Newspaper Page Text
VIEWS OF SHERMAN
Stated at the Republican
OLD ISSUES AGAIN MET.
All Products, Says the Senator,
Should Receive Equal
FAVORS A SOUND CURRENCY,
But Thinks Gold and Silver Are
Both Indispensable for Man
ZANEBVILLE, Ohio, May 28.— The Re
publican State Couvention was called to
order here to-day promptly at 4 p. m. by
Colonel Joseph C. Bonner, chairman of the
State committee. A half hour previous
ihf hall was packed to its full capacity of
5000 and many were unable to gain admit
tance. Senator Sherman was piven a stir
ring ovation when he was escorted into
the hall at 3:50 by Congressman Van Voor
his and Judge Granger. Ex-Secretary Fos
ter, the members of Congress, several can
didates and others were cheered as they
entered. Among the working delegates
were Herman G. Denison, son of the war
(iovernor, and Harry Garrield, son of the
While Chairman Bonner, who is a mem
ber of Mc-Kinley's staff, was eloquently
congratulating the Republicans on the re
sult of the last Ohio election and forecast
ing another triumph for next November in
his introductory speech, ex-Governor
Foraker entered the hall and a very
boisterous demonstration followed his ap
pearance. After Chairman Bonner had
made repeated efforts to secure order and
proceed with his introductory remarks ex-
Governor Foraker came to the front of the
platform and mid :
Gentlemen of the Convention: I hope you
will not any longer disturb the deliberations of
the convention. There will be time for us all
to be heard before we leave Zancsville. [More
shouting than previously.] It is a good town
to stay over night in, and we will stay just as
long as our business may require. At the
proper time, when that will be in order, I will
be \*ry glad indeed to exchange greetings
with you, but I beg for the present that you
will let the chairman of the Central Commit
tpc proceed with his speech in order to expe
dite the business of the convention. [Great
Even after this appeal it was with great
difficulty that Colonel Bonner concluded
his remarks and introduced Senator John
Sherman as the temporary chairman.
Senator Sherman met the demonstration
at first with the remark that he hoped to
see the Republicans of Ohio keep up such'
a pitch of enthusiasm till the next Novem
ber election. The Senator soon com
manded the closest attention and spoke as
Gentlemen of the Convention: I thar.k you
for the honor you have conferred upon me in
fleeting me to preside over this convention.
You have met to designate the next Governor
of the State of Ohio. You have a good many
candidates before you, but each of them is
worthy of the highest honor winch you can
confer. You have the assurance that whoever
you may nominate \\i. l have the hearty sup
port of all the candidates and of each member
oi the convention. You have also to select
several of the chief executive officers of this
State. I need not impress upon you the impor
tance of selecting those*who will honestly and
faithfully perform the duties as-signed them.
You have a still higher duty, to announce
the principles and policy of the Repub
lican party in the State of Ohio and in the
United States. What you will say here
will have an important influence be
yond the limits of your State, for the intelli
gent action of the Republicans of Ohio will,
as in the past, indicate the opinions of Repub
licans in all pans of the United States. We
have a common faith and creed. We act to
gether on great matters on principle, on small
matters for discipline. The primary and
fundamental sentiment of the Republican
party is love for our country, our whole coun
try. We are for the Union, one and indivisible,
now and forever. The Republicans of Ohio are
not provincial, but national.
This is our cornerstone, planted in the first
Republican convention in Ohio in 1855. We
stood by it lr the storms of the war when Lin
coln was our standard-bearer. Our soldiers
fought for it under Grant, .^hi-rmnn and Sheri
dan. The soldiers of Ohio carried our flag in
every great battle of the war for the preserva
tion of the Union. Other patriotic citizens and
soldiers were equally deserving of honor and
praise, but they could not c^rry their party
with them. When Grant was in the Wilder
ness and Sherman before Atlanta, a great party
declared the war a failure. Ours made it a
eucce^s. When the war was over we did
not treat our enemies as conquered
Bubjects, but as erring brothers. We in
vited them back into the Union with una
bridged powers, prescribing only one condition ;
that there should be no slaves in our country.
We now meet them and greet them as friends.
Turning our back on dead issues, we congratu
late them on their prosperity, which they did
not and could not have in their condition prior
to the war.
When the war was over the Republican par
ty developed its civil policy. First of all it de
clared Its purpose to pay every debt or obliga
tion contracted during or since the war, that
the public faith should be unblemished. In
spite of the temptation and the shrieks of Pop
ulists we have discharged every obligation con
tracted during the war, and especially the
highest and most sacred debt to the surviving
soldiers of the war, their widows and orphans.
The pension roll is a roll of honor, higher in
amount than any pension roll ever provided
by any nation. While the Republican party Is
in power it will only be diminished by the
death of pensioners, a fate that awaits us all.
We are in favor of a protective tariff. We
had such a tariff. While it was in force we
had prosperity, good times and money in
plenty. We had so diversified our domestic in
dustries that American labor and American
capital supplied nearly all the wants of the
American people. We prefer to tax foreign
production rather than our own. We believe
that the policy oi protection should be ex
tended to all productions impartially; to labor
on the farm as well as in the workshops. We
are opposed to the Democratic policy of pro
tecting woolen manufactures and admitting
wool free of duty. We denounce a scheme of
taxation which annually increases the public
oebt more than $50,000,000. This is the re
sult of Democratic ascendency. The tariff law
of the last Congress is partly a copy of the Mc-
Kinley law, and generally a failure. All that
Is good of it was taken from the ilcKin
ley tariff, and, the rest of it is con
fessedly a hotchpotch. The Supreme Court
has already disposed of part of it. All
the productions of the South, from peanuts to
■whisky, are carefully protected, while the du
ties on the great staple industries of the North
are largely reduced, and on some articles, like
wool, are entirely repealed. Wejdemand a re
form in the tariff, not to promote sectional In
terests, but to secure ample revenue and im
partial protection to domestic industry. This
we can have only by the election of a Republi
can President. We want a change, and for
this change we will have the hearty support of
c large portion of the Democratic party.
We are in favor of a sound Nailonal currency
always redeemable in coin. All forms of money
should be of equal purchasing power. For
fourteen years alter the resumption of specie
payments, while the Republicau party was
in power, we had such a currency. We had
gold, silver and paper money, all bearing the
stamp and sanction of the United States, of un
questioned credit and of equal value, passing
current not only within the United States, but
in all parts of the commercial world.
Both gold and silver are indispensable for
use in the various wants of mankind. Gold is
now and has been for ages the chief measure of
value in international commerce, and the
larger transactions of domestic exchanges.
Silver, from its bulk and weight, is not availa
ble for large payments either, at homo or
abroad, but it is indispensable for the minor
wants of mankind. Gold, from its greatly
superior value, cannot be utilized for such
purposes. Therefore it is that both metals
have been coined into money at a fixed ratio.
The enormous increase in production of silver
in the United States, Mexico and Australia has
disturbed this ratio and nas lowered the mar
ket value of silver precisely as a like increase
of production has lowered the price of other
commodities. It is a universal law that price
or value is measured by quantity.
Under these conditions the rational and
proper course would be a change of ratio, but
this can only be effected as to these two metals
by a concert of action amoug commercial na
tions. Until this can be accomplished the only
logical way is for each nation to coin both
metals and maintain the coinage of the
cheaper metal at par by limitation of the
amount and redemption when in excess of the
demand for it. Such is now the policy of the
United States and of every great commercial
nation, including every country in Europe.
Other nations adopt the silver standard alone,
not from choice, but from poverty. I believe
that the policy of the United States adopted in
1853 of coining fractional silver coins in lim
ited quantities from silver bullion purchased
at the market price and making them legal
tender for small sums is the only way to pre
serve the parity of gold and silver at a fixed
ratio. This is properly called bimetallic money.
I hope and believe that the common interest of
commercial nations will lead them, through
au international commission, to either adopt a
ratio based on market value of the metals or to
coin them and maintain them, as we do, at
their present ratio.
The policy now urged by the producers of
silver and by men who wish to pay their debts
in cheaper money than they promised to pay
is the free coinage of silver. This means the
single standard of silver and the demonetiza
tion of gold. This is the only monometallic
system. It is the degradation of our dollar to
50 cents. If applied to our National bonds it
is a repudiation of one-half of the public debt.
It is the repudiation of one-half of all debts.
It confers no favors on producers of any kind,
whether of the farm, tn*e workshop or the
mine, for if they get nominally more dollars
for their productions their additional dollar
would have only one-half the purchasing
power of the gold dollar. The great hardship
of this policy would fall upon workingmen,
skilled or unskilled, whose daily wage, meas
ured by the present standard, is higher than in
any other country of the world. Their wages will
purchase more of the necessities of life than
the wages paid for similar labor anywhere out
side of the United States. It is a faise pre
tense that the cheapening of money will be
beneficial to them.
The Republican party in its National plat
form of 1892 demanded good money of equal
purchasing power, whether coined of gold or
silver or composed of United States notes and
National bank notes, based on the credit of the
United States, maintained at par with coin.
This is the bimetallic policy. There we stand
to-day. I hope and trust there we will stand
forever. We will seek the co-operation of all
nations and of all parties in maintaining the
parity of gold and silver coins. If they will
not co-operate with us in this policy the Re
publican party can and, I hope, will do it
alone. Good money and plenty of it is as im
portant to all our people as equality of rights
Let us hope then, with a firm reliance on the
principles, policy and wisdom of the great
party to which we belong, nominate our can
didate and declare our platform, and then
make our appeal to the intelligence of the peo
ple of Ohio. In all the great issues made in the
last forty years the Republican party of Ohio
has had the courage to propose and to do what
is right. Let us now follow in the same path-
way, and we will not only elect a Republican
Governor and State officers, but also another
Republican Senator, and, I hope, a President of
the United States from the State of Ohio.
At the conclusion of the Senator's
speech the twelve Congressional districts
were called for members of the committees
and other positions and it was found that
there were bitter contests for seats, espe-
daily in the Toledo and Springfield dis
tricts, A committee on resolutions was
appointed and afterward organized, with
ex-Secretary Charles Foster as chairman.
The convention then adjourned to 8 p. m.
On reassembling the temporary organi
zation was made permanent. The con
tested delegations from the Toledo and
Springfield districts were not unseated.
"With a corresponding number of speeches
the following names were presented to the
convention for the nomination of Gov
ernor: J. W. Barger, J. Warren Kiefer, J.
H. Hoyt, George W. Nash, Robert M.
Nevin, A. L. Harris and E. W. Poe.
General Bushnell's name was not pre
sented by any speaker. There were 827
delegates in the convention, 414 being
necessary to a choice. The first ballot re
sulted as follows: Busrn»«U 58, Bararer 86,
Harris 55, Hoyt 176%, Kiefer 74, Nash 168,
Nevin 60, Poe 146)4.
Chairman Sherman announced there was
no nomination. The second ballot: Bush
nell 83, Barger 83, Harris 44, Hoyt 169%,
Kiefer 63, Nash 169%, Nevin 81. Poe 133.
The third ballot resulted: Bnshneil 159,
Barger 86. Harris 27, Hoyt 165, Kiefer 40%,
Nash 199%, Nevin 78, Poe 64.
At tne end of this ballot the name of E.
W. Poe was withdrawn. The fourth ballot
resulted: Bushnell 347, Barger 32, Harris
26, Hoyt 148, Kiefer 16, Nash 257. Bushnell
lacks only sixty-seven votes of the nomina
The fifth ballot resulted as follows:
Bushnell 410, Harris 5, Hoyt 120, Kiefer 12,
On the sixth ballot General Asa A. Bush
nell was nominated, receiving 509 votes,
Nash 201, Hoyt 11; necessary for a choice,
President Woodmanze, Secretary Miller
and other officers of the Republican League
oi Ohio, together with ex-Governor For
aker, -who were sitting on the stage at the
time, telegraphed their congratulations to
General Bushnell at his home in Spring
field. The Clark County delegation, from
Bushnell's home, stood out for General
Kiefer until the last ballot, when it gave
each half of its vote. The result of the
nomination was received as a great victory
The resolutions adopted declare as fol
First— We reaffirm our adherence to the
principles of the Republican party as defined
by the national convention in 1892, chief
among which are: A protective tariff which,
restoring American wages and American pro
ducts, shall prove the highest interests of
American laborers and American develop
ment, while providing adequate revenue for
the uses of the Government; reciprocity,
which, while seeking and gaining the world's
market for our surplus products, 6hall not
lower or destroy American wages, nor sur
render our own markets to foreign commodi
ties which can be produced at home. Fair
elections, based upon a free ballot and an
honest count, the safeguard of American in
stitutions, the true source of public authority.
Honest money, consisting of gold, silver and
paper, every dollar as good as any other dol
lar, and all backed by the National faith and
honor. We favor bimetallism and demand the
use of both gold and silver aa standard money,
either in accordance with a ratio to be fixed
by an international agreement, if that can be
obtained, or under such restriction and such
provisions to be determined by legislation as
will secure the maintenance of the parity of
values of the two metals, so that the purchas
ing ana debt-paying power of the dollar,
THE SAN FRANCISCO CALL, WEDNESDAY, MAY 29, 1895.
whether of silver, gold or paper, shall be at all
Second— We denounce the present Demo
cratic administration, whose vacillating
course has brougnt us distress at home and
humiliation abroad. It has inaugurated a
policy looking toward ultimate free trade,
which has deranged business, crippled our in
dustries, distressed our homes and dealt labor
a serious blow. With deplorable incompe
tency it has failed to receive revenue enough
to run the Government, and had to borrow, in
less than two years, $102,000,000, mainly to
pay ordinary running expenses, and selling in
secret to favor foreign syndicates the bonds of
the Government at prices far below their actual
value. It has lowered the flag in Hawaii in an
un-American attempt to overthrow a republic
and restore a monarchy, and, with unpatriotic
indifference, has suffered British troops to land
in Nicaragua in contemptuous disregard of the
Monroe doctrine. By these and similar acts
our country, second In power and dignity to
none, has suffered a loss of respect throughout
We denounce the free wool provision of the
present tariff act as an unjust discrimination
against an important industry, and demand
such protection for sheep husbandry as will
secure fair prices for American wool. We de
nounce the present admiuistration of the Pen
sion Bureau for its betrayal of the interests of
the Union soldiers, and we pledge anew to
veterans of the Republic a watchful care and
recognition of their just claims upon a grate
We indorse the able, honest and business
like administration of Governor McKinley. Be
lieving the proposed Nicaragua canal is needed
for commercial extension and National de
fense, and that it ought to be constructed and
operated by the Government of the United
States or under Its protection, we commend
this project to our representatives in Congress.
The election of a .Republican Legislature in
this State next November will enable Ohio to
send to the United States Senate a Republican
colleague to that grand old statesman, John
Sherman. For this honorable place in the
upper house of the United States Congress the
Republicans of the State have but one candi
date, ana we, their representatives here assem
bled, give voice to that sentiment in naming
and recommending as their choice for that
position that grand soldier, peerless orator and
patriotic statesman, Joseph B. Foraker.
The people of Ohio are proud of the charac
ter and career of their distinguished friend
and citizen, William McKinley. A pure, patri
otic, unselfish life of public service has en
deared him to the Republicans of the Nation
and justly won him a place among the few
chosen by popular acclaim for high station and
great leadership. Believing him to possess in
an eminent degree those rare qualities of
broad, wide and patriotic statesmanship which
not only fit him for victorious leadership in a
great campaign, but for a successful adminis
tration after election, we present William Mc-
Kinley to the Republicans of the Nation as a
candidate for the nomination for President in
1896, and we pledge him the absolute and un
swerving support of Ohio in the National con
We have heard with great sorrow of the sud
den and untimely death of the Hon. W. Q.
Gresham, and we extend to his bereaved fam
ily our sympathy and condolence. '.['•: "■'."
Other resolutions, referring wholly to
State matters, were adopted.
At midnight the convention adjourned
until to-morrow at 9 a. m.
"SOUXI>» MOXJET CAMPAIGN.
Edmunds and Trenholm Make Speeches
PHILADELPHIA, Pa., May 28.— The
opening gun of the sound money cam
paign in the East was fired to-night at an
enthusiastic public meeting in the Acad
emy of Music. The affair was under the
management of a group of the best-known
financial and business men of the country.
George B. Roberts, president of the
Pennsylvania Railroad Company, was
chairman. The principal speakers of the
evening were ex-United States Senator
George F. Edmunds, ex-Comptroller of
Currency William L. Trenholm, Congress
man Michael D. Harter of Ohio, ex-Min
ister to Russia Charles Emery Smith and
In the beginning Mr. Edmunds said the
sound money question must be decided by
political action, not party action, but that
kind of action the Romans used to speak
of when no man was for party, but all for
the state. Quoting Thomas Jefferson's
words, "The whole art of government
consists in the art of being honest," he said;
That phrase Is worthy to be written in letters
of gold and placed in front of every public
edifice in every hamlet on the continent. In a
careful report prepared for the benefit of the
first Congress Jefferson said that the question
of the difference between the value of gold and
silver as money was purely a commercial
question. It did not depend on legislation or
the fancy and tastes of man, but on commerces
which regulates the price of commodities.
The speaker then discussed the variation
in value of the two metals, saying:
It any faith can be put in human experience
it ought to teach us that we cannot make a giv
en amount of silver worth any more when it is
printed at the mint with the stamp of the
United States than it was before. When the
act of 1873 was passed to stop silver coinage
all the principal countries of Europe were
coming to have a single standard, gold. If the
last Congress had passed on March 3, the
last day of its session, what is now vo
ciferously demanded by the free coinage
people every owner and producer of silver
bullion would take his ounce of silver to
the mint, worth 63.04 cents and get $1 29.29,
and having got more than two silver dollars
for his ounce of silver, he would come to the
workingmen to whom he owes for labor and
say: "If I bought it in metal it would have
taken ten pounds, but I have taken the bene
fit of the United States' offer and had it
stamped and you must take live pounds off it."
' Ex-Comptroller Trenholm, during his
remarks, declared it would be found that
the issue now confronting us has become
serious only because the two political
parties have at one time or another, and
on one plea and another, courted the sup
port of those whe entertained, or affected
to entertain the idea, that the coinage of
silver dollars is so essential to the welfare
and happiness of the people of the United
States that all other political questions
should be subordinated to it. \
- HAS TB.E JtIGBT SIAQ.
Sound Platform Adopted by the Republi
"■''. -'.'. ' cans of Colorado.
: DENVER, Colo., May - 28.— State
League of Republican Clubs met here to
day, electing full delegations to the Na
tional League meeting at Cleveland. A
red-hot fight occurred over the resolutions,
a minority favoring instructions to the
Colorado delegates to bolt unless the con
vention came out unequivocally for free
coinage of silver at 16 to 1. The resolu
tions finally passed to instruct the delega
tion to work for such action by the Na
tional convention. The platform adopted
is worded in the strongest expressions.
High tariff against all countries refusing
to adopt a bimetallic j money : standard is
urged. , Another plank says there is not a
square inch of room for the anarchist, so
cialist or nihilist or any one not willing to
swear allegiance to this country.
DEMOCRATS Of TEXAS.
The Executive Committee Equally Di
vided on the Silver Question.
DALLAS, Tex., May 28.— Mclnmss
of Bryan arrived to-day, making a quorum
of the State Democratic Committee. " Chair
man Dudley called the committee to order
with eight gold and • eight silver. men on
hand and fifteen members of the commit
tee absent. f Chairman Dudley therefore
held the balance of power."
" Mr. Ware introduced a f resolution that
the financial question, so far as the Demo
crats of Texas are concerned, be referred
to a separate State National convention of
i delegates chosen by primaries of the Deo
pie, said primaries and State convention
not to be held earlier than 1896.
Several delegates wished to make the
date indefinite, to be left to the future dis
cretion of the State committee, the appar
ent idea being to hold primaries and a
State convention during 1895.
Mr. Mosely, who had seconded Mr.
Ware's original motion, objected to any
amendment that would bring about pri
maries or a State convention earlier than
1896. The free-silver question, including
these motions, was then referred to a com
mittee of five, Mr. Hill and Mr. Barefoot,
for the silver men, and Ware and Walker,
gold men, with Chairman Dudley as the
fifth member. At 12:30 this committee
went to work. The committee reported in
favor of Mr. Ware's original motion, with
the exception that the date was left blank
for the holding of primaries and a State
convention on the finance question, the
State committee to use its discretion as to
1895 or 1896.
GOLD STASIiARI> DEFEXSE.
London Hankers and Merchants Form
LONDON, May 28.— At a meeting of the
leading city bankers and merchants, held
at the banking-house of Glynn, Mills,
Curry & Co., it was decided to form a gold
standard defense association, and Bertram
Currie, the chairman of the meeting, was
elected president'of the new association.
The following address was then for
warded to the Chancellor of the Exchequer,
Sir William Harcourt :
We, merchants and bankers of this city, de
sire to address you with reference to the dis
cussion which has taken place in Parliament
on the question of currency. But we are con
strained to state that we view with grave ap
prehension any change in the system of the
currency which has prevailed without in
terruption in this country since.
1816. We believe any serious attempt
to modify it bj r the adoption of silver as a
standard of value, either alone or concurrently
with gold, will be followed by consequences
dangerous to the trade and commerce of the
country, and, further, if it were possible that
such a measure should not only become a law,
but be made effective in practice or should be
come a law without, growing effective in prac
tice, it would disturb contracts, injure credit,
check enterprise and thus prove disastrous to
both capitalists and wage-earners.
The signatures to the above address in
clude the names of Brown, Shipley & Co.,
Fruhling & Goschen, Morton, Rose & Co.,
Rallie Brothers, Charles Rapael & Co.,
Barclay, Bevan & Tritton, Benson Bou
viere & Co., Currier & Co., Roberts, Lub
bock & Co., Schroder & Currie, and the di
rectors of the National and Provincial
Bank of England, the London and County
Bank, the London and Westminster Bank
of England, the Union Bank of London,
Lloyd Bank, Parr's Banking Company
and the Alliance Bank, Martin's Bank,
the Union Discount Company, and the
Bank of New South Wales.
The Chancellor of the Exchequer sent
the following reply to the address:
I concur entirely in the opinion that the
experience of veil nigh a century has proved
that the present system of currency is suited to
the wants of this great commercial country
and that to depart therefrom would be
disastrous to the trade and credit of the
You may rely upon tt that her Majesty's
Government will not give countenance to any
change In the fundamental principles of our
monetary system, nor in any discussion in
which they may be called to take part will
they admit any doubt of their intention to
firmly adhere to the single gold standard.
HAS SYMPATHY FOR DEBS.
Action of the Amalgamated
Association on the
Laboring Men View With Alarm
the Supreme Court's
CLEVELAND, Ohio, May 28.— The
Amalgamated Association to-day adopted
the following resolutions:
Whereas, The Supreme Court of the United
States has just handed down Its opinion in the
case of Eugene V. Debs, the language of which
opinion states in terms that cannot be Misun
derstood the Supreme Court's approval of the
\ise of the weapon of issuing injunctions
against labor in strikes, and thus the issuing
of injunctions further encouraged and the peo
ple's rights further endangered; therefore be it
Resolved, That we, in convention assembled,
do view with alarm the unnecessary and un
justifiable curtailment of our liberties that Is
being done by injunction ; we regard it as the
means through which it is sought to steal and
take away from the people by piecemeal rights
that a liberty-loving public would not permit
direct legislation to interfere with, thus
making it the more repugnant because of its
Resolved, That we regret this latest and most
far-reaching decision on injunctions, arid that
we believe the time has come when the united
forces of labor should lend all their energy to
the correction of this evil— an evil that if per
mitted to go on and continually Increase, as
seems probable, must inevitably bring about
the enslavement ot the masse?.
Resolved, That our sympathy goes out to
Eugene V. Debs, and that we regard the denial
of his petition by the Supreme Court as a de- i
nial of a simple justice.
OFF TO SURRENDER.
Htbs and Associates Ready to Return to
CHICAGO, 111., May 28.— Eugene V.
Debs, president of the A. R. IT., called on
the United States Marshal to-day and an
nounced that in view of the decision of
the United States Supreme Court deny
ing him a writ of habeas j corpus, he was
ready to resume serving out his sentence
in the jail at "Wheaton.
The marshal said he had not received
a mandate of court for Debs' reincarcer
ation and did not expect it inside of . a
week. Debs contemplates a trip through
North Dakota and gave a schedule of his
" I have written to all of the officers out
of the city," said Mr. Debs, " and it 18 our
purpose to come in a body and surrender
ourselves and go back to our pleasant
quarters at "Woodstock Jail." *■* ■": ; ' - -
W WE li Hi'WH Bill Mm ill •-.-.«■ ■«*.."' ...
TRAGEDY AMONG XEUROES.
Jealousy Causes Several Murders and a
suicide in Texas.
CAMERON, Texas, May 28.— A tragedy
was enacted on the farm of George Growl,
fourteen miles from here, this morning.
Jeff Lewis shot and killed Espy Smith and
her husband, Will Smith, and shot and
probably fatally wounded Lucy Smith
and her daughter Emma, after which he
committed suicide. Espy and Will Smith
had only been married yesterday and it is
thought jealousy on the part of Lewis
caused him to do' the killing. All parties
A. Toledo Factory Destroyed,
TOLEDO, Ohio, May 28.— Roth & Fried
man's knitting factory was destroyed by
fire. Loss on building, $40,000; on ma
chinery and stock, $125,000; insurance,
An Insane Mother's Act.
BALTIMORE, Md., May 28. — Mrs.
Marion Curtin, supposed to have been
insane, murdered her fourteen-year-oid
daughter Mamio this noon by cutting her
A DISASTER AT SEA
Wreck of a French Ship
Off the Coast of
BURSTING OF A BOILER.
Over One Hundred Per
sons Perish in the
EIGHTY EMIGRANTS ARE LOST.
Two Hundred Additional Passengers
Were to Have Embarked at
CADIZ, Spain, May 28.— The French
steamer Dom Pedro, bound for Carillo,
Spain, has been wrecked off Corrubedo.
The disaster was caused by the bursting of
a boiler. About 100 lives were lost.
The Dom Pedro was a 3000-ton steamer
and was engaged in running between
Havre and the Argentine Republic, calling
at Bordeaux, France, and carried freight
and passengers. The latter were mostly emi
grants bound for the Argentine Republic
or other points in South America.
On her return trips the Dom Pedro was
generally loaded with frozen meat. She
left HAvre May 20 with a crew of forty
nine all told and eighty passengers. At
Carillo the steamer was to have embarked
200 additional passengers, but on the
way to that port she ran on a rock at 6:40
p. m. off Cape Corrubedo, on the west coast
of Galicia. The boilers exploded, the vessel
foundering; immediately afterward.
It is now stated that only the captain
and twenty-six of the crew were saved,
which would indicate that all the passen
gers were either killed by the explosion or
drowned when the vessel went down.
MADRID, Spain, May 28.— Later details
of the wreck of the French passenger
steamer Dom Pedro are being secured with
difficulty. The number who have perished
in the disaster is now ascertained to be 103,
and only 38 were saved.
The survivors have taken refuge in the
little town of Villagarcia. The rocks of
Cobos, near Corrubedo, upon which the
vessel struck, are a rough headland which
forms the northern limit of the bay of
The gunboat McMahon has been sent to
JViot a Oovernment Victory.
ROME, Italy, May 28.— The opposition
papers refuse to acknowledge the victory
of the Government in the recent elections.
The Italia, commenting on the result,
"The Ministers have not obtained the
As to Xortcay and Sweden.
LONDON, Eng., May 28.— A dispatch
to the Times from Berlin says: The Frank
furter Zeitung reports that there is great
anxiety in the Government circles of
Sweden regarding the threatened armed
conflict ending in the dissolution of the
union between N onvay and Sweden!.
Canal Commissioners Arrive.
MANAGUA, Nicaragua, May 28.— C01.
Ludlow, Commander Endicott and Mr.
Noble, of the commission to inspect the
Nicaragua Canal route, have arrived at
Managua and are visiting PresidentJZelay a.
The members report good progress.
Alexander Martin Head.
PARIS, Fbance, May 28.— Albert, other
wise Alexander Martin, the last survivor
of the government established by the Na
tional Assembly in 1848, died to-day near
Creil, Department of Oise. He was 81
years of age.
Cholera in Tarsus.
CONSTANTINOPLE, Turkey, May 28.—
Cholera has broken out in Tarsus. Many
cases have been reported.
Ttoeher Lampson Dead.
LONDON, Eng., May 29.— The Times an
nounces that Locker Lampson is dead.
OF INTEREST TO TB.E COAST.
Many Valuable Patents Are Issued, to
WASHINGTON, D. C, May 28,-Patents
have been issued as follows: William N.
Anderson, San Francisco, can-opening
machine; James F. Bean, Martinez, Cal.,
gate; David A. Chrichton, Los Angeles,
sash fastener; George S. Fouts,-San Jose,
drive wheel for elevators, carriers,
or the like; Louis Glass, San Francisco,
phonographic attachment; T. F. Hagerty,
San Francisco, can-opener; Thomas Q.
Hudson, assignor of one-half to J. H.
Dovey, car-coupling; William E. M. Jack
son, San Francisco, conduit electric rail
way ; William B. Judd, San Diego, assignor
of one-half to F. Emeley, Muncie, Ind.,
band cutter and feeder for thrashing ma
chines; Henry Kramer, San Francisco,
smoke-consumer; G u stave F. W. Schultze,
Berkeley .coin-controlled apparatus; Henry
F. Williams, San Francisco, assignor to
improved Asphalt Pipe Company, Bakers
Pensions have been granted as follows:
California: Original — Frank Johnson,
Peralta ; James F. Noble, Fresno ; Charles
S. Raymond, San Francisco; James J.
Johnston, National Soldiers' Home, Los
Angeles. Renewal and increase— Frank
Kopman, Castroville. Reissue — William
Shipstone, San Francisco; John McCoy,
Pasadena; James R. Kelly. Santa Ana;-
Pusey E. Chambers, San Francisco; Wil
liam R. Farrington, Garden Grove.
Oregon: Original — Oreletus P. Whit
comb, Portland. Increase — Francis C.
Mills, Newberg. Reissue— Lorenzo Win
ters, Powell Valley; Louis Bachman, Mar
mot; JohnH. Sullivan, Baker City; Peter
Washington : Reissue— George H. Warns
ley, Shelton ; James King, Hoquiam.
OJ>r TiJSCORATIOX It At.
Employe* of the Printing Office May Par
ticipate in the Services.
WASHINGTON, D. C, May 28.-The
President to-day issued the following ex
It is hereby ordered that the several execu
tive departments and the Government printing
office be closed on Thursday, the 30th inst to
enable the employes to participate in the dec
orations of the graves of the soldiers and gailorg
A WILD BVZL OPJSyhfB.
There Xl Another Great Flurry i H the
Chicago Wheat Pit. *
.SSh^i? 0 ' ILL " May "-Wheat had
a wild bull opening to-day, and within five
minutes from the time of the bell it was
selling 2 cents higher than the price at
which it closed yesterday. Inside of an
other five minutes it had lost 1% of the
The news was all of a bullish character.
Yesterday's low barometer in the North
west had resulted only in a light shower
here and there, and the cold wave was
being followed by what promised to be a
scorching one. Perhaps the most bullish
piece of news, however, was the report of
King & Co. of Toledo. They summar
ized the advices from over 4000 correspond
ents in the wheat belt by saying that the
indications were that in six principal
wheat-producing States not more than
half an average crop can be raised, in
volving a reduction of 1,100,000 bushels in
the crop aggregate for the year.
A MAN THE PL AI STIFF.
Suit Against a Pretty Schoolteacher for
Breach of J'romise.
LANCASTER, Ky., May 28.— A most
extraordinary suit, and the only one of its
kind ever recorded in Kentucky, was filed
in the Circuit Court here to-day. It is for
breach of promise, and the plaintiff is W.
C. Stivers, a well-known tobacco-raiser.
The defendant is Miss Catherine West, a
handsome schoolteacher, 23 years oi age.
Mr. Stivers has been a widower for several
years. In his petition Mr. Stivers alleges
that Miss West has repeatedly promised
to become his wife, and the day for the
marriage Had been set, but she declined to
wed him. Stivers says he has been greatly
worried, annoyed, humiliated and dam
aged in tne sum of $5000, and prays for
judgment against the defendant for dam
ages in that sum.
QUIRTS THEIR WEAPONS
A Desperate Battle Between
Cowboys on a Colorado
All of the Men Who Participated In
the Melee Receive Serious
DENVER, Colo., May 28.— A special to
the News from Wolcott, Colo., puts rather
a different aspect upon the reported battle
near there Sunday. Instead of growing
out of the hatred between the cattlemen
and the sheepmen, it now appears to have
been simply a row among some cowboys.
The dispatch is as follows :
The fight originated in a cow camp on
the Sheep Horn, about twenty-Dive miles
from Wollott, where a branding round-up
has been in progress the last few days.
Sunday morning, when some un
pleasant remarks were passed between
Harvey Dice and Jack Mather,
which resulted in a battle with
quirts, Mather was knocked down several
times. Tom Dice, who came to the assist
ance of his brother, was met by J. E. Wins
low and they also engaged in the mill. In
turn Alexandet Winslow came to the aid
of his father.
In the tight all the men sustained ter
rible cuts. It is claimed that Tom Dice
did all the cutting. He also received a
severe knife wound. The physician in at
tendance anticipates no fatalities unless
unfavorable conditions develop.
To Be Voluntarily Dissolved.
NEW YORK, N. V., May 28.— The peti
tion for an order to show cause why the
Western Nevada Mining Company should
not be voluntarily dissolved was presented
to Chief Justice Daily in the special term
of the Supreme Court to-day. Nicholas P.
Todd, Benjamin L. Curtis and James N.
Ball, trustees of the corporation, are the
petitioners. The company was formed
with a capital of $250,000 to purchase, work
and develop certain mining claims in Es
merakla County, Nevada.
Hanged by Lyncher*.
ELLIOTT CITY, Mb., May 28.-Jacob
Henson, colored, under sentence of death
for the murder three months ago of
Daniel F. Shea, was hanged by lynchers at
1 o'clock this morning. Henson 's feigned
insanity was to have been investigated
St. Louis Wants the Debate.
ST. LOUIS. Afo., May 28.— The Busi
ness Men's League of this city has wired
invitations to W. H. Harvey and Hon.
Roswell Horr to hold their debate in St.
Louis, on the theoi^ that it is neutral
ground. With the invitation goes the
offer of a hall and other courtesies.
Turns gray hair back to its own natural color
without dye.- The first and only remedy in the
ilstory of chemistry known to do this. Mme.
MT. Yale personally guarantees the action of
this scientific compound. It will do all that is
jlaimed for it.
Falling Hair L 8 st °pp ed in *«>m 24
Yale a Hair Tonic stops any case of falling hair.
The Growth of the Hair
promoted as rapidly as it is possible for Hair to
Dry, Harsh Hair^ leal ! airTonlc
Bald Heads Yale ' a ,^ air Tonic is a
ule°known heVery beBt^l'^nsVSSSffi
Pl*x on wi^^' -. Mm '- Yal *> Health aid Com-
EKTo W 3 ' Tempi" of Beauty, 146 StaW St.,
Galdc to Beauty mailed free.
0B il?5 TUNDE^ DENTAL PARLORS
815% Geary, bet. Parkin and Hyde.
.-•X. BL. WALSH, D- O.
■wrfjSga^ Prop'r, directly opp. *» r "
/#gs^JsS&O~\ at a Hall. Price list:
>CwS*sIC«~A---^ Extraction (painless) Joo
L*^*^^^^**^ BoneflUiiig f.Oc: Am a •
fChrV^ ; "§3 gam filling 60c: ?old «"-
-\§f~s~£ ' ; ; j«- *J§? ing $1:. Bridgework $»:
B'^'#- ?^Y Crowns «5: Pl»tes f 5 and
* $7; Cleaning fl. cry
„_.,. ' operation Kuaranteea.
'tu-TTcS? entering our parlors be sure you see DR.
WALSH, personally. ■ - ■ _^ ■
TjlOß SALE— A FORTUNE FOB SOMEONE:
J- 1 a grinding and repair shop. At 232 San Pablo
aye., Oakland. '
Why, we're selling MOQUETTES—
the most beautiful carpets in the
world, sewed, laid and lined, for
$1.10 PER YARD.
Not auction or job lot carpets either,
but our regular stock at "Our
Mission Street Prices."
750 Mission St.
PHILADELPHIA SHOE CO,
I STAMPED ON A SHOE
MEANS STANDARD OF MERIT.
CHEAPER THAN EVER.
The price of leather has materially advanced
during the past month, and many retail shoe deal-
ers have been compelled to advance the prices on
their shoes, - *■
BUT WE STILt SKI.r. AT THE OLD
We watched the leather market several months,
anticipating a rise, and we placed oar orders for
thousands of dollars worth of shoes, so that now
we are in a position to sell shoes at a price, retail,
that other dealers are compelled to pay for shoes
wholesale. Now we will prove it. :'-.*- y
We have this week offered for sale a line of
Ladies' all-Russia Calf Southern Ties, with pointed
toes and V-shaped tips and flexible hand-turned
That for style and tit cannot be duplicated any-
where. The color is a dark tan, and the soles, be-
ing band-sewed, require no breaking in. These
Southern Ties are being sold elsewhere for $2 SO
and $ 3. '.' '• • : '\ ■'•'•'
'ci Aft ' I'd i
\ ".''■— ' '.~
Are we still selling at the old prices? Well,
Just read this. We have this week received a ship-
ment of Philadelphia-made shoes that were bought
before the advance in prices, and which we will
offer as a leader, at a price lower than ever before.
They are Ladies' Dongola Kid Button Shoes, with
cloth or kid tops, pointed or square toes, and V-
shared patent leather tips, which we will sell for
Remember this is a leader, for the shoes can be
guaranteed in every way. The Dongola Kid is soft
and pliable, while the cloth is a fast black and will
not fade. Remember the prices on shoes are ad-
vancing, so do not put off your purchasing too
long. Buy now and save money. Conic to us for
the lowest prices. Our present immense trade has
been secured by selling better shoes at a lower
price than our competitors. Our country customers
should take advantage of our low prices and send
In their orders at once, and remember if the shoes
do not prove satisfactory when you receive them
the money will be refunded. When your dealer
tries to advance prices on you come to us, and we
will prove that we still sell the best shoes for (M
least money on this coast.
J»-Country orders solicited.
J93"Send for New Illustrated Catalogue.
10 Third Street, San Francisco.
PHILADELPHIA SHOE CO.
tLI PO TAI JR.'S
No. 727 Washington St.,
Cor. Brenham Place, abort
the plaza, San Francisco, CaL
Office hours 11 A.M. to
9 r. 31.
1443 Linden Street, Oakland.
Dear Sir- It is now about four months since I
wa^reclmme I nded n bTwen'is to ««nd^our sani-
tarium. I had for a Ion? time been lafllh t« l^Uh
epilepsy and was under the car a of skilled torsj
but obtained no P"™" 1 ' 111 ,!;, iiSSred at your
consulted you. The herD '"L" i T Z bringing aW
sanitarium had the mwjcal e*£ °* f ß?£&ssmeud
a complete cure. 1 "^all mosi ™™ Specif uUy,
you to all who are afflicted, x^jgjjjf jg FONGE.
Has been established in the Palace Hotel
~«. irrnrVT OP REPEATED DEMANDS
m rur ritS, with direct entrance from
w**et .7 S~ shopping will fin* this a mo,X
i 1 i m« nlacs to lunch. Prompt serrlce and mod-
«e»lrabl«Plac« '"™£ hare given the gentlemen 1 !
S r rlii~ mTn'int« D reputation, will P r.T*l
"nit aewdv * rua ' nU
— ■kiiAHPA FOB BAKBERS, BAK-
DO I *5 MW* %C ers, bootblacks, batb-
n|| II *# SB & W bouses, billiard - t»bl«-s.
w«"ers ; bookbinders, candy.makers, cannert,
5 .-. flourmUls, foundries, laundries, paper-
himvn, printers, painters, shoe factories, stable
ws&^ o «s3sas? stf&.. . • t
Brush Manufacturer*, 609 B»cr»mento3t.
k roi HI'ABXY XT. Established
M 9p|& fn 1 854 for the treatment ol t Prlwti
I 823 KKAR-NV ST. Established