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The San Francisco call. (San Francisco [Calif.]) 1895-1913, May 20, 1895, Image 5

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The Evidence Regarding Mrs.
Jennie Mathews' Demise
Is Conflicting.
Captain Lees' Theory— Statements
Implicating Secretary Crowell
Were Not True.
There were several new developments in
the matter of the death of Mrs. Jennie
Mathews of 502 Broderick street, late last
Saturday night, but the case is by no
means freed from the elements of mystery.
Through the ravings of the woman prior
to ter death an injustice was inadvertently
doT.e in yesterday's reports to Mr. Crowell, j
the superintendent of Laurel Hill Ceme
To her husband., before she died, she
kept repeating the statement that the su
perintendent of the cemetery had given her
a pill which made her sick. It transpires
that Mr. Crowell is away in Santa Barbara,
and could not possibly have had anything
to do with the case.
The person to whom Mrs. Mathews had
reference was Oliver W. Winthrop, the as
sistant superintendent of the cemetery,
but the statement that he gave Mrs.
Mathews a pill in the cemetery rests only
upon her ante-mortem statement and the
testimony of her five-year-old child, who
was with her at the cemetery. Mr. Win
throp in a statement made to the police
[Sketched from life.]
emphatically denies that he ever did more
than assist the woman home after she was
taken ill, and what he says is borne out by
statements made by employes in the ceme
The mystery here begins as to how Mrs.
Winthrop really came to her death. At
the Morgue there are no particulars to be
had, except that Dr. Barrett removed the
stomach and bladder from the body and
pave them over to a chemist for analysis,
in order to discover traces, if there are any,
of poisoning, which might bear out the as
sertion of Dr. E. M. Griffith, who last
attended the woman, that she died from
the effects of strychnine. It was for
strychnine poisoning that Dr. Griffith said
he treated the sick woman. After
diagnosing the case when hrst called
in, he said he concluded that she
» as suffering from the effects of the
poison and so administered chloroform,
bromide of potassium and chioral hydrate,
as is usual in such cases," added the
«octor in telling of it. Whether Dr. Grif-
Ith was correct in his Burmise that Mrs. i
Mathews was suffering from the effects of
strychnine will not be known until the
dead woman's stomach and its contents
shall have been thoroughly analyzed by
the chemist.
Captain Lees' opinion is that death was
not caused by strychnine poisoning, but
that the woman had not received the right
treatment for the illness from which the
was suffering; that her illness in the
cemetery was really only violent hystiria
and that did not require extreme
Still another theory which was discussed
was that of suicide, but what reason she
could have had for committing the act is
not known and the husband is positive
that bach could not have been the case as
she had never betrayed any such tenden
Mr. Winthrop's statement as made to
the police is as follows:
Yesterday about 2 p. m. I was driving to the
western end of the cemetery to look after a
grave that was being opened for a burial to
day. Mrs. Mathews was at the south end of
the children's plot, where she has a couple of
children buried. She signaled for me to hold
up, as she wished to say something to me. I
stopped the buggy and talked to her from it.
I thought, looked a little out of sorts.
She said: "1 have learned to ride a bicycle
[ and want you to loan mes7s to buy a bicycle."
I told her I did not know why I should do so.
Even if I were willing- I could not loan her six
bits. Whereupon she said: "You had better
give it to me or you will be sorry for it. You
can, because you are rich."
She appeared quite annry and said: "Well,
give my little girl Mattie a ride." I said I was
going to the office, and she said : '"Then give
her a ride to the office." I thought it an easy
way to appease her anger, and took the child
in the buggy and I drove to the office. I lined
the child out and told her to go to her mother,
she being at or near the grave. She said she
was afraid she would get lost and would not
be able to find her way back, so I told her to
sit down and wait until I came from the office
and I would see she went back all right.
I was in the office about ten minutes, when I
came out. It occurred to me I had left a Miss
Corbett up in the cemetery, who was after net
tles. Taking the child I went to Miss Corbett,
excused myself, and directed her to a man who
was pulling nettles, and told her to tell him
she was the lady who was to get the nettles. I
told her I was going to take or leave the child
with its mother. After leaving Miss Cor)>ett
we went to the Mathews graves. I saw Mrs.
Mathews, as we approached, sitting on the cop
ing, in what appeared to be a spasm or cramp.
! law the was suffering, and immediately got a
fruit jar, which was in a plat near by, filled
it with water, and bathed her face and fanned
lier with my hat. We were there ten or fifteen
minutes after I got the water, and was fanning'
her when she grabbed my coat in her spasm.
A Mrs. Gedgtj came along and I asked her to go
back a little way and see a man I directed her
to, and told her to send him to the office for
the buggy. She went, ami shortly after re
turned, and two men came with the buggy. I
learned afterward the reason the two me.i
came with the buggy. The first man, Bem
fragc, did not know anything about horses and
he went to the office and told Mr. Smith that
Mr. Winthrop wanted the buggy right away,
and asked Mr. Smith to drive it back and the
two men came back. While waiting, or it may
have been before Mrs. Gedge came, I
asked Mrs. Mathews what she had eaten for
dinner, thinking she might have taken some
thing that gave her cramps. She told me she
had r.spamgus, carrots and bread; the child
said, "and pie. " When the buggy arrived I
instructed Smith to assist me to put Mrs.
Mathews in the buggy. I asked her if she
could get up. She said she could not. I said
"nonsense," whereupon she got up and
walked, with one of us on each side of her and
holding her by the arm. We placed her in the
buggy. I sent Smith to the other side to get
iv and placed the child on the bottom of the
bupgy in froht and got in myself. I drove.
During the time Mrs. Mathews was sitting
on the coping she expressed a desire to bo
taken home; that was the reason I sent
for the buggy. Just at the time Mrs. Gedge left
to bring the buggy two young ladies, the
Misses Dyer, whose father, James Dyer, is
buried in the lot on the coping of which Mrs.
Mathew6 was sitting, came and were arrang
ing flowers. They were there at the time Mrs.
Gedge was away, and we left them there when
we drove away. On the way to her (Mrs.
Mathews') home I wanted to stop at the drug
store on the corner of Devisadero and Sutter
streets. She insisted on being taken home and
her own doctor sent for. Before we reached
her house she took out her purse and got out
the key and handed it to Mattie, the child.
When we arrived at the house I
lifted Mattie out of the buggy and
told her to unlock the door, and
returned to the buggy and had quite a little
fuss in getting Mrs. Mathews out oi the buggy.
She first wanted to get out herself and then
she wanted Smith and myself to lift her out.
After a minute or two she allowed Smith and
myself to lift her out. She walked up the
stairs, Smith on one side and lon the other
helping her. In going up the stairs I asked
her if she wished to lie on the lounge, or
where. She said she wantc-d to go to her bed.
After she sat ou her bed I asked her the name
and address of her doctor. She told me his
name was Dr. Cook, and that he lived on
O'FarreU street. I left, instructing Smith to
stay with her, and went to the corner and tel
ephoned to Dr. Cook's office.
A lady answered the telephone and said Dr.
Cook was not in, but another doctor was there
who would answer the same purpose. I said
Send him to Mrs. Mathews, 502 Broderick
street, who is very sick." I then returned to
Mrs. Mathews' house and asked her if I had
not better send up her neighbor.
She said she was mad with her and didn't
think she would come. I said, "If she will
come you will be willing?" She said, "Yes."
I went clown the back stairs and asked if she
would come upstairs and stay with Mrs.
Mathews. She said she would and came up
stairs with me.
When Mrs. Mathews heard us coining she
commenced carrying on as if she was in great
trouble. She had acted quite rationally and all
right when coming in the Duggy. If I had
thought it anvthiug serious at the cemetery I
would have called the patrol wagon. After the
neighbor came in Mrs. Mathews threw her arm
around her and said, "Mrs. , -will you for
give me all that I have dove to you?"
The lady tried to calm her and said, "That's
all right."
As I left I said to the neighbor who had came
in, "You can take care of her." She said, "You
had better go to the carhouse and have her
husband sent home."
I went there and delivered the message and
then went to the cemetery. The doctor had
not arrived when I left. It all happened be
tween 2 and 3 o'clock yesterday afternoon.
Mrs. Mathews belonged to Olive Branch
Council No. 34, Order of Chosen Friends. She
joined in August or September, 181)4. 1 pro
posed her name. The benefit is $2000, and is
payable to the child, Mattie. She paid all the
assessments but the April one of $1 60. I had
not seen her for about a month, and, in order
to prevent the suspension and loss of the ben
efit or insurance, I paid the April assessment.
I am secretary of the lodge, ana it is not un
usual for the secretary to pay assessment* to
save members from being suspended and los
ing their insurance. I have done this for
other members to the amount of about $100.
I had called at her house twice before to collect
assessments, thinking she had forgotten about
them. She paid both assessments to me on
both occasions at the house.
Mr. Winthrop, in addition to his state
ment, gave some further explanations last
evening. He said :
I have known Mrs. Mathews for a year or bo.
Last August I spoke to her about Joining the
Chosen Friends. I try to get as many to join
the order as I can. There is a commission of
$3 on the average for every new irember
brought in. Mrs. Mathews is, however, the
only one of the persons visiting the cemetery
who joined my lodge. I used to see her occa
sionally, and have called at her house twice to
collect the assessments due the lodge.
She did not get along well with her husband,
at least at times. About four mouths ago I re
ceived a letter from her, which I will try to
find. Ido not like to say what was in it until
I can find it. She stated something to the ef
fect that she was having trouble with her hus
band, and that in case of her death she did not
think he would be the proper person to handle
the $2000 insurance, which she intended for
her daughter. She said that the child should
have some other guardian.
I paid up Mrs. Mathews' assessment in April
and she is delinquent for another one, on
which the time ran out on the 15th iust. I
will, however, pay this up, so that the child
will not lote the insurance.
Both Smith and myself believe that Mrs.
Mathews was shamming illness all the time we
were with her. She only complained of pains
at the cemetery, and she acted perfectly
rational all the time we were driving to her
house. She was all right then until the lady
from the flat below came up, when she seemed
to go into hysterics. We left her soon after and
do not know what happened. Of course it is
all nonsense about my giving her a pill or
about exhibiting a revolver.
Edwin Mathews, the husband of the
dead woman, was in a dazed state of mind
all day yesterday. He has not yet recov
ered from the shock of his wife's death.
He spoke freely in answer to all questions,
but was not able to volunteer any informa
tion. He said:
My wife's name was Jennie Renna before our I
marriage, which took place about seven years
ago. She was an Italian. Her father's name is
Vincent Renna, and he runs a barber shop at i
the corner of Folsom and Tenth streets. My i
wife was 20 years of age when our marriage oc
curred. She was not quite 27 when she died.
I was summoned toher side about 3:30 o'clock
yesterday afternoon.
I found her suffering from some kind of
spasms. I could not talk to her connectedly
on account of the spasms and because Dr.
Griffith did not want me to talk to her. When |
he was out of the room I got most of her state- j
She said Winthrop had come to her when «he I
was at the grave of our two children. They
are both buried in one grave. She said that
"VVinthrop had told her to take a pill. She did
not want to take it, but he took one to show
her it was harmless. She said he made a show
of a revolver and forced her to swallow the
pill. I did not get from her the reason why
Winthrop wanted her to take the pill.
My little daughter Mattie, who is nearly 6
years old, corroborates the pill story. She has
told me that she saw Winthrop give my wife
the pill and make her take it, saying, "Don't
be foolish." .
My wife said that about ten minutes after
Bhe took the pill she began to get sick. My
wife also said that Winihrop refused to take
her from the cemetery until she compelled him
to do so. She also told me that Winthrop had !
caused her to get her life insured in some lodge !
and that Winthrop had paid the premiums on I
the policy. I tried to get more particulars
from her, but could not do so on account of her
condition. My wife was perfectly healthy and
had no reason to commit suicide.
We got along very pleasantly and she haa no
worriment of mind. When our child died
about a year ago she was very much affected
but she had gotten over her grief some time
ago. Recently she has tuken to riding a bicycle
and was out frequently the last few days. She
was in the best of spirits when I saw her at
noon yesterday, and I don't believe any sudden
change could come over her, even though she
visited the grave of our children. I did not
know she was acquainted with Winthrop I
never saw him but once. I had no Idea she
had any insurance on her life or that she be
longed to any lodge.
Just before my wife died she cried out
"Charley, Charley 1" Xone of us know to
whom she referred. She must have been in a
Dr. E. M. Griffith was in a comparatively
quiet mood yesterday and spoke freely on
all poivts in'the case.
I never knew Mrs. Mathews more than to see
her a few times on the street. I never attended
her before. I was called in somewhere "about
3:30 P. M. yesterday. From the woman's ac
tions I diagnosed ncr case as one of strychnine
poisoning and treated her accordingly. She
was in spasms almost continually when not
under the influence of chloroform to keep her
from going into the convulsions which hurt
her severely. I also gave her chloral hydrate
and bromide of potassium. All three of these
are antidotes for strychnine poisoning.
I kept ber under the influence of chloroform
nearly all the time, for when she would come
out from its influence Ehe would go into
spasms on the least noise, i heaid part of her
statement to her husband. As 1 was out of
the room part of the time I did not hear it all.
I believe she told him that Winthrop had forced
her to take a pill.
She also said something about a life insur
ance policy which Winthrop had gotten out
for her and on which he had paid the pre
I did not want her to exert herself by talk
ing too much, as it brought on spasms. Her
throat was affected, and she could not speak
distinctly at times. She was unconscious some
time before she died.
As I knew that the woman had made a state
ment I told her that she would surely die, and
that she should be particular about making a
statement which virtually accused another
person of killing her.
She stoutly maintained that what she said
was true, and that Winthrop had given her the
The police have not made much of an
investigation of the case, as they have not
heard anything from the Coroner. Captain
Lees has received the statements of
Winthrop and Mathews and when told
last evening that Dr. Griffith had admin
istered chloroform, chloral hydrate and
bromide of potassium to Mrs. Mathews, he
Why. I don't think any strychnine will be
found In the woman's stomach. As I under
stand the action of strychnine it is almost im
mediate. If the facts are as represented it is
quit* probable that the woman was killed by
Dr. Griffith's treatment. If Mrs. Mathews had
taken strychnine I think she would have been
dead before Dr. Griffith was summoned. I
think he mistook hysteria for strychnine
If he kept her under the influence of chloro
form and gave her also bromide of potassium
and choral hydrate it is very possible that
these poisons stopped the action of her heart,
and if her heart was a feeble one her death
could have been brought about easily. I do
not take any stock in the statement made by
the woman against Winthrop while In a hys
terical condition. It might have been purely
imaginary, as similar cases have occurred in
this City. There is really nothing to show that
Mr. Winthrop was guilty of any wrong act.
Dr. E. M. Griffith, who attended Mrs.
Mathews, and whom Captain Lees seems
to believe responsible for the woman's
death, has gained considerable notoriety
before in this City.
In October last he was arrested for brand
ing a baby with a hot needle.
A young woman had come to his office,
which was then at 1050 McAllister street.
She was about to become a mother. Dr.
Griffith attended the woman, and on Sep
tember 30 the baby was born. Eleven days
later a messenger boy appeared at the Ile
ceiving Hospital with the baby.
It was soon discovered that on the baby's
leg the letter E and the figure 1 were in
delibly branded. Dr. Griffith was arrested,
and admitted that he branded the baby,
but claimed it was not a cruel act as the
baby had not suffered any. The charge
against him could not be sustained and he
was released. Dr. Griffith created quite a
sensation at the time on account of his
erratic actions. It was learned that he
was heavily addicted to the use of mor
phine, opium and intoxicating spirits.
The Labor Commissioner's Re
port to the Co-operative
Com monwealth.
Seeking Grounds on Which to Estab
lish a Large Co-operative
George W. Sells has been appointed
manager of the Co-operative Common
wealth, and since he assumed office, last
Tuesday, he visited a number of the asso
ciations that have in the past interested
themselves on behalf of the laboring
At a meeting of the Commonwealth held
last evening in the old church building on
Geary street, opposite Union square, the
manager stated that among those who had
been spoken to was Hugh Craig of the
Chamber of Commerce, who had declared
that an association of which he was a
member had raised a large sum of money
to help the workingman, and that if the
Commonwealth carried out its promises he
would again do what he could for the
laboring men. He also stated that at a
meeting of the Commonwealth held in the
afternoon he read an interesting report
from Labor Commissioner E. L. Fitzgerald
in regard to laboring men on the dumps.
This was a report of an aeent of the
Labor Commissioner, sent at the sugges
tion of the Commonwealth to investigate
the dumps. It is as follows:
I spent a day amonf? the inhabitants of the
several street dumps, and this is what I saw
and heard, and this is what any one can see
who will go there almost any day in the year
and can stand the vile smells and will keep his
eyes and ears open.
They eat the refuse of the dumps and they
sleep on the dumps. Their homes are made
from the ragged and filthy bits of carpet, oil
cloths, mattings and pieces of tin extracted
from the loads of refuse brought to the City
dumping ground by the hordes of scavengers,
and after they have sorted from among the filth
something that to them Beems of especial
value, such as bones'or rags, or may be bread,
they seem satisfied.
Here are together about 180 or 200 able
bodied men who feed themselves by picking
the stale bread, meal and vegetables from the
dump carts.
1 saw men sorting the refuse, picking and
digging and scraping around the ashes, tin
cans, rotten fruit, street sweepings, swill and
stable refuse for a crust of stale bread or bit of
meat. 1 saw them pick up the mouldy rotten
bread, break away the black and filthy por
tions, putting away the rest for future con
sumption. I saw them pry off the tops of cans
of rotten fruit and stinking salmon, sniffing
the foul odors to ascertain if the contents had
gone beyond that stage which the human
stomach can endure, but how do they draw the
line of demarkatfon between food and carrion?
They eat what we would fear to thow to our
dogs. They sort over the foul rags gathered
from the back alleys of Chinatown, disease
breeding, leperous Mongolian cast-off clothing,
shaking them out and hanging them on a line
to dry, some to be worn by them, the rest to be
so id "to buyers of junk. I saw huts built of
almost everything, some neat and clean, some
filthy and tumble-down, none tall enough to
stand erect inside. Some lay on old spring
beds picked up on the dumps, others lay on
the ground. I saw sleeping apartments made
out of forty or fifty feet lengths of sheet-iron
pipe covered with bits of carpet held in place
by stones or a piece of sewer-pipe. Lifting the
fiece of carpet that fell over an end of the pipe
saw in some matting and old comforters
a myriad of rats, which scampered away on see
ing the light.
1 talked with many of these men, one an up
holsterer, another a mechanic, another a shoe
maker, all willing to work at anything. One
said: "There are no criminals among us. If
we find one we run him out. We are honest
men, and we want work." Another said:
"What do the Supervisors sell the right to sort
over the refuse to those scavengers? We could
make a living from the dumps if they were
away, and what do they do with the money
that the old fellow, whose son keeps the saloon
just across the street, pays them? I uever
heard that it went into the City treasury, did
you?" I was forced to acknowledge that I had
not. It has been learned from an attache of
the Board of Supervisors that a certain Frank
Capello, known as the keeper of the dumps, is
paid a salary of $50 a month by the City to
spread the refuse as fast as it is received, also
that the office is considered one of the
fattest plums in the gift of the Supervisors, aud
is much sought after.
It seems that the incumbent assumes that he
owns or has a prior right to everything depos
ited on these grounds, and he employs the Ital
ians to pick over and sort out all that is valu
able. The rags are sorted over, dried and
baled. The tin cans are throw n into a furnace
to get the tin and solder, which is run into
molds, then the remainder Is baled and sold to
be made into sash weights. The sweet corn
cans are used again, the bones are used for fer
tilizing, the rubber melted, and the manure
sold to truck gardeners. Thus the man who is
paid a salary to simply scatter the refuse be
comes a monopolist, an autocrat and a tyrant,
who keeps the poor unemployed from Dicking
up an honest, though meager, living from that
over which his jurisdiction ceases as soon as it
is scattered.
Is there a remedy for this state of affairs?
Are men compelled to live alongside of this
foul-smelling dumping-ground? Is it not pos
pible, through the instrumentality of the Labor
Commissioner, to bring about a change?
There are idle lands as well as idle hands, and
it is not among the impossibilities of the near
future to bring these together and make them
operate, throueh the assistance of the Labor
Bureau of this City. When the Mayor, who is
noted for his benevolence, owns the greater
part of the unoccupied lands of San Fran
cisco, it does seem not improbable to hope
that results similar to those brought about in
Eastern cities could be successfully accom
plished Jiere. No man who is the owner of a
vacant lot could possibly object to filling the
stomach of some poor man's family with a meal
of potatoes raised by extra hours of toil upon
land that is idle.
Geo. W. Sell, Esq.— Dear Sir : At your requeßt
I send above report. It is authentic and a mat
ter of record in our office. Respectfully,
E. L. Fitzgerald, Labor Commissioner
May 18, 1895.
Manager Sells said last night that some
action will be taken by the directors of the
Commonwealth in regard to the men men
tioned in the report. He also stated that
the Mayor had been spoken to with a view
to obtain some unoccupied land upon
which to start a co-operative farm similar
to that in Detroit, and that the Mayor had
spoken encouragingly of the proposition.
He said that he intends to wait on other
land-owners. Thus far 100 good mechanics
and fifteen laborers are enrolled. "Within
a week fourteen have obtained employment
and next week he has promise of work for
forty more.
The board of directors will meet to-night
and elect officers.
The Local Democracy Takes
Its Outing at Beautiful
— _ __
It Was Much Quieter Than Former
Affairs, but Was Thoroughly
The glad slogans of Democracy resound
ed through the fir-topped heights of the
Santa Cruz Mountains in triumphant peans
yesterday; the warriors of the Iroquois
Club, their friends, their wives and sweet
hearts wandered through the beautiful pic
nic grounds at Glenwood, and danced,
and lunched and had the most delightful
time imaginable, returning early in the i
evening perfectly ecstatic over the splendid !
time they had had.
In many respects yesterday's outing was
much quieter than former affairs of the
kind under the auspices of the Iroquois
Club, but it was probably more enjoyable
than any ever given before. To begin with, j
there were no speeches on the tariff, or |
object lessons on the innocuousness of I
G rover ; there was never a row, nor the sign
of a row; no accidents marred the pleasure
of a single one, and the arrangements were
simply perfect.
When the steamer Encinal pulled out of
the slip yesterday morning it had on board,
by actual count, just 760 people in the Iro
quois excursion party, as good a looking,
as stylishly attired, as pleasant a throng
as ever journeyed forth on pleasure bent.
The band played, little knots of singers
here and there on the boat caroled snatches j
of popular airs to the morning, guitars and
banjoes tinkled, and all was merry on the
journey to the mountains. Twenty cars
made up the train which pulled into the sta
tion at 12:10 o'clock and every car appeared
to be crowded. The dining-room of the Glen
wood Hotel was crowded again and again
with the hungry, basket-lunchers spread
out in all directions under the shady trees
in the glen, and the large, fat men who
presided behind the lunch-counters, wore
off many layers of adipose tissue in an
effort to cater to the wants of the clamor
ous hungry.
Dancers crowded the big floor provided j
for their accommodation almost immedi- i
ately after reaching the beantiful glen and
enjoyed themselves for four hours to their
hearts' content. There was no set pro
gramme; the club merely provided the
place, the time and the refreshments and
the big crowd wandered at its own sweet
will whither it listed.
It was as perfect a day in the sunlit
mountains as one could wish for, and dur
ing the four hours' stay at Glenwood every
moment was enjoyed.
A small party of pleasure-seekers from
Santa Cruz joined the excursionists in the
afternoon, as did a contingent of the unter
rified Democracy from Watsonville. The
Santa Cruz people did plenty of missionary
work in the interest of the coming water j
carnival in the beautiful city by the sea j
and contributed their share to the general J
The excursionists broke camp shortly
after 5 o'clock, boarded the cars for home,
arriving in the City at 8 o'clock, better a
hundred per cent each for the sunshine,
the ozone, the atmosphere of happiness, in
which they had mingled during the day.
Louis Metzzer was chairman of the com
mittee of arrangements and Joe Coffey
acted as floor manager. The other mem
bers of the committee were: Dr. Bryant, |
J. J. Flynn, L. V. Merle, Fred Raabe, John I
A. Wall, J. H. Zemansky, John Kreling,
Charles Ames and H. D. Pratt.
Clitus Barbour and President Reynold*
Discuss the Money Question
at Length.
Money was the subject discussed by the
Single Tax Society last night. Clitua
Barbour, the principal speaker, advocated
the free coinage of silver, but admitted
that it was not the most important issue,
the deriving of revenue from land values
by the single tax being equally important
in his opinion. He urged, however, that
it was the duty of all who desired to im
prove conditions to join in assisting to
right the wrong of 1873.
President James S. Reynolds finally took
the floor and concluded the discussion
with an explanation of the nature and
purpose of money, in which he said :
"we must draw a clear distinction be
tween money of account, money of ex
change and commodity money.
"Money of account is not a tangible
thing, but an abstract idea. We call its
unit a 'dollar,' which in the realm of
values is like the idea of 'number' in
mathematicsorthatof 'point' in geometry.
Our monetary unit only conveys any idea
of value when used to express the relation
between things in exchange with respect
to their comparative values.
"Money of exchange is merely a mem
orandum of credit expressed in the terms
of tbe money of account.
"Commodity money is simply the
material token upon which the Govern
ment has put its stamp of value. The
idea of the intrinsic value of the metal or
material of the coin is lost, and the
arbitrary representative value established
by the Government is the only thing uni
versally recognized.
"That there is need of a money of 'ul ti
mate redemption' or 'base of issue' is one
of the many superstitions that are mixed
up with the money question.
"The nearest approach to^his of which
there is any actual necessity, is the direc
tion of Congress to the Secretary of the
Treasury to go and do business for the
United States just as business men in their
senses usually do, namely, issue for ser
vice rendered or products supplied the
Government's memoranda of credit, which,
in short, are treasury notes, and receive
them again from whomsoever becomes in
debted to the Nation."
Brief Discourses— A Recent Innovation
by Faulist Fathers— Th« Priest
in Confession.
The five-minutes sermons which have re
cently been introduced by the Paulist
Fathers at St. Mary's Church on Califor
nia street is one of the popular features of
the service. Rev. Father Arthur M. Clark
has been delivering a series of discourses
on the "Confessional," always limiting
himself to a few minutes, and last night he
closed the course. His subject was "The
Priest in Confession." Among other things
he said:
"Not the least difficult part of the prac
tice of confession is that which he who lis
tens has to perform. He is at once jury
and judge, while the penitent is criminal,
prosecuting attorney and his own lawyer.
For the work the priest prepares by a
long course of study. He must be a friend
of those who need it, kind to all although
severe. He must be prudent and careful,
and as patient as he knows how to be."
These points were developed at some
length. The results have been good which
have followed these Sunday evening in
structions, as numbers have been led to
investigate more closely the doctrines of
the Catholic religion.
Father Clark opens a mission for non-
Catholics in St. Helena, Napa County,
next Sunday, at the invitation of Rev. P.
Professor Scheel and his band of tal
ented musicians will give a sacred concert
at St. Mary's on Tuesday evening, June 4.
The repainting and decorating of the old
church will then be finished, and the
effects under the electric lights, which will
be turned on for the tirst time, will be
shown to good advantage.
The famous painting of the Immaculate
Conception, brought from Rome by the
late Archbishop Alemany,?and the points
of the Crucifixion and the Blessed Virgin
have been reset in the sanctuary walls and
stand out in strong relief and harmony.
Funeral Services Over the
Remains of Governor
A Requiem Mass at St. Ignatius
and Interment at Santa
There were quite a large number of
callers yesterday at the Burnett residence
at 1713 Larkin street, to view the remains of
the first elected Governor of California.
The body had been laid out in the drawing
room and the features were life-like and
natural, showing a calm and peaceful end.
There were many and beautiful floral
tributes from the relatives and friends of
the departed pioneer and executive.
The funeral will take place from the fam
ily residence this morning. A solemn re
quiem masß will be celebrated at St.
Ignatius Church at 10 o'clock, and the
mortal remains of Peter H. Burnett will
then be conveyed by a special funeral train
to Santa Clara, where the interment will
take place in the Catholic cemetery.
Rev. Father Coltelli will be the celebrant
of the mass and Rev. Father Larkin will
act as deacon. Rev. Father Cottle will
preach the sermon. A male choir will sing
the mass and the solos will be by an espe
cially selected quartet.
The following gentlemen will act as pall
bearers: Judge McKinstry, Senator George
C. Perkins, Captain James M. McDonald,
Dr. C. D. Cleveland. Christian Reis, Alex
ander Boyd, W. A. Piper and James R.
The gentlemen's sodality of St. Ignatius
Church will be present in a body and Gov
ernor Budd and staff are also expected to
be present. The Pioneers will also be rep
Among the mourners who will accom
pany the remains to Santa Clara are the
Mr. and Mrs. Dwight Burnett of Visita
cion Valley, Mr. and Mrs. John M. Bur
nett, Mr. and Mrs. C. T. Ryland of San
Jose, Judge and Mrs. William T. Wallace,
Miss M. Burnett, Mr. and Mrs. Joseph R.
Ryland of Los Gatos, Miss Har
riet Burnett, Mr. and Mrs. George
Burnett, Mr. and Mrs. John F. Sheehan.
Mr. and Mrs. Frank Burnett, C. T. Ryland
Jr., David M. Burnett, Miss Romie Wal
lace, A.Burnett, Peter Burnett, Mr. and
Mrs. Sprague, John W. Ryland, Miss
Sarah Burnett, Miss Margaret A. Burnett
and Miss Mary Burnett.
Macauley had a good mother and revered
her memory. He said: "In after life you
may have friends— fond, dear friends
fond, dear friends; but never will you have
again the inexpressible love and gentle
ness lavished upon you which none but a
mother bestows."
John S. Macintosh, tho Saloon-
Keeper, Tells of His
The Police Have Secured a Revolver,
Cane, Mask and Piece of
Another Mask.
The hold-up of John S. Macintosh in his
saloon, corner of McAllister and Leaven
worth streets, about half-past 1 o'clock
yesterday morning was a cool and most
daring piece of work. The saloon is close
to the City Hall and people are passing it
at all hours of the night. There is also a
saloon on the opposite corner, which was
open at the time of the robbery.
From subsequent developments it is evi
dent that the four masked footpads were
acquainted with the saloon-keeper's
methods and the interior of the saloon.
They were seen by a young man standing
against the fence on Leavenworth street,
above the saloon, a few minutes before the
robbery and he thinks he could identify at
least one of them. They were not at that
time masked.
Macintosh had counted his cash receipts
for the day and had put $70— 5.55 in cold
and $15 in silver — in his pocket. Heleft
about $2 change in the till.
"I was in the act of placing some cigar
ette-boxes on the shelves in the window
looking into McAllister street," said Mac
intosh yesterday, "when I heard some one
slip in by the rear door, opening out to
Leavenworth street. Thinking it was a
customer I continued fixing the boxes,
when I was startled by a voice from behind
me saying, 'Throw up your hands.'
"I looked round and saw a short man,
wearing a long mask, with a revolver in
his hand pointed at me. I glanced to my
left and standing at the corner of the coun
ter was another masked man with a re
volver pointed at me. This man's mask
was torn and he covered the torn part with
his left hand, but I could see that he was
freckled and had a light mustache. At th«
center of the counter on the outside was a
third masked man with a revolver in his
"The two men outside the counter wer«
about the same size— s feet 7 or 8 inches.
The short man behind the counter was, I
should judge, about 5 feet 4 or 5 inches.
"While the two taller men kept their re
volvers pointed at me the short man, be
fore I had a chance to yell, shoved a wet
pieca of cloth into my mouth to gag me.
Then he went through my pockets and
took the $70, besides my keys and a police
whistle. He pulled out my watch and
said, 'It's only silver,' and one of the
others said that they did not want it as it
was not a gold one. The short man then
took the change out of the till. All this
time the man standing at the center of the
counter kept his eyes fixed on the rear
"They dragged me into the room lead
ing from the bar and tied me by the wrists
to a chair with my face looking toward the
wall. They used one of the bar towels.
Then with another towel they tied my
neck and double-gagged my moxith.
"The fourth man, who was also masked,
stood outside the front door as a lookout.
Four of my friends came along McAllister
street and when he saw them coming tow
ard my saloon he ran inside and held on to
the front door. They tried the door and
as it did not yield they thought I had
locked it. The robber ran to the back
room and cave the alarm. One of them
said to me that if I attempted to stir or
make a noise they would blow my braina
out. and they all ran out of the rear door
onto Leavenworth street.
"My four friends tried the front door
again and when they entered and did not
see me behind the bar they came into the
rear room and soon had me released from
my uncomfortable position. I ran out of
the rear door and saw the four footpads
about a block ahead of me, running north
as fast as they could. I ran after them,
j r elling 'police' as loud as I could, and
when I reached Golden. Gate avenue I saw
them turning round the corner of Turk
street toward MarKet.
"I gave up the chase and went to the
Central police station and reported the
robbery. The whole thing was done in
two or three minutes."
Policeman Smith, who accompanied Mac
intosh back to the saloon, found a revolver
on a small table in the rear room which
one of the footpads had left in his hurry to
get away. It is a small pin-tire weapon of
little use.
When daylight broke yesterday morning
Macintosh found one of the masks and a
cane on the sidewalk on the opposite side
of Leavenworth street, where they had
been thrown by one of the footpads. The
mask is made out of the black lining of a
coat. The under part of another mask
was found in the doorway of the house on
Leavenworth street immediately above the
saloon. These articles Macintosh handed
to the police. He thinks he would be able
to identify the shortest of the footpads and
the one whose mask was torn. The police
are working on the case, but no arrests
have as yet been made.
Some idea may be formed of the cost of
accessories to a billiard-table when it is
stated that it requires the tusks of three
elephants to furnish a complete set of
balls — namely, sixteen pyramid, twelve
pool and three billiard balls.
Great American ImportinE Tea Co/s
T« Purchasers of Fifty Cts. or One Dollar's
Worth of Our Celebrated
Teas, Coffees, Spices, Etc.
gtF" Our Very Liberal Inducements will
Buying at First Dand-Au Immense Saving
JBS"Xo Peddler's Profits to Pay.
Goods Delivered Free.
52 Market Street )
140 Sixth Street
1419 Polk Street
5'Jl Montgomery Aye.
2008 Fillmore Street
3006 Sixteenth Street
617 Kearny Street Q Qn rm»n«Sn«wL
965 Market Street ORII rP(ffiCISCD
333 Hayes Street
218 Third Street
104 Second Street
146 Ninth Street
2410 Mission Street
3259 Mission Street
917 Broadway ) «* . ■
131 San Pablo Avenue V fiflk ani]
616 E. Twelfth Street ) uaMt "«»
Park Street and Ala- \ Al nmn J n

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