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BANKS AND PAWNSHOPS
The Former Name Must Onb
Be Used by Commercial
AX OPINION IS REQUESTED.
The New Law Prohibits Loan Offices
and Saloons From Using the
There are banks and banks. The law
that only such institutions aa receive
deposits, give and receive checks, sell ex
change and make loans at legal rates of
interest. 'or subject to the supervision of
the Bank Commissioners, shall be entitled
to the use of the word "bank."
There are probably a score or more Insti
tutions doing business in San Francisco in
which the forbidden term is used in some
connection improperly. The last Legisla
ture amended the act creating a board of
i saril tion 26 of which
now reads as follow.-:
The use of the word "bank," or any other
word or terms denoting or implying the con
duct of the business of banking, or the use of
the word "savings, 11 alone or in connection
with other word denoting or implying the
conduct oi the business; of a savings institution
or a savings and loan society, is hereby pro
hibited to all persons, firms, associations, com
rallies or corpoiations other than those subject
to the vision of the Bank Commissioners
or required by this act to report them, and no
llcenag-as in this act provided shall be issued
hv the Commissioners to any corporation that
does not receive money lrom the public as
deposits in manner customary with commer
cial or saving- banks.
\nv person firm, association, company or
corporation not subject to the supervision of
the Bank Commissioners or not required by
this act to report to them making' use of terms
implying conduct oi a bank, savings bank, or
savings: and loan society, by means of signs,
advertisements, letter-heads, billheads, blank
notes, blank receipts, certificates, circulars or
any written or printed or partly written and
partly printed paper whatever, having there
on any artificial or corporate name or
other word or words indicating that such
business, is the business of a bank, savings
bank, or savings and loan society, shall forfeit
for each day the offense is continued the sum
of one hundred dollars, to be recovered as pro
vided in this act.
The term bank is applied to pawnshops,
saloons, and in one instance in Alameda
to a coalyard. The Bank Commissioners
claim that the institutions now using this
term are violating the law. though this
- not exactly clear to them, and for
that reason they have addressed a letter
to Attorney-Genera! Fitzgerald asking for
■ inion on the subject. The Commis
sioners claim that the amended section
makes no provision for corporations, indi
viduals or firms in existence prior to the
amendment of the act, and is consequently
operative against those now using the pro
Many of the pawnshops that have hith
erto used the word "bank" in some con
nection with their business have wisely
concluded to forego what might eventually
prove expensive. Others construe the
amended section as applying only to firms
or individual.- using the term after the law
became operative. The opinion of the At
torney-General will not be made public for
several days, a.- that gentleman is in Los
Angeles, and will not return before Mon
day. In the meantime the Commissioners
are quietly going ahead securing all the
evidence possible against the "offending
parties," as they are pleased to term pawn
shops, saloons, etc.. now usiner the mis
leading term "bank," and will be, pre
pared to act immediately, should the
Attorney-General confirm their position.
The following are a few of the institu
tions now attracting the attention of the
Commissioners, showing the manner in
which they are violating the law: .
Security "Loaji Baojc v llOti Market street, .
has the regulation three balls, with notices
printed on tne windows advertising the
class of business solicited.
Bank Exchange, 536 California street,
proves to be a saloon, new vacant, of
which Ashton and Gordon are the agents.
The Pacific States Saving and Loan
Building Company offends the law by hav
ing printed on the window "Mutual Sav
The Collateral Bank, "William Hymans
proprietor, is a regular pawnshop.
The San Francisco Consolidated Loan
Bank, capital $500,000, proves to be an in
stitution politely termed "money brokers."
The Continental Building and Loan As
sociation of California has a sign on the
window reading, "Mutual Savii.gs Bank.
Interest paid semi-monthly."
Alameda furnishes a novel violation of
the law in the shape of an institution
called the "Coal Bank." There wood and
coal are the only articles offered in ex
change for currency.
Asa matter of useful information it may
'(■d that whenever a cooking receipt
calls for a baking powder the "Royal"
should be used. Whatever is made will be
sweeter, lighter, liner-flavored, more dainty,
palatable and wholesome.
OF INTEREST TO LABOE,
Employment Registers Suggested—La
bor Council Proceedings— Carpen
ters' Union No. M.
"Workingmen are manifesting a great
deal of interest in the free employment
bureau which State Labor Commissioner
Fitzgerald will open for the beneiit of the
unemployed on Monday.
Deputy Commissioner Cleveland Dam
•will be in charge of the department, and
has made a systematic arrangement for
the correct registration, in detail, of all ap
plicants for work.
It was suggested at the State Labor Bu
reau yesterday that much could be done
by the employers of labor themselves
toward facilitating the process of bringing
together those who need work and the
work needed if the employers would keep
employment registers. "Such a register
could be in the fchape of a book, in which
the applicant for work would write his
name, address, age, whether married or
Bingle, number of children (if any), when,
where and by whom he was last employed,
ami such references as he might possess.
This would give both the employer and
the applicant an advantage. The former
it would enable to take his pick from any
number of men, and it would help to ad
vertise the need of each applicant with
any number of likely business lirniß, fac
tories or other extensive employers of
A very brief meeting of the Labor Coun
cil was held last night, about the only
thing done being to receive the reports of
Secretary Pnruseth reported the Arago
matter In behalf of the Sailors' Union,
Kiiting that the four sailors charged by
Captain Perry with insubordination had
been held for trial by the United States
Commissioner. Action was deferred.
The Electrical Workers' Union reported
a fair demand for men. All the members
an- employed, and new members are being
constantly admitted to membership.
A complaint came from the Musicians'
Union, charging a certain out-door show
viib employing non-union talent.
The Brewers' Union reported trade as
and >t;ited that numerous dealers
Lad promised not to handle certain beer
which is under the ban of that organiza
Mr-gate Rusk informed the Council that
a National convention of stage employes
was soon to be held in Boston, and the
Jocal union had chosen delegates to repre
sent it there.
The committee on Labor day celebration
of the Council will meet some time next
wee* and make a report inixt Friday night.
Thirty-one new members were taken
into local union No. 22, United Brother-
Lood of Carpenters and Joiners, at its
meeting in Pythian Castle last nip:ht.
Secretary Anderson said ttie numerical
strength of that union was almost 800.
The following new officers have been in
President, P. 11. McCarthy; vice-president,
F. M. Thompson; recording secretary, C. An
derson; financial secretary, M. L, Wa-ndell:
rer, 1 . P. Smith; conductor,.!. H. Flynn;
warden, John Thorn ; tru-tees— M. I". Mahoney
and Harry Meyer:* delegates to tbe district
council— P. H. McCarthy, Henry Meyer, L. N.
Vina, Theodore W Ickes and J. E. Mcl'icker.
The Musicians' Union simply met yes
terday afternoon and adjourned for a week
oui of respect to the memory of Vice-
President Denifl Sullivan and James Kidd,
whose deaths were announced. Both the
ised had been members of the First
I>r. SimniH Responds to the Article by
TO the Editor of The Catl-SiR: With your per
mission 1 will notice Major C. J. Berry's article
on diversified farming in the southern part of
the *an .'Oftquin Valley. It is strange that men
lik Major Kerry can only see one side of diver*
Bified fanning. He seems to think a man can
only make a living on twenty acres by truck
gardening asd selling his truck in a large city
where the competition is great and where he
has to come in competition with Chinese nnd
two or three other nationalties and mustsell at
low figures. I propose to show such is not
diversified farming. will now suppose there
is a colony, say twenty-five to fifty families,
anywhere between Bakersiield and Stockton.
Each farmer has twenty acres, with water to
irrigate his land. We will now Buppose he puts
out two to four acres in almonds, same
to prunes, one to two acres to apricots,
one acre to nectarines, two to three acres
to alfalfa. He can hedge his land
in with pomegranates and quinces. If he has
four acres in aimonds the fifth year the crop
will be worth $400. Prunes the same. The
apricots and nectarines can be dried ami will
pay well, lie can keep two cows, one horse
and one pood sow on four acres of alfalfa. If
the colony will put up a creamery and make
first-class" butter and cheese, there will be a
good profit from the cows ana all the milk used
at home tor the family, pigs and chickens.
While the trees are coming into hearing beans,
peas and potatoes can he raised between them.
The world is a market for the nuts and dried
fruits. There will always be a market for but
ter, eges and poultry. There are a great many
other things that can be raised at a good i-roiit.
Peanuts will pay. There are a great many
seeds that will pay to rai=e. Onions will pay,
and there is a good demand for them early in
the season to ship East. Pomegranates make
the finest jelly in the world. 1 hope Major
Berry will write again and look over the field.
J. R. Simms, M.D.
Milton, CrL, July 12, 1895.
To the Editor of The Call— Hik: Professor Le
Conte, a learned teacher, says:
''There is no doubt that man, both in body
and syiirit, came by process of evolution from
some lower form of animal. Evolution teaches
that nothing originates all af once by fiat, but
that all things come by growth. ''
Where did the growth come from; from noth-
No; then it diil come by flat He says:
. "There is no doubt that man, both in body and
spirit, came by process of evolution from some
lower form of animal.'' That may be amis
print; it cannot be that the professor meant
ihat in that way. There is doubt, reasonable
doubt. The fact of the absence oi the doubt, if
it be a fait, is not ret evolved. Thousands of
profound thinkers doubl it. He says:
"Nfuv forms come by modification of the old."
I go with him. Now let him go with me a
few Steps, and take his proposition alone for a
star:, "All new forms come by modification of
the old. 1 ' Then old modifications came from
oider, and older modifications came from.
:. and oldest came irom— from— from—
why, from fiat, li not, then where from?
P. D. lIOP.TOK.
A PLUCKY TEACHEK.
Crossed a Bridfce on a Stringer and Rode
Miss Minnie Hickox, who has just en
tered upon the discharge of her duties as
teacher of the public schools of Cooke City,
cannot fail of success in any given direc
tion. Her ambition and grit would stand
many a man in good stead. She is one of
the few women who are equal to almost
any emergency, and is deserving of praise
for her indomitable pluck. She left Liv
ingston to op£n the Cooke school on Thurs
day morning a week ago. Upon arriving
at Cinnabar, the terminus of the railroad,
she found that the stage would not leave
that day on account of the washing out of
the bridge across Gardiner River. The
stream was so swollen that the stage driver
dared not undertake to make a ford, says
the Anaconda Standard.
This was a dilemma not counted on by
the, plucky schoolteacher. She had given
her word that she would be in Cooke on
Monday, and she determined to make it
good, even if she had to continue her iour
ney on foot and swim the streams. T*here
was no time to be lost, and so she started
All there was left of the Gardiner bridge
was a single stringer. Nothing daunted,
the lady stepped boldly on to this and
walked across the raging river. It was a
perilous undertaking even for a man, and
a woman less brave and cool-headed than
Mrs. Hickox would have been very likely
to have become dizzy and lost her balance.
Mrs. Hickox, however, proved herself
equal to, the emergency, and reached the
opposite bank of the roaring mountain
torrent in safety.
As luck would have it, she found a
family en route to Cooke encamped close
by, and securing a horse mounted it and
continued her journey. It was a pretty
lone ride for a woman who had never
ridden a horse— the distance beine sixty
miles over a rough road— but Mrs. Hickox
kept on her weary way until she reached
her destination. Upon arriving at Cooke
she was so badly used up with her long
ride that when she got off her horse she
had to be assisted into the hotel. She had
the satisfaction, however, that she had
kept her appointment.
"I find the Royal Baking Powder supe
rior to all the others in every respect. It
is entirely free from all adulteration and
unwholesome impurity, and in baking it
gives off a greater volume of leavening gas
than any other powder.
"Walter S. Haines, M.D.,
"Chemist to the Chicago Board of Health."
ORIGIN OP HOKEY POKEY.
I^eft-Over Icecream Bought at the Hotels
and Frozen Again, Hence the Poison.
It is an actual fact that old icecream is
bought up by Italians and venders from
restaurants and ice-cream stands, frozen a
second and third time and again offered
for sale, to be consumed by the newsboys
and general public under the alluring title
of hokey-pokey, says the New York Her
Almost every night these venders make
the rounds of all the hotels and buy up
whatever has been left over from the'day
previous. This cream has all melted more
or less to its original consistency, and if it
is still frozen when they get it there is lit
tle left but fluid by the time it has reached
the Italian quarter.
This melting process is the cause of all
the danger. Cream once having been
frozen and again melted very readily turns
sour. In this stage it is poisonous. The
vender of hokey-pokey cares little whether
or not the cream is sour. Quickly upon
his return to his quarters he freezes all this
mush and packs it away for the next day's
The few cases of poisoning that have
come to the public notice are in all proba
bility not the only ones that have occurred
for physicians say that many cases of
poisoning have occurred in tne district
where the hokey-pokey venders are that
could not be accounted for because of the
suddenness of death.
Ii has generally been understood that
certain establishments are putting out
large quantities of hokey-pokey and sup
plying the venders, but this is not 80. The
Italia'.'- and their families are the only
ones who manufacture and cater to the
• — ♦ — »
"I would send you a kiss, papa," wrote
little Lucy, who was away on ;i visit, "but
I have been eating onions." — Chicago
THE SAN FRANCISCO CALL, SATURDAY, JULY 13, 1895.
SEEKING WARE'S SLAYERS
Strange Mission of a Friend
of the Murdered Drug
NEW EVIDENCE DISCOVERED.
R. J. Dowdall, a Mission Pharmacist,
Hopes to Land the Assassins
There is a man in this City who hopes to
bring to justice the murderers of Eugene
Ware. He was a chum and close associate
of the dead drug clerk, and a chief witness
at the Coroner's inquest. His name is
Richard J. Dowdall, and he is proprietor
of the Mission pharmacy on the southwest
corner of Nineteenth and Valencia streets.
From the day the unsatisfactory inquest
into the death of Ware closed, Mr. Dowd
all has patiently sifted the evidence and
armed with new facts bearing intimately
upon the mysterious murder of his dearest
friend has set to work to run down the
perpetrators of the crime. He is confident
he will succeed where Captain Lees' de
tectives have failed, and the oddest feature
of it all is that the clews he considers so
accurate were known to the police, who, he
says, disregarded or overlooked them in
making their investigations.
If Mr. Dowdall's findings are correct
every police tneory of the mystery is over
turned. It follows, for instance, that
■\Vare was not murdered by morphine
Richard. J. Dowdall, the Intimate of
Eugrene Ware, the Murdered Drug-
Clerk, Who Is Trailing the Assassins
[Draun by a "Call" artist from a photograph.]
fiends who were refused the drug they
crave, or by any of his intimates, or by
burglars actuated by a desire solely to loot
the store. Mr. Dowdall is not announcing
his discoveries from housetops, for the
scent Is narrowing and he does not pro
pose to jeopardize his chance of success by
making premature statements.
Yet, he says this much, that at least
three persons were concerned in the crime;
none of them were intimate friends of the
murdered man, and the identity of at least
one of the suspects is all but known.
It will be recollected that Eugene Ware,
who was a clerk in the St. Nicholas phar
macy, at the junction of Hayes and Mar
ket streets, was found dead in the base
ment of the store on the night of December
14, at about 1 o'clock, by Policeman O'Dea.
He had been stabbed nineteen times in
and about the chest and abdomen, and ap
parently the instrument used was a double
edged stiletto at least six inches in length.
Subsequently it was found that the
money tills in the store had been rifled.
Until overshadowed by the grisly terrors
of the Emmanuel Church murders" Ware's
assassination caused profound horror in
the public mind. The inquest developed
no tangibl fact upon which a solution of
the crime could be reasonably based, and,
although Captain Lees says his men are
still on the hunt for evidence, the practical
truth of the matter is the police have thus
far accomplished nothing.
Nothing has been said or written of it in
months. Even the relatives of the mur
dered man have despaired of finding his
assassins. And yet strangely enough all
this time the Pythian triend of the de
ceased has systematically and deter
minedly worked to avenge the death of his
The element of the startling is present
in this unusual display of fealty and devo
tion to a friend, and Mr. Dowdall's ntory
of how he came to figure as the "Sherlock
Holmes" of the Ware mystery is not
wanting in interest. Mr. Dowdall reluc
tantly consented to say anything.
"My investigations," he said, "are nearly
ended. It is only a matter of a short time
when I may stand face to face with the
men, who, 1 think, know all about poor
Eugene's murder, and I don't want to say
a word that may put these men on their
guard. None of them know me, but I
have already identified one of them. I
have been close enough to him to put my
hands on him several times, and I can as
sure you the temptation to do so was al
"How did I happen to take up the case?
Well, I and Eugene were chums — closer
friends than even most chums are. We
knew each other thoroughly. I had Eu
gene's confidence and he had mine.
"Only the night before his murder we
had planned a "pleasure jaunt a few days
"Knowing him so well I realized how
false were the hundred and one theories
gotten up to account for his murder.
"The police did not accomplish anything,
because they followed ir their investiga
tion the lines of the conflicting evidence
brought out at the inquest. They did not
try to find new evidence, and I thought they
Avere taking the matter too easy to secure
"It struck me intuitively almost that re
venge was the chief motive of the murder.
Burglars do not stab a man nineteen times
when any three of the lunges would have
caused instant death. The rifling of the
till was a subterfuge of the assassins to
mislead the police, and I think the ruse
was very successful.
"I determined after the inquest to do a
little detective work on my own account.
I kept my mission secret and worked out
a theory 1 had until it led me directly to a
corroborative witness. Through that wit
ness I received the descriptions of certain
persons (one of whom I now know) who
were not a dozen miles away when the
murder was committed.
"The evidence against these persons is
damning. Their motive'— or to be more
correct, the motive of one of them, be
comes clear to me — it was revenge, pure
and simple; revenge for fancied wrongs
done by Ware against another person.
"It is easier to sum up the results of my
investigation than to state in detail how
many efforts and how much time were re
quired to put me on what I consider the
"Much still remains to be done before I
can report my findings to the police and
point out to them the men I suspect mur
dered my friend. What I have yet to ac
complish I cannot talk about.
"I may be wrong, but speaking as one
who knew Eugene Ware better than any
one else living, I do not hesitate to say I
think 1 am right, and time will prove it.
"I don't propose to dally with the police
in the matter. They have done nothing,
and, as I have worked ont my theory so
far without their aid. I shall not ask them
for assistance now. When I have secured
all my evidence and have identified the
persons I have in mind the police are wel
come to make arrests."
Mr. Dowdall has in his possession a num
ber of letters written by Ware which may
materially aid him in his work. He expects
within a* few weeks to bring his labor of
months to a close successfully.
ONE MILLION DEMIJOHNS.
That Is the Annual Consumption, and
Most of the Biggest Are for Water.
Demijohns are made bottle-shapea and
flask-shaped. The bottle-shaped demi
johns come in seven sizes, ranging from
one pint to five gallons. The flask-shaped
are made only in the larger and smaller
sizes, and pint, quart and five gallons are
virtually its standard sizes.
A great many demijohns, both flask and
bottle shaped, are ÜBea for the distribution
of pure water, spring and sterilized. In
this country more large demijohns "are
used for water than for wines and liquors,
and the number so use'i is steadily in
Next in number to the large demijohns
used for water are those used for wines and
liquors. Chemists and druggists use man;
large demijohns, gTocersuse them for vine
gar and oils, and many are used for the
distribution of fruit extracts to bakers,
confectioners and dealers in soda water.
The smallest sized flask is used as a safety
package, as a pocket flask for liquor and
quite extensively for perfumery. When
used for perfumery and cologne the small
flasks are covered with a liner class of reeds
and willows. Within a year some liquors
have been put on sale in pint and quart
sized bottle-shaped demijohns.
With tiie growing use of deniijohns for
water* there has been a growing demand
for covering through which the water
could be seen. Various demijohns of this
kind have been made. In one the bottle is
placed in a wooden crate with a hinged
cover, in another the bottle is hooped with
wood, in a third it is held in a frame of
Gradually the shipping demijohn has
been developed. The ordinary manner of
packing demijohns shipped in boxes was
to pack them in bay or straw. Demijohns
are now packed in boxes specially designed
for the purpose.
The demijohn is protected by spring
cushions of steel or rubber. There are
both flask and bottle shaped shipping
demijohns, in various styles, and with a
variety of cushions and fastenings. There
are thirty or more patents on shipping
The annual consumption of demijohns
in this country is estimated at 1,000,000.
Much the greater number of these are
made in this country; the imported ones
come from Germany.
The American demijohns are mostly
covered with rattan; the majority of those
that come from Germany are covered with
willow, which is cheaper there.
Demijohns are made in this country in
New York. New Jersey, Pennsylvania and
a few in Maryland. Demijohn coverers
work in place.-*" where the manufacture of
glass is carried on.
The materials used are prepared by ma
chinery, but the actual work of covering
the bottles is done by hand. Some glass
manufacturers have of Jate taken up the
making of demijohns on their own ac
count at that season of the year when the
bottle manufacture slacks off.
In the East demijohns have largely
taken the place of jugs. In the far West
jugs are still used, but demijohns* are
gradually ousting them in the South. —
New York Sun.
What Is Known About These Unwelcome
Women who suffer annually from this
visitation may console themselves with
the fact that it is only the finest skins that
are liable to freckles, coarse or rough skins
never exhibiting a trace of them. There
are two or three kinds of these spots, says
the Brooklyn Eagle, one being permanent
and not dependent upon the sun's rays,
which is known as winter freckles, while
the more usual kind are those whicn ap
pear only during the summer months.
Red and fair-haired persons are particu
larly susceptible to freckles, as their skins
partake of the tine, delicate nature al
They arise from the action of the sun
upon the coloring matter of the skin, and,
as a French doctor says: "It acts with
women as with plants, the coloring matter
of which it increases."
A girl whose epidermis freckles easily
should keep out of the sunshine whenever
she is able to do so, and when, as is fre
quently the case, she must encounter it
she should shade and veil her face and
neck from its fierceness.
The best kind of veil to wear in this case
is a gauze one, through which the sun
In color it should be either white, gray,
blue or green. These two latter are very
dreadful to fashionable women, but they
really are not, as such colors do not at
tract the heat as much as black does.
Ordinary net veils are not of much use as
a protection either against fierce sunshine
or intense cold, but the gauze ones are in
If the skin is very tender and becomes
irritated by the sun it is a good plan to
put a little cold cream on the face
before going out into the open air. This
should be rubbed well into the skin with
the linger and gently wiped off with a
piece of soft Jinen or an old pocket hand
kerchief. Then it must be dusted with a
little good rice powder.
Very often the most simple remedies
are much more efficacious in the case of
freckles than strong ones.
For instance, nothing could be more
easily prepared than an o t ld-fashioned re
cipe, which is as follows: ' Throw a hand
ful of parsley into a jug capable of holding
a pint and over it pour a quantity of boil
ing water. When it has cooled bathe the
face with the liquid. Lemon juice is also
efficacious in removing and preventing
freckels, as it is a great factor in whiten
ing the skin. It may be used in the water
employed in the daily ablutions, or the
lemon) cut into halves, can be rubbed over
the skin in the morning or at bedtime. If
done too often it may cause a redness and
irritation of the skin. Milk is a valuable
agent and it softens and soothes an irri
Soni.i lihiK Queer in Pearls.
The most freakish freak ever assumed by
pearls i 3 exhibited in that extraordinary
curiosity known to the gem fanciers as the
"Southern Cross." Taken as a whole, it is
a group of nine pearls grown together in
such a manner as to form a perfect Latin
cross. Seven of the nine go to form the
upright of the cross, or main shaft, which
18 exactly one and one-half inches in
length. The arms of the cross, which, it
must be admitted, are hardly long enough
to give the figure good proportions,
are each formed by one pearl so ar
ranged on either side that the addition
of the tenth of an inch to each would give
perfect symmetry to the outline of the
whole figure. There is not an ill-shaped
or off-colored pearl in the group and taken
as a whole it is not only a remarkable
freak of nature, but it is also a valuable
collection of gems of goodly size and fine
This wonderful freak was discovered sev
eral years ago in tne pearl fishing grounds
of Western Australia by a man named
Clark. He is said to have been a very
superstitious man t and to have regarded
the symbol exhibited in his find as an ill
omen". On this account he dug a hole,
and, after carefully wrapping the oddity
in several folds of silk, buried it. About
twenty-one years ago, in 1874, the gem was
disinterred, and since that time has
changed hands several times. The last
time it sold for $52,000.— 5t. Louis Repub
It has been discovered that the Luxor
obelisk in the Place de la Concorde, in
Paris, is crumbling away under the influ
ence of the atmosphere. The obelisk was
taken from Egypt to Paris in Louis
CŒUR D'ALENE STRIKE
Five Suits Against the Helena
and Frisco Mining Com
HEAVY DAMAGES AEE ASKED.
The Strikers Fired on the Men Who
Took Their Places and Blew
Up the Mill.
A sequel of the dramatic strike in 1893 at
the Cceur d'Alene mines, in Idaho, is now
being unfolded in the Federal courts. It
will be recalled that the outbreak was only
suppressed after serious interference on
the part of the military arm of the Govern
When the striking miners went out they
warned all and sundry not to take their
places. Any "scab" who did so took the
risk on his own shoulders. The miners
were armed to the teeth, and, forming a
camp, prepared to fight to the last.
In spite of the warnings sent out broad
cast the various companies succeeded in
getting men, and among the successful
corporations was the Helena and Frisco
Mining Company, known as the Frisco
mine, and doing business in Shoshone
County, Idaho. It contracted with "scabs,"
as the strikers called them, to pay them
$3 50 a day, and put them in one of the
mills to guard it.
The strikers raided the mill and for sev
eral hours kept up a fusillade upon it. The
adjoining mill was blown up by dynamite,
and a number of the men who took the
places of the strikers were permanent] v in
jured. Since then two of them have died,
but their administrators have joined with
three of the survivors, and yesterday suits
aggregating $325,500 were begun in the
United States District Court against the
Helena and Frisco Mining Company.
The outrages complained of occurred be
tween the Ist and 12th of July, 1893, and
Eugene N. Deuprey, the attorney for the
injured men, let the* matter go over until
the last day in order to give the mining
company time to settle. Had the suits not
been filed when they were the statute of
limitation would have intervened and the
claims would have been thrown out of
court. In all the suits Miss L. H. Condon,
a clerk in Mr. Deuprey's office, had to
.stand sponsor for the plaintiffs, and in one
she sues as administratrix of the deceased
The first plaintiff is Samuel C. Collis,
and he asks for $1000 for medical attend
ance and back pay and $75,000 damages. In
his complaint he sets forth that he was
employed by the Helena and Frisco Mining
Company on July 1, 1893. He worked nine
days as a miner, and on the 10th was or
dered into the mill with a number of oth
ers. They demurred, but the managers of
the mine assured them it was all right and
that they would be protected. They re
mained in the mill all day and were then
ordered to staj' all night. The strikers in
vested the place and riddled the walls with
bullets. They also blew up the adjoining
mill, and Collis and his companions were
all injured. The concussion knocked the
plaintiff down and injured his hearing and
jarred his spine to such an extent that he
has been an invalid ever since.
Miss L. H. Condon, administratrix of the
estate of M. I. Halcrow, also sues for
$76,000. He also had his spine, hearing and
sight injured, and died some time after
ward, supposedly from the effects of the
P. K. Adams only asks for $21,500. He
is deaf and partly blind, from the effects of
a blow on the head. In his complaint he
sets forth that after the explosion the
strikers broke into the mill and drove them
out at the point of the bayonet. He was
struck over the head with the butt end of a
gun and received his injuries in that way.
Frank West and Sophie Johnson, as ad
ministratrix of the estate of Johnson,
deceased, both ask for $7(3,000 back pay,
expenses and damages. West is partly
deaf, his spine is injured and he is slightly
paralyzed. Johnson's injuries kept him
con lined to the house up to the day of his
The company is preparing to contest the
claims, and the chances are that the cases
will be before the courts for the next year.
PAIR DAUGHTERS OP MARYLAND
•'The Three GraceH" Whose Beauty
A tract of land comprising about 156
acres, just outside the western limits of
Baltimore County and south of St. Agnes
Hospital and Si. Mary's Industrial School,
was offered for sale at auction Wednesday
at the Real Estate Exchange, but was
withdrawn after five small parcels, includ
ing forty-two acres, had been purchased at
an average price of $327 an acre.
The property is a portion of the lands
owned in Maryland by the late Duchess of
Leeds, a granddaughter of Charles Carroll
of Carrollton and daughter of Richard
Caton, after whom the town of Catonsville
The Duchess died in 1874 and in her will
directed that the real estate owned by her
in this country should be disposed of by
her executors and the money thus secured
should be used for the purchase of real
estate in England, all of which, together
with the English realty which she pos
sessed at the time of her death, was be
queathed for life to the Marquis of Car
marthen, which is the courtesy title of the
heir to the dukedom of Leeds. The pres
ent holder of the title is the grandson of a
cousin of the Duchess' husband, she hav
ing died without children.
The property put up for auction is but a
part of the estates in several counties in
Maryland which came to her from Charles
Carroll of Carrollton and his daughter. It
was offered at first as a whole, but no bids
being made for this, the choice of fourteen
parcels of it was next offered. The bidding
for first choice was a bit spirited, and it
was finally "knocked down" for $300 an
acre to Ruxton M. Ridgeley. After that
the prices offered became steadily smaller
until the fifth purchase, when Auctioneer
Kirkland announced, after a consultation
with the American trustees of the estate,
Messrs. Anthony A. Hirst and Alexander
Yearley Jr., that the remainder of the
land was withdrawn. "We had expected
to get at least $400 an acre," said Mr. KirK
land, "and not a bit of it can be secured for
less than $275 an acre."
The Duchess of Leeds was one of the
three famous daughters of Richard Caton,
who, from their beauty and charms, were
often called "The Three American Graces."
They became the wives of members of the
British nobility. Louisa Catherine, the
Duchess of Leeds, was the youngest of the
trio. Mary Caton, ttie eldest, was at first
the wife of Richard Patterson of Baitimore,
brother of Mme. Elizabeth Patterson-Bona
parte, but in 1825 became the second wife
of the famous Marquis of Wellesley, elder
brother of the still more famous Duke of
Wellington. Elizabeth Caton wt?s married
in 1836 to Sir George William Stafford-
Jerningham, Baron Stafford.
The Duchess was herself wedded twice.
She was first married in 1817 to Sir Felton
Elwell Bathurst-Hervey, a colonel in the
army, and an aid-de-camp on Welling
ton's staff at the battle of Waterloo. The
following year her husband was made a
baronet. Dut in 1819 he died, and in 1828 his
widow became the wife of Francis Godol
pbin D'Arcy Osborne, Marquis of Carmar
then, and eldest son of the six-h Duke of
Leeds. He succeeded his father in the
dukedom in 1838, and died without issue
in 1859. His widow died in 1874, at the
age of 82. She was the last of the three
sisters to die. The Marchioness of Welles
ley haa died in 1853, and Lady Stafford in
lS'iii. None of them had any children.
The Duchess was a philanthropic woman,
and during her lifetime used much of her
share of the estates, which she and her sis
ters inherited equally from their mother
and grandfather, in establishing and sup
porting two orphanages— one for boys at
Maylields, in County Sussex, England, and
one for girls at Bletchingly, in the same
county. In her will she provided liberally
for these two institutions, which ace under
the control of Roman Catholic orders, and
also gave Archbishop Manning £5000 for
the maintenance, support and education
of young men studying for holy orders in
the Catholic church.
Richard Caton, the father of the "Three
Graces,' 1 was an Englishman who came a to
Baltimore in 1785. — Baltimore Sun.
SUMMER USE TOR PUBLIC HALLS.
The Klcycle Craze livings Profits to the
Lewgees in the Dull Season.
The present bicycle craze has been ex
tremely satisfactory to the owners of halls
in various parts of town, many of which
have been turned for the summer into bi
cycle schools. . There are more than 300
bicycle schools in all parts of town, and
the number is increasing.
A public hall in New York City is in
chief demand during the autumn, winter
and spring, and especially the winter
months, when balls, receptions, banquets,
presentations, weddings and dancing
parties are most numerous. A popular
hall is often rented fine nights a week on
an average, and on the east side of town
there is serious competition to secure an
open Sunday night, for Sunday is deemed
the most desirable night of the week. In
autumn, In addition to the other seekers
for public halls, the political organizations
and candidates appear, desiring halls for
mass-meeting or ciub-room purposes.
But heretofore in summer there has been
no demand for halls. Public receptions
and entertainments are given in gardens
or picnic grounds; there are no mass-meet
ings of exultant or dissatisfied citizens;
banquets are few, and dances there are
none to speak of. As a general thing,
therefore, the lessees of halls find them
selves without customers at this season,
and this is a double disadvantage because
nearly every public hall in New York City
is an annex to either a saloon or restaurant.
When the hall is rented, the demand for
drinks or meals is extensive; when itisun
tenanted there are no hungry or thirsty
souls to be supplied, and the bar and res
taurant business of the hall suffers cor
respondingly. This year a proprietor of a
hall, seeing a dull season ahead and ob
serving also that the bicycle craze seemed
to be growing, secured the services of a
bicycle teacher, and thus made his hall
Erotitable for the summer. Soon other
alls began to be utilized for the same pur
pose, and now there are many of them in
which bicycle riding is taught at the aver
age rate "of iifty cents a lesson, a lesson
lasting anywhere from thirty minutes to
an hour. Just as the three months of sum
mer are the closed time for indoor dances
they are the open season for cyclists aud
other ardent devotees of outdoor sport.
In most cases those who have rented the
halls for bicycle lessons have not been sat
isfied to depend solely upon tuition charges
for the revenue, but have added another
business — the sale, on commission, of bicy
cles. An instructor has many facilities for
making a pupil acquainted with the excel
lent qualities of a wheel in the booming of
which he is interested. He has equal facil
ity in pointing out the disadvantages of
other wheels— at least, such disadvantages
as may seem potent to the mind of his
pupil, the prospective purchaser.
While the bicycle craze lasts, or until
knowledge of bicycle-riding has become
more generally diffused than it is at
present, these nails for bicycle instruction
may be expected to flourish. When, how
ever, the supply of pupils ceases, the sup
ply of instructors may be expected to fall
off, too, and when that time comes there
may be many untenanted halls in New
York Cit3 r again. But meanwhile the pro
prietors of halls are reaping a rich harvest,
and the bicycle instructors are doing well,
too. — New York Sun.
Sponting Whales Surround a Ship.
Captain Mitchell of the steam tug
Thomas J. Smith, which arrived here yes
terday from sea, having in tow the bone
laaen Italian bark Oreb. from Buenos
Ayres, which she picked up to the south
ward of Fenwicks Island, reports having
been attacked by a tremendous school
of whales at 11 o'clock in the morn
ing on Monday last, while cruis
ing forty miles southeast of Cape Henlo
pen. The whales surrounded the tug for a
period of four hours, blowing large streams
of water into the air, which completely
shut out all view of the surroundings.
Captain Mitchell says that in thirty years'
experience at sea on tugs he never before
saw such large whales, nor were they ever
known to congregate in such numbers so
close to the land.
It was a serious tirre on board the frail
tug, and all hands were badly scared, as
theße monsters seemed infuriated, and
dashed along the sides of the boat with
great force. Captain Mitchell ran the en
gines full speed, and attempted to get
clear of the school, but the huge marine
animals followed the tug. almost swamp
ing her with the immense volumes of
water they threw on board.
Finding that any attempt to get away
from them was futile, Captain Mitchell
loaded up a large horse-pistol he had on
board and began firing into them, but the
bulJets took no effect. One monster he put
six bullets into, but it only infuriated the
animal still more. It was about 3 o'clock
in the afternoon when the leader of the
school headed off shore and soon the whole
number followed ana disappeared.—Phila
A SOCIETY GIRL
EXPEBIENCE OF ONE OF OSWEGO'S
Living in an Agony of Fear for Months
— Every Day a Fresh Chapter of
Horror and Suffering.
From the Oswego (X. V.) Palladium.
The following is the story of Miss Elizabeth
Williams of 110 West Third street. Oswego, N.
V., a lady prominent in society circles, told a
reporter'oi the Oswego Daily Palladium, who
called upon her at her home in that city yes
terday. Miss Williams is the daughter of the
late Captain William Williams, who was for
many years master of some of the finest pas
senger st ?amers on the great lakes and an in
spector and raterof hulls for the Lloyd's marine
records on the lakes. The story of her illness,
given in her own way, follows:
"I was always regarded as healthy and robust
by my family and friends; in fact, I hardly
knew what sickness was until the winter of
1893-94. I was then Jtaken down with an at
tack of la grippe, from the attending effects of
which I did not recover for months. There
seemed to be a general breakdown in my health
and constitution, winding up in the early sum
mer with nervous prostration and sciatic
rheumatism. I can't describe my symptoms.
My appetite was gone and for weeks I was un
able to eat or relish food but sparingly. I lost
flesh rapidly and was as thin as a shadow.
Local physicians attended me constantly.
After months of treatment I dismissed both
and took my brother's advice and tried Pink
Pills. He had found them efficacious for kid
ney trouble. Before I had finished taking the
first box I noticed an improvement in my
physical condition. I began to relish my food
and my rheumatism troubled me less. Grad
ually the general tone of my health improved
and my rheumatic pains left me entirely. I
regained strength and took on flesh, until to
day I regard myself as thoroughly free from all
ailment and in perfect health. My friends
noted my improvement and I have never hesi
tated to tell them what Dr. Williams' Pink Pills
did for one sufferer. It is that others may be
beneflted~that I make this statement and re
late mv experiences."
Dr. Williams' Pink Pills for Pale People are
considered an unfailing specific for such dis
eases as locomotor ataxia, partial paralysis, St.
Vims' dance, sciatica, neuralgia, rheumatism,
nervous headache, the aftereffects of la grippe,
palpitation of the heart, pale and sallow com
plexions, that tired feeling resulting from
nervous prostration; all diseases resulting
from vitiated humors in the blood, such as
scrofula, chronic erysipelas, etc. They are also
a specific for troubles peculiar to females, such
as suppressions, Irregularities, and all forms of
weakness. In men they effect a radical cure in
all c>^es arising from mental worry, overwork,
or excess of whatever nature. Dr. Williams'
Pink Pills are sold by all dealer?, or will be
sent postpaid on receipt of price, (50 cents a
box or six boxes for $2 50— they are never sold
in bulk or by the 100) by addressing Dr. Wil
liams' Medicine Co., Scheaectady, N. Y.
UMTED STATES Bt&ICI STATELIEST
CONDITION AND AFFAIRS
PUCE N IX
OF LONDON, ENGLAND, ON THE 31st DAT
of December, A. I). 1894, and for the year end-
ing on that day, as mad* to the Insurance Commis-
sioner of the State or California, pursuant to the
provisions of sections CIO and 611 of the Political
ode, condensed as per blank furnished by the com-
Cash Market Value of all SrocKs and
Bonds owned by Company •. $1,775, 50
Cash in Company's Office 3,894 03
Cash in Banks 16,639 05
Cash in hands of United States
Trustees 425,295 79 '
Interest due and accrued on all
Stocks and Loans... 17,942 50
Premiums in due Course of Collec-
Due from other Companies for rein-
surance on losses already paid 17,186 56
Total Assets 504,437 11
Losses Adjusted and unpaid $52,327 00
Losses in process of Adjustment or
in Suspense 169.870 00
Losses resisted including expenses... 34,724 00
Gross premiums on Fire Risks run-
ning one year or less, $1,801,535 33,
reinsurance at 50 per cent 900,767 67
Gross premiums on Fire Risks run-
ning more than one year, $1.101,- -
643 40, reinsurance pro rata 639,289 69
All other demands against the Com-
Total Liabilities .$1,773,555 47
Net Cash actual!}- received for Fire
premiums $1,946,924 26
Received for interest and dividends
on Bonds, Stocks, Loans, and from
ail other sources 69,485 44
Total Income «2,0]»,409 70
Net amount paid for Fire Losses $1,195,313 86
Paid or allowed for Commission or
Brokerage 380,088 57
Paid for Salaries, fees and other
charges for officers, clerks, etc 98,782 62
Paid tor State, National and local
taxes 73,774 98
All other payments and expendi-
tures 100.912 05
Total Expenditures $1,848,871 98
Losses incurred during the year $1,161,06500
Risks and Premiums. I Fire Risks. I Premiums.
Net amount of Risks
written during the
year. $339,918,012 $3,310,244 28
Net amount of Risks
expired during the
year 315,145,817 3.232,284 02
Net amount in force
December 31, 1894. 293,367,536 2,904,178 73
A. D. IRVING, U. S. Manager.
Subscribed and sworn to before me this 28th day
of January, 1895.
GEO. O. RUGER, Notary Public.
General Agents fur Pacific Coast,
413 California Street, San Francisco.
OF THE |
CONDITION AND AFFAIRS
OF PHILADELPHIA, PENNSYLVANIA, ON
the 31st day of December, A. D. 1894, and
for the year ending on that day, as made to the
Insurance Commissioner of the State of California,
pursuant to the provisions of sections 610 and 611
of the Political Code, condensed as per blank fur-
nished by the Commissioner.
Amount of Capital Slock, paid up in
Real Estate owned by Company..... $134,50000
Loans on Bond and Mortgage 686.320 00
Cash Market Value of all Stocks and
Bonds owned by Company 2,612,938 00
Amount of liOans secured by pledge
of Bonds, Stocks aud other market-
able securities as collateral 283,550 00
Cash in Company's Office 232 62
Cash in Banks 148,401 40
Interest due and accrued on all
Stocks and Loans 1,030 04
Interest due and accrued on Bonds
and Mortgages 16,130 23
Premiums in due course of Collec-
tion 214,922 00
Rents due and accrued 750 00
Total Assets $4,098,774 19
Losses Adjusted and unpaid $34,710 24
Losses in process of Adjustment or in
Suspense 109.161 44
Losses resisted, including expenses.. 16,239 00
Gross Premiums on Fire Bisks run-
ning one year or 1e55, 51,429,436 93,
reinsurance 60 per cent 714,718 47
Gross Premiums on Fire Risks run-
■ Ding more than one year, $1,085,-
-716 53, reinsurance pro rata 580,859 27
Amount reclalmable by the insured
on Perpetual Fire Insurance Poli-
cies 749,833 46
All other demands against the Com-
pany 4,000 00
Total Liabilities .$2,209,521 88
Net Cash actually received for Fire
premiums \ $1,591,379 75
Received tor interest on Bonds and
Mortgages 34,394 86
Received for interest and dividends
on Bonds, Stocks, Loans, and from
all other sources..... 137,476 62
Received for Rents 3,661 07
Total Income $1,766,912 30
Net amount paid for Fire Losses $978,337 87
Dividends to Stockholders 000 00
Paid or allowed for Commission or
Brokerage 429,422 01
Paid for Salaries, fees and other
charges for officers, clerks, etc 51,700 00
Paid for State, National and local
taxes.. 29.545 68
All other payments and expenditures. 50.263 89
Total Expenditures $1,599,269 45
Losses incurred during the year $926,957 60
Risks and Premiums. ■ Fire Risks, i Premiums.
Net amount of Risks
written during the 1
year $179,985,933 $1 .988,345 28
Net amount of Risks
expired during the
year t 154,647,862 1,831,314 49
Net amount in force
. December 31, 1894.! 239,565,299 2,515,153 46
R. DALE BENSON, President.
W. GARDNER CROWELL, Secretary.
! Subscribed and sworn to before me, this 19th day
of January, 1895.
, GEO. W. HUNT, Commissioner of Deeds.
UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA
fTIHE GRADUATION EXERCISES WILL
JL take place at the
Baldwin Theater, Saturday Afternoon,
July 13, 1895, at 2 o'clock.
The Public is Cordially Invited.
MUSIC BY SCHEEL'S ORCHESTRA.
R. A. MCLEAN, M.D.,
' Dean of the Faculty.
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