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CHARLES M. SHORTRIDGE,
Editor and Proprietor.
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The Kastern office of the SAX FRANCISCO
CALL (Daily and Weekly), Pacific (Stales Adver
tising Bureau, Hhlnelander building, Hose and
Duane streets, New York.
THE SUMMER MONTHS.
Are yon going to the country on a vacation ? If
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WEDNESDAY . . . JUNE 5, 1895
Choler needs but one more letter to make
The policeman should try to live up to
The Pioneers have pointed the fatal
finger at silurianism.
It is a wise bulldog who, having bitten,
knows when to let go.
He is a poor detective who will surrender
his secrets to the public.
The absence of a tail does not deprive a
dog of the desire to wag it.
The mystery story fad threatens to make
•'I guess" a National byword.
When the flying machine comes in the
north pole will be a summer resort.
As crime itself is shady, the pursuit of it
must necessarily be made in the dark.
Russia protests indifference to the money
question, but she continues to hoard gold.
People who are waiting for the return of
prosperity should try to hasten it a little.
Eastern people are clamoring for a
science that will change their climate for
It is proof of the general goodness of our
peopie that murder in this City is always a
A big heart and a pocket with a weak
sphincter are often seen having a frolic
The Pioneers are to begin anew the bat
tie which they won for California in the
He is an uncommonly great man who is
not content to bask in the radiance of his
With so fine a climate it is not surpris
ing that Uiah expects to acquire a strong
There are two ways in which a smile may
be taken as evidence that high spirits are
on easy tap.
Some people delight in reading of mur
ders, but others find more pleasure in the
Perhaps the hot time in New York is
due to the report that the Prince of Wales
is coining over.
The most interesting phenomenon in
natural history is the man who is always
&bJe to keep his head.
The biggest man in the worid is he who
has the largest girth of heart and the
greatest height of understanding.
When a President of the United States
ha? a cabinet vacancy to fill he gets as much
free advice as if he had a bad cold.
Now that the Pioneers have started a
Bcheme for developing the State, we are all
waiting to hear from their native sons.
We may be enabled to cultivate charity
even for the bore by reflecting that the
deepest well reaches the sweetest water.
San Francisco should make her Fourth
of July this year the crown, the climax
and the consummation of all the fiestas.
The detective of the future is to be a
woman, for, like geniuses and angels, she
knows things without having learned them.
If the Corbett and Fitzsiminons tight is
beid in Texas it may benont the people by
inciting them to use their lists hereafter
instead of . Jx-shooters.
Every week reports a new convert of im
portance from the gold standard to bi
metallism, but there is no record of any
one going tae other way.
We are better enabled to reflect upon the
complexities of civilization by realizing
that the stocking was the foundation of
the savings-bank system.
It is singular what cacophony exists be
tween the product of the bee and that of
an industrious man, for in the one case it
is honey and in the other money.
By careful selection of the seed and an
intensive cultivation of the 9oil, a French
acriculturist claims to have grown enough
wheat in twenty square yards of land to
feed a man for a year.
Last winter the Northern States sent
their blizzards through the South and now
the South is getting even by remaining
cool, while a hot wave sweeps everything
from Chicago to New York.
If all the people of the country had as
much spirit as those of Colorado the rail
roads might be convinced that by operat
ing under public sufferance they owe some
thing to the public as well as to them
The British Government will probably
have a mental reservation in congratu
lating Kaiser William on the completion
of the Baltic canal, which puts the Ger
man fleet within easy striking distance of
the British coast.
The statement of the Prussian Minister
of the Interior that the Government is per
fectly indifferent to what the representa
tives of the people think of its measures
6hows how easy it is to run a government
when you don't care how many snags you
In coining a trade dollar for commercial
uses in the Orient, Great Britain puts an
important part of her currency in harmony
with that of the United States and thus
takes an important step in the direction of
an eventual uniform monetary system
throughout the civilized world.
II every member of the community at
any period of its development should re
gard himself as the pioneer of a new move
ment for bettering the condition of his
successors, the reformation of social and
industrial conditions would be as frequent
at the r^.Tent of new generations.
THE PIONEERS MOVING.
One of the most gratifying pieces of news
to which the public has been treated lately
is the announcement that the Society of
California Pioneers has determined to
enter upon an earnest campaign for the
industrial development of the State. The
president has been directed by resolution
to appoint a committee which shall pre
pare a plan.
By reason of their past achievements the
Pioneers will be a very conspicuous figure
in this movement that is stirring all the
people. A great deal will be expected of
the men who, after appalling hardships.
invaded a strange and alien territory and
did their part in adding it to the Union;
who as miners developed the monitor and
quartzmill from the primitive pan and
arastra; who organized and enforced, with
out a line of written law, the highest form
of civil and criminal justice that this coun
try has ever seen; who made the amazing
discovery that the plow as well as the \>ick
could turn up gold in quantity ; who built
cities and railroads, established domestic
trade and unlocked the commerce of the
Orient, and who did all the hard and cour
ageous work that was done in laying the
foundations of California's greatness.
This last and very important addition to
the agencies which have been created for
the advancement of the State gives us oc
casion for calling attention again to the
advisability of organizing a central body
out of representatives of all the bodies
working to a common end. Upon such a
plan as this have the best results in other
directions been secured. The Associated
Charities is an instance, and it admirably
illustrates the harmonizing of purposes.
It is the adoption of this idea that has
made the American Railway Union and
the Federated Trades so powerful as labor
organizations, and although the lines upon
which the various bodies are working for
California are each unlike the others in
method, still as the end is the same the
efficiency of each can be largely augmented
t>v a central harmonizing agency.
THE WILY JAPANESE.
Labor Commissioner Fitzgerald has be
gun in good time his inquiry into the mat
ter of Japanese laborers in the orchards of
California. He has made the surprising
assertion that there are many Japanese
laborers in California to-day who are wear
ing the military uniform which they wore
in the war with China. From this we infer
that since the disbandment of some of the
Japanese armies as a result of the treaty of
peace the recent belligerents have been in
so great a hurry to come to California that
they have hardly taken time to change
Whatever turn the discussion of labor
in the orchards may be given, we cannot
ignore the necessities of the orchardists
themselves. Their preference for this or
that kind of labor can be based on no other
ground than the value of labor itself. If
they announce that after very painful and
costly experiment they find Japanese and
Chinese more reJiable than Americans dur
ing the fruit-harvesting season, we are
bound to give respectful heed to their as
From the free labor bureau which Com
missioner Fitzgerald is setting on foot we
shall hope rather than expect to see good
resufts. Between the tramp and the un
employed, earnest man, and between this
man aud employment, there are gulfs,
snares and entanglements which try the
souls of men. If Commissioner Fitzgerald
should receive the earnest co-operation of
all the agencies which are organized to
serve both the employer and the employe,
' and all the agencies which devote their
energies to the encouragement and uplift
ing of the laboring masses, the acme of
prosperity would be insured. It is in or
der, therefore, not only for Mr. Fitzgerald
to seek the co-operation of these organiza
tions, but for them to find him and unite
their intelligence and energy with his.
Meanwhile he has confronted us with
the proposition that a usurpation of our
labor fields by the Japanese is now as se
rious a matter as that which gave birth to
the Chinese exclusion laws which there
has been so great trouble in enforcing.
After many years of legal wrangling these
laws are declared valid so far as the Chi
nese are concerned. If the Japanese offer
a similar menace, as Mr. Fitzgerald seems
to think, the sooner we embrace them in
our exclusion methods the better; but ex
clusion of any sort of labor is iujudicious
in the absence of efforts to make our own
labor adequate to the necessities of em
A PECULIAR POLICY.
Every effort that tends to develop the
region lying between California and the
Mississippi and Missouri rivers will bring
the consumers of California's products
nearer to the point of production. The
nearest market of any consequence that we
now have is Chicago, 2000 miles away, and
New York is 1000 miles farther. In seek
ing markets so remote the greatest diffi
culties and heavy expense are encountered.
Colorado is only 1500 miles from San
Francisco, or 1100 nearer than Chicago and
2100 miles nearer than New York. In
natural resources it is one of the richest
States in the Union, and it is capable of
supporting a Dopulation sufficiently large
to consume all the fruit and most of the
wine that California could supply at pres
ent. Yet by reason of certain facts herein
after to be considered the population of
Colorado is not increasing, and its princi
pal cities, Denver and Pueblo, have been
suffering greatly. It has not been able to
send us its coal and iron, which we need
more than anything else, and we could not
send it our fruits. Bankruptcy or closing
up has overtaken its woolen-mills, powder
mills, nail factories, shoe factories, glass
works, cement works, cooper-shops, tent
factories, mattress factories, soap works,
tanneries, paint works, box factories, im
plement works, stamping factories, rolling
mills, foundries, machine-shops, stove
works, car works and many other factories.
This is all because of railroad discrim
ination, which made it impossible for
Colorado to compete with Chicago and
New York in exchanging commodities
with Ban Francisco. Worse than that,
although Colorado is rich in iron, English
rails could be delivered at the docks at San
Francisco for less, including the price of
the rails and all transportation charges,
than the charge for freight alone on rails
from Pueblo to San Francisco. Com
forters and other first-class freight were
carried from New York or Chicago to San
Francisco for $1 a hundred pounds, while
the rate from Colorado to San Francisco is
$3. To San Francisco rails were 60 cents
from Chicago and $1 60 from Colorado, bar
iron was 50 cents and $1 60 from the two
points respectively, water-pipe was 50 and
85 cents respectively; canned goods from
San Francisco were 75 cents to Denver and
50 cents to New York. And so it went.
As a consequence of this disgraceful con
dition of affairs, which tends simply to
prohibit the settlement of the region lying
between California and the Mississippi
and Missouri rivers, George J. Kindel. a
large manufacturer of Denver, seeing that
ruin to himself and to all other manufac
turers and producers of Colorado was in
evitable, brought suit before the Interstate
Commerce Commission last April against
THE SAN FRANCISCO CALL, WEDNESDAY, JUNE 5, 1895.
the various railway lines engaged in this
monstrous crime, and has forced the mak
ing of rates that are a long step toward
Colorado's ambition to be on fair fighting
terms with the world. This will tend to
the growth of a large population compara
tively near to San Francisco and in need
of its products, and at the same time will
enable us to enjoy to some extent the
benefits of Colorado's products.
That most valuable of all economic
things, the prevailing common-sense of
the people, can never be convinced that
the "science of transportation," as ex
pounded by transportation companies, can
justify such charges as have nearly ruined
Colorado, and so crippled the market for
California products. Out of this common
sense was born the interstate commerce
law, which already has produced many
beneficial results. Either the ways of rail
road companies are inscrutable, or the
people's common-sense and conceptions of
right conduct are wholly at fault. If the
Southern Pacific Company, instead of ex
pending, without result, hundreds of thou
sands, if not millions, of dollars in adver
tising the resources and attractions of
California with a view of securing an in
crease of population, had charged rates
sufficiently lower than those adopted to
represent th^amounts expended in adver
tising the State, it would have insured the
prosperity of those already here and
thereby have given the State the best ad
vertisement that could be imagined.
Despite the efforts of the British Govern
ment to provide a gold currency for Tndia
the reports for the fiscal year just closed
show imports of nearly 27,000,000 ounces of
silver into British India, while about
700,000 ounces of gold were exported. This
would seem to imply that silver is the true
money metal of the country and that the
attempt to force a gold standard there
with the use of gold coin is as vain as an
attempt to make water run up hill.
Hardly less interesting than this seem
ing failure of the attempt to make India a
gold-money country is the report that the
dies for the new British "trade dollar"
have been received at the Indian mints
and that the coinage will begin at once,
The new coin, which has a weight of 416
grains and is similar in size, weight and
fineness to the Japanese "yen," is in
tended for circulation throughout the
Orient and will be current in all British
trading centers in Eastern Asia. The
making of these coins will of course create
a demand for a considerable quantity of
silver, and it has already been suggested
that there wili be a big profit for the Eng
lish in buying silver cheap in this country
and sending it to India for manufacture
into Oriental money.
If the Japanese should succeed in open
ing up all China to foreign trade, there
will in all likelihood be a large demand
tnere for the new coin, and this could
hardly fail to have a considerable effect in
strengthening the demand for an inter
national agreement for the free coinage of
silver everywhere. With an increasing
market in China for foreign goods, Oriental
commerce will become so large that the
necessity of having some uniformity be
tween the standards of Oriental money
and that of Europe and America will be
come imperative; and that very argument
of a uniform standard which is now used
so effectively by the monometallists will
then become an argument for bimetallism.
As affairs stand at present, Great Britain
seems to be having everything her own
way. By the force of her influence she
holds Europe and the United States to the
gold standard which she uses at home,
and then through her Indian mints she
coins silver with which to capture the
trade of Asia. Exactly as she buys Ameri
can cotton, carries it to Manchester and
manufactures it into cloth, which she sells
at a profit at Hongkong, so will she buy
American silver, carry it to London, snip
it thence to the Indian mints, manufacture
it into the new trade dollars and make an
other profit in Hongkong. How long will
the United States allow these astute
islanders to play single standard at home
and double standard in the East, while we
play single standard all the time, and lose
all the profit of coining our silver for the
A CANADIAN WAENING.
The Weekly Times of St. Thomas, Onta
rio, is one of those Can idian journals
whose jingoism is expressed in articles suf
ficiently well founded to give occasion for
thought as well as for amusement. In a
recent issue it has made the British fortifi
cations at Esquimalt the basis of an argu
ment to prove that in case of war between
the two countries a British fleet could ruin
the cities of the Pacific Coast long before
an American army could disturb Canada.
In the statement of facts upo-i which
this argument is based the Times says a
fleet from Esquiinalt could destroy every
city and town on Puget Sound in ten days,
occupy the outlets of the railway systems
there, send ships up the Columbia River
to destroy Portland and the Oregon rail
roads, proceed southward and bombard
with impunity San Diego, Santa Barbara
and San Pedro, and could even enter the
Golden Gate and destroy San Francisco
itself, or, failing that, could at least with
long-range guns bombard the City from the
ocean and throw shells as far as the Palace
Hotel. It is claimed that not a single sea
port on the coast has any adequate de
fenses, and that as a matter of fact we are
completely at the mercy of the big war
ships stationed permanently at the naval
depot on Vancouver Island.
Having made this statement of the con
dition of affairs the Canadian jingo goes
on to say: "Here is food for thought for
those bombastic Americans who, on every
pretext, loudly advocate twisting the Brit
ish lion's tail. England is something of a
twister herself when she thinks she has
sufficient occasion, and the tail feathers of
the American eagle, as represented by the
Pacific Coast extremity of the United
States, are not in a condition to withstand
much serious twisting. As things now
stand, it looks as though the owners of
this molting appendage should go slow
in assuming aggressive attitudes, espe
cially toward England, until they have in
augurated an efficient system of coast
defense extending from San Francisco to
Seattle and Port Townsend."
It will not be denied there is some sub
stance in this boasting. In comparison
with the great fortress and naval supply at
Esquimalt we are indeed practically de
fenseless, and it might be to our advantage
to take some measures to protect our
selves. Preliminary steps might be taken
by strengthening our fortifications and in
creasing our naval forces on the Pacific,
but, of course, the only effectual step
would be to take Esquimalt, and that is
what we will have to do the next time we
twist the tail of the British lion in earnest.
O APEO-AMEEIOAN CONGRESS.
The recently issued call for a congress of
the Afro-American Leagues of California
to meet in this city on July 30 will awaken
no little interest in the affairs of that por
tion of our population. The congress is
intended to be a thoroughly representative
one, not of the Leagues only, but of the
entire Afro-American race in the State,
and will undoubtedly be attended by most
of its leading men. It has the promise,
therefore, of being an important gathering
and of fully repaying the interest it occa
The chief object of the congress is to
devise plans for forming a closer bond of
union among the members of the race, and
thus enable them to reap the benefits
which invariably result from wisely di
rected co-operation and mutual helpful
ness. An important part of the work will
be the collection of information and statis
tics relating to the condition and industry
of the race. In the call for the congress,
the delegates are urged to bring with them,
so far as possible, statistics showing the
numbers of the men, women and children
of the race in the county which they rep
resent, the different occupations pursued
by members of the race, the number of
property-owners, the estimated value of
the property, and such other data as may
be of historic value in showing the existing
condition of the race in this State.
Whatever advances the welfare of any
portion of our people tends to advance the
welfare of all. The congress, therefore, is
likely to result in benefits, not onl/to the
race represented in it, but to all California.
Certainly every step taken to extend and
increase the practice of co-operation among
any portion of the people is of advantage
to the community, and for that reason, if
for none other, there will be cordial sym
pathy with the objects of the meeting and
a general desire that they may be promptly
F. D. Cobbs of Stockton is at the Baldwin.
Irving L. Blinn and bride are at the Palace
Dr. F. W. Hatch of Agnews is at the Lick
W. R. Gould of Stinta Barbara is stopping at
Frank A. Kimball of National City is at the
John L. Hudner, an attorney of Hollister, is
at the Lick House.
A. R. Johnson and wife of Riverside are
guests of the Palace Hotel.
C. W. Keeney of the Antioch paper-mills is
registered at the Brooklyn.
M. Lawrence of the Tallac House at Lake
Tahoe is a guest of the Baldwin.
The Rev. W. Leacock and family of Eureka
have quarters at the Lick House.
W. L. Pritchard, a Sacramento stock-raiser,
registered at the Grand yesterday.
Edward Hale of the Sacramento firm of Hale
Bros, is registered at the Baldwin.
Felix Tracy, a Sacramento business man,
registered at the Lick House yesterday.
A. P. Johnson and wife of Sonora are at the
Lick House. Mr. Johnson is a mining man.
General T. W. Sheehan and wife of Sacra
mento registered at the Occidental yesterday.
J. D. Stephens, c Woodland banker and
land-owner, came to the Grand Hotel yester
day, accompanied by his family.
Professor A. L. Colton of the Lick Observa
tory, came in from Mount Hamilton yesterday
and registered at the Lick House.
Dr. A. E. Osborne, superintendent of the
Home for the Feeble Minded at Eldrldge, is in
the City and a guest at the GrandJHotel.
James M. Day, an old-time mining man of
the coast, who has spent the past winter here
accompanied by hisVife, leave 1 ? this morning
for his home in Galena, 111.
PEOPLE TALKED ABOUT.
Gustav Freytag left $230,000 besides some
landed property, the largest sum ever made by
a German author.
The 6ociety of young women in Danbury,
Conu., whose members are pledged not to
rnairy any man who uses liquor, now numbers
Prince Waldemar of Denmark has one dis
tinction which no other member of the Danish
royal house can claim — he has no throne aud
Ho prospects of one.
Henry Irving presided recently at the annual
dinner of the Savage Club, and in his speech
regretted that the club had become rather
fashionable at the expense of its bohemians.
The great dinner which the Emperor of Ger
many is to give in Holtenau for the guests in
the opening of the ship canal is to cost $25,000.
The contract has been taken by a Berlin
caterer to feed 1000 persons. There are to be
forty-two cooks and two chefs.
England is greatly interested in the cricket
ing record of Frederick C. Holland, a youth of
19, who batted out 123 runs for Surrey in the
recent match against Essex. It was a perform
ance due more to genuine skill than to luck,
and, added to his youth and staying powers,
it makes him a promising successor of the
veteran Dr. Grace.
Sophia M. Palmer, daughter of the late Eari
of Selborne, ex-Lord Chancellor, writes to the
London Times to protest against the proposed
memorial to her father. "He deterted." she
says, "the modern system of testimonials for
the mere performance of obvious duty, and he
characterized memorials as 'a new death tax.' "
Professor George F. Comfort, formerly dean
of the College of Fine Art* of the University of
Syracuse.is about to write an exhaustive treatise
on the science of esthetics. "It will embrace,"
he says, "not less than four volumes of about
500 or 600 pages." About fifty years ago l'ro
fessor Vischer of Stuttgart wrote a treatise
upon esthetics in five large octavo volumes.
SUPPOSED TO BE HUMOROUS.
Doctor— l would advise you, dear madam, to
take frequent baths, plenty of fresh air and
dress in cool gowns.
Husband fan hour later)— What did the doc
Wife— He said I ought to go to a watering
place and afterward to the mountains, and to
get some new light gowns at once.— Fuegende
"Papa, do lawyers tell the truth?"
"Certainly, my boy; they will do anything to
win their case." — Danville Breeze.
"I have often heard," said Mr. Haicede, as he
watched the movements of the hired man. "I
have often heard of fellers walkin' in their
Bleep, but yon air positive the first man I ever
seen that slept in his walkin'."— lndianapolis
"Witness," said a lawyer in the police court
the other day, "you speak of Mr. Smith being
well off. Is he worth $5000?"
"No, sah ; ho ain't wurf 25 cents."
"Then how is he well off?"
"Got a wife, sah, who sports de hull fam'ly,
sah!"— Yonkers Blade.
Customer— l want a spring suit.
Tailor— Yes, sir. Would you like one made
of thin gray goods or one of these heavy Irish
friezes lined with fur?— Philadelphia Tele
Wyld— Can't you overcome your thirst for
Tramp— Yes, 6ir, with a dime.— Life.
"What do you know about gold and silver?"
asked the aged farmer of the irreverent youth.
"You are too young to understand anything
about the coinage question."
"Oh, of course,"-Jeered the youth. "I guess
I am too young to be a safe man to sell a gold
The allusion was painfully personal. — In
| IRuralJMagistrate— Konrad, you'Jare charged
with committing an assault on the night
Konrad— l only threw his jacket behind the
Night Watchman— Yes, your Worship, but I
was inside the jacket; that makes all the dif
Mrs. Trott— Oh, I only went into town on a
Mrs. Streete— Did you? Tell me all about it;
did you nave a real good time?
Mrs. Trott— Not at all. I found what I
wanted in the very first store I went into.
Mrs. Streete— How provoking?— Boston Tran
AROUND THE CORRIDORS.
"The full extent of the Turkish outrages in
Armenia will never De known to the outside
world," said Rev. J. E. Scott last evening at
the Occidental. Dr. Scott was stationed at tne
city of Van in Armenia for ten years as a mis
sionary, and is fully acquainted with the cir
cumstances surrounding the massacre which
thrilled the civilized world with horror.
"The Kurds," continued Dr. Scott, "occupy
the mountain region about Van and Bitlis.
They are a half-civilized, cruel and warlike
people, predatory in habit and bloodthirsty by
nature, without any other ambition than to
make war upon their peaceful neighbors of the
valley region, the effeminate and pastoral Ar
menian, who finds his greatest delight in car
ing for his flocks or tilling the fertile soil of his
valleys, and in the joys of domestic life, undis
turbed save by the tocsin of the barbarous
dwellers of the hills.
"The Armenian is not a fighter, He knows
nothing of the science of war and his character
is wholly lacking in the aggressive quality so
abnormally developed in his neighbors of the
north and their allies, the fierce and cruel
"While in Armenia I paw two Kurds ride into
an Armenian town of 5000 inhabitants and
load up a mule train with merchandise stolen
from the principal merchants of the town.
And this in broad daylight and in the presence
of two-thirds of the population. No one dared
to resist these bearded bandits, armed to the
teeth and hoping, no doubt, for opposition,
which would have given them an opportunity
to glut their thirst for blood. For any show of
fight on the part of the people they might nave
taken the whole town. When they had se
cured all the plunder that they could carry
they started the train homeward, making faces
at the townspeople as they drove through the
streets en route to the mountains. These peo
ple levy a regular tax on the Armenians for
miles around, and it was for refusing to pay
this tax that the Turks perpetrated this last
"The Turks are always looking lor an opportu
nity to persecute the Armenians, and this is
not the first time that they have murdered the
inoffensive people by the thousands.
"The number slain was icported to be between
5000 and 15,000 in this last outrage. The
number was proDably much greater than that,
but, as I have said, the full particulars will
always remain a mystery- Missionaries are
afraid to write the truth about existing condi
tions to their friends in the outside world. The
mail is subject to a close scrutiny by the Turk
ish authorities, and it would go ill with any
person of whatever nationality found sending
out letters criticizing Turkish rule. The only
hope for the Armenians to-day is in English or
Russian interference. There seems to be a fair
prospect of this intervention."
Colonel C. F. Crocker, who has been traveling
round the world for recreation and rest, is ex
pected to arrive here to-day. A dispatch was
received yesterday at the Southern Pacific
Company's offices stating that he was coming
In his special car over the Central Pacific route
and would reach here to-day. Colonel Crocker
went by steamer to Japan, where he lingered
a short time, and then set off for China, India,
the Mediterranean and Europe. When he sets
foot in San Francisco he will have completely
encircled the globe, and it is understood that
he feels much better for his long journey.
TEACHER YODER LEAVES
He Is Displeased With Super
intendent Babcock and
Reply of Mr. Babcock to Charges
of Personal Animus— Estimate
Although Mr. Voder, principal of the
Normal School, said yesterday he "had
nothing to say" in regard to his differ
ences with some of the school authorities
he expressed some positive opinions about
the schools in this City.
"I am going away because it is impossi
ble to do good work here under existing
conditions," he said. "This Xormal
School has been a farce heretofore. I have
tried to raise its standard, but conld not
because the board failed to co-operate with
me. Twenty two of the eighty-three girlb
that Mere graduated Monday were not en
titled to their honors. I recommended
that they be not passed, but the board
"I was quoted as saying that Deputy Su
perintendent Babcock is incompetent. I
said it and meant iL That was a dis
graceful proceeding of his when he replied
to Mr. Murdock as he did at the Girls'
High School Monday evening. It was in
baa taste, and was done in order to get
even with some members of the board and
"J shall leave in a few days to take a
position as professor of pedagogy in a
normal school at trie same salary I have
received in this position. As my election has
not yet taken place, although I am assured
it will be, I will not give the name of the
Deputy Superintendent Babcock had
just returned from distributing medals and
presenting diplomas at the Hamilton
School when seen in his office.
"I do not regard the matter in a personal
way," he said, "1 have only the best
wishes for Mr. Voder, and if the board
should decide to retain him in the schools
1 would do all I could to sustain him. I
think I have nothing to say to his charges
against me. I believe my standing in the
community will not be affected by an in
"As to the 'bad taste' of my remarks
about the teachers of the City, others may
be equally good judges. I was impelled
by no personal animus to make those re
marks, but consider that I would have
failed in my duty if I had not made them.
I have a high appreciation of Mr. Mur
dock's personal and official integrity and
believe that he is conscientious in the dis
charge of his duties, so I repeat that I was
actuated by no personal consideration in
saying what I did of the San Francisco
"Yet 1 have been associated with them
for a long time and know them to be a
high-minded, faithful, conscientious and
capable body. Seven years ago the Na
tional Educational Association, composed
of the flower of the teaching forces oi the
East, met in conference nere, and our
teachers, who mingled with them daily,
suffered not a bit by comparison."
THE CHAINING AUXILIARY.
Its First Annual Meeting— Klection of
Officers for the Terni.
The first annual meeting of the Char
ming Auxiliary was held on Tuesday after
noon in the parlors of the First Unitarian
The executive committee is composed of
Mrs. Horace Wilson, the president of the
auxiliary; Mrs. Frank W. Sumner and
Miss Kate Atkinson, the vice-presidents;
Mrs. Louis M. Johnson, recording secre
tary; Miss Elizabeth Easton, correspond
ing secretary ; Mrs. Arthur Collier, busi
ness secretary, and Miss Kate Beaver,
The chairmen of the other committees
are : Mrs. C. C. Burr of the Postoffice mis
sion committee; Mrs. Frank W. Sumner,
special sub-committee; Mrs. Lovell White
of the afternoon lecture committee; Miss
Kate W. Beaver, publishing committee;
Miss Wade, entertainment committee, and
Miss Anne B. Campbell, floral committee.
Mrs. M. L. O'Neal. Mrs. P. 13. Cornwall and
Mrs. Horatio Stebbins compose the audit
After a good musical programme had
been gone through the meeting adjourned
till the first Monday in September.
«■ ♦ — •
To Develop Central America.
A new company has been incorporated en
titled the Central American Development
Company to "cement the commercial interests
between this country and the Centra) American
republics." The capital stock i« $1,000,000
and the directors are: M. Casin. C. F. Thoines
A. Ballen, N. C. Den, F. A. Woodworth. '
THE GRAND JURY'S WORK
Their Final Report Will Be
Made Wednesday of Next
CITY OFFICIALS TOUCHED UP.
The Ferry Foundation and Other
Public Works Receive Their
The Grand Jury meets to-day at 2 o'clock
for the first time since last Friday. The
session is practically a matter of form, as
the main work of the jury has already
been accomplished, the only thing remain
ing to be done being to ratify or reject the
The present Grand Jury has been in
session since December 9, 1894. or about six
months. During that time it has accom
plished much good and been the means of
instituting reforms and corrections hith
erto unthou«ht of. A week from to-day
the Grand Jury will adjourn, and their re
port in many respects promises to be a
novel and interesting one.
Instead of passing the usual compli
mentary recommendations, it is under
stood that it will indorse absolutely noth
ing, but to the contrary will confine itself
almost exclusively to a series of attacks on
existing evils, which are only too well
known to the taxpayers of San Francisco.
For instance, in the matter of the ferry
foundation it has been erroneously re
ported that the Grand Jury could find no
fault with this work, or the manner in
which it has been conducted. This, how
ever, is an error, ior the jury will, if all re
ports be true, severely censure the con
tractors and ask that a further in
vestigation be made. The only thing
that has prevented a closer inspec
tion on its part is the shortness of
funds and time, and it will recommend
that the succeeding Grand Jury investigate
the matter more carefully. The Grand
Jury is practically certain" that there is a
leak somewhere, but with its limited re
sources it has been impossible to locate the
The City and County Hospital will also
receive its share of attention. The charge
will be made that that institution is re
ceipting for a lot of fuel that is not deliv
ered. Just where the trouble is the Grand
Jury has not been able to determine, but
that it exists is shown almost be
yond a doubt. The City receives, ac
cording to the proposed report, only
about half the coal it is entitled to.
That there is some truth in (his is shown
by the statement of a gentleman well
versed in the matter of coal. "It costs the
contractors," he said yesterday, "$5 a ton,
and yet they deliver it at the hospital for
$5 59, or in other words for 59 cents a ton.
Any man with common sense knows that
this cannot be done if full weight and
measure are given. The City Hall anthra
cite contract could be done at the figures
named, though it is doubtful if they are
receiving more than half what the contract
calls for. The same is true of the Fire De
partment and the Almshouse."
It is understood that the Sheriff's office
will come in for its share of censure on the
fee bill question. The Grand Jury as a
whole is not at all satisfied with the
Sheriff's interpretation of the law, though
it is obliged to satisfy itself with
a mere reprimand. The County Clerk's
office will not be lost in the general shuffle,
and Clerk Curry will come in for his share
of censure. The claim that the increased
expense of bis office »vas due to the clerical
work being hehind is discredited.
Probably one of the most important
items in the Grand Jury's work will be
found in the report on "Judge Campbell
and straw bond. Judge Sanderson will
probably be mentioned also for his de
cision regarding Judge Campbell. These
matters form an important part of the re-
Eort, and the exact action of the jury will
c eagerly looked for by the public.
Deputy Superintendent Babcock Pre
sents Diplomas to Ninety-Five
Boys and Girls.
The ninth grade of the Hamilton Gram
mar School, 95 strong, held its closing ex
ercises and received well-earned medals and
diplomas at the hands of Deputy Superin
tendent Babcock yesterday. The exercises
were held at the Girls' High School. The
following programme was rendered :
Class song, "Heavenly King"; salutatory,
Edward OLsen; class song, "Come Where the
Lilies Bloom"; recitation, "Irish Philosopher,"
Henry Gray; class song, "On Lofty Alp»";
piano solo, Flora Cohu; class song", "Cover
Them Over"; recitation. "Gone With a Hand
somer Man." Juliet Son; class song, "Sunrise";
piano solo, "Caprice Hongroise," Gustave
Taubles; class song, "See the Merry
Farmer Boy"; "Pledge to the Flag," by the
class; piano solo, "Spring Song," Anna May
ers; recitation, "Victor Galbraith," by Gertie
Van Vllet, Ethel Hudson, May Bailinger, Gu=
tave Taubles, Sam Sanders, Clarisse Olcovich,
Aimee Pollak, Dora Olinsky, Wallace Beanston
John Nolan and Ernest McAvov; class song
"Whippoorwill"; valedictory, "Echoes of the
Past," Clotilde Ginochio; class song, "Amer
Following is a list of the graduates :
Guy Anthony, Casper Altshuler, Lionel Abra
hamson, Alvina Apparius, Louis Aron, May
Beechnoir, George Bennett, 'Willie Avery,
Wallace Btunston, George Broemnvl Al
bert Crokel, Maud Clark, Harvey Coch
ran, Flora Colin, Inez Cook, Hattie
Dunker, Shirley Earle, Blanch Elliott,
Edgar Gerst, Lottie Graham, Mary Gilchrist
Clotilde Ginochio, May Gove, Willie Golden,
James Golden, Clarence Gyle, Henry Gray,
Daisy Haquette, Alvin Horton, Ethel Hudson,
Birdie Hyman, Louis Jacobs, Mac Kane, Pearl
Jones, Gertie Kelly, Emile Lacoste, John Lefko
vitz, Alphonse Levy, Paul Leonhardt, Harold
C. Logan, Hilda Levy, Ernest McAvoy,
John Martel, Anna Mayors, Bertha Mam
lock, Rebecca McGrant, Marguerite Morrissey
Charles Morris, Wade Moores, Sam Nakamera.
Sophie Nobman, John Nolan, Ray Oppen
heimer, Lizzie Ogilvie, Dora Olinsky, Clarisse
Olcovich, Edward Olsen, Franc Owen, Susan
Osborne, Nora O'Connell. Bteila Peiper, Albert
Polhemus, Aimee Polak, Eddie Koethe, Willie
Roberts, Robert Roberts, Anna Russel,
Claris=e Rulofson, Sam Sanders, Georfrie
Stewart, May Styles, Lulu Schroder,
May Scott, Cora Scott, Lilian Silverstein,
Florence Siiverstone, Olive Simon, Juliet Son
Abe Spiro, Henrietta Suter, Mary Sullivan
Nettie Thompson, Joe Tanabo Gertrude Van
Vliet, Gustave Taublcs, Grace wolf, Kittie Wol
lert, Gussie Wolfsohn, Victor Walking, Millie
Wolff, Willie Enright, Willie Elfendahl, Lulu
Geary, Toby Zekind.
THE GHOST CAR.
Its Presence on Bush Street the Subject
of a Suit.
A cloud of witnesses appeared in Judge
Hebbard's court yesterday to testify in the
case of the People of the State of Califor
nia on the relation of Colonel R. H. War
field of the California Hotel against the
Sutter-street Railway Company. The com
pany is represented by Naphtaly, Frieden
rich & Ackerman and the people by the
The object of the suit is to obtain a with
drawal from the road of its franchise on
Bush street, along which a melancholy
"ghost car" rolled for along time at un
known intervals. The general drift of tes
timony by the score of witnesses who ap
peared yesterday was to the effect that the
car was a mysterious piece of uselessness.
Ihe witnesses were variously facetious
One witness stated that he had once seen
the car meandering out to the cemetery
but had never 6een it return. It was ap
parently not occupied and the driver did
not seem to expect passensers. He could
not recall any of bia friends having ever
told him that they had seen the car occu
pied or coming toward the City. He pre
sumed that it must have been brought
back in some way in order to «tart toward
This seemed to be the general Bern
of the majority of the witnesses in favor of
the forfeiture of the franchise. The cast
will be continued to-day.
A DOUBLE WEDDING,
Marriage of the Widow of tho First
Engineer of the Lout Monttcrrat.
The Groom an Old Friend.
A double wedding took place on Monday
night at 56 Zoe street, at which Jus'
the Peace Groezinger ofliciated, and which
was celebrated in joyous fashion.
The parties were Paul N. Vincent and
Elizabeth Brennan, widower and widow
and Frank Richard Mills and Minni. .
Mrs. Brennau was the wife of First En
gineer Brennan of the collier Montserntt,
which went down off Cape Flattery la
winter, carrying all hands with iier 1
bottom. It will be remembered how the
fate of the collier was in doubt for weeks,
so completely was she lost, and the f .
and relatives of those on board hop
against hope until it became folly to doubt.
Paul N. Vincent was an old friend ,
Brennan and is himself a marine engineer.
Mrs. Brennan is a sister of Mrs. Louisa
Worthington, who is to be tried a third
time for the killing of Harry Baddeley on
the water front a year or so ago.
Frank Richard Mills, the groom in the
other wedding, is also a seafaring man,
and all four are friends and lived in the
same house at 56 Zoe street.
The wedding was celebrated with a
splendid supper, an orchestra, dancing and
St. Charles Street.
The Supreme Court decided yesterday that
there had never been a valid dedication of St.
Charles street, and it is not a public street.
This is a result of the decision yesterday in the
case of A. Demartini against the Street Super
Bacon Printing Company, 508 Clay street *
Stkong hoarhound candy ,15c lb. Townsend's.*
Palace sea baths, 715 Filbert street, now
open for summer swimming season. •
Finest sauternes, haut-sauternes and dessert
wines. Mohns «$: Kaltenbach, 29 Market street.*
♦ — * — *
To this day Lapp men and women dress
precisely alike. Their tunics belted loosely
at the waist, their tight breeches and their
wrinkled leathern stockings, their pointed
shoes, the whole appearance of them, in
short, is identical.
Have yon v<?r noticed how your system seems
to crave for special assistance in the spring? Just
the help most needed is given by Hood's Sarsapa
rilla. It gives nerve, mental and bodily strength.
"Mrs. TVinslo-w's Soothing Syrup"
Ha« been used over fifty years by millions of moth
ers for their children while Teething with perfect
success. It soothes the child, softens the guras, al
lays Pain, cures Wind Colic, regulates the Bowels
and is the best remedy for Diarrhoeas, whether
arising from teething or other causes. For sale by
Druggists in every part of the world. Be sure and
ask for .Mrs. 'Winslow's Soothing Syrup. 250 *
The most successful cure for Pain, Indigestion
and debility is Pabker's Ginger Toxic.
Parker's Hair Balaam is Ufa to the hair.
The reason we began doing
such an unusual thing as retail-
ing shoes from our factory direct
j to the people was that wo were
j dissatisfied with our wholesale
j business in this city. We knew
I that the character of our shoes,
coupled with the fact that they
were made HERE by WHITE
LABOR, entitled us to an exten-
I sive patronage— such as we wero
getting everywhere else on the
I We figured that we could do a
larger business here at retail, in
which case we could afford to
sell at the same prices paid us
by the retailers, especially as wo
would thus get our shoes fairly
before the people, besides in-
I creasing the output of our fac-
tory and decreasing cost of
manufacturing. So you see our
departure of Retailing Shoes at
the factory at Factory Prices is
not a wildcat scheme of doubtful
purpose, but a logical, legitimate,
well-considered business enter-
prise, which has been brilliantly
successful, and which has already
saved the people of San Fran-
cisco and suburbs thousands of
dollars in retail profits.
ROSENTHAL, FEDER & CO.,
581-583 MARKET ST.
Open till BP. n. Saturday Nights till iO.
Pa Trtomfd BrocateUe ' S-P'eca suit,' ptob
Be r r?l™tT k Soll(1 Oak Snlt ' Fre>lcn Bevel-
™ w.r S ?\ b £? > bureau - vashstand. two chairs-
mmtrew toble! Pillow* woven-wire and top
Di Souso^k°Ch l aTrl/ teMlon Tabie, four
Xit andtw7chalrl *****' Patent Kitchen ™*
«w! ! !SJ * nrnlsn ed complete, city or country, any-
where on the coast. Open evenings.
M. FRIEDMAN & GO.,
224 to 230 and 306 Stockton
and 237 Post Street.
Free packing and aeiirery across the bay.