Newspaper Page Text
VOLUME LXXVHL-KO. 49.
SILVER THEIR THEME
Harvey and Horr Went
On With the Big
MARKED BY ACRIMONY.
The New York Editor Objected
to Being Classed as a
HE ALSO DEFENDED CONGRESS.
Was the Demonetization of Silver
the Act of a Band of Con
[Copyright, 1895. by Azel F. Hatch.]
CHICAGO, lix., July 18.— The Harvey-
Horr debate to-day was marked by consid
erable acrimony on the part of both
speaker?. In begirning Mr. Horr said he
had a personal explanation to make. He
quoted the following paragraph from his
opponent's argument of yesterday : "These
principles are for the seltish interests of
money-lenders, and Mr. Horr is here advo
cating them." Mr. Horr said he took them
as a reflection on his character. He con
tinued : "I am not a money-lender. 1 have
no interest in any bank or institution of
like character. I was raised on a farm,
and my first work was done for $10 a month.
I came into this debate to advocate those
principles which will be for the best inter
ests of the working classes, from which I
Mr. Harvey explained that when he said
Mr. Horr advocated the principles of
money-lenders he did not mean to say that
Mr. Horr himself was a money-lender. He
thought, however, in giving the history of
his life Mr. Horr should not have omitted
to state that he had at one time been a
bank president. "This question will not
be settled by any man parading himself as
a horny-handed son of toil," said the iree
silver man. "It lies deeper than that."
Mr. Harvey then plunged knee-deep into
a discussion of the act of 1873, which de
monetized silver, but was shortly inter
rupted by the bell of the timekeeper.
Mr. Horr, after indulging in a little
sarcasm at his adversary's expense, took
up the history of the passage of the act of
1873, and defied the champion of the white
metal to produce any proof that England
had any hand in the act of 18 73. In reply
to this Mr. Harvey said that Delmar, the
English historian, had made it a matter of
record that the English bill of 1816, de
monetizing silrer, was for two weeks in the
the hands of Mr. Knox, the American
Comptroller of the Treasury. This state
ment was followed by a denunciation of
"The attempt to smirch the Congress of
the United States can be characterized by
no other word than infamous," shouted
Mr. Horr, leaping to his feet. "The man
who starts in to do this had better never
have started at all."
In the opening exchange of personalities
Mr. Harvey also said : "Mr. Horr and nu
merous employes of newspaper corpora
tions and other corporations are in part,
many of them, representing their honest
convictions, and 1 accord that to the hon
orable gentlemen from New York. Many
of them never stop to analyze the ques
tion, the great principle that must make
or unmake the republic in which they live.
It is only a question of salary which they
consider. You say that a man should bet
ter himself and if a better salary is offered
him take it. Not for all the combined
salaries in the world would I accept a posi
tion where I would have to advocate a
principle that I thought would destroy the
liberties of my countrymen. There is
something in this life greater than money.
When we again get the American people
to believe this — and not until then — can
we again have liberty in this land, and
every man will have an opportunity to
make a living without being deprived of it
by the aggregation of selfish interests.
The value of the debate yesterday was
this: A studied misrepresentation has
gone before the people of the United States
that there was only $8,000,000 of
silver coined by the United States Govern
ment prior to 1873. Now, meeting face to
face with a representative of the other side
of the question, this debate now carries to
the people of the United States the ad
mitted fact that there was $143,000,000 of
silver coined prior to 1873."
Mr. Horr took up the question of the
origin of the law of 1873. He said it was
drafted after consulting a large number of
experts, who were apt to know a little
more about the monetary question than
those who had never studied it all. He
denied that the bill had its origin in Eng
land, or anywhere except in the brains of
the people who were looking after the
coinage interests of the United States. He
defied Mr. Harvey to prove one single item
that had any reference to the British con
trolling or dictating the matter. He con
tinued: "Every step taken in the incipi
ency of this measure was as open as the
light. Thousands of coDies of the bill were
Bent broadcast to all parts of the country.
No one tried to cover up the fact that the
bill, as originally drafted by Mr. Knox and
indorsed by Secretary Boutwell of the
Treasury, dropped the silver dollar piece
of the United States and changed the unit
of value. All the letters of the experts and
the report of Mr. Knox were printed by
order of the Senate."
"Have you that bill and those letters
with you, and will you produce them dur
ing this debate?" asked Harvey.
"I will if I have them. lam not sure if
I brought them with me," answered Horr.
"By examing the records of the day and
the newspapers," said Harvey, "we find
there was an era of corruption in Congress
at that time. Clinton Colgate confessed
before the Ways and Means Committee of
1^73 to the use of money to influence the
incorporation of special features in the in
ternal revenue bill, testifying, among
other things, that Charles Sherman of
Ohio, a brother of Senator Sherman, had
been paid $10,000 by the New York Stock
Exchange in connection with the revenue
bill. The fact developed that while the
money had not been paid, Judge Sherman
fcad rendered a bill for hia services for
The San Francisco Call.
securing the services of his brother, Sen
ator Sherman, to put the bill through.
Judge Sherman was then a United States
After denouncing the attempt of Mr.
Harvey to "smirch the Congress of the
United States as infamous," Mr. Horr
"The people of this country— and the
Congressman is no exception— as an aver
age are upright, honest business men. I
admit that Judge Sherman was guilty of a
crime. That was riever in any way con
nected with his brother, John Sherman,
and you know it. They exonerated him.
Judge Sherman resigned immediately;
they drove him from the bench. But what
has that to do with the question whether
Mr. Knox openly and squarely presented
this bill to Congress. It was debated in
the Senate for three days. It came- to a
vote in the Senate January 10, 1871, and
passed by an aye and no vote. The Sena
tors from the Pacific Slope voted for it and
Senator Sherman voted against it. The
Fifty-first Congress adjourned without
action having been taken on trie bill."
Mr. Harvey continued his line of attack
on the honesty of Congress and its em
ployes in 1873, referring particularly to the
charges of corruption made by individuals
and the press aeainst George A. Bassett,
clerk of the Ways and Means Committee.
The salary grab bill, which had to be re
pealed by force of publio sentiment, was
passed by the Congress which demone
tized silver. The people could understand
a salary grab, but they could not under
stand a scientific spoliation of their rights.
"To make plain how the fraud was prac
ticed," continued Mr. Harvey, "I will read
the sections as they stand in the law and
include the words which were erased from
the bill surreptitiously in its passage."
"By whom? What proof have you that
anything was erased?" interrupted Horr.
"I will get to the proof of that a little
later," resumed Harvey. "As the bill
passed both houses the unit was in gold,
and free and unlimited coinage of both
metals was provided for. But as enrolled,
the mints were closed to free and unlimited
coinage of silver, except as to the trade
dollar, afterward abolished. The standard
silver dollar was fraudulently omitted
after the bill had passed both houses."
"Upon the face of his own bill," said
Horr, "there is a proof to any man who
has studied this question that is conclu
sive. The vile attempt to prove that any
such bill ever went from the House and
Senate is false. Does any man in his
senses believe that they ever undertook to
give free coinage of silver to a standard
dollar of 384 grains? The old dollar was
not reinstated, but the silver dollar was
reduced in weight from 412% grains to 384
grains, and made a subsidiary coin like all
the other silver coins of the United States."
After the debate was ended for the day
Judge Miller announced that questions
from the audience would be received.
Mr. Horrsaid: "This is a question by
Charles Coffin of Arkansas : 'If the Amer
ican people always act independently on
great questions, why do you oppose their
doing so on the free coinage of silver?' "
"Why do you cheer till you know what
I say? Why don't you wait? Maybe you
won't cheer. My answer to that is I did
not know that I had opposed anywhere on
the face of the earth their acting on the
subject and did not know that anybody in
the United States had ever opposed it. It
is a new thing to me."
"The next question is from J. C. Sibley
of Pennsylvania— ln view of your state
ment that the silver dollar was worth
more by at least 3; per cent than the
gold dollar in 1873, what justification do
you make of the claim of the monometal
lists that silver was demonetized because
of its decline in value arising from over
production of silver?" "My answer to this
is that the monometallists do not claim
anything of the kind. [Laughter.] Wait
till I get through. When questions are
asked me you must let me answer them.
The monometallists claim that silver was
demonetized, because the men in Congress
in 1873 believed that silver was not a good
measure for value; that it was more un
stable than gold and they demonetized it
on that account, because they thought
there was going to be an influx brought in
from Germany. They claim that after
ward the over-production of silver was such
as to drive the price down— down, and they
have refused to enact any laws reinstat
ing the free coinage of silver on the old
ratio, because over production has continu
ally reduced the price. That was not
given as the reason for passing the law.
Germany did not give it, England did dot
give it, France did not give it; but they
gave the reason that silver is not the best
measure of value for the people of the
civilized world. They gave the reason that
it is continually cheapening the price
because of the constant increase in produc
tion. It that satisfactory ?"
Mr. Sibleysaid: "As lone as you ask
me, I will answer you. You will allow,
then, if the claim is made by monometal
lists that silver was demonetized^because
of the large increase of production that
that statement would be incorrect."
Said Mr. Horr: "That statement would
be nonsensical, because it was not cheap at
that time. Certainly you and I don't
differ about it; that is a business proposi
tion. A man with your sense — and I have
got about as much— would not get Into
any such foolish nonsense."
"The next question is by Howard 8. Tay
lor of Chicago, one of the referees in this
case. I want to give him dignity: 'Is it
true that in volume 2, page 165, public
document on finance, Mr. Jefferson com
municated to Congress a report of the
director of the mint inwhich the reason as
signed for discontinuing the coinage of the
dollar was the need of small change among
bankers, and the fear that the specie would
"I present the book open at that page.
It is true. January 15, 1806, Mr. Jeffer
son sent to Congress— and I tafce it was
very near the time that this letter
was dated when he made the order— a
communication from Robert Patterson, the
Director of the Mint, which had been sent
to him, and he communicated it or sent it
in his communication to Congress.
And one of the statements in that
communication of Mr. Patterson reads as
follows: 'The striking of small coins is a
measure which should be adopted to ac
commodate the bankers and other deposi
tors, and at their particular request, but
with a view of furnishing a supply of
small change and to prevent the exporta
tion of the specie of the United Btates to
"The clause previous to that reads: 'Of
the precious metals the number of pieces
coined in the last year far exceeds that of
any former year since the establishment of
Qtmtinned on Fourth rags.
SAN FRANCISCO, FRIDAY MORNING, JULY 19, 1895.
VALLEY ROAD GRADING
It Has Now Fairly Been
THE ROADBED MATERIAL.
It Will Be Dredged From the
Bottom of Mormon
WORK FOR ALL TEAMSTERS.
They Can Seoure Employment by
Making Application to the
STOCKTON, Cal., July 18.— Contractors
Thornton, Doyle and Craven, who have
the job of grading the roadbed for the Val
ley Railroad, began the work this morn
ing of making a road into Mormon chan-
TURNING THE FIRST SOD FOB THE VALLEY ROAD ON THE SOUTH SIDE OF MORMON CHANNEL, STOCKTON.
[From a photograph taken for the "Call."]
nel, above California street, preliminary to
hauling grading material from that water
course, the material to be used in making
the railroad bed.
This afternoon the Board of Public
Works signed a contract with the con
tractors for dredging Mormon channel for
a width of seventy-five feet and a depth of
not less than thirteen feet, extending from
the location of the proposed drawbridge to
the Lincoln-street bridge on one side, and
the outfall on the other. The price stipu
lated to be paid for the work is the nom
inal sum of $1. It is the same dredging
for which the city paid $40,000 a few
Ties and piles for the Valley road are
now being unloaded from a barge on the
south bank of Mormon channel at Edison
The contractors announce that all resi
dents of Stockton having teams can secure
employment for them upon reporting with
their teams at the corner of Center street
and Scott's avenue to-morrow morning at
A. BTOCKTOX J>Oy QUIXOTJE.
Hia ICrratie Conduct Involves Mini With
STOCKTON, Cal., July 18.— A church
trial was held last evening at the Central
Methodist Episcopal Church, which in
THAT RESTLESS WHITE ELEPHANT.
Keeper Morgan (of the Syndicate)— lt's all right, old man; he can't get away.
Uncle Sam— P'raps not, but his little kicks are annoying, and you're paid to keep
[Reproduced from an engraving in the Chicago Inter Ocean.
volves directly Andrew Johnson, one of
i the flock, and indirectly H. A. Wermuth,
i a wealthy man and one of the pillars of
Mr. Johnson, who resides at the south
west corner of Miner avenue and Stanis
laus street, is regarded as somewhat
erratic, and it is said that he hunts for
wrongs done other people in order that he
may right them. According to his friends'
version o! the affair his present trouble
was caused by this peculiarity of his.
The charge against Mr. Johnson is that
he was guilty of conduct unbecoming a
Christian ; that he used profane language,
and advised an aged woman named Duffy
to drive a dagger into Mr. ■ Wermuth's
heart. Mrs. Duffy owns or did own a
small house on Union street, near the
State asylum grounds. Mr. Wermuth held
a mortgage of $650 on the place. He
thought the house and the lot were not
worth at present as much as the mortgage
called for, but some of the neighbors say
the place is worth $1500.
About four months ago Wermuth ob
tained a quitclaim deed from Mrs. Duffy.
It is nupposed that the deed was secured
under the impression that the place was
homesteaded and therefore belonged to
Mrs. Duffy alone, her husband being dead,
and that her children had no interest in
the estate. Mrs. Duffy claims that she
signed the quitclaim on the understanding
that she could have ten years to pay off
the mortgage, if necessary, and that Wer
muth was to rent the house and apply the
rental toward paying the interest and
principal of the mortgage.
The house is still in dispute, and Mr.
Wermuth has taken the quarrel into the
church. He preferred charges against Mr.
Johnson on account of the latter s belliger
ent talk and wicked-looking penknife.
Johnson, it is understood, will file counter
Voluminous testimony was taken at the
trial last night, and the church authorities
are now digesting it.
MARJRIJED AT PLATI&BVRG.
Lieutenant Arnold ftedt the Daughter of
PLATTSBURG, N. V., July 18.—Platts
bnrg was the scene of a military wedding
this evening, the contracting parties being
Lieutenant Conway Hillyer Arnold Jr. of
the Fifth Artillery, located at the Presidio,
San Francisco, and Miss Gertrude May
Harvey, daughter of Major Phillip F.
Harvey, surgeon Twenty-first Regiment,
U. 8. A., of Plattsburg. The ceremony
was performed at Trinity Church and a re
ception was held at the Mansion in the
evening which was attended by many
prominent military officers from abroad.
Shot Hit Wife* Parents.
CHICAGO, 111., July 18.— To-night at
653 West North avenue Paul Blake seriously
wounded his mother-in-law, Mrs. Keil, and
attempted to kill his father-in-law, Charles
Keil. He claims his father-in-law was the
cause of separating him from his wife.
DIED LIKE A PATRIOT.
"God Protect Bulgaria"
POISON ON POIGNARDS.
The Assassins Determined to
Kill the Bismarck of
PRINCE FERDINAND SCORED.
Sitting Still In Carlsbad Without
Trying to Bring the Murder
ers to Justice.
SOFIA, Bulgaria, July 18.— Stefan M.
StambuJoff, ex-Premier of Bulgaria, died
at 3:30 o'clock this morning from the ef
fects of wounds inflicted upou him Mon
day evening when he was returning home
from the Union Club. Only 40 years of
age he had earned for himself the title of
the "Bismarck of Bulgaria," and his last
words were: "God protect Bulgaria."
His death has intensified the bitter feel
ing that exists between his partisans and
the supporters of the present Government,
and it has been freely charged that Prince
Ferdinand and his Ministers are directly
responsible for his assassination.
M. Petkoff, M. Stambuloff's personal
friend and editor of his newspaper organ,
the Svoboda, who was with him at the
time he was set upon by the assassins, and
who was himself wounded, has been sitting
beside the body ever since death occurred.
He refuses to leave the dining-room of the
Stambuloff residence where the remains are
now lying. His wounds are in the head.
The funeral of M. Stambuloff will be
fixed for Saturday afternoon. Rumors are
current that the poignards used by the
assassins had poison on their blades, but
these reports are not generally believed.
NEW YORK, N. V., July 18.-The Her
ald's special cable dispatch from Berlin
says: It is considered in well-informed
circles here that the scandalous attempt on
Stambuloff's life has added another dark
cloud to a horizon already sufficiently
overcharged. The Franco-Russian in
trigue in Abyssinia, the request made by
the Czar's Government to Japan for her
early withdrawal of troops from Chinese
territory, the re-enforcement of the Rus
sian fleet in the far East and the ever
growing arrogance of French Chauvinism
are all factors rendering the political situ
LONDON, Eng., July 18.— The Pall Mall
Gazette, in an article on the assassination
of ex-Premier Stambuloff, says: Prince
Ferdinand, in sitting still in Carlsbad,
without pretense of bringing his instru
ments to justice, while lie at the same
time sends his chamberlain to express
hypocritical sympathy to Madame Stam
buloff, proves himself a coward and a ras
KILLED DVRjyO A. QUARREL.
Farmers Fight Over the Possession of a
Fish Seine. ,
MONTGOMERY. Ala., July 18.— A fatal
fight is reported near Abbeville, Ala. J.
C. Manly and Sam Holland, two promi
nent farmers, had bought a fish seine to
gether and Manly wanted a party of friends
to seine with , him ; yesterday and went by
Holland's to get the net. Holland had also
organized a seining party for the same
day. A dispute arose about the net' and
Holland drew a long knife and stabbed
Manly to death. Manly's young son, who
ran to his father's relief, was also danger
ously cut. Holland escaped and is being
searched for.; "• •
OXE KILLED, THREE ISJUBED.
A Big Four Freight Buna Down a Pat'
PEORIA, 111., July 18.— At 7:13 o'clock
to-night a Big Four freight ran into the
rear of a Chicago, Peoria and St. Louis
passenger train at Grove siding, a few miles
below this city, badly wrecking the engine
and killing one and injuring three per
sona. The dead : Martha Wright, Eureka,
111. The injured are: Ed Voris, Peoria,
son ol Deputy United States Marshal.
Voris; Andrew Mooney. Peoria, Deputy
United States Marshal; Friez Fisher,
Peoria. None of the injured are badly
COLZECTISQ THE GVARAXTEE.
I'atrons of the Associated Press Liber
SANDUSKY, Ohio, July 18.— The Regis
ter of this city, a charter member of the
Associated Press, states editorially that on
Saturday last the board of directors of that
organization directed a call upon members
for 35 per cent of the guarantee subscribed
nearly six years ago and also states that it
was distinctly understood at the time the
guarantee was signed by the members they
would not be called upon to pay one cent
of it, and that it would not be necessary to
use it and that the only object in making
it was to give timely notice to the United
Press that the Associated Press was ready
for war. According to the annual report
made by the directors on December 31,
1894, the Associated Press assessments are
now much higher than they were in
August, 1893. For instance, at that time
the Cincinnati Commercial Gazette and
Enquirer were each paying $98 68 a week
for a report which now costs them each
Each of the morning papers published
in Detroit then paid $116 a week, while
they are now paying *150 80. The In
dianapolis News paid $65 12 and is now
paying $95 05. The Kansas City Journal
and the Times each paid $117 40 and the
Star $126 20 a week, while now the Time s
is paying $152 62, the Journal $160 25 and
the Star $174 61.
In St. Louis the Republic, Globe-Demo
crat, Post, Anzeiger and Amerika each
paid $93 05. The Globe-Democrat and Re
public now pay $161 21 and the three Ger
man papers each $120 97. The Minneapo
lis Journal paid $98 90; it is now paying
$160 91. The St. Paul Dispatch paid $94 25
and is now paying $153 16. The Register
says that if the members who signed the
guarantee fund have any nerve they will
not pay a cent until they are forced to at
the end of a lawsuit, and that they are not
duly informed as to the necessity for any
MINERS IN THE TOMB
Heroic Efforts Made to Rescue
They Have Been Twenty-four Hours
Without Food, but Receive
IRON MOUNTAIN, Mich., July 18.—
The nine men imprisoned by a cave in the
Pewabic mine have not yet been reached.
The cave took place yesterday afternoon,
and it was confidently expected that the
men would be rescued or theii bodies re
covered early this morning, but the rescue
party found the work more difficult than
was foreseen and has made but slow prog
The men worked steadily all night to
rescue their comrades, and the shifts were
frequently changed so that the best work
might be done. The timbers are so badly
broken and twisted that they seemed to
make, with the fallen rock, an almost im
In many places it was found necessary
to loosen the material by blasting, and the
blasts bring down more rock and so re
tard the work. Moreover, while the res
cuers are working, like heroes they are
obliged to use the utmost caution, as a cave
may come at any time and cause them to
share the fate of their comrades. From the
rate at which they are now progressing it
will take at least twenty-four hours to
reach the imprisoned men.
The mine officials say that the men are
all undoubtedly alive ; tuat they escaped
into the drifts and will be found unharmed,
but the miners who are familiar with the
mine say that at least six of the men were
crushed to death by the cave.
The imprisoned miners have now been
without food for more than twenty-four
hours, but plenty of fresh air is being
pumped down into the chamber in which
they were caaght by yesterday's cave-in.
The rescuing party worked like Trojans all
day, and & fresh gang is at work to-night.
It is thought now that a passage will be
cleared some time to-morrow. Communi
cation by means of sound has been estab
lished with the imprisoned men, but it is
not known whether all are alive. The
feeling is growing that some of the unfor
tunate miners were killed or maimed.
PftlCE FIVE CENTS.
MET AT BALTIMORE.
Baptists Gather From
All Over the Na
CHRISTIAN WORK AHEAD
Never Has There Been Such a
Rally at the Young Peo
THE FLOWER OF THE CHURCH.
Interesting Papers and Subjects Dis
cussed by the Energetic
BALTIMORE, Mb., July 18.— Songs of
praise from thousands of lips, words of
eloquence from men high in state and
church, the enthusiasm of myriads of Chris
tian workers, wove round to-day associa
tions that will remain written on Baptist
history until earth itself fades out.
Gathered from every quarter of the Nation
were thousands of people with but one
idea — that of making the fifth inter
national convention of the Baptist Young
People's Union of America the greatest
assembling of mighty hosts that the pro
gressive organization has ever seen. They
labored with this purpose in view and they
succeeded. They surprised even them
Baltimore awoke this morning to see
within her gates the most notable gather
ing of enthusiastic church workers 9he has
ever known. All day before and through
the long hours of the night, the incoming
hosts were arriving, until the dawn of day
found more than 10,000 delegates gathered
in the Monumental City. But that is not
ail, for from the distant points they are
These delegates are the flower of the
Baptist church in the United States.
They have all the enthusiasm and sacri
fice of youth, with the restraining and di
recting power inseparable from a multi
tude of mature counsel. Their work is not
confined alone to denominational bounds,
but is affecting and inspiring to all the
sects who stand upon the broad platform
of the Christian religion. From the con
vention will go out cheer and encourage
ment to the great Baptist denomination
and well-considered lines of work upon
which the energies and prestige of the
Church can be exerted to wide advantaee.
In the absence of Governor Brown,
Mayor Latrobe welcomed the visitors and
tendered them everything within the con
fines of the State. Rev. W. M. Wharton
of Brantley Baptist Church made an elo
quent address of welcome on behalf of the
Baptist Young People's societies. The
speaker's statement that the Baptists be
lieved in an everlasting separation of
church and state was applauded.
The session began with a praise service
led by Eev. Dr. W. S. Roberts of Burling
ton, Vt. Frank Harvie Smith of Brooklyn
presided. Rev. Frederick L. Anderson of
Rochester, N. V., made an address on
"Money and the Kingdom."
This was followed by an open parliament
on systematic and proportionate giving,
which was conducted by Rev. E. E. Chivera
of New York City. The discussion was
general and very interesting.
"The Bible Method of Winning Souls"
was the subject of an address by Rev. John
son Myers, D.D., of Chicago. An open
parliament with the subject, "What Has
Your Society Done to Promote a Revival
in the Church?" was conducted by Rev. 8.
A. Northrop, U.D., of Fort Wayne, Ind.,
and the convention took a recess until 7 :30
At the evening session the praise ser
vice was led by Rev. Archibald Wheaton
of Mystic, Conn. The Christian banners
for junior work were presented to the
winners in the three classes— sacred litera
ture courses, .Bible-reader's course and con
quest missionary course.
The Austin Association of Illinois won
the literature prize, and Hon. John F.
Forbes of Deland, Fla., made the presenta
tion. The Jackson Association of Michi
gan secured the Bible-reader's banners,
and Rev. E. B. Pollard of Roanoke, Va.,
presented it. The missionary prize went
to the Canton Society of Canton, Ohio,
through Professor Charles L. Williams of
President W. R. Harper of Chicago pre
sided during the field review of Baptist
schools. Professor J. M. Stigler, D.D., of
Crozer Theological Seminary, made an
address on Hopewell Academy and its
successors, or the relation of Baptists to
higher learning. Rev. Russell H. Con
well of Philadelphia wound up the even
ing's programme with an address oa
"Wanted, Trained Leaders."
CAUGHT IN A BIG CAVE
Two Men Instantly Killed While
Working in a Street
Eleven Laborers Were Saved From
Death by a Shelf Formed
NEWARK, N. J., July 18.— Two men
were killed, one fatally injured and two
others frightfully maimed by the cave-in
of 600 tons of earth in a sewer excavation
at Harrison at 3:15 o'clock this afternoon.
The dead are: Dennis Ryan, Newark;
George Villaud, East River street, Newark.
The injured: James McDonald, Newark
(will die); James Larraby, scalp cut, left
arm brouen, taken to the hospital; Thomas
Brennan, 50 years old, cut about the body,
taken to the hospital.
The men were working twelve feet below
the surface in a sewer on Jersey street,
near Fourth. The sides of the excavation
had been improperly braced this morning,
and last night's raiii had undermined the
sides. Without warning 600 tons of earth
gave way, carrying down bracing timbers
and rock upon the laborers.
Eleven of the men were saved from
death by a shelf formed by the timbers.
Ryan and Villaud were buried out of sighi^
Larraby and Brenmin had their heads
above the aurface.