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VOLUME LXXVIII.— 44.
A TORY LANDSLIDE.
Crushing Defeat of the
Liberals in English
TRIUMPH OF SALISBURY.
Will Now Be Able to Form a
Ministry on Tory
HABCOUKT IS BADLY BEATEN.
Derby, Heretofore a Liberal Strong
hold, Gives the Opposition
a Large Majority.
[Copyright 1595 by the New York Times.]
LONDON, Esq., July 13.— 1t is decidedly
an earthquake which has opened under the
feet of the Liberal party to-night. Most
sane people have been prepared during the
week, especially since Gladstone so mark
edly withdrew from even an appearance of
interest in the contest, for a considerable
Tory majority. To-night when, out of just
six Liberal seats heard from, five were re
turned as lost to the Tories, people began
to admit that the outlook was pretty bad.
However, as most of the losses were in
Lancashire, there was a certain relief in
remembering that that county was doubly
disaffected over cotton duties and the In
dian silver question, and it seemed legiti
mate to hope that matters would be better
Then all of a sudden came news which
made every jaw drop. Derby, which has
been devoutly Liberal since the party ex
isted and where Harcourt was supposed to
be absolute master, was reported just before
midnight to have given two Tories over
The figures were frankly disbelieved. It
seemed indeed incredible. Such a thing
had never been known in English politics,
but it was true, and on the heels of confir
mation despair set in. It took only a few
seconds to suggest the theory that Rose
bery's friends had organized for the
slaughter of Harcourt in his own bailiwick,
and thousands of Liberals go to bed to
night aghast at this thought.
But it is not necessary to introduce homi
cidal suspicions of this sort into the thing.
It is enough to know that the Liberal
party is buried out of sight. Since the
great betrayal of Gladstone and the mer
cenary deal by which Eosebery was foisted
into his place, some such result has been
growing more and more likely. But reality
now staggers speculation.
I have just returned from a flying visit to
the Tory club,, where they are throwing
chairs and tables about for sheer joy and
the walls are shaken by their delirious
cheers. " ?;'-k'-: ~-:.\ l;iryii ; f
They are in for at least six years, and
they count excitedly to-night on a ma
jority big enough to enable them to get on
without Chamberlain and the Unionists,
if necessary, owing in part to the disorgan
ized condition into which politics has
fallen since Gladstone's retirement, and in
part to the unexampled suddenness with
which the whole crisis was precipitated on
The elections are progressing with much
less partisan heat and rowdyism than
usual. In each of the three contests of
this sort which I have witnessed before,
there were meetings invaded by mobs and
broken up; bloody encounters in the
streets, and the like all through the
This time, with the exception of the
ruffianly behavior of a street crowd to
Lady Harcourt at Derby, practically
nothing of the kind has been reported.
On the other hand, I should say that the
general election will be much more corrupt
than any in recent years. There used to
be a certain proportion of saloon-keepers
on the Liberal side, but that has come ab
solutely to an end. It is noted in the
newspapers that there is one large public
house in Battersea which displays the
bills and colors of John Burns, and this is
described as probably unique in all London.
When it is remembered that there are
over 10,000 licensed saloons in the metro
politan district, this is of great signifi
cance. London, so far as the Tories are
Concerned, is no longer fought for by men
of reputation as statesmen, but by rich
merchants, stockbrokers, or promoters,
who salt the constituency generously with
subscriptions and donations, and when
the contest comes they turn the whole
liquor-selling trade into an electoral
agency for their benefit. This is the real
reason why London, which is Liberal in
municipal matters, votes Tory when the
question is one of Parliament.
Throughout the country, too, in the
smaller towns this powerful solidarity of
publicans has dispirited local Liberals
often to the point of making no fight at all.
Three boroughs— Chester, Taunton and
Bury St. Edmunds gave an average
Tory majority in 1892 of under 500, and
ased all to be Liberal, have been abandoned
without a contest now because the liquor
trade and brewers frighten off opposition.
Under the heading of corruption, too,
nay be safely placed a large share of the
fifty so-called labor candidates who have
been nominated in Liberal constituencies
with the avowed purpose of handing them
jver to the Tories. Nobody doubts that
these men's expenses are paid, at least in-
Jirectly, by the Tories.
At the last election they scarcely got
their moneys worth, although they per
aaps gained ten seats by this device. But
:his time it looks as if they were making a
setter investment. The truth is that it
•equires some inspiring, overpowering,
moral excitement to give the Liberals a
'air chance in England against their op
ponents'power of money. This year that
s mournfully lacking, and the snob class
ill unafraid are running riot with corrupt
ippeals to the basest instincts of the
ilectorate. Colonel North, for instance, is
miking a dead set to oust Herbert Glad
itone in Leeds.
His speeches are unparalleled examples
jf ignorance, vulgarity and the coarsest
lids to everything selfish and mean in the
jonstituency. They would have attracted
ride, almost incredulous attention a few
ears ago. Now they are merely chuckled
ver. Stanley could be beaten in Lambeth
The San Francisco Call.
THE ROAD TO GOOD CITY GOVERNMENT, OBSTRUCTED BY THE SOLID EIGHT, WILL BE CLEARED.
[Reproduced from a sketch by a "Call" artist.) . .
in 1892. but there is little chance of keep
ing him out now. Gladstone's disappear
ance from public life has let the bars down.
It would be pleasauter net to have to men
tion Ireland at all. Frederic.
APPALLING TO LIBERALS.'^
Returns From Each District Show Enor
[Copyright, 1895, by the New York Sun.]
LONDON. Eng., July 13. — Everybody
expected substantial Unionist gains in the
general election which began to-day, but
nobody anticipated such overwhelming
disaster to the Liberal party as is indi
cated by the result of the first day's poll
ing. The result of the voting to-day in
twenty -one contested districts, represented j
by twenty-four members of Parliament, is I
a net gain of seven seats by the Salisbury i
More interesting and more important
than mere figures is the fact that Sir Ver
non Harcourt, the Liberal leader in the
House, whom most members of his party
wished to succeed Lord Rosebery, as leader
of the whole party, has been badly beaten
in what has been regarded as the perfectly
safe Liberal constituency of Derby. • The
veteran political gladiator must for the
second time in his life submit to the hu
miliation of seeking another constituency
to send him to the House of Commons, or
he must retire from political life. : ;vV?~
Harcourt formerly represented Oxford
University in Parliament, . but was de
feated several years ago. He then offered
himself for Derby, which has .. been safely
Liberal for the past ten years. He re
ceived 7507 votes in the last general elec
tion, against 5546 for the Conservative
candidate.' To-day's vote is 6785 for Har
court to 7907 for the Conservative. It is
doubtful, after such a rebuff, if he offers
himself in another constituency.
The Unionists made heavy gains in every
district where polling took place. The
Liberals made an apparent gain of the
seat at Perth, but it was only apparent.
The district has been represented by a
Conservative because a Liberal split at the
last election enabled the Tory candidate to
slip in. The Conservative vote to-day was
larger and the Liberal vote smaller than in
the same district in 1892.
The total day's polling was highly sig
nificant. The districts voting were all city
constituencies, but did not involve Lon
The total in nineteen districts was:
Unionist 93,187, Liberals 87,034 ; Unionist
majority 6152. In the same districts in
the last general election the Unionists
polled 83,339 votes and the Liberals 91,528,
a Liberal majority of 8189. To-day's fig
ures, therefore, show a net Unionist gain
of 14,341 in a total poll of 180,000. The city
of Manchester, holding six seats, voted
Unionist 27,122, Liberals 23,603.
London will vote the very first .three
days of next week and the country dis
tricts in the latter part of the week. There
is now scarcely room to doubt that Lord
Salisbury will have a strong majority in
the House of Commons, so strong, in fact,
that he will be able if he chooses to revise
the Cabinet on a Tory basis and reduce the
representation of his Liberal-Unionist
' ST. LOUIS. Mo., July 13.-The Mennon
ites of Oklahoma, suffering from destitu
tion, have sent solicitors to Kansas to
ask for provisions to keep them from starv
ing until they can realize from their corn
crop in the autumn.
Ex-President Payan Dead.
NEW YORK, N. V., July 13. -The
Herald's special from Panama says: Gen
eral Eliseo Payan, statesman and formerly
President of Colombia, is dead.
Death of Violinist Carrodus.
LONDON, Esq., July 13.— The violinist
Carrodus died from apoplexy at Hamp
stead to-day. He performed at the Covent ;
SAN FRANCISCO, SUNDAY MORNING, JULY 14, 1895-TWENTY-FOUR PAGES.
REPENTING AT LEISURE.
Mrs. Davidson Deserted by the
Man With Whom She ■='',■
Appeals to Oklahoma Authorities
for Protection Against Dr.
LEXINGTON, Kt., July 13.— A dispatch
from Guthrie, O. T., has caused a big sen- j
| sation in high social circles here. It states
I that a handsome young woman with two
j children, who has been living there for two
months, has applied to the authorities to
j protect her from her husband, who is de
l scribed as a Kentuckian in the revenue
The story went on to say that the woman
was accompanied by a Kentucky doctor.
Every circumstance points to Mrs. Anna
Davidson, wife of Frank Davidson, a
brother of ex-Mayor Davidson and a mem
ber of the revenue service in this district,
as the woman in question. The doctor in
I the easels probably J. F. Edgar, a promi
i nent homeopathist of this city.
Mrs. Davidson was Miss Anna Craig,
daughter of Colonel Horace Craig, formerly
I of this city but now of Walnut, Kans. She
I eloped with young Davidson ten years ago
I and they went to Aberdeen, Ohio, and
were married. At one time her father was
one of the wealthiest men in Lexington,
but he failed and removed to Kansas
shortly after his daughter's marriage to
Davidson. The Craigs belonged to the
highest social circles and they have many
relatives here among the upper classes.-
Dr. Edgar came to this city nearly twenty
years ago from New Brighton, Pa., where
his widowed mother and his sister now re
side. 'He married Miss Lucy, a daughter
of Dr. Lucy, with whom Edgar was in
partnership here for several years.
The doctor left here in April, saying he
was going to Fort Worth, Tex. There
had been considerable gossip about Dr.
Edgar and Mrs. Davidson several months
before he left here. Young Davidson was
absent for weeks at a time attending to his
duties in the revenue service, and it seems
that the doctor was very . attentive to the
wife.' 'V'- ' • •■' •
Mrs. Edgar has six little children to take
care of, and he left her almost penniless.
He owns a splendid piece of property in
the city, but it is mortgaged heavily. He
shipped his valuable library away last
spring. Mrs. Davidson ' is 26 years old and
the doctor 45. He was an advocate of free
love. It is. his intention to have Mrs.
Davidson ramain in Oklahoma three
months and get a divorce. In the mean
time Mrs. Edgar will get a divorce here,
thus enabling the doctor to marry Mrs.
Davidson. . »
WITH THE EMtEAVOREES.
The Junior Rally the Event of the Day
BOSTON, Mass, July 13.— This was in
ternational citizenship day of the great
Christian Endeavor" Convention. The
usual morning prayer-meetings were held
from 6:30 to 7;15 o'clock in the various
churches and were twenty-one in number,
some prominent visiting divine presiding
at each. As usual the meeting places
Mechanics' Hall contained a great throng
before 9:30, when .the forenoon session
opened. Rev. H. E. Shupeof Dayton, Ohio,"
one of the Christian Endeavor trustees,
presided , l and [ George C. Stebbins led the
usual twenty-minute praise service.
Adjournment was taken to an open-air
meeting on Boston Common, where
speeches were made by Hon. S. B. Capen
of Boston. Governor Greenhalge, Mayor
Curtis and Rev. ' Donald MacLaurin, D.D., :
of Detroit. ■-'•' '■ ' • . ': .
One of the most intesting gatherings of '
the entire convention was the' junior rally
in Mechanics'. Hall this afternooß. Rev.
Henry McEwan of New York presided and
E. B. Rice of Boston conducted the sing
ing. " The exercises wrn ended by music
by a boys' choir and the"juh\or orchestra.
One 'hundred children then gave an exer
cise called. the children's crusade and re
cited in concert the pledge exercises.
A MONSTER OF THE DEEP.
Two Men Claim to Have Seen the Traverse
Hay Sea Serpent.
TRAVERSE CITY, Mich., July 13.-The
Traverse Bay sea serpent has been again
seen, this time in a peculiarly startling
Thursday evening William Johnson and
Andrew Umler rowed up the bay shore,
three miles from town, to lift Johnson's
nets. Finding their boat leaking, they
proceeded to soak it up, and while waiting
lay down on the beach.
Their attention was presently attracted
by a large, dark object a short distance out,
coming rapidly toward shore and appar
ently making straight for the nets. They
thought it was '-a* boat and sprang up in
some excitement,^ thinking their nets
would be torn, when the object turned,
darting in another direction' with wonder
ful rapidity. It was apparently a portion
of some immense monster under water,
being as big as a hogshead, with its
upper face curved like a great hump. The
part visible was six or seven feet in length,
while the swell of the water outlining the
part hidden was thirty or forty feet long.
It sank under, then rose again and, then
turning, sank completely out of sight with
a great foaming of water, going apparently
swiftly off toward Marine Island, its wake
vanishing in the gathering dusk. The two
men were terribly frightened and did not
dare go out to their nets, but, getting . into
their wagons, drove home as fast as possi
ble. ■ •
FIRE RAGING IN THE HOLD
A Six Days'- Battle With a Blaze
on a Trans-Atlantic
The Electrician Arrives at New
Orleans With a Cargo of
NEW ORLEANS, La., July 13.-The
British steamship Electrician of the Harri»
son line reached here to-day from Liver
pool with fire raging in her bunker. The
fire broke out on July 7, when the Electri
cian was in midocean, and for a time it was
as much as the captain could do to keep
the men cool.
It was discovered that hundreds of tons
of coal were on fire in the bunker. The
men were put at once to work at the
pumps, but the fire raged furiously for six
days, and it was several times thought that
the crew would have to abandon the vessel.
They succeeded, however,' in holding the
fire under control, and the vessel arrived
here to-day with her bunker still burning.
The Electrician will have to undergo re
pairs before she can leave port.
A PEST OS ROBERTS ISLAND.
Ills Greatly Damaging the Wheat Crops
: , in That Section.
. STOCKTON, Cal., July; 13.— The crops
on Roberts Island, which promise to
give the largest, yield of any year yet,
have been greatly damaged of late by
the appearance of a peculiar pest.- ,It
is !a' fly' which ; cuts ; the -held from the
stalks and then makes a nest in the 'stalk,
where it lays its eggs. M. J: de Leon, one
of the largest farmers on ! the island-, says
his crop will be lessened' five sacks an acre.
Other islanders will suffer in like propor
tion. * • "••••• . •• -■ '• • • - - .'."i, -« ? -
MADE A PERFECT COIN
Chicago Counterfeiters Who
Deceived Even a Post
Officers Unearth a Gang That Has
Been Operating For
CHICAGO, 111., July 13.— The most ex
tensive gang of counterfeiters which has
operated in this country for many years
was located in Chicago last night. They
gave the officers the slip to-day, but they
are being tracked and will soon be cap
tured if Captain Porter's plans carry.
The gang has been making 5, 10, 25, 50
cent and $I' silver pieces and greenbacks in
the $5 denomination.
The silver imitations are most excellent,
and will deceive the ordinary observer both
in looks, weight and : ring, but the $5 bills
are so" good that they have gotten into cir
culation through the banks, and even the
postotfice inspector was fooled on one of
them, not believing it was counterfeit after
told, until the sub-treasury officers here
had been convinced. r; ( * : "
- The gang has been operating* from ' a
house on West Erie street, hear Carpenter.
The counterfeiters have used the whole
building, and are said to have an outfit of
plates, dies, crucibles and printing presses/
The operations are carried on by eight
Italians, the leader of whom is reported to
be worth over $100,0000, made, in the
counterfeiting business. The counterfeiters
have agents in every principal city in the
United States. Reports of their spurious
coin and bills have been ' received from
every quarter for the past month, and for
that length of time the members of the
Government secret service have been en
gaged in a hunt for the plant.
WORK OX THE. MISSISSIPPI.
Nearly Three Million Dollars for Im
provements During the Year.
WASHINGTON, D. *0., July 13.-The
Mississippi. River Commissioners' annual
report to Geneial Craighill, Chief of En
gineers, shows that $2,904,295 was spent on
the projects for its improvement during the
past year by the National Government, in
addition to the sums spent by the State
and local authorities, and nearly $1,000,000
of Congressional appropriations remain to
Work on the levees cost $1,779,200; and
on the work of deflecting the Red River
from the: Mississippi and joining it. with
Bayou Atchafalaya but $71,006 has been ex
pended, this project, from which so much
is expected, being barely begun, and many
of its details are not yet determined upon.
A carefuL low-water survey wis made
over the 200 miles from . the mouth of the
Arkansas •to -Vicksburg to determine the
changes in river sections, due to the ex
tensive river construction of recent years,
for comparison with earlier surveys, this
matter being ..- considered of paramount
importance in, settling the theories. affect
ing the policy of continuing the levee sys
tem, as designed, to confine the flood dis
charge, 1 with the intention of deepenine
tho bed by scour and also excluding over
flow from the region on either side. •
The commission confidently predicts
that by the end of the current year ihe
great system of levees necessary to protect
lands heretofore overflowed will be con
tinuous' and nearly if not absolutely of
the standard grade and dimensions. On
this work the States of Missouri, Missis
sippi and Louisiana have spent much more
and Arkansas much less than.the National
Government./ - '- r ". '■■ *' • ■"-.-: v
( Full statements, which are printed' by
; the commission to-day, refute the impres
sion that the benefited States have > not
done their full share of the work. ; The ex
periment of | keeping ; the ' river open foj
navigation by • dredging channels " through '
bars below Cairo has proved this method
entirely feasible. •
VICTORIA. WO ODII ULL ARRESTED.
Charged With Illegally Converting Prop
erty to Her Own Use. '. ,'V
| NEW YORK. N. V., July 13.— Vic
toria Martin (Victoria Woodhull). was ar
rested this morning just as she was about
to sail for Europe on the Majestic, in con
nection with the suit brought by
Mrs. Ella C. Welles, who alleges
that Mrs. Martin wrongfully converted to
her own use clothing, household goods
and trunks valued at $1500. The arrest is
the result of a legal complication over the
management of Mrs. Martin's magazine,
Mrs. Welles is a niece of Mrs. Martin
and her husband. ' Dr. Welles was the
American manager of Mrs. Martin's mag
azine. Mrs. Martin deposited a $1000 bill
in lien of bail and was released.
, IMPROVING IN HEALTH.
Helen Gould Greatly Benefited by Her
WICHITA, Ka'xs., July 13.— Miss Helen
Gould of New York and party put in yes
terday afternoon driving through Wichita,
where she was royally entertained, her
father being popular here. She submitted
to a newspaper interview for the first time
during her outing,' which, she said, she
was delighted with, especially the moun
tain scenery and the great plains of
Kansas. She says she has improved in
health and weighs more than when she
started on her trip. She visited all the
places of interest in Wichita and made
herself decidedly popular with the people.
RUSSIA'S FORMAL DEMAND
Japan Must Set a Date for the
Evacuation of Liao-
Not Satisfied With the Answer
Returned by the Mikado's
LONDON, Eng., July 13.— The repre
sentative of The United Press in St. Peters
burg telegraphs that Prince Lobanoff-
Rostovski.the Russian Minister of Foreign
Affairs, on the lltli in'st., requested Nishi
Tokujiro, the Japanese Minister to Russia,
to state within what period the Japanese
would evacuate Liao-Tung peninsula.
The Minister replied that Japan would
retain the territory 'in question . until full
payment of the war indemnity and com
pensation for the renouncing of Liao-Tung
had been made by the Chinese Govern
Prince Lobanoff refused to accept this
answer and at once instructed the Russian
Embassador at Tokio to ask the Govern
ment to make a date for the withdrawal of
all the troops from the Chinese mainland.
Unearthed a War Medal.
WASHINGTON, D. c, July 13.— A
laborer on the farm of Dr. Gustavus Brown,
a few miles west of this city, unearthed a
gold medal about the size of a $10 piece.
On one side is a vipnetteof General George
B. McClellan, encircled with the letters of
his name, and on the other side appears
the name of Franklin G. Pulisipher, Com
pany Q,. Tenth Vermont Volunteers. It is
supposed that the medal was lost during
the late war. ...
The '• Columbia in Fine , Condition.
i WASHINGTON, D. C, July 13.—Secre
tary Herbert has received a telegram from
the captain of the Columbia ; saying that
the ship comes off the drydock in fine con
dition,- and is ready for a race against time
across the ocean. The reports of the ship
being strained by grounding are unfounded.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
REBUKED BY WILLIS
Dr. Cook and the Ameri
can Minister Clash
EPISODE OF THE FOURTH.
An Attack on the Administra
tion Is Warmly Re
MADE THE SPEAKER DESIST.
Prorogation of the Chairman Exer
. clsed to Check a Political
HONOLULU, Hawaii, July 5.— A pain
ful altercation interrupted the exercises
at Independence Park in celebration of the
Fourth, and the anniversary of the birth
of the Hawaiian republic. The parties
were American Minister Willis and the
distinguished lecturer, Joseph Cook, LL.D.
Mr. Wiilis was officially presiding on the
occasion. He called Cook to order in the
middle of his address. The sympathies of
the audience were manifestly with the
The occasioning circumstances were that
Mr. Willis had distinctly stipulated a
month ago as an indispensable condition
of his presiding, that the celebration must
be exclusively American, and no Hawaiian
politics must be introduced. His official
position forbade him participating in such
a mixed celebration as many proposed on
account of the same day being the birth
day of the republic of Hawaii. This was
conceded to be reasonable and fully agreed
to and sought to be carried out. Dr. Cook,
subsequently arriving, kindly consented
to add an address on that occasion if time
permitted before the departure of the
steamer on which he was going to New
Possibly from ignorance of the limita
tions, agreed on, he chose for his topic
the present conditions of the republic of
Hawaii. He especially commended the
absence of caste or race distinction in
Hawaiian politics. He strongly repro
bated these elements in Southern politics,
and employed the tone of Northern superi
ority to the South, which obviously musi
have been extremely offensive to a South
ern Democrat like Mr. Willis. He insisted
on the necessity of New England princi
ples dominating Hawaii. He urged all
citizens to register and vote, expressing re
gret that many were deterred from doing
so by apprehending unfavorable conse
quences from the hostility of the Wash
I The Minister had endured in silence up
to this point. j The unfavorable allusion to
the administration which he represented
brought him instantly to his feet. He ad
ministered a severe reprimand to Dr. Cook
in a strong tone, declaring the whole ad
dress out of place, and that he could not
be allowed to conclude it. That this was
exclusively an American celebration of
the day, and not an open political discus
sion. He said it was unfitting for Dr. Cook
to urge his exclusive Boston opinions upon
a cosmopolitan community like that of
The Minister's remarks were repeatedly
and vigorously applauded by the audience.
Dr. Cook demanded that he be told what
he had said that was improper. The Min
ister replied that the whole address was
improper on that occasion, although else
where he might have listened to it with
satisfaction. . Dr. Cook rejoined that Min
ister Willis had disparaged Boston, which
had rendered some service in the war for
independence. Mr. Willis replied that he
held Boston in the highest esteem. Dr.
Cook then said with emphasis that he was
not accustomed to being put into a strait
jacket, nor to being gagged.
The speaker then proceeded for only a
few minutes, dealing mainly in general
ities, lie was obliged to hasten away to
reach the steamer, which was then leaving
the wharf. No applause followed Dr. Cook
as be left the hall.
General opinion justifies the action of
Minister Willis. The daily papers are a
unit on his side. Had he made no protest
he might have been liable to official cen
sure. Possibly less vehemence and more
courtesy of manner might have been pre
ferable in calling the speaker to order, but
the Minister had undergone a very irritat
ing ordeal, and probably the speaker would
have failed to be reached by any tone of
moderation, being a person of great ag
Fourth of July being the anniversary of
the proclamation of the republic, Presi
dent Dole, on the afternoon of that day,
by advice of the Council of State, gave a
release, subject to remand by order of the
President, to forty-five of the late insur
Four other prisoners, sentenced for
various crimes, were given full pardons
for meritorious conduct.
COPPER. RIVETED '
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