Newspaper Page Text
of Mrs. Dr. Harriet Maxsoa's paper. She
Nine-tenths of all diseases are preventable.
All violations of divinely given natural laws
are followed by evil results. Oftentimes the
mediums of contagion are forgotten or over
looked. Flowers or the precious lock of hair
may imprison, even for years, the deadly
germs. The perms of such diseases as scarlet
and typhoid fever lurk in sewer-pipes, under
"old floors and are disseminated by birds, do
mestic animals, water, etc. Of deaths result
ing from measles, whooping cough and scarlet
fever a large majority occur under 5 years of
age. It fceeins almost unnecessary to speak to
such an intelligent audience as this about the
carelessness of which so many are guilty. But
a woman, who takes a child suffering * from
whooping cough into a room, filled with peo
ple, as is frequently the case, is absolutely
guilty of murder.
The tobacco and liquor habits are responsible
for thousands of deaths. If not directly at all
times then indirectly by making the vitality so
that disease cannot be withstood. At some
time during our lives we have the seeds of
some disease in our system, and it depends
much- on . ourselves whether those diseases
develop fatally or are overcome at the outset.
Then, too, much depends on the wives and
mothers of the land. Every time we place
strongly spiced sauces and stimulating condi
ments on the family table the nervous systems
of the partakers receive a stimulus and shock
that leads to evil results in time. The mother
of the coming race has responsibilities which
should warn her against. that pernicious style
of dressing called light lacing. How much de
pends on her discretion and intelligence? If
the mother was the only one to suffer we might
forgive her, but the evil results of her folly and
vain pride i.- entailed on the coming genera
tion. The style of dress spoken of prevents the
proper growth of many of the organs, particu
larly the reproductive, and her offspring is de
prived of the constitution and strength which
belongs as a right to the child of every healthy
mother and father. The time is coming when
women must opeu their eyes to the necessity
of bringing up their daughters In the knowl
edge of hygienic laws, and all other matters im
peritive to the health of her posterity.
Mrs. McComus of Los Angeles opened
the discussion. She knew of no graver or
more important question than that of
proper dressing. Women, she thought,
would dress aa they should if they were not
Mrs. Gill'en thought the leaving off of
corsets would be all right for slender
women, but the fieshy woman would find
it not only unbecoming, but uncomfortable
and inconvenient. However, she thought
that after hearing the last paper she would
go home and take off her corset. She also
wanted to see women practice what they
preach at all events.
Mrs. Dr. Maxson said if the lady would
stop into the anteroom after the session
she would be pleased to demonstrate that
they did practice what they preach.
Mrs. Dr. Kellogg Lane held to the
Opinion that no reform, either in dress,
food or anything, however important, conld
be brought about by either one of the sexes
alone. All reforms must be accomplished
Mr?. Maynard was not willing to admit
that the fleshy woman must necessarily be
more uncomfortable and uncompromising
in her dress than her slimmer sisters, the
oracular dressmakers notwithstanding.
She then described a pulpit gown of her
own which was something after the style
of a Mother Hubbard, which made her
look slimmer than any other dress in her
wardrobe. She believed that with the re
form in dress would come a healthier race
"The Physical Development and Its Re
lation to Health," the last paper of the
afternoon, was read by Mrs* Dr. Sarah I.
Shuey. She began with the infant in its
first cradle and showed the effect of pil
lows in retarding the development of the
muscles of the neck. Leading up to the
corset she said :
It is no wonder that women who wear corsets
find it uncomfortable to go without that
article of dress. The cause is the corset itself.
It weakens certain muscles of the chest and
abdomen, and when thar brace of the corset is
removed they feel tired and weakened. But
the chief evil of the corset is in its deforming
results and in the retarded development of
some of the oreans. Think of the weight of
twenty-five feet of intestines being crowded
onto the organs of the pelvic region! Then,
again, consider the weight of tome of the
modern skirts-— fifteen pounds is the weight in
some instances — together with all the other
garments being brought to boar on the waist.
Reform is needed in more than the corset. We
cannot expect to be freed from corns and bun
ions until we wear better shaped to the
feet. As to overcoming the effect or these de
forming elements by a practical system of ex
ereist-, great help may be found in the bicycle.
Horseback riding is beneficial, but it "will
never be what it should be for women until
they ride as men ride. In the sidesaddle
there is an enemy to her perfect enjoyment
and physical benefit, as the position necessary
to preserving her equilibrium, if maintained
too Jong, is felt in the spine. But the reform
we SDeak about extends to the daily occupa
tions of our women— the preparation of food
for her family, the ventilation of her house
and the training of her children.,
Mrs. Shuey laid much stress on the
necessity ot gymnastic exercises, citing
numerous instances coming directly under
her personal notice whore women had cor
rected deformities and rounded out a
faulty development by systematic and
practical gymnastic exercise. The age is
close at band when we may expect Trilby
feet and Ver. us de Milo forms if woman
does not weary of her good work, and
finally succeeds in gaining the co-operatiou
of the other sex.
The discussion was opened by Mrs. Char
lotte Perkins Stetson. She claimed that
the first and grandest function of a woman
is maternity, and that she ought to be so
perfect an animal as the fathers of the race.
Mrs. Dr. KelloegLaue explained the dif
ference between wearing corsets and bones
in the waists of dresse9. All corsets are
two inches too small in the waist measure
for the bust and hip measure. She had
measured over forty different makes of
corset?, and found them all alike in that
A gentleman named Guthbold speaking
from the audience indorsed the women's
reform movement, and said he had been
inestimably benefited by listening to the
papers and the discussions. He also hoped
women would be successful in their suf
A Mr. Carson spoke about the change in
women's dress, "in connection with the
change which it was recommended she
should make in the preparation of the food
for her family. He believed that the ma
jority of men would lend assistance rather
than seek to discourage their wives and
Miss Dr. Shaw kept the immense au
dience in continuous laughter for ten
minutes by her facetious observations on
woman's slavery to fashion. "I cannot
understand." she said, "how women can
wear corsets and yet live, move and have
their being; how can they be good, kind,
gentle and tender and be hooped in? Yet
there are a great many women who wear
corsets and are still pood, kind, tender and
loving. The great trouble with women is
that they do not look after their physical
development and take enough healthful
exercise. I never heard of a girl injured
by hard study. I have been In many of
the educational institutions of the land,
and the general complaint was under-ex
ercise. Boys run, jump and breathe the
pure air of "the green fields and resinous
woods, while the girls stay indoors and do
tatting and all kinds of fancy work. I be
lieve that over the tombstones of many of
our girls who die young should be written,
'Death from worsted tatting and silK pin
cushions.' " She went on to speak of the
arbitrary and autocratic sway of the dress
makers, and related amusing incidents she
had experienced in the effort to get enough
pockets in her dresses, etc., and the great
dressmakers are men.
First Step Taken Toward the Or-
ganization of a State Asso
From the action taken yesterday, imme
diately after the conclusion of the after
noon session of the Woman's Congress,
something more than the entertainment of
large auuiencea by the reading of clever
papers and the delivering of eloquent ad
dresses is to result from the enthusiasm
and sympathy engendered for the cause of
woman's right, by the daily meetings of
the past week of the Woman's Congress of
the Pacific Coast.
As soon as the discussion of the last
paper was concluded Mrs. Sarah B.
Cooper announced that it was proposed to
hold at once a business meeting of all in
tei ested in the cause of woman's suffrage.
On the motion of Mrs. L. J. Walker of
San Jose Miss Susan B. Anthony was
elected chairman of the meeting. She
asked that all who were not interested in
the work of securing the right to vote for
women and all who were not willing to put
their shoulders manfully or womanfully
to the wheel in the cause should not re
main. Quite a number took their depart
ure, but there still remained more than
three-quarters of the vast throng that had
jammed the auditorium of the First Con
gregational Church. This led the veteran
advocate of woman's suffrage to remark:
"Such a sight I have never seen in all my
forty years' struggle in the cause. Never
before have I seen so large a number at a
meeting of this character signify their
willingness to be fellow-workers."
M rs. Hester A. Harlan was elected sec
Miss Cooper then again addressed ihe
assemblage, exhorting it in making its se
lections for offices and committees to see
that every interest— political, social, re
ligious and industrial — is represented in
the organization. She also admonished
her hearers to devote their best energies
exclusively to the work of securing the
ballot for women, for only in the accom
plishment of that object, she said, could
all the problems that now vex their sex be
it was then on motion decided to effect
the temporary organization of a body to
be known as the State Central Woman's
Suffrage Amendment Campaign Commit
tee of California, with the object of secur
ing an amendment to the State constitu
tion which shall enfranchise women. Miss
Cooper more fully explained the purpose
of the committee as follows:
The work of this committee will be to ar
range for the selection of a permanent State
Cential Committee, whose duty it will be to
correspond with the people in all parts of the
State until there is a county committee in
every county in the State. It will then be the
duty of these county committees to organize
township committees. The work of all wiilbe
to take part in a campaign of education on the
suffrage nmendment proposition.
Appeals will be made by the State committee
to every State organization of whatever kind
that holds a session in California, particular
attention being paid to the conventions of all
the political parties. The county committees
will look after county gatherings and the
township committees will seek to influence
town-meetings. In this way a widespread pub
lic sentiment will be created in favor of woman
suffrage. The indorsement of all political par
ties is the ultimate object to be sought by this
campaign, but the rank and Hie mast first be
educated on the subject.
Nominations for the officers of the tem
porary organization were then declared in
order. As the result of the election which
followed, the following were chosen:
President, Mrs. Sarah B. Cooper: vice-presi
dents, Mrs. A. A. Sargent, Mrs. E.G. Smith of San
Jose, Mrs. Dr. L. C. Avery, Mrs. Sturtevant Peet,
Mrs. John F. Swift, Nellie Holbrook Blinn,
Laura de Force Gordon, Mrs. Horace Davis,
Key. Mr. Rprague, Mrs. Alice McCoinas ol Los
Angeles, Mrs. Eisler, Judge Spencer of Susan
vilie, ex-Senator McComas of Pomona, Senator
McGowan of Humboldt, Mayor Sutro, Sarah
Pratt Carr of Lemoore, Rev." Ada C. Bowles,
Charlotte Perkins Stetson, Sarah Knox Good
rich of San Jose, Mrs. Hester A. Harlan, Mrs.
Armstrong of Yolo, Mrs. Margaret B. Longley.
Mis- 8. M. Severance, Mrs. F. H. Loughead of
Santa Barbara; recording secretary, Ada Van
Pelt ; treasurer, Madame Sorbier; "correspond
ing secretary, Miss Harriet Cooper.
After the organization had been thus
effected Miss Anthony suggested to the
newly elected body that it immediately
set about the work of selecting an appro
priate board of counselers from the gentle
men. She also cautioned all who might
become active in the campaign to abstain
from asking any personal favors at the
hands of politicians, but to use their
active influence in securing the success of
Mrs. Cooper then announced that a
meeting of the new committee would be
held to-day immediately after the con
clusion of the morning session of the con
gress, and adjournment was taken until
THE EVENING SESSION.
Cheers for Two Queens, Vlc-
toria of England and
Another big crowd in front of the First
Congregational Church last evening, await
ing the opening of the doors, attested very
plainly that interest in the congress keeps
up to the highest pitch. The women were
in the larger majority, as usual, and the
way they piled into the edifice when the
doors swung open was a caution. In less
than no time seats on the lower floor were
not to be had and the gallery was filling
up rapidly. It was not such a large crowd
as on Thursday evening, when the women
were talking politics, but more than large
enough to have turned the cheeks of a
theatrical manager green with envy.
Dr. Kellogg Lane of Oakland, the first
woman in the United States ever appointed
on a board of health, was introduced by
Mrs. Cooper as the first speaker of the
evening. Her subjegt was "City Mothers."
The congress, she began, was asking
questions, which each one must take home
and answer for himself or herself. The
Eapers offered have been many and varied,
ut they were more of a suggestive nature
We have city fathers, she continued, and I
cannot see why we should not have city moth
ers. It seems to me there should be, and I will
give you some of my reasons. Psychologists
tell us that in every human being there are
two minds, the subjective and the objective.
The subjective mind is intuitive. It does not
reason. God does not reason. He knows and
does. We hear of women striking by intuition
that for which man, has to go through a long
course of reasoning to attain. Women have the
giit of intuition. Man has the objective, reason
ing mind, and goes on in his calm way."
The home is too exclusively mothered and
the city is too exclusively fathered. We have
too much of the slow practical method, too lit
tle of the heart in the city, and when we go
home we have too much of the heart and too
little of the head.
They say women are emotional. Well, what
of it? That's just the reason we want them
there. If they were like the men we would not
need them there. If it would make a woman
less womanly to go into the world I would be
the last one to ask her to go there.
God made man and woman to go together.
He planted them in families, the families in
cities, the cities in States, all to make a mag
nificent whole, and we hare subverted the
work of God in making the conditions that
now exist and we have made an egregious fail
ure. It will never be better, never until man
and woman rise in their might and say, "to
gether we will make these things different."
In passing, the speaker paid a beautiful
tribute to motherhood, and stated as her
belief that the mothers of the Nation do
more in bringing up a family than they
could by engaging in any other work.
These mothers must make their boys safe
in places of temptation, and in cities these
places were the streets.
"If you expect to give them physical
health, you must have the atmosphere
you send them out into sweet and pure if
you expect them to grow up to manhood.
Thank God that human nature can change
and is crianging, and human nature is to
be so much better a hundred years from
to-day than it is to-day. Tell me if we are not
having a new birth? Out of that new
birth we shall yet have a higher civiliza
tion, which will not be putting new wine
into old bottles.''
When the applause had subsided the
chair recognized Mrs. Sturtevant Feet.
"Dr. Lane spoke of the fact," said Mrs.
Peet, "that to-day we are thinking more of
property and purse than of our boys and
girls, particularly in regard to their morals.
This was especially illustrated in our work
in the Legislature this last year in our
efforts to pass an anti-cigarette bill. The
only argument made against this bill was
the amount of money invested in the busi
ness in this City, which was said to be a
million dollars. And when we were told that
the bill would not pass and attempted to
work a little longer for it, a man said, 'Do
you know that there is a million dollars in
vested in this business?' and one of our
ladies said, 'Yes, and there area million
of boys at stake as well.' The bill was
passed and the Governor refused to sign it."
"Th« point 1 wish to refer to," said Mrs.
Sarah B. Cooper, relinquishing her chair,
"is this: That we possess eyes behind eyes,
ears behind ears, which we use sometimes.
In other words, sight and insight. Now,
the reason we have so little of the intui
tive power which we might have is that
we do not use what I believe we haye — the
sixth sense, and if you please the seventh.
They had this sixth sense in the earlier
times, but it is becoming sloughed tLxough
THE SAN FRANCISCO CALL, SATURDAY, MAY 25, 1895.
disuse and inanition. We do not listen to
the one voice; we do not listen to the
mandates of the soul."
A Mrs. Smith in the gallery recited the
list of present evils discussed by the con
gress, and said the only hope was in the
doctrine of the abolition of the rent, in
terest and profit system. She was loudly
Mrs. Stephen Matheson of London took
the floor to say that sbe had been re
minded by the secretary that she could
have a minute to_ ask a health to Queen
Victoria on her birthday. Taking advan
tage of the offer Mrs. Matheson extolled
the virtues of England's ruler as a model
mother and as a woman who took a great
motherly interest in the United States,
her grown-up daughter on this side the
big drink. She concluded by asking
those present to join with her in wishing
the Queen many returns of the day.
There was considerable applause, and a
great deal more when Mrs. Van Pelt
suggested that the Rev. Anna Shaw sing
"God Save the Queen."
"This is very interesting," said Miss
Shaw, "to think that I am a prima donna,
for I never aspired to any such position.
One thing I always wanted to do and never
could do, and that was to sing. They say
that those who cannot sing on earth are
forever singing in heaven and I expect to
be forever singing there. For the sake of
the world, however. I will wait till I get
there before I begin."
Mrs. Emma Gregory, as a British subject
who had declared her intentions of becom
ing an American citizen, seconded Mrs.
Matheson's motion, suggesting at the same
time that the air of "God Save the Queen"
was identical with that of "America." As
she seated herself several gentlemen on
the platform started the hymn and the
entire audience, rising, sang, some the
words of the English bard, many those of
At the close of the first verse Emily Pitt
Stevens said she was an American woman
and asked that honor be done to a queen
among American women, Susan B. An
thony, and the crowd joined her in en
thusiastic applause for Miss Anthony.
"Death by Dust," the subject of Mrs. Dr.
Amy G. Bowen's paper, was not read, as
that lady was unable to attend on account
"Physical Means to Moral Ends," by
the Rev. George R. Dodson of Alameda,
therefore took the precedence. He said:
Moral character is greatly influenced by
physical conditions. We see this in the dif
ferent races as we read history. Man is a dual
being. There is a body and a mind, a higher
something. Some regard the body as an in
strument of the soul. There is no reason to
believe, according to scientists, that thought
and feeling have anything to do with the
movements of the brain molecules. The brain
carries on its functions independently.
From the brain run little nerve tissues to all
parts of the body— the lungs, stomach, heart,
etc., and in thinking the communication from
the brain to these several parts of the body is
so clearly defined that the bodyworks with the
brain. Therefore, after a hard day's brain
work one feels, to use a common expression,
"dead tired." With unusual activity of these
brain molecules the body, muscularly and
nervously, sustains a general shaking up. As
we find that the brain works on the body, so
do we find that the body acts the same on the
In tracing the causes which lead to moral
changes of character, it will be found that the
physical has as much as the mental to do with
moral variations. If one does not have a good
and healthy night's sleep and gets up in the
morning feeling out of sorts, one becomes im
patient, Inconsistent, peevish and cross. Thus
do we not find that the physical is a causation
in moral changes and variations? Wiggins
said he had changed a boy's moral character
several times by placing leeches inside his nos
trils. Many of these moral phenomena result
ing from the physical are psychic expressions
of organism. The expressions of diseased or
ganisms cannot be the same as those of a well
man; a sick man cannot be good, the best he
can do is to keep from being positively bad.
The animal part of man never gets out of or
der so long as his organs are in good working
order— that is to say, that part of man which
comes from the animal, so long as the organs
are intact, is always the same. But we have
seen that his moral" character is subject, not
alone to his environment, but also to his physi
cal organism. The seat of our character is in
our nervous system, and the habits and tenden
cies we form as we mature are due to certain
modifications and alterations in the condition
of the nervous system. To scientists it is well
known that as the result of sickness many
startling moral phenomena take place. We
will take two nerves, to simplify the illustra
tion. From some cause one of these nerves be
comes paralyzed and a portion of the body
does not receive its usual nutrition, circula
tion, etc., and as a result that man displays an
astonishing tendency toward moral degenera
tion. This scientific reference is not neces
sarily on the line of materialism; neither does
it alter the fact of that subtle relationship ex
isting between the body and the soul.
The ten-minute discussion was started
by Mrs. Dr. Maxson. She thought many
of the principles laid down in the paper
were illustrated in the cases of children.
Mrs. Dr. Kellogg Lane said she was not
afraid of materialism. She thought no mat
ter what the physical condition and its in
fluence on the moral character, that the
spirit of God would carry us through under
the most trying circumstances.
Dr. Brown followed on the same line.
"If sickness impairs the mental and moral
character to the extent which the scientists
would have us believe," he said, "I can
not understand how Milton could do his
grand and sublime work." Other names
were mentioned of those who have given
to the world the finest productions while
suffering the severest afflictions, including
Bunyan and Morton.
Miss Dr. Shaw said she had never given
the subject much thought, and, therefore,
skimmed over the surface of the scientific
principles adduced, and hastened on to
speak of a matter closer to her interest.
She called attention to the remark made
by Mrs. Dr. Kellogg Lane, to the effect
that a woman who had reared a family of
children had done as noble, if not nobler,
work than those women who go over the
country preaching to her sisters. "I do
not believe it," continued Miss Shaw, with
more emphasis than she had shown in
speaking to the previous question. "No;
Ido not believe it. The noblest work for
woman is not in motherhood, but in true
womanhood. After that let come what
may, motherhood or spinsterhood. If I
had my way there should not be another
child born in San Francisco, California or
the United States until municipal, State
and National Government guarantee pro
tection to the mother in her child."
Charlotte Perkins Stetson took np
the time allotted to Mrs. Dr. Amy
G. Bowen, whose absence was due
to illness, and discussed on the
subject of the animal and spiritual
men and women. "We have been told so
much about the superiority of the soul
that we — many of us have gotten into the
habit of overlooking our animal inferiority.
Men and women should be fine animals.
A prominent writer has said that a man
to be a gentleman must first be a perfect
animal. The trouble with most of us is
that our souls do not fit. It is time that
we outgrew the idea, transplanted from
the dark ages, that the body and its con
dition did not matter. It is the advance
of the race that counts. The first care of
the mother is the physical care of her chil
Mrs. Laura de Force Gordon opened the
discussion to heartily indorse the words of
the Rev. George R. Dodson and the last
speaker concerning the physical require
ments of men and women. "We have the
Bible in support of those principles," said
6be. "Paul has it, 'First the natural
and then tbe spiritual, 1 Again, he says,
'Ye are the temple of the living God.'
Here is the text for man and woman's
emancipation. Take care of the natural
and then the spiritual. If a man or
woman comes to you starving and you
offer him or her spiritual consolation and
instruction you are doing what Christ
preached against — casting pearls before
Mrs. Dr. Lane rose to reiterate her
former belief, notwithstanding Miss
Shaw's refutation, that the noblest work
of woman was motherhood.
Mrs. Bowles wanted to know if Mrs.
Stetson thought the souls of the ancient
Greeks were commensurate with their
elegant bodies, to which she had referred.
Mrs. Stetson emphatically did, and she
rattled off a string of familiar Grecian
names, beginning with Plato and ending
"Do you think that Thomas Starr King's
soul was commensurate with his diminu-
tive body?" asked Mrs. Bowles, returning
to the charge. She had also understood
that Paul's body was usually depicted as
beinfc rather dwarfed in stature.
Mrs. Gregory put an end to tffis side de
. - NEW TO-DAY— DRY GOODS.
TEMPTING + LEADERS
FROM OUR GREAT FORCING-OUT SALE!
As samples of the POWERFUL ATTRACTIONS with which we close another week of
our great forcing-out sale of surplus stock we present a few of
TO-DAY'S WONDERFUL SPECIALS!
VEILING yEILING! | HOSIERY DEPARTMENT MEN'S FUMISH ! CARRIAGE PARASOLS!
ai = ioc ,15c and - 20 ? pet ' Yard. v At 15 Cents a Pair. At 35 Cents. At 65 Cent
heels and toes, heavy grade, warranted good heavy muslin and with re-en- 603. '
At 25c, 30c and 40c per Yard fast black, regular value 25c, will be of- forced all-linen bosoms, extra good » + m R « . ■
TUXEDO VEILING, double width, in fered at 15c a pair. value for 65c, will be offered at 3sc each. CARRTAr /V. J? Cents. , •„_
bl2ck brown, navy and cream* new ku. •* c n 1. t% • • . ~ ■ vyAitKiAtjt, rAK ASOLS, in twilled silk,
styles. brown, navy and cream; new At 15 CentS a Pair. At 35 Cents. in black only (unlined) will be offered
IW^ozen LADIES' J BLACK COTTON 45 dozen MEN'S AND BOYS' NEGLIGEE at 75c>
„ on ...„ , ' , ; HOSE, plain and Richelieu ribbed, OVERSHIKTS, made of madras and At $1.50
At 15c. 20c and 25c per Yard. , double heels and toes, Hermsdorf black, sateen <»hirtinp«i in a lar^p variety of /•> » t>dt a i.V. l '*' l ' Wl
TUXEDO CHENILLE AND CHENIL- regular value 25c, will be offered at 15c iJS^Mg'cSJn frS Wd CA^k A rSle P^a?a,ft asps
LETTE DOTTED VEILING, single a pair. for 50c and 65c, will be offered at 35c s^, ruffle trimmed, will be offered at
width, in black, navy, brown and , MJ ft _ _ '. _, . each. *i.tw.
cream; special values. .-.., .. ; At 25 Cents a Pair. *«t ■•/> n * /ill n^li Fk 1
90 dozen LADIES' BLACK MACO COT- At 10 CentS. I AlArtfWl XllL r P^ll'H^AlC* I
a + •>*,. , n _ 4ft _ __„ „ -. . TON HOSE, high-spliced heels and 96 dozen FULL-FINISHED IMPORTED vVIVI \J\l UIIJX 1 i.l lL>Uli> •
rpT .t*?rt' mSttt? alt? nJS^r toes black and white feet, Hermsdorf BALBRIGGAN SOCKS, with double- __
TLXEDO rH^NILLh AND CHpiL- dye, regular price $4 20 per dozen, will spliced heels and toes, regular price $2 -Afßn-Pwi*.
LLTTE DOTTED VEILING, double be offered at 25c a pair. per dozen, will be offered at 10c a pair. At OO tents.
width, in black navy, brown and ; * r ' - F LADIES' COLORED BURAH SILK PAR-
cream; extra values, latest designs. At 331 Cents a Pair. At 50 Cent ASOLS, 22 inch, all pure silk, value
(New Bordered Veilings in Black, Cream 90 dozen LADIES' BLACK FRENCH 5 dozen MEN'S UNDYED SANITARY $1 wiU be offered at sOc -
and Butter). LISLE THREAD HOSE, plain and AND WHITE MERINO UNDER-
...:,. • Richelieu ribbed, high-spliced heels SHIRTS AND DRAWERS, silk tin- ¥ I |\f V}C\l f<AllTi4TCl I
• and toes, onyx fast black, regular price ished, regular price 75c, will be offered LADIES 111 llfV\ I
60c, will be offered at three pairs for $1. at 50c each. Uxll/lUKJ \Jlv!lllkJ»
TiAdES' LldFiS' At Cents a Pair. At 75 Cents. At"ST.OO.
-,;. Uiil>Llk3 . liiiillA). 75 dozen -LADIES' EXTRA HEAVY 35 dozen MEN>S EXTRA FINE SILK 50 dozen LADIES' GOWNS, made of heavy
Hnw w.h tjiJj wi. .nH i». FINISH BALBRIGGAN UNDER- muslin, yoke of tucks and insertion,
At 3c to 6Hc per Yard. ' on ? v %t f P i£^^ualitv wUI be of' SHIRTS AND DRAWERS, flesh color, finished with ruffle of embroidery,
BUTTER VALENCIENNES LACE Uto fered atSc a pair * * ' re B ular P rice * 125 > will be offered at good value for $1 50, will be offered at $1.
1 inch wide, will be offered at 3c, 4c, ' 75c each. *4. C 1 CA
5c and 6j^c per yard. . < , At vpl. OU.
N « T . wr,m M . 50 dozen LADIES' GOWNS, made of "Warn-
>~M*.*M*i*ii GLOVES! GLOVES' LADIES WAISTS! O HxSSi r S
WHITE VALENCIENNES LACE, %to I ™ V ■*^ • : :"^" » *^^ • IiHI/IUU 1 1 HIM iKJ • embroidery, extra full sleeves, plaited
inch wide, will be offered at 2l£c, 3c, sc, ZT~~^ back, regular price $2, will be offered
. 7^c and loc per yard. ' 3 ' At 55 Cents. At 50 Cent at $150.
, 100 dozen LADIES' 8-BUTTON LENGTH 150 dozen LADIES' WAISTS, made of
£,*fAt 30 Cents per Yard. MOUSQUETAIRE UNDRESSED French percale in fancy stripes and I I f\ 111 CO I\DIII7FDC!t
BUTTER -WD IVORY NET-TOP POINT KID GLOVES, in red, green, blue, checks, laundried collar and cuffs, good 1,.1 10 I i 1 lilt llt Fill 11 '
VENISE LACE, 7to 10 inches regular heliotrope, purple and copper colors, value for 75c, will be offered at 50c. UAUIUJ 1/llil I! UIWJ •
Talues *- ; :■■. ■ Va '° en .■-J l .J'!-j-— «..p-r. At $1.00. At7sCents.
BU SS!ffis^ m xt3: as^ss&asiffffisftS! d dtosrSue [ s-rssra
actly nail price. ill be offered at 75c a pair. ' ' ular price $1 50, will be offered at $1. offered at 75c. .
1/1/ Murphy Building, J Z^/wurphy Building, / fi^Murphy Building, / fl^Murphy Building, /
Martet anfl Jones Streets. Martet and Jones Streets. Market and Jones Streets. Market ait Jones Streets.
bate by rallying to Miss Shaw's assistance
in the matter of Mrs. Dr. Lane's assertion
that motherhood is the true crown of
womanhood. She argued that unless
fatherhood is the crowning glory of man
hood then a woman's work cannot be
limited to a purely animal function.
Jane Eyre Tells How They Operated
at the Woman's Con
The ladies who participated in the
Woman's Conjjress yesterday sat before
the camera as many times and in as many
different poses as there were pairs of eyes
in the audience to behold them.
That the photographs carried away by
the members of the great assemblage were
mental ones makes the fact all the more
significant. Instantaneous photography
has been an accomplished fact ever since
Adam looked upon Eve after the ceremony
of rib extraction and was pleased. "We
call these more or less crude liKenesses
"impressions," and fortunate is the sitter
who never fails to make a good one, for
nine-tenths of the success in life he owes
to that faculty.
Surrounded by a half dozen ardent new
women, who uncomplainingly stood first
on one foot then on another, and finally
took a lowly seat in the aisle of the church,
I in company with the others produced my
mental kodak and proceeded to make
"snap shots." It was at the afternoon ses
sion. Many of the amateur photographers
thought the light "just right." A few
might have insisted that the softened light
witnin four walls of home would produce a
more beautiful picture than does the fierce
glare of public life. But then the photog
raphers were satisfied with the results of
the sittings, whether the photographed
were or not.
Dr. Elizabeth J. Corbett posed well &a a
woman who thinks. She is nothing if not
original. Life's problem is not so baffling
to her as to most women, and every day
she solves some portion of it. There is
nothing negative about her, and yet hers
is not one of those positive personalities
that rasps every one who comes in contact
with it. Essentially practical and essen
tially strong, Dr. Corbett's nature can be
clearly read in the strong and matronly
figure, the steady gaze, the fresh coloring
and the gown — serviceable as to texture
And what flattering photographs the
intellectual "kodak fiends" would have
liked to make of Mrs. Steven Matthews,
the dear little English woman with the
cameo face, trim figure and flute-like voice.
What a fund of kindly humor she has.
"Voting has not 'unwomaned' me," was
her modest claim ; and the hardest-hearted
of her own or the opposite sex could not
Dr. Sarah I. Shuey, introduced by the
presiding officer as a member of the Oak
land Board of Health, came to the front
blushing rosy red after some humorous
allusion in the introduction. Here were
refined enthusiasm and unlimited zeal,
but with genuine womanliness always
When Mrs. McComas came forward as
an exponent of dress reform a kodaker
near me disposed of her as "that woman
with a wrapper." And so strong is the
instinctive regard for external beauty in
the feminine mind that notwithstanding
her wise words about the necessity for
dress reform and her true words about the
courage required to adopt it her picture
will remain conspicuous chiefly because of
the "wrapper" effect of the Watteau pleat
and gathered front.
Dr. Kellogg Lane, imposing in appear
ance and forcible in argument, makes a
good impression, and Rev. Mila Tapper
Maynard s fine intellectual face, youthful
vigor and sweet compelling voice charmed
the most fastidious. The lady from Le
nioore, who told of the wonders in sanita
tion produced in that little city, is energy
personified and determinationin feminine
guise. The Rev. Mrs. Bowles would im
press a stranger, like the writer, as an
aspirant for leadership "in any shape, in
any mood," a born manipulator of wires.
Excepting, of course, Rev. Anna
Shaw, whose jokes California dames and
damsels anticipate with subdued laughter
and reward with prolonged and echoing
applause, Dr. Harriet Maxson made the
hit of the afternoon.
The audience was informed by the presi
dent that Dr. Maxson has charge of a sani
tarium at Saint Helena, Cal., and it
thought, "What a wholesome, airy, sunny,
stimulating place that must be ! I should
like to go there." All this because a
bright-faced woman had come forward and
begun reading a carefully prepared paper
on "Preventable Diseases." But the woman
herself— what a union of strength and
sweetness in the face, what a repose of
reserve strength in the attitude, wbat a
world of restrained strength in the even
tones of her voice! It is evident that if
there is a perfectly healthy woman in the
congress it is she. The crimson tineeine
the clear brunette cheek and the perfect
freedom of movement bespeak health of
body, and the noble sentiments expressed
indicate heaithfulness of mind and soul.
No "American itis" or nervous prostration
for a woman of such abundant vigor, no
moral or intellectual astigmatism for one
of such clear mental vision. Jane Etke.
SKETCH CLUB PICTUBES.
Young Lady Artists Receive Their
Friends at an Interesting Exhibi
tion of Paintings.
A reception was given by the young
ladies of the Sketch Club to their friends
last night at 508 Montgomery street.
The rooms were crowded during the
entire evening. A number of selections
were rendered at intervals by the Sketch
Club orchestra, consisting of Miss Char
lotte Gruenhagen, leader and violinist;
Mrs. Hermione Sproule, 'cellist; Misses
Nellie Murtha, Stella Austin, Helen Rey
and Josephine Hyde, bandurrias; and
Misses Blanche Letcher, Adele Hyde and
N. Treat, guitars. There was also a vocal
solo by M iss Mary Carr.
A number of the; pictures showed
strength of handling and power in color.
Mrs. L. Sleeth exhibited portraits that
received attention. "Springtime" and
"Foothills of Tamalpais" were two beauti
ful bits of landscape by Marie Rey Sander.
Mrs. Bertha Stringer Lee had three pic
tures on the line.
A clump of eucalyptus trees, with a
background of approaching fog, was ex
hibited by Miss J. M. Hyde.
Among the pastels none were more
striking than sketches by Blanche Letcher.
Lillian Vesaria contributed landscapes
in water colors. A water color sketch of
the "Alameda Boathouse," the contribu
tion of Annie Frances Briggs, was much
admired. Pauline Dworzeck had three
water colors hung. Albertine Randall
Wheelan and Helen Hyde had a very fine
showing in the room devoted to black and
white work. Mrs. Wheelan had Btudies of
heads, and also showed pictures designed
for illustrations for the new State readers.
Nellie L. Murtha exhibited . sketches of
There was but one etching, "In the Cool
of the Afternoon," a pretty bit of work by
Helen Hyde. An odd design for the cata
logue cover by Miss N. Treat was engraved
in wood by Bertha H. Taussig. There
were several portrait busts in clay by E.
j. I. Rumbold and Lucia Wores.
Their exhibition will be open to the pub
lic during the next four days. No admis
sion fee will be charged.
The Farragut's Master Thinks the Ocon-
pant Was Saved.
The captain of the fishing steamer Far
ragut, upon coming into Fisherman's
wharf yesterday evening, reported the
capsizing of a small fishing-boat outside
the heads, off Point Bonitas.
He picked up the boat and brought it in.
He said he thought its occupant was
saved, but'did not know. •
Inquiry at the life-saving station failed
of any further information. The waves
dash against the rocks furiously where the
boat overturned, and a man would have to
be more than fortunate to get on dry land.
ARE CLOSE ON HIS TRAIL
Heney, Accused of Compli
city in the Carson Mint
He Was Last Seen In Colorado, but
Is Now Supposed to Be In
Secret Service Agent Harris of the treas
ury is hot on the trail of James Heney,
the man accused of being the chief swin
dler in the Carson mint frauds.
Heney is being hunted in a quiet but
Said Dudley Harris of the Secret Service
Agent's office yesterday: "Heney left San
Francisco for Mexico soon after the inves
tigation of the mint began, and he has not
been seen since by any of the Government
officials. We know that he changed his
mind in regard to his Mexican trip and
James Heney, One of the Carson Mint
[From a photograph.]
went to Kokomo, Colo. There he stopped
for a while at the house of an old friend
named John McKlosky.
"The secret service agents got word of
his being in Kokomo and they laid their
plans to capture him. They surrounded
the house and congratulated themselves
upon having Heney as good as in their
hands. They were disappointed, however,
as the man they were loosing for escaped
in some miraculous manner. Since that
time no trace of him has been found.
"Secret Service Agent Harris is very
anxious to catch Henev. He is supposed
to have been the chief manipulator in the
mint robbery. To him has been traced the
gold bar which was replaced by a copper
The United States secret service is leav
ing no stone unturned to capture Heney.
His description as spread broadcast all
over the country is as follows:
Six feet tall, smooth shaven, awkward gait
when walking and stoops forward, quiet dispo
sition and has a rather stupid look.
Heney is still supposed to be in the
United States and probably in the vicinity
of San Francisco, where he has many
THE SILVER DEBATE.
Tj C. Spelling; Scores President Cleve-
land and Secretary Carlisle at the
Iroquois Club Meeting.
T. C. Spelling criticized President Cleve
land, Secretary Carlisle and John P. Irish
at the meeting of the Iroquois Club last
night, when the silver question- was de
bated. Mr. Spelling was the essayist of
the evening. He said in part :
Mr. Carlisle, Cleveland's right hand, who pre
sumably acts without his left hand knowing it,
is doing missionary work in the Democratic
ranks in favor of the single gold standard. At
Memphis he argued that the proposed change
would pnt this country on a silver basis and
that we could not trade with commercial na
tions doing business on a gold basis unless we
used our silver at its depreciated coin value.
He contradicts this proposition in ihe next
paragraph of his speech as reported, for he
truthfully admits that in international trade
no coin of any nation, whether of gold or silver
or paper, is used. Gold is invariably used m
the form of bullion, and the balance of trade
being invariably in our favor, it is as plain as
-sunshine that gold would be every year com
ing to us. In order to give some color to his
prophecy that silver will drive gold out of cir
culation he refers to the panic of 1893 and ita
Now I despise all shams, evasions and fraud
ulent uses of the facts of history, however high
the authority, whether Mr. Cleveland, Mr.
Carlisle or the Pope at Rome. He tells us that
the coinage of silver under the Sherman law
turned the tide of gold away from us, because
it weakened the credit of the Government.
But the actual facts add to the strength of my
position that the currents of gold are governed
by balance of trcde and not by the internal
fiscal policy of any nation.
Every intelligent man knows, and Mr. Car
lisle knows, that the panic in Australia and in
the Argentine Republic and the undertaking
of Anstro-Hungary to create a gold reserve
raised the rates of interest in those countries
and called English money-lenders to call in
their gold Investments from the United States
to be used in a better market. He also knows
that the uncertainty of the action of our Gov
ernment on the tariff question interrupted
international commerce and gave the balance
of trade against us for the years 1892 and 1893,
which all goes to demonstrate the danger of
ruinous panics as long as our currency system
is based on as narrow and shiftless a founda-
tion as gold.
I The assertion of the learned Secretary is but
an echo of the reckless and interested state
ments of the Wall-street organs and other hired
clacquers in an attempt to further degrade sil
ver, to stop its coinage and grasp additional
powers over the mfcney of the country and the
rights and liberties of the people.
Mr. Carlisle, Mr. Cleveland, Professors Wells,
Atkinson, John P. Irish, Laughlin and all the
professional teachers in money matters recite
a long catalogue of doleful predictions and of
evils to accompany the restoration of silver.
These constitute their stock in trade. They
can point to nothing either in the past or in
the future that gives us any comfort under the
Bnllis Directed to Allow the Relatives
of the Deceased to Name the
The matter of the removal of E. A. Bul
lis from his position as superintendent of
the burial of indigent soldiers was before the
Health and Police Committee of the Board
of Supervisors yesterday.
There waß a petition signed by some nn
dertaKers complaining that Ballis discrim
inates in favor of certain undertakers and
that relatives of deceased indigent soldiers
had not been permitted to say who should
conduct the funeral.
The matter was gone over thoroughly,
and the committee decided to report
against the petition for Bullis' removal,
but to direct nim to always hereafter per
mit the relatives of a deceased soldier to
select their own undertaker.
Irving Institute Reception.
A reception id honor of the young ladles
who graduated from Irving Institute at the end
of the Easter term was held by Rev. and Mrs.
Edward B. Church in the hall of the institu
tion last evening. Dancicsrwas indulged in
till lattt in the evening, refreshments were
served and nothing omitted which would
afford a pleasant evening to the visitors.