REVENUE LAWS HOLD
Have Not Been Affected
by the Income-Tax
MR. ELDRIDGE'S OPINION.
The Los Angeles Political
Economist Replies to
ONE CLASS IS INVALIDATED.
He Believes License Taxes on
Liquor-Dealers Cannot Now
LOS ANGELES, Cal., May 24.— The re
cent decision of the United States Supreme
Court pronouncing the income-tax law un
constitutional, and the opinion in connec
tion therewith of Colonei Noble Smithson
of Knoxville, Term., that the decision has
invalidated the internal revenue laws, was
the subject of an interview with Charles
Wesley Eldridge, an attorney in this city,
to-day. Eldridge spent twenty-five years
in the internal revenue service, and is the
author of the work entitled "The United
States Internal Revenue Tax System,"
which is to-day perhaps the best and clear
est exponent of the internal revenue sys
tem of the United States, and is accepted
as one of the best authorities on the sub
"I have read Colonel Smithson's opinion
to the effect that the Supreme Court's decis
ion in the income cases practically invali
dates all internal revenue taxes, but I do
not think it is sound," said Mr. Eldridge.
"It must be remembered that only an ab
stract of Chief Justice Fuller's opinion has
been transmitted by telegraph, and it may
be erroneously reported.
"There is only one phrase in the opin
ion, as contained in the press report. which
would seem to give color to Smithson's
position, which is as follows : 'The power
to tax real and personal property and the
income from both, through apportionment,
is conceded ; that such a tax is a direct tax
in the meaning of the constitution has not
been denied, and in our judgment cannot
be successfully denied.' I think that the
words 'such a tax' in this phrase refer to
income taxes and not to the power to tax
real and personal property. The only thing
that the opinion decided is that an impost
on the income from real and personal
property is a direct tax, and cannot be laid
under the constitution unless apportioned
among the States according to population.''
Mr. EJdridge quotes the language of the
constitution as follows:
Sec. 8 (1). The Congress shall have the power
to lay and collect taxes, duties, imposts and
«-?:rbes to pay the debts and provide for the
common defense and general welfare of the
United States; but all duties, imposts end ex
-iiallbe uniform throughout the United
Bee 9 (4). No capitation or other direct tax
■ball be laid unless in proportion to the census
or enumeration hereinbefore directed to be
"The Supreme Court decided in 1815, in.
toe. ca«e of Hilton againet the United
BtatCM <3 Dallas 131), that direct taxes were j
only capitation taxes and taxes on real
estate, and this has always been under
stood as the constitutional meaning up to
the present time," he continued. "Inter
nal taxes on spirits, tobacco and beer have
always been called, both in this country
and Kncland, excises on duties. The ear
liest internal revenue act, passed March 3,
1791, by a congress which included many
of the makers of the constitution, calls the
tax on domestic spirits a duty. The taxes
on spirits, beer and tobacco have always
been classed by all political economists as
indirect taxes, because they are uitimately
paid by the consumers.
"It is not to be believed that the opinion
of the Chief Justice, when revised for pub
lication, will contain anything invalidat
ing these taxes. It would simply throw
all the taxing powers of the Government
as heretofore understood into utter con
fusion and wipe $140,000,000 annually from
the revenue; for it is not supposable that
any administration would undertake the
farcical absurdity of apportioning such
taxes according to population.
"There is one class of internal revenue
taxes, however, which I think is logically
invalidated by this decision, and it is those
comprising the special or annual license
taxes on wholesale and retail liquor-deal
ers, rectifiers, brewers and manufacturers
and dealers in oleomargarine. These pro
duce about $9,000,000 a year. It would
seem that a personal tax on an individual
for the right to do business ought to be
considered a direct tax if there is any such
thing, otherwise we have the monumental
absurdity of declaring that the tax on the
income from a man's business is a direct
tax, whereas the tax on the man's right to
do the business is an indirect tax.
"The fact is that no one has been able to
determine exactly what the makers of the
constitution meant by tbe phrase 'direct
taxes' either at the time or since the con
stitution was adopted. The Supreme
Court eariy in this century found it neces
sary to make a definition of tins term,
which they did in the case of Hilton vs.
the United States; and having given the
definition, it should have been left undis
SAN JOSE'S FAIR GUESTS.
Opening of the Methodist
Woman's Missionary Soci
Thomas McNally's Petition of In
solvency Opposed— Arrest of a
SAN JOSE, Cal., May 24.— The annual
convention of the Woman's Missionary
Society of the Pacific Conference of the
Methodist Episcopal Church South opened
to-day at the church of that denomination
in this city. Mrs. W. K. Jenkines presided
in the absence of the president, Mrs. Dr.
Hannon, and delivered an address of wel
come. Mrs. Radcliffe of Merced responded
on behalf of the delegates.
The following delegates are present : Mrs.
Preston, corresponding secretary, Peta
luma; Mrs. Moores, recording secretary.
San Francisco; Mrs. Stephen:;on, auditor,
Alameda; Mrs. W. K. .Tenkines, secretary
of the San Francisco district; Mrs. Dr.
Maupin, secretary of Fresno district ; Mrs.
C. D. Radcliffe, secretary of the Merced
district; Mrs. Anderson, Sacramento;
Mrs. Steele, Santa Rosa; Mrs. P. Oppcn
heiuier, San Francisco; Mrs. George
Baugh. Oakland; Mrs. Short, Hollister: !
Mrs. Bodley, San Jose ; Mr.«. Cox and Mrs. >.
Encouraging reports of work were read
from Butte. Mont., Petaluma, Santa Rosa,
San Francisco and Fresno.
Miss Howard, a noted missionary, de
livered an entertaining lecture this even
ing. The convention will be in session the
balance of the week.
Sues to Foreclose.
SAN JOSE, Cal., May 24.— James Har
less to-day commenced an action to fore
close against Dominico Giannini on a
promissory note for $1500, executed May
3, 1898. The note was secured by a mort
gage on a house and lot at Evergreen.
Harless alleges that Giannini has neg
lected the place, and also that a receiver
be appointed to collect the rent of the
house, which is at present $20 per month,
and that the money be employed in paying
interest on the note and keeping the place
in repair untii such time as judgment
shall be rendered.
SAN JOSE, Cal., May 24.— A. W. Mc-
Cabe to-day riled a petition asking that the
petition of insolvency of Thomas McNally
be denied. In the petition it is set forth
that McNally committed a fraudulent act
and transferred to his wife, Catherine Mc-
Nally. eighty acres of land in Shasta
County about the time his petition to be
declared an insolvent debtor was filed.
To Administer a Large Estate.
SAN JOSE, Cal., May 24.— Guy Douglas
has applied for letters of administration on
the estate of Thomas Douglas, who died in
New London, Conn., January 27, 1895.
The deceased left real and personal prop
erty in this county valued at $18,500. The
heirs are Guy Douelas (the petitioner),
Emma Douglas of New London, Conn.,
and Robert H. Douglas of San Diego.
lie Stole a Bicycle.
SAN JOSE. Cal.. May 24.— W. H. Smith,
a 17-year-old boy who stole a bicycle from
L. M. Hale on May 10, has been arrested
in San Francisco. A warrant was issued
to-day charging him with felony, and he
will be brought back and prosecuted.
SURVEYORS AT FRESNO
Engineers Are Staking Out the
Route of the Competing
The First Line South of the City
Will Be Run by Way of
FRESNO, Cal., May 24.— A party of
seven engineers, superintended by A. R.
Guppy, began the running of the pre
liminary survey for the Valley road this
morning. The first work is being done in
I the southwestern part of town, indicating
that the route will be by way of Hanford.
If the road branches here the other line
will be surveyed through the southeastern
part of town and thence to Visalia.
The line wili be run out of town to
morrow and on the following day the party
will pitch camp a few miles south of the
Tee Sing's Murder Premeditated.
FRESNO, Cal., May 24.— The testimony
at the inquest on the body of Yee Sing, the
' Chinaman killed by Gen Gee yesterday
m >rnin<r, indicates premeditated murder, i
The preliminary examination has not taken I
SANTA BARBARA MYSTERY.
H. H. Mayer, a Los Angeles
Newspaper Man, Suddenly
It Is Feared the Missing Man Met
With Foul Play or Committed
SANTA BARBARA, Cal., May 24. -H.
H. Mayer of the Los Angeles Herald, who,
on the loth of May, registered at the Com-
mercial Hotel in this place, has mys
teriously disappeared, under circumstances
that point to suicide or foul play. Mayer
was a canvasser for the Herald, and was
taking orders for enlarged portraits offered
as premiums to subscribers. On the even
ing of the 16th of May he went to the end
of the car line on Bath street with two
young ladies, one of them being in the
employ of a prominent citizen residing in
Edge Oak Park.
The next day he called upon Bert Baker,
the "Wells-Fargo express-driver, and asked
him for the loan of a revolver, and explain
ing that he had been invited to call upon
one of the ladies that night, and as the
way was dark and lonely and he carried
considerable money, he desired to defend
himself against footpads. He started out
that evening, ostensibly to make this call,
and has not been seen or heard from since.
The young lady says he did not present
himself there that night.
No motive can be assigned for Mayer's
deliberate departure. Charles Collins
claims to have seen him board a Los An
geles train on the night in question, and
if so the suicide or foul play theory re
solves itself into one of flight. However,
a thoroueh search of the lonely road
traversed by Mayer that night will be
THE LADYBIRD WAJt.
Value of the Seale-Vtatroying Insect a
Subject of Dispute.
SANTA BARBARA, Cal., May 24.— A.
J. McClatchey and Abbott Kinney, promi
nent horticulturists, to-day came up from
Los Angeles to investigate the "ladybird
war" that is on here between Professor
Snow, representing the Slate Board of
Horticulture and the imported scale-de
vouring insects, on the one hand, and Duke
Farnsworth Baiter, superintendent of the
great lemon ranch owned by Will H.
Crocker in Montecito, on the other hand.
Mr. Baxter asserts that the ladybird has
not fulfilled the promises of its patrons,
that the scale are on the increase, and that
relying upon this alien insect vagabond
has been a decided detriment to citrus
fruit growers, as they have thereby been
deterred from ascertaining the value of the
native ladybird, as well as usin<" various
washes and sprays. The gentlemen will
make a thorough investigation and report
fighting for James Dow' a Property. \
. SANTA BARBARA, Cal., May 24.— The
Supjrior Court to-day affirmed the validity
of the deeds made by the late James Dow
transferring some $60,000 worth of property
to his wife. A jury was drawn to decide
the case. The attorneys state that an ap
peal will be made to the Supreme Court.
For many years the Government has
given its orders for Royal Baking Powder
in preference to all others, it being found
by the official examination superior to the
others in strength and purity and the only
baking powder that will keep and retain its
Strength in the climates of the various
countries to which it is sent by the depart
THE SAN FFANCISCO CALL, SATURDAY, MAY 23, 1895.
HOLDING THEIR OWN
Berkeley Students the
Best of American
THEY WIN NINE PLACES.
Opening of -the Intercollegiate
Contests on the New
THE TEAM CLEVERLY HANDLED.
Eleven Californlans Who Can Suc
cessfully Cope With Any Team
of Their Number.
NEW YORK, N. V., May 24.-The Cali
fornians to-day clearly proved themselves
superior to the greatest American ath
letes. With but ten men entered in nine
events, they qualified for nine places.
Yale is expected to win the games to
morrow, and Yale with forty men quali
fied for less than twenty-five places. To
day has fully demonstrated that the eleven
Californians could successfully cope with
their number chosen from any colleee.
The games, which were held at Berkeley
Oval, commenced promptly at 2 p. m.
In the first event, the 100-yard dash,
t Barnes was withdrawn, leaving Scoggins
I alone to fight against the sixty-three re
j maining entries. He was unequal to the
I task, losing his heat to Champion Rams
dell in 10 1-5 seconds.
Barnes, the sole Californian in the fur
long, after leading a fierce race for 200
yards, was beaten out at the finish in 22 2-5
Scoggins was "boxed" in his heat of the
quarter, finishing third. His time, how
ever, was caugnt at 52 2-5 seconds. Koch
ran his heat magnificently, pulling out
from the crowd and winning at the finish
in 51 4-5 seconds. He ran the crack Har
vard flyer, Marshall, completely off his
California had no entry in the half or
mile runs. The handling of the U. C.
team was wonderful.
In the first heat Dyer, U. C, was pitted
against Bijar, the Columbia champion,
and Cady, the 15 4-5 seconds Yale-Harvard
and intercollegiate champion. It was a
beautiful race. Dyer leading from start to
finish, winning from Cady in 1(3 seconds
flat. Dyer showed fine form and was ren
dered a regular ovation for his victory.
The second heat brought out Chase, the
holder of the world's 15 3-5 seconds record,
Perkins, the Yale 16-second man, and Tor
rey of California. Chase won by a yard,
with Torrey second, in 15 4-5 seconds. The
time of the third heat was 16 2-5 seconds.
There were five heats in the 220-yard
hurdle race and Torrey and Dyer ran in
the two fastest heats. Torrey ran in 25 2-5
sec. and Dyer took second in 24 4-5 sec.
Torrey ran very strongly, winning his heat
hands down. The Mott Haven record is
2.5 1-5 sec. and the U. C. record had been
26 2-5 sec. There is no doubt that Cali
fornia has the finest hurdle team in
The high jump was a general surpise.
Paine of Harvard, Breeker of Cornell and
Koch of California qualified with 5 feet 9J^
inches, Winsor and Leslie of Pennsylvania
barely entering in the finals with an inch
Edgren and four Yale men qualified in
the hammer throw, Patterson, the Cornell
giant, being shut out.
Dozier's bicycle was run into as he was
speeding into the stretch in the lead, but
still he qualified for the finals. Thus Cal
ifornia will have nine place-men in the
finals to-morrow. Koch in the quarter and
high jump, Edgren in the hammer, Dyer
and Torrey in both hurdle races, Dozier in
the bicycle and Merwin in the walk.
The Californians feel elated with their
success, and have greatly surprised the col
lege men here.
One thing is certain, while the Univer
sity of California can only expect a few
points to-morrow the men who defeat
them will have to make some great records.
AMID KALEIDOSCOPIC CONORS.'
How the College Athletes Appeared on
BERKELEY OVAL, N. V., May 24.—
j The twentieth annual iield meeting of the
I Intercollegiate Association of Amateur
Athletes began to-day at this oval. The i
track and field were in excellent condition.
The attendance was not as large as might
have been expected. Shortly after noon
the infield presented a kaleidoscopic ap
pearance, with the blue and gold of Cali
fornia, Princeton's yellow and black, i
Philadelphia's crimson and black, Yale's
blue, Columbia's white and blue, Harvard's
crimson and all other college colors as the ;
different contestants intermingled.
There were 600 odd entries for the
scheduled events, and promptly at 2 1
o'clock ''Father Bill" Curtis, the referee, \
called the boys to the scratch for the 100
--yard dash. There were seven heats run
off in this event, but none of the contestants
succeeded in doing the distance in 10 flat.
John V. Crum of lowa, who did it in 10 1-5
seconds, is looked upon by all colleges as I
the likely winner of the 100 and 220 yard
dashes, when the finals will we run off to
B. Dyer of California won the first heat
of the 120-yard hurdle from E. H. Cady of
Yale, in 16 sec, but S. Chase of Dartmouth
did the trick in a fifth of a second less, de
feating Dyer's side partner, Torrey, by a
narrow margin. Every one who saw the
races will look out for an interesting tussle
between Chase and Dyer in the finals to
morrow. In the two-mile bicycle race R.
E. Manley of Swarthmore broke the asso
ciation record of 5:15 in the good time of
5 :07 3-5.
In the field events Hickok of Yale outdid
himself by throwing the 16-pound hammer
132 feet 10 inches, breaking his association
and college records, which were 123 feet 9
inches and 129 feet hy 2 inches respectively.
In pole vaulting Hoyt of Harvard,
Thomas of Yale and Buckholstof Pennsyl
vania got over the bar 10 feet 9 inches,
while Stewart of Pennsylvania, Tyler of
Princeton and Allen of Yale managed to
go 9 feet 6 inches. The six men meet in
the finali to-morrow.
In putting the 16-pound shot Hickok of
Yale beat his association record of 42 feet
with a score of 42 feet llj^ inches.
The winners of the trial events follow:
First trials, 100-yard dash, seven beats— F
N. Allen, Princeton, 10 1-5 seconds; M. G.
Gonterman, Harvard, 10 1-5 seconds; John V.
Crum, lowa. 10 1-5; H. G. Patterson, Williams
14*2-5; R. M. Ramsdell, Pennsylvania, 10 l-5 :
Ralph Dorr, Princeton, 10 1-5; F. A. Lane
Princeton, 10 2-5.
Second trial, 100-yard dash— William Rich
ards, Yale, 10 1-5 seconds; J. V. Crum lowa
10 1-5; R. E. Ramsdell, Pennylvania, 10 1-5*
H. 8. Patterson, Williams, 10 2-5.
Hurdle, 120 yards— E. Dyer, California, 16
seennds; S. Chase, Dartmouth, 15 4-S:G. B.
Hatch, Yale, 16 1-5.
Half-mile run —E. Hollister, Harvard,
2:04 1-3; Charles Kilpatrlck, Union, 2:11.
Two-mile bicycle race— F. Howard, Colum
bia, 6:19 1-5; W. H. Fearing Jr., Columbia,
5:38 3-5; E. Hill, Yale, 6:52 1-5; E. C. Hein
rtch, Yale, 6:2S 4-5; E. Williams, Columbia,
5:42 3-5; R. Manley, Pwarrhmore, 5:07 3-5;
H. C. Rurdette, Harvard, 7:08 4-5.
440-yard dash— R. I. Sterrit, Pennsylvania,
51 3-5"; P. R. Freeman, Pennsylvania, 52 2-5;
F. C. Koch, California, 51 4-5.
220-yard hurdle— J. L. Bremer Jr.. Harvard,
:27 ;E. E. Perkins, Yale, 25 4-5 ; L. P. Sheldon,
Yale, 26 2-5 ; H. Torrey, California, 25 2-5.
220-yard dash— W. M. Richards, Yale, 22 2-5
sec; F. H. Bigelow. Harvard, 22 3-5; John V.
Cruin, lowa, 22 1-5; E. S. Ramsdell, Pennsyl
vania, 22 3-5 ; Ralph Derral, Princeton, 22 1-5.
Throwing 16-pound hammer— W. O. Hickok,
Yale, first, distance 132 feet 10 inches; H.
Cross, Yale, 128 feet 6 inches; C. C. Hadwick,
Yale, 119 feet 9 inches; R. \X. Edgren, Califor
nia, 117 feet 8 inches; R. A. Hickok, Yale,
distance 117 feet 6^ inches.
Putting IG-pound shot— W. O. Hickok, Yale,
first, 42 leet 11^2 inches; A. A. Knipe, Penn
sylvania, 40 feel 4V£ inches; A. Brown, Yale,
30 feet 10 inches; K. K. Kubliu, Harvard, 38
feet 3 inches; H. Cross, Yale, 36 feet 9} finches.
Running broad jump— L. P. Shelton. Yale,
first, distance 22 feet inch; A. Stickney Jr.,
Harvard, 22 feet 3\£ inches; W. B. RodVers.
Princeton, 21 feet ti inches; G. C. Clark, Har
vard, 21 feet 3^ 4 inches; P. L. Duulap, Har
vard, 21 feet 2 inches.
Pole vault— F. W. Henth, Harvard, C. Buck
holse, Pennsylvania, and H. C. Thomas, Yale,
each cleared'lo feet 9 inches; W. A. Stewart,
Pennsylvania, A. C. Tyler, Princeton, and G.
M. Allen, Yale, each cleared 10 feet 6 inches.
LOSING THEIR TOWJ/ XOXA.
Residents of Creede Mave Their Entries
CREEDE, Colo., May 24.— A private tel
egram received here last evening stated
that the entry of the townsite of Creed
more had been cancelled. Two or three
on the inside took advantage of the infor
mation to relocate after midnight every
unimproved lot in that portion of the in
corporated city of Creede. There is much
speculation to-day as to whether the new
claimants will at once proceed to erect
brick buildings as provided by the city
ordinance, and whether it can be possible
that the Government will allow people to
lose their payments on thet.u lots when
through no fault of theirs. There have been
delays in proving up title. All the lots lie
along Main street.
OPPOSE MORE SESSION
There Is a Disagreement at the
Matters of Great Interest to the
Church, However, Are Duly
PITTSBURG, Pa., May 24.-The atten- !
tion of the Presbyterian General Assembly
to-day was occupied by things of impor
tance to the denomination, but of no sen
sational interest. A million-dollar fund,
continued annual sessions and the deliver- i
ance of temperance and fraternal greetings
from other ecclesiastical boards completed
the catalogue. The regular business of the
assembly was much delayed by the amount
Of time occupied by the speeches of the i
delegates from the outside.
At the afternoon session of the assembly :
a chance was given to the movement to se- j
cure biennial or triennial sessions of the i
assemblies in place of the annual meetings.
It was strongly advocated by the presby
tery of Lackawaona, and it was opposed ;
by representatives from Philadelphia and !
New York. It was objected to on the pro
posal that in many minds it had origin
ated in a loss of respect for the general i
assembly, as well as from a dislike for the |
doctrinal discussions of the past few years.
The larger part of the afternoon was de
voted to hearing delegates from other j
ecclesiastical bodies. From the United !
Presbyterian General Assembly greetings j
were brought by Rev. Dr. Wallace, the
statistical clerk, Dr. John T. McNaughter j
of Alleghany and Professor W. C. More- |
head of Xenia, Ohio. The Walden Church
of Italy was represented by Rev. Fran- j
Cisco Rostan, and the General Synod of i
the Reformed Church in the United States l
by Rev. John A. Peters. Dr. William T. j
Sabin of New York spoke on behalf of the j
General Synod of the Recorded Episcopal |
After an address by Dr. George Matthews
of London, representing the Pan-Presby
terian Alliance, the moderator, Dr. Booth, i
made a suitable reply in behalf of the !
assembly. The assembly then adjourned!
until Saturday morning.
At the afternoon session of the United j
Presbyterians a committee was appointed |
to secure a new metrical version of the
psalms that would be acceptable to all
factions. The remainder of the session
was taken up in the trial of Dr. W. H.
Blair of Adamsville, Pa., where he had
been convicted of selling liquor on pre
scriptions to minors and habitual drunk
ards. The case will be continued to-mor
PARADE OF THE CHILDREN.
Eighty Thousand Sunday-School Pupils
Turn Out in Brooklyn.
BROOKLYN, N. V., May 24.— Eighty
thousand children, representing 186 Sun
day-schools or twelve divisions, paraded in
Brooklyn this afternoon in honor of the
sixty-sixth anniversary of the Brooklyn
Sunday-school Union. The parade was
reviewed dy ex-President Harrison, Prince
Francis Joseph of Battenberg. Sir Bruce
Burnside, Commissioner of the British
Government to New Zealand, Mayor Shier
en, Lee Aigeltinger, president of the Sun
day-school Union, and William Roberts,
his chief marshal. President Cleveland
and Ruth Cleveland were invited, but
sent a letter of regret. The exercises be
gan in the various designated churches at
2:30 p. m., after which the children paraded
through the various streets in the neigh
borhood of their churches.
PLEASED WITH THE TRIP.
Mr. Spreckels, Wife and Itaughter Sail
Front Gotham for Europe.
NEW YORK, N. V., May 24.— Claus
Spreckels, wife and daughter sailed from
here to-day on the steamship Normandie
for Europe. Mr. Spreckels when seen by
the Call correspondent, just as he entered
his stateroom, expressed himself as pleased
with his trip overland and delighted with
the thought that he was free from his en
grossing labors for at least a few months.
Strikers Appeal for Aid.
CHICAGO, iLL., May 24.— The striking
brick-makers have appealed to the Brick
layers' Union for aid in their light against
the bosses who refused to pay the union
scale of wages. At the bricklayers' meet
ing to-night it is understood that a resolu
tion will be passed to boycott all but union
made brick. The strikers made threaten
ing demonstrations to-day at two or three
points where brick are being unloaded
from cars, but were dispersed by police.
As a matter of useful information it may
be stated that whenever a cooking receipt
calls for a baking powder the "Royal"
should be used. The receipt will be found
to work better and surer, and the bread,
biscuit, rolls, cakes, dumplings, crusts
puddings, crullers or whatever made, will
be sweeter, lighter, finer-flavored, more
dainty, palatable and wholesome.
DENIES THE STORIES
General Schofield Says
He Is Not After the
NEVER CONSIDERED IT.
But the Aged Soldier Has De
cided Views on the Silver
WHICH ARE NOT REVEALED.
Speaker Crisp's Interview Probably
Started the Boom for the
SAN ANTONIO, Tex., May 24.— General
John Scbofield, to whom have been at
tributed Presidential aspirations, denied
emphatically to a correspondent of the'
Associated Press that he had ever enter
tained the subject for an instant. He was
seen this afternoon at Fort Sam Hous
ton, just after he had witnessed a cavalry
When asked if it was true, as reported,
that, he would be a candidate for the Dem
ocratic Presidential nomination on a free
coinage platform he at first laughed, and
then with a suspicion of indignation in his
voice, said :
"I have never had , that matter under
i consideration," and General SchGtiled
j looked as if he were really angry. >^;: v v ;
"Would you, if you should be a candi- :
I date at all, run on a free coinage platform?"
was asked. .. ( :.,. < ;.'• . t . . .
' "That is an issue," he replied, "on which
1 I have very firm convictions, having
studied the question for many years, but I
j am sure the American people care abso
| lutely nothing for- my opinion on the sil-
I ver question, so that any expression of my
j views would be entirely gratuitous. As to
| rumors that I would be a candidate for the
! Presidency, of course I have heard them,
j but 1 do not know how, when or where
j they originated. Those who have been
l using my name in such connection have
■ done so without authority."
General Schofield was asked if he would
consent to become a candidate if he should
be urged, but he would give no committing
answer, reiterating, -'I have, never given
: any consideration to that question."
He was asked if Speaker Crisp's inter
■ view, in which he announced himself in
favor of some Western man with a military
i record, aided in giving birth to the rumor,
I he said that it might possibly be, but he
i did not know. He expressed himself as
delighted with his visit to Houston during
. the Confederate reunion.
"I was profoundly impressed with the
loyalty evinced by the old Confederates,"
he added, "and I shall always recall that
visit as one of the happiest incidents in my
General Schofie!d will leave in the morn
ing for El Paso.
" WHY HOT SCHOFIKLD?"
I One Missouri Paper Vrges the General
for. the Presidency.
ST. LOUIS, Mo., May 24.— 1n a leading
| editorial to-day, under the heading "Way
| Not Schofield ?" the Post-Dispatch advo
i cates Lieutenant - General Schofield for
i President, and says: "Lieutenant-General
i Schofield, who will retire from the army
i next fall, exactly meets the requirements
■ and he possesses other qualifications.
Illinois will name the next President.
! General Schofield is perhaps the most cele
; brated living citizen of Illinois. He is
the son of a Baptist preacher and was born
; and raised on a farm.
"The next President must be acceptable
' to Missouri, as the meeting ground of
f West and South. General Schofield has
more friends in Missouri on both sides than
i any other Union officer."
HAD A TERRIBLE RIDE
Laborers on a Push-Car Go
Like Lightning Down
One Man Hurled to His Death and
Twelve Others Received
DENVER, Colo., May 24.— A special to
the News from Como, Colo., says: A ter
rible accident happened on the newly
opened Gunnison branch of the Denver,
Leadville and Gunnison Railroad this even
ing, which resulted in the death of one
Twelve others were seriously injured,
one probably fatally. They were all on a
pushcar, which became uncontrollable and
shot down the heavy grade like lightning.
The men became frightened and jumped
from the car with the following results:
Charles Michaelson, killed; John Brady,
head injured, probably fatally; Patrick
Griffin, scalp wound ; Fred Bauer, scalp
wound; Patrick Rames. sprained knee;
Joe Conway, injured in back and leg;
John Mullen, back and head injured ; Mike
Dorkin, back hurt; Pete Bale}', collar bone
broken; Frank Mehan, side injured;
Charles Swanson, scalp wound ; Pat De
laney, hip injured ; John Dillon, scalp
Superintendent Raney, with a special
train, is on his way to Denver with the in
jured nu?n, who were taken to the hos
pital. Michaelson, who was killed, was
from Denver. They were ail laboring men
employed in cleaning the track at the east
end of the tunnel.
Killed Mis Child and Himself.
CHICAGO, 111., May 24.— Louis Krac
man, a Bohemian, despondent over the
loss of work and unable to properly pro
vide for his three-year-old daughter, shot
and killed the child and then put a bullet
through his own brain. Mrs. Kracman
was at work, but returned home only to
find the dead bodies and a note from her
husband explaining the tragedy.
Was Abe Lincoln's Friend.
OMAHA, Nebk., May 24.— A special to
the Bee from Hot Springs, 8. Dak., says:
General J. B. Hawley, general attorney
for the Northwestern in Nebraska, ex-Sec
retary of the Treasury, and a personal
friend of Abraham Lincoln, died suddenly
here to-day. His home was at Omaha. '
Earnings of Two Roads.
NEW YORK, N. V., May 24.— The report
of the Oregon Short Line and Utah North
ern Railroad for the year ending December
31, 1894, shows gross earnings of $5,046,682,
a decrease of $814,952. The operating ex
penses amounted to $3,673,707, an increase
of $11,562; the net earnings were $1,372,975,
a decrease of $926,514. The total net in
come $1,249,950. a decrease of $1,527,750;
charges, $2,803,681, decrease, $212,845;
deficit, $1,553,731, an increase of $1,315,230.
In the land de-partment there was a deficit
of $296,540, against a deficit of $122,901 in
1893. The balance credited to the land and
trust income up to December 31, 1894, was
WOULD CAUSE A COAL FAMISE.
General Strike of Eastern Miners May
Soon Be Ordered.
WHEELING, W. Va., May 24.— Michael
Ratchford, president of the Ohio Mine
workers' Association, in an address here
to-day predicted that the convention to be
held at Coiumbus, on May 29, will order a
general strike of miners in Pennsylvania,
West Virginia, Ohio, Indiana and Illinois.
A coal famine worse than that of a year
ago will follow if this action is taken.
Ratchford has been working among miners
of this section for two weeks, and has them
Henry Villard lit Active.
NEW YORK, N. V., May 24.— Henry
"Villard is said to be taking an active inter
est in the Oregon Improvement contest on
the side of the present (Starbuck) manage
ment, and there are indications that the
latter is trying to strengthen its position
by the purchase of stock in the market, it
being a lawful vote upon actual certificates
under the laws of the organization.
NEW YORK. N. V., May 24.— The reor
ganization committee of the Atchison
road has received deposits of $52,392,500
general mortgage bonds. Certificates of
deposit for this amount were issued by the
committee, and they have been listed on
the Stock Exchange.
Off With the Company's Money.
OMAHA, Nebr., May 24.— A. L. Brain
ard, the confidential bookkeeper of the
livestock firm of Garrow, Kelly & Co., with
branches at Chicago, St. Louis and Kansas
City, has disappeared with $10,000 of the
company's money. He was seen in Chica
Lord Alfred's Regret.
PARIS, France, May 24.— The Temps
to-day publishes a telegram from Lord
Alfred Douglas, dated Rouen, expressing
his regret at the fact that it was his
brother, Lord Douglas of Hawick, and not
himself, who "corrected" their father.
Bad Health Causes a Suicide.
CLINTON, Ky., May 24.— Mrs. Victoria
Machen, widow of the late United States
Senator W. B. Machen, committed suicide
at the home of her sister to-day by shoot
ing herself through the head with a pistol.
Bad health unbalanced her mind.
Carlisle in Kentucky.
BOWLING GREEN, Ky., May 24.— The
Hon. John G. Carlisle, accompanied by his
private secretary, arrived here to-day from
Memphis. Mr. Carlisle is feeling quite
well, although he is a little hoarse. He
will speak in the opera-house to-morrow.
Oscar Wilde, He Says, Has
Been Sufficiently Pun
Now He Is Willing to Wager at Great
Odds That the Esthete Is Not
LONDON, Eng.. May 24.— There was
the usual crowd at the Old Bailey court
room to-day when Sir Edward Clarke ad
dressed the jury in behalf of Oscar
Wilde, charged with serious misdemean
Wilde was called to the witness-box and
given a chair, as he seemed to be broken
down. In answer to questions he related
how he had been on terni6 of intimacy
with the Marquis of Queensberry's family
for years, and entirely denied the charges
made against him.
Sir Frank Lockwood, solicitor-general,
at the conclusion of the address of Sir
Edward Clarke, began a severe cross-ex
amination of the defendant, which lasted
over an hour.
Sir Edward Clarke briefly re-examined
Wilde and then made his tinal address to
the jury, asking them to save the defendant
from the ruin of his reputation, which, he
added, had been nearly quenched by the
torrent of prejudice in the press. [Ap
Sir Frank Lockwood followed for the
prosecution, but he had barely begun his
address when the court was adjourned for
The Marquis of Queensberry is quoted as
saying: "I do not wish to see Wilde fur
ther punished. He has suffered enough.
I only want to keep the beast from my
son. Every one knows Wilde is no better
than Alfred Taylor."
Asked as to what he thought would
be the verdict, he said: ''lam willing to
forfeit 1000 to 1 that Wilde is acquitted.
There are many names back of this thing."
SPEED OF THE LUCANIA
Great Average Made by the Big
Liner on the Run to
Much ice Encountered, but All Pre
vious Records Are
QUEEN STOWN. Exg.. May 24.— The
Cunard liner Lucania, Captain McKay,
from New York May 18, has beaten her
daily average speed record. She made the
trip in 5 days, 11 hours and 40 minutes,
being 3 hours and 3 minutes behind her
own eastward record of 5 days, 8 hours and
3 minutes, made in September, 1894, but
on the trip just completed the Lncania
made an average daily speed of 22.01 knots
per hour. He best previous daily speed
record was 21.89 knots, made in June, 1894.
The Lucania, according to her log, passed
Sandy Hook lightship at 2:24 p. m. on Sat
urday last, May 18, and arrived off Dannts
Rock at 6:40 a. m. to-day. Her daily runs
were: 431, 405, 524, 522, 517 and 388 miles.
In latitude 48deg. 35 mm. north and lon
gitude 22 deg. 45 mm. west sne passed a
derelict, whose timbers were showing six
feet above water. On May 20 the steamer
met with much ice. The United States
cruiser Columbia was not sighted by the
Lucania after the latter passed Sandy
Hook. The cruiser passed the Hook twenty
minutes after the Lucania. There was no
race between the two ships.
Whenever the Government wants the
most trustworthy article and the best in
quality it prefers the Royal, as this brand
was found to be superior to all others in
leavening power by the official chemical
tests, made at the instance of the Govern
ment, in the Agricultural Department at
TWO MEN LYNCHED.
Enraged Farmers Break
Into an Illinois
PRISONERS TAKEN AWAY
The Police Unable to Control
the Determined Mob of
BATTERED IN THE DOOR.
The Father of an Injured Girl
Urges on the Crowd to
BLOOMINGTOX, 111., May 24.— The
Pantagraph's Danville (111.), special says:
At midnights mob of farmers attacked the
Vermillion County Jail to secure John
Halls Jr. and William Koyce, who as
saulted Miss Laura Barnett last night.
Sheriff ".Thompson denied them admis
sion. The mob procured a telegraph pole
and used ft as a battering-ram.
After repeated efforts to break down the
outer jaildoor with the telegraph pole,
which produced little or no effect, the
crowd momentarily desisted in its efforts.
Sheriff Thompson, his wife and Deputy
Sheriff Sloane beseeched them to disperse.
P. V. Barrett, the father of the injured
girl, said her blood demanded vengeance.
His reply was wildly applauded. By
this time a railroad tie was secured and
witn three blows the outward door was
battered in. The besiegers thronged in
and commenced work on the inner doar.
At this writing (2. a. m.) they are pound
ing away on the inner door and searching
the garret. The police and peace officers
are unable to control the mob, and nothing
will save the lives of Halls and Royce
if they can be found.
Later— The mob has got both men and
taken them to a bridge in the P^ast End to
hang them. The work is probably done
by this time. The jail is deserted and
everybody gone to the bridge, and yells are
heard from the mob there.
"I find the Royal Baking Powder su
perior to all the others in every re3pect. It
is entirely free from all adulteration and
unwholesome impurity, and in baking it
gives off a greater volume of leavening gas
than any other powder.
"Walter S. Hahtxs, M.D."
Chemist to the Chicago Board of Health.
I'onth no lAinyer a Britisher'
NEW YORK. N. V., May 21— Ballington
; Booth of the Salvation Army and his wife
i are no longer British subjects. They for
mally renounced allegiance to the Queen
i of England and all other foreign rulers in
! the County Clerk's office in the Hudson
i County courthouse, on Jersey City
I Heights, and they have taken the oath of
| allegiance to the United States, adminis
tered by Judge Kenny.
» ill Tfoi lixli,: ilordon.
LOUISVILLE, Ky., May 24.— The Jeffer
j son County Grand Jury has refused to in
! diet Fulton Gordon tor the double killing
I of his wife and Arch Brown, son of Ken
; tacky 'b Governor, whom Gordon found in
; a bedroom together four weeks ago.
You Must M Change Yonr Clothing
so Soon— You Must Not Sit
in Draughts— You Must
A DOCTOR'S STRICT ADVICE.
j Many Persons Wno Are Now Suffering
Would Have Been Wei! and Happy
Had They Been Careful.
DON'T OVER-EXERT YOURSELF.
What Is Dangerous and What Is Not
Dangerous— A Good Home
I saw the doctor yesterday. He was in a
good humor. His patient bad recovered. She
was now convalescent. Every one had ex-
pected her to die. The doctor wanted to talk.
I could just see it in his eyes. He did talk,
and what he said will be of benefit to many of
us. Said h»: "People become sick through
their own carelessness. They won't take care
of themselves. Sometimes I think the State
ought to take care of heedless people. Notice
that man. He hawks and spits. You can see
he has passed a restless night. You look at his
eyes. Don't they denote a languid, dull, heavy
feeling. Well, he has been up at night until
all hours. He has been working downtown all
day. What's the result? A c 'ld, a cough,
and then worse unless he is careful. People
should Keep their blood in gooa condition.
They should be regular. People should take a
blood laxative— some herb remedy. California
produces the best fruits of the earth, and I am
free to say the California herb remedy, Joy's
Vegetable Sarsaparilla, is one of the best reme-
dies in the market. I think every person suf-
fering from dyspepsia, dullness, languid feel-
ing, exhaustion or early decay would
be greatly benefited if they used the
herb remedy, Joy's Vegetable Sarsaparilla. It
has done wonders for some of my patients. I
know an old lady .who would not be without
Joy's Vegetable Sarsaparilla. I just ceased to
treat her son, wno contracted fever on the
islands. He was in a bad condition when he
reached San Francisco. Had he been careful
he, perhaps, never would have contracted
fever. People won't keep their blood in good
condition. Every man should use a laxative
medicine once in a while. You clean every-
thing you have, why not your system ? I, of
course, would not advise your using the cheap,
nasty compounds that no one ever hears of. If
you want a good medicine take Joy's Vegetable
Sarsaparilla. Don't let the clerk talk you into
using something he wants to sell yon."
"Why do you recommend Joy'B so strongly,
doctor?'! I asked.
"Because it contains no mineral drugs, no
deadly poisons, no iodide of potassium, no
"Never, never use a potash medicine. If you
have such a bottle in the house throw it away.
"Joy's Vegetable Barsaparilla contains no
mineral drags and is truly a line medicine.**
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