OCR Interpretation


The San Francisco call. (San Francisco [Calif.]) 1895-1913, September 30, 1895, Image 6

Image and text provided by University of California, Riverside; Riverside, CA

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85066387/1895-09-30/ed-1/seq-6/

What is OCR?


Thumbnail for 6

6
CHARLES M. SHORTRIDGE,
Editor and Proprietor.
SUBSCRIPTION RATES— Postage Free:
rally and Sunday Call, one week, by carrier. $0.15
r»lly and Sunday Cam, one year, by mail.. . 6.00
rally and Sunday Caix, six months, by mail 8.00
ally and Sunday Call, three months, by mall 1.60
Jl»ily and Sunday Call, one month, by mail .65
fenday Call, one year, by mail 1.50
Weekly Call, one ear, by mall 1.50
BUSINESS OFFICE:
710 Market Street,
Telephone .^ Maln-1868
EDITORIAL ROOMS:
617 Clay Street.
Telephone Maln-1874
BRANCH OFFICES:
Montgomery street, corner Clay: open until
S:SO o'clock.
JtJP Have* street : open until 9:30 o'clock.
717 Larkin street; open until 9:30 o'clock.
BW. corner Sixteenth and Mission streets; open
cntil 8 o'clock.
.Mission street; open until 9 o'clock,
JibMutli street; open until 9 o'clock,
OAKLAND OFFICE:
EOB Broadway.
EASTERN OFFICE:
Fecific Rates Advertising Bureau, Khlnelaniler
tuildlng : Kose and Duane streets, Xtvr York City.
MONDAY.. SEPTEMBER 30, 1895
THE CALL SPEAKS FOR ALL.
' There is now a demand in New York for
an automatic gold reserve.
Popular churches in the East have begun
to furnish places for storing bicycles.
We nay consider the Atlanta Exposi
tion a success, for it is said the Midway is
all right. _
Big Republican victories in the State
elections this fall will help on the revival
everywhere.
The time is coming when we can no
longer picture death on a pale horse, but
on a bicycle.
In a few days Grover will have to return
to Washington and wait for Congress with
' bated breath.
The only issue in Maryland is Gorman,
and even that will probably be choked off
on election day.
It is now asserted the Chinese invented
•the bicycle ages ago and that it is about as
: old as gunpowder.
The report that Senator Peffer intends
j to start a newspaper is calculated to make
I Kansas bleed again.
Give the proposed lottery ordinance a
• trial and those who advertise the games
i will also have a trial.
.
Of course prosperity can stand on the
| gold basis, but to get there with both feet
she needs bimetallism.
|\ •
s In the East the tide of sympathy with
{' ,'uba is running very nearly high enough
i o float the ship of State.
i _
The Syndicate's contract with the Gov
ernment to maintain the gold reserve runs
out to-morrow, and then what ?
It is said the Eastern corn crop is so
i large there are not even hogs and cattle
enough among the farmers to eat it.
[ Though Willie K. and Lady Alva are
• j divorced, Miss Consuelo seems to be able
to reach the pockets of both with her little
Duke. ■
i Corbett and Fitzsimmons are to have
the honor in Texas of an extra session of
the Legislature assembled to do them
. justice.
It is said that Marl borough is already
enjoying the benefits of the Vanderbilt
alliance in the form of free passes on the
r ■;] railroads.
|U "For the Lord's sake,'' said Dr. Park
; S hurst, " let us sink fads and side issues,"
but isn't Dr. Parkhurst himself a fad and
I a side issue?
v We are just near enough to the scene of
f disturbance to be interested in the State
i* elections this year without having to hear
the brass bands.
Mrs. Langtry is certainly no actress or
I; she would never have postponed the
j-j divorce advertising until she was ready to
i|, retire from the stage.
As an evidence of the good crops it is
; noted that the universities of the corn
? States have opened this fall with a larger
number of students than ever.
It i 9 within the limits of possibility that
; a syndicate has been formed among the
, British nobility to corner American
; heiresses and squeeze the market.
I States have opened this fall with a larger
number of students than ever.
It is within the limits of possibility that
a syndicate has been formed among the
British nobility to corner American
heiresses and squeeze the market.
In asserting "there is no city so delight
| ful as Philadelphia in the month of
October," the Record of that city over
i looked either San Francisco or veracity.
As an outcome of all the carnivals, fes
tivals and celebrations in Eastern cities
ijduring the past summer there has come
I forth a demand for less bunting and more
art.
| Lots of people who now declare them
selves to be in favor of a short campaign
i next year, will be so hot for the fight by
next spring that they won't wait for the
campaign to begin.
II If California is to hold her prestige as a
■ f fruit-growing State some of our rural ex- 1
changes must furnish us with a story to
. match that of a New Haven man who
' ■:laims to have successfully grafted an
apple twig on a grape vine and is now rais
ing good apples and good grapes on the
(same vine.
,|| That wonderful acetylene from which we
* jxpect cheap gas in the near future, may
lot prove such a blessing after all, for a
French chemist asserts he can by means of
" ||t furnish a drink bearing an exact re
jemblance to grape brandy at a cost of two
ients a quart. Science had better put
■ icetylene back where she found it.
'ft The lowa State Register speaks slight
ingly of the arid districts of the great
vVest and says: "lowa, of course, is not
< interested in the irrigation question.
faere we simply plant seed and nature
floes the rest." Exactly so. The lowan
plants the seed and the blizzard reaps it
Bind occasionally takes in the planter also.
• a . v'— -—♦—-—*• :
' » Speaking in reference to the attitude of
• I London on the subject of bimetallism Mr.
Gladstone recently said: "If it stands
firm, and is seen resolutely to exercise on
his subject the authority to which it is
ntitled, no power which bimetallism at
present commands, or is likely to enlist,
vill be able to overcome it." This state
nent is doubtless encouraging to the gold
linen, but before the contest is - over the
I tinietallists may be able to show that the
Ljjnited States is bigger than London. ~
A SEVERE REPORT.
The interview with Marsden Manson,
chairman of the State Board of Highway
Commissioners, published in Sunday's
Call, is exceedingly instructive and un
sparingly severe. He shows how money
is wasted in the maintenance of roads by
county authorities through ignorance of
proper methods, and gives generous praise
to those counties which have exhibited in
telligence and enterprise. He shows that
some of the splendid prosperity of Santa
Clara County is attributable to the superb
condition of the roads, and charges hard
times in other places to bad roads.
A very peculiar thing which he discov
ered was that in the mountain and foothill
region, where the people produce at home
all that they possibly can for home con
sumption, there is far more prosperity
than in the valleys, where it is easier to
buy meat, vegetables, butter and the like.
This is apart from the subject of good
roads, but it is worth knowing and remem
bering.
The finest mountain road was found in
the smallest and poorest county. Alpine,
where the population is only 550. The ex
cellence of this road is explained in the
scrupulous integrity and careful watchful
ness of the Supervisors, who see personally
that full value is received for every dollar
expended; but an equally important factor
is the pride of the people themselves, who,
when the road fund is exhausted, take
picks and shovels and do the work free of
charge. There are bound to be good roads
and prosperity where such conditions as
these exist.
Evidence of the most extraordinary stu
uidity was found in certain counties of the
great interior basin. In the long sandy
stretches there abounding it is often the
custom to make roads passable for wagons
heavily loaded with grain by strewing
them several inches deep with straw. This
has to be repeated a number of times dur
ing the year, at a cost of $30 to $45 a mile.
This is a criminal waste of money. The
commissioners found in other places that
excellent material for making good roads
lay contiguous to bad roads, and yet it is
never employed, although the cost of using
it wouid be far below that of the primitive
methods employed.
Here is the sum of the commissioners'
investigation: "The people of the State
spend between $3,000,000 and $4,000,000
yearly on their highways, yet it cannot be
controverted that we aye deteriorating in
roads. It cannot be controverted that the
same amount, intelligently, judiciously
and honestly expended during a series of
years, would eive us the grandest system
of roads in the world. Most of it is now
blindly thrown away."
ONE CALIFORNIA TOWN.
Monrovia is only a small settlement in
the southern end of the State, but it has
some peculiar features that are worthy of
ver}' close study. These were described in
Sunday's Call, and now it is interesting
to inquire into the reasons for its being so
utterly unlike other California settlements.
Why, for instance, should the South
ern Pacific and Santa Fe roads be erecting
each a $10,000 station at this small place
when it had stations there already, and
when in many much larger towns in Cali
fornia the railroad companies maintain
cheap and shabby stations?
From 1200 acres of orange trees the Duarte-
Monrovia Citrus Association shipped last
season 234 carloads of oranges, which
yielded $100,000 to its 111 members; a
private company shipped forty carloads
more, bringing $20,000, and another
private company paid $">O,OOO for fruit and
labor at its dryers. This makes $170,000
distributed among the people. The idea
of organization is thus mad* apparent at
the start.
A higher operation of its benefits is seen
in the remarkable plan by which it has
so.lved the water problem. Water is a
scarce commodity in that section, and the
people of Monrovia wanted an abundance
of it, and the best to be had. Accordingly
the municipality bought 1700 acres of
water-bearing land away back in the
mountains. Then the people voted bonds
to the amount of $40,000 with which to
construct the supply system. A wondenul
feature of the election was that not a single
negative vote was cast. The bonds were
promptly bought by a Chicago linn at a
premium of $500. It is well to remember
this, for most communities are glad to sell
their bonds at par. But the Board of City
Trustees was composed of high-class, pub
lic-spirited, honest men, and that makes a
difference.
They then drove nine tunnels into the
mountains, thus securing a supply of
water sufficient to serve a city of 20,000 in
habitants, and instead of running the tine,
pure water from the heart of the moun
tains into reservoirs, where it would be
more or less contaminated, they proceeded
to serve it directly through pipes. Hence
the water is not exposed until it is deliv
ered for use. Some fine engineering was
required to lead these pipes to the city
across canyons and other obstacles but
that was accomplished.
The most interesting feature of the water
supply is that the residents are served
without charge. They may have all they
want for domestic use and for irrigating
their orchards. All the expense that the
water is to them is that represented by the
interest and redemption fund of the bonds
and the slight cost of maintaining the
works, and all that is covered by taxation.
It is not surprising that the surplus
water developed by the tunnels has in
duced an electrical company to enter the
Held. A company with a capital of $100,000
has been formed for the purpose of utiliz
ing this surplus and supplying the settle
ment with light and power. This will
bring a revenue to the municipality which
will assist in paying off the bonded debt,
and the* people will enjoy the advantage
which an electric plant will secure.
If there were many such towns in Cali
fornia as Monrovia it would be immeasur
ably better for the State. It is the people
of Monrovia, not any special natural ad
vantages which they enjoy, that have
brought about these wonderful results. It
is certain that the population of Monrovia
will increase more rapidly than that of
towns showing a less progressive spirit,
that the property of the people will be
greatly enhanced in value, and that the
investment which their bonded debt repre
sents will prove the most profitable they
could have made.
THE FARMERS' MEETING.
The btate Grange of California, Patrons
of Husbandry, meets to-morrow at Merced
and continues in session during the week.
Its business will be to hear and act
upon the reports of its officers, and
of the various standing and special
committees, covering such subjects as
education, legislation, co-operation,
experiment stations, finance, gen
eral condition of the order and kindred
subjects of interest to farmers or to the
order as such. One proposed amendment
to the constitution of minor consequence
comes up for action.
The topic which is expected to excite
most interest is the adoption of some prac
tical working plan for the better educa
tion of farmers, especially in the
business aspects of farm life. The
THE SAN FRANCISCO CALL, MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 30, 1895.
membership of the State Grange
consists of the officers of the State Grange
and the masters of all subordinate granges
and their wives or husbands. In the ab
sence of the regular representatives granges
are represented by alternates duly elected.
"While the foregoing constitute the vot
ing members of the Sate Grange all mem
bers of the order are entitled to attend and
take part in the discussions. A lively in
terest is manifested in the coming session
and a large attendance is anticipated.
ROYALTY IN COMMAND.
The speech made by the Duke of Cam
bridge at a private banquet given in his
honor upon his retirement from the com
mand of her Majesty's armies has created
a sensation throughout Great Britain. He
took the ground that there is no proper
foundation for tue recently developed no
tion that a member of the royal family
was not suited for the command of the
forces.
The distinguished gentleman's objection
to this sentiment has come too late. The
very fact that his long command of the
army has induced innumerable and con
stantly increasing attacks upon him is
conclusive proof that the instinct of the
people is averse to royal leadership of the
iron hand which might be turned against
their liberties. His unpopularity was
based less on the ground of his personal
shortcomings than on that which supports
natural human jealousy of individual
liberty.
The English people seem to be less
aware than are intelligent observers in
other nations that the proclaimed loyalty
of Britons to the idea of royal sovereignty
is the product more of habit than innate
desire. The attacks upon Cambridge were
really assaults upon the royal prerogative
and power. The most instructive incon
sistency that Great Britain has ever devel
oped is the claim of its people that royalty
should not command the armed forces of
the empire. In theory the king is both
the ruler and the father of the people. He
is charged with the safety and welfare of
his subjects, and as the army represents
the idea of defense and safety in its con
cretest form all logic demands that the king
should command the army. This is not only
logical but right, and it is not only the
rule throughout Europe except in Eng
land, but a principle of republican govern
ments is the placing of the President at
the head of the armed defenses of the
country.
In declaring that royalty may not prop
erly command the army the people of
England stultify that principle of their
Government which permits royalty to
serve even as a nominal factor in the con
duct of public affairs. It is really a con
fession of inconsistency in sustaining even
the empty form of a throne, and in es
sence is a proclamation of innate an
tagonism to a monarchical Government
and a demand for the exercise of the
inherent right of self-government.
The abandonment of the principle of
army leadership by the crown in obedi
ence to an ovei whelming popular senti
ment is a further lowering of the power of
the scepter in the vital concerns of Great
Britain. It is a further retreat of the
monarchical idea and a corresponding ad
vance of republicanism. Should England
to-morrow become a republic and elect a
President she would give him ten times
the power at present invested in the crown.
GENERAL EZETA'S PLANS.
A fascinating story is brought to San
Francisco by George O'Harn, an officer of
the Guatemalan Central Railwaj r , and ap
parently a responsible and intelligent man.
He claims to be a close acquaintance of
Ezeta, the deposed President of Salvador,
and of Ezeta's friends and to be familiar
with the general's plans. Therefore, he
asserts that Ezeta's talk about leaving San
Francisco for Salvador for the purpose of
organizing another revolution was simply
with a view to conceal his real intention,
which is to take charge of the revolution
ary forces in Cuba. The reward for his
success in that enterprise will be the lend
ing of an army to him for use in effecting
a revolution in Salvador.
It is not alone the plausibility of this
story that makes it interesting. Ezeta is
asserted to be really a very courageous
and able general; certainly his leadership
of the Cuban rebels could not make their
situation worse than it is. His command
of the Spanish language would be an ad
vantage over any other foreigner, and it
cannot be assumed that he has any love
for Spain sufficiently strong to make him
slay his hand when the interests of that
country are threatened.
The only part of the story that seems
unlikely is that which concerns the re
ward offered him. If the Cuban rebels suc
ceed they will need a President, and who
better than Ezeta could be found? He has
already had experience in that capacity,
and it would be better for him to become
President of Cuba than of Salvador and
the government of the people would prob
ably be easier. To be the leader of a cause
involving the liberty of a people would be
a greater glory than the wresting of a gov
ernment from a people of whom he could
never be sure.
A RARE OPPORTUNITY.
The special article on Merced County
which The Call published Sunday dis
closes a condition of affairs not at all cred
itable to the capitalists who may be aware
of the opportunities which exist in that
county. It is true that hundreds of other
opportunities for the profitable investment
of money are to be found in California, but
the situation in Merced is particularly in
viting.
The great opportunity there existing is
the utilization of the power represented by
the Merced River and its conversion into
electricity for use in the mines. The min
ing region of Hornitos was famous in the
early days, but it is a remarkable fact that,
with few exceptions, the workings have been
confined practically to the surface. The
high price of fuel has made mine-owners
timid about development, although the
mines which have been pushed to a co - -
sidorable depth have uncovered splend; \
stores of gold. Now, that gold-mining Ls«
taken recently so strong a turn upward it
is eminently worth while to inquire into
the prospects of Merced.
The river, after leaving Yosemite Valley,
pushes its way to the plains through a
gorge with a heavy fall. At innumerable
places along the canyon the water might
be dammed and electric plants installed.
The power thus generated would solve the
problem of working the gold mines on a
profitable basis, and hence the demand for
the power would be instant and large. In
view of the great enterprises of this kind
which have been established on the San
Joaquin and Stanislaus rivers, it seems
strange that the inducements offered by
the Merced Iliver have been overlooked or
neglected. Eastern capitalists could noi
do better than investigate the situation.
COMMENDABLE SPIRIT.
The people of Montreal have set an ex
ample which San Franciscans might follow
with excellent results. On the recent ap
pearance of Henry Irving in that city
speculators bought up the choice seats, in
tending, of course, to sell them at a profit.
But the people resented the transaction
and refused to buy the seats, although the
speculators offered them at half the cost.
As a consequence there was a very slim
house, and Irving was so disgusted that he
refused to make a speech. The people were
not to blame for the small house, and
Irving had a good opportunity to put a
check on a very mean and evil practice by
being as gracious as possible to those who
did attend.
Possibly only the advent of the mil
lennium would invest our people with the
spirit of independence which characterizes
those of Montreal. Whenever a great star
visits San Francisco we are apt to endanger
the integrity of our necks by scrambling
for seats on any terms. The speculators,
accordingly, reap a harvest. Montreal is
sufficiently old to be sensible, patient and
self-respecting.
OUR EXCHANGES.
According to the Mountain Echo the tem
porary depression caused at Angels Camp
by the Utica mine disaster has passed away
and the outlook for the camp is now bright
and promisine. The Echo says: "Thecom
pany are at work again with a full force,
with strong probabilities of more extensive
operations and a larger payroll than ever
before. Many properties are being sold
and bonded to outside capitalists, and
among the number some are sure to be
systematically and extensively developed.
The hope that has long been cherished of
an electric plant that shall supply chiap
and abundant power for all our mines is
about to be realized. Estimates and sur
veys have been made, and a company with
ample capital and experience is complet
ing the preliminary details of the great
enterprise. An era of progress and pros
perity seems assured."
It is pleasant to note that it is not in the
mines only that the enterprise of the
people is showing itself, but that consid
erable improvement is under way in the
town. There is a demand for better kept
streets and roads, and an evident intantion
to make Angels attractive to visitors gen
erally as well as to miners.
Some time ago we copied from the Fre
mont (Wash.) Pioneer the statement: "The
almost weekly chronicling of the death of
some Populist newspaper in the State is
the best evidence of the decay of Populism
in Washington."
Now comes the Vancouver (Wash.) Reg
ister and says: "It would be difficult to
crowd more untruth in less space than the
above paragraph occupies, and as The
Call is an honorable, upright journal on
all occasions it will surely correct the
above glaring falsehood."
Of course, as we do not know the origi
nal statement to be a falsehood, we cannot
do more than give the Register's evidence
on the other side. It declares: "The newly
established newspapers of that political
faith have in numbers more than kept
pace with those which have suspended."
This is as far as we can go in the contro
versy and the settlement of it we must
leave to the State interested in it.
Healdsburg, according to the Enterprise,
is growing rapidly and steadily, for the
good and sufficient reason that it is backed
up by "a valley whee oranges grow side
by side with peaches, plums and pears;
olives hedge in fields of wheat, oats, rye
and barley; potatoes and the ramie plant
jostle each other; squashes hide in the
shelter of canopies of hops; apples and
figs, walnuts and prunes, quinces and the
pomegranate ripen in the same orchard;
corn grows among the wine-vines; cur
rants in the shadow of the mulberry;
gooseberries hard by the persimmon; al
monds look on strawberries, and the black
berries climb over fences that bound bean
fields; roses and heliotrope, pansies and
violets, geraniums and the most delicate
of ferns thrive out of doors in every season." I
With such resources the growth of the
town ought to have a Chicago movement;
but we learn from the Enterprise that the
roads of the county are "about the poorest
in the West." It is hard to get the prod
ucts out and hard to get settlers in. In
fact Healdsburg is a kind of Eden sepa
rated from its neighbors by a hard road to
travel.
tip to last year San Francisco was about
as large a market for fruit as the growers
around I'orterville desired, but this year,
according to the Enterprise, the output is
expected to reach fifty cars and the grow
ers are thinking of reaching out for mar
kets in the East. The Enterprise declares
"Porterville is soon to be the most impor
tant p oint for citrus fruits in the State of
California; it will not be long before 600
cars of oranges and lemons will be shipped
from this vicinity." As a consequence of
these expected large shipments Porterville
desires to be on the line of the competing
road through the San Joaquin, and there
can be little doubt the development of that
section will in the near future necessitate
an amount of freight transportation that
will be of importance to railroad men.
In a description of the great irrigating
canal to be constructed from the Colorado
and Gila rivers, and whose route is now
being surveyed, the Arizona Sentinel of
Yuma says it will irrigate 175,000 acres in
Arizona, 1,000,000 in Mexico and at Steven
sons Island a large canal can also be taken
out on the California side which will irri
gate an immense tract of land in the
Golden State. If the scheme is carried
out Yuma will thus be made the center of
one of the largest irrigation districts in the
world and great prosperity would be hers.
In the meantime, however, Judge Ross'
decision put a cloud on the horizon.
The Bodie Miner has changed hands
three times within the last ten months,
changing policies every time it changed
owners. During this time it has been Re
publican, Democratic and independent.
It is now owned by the Miner Publishing
Company and edited by R. L. McCarty,
and we trust will be sufficiently inde
pendent to save itself from future sale and
the possibility of having to change its
politics once more and set up for Pop
ulism.
We had a good many fiestas and fes
tivals this year, but next year they will be
everywhere in the State and brighten with
a new joy nearly every week of the fruit
and flower season. Among the towns
likely to hold celebrations of this kind is |
Napa. and the Register advocates the \
establishment of an annual "Cherry Fes- i
tival" in that county in June. We of [
course will be invited to the frolic, for the
Register in urging the subject says to its
readers: "Let us begin to move in the
matter of a grand demonstration of some
sort. Whatever is done along that line
will have the co-operation of the Half
million Club in San Francisco."
Projects for obtaining electric power are
being put forward in every section of the
State where water-power is available, and
it seems fairly certain that in the near
future a considerable number of them will
be realized. One of the most promising is
under consideration at Winters, and the
Express in speaking of it says in Berryessa
Valley there are three fine sites for reser
voirs, either one of which would afford
over 3000 miner's inches of water at Win
ters the year round. The estimated cost
of the rebervoirs is about f 75,000, and the
Express declares it "would afford sufficient
Dower to produce all the 'lightning' we
will ever need to run our proposed flour
mills, cannery, pumping-plant, etc. In
fact this plan if carried to a successful
issue would give Winters a boost that
would surprise the moss-backed Silurians
worse than a stick of giant powder."
PERSONAL.
R. D. Hatch, a railroad man of Novato, is at
the Grand.
O. A. Hale, a merchant of San Jose, Is at the
California.
G. G. Brooks, a merchant of Colusa, is a guest
at the Grand.
F. J. Mason, a fruit-shipper of Newcastle, is
at the Grand.
Dr. and Mrs. J. T. Gardner of Fetaluma are
staying at the Grand.
W. W. Wilkerson, a cattleman of Reno, Nev.,
registered yesterday at the Russ.
James O'Brien, a big hydraulic miner of
Smartsville, is staying at the Russ.
Arthur G. Preston McNulty, manager of Mrs.
Langtry's ranch, is at the Occidental.
J. C. Coker, a member of the Board of Super
visors of Placer County, is at the Russ.
Fred Bcaudry, a big hydraulic miner of
Trinity County, and Mrs. Jieaudry are at the
Palace.
Ex-Congressman A. Caminetti came in from
Jackson, Ammlor County, yesterday, and regis*
tereil at the Lick.
8. T. Black, Stale Superintendent of Public
Instruction, came down from Sacramento yes
terday and is at the Lick.
I). D. Aitkin, member of Congress from Flint,
Mich., and supreme vicec-hief ranger of the
Independent Order of Foresters, is at the Occi
dental.
Russell A. Alger Jr. of Detroit, son of General
Alger, has returned from the north, where he
has been looking up some of his father's lum
ber interests, and is staying at the Palace.
PEOPLE TALKED ABOUT.
Frank R. Stockton, the well-known novelist,
is a thin, wiry-built, dark-complexioned man,
of somewhat severe mien, with bright, eager
eyes and a drooping mustache, and in manner
is dry and taciturn. He can talk quite as well
as he writes when in the mood; but as a rule
is rather chary of conversation ana rarely
melts, even when surrounded by his chosen
intimates, says M. Crofton in Vanity. A Phila
delphian by birth and a Jerseyite by residence,
he begun life as an engraver, but soon turned
journalist. It was while connected with
Scribner's that he published the " Rudder
Grange" stories, which first brought him into
literary prominence. This was in 1879. Then
he became assistant editor of St. Nicholas. In
1884 he published "The Lady <Jt the Tiger."
It lias been followed by an unbroken line of
delightfully contrived tales, both short and
long. They all take a quaint turn, and are full
of whimsical characters, while in each some
fresh enigma is dangled like a lure before the
reader's eyes. His last book is called "The Ad
ventures of Captain Horn," and is unlike any
thing he has previously done. Its author is
slightly on the wrong side of 60, and affects
the hammock habit. He confesses that he often
waits an hour to select the correct word when
dictating his stories, and that he seldom dic
tates more than twice 500 words daily. He
asks something like half a thousand dollars for
the shortest of stories. And he gets what he
asks.
\V. O. Jacques, the colored artist who will
make a collection of his paintings and those of
his pupils for an art exhibit in the Negro build
ing of the Cotton States and International Ex
position at Atlanta, is the same colored man
who executed the excellent crayon portrait of
Governor Atkinson of Georgia, which now
now adorns the mantel of the Governor's ex
ecutive office. The Atlanta Constitution pro
nounces the work excellent and skillfully
done.
Mrs. Harriet Beeuher Stowe observed her
eighty-fourth birthday at her home in Hart
ford, Conn., June 14. She is in excellent
physical health, and has not apparently feiled
during the past year. She went out walking
on her birthday and received some calls from
intimate personal friends. A few members of
her family dined with her in the afternoon.
Helen Keller, the brilliant deaf, dumb and
blind girl, is an expert operator on the type
writer. The keys oi the machine have the let
ters in bas relief upon the buttons. Recently
she received $250 for an article written for a
magazine. ____________
OPINIONS OF EASTERN EDITORS.
Cities of the South.
The cities of the South are in a prosperous
condition. Since 1880 New Orleans has in
creased its assessment from $91,000,000 to
$140,000,000. and its per capita of wealth
from $407 to $541, while its commerce has
grown from $413,363,537 to $455,059,431.
The capital invested in manufactures has made
a bound from $8,565,303 to $43,059,693. Mo
bileV foreign trade has nearly doubled in the
last year. Its harbor has been deepened and
its fruit trade is increasing rapidly. Galveston
exported 500,000 more bales of cotton in 1895
than in 1894, and Memphis now claims to be
the largest interior market for cotton in the
world. Richmond, Savannah, Atlanta and
numerous other Southern cities are growing
steadily in population and business. — Philadel
phia Item.
Getting Together.
The logic of it may not be apparent. The
processes of this evolution of a perfect union
may be obscure. They may be even beyond
the realm of reason.
But whether by means of a miracle or as a
natural and rational outcome of two genera
tions of misunderstanding, it is a glorious fact
that Americans from North and South now
meet together, neither forgetting nor forgiv
ing, but on the sure and permanent footing of
mutual respect and mutual pride.— Boston
Giobe.
The Government of Cities, f
The notion that the people of the city are
legs capable of self-government than those of
the country is an absurd delusion. The notion
that they cannot or will not direct their own
affairs better than outsiders can or will do it
for them is ridiculous. The problem of mu
nicipal government must be solved by the
people ot cities, and tne more completely the
task of self-government is put upon them the
sooner and the better will they work it out.
All they need from State legislation is the op
portunity and the power, which has thus far
been denied them and out of the denial of
which has come much of the failure.— New
York Times.
Government by Spies.
This seems to be an administration by spies.
The old soldiers have long been hounded by
spies and informers, and in lowa the Federal
courtß have been turned into a spy system by
the side of which the abuses practiced under
prohibition in Dcs Moines pale into insignifi
cance. But the spy system goes well with the
talk of a perpetual presidency and third terms.
It all comes of making a president believe, as
Urover Cleveland has been made to believe,
that he is bigger than his party. Believing
this, why shouldn't he establish a sort of per
sonal rule? Informers have always gone
well with personal government.— lowa State
Register.
A Jewel of a Girl.
A family on the East Side have just procured
the services of a hired girl, who appears to be a
jewel, judged by the following conversation.
Her name is Mary and she had just come that
afternoon. In the evening a half dozen of her
friends dropped in to see bow she liked the
new place and she was entertaining them in
good styie. The landlady, just before retiring,
went out to the kitchen where the new girl &at
with her company, and said, "Mary, we have
breakfast at 8 o'clock every morning." "All
right, mum," said Mary. "If I ain't up by that
time dou't wait for inc." — Columbus (Ohio)
Press.
The Matter With Uncle Sam.
The main drain upon the gold in the treas
ury has been caused by the deficit; the deficit
has been caused by a falling off of customs
revenue; the falling off of customs revenue
was caused by replacing the McKinley law
with the Brice-Gorman tariff. This injurious
legislation was enacted by the Democratic
party. And that is what is the matter with
Uncle Samuel.— Louisville Commercial.
To Stop the Drain.
If the present rage for marrying European
noblemen goes on among American girls it
will soon be necessary for the United States
Government to offer titles to its young men to
prevent the constant drain on the girl re
serve. — Chicago .Record.
Lighting Mines.
At the rate of progress now ; being made in
the electric lighting oi underground workings,
the coal, ore, gold, silver and copper mines of
the world will soon be as light as day. All the
large gold mines of South Africa are now elec
trically lighted and the smaller ones soon will
be. Steady progress is being made in Ameri
can coal mines in introducing light for mining
and electric power for haulage.— Philadelphia
Item. __________________
IDEAS OF WESTERN EDITORS.
Cuba always has been a packhorse and bread
winner for idle, luxurious and extravagant
Spain, like an industrious wife who supports a
genteel but worthless husband. The difference
is that the woman drudge dies without com
plaint or protest, and the national drudge
some times rebels.— Portland Oregon ian.
Alameda County division has been discussed
bere for years, just as we discuss the probabili
ties of the earth at some time becoming deed,
like the moon, but the matter is not consid
ered as a living issue, and nothing at present
gives evidence that it will be for some time to
come.— San Leandro Standard.
It has become a very popular practice to de
nounce and discredit courts of the highest
judicial character. People who are under obli
gations to respect the laws of the land might
easily be engaged in better business.—Wood
land Democrat.
When some of the people in New York, four
teen years ago, were jeering at T. C. Plattas
"me too," they didn't think they would ever
be coming around and asking favors of "the
great I am" Platt.— Seattle Post-Intelligencer.
Prejudice against articles of home produc
tion was never more marked than in the case
of the cigars made from Gilroy tobacco. Ex
perts who test them without knowing their
origin state that they are equal to any im
ported cigar. Experts who know where they
are made condemn them. But the time will
come when everybody will recognize their
quality. — San Jose Mercury.
The American people are more thorough pro
tectionists to-day than they ever were before.
With them this doctrine is not a matter of
theory. For proof of its wisdom they point to
the unparalleled industrial development un
der thirty years of protection and for proof of
the folly of the free trade policy they point to
the unprecedented industrial disaster which
attended the Democratic assault upon the last
Kepublican tariff.— Phcenix (Ariz.) Republican.
It is all nonsense to aver that the eminent
gentlemen who are now on a tour of inspec
tion of the navigable rivers in California are
overwhelmed with surprise at the extent of
our inland waterways. Such an averment
amounts to an impeachment of their intelli
gence. The idea that men who have lived
long enough in California to be elected to the
Senate and House of Representatives are not
acquainted with the geography of the Slate ia
too ridiculous to be entertained for a moment.
—Stockton Mail.
ANSWERS TO CORRESPONDENTS.
Crittenden'B Death— J. X., City. A. P. Crit
tendeu was shot by I.aura D. Fair on board
of the steamer El Capitan on the after
noon of the 3d of November and he died on
the sth of the same month. The trial of Mrs.
Fair, conducted for the people by Harry H.
Byrne and the defense by Elisha Cook and
Leander Quint, vai commenced in the Fif
teenth District Court before Judge Samuel H.
Dwiuelle on the 13th of April, 1871, and on
the 26th the jury brought in a verdict of mur
der in the first degree. The defendant was on
the 3d of June sentenced to be hanged on the
28th of July. An appeal was taken and the
defendant was granted a new trial. The second
trial commenced on the 9tb of September,
1872, and lasted until the 30th, when the jury
returned n verdict of not guilty and the pris
oner was discharged. On the 4th of November,
two years and a day after the killing, Mrs. Fair
signed a receipt for the weapon with which
Crittenden had been killed, saying that she
wished to keep it as a memento of the tragedy.
The Judge who tried the case and the three
attorneys who first appeared in the trial are
all dead*. The files of newspapers containing ac
counts of this trial can be found in the Free
Public Library.
John Morrissey— A. D., Lowell Hill, Nevada
Countyv Cal. John Morrissey never was a
United States Senator, but in 1866 he was
elected a Congressman from New York, and
serving his term as a Representative he served
on the Committee on .Revolutionary Pension
ers. Morrissey was born in Templemore,
County Tipperary, Ireland, February 12, 1831,
and when but 5 years of age was brought to
the United States by his parents. He lived in
Troy and Lannisberp. N. V., worked in a paper
mill and then learned the trade of brush
maker. Subsequently he was a deckhand on a
Hudfon River stenmer, after which he became
a runner for New York steamers. In 1852 he
appeared in California as a professional gladi
ator or pugilist, and upon his return to New
York took part in several encounters, won a
championship belt and obtained quite a name
in sporting circles. He retired from the ring
in 1858 and eight years later was elected to
represent the Fortieth district of New York
in the lower House of Congress.
Merchants' Association— S., Haywards, Ala
meda County, Cal. Following are the names
of the directors of the Merchants' Association
of this city: A. S. Baldwin of Baldwin & Ham
mond, 10 Montgomery street; J. W. Carmany,
25 Kearny; W. G. Doane of Doane & Henshel
wood, 132 Kearny ; F. W. Dohrmann of Nathan,
Pohrmann & Co., 122 Sutter; William Doxey,
631 Market; J. Richard Freud, 12 Pheian
building; A. G. J. Fusenot of City of Paris,
Gearv street and Grant avenue; H. D. Keil of
Goldberg, Bowen & Lebenbaum, 328 Pine;
M. S. Kohlberg of Kohlberg, Strauss <fe Froh
man, 107 Post ; Kenneth Melrose of W. K. Van
derslice. 136 Sutter; R. F. Osborn of R. F. Os
born & Co., 751 Market; J. Simonson of the
California Gas Fixture Company, 125 Geary;
Frank Swain of Swain Brothers, 213 Sutter;
Vanderlvnn Stow of Thomas Day & Co., 220
Sutter; J. T. Terry of Terry Furniture Com
pany, 747 Market,
Billy Mulligan— a. J. G., City. Billy Mul
ligan, who while under the effects of delirium
tremens shot Jack McNabb, one of his best
friends, and then killed John Hart, a member
of the Volunteer Fire Department, was shot
and killed in the St. Francis Hotel, on the
southwest corner of Clay and Dupont streets,
where he had taken refuge and refused to sub
mit to arrest. This was on the 7th of July,
1865. and he was shot by Officer Hopkins with
a rifle from a window of a house on the north
side of Clay street, just as he was drawing a
bead on the officer.
A Question of Etiquette— Timothea, City. If
your sister it about to leave the City for a time
and proposes to send out P. P. C cards there is
no reason why you should inclose your cards.
It would not be proper to do go, and it would
look as if you were trying to save envelopes
and postage stamps. l*f, alter your sister has
taken her departure, you should desire to re
ceive her frieuds and acquantances during her
absence it would be proper to send out jour
cards.
Marine Engineer— F. 8., City. If a boy of 17
desires to become a marine engineer he must
apply to the officers of a steamer or to the offi
cers of the company to which a steamer he may
select belongs. If there is a vacancy and he is
appointed to fill it he will be placed in a posi
tion to learn everything from using an oil can
to working the engine.
Value of Coins— F. McK., Haywards, Ala
meda County. A 50-cent piece of 1853, with
arrow heads at the date and with rays at the
back of the eagle, issued out of the "mints at
Philadelphia and New Orleans, and a half of
1854 is each quoted at from 75 cents to $1 25.
Liverpool to Sydney— W. C. M., City. The
average time taken by a clipper in sailing from
Liverpool to Sydney is about 110 days. All
vessels go by the Cape of Good Hope route.
Night School— M. O'L., City. Typewriting
and bookkeeping are taught free of charge to
the pupils of the Commercial Evening School
on Bush street, near Stockton.
Charged With Murder— J. V., City. At this
time there are ien persons in the County Jail
who are charged with murder, ten whites and
two Chinese.
King of Italy-r. c. G., Visalia, Cal. Um
berto, King of Italy, was baptized a Catholic
but he is not a member of any religious organ
ization.
Bacon Printing Company, soß Clay Btreet. •
— • — ♦ — ♦
The Roberts Printing Co.— picture cards.
American mixed candies. 10c lb. Townsend's •
_• — # — «
A crowd always thanks with its sympathy
never with Its reason.— W. R. Alger.
Skb to it that your blood Is purified and enriched
by the use of Hood's Sarsaparilla. Then you will
not be troubled with nervousness, sleeplessness and
loss of appetite. Try it.
» Mrs. Wintlow'g Soothing Syrnp"
Has been used over fifty years by millions of mot*
era for .their children while Teething with ,p?rt£t
success. r It soothes the child, softens tho KumLli
lays Pain, cures Wind Colic,. regulates the Bowel,
and Is the ; best remedy for Diarrhoeas. , whether
arising from teething or other causes^or^e £
Druggist* in every part of the world. $Be suraln^
aslc;ior Alra. .window's Soothing Syri «« *
, * NEW TO-DAY.
Colima Baking Powder.
Colima Pure Spices.
As inducement to test COL,IMA'S SU-
PERIORITY, Valuable Presents given
FREE with each can. 100 varieties to
choose from. We mention a few :
1 Glass Butter Dish, 1 Glass Sugar Bowl, 6
Preserve Dishes, 1 Decorated Thin China
Cup and Saucer, 1 decorated Salad i)ish, 1
Cup and Saucer (assorted decorations), 1
Thin China Oatmeal Bowl. 1 Cream Pitcher,
Gold Decorated Cup, Saucer and Plate, Dec-
orated set of 3 Water Goblets, Syrup
Pitcher, Vegetable Dish, 1 Glass Berry Dish,
1 Majolica Pitcher, 1 Covered Saucepan, 1
Coffee Pot (2 qt.), Oatmeal Set of 3 pieces,
set of 3 Table Tumblers, 1 Dish Kettle (6
qts). Lots of others at our stores.
Great American Importing: Tea Co.
617 Kearoy street,
146 Ninth street,
965 Market street,
140 Sixth street,
1419 Polk street,
qn P~, lw »: a i»A 531 Montgomery avenue,
{MM r rilllClSCO 333 Hayes street, .
*> 318 Third street,
STORES 2008 Fillmore street,
3006 Sixteenth street,
104 Second street,
2510 Mission street,
52 Market street,
1.3259 Mission street.
AoLlond f1053 Washington street,
UtlrvlulUl j 917 Broadway,
• .v ) 131 San Pablo avenue, n »
STORES 1616 E. Twelfth street.
11-illinil-l i Park street and Alameda
id 1111; till .• • I avenue. : :-''
Visit our Stores. See the Big Display.
Compare Prices and Quality is all We
Ask. ■'
OUR SALESMEN SAY:-
-; That never in their experience have they
found it so easy to satisfy even the most
fastidious customers as with our present
stock of Lace Curtains. The conjunction
of the lowest of prices with the rarest
daintiness of design is the reason.
Mm V^ATEJ\F\LL
fjfSi3 y *\u;slvri> artd
'HL nui * fi>int d'Lspnt"
No charge for hanging Curtains bought
of us; we hang them artistically, too.
Send for Catalogue— mailed free.
Carpets . Rugs . Mattings
CALIFORNIA
FURNITURE COHPANY
(N. P. Cole & Co.)
117-123 Geary Street
"tji^e Tailoring fM
Perfect Fit fP . J^L
First-Class Goods, Trimmings ffSnjfun
and Workmanship, at £&jH Bre
Moderate Prices, GO TO SJBSggPp
JOE^gOHEIM Hp
THE TAILOR. 1 w|'.'
201 - 203 Montgomery St., fill jjffia
CORNER BUSH, Hf BBtI
724 Market St., | yM
1110-1112 Market ST., N^JI
BAN FRANCISCO.
WILL & FINCK GO.
HORSE CLIPPERS.
Power Horse-Clipping Machines........ $37.50
Challenge Hand Clippers \.... $1.50
Newmarket Hand Clippers $2.00
Brown & Sharpe Hand Clippers $3.00
Clark's Hand Clippers $3.50
Grinding and Repairing of All Kinds
818-820 Market St.,
Pheian Block.
_. X
History of the
■ State Grange
of California,
BY EDWARD F. ADAMS.
■Will Appear in the San Fran-
cisco Call, Tuesday,
■ October 1, 1895.
This is the first time that a complete his-
tory of the State Grange has been at-
tempted in this : State. It will be illus-
trated by portraits of some of the leading
officers of the organization.
;'- Single copies 5 cents, postage paid.
Address C. M. SHORTRIDGE,
- . Editor arid Proprietor The Call,
San Francisco, CaL

xml | txt