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CHARLES M. SHORTRIDGE,
Editor and Proprietor.
DAILY CALL— *G per year by mail ; by carrier, 15c
SUNDAY CALL-t1.50 per year.
WEEKLY CALL— SI.SO per year.
The Eastern office of the SAX FRANCISCO
CALL (Dally and Weekly), Pacific States Adver
tising Bureau, Rninelander building, Rose and
Duane streets, New York.
THE SUMMER MONTHS.
Aro you going to the country on a vacation? If
bo, it is no trouble for us to forward THE CALL to
your address. Do not let it miss you for you will
miss it. Orders given to the carrier, or left at
Business Office, 710 Market street, will receive
SATUKDAY MAY 26, 1895
All boulevards lead to prosperity.
Folsom street heads the procession.
Success gets corns while traveling over
The bicyclists are riding roughshod over
The East is for politics and the West is
California seems to be reaching for every
thing at once.
Even the silurian will have to patronize
a home undertaker.
England is already moving to skim the
milk of Oriental trade.
The Woman's Congress not only draw*
the crowd but holds it.
The woman who wants to learn goes
ft-congressing these days.
The lazy man rests in poverty and the
energetic man in comfort.
A dollar sent out as a "flyer" doesn't
always return as an eagle.
If money talks, it ought to be able to
answer the money question.
There are no disagreeable things in San
Francisco of nature's making.
Any practical plan of improving the
Free Library will meet with public favor.
That Democrat serves hi 9 party best
•who says the least about the money ques
The region south of Market street is hav
ing a great deal of Folsom praise these
It is a weak giant who denies that the
better part of his strength is tied with
What does it profit Carlisle to take the
stump and bear the brunt of battle while
Grover goes fishing?
There was never in the far East a stronger
temptation for the advent of a Napoleon
than exists at present.
Every California manufacturer should
prepare to make a big exhibit at the
coming Mechanics' Fair.
The wind that is blowing these days fills
the sails of many ships that are coming to
this port for our products.
It is the duty of the City at large to share
the burden of the Merchants' Association
in keeping the streets clean.
The farmers who are bucking the wheat
tiger at Chicago will soon be bleaching
their bones on Speculation Desert.
If Japan succeeds in opening up China
to commerce, Pacific Coast enterprise will
have another good thing to go into.
Santa Cruz has so many pretty girls fit
to be Queen of the Carnival that not a
single mermaid has entered the lists.
It is believed Russia is willing to assist
in the reformation of Korea by accepting
the protectorate of the country herself.
If a Tamerlane or a Genghis Khan should
arise in the Orient Russia would find the
climate hot east of the Ural Mountains.
Since the opening of Sage Hall at Troy
the other day Eastern people have dis
covered that Russell Sage has a kind heart
and is a true philanthropist.
If all the residents of the City had half
the pride and enterprise of the Merchants'
Association there would be no complaints
of an ill-kept, ill-governed town.
A Boston woman has been overheard
saying she was going to a sculptor to have
a bust made of her foot, and now Chicago
claims to be the center of cujture.
A Brooklyn inventor has a car-fender
which he is willing to test by lying on the
track aud letting a car strike him while
going at the rate of eight miles an hour.
It is now said that China capitulated,
not because she was whipped but because
the domestic peace of her sacred Majesty
was threatened by the march on Peking.
After all the bragging over the exquisite
dinners given by Mrs. Paran Stevens, it ia
surprising to learn that the entire contents
of her wine cellar sold at public auction for
In referring to the Hawaiian Islands as
•'the sanctuary of the commerce of the
Pacific Ocean," Mr. Edward Atkinson
overreached his mark. The sanctuary is
The steady decline of the Union Pacific
with the apparently inevitable result of
its final collapse is more of a temptation
to James G. Hill than a solace to C. P.
American travel to Europe has been so
large this spring that it has been found
necessary to put an extra train between
London and Liverpool called the "Ameri
It is asserted that a Chicago girl who
married a Southerner is now suing for
divorce on the ground that her husband's
family is so strictly respectable they won't
let her say "darn it."
According to Chambers' Journal there are
two hundred reprints of old novels and
three new novels published in England
every day of the year, and still people say
the age of romance is over.
The hundred ships on their way to San
Francisco to break the monopoly that has
been created in bottoms for wheat export
will come just in time to load up with Cali
fornia wine, raisins and dried fruit.
There is no foolish sentiment in the de-
Eire of the Folsom-street residents to have
a handsome boulevard, but merely a calm
business understanding that a good pave
ment is tiie most profitable of investments.
THE FAEMEB SPECULATES.
A queer thing is happening at Chicago
on a large scale and at New York on a
smaller — the farmer has entered the
wheat-pit to try issues with the shrewd
gamblers who have made thia the study of
a lifetime. In doing this he has been gov
erned by a cool understanding of two
facts. First, the wheat crop of the world
this year is uncommonly short; second,
there was bound to be a reaction from the
low prices which have prevailed during
the great depression. It is the advent of
the farmer that has introduced so violent
a disturbance in the Chicago market, and
this is a new thing under the sun.
It is lamentable, too. Under the condi
tions governing this special form of
gambling in Chicago, for the speculation
is all in futures, and therefore contains a
large element of gambling, pure and
simple, any one may 'enter the lists, as
small quantities of wheat may be repre
sented in the deal. It is very different in
San Francisco, where no transactions rep
resenting quantities under a hundred tons
may be considered, and where a margin of
$200 must be deposited for the smallest
deal undertaken. If there is any wheat
gambling in San Francisco by farmers it
could only be on a large scale by a few
wealthy men ; but there is no discoverable
evidence that even this state of affairs
Experience has shown that every habit
of a farmer's life and business methods is
antagonistic to any presumption of his
success as a speculator. The successful
speculator is he who is bold, sharp, alert,
quick and full of courage. He will
promptly sell on the first advance in prices
and is rarely tempted by the hope of a still
further rise. Not so the farmer. His
habitual mental processes are slow; The
events of his years are partitioned into
wide intervals, and the change from one to
another is gradual. In speculation his
tendency is to hold when prices are advanc
ing in the hope that they will advance still
farther, and to hold when they are declin
ing in the hope that they will take a better
turn. In this delay lies his ruin.
It was so during the great mining-stock
excitement in San Francisco years ago.
The people who were ruined were those
who held on, and they were mostly the
classes of whom the farmer is a type. The
sharp, quick speculators made their for
tunes out of this circumstance, and the
amateurs became beggars.
The farmers who are now crowding the
wheat pit at Chicago will inevitably meet a
similar fate. They are now in the ascend
ency, because wheat is bound to be .higher
this year than for years past; but the very
strength which they are lending to the
market will run prices above any legiti
mate bounds, and then it will be that the
professional gamblers who Ere now seem
ingly at their mercy will strip them naked
and send them shivering into the world.
The farmer for so long has been regarded
as the bulwark of our National stability
that there is something painful and incon
gruous in seeing him turn gambler. He
represents one of the largest of all the
classes that toil honestly for their money.
The point in all this is that as the wheat
excitement is lisely to lead yet to wilder
measures, the farmers of California may be
tempted to emulate the present successful
enterprise of their confreres in the North
west. Let them be satisfied with the as
surance that even at the present prices the
1,000,000 tons of wheat that will be pro
duced in California this year will yield
$1,000,000 more than last year, and that
the prices are likely to go even beyond
this. This will be the best year that Cali
fornia has had for many a day if her peo
ple keep their heads, remain satisfied with
generous profits and expend their energies
in the development of the State.
A GOLD QUESTION.
As a relief from the monotony of the
discussion of the fall of the price of silver
and the probability of a " fifty cent dollar "
resulting from the free coinage of silver, it
is pleasing to note that James B. Colgate,
a New York banker, has raised his voice
to call attention to the probability of an
early and a rapid decline in the price of
gold and the danger of speedy precipita
tion upon this country of a fifty-cent gold
Mr. Colgate says: "It is estimated that
the world's production of gold for 1894
reached the enormous sum of $180,000,000.
With new discoveries, and with the in
creased activity m mining, the production
for 1895 will probably not be less than
1200,000,000. How long can the price re
main fixed with this continued an
nual increase? Supposing that some
wealthy firm in the produce trade should
bid $1 per bushel for all wheat offered.
How long would it be before the firm failed
when the cost of producing wheat was 60
cents per bushel? Applying the same
principle to the price of gold, the question
naturally arises : Can the present price of
gold be maintained, or must it be reduced
and its free coinage be suspended?"
While the suggestion of Mr. Colgate
affords as we have said a pleasant diversion
from the familiar course of the financial
controversy, it is not likely to have any
serious effect upon the public mind.
Even if his estimates of production are cor
rect, there would be little likelihood of any
natural reduction in the purchasing power
of gold. The increasing commerce of the
world could easily absorb $200,000,000 an
nually without experiencing any rapid rise
of prices of staple crops. Since the de
monetization of silver in India that coun
try could take a large amount of gold with
out having a too great expansion of the
currency, and Russia, if the gold were ob
tainable, would De equally ready to estab
lish her finances on a gold basis. There is
little reason therefore for Mr. Colgate's
question: "Can the present price of gold
be maintained?" The more serious ques
ton is, Can it be prevented from going
higher? _______^____ l— __
A CHALLENGE TO GROYEE.
There may be some people content with
the views of the administration on the
currency question as expressed from the
stump by Secretary Carlisle, but there are
others who are not. Among the latter is
F. W. D. Mays of Pomeroy, Wash., editor
of the Washington Independent. Mr. Mays
desires to bring Cleveland himself into the
open to the end that the prolonged finan
cial discussion may be at once forced to a
crisis and a close.
To bring about this much desired con
summation Mr. Mays in his paper publicly
challenges President Cleveland to a three
days' discussion of the financial question at
some prominent point to be selected by the
President. The terms of the challenge are
that a committee chosen by the contestants
is to act as umpire and if the decision is
against the editor he is to give his services to
the President, and if against the President
then that dignitary is to retreat from his
goldbug policy. In order to make the
challenge more impressive and emphatic,
the challenge declares a refusal to accept it
''is to be taken as cowardice and a sense
of trepidation and fear upon the part of the
President that his cause cannot be main
tained when its fallacies are exposed."
It is hardly necessary to say the chal
lenger is a Populist. No man not in
flamed with the resolution of fanaticism
THE SAN FRANCISCO CALL, SATURDAY, MAY 25, 1895.
would expose himself to the possibility of
being forced to stand for three days in suc
cession before the monotonous and heavy
rolling of Grover's ponderous platitudes.
In the willingness of the Pomeroy cham
pion to face this possible avalanche of dry
mud, we can see the possibility of useful
ness in Populism. It may help us to get
rid of Clevelandism. This very challenge
is a movement in the direction of a long
needed relief. The Democratic party,
which has so long borne the burden of
Grover, should insist upon his acceptance
of the challenge. Is it not known that he
is writing a book? Let him save himself
the labor of writing his idea by going
forth to the three days' discussion and
talking it out.
ENGLAND IS PEOMPT.
Much of England's greatness has been
produced by the generous assistance which
she lends in the way of mail subsidies to
English steamship lines connecting the
mother country with her colonial depen
dencies. This is the policy not only of
England herself, but of all her dependen
cies as well. Some of these carry the
policy much farther than England. Thus,
the Canadian Government, recognizing the
enormous advantages which would accrue
from a railroad traversing the domain
from the St. Lawrence River to the Pacific
Ocean, offered inducements for the con
struction of the Canadian Pacific Railway
which make those originally extended by
our Government to the Central Pacific
appear ungenerous. As a result of the
Canadian policy, the Northwest has re
ceived a large number of settlers both from
England and the United States, and the
Canadian Pacific, unhampered by un
friendly legislation, and aided directly
both by Canada and England, has been
enabled to put a line of steamers between
Vancouver and the Orient, which have
almost completely robbed the Pacific sea
board of the United States of its traffic
with the far East.
England now sees another rich oppor
tunity. The London Times rightly de
clares that "if there is one feature by which
the history of the twentieth century is
likely to be distinguished beyond all
others it bids fair to be the development
of the open shores of the Pacific by a
movement of the civilization of the world
like that already seen on the shores of the
Mediterranean and of the Atlantic." It
therefore avers that the British Govern
ment would be justified in. expending
£100,000 in subsidies on the mail and cable
service of the Pacific.
This is a recognition of the fact that the
result of the war between China and Japan
has been the unlocking of vast resources
to which Europe and America have never
had adequate access, and that England
will be the first to develop the Pacific
Ocean as a means of securing them. And
of course every subsidy that England gives
will be for the forwarding of the interest
which England has in her own prosperity
and particularly in that of her colonial
possessions which are washed by Pacific
waters. This policy of England makes
Canada a more formidable rival to the
United States than ever before.
Our Government has never entered into
the lists with England to develop foreign
commerce by means of substantial aid to
ocean transportation lines, in whose hands
such development so largely lies. It has
been thought that for the development of
the interior resources of our vast territory
there could be found sufficiently profitable
avenues for the expenditures our ener
gies. We have not encouraged Pacific
steamship lines with generous subsidies,
and as a Government have neve? con
sidered the advisability of giving any aid
to the laying of a cable which would be a
completing supplement to traffic ctfn
ducted by steamship lines. Now that
England has stepped forward so promptly
to avail herself of the opportunities which
the recent readjustment of Oriental affairs
ha 9 made it might be worth while for the
leaders of American thought and patriot
ism to give the whole subject of foreign
commerce the most ample consideration.
THE SUNDAY "CALL."
The daring deeds of heroic men are
always interesting, and they are particu
larly so to the American people when the
deeds were performed beneath the stars and
stripes on the field of battle to maintain
the Union. For this reason all classes of
readers will find a genuine delight in the
vivid description of Garfield's famous ride
at Chickamauga, which will be published
in the Sunday Call. In this feat of cour
age Garfield achieved one of the most
brilliant personal successes of the war, and
the story can be read # with interest not
only because of the high fame the hero
afterward attained as President of the
United States, but also by reason of the
military importance of the deed itself.
Another article in the Sunday Call of a
personal character, though of a widely dif
ferent nature, will be found in an enter
taining sketch of Dumont, one of the most
eminent journalists in France. Tom Greg
ory contributes one of his best studies of
sailor life in an account of "Thomas
Walker, Agriculturist, U. 8. N." The
series of "Idyls of the Field" is continued
this week in a poetic description of an up
land pasture, and the installment of Cap
tain King's story of Fort Frayne will be
found one of the most interesting yet pub
It Is not in the special articles only,
however, that the Sunday Call will be
found attractive. It will contain the news
of the day from all parts of the world, an
elaborate account of all Pacific Coast hap
penings, leviews of new books, items of
current interest in science and art, and in
the department of answers to queries a
large amount of information on a great
variety of topics. The paper may be had
from all newsdealers, but to make sure of
getting it orders should be left to-day.
supposed 'i TO BE humorous.
"Well, Jimmie, how much did you put in the
Sunday-school box to-day?" "Ten cents," said
Jimmie. "It was good business, too. Teacher
gave me a card for being the most generous boy
in the class, and I swapped It off for a postage
stamp worth 10 cents with Billie Wilkins."—
Laura— What a clever girl Jennie is. She had
sixty-seven offers of marriage within a week
after 6he left college.
Clara— liideed ! And she is not very good
Laura— No; but the- subject of the essay that
she read at her graduation was "How to Keep
House on $12 a Week.'— Munsey's Weekly.
Sen-ant— There's no coal, and the fires are
Mistress— Dear me! Why didn't you tell me
Servant— l couldn't tell you there wa« no
coal, mum, when there was coal.— New York
First Brooklynite— They say the trolley is to
be introduced into France.
Second Brooklynite— To take the place of the
guillotine?— New York Truth.
"I'm mighty glad o' one thing and that is
that I wasn't born no dwarf. (With contempt.)
Why that feller wouldn't hold two schooners
o' beer!"— Life.
Food raised by the Royal Baking Powder
may be eaten hot, even by dyspeptics, with
impunity. Hot bread, biscuits, hot cakes,
muffins, crusts, puddings, etc., are made
by its use perfectly wholesome.
AROUND THE CORRIDORS
Brigadier-General Forsyth, the soldier who
led the Seventh Cavalry to victory in the fa
mous battle of Wounded Knee in the Bad
Lands of Dakota during the Indian uprising
some years ago, briefly reviewed the incident
in the Palace Hotel yesterday, and disclosed
the unusual fact that there was not a single
newspaper man on the spot when the battle
"The woods were full of them," said the gen
eral, "and during the whole campaign we had
them right with us. For some unaccountable
reason, however, they returned to Pine Ridge
GENERAL FORSYTH TALKS OF THE BATTLE OF
[Sketched from life for the "OaU" by Ifankivell.]
from Wounded Knee, and on December 29 not
a single reporter was on the field. It was a
most unusual occurrence, as on every other
occasion these tireless workers were in the
thick of the fray and always ready for the
march. However, they were but eighteen
miles away, and that night, after the trouble
was over, the world had received the news, not
the reports written by eye-witnesses, but au
thentic statements nevertheless. I never
really understood the cause of their absence,
but they were doubtless misinformed as to the
exact spot v here a fight was expected to take
"What does the reporter mean to an army as
a factor of distributing the news, general?" in
quired an interested listener.
"Well," and the soldier thought a moment
before answering, "they are certainly very
quick about getting at the facts. As a general
thing they are a little too quick. As an illus
tration, we can take the incidents of tho out
break among the Bannaoks in Oregon, Wash
ington and Idaho in 1878. The troops were
moving on the hostiies and had outlined a very
clean-cut campaign— one which could not have
failed. The reporters were along and got wind
of the plan. Before we had time to execute it
the newspapers had received the news and the
Indian interpreters had read and spread it
among the braves. It tros some time before
the cause of their clever maneuvering was dis
covered, and the reporters agreed to hold off a
few days until we succeeded in quelling the
uprising. There are a great many reasons why
reporters should be at the front, as the distribu
tion of reliable news is expected and sought
after in tliis country. In France, Germany and
Russia the rules are very strict and the corre
spondents are limited in their privileges.^Asa
general thing they are desirable people to have
along, but their unusual quickness in getting
hold of the plans of officers very often upsets
things a little.
"By the way, while we are speaking of the
Wounded Knee affair I will tell you a funny
incident. About three weeks after the engage
ment was over I heard a knock on the canvas
door of my tent one night and two individuals
answered my invitation to come in. One of
them held his hand behind his back and the
other proceeded to thank me for wiping out the
Indians who had been a terror to the people for
several years. After he had finished the fellow
with his hand hidden stepped up and informed
me that he had oorae from a little town about
thirty-five miles away and had brought a pres
ent. With that he hauled a 20-pound turkey
out from under his coat and said I might have
it if there was any way to cook it. I assured him
that such a thing could be accomplished and
what waa more that we could cook any number
of them. After that it seemed to occur to the
inhabitants of the country that we had been
doing considerable hard traveling in the bliz
zards and were in pretty good trim to eat all
the turkeys, chickens and fresh eggs they cared
to bestow upon us. It was a relief to get back
to civilization, but a greater relief to find that
we had convinced several hundred bad Indians
that they were not sufficiently protected by the
new Messiah and a blessed brown shirt to stop
an ounce of lead and defy the firearms of
drilled soldiers. There will never be another
uprising in Dakota."
Captain Naunton, the veteran shipping
master, waa discussing with a couple of brother
tars who had held the w eather side of the poop
in many a gale of wind the cruelty of some sea
officers toward their men.
"I lemember," said the captain, "when I was
a boy at sea, witnessing about the most cold
blooded piece of torture I ever heard of. A big,
clumsy fellow had shipped for the voyage. He
wan dull and awkward. A life at sea would
not have made a sailor of him. When he went
aloft all he thought of was hanging on to the
jackstay.and he would not venture to haul the
sail, so he was practically of no use. He was in
the mate's watch, and that officer had taken a
deep dislike to the lubber. He believed that
he was soldiering most of the time, and used to
lay for him with the rope's end.
"One night when it was my watch below I
was awakened by a sniveling sound outside
the house on the quarter deck, where we boys
slept. It was bitterly cold and s drizzling rain
had driven the watch to their oilskins. I
looked out and I saw the big fellow standing
on deck in' his underclothes. The mate had
given him the job of reeving the main bow
line, and every time he succeeded in crawling
up the leach of the course, almost to the crin
gle, the mate would tell the man at the wheel
to luff, and the poor devil would get shaken
off and tumble in a heap on deck. He kept
him almost two hours at this sort of work, and
when the starboard watch was called the un
fortunate lubber was almost frozen to death."
"We had a similar character on board a
Black Ball liner that I sailed in," said one of
the skippers. "He was death on the boys. One
day an apprentice who was sittin ■ on a bow
line over the side, passing some chafing gear,
slipped down and hung on with his feet to the
bight, but his head was under water. We got
him in just in time and rolled him on a barrel,
and had about succeeded in restoring him to
consciousness when the mate sang out, 'What
is the matter with that loafing fellow that fell
overboard? Hasn't he turned to yet?' "
'•What you fellows have seen I myself have
experienced," remarked the third seaman. "I
was as green as a leek when I took to salt water,
and I never hear the old song but I think Of
I went Into the gangway
To have a game of cards.
But very soon was called away
To mend the jib halyards;
I told him I didn't know what it was,
He swore he'd muke me lam it,
And r cot my jacket sweated
With the bi«ht of the fore-clew garnet.
That I did, many a time and oft. I remember
one night, when it was my watch on deck and
we were off the Straits of Sunda, I was literally
worn out with the heat, could not keep awake,
and so I cuddled down under the foot of the
mainsail for a little nap. The second mate
spotted me and sent a couple of the hands to
unhook the main-clew garnet and slipped it
under my belt. Then they clapped on to the
hauling part and in a minute 1 was up to the
block, ticking and howling and wondering
what the deuce was the matter. I soon found
out, for the next piece of fun was to swing me
over the side and duck me. I did not much
mind the first bath, but the other dips came so
quick that I had not a gasp left when the mate
let up. I could have knifed that man, but
Eomehow we became good friends afterward
and he gave me my first lessons in navigation."
"I got mastheaded once for a little joke," put
in Captain Naunton. '"The old man was having
his hair cut by a fellow who had once been a
barber, and a mighty tough one at that. I
went to ask him about something the second
mate wanted to know, who was on the fore
castle setting a stunsail, and when I was pass
ing back I whispered to the barber, 'Save us a
lock of his hair.'
"At eight bells I was charging down to din
ner. We were to have a lobscouso that day,
and the feast was extra all round. Just as I
shoved my knees against the kid a boy bawled
out that the old man wanted to see me. I
dropped my plate and hurried aft.
" 'Be kind enough to occupy the mizzen-top
mast crosstrees during your watch below.'
said the old scoundrel politely. He was always
thundering polite when he meant mischief.
" 'But I have not had my dinner yet, sir,'
" 'Never mind your dinner,' says lie with a
grin. Til see you get it in good time, and
aloft.from my own table too I' Well, I paddled up
and I seemed to smell that scouse as I climbed
over the futtock rigging. I did not know what
kind of a joke the old man was going to play
on me, nor what I had done to deserve this
punishment. I was not left in doubt very long.
In ten minutes after I had straddled the cross
trees, the steward came to the mizzen rigging
with a dish in his hand.
" 'The shipper says you are to come down and
take this aloft,' he said, chuckling all over,
"tis your dinner, and all the dinner you'll get.'
I slid down the topgallant backstay, and
found in the dish a lock of the old brute's hair
and a slip of paper with 'hare— not stewed'
written on it. And the skipper was as good as
his word, for I got no dinner that day, and at
eight bells had to turn to again.' "
"I'd rather get a rope's ending when I was a
lad than lose my dinner," said the fat skipper,
as the symposium adjourned to splice the main
A new idea in automatic fire-escapes has
been patented by a Frankfort firm. The con
trivance is solidly constructed of galvan
ized iron, and consists of a comb-like arrange
ment with five rungs and a hinged rod bent to
fit exactly the free ends of the rung.
A single ring, C, fits exactly into the double
ring B, when the apparatus is closed. In case
of danger, a roll of woven belting about one
AUTOMATIC FIBB BSCAfE.
and a half inches in width is fastened into the
apparatus, the long end thrown out of the
window and the apparatus itself attached by
the rings, B and C, to any convenient hook or
post. A lifebelt, which is furnished with this
appliance, is placed upon the person, a swivel
snapped into the ring, A, and the descent may
begin, says the St. Louis Republic.
Any one standing near the apparatus can
stop the descent of the person at any given
point. The belting is furnished in lengths to
suit the height of the window above ground
from which it is to be used. If the person
goes down as far as the street, the other end of
the line has, in the meantime, reached the
KKGTTLATING THE FALL.
apparatus, and another person may be at
tached to that end, and the whole procedure
gone through again. The person being up
there last and wishing to take the life-saving
apparatus with him, can reverse its working
by fastening ring A upon the hook, previously
holding B and C and attach his own lifebelt to
the apparatus at BC. This time it is the
apparatus gliding along the line, instead of the
line along the apparatus.
SPIRIT OF THE PRESS.
It is a good plan to stop just before reaching
a railroad crossing and give the train the right
of way if it to want it.— Pasadena
Remember, ladies and gentlemen, we are to
have a three-ring show under one canvas. It
will be none ef your ordinary one-ring affairs.
— Santa Cruz Sentinel.
The Los Angeles fiesta cost the city about
$30,000. and it is estimated it brought in
about $500,000. Profit on the investment,
$470,000.— Pasadena News.
If Placerville wanted to make a blooming
Bhow of herself she could get up a flower festi
val that would make Los Angeles, Santa Bar
bara and Sonoma ashamed of themselves.—
Our worst Silurians are those landholders
who refuse to part with their property unless
an exorbitant price is paid. They are the rute
and bowlders in the path of Berkeley's pro
gress. — Berkeley Dispatch.
There is no gainsaying the need of co-opera
tion of the press ■when it comes to aiding the
building up and advancing the interests of the
separate communities which, while having in
dividual interests, are subject to benefits as a
whole, each helping one another and receiving
corresponding aid in return.— Butter County
While our neighbor Santa Cruz is "whooping
up" the Venetian Carnival In a way that should
command success the farmers of the Pajaro
Valley are buckling down to the work of plant
ing seed for what promises to be the biggest
beet crop ever grown in California. The Wat
sonville sugar factory is being equipped to
meet the increasing demauds of the beet har
vest, and everybody is looking forward to a
good year.— Watsonville Rustler.
With the return of prosperity what can pre
vent the restoration of values to all farm lands
not having boom prices attached ? The people
must be fed. Land for homes offer a safe in
vestment and occupation. Country life is the
most natural and enjoyable, and panics like
the one from which we are now emerging will
cause thinking people to seriously investigate
the advantages of country life and farm in
vestments.—Sonoma County Farmer.
Rev. W. and Mrs. Leacock of Napa are at the
Dr. Alfonso Pesaueira of San Jose is at the
T. L. Reed, a wheat-giower of Reedley, is at
G. M. Francis of the Napa Register is at the
A. J. Goodrich, a cattleman of Reno, Nev., !s
at the Russ.
J. F. Burns, Deputy Sheriff of Los Angeles, is
at the Russ.
J. M. McPike of Napa registered at the Bald
J. D. Peters, a capitalist ol Stockton, is a guest
at the Occidental.
Ex-Judge F. E. Spencer of San Jose arrived at
the Lick yesterday.
D. McFarland, a capitalist of Los Angeles, is
staving at the Palace.
W. 8. Porter, a big farmer of Hanford, regis
tered at the Lick yesterday.
H. M. Boggs, Mayor-elect of Stockton, regis
tered yesterday at the Lick.
Senator Frank McQowan of Humboldt regis
tered yesterday at the Russ.
George F. Ditzler, manager of A. T. Hatch's
ranch at Biggs, is at the Palace.
J. B. Richardson, a big fruit-grower of Sui
sun, registered yesterday at the Grand.
R. L. Levinsky, a prominent attorney of
Stockton, registered at the Grand yesterday.
W. F. Peterson, a merchant of Sacramento,
was one of yesterday's arrivals at the Grand.
Ben M. Steinman of Sacramento, and Mrs.
Steinman, registered yesterday at the Palace.
R. P. Lathrop, manager of the Farmers' Hay
Company of Hollister, is a guest at the Grand.
M. J. Grier, manager of the Palermo Land
and Water Company, is staying at the Occiden
W. H. Devlin of Sacramento, an attorney
and the Mayor's secretary, Is stopping at the
W. H. Perry, a lumberman of Los Angeles,
and Mrs. Perry registered yesterday at the
J. Philip Smith, the president of the carnival
committee of Santa Cruz, came up yesterday
and registered at the Grand.
Among last evening's arrivals at the Cali-
fornia were Adjutant-General A. W. Barrett
and ex-Adjutant-General C. C. Allen, who are
on their way to Los Angeles, which is the
home of both gentlemen. Yesterday morning
General Allen turned over his office to his suc
cessor, and is returning home. General Bar
rett goes home on some business, and will re
turn to Sacramento next week.
PEOPLE TALKED ABOUT.
Miss Margaret Burrows of New Haven, Conn.,
is to marry the Prince di San Faustine Bour
bon del Monte Santa Maria of Rome,
Since his assignment to St. Mary's parish at
Newburg, N. V., Dr. McGlynn has taken to lec
turing again, and he is drawing large audi
At 84 years of age Captain Jonathan Pink
ham of Bath, Me., is still in active service as a
pilot, and claims to be the oldest one in New
Last week Key. J. il. Van Wagner ol Sedalia,
Mo., celebrated at the same time the fiftieth
anniversary of his wedding and of his ordina
tion as a preacher.
Signor Bonoini, one of the Panama canal en
gineers, who was in New Orleans recently, said
that wort would begin on the canal on a large
scale about July 1.
The Crown Prince of Siam is among the boy
authors of tho world. He has written several
stories for English children's magazines, and
can write fluently in three European languages.
Patrick Reilley, a Rondout (X. V.) black
smith, sued two men for a bill of $60. They
procured an adjournment to raise the money,
and on the day of reopening the case paid the
blacksmith 6000 copper centi.
The second daughter of Guzman Blanco, the
millionaire ex-President of Venezuela, is going
to marry the Marquis de Noe, a «randnephew
of Cham, the Parisian caricaturist. The eldest
daughter is the Duchesse de Morny.
John F. Cook Jr., the only negro resident of
Bonnerport, Ind., has been elected Mayor of
that town. He is a druggist. His father was
for a long time Tax Collector of the District of
Columbia, and is now one of the most popular
and wealthy men of hia race at the National
Gladstone told a recent visitor: "I seldom
find myself equal to or inclined for theater
going of late, but I cannot go so far as to say
that I have given it up. I confess, however,
that a quiet game of backgammon In the even
ing, when I have laid aside a book, has for me
a great charm."
THE NEW TAX LAW.
Its Constitutionality Argued in the
The case of Rode vs. Siebe to test the
constitutionality of the new law regarding
the collection of personal taxes was ar
gued in Judge Sanderson's court yester
day. It was admitted that the Assessor
had undertaken to seize certain property
of Rode <fc Co., which was not secured by
any lien on realty, and that he proposed
to act under an act approved March 28
Ex-Judge Levy, for Rode & Co., con
tended that this act did not go into effect
this fiscal year, and that the proposed
seizure was a violation of constitutional
right, in that it was arbitrary, summary,
and did not give the citizen the benefit bf
due process of law. The owner must be
given an opportunity of being heard. The
statute contemplated assessment. County
equalization and State equalization, and
his client bad not had an opportunity of
going before the Supervisors to have his
Attorney Friedenrich, for tne Assessor
said that since 1873 San Francisco had oc
cupied a different position in regard to the
collection of personal taxes from any other
County of the State. The new act of
March 28 was simply intended to place the
whole State on a uniform footing.
As to whether the act went into effect
this fiscal year, the Legislature had the
power to and did determine that it should
go into effect at once. The courta could
not overrule the decision of the Legisla
ture. The Sheriff was required by the act
to collect the rate of the previous fiscal
year. The citizen would not be deprived
of the protection of due process of law, be
cause even after the tax was paid the payer
could appear before the Board of Equaliza
tion, and if it were decided that he had
paid too much the Sheriff or the Assessor
would relund the excess.
The matter was submitted for decision
the attorneys stating a desire to get the
matter decided by the Supreme- Court be
fore June 15, by which time the Bheriff
must seize the property on which taxes
Walter P. Beck's Creditors.
Walter F. Beck of Beck <fc Co., who failed
some time ago for about $250,000, deeded a lot
on November 30, 1891, to Amy S. Beck, ht»
wife. On January 9, 1894, he assigned his
property for the benefit of his creditor, and
\V alter D. Catton, as their assignee, claims the
lot deeded to Mrs. Beck, who now asks the Su
perior Court to quiet title to the same. The lot
is situated on Twenty-fourth avenue and A
The Royal Baking Powder avoids all de
composition of the flour as caused by yeast
rising, thereby saving a large percentage
of its most nutritive elements, making the
flour go one-fourth further.
NO CHILDREN AT WORK
The Result of Labor Commis
sioner Fitzgerald's Inves
Sixteen Thousand Little Ones Whoso
Homes Are In the Public
"Sixteen thousand lost children have
been found" is the odd way in which
Labor Commissioner Fitzgerald refers to
the result of his investigation into ona
department of labor statistics.
Two months ago he compared the census
reports with the school census and found
there were 16,000 children not accounted
for in the school census. That is, there is
that number of children in this City who
do not attend either the public or private
educational institutions. The natural con
clusion was that the youngsters were em
ployed in the factories and other places
where young children could be used. This
thought was the more natural as no efforts
had been made for years past to suppress
or even regulate child labor in this State.
Under California laws it is unlawful to
employ in factories or other iudustrial
pursuits children under 12 years of age,
or children under 16 years of ago wno
are unable to read and write.
The new Labor Commissioner and his
two deputies started out to find the 16,000
lost children. He was astonished at not
finding the little folk in the factories or
"I have found the children, and I am
sorry to say I found them on the streets,"
said Mr. Fitzgerald. "They are growing
up without education or even trades."
In many of the larger cities in the East
and in the Old World young children are
compelled to labor in candy factories,
canneries, bakeries, restaurants and to
bacco establishments, but such is not the
situation in San Francisco.
Mr. Fitzgerald, in his investigation of
the child-labor question, found less than
thirty children who were employed in
violation of the law. As these have homes
and parents, who are able to send the little
workers to school, Mr. Fitzgerald made
their employers dismiss them. Most of
them were boys who worked in bakeries
and small laundries.
It is expected that when the fruit picking
and canning season begins efforts will be
made to utilize considerable child labor.
"While the Labor Commissioner will see
: that the law is complied with, and par
ticularly with reference to factory em
ployes, he will allow a little latitude in
the matter of the younpr folk being sent
into the country to "pick fruit and berries.
He believes of the two evils, child labor
in the orchards and berry-patches or child
corruption in the streets and lanes of a
city, the former is the lesser. . At any rate
the fruit season is short, and the fresh
country air will not injure the children.
In speaking of the City canning fac
tories Mr. Fitzgerald states the case is
different, and he wiil keep his eye on all
these places where child labor may be
Mr. Fitzgerald has developed the fact
that so many thousand children are being
reared in the streets and their only educa
tion is in mischief and crime.
— — - ' ;
Bacon Printing Company, 508 Clay straefc ' ■
* — ♦■ — •
Plain mixed candies, 10c lb. - Townsend's.*
•■ — ■» — •
Geo. W. Monteith, law offices, Crocker bldg.*
■ • ♦ — • — : — '.' ■
Wise-drinking people are healthy. M. &K.
wines, 5c a glass. Mohns & Kaltenbacb, 29 Mkt*
— ■ — — •
Is to-day the hottest paper ever issued. Judge
Belcher is literally roasted alive. ■: f ' • ' *
The Boston Society for the Prevention of
Cruelty to Animal* gives weekly lectures
to coachmen on the proper • way to treat
dumb animals. \ - * -•"■■ '* '•■- "'- " •" ■
Thb wonderful cures of scrofula, salt rheum and
other dreadful diseases of the blood prove the great
curative, blood-pnrtf.ving powers of Hood's Sarsapa
rilla. - Its effect is often magical. .
■ — — • — ♦ — •
x Thk favorite for restoring life and color to the
| hair Is Pabkeb'r Haib Bamav."
11 i.n dkhcokss. the best cure for corns, 15 cents.
■ — : — - — * — • — ■ ■
We recommend the use of Dr. Slegert's Angov
tnra Bitters to our friends who suffer with dyspep
sia. '7 ■:*,'' V-V-' -• '
■;■■•,•'. ' '■ .* ♦ * ' ' '
For Coughs, Asthma and Throat Disorders,
use "JSroim'z Sronchtal Troche*." Sold only In
boxes. Avoid imitation*.
FOR SALE BY
Ties. lap Sons,
REAL ESTATE AGENTS
And Publishers "Real Estate Circular."
4 Montgomery Street,
IS OH TRUST NlUiit, Cttlll UIIIT.
Clay st.: small investment: near Drumm; 25*
119:6 to Commercial st.; double front; rent 965;
Investment: $45,000; targe corner; 8 fronts^
76x119:6 with old buildings: should be porn down :
I new building would pay well.
but!d-;nts : i7oo. 125: " ear Cherry: :** **» to
Locust st.. between Sacramento and Clay; 25x
187 :0; 91700. ■ " ■ .- .
I Jackson-st. residence; $12,000; near Central
! aye. : io rooms -and all modern conveniences;
i should be seen to be appreciated ; large lot • '
HWashinjrton-St. residence, neir Central »ye.; 32x
105, and fine residence of lii rooms: linishcd baso-
ment,, attic, heater and all modern Improvements ■
I owner selling to leave town.
I WESTERN ADDITION INVESTMENTS.
I^arkin-st. Investment, having two corners
stores and dwellings renting for $497; lot nearly a
I 50-vara in size; on one of the best portions of the
• Ellis street, corner: rents $274 60: $30,000; 90
x 125; covered with six 2-story dwellings and nine
flats: both streets In good order.
_ NW. corner on California st,, beyond Lagnna-
-53x80. and three 2-story and planked-basement
houses, in finest order; $1800 Just spent on them- ■
rants $120; price $17,500: always rented.
' Fine corner on Van Ness: 87x100, and good
dwelling: $25,000: cheap: hear McAllister. •
Bush st., bet. Volt and Van Ness; 55x120 to
rear street; covered with buildings; $20,000.
Oak st.: new flats, extra well built; rents $105-
- B°^n8 °^ne 7 rfVu!oob: VBide> : between F " lm ° re * nd
Fell st., hot. Buchanan aqd Webster; 65x120 to
rear st. : covered with substantial houses rentin*
at reduced rents for $120; $15,000.
Make offer; 'rents $80: $10,000; H*!ght st., ft
flats, beu Webster • and Flllmore: 37x137 : 6-
-houses in first-class order; always rented
Hayes-st. bnslness property, : bet. Franklin and
Gough: 25x120 to rear street: substantial 2-story
S'^i&oo 8 Md I C ttlMse on »". Btree^
PRESIDIO HEIGHTS CORNER AND
- INSIDE LOTS.
bi^e^afave^d^VaT^u 27 - 81 * 275 ° "*'
t Cheap,*2ooo only each; 2 lots, 27:8x127-8- N
c °e n d •
?^«.TKi. h & n 1 r« - d BpS;°s n trVet
?ieoo nUtSt " Mar 8 «»n»nto; 32:8x137:6: only
c»ii««£.i J c? 1 * 00 : m **« offer; Maple st., bet,
California and Sacramento.