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CHARLES M. SHORTRIDGE,
Editor and Proprietor.
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FRIDAY OCTOBER 4, 1895
THE CALL SPEAKS FOR ALL.
The right things are moving in the San
Buckley got the worst of the round, but
he was not knocfced out.
Commissioner Clark may not be on to
himself, but the people are.
Coal has been received for the Valley
road, and it won't end in smoke.
Tt begins to look as if the division of
Turkey hardly needed outside interference.
A vigorous American policy at Washing
ton would help Cuba and would not hurt us.
The free-coinage play failed as a dra
matic venture, but Irish and Cator draw
All signs point to the conclusion that the
era of good feeling is going to be an era of
great public improvements.
Now that the much-discussed City Hall
angel has been attached, we shall rind out
if it has any redeeming qualities.
The first train on the Valley road was
the visible manifestation of the new move
ment that will head off monopoly.
Irish and Cator should make a grand
tour of the East. They are complaining
over there that eloquence is a lost art.
Of the leader of the Nebraska Republicans
in this campaign it suffices to say his name
is Norval. Everybody can speak for him.
It is reported from the hunting regions
of Maine that this year the deer are as
plenty as rabbits, but the rabbit census is
It is said of the Round Valley lynching
that '"the truth of .the matter will likely
never be learned," but it will be if the law
looks into it.
Perhaps a City ordinance might compel
the railroad company to put fenders on the
trolley-cars, but then perhaps we cannot
get the ordinance.
If Mr. Huntingdon will look strain he
will see that the competing road which he
calls a toy in the hands of the people is
something like a club.
The Corbett and Fitzsimmons fight will
not be pulled off in Texas, and Dallas will
have to turn her fistic arena into an in
dustrial exposition building.
The Ohio people find Senator Brice so
quiet, during the campaign they are in
; clined to think he intends to steal the
State instead of buying it openly.
It is pleasing to learn that the bulk of
the sugar made at Chino is consumed in
this State. The home market and the
home factory should stay together.
Tennessee wishes the country to under
stand that she looks at the Atlanta Ex
position only for the purpose of seeing it
in order to go it one better next year.
The lake States are fighting for a deep
water way to the ocean, the Southwest is
fighting for deep-water ways in Texas, and
it is certainly time for the Pacific Coast to
get into the swim.
There is not much of Massachusetts
Democracy, but what there is of it belongs
to Cleveland, and perhaps the fact that it
belongs to him is one of the reasons why
there is not much of it.
With an extra session of the Legislature
to head off the prize-fight and a conven
tion to promote the improvement of
Galveston harbor, Texas is getting into
deep water and hot water at the same time.
A company has been formed in Florida
to dredge the submerged mud and muck
from the St. Johns River for use as a fer
tilizer, and if the scheme proves successful
river-dredging in other localities may have
It is a striking illustration of how far Dv
Maurier's success as a novelist has eclipsed
his fame as an artist, that a collection of
his drawings has been recently advertised
for sale as "drawn by the autnoi of
•Trilby. 1 "
"It is a curious fact that the South Caro
lina Constitutional Convention which was
expected to make so much noise in the
world has furnished less news than any
other convention, conference or assembly
of the day.
The board appointed by the Govern
ment to establish a form of spelling geo
graphical names has decided that the old
-spelling Havana must give way to Habana,
and to that extent Cuba has received the
recognition of the Government.
The comments of some of our con
temporaries on the Marlborough-Vander
bilt wedding sound a good deal like at
tempts to persuade the average heiress that
it would be better to be an American old
maid than an English duchess.
We trust the two sunstrokes in Boston
during the recent hot spell will not lead
our Boston friends to back down from
their proposition that the best summer re
sort city is the best convention city.
There are no sunstrokes in San Francisco.
The accession of General Miles to the
command of tne army will be noted with
more than ordinary satisfaction. The
people are proud of West Point, but all the
same they like to know that the graduates
of that school have no monopoly of mili
tary houora in this country.
FIGURES TOE PAEMEES.
The recent publication of statistics of.
consumption of various articles by the peo
ple of this country for several years past
throws a clear light upon the extent of the
injury inflicted by the election of Cleve
land and the experiment with tariff tink
ering in the direction of free trade, and
the sacrifice of American industries in the
hope of getting the markets of the world.
According to these statistics the per
capita consumption of wheat by the peo
ple of the United States amounted in 1890
t0G.09 bushels. In 1893 the panic came.
The people were compelled to economize
even in the matter of bread, and the per
capita consumption fell in that year to
4.85 bushels, and from that on continued
to fall until in 1594 it sank to 3.41 bushels, or
less than two-thirds of what the consump
tion had been in prosperous years.
The consumption of other staple articles
of farm produce fell off at the same time,
and at very nearly the same rate. The
consumption of corn in 1890 was 32.09
bushels per capita, and in 1894 it had fallen
to 22.76 bushels. The consumption of
clothing declined about as rapidly as that
of food. In 1892 the people of this country
used 6.72 pounds of wool per capita, and
23.03 pounds of raw cotton, but in 1894 the
consumption of wool had fallen to 5.08
pounds per capita, and of cotton to 15.91
These figures, which tell the story of
forced economy among all classes of our
people, explain the falling prices of farm
products. "When the home consumption
falls off a larger proportion of our wheat,
corn, wool and cotton has to be sent
abroad to force down prices there. The
result is low prices everywhere and an
utter derangement both of industry and of
commerce. When those engaged in other
occupations cannot consume the normal
quantity of farm products then the farmers
suffer and cannot consume the normal
quantity of manufactured goods. It is to
the interest of the one, therefore, to pro
tect and foster the other, and certainly if
any farmer doubts whether the protection
of our manufactures benefits him, he can
have his doubts settled by studying these
statistics in the light of his own experience
during the last three years.
TEXAS IS EEDEEMED.
One of the most sensational and remark
able scenes that this country has ever wit
nessed was that furnished by the Legis
lature of Texas on Thursday. At a special
session called by the Governor to pass a
law prohibiting prize-fighting in order to
put a stop to the Corbett-Fitzsimmons af
fair arranged to take place at Dallas a
statute was enacted almost unanimously
prohibitine all contests of this character,
including bull-fightins also in the prohibi
tion, and providing that the law go into
effect immediately. Only one Senator and
fire Assemblymen voted against the meas
ure. Austin, the capital, was almost in a
state of riot with excitement and jubila
Texas had been selected by the Florida
Athletic Club as the scene of the fight, fur
the reason that this State has always en
joyed the reputation which made reason
able an assumption that the contest would
be permitted there. Thi« was a direct
challenge to the better sentiment prevail
ing in the State and an announcement to
the world that the morality of Texas was
of a low order. The Florida Athletic Club,
outlawed by its own State in the matter of
fostering prize-fights, had been forced to
look elsewhere, and it depended on the
reputation of Texas and the absence of
laws prohibiting prize-fichts to be able to
conduct the affair on Texas soil.
It is asserted, though it is difficult to be
lieve, that the people of Dallas were eager
to have the fight and that its eminent resi
dents worked hard to nullif}' the splendid
efforts of Governor Culberson to prevent it.
If this is true, they have placed themselves
outside the order of civilization which the
other communities of Texas have estab
lished. They have given notice that all of
the old-time spirit of Texas, which for so
many years has been the butt for the jibes
of moralists, is now centered in Dallas, and
that it is a most excellent place for good
men and women to avoid.
Texas has so nobly redeemed itself as to
deserve particular praise. As for Governor
Culberson, he is the hero of the day, and
should receive the highest reward that the
people of his State can give him.
The reported willingness of the Indians
of the Cherokee Nation to have the fignt
take place there calls attention to the ab
sence of National control of this serious
matter. With the Indians it is merely a
matter of money. As they exist under the
sanction and protection of the United
States, they must be given to understand
that this is not still a savage country. It
is too late now for Congress to interfere,
but if steps are not taken in the future to
place these Indians under the control of
the sense of decency which pervades this
country the Cherokee Nation will become
the scene of indecent practices of as great
variety as human depravity can devise.
A FAIS PROPOSITION.
W. C. Ralston, Secretary of the Califor
nia Miners' Association, returns with
good news from Washington. He has
made a clearer statement than that tele
graphed from the East concerning his
conference with the Federal authorities on
the subject of protecting mineral lands in
California from railroad occupation as
agricultural lands. His explanation to
the acting Commissioner of the General
Land Office regarding a peculiar phase of
our geology opened the eyes of that func
tionary. This was simply that in certain,
definite regions following the trend of
ancient rivers gold invariably occurs
wherever the beds of tbe streams can be
found; that in numerous instances a lava
flow has covered tne ancient beds, and that
whenever drift-mining has been tried gold
has been found under tbe lava deposit;
and that much of this lava-covered aurifer
ous ground has been listed and is claimed
by the railroad under its land grant. All
this was news to the acting Land Commis
sioner, and he readily acknowledged the
reasonableness of it.
Mr. Ralston then called his attention to
the unfair discrimination practiced by the
Government between the miner and the
farmer. When a miner claims land as
mineral he is required to prove his claim
by taking out the mineral. Mr. Ralston
thought it would be only fair to require
the claimant of agricultural land to prove
the adaptability of the land to agriculture.
The acting Commissioner answered that
this certainly was a fair proposition.
If this point can be secured it will assist
greatly in solving the difficulty existing
between the mining interest of California
and the railroad company. It is a fact
familiar to most of us that these lava
capped auriferous erounds are often
worthless for agricultural purposes, and
that the railroad- company wants them
solely because of their prospective mineral
value. If it should be required to make
the test suggested by Mr. Ralston it would
likely abandon its claim without a protest.
Tbe possibilities of drift mining in Cali
fornia and to the north of it have been
barely touched. The rivers which in ages
past flowed to the southward parallel to
the axis of the Sierra Nevada were of
THE SAN FRANCISCO CALL, FRIDAY, OCTOBER 4, 1895.
prodigious size and are reasonably assumed
to have been of great length. Where their
source was no one can say, but a string of
great volcanoes stretching from Tuolumne
County in California to Puget Sound
burst forth and overwhelmed the entire
interval with lava. Where this thick cap
has been broken the old river beds and
theirffich stores of auriferous gravel have
been found, but these exposed places con
stitute but an infinitesimal part of the
whole. Wherever drift mining has been
tried the gravel has proved rich, and the
probabilities are that wonderful discov
eries from this kind of mining are yet to
A NOTEWOETHY SCHEME.
The Call has insisted again and again
that the residents of San Francisco display
a very inadequate appreciation of the
splendid bay which lies at their doors.
There are some excellent yacht and canoe
clubs, but these represent only one phase
of appreciation. The number of private
boats owned for family pleasure is ex
tremely small, while sailing and fishing
parties, outside of those made up by male
lovers of sport, are practically unheard of.
The furthest that well-to-do society folk
are able to go in this direction is to take a
trip now and then on a stuffy, ill-smelling
tug, denying themselves all the finer en
joyment which comes from ownership of
boats and frequent trips on the bay.
It has remained for the humble house
boat to educate the people to the charms
of the bay. This ungainly , clumsy and
wholly inartistic though eminently sensi
ble and useful invention has come rapidly
into popularity within the last few years.
At first their construction and ownership
was a matter of individual enterprise, but
as they cost from several hundreds to sev
eral thousands of dollars, a venturesome
builder appeared here and there who made
them for hire. This year all of these were
so eagerly taken by tenants who are not
able or who do not care to possess their
own houseboats that at last a company
has been formed to manufacture them on
an extensive scale, and have them ready
for next season's demand.
These enterprising persons may feel sure
that they have embarked in a business
that is bound to bring them a handsome
profit. Living in houseboats here in the
summer is a very different thing from a
similar life at almost any point on the
Atlantic coast. The unavoidable curse
there is the mosquito. The pest is un
known in most of the places on the bay
that are suitable for houseboats. In fact
the only time we ever have a mosquito
hereabout is when, by some rare acci
dent — which may not happen once in
years — the prevailing winds which pass
northward over the tule swamps of the
Sacramento River are turned southward,
bringing down a few mosquitoes. These
rare winds never last over a few hours,
and the mosquito disappears with their
The summer nights here are always cool
and jhe entire summer season rainless.
These are extraordinary advantages.
Houseboat-living on the bay is sure to be
come a fashion of great prevalency and
permanence for a summer outing.
Within a very few years we shall have
regular lines of tugs aud launches run
ning between houseboat settlements and
the City, affording quick and cheap
transportation to all who develop the in
telligence to avail themselves of the rare
and wholesome charms which the bay
The Bulletin is preparing to issue a forty
pape edition next Tuesday in celebration
of its fortieth birthday. Forty years con
stitute a long stretch in the short history
of San Francisco. During that time scores
of newspapers have risen, flourished and
sunk, and the mutations of other enter
prises have been numerous and bewilder
ing; but the Bulletin has always moved
steadily onward, ably and honestly assist
ing to lead the City into ways of increasing
wisdom and prosperity, and standing to
day as one of the highest exponents of
clean, intelligent, honest, dignified and
The cost of the recent general election in
Great Britain, which has just been com
puted, shows a total expenditure of about
$5,000,000, or about $lfor every voter in the
three kingdoms. It is probable that under
our system the election in the single State
of New York will cost nearly as much as
Since Margaret Mather whipped her hus
band on the street it is easy to foresee she
is going on the stage again, but the new
form of advertising is not commendable.
James T. Rucker of San Jose is at the Palace.
Attorney A. L. Hart of Sacramento is at the
H. F. Emerio of San Pablo Is at the Occi
E. J. Cahlll, civil engineer, San Martin, in at
C. F. Sise of Montreal arrived at the Palace
William Grant, a merchant of Dallas, Or., is
is in town.
Henry Slade of Chicago ia a guest at the Oc
Francis W. Fox of Victoria, 8.C., is a guest
at the Palace.
E. C. Horst, a merchant of Sacramento, Is at
Kailroad Commissioner W. R. Clark of Stock
ton is at the Baldwin.
Pv. M. Green, a mining man of Oroville, is
staying at the Palace.
Reginald Fendall of Washington. D. C, Is a
guest at the California.
A. B. Lemmon, editor of the Santa Rosa Re
publican, is in the City.
Sanford Robinson of Guatemala registered at
the California yesterday.
Professor E. E. Barnard of the Lick Observa
tory is staying at the Lick.
F. B. Tuck, a mining man of Angels, put np
at the Grand last evening.
A. C. McLean, a railroad contractor of Mon
terey, is a guest at the Lick.
Mark L. Hopkins of Santa Rosa registered at
the Occidental Hotel yesterday.
Thomas Derby, superintendent of the New
Almaden mines, arrived in town yesterday.
R. H. Beamer of Woodland, a member of the
State Board of Equalization, ia in the City.
J. H. Flickinger, the prominent fruit-grower
of Sauta Clara County, is registered at the
King Otto of Bavaria is getting crazier every
year. Every now and then he obstinately re
fuses to take food of any kind, and the doctors
in attendance are sometimes at their wits' end
to devise means of overcoming his stubborn
ness. His general health, however, when he
can be induced to take nourishment, is excel
lent, though he is subject to the most strange
hallucinations. A few weeks ago he was pos
sessed with the idea that his carpets were made
of the finest of glass and that it was dangerous
to tread on them, and he would not be content
until they were all taken up. Another of hla
hallucinations is that the walls of his apart
ments are hung with newspapers, and he will
sometimes occupy himself for hours in sitting
in front o£ the walls of his room and reading
aloud what he imagines he extracts from them.
He smokes something like 100 cigarettes every
day, and uses an entire box of matohes to light
each one. He never U6es % towel, handkerchief
There Is one advantage in the credit system
as practiced in country stores. It furnishes
each merchant with a complete directory of
the town and surrounding country.— Kern
TARIFF AND REVENUES.
During the year 1893 the Democratic tri
umph logically resulted in decreased wages
and decreased opportunities for employment.
The same thing may be said about the year
1894, up to the time of the enactment of the
Gorman tariff, but the Gorman tariff, while it
has settled the tariff uncertainty for a time,
has failed to revive for American industries
the prosperity they formerly enjoyed under a
protective tariff. That fact is particularly cvi-
I t0 * day - If the two systems were equally
good for American industry, if protection and
free trade had nothing to do with wages or
production, the showing for American Indus
tries to-day would probably be that a larger
number of workmen were employed and
higher wages paid than in 1893. That such
results have not followed .the enactment of the
Gorman tariff is in itself a very significant ar
gument as to the merits of the two different
tariffs.— Boston Advertiser.
In four weeks goods valued at $38,707,842
have been entered at New York, as against
$30,327,703 in the same weeks last year. We
may expect some relief perhaps from the fact
that the foreign iron and wool markets show a
rising tendency; but this relief will not be
important. The great difficulty is that a de
fective tariff keeps our foreign trade unsettled
all the time and permits the importation of
foreign merchandise that our own manufac
tories can produce, but which they cannot
profitably produce under the present inade
quate laws.— Philadelphia Inquirer.
The remedy for present deficiencies is not
augmented taxation of any kind, but a cutting
off of useless and wasteful expenditures. The
present and prospective revenue receipts are
abundant without further taxation to meat all
the needs oi the Government economically ad
ministered. The existing deficit is an object
lesson showing the necessity for painstaking
retrenchment and not an argument for piling
new loads of taxation upon the struggling Na
tion just emerging from a long period of agri
cultural and commercial depression. — New
Eventually Congress must take determinate
action for the improvement of the Federal
financial system, or rather the present lack of
system. First, and most imperative of all,
Congress must provide adequate resources for
the Government, as the latter cannot go on
forever borrowing, having insufficient re
sources to repay, for that, in the ca»e of
Government or "citizen, spells bankruptcy.—
This is a fact which should be made clearly
conspicuous in the coming campaign— that
Grover Cleveland and his obsolete and absurd
tariff views, which have twice within two
years been signally repudiated by the Ameri
can people, are the great stumbling-block in
the way of making the Nation once more sol
vent and re-ehtablishiug its old prosperity.—
There is no mystery whatever about the
heavy shipments of gold to Europe, the contin
ued depletion of the treasury reserve and the
consequent necessity of another bond issue,
with a heavy addition to the National debt.
The shameful inadequacy of the Democratic
tariff is the primary cause of the whole diffi
The Republican campaign issue is protection
for all alike— an impartial, non-partisan, non
sectional tariff. That is just what we do not
have now and that is just what the country
pronoses to have before this question 6hall be
considered settled.— lowa State Register.
PEOPLE TALKED ABOUT.
Among the crown jewels of Russia there is a
magnificent diamond, weighing 105 carats. It
is the size of a small pigeon's egg, and was
formerly the eye of a Brehminical idol, whence
it was purloined by a French soldier. 1 1 passed
through several hands and was ultimately pur
chased by the Empress Catherine for the sum
of $450,000, in ready money, and an annuity
Mile. Julia-Cellna Drouard, according to the
decision of the Paris city council, is to be the
rose queen for this year. She is 21 years old,
earns her living as a washerwoman and has
supported her four brothers and sisters for
years. She will now receive $2400 from the
money left for the purpose by M. Batlfol.
Prince Albert Woroniewski. a near relative
of Prince Miezislaus, a martyr of the revolu
tion of 1848, has announced, In a letter to the
Mayor of Budapest, his intention to commit
suicide. The young man had become so
poverty-stricken as to be compelled to work, as
a day laborer.
The Spanish Duke of Alba, now visiting this
country, holds six dukedoms and twelve mar
quisates. He is nine times a grandee of Spain
and fourteen times a count. He is the nephew
of ex-Empress Eugenic, and was a great favor
ite with Napoleon 111.
Arthur Balfouristhe latest English states
man, author, etc., who is to marry. Hitherto
he has been a determined bachelor. There
seems to be a matrimonial epidemic of late
among Englishmen of prominence.
Harriet Hilton of Havre de Grace, Md. f was
assisted in the late celebration of her hundredth
birtnday by 152 children, grandchildren, great
grandchildren and great-great-grandchildren.
King Humbert of Italy is a strict vegetarian
in diet. His food consists of bread, fruit and
vegetables entirely, and his only drink is Bor
deaux very much diluted with water.
Mrs. Cleveland has a rarely beautiful hand,
not very small, but admirably shaped, which
is baid to be a sure indication of the artistic
SUPPOSED TO BE HUMOROUS.
She turned upon him imperiously.
"What have you to say for yourself?"
The duae cowered before her, abashed, and
then passed through the door without a word.
She shook her head sadly.
"Once more is the old saying verified, 'It
Koes without saying 1' "
She gently locked the door behind him. —
Old Mercator (to little Billy Ducks, just left
school, who applies for situation as office-boy,
and produces testimonial from clergyman)—
We don't want you on Sundays, mygood little
boy. Have you a reference from any one who
knows you on weekdays ?— Sydney Bulletin.
Road contractor (angrily) — See here, I told
you to break those stones go they would be
small enough to go into a man's mouth.
Laborer— Yaas, sah, you did. sah, an' dats
what I'se been doin'. I used ma own mouf,
sah.— New York Hun.
Figures may not lie, bat the introduction of
the bloomer costume is givine a pleasant em
phasis to many unwelcome truths.— Chicago
Even the Boston trolley people are queer.
Unlike their compeers elsewhere, they have
nubbins of souls and not alone make some
effort to compass, fenders, but have sent to the
Mayor 20,000 tickets for "charity" rides to be
given to institutions.
Editor's wife— Who wrote this beautiful arti
cle on "How to Manage a Wife?"
Editor— Young Quiller.
Editor's wife— Why, I didn't know he was
Editor— He isn't.— Philadelphia Post.
Old Bullion (playfully)— Suppose I should
lose my money and die poor, what would my
little duckie darling do then?
Young bride (thoughtfui'.y)— Perhaps a med
ical college would give me something for your
corpse.— New York Weekly.
"That man," said the resident to the visitor,
as he pointed to a prosperous looking person
across the street; "that man achieved the.repu
tation of being the most truthful man in town
by telling a bafe-faced, bald-headed lie. He
went fishing and caught eleven of the finest
possible bass, and when he carried them home
in the car he told people that he had bought
them." — Indianapolis Journal.
Chnmmy— What would you think of a man
that always went around talking to himself?
Gruffly— l should say if he did it to listen to
himself he was a fool; if he did it to avoid
listening to his friends he was a genius, and if
he did it to save his friends from listening to
him he was a philanthropist.— Truth.
A gentleman in Santa Rosa has a grown son
at school in Oakland who spends more than
his monthly allowance. His last letter to his
father is a "corker." It is as follows:
Dear Papa: I have to ask you for a few dol
lars and I don't know how to express myself.
If you could see how I blush with embarrass
ment you would give me $20 without me tell
I send you this by , who is visiting Santa
Rosa over Sunday. He will wait for an answer.
Your affectionate son.
P. 8.: Overcome with shame for what I have
written, I have been running after the messen
ger to take the letter from him, but I cannot
catch up with him. I hope my letter will be
His father was naturally touched, but was
equal to the emergency. He replied as follows:
My Dear Son: Console yourself and blush no
longer. The messenger lost your letter. Your
affectionate father. — Santa Rosa Democrat.
"Johnny, Willie said you threw him down
and jumped on him with both feet."
"Well, ma, I was just playin 1 ."
"What sort of play do you call that?"
"Football."— lndianapolis Journal.
ANSWERS TO CORRESPONDENTS.
The Free Library— G. P., City. The Free
Library of this City is open every day in the
week, except Sundays and legal holidays, from
9a.m.t09 P. m. On Sundays it is open from
1 :30 to sp. M. It is not open on the evenings
before Christmas and New Year. To become a
borrower apply at the library for an applica
tion (form 25) and fill it out according to the
directions thereon. Call the next day, and if
the application be approved a card will be
issued which entitles the owner to full priv
ileges of the library for the period of two years
from the date of issue. To draw a book for
home use fill out one of the buff blanks pro
vided in the library tor that purpose, with the
name and address, as on the borrower's card,
together with the shelf number of the desired
book as found in the catalogue. Then hand in
the buff slip and card at the delivery desk, and
when the book is procured the party wanting
it will be notified. If the party wishes to read
the book in the reading-room of the library
fill out a pink slip and hand it in at the deliv
Metropolitan Theater— F. X., City. The
Metropolitan Theater, which was on the west
side of Montgomery street, north of ■Washing
ton, was in part torn down in 1873 to make
way for the opening of Montgomery avenue-
The last performance was on the 28th of April
of that year, the performance being a compli
mentary benefit to E. G. Bert, the lessee. The
bill on that occasion included an overture:
"Heel and Toe-ology," Jimmy Moore and Bray;
song, "The Apple of My Eye*" little Tillie Dar
ling; grand pas seul, Mile. Marie Gaugan; E.
D. Davies in an original entertainment entitled
"The Funniest of Funny Folks"; "Home From
the Club," a comedietta, in which Mr. and Mrs.
F. M. Bates took part, the whole concluding
with the fairy extravaganza "Cinderella," with
Blanche and Ella Chapman (the Chapman sis
ters) in the principal parts.
A Seaman's Rights— T. H., San Diego, Cal.
Each State provides who shall have the right
to vote within its boundaries, and also pre
scribes the length of time a person has to reside
in the State, county or precinct before he shall
have the right to vote. The master of an Amer
ican vessel arriving in a strange American port
on the day that an election for President is
being held would not have the right to vote
at that port, for the reason that he had not
acquired a legal residence. A citizen of a State
cannot lose his residence in the State he leaves
until he has acquired a new one. A seaman
docs not by reason of being absent on a voyage
lose his residence in the i>lace where he last
voted. The law works no greater hardship on
a seaman than it does on any other citizen who
absents himself from his voting place at the
time of an election.
THOUGHTS OF WESTERN EDITORS.
German universities continue to attract an
increasing number of American students.
About four hundred are said to be in Berlin.
The attendance of Americans at other educa
tional centers of the empire is proportionately
large. Are German methods of instruction
more efficient than those in vogue in our
hipher educational- institutions? Or can this
exodus to European places of study be ac
counted for by the often undue value placed
on whatever may come from over the sea?
There are, doubtless, often secondary reasons
why students go abroad ior advanced study, as
travel and resilience among a people having
manners and laws other than ours. These are
well within themselves. But, If better facilities
fordoing post-graduate work alone is sought,
it should be the ambition of our leading insti
tutions to so strenghten their courses in this
department as to be at least equal to the best
in existence. — Stanford Sequoia.
No one who believes in the extension of the
civil service to Consuls should object to mak
ing ex-Presidents Senators-at-l&rge or giving
them any other title or emolumenUor dignity
fitting to an aristocracy of office-holders. The
place for all office-holders to come from in a
republic is the ranks of the people, and they
should go back to the same place at frequent
intervals. No other system will be long satis
factory or successful. Every movement hav
ing a different tendency should be in the be
sinning and will surely be in the end frowned
down upon or torn "up root and branch. —
Salem (Or.) Statesman.
There is no sense in retiring the commander
of the army because he has reached the age of
64. It would be well to modify the law creat
ing an age-limit. Count yon Waldersee, who
a short time ago was appointed field marshal
of the German armies is in his sixty-fourth year.
Gen. Wolseley, the newcommander-in-chief of
the British army, is in his sixty-third year,
and some of the very best army work has "been
done by officers who were over the age-limit
of ibis country. — San Jose Mercury.
A short time ago the wheat-growers of Wash
ington were clamoring for a "State grain in
spector." Now that they have him they are
disturbing the welkin with a demand for the
earliest possible repeal of the law creating the
•useless oilice. We have done a little of the
same thing in Oregon, but we never got
quite down to "State grain inspector," though
there was a slight demand for it before the
meeting of the lftst Legislature.— Salem (Or).
Some of the very best cigars we ever smoked,
and we have smoked many of the very best
that were §ver rolled together, were made of
Gilroy tobacco and bought by us while on our
last visit to San Jose several years ago. As we
are yet addicted to the habit of cigar-smoking
we would like to know where the Gilroy cigars
are kept on sale.— Alameda Encinal.
It will take Republican administration,
under Republican policy, from five to eight
years probably to pay off the $300,000,000 of
additional debt which Democrntfc administra
tion in two ana a half lias loaded upon the
country. And the worst of it is that Demo
cratic administration has a year and a half
more to run.— Portland Oregonian.
The lull in gold exports is doubtless only the
lull before the storm. The balance of trade is
against us, and our securities are beinu re
turned. These two conditious will remain as
long as there is a free-trade administration,
and just so lone will there be gold exports.—
Tucson (Ariz.) Citizen. •
The pathetic news comes from China that
only half the usual amount of firecrackers
were manufactured this year. We feared all
along that China would get even with us for
the exclusion act.— Arizona Gazette.
The best example of a man cooling off is to be
seen in v vigorous Democratic editor who sav
agely criticizes Plat t and Quay and then gently
comments on the doings oi Gorman and Brice.
Seattle (Wash.) Post-Intelligencer.
"I tell yon what It Is, my boy, I'm losing my
memory. I can't Mil to-morrow what I did to
"You don't say so! Yon couldn't lend me $5,
could you?"— From a drawing in Le Rlre by George
The doubt in which Professor Huxley died is
indicated by the lines which have just been
placed upon hie tomb according to his own re
quest. They follow:
And if there be no meeting past the grave,
If all is darkness, silence, yet 'tis rest.
Be not afraid, ye waiting hearts that weep;
For God still glveth his beloved sleep.
And If an endless sleep he wills, so best.
TO OPEN ISLAIS CREEK
Congressmen Asked to Aid In
Reopening a Public
ACT ADMITTING CALIFORNIA.
President Seculovlch Talks About
the Property- Owners'
The Pennsylvania-avenue and Islais
Creek Property-ownera' Association is go
ing after the Southern Pacific on account
of certain obstructions which prevent navi
gation in Islais Creek.
This arm of tne sea was declared open in
1868, and so remained until ten years ago,
when the Legislature granted certain privi-
MAP SHOWING MAIN OBSTRUCTION ON ISLAIS CREEK.
lsges to the Potrero and Bay View Rail
road Company, the effect of which was to
practically close the waterway.
Several times in the past property-own
ers along the neglected channel have made
abortive attempts to secure such legisla
tion as would again open the stream to
navigation, but owing to lack of co-oper
ation accomplished nothing. The Prop
erty-owners' Association, of recent organ
ization, now proposes to take a hand in
the fight, and, if the plans of President
Peter T. Seculovich are followed, they will
at least make it interesting for the South
"It is our purpose to peacefully remove
the obstructions placed across Islais Creek
by the Southern Pacific if we can," said
President Seculovich yesterday, "though
if passive measures fail we will resort to
such legal proceedings as the case de
mands. We have addressed a communi
cation to the Congressional and State dele
gation, now inspecting the waterways and
ports of California, with a view of securing
their co-operation in the passage of an act
that will reopen Islais Creek to navigation.
If we fail to secure a substantial promise
from them, then it becomes a question of
legal proceedings against the Southern Pa
"Islais Creek is 200 feet wide at its mouth
and 70 feet at the upper end. But for the
obstructions at Kentucky street and Fif
teenth and Sixteenth avenues it would be
a navigable stream three miles long, with
an average depth of 8 feet. Section 3 of
the United States statutes admitting Cali
fornia into the Union says:
" 'And be it further enacted, that all
n»vigable waters within the said State
snail be common highways and forever
free as well to the inhabitants of said State
as to the citizens of the United States,
without tax impost or duty therefore. 1
"There are similar clauses in nearly
every act of admission of Western States,
and, further than this, there are decisions
covering this very matter. The Willamette
Bridge, Chicago and Oakland water front
cases are fresh in the minds of the people,
and in the Islais Creek the same condi
"In 1882 the State secured a judgment
against the Potrero and Bay View road,
requiring that they remove all piles, lim
bers and bridge work then obstructing the
channel. In place of the woodwork they
built immense embankments, which are
eyen worse than the heavy timbering.
Now we propose to remedy all this, if pos
sible. The company must open the stream
to navigation or we will at once proceed to
find out why they do not. The people
have some rights vet, and if the Congres
sional delegation do not promise their un
qualified assistance in passing a law that
will remove these obstructions, then the
Southern Pacific will find another Oakland
water front suit on their hands."
COST OF CLEARING REDWOOD
A correspondent asks about profit of clearing
redwood lands for farms and their productive
ness. In recard to their productiveness they
are always rich and will produce anything
which will grow in the climate in which they
are situated. The cost of clearing is best es
timated by counting the stumps on^an acre
and averaging their size. The usual way of
clearing redwood stumps is to bore under their
center with a two-inch auger. At the bottom
of the hole explode a half stick to a stick of
giant powder according to size of stump. Into
the cavity thus produced pour from 10 and
50 pounds of Judson powder and explode it.
If the proper amount of powder has been used
the result ought to be the complete shattering
of the stump, the pieces of which should be
thrown clear out of the ground ready for haul
ing together and burned. The amount of pow
der above given would be by some considered
excessive, hut a railroad builder desiring to be
entirely rid of a redwood stump 11 or 12 feet
in diameter would probably U9e 100 pounds of
Judson powder. This would entirely rid him
of the pieces. The amount required for lan.l
clearing would depeud upon the size of tie
Btump and the nature ot the ground. \\ -v
hard ground requires less powder than ion
ground. Two to four pounds of Judson p w
der will usually throw out an oak stump
eighteen inches through.
In blasting redwood stumps the writer has
used the amounts given above and noted no
waste of force. It is well to err on the side of
force, for an unsuccessful blast is not only a
waste, but sometimes opens up the gmnnd so
that it is hard to get a new charge to take hold.
It must have hard ground to lift against. A
lew trials will give any one the necessary expe
rience. The object of the preliminary charge
of giant po\fder is to make a cavity for the Jud
son powder and to pack the ground for It to Hit
against. When the cavity is made the Judson
powder should be poured in through a tube to
get it all to the bottom and avoid waste. A
piece of I^-inch "down spout" of suitnble
length, which can be had at auy tinshop,
is very convenient for the purpose. The hole
should be bored clear under the renter of the
stump. In springing the hole it is not mves
sary to tamp, as the giant-powder works down,
when the cavity is made, and the Jtulson pow
der poured in, place a rap on the fuse, insert it
in a niece of piaut powder an inch or two long,
run it down to the Judsou powder, pour in dry
earth ana tamp, carefully at first, until the
hole is full; then light the fuse and clear out.
The costs aepeiuis on the number of stumps
per acre, their size, and the luck you have
finding your way under the center of the
stump. This may take fifteen minutes or half
a day, according to circumstances, as the augur
happens to strike or miss rocks and roots.
The cost of powder may be estimated at 10
cents per pound for giant and « cents 'or Jud
son. Deliverea in large lots it will cost less.
The cost of powder, then, will be from 50 cents
to $3 per stump. besides the labor in blast
ing and of clearing the ground afterward,
which is very serious, but greatly facilitated by
using plenty of powder, so that the stump may
be split into pieces of such Damageable size
that one team can pull them together. A great
redwood has sn immense amount of timber
below ground, and the labor of clearing after
blasting is very serious. No estimate per acre
of the cost of charing reawood land can be
made, as all depends on the numberof stumps.
If the labor is ail hired it is likely to exceed
The majority of redwood land is steep. Its
best use i» to reproduce a redwood forest for
our grandchildren. Rich bottom land may
pay to clear in some cases, but the stumps are
likely to be many and large, and the cost
greater than the above estimate. The writer
Fives in a redwood district, but never heard of
an acre being cleared for profit. The land
when cleared wpuld have to have a clear ren
tal value of $10 to i?ls per acre to justify the
expense. The redwood when cut sprouts vig
orously from the roots, but can be tilled in
two or three years by carefully removing the
sprouts as they appear. This is the course gen
erally pursued when it ia desired to cultivate
redwood bottom lands. The dead stumps will
Drobably in time rot out, or if not in time then
in eternity. In our lifetime, however, no per
ceptible progress is made, Redwood stump
land is simply cultivated as well as possible
between the stumps, and so treated will often
yield better and more certain crops than other
really very good land entirely clear. E. F. A.
DE. BEOWN'S DEPAETUEE.
Will Be a Delegate to the Congregational
Council at Syracuse.
Dr. C. 0. Brown, pastor of the First Con
gregational Church of this City, left last
evening for Syracuse, N. V., to attend the
National Triennial Council of Congrega
tional churches as one of the delegates
from California. He expects to preach at
his former charge in Kalamazoo, Mich., on
Sunday, and he will fill several Boston pul
pits during his absence.
Professor Foster and Professor Lloyd of
! the Pacific Theological Seminary will al
■ ternate in supplying the pulpit of the
! First Church. These gentlemen and others
I will also be called upon to supply the pul
! pit of Plymouth Congregational Church,
1 vacated temporarily by Dr. W. D. Wil
; liams, who is one of the delegates to the
i distinguished body which assembles at
i Syracuse next week. Dr. Brown will be
j away four weeks, Dr. Williams remaining
i a week longer.
•—• — •
A Presentation to F. W. Dohrmann.
Yesterday was the twentieth anniversary of
theestaolishmentof Xathan, Dohrman-n ACo.'s
store on Sutter street, and last evening when
the store closed, for the night F. W. Dohrmann
was treated to a pleasant surprise. The eighty
employes of the establishment presented their
employer with three large frames containing
cabinet-Mzed photographs of all the employes.
The ladies' pictures were in one frame and
those of the gentlemen in the other two. The
presentation speech was made Dy J. H. Jahns,
one of the oldest employe*.
i John E. Parsons of New York City has made
I the pleasant announcement that final -and fa
vorable action lias been taken on the ervction
of the bronze statue of Peter Cooper in the
i small, triangular park just south of Cooper
j Union. It is a gratifying fact that the sculptor,
i Augustus St. Gaudens, who has been commig-
I sioned to design the statue, was at one time a
; student at the institution.
Bacok Printing Company, soß Clay street.*
Try onr Molasses Peppermint Chocolates.
Townsend's, 627 Market street. . •
• — ♦ »
He who has he<h has hope, «nd he who bu
hope has everything.—
• — ♦ — •
Typographical elocution. Making the types
epeak! The Roberts Printing Co., 220 Sntter. •
« m •
Miss Bnrta Grace Boyd is known as the Grace
Darling of St. Croix. She has charge of the
Ledge light, about six miles below St. Stephen,
K. B. . She won her title twelve years ago by
saving, alone and unaided, two sailors from
certain death — deed of bravery recognized by
the Dominion Government, which presented a
lifeboat and a srold watch to the young; woman.
Fa t.i- medicine Is fully as important and as bene
ficial as Spring medicine. Hood's barsaparilla
should be taken at this season to keep the blood
pure and the bodily health vigorous.
• — » — •
•• Mrs. Wlnslow's Soothing Syrnp"
Has been used over fifty years by millions or moth*
ers for their children while Teething with i>erfect
snecess. It soothes the child, softens the sums, al
lays Pain, cures Wind Colic, regulates the Bowel*
end is the best remedy for Diarrhoeas, whether
arising from teething or other causes. For sale by
Druggists in every pan of the world. sure aal
ask for Airs. Winalow's Soothing Syrjp. 2ia .*
— ■ • — » — •
"He didn't have the nerve to propose, did he,
"Yes; but she rejected him. She said that
while he had the sand to propose, he didn't
have the rocks to marry."— Harper's Magazine.
ffjf\ff fcjL jffi cts - Per Can.
Colima Baking Powder. .
Colima Pure Spices.
As inducement to test COLIMA'S SU-
PERIORITY, Valuable Presents griven
FREE with each can. 100 varieties to
choose from. We mention a few : ,
1 Glass Butter Dish, 1 Glass Sugar Bowl, 6 .
■ Preserve Dishes, 1 Decorated Thin China "
■ Cnp and Saucer, 1 decorated Salad i jlMsli, 1
Cop and saucer (assorted decorations), 1
Thin China Oatmeal Bowl, 1 Cream Pitcher,
Gold Decorated Cup, Saucer and Plate, Dec-
orated set of 3 Water Goblets, Syrup
Pitcher, Vegetable Disb, 1 Glass Berry Dish,
. 1 Majolica Pitcher, 1 Covered Saucepan, 1 ."
Coffee Pot (2 qt.), Oatmeal Set of 3 pieces,
set of 3 Table Tumblers, 1 Dish Kettle (8
qts). Lots of others at our stores.- '• ' " -
Great American Importin/x Tea. Co.
f 617 Ktiiirny street,. ■
146 Ninth street,
965 Market street.
140 Sixth street,
,; 1419 Polk street,
Sin Frantic PA 521 Montgomery avenue,
Oilll riiIHUSIU 1 333 Hayes street,
> 218 Third street,
STORES 2008 Pillmore street;
3000 Sixteenth street,
104 Second street,
J."il<> Mission street,
62 Market street,
.3259 Mission street.
■ Oil'itnd 1053 Washington street,
ViIKIiHIU J 917 Broadway, .
1 131 San Pablo avenue.
STORES 1616 K. Twelfth street.
'JHiiiiflTfa' ! Park street and Alameds
IIIIIUTUU * • . j avenue.
. Visit our Stores, see the Big Display.
. Compare Prices and Quality is all We
SfA POSITIVE and PERMANENT
W^CURE. Terms Reasonable.
Examination Fre« in Afternoon.
■•^J DR. MILLER CANCER CURE,
, • - 93»}£ Howard St., S. F.