea Co/a
EXTRA LARGE PREMIUMS
To Purchasers of Fifty Cts. or One Dollar*
: Worth of Our Celebrated
Teas, Coffees, Spices, Etc
•JEST QUALITY. LOWEST PRICES.
COME SEE US. ; •-
•*•*. Our Very Liberal Inducements wiH
... SURPRISE YOU./ : |
Buying at First Hand-An Immense SaTiiis
aarKo Peddler's Profits to Pay. ■ ■ -■.**'■■
■ Goods Delivered Free.
52 Market Street. ;.-. S '
140 Sixth Street
1419 Polk Street
521 Montgomery Aye. '
2008 Fillmore Street
3006 Sixteenth Street.
617 Kearny, Street o ftn ■ rJ-nJiJ-^
965 Market Street f Sd.ll T PaiICISC3
333 Hayes Street -, .
218 Third Street .
104 Second Street
146 Ninth Street - . -,;
2410 Mission Street . ■ • . • '
3259 Mission Street J
917 Broadway " . m■*, ,-
-131 San Pablo Avenue V (lav 8*1(1
616 E. Twelfth Street ) " «A'«I!U
Park Street and Ala- ) »■ mn> n "
meda Avenue } AlaiHBQa
- -.;.,. -tin- 7t. .•- ;;
Tie Pacific Improvement Co. will Re.
dnce the Price of Gas to Consumers,
For illuminating purposes to. .SI 75 per M ecu ft. ,
For heating, cooking : and all ,
; manufacturing - purposes,
• ' . where a ' separate meter Is ' ,• .-> .
•_, ..used....; .;...;.■.... ......»1, 60perMcn.ru
: C. O. G. MILLKK, Secretary pro tern.
LARGE ■ PRINTING.
STSRETT PRINTING CO.,
53a Clay Street.