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CHARLES M. SHORTRIDQE,
Editor and Proprietor.
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THE SUMMER MONTHS.
Arc you going to the country on a vacation ? If
to, It Is BO trouble for ns to forward THE CALL to
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THURSDAY.... JULY 11, 1895
THE CALL SPEAKS FOR ALL.
Enforce the law.
Now is the time to act.
The Solid Eight have forfeited office.
When officials defy the law they insultf
the people. __^^___
The laugh of the boodler has a clear
Now is the time for the Civic Federation
to show its fist.
1 we not have a revival of law as well
as of business ?
The Alaska gold mines promise another
coat of gilding for the coast.
Civic prosperity depends on good gov
ernment as well as good business.
Either the law has a cinch on the rascal,
or the rascal has a cinch on the law.
The law is a buzzsaw for iniquity, but
the people must put it in motion.
Stretching a point for monopoly against
the law is now called "extension."
Xo people can ever have better laws than
those which they are able to put into prac
"Wrongdoers begin by putting their hands
to iniquity and end by putting their feet
Since the Governor has the Board of
Health off his hands he probably feels
Cleveland deserves sympathy in his
efforts to drown his disappointment in
It will avail the people little to make
good laws if they do not compel obedience
The Solid Eight may think there is much
virtue in "extension, " but the people see
vice in it.
We need an era of greater things with
larger water mains and bigger brained
California must bear all blame of being a
partial desert until it wipes all its deserts
from the map.
The Market- street Railway Company
evidently intends to gridiron the City and
broil the people on it.
The State University will continue to
give tuition free and at the same time give
the Legislature a lesson.
The Solid Eight would do well to imitate
their historic progenitors by running down
a steep place into the sea.
A question has been raised as to whether
Supervisor Hirsch increased his value by
holding off for a few days.
Boodle Supervisors are not worrying
themselves about bimetallism, as the gold
Etandard suits them perfectly.
Folsom-street property-owners are carry
ing a chip on their shoulder and looking
for some Silurian to knock it off.
San Francisco need not be ashamed of
turning out dishonest Supervisors if she
turns them out in the right way.
Now that we are assured of one competing
road, there seems good reasou to believe
the Santa Fe will give us another.
It is as sure as shooting that on any com
munity where justice is not done the
heavens will fall with a vengeance.
If the United States co-operates with
French and German bimetallists, England
will have to join the procession or get left.
Every disgraceful surrender of official
honor brings the consolation of making
the election of rascals more difficult in the
If the Solid Eight are correct the Legis
lature instead of making a law against
monopoly made a law for the benefit of
There is no finer road which ambition
can travel than that which tempts men of
brains, spirit and enterprise to become
leaders in the development of California.
The new plan of the Manufacturers' and
Producers' Association for enlarging the
Bcope of its work will test the right of a
good many Californians to call themselves
As it has been decided to appeal the
Government's suit against Mrs. Stanford,
there is every urgent reason for advancing
it on the calendar and securing a decision
as soon as possible.
We trust that the Native Sonß of the
Golden West have not lost sight of their
opportunity for achieving a unique dis
tinction in the great work of making Cali
fornia what nature intended it to be.
The argent demand of the Examiner that
the Democratic party should nominate a
Pacific Coast man for V ice-President next
year naturally excites an inquiry as to
what enemy in the party the paper wishes
THE POINT AT ISSUE.
TVhat did the Legislature mean by the
act of 1893 providing for the sale of rail
road and other franchises in municipali
ties? "Was it the intention of the law
makers to check the power of monopolies
and the bribery of dishonest Supervisors,
or was it the intention to confirm the grip
of monopoly upon public franchises sub
ject only to the necessity of bribing the
Supervisors? These questions are not idle,
nor, strange to say, do they carry their
answers with them. There seems to be a
doubt on the subject.
Eight men whom the people regarded as
sufficiently eminent for intelligence, hon
esty and public spirit among the citizens
of San Francisco to be elected to the Board
of Supervisors have come to the conclusion
that the law was designed and intended
not for the beneht of the people but for the
benefit of monopoly. The action taken in
regard to the petition of the Market-street
Railway Companyior a franchise covering
every street affording an outlet toward
Ingleside makes this evident. By this
action the inouopoly is practically assured
of the franchise and everybody else is shut
There can be no issue raised concerning
the facts of the case. All the proceedings
in it have been open, public and are be
yond dispute. A petition of the S*an Fran
cisco and San Mateo Railroad Company
for a franchise to run its cars out Ocean
House road was ignored by the Supervisors
for a time and then peremptorily refused.
When a petition came from the Market
street Railway Company, however, the
Solid Eight acted as if the petition bad
been the command of a boss, and with
ready obeisance complied at once. The
law requires that any and every petition
for a franchise of this kind shall be adver
tised, offered publicly for sale and sold to
the highest bidder. The Solid Eight in the
Board of Supervisors have arranged to
dispose of this franchise under terms and
conditions that render it impossible for
anybody to bid on it except the monopoly.
The only issue, then is one of law. It is
an issue, moreover, of importance to the
people and to the Supervisors. If the law
was designed to promote monopoly aud
bribery, and does by its terms in letter and
spirit effect that result, then the citizens
must bide their time and elect a better set
of lawmakers to the next Legislature. If,
on the other hand, the law was intended for
the public good and does expressly pro
vide for granting franchises in municipali
ties under terms that if carried out will
prevent any secret and corrupt deals be
tween dishonest corporations and suscepti
ble Supervisors, then the Solid Eight in
this instance have been guilty of a mis
demeanor and a malfeasance, and under
the law have forfeited their offices.
It will be admitted this question is both
interesting and important. .There remains
another question still more important.
How will the people deal with the issue
before them ?
THE LAW AND THE CITIZEN.
It is an old saying that every com
munity has as good a government as it de
serves. The law can never be much if any
superior to the intelligence and the virtue
of the people who live under it. This truth
was known even to the ancients, and old
Solon said he would have given the Athen
ians better laws if they had been a better
people. We have in San Francisco exactly
the government we deserve, and if we wish
it better we must make it better not by
clamoring for the enactment of new.laws
but by enforcing those we already possess.
We have seen the laws of the City and
the State violated again and again by the
Market-street Railway Company. The
men who control that company are rich,
respectable, powerful. What they do be
comes an inducement to others to do like
wise. Their influence is felt everywhere.
When they set the example of corruption,
other men become corrupt. "When they
violate the law, other men violate it also.
When they stand ready with money, law
yers, political bosses and gangs of merce
nary voters, to uphold little frauds so long
as they are permitted to profit by big ones,
so long will the City be ill governed in
every respect and in every department. To
enforce the law at all, we must enforce it
justly, that is we must enforce it every
where, and the giant corporation that has
been the parent of so many civic evils must
be fought as earnestly as the evils it fos
We are exulting at this time with more
than ordinary gratification in the revival
of trade and industry under conditions
that promise a new era in California de
velopment. Every material prospect is
good. Our agriculture flourishes, mining
has been undertaken with renewed vigor,
manufacturing feels the impulse of better
times, and our commerce looks to an early
completion of the Nic?ragua canal for an
opportunity to expand beyond even the
most sanguine dreams of our merchants.
So far, therefore, as that prosperity which
can be measured by money is concerned,
we have a bright outlook before us and a
reasonable expectation of realizing our
hopes. On this score there is little to com
plain of and much to rejoice over; but how
is it with the prosperity that depends on
morality, law, politics and good govern
Last winter we had civic federations,
good government clubs, political reform
leagues and mass-meetings without num
ber; all seeking, striving and demanding
honesty in the City government and the
enforcement of law. What has become of
all these associations? What has become
of the impulse that moved them? It is
time for a revival of civic patriotism as
well as of civic industry. To have a good
government we must deserve a good gov
ernment, and the only way to deserve it is
to Insist upon the enforcement of the law
against dishonest corporations and their
tools in office, as well as againßt the thiev
ing hoodlums of tne streets.
The decision of the regents of the State
University to continue to give free tuition
will be received with no little gratification
by the people generally. The decision
will, of course, entail strict economy dur
ing the next year, and there may have to
be reductions in expenses somewhere, for
it seems that at the end of the year there
will be a deficiency in the university ac
count»of about $30,000; but bad as any re
duction in the work may be the people
will approve it rather than the proposed
i plan of charging fees for tuition.
The people of California are justly proud
of the system of public education they
have built up, and particularly bo of^the
great university which stands at the head
of it. Few universities in the Union are
equal to it and none which depends solely
upon voluntary taxation of the people is su
perior. In fact, with the possible exceptions
of the universities of Michigan and Penn
sylvania, no State maintains out of its reve
nues a university equal to ours; and this
being one of the best reasons for our State
pride the people will always readily and
cneerfully approve of all measures neces
sary to enable it to grow with the growth
of the State and keep up with the advance
of education in any part of the world,
x- Along with this pride in the greatness of
the university there nas been an equal
THE SAN FRANCISCO CALL, THURSDAY, JULY 11, 1895.
pride in the fact that it was free ; that its
advantages and opportunities are open to
all without cost, and that no young man
or woman eager for the highest education
and ardent for intellectual training would
be turned away from its doora for lack of
money. To keep the tuition free is a popu
lar aspiration, and it is satisfactory to find
the reeents in full sympathy with that
An enforced economy is not pleasant for
institutions any more than for individuals,
and the people regret as much as the
regents tbe vexation it will entail upon
them and the faculty. In taking to them
selves the lesson in economy they will,
however, as Regent Foote said, teach the
Leeislature a lesson. Certainly the uni
versity will lose nothing by it in the long
run, and liberality in tuition will be repaid
by liDerality in appropriations.
PKOM FOREIGN PRISONS.
Section 24 of the Wilson tariff bill provides
that all goods.wares, articles and merchan
dise manufactured wholly or in part in any
foreign country by convict labor shall not
be entitled to entry at any of the ports of
the United States, and the Secretary of the
Treasury is authorized to prescribe such
regulations as may be necessary for the en
forcement of the provision.
This section, which is one of the few good
features in the tariff of '•perfidy and dis
honor," has evidently made but a slight
impression upon the mind of Secretary Gar
lisle, for he has taken very ineffective stops
to enforce it. The American Economist has
recently called attention to what appears
to be unmistakable proofs of the violation
of the law, not in a few isolated cases only,
but as an habitual practice; and the fact
that the practice obtains while the Secre
tary has power to prevent it shows how
indifferent the administration is toward
protecting American workingmeu from the
competition of European criminals.
The evidence is found in the minutes of
an investigation by the British Board of
Trade concerning the importation of
prison-made goods into the United King
dom. Testimony was given to the board
that mats made in Belgian prisons were
sent to England to be shipped to this
country. When asked what proportion
of the mats sent to England were in
tended for the United States, the witness,
who was no less a person than A. E. Bate
man, Deputy Controller-General of Com
merce, Labor and Statistics, said: "I tried
to find that out, but the concessionaire did
not seem to know. He said it was more
convenient that the goods should come
through this country to the United States.
The United States has a law against the
importation of foreign-made goods."
It appears from this that goods made in
the prisons of Continental Europe are sent
to England to be shipped to this country
as British-made goods. Secretary Carlisle
has consuls in every port in Europe, and
he should know whether these statements
are true. The Wilson tariff exposes the
American workingman to competition
enough, even with the strictest enforce
ment of the provision against prison-made
goods. It becomes a downright villainy,
therefore, for the administration to be in
different to that provision and for the
Secretary of the Treasury to neglect his
duty in regard to it.
Dr. Thomas Flint of Ban Juan Is at the
A. E. Miller, an attorney of Sacramento, is at
F. G. Menefee, an attorney of Santa Crnz, is
at the Lick.
Dr. J. L. Asay of San Jose registered at the
Dr. M. M. Shearer of Santa Rosa is a guest at
R. G. Barton, a big vineyardifit of Fresno, Is
at the Occidental.
Edgar Wallace, a raining man of Tacoma, is
staying at the Palace.
Fred J. Kiesel, a big dealer in wines, of Og
den, Is staying at the Lick.
L. J. Mcddox, an attorney of Modesto, regis
tered yesterday at the Grand.
S. D. Ballon, Sheriff of San Luis Obispo, regis
tered yesterday at the Grand.
T. G. Rancy, a merchant of Newman, Stanis
laus County, is a guest at the Lick.
R. W. Skinner, a commission merchant of
Marysville,' is a guest at the Grand.
R. C. Minon, an attorney of Stockton, was
one of yesterday's arrivals at the Lick.
H. N. Boggs, the Mayor of Stockton, came
down yesterday and put up at the Lick.
Elbert P. Callender of the American Gas
light Journal of New York is at the Palace.
C. L. Ruggles of the Stockton Independent
was one of yesterday's arrivals at the Grand.
A. McDonald, a large land-owner of Walla
Walla, was one of yesterday's arrivals in the
H. J. Finger of Santa Barbara, secretary of
the State Board of Pharmacy, Is staying at the
F. J. Brandon, chief clerk of the Assembly,
came up from San Jose yesterday and regis
tered at the Grand.
Barney D. Murphy of San Jose, who is mak
ing Dr. Potts' fight for a place under the Board
of Health, registered at the Palace yesterday.
Dr. A. E. Osborne, superintendent of the
Home for the Feeble-minded, came down from
Eldridge yesterday to attend a meeting of the
truatees, and registered at the Grand.
AROUND THE CORRIDORS.
General Agent D. W. Hitchcock of the Union
Pacific Railway Company has made two im
portant enanges in his passenger department
for the purpose of getting all the business pos
sible along the railways in California. T. R.
Tilley, formerly a ticket agent at the Union
Pacific office in this City, was yesterday ap
pointed traveling ticket agent for Northern
California from Bakersfield to the Oregon line.
G. F. Herr, who had occupied that position,
was transferred to Los Angeles as traveling
agent for the southern district.
The exchange editor of The Call yesterday
received by post the following card :
London, England, June, 1895. :
Gentlemen: The "Count of Monte •
• Oristo" will shortly tour the United States, •
: and will no doubt stop over In your City. '•
• He bears a letter of Unlimited Credit :
■' through us on the bouse ot French &. Bossi •
; at Rome. Any favours extended this no- i
• table will be appreciated.
Yours very truly, •
WM. F. OONXOB A CO., '.
In view of the fact that the cause of bimetal
lism appears to be in the ascendant, The
Call's exchange editor has announced that he
expects to be able to honor all drafts made
upon him by the Count, and will endeavor to
give him a proper reception to the City of San
Francisco. ________ _____
PEOPLE TALKED ABOUT.
With the exception of the King of Denmark,
Qneen Victoria is the oldest reigning sovereign
Frederick Law Olmstead, the landscape
architect, bears ajstriklng resemblance to Rud
yard Kipling's father.
T. n. Tucker, the conductor who ran the
first train between Boston and Worcester,
Mas?., on July 4, 1835, is still living at his
home, ilclrose, Mass.
The Empress Frederick has a special scrap
book in which she collects all the current an
ecdotes relating to the members of the Prus
sian and English royal families.
Professor Huxley's face was thin and his
complexion bo dark as to be almost swarthy.
When he shaved off his mustaohe and beard
the skin was quite blue-black.
ONLY ONE SCHOOL, OF ACTING.
Having read several articles since my arrival
in San Francisco ot the number of young girls
who desire to embrace the stage as ft profes
sion, .and being always deeply interested in tbe
doings of my own sex, I thought perhaps a few
words from one who has been on the stage
since childhood and had the advantage of
studying and pursuing her profession in for
eign countries as well as in her own might be
of some interest or use to the ambitious young
girls who may imagine that the road to success
is a short one or strewn with roses.
During my three seasons' management of the
Lyceum Theater, New York, I had many appli-
cants for advice. "Miss Dauvray, I want to be
an actress. My friends say I have talent. How
would you udvise me to begin?' 1 My invaria
ble answer was: "You want to act? Well, my
dear girl, get an engagement and go and act."
"But I don't understand you. I mean how
would you advise me to learn? What school of
acting do you recommend? What lessons
would you advise?" And again I would an
swer: "There is only one school of acting—
the stage." And in my opinion this is true.
Actors, like poets, are born, not made.
I am averse to nil so-called "schools of elocu
tion" and am an intense anti-elocutionist.
Above all I advise against taking lessons from
a professional elocutionist unless there Is an
opi^ortunity for practical training upon a stage
or one Intends to be an elocutionist, for I hold
that there is not only a distinction but a differ
ence in the art. I have observed that lessons
in elocution and deportment without proper
sta^c training leave traces ol artificiality that
years of practical experience cannot efface.
Even Mrs. Potter, in Bpite of her talent and the
progress she hfis made, is guilty of stilted and
unnatural methods of delivery that come from
what girls call "elocution lessons." By all this
I do not mean to say that there are not a groat
many things that can be learned about the
stage that aid. For instance, one can be taught
that L. U. E. means left upper entrance; exit
C. A. means center arch; that one must turn
around with face toward the audience, and
many of the stage details, etc., but learn to act-
Edwin Booth, Charlotte Cushman, Ellen
Terry all had a practical training in a school of
acting, but God -vfaß the gift-giver and nature
the teacher. The art of declaiming is a natural
gift, and practical experience polishes and
refines it. I have had the privilege of knowing
Monsieur Got, dean of the French stage, who
lately retired from the Coraedie Francaise, and
during a conversation a few years ago in
reference to our profession I asked him what
he considered the most difficult thing to do on
the stage. He replied: "The most difficult
thins to do? To do nothing. The next diffi
cult thing? To walk on and off. And the third?
To sit down and get up again naturally. Then,
again, it is often the case of mistaken con
victions. A girl may thine in a parlor ana yet
not have the special talent the 6tage requires."
The only way to prove all things is to try
them. So I say to all girls who believe they
have talent: Endeavor to get in some position
where you can learn the technique of the
stage and into a good stock company; begin
with one line if necessary, and if you have
ability the manager and the public will find it
out. Perhaps you have not all heard the old
story about the super who had one line to say
in "Richard III" where Edwin Forrest was
playing it. After repeated trials he failed to
say it as Forrest instructed him. Finally In s
rage Forrest thundered out, "Good heavens,
man I Can't you ?ay it as I do?" "No, sir," re
plied the fellow. "If I could I should be Edwin
Forrest." Helen Daxjvbay.
LATEST IN ELECTRIC ENGINEERING.
Passenger and freight trains on the new Belt
Tunnel line of the Baltimore and Ohio in the
city of Baltimore are to be operated by elec
tricity. A plant has been installed and 96-ton
electric locomotives have been constructed.
The most interesting portion of the installa
tion iB, of course, the locomotives. Electric
locomotives of such weight and power had
never before been conceived, but it hag always
been a rule In American electric railway prca-
END VIEW OF ELECTRIC LOCOMOTIVE.
tice from the beginning to push ahead where
improvements were possible and meke the re
sults realize the expectations, and there has
been no departure from the rule in this case.
The 96-ton electric locomotive is a success.
The General Electric Company undertook
the task of building these machines, and the
tests made on the one completed, before it left
the Schenecttdy shops, showed that it is fully
equal to all reasonable requirements of trunk
line service. It was designed to do very heavy
work and to handle trains such as the largest
steam locomotives handle. It is, of course, also
designed to run in either direction.
Each motor is rated at 3GO horsepower, and
takes a normal current of 900 amperes.
The controlling devices and measuring in
struments, etc., occupy the interior of the cab.
The controller is erected in half of the cab,
and is of the series parallel type. The revers
ing lever projects through the upper plate of
the controller cover. The resistances are placed
around the frame beneath the floor of the cab.
The locomotive is equipped with a 1200 to
3500 automatic circuit-breaker and one 2000
ampere magnetic cut-out, a 5000 ampere illu
minated dial Weston ammeter and one illumi
nated dial Weston voltmeter. The compressed
air for the whistle and brakes is supplied by
an oscillating cylinder electric air-pump, the
air tanks being placed at each end of the com
plete locomotive. The interior of the cab is
illuminated by clusters of incaudescent lights.
Contact with the overhead conductor is
effected by means of a sliding shuttle-like shoe
of brass, which is fixed to a flexible support
fastened to the top of the cab. This trolley
support is diamond-shaped and compressible,
contracting and expanding as the height de
mands, and is arranged to lean on one side or
the other as the locomotive runs on one side or
the other of the overhead conductor. It is.
however, rigid in so far as movement forward
or backward over the locomotive is concerned.
The current is brought to the locomotive by
means of cables connected to thfc shoe and fas
tened to the trolley support.
OPINIONS OF EDITORS.
The best citizen is the man who always does
what he considers his part promptly and per
mits others to do the same without criticism.
And the worst bore is the self-constituted
critic who always has a little sarcasm in re
serve for every act of every man except, him
All large commercial houses have drummers
on the road every day in the year. 'Why? Be
cause it pays. Would it not, then, prove profit
able to the fruit-growers to copy a business
method that has been adopted by all the most
successful business men in the country? — San
It is noticeable that while Democratic news
papers are busy nominating Republican can
didates for President, they have put up v<»ry
few Democratic candidates. This does credit
to their judgment. They know which of the
two things is the more Important.— Astorian
Why should the quality of pessimism prevail
at all in this world? Every man has it within
himself, no matter how desperate his condition
may be or seem at the moment, to extract more
pleasure and happiness from life than misery.
—Albuquerque (N. M.) Citizen.
THE ATLANTA EXPOSITION.
California should take advantage of the op
portunity that will be presented at the Atlanta
Exposition to advertise its products, especially
its fruits. The exposition will be international
in character and will be visited by hundreds of
thousands of people. — Santa Barbara Indepen
Since the Atlanta exhibit is apparently des
tined to be one of the greatest had in this
country, it behooves this State to be creditably
represented. In a late issue of The Call there
is an appeal to the fruit-growers which ap
plied equally well to miners. California should
let the outside world know in no gentle man
ner that all the gold was not mined in the days
of '49.— Angela Voice.
The people of California are to have a chance
to obtain representation at the Atlanta Expo
sition, a convention of the Supervisors of the
State having been called to make the
necessary preparations. The proposition in
volves the expenditure of a little money, but
the cost to each county need not tie large ana
the benefit to be derived from securing space
at the exposition will amply repay the State
for all the trouble and expense. The New
South is making noble efforts to get to the fore
front as a manufacturer and producer, and is
accomplishing this very rapidly. The Atlanta
fair will be the first opportunity that section
has had for years of showing what it has
achieved and is capable of achieving. Califor
nia's products may well seek a market in the
Southern States, and it is to the interest of this
State to put her best foot forward in the effort.—
PROBLEMS OF THE NATION.
It is a serious problem which these wide-open
gates to the land of the free has created, and
every year they are left open that problem is
made more difficult of solution. Of enlightened,
honest people from other lands this country is
not in danger of having too many, but for their
ignorant and criminal elements it cannot per
manently be made a dumping ground without
inviting certain destruction. A powerful
monarchy may exist with vast numbers of the
degraded and vicious under its iron rule, but
in a free government the people must be en
lightened and patriotic or the fountain-head is
poisoned and the whole government will
inevitably become contaminated.— Fresno Re
If the people will vote for the welfare of the
city or Nation by voting for men who will
patriotically stand up at all hazards— as did
the signers of the Declaration of Independence
for instance— for the honor and welfare of our
city or our Nation, our ships will 6ail the seas
and we need have no fear of dry rot of any
kind.— Tacoma (Wash.) Union.
The continual influx of foreigners keeps the
labor market overcrowded and thereby causes
much distress. If a large head tax was im
posed the labor question would settle itself in
short order. Within a year after its enact-
Sometimes the sacrifice which the country
demands is greater than at others. At present
all that we think is needed is the honest
exercise of his franchise by every honest man.
Let this be forthcoming and we will Roon hear
the last of the murmurs about lost liberty, and
there will not be a man within the confines of
the United States to whom the flag will not be
an emblem of security and freedom.— Seattle
Adelina Patti is repeating her triumphs of
34 years ago at the Royal Italian Opera-house
in London. If a lucky opera-goer can get a
back seat for $10 he boasts of it as if he had
secured the bargain of the season. Even for
the matinee of "II Barbiere," stalls were sell
ing early in the week for $15, and for some of
the evening performances as much as $30 has
been paid for a seat. At the gallery doors, on
PATTI A3 SHE WAS P.EPRESENTED BY A PHOTO
GRAPH TAKEN THIKTY-FOUK YEAP.3 AGO.
the Patti night, there is a crowd before 10
o'clock in the morning and the people sit
patiently all day on orange boxes, for the use
of which they pay 12 cents a head. Very few
diamonds are worn on Patti nights, for with
scarcely an exception, the women know better
than to compete with the diva, so retire prjlce
fully from the contest. In "The Traviata"
Patti had diamonds on head, throat, wrist and
down the front of her dress. They were said
to be worth $330,000.
Those who are old enough to remember say
that I'atti has improved marvelously as an
actress since her debut on the London boards,
thirty-four years ago, in "La Sonnambula,"
and though her highest notes show a few signs
PATTI AS BHK IS BE PRESENTED UY A RECENT
of wear and tear her middle tones have gained
proportionately iii richness and fullness.
Paul's durability is nothing short of phenome
nal, for the great singers of twenty years ago,
such as Titiens, Trebelli, Zarie Talbourg, are
passed and gone, and thirty-four years ago even
Cnristine Nilsson had not begun to study
Next year the French Government will in
augurate the first of an annual series of musi
cal fetes, which will not ouly be superb, but
will in many respects surpass the great theater
of Bayreuth. The fetes will take place in the
ancient Roman amphitheater of Orange, near
Avignon, which, considering that it is nearly
2000 years old, is in a marvelous state of
preservation. The theater is built against the
side of a hill, which is supposed to bestow its
unique scoustic properties, for though it seats
thousands of people a whisper from the stage
can be heard distinctly all over the house.
The commission, appointed by the Govern
ment, has reported that it will be im
possible to organize tne fete this year.
The tiers upon tiers of seats have
fallen into ruins, and it will also be nec
essary to construct an Immense velum, for. like
all Roman theaters, the vast building at Orange
is open to the sky, and a shower of rain auriner
the performance would scatter a modern audi
ence. Some accommodation will have to be
provided for the thousands of visitors that will
be sure to flock to the fete. The commission
has reported that all this work v/ill occupy till
next year. Some of the performances for 1896
have already been arranged. The companies
from the Grand Opera, the Opera Comique, the
Comedie-Francaise and the Odeon will partici
pate, and it has been decided that David's
"Herculaneum" and Berlioz's "Les Troyens"
shall be among the operas and Sophocles'
"CEdipe Roi" and "Antigone" among the
Siegfried Wagner, "The Heir to a Name" as
an angry German professor has dubbed him in
a way that will Btiek, is accused ot never hav
ing loved music. They say that Mrs. Cosima
Wagner, who is a very strong-minded lady, sig
nified her determination that her son Siegfried.
instead of taking up architecture, which he
liked, should take up music, which he did not
especially like, and prepare himself to con
duct the Bayreuth shop to the end that the
business might remain in the family, and it is
easy to understand that no one would be bold
enough to oppose her. Siegfried meekly fol
lowed his mamma's desires, and he has not been
much of asuccess as a conductor, and a sympho
nic poem, "Sehnsucht," which he has just pro
duced, is denounced as unworthy of Siegfried's
grandpapa Li?zt at his worst and almost as bad
as Hubert Perry at his best. It is stated that
the heir to the name is coming to San Fran
cisco if the Damrosch Company plays here
Mrs. Cosima Wagner is going to send him to
add eclat to the tour as well as to see that the
works of his illustrious papa are properly re
spected. If he comes he will probably conduct
a few times, perhaps he will let us hear his
"Sehnsucht" so that we can judge for our
selves whether it is "Wagner made vulgar," as
they say of it in London.
F. A. Gevaert, director of the Brussels conser
vatory and author of "Music of Antiquity," has
just published a very remarkable work en
titled "Melodee antique dans le chant de
l'eglise Latin" (antique chant in the Latin
church). No modern musician doubts that the
chants and canticles of the Catholic liturgy are
the precious remains of antique art, but up to
the present every one has rested content with
this superficial knowledge, without, appar
ently, seeking an answer to the question,
"What are the elements of the Grceco-Rnman
music which the church has appropriated for
its own?" Ten years of patient study, after
publishing-his "Music of Antiquity," have led
Gevaert to a satisfactory solution of this prob
lem, and his new work shows how the Graeco-
Roman music, like the Latin tongue, entered
bodily into the Catholic church, and continued
to be part of its service, with the exception of
the suppression of Greco-Roman instrumental
Nikisch, the aforetime Boston conductor,
has been inviting comparison with the great
est living chefs d'orchestra during the London
season and has been severely roasted for his
temerity. Only for his picturesque appearance
has he won come commendation. One critic
says: "Mottl's majestic form is rather too
buriy to delight a fastidious eye, and the main
rirtucs of Rich ter's conducting are the princi
pal defects of his person; Levi is not at all an
impressive personage, an* Siegfried Wagner
has not yet grown out of his resemblance to a
caricature of his father. Of the conductors
familiar to us Manns is the only one who looks
his part, and Nikisch is even more picturesque
than Manns. In the case of the modern musi
cian these things count for much. A head of
hair is rather to be chosen than a great tech
nique and a romantic eye than touch or tone."
Wildbrandt, the German poet, has just read
an unpublished poem called "Beethoven,"
which has been received with such enthusiasm
at Berlin that reciters all over the country are
clamoring to perform it. They will only be al
lowed to do so on condition that the proceeds
of their readings go for the benefit of the Bee
thoven institution. The story of the poem
shows where the composer, having learned of
the faithlessness of a woman he loves, contem
plates suicide, but finally seeks consolation in
work. It is in fact an incident well known in
Beethoven's life, when he heard of the mar
riage of Amelia Sebald and, desperate with
grief, thought the hour to die had come. In
the poem, which is said to be very beautiful,
he conquers the morbid longing and writes tho
America has at last sent an opera direct to
the Royal Opera-house of Munich, and every
one knows that Municn, where the great Levi
reigns supreme, is second only to Bayreuth.
The accepted work .was 1 not written by an
American, but ca viendrn, and it is a good be
ginning to know that a New YorK opera is to
get its first hearing at one of the greatest of
European opera-houses. The fortunate com
poser is Henry Zoellner, who directs the Lic
derkranz, a sort of New York orpheum. The
work is really an heroic dialogue recalling some
ot the events of the Franco-Prussian war and
is entitled "The Unexpected Attack." If it is
received with favor the Royal Opera-house of
Muuich will produce another opera by Zoell
ner called "Sedan."
The librettist and composer, Richard Genee,
who died recently near Vienna, was the writer
of a number of books for Johann Strauss, Buppe,
etc. The best known of the operettas lor
which he wrote words and music is his "Naval
Cadet," though "Nanon," and "The Last of the
Mohicans," have also been a great deal played.
His sense of melody was facile, rather than
Mips Adeln Laeis Baldwin is the latest addi
tion to the ranks of vocal Trilbys, who transpose
the advice given to noisy children to be seen
bnt not heard. Palmer has taken Miss Bald
win to Chicago, where she is heard but not
seen in the familiar song "Ben Bolt." Her
voice is said to appeal very strongly to the
When Ernest Guiraud died he left an un
finished opera called "Fredigonde." Saint-
Saens, who was his warm friend and admirer,
has consented to finish the work, and has ar
ranged to have it produced at the Grand Opera
in November. '-Fredigonde" is based on early
French history, during the Merovingian
At the last Philharmonic concert in London
an overture, "Melpomene," by Chadwick, a
well-known and respected American composer,
was produced for the first time in England.
The work was favorably received. The critics
said, however, that it showed the influence of
Wagner and the modern Germans.
Nordau, whose fierce atteck on Wagner has
aroused so much wrath in musical circles, is
described as a handsome, middle-aged man,
with Semitic features and decidedly melan
choly eyes. He is a bachelor, living In Paris,
and his universal pessimism does not prevent
him from being devoted to athletics.
"Guernica," the new Basque opera produced
In Paris, has gone to London, where Marie
Lafarjjue, who created the leading rol<?. has
made a great sensation. She is only 23 and
has been on the stage a year.
Alick McLean, a young Scotch composer of
25, has produced a one-aot opera, "Petruccio,"
in London with marked success.
SAID BY THE PUNSTERS.
"The Fourth of July is pretfy generally ob
served as a holiday, I believe," remarked the
"It is," replied the native; only fireworks."—
Little Boy— How soon are yoa and sis goin'
to be married?
Accepted Suitor— She has not named the day
yet. I hope she does not believe in long en
Little Boy— She doesn't, I know, 'cause all her
engagements have been short.— Tit-Bits.
"Do I understand that you give me the He?"
'Yes. 1 '
With a sweet smile the lone fisherman went
his way. He had been wondering where he
was going to get a real good lie, and the gitt
was certainly opportune.— Detroit Tribune.
"It must be delightful," said the ordinary
married woman, "to be earning your own liv
ing and more, too."
"It has its drawbacks," said the business
woman. "Every time I go to a bargain sale
and save 75 or 80 cents on purchases, I lose
$2 or $3 worth of time."— lndianapolis Jour
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tween 1850 and 1860.
Health for the year Is to be haa by taking
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"Mister," said the stranger, who had wan
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Potomac Flat* that I read so much about?"
"I don't know, exactly," replied the dejected
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