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FOURTH OF JULY PARADE.
A Mammoth Display Is to Be
Made by the Butchers
of This City.
NATIVE SONS IN UNIFORM.
A Drum Corps of Eight Boys In Con
tinental Army Regimentals.
The committees in charge of the mam- j
moth celebration for the Fourth of July
are still hard at work. Reports so far re
ceived seem to assure the success of the
demonstration, but these only stimulate
the committees to further efforts.
The butchers axe making extensive .
preparations for the parade, and their con- :
tribution to the procession will occupy one
entire division, and perhaps two.
The wholesalers will have inline soo men
in uniform and twenty-six 6-horse teams.
The horses are being carefully matched,
and they will be a feature of the parade.,
The retail butchers will have decorated |
CURTIS T0BE\»o DESIGN FOB A FOUETfI OF JULY ARCH.
wagons in the procession to the number of
half a hundred at least. There will be
steers decorated with flowers aud garlands,
Jifty vaqueros in costume, with some
startling effects not yet made public, and
floats without number.
A meeting of the butchers' committee
was held at Masonic Hall in South San
Francisco. John Livingston was chosen
marshal of- division, and reports of prog
ress were made. So far as known at the
present time the floats and features to be
furnished areas follows:
By the beef butchers— Float bearing fifty-two
young ladies, costumed to represent the'<;o<i
dc*s <if Lit>erty and the several t-taies and Ter
ritories; 100 men in uniform.
By Boyle, Lacoste A: l'o. — Two wagons deco
rated ■with tioweraand flags; sixty men in uni
By Legaller-Hellwig Tanning Company — One
typical float, decorated in fur, skins, etc.; one
team decorated with .flowers, and f1ag5;.. 123
men ii. uniform. ..--...-.,
.■ By VLevi Tanning -Company — Q-net-eanywii-h
fancy decorations;. twenty •.five men in uniform.
.By A. B. Patrick d: Co.— One float and fifty
men in uniform. • :»■ ■• • " -;■ ■ . •-
By the California Tallow Works— team,
handsomely decorated, and twenty uniformed
men. • ••. - :;-i ■ • • : . . •••. ■■-■
By the Franco- American Fertilizer Com
pany-One float, drawn by six coal-blnck stal
lions, each weighing "2300 pounds. This is to
beat the float sent out by tbis firm two or three
By the sheep butchers— A mammoth float
bearing "Little Bopeei>" shepherdesses with
crooks and fifteen or twenty live- 6heep, snow
white and decorated with ribbons. Tne rlwat
will be inclosed with wire gauze to keep the
sheep from escaping.
By N. Ohlandt <fc Co.— Two decorated six
hor*e learns; 25 men in uniform.
By the Butchers' Board of Trade— Two floats,
one bearing a live cow and a local adaptation
from Coin's Financial School ; othcers aua mem
bers in carriages."
By the Pacific Butchers Supply Company —
One Hoat bearing a model butcher-shop com
V.y Hoffman & Woene — One float drawn by
six matched grays, bearing a representation of
« racking-house and sausage manufactory in
full operation. On this float a 315-pound
butcher will preside over a boiling caldron of
frankfrutere which a tiny wrchin. will distrib
ute to the crowd by means oi a fork four feet
The Butchers' Board of Trade has
offered six prizes— two of $25, two of $15
and two of $10— for the three best deco
rated wagons among the wholesalers and
the three best among the retailers. Cer
tain firms in each branch have announced
their determination to win the first prize
if it costs them $250. The executive com
mittee has been made the judge without
the possibility of an appeal.
Grand Marshal Forster has been ques
tioned so often as to whether or not Chi
nese were to be permitted in the procession
that he wishes it stated once and for all
time "thai he deposes upon oath that no
Chinese will be permitted to appear in the
The grand marshal has experienced
considerable difficulty in securing a suit
able steed for the fourth. He complained
of the matter yesterday, but the sugges
tions he received were scarcely reassuring.
Mr. Hammond of the Butchers' Board of
Trade suggested a tame steer of which he
knew. One of the new women offered the
loan of a bicycle and another agreed to
furnish the necessary bloomers. The diffi
culty is however a serious one, and Mr.
Forster would like to hear of a superb
saddlehorse that can be secured.
The members of Pacific Parlor N*o. 10
have decided to parade in distinctive uni
forms and they will be accompanied by a
drum corps of eight boys in the apparel of
the Continental army.
The final choice of a triumphal arch on
Market street rests with the executive com
mittee, which meets to-morrow afternoon,
and the Call herewith presents another of
the designs submitted.
Last evening the finance committee met
and discussed the advisability of having
the names of subscribers and the amount
of their subscriptions published in the
daily press. No action was taken in the
matter. Some partial reports were re
ceived from merchants who had been out
collecting. They showed extremely good
results for the time expended. A report
of all money received will be made by the
treasurer at the meeting of the executive
committee to-morrow afternoon.
A FINE CHORUS.
Three or Four Hundred Singers
Are Wanted for the
The literary committee of the Fourth of
July wishes to make the chorus a marked
feature of the celebration. Two hundred
vocalists have already volunteered their
services, but it has been decided to raise
the number tofSOO or more.
All vocalists desiring to take paTt in the
exercises are requested to communicate
with the musical director, J. W. McKenzie,
at 524 Eddy street, as soon as possible, and
receive the music for the firtt rehearsal.
Kngland's Oldest Colony.
Newfoundland was discovered in 1497
by John and Sebastian Cabot (or Cabotto),
Italians settled and trading in Bristol—
foreigners prepared to do yeoman service
for their adopted land. The Cabots went
out in the ship Matthew at their own
charges, and on St. John's day, June 124,
lirst sighted the shore, to which they gave
the name of Prima Tierra Vista — "first
seen land." Henry VII gave the bold ma
rinera his "letters patent," which author
ized them to set up the royal standard,
and secured the stingy King share in their
prolits without involving him in any share
of their expenditure. Selfishness and
greed prevented the speedy permanent set
tlement of th,e island, and have always
stood in the way of its development from a
basis of sound prosperity. — Chambers
THREE THOUSAND RELICS
Two Brother* in MjißHachugetts Make
The Lincoln brothers live in a neat little
house on the west ?ide of the Quaboag
River about half a mile from the center of
West Brookiield, Mass. The parlor has been
transformed into an Indian museum.
Tomahawks, war clubs and scalping knives
are everywhere. A little table fairly groans
under the weight ot stone implements
of ail kinds, and the walls are hung
with pretty nearly everything used
by the red man in his principal
trade of killing, and his sub
sidiary occupation of cultivation. In fact,
it is a very complete exhibit of the imple
ments of all kinds used by savages in both
the paleolithic and neolithic ages of the
hunting and fishing stage. The collection
proper is arranged in a black walnut cabi
net fitted with shelves and having glass
«Os > s The relics are classified, and each
die is numbered and given a full descrip
< tion in a catalogue which is carefully pre
| served by Mr. Lincoln. When he was
asked how many relics he and his brother
had collected, David said he had long ago
lost count. He guessed, however, that the
1 collection numbered somewhere in the
I neighborhood of 3000 articles, and with a
I very few exceptions all of them were found
j by his brother and himself in the imme
| (llate vicinity of West Brookfield, says the
j Sprinptield Republican.
A large and interesting book might be
written about this collection, and it will be
impossible in this article to give more than
a general idea of some of the more con
! snicuous articles. A corn hoe and an In
! dian hammer were the first specimens
shown. The hoe was roughly fashioned
from coarse-grained stone, and* grooves in
its side showed where the handle had been
attached. A spheroidal piece of smooth
and very hard stone was prortonnced 'a
humniui, ami a Bumberof indentations on
one of the Hatter sheds were pointed out
as evidence that it had been good for that
purpose. A number of elongated pieces
uf stono, varying in length from 2 inches
to 1 foot, * were pronounced needless,
which were used by the Indians
in the weaving of nets from grass
and strong twigs. There were fourteen
pestles of all sizes and from two inches to
twofeet in length, which has been used in
E rinding corn, and in the dooryard of the
ouse Mr. Lincoln showed a tine large
mortar, whose hollowed top indicated the
purpose it had been used. Three pipes,
two made of soapstone and the other of
some harder material, were interesting re
minders of the use of tobacco among the
red men. And then Mr. Lincoln displayed
a very villainous-looking war club, and* re
marked that he would give it to his visitor
if he could pronounce the name of the
lake at Chester where the relic was found.
This is the name:
The instrument is still in the possession
of Mr. Lincoln. There are fifteen toma
hawks, all made of stone and all found
near West Brookrield, and a very tine
spearhead made of flint, which had been
chipped into the proper from with wonder
ful accuracy. This head Mr. Lincoln
ricked up one day in a gravel pit on the
Boston and Albany road. A piece of stone
shaped in the segment of a circle and
sharpened on the curved edge was cajrnly
announced to be a scalping-knife, and
the collector displayed eighteen notches
on the upper edge, which ne said
there was the best reason to believe
indicated the number of times it had dis
charged the function. A round piece of
stone, oddly shaped, was declared to be an
amulet or charm, but the rive notches on
I this are supposed by ethnologists to stand
for the number of pappooses which its
wearer has brought into the world.
A full set of Indian jewelry Mr. Lincoln
considers very valuable, and he has one in
his collection. It was found near West
Brookrield and consists of a small amulet,
upon which is roughly carved a bow and
arrow and a chain, and two earrings,
which are fashioned with considerable
skill. The carving is psrticularly inter
esting, as the inscription probably means
something, and consequently illustrates
one of the embryotic stages of the art of
writing. Several copper arrow points,
which were found on what is known xo
have been the site of the camp of Snattoo
quis, the chief from whom the settlers
bought the Quabqag country, indicates
that before the Indians left the valley they
had begun to emerge from the stone age.
A piece of stone almost spherical in shape
and auout the size of a tennis ball Mr.
Lincoln said was used by the Indians in
'■ flaying a game which was formerly known
by the homely name of "shinny," but
| which is now somewhat changed and re
j joices under the more artistic appellation
j of "polo."
| A "rubstone" was roughly fashioned
from hard rock, and evidently had been
used to grind down and shape pestles and
other implenients. A battle-ax, shaped
somewhat like an ordinary sledge and
weighing seven pounds, "Mr. Lincoln
was especially proud of. He found
it near West Brooktield. There were
three medicine or drinking cups made
of stone, amulets of various sizes and
shapes and about half a bushel of frag
ments of pottery, to say nothing of several
receptacles made of clay and sun-baked*
two skulls, which smiled cheerfully upon
the spectators and which, from their forma
tion, had evidently belonged to persons of
no very great intellectual attainments; a
string of wampum-peage (small pieces of
shells strung tightly together and making
a rather pretty chain); stone gouges used
for hollowing out the logs and transform
ing them finally into canoes, and various
other articles, some of which Mr. Lincoln
frankly said he knew nothing about except
that he had found them and that appar
ently they were the workmanship of Indi
ans. As a matter of course arrow heads
are Mr. Lincoln's best hold, and in the
past thirty-five years he has collected
enough to sink a good-sized ship, and
many are very finely made and finished.
The woman of Morocco never celebrate
their birthdays, and few of them know
THE SAN FRANCISCO CALL, SUNDAY, JUNE 16, 1895.
FOR PRACTICAL RELIGION
What the Institute of Applied
Christianity Seeks to Ac
ROUSING POPULAR INTEREST.
Lectures That Are to Be Delivered
on the Subject of Christian
A number of the people who lent a will
ing ear to the teachings of Professor George
Herron when he was in San Francisco are
beginning to take a practical interest in
the Institute of Applied Christianity.which
was recently founded in this City.
Although tire organization is only a few
weeks old, it already numbers over sixty
members, and its first meeting, which took
place last Tuesday in the Third Congrega
tional Church, attracted a large and inter
ested audience. It is expected soon that
the meetings will be iield at the Y. M. C. A.
Hall on Mason street. ' •
Most of the promoters of the institute
are believers in the Herronic theory of ap
plied Christianity, and though the presi
dent. Rev. M. J. Fergubon, founded an
institute of Christian sociology on
something of the same lines about
a year ago, at the Christian Church
on Twelfth street, nothing was attempted
on so large a scale till the visit of Professor
H err on roused a number of his followers
to attempt to sow applied Christianity
broadcast in all the walks of life.
"We want to reassert the right of Chris
tian law to rule in all departments of life,"
said Rev. M. J. Ferguson yesterday, when
questioned as to the aims "which the insti
tute is seeking to accomplish.
"We believe that Christ's teaching con
tains the solution of all social difficulties,
and that it has not yet been applied to life.
People have accepted things on the theory
that whatever is is right, and they have
not tested conditions by the ethics of
"Fifteen hundred years ago the church
made a compromise with the world and
accepted a small part of life as its domin
ion. To bring Christianity into politics
and social and industrial life is what we
aim at accomplishing."
When asked whether the society was
optimistic enough to hope to see Christian
ity practically applied to all the complex
conditions of modern life, Rev.
M. J. Fergusson promptly replied
that Christianity was optimistic, and add
td: "The founder of our religion was an
optimist and he was also a revolutionist,
as far as existing conditions were con
cerned. Our object is to induce Christians
to make a fresh, candid and fearless study
of Christianity as the practical rule of
every department of life."
The following are the articles of the in
The purpose shall be to study in common
how to apply the principles of Christianity to
the modern problems of society.
All persons who art- in accord with the pur
pose of this institute and who are willing to
pnt in practice the teachings of Christ will be
eligible to membership.
All such applications shall be referred to the
executive committee through the secretary,
and those who are deemed eligible shall lac re
ported to the institute for action.
Any member whore opinions and conduct
are averse to the purpose of the institute shall
cense to be a member.
It shall be the duly of the executive commit
tee to investigate all such cases and report to
the institute lor action.
All candidates *ha)l be declared members
after receiving two-thirds of the votes of ilaose
present and signing the constitution. . ,:
The expenses are met by voluntary-fcn
tributions. ' . ,
"At present the way in which the officers
and members are attempting to dissem
inate their views is by means of the weekly
meetings, where papers will be read oh
Christianity and sociology." /
The programme for several weeks will -be
us follows: "Christianity Applied to Em
ployers," "Christianity "Applied to Etn
ploy.es," "To Social Life, '. "To .Busi
ness," "To Citizenship." '.'To Property,"
"The Principle of Completion," "What
Constitutes a Right in Property?" "The
Rights and Duties of Property," "What
Can We Do for the Unemployed," "Edu
cation," "The Wages System." A num
ber of able speakers have been selected to
discuss these subjects.
The officers of the institute are: Presi
dent, Rev. M. T. Ferguson; vice-presi
dents, Rev. J. C. Smith, Rev. F. Flawitli,
Rev. J. E. Cross, D. Gilbert Dixon, the
Rev. Mr. Cruzan, Mrs. T. A. Nolte, Mrs.
Rose French ; secretary, Rev. A. J. Dupuv ;
treasurer, W. W. Case.
WHISKERS AND WIND.
A Further Contribution to the Literature
of an Interesting Affinity.
"That feller," said the man with the
ginger beard, as the smooth-shaven new
settler drove by, "that feller, when I
knowed him out in Kansas, had a set of
goat trimmin's that would discount Peffer.
And he lost 'em in the funniest way."
"Got 'era shaved off?" asked the grocer,
trying to be sarcastic.
Much to the surprise of the man from
Potato Creek the man with the ginger
beard replied :
"That's jest the way. Exactly."
When the man with the ginger beard
had enjoyed the grocer's surprise, he con
"'Course, he didn't have to have 'em
shaved off, but after the -way they took to
actin' he allowed that was the best thing
he could do. You see, they was a cyclone
come along acrrost his place. He seen 'er
a-comin', an' by the time he got the cow
and the dog and his wife an' chillern in the
cyclone pit they was so little room that he
had to leave his head stickin' out. Purty
soon along comes o' Si "
"Old Si who?" asked the grocer.
"It might have been old Si Hubbard,but
this time it happened to be ole Si Clone.
Well, that there wind took them flowin'
whiskers and wrapped 'era round and
round his neck, and durn nigh choked
"Arid he 'lowed after that it would be
safer to go smooth, I suppose?" asked the
man from Potato Creek.
"Hardly. Ketch any Kansas man takin'
off his whiskers fer any sich frivolous rea
son. But the ellicktncity, er something,
had sot 'em so that they wouldn't grow no
other way than jist round and round. I
tried to persuade him to leave 'em that
way, seem' as how he had the finest neck
comforter ever a man had in them whis
kers, but he was too dadwormed high
minded, an' keeps 'em cut clean off now."
The' man from Potato Creek slowly
gathered up the two burlap sacks that
served him as a saddle, put them on his
yellow mule and rode homeward, ponder
ing, pondering.— lndianapolis Journal.
GLASS PAPER THE THING.
That Would Be a More Accurate Desig
nation Nowadays Than Sandpaper.
Sandpaper as now made is false to its
name, for it has no sand about it, the place
of that material being now taken usually
by powdered glass, which does its work
with vastly greater effect.
One of the most important operations in
the fabrication of sandpaper is the pulver
ization of the glass into powder of the dif
ferent grades of iineness. Commonly an
iron mortar is used for this purpose, a
heavy iron pestle being the crushing in
strument. Stamping machinery is better.
It consists of a stout box, whose iron side
wails serve as a base for the stamping ma
chinery. Iv the box, which can be closed
by a wooden door to prevent waste of ma
terial and also injury to the workman, are
two iron cylinders in which play the
stamps. These crush the glass, turning
on their own axles as they work.
For grading the powder several shifting
cylinders are necessary, covered with
gauze of different mesh. Beginning with
the coarsest the workman proceeds gradu
ally to the tincst, resitting each time that
which passes through the network.
The paper to be used in the manufacture
must be good. Strong, and rather long
fibered. It must also be free from knots
and irregularities, and if there be any such
they must be planed off. If they should
be overlooked they would interfere with
the proper use of the sandpaper; the knots
would protrude through the glue, and lit
tle ridges and channels would result, mak
ing it impossible to smooth off a surface
evenly with the paper.
The paper is cut into large sheets, spread
on work-tables, fastened down and then
painted by means of a large brush with a
thin, even coat of hot glue. If the glne is
too thin and the paper of bad quality, the
glue soaks into the paper, so that which
remains is not of sufficient consistency to
hold the glass. Thus results a sandpaper
from which the glass easily rubs off, or
which, in places, has no glass at all, or not
enough. This is notably the case with the
coarser varieties, in which the layer of glue
must be put on with exceeding care
that the relatively large fragments of glass,
■which can in no manner be soaked with
the binding material, may be held fast in
it. On the other hand, if the layer of glue
is too thick, or the consistence too viscous,
the outer part hardens too quickly, so that
the glass powder cannot embed itself in it.
When the glue has been spread on the
paper the powdered glass must be sifted
on through an appropriate sieve. This
operation also requires considerable skill,
though not so much as the spreading of
the clue. For the glass must not be sifted
merely in such a manner as to use a given
quantity to a sheet, but so that each sheet
may be covered evenly. Even then all the
powder will not stick, and some of the
particles lie upon others without touching
the glue; these can be shaken off by a
slight movement of the paper. When the
superfluous glass powder has been removed
a wooden roller is passed lightly over the
paper to press the particles of glass as
firmly as possible into the glue and to form
a perfectly even surface.— Philadelphia
WAS A GOOD GUESSER
But a Sudden Light Had Broken in ou
the Old Man.
He had several samples of the early
spring variety of New Jersey mud on his
boots, but it did not seem to interfere with
the interest he took in the sights on Lower
Broadway as he gawked along.
Suddenly he bumped into a party and
"Excuse me," said the patty, and his
face brightened. "Why, Mr. Johnson,"
he exclaimed, extending his hand, "how
"My name ain't Johnson," replied the
claybank. "It's Plunkett— James F. Plun
kett of Plunkcttsville, N. J., and I guess
"Yes," admitted the party, "I think I
am, but you are the very image of a friend
of mine named Johnson. I hope you will
"Of course; no harm done," and the two
drifted apart as people usually do in the
great city when there's a crowd around.
Half an hour later a nice looking man
extended his hand to Mr. Plunkett and
smiled all over.
"Why, Mr. Plunkett!" he exclaimed,
"how do you do? How are the people at
home,? I haven't seen you for so long
that I came very near passing you without
speaking," and" he shook Air. Plunkett's
hand so vigorously that his hat jostled
down over his eyes, but he shoved ft back
and looked at his new friend curiously.
"Yon don't know me, I'll bet a dollar,"
laughed the party. "But I don't want to
via your money," he hurried on. "I'm
Charley Tucker, and I haven't been up
your way since I was a small boy, but I re
member you very well."
Mr. Plunkett braced up and was ex
tremely cordial. -
"I don't exactly mind you," said he,
"but boys grow up so fast that we can't
keep the run of them. But what are you
"Oh, I'm in business, and doing tip-top.
I'm in Wall street, where a man makes his
fortune between meals. And, by the way,"
he added, as if on a sudden bright thought,
"I've got. a little snap that is just what you
are looking for."
"If tuettps money in it I'm looking for
it," laughed Mr. Plunkett.
•Well, there's a thousand in it to you
for a hundted," said Mr. Tucker with con
They had turned into a side street where
the crowd was small, and all at once Mr.
Plunkett thought of the stories of the bunko
boomers he had read of and he looked Mr.
Tucker over carefully.
"Lemme see." lie said halting, "didn't
you say you had knowed me since you
was a little boy, say about 5 years old ?"
"Jnst about that long."
"I guess that's twenty-five years, ain't
"You've guessed it to a dot. I'm just 30
"I'm a right good guesser, ain't I?" said
Mr. l'lunkett with pride.
"I never saw a better," frankly admitted
"Well, Charley," said Mr. Plunkctt with
emphasis, "I guess if you ain't around that
corner in just ten seconds I'll kick you
clean across the street and ten foot up that
wall on the other side!" and Mr. Tucker
got there with three seconds to spare. — New
York Sun. 0
Day and Night on Mercury.
Professor G. V. Schiaparelli, the astron
omer, gives some curious points concern
ing day and night, as exhibited to the peo
ple of Mercury, that is, of course, provid
ing the torrid climate of that planet per
mits of the existence of organized beings.
The professor says that on three-eichths of
the planet thick and eternal night forever
reigns, except, perhaps, during an occa
sional exhibition of some phenomenon
similar to the aurora borealis.
Another portion of the planet of similar
area is continually exposed to the burning
rays of the sun, and the inhabitants, pro
viding that there are any, know nothing
whatever of night, sunrise and sunsets.
"Night," says Scniaparelli, "on that three
eighths of the Mercurian world, is a physi
cal impossibility, and the only change that
can take place is the varying obliquity of
the sun's rays, which shift according to the
sun's position during the eighty-eight days
which go to make up the year."
In another region on this planet there is
two-eighths of the entire surface which
has alternations of light and darkness. In
these favorable sections' the period of
eighty-eight days is divided into two in
tervals, one characterized by continual
light and -the other by perpetual dark
Taken altogether we should be well
pleased with the conditions existing on our
world, which are, perhaps, better suited to
human beings than those of any of the
sun's great train of planets.— St. Louis
Forgot to Count .
Absent-mindedness has been frequently
a characteristic of men of fame. It is to be
suDposed, no doubt, that their minds have
been so wholly absorbed by great matturs
that the smaller, more trivial things of
life have been considered unworthy of their
attention. Among men of this atamp who
have suffered in this way was Leasing, a
famous German writer of plays and books
of criticism. Lessing discovered at one
period of his life that he was being robbed
bf his ready money by some person in his
home, and, unable to determine who the
culprit was, he put the servants of his
household, to a test by leaving a handful
of gold upon bis breakfast table one morn
Meeting a friend he told him of what he
"That was risky," said his friend. "How
much did you leave there?"
"Dear mcl" cried Leasing. "I quite for
got to count."— Harper's Magazine.
The English sparrow-hawk sometimes
flies through space at a speed of 150 miles
GRAND GROVE OF DRUIDS
It Will Hold Its Thirty-First
Annual Session at St.
SOME OF THE NOTABLES.
Sketch of the Origin and Progress
of the Order In Cali
For the past two weeks the officers of
the Grand Grove of California, IT. A. O. D.,
have been busy making up their reports
and preparing generally for the thirty
first annual session of the Grand Grove,
which will begin at St. Helena on Tuesday
The meeting will call together represen
tatives of the order from all parts of the
Ph. Rohrbacker, Deputy Supreme Arch,
U. A. O. D.
State, including a large delegation from
this City. Among the notable members
who will attend the convention is P. Rohr
bacher of this City, who holds the exalted
position of deputy supreme arch, the sec
ond highest officer of the order in the
United States, and who is also the Califor
nia representative to the Supreme Grove.
At the next meeting of the Supreme Grove
Mr. Jtohrbacher will be advanced to the
honor of supreme arch.
Another personage of note, who has been
an active worker in the order, and who
will be found at St. Helena as hard at work
as ever in the interests of Druidism, is E.
Cavagnaro, past grand noble arch.
In the forthcoming June issue of the
Druids' Journal, published in this City,
will appear a comprehensive article on
"Druidism in California," from which the
following is taken :
The sowing of the seeds of Druidism in Cali
fornia thirty-five years ago was attended with
difficulty, and if it were not for the Eeal and
enertry of Brother Frederick Sieg the people of
the I'aeitiu Coa.vt might have been deprived of
the benefits of Druidisni for many years after
May 7, 18(50, the date upon which the fir»t
grove of l>ruids was instituted.
The historic town of Placerville has the
honor to be the birthplace of Druidism in Cali
Herman Grove No. 2 was organized in the
town of Coloma, and San Francisco Grove No. 3
was established In this Oity on March 27, 18<54.
On May 1(3, 18G5, the Grand Grove of Califor
nia, U. A. O. I)., was instituted, and as a recog
nition of his great work Brother Sieg was
F. Cavag-naro, Past Grand Noble Arch,
IT. A. O. D.
chosen the first N. G. A., the duties of which
he filled with honor to himself and to the en
tire satisfaction of the members throughout
Since that time there have been 104 groves
established in California, 5 in Oregon, 4 in
Washington mid 5 in British Columbia, all of
which have been instituted by the Grand
Grove of California.
The order did not make very remarkable
progress until 1884, when Louis F. Dunand
assumed the position of noble grand arch. ;By
his energetic work he (rave an impetus to the
onli?r which it has retained ever since.
Since the establishment of the order in this
State the benefits paid have been as follows:
For burial of deceased members, $73,575 ; for
widows and orphans, $43,054; for sick bene
Brother Sieg, the founder of Druldism in Cal
ifornia, was born in Saxony, Germany, in the
year 1815. He died on August 14, 188"8. at the
age of 73 years, universally respected and be
loved by all who knew him. In recognition of
his great services tothejorder the Druids of
this jurisdiction erected a handsome monment
over his last resting place in Placervllle.
An Ex-Confederate Ordeal.
One of the distinguished Confederate
veterans who went with the delegation to
Chicago is full of interesting reminis
cences and instances, which he tells with a
quizzical smile. Here are two unpublished
During the ceremonies of the unveiling
of the monument to the 6000 private Con
federate soldiers who died in prison, a
wild-eyed old man, in a towering rage,
rushed up to the party in a high state of
excitement; shook his fist at them and
"You have got no business here. You
ought all to be hanged or skinned alive."
He tixed his eyes upon 9enator Hunton,
who sn>iled kindly at the infuriated old
person, and said: "Oh, we're all right, my
friend, and don't you forget it." Then
two or three Chicago citizens grabbed the
elderly person and fired him to the rear.
At the grand banquet in Cincinnati the
party sat together. The band played
''Hail Columbia." The Confederates never
moved a muscle nor cracked a smile.
Every eye went upon them instantly.
Then "Yankee Doodle" was applied. Stiil
there was no response in the way of ap
plause. Then the band opened on them
with "Dixie," but%till they sat silent and
dignified, like so many Indian chiefs at an
interview with the Great Father in the
White House. Then that band threw up
the sponge, and the real business of din
ing began. Good fellowship broke the
ice, ana the fraternization was complete. —
Killed an Otter in His Yard.
On Saturday last, as Alfred S. Babylon
of Frizzelburg, Carroll County, was sitting
in the yard or his home, a large otter en
tered and immediately attacked bis dog,
FOR THE SUMMER?
"That is a question that has not been decided yet. The
fact is times are so hard with us that I really don't
know where we can go. I feel as though I must
have a change of air, and my wife and sister
are both run down, too. Wherever we go
it must be quiet, sunny, and a long way
away from business." If you can't af-
ford to go at all we can help you,
and if you do go, 3'ou need
something more than the
three requisites mention-
ed. You can get them
for the asking — but
have all care where
you go. What
like in the
middle of July do
you think ? You do
not propose to go there,
of course not. But why gp
away at all ? If you are worn
out, and feel as though if you
don't get a rest you will have to
give up, why in the name of common
sense don't you get some of Dr. Henley's
Cele^, Beef and Iron? After you have tried
it for a few days you will feel like a "resurrect-
ed" man, in a month you won't know yourself, so
well will you be. And you will be saved all worry of
going away. But you get Dr. Henley's, mind, and what is
GOOD ENOUGH FOR YOU
Will be found to satisfy all
the cravings of both your
wife and your good sister.
Let them take it, too. It is a
grand thing for women.
CELERY FOR THE NERVES BEEF FOB THE STOMACH IRON FOR THE BLOOD
which it whipped in a few seconds. In
fighting the animal stood on its hind legs,
biting savagely with its sharp teeth. As
soon as the dog was whipped the otter
turned its attention to Mr. Babylon and I
attacked him, giving him a hard light, in
which he found great difficulty in avoiding
its teeth, but finally succeeded in killing it.
It weighed twenty-six pounds, and the
skin, wnich is a fine one, will be stuffed
and kept as a trophy. No one had ever
seen an otter around Frizzdburg before. —
ARTESIAN WELL FISHING
Curious Specimens Caught on a Hook in
the Bowels of Indiana.
Thomas Mould and Editor E. L. Roys
are the heroes of a fishing story beside which
the stories of ordinary fishermen sink into
insignificance. Both are known as ardent
devotees of Izaak Walton, and whenever
their business permits they are usually
found in pursuit of the gamy black bass
or the voracious pickerel. On (Saturday
they visited Glenmore together. The fish
were not biting with any enthusiasm and
about 4 o'clock they started for home.
At Howell's condensery they stopped to J
talk witn some workmen who were repair- I
ing the pump at the artesian well. It will i
be remembered by readers of this paper
that at trie time this well was sunk an ac- I
count was given of the striking of a sub- j
terranean stream at a depth of nearly 300 i
feet, the volume of which could not be as- !
certained except that soundings showed it ;
to be of considerable depth. The stream j
and its probable size were the subjects of j
discussion among the little group at the '
well and somebody wondered if it con- j
tamed any fish.
A bright idea occurred to Messrs. Mould
and Roys. Each had in his basket a long j
troiling-line and by uniting them a line ■<
long enough to reach easily to the bottom i
of the well was formed. Amid the good- j
natured "jollying" of the bystanders the
lines were rigged and a hook attached. It i
was baited with a big "night-walker" fish- i
worm and lowered 298 feet through the six- i
inch hole. The distance had been care- ;
fully measured off on the line, to whichja j
heavy sinker had been attached, and the |
hook fastened a short distance above to a
stout piece of line. Everybody laughed
exoept Mr. Roys as Mr. Mould carefully j
lowered the line and waited anxiously for !
the little tug at the bait which brings joy
to the heart of the fisherman.
After a few minutes the expression on
Tom's face became one of rapt attention.
"I believe I've got a bite," he said. A
moment later he laegan to pull in the line
rapidly hand over hand. "I've got some
thing," he said, and as everybody began
to gather about the well he drew out a fish.
It waa about half a pound in weight and
of th« eyeless species, which are some
times found in the waters of caverns. The
fish was nearly a foot long, shaped some
thing like a perch, and its struggles as it
lay upon the ground showed that it was
game to the backbone. Unlike fish which
dwell in waters on the earth's surface and
which have dark back and light-colored or
white bellies, this fish was of a uniform
color of light gray. It had very small
scales, and where the eyes might be ex
pected to exist there were slight indenta
tions as of rudimentary eyes.
When the excitement attending the cap
ture had died away the hook was baited
again and the line lowered. Editor Roys
took charge this time, and after waiting
for about ten minutes, he drew to the sur
face another of the fish, a trifle larger than
the first one. Five fish were caught alto
gether, the largest of which weighed a
plump pound and a half. One fish was
brought part of the way to the top, but
loosened itself from the hook and escaped.
Mr. Mould, who had hold of the line
at the time, says it was the largest by
far of any that fastened themselves on the
hook, and he is positive that the reason he
was unable to land the fish was that it was
too big to pass through the well, which is
only six inches in diameter.
The singular appearance of these rish
and the remarkable manner in which they
were captured made them objects of curi
osity to the persons to whom they were
shown. Reference to the encyclopseda
shows that these fish are remarkable, aside
from their appearance, in that they are
j viviparous, bringing forth their young
j alive and not depositing: eggs, after the
I manner of most other fish. They have
rudiments of eyes, but no optic nerve, and
are, therefore, incapable of being affected
by the most intense lifrht. Those who
tasted them say they are of excellent flavor,
but rather too plentifully supplied with
bones.— Goshen lndependenc llepuhlican.
• — ♦ — -
THOUGHT IT A BAD SIGN.
The Boston Servant Judged by the
Baked Beans Test. ' •• ■
The custom of having baked beans for
supper on Saturday nights and again on
Sunday mornings is so common in some
parts of New England that the servant
who has lived in New England families
cannot easily adapt herself to any change
! in this respect.
This was amusingly illustrated in the
case of a domestic named Hannah, who
went to live with a family who had moved
to New England from the West.
On the morning of the first Saturday in
her new home Hannah came to her mis
tress and asked:
"Please, ma'am, where is the beanpot?"
"The beanpot, Hannah? We haven't
"No beanpot, ma'am?" said Hannah,
"No, Hannah; we never eat baked
"Don't eat baked beans? Why, ma'am,
what do you eat on a Saturday night?"
"About the same that we eat on any
other evening, but we never have beans. '
Hannah departed for the kitchen, .mut
tering something under her breath, and an
hour or two later her mistress chanced to
overhear the following conversation be
sween Hannah and a friend who had
called to see her:
"How do you like your new place?''
"I don't think I'm going to like it at all.
I just believe that these folks are—are
well, I just don't believe they are respect
"Well, they never have baked beans of a
Saturday night, nor no other time, so how
can they be respectable?"— Burlington
A Stupid Butler.
Spanish people seem to suffer from the
stupidity of some of their servants as much
as we do in America, if the following story,
which appeared in a Madrid journal, is
true. It seems that a lady ordered her
butler one morning to tell all visitors that
she was not at home. At night, when
enumerating the persons who had called
during the day, he mentioned the lady's
sister, when his mistress exclaimed: "I
told you, man, that I was always at home
for my sister ! You ought to have her in."
Next day the lady went out to make a
few calls, and during her absence bei sister
came to the house.
"Is your mistress at home?" she asked
"Yes, madam," was the reply.
The lady went upstairs and looked every
where for her sister. On coming down
stairs she said to the butler, "My sister
must have gone out, for I could not find
"Yes, madam, she has gone out, but she
told me last night that she was always at
home for you. — Harper's Round Table.
Was m Skepiic.
Lushforth— What is this Christian sci
Wickwlre — I think 1 can make it clear.
For instance, if you had the rheumatism
you would say to yourself that there was
ho such thing as rheumatism; there
never was any such thing a? rheumatism ;
consequently, you couldn't have any
rheumatism, and first thing you know the
pain would be all gone.
Lushforth — It won't work. Many is the
time 1 have said to myself that there were
no such things as crimson snakes with
pea-green whiskers, and that I knew they
could not exist, but the snakes stayed
right in the room just the same. — Indiau
Double windows adorn the better class oi
houses in Russia, to exclude the cold.