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title: 'The San Francisco call. (San Francisco [Calif.]) 1895-1913, September 09, 1895, Page 6, Image 6',
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Inspector General |
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CHARLES Ml. SHORTRIDGE,
Editor «nd Proprietor.
SUBSCRIPTION PATHS- Postage Free:
j-slly t<r.& Pon^ay Cali-, or.c week, by carrier. $0.15
riHy and f-onday Call one year, by malJ... 6.00
j «'l) and t-'mflay Cam., fix months, by mall 3.00
J itllyfißd ?:>!)<:*}' Caz.l* three months, by mall 1.50
JJslly tod Sunday Caxx. one month, by mail .65
Hinday Cai.i., ode- jear. by ruaU 1.5Q
WEEKLY Call, one j ear, by mail 1-50
BUSINESS OFFICE :
710 Market Street
Telephone ... Main— lß63
617 Ciay Street.
Telephone Main— l ß74
rrrjlcntscicery ■net, corner Clay: open until
Tff Havfß rtreft: cj:<n nr.ti! 9:30 o'clock.
717 Lurkin streft: cpen until 9:30 o'clock.
BW. comer Btxte< and Jiisslon strtets; open
HAM S o'clock.
JElSlilsiion street; ',] en until 9 o'cloc'4.
116 Ki .. street; open ualU 9 o'clock.
Peclftc States Advertising Bnrean, Tlhlr.elan^r
lv',:tix.g, Bow and imane streets, Ntw York City.
MONDAY SEPTEMBER 9, 1895
THE CALL SPEAKS FOR ALL.
rate Admission day.
Show your State patriotism.
Sacramento, you do us prood.
Every holiday gives us another rest from
the Durrant case.
The sign of the times in Sacramento is
The Letter-carriers' Convention seems to
have closed with a bang.
Rejoice with the youth of California, but
don't forget the pioneers.
The question of the day, Will the Rail
road Commission stick to it?
It appears from the reports that the
British would rather play cricket.
Between California and her Native Sons
end Daughters there is a mutual pride.
The latest aspiration of New York girls
is to raise money to erect a monument to
The Call's miniature reproduction of the
yacht race had the call on the town, and
the town responded.
The Native Sons are strong enough now
to reorganize California and put its poli
tics on a better basis.
This is a good day to swear off from for
eign products that come into competition
with home industries.
Some day we must have a Pacific Coast
yacht go over and show the New Yorkers
that they really can be beaten.
The unanswerable argument in favor of
the new charter is that it cannot possibly
be worse than the present one.
Putting native sons on the police force
will bring us one step nearer to the time
when they will regulate the town.
The army maneuvers of the European
nations cost enough to put a new golden
iiniog on the war cloud every year.
When some people talk of the State Fair
at Sacramento they mean the exposition
and some mean the Native Daughters.
The Railroad Commissioners have am
ple time to do some earnest thinking be
tween now and Thursday, and they should
There is to be another investigation of
the massacre at Cheng Tv and by the time
that is over there will probably be another
If our eister States were wise all of them
would celebrate the admission of Cali
fornia to the Union, for it was a golden
gift to them.
In making a still hunt for a Presidential
candidate next year Democracy should
not overlook the possibility of rinding one
in the whisky trust.
According to the World there are so
many empty bottles floating around the
sea outside New York Bay they seriously
interfere with racing yachts.
The ride of a woman 500 miles on the
brakebeam of a freightcar in search of a
stolen child is one of the romances of the
news of yesterday that eclipses fiction.
There can be little doubt that the in
crease in the police force will give general
satisfaction, and it now devolves on the
force to see that the satisfaction continues.
The people are not opposed to a third
term for Cleveland on general principles
co much as on objections special to him
self. What confronts his ambition is not
a theory, but a condition.
After all the great expectations the
British Labor Congress at Cardiff is said
to have ended in a compromise that
satisfies nobody, and will have no effect on
the settlement of labor problems.
Tt is asserted that Joseph Chamberlain
intends to make a record for himself in
Salisbury's Cabinet by carrying out the
most vigorous and far-reaching colonial
policy ever undertaken by the British Gov
Mayor Sutro has well expressed the
general sentiment of the people in saying
there is no use in holding a special electiou
on any subject of municipal improvement
until we have a new charter that will in
sure a better and more reliable City gov
If ihe Attorney-General is right in hold
ing that some of the discriminations in
railroad rates are violations of the consti
tution the work of the Commissioners will
be largely simplified. The enforcement of
law is n. straight path, and no otticial ever
gets lost who follows it.
Gladstone may have been right in say
ing to General James, "If the American
people adopt free trade the United States
will become the greatest commercial Na
tion on earth/ but we are not willing to
buy commerce at that price. We prefer to
be the land of protected industry, good
wages and prosperous homes.
The promotion of Li Hung Chang from
the office of Viceroy of Pechili to the greater
office of Imperial Chancellor is considered
a proof that the Chinese Government in
tends to enter seriously upon the work of
re-forming the empire on modern ideas,
and Chang will at last have an opportunity
to show the world he is really the great
man General Grant thought him.
The celebration at Sacramento to-day
by the Native Sons of the Golden West is
an expression of pride and gratification on
the part of native Cahfornians for the fact
that California was admitted to the Union
as a State. This is an interesting thing
and peculiar to California. The stranger
may wonder why such an order should
exist for the celebration of such an event,
and why the membership of the order
should be confined to natives of the soil.
Manifestly few if any of these natives
could have been instrumentalities in the
struggle which secured Statehood for Cali
fornia, and hence the organization cannot
a, and hence the organization cannot
represent to an appreciable extent the
struggles of its founders to that end.
Many of the best thingß in California are
peculiar and without precedent. The ele
ments contributing to the struggle for
Statehood were singularly picturesque and
whoily unparalleled in the histories of the
States. Nothing of the commonplace af
fects the story. In the main it is
made up of three elements. The £r=t
was the war between the United
States and Mexico in 1843. which termi
nated in victory ior our arms and the
cession of the California territory to the
United States as part of Mexico's peqalty
for defeat. The second was an exceedingly
interesting species of warfare that pro
ceeded upon me soil of California between
the United States and Mexican settlers
during the pendency of the main struggle
on the Rio Grande. The third and most
potential of all was the discovery of gold
by Americans, and the wonderfully ro
mantic chain of events ensuing therefrom.
All of these circumstances transpiring in
California produced a race t>* men the
hardiest, most daring and most pictur
esque tijat the century nas nourished.
They were makers ol history as strange
and original as that which clings to the
Crusaders or the Normans. They thrust
themselves into untried and refractory
conditions, perforce abandoned the experi
ences and traditions on which they had
been reared and hewed out a strange and
picturesque civilization to suit tbernselveß.
The Native Sons of the Golden West are
the progeny of these men and the product
of their civilization.
These sons (many of them now of mid
dle age) were nourished during their
earlier years on the inspiration which
moved their sires. The fathers who re
main with us have an organization of their
own, the California Pioneers. This order
i 3 purely reminiscent and must in time
become extinct. The order of the Native
Sons of thp Golden West is a perpetuation
of the principles which the pioneers
It ma}' be thus reasonably supposed that
the Native Sons have assumed a responsi
bility that contains elements in addition
to a sentiment. If they did not represent
the splendid manhood and citizenship
which characterized their fathers, their
organization would appear to lack its
highest opportunity and purpose. As the
older men carved the State out of war and
chaos and presented it to civilization, so
their sons, by the very fact of their organi
zation, have charged themselves with the
responsibility of cherishing the gift of
California needs much at the hands of
its able and patriotic citizens and there are
none more competent than the young men
enrolled in this order of native-born. It
would be ill-advised and perhaps self-de
structive to consider politics in their
scheme, but that is a trifling matter in
comparison with the material needs of the
State. That native son who best under
stands and works most strenuously to ad
vance the interests of California is the
one most worthy to proclaim himself a
native of the soil.
The Watsonville Pajaronian says: "The
Slate Board of Equalization has placed the
mileage assessment of the Pajaro Valley
Railroad in Monterey County at G2 per
cent of that of the Southern Pacific Rail
road. The latter runs several heavy freight
and passenger trains each way daily, its
equipment is first-class in every depart
ment, its right of way la five times the size
of that of the narrow-gauge, its business is
heavy all" the year and it passes through
one of the most productive freight-traffic
sections of the State. The narrow-gauge
is a local line, without a chance for Eastern
business and depends largely on the beet
factory. Its main revenue is from the beet
industry. If it should be assessed $5700 per
mile, the broad-gauge should h<: assessed
four or five times that amount. The State
board must have based its value on per
centage of gauge. The comparison of
values placed on these two roads is the
most telling illustration of the leniency
Bhown the Southern Pacific Company."
This is very interestins news. The de
duction drawn by our contemporary con
cerning the lenity with which the South
ern Pacific is treated seems unavoidable
and just. It appear* to be a case of harsh
discrimination in favor of the Southern
Pacific and against a small rival.
This little road was buiit largely by some
of the leading spirits in the San Joaquin
Valley road, and from the beginning has
been a thorn in the flesh of the great cor
poration. The discrimination which the
State Board of Equalization has practiced
against the little road is clearly serving
the interests of the Southern Pacific,
whether or not the board may have had
any intention to accomplish that end.
This will serve to put the State on its
guard with reference to the treatment of
the Han Joaquin Valley road by future
Boards of Equalization. As the backers
of the Fajaro Valley Railroad and of
the .San Joaquin Valley road are in a
measure the same, and as both roads are
rivals of the Southern Pacific, it will be
interesting to see to what extent the State
assessors of railroads will go, if any, in
using the power of the State to cripple
opposition to the Southern Pacific. The
Kan Joaquin Valley road will be a very
valuable property, and as its owners will
be numerous and powerful it may develop
into a check upon the tendency of certain
State boards to cherish the interests of the
Southern Pacific at the expense of the
people. This would be equally as im
portant an achievement as the reduction
of freights and fares in the San Joaquin
Valley to a point which will insure a profit
to industry, an increase of population and
an enhancement of land values.
It has been evident for some time past
that in the struggle to maintain the cinch
upon the shippers of California, it is apart
of the tactics of the monopoly to array one
part of the people against the other by
threatening its workmen with a reduction
of wages if the exactions of the monopoly
To men who are dependent upon the
railroad company for work and wages the
thrtnt is by no means pleasant to face. It
is indeed strange that millionaires whoaro
rich enough to live in prodigal luxury, to
pay the gambling debts of foreign Princes,
to give large sums for the development of
Central Africa and to pay dividends on
large quantities of watered stock, should
have the impudence to declare that if they
cannot exact money from the shippers of
THE SAN FRANCISCO CALL, MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 9, 3 B^s.
California they will exact it from the
workingmen, but however strange it may
seem the threat is apparently unmistak
able. Not a few workingmen have been
alarmed by it and some men claiming to
be their representatives have made pro-
tests to the Railroad Commissioners
airainst any reduction whatever in existing
rates and discriminations.
The workingmen have, however, no good
reason to be aiarmed by the threat. The
shippers of the State do not ask nor desire
that railroad rates shall be reduced below
a point sufficient to yield good profits to
the owners and pay good wages to the
workingmen. Moreover, the reduction
asked for will benefit the whole com
munity and not merely those directly en
gaged in shipping. The interests of ail
classes of people in this controversy are
one and the same. As Commissioner
Stanton well said: "Every necessity or
commodity of life used by the artisan or
laborer, the farmer or producer, manu-
facturer or merchant at some time is re
quired to pay the cost of transportation,
and this in some shape muit be added to
its cost and eventually paid by the con
The interests of the people in the contest
are one, and as there can be no division of
those interests there should be no division
among the people themselves. The rail
road company will have no occasion to re
duce wages, and though it may indirectly
threaten to do so it will not attempt it.
There is a limit even to the power of mo
nopoly. California has now become
stronger than the Southern Pacific Com
pany and it 3 ability to erusii is past.
BEGIN THE WORE.
The proceedings of the Railroad Com
mission on Saturday give encouragement
to the belief that in the long fight against
the monopoly another victory will be won
by the people. All the Commissioners ex
pressed a willingness to undertake the
work of relieving the people from the
cinch of the railroad to some extent at
least, aad while there was some disagree
ment a3 to the degree of relief to be given,
there was none upon the general principle
that the railroad has been exacting aud
unjust in its aiscriminations and that the
commission should set about remedying
the evil at once.
The series of resolutions introduced by
Commissioner Stanton form the salient
feature of the situation and to say the
least they are full of promise of future
good. The written opinion containing a
summary of the arguments upon which
the resolutions are based, is not less en
couraging ucr less important than the res
olutions themselves, and outlines a policy
in which Dr. Stanton will be sustained by
the people and ought to be supported by
In the opinion Commissioner Stanton
says: "It must be realized by all that the
work of preparing a revised tariff so as to
put the same in operation is a task of con
siderable magnitude and my belief is that
in order to have the same in operation by
January 1, 1896, it will require almost daily
sessions of this board until then." Fol
lowing this up, one of the resolutions de
clares: "That this board proceed at once
to adopt a revised schedule of rates in ac-
cordance herewith in order that the same
may be in force on or before January 1,
Whatever differences there may be
among the Commissioners on other points
of the opinion or the resolutions, there
ought to be none on the points we have
quoted. To revise the freight tariff will
require a great deal of work and there
should be no delay in getting at it. Com
missioner La Rue has already proposed a
reduction in grain rates and he can have
no reasonable objection to going further
and doing justice to other shippers. Com
missioner Clark also has declared himself
"in faVor of mating a reasonable reduction
on the lines wherein inequalities and dif
ferences exist." So far then there is an
agreement on the need of getting to work
at any rate, and the agreement should re
sult in immediate action. The people
have no desire to cinch the railroads.
They ask nothing but justice and certainly
no member of the commission can have
any excuse for rofu^ing that.
A LOSS TO CALIPOENIA.
Dr. A. C. Hirst delivered last evening
his farewell sermon to his congregation
and presently goes Eastward to occupy
one of the most potential pulpits of Chi
cago. The passing from our midst of this
eminent preacher, talented orator and
public-spirited citizen is a distinct loss, not
alone to the City of Saa Francisco,
where his presence and intluence have
been feit for the past several years, but to
the entire State of California, which has
far too few of his refined and relining qual
ities among her public men.
It has been a marked characteristic of
Dr. Hirst's career aud ministry in San
Francisco that his energies and efforts as a
preacher have been exercised with a clear
conception of his place and duty as a citi
zen. Thi." is a lesson of wisdom which should
be commended to the heart of every
preacher "In the land. If the precepts of
truth and duty which, under the name'of
religion, find pulpit exposition within
churches, are to be deemed something
more than mere abstraction by tho masses
of men, they must be capable of applica
tion in reforming the private and public
evils of practical daily life. In his effort to
carry out this idea Dr. Hirst has been a
notable success in our City. Always
and everywhere a dignified, cultured
gentleman, a learned and eloquent orator,
a brave and strong advocate of practical
reforms, he has moved among our people
in a widening circle of respect and in
fluence. His pulpit has been made a place
for the outpouring of a powerful cur
rent of thought directed to the better
ment of San Francisco's social and political
habits and the quickening of her moral
sense. His personality has given im
portance and his fervid eloquence has
added force to every movement for the up
holding of right and the spread of culture
to which he has found time to lend his aid.
It is indeed a loss to California to lose the
impulse to right action which men like Dr.
LOTTERIES IN OAKLAND.
The crusade against the lottery evil in
San Francisco has extended to Oakland,
for the Chief of Police of that city has in
structed the ollicers to enforce the laws
against dealers in lottery tickets there.
We have not observed lately whether or
not the leading newspapers of Oakland
are given to the habit of publishing the
lists of lottery drawings and "winning
numbers," but Wft trust that they are
moved by higher considerations than those
which affect the conduct of the leading
journals on this side of the bay.
It i 3 not possible for the question of
newspaper support of lotteries to have two
sides. The whole story is that lottery
advertisements are published because they
are handsomely paid for, and that the
moral effect of this support is ignored by
the publishers. This effect is manifold.
It not only refers to the encouraging of
swindling and the robbing of the people,
but it is taken as a measure of the point to
which civilization has advanced in the J
community. We can imagine what would
be the effect on the material welfare of
Dallas, Texas, if its newspapers should
boast of the immunity which prize-fight- j
ing enjoys there as an inducement to capi- j
talists to invest their wealth in the devel- j
opment of that section. As newspapers ;
very properly are taken abroad as an index j
of the morality, intelligence and security j
of the community in which they are pub
lished, it is not difficult to imagine what
the better and wealthier classes of the
Eastern States think of San Francisco
when they see the columns of its leading
newspapers devoted to the promulgation
of lottery swindles. The people of the
Eastern States have outgrown that form of
barbarism, and evidence of its existence J
elsewhere inclines them to stay at home.
It is natural for strangers to assume that
a newspaper which encourages frauds of
this order, which are peculiar to border
civilization and impossible in a whole
somely developed community, will lend
itself to any other base and disreputable
scheme. Such a judgment of the leading
San Francisco papers which publish lot
tery advertisements would be unjust, but
there is still danger of its existence. It
would seem, however, that pride, without
the aid of knowledge that such publication
is bad policy, ought to be sufficient to re
strain any publisher from so reprehensible
E. H. Campbell of the navy, is at the Occi
Frank H. Smith, an attorney of Stockton, is
at the Grand.
A. Ekman, a merchant of Oroville, is a guest
at the Grand.
Charles S. Beach of the St. James Hotel, San
Jose, Is at the Lick.
D. N. Carithers, a prominent merchant of
Santa Rosa, is at the Lick.
James F. Peck, Sheriff of Merced and Mrs.
Peck are staying at the Lick.
P. A. Buell. a lumberman of Stockton, regis
tered at the Grand yesterday.
K. M. Green, a merchant and mine-owner of
Oroville, is staying at the Grand.
H. S. Dexter, a capitalist of Calistoga, and his
family registered at the California yesterday.
Louis Dean, ft big cattleman of Reno, Ne
vada, was one of yesterday's arrivals at the
Joseph K. Dolph of Portland, Oregon, a
nephew of ex-Beuator Dolph, registered at the
Sara Ruddell, Deputy Surveyor of the Port,
and his family have taken up their qua rters at
the California for the winter.
E. B. Edson of Gazelle, a member of the firm
of Edson Bros., leading merchants and big cat
tle and land owners of Siskiyou County, was
one of yesterday's arrivals at the Grand.
CALIFORMANS IN UTAH.
BAM LAKE, Utah, Sept 8.-George Fair of
San Francisco was at the Walker to-day. He
went East this evening.
PEOPLE TALKED ABOUT.
Captain George W. Couch of the steamer Old
Dominion, is among the eldest steamship cap
tains in the wo;ld, not in point of years, but in
length of service, having been in commission
J.Pierpont Morgan, the chief of the syndi- |
cate which supplied the United States with ;
gold in exehanee for bonds, began life as a
Clerk with the old New York banking firm of ,
Duncan, Sherman & Co.
Chief Constructor Philip Hichborn of the
United States navy is one of the few officers of
high rank who are not graduates of Annapolis, j
He began his career as an apprentice in the ;
Hf rr Gura, the barytone, the original Wotan
in "Der Ring dcs Nibelungen," lias been dis
charged from the Munich Hoftheater, as his
voice Is no longer fresh enough. He will con
fine himself to concerts.
Cardinal Ledochowski, who bore the brunt of
the Government prosecution during the period
of the kulturkampf, is to celebrate his sacer
dotal jubilee In a few days. The celebration
will be general throughout Germany and Po
L. E. Chittenden, who is spending the sum
mer with his son, Horace H. Chittenden, at
Shelburno Bay, Vt., is correcting the proof
t-heet.s of a book to be entitled, "Selections
From the Writings and Speeches of Abraham
Grover Cleveland has been in public lift
thirteen years, and one Maine boy named for
him, Grover C. Watson of Kuox County, Me., is
big enough to run as a reform candidate— or,
at any rate, as a candidate— for the reform
General yon Ilannekin, the young German
officer who played au important part in the re
cent war between China and Japan, fighting
on the side of the former, is in Berlin and is
the recipient of much attention.
Great regret is felt in Germany at the death
of Professor Rudolph yon Kolh, the famous
Sanskrit scholar, who had been a professor at
Tubingen University for fifty years. With
Bothlingk, he published a Bnnskrtt dictionary.
SUPPOSED TO BE HUMOROUS.
He (about to propose)— My dear Elsie, I do
She— You know, of course, I am poor.
He— Yes, Mips Elsie, and I hope you will per
mit me to be a brother to you.— Humoristische
He— l had a dream about you last night, Him
Louisa. I was about to give you a kiss, when
suddenly we were separated by a river that
gradually grew as big as the Thames.
She— And there was no bridge and no boat?—
"I wish I had r place in your heart," said the
summer young man.
"Yes 7" said the summer girl.
"Yes. indeed. It is so delightfully cold.—ln
Waiter— Will you have spinach to-day, sir ?
Gueßl — Yes. but I don't want it bo spunky as
it was yesterday. Bring me some with no sand
in it.— Boston Transcript.
"Cultured in Boston ?" said Perry Patettic.
"Well, I guess yes! J,ast time I was there I got
throwed out of a beer saloon foreatin' me free
lunch wit' a knife."— Cincinnati Enquirer.
Bhe— And, George, you swore you would
never touch liquor with your lips, and here
you are drunk.
George— Didn't touch stuff wi' m' lipsh. Ueed
shtraws!— Syracuse Post.
Mr. Noopop— My baby cries all night. I don't
know what to do with it.
Mr. Knowltt— l'll tell you what I did. As
soon as our baby commenced to cry I used to
turn on all the gas. That fooled bin. He
tlfought it was broad daylight and went to
sleep.— Pearson's We kly.
"When a man's clothes are too loose," says
the Manayunk Philosopher, "there are two
ways of remedying the evil. One Is to take
them back to the tailor. Another is to get a
new boarding-house."— Philadelphia Record.
Old Bullion (playfully)— Suppose I should
lose my money and die poor, what would my
little duckie darling do then?
Young Bride (thoughtfully)— Perhaps a medi
cal college would give me something for your
corpse.— Xew York Weekly.
"What is Charley doing for a living now?"
"I didn't think he was literary."
'lie isn't. He writes home for remittances."
Cleff— They tell me your daughter Julia is
quite a singer. Has she a good voice? Is her
Staff— Can't say so much about her voice, but
her method is superb. She never sings when
I am at home.— Boston Transcript.
"So old Mr. Brown Is married at last?"
"Yes; a furriner, I 'card."
"A foreigner? No, an English lady."
"Oh, I 'card as 'ow she was a Tartar.' 1
AROUND THE CORRIDORS.
Duncan B. Harrison, well known as a theat
rical manager, was seen in the lobby of the
Baldwin last night. He is making arrange
ments for the return of Miss Pai.'ine Hall, who
is soon to visit this country.
Miss Hall has just completed one of the most
exteusive bicycle tours of Europe ever under-
taken b}' any woman. Miss Hall was accom
panied on her tour by her husband, George B.
McLtllan, Mr. and Mrs. Harrison and Mr. and
Mrs. William Trevor. They sailed on the
American line steamer New York in the early
part of last May and arrived back in America
on the 20th of August, their tour embracing
At Friederichsruhe. the home of Prince Bis
marck, Miss Hall had the honor of appearing
before the Prince and his family and singing
several selections from various operas, con
cluding the reception at the request of the
Prince by singing "Die Wacht Am der Rhein."
The distance covered was 2378 miles according
to the average of the cyclometers.
Georpe Xagle .sat in the office of the Palace
Hotel yesterday evening rending a copy of the
Review of Reviews. Suddenly he closed the
magazine with a bang, and turning to the in
dividual who dozed on his right burst out:
"Atmosphere! Book atmosphere ! Ridiculous j
I rot! Everything you pick up nowadays in the
I shape of a book review has something to say
1 about the atmosphere of a certain popular
i book over which the public seems to have gone
[ particularly wild. .Did it ever occur to you
I that the man who wrote the book couldn't
: help putting the atmosphere into it. Take
I for instance James Whitcomb Kiiey's poetry.
i You hear some old fossil say that it takes him
right back to the newmown hay fields and the
odors of the orchard. Well, why in the devil
shouldn't it? Kilty tip to his nineteenth year
used to get out at daybreak and milk twenty
six cows, pitch hay until the mow was full,
and he then took a little weeding exercise till
I lunch was ready. In the afternoon he packed
I spuds two miles to the cellar, and by night,
after taking another whack at the cows with a
milking stool and eating a vegetable dinner
with the farmhands, went to bed in the top
story of the old homestead and snored holes
'In the pillow-sham. That's about the size
| of it.
"Suddenly he discovernd that he could write
I a particularly delightful brand of verse that
i everybody liKedand that the papers were will
'■ ing to pay for. so he cut his boots off at the
I ankels, creased his pants and headed for the
• city, where he has been ever since. Of course
his ver.st? has the farm atmosphere around it.
| How can he help it. He couldn't do anything
else if he tried. Atmosphere! liosh!"
This burst of indignation seemed to relieve
; the critic for a few moments, but he stroked j
his whiskers a little and let drive again.
"Now, there's Marion Crawford, the writer
with such a 'delightful Italian air' about his
'stories. Well, he went to Italy as soon as he
| was old enough and lived on spaghetti and
i macaroni until he couldn't get along without
! it. He wallowed around in Italian society,
; drunk strong claret, smoked Italian tobacco,
] fell in love with the country and created old
' "SarucanesoH." Italy is all he can think about,
j aud that's where we get the Italian atmos
"Kippling lived in the jungle for eighteen
i years, Tolstoi never had anything on but peas
! ant's overalls and plowmen's jumpers. He
| gets up when the early bird Is roosting in the
i tree-top, kicking about the infernal low ter
n' perature of Russia, and by sun up he has har
rowed a three-ncre field and laid the plot of
two novels. Tiiat's Tolstoi's regular gait and
j he can't help it. Of course his books show
just a slight touch of the son ot the soil, and
his statistical information shows that he
knows the prevailing rate of wages in the land
i of the Czar. That's the way it goes. Writers
can't get away from the things they live
I among, and this rubbish about atmosphere is
[ a little overdone."
A Mountain of Iboh Within This State.
QUANTITY AND PURITY COMBINED.
To the Editor Qf the Catt—SlM: Although pros
peciing In this county is yet in its infancy, Kan
Bernardino is rapidly coming to the front in
its discoveries and in the production of the
precious metals. Rich strikes of gold and
silver hnve recently been recorded. Neglected
or tvaiuk.nt-d mines again resound with the
noises of industry. The pioneer prospectors,
with pick, --hovel End burro, are trespassing
upon tl>e confines of the desert and the strong,
brown arm Of the sturdy miner is transforming
the prospect into a mine. Much has been dor.c,
yet there are many .>-.juaro miles in this county
untouched by the foot of man that may some
tinie surprise the country with its now hidden
wealth. There is one nit-tnl that is not hid
den—that stands out to view as does a
mountain peak from the apex of the
range beyond— and that is its iron. Situated
a few miles south of the Atlantic and Pacific
Railroad, 100 miles east of Los Angeles, is a
mountain of iron— a Bessemer of exceeding
purity, lying in several parallel veins, at least
three of which are more than 100 feet each in
width in solid ore, averaging close to 7o per
cent in metallic iron. These veins, black and
massiTe, almost defiant, visible from -many
miles away, standing as a monument to the
poverty of the owner! and n reproach to the
want of enterprise and absence of capital for
the development of an element whica, is the
form of (i commodity, is imported into Califor
nia by the thousands of tons annually, bur
dened by hundreds of thousands of dollars
in transcontinental freightage. The owners
are not MtlßcienUj public spirited to give the
property away, yet recognizing ttie paucity of
their purses would deal fairly with capital
which would develop it, or would as a secon
dary proposition part with it for a fraction of
It is entirely within the rauge of probability
that these veins, which to the northward ap
pear to join (as do the veins at Carson Hill
lrom the north), are a prolongation of the
"mother vein" of El Dorado, Tuolumne, Cala
yeras and Maripora counties, as they are clo^e
iv tlio general trend. But whether or not a
purt :>f the rich veins of precious metals in the
counties further north they are individually or
eollec ively of sufficient magnitude to rank as
"mother" vein or veins, and in purity of ore as
While at San Diego it Is now proposed jo im
port iron ore of lower grade from Lower Cali
fornia (a foreign country) for reduction, it is a
question whicti only time may determine when
capital shall compel this mountain of Besse
mer ore to yield its wealth to enrich the State,
give emplpyment to many of its citizens, build
up a great industry for the manipulation of an
element ■which more than any other enters
into every avenue of life and enriches its pro
It seems almost a crime to permit so great a
body of ore to lie year after year unproductive,
the only development being the annual assess
ment work, while so many thousands of tons
of iron and Hteel are imported at a cost greatly
in excess of that required to convert this ore,
even recognizing the greater cost of fuel her;
as compared with points of production East.
Were this property situated in the Eastern
or Southern States. Cuba, or In South America,
it would be snatched up only too quickly by
that capital which sees merit in something dis
tant while overlooking investment at home.
A famous German geologist has in substance
said, "show me a vein wearing an iron hat and
I will show you a mine rich in the precious
metals." li may be that some day with proper
development his prediction may here be veri
iiecfcby a gold property which will astonish the
world", for there is much to indicate that,
although there is iron here imbedded sufficient
for generations yet unborn, its surface aurifer
ous character gives promise of a golden harvest
not only in working the baser metal, but iv
reclaiming the precious lusterless yellow ?o
loth to remain in the United States treasury
under the present administration.
C. L. Hubbs.
Daggitt, Cal., Sept. 5, 1395.
IDEAS OF WESTERN EDITORS.
While Chicago is doing all the "kicking,"
California is going right ahead in developing
her own great resources and encouraging home
production, which means employment of home
labor and the continued prosperity of her peo
A market report like that at Helena, Mont.,
the other day, when California lemons were
quoted at $6 50 to $7 per box, while the for
eign were quoted at $6, is worth more as a proof
of superiority than all the fair medals one
could hang on a string.— Riverside Press.
Not content with making sidewalks out of
molasses, the Utah Sugar Company reports that
this material makes good road pavement.
Surely genius knows no bounds.— Bakerstield
Fresno without the Valley road would be a
"lame duck" in the commercial swim for the
next quarter of a century, at least. People
whose opinions are worth considering have a
hearty contempt for a town that will permit an
important railway to pass it by for lack of rea
sonable assistance. At this juncture Fresno
cannot afford to take any chances. — Fresno Re
The Supreme Court of California has decided
that although it is illegal to sell a lottery
ticket, it is perfectly legal to buy one. That is,
of course, a distinction without any difference,
but it is presumably the law, and the sooner
the law is made what it ought to be the better it
will be for the State.— San Jose Mercury.
The demand for cedar wood for making pen
cils has so diminished Europe's supply that
now, it is said, a draft on California's se
quoias is threatened. Imagine these noble
trees being whittled into lead pencils.—Pasa
We have heard some of the Nimrods of this
locality boast cf shooting wild goats at Cata
lina Island, representing it as a great feat of
marksmanship, but we are able to give these
exploits full value now when it is accepted as a
fact that Jimmy Jones of the Brunswick Jf >tel
ran down and captured one of the.-c animals on
the islands a few days ago and brought it home
as an evidence of his prowess.— Orange News.
Arizona's admission to the Union is among
the probabilities of the coming Congress. Cleve
land can't ariord to kick us out when Congress
admits us.— Phoenix Herald.
Judge E. Ellery Anderson, a corporation law
yer of New York, is said to have the call on the
Supreme Court vacancy. There was some hope
of that coming to this Territory, but Wall street
has got the cinch on old Cleve and the great
and yearning Democracy of Arizona runs to
waste.— Tucson Citizen.
It is to be hoped that bloomers will not be
worn by the young women who are booked to
embrace matrimony at the Oregon Industrial
Exposition. The biturcated garment would
neither make the ceremony more binding nor
enhance its solemnity.— Portland Telegram.
Thousands of the people, and especially of
those whose education and position fit them
best to shape the policy ot the country, abstain
from attending the primaries. Kow shall they
be compelled to attend? The answer to this
question will be the entering wedge of the
greatest reform that our politics have ever wit
One by one the political records of the mem
bers of Mr. Cleveland's cabinet rise up and
whack them on the back. The fact has been
brought out that Secretary Morton ran for Gov
ernor on the Greenback ticket in Nebraska
nineteen years ago.— Spokane Spokesman-Ke
A I'i-liy Business.
It Is well known that there is ensconced in the
enormous machinery of the Federal Govern
ment an irresponsible Commission of Fish and
Fisheries, which succeeds in annually expend
ing many thousands of doilars of public money
I to very little purpose.— Philadalphia Record.
Eastern Potato Bugs.
No man who has ever undertaken to pick a
season's bugs from a potato patch will doubt
for a moment the account of the stoppage of a
train on Long: Island by them. He will even
wonder how the train was saved from wreck. —
St. Louis Dispatch.
For a Short Campaign.
The short-campaign idea has fairly taken
hold of the people of best judgment every
where throughout the country, and the most I
influential papers have come out in its favor.
Whatever pressure, therefore, can be brought
upon the politicians who more or less direct
the affairs of party to hold late conventions
will bo brought.— Chicago Times.
No Expression of Gratitude.
A 'Wisconsin fruit-grower snipped eighty
baskets of peaches to a Chicago commission
man. He received to return a check for $4,
and, after paying for his baskets and help in
gathering the fruit, h:id just the price of a
postage stamp remaining. Oddly enough, he
didn't use the postege stamp to express his
gratitude to the Chicago commission man.—
Captain Slnlian's Advice.
The fact that the British navy estimates have
equaled the bum of $2tf,968,210 reveals the
persistency with which Great Britain has fol
lowed the advice concerning the enlargement
of her battle-.ships and her cruisers. Without
her Powerful snd Terrible the ships of the
British souadron would be very small com
pared with the American battle-ships of the
Massachusetts and Oregon build. J*everthe
less, she Is constructing ntval fighters on the
lines laid down by the distinguished American
critic, Captain Mahan. There is no reason why
America should not, by following the advice of
this foremost critic of the naval power of the
world, become the autocrat of the seas.—Phil
Literature in Chicago.
Returning St. Louisans who happened to
come home via Chicago report great literary
advancement in that city, a young St. Louis
schoolteacher had occasion recently to go to a
Chicago stationery-store, nnd s>he aske>l tho
bright young man who stepped up briskly to
wait upt n her if he had any scrap-books. The
b. y. m. looked puzzled a morrent, scratched
the lid of his brain vessel, and then the lieht
slowly dawned upon him. and, with a brisk
"Yea'm," he went behind the counter and
took down a paper-bound yellow-back book
and handed it to her, and when fche opened it
she discovered it was the life of JohnL. Sulli
van.—St. Louis Star Sayings.
Parks and Cities,
The moral of the-experiences ot the average
city in securing parks and adding touches of
adornment is against the evjl of procrastina
tion. Cities (should plan for future growth and
not wait until it is all but impossible to accom
plish what should have bean done almost nt
the start. Milwaukee may consider herself
fortunate in having reserved a portion of her
lake front, and she is to be congratulated that
with comparatively little money she will be
able to construct a lafce driveway that will be
unexcelled by any like thoroughiare in the
world.— Milwaukee Wisconsin.
PLAIN TALKS TO FARMERS.
MR. ADAMS WORDS MET WITH WARM INDORSEMENT.
The Call has begun a series of articles en
titled, "Plain Talks with Farm-
Farmers ers," by Edward F. Adams,
and the himself a farmer. The series
Hard Times. begins well. In the first
article Mr. Adams makes these
Speaking as a farmer, I ask: Why is It that
mercantile and professional classes live more luxu
riously than we? Why do not their wives also
rise at five In the morning and toil till bedtime?
Why do they ride in palace cars and we in tourist
cars? v Now our usual answer to this is that the
whole race of tbeai are nefarious cormorants
thriving upon the blood and sweat of the patient,
noble, honest son of toll. • But the real reason that
they thrive while we strive unprofltably is because
they are not such fools as we are; they know their
business and we do not. If they buy a ton of grain,
they know what it cost them, and when they sell
it, they know whether they have made a profit.
Never were truer words written. There is
much complaint just now over "hard times"
among the farmers of California. Much sym
pathy ia expressed for them. Yet we hear no
sympathy expressed for the "hard times" of
the shop-keeper, the small tradesman, the
small manufacturer. Why not? Have they not
suffered during the past few years just as the
farmers have? "Oh, but they are business
men," would be the reply. That is exactly it.
They are business men, they do not ask for
sympathy, and they isutter in silence, while the
farmers suffer noisily. The sooner the farmois
put ttaemseivps on the same score as other men,
run their buslnesn like other business men and
expect the same treatment as other business
men, the sooner w!U they attain the same
measure of prosperity as other business men.
As Mr. Adams, himself a California farmer,
says of California farmers: "Other men know
their business— the farmers do not."— The Ar
ANSWERS TO CORRESPONDENTS.
; Citizenship— C. H. R., Larkspur, •■ Marin
County, Cal. jlf you have been a resident of
the United States for seven years and. now de
sire to become a citizen you will have to de
clare your intention, and two years after such
declaration you can obtain your second pa
pers. In this State an alien must declare upon
oath before a District or Circuit Court of the
United States, or a Superior Court, two years at
least prior to Iris admission that it is bona fide
his intention to become a citizen of the United
States and to renounce forever all allegiance to
any foreign prince or state, and particularly to
the one of which he may be at the time a citi
zen or subject. Subsequently if it shall ap
pear to the satisfaction of the court to which
the alien has applied- that he has made & dec
laration to become a citizen two years before
applying for final papers, arid has resided con
tinuously within the United States for at least
five years and within the Suite in which the
court Is held one year at least, and that dur
in that time "he has behaved as a man of
good moral character, attached to the princi
ples of the constitution of the United £tate»
and well disposed to the good order and hap
piness of the same," he will be admitted to cit
Ratification— H. L. B. City. The conetitu
tion of the United States was signed September
17, 1787, and it was at once transmitted to
Congress, which in turn transmitted it to the
Stales. It was ratified by the convention of
Delaware December 7; Pennsylvania, Decem
ber 12- New Jersey, \ December IS; Georgia,
January 2, 1783: Connecticut, January 9;
Massachusetts, February 8: Maryland, April
28: South Carolina, May 23. and New Hamp
shire, June 21, making nine States, the number
required to make the instrument bin-;, on
all the States. I Virginia ratified June 25,1733;
New York July 26; North Carolina, November
21 1789, and Khode Island, May 29, 1790. '
Training School foe NcESES-Daily Reader,
Santa Clara, Cal. There are three training
schools for nurses in San Franci6co, one at the
Hospital for Children, another at St. Luke'a
Hospital, and the third at the City «s4
County Hospital. Application to either can bo
made "by letter or in person to the superin
tendent. Each school is governed by epecifcl
rnle«, but generally the applicant mast be t*>
tween 21 and 31 yean of age, ran- 1 preeeut
a certificate of good character, moist be in sound
health, be able to read aloud well and be able
to take notes of lecture*.
Nellie Ely— W. B. ('., City. Nellie 817. the
newspaper correspondent, left New "iork City
on her trip around the world on the 14th of
November, 18*59. She made the tour In 72
days « hours and 11 minutes. On her way back
to the Empire City she landed iy San Francisco
from the su*ami-h:p Oceanlca, January 21,
1890. Miss Elizabeth Bisland. another news
paper correspondent, who started one day
sooner than Miss Bly, occupied 70 days in the
Warrant of arrest— J. C, City. The code
of this State says that if an offense charged b«
a felony the arrest, with or withont warrant,
may be made at any time of the day or night.
If ft is a misdemeanor the arrest cannot be
made at night, unless under the direction of the
magistrate ir.dor-ed upon the warrant. Night
time as denned in the code la that period be
tween sue set and funrise. Warrants are not
served in divorce cases.
Divorce Complaint— J. G., City. If a com
plaint for divorce has been filed in caurt, and
subsequently the parties agree to let bygones
be bygones and resume the relations of hi*
band'and wife, and the plaintiff has the action
dismissed, that is an end to that case. The
other portion of your question is one that
should be submitted to a competent attorney,
as this department is for the purpose of giving
facts and not legal advice.
School of Design— Mrs. J. 8., City. The tui
tion fees in the School of Design in the Hop
kins' Institute of Art are §G per month, or i?-4
from January 2 to May 15. or $18 for the full
term in the antique, life c'nsa (nnde mode!),
portrait class (draped model) and modeling
class. The fee in the paintiner class (still life
and portrait) is $8. .«30 and :*t>o. The school
year opens on the 15th of August and closes on
the 15th oi May.
Small Dogs— E. G. If., City. Very small dogs
are the result of inbreeding. The grown of
pupp'.e.s is cheeked by the use of whisky, ad
ministered wi'.h food. The get of such ani
mals is not always rertain as to size. Some
times in a litter of six there may be two that
will never attain a larger growth than that of
the parent, while the others will attain the
full size ot the breed. In other oases there
has not been an undersized dog in the whole
Pernicious Activity- K. L., City. The !an.
giiage used by Cleveland in his letter to the
heads of departments, written on the 14th of
July, 1886, in wbich he wrote of pernicious
activity, was as follows: "Office-holders are
neither disenfranchised nor forbidden the ex
ercise of political privileges; but their priv
ileges are not enlarged, nor is their duty to
the party increased to pernicious activity by
Largest Steamers— A. F. C, Bloomfield, Cal.
The largest steamers afloat at this time are the
Campania and the Lucania, sister ships. Each
measures 620 feet over all. The American
stonmer St. Louis, recently launched, measures
554 feet over all.
"Don't She Charlie?"— O. X., City. "Wil
lies Views of Thines," or "Don't She Charlie?"
by James Whitcomb Riley. appears in Werner's
Magazine for 1894, page 295, and may be seen
at the Free Public Library, this City.
No Electric Road.—?. O. C, City. There is
no electric road in course of construction be
tween this City and S:;n Jose. There was some
talk at one time of the Joost line being ex
tended to the Garden City.
Robercs, 22o Sutter— "Cards by the million."*
• — ♦ »
Plain, broken mxi! ends, 10c Ib. Townsend's.*
• * •
Bacon Printing company, 503 Clay stroas. •
__• — *»
Steamship Pomona, to Santa Cruz and Mon
terey, leaves Saturdays, 4 P. M.. due back Mon
day.-, sa. M. Ticket office, 4 New Montgomery
"Do you boil your drinking-water?" said one
Pittshurger to another.
"Nil." was the reply. "We grind it and then
fry it."— Pittsburg Chronicle-Telegraph.
Hood's Sarsaparllla cures dyspepsia, scrofula and
salt rheum, and by vitalising the blood strength
ens the system to resist the bad effects of the vary
ing temperature of tho fall season. •
" Mrs. "Winslow's Soothing Syrnp"
Has been used over fifty years by millions of moth
ers for their children whilo Teething with perfect
success. • -It soothes the child, softens tho gums, al
lays Pain, cores Wind Colic, regulates the Bowels
and la the best remedy for Diarrhoeas, whether
arising from teething or other causes. For sale by
Druggists in every part of the world. Be sure ana
ask for Mrs. "Winalow'a Soothlnj; Syrup. "25c .*
K RAG EN
Wishes to Announce Its Removal to
1043 MARKET STREET,
Between Sixth and Seventh
(OPPOSITE J. J. O'BRIEN'S)
Whereby such an enormot-' saving in
rent and other expenses has been ef-
fected that we can now sell goods in
our line cheaper than ever before. For
example, we quote
Hardwood Bedroom Sets 01 7 ir t CM - $20
Parlor Sets, from $25 np
OTHER GOODS IN PROPORTION.
Everything Marked in Plain Figures
CASH OR INSTALLMENTS.
2 A ISJCHEAP
■j SO White Imported Castile Soap,
I 9 1 ! Lar;e hnrs and Virgin brand at that.
If 1/ Buy quicklj'. Only I '.'oo bars. Ma:<y
more genuine bargains regularly
offered Jn our 40 uud 140 page price-Ms:, Send for
SMITH'S CASH STOKES,
414 Front Street, San Francisco.
University or California— S4o,o!M) to Loan.
BLANK APPLICATIONS WILL BE SENT
upon request No application for less than
SlO.liOO will be considered. Applications must be
sent, in duplicate, to Kegent Albert Miller, 53a
California 3t .. 8, F. J. H. C. BOSTE, aecty.
Berkeley, Cal., August 23, 1895.