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FEE BILL IS NULL
Judge Buckles of So
lano Decides Against
IT IS NOT GOOD LAW.
Under It Constables and Jus-
Jtices Could Draw All the
OUR GALLANT DEFENDER.
The Crack Cruiser of the United
States May Be Ordered to
VALLEJO, Cai.., May 20.— The fee bill
recently passed by the Legislature has
been declared unconstitutional by Superior
Judge Buckles. After the fee bill became
a law Auditor Wooderson notified all con
btables and Justices of th«» Peace that he
would not pay salaries either under the
old or new law until the court had ren
dered a decision.
Immediately there was a consultation of
all interested parties. Constable Dan
Fitzpatrick of Suisun brought an action
against Wooderson for the purpose of test
ing the constitutionality of the new law.
Judge Buckles, after listening to the argu
ments by counsel for plaintiff, rendered
the following decision :
The act of March 28, 1895. statutes 1895,
page 208, provides that constables and jussices
shall receive as fees compensation for services
rendered, with provisos in the case of con
stables that in criminal cases he shall not
receive more than $100 in any one month and
not more than $1000 in any one year, and in
case of justices not more than $75 in any one
month shall be allowed out of the county
treasury in misdemeanor cases to any one
justice. "Does this act repeal so much of the
county government act of 1893 as relates to
justices aud constables of Solano County?"
To do so it must have been the intention of
the Legislature that it should, and then the act
must follow the plain mandate of the consti
tution. Under the county government act of
1893 these officers were paid salaries accord
ing to duties to be performed, which were fur
ther measured by the population of their
respective townships, and such salaries were :
Vallejo, constable $100 and justice $100;
Benicia. $100 and $75 ; Suisun, $100 and $65 ;
Vacaville, $100 and $75; Silveyville, $60 and
$55 ; Rio Vista, $50 and $30; Green Valley, $15
and $15; Eimira, $30 and $20; Denver
ton, $10 aud $10; Montezuma,slo and $10;
Main Prairie, $10 and $10: Tremont,
$10 and $10. If the act of March 25, 1890,
takes the place of the provisions of the act of
1893 relating to justices and constables in the
thirteenth class, the compensation of these
oflicers would be bo regulated that each might,
by due diligence and a superabundance of
tramps in their respective bailiwicks, be as fol
lows: Constables $100 or $1000 a year and
justices $75 or more. These salaries would ap
ply to the above-named officials in \allejo,
Benicia, Suisun, Vacaville, Silveyville, Rio
Vista, Green Valley, Eimira, Denverton.Monte
zuma, Main Prairie and Tremont.
It will be observed also that the Justices may
receive for misdemeanor cases alone $900 per
annum besides what he shall be entitled to for
examinations in felony cases, at $3 each, to
be paid by the county. It will require but a
glance at these tables and *he law to convince
any one that while the compensation of the
constables of Vallejo, Benicia, Suisun and
Vacaville would be reduced from $1200 to
$1000 per annum, the constables in all other
townships would be able to earn an increased
compensation from $120 in the lowest case and
$780 in the highest per annum to $1000 per
Section 9, article 9, of the constitution pro
vides that the compensation of any county,
■ city, town or municipal officer shall not be in
creased after his election or during his term of
office. Every act of the Legislature which at
tempts to increase the officer's compensation
during his term of office is void, because of the
constitutional prohibition. Bnt it is contended
that the Board of Supervisors, in allowing the
claims of constables and Justices, might pre
vent the application of increase under act
of March 28, by allowing only the . sum
paid by the county government act.
This, however would be delegating to
the Supervisors the power to fix com- ■
pensation, a power which is lodged with the
Legislature and cannot be delegated. Besides,
such a system 'would lack that uniformity
required by the constitution ; and further, as
the act of March 28 is inconsistent with the
county government act of 1893, so far as it re
lates to compensation of these officers, if it be
constitutional and at all operative as to these
officers, then it repeals that part of the county
government act, but it does not. ' For reasons
here stated all that part of the act of March
28, 1895, relating to Justices' and Constables' I
monthly compensation is void so far as the |
county is concerned, ■ and the Auditor will
draw warrants for the salaries of these officers
according to the provisions of the county gov
ernment ace of 1893.
TO VISIT MARE ISLAND.
The Cruiser Neve York- Will Probably
Come Here From "Europe.
VALLEJO, Cal., May 20.— Word was
received at the navy-yard to-day that the j
cruiser New York was to have left the
Brooklyn Navy-yard Saturday last for
Kiel, Germany, and expected to be
there on the 10th of June, but : after
the 20th of that month it was
not known whether " she' would be made
flagship of the European squadron, or that
she would return to New York, or, be sent
over to China and Japan, and eventually
bring up at the navy-yard ; at Mare Island.
There are strong probabilities that the big
cruiser will come to the Pacific Coast be
fore another year elapses, and our people
will have an opportunity of seeing what a
big ship looks like.
Fell Forty Feet and Was Killed.
VALLEJO, Cal., May 20.— A young lad
named Sherman fell from a tree at the
Good Templars' Orphan Home last Sunday
a distance of forty-two feet. He fractured
his skull and broke one of ! his. legs. The
little fellow lingered until this v morning,
when death relieved . his sufferings. , He |
has a parent residing at Selma. : The funeral j
will be held : to-morrow. ' Every attention i
was rendered the unfortunate lad, but 'of
no avail. ■ " ■■ V ■•.-•.■'■- ■'.. .:.-
SAN JOSE HAPPEJfIXOS.
The Wine-Qrowert Have Sold Out to the
SAN JOSE, May 20.— Fifteen bills of sale
were riled in the County Recorder's office
to-day whereby 828,975 gallons uf wine
were transferred from wine - growers of
this valley to the California Wine-makers'
Corporation. No price was mentioned in
the contracts, as the terms had been
agreed upon at a private meeting. The
transfers were as follows:
John Bergin, Mountain View, 40,000 gal
lons dry red wines vintage '91; E. H.
Guppy & Sons, San Jose, 24,500 gallons
dry red wines vintage '93 and '94, 5000 gal
lons '93 and '94 in reserve; P. Estrada and
J. Bordes, San Jose, 75,000 gallons dry red
wines vintage '94, 100,000 vintage '93,
25.000 in reserve; H. C. Morrell,
Wrights, 3000 gallons dry red wines
vintage '94 and 1000 gallons vintage '93;
Morton Bros., Mountain View, 47,000 gal
lons dry red wine 3, vintage '94; S. H.
Kifer, Mountain View, 45,000 gallons dry
red wines, vintage '94; Alex Montgomery,
Westside, 10,000 gallons dry red wines,
vintage '94; Mrs. M. A. Reynolds, Sara
toga, 3895 gallons dry red wines, vintage
'94; Mrs. C. O. Wilcox, Santa Clara, 60,000
gallons dry red wines, vintage '94, 3000 gal
lons vintage '93; J. P. Bubb, Santa Clara,
12,000 gallons dry red wines, vintage '94;
Los Gatos Co-operative Winery, 225,000
gallons dry red wines, vintage '94; S. P.
Stockton, San Jose, 65,000 gallons dry
red wines, vintage '93 and '94;
John Snyder, Mountain View, 97,000
•rallons dry red wines, vintage '94;
J. C. Merithew, West Side, 4000 gallons
dry white wines, vintage of 1893 and 1894,
and 1000 gallons dry red wines, vintage
1893 and 1894, and keeps in reserve 43,000
gallons of dry red wines of 1893 and 1894;
A. H. Woods, West Side, 12,000 gallons dry
red wines, vintage 1893, and keeps 300 gal-
Jons of older wines in reserve and agrees
to sell 1300 gallons of dry white wines, vint
age of 1894, and 800 gallons of vintage of
The total transfers amount to 823,375
gallons dry red wines and 5600 gallons dry
white wines; about 74,300 gallons dry red
wines are being held in reserve.
Ex-Governor Burnett Laid to ftest.
SAN JOSE, Cal., May 20.— The funeral
train bearing the remains of the late Peter
H. Burnett, the first Governor of California,
arrived at Santa Clara at 2 o'clock this
afternoon. It consisted of two coaches,
one containing the casket. The other was
the mourning coach, and in it were mem
bers of the family. Delegations from the
gentlemen's sodality of St. Ignatius
Church and the Society of California
Pioneers attended the arrival of the train.
The interment took place in the family
plat in the Catholic cemetery.
TACOMANS ARE ALARMED
They Are Afraid of the Great
President Hill of the Great Northern
Says the Country Will Be
TACOMA, Wash., May 20.— The James
J. Hill Great Northern-Northern Pacific
Railroad deal affects Tacoma morfe than
any other city on Puget Sound. The
Northern Pacific officers' headquarters for
the entire western end of the line and the
road's terminal facilities, on which $2,000,
--000 has been expended, are here.
The combination is regarded here as
having been made in the interest of the
economical management of each. That is
understood to mean that many heads of
departments, from Second Vice-President
Prescott of Portland down through the
assistant general manager and assistant
principal engineers offices here, are likely
to fall in the basket. In short, a wholesale
decapitation is feared, and there is great
uneasiness in official circles from St. Paul
west on both roads.
The Northern Pacific has lately secured
a platting of tide flats in front of Tacoma
favorable to it. No portion of Puget Sound
really has one-half the natural favorable
ground forterzninal facilities that Tacoma
has. Carshops of the Northern Pacific
which cost $1,000,000 and were completed
two years ago are located here.
The Oriental steamship line which
runs in connection with the Northern Pa
cific has long made its terminal here owing
to superior wharfage facilities, and has
added three new steamships to its line,
owing to the increase in trade, and has
made arrangements to begin next month
the construction of the largest coal
conveyer in the world, to cost $200,000.
These things are taken as indications
that Tacoma will be made the principal
terminal of the two great railroad systems
and of the Oriental steamship lines.
Instead of building independent trackage
to this city and Portland the Great North
ern trains will . be run over, the Northern
Pacific tracks to the two cities. - The com
bination will then be in a position to dic
tate Puget Sound rates to the Union Pa
cific, Southern Pacific and the Burlington.
WILT, NOT CONSOLIDATE.. •',"
Hill Says the Great Northern and
■ Northern Pacific Will He Separate.
ST. PAUL, Mo., May President J.
J. Hill of the Great Northern Railroad ar
rived home to-day from Europe. In the
course of an interview he said he was not
in a position at this; time to speak of the
j so-called Northern Pacific deal, but said:
; "You may put this down as an assured
fact— the Great ; Northern ; and Northern
Pacific will never be consolidated 1 under
one management. You may add that the
Northern Pacific will not be bought at all.
Such reports are canards and are not to be
considered for a moment. There will be a
strong effort made to develop the country
along the Northern Pacific, to sell: the
lands that await settlement and sell them
j at greatly reduced prices if necessary.
"I want to add that it is my hope that a
time has been reached when the roads
will have to give up what they have been
doing. The game of cut-throat in the rail
road business in this country has got to be
discontinued and if it is not the credit of
the country will be still more seriously
"How much is true of the matter that
has been printed relative to your absolute
control of the Northern Pacific?" ;.
fVell, so far as the knowledge of any
ons who have printed such matter is
:erned, there is not a word of truth in
I have given no interviews or allowed
one else to do so of a nature that
would admit the truth of the story."
It. Hill would not admit that the con
of the road had passed into his hands,
the truth of the matter comes out from
dquarters, says the Dispatch,
establishes that the trip to Europe
?n by Mr. Hill recently was not of his
cinq; that up to the time of his being
imoned to proceed to Berlin and Lon
he had made no overtures regarding
Northern Pacific. The step was taken
oncert by the Berlin and London share
iers. The Dispatch insists that it has
iwledge that "the control of the North-
Pacific was rather forced on him than
The Dispatch continues: "There is no
doubt in the world that James J. Hill has
the Northern Pacific in his bag. He has
corraled it, and although, as he says, it
may take some little time for the entire
plan to become public, the Dispatch is in
a position to give the Northwest assurance
that the two great systems of railway will
shortly be under the single control of Mr.
Hill. His plan of making the road pay by
settling the country along its lines at any
cost is one that has commended itself to
the shareholders abroad, and the consent
of which has put him in the responsible
position lie now holds was practically
unanimous so far as the European holders
THE SAN FRANCISCO CALL, TUESDAY, MAY 21, 1895.
CARLISLE ON MONEY
The Secretary Defends
SPEECH AT COVINGTON.
His Views on Sound Currency
Aired Before a Large
NEED OF THE GOLD CURE.
The Salvation of the Country, He
Says, Rests on the Limited
Coinage of Silver.
COVINGTON, Kt., May 20.— The Secre
tary of the United States Treasury, Hon.
J. G. Carlisle, opened the discussion of the
question of sound money here to-night in
a quaint lecture hall called Central Garden.
The hall is in the middle of a beer gar
It is a theater-like structure, with a
small stage at one end, where the song and
dance artists are wont to enliven dull
hours. The rush to hear the speaker was
tremendous. An attempt was made to re
serve seats for ladies, but it was given up
when the pressure for admission by voters
The beginning of the address was de
layed by a street demonstration of con
siderable magnitude. It was 8:25 o'clock
when tne crowd at the doors parted and
Mr. Carlisle, escorted by Congressman'
Berry and accompanied by M. E. Ingalls
and General Michael Ryan, entered the
Shortly afterward the working clubs en
tered to the tune of "Old Kentucky Home"
and "Dixie," followed by the plaintive
"Auld Lang Syne."
Twenty minutes later Hon. A. S.
Berry introduced the speaker in
a brief speech, in the course of which he
paid a high compliment to the man who,
under most difficult circumstances, admin
istered his high office. After tumultuous
applause, again and again repeated, the
Secretary began his address.
Mr. Carlisle prefaced his remarks with a
brief introduction, in which he assured his
audience, "That I am not and do not ex
pect to become a candidate' for any office
in the gift of the people, or their repre
sentatives, and that I do not appear in the
State in the interest of any candidate."
"There has never been a time," con
tinued the Secretary, "since the close of
the Civil War and the settlement of the
questions growing out of it when passion
and prejudice exerted such a powerful in
fluence in controlling the action of the peo
ple upon political and economic questions
as they have during the last two years. A
great wave of depression has swept over
the whole industrial, commercial and
financial world, more injurious in its ef
fects in some places than in others, but en
tailing great loss and distress nearly every
where. It did not begin twenty years ago,
as some of our friends are in the habit of
asserting, but less than five years ago. Its
first serious effects were felt in Argentina,
where the people and the Government,
notwithstanding the warnings of experi
ence in all ages, determined to try again
the experiment of a cheap and inflated
The Secretary reviewed the acts of the
last Republican administration and de
clared the present administration found
the financial affairs of the Government in
a most unsatisfactory and precarious con
dition and rapidly growing worse. Un
wise legislation has already produced its
inevitable results, and whatever criticism
the impatient spirit of a disappointed and
restless people may have prompted them
to make upon the present administration,
1 am sure impartial history will place the
responsibility for what has occurred where
it properly belongs, and lam willing to
wait until it is written.
Whether we shall continue to preserve our
existing monetary system, under which all the
dollars in use, whether they be gold, silver or
paper, possess equal purchasing power in the
market, or provide by law lor the free and
unlimited coinage of silver dollars containing
412% grains of standard silver, and make them
the units and measures of value in the ex
change of commodities and in the payment
of debts, is by far the most important ques
tion that has been presented for the considera
tion of the American people during this gen
eration, and that question now confronts us.
It is incumbent upon those who insist upon
the adoption of this revolutionary policy to
show plainly and conclusively in advance not
only that it would result in no injury, but
that it would be positively beneficial, for if not
positively beneficial the change would, at
least, be wholly useless.
This cannot be done by appeals to the excited
passions and prejudices of thq people by at
tempts to array one class of our citizens or one
section of our country against another; nor by
the use of extravagant statements unsupported
by facts and reasons. The allegation, even if
it were true, that a great crime was surrepti
tiously committed in 1873 or at any other
time does not prove, or even conduce to prove,
that the free coinage of silver at the ratio of 16
to 1 would be beneficial to the country under
the conditions now existing. But, gentlemen,
it is not true that the act of February 12, 1873,
which made the gold dollar the unit of value
and dropped the standard silver dollar from
the coinage, was passed by stealth or that its
purpose or effect was to deprive the people of
the use of any coin then in use or then in
existence in this country.
The plain truth is that this act of 1873,
which has been the subject of so much appre
hension and denunciation, wss simply a legal
recogntion of a monetary condition which had
existed in fact in this country for about thirty
five years, or ever since a short time after the
passage of the coinage act of 1834. The value
of the United States note or greenback was
always measured by gold, and not by silver,
and commodities had a gold price and a paper
price, but never a silver price, because silver,
except the half-dollars, quarters and dimes
coined under the act of 1853, had been out of
use here for more than twenty years before the
commencement of the war, and even these sub
sidiary coins had not bean in use for eleven
years prior to 1873.
Our own monetary history has already fur
nished two most striking illustrations of the
operation of the law under which the coins
which are overvalued by statute always drive
out of circulation the coins which are under
valued. Our own experience had again de
monstrated what the history of the world al
ready showed— that whenever the coinage laws
of any country permit the free coinage of both
metals, with full legal tender qualities
at a ratio of value which does not conform sub
stantially to their intrinsic or commercial
ratio in the markets of the world, both kinds
of coin cannot be kept in circulation at the
There was never in our whole history one
third as much legal-tender silver in use in the
United States at one time as there is now, and
it is used without depriving us of all our gold,
which was never done before. Silver is not
demonetized in this country, but its coinage
has been so limited and regulated by law, and
the financial affairs of the Government have
been so conducted, that up to the present time
its purchasing power has been preserved and
its circulation to a large amount has been
maintained concurrently with other forms of
money, notwithstanding it has been coined at
a ratio which does not conform to the real
value of the metal contained in it. In the
United States sixteen pounds of silver coined
into dollars will now purchase as much as one
pound of gold coins, but this would not be the
case under a system of free and unlimited
coinage on individual account.
I have never been, and am not now, un
friendly to silver in the sense of desiring to
see it excluded from the monetary system of
the United States or of any other country, but
I know that it cannot be kept in circulation
along with gold by means of any ratio the law
of any one country may attempt to establish
between the two metals, and that the only
way to secure the use of both at the
same time is to make one of them the standard
of value, and so limit the coinage of the other
that the Government which issues them and
receives them for public dues may be able at
all times to maintain their exchangeability,
either directly or indirectly, through the oper
ation of its financial system. I am, therefore,
in favor of the preservation of the existing
standard of value, with such use of all legal
tender silver coins and paper convertible into
coin on demand, as can be maintained without
impairing or endangering the credit of the
Government or diminishing the purchasing or
debt paying power of the money in the hands
of the people.
This is what I mean by the term "sound
money," and in my opinion it is what is meant
by an overwhelming majority of the opponents
of free coinage at the rate qf 16 to 1. This is
neither gold monometallism nor silver mono
metallism, but it means that one standard or
measure of value shall be maintained, and that
all forms of standard coins in use shall be kept
equal to that standard in the purchase of com
modities and in the payment of debts.
> How long do you suppose the $625,000,000
of gold in this country would remain here and
be used as money under a free-coinage policy?
The banking and other great financial institu
tions, which own and hold in their resources
much the greater part of this gold, would at
once sell it at a large premium for silver — about
$2 for $I— or they would exchange it for silver
bullion in the market at the ratio of about
thirty-two pounds of silver for each one pound
of gold, have the thirty-two pounds of silver
coined into dollars at the expense of the
people, and with this cheap money pay the de
mands of their depositors and other creditors.
The masses of the people cannot do this, for
they have no gold, nor have they any silver
bullion to be coined at the expense of the
If the immediate effect of the adoption of a
free-coinage policy at the ratio of sixteen to one
would be to contract the currency to the extent
of about $625,000,000 by the withdrawal of
that amount of gold from circulation and from
use as the basis of notes and other forms of
credit, prices would not even nominally ad
vance. On the contrary, for the time being at
least, this contraction would greatly reduce
prices, because it would alarm the country,
destroy credit, and undoubtedly produce the
most serious financial disturbances this
country has ever witnessed.
Of course a great country like this, rich in
natural resources, would ultimately recover in
some measure from even such a disaster, but
how long a time would be required to do so, no
man can predict. All the mints of the United
States, if devoted entirely to the coinage of
silver dollars, could produce only $40,000,000
per annum, and, therefore, with free coinage it
would require more than fifteen years to put
silver dollars in the place of the gold we now
have, and give back to the country the same
amount of metallic money now existing.
But, in the meantime, we would have a de
preciated standard of value with nominally
higher prices — after the first collapse was over
— on account of the reduced purchasing power
of the dollar, and at the same time we would
have for a long time fewer dollars to pay with.
Common prudence would dictate that, when
any considerable change is to be made in our
monetary system, Eome provision should be
made in advance of the actual change for a
gradual transition from the old to the new
order of things; a transition period should be
provided for so as to avoid, as far as possible, a
sudden disturbance of business and contraction
of the currency; but the advocates of free
coinage have no such purpose.
It is well known personally to every gentle
man in this audience who is old enough to
know what was transpiring in 1873 that there
was not a dollar of silver in circulation at that
date* The only metallic or redemption money
in use here at that time was gold, which
amounted to only $135,000,000, including
what the Government was using; wnereaswe
now have about $625,000,000 in gold and
$397,652,873 in full legal tender silver, be
sides about $87,000,000 in subsidiary silver
coin. If, therefere, prices have fallen since
1873 the decline has taken place in spite of
the fact that our full legal tender metallic
money has been increased until it now
amounts to more than seven times as much as
it did at that date, and consequently the
alleged decline in prices must be attributed
to some other cause than the demonetization
of silver. These facts prove not only that the
demonetization of sliver did not reduce the
amount of redemption money in this country,
but they prove also that the fundamental
proposition of the advocates of free coinage is
erroneous and that prices are not fixed or
regulated by the amount of redemption money
alone, for, if so, prices should have increased
As long as there appeared to be | reasonable
ground for the hope that silver could be raised
to a parity of value with gold at the ratio of 16
to 1 by the separate action of the United
States, I was willing to make the experiment,
but I was never willing to make it by legisla
tion providing for the free and unlimited coin
age of silver at that or ftny other ratio. The
only speech I ever made in Congress on this
subject was delivered in tho House of Repre
sentatives more than seventeen years ago, at a
time when the value of the bullion contained
in a silver dollar was only about 7 centa less
than the value of the bullion contained in a
gold dollar, and I, together with many other
opponents of free coinage, believing that a
restoration of silver to our mints would bring
it to a parity with gold, supported a measure
providing for the limited coinage of silver dol
lars on Government account, not on account of
private individuals and corporations, as is
Fifteen years' experience, however, demon
strated that those of us who believed in 1878
that a larger use of silver by the United States
would enhance its price of value, were mis
taken. Instead of increasing the price of sil
ver it continued to fall with greater rapidity
than before, notwithstanding all the efforts
made by our Government to uphold it, until
now the bullion contained in a silver dollar is
worth only about half as much as the bullion
contained in a gold dollar.
The conditions have entirely changed since
1878, and I do not understand that even our
free coinage friends in Kentucky or elsewhere
now contend that any legislation by this coun
try alone could place silver on a parity with
gold at the ratio of 16 to 1. On the contrary,
they insist that the free and unlimited coinage
of silver at that ratio would give the people
cheap money, and I agree with them that it
would have that effect, but it would not be
cheap money if it were equal in value to gold.
The speech made by me on the occasion re
ferred to has been garbled and twisted and
perverted in and out of Congress during the
past two years with a malicious ingenuity
which has scarcely ever been equaled in the
discussion of a public question, and yet no one
has ever ventured to make the direct assertion
that it contained a single word in favor of the
free coinage of silver. It was, in fact, made in
opposition to free coinage, aud in support of
the Senate substitute for a free coinage bill, as
can be seen by any one who will take the
trouble to read it.
Certain sentences, in which I denounced in
strong language the attempt to "destroy"
silver as a money metal, have been separated
from their context and quoted again and
again In Congress, on the stump and in news
papers by men who never read the speech and
who appear wholly incapable of understand
ing the difference between the total disuse of
that metal as money and its free and unlim
ited coinage at the public expense for the ben
efit of private individuals and corporations.
I have a copy of the speech here, but will not
detain you by reading extracts from it to show
what my position was, because any gentleman
who desires to do so can lind it in full in the
appendix to the Congressional Record for the
second session of the Forty-tifth Congress.
Some of the opinions expressed have been
modified and some of them have been changed
altogether by subsequent events and by a more
thorough investigation of the subjects to
which they related; but on the question of
free coinage my convictions have never been
shaken for a moment.
DRIVEN OUT "- JB T UAION MEN. /
Riotous Workmen Prevent the I,oaAfng
of a Luuiber Vessel.
CLEVELAND, Ohio, May 20.— One hun
dred and twenty-five lumber-shovers went
to the Cleveland Sawmill and Lumber
Company's dock this morning armed with
clubs and stones to prevent the lumber
steamer Gettysburg being unloaded by
non-union men. Their leaders had failed
to make terms with the captain of the ves
sel, who told them he had arranged to
have the boat unloaded by another gang
at less than the scale prices.
The union men congregated at the dock
early this morning prepared to drive off
the non-unionists. Frank Wentz, an em
ploye of the mill, was mistaken for a non
union man ana viciously attacked and un
mercifully clubbed. He was removed to
the hospital in an unconscious condition.
When the police arrived the mob had dis
Later the union men unloaded the boat
at the regular scale prices.
WHjU CONTROL SEMINARIES.
The Presbyterian Assembly Settles the
PITTSBURG, Pa., May 20.— 8y a vote
of 432 to 98 the Presbyterian General As
sembly to-day decided to continue the
movement which is intended to give the
assembly absolute control over its theo
logical seminaries. An attempt to get a
aye and. nay vote failed for lack of a one
third of the commissioners in favor, only
105 responding to the demand. The result
of the vote was a surprise to even the best
START A NEW BRANCH
Theosophists at Chicago De
cide to Desert the Old
A Repudiation of the Boston Con
vention's Action Regarding:
CHICAGO, 111., May 20.— A meeting
of Theosophists was held here last night
and a new branch of the Theosophical
Society in America was formed. It is to
be called the Loyalty branch, and it is
claimed by those interested that it will
take the place of that section which has
been known as the Chicago branch. The
new section grew out of a meeting held
by the Chicago branch on Wednesday last,
when it was decided not to ratify
the action of the convention of the
Theosophical Society in America, which
was held in Boston April 28 and 29.
The twenty-nine members who favored
ratification at that meeting called the
meeting for last night, at which about
fifty Theosophists were present.
R. D. A. Wade was elected president
of the Loyalty branch. General Griffiths,
the Pacific Coast lecturer, was present and
assisted in the organization of the Loyalty
"By their action in repudiating the
Boston convention," said Mr. Griffiths,
"the Chicago branch has indorsed as un-
j ust and unwarrantable tne charges made
by the members of the European section
against Williani Judge, who was elected
president of the American section. The
reports from all over the country show
that out of 103 branches in America only
six or seven will refuse to ratify the action
of the Boston convention."
EXCITEMEMT IS WALL STREET
Prices of Corn, Wheat and Oats Take an
NEW YORK, N. V., May 20.— The great
est excitement seen in grain circles in a
number of years was witnessed on the Pro
duce Exchange to-day. Wheat naturally
came in for the lion's share of the activity,
the transactions amounting to 33,000,000
bushels, but corn and oats also had a fair
trade. Fluctuations were very violent at
times, the range of prices being unusually
The activity was a continuation of the
excitement on the curb Saturday, when
July rose from 72}4 to 75}^ in half an hour.
To-day it beat the latter price by nearly 2
cents, touching 77% during the afternoon,
and making a total rise of almost 4 cents
per bushel in two days.
Freezing weather West and talk of wide
spread damage has been of great assistance
to the bulls and was especially so to-day.
Another very important factor to-day was
the heavy decrease of 4,000,000 in the visi
A few minutes before the close a batch
of selling orders came suddenly upon the
market and knocked lj^c off the price be
fore the bulls knew what had happened,
and the market left off in a whirl of excite
ment. Corn and oats also advanced, the
former 1% to 2c per bushel, and oats lc.
COMING TO THE COAST.
Commander-tit- Chief Lntclor and- Staff
to Stake an Inspecting Tour.
ROCKFORD, 111., May 20.— Com
mander-in-Chief Lawlor and staff will
leave Rockford June 4 for a trip to the Pa
cific Coast departments. Their itinerary
is as follows : June 6, Pierre, S. D. ; June
8 and 9, St. Paul ; June 11 and 12, Hauser
Junction, Mont.; June 13, Cceur d'Alene ;
June 14, Spokane ; June 19, Oregon City ;
June 20 and 21, San Francisco ; June 25,
Salt Lake City.
Huntington to Sail for Europe.
NEW YORK, N. V., May 20.-C. P. Hun
tington, president of the Southern Pacific
Railway and the Pacific Mail Steamship
Company, sails for Europe on the steam
ship Majestic on Wednesday. He exDects
to be absent about two months. It is
probable that while in London he will con
fer with the Central Pacific bondholders
CHICAGO, 111., May 20.— Crawford &
Valentine, one of the largest stock and
grain brokerage firms of this city, made an
assignment this afternoon. They were
caught short in the wheat market. Mr.
Boyd of the Chicago Title and Trust Com
pany has been put in charge.
Poisoned, Her Three Children.
OSKALOOSA, lowa, May 20.— Mrs.
Warrick, a farmer's wife of this county,
gave "rough on rats" to her three children
to-day and then committed suicide. Two
children will die.
Dealers in Cotton fail.
NEW YORK, N. V., May 20.— Stevens <fc
Co.. a leading firm in the cotton trade,
The United States Government Chemist,
after an examination for the Indian De
partment, made the emphatic statement
that "The Royal Baking Powder is the
purest in quality and highest in strength
of any baking powder of whjfh I have
READY FOR THE RUSH
Thousands of People
Line the Kickapoo
HOMES FOR BUT A FEW.
There Are Less Than Six Hun
dred Claims for the Horde
to Fight for.
MUCH TROUBLE IS EXPECTED.
"Sooners" Have Already Invaded
the Land and Planted Fraudu
lent Stakes. ,
OKLAHOMA CITY, 0. T., May 20.—
Hundreds of people arrive hourly to help
swell the already well filled lines now
camped along the borders of the Kick
apoo Reservation, awaiting its being
thrown open to settlement on Thurs
day. The weather so far has fav
ored the would be settlers, who
are exceptionally cheerful and apparently
comfortable in the crude schooners and
shanties. But 550 of the thousands who
desire to take up claims can possibly be
satisfied, and some predict a most sensa
tional run and lots of trouble, while others
say discouragement will prevent a great
proportion of the waiters from going at all
except as sightseers.
Already there is a line of weary waiters
before the Land Office, who took up their
positions when the issuing of the Presi
dent's proclamation* was first made public.
A new scheme has been invented to de
ceive settlers. "Sooners" have gone upon
the land and planted fraudulent stakes
purporting to tell that the particular sec
tion is an allotment or school section, to
cause honest home-seekers to go past it
for open land further on.
Then the planter of the stakes will fol
low leisurely, pull them up and use them
to cook his coffee with Thursday night on
the site of a carefully chosen and unlaw
fully gotten claim.
Chandler, situated three miles from the
northeastern corner, and Tecumseh, the
same distance from the southern portion of
the reservation, both good county-seat
towns, will be the greatest starting points.
RACE FOR TAXKTOIT ZAJiDS.
Settlers Gather in lumbers for the Rush
to Secure Somes.
ARMOUR, S. D., May 20.— A1l arrange
ments have been completed for opening the
Yankton reservation to settlement at noon
to-morrow. To-day's trains added greatly
to the throng now awaiting the opening.
The fact that only five days' notice was
given by the President in his proclamation
opening the land will prevent intending
settlers: residing in Eastern States from
arriving until all the best land is taken.
All sorts of vehicles are being placed in
readiness for the race to-morrow.
: The report reaches here to-night that a
large number of settlers are gathered 'on
the Nebraska side of the Missouri River,
who will cross in boats promptly at the
time of opening and secure the choice
land in the southern portion of the "reser
vation. Probably not less. than seventy
five settlers are already on the reservation,
and only troops can remove them and pre
vent others from entering the land from
remote points to-night and to-morrow
forenoon. . ' '; - . :■"-■■
OJF INTEREST TO THE COAST.
AVie Fostoffices Established— Pen along for
WASHINGTON, D. C, May 20.— Justice
and Mrs. Field will spend the summer in
Among the coast arrivals to-day are A.
C. Billicke and M. A. Dudley, of Los
Angeles, and P. C. Hart of San Francisco.
E. P. Sparks was to-day appointed post
master at Fairmount, Los Angeles County,
Cal.,vice CM. Janes, resigned. Postomces
have been established at Altruria, Sonoma
County, and Pences, Lake County, Cal.,
with Emma J. Woodruff and Irene Pence
as postmistresses, respectively.
California pensions: Original — William
Wilkinson, Grangeville, Tulare County;
John Cleary, South San Francisco.
Twenty years' service — Michael McGresvey
of Vallejo. Additional — Theophil Bre
dowski of San Francisco. Reissue — Ben
jamin F. Knox of Saticoy, Ventura
County; Charles H. Jarrell of Pasa
dena. Mexican War survivors — Wil
liam Heddrington of the National
Soldiers' Home of Los Aneeles.
Mexican War survivor, increase— Henry
P. Harrison of Milo, Tulare County ; Wil
liam E. McColgan of Towles, Placer
County; Shepherd Swen of Napa; Am
brose P. S. Hughes, National Soldiers'
Home, Los Angeles; Charles Mahlor of
Alameda ; Andrew Orr of San Francisco.
Oregon: Original — Sherman Burnside
of Sellwood, Multnomah Connty. In
crease — Cyrus P. Dickeman of Clackmas,
Clackmas County. Reissue— Milton Lee
of Beverton, Washington County.
Washington: Original— David F. Lin
coln of Olympia, Thurston County; An
drew Baker of Seattle. Reissue— Milo L.
G. Wheeler of Chehalis, Lewis County
David H. [Malone of Kelso, Cowlitz
WAXT a. WESTERN MAN.
Seed Cannot Get the JVetu England Dele
gation as a Unit.
BOSTON, Mass., May 20.-A local paper
to-day publishes the results of interviews
with leading New England Republicans on
the probable nominee to be supported by
New England delegates in 1896. The arti
cle says :
Many were disinclined to talk, assigning
as a reason that it was rather early yet to
make a Presidential nomination. Some
said they thought McKinley the logical
candidate, but would rather not offend Mr.
Reed by saying so.
Boston politicians did not seem to be
very enthusiastic over anybody, although
they admitted as a matter of local pride
Mr. Reed would probably receive the sup
port of the New England delegation if he
desired their votes in the convention.
Maine is, as a matter of course, strongly
for Reed, and her leading Republicans
predict that he will have the solid New
England deleeation. Connecticut and
Rhode Island men are sure Reed cannot
control this delegation, and say they ex
pect it to go to a Western man.
New Hampshire and Vermont are not as
enthusiastic as Maine, or as doubtful as
the two Southern States of New England,
but they would, without doubt, swing into
line for Reed were the other States, includ
ing Massachusetts, to favor him, which
The situation Beems to show that, while
Reed has a strong hold on the hearts of
the New Englanders, he cannot get the
delegation to a unit, owing to the attitude
of Rhode Island and Connecticut. The
article does not indicate which is the
stronger in New England, Harrison or Me- (
DR. MORRIS HEXRT It IBS.
Be Had. Won Many Royal Honors Be
cause of His Discoveries.
NEW YORK, N.Y.,May 20.-Dr. Morris
Henry, a well-known surgeon, who organ
ized the present system of ambulance ser
vice in this city, is dead.
While in Turkey, Henry so pleased the
Sultan by his work that that dignitary
conferred upon him the imperial order of
the second class of the Majidie, with the
rank of grand officer.
He had made a study of diseases of the
veins, particularly those which incapaci
tated military men from service and dis
covered a method of treating them suc
cessfully. The Sultan liked this as many
of his subjects had escaped service because
of vein diseases.
This decoration is the same as the Sultan
conferred upon General Lew Wallace and
Representative S. S. Cox, who were the
United States Ministers at his court.
For his contribution to medical and sur
gical science, the King of Greece made Dr.
Henry an officer of the royal Order of the
Saviour, with the gold cross.
Fate of Murderer Hayward.
ST. PAUL, Minx., May 20.-G O vernor
Clough to-day signed the death warrant
for Harry Hayward, convicted of inciting
and planning the murder of Catherine
Ging of Minneapolis. The Governor set
the execution for June 21.
FLAYED AND THEN BURNED
Story of the Triple Lynching in
Florida Swamps Con
Three Negroes Cremated After the
Skin Had Been Stripped From
MADISON, Fla., May 20.— There is no
longer any doubt that Sam Echols, Sim
Crawley and John Brooks, the negroe3
who outraged and murdered Miss Mamie
Armstrong in Lafayette County, were
flayed and burned. A man who has just
reached this place from Lafayette County
says the belief is general that the negroes
were tortured to death.
One man who ventured into the swamp
into which the negroes were carried asserts
that he found the place where the negroes
were put to death. He says that it was
evident that the negroes were tied to trees
and the skin stripped from them with
Then wood was heaped about the bleed
ing forms, the match applied, and the
wretches were soon dead. This man sayg
that he found some strips of r-kin about the
place, which bears out the assertion that
the negroes were flayed.
Everything is quiel in Lafayette County,
and there is no fear of trouble between the
races. The better class of negroes denounce
the outrage and murder of Miss Armstrong
as bitterly as the whites. Twelve
negroes have now been lynched in six
months, and it would seem that the
horrible fate of the last three should pre
vent further attacks upon white women.
The whites have formed a band and are
determined to protect their wives and
Keep Your Blood Pare
And you will have good health. Serious
diseases will not be able to find a lodgmeat
in your system. Read this:
■ "I have been
>^seS£|i3|!S. troubled with ca-
JSJ^^^fc&fipKffbi. tarrh for 15 years.
Eg g I have been
: R • H treated by physi-
Jk C J T2S§f •■ iC^Sk cians, but derived
9\ "^s^ PS&I* 9lj no permanent re-
vi /_a iV lief. Finally I
'^V £* was taken down
■ V tm f^ m % with inflamrna-
N. \m\ tory rheumatism
si s^^^^^bL an(^ *k e grip- I
/^^RN. /^^^y^*^. could not help
BS\\Ss/WM m y s e l f ' J was
Wop\ jfrrifC / SS5ttV9 nerv: °us and all
IP?^/. .vV^Sflr v n down. A
friend recommended Hood's Sarsaparilla
and I decided to try one. bottle. I felt
better, had more • appetite and my sleep
was not so much broken. I l-f r|nH'«
continued with Hood's * lUUU *
Sarsaparilla and have taken Qgnoananilla
seven bottles and two boxes oai o*H ai m
of Hood's Pills. I can n lin ;ij
truly say it is the best blood I UPI TIBS
purifying medicine that Ijf Dlnnil
have ever taken, and lam 1 116 DlOOu
thankful that I have been cured of ca-
tarrh." F. Stahl,' Hausertown, Indiana.
Is the ideal Spring Medicine. ' Try it.
Hr»r»dl'c Dillc * ct harmoniously with
nOOU S KHIS Hood's SarsaparilU. 23«
jS*l*h. i^^SET VPS P'^
alflilC VMI CC
PiifSCi BML& O
y£9Bß<i^^!Ls Stops hair falling in M
*i^?^g>%. _JRI' hours. Bestores Gray
f/^P%ij&?v Hair to Its natural color
Mi? without dye. The beat
Hair Tonic ever made. Used by Ladles and
All druggists or by mall; Price, also Tale's
Skin Food, $1.50; Yale's Face powder, 60c.; Yale*
Beauty Soap, 25c Guide to beauty mailed free
Health and Complexion Specialist,
TEMPLE OF BEAUTY, 146 STATE ST., CHICAGO.
DIRECTIONS for us- lygjjfijl
ing CREAM BALM: Ap- Wf^&'i
ply a particle of the Balm MS^filSS^S^i
well up into the no3trih.W^^ l L v> }/^Qg
After a moment draw me^^'W £fj&
strong breath through the HE'S J^&JbM
nose. Use three times aRL - S ~~^& Fan
day, after meals preferred, E*BS ~<*C|j|B|
and before retiring. E|P^S^T«^i
ELY'S CEEAM B.UM Opens and cleanses
the Nasal Passages, Allays Pain and Inflammation,
Heals the Sores, Protects the Membrane from
colds, Restores the senses of Taste and Smell. Th«
Balm is quickly absorbed and gives relief at once.
.A particle is applied into each nostril and Is
agreeable. ■ Price 60 cents at Druggists or by mall.
ELY BROTHERS. 56 Warren street. New York!
J^l%ffl 653 KKABST ST. Established
N*ir)lM in 1^54 for the treatment of Priruto
a Diseases, Lost Manhood. or
633 KKABJiT ST. Established
in 1834 for the treatment of Vrirat*
Diseases, Lost Man hood. Debllit/or
BKBptWW,i*| disease wearing: on body and mind and
Bkin Diseases. The doctor cures when
wwSBbS9&3 others fall. Try him. - Charges low.
rHBfIJMBJH Cureicasr>ntr«d. Call or write.
' Ms . J. V. UIBRO.V, Box 1*97, Saa I rauctwxk