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The San Francisco call. (San Francisco [Calif.]) 1895-1913, June 29, 1895, Image 11

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LIFE AT JOHANNESBURG.
Five Thousand Men Starving
at the Richest Gold Fields
in the World.
WONDERS OF THE TBANSVAAL.
The Output Is 179,000 Ounces a
Month and Negroes Must
Walk In the Street.
"Its the greatest gold-mining region in
the world," said John E. Owens, a well
known newspaper man who has just re
turned from his travels. He was talking
about Johannesburg, and he ought to be
an authority on that corner of the world,
for his ramblings in the Transvaal have
been extensive.
"Yes," he said, "the greatest sroJd mines
in the world are now at Johannesburg,
which, is in the Transvaal, South Africa.
It is Mtuated on a high plateau at an alti
tude of otKJO feet and lull miles from Cape
town. Its population of about (JO.OOC (in
cluding the African negro) is decidedly
cosmopolitan. Men from all parts of the
world have flocked there in their wild rush
for gold." He continued :
The mines of Johannesburg (Witwatersrandt,
or more commonly known as the Rand") are
now yielding more gold each month than ail
the other mines »f the world combined. The
average monthly output at present is placed at
179,000 ounces. This is continually increas
ing, and it is beyond the conception of any per
eon to estimate 'the possibilities of these mines.
To the visitor standing on the small hill back
of Doornfontien, a fashionable suburb of
Johannesburg, ■ the sight is a grand one. As
far as the eye can reach in a direct line east
and west, the huge chimneys of the gold stamp
ing: mills may be seen blazing forth their fire
and smoke.
The gold reef is forty-five miles in length.
The first row of deep levels is now in active
operation, and before another five years shall
have passed by the second, and third rows of
deep level mines will be in active operation.
The greater the depth the richer the ore. Some
of the mines are now down to a depth of over
1000 feet. The supply of gold seems to be in
exhaustible. It has been estimated by experts
that there is a surety of 2,000,000,000 of
gold in the Johannesburg mines.
The success of these mines is due solely to
Americans. . The Australian miners first vis
ited the "Rand," but they were unsuccessful.
After many attempts, they finally left, stating
that no gold could be found in "those fields.
English miners from Cornwall undertook the
responsibility. Though they made a better
showing thau the Australians", yet they were
far from giving satisfaction.
The Rothschilds became interested in these
fields. They sent out Hamilton Smith, a Cal
ifornian, to look over the ground and see
whether there was sufficient gold on the reef
to warrant an expenditure. His report was a
favorable one. From that time experienced
American miners made their appearance at
Johannesburg. The place began to assume
life from the moment they took charge. The
result is that to-day, under the management of
Americans, mostly Californians, Johannesburg
has become .the greatest gold center of the
world, and one may find there the very latest
improved mining machinery.
There is at present over 3500 stamps at work
in the mills. These mills are run at their full
est capacity, night and day, from one week's
end to the other. Everything is on a gigantic
scale, so far as mining is concerned.
From early morning till late in the after
noon the stock exchange on . Commissioner
street is a scene of excitement. If stocks are
high then business is good in the town, but if
there should be a drop in the market money is
scarce. The population seems to live by gam
bling. ■
The hope of South Africa Is centered in Jo
hannesburg. Capetown, Port Elizabeth, East
. London and Natal are all dependent on the
Johannesburg trad?. The financial houses of
Europe have their representatives at the
"Rand." Notwithstanding this great wealth pi.
gold, South Africa is not the place for a poor
man to. to for work. AH the. labor in- the mine's
is performed by the negro natives. TV'---- :
There are no factories nor any opportunity
for agricultural work. Living there is ex
tremely expensive, it being next to an impossi
bility to get along with less than $100 a month.
The influx of population to Johannesburg has
been .very great. The result Is that at least
5000 ; men' are out of work- and starving. A"
large number are arriving weekly; swelling. up
the list of unemployed and adding to the gen
eral confusion. ■ ' • - " ■■
Among the most notable Americans who have
been the means of building up Johannesburg
may be mentioned: Charles Butters, the intro
ducer of the cyanide process the re; J.H.Ham
mond, who .receives the fabulous salary of
$125,000 per annum; Captain Mem of the
Robinson miner; Hamilton Smith, represent
ing the KotliscWlds; Mr. Webber of the Crown
Kcef; Mi. Wiltse of the Glendenhuis estate,
and J. C. Manion, representing American firms.
Johannesburg may be considered as one of
the wonders of the mining world. Its growth
has been phenomenaL Nine years ago the site
of the "Rend" had but one habitation. To-day
the town has magnificent office buildings and
palatial residences.
. The feeling here between the English and
the Boers is very bitter. How long the Trans
vaal Government will last, it is very hard to
guess. One thing Is certain, that the popula
tion of Johannesburg (excepting the Ameri
cans) are ready to revolt whenever an oppor
tunity occurs. The police force of Johannes
burg may be considered as one of the most
incompetent in existence. Negroes, coolies;
Chinamen, and all who have black or Asiatic
blood in their veins, must walk in the middle
'of the road. The sidewalks are for the use of
the whites in Boerland. Any of these above
persons caught walking on the sidewalks are
arrested and fined $10 or one month. It is a
peculiar country with a peculiar people.
THIS CONDUCTOR WAS BOSS.
But He Had » Hard Time Convincing at
Least One Passeugcr of the Fact.
Open car 77 of the Sixth-avenue surface
road had a German conductor yesterday.
It was evident that he was a graduate of
the (ierman'army and thoroughly imbued
with its discipline. He was stiff and erect,
and wore spectacles and a goatee, and
when he asked for a fare he did it in the
style J[of an officer ordering a bayonet
charge . Nobody could doubt that he un
derstood his rights and responsibilities as
commander of the car.
"Step inside," '"No riding on the steps,"
"Hurry un if you want to rMvonthis car."
"Step lively, we can t wait forjyou to ntaka
op your mind." "Make room, there."
'Move up," were a few of the orders de
livered by him in sharp peremptory tones
to the pn^engers. All obeyed meekly
untii another former subject of the Kaiser
got aboard at Tenth street. The newcomer
«ra* -mailer than the conductor, but quite
a« full of dignity and determination. The
seat! being full he remained on the steps.
"Step inside," commanded the conduc
tor.
"I wili not; there is no room," retorted
the little man.
p Inside or get off," thundered the
coii'iiir-tor.
"I will do neither; I have paid myfare."
"You will do as I say; those are the
rules.''
"I don't care for the rules."
"I'll pat you off."
"I>et me s»p you."
Bang! banal went the bell and the
driver brought the car to an abrupt stop.
The conductor laid violent hands uj»on the
obstinate one and the latter yelled "Help!"
at two policemen who were standing on
the corner:
Then the umxpectod happened. Three
of thp hitherto meek male passengers arose
and threatened to punch the head off the
surprised conductor if he didn't remove
his hands from the collar of his com
patriot and the policemen arrived just in
time to prevent them from making good
the throat. The conductor, his victim and
the angry passengers all told the police
men their various versions of the affair.
One of the cops was stunned by the Hood
of argument, but the other upheld the
ronductor and declared that the passenger
must get in or get off.
"That's my advice," shouted one of the
little German's supporters, "and gft off.
Then you can sue the company."
.I'll do it," replied the little man.
'"Won't you give me your name?"
"H'm, said the man, "yes. Jones is
tnv name; John Jones."
The conductor pulled the bell and the
>ar moved off with a jerk.
"Your address?" shouted the little
man.
"Um-ni-m, Broadway," was wafted back
to his waiting ears.
The car bowled along swiftly and the
conductor pushed out his chest and smiled.
Nobody disputed his orders during the
rest of the trip.— New York Sun.
A PRISONER'S LADDER.
Used for Climbing Out si ml Back When
He Visited His Sweetheart.
Warden Patten of the Indiana prison
south at Jeffersonviile has now on exhi
bition one of the most remarkable con
trivances of a prisoner that ever came into
his collection. It is a ladder made of
thousands of small pieces of twine, threads,
cords and rope, such as a convict would
secretly collect through years of effort.
With the rope Thomas Shepherd used to
climb a thirty-foot wall and get out of the
penitentiary-yard night after night to
visit an old sweetheart. He never at
tempted to escape, and, when his ladder
was found one night, he returned before
his absence had been discovered, rang the
hell at the front gate, and surrendered
himself. On his arm he carried a robber
coat, which had been used to conceal his
striped shirt. He wore moccasins over his
shoes.
Shepherd told a stiaightforward story,
so far as it went. He had made the ladder,
he said, in order that he might visit a
woman outside the prison. He had gone to
her house only four times, he said. Last
Sunday night, when he returned, he
found his ladder gone from the wall,
and at once he decided to give himself up.
He would not tell the woman's name, but
the prison officials think they have dis
covered her identity. She went from her
home in Sullivan County, Ind., some years
ago to live in Jeffersonviile, near her con
vict lover.
Shepherd said that he wove his ladder at
night, and that it took him months to
finish it. It contained threads, strings and
bits of cords of every size, length and color.
They were woven, knotted and twisted
skillfully.
Shepherd was sent to prison to serve a
life sentence in 187 S. A new trial was se
cured two years later, and he was rt com
mitted on the same sentence on
April 19, 1878. Ue has continually peti
tioned for executive clemency, and
two years ago his sentence was com
muted to V.venty years. He will Lv re
leased, consequently, on April 18, 1898.
He was a country 'schoolteacher. One
night at an apple paring he had
a quarrel with a man named Maeey
Engle over a girl. Engle had Shepherd ar
rested, and one night, before the case was
tried, Engle was assassinated. Shepherd
was convicted purely on circumstantial
evidence, and has always maintained his
innocence. — Vincennes Sun.
THE COACH'S ASSISTANT.
A Machine Invented to Direct the
OnrKinsin's Stroke.
"Coach's assistant" is the name which
ought to l>e given to a device invented by
"Walter B. Peet, which, he says, has already
proved its value as a monitor to developing
oarsmen, and he hopes may result in revo
lutionizing the stroke in shell racing.
"Stroke recorder" is the name lixed upon
it by tUe Patent Ottice, which has already
granted letters securing Mr. Peet in the
ownership of the device.
Mr. Peet, as coach of the Columbia 'Var
sity crew for many years, has had abund
ant opportunity to test the merit of his
invention. This seems to be a combination
of cogged clock wheels propelling a swing
ing arm, in which is fixed a pencil. The
pencil point rests upon a broad roll of
paper like the tape of a stock ticker. The
oar, working in a specially designed swivel
lock, presses a button, which communi
cates with the cog wheels, impelling tnem
with a steady motion wholly governed by
the amount of muscle expended by the
oarsman. The waves in the line marked
on the tape disclose the force of this mus
cular exertion. It is uniform where an ex
pert oarsman expends a uniform force, and
a ragged line just so far as his power is ex
erted unequally or in jerks.
By study of this tape the trainer can see
just where his pupil lacks. If it is only the
raggedncss incident to a beginner, practice
alone will improve it. But the unevenness
may result from deficiency of some partic
ular muscle, in which case it is the trainer's
business to pay special attentioa to the de
velopment of that muscle. Again, the
strokes of the several men selected to man
a boat may be compared and inequalities
of their joint efforts detected, with the re
sult of giving such special care to the weak
points as will give to the swing, dip and
recovery of the entire crew that oneness
which wins races, even though the indi
vidual oarsmen may be weaker men than
their competitors. The device is designed
to bring about such a collective stroke as
well expend all available muscle at exactly
the right time -and in exactly the right
place. — New York Times.
OBJECTED TO BLOOMERS.
The Landlady Would Not Allow Her
Boarders to Wear the Dregs at Table.
Hard and awful to contemplate are the
trials that the new woman has to {Hit up
with— that is, that particular type of the
new woman who doesn't like to wear skirts
and prefers knickerbockers at most times
and places, says the New York World. In
England the boarding-house landladies are
very much aroused over the subject and
are thinking of forming an association to
rule out all women who wear what is
known in the words of the day as "rational
dress."
Inihis country there is an interesting
anecdote, with its scene laid in Ann Arbor,
Mich., relating to one of the college girls
who was very much "advanced."
There was a girl staying at one of the
boarding-houses in the village who per
sisted in wearing trousers that were more
masculine even than "bifurcated skirts."
This attire disturbed the landlady in
tensely, and in tearful tones she pleaded
with the young woman to discard the dis
tasteful garments. But the girl was put
upon her mettle and resisted the land
lady's pleas until that wrathfui individual
came out with the following ultimatum :
"You cannot eat at my table and wear
bloomers at the same time."
It is not correct for the "new woman" to
weep, and therefore the knicknrbockered
girl shed no tears. A,t the very next meal
that was served, however, the other board
ers noticed that she wore a skirt. Imme
diately after dinner she took it off and live
minutes later was seen parading down the
streets in masculine garments once more.
I'.ut the landlady has carried her point,
and bifurcated garments are not at such a
premium in Michigan as they were.
Wembley Park's Great Tower.
The great tower at Wembley Park is
acain in active progress, and is rapidly ap
preaching the completion of the first stage,
which consists of the construction of a vast
platform 190 or 200 feet from the ground.
The gigantic framework upon which this
piatforin is to be laid has lon^ been a con
spicuous object on the top of the hill in
Wembley Park. The cross girders are now
to be got into position and the concrete
floor formed. This floor will be of enor
mous area, as may be gathered from the
fact that in the center of it is to be a large
hall, with a floor space of 20,000 square
feet, a broad promenade running all
around it. Tlie original design contem
plated also the building of a hotel on this
platform, with ninety bedrooms. Whether
this is likely to be carried out at present
we arc- not informed. There are to be four
lifts to this first stage and two staircases.
One of the staircases is suHiciently ad
vanced to permit of the ascent being made
by it, and the lift guides have just been got
into position. The complete tower -if it
ever is completed — ia to run up six times
as high as this floor, or thereabout. But
only sufficient capital has been raised for
t?jis first portion, and what will be dene
after this remains for the future to deter
mine. About £90,000, we understand, has
been required to finish this first portion. —
London Daily News.
The worker-bee lives six months, the
drone four months, the female bee four
years.
THE SAN FRANCISCO CALL, SATURDAY, JUNE 29, 1895.
COMMERCIAL TRAVELERS.
Elaborate Plans for Midsum
mer Outing at Santa
Cruz.
FOE PLEASURE, NOT BUSINESS.
Excursion Train Leaves the Broad
Gauge Station at 1 P, M.
To-Day.
Santa Crvz, June 29, 1895.
W. J. Barrett, President Pacific Coast Commer
cial Travelers' Association, San Francisco: Four
blacks and landau will meet you for ladies on
Saturday. Fred W. S wanton.
When the special excursion train of the
A. C. Boldemann, Secretary.
broad-gauge which leaves this City at 1
p. m. to-day arrives at its destination on
the shores of Monterey Bay, the Mayor of
Santa Cruz will meet President Barrett
and extend to him and the excursionists
in his train the freedom of the town.
There will be some oratory. The Mayor
will talk first and then the president will
respond for the association.
The commercial travelers are not going
to Santa Cruz to hold business sessions of
the association. The trip is planned for
an outing of pleasure and relaxation, and
S. D. Laidlaw, Treasurer.
there is no organization in existence better
equipped for getting joy out of a holiday
trip than the Commercial Travelers' Asso
ciation of the Pacific Coast.
There were two business sessions of the
association at Pythian Hall yesterday.
Regular reports were submitted, but in
terest in the proceedings was obscured by
contemplation of the trip to-day.
The chairman of the executive commit
tee, li. H. Davis, has prepared an elaborate
programme for the outing, and will unfold
it as the occasion demands. There will be
dancing and feasting, beauty contests,
side excursions, and high jinks galore.
R. H. Davis, Chairman Entertainment
Committee.
President Barrett may not need the
golden key of the city, which Mayor Effv
wiJl present to him, but he will accept it
all the same, for he has lived long enough
to know how awkward it is sometimes to
be without a pass key.
The officers of the Pacific Coast Travelers'
Association are: President, W. .1. Barrett;
treasurer, R. I). Laidlaw; secretary, A. C.
Boldemann; directors— S. to. Heller, It. IT.
Davis, 8. K. Thornton, C. Eubanks, B. L.
Kchiff, B. G-alland and H. L. Judell, Sun
Francisco, and W. P. Peterson of Kacru
rnento.
BISONS IN BATTLE.
They Itesent the Actions of a Bully and
a Hutting and Goring Match Knsued.
Visitors at the Zoological Garden were
treated to a sensation recently, says the
Philadelphia Times. This was a combat
a la mort in the big buffalo inclosure that
would have reflected credit upon the wild
est regions of the Western plains in the
good old times. The buffaloes at the Zoo
are, for the most part, bona lide importa
tions from the West, but they usually ex
hibit the deteriorating effects of Eastern
civilization by lolling about their mock
sylvan retreat or reclining lazily in the
sun.
There has been one exception to this
passive appearance of indolence and de
generacy unworthy of the traditional en
ergy of wild bison ancestry. The ugliest
looking buffalo in the herd, a creature of
gigantic size, has always been an uneasy,
restless, quarrelsome fellow, a terror to his
companions, whom he dominated -and
bossed at his own eccentr.'c will. He was
the bully of the walk, as it were. All oth
ers had to budge, at his pleasure and sur
render possession of the softest and
choicest spots in the inclosure whenever
he chose to demand it. To the keepers he
was known at Bill, and by them he was
dreaded almost as much as by his own as
sociates. With some of the others the
keepers have become tolerably familiar,
but nobody has ever thought of making a
pet of BiU. Like all bullies, Bill included
among his execrable qualities the twin
vices of selfishness and greed. He was al
ways filling himself with the choicest of
the food, the tenderest grasses, and his
conduct at all times, particularly, it seemed,
when crowds of visitors were gazing
through the fences, was such as to disgust
any gentlemanly buffalo.
The keepers noticed early in the morn
ing that Bill was in a more than usually
disagreeable mood. He swaggered around
W. J. Barrett, President.
the place, pushing the others about, dis
turbing various sociable little groups of
the more companionable fellows, and tak
ing particular delight in forcing any one
who had settled himself in an especially
agreeable place for peaceful repose to get
tip and hustle for other quarters.
It was about the time when everybody
except guards, keepers and the lower
animals are supposed to be engaged in
religious worship that the garden was
startled by a cnorus of bellows and snorts
from the buffalo yard. All the keepers
and the few visitors who had entered the
grounds rushed to the scene. There, in the
middle of the inclosure, stood Bill, hi 3
huge head close to the ground, which he
was pawing in an ugly manner, while his
tail swished in the air like a whip. In a
semicircle, but at a respectful distance,
were half a dozen of the largest members
of the herd, also digging into the earth and
snorting belligerently, while the others of
the colony were gathered in one corner,
with their shaggy whiskers almost touch
ing the ground, but discreetly contenting
themselves with bellowing at the top of
their capacious lungs. It was evident that
the bully had provoked his usually meek
comrades to open rebellion. Active hostil
ities were not long delayed.
While Bill stood half contemptuously
returning the angry snorts of his enemies,
a large buffalo detached himself from the
semicircle and approached the big fellow
slowly and apparently desirous of digging
his way toward him through the earth
with his nose. When about six feet dis
tant, with the big glaring eyeballs of both
animals fastened upon each other, the new
champion sprang forward and thei? thick
heada met with a crash like simultaneous
bangs on the bass drums of a score of mili
tary bands. The new champion recoiled
before the superior strength of Bill, but he
«aa gam* and hfl returned to the attack.
For more than live minutes the combat
ants hurled against each other, their horns
frequently locked, and ouch striving with
ali his sinewy strength to force up the
other's head and get in a decisive blow
with the keen horns in the softer flesh of
the neck. Bill was steadily forcing his
antagonist back toward the fence, when
another buffalo detached himself from the
semicircle, and, with head down and tail
up, charged directly upon the object of
general hatred. The blow took effect in
Bill's tremendous neck, laying open the
heavy flesh and covering the thick mane
red in an instant.
It was tnen that Bill showed what almost
all bullies show when hard beset — the
white feather. Disconcerted and per
plexed, he turned from one to another of
his assailants striving to avoid the blows
of each* He bellowed with rage and evi
dent fear when still another buffalo joined
the attacking party and t-hrusi his sharp
horn into his flank.
The issue of the battle \vaß not Ion?
doubtful. With all his enormous strength
Kill was forced about the pen, receiving
numerous wounds in front and flank from
the infuriated animals that were now
Crowding upon him. Ho made a last des
perate stand near the fence and succeeded
in hurling one of his foes to the earth and
ripping open the side of another, but he
himself was soon forced to his knees and
repeatedly gored as he endeavored to rise,
lie was soon too weak to maintain him
self on his legs and all seamed over for
him, when Head-keeper Manley and a
half dozen keepers, armed with pitchforks
and clubs, leaped the fence and rushed to
his rescue. It was a difficult, if not to say
dftOgerout, thing to repel the enrageel
bisons, who had made up their determina
tion to destroy their oppressor in one good
job, but they were finally beaten back long
enough to enable the keepers to drag Bill
out of the; gate.
While this was going on every animal in
the Zoo possessing a strong voice was
keeping up a nuisiral accompaniment, in
which the trumpotings of the elephant
Bolivar and his usually quiet companions
and the roars and snarls of the big cats in
the lionhouse were particularly promi
nent.
Bill's injuries were found to be serious,
and it is possible that his unhappy fate
will be to furnish buffalo cutlets to the
carnivora. At any rate he will not be re
stored to the buffalo-yard.
After Bill's subjugation the buffaloes
that had made the attack were noticed to
bear themselves with a new air of self
importance. This was especially evident
in the caso of the one who had the conragc
to strike the first blow. He, of course,
succeeds Bill as boss of the ranch, and in
pointing him out the head keeper, who is
of a classical turn, bestows upon him the
title of "(Jampeador."
Harvard's l>i'£«-ii<-r:iti> Cheer.
The Harvard cheer is unfortunately los
ing its distinctive character. In former
years the nine "rahs" came slowly and
the final "Har-vard" was broad and deep.
In the Pennsylvania panic the cheer could
be but little dislinguished from the short,
sharp Yale yell. Kven the "nine long
Harvards," which u*eu to be so impressive,
are now cut much tpo short. The leaders
of the cheering seldom try to maintain the
old-time cadence and there is danger that
it will be entirely idisused. The merest
hint should surely (be sufficient to check
this tendency.— riarlvard Crimson.
Leopold Schefer, jkfae German actor, had
a yood mother, as wiell as a good wife. He
said of both: "But /one thing on earth is
better than the wife! that is the mother."
DIVIDED THEOSOPHISTS
A New American Section Is
Authorized by Presi
dent Olcott.
THE GOLDEN GATE BEANCH.
Loyal Fellows Reorganize and In
corporate Under the State
Law.
Theosophists in this City and on the
coast have been hanging upon an irregular
edge of uncertainty for the past two
months. This uncertainty has been the
result of the secession of W. Q. Judge and
his followers in convention at Boston,
April 27 and 28.
Those branches of the American section
that were loyal to the Thesophical Society
as represented by President-founder Olcott,
Mme. Blavatsky and Annie Besant seem
to have given themselves the least worry
over the matter, vet all the theosophists
have been anxious to know how the action
of the Boston convention would be re
ceived by President Olcott. If he should
have approved that action it would have
been an indorsement of General Secretary
Judge and a disapproval of Annie Besant
in the controversy between those two
fellows of the Theosophical Society, which
originated the disaffection in the branches
of the American section.
But President Olcott did not approve the
action of th« Boston convention. His
ruling in the matter has been received in
the form of a circular, in which he declares
canceled the diplomas of ail fellows who
have or may stand by the secession act.
President Olcott says that he will issue a
new charter for an American section of
the Theosophical Society, and to carry
into effect the notice given he has ap
pointed Alexander Fullerton, F.T.S., of
New York, Mrs. Ks»te Burlington Duvis,
F.T.S., of Minneapolis, George E. Wright,
F.T.S.. of Chicago, and William John
Walters, F.T.S., of San Francisco a special
committee to collect and forward to him
all petitions and resolutions pertaining to
this business, to have charge of all Ameri
can affairs pending the issue of a section
charter, and as presidential agents to su
pervise the proper organization of the new
American section of the Theosophical So
ciety.
This circular was issued the sth inst.
from Zumarraga, Spain.
Within the past week the loyal fellows
of the Golden Gate Branch of this City, the
oldest on the coast, have incorporated
under the laws of the State and retained
the name.
Shortly after the reunion of the Boston
convention Alexander Fullerton wa3 se
lected by the loyal branches as general
secretary and George E. Wright of Chi
cago, Kate Buffington Davis of Minnea-
William J. Walters, the New Member
of the Council cf American Section
of the Theoscphical Society.
polis and William John Walters of San
Francisco were selected to form the coun
cil. This action nnd the selection by
President Olcott of the same persons for
his committee is a coincidence which is
considered by the loyal fellows as a good
omen.
Great Srato Papers.
The original McKinley tariff law is
written on parchment similar to that of
the Sherman law, and like it, it is bound
into a big book that contains the original
documents of many other laws. It fills
sixty-three of these large parchment sheets
and the engrossing of it was done by three
different clerks. The title of the bill is,
"An act to reduce the revenues and to
equalize duties.'' It is attested in the
same manner as the Sherman law and
signed by Speaker Reed, Vice-President
Morton and President Harrison. The
Wilson bill, which supplants the MeKlnley
bill, lills about as many pages of the heavy
unruled parchment, which, by the way, we
send to England to buy. The Wilson bill
mentions almost every article of commerce
that one can" think of, grouping similar
thing! into paragraphs and naming the
duties that shall be paid upon each. There
is a long list of articles on which there is
no duly.
Proclamations by the President of the
United States have maintained one form
since the foundation of the Government.
The original Emancipation Proclamation
issued by President Lincoln is written
upon very heavy white unruled paper that
is folded once. The fold is at the left, like
a sheet of four-page letter-paper, and each
page is ten by fourteen inches in size. It
begins, as do all Presidential proclama
tions, "By the President of the United
States of America— A Proclamation."
The iirst line is written with a pen in a
bold hand, and the words, "A Proclama
tion," form a line of themselves — printing
characters, although executed with a pen.
It proclaims that on a certain date, and
under certain conditions, a race is free
from bondage, but it, nowhere calls itself
an "Emancipation Proclamation." That
is a popular name given to this, one of the
most famous of State papers. The text is
in the handwriting of Secretary Seward— a
hand that was strikingly like that of Mr.
Lincoln.- Harper's Round Table.
.- Emma . Eaines
•-?>'.' .;. : ; ■writes; of
I THE IDEAL TONIC : j
'•I find 'Yin Mariani ■ the
most delightful and efficacious
tonic, of inestimable value to
singers."
| Mailed Free, [,„„.. !„.....;,„.; t
j Descriptive Book with Testimony and !
■• ..■! Portraits ■;! v
! OP NOTED CELEDRITIES.
• JBencflataland A(j?cca'>lc. . . '"-'.". j ' ;
Every Test JProvea Reputation.
Avoid Substitutions. Ask for < Tin Xariaal.>
At Druggists and Fancy Gracsrs. ;: '
:,- _ r ; MARIANI & CO.,
&? t^&3fS MW.UthSfc, Hwlat.
THE BANNER OF LIGHT
Editor of a Great Paper Cured by
Paine's Celery Compound.
The Banner of Light is, as every one
knows, one of the most successful de-
nominational publications issued in this
country.
In its seventy-seventh volume it is at
once conservative and bright, discussing
not only modern Spiritualism, but fre-
quently lending its influence fearlessly in
matters of public importance outside its
principal field.
Mr. John W. Day, who is the editor and
one of tne proprietors, writes in the Ban-
ner of Light as follows to the proprietors
of Paine's celery compound:
"I owe you a debt of gratitude for placing
on the market such a nerve-easing and
soothing remedy as Paine'a celery comp-
ound. It was brought to my notice by a
friend who had himself been greatly re-
lieved by its use, as I have also been.
"I have frequently taken occasion to
commend Paine's celery compound to
others, and I do not know an instance
REDUCED TO
$2 PER BOTTLE!
■ Mm*< Any one in San 1
Afhrnl Francisco nsing this
mmM\ Restorer for Gray
ifi*w3l I Hair ° rDaadraffvviu
wwiMwM \ I%cce * ve c "* mone y
»!ff(|i|r\in lull if they are
■ WtWii- ; S\ not Satisfied with
iipf results.
. Mmr. Marrhnnd— Deati Madam: At your re-
quest I have carefully analyzed your Gray Hair
Restorer. In my judsment it is an effective prep-
aration and wili not injure the hair or the general
health. I can cheerfully recommend it to your
patrons. Respectfully submitted,
W. T. WENZKLL, Analytical Chemist.
This is to certify that I am well acquainted with
Wi 'I. Wenzell. nun that I consider him one of the
ablest chemists in .San Francisco and a gentleman
of the strictest integrity.
c. A. CLINTON, M.D.,
Ex-member of Board of Health.
I Indorse Dr. Clinton's opinion of Professor Wen-
zell. WILLIAM SKA lI BY, Chemist.
This Is to certify that I know Professor Wenrell
and know him to be correct in every detail. •
W. 11. LOGAN, Ph.O.. M.D.
The Antoinette Preparations are indorsed by
many of our most eminent chemists and physi-
cians. This Restorer is not a Dye, and does not
stain the scalp. '
SAMPLES OF mil DE LA CBEHE GIVEN AWAY.
USE. MARCH AND,'
Hair and Complexion Specialist,
Ml POST STREET, ROOMS 32-36,
Taber's Entrance. Telephone 1349.
CONTRA COSTA
WILL BE PAID BY
THE BANK OF CALIFORNIA
UPON PRESENTATION ON AND AFTER
• date -of their -maturity, .Inly 1, 1805, after
i which date lr,tere-»i will cease., ... - :■: .
, . Holders of aliov.- 1 bonds who have subscribed to ,
nil aKrecment to exchange, for the new : issue ;of
bonds by the name company are notified that tho
exchange will bo made upon presentation at the'
Bank of California on and after tho '20th of June,
1895.' .
The Bank of California, .
. . THOS. BROWN, Cashier.
' 1p& . Chlolic»tcr"» Eiikllhli Diamond Bran i.
rChic&oicr's EugllAh Diamond Brand.
EfWRCIYAI PILLS
' H _/£---. Original and Only Genuine. ■ Jt\. '•'
vf^/nß^Ov : •*'£» tlutjA reliable.- ladies vi «v\
frSS *MvW4 Drusirlst tor' CMclitttara Fntrliik Dia-f^>\
W'^S'WS!W\ mon ' < * Urand la Itcd anil Void ni««lli«\^*» r
■' "fcv- —^STi 60110 *- ««al*<* wl <>> >>•»« rihlmn. Tako Xy
' Twi <® i 4 <St3"° other. l}ef<i::r. (fonjfrout suhsUtv- v.
■*V I/. . . /Jf tlont and iwitationt. Ai Drn?si!«n. orstno-tp.
■ I l^. ' Jm in suiapi • for j>»rtlculsr», tcatiaicnUU anil
It!* B "Helier fur r,n<lfom» 1 w ttttrr, m rifini
'-'iAT. ';.~>nr- ' 8I«». 5 »>.OOO Ti-«timooUl». .fame Paper.
' -•••* "— ~r©kl*tac»»«r Cbemlcal Oo.,»la«JUon >*>iuiu4 l
I • 4*M hi all jLoc»l X»m«isu. ■■;. i'ttili-tlj., i ! *„
wherein, if faithfully tried, it has noil
worked a benefit.
'•Yours, truly, John "W. Day."
Mr. Day's portrait is given above. He is
a member of the Masonic. Odd Fellows,
Grand Army and other fraternal organiza«
tions, and is highly esteemed by his
brethren and others in the social walks oJ
life.
His gratitude for the good that this
greatest of remedies has done him is in no
sense remarkable. Thousands who hava
been made well by Paine's celery com-
pound have sent their unsolicited testi-
monials to the proprietors of the remedy
or direct to medical journals or news*
papers telling for the benefit of others the
results that have followed the use of the
remedy that is food for the nerves and
brain, thakenriches the blood, that makes
the weak strong, and is the one never-
failing specific, prescribed by physicians
and recommended by all who have ever
faithfully used it for insomnia, nervous de-
bility, neuralgia, rheumatism, indigestion
and the many ills that come from de-
ranged, worn-out nerves and impure blood.
WASTING DISEASES WEAKEN WbcrtrtCS*
•» » fully because they weaken yon slowly, grado.
ally. Do not allow this waste of body to make
you apoor, flabby, immature man.llealth, strength
and vigor Is for yon whether you be rich or poor.
The Great Hudyan Is to be bad only from the Hud-
son Medical Institute. This wonderful discovery
was made by the specialists of the old famous Hud-
son. Medical Institute. It is the strongest and most
powerful vitalizer made. It Is so powerful that It
Is simply wonderful how harmless it Is. You can
get it from nowhere but from the Hudson Medical
Institute. Write for circulars and testimonials. '
This extraordinary Rejuvenstor Is the most
■wonderful discovery of the aye. It has been en-
dorsed by tho leading scientific men of Europe and
America.
Mt'DTABTis purely vegetable.
HL'DYAX stops prcmatoreness of the dis-
■ charge in twenty days. Cures I.OST MAU-
12UQ9, constipation, dizziness, falling sensations,
nervous twitching of the eyes and other parts.
Strengthens, invigorates and tones the entire
system. It is as cheap as any other remedy.
GUDTAX cures debility, nervousness, emis-
sions, and | develops and restores weak organs.
Pains in tho back, losses by day or night stopped
quickly. Over 2,000 private Indorsements. ;'•.:'. •_-•
Premature ness means . lmpotency In . the first
stage. It Is a symptom of seminal weakness and
] barrenness. It can be stopped In twenty days by
the use of Hndyan. Hudyun costs no more than
any other remedy.
Send for circulars and testimonials.
TAIKTXa* IH.OOB— lmpure blood due to
serious private disorders carries myriads of sore-
producing germs. Then comes sore throat, pimples,
copper colored spots, ulcers In month, old sores and
falling hair. You can save a trip to Dot Springs by
j writing for 'Blood Book' to the old physicians of the
HUDSON IVSEDICAIi • INSTITUTE,
. Stockton, 2tZiH-:*ct and £lUs &t*> (
SAX jTjmrciaco. cai» '
A LADIES' GRILL ROOM
Has been established in the Palace Hotel
-. ■ -■■■ :,; . . . "-.-
ON ACCOUNT OF REPEATED DEMANDS
made on the management. . it takes tl»e place
of the city restaurant, "with direct entrance from
Market st. Ladies shopping will 11 nd this a most
desirab'e place to lunch. ■ Prompt service nnd mod-
erate charges, such as have given ii.i 1 gentlemen's
Grillroom an International reputation, will preval
in this new department.
■•.■■.■■ .. ' ■ " - • ■ ■
, 'grasits lHAV?Tl!PilTnri!i '
fflviitjifcsrs.
Manufactured 1 IiKIUQ DDRO J& Ofl
and Imported by \ uU«LO, DnllO. « bU.
Cor. Second and Brannan Sts., S.F. '
JJ3T Superior to ALL OTHERS and the latest
designs.' : Strictly ; wholesale. Can be : purchased
through any Retail Dealer. . - . ■ •. , L. :
_ _ . _ 77 _ . .:
NEW WESTERN HOTEL.
KFAIINY AND WAtHINOTOX STS.— RE-
modeled and n-novatcd. X I Nt ;, WARD & CO.
European plan."- Rooms 6Oc to $1 60 per day, ?i
to .'«8 per week, $8 to 930 per month: free baths;
hot and cold water every roura; tire grates la eveiy
loom; elevator runs all nignb .
11

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