CHARLES M. SMORTRIDQE,
Editor and Proprietor.
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MONDAY OCTOBER 14, 1895
THE CALL SPEAKS FOR ALL.
Every home can help the home market
to some extent.
From Turkey to China all Asia needs
renovating and whitewashing.
There are still no signs that the Civic
Federation will ever run out of work.
Free Cuba is an honest home sentiment
that would make the best foreign policy.
John Bull had better attend to his busi
ness in Armenia and let Venezuela alone.
Perhaps Buckley hasn't got a barrel,
and perhaps he has one, but it is bunged
As the fight goes at present, the Junta is
throwing mud and Buckley is throwing
The political complexion of local De
mocracy looks very much like it was
To the hungry Ohio Democrat Camp-
Dell's eloquence is a poor substitute for
When Cleveland's administration comes
to be tried he will probably rcove for a
chance of venue.
So far as Cleveland can make it so there
is as ing a deficit in the Monroe doctrine
as in the revenue.
We can beat the English at athletics,
but it takes the South Africans to beat
them on mining games.
Chicago is the only city that has yet
been able to develop a gang of robbers with
nerve enough to hold up a trolley-car.
Cleveland is going to Atlanta and Hill is
going to Ohio, so the ioug-expected great
Democratic speech may be born twins.
Many political experts are taking a
good deal of slock in the Allison boom
because it is not being puffed up with
From present appearances in Kentucky,
Joe Blackburn is running against the
Democratic newspapers more than any
Uncle Sam once had land enough to give
us all a farm, but now Corbett and Fitz
sirumons cannot tincl enough to stake out
a sixteen-foot ring.
Englnnd might 'ieht Venezuela for a
"little land at the mouth of the Orinoco,
but she would not light this country for
half the continent.
It is possible that all this talk in the
Democratic newspapers about a vigorous
foreign policy, is simply Olney's way of
advertising for one.
It is an easy prediction that before
Cleveland is back in Washington a month
we shall hear that he is overworked in pre
paring his message.
It is now charged against Wat Harden,
the Democratic nominee for Governor, in
Kentucky, that he shaves, wears patent
leather shoes and smokes cigarettes.
One advantage of having Corbett and
Fitzsimmons sk.'rmishinp around the
country is that their bluihng serves to de
tract attention from the export of gold.
Strangely enough the Valkyrie hat and
the Marlborough bonnet are among the
fall styles for women, but the Defender
and the Vanderbilt do not get a mention.
There i& a growing belief that every step
taken in the construction of the trans-
Siberian railroad by Russia is a distinct
step toward the destruction o! the Chinese
The campaign in Ohio lias become so
hot that Ex-Governor Campbell has been
compelled to stop long enough to explain
that he never reflected on the personal in
tegrity of Governor McKiniey.
The deficit in the revenues makes the
tariff the biggest political issue at pres
ent, but if that were out of the way, the
un-American foreign policy of Cleveland
would be enough to beat Democracy next
It is believe;! that Mahone's death will
lead to a reorganization of political parties
in Virginia and exert as powerful an in
fluence on affairs in that State as the dead
Senator was ever able to exert in the prime
of his life and the highest prestige of his
It is not surprising to learn that since
the Chicago Associated Press misled its
customers by sending out false reports of
the race between the Defender and the
Valkyrie, some of its papers have aban
doned that organization and joined the
United Press, thus making sure of getting
all the news and getting it correct.
It is difficult to understand why the
Eastern press was so severe in its criti
cisms of Keir Hardie. Since his arrival on
this coast he has said nothing and done
nothing to give offense to any one who be
lieves in free speech and does not regard
socialism as a bugaboo.
As we nave a treaty with Great Britain
which forbids either nation from building
or launching any warship on the great
iakes some Detroit ship-builders who wish
to get some of the Government jobs have
offered to construct gunboats on this coast
shipping the machinery from Detroit, and
it ia believed in that way they may get
one or more contracts.
THE MINEES' CONVENTION.
The convention of California miners,
which opens in this City to-day under the
auspices of the California State Miners' As
sociation, will be the most important over
held in this State, and upon the determi
nation of the delegates will depend some
concerns vital to the people. The two
great matters are hydraulic mining and
tbe relation of the Southern Pacific Com
pany to the mineral lands which it claims
under its Government grant. In addition
to these, considering the remarkable re
awakening of activity in the mining in
dustry, will be the general proposition of
furthering and strengthening this move
With regard to the first proposition, it is
urgent that the antagonism existing be
tween the farming and the hydraulic min
ing interests be broken down instead of
increased. While it is deplorable that
hydraulic mining was necessarily stopped
by reason of the damage it was doing to
the rivers and lands of the valley region,
it is impossible to believe that the inven
tive genius of the age is inadequate to de
vise such a scheme as will permit the re
habilitation of this industry without work
ing the injury which caused its cessation.
It will De for the miners to solve the prob
lem. And miners of all kinds are inter-;
ested in the solution.
The question of railroad claims to min
eral lands will require exceptional cars and
intelligence in the handling. Rumors
were started some time ago to the effect
that the railroad company was interesting
itself in the selection of delegates to this
convention. There has been little talk of
that kind lately, but this will make popu
lar espionage of the delegates' conduct
none the less close. It will not be difficult
to judge any delegate's fealty by his
speeches or vote. The interest involved is
one that concerns every resident of the
State, whether he is a miner or not.
There need be no fear that the miners will
fail to appreciate their grave responsibility
in the premises.
The delegates are visiting the City at
the pleasantest time of the year. They
will find many things to entertain and in
struct them. It is hoped that they will
enjoy themselves after that hearty fashion
for which men of that vocation are
famous. They will find some novel condi
tions. It will perhaps surprise them to
discover that the community is rousing
itself from a loug and dreamless slumber,
and that its responsible men and women
are learning to appreciate the bounties
with which nature has blessed their en
vironment. We regret that the splendid
new Call building is not ready for their
inspection, but they can see where it will
be when they convene next year. They
Will find the leading spirits of the City
earnestly at work for the good of the
State, and the merchants eager to do
whatever may lie in their power for the
advancement of the mining interest. It
will be a grand opportunity for the miners
to cultivate these men and establish a
strong sympathy and co-operation with
DAGC-ETT AND MAGUIRE.
Two eminent members of the California
Democracy are engaged in a bitter contro
versy, which is both serious and lament
able. Congressman Maguire has preferred
charges with the Treasury Department at
Washington against John Daggett, Super
intendent of the San Francisco Mint, al
leging two wrongs: First, that Mr. Dag
gett has grossly neglected his duty; and,
second, that he organized a mining com
pany which has no standitig, and whose
shareholders are composed largely of the
employes of the Mint.
Mr. Daggett declares that these charges
are "lies," and that "they are absolutely
false in every particular and detail." He
not only courts but demands a "rigorous
investigation," and he wants it to be pub
lic. He asserts that "any one with half an
eye must see that an obvious animus lurks
in every line" of Mr. Maguire's charges,
and explains that '"it is a case of patronage
instead of principle." Mr. Maguire denies
this, alleging that he was not interested in
the patronage of the Mint, and that both
he and Senator White opposed Mr. Dag
eett's appointment, and that his conduct
has not been better than they expected.
Up to this point (the Treasury Depart
ment not having yet made an investiga
tion of the charges) the case rests upon the
comparative personal merits of the gentle
men themselves. Mr. Magulre makes the
dignified explanation that he cares noth
ing for Mr. Daggett one way or the other,
that in laying his charges with the Gov
ernment he was doing hia duty as a pub
lic officer, and that there he will let the
matter re3t, having shifted his responsi
bility on the Government. The charges
are easily susceptible of proof if they are
true and of disproof if they are untrue,
and as Mr. Maguire is an able lawyer and
knows the value of evidence, the duties of
the Superintendent and the serious conse
quences of the investigation both to him-
self and to Mr. Daggett, the present pre
sumption is that, even should his past
history warrant the belief, it is not likely
that he is moved by passion or a desire for
Assuming for the present that he is ac
tuated by the highest motives, his conduct
is a salient departure from the established
methods of Democratic politics in Califor
nia. At the same time, while he is exceed
ingly strong in the admiration of friends,
Mr. Daggett is not less so, and hence this
struggle must make a serious breach in the
ranks of the party. "It will be curious to
observe whether in the pending investiga
tion the party will prove itself able to be
governed solely by a sense of public right
and decency or whether the factions to
which this struggle will give rise will be
moved by considerations of expediency or
CHICAGO IS ALAKMED.
The violent attack of the Chicago Tribune
on the San Francisco Traffic Association,
charging that because Traffic Manager
Curtis of the association wrote urging an
Eastern connection of the Southern Pacific
to unite with the latter company in its
reduced schedule of freights between Cali
fornia and Utah point3 the associa
tion is the organ of the Southern
Pacific, is valuable only as showing
that Chicago is , alarmed over the
prospect of fair competition with San
Francisco," and that the intelligent efforts
of our merchants to secure a reasonable
snare of the Utah trade is expected to meet
with success. The Tribune's attack and
the alarm which it indicates will be re
garded by San Francisco merchants as ex
ceedingly encouraging, and as an incentive
to renewed efforts to accomplish their
Our merchants cannot realize too strongly
that when they enter the field as com
petitors with Chicago they are measuring
their strength with the ablost, shrewdest
and most successful men in the country.
We are handicapped by a number of ob
stacles. These are the greater volume of
Chicago's business, the resulting desire of
the lines between Utah and Chicago not to
antagonize it by showing favors to San
Francisco, and the existence of competing
lines between the two places. These have
been sufficient so far to overcome the ad
THE SAN FKANCISCO CALL., MOJSDAY, OCTOBER 14, 1895.
vantage which San Francisco enjoys on
the soore of being so much nearer to Utah.
It is difficult to see how the solution of
the problem can be accomplished, though
it is gratifying to know that the merchants
of San Francisco are working so earnestly
to that end. At present the reduced rates
of the Southern Pacific stop at Ogden, be
yond which that company cannot reach.
It would seem that the situation presents
a very strong inducement for the building
of a local railroad system in Utah, and
that our merchants could hardly do better
than foster such an enterprise. We may
be sure that if such a necessity were pre
sented to Chicago it would meet it at once.
Still another plan would be the throwing
of the Union Pacific into the hands of the
Government. This would open Salt Lake
and some minor towns to our trade. For
that matter the spanning of the short dis
tance separating Ogden and Salt Lake
Vould solve a large part of the problem.
Further, it is difficult to understand why
the Southern Pacific could not make a rate
from San Francisco to Ogden which would
counteract the higher rates from Ogden to
Salt Lake. The company's business, as
might have been expected, has greatly in
creased since it reduced its rates to Ogden
and thus made it possible for our mer
chants to compete with Chicago at that
point, and our business has increased
thereby and our merchants are greatly en
couraged. Why not extend the plan, with
an expectation of still greater benefits to
AN EXPECTED KESULT.
In one of our enterprising contempora
ries which not only prints verbatim re
ports of the Durrant trial but which (ills
the vacant intervals with sensational dis
cussions of the testimony and with grue
some foreshadowing of grisly possibilities,
we read the interesting account of a family
which has been dismembered by tnese pub
lications. The wife left her husband, and
this is the husband's explanation, as pub
lished by our enterprising contemporary :
"The Durrant case was one of the causes
that wrecked my home. She may say that
I treated her cruelly, but that is not true.
She wanted me to read the verbatim re
ports of the Durrant trial and 1 did so un
til life was not worth living, and then I
quit. Then she got angry^ In the morn
ing, at breakfast, I read the Durrant case.
When she went upstairs to make the beds
I followed and continued reading. She
swept the house and I followed, reading.
She prepared the luncheon and I stiil
stayed by her, reading the Durrant case.
I want to say that while I read that case
aloud my wife was perfectly hapoy. When
I stopped she was miserable."
Probably it was our contemporary's de
licious sense of humor that induced it to
publish this case of domestic rupture
alongside the cause that produced it. This
wife evidently belonged to the class of
women who haunt the courtroom. Being
denied that opportunity she did the next
best thing in transforming her husband
into the courtroom and ail its disagreeable
adjuncts. Although invested with a mar
velous patience the wretched man struck
at last — and lost his wife in consequence.
It was a choice between reading the ver
batim reports and giving her up, and he
gave her up. It was more than masculine
strength could bear to read the verbatim
reports of tht trial. The incident seems
to be instructive in that it establishes tbe
difference between the tastes of men and
some women and explains the publication
of verbatim reports.
The only persons who can read these in
terminable dull reports are those who
have both the leisure and the taste for the
occupation. The only ones who have the
time are those who are not concerned with
the serious affairs of life, and those who
have the taste would be judicious to con
ceal the fact. To publish such reports as
sumes the existence of a very large pro
portion of persons iu the community who
are of the kind to whom such reading is a
possibility and a pleasure. Thb Call
knows no reason for publishing that esti
mate of San Francisco's people. More
than that, it is aware that while the
preparation of a sharp, clearly told story
of the trial requires much more skill and
expense than a verbatim report, it is true
journalism and shows a better conception
of the character of the community.
W. P. Thomas, an attorney of Ukiah, is at the
W. T. Blake, a newspaper man of Stockton, is
T. J. Field, a capitalist of Monterey, is a guest
at the Palace.
J. M. Besse, a merchant of Kings City, is stay
ing at the Grand.
A. Klcnian, a merchant of Oroville, registered
at the Grand yesterday.
Mr. and Mrs. H. M. Yerrington of Carson,
New, are at Ihe Palac"e.
E. C. Weinrich, a merchant of Sacramento, is
in the City on a flying visit.
Charles C. Derby, superintendent of the New
Almaden quicksilver mine, registered at the
A. F. Jones, an attorney of Oroville, came
down yesterday to attend the Miners' Conven
tion and registered at the I'alace.
S. \V. Heller and wife (nee Stern) returned
yesterday from Europe after an absence of
eighteen months. The occasion of their home
coming was observed last night at their resi
dence, L-orner of Leavenworth and Post streets,
by a welcome tendered ihem by forty relatives
One of ;the recent guests of the Grand is
Senora de Campos, granddaughter of General
Gonzales of Guatemala, and her infant son.
They come from one of the most notable cities
of Central America. Her stay in San Francisco
will depend on the health of her child, which
is expected to benefit from the bracing climate
of ban Francisco. It is her intention to leave
for Paris as soon as the little one's health
The heart of White-Hat McCarthy is glad
within him, for "Me Lud" is coming back. The
great and only J. Talbot Clifton will again
mingle with the excited racetrack throngs,
will once more perambulate Market and
Kearny streets, and (who knows?) will bring
with him something new in the sensational
line. J. "Tawlbot" is not averse to seeing him
self reflected in the public retina. Modesty is
not one of his prominent characteristics. But
he is refreshingly interesting at any time, and
San Francisco has no cause to regard him with
any feelings but those of friendly indulgence.
I hear that he is expected on or about the 25th
inst. Safe to say that White-Hat will be at the
train to greet him and that society at "the
track" will extend him a cordial welcome.—
A CHANCE TO SMILE.
A band wagon is good in its place, but you
don't need to take one when you go courting
the other girl. Your best girl will hear about
it soon enough.— New York Recorder.
Beggar— Yer haven't got 10 cents erboutyer,
has yer, boss?
The Man— How did you find that out? I
thought no one knew I was broke but myself.—
"What do vou_ think of this previous exist
"I know it to be supported by facts. For in
stance I know a woman only 27 years old who
often thoughtlessly tells about things that hap
pened thirty-five years ago." — Indianapolis
Mrs. Jones— And so your son has left college
and has taken orders?
Mrs. Smith— Yes, and I think he will now be
successful in administering to humanity.
"Has he entered the Episcopal church?"
"On.no: he hasn't entered any chuch. Heis
a waiter in a restaurant."— Tammany Times.
Has notliing to say
Of the Stanford decree
For h© hopes that lie
lylay also go free.
[Reproduction of a aTeetch from life made by a " Call artist.]
• ■ ■ ■■"-.. ■
AROUNfc THE CORRIDORS.
Fred Schumann, the well -known ranpre
owner and rifle shot, was in town yesterday
for a few hours.
"Did you ever hear the story of Tlmmany
and his turkeys?" he asked. No one had been
so fortunate, and Schumann proceeded.
"This man Timmany," he said, "is a small
rancher over in the country about San Rafael.
One day not very long ago Timmany happened
in to see me about a forthcoming contest in
which turkeys were to be given as prizes to
the most successful marksmen. The old fellow
confided to me that for some time he had
been raising turkeys' on his ranch, and he pro
posed to get up & match on his own account.
Now, Timmany is not very well up upon the
prowess of our San Francisco rifle-shots, and
this may excuse the absurdity of his plan. He
would have no firing at targets, but, for the
sake of novelty, he would tie a turkey to a
stake on the hillside, pace off 200 yards and
let the competitors blaze away.
" 'The plan might work,' said I to Timmanv,
'but how much will you Bell the entry tickets
" 'Two-bits apiece,' said he.
11 'But surely, Mr. Timmany,' I protested,
■you will not be so foolish as to sell your tur
keys for 25 cents each!'
"Timmany did not intend to do anything of
the kind, but he had a mistaken idea of the
slmrpshooting ability of our marksmen.
"Well, the day arrived, and, agreeably to my
promise, I brought customers to Timmany.
He trotted out his fifty or sixty turkeys and
offered tickets for sale. Captain Kuhls and
half a dozen other line shots were on hand. In
order to have a good joke on Timmany and
prevent him from refusing to sell more tickets
if we killed too many turkeys we each bought
$5 worth. Then "the shooting began. Kuhls
was up first and he missed the bird. Timmany
was delighted. Another man stepped to the
firing place. His shot brought the turkey
down. Another and another fired and half a
dozen turkeys were dead, while Timmany had
only realized a couple of dollars for the lot.
"The sport might have continued until every
bird fell, but something happened just at this
time. Mrs. Timmany, the wife of the sportive
rancher, arrived upon the scene. She sized up
the situation at a glance. It was a losing prop
osition and she simply wouldn't have it. She
gathered in the remaining turkeys, and, after
taking Mr. Timmany in charge, she set the pace
"She declined to receive our tickets and give
us our cash, so we had six turkeys and Tim
many had something like $30.
"Turkeys being worth about $2 apiece, on
whom was the joke?"
ROGERS TO RIDEOUT.
An Open Letter on the International
Mr. N. D. Hideout, as President of the State
Bankers' Association— Sir: The Sunday papers
issued October 6, 1895, contained a resolution
as emanating from the State Bankers' Associa
tion at its meeting at Fresno, passed on the
sth, yourself being its president, which reads
Resolved, That this convention is unanimously
opposed to the free and unlimited coinage of silver
on a basis of 16 to 1 or any other ratio whereby the
material In a silver dollar will have lens com
mercial value than its gold brotber, but is in favor
of an international agreement to place stiver on a,
parity with gold.
This resolution comes as a challenge to the
sense and patriotism of every good citizen.
This sentence of fifty-eight commonplace
words, thus expressing the meaning of our
California bankers, will be analyzed as to the
In my opinion these are irrational in
economics, erroneous in legal significance and
dangerous in their ultimate effects. Let us,
using utmost brevity, candidly examine them
under the three heads of Economics, Law and
First— ln economics "use" is the sole test of
value for a thing. Its value is ordinarily
measured by the labor involved in its produc
tion. Therefore "use" and "labor" are the
factors that determine whether or not men
want a,given thing. Now, it is an undisputed
fact that a gold dollar costs more "labor" to
get than a paper dollar. As their uses, as
money, are identical in buying or debt-paying,
"labor" is the sole element that is to be con
sidered when choosing a material for a money.
But the whole effort of society, nay, of civiliza
tion, is to get certain results with the least ex
penditure of work.
Therefore to advocate the gold standard for
money, instead of adopting a paper currency,
Is to ask the Government to compel its citizens
to do a work a million times multiplied in ex
tent and one entirely unnecessary.
Second— According to the last case in the
United States Supreme Court, decided March,
I»B4— Julliard vs. Greenman— to make money
is a sovereign attribute of the Government.
For an individual to issue money is a crime,
and for a State to aim to run a mint is to pass a
law inhibited by the constitution. This power
over money is exclusively vested in Congress.
It can select any material for the currency and
then it can destroy its money function. This
is shown in the changes effected in our coin
age laws, many times in our history of a cen
Therefore to speak of "the material in a sil
ver dollar" having a commercial value, is to
ignore the law, which alone create* money.
It is not the "material" nor its "commercial
value ' that makes a dollar— this is the man
date of the law. It is an unpardonable sin for
a financier to bleud the "commercial value" of
a "material' ' selected for a currency and the
august majesty that springs from the command
of the astute. "Commercial value" arises
from the supply and demand of gold and silver
considered as metals. Monetary value arises
from the exercise of legislative power, granted
exclusively to Congress by the constitution. To
unite them in harmony is impossible—impossi
, t° «yen the magic of a bankers' organiza
tion. Tms resolution ignores a plain fact, fixed
id the adamant of our history. Tbere is the
same amount of silver, with the same degree
of fineness, in a silver dollar now as in the one
made under the old law repealed in 1873.
The truth is, the silver was then worth $1 02
Now the same silver is worth about $0.68 in
Why? The "material" has not been changed.
The quantity is alike.
Why has the" difference comeT
No sophistry can conceal and no fabrication
can destroy the fact that the change in law— in
demonetizing silver— has reduced that metal
to a commodity and left gold a money. Let
gold lose its legal-tender quality, given by
Congress, and it would at once become a com
modity, subject to the fluctuations of trade.
Let silver be granted this debt-paying attribute
and its commercial value would cease and its
money character would have fixity and would
Recognizing two facts, that the stamp alone
makes money, and that the volume in use fixes
the purchasing power, It is to the interest of
the banks, as special privilege-holders, to con
ceal these principles. With bold hardihood
they make the effort in the face of law and fact.
In plain language, the endeavor must origin
ate in either willful ignorance or deliberate
deceit; for the truth shines like the sun to
In harmony with this policy of mystification
two main arguments are presented. They say
we need metal money for foreign trade. This
is a clear fallacy. Our statistics, partly fur
nished by the bankers, show that for the last
liscal year our foreign trade was about two
billions, but our domestic exchanges were
about five trillions. This is a ratio of 1 to
2500. In other words, we use $1 abroad and
$2500 at home in the United States.
For which should our Government provide,
the small or large demand?
The next stock argument is that with free
coinage we should oe flooded. There are about
three and a half billions of silver in the world.
Suppose It all came to tie United States for
coinage. It would make a per capita of $50.
Would that hurt anybody? Well, yes; it
might relieve from beggary and atarvation a
great famishing army of millions now seeking
and crying for work. But two-thirds of the
human race have silver and use it alone and
will not send it here, and if they did our peo
ple would find ready sale of their products for
it in exchange. Would that hurt the Cali
fornia farmer, whose products and lands have
fallen in twenty-five years to one-fourth of
their former values?
Third— The last charge is that of implied
treason, arising from an international agree
ment. What, sir, does this involve? All
statesmen and publicists admit the power to
make money is the one supreme attribute of a
national sovereignty, for money is the meas
ure of all values, including mental and physi
cal labor. Now, it is calmly proposed by you
to abdicate our own authority as to our own
people in home affairs p.nd turn it over to some
other person or nation owing us no loyalty
aye, even bitterly opposed to us— giving them
full command over the kind and quantity of
our money. This Nation is self-governing, em
bodying democracy. How, then, is it not
treason to let some one else govern us? Why
don't the nionometalUsts ask England her
opinion on our divorce laws, interrogate Ger
many on hog cholera and our corporation
morality, turn over to France the serious mat
ter of bloomers> invok'j Ireland's judgment for
our code of police ethics, demand that the
Pope shall give us an infallible tariff whereby
taxation of ourselves will enrich us ? Why
don't the barkers invite other nations to act
for us as to all our domestic concerns?
Don't they know;full well that there never has
been an international money, and that should
one be established then the whole internal
policy of our Nation would depend not on
our own will but on the consent of others, per
haps fully inimical to us?
This scheme for an international monetary
agreement is wrong in principle, lacks patriot
ism, is limp in power for self-preservation and
would end in Conferring absolute supremacy
on gold monometallism. If Americans desire
to retain their freedom then let them discard
the proposition of an international agreement
as the veiy quintessence ot wrong. For these
reasons it seems to me as an American citizen,
sir, your resolution is full of error and danger.
Very respectfully, Taylor Rogers,
3333 Washington street.
San Francisco, October 10, 1895.
JHARLBOROUGH AND VANDERBILT.
New Bedford Standard.
The Marlborough-Vandecbilt alliance, which
is apparently considered by the parties them
selves as much a matter of public concern as
the matrimonial bargainings of kings and
princesses across the water, causes some of the
newspapers to seriously consider the im-
Eortant question: "Shall our Girls have
cowries?" It 6eems to us that the question
might well be left to settle itself in individual
cases, according to the circumstances and de
sires of the parties in interest. There have
been a good many happy marriages in America
where the bride's only dowry was her good
health, her good looks, her good sense and her
devotion to the man of her choice.
Morally the bargaining of titles for wealth as
a basis for marriage, especially in a country
where titles have no place, is as repugnant as
any other sordid transaction can be. More
over, the importation of aristocratic customs
and the ostentation and elaborate ceremonies
attendant upon the rites are distinctly de
moralizing in a land the integrity of whose in
stitutions is largely dependent upon the main
tenance of republican simplicity in the social
standards of the people, however advanced the
scale of general comfort and prosperity in liv
ing may be.
Besides all this Miss Consuclo Vanderbilt has
good blood in her veins inherited from her
mother, good Tennessee blood, which is the
best in the world and more to be desired than
i any ol the dubious fluid that caurua in tha
veins of the Marlboroughs. No pure American
girl can be made nobler or more honorable by
the debauched coronet that first graced the
brow of Sarah Jennings^ It is a great pity that
this very eligible young couple can t be per
mitted to mate in peace without any reference
to their fortunes and their ancestry.
The presence of a representative of royalty
at the wedding and the effort ot Germany's
Emperor to honor the bride shows how Europe
worships American money. Were the bride,
instead of an heiress, the daughter of some
high statesman or noted savant no such honor
would be extended to her. When General
Grant's daughter became the wife of an
Englishman royalty did not honor her, but the
millions of William H. Vandtrbilt secure tor
his child the recognition that was not extend
ed to Nellie Grant.
We have now been told the color of Miss Van
derbilt's eyes, the size of her shoe, her favorite
flower and where she buys her hairpins. But
after all this searching inquiry the Duchess
of Marlborough will sink from public attention
just as the Countess de Castellaue.
LETTERS FROM THE PEOPLE.
MINERAL LANDS DISPUTE.
Division in the Ranks of the Seekers fob
Placers and Ledges.
To the Editor of the San Francisco Call— Sir:
As you are aware, a very important meeting of
the Miners' Association will be opened in this
City to-day. The association is split into three
camps on the question of the preservation of
the mineral lands for prospectors and public
location according to the mineral laws.
The division is not as to the Importance of
preserving the rights of the miner. On that
we are all agreed. Every person who knows
anything of the difference between a mining
and agricultural patent knows well that deep
mining cannot be undertaken on an agricul
tural patent. So, if all the mineral lands are
patented as agricultural, that would kill the
mining interests of the State. A mineral loca
tion enables the miner to follow the vein on
the pitch to the center of the earth— it does not
matter whose agricultural land it goes under;
but an agricultural patent prevents the follow
ing of a lode outside of the vertical boundary.
Hence the importance of preserving the right
to m ; eral location wherever minerals exist.
Another great difficulty meets us in the selec
tion of mineral from agricultural land. The
mining laws define a mineral location to be an
area through which are found minerals which
will pay to work.
Sometimes rock in place will show such
value, but in nine cases out of ten no Buch
value is shown on the surface, and therefore
it is only by prospecting and developing that
we can make sure of value.
Even in the case 01 gravel mines, although
there may be immense wealth lying under the
lava-capped channel?, no engineer can say for
a certainty that it will pay to work. As a case
in point, I am associated with Home English
capitalists in opening an extensive and well
defined channel in Sierra County, which has
yielded something like $20,000,000 where it
was worked three miles up stream from our
property. We were required to raise $10,000
to complete a shaft we were sinking, and J.
Roes Browne was engaged to report on* the
property. He reported that there was certainly
a well-defined channel running one and a half
miles through the property, but, as we had not
reached bedrock with the shaft, he could not
say whether it had any value or not. The
foreign capitalists, taking that as a hint that
there Is no value in the property, have conse
quently refused to proceed with the shaft,
although we have only 120 feet more to sink
to bedrock. Now, how is it possible to prove
values in such cases?
I have said the miners are divided in their
ideas as to the best way of preventing true
mineral land from being patented by the rail
road grant or by any other parties as agricul
One camp calls the railroad company an octo
pus. Another camp says: "No ; we do not blame
the railroads; they have their rights as well as
the miners," and argues that the most sensi
ble way is to join with the railroads and have
the matter fairly determined bv experts ap
pointed by both parties. But as the railroad
wishes to make it binding on both parties to
accept the decision of the experts or their um
pire as final the first camp says, "No; we see
in this the cloven foot and are therefore op
posed to any binding agreement."
Then the people in the third camp do not see
why the railroad should be consulted by the
miners in the matter, as the United States
laws clearly state that mineral land cannot be
legally patented as agricultural, and all the
Miners' Association may be expected to do is
to get the General Government to have the
said grant properly exoerted by its own ex
perti. But here again the legal definition of
mineral, as that which has value, comes in the
way; so you see it is not without reason that
the miners, although agreeing to a man on the
general principle that mineral land should be
reserved for miners' locations and patents, yet
disagree as to the best way to accomplish the
object in view.
A most unfoitunate fact is that the associa
tion is short of funds to enable it to do any
thing, which is interpreted by many to mean
that the officials have not t£e confidence of the
association. I don't think that it is want of
confidence which freezes the exchequer.
The fact is, it is the methods not the men
that are at fault. Mr. Nefl, like Washington,
was an ideal choice for first president, but it is
necessary to tne well being of the association
that he should not. monopolize the situation.
Mr. Ralston as secretary was a wise choice, and
as that office should, if possible, be a perma
nency, no betterfman can be found in thi*;city
to act as permanent secretary. The other of
fices should be subject to change, and to keep
down jealousy those persons have no more
right to a third term than Washington or
Grant had. The selection of president is an
important one and 1 would be in favor of either
Mr. Valentine of Wells-Fargo, Mr. Hellman of
the Nevada Bank or Mr. Lillienthal of the
Anglo-California as the next president.
With a permanent secretary either of such
men would prove of more value to the miners
than any directly interested mining man in
this State. In mentioning names I only do so
to indicate the class of men from which a se
lection should be made. There is no doubt
that with proper methods the association could
be made one of the most influential in the
country. And then there would be no need to
keep an octopus in the closet to scare the
babies. A Mining Delegate.
CHANCE FOR GOOD MILK.
Me. Shafter of Oakland Eloquently Praises
the Country Cow.
To the Editor of the San^Francisco Call— Sir:
Now is the countryman's opportunity. Mr.
Dockery, the new milk inspector, has detected
fourteen milkmen selling adulterated, impure
milk. As Mr. Dockery receives no salary, he
is either doing his duty from a conscientious
desire to right a wrong or from a desire to be
bought off. I sincerely hope and believe he is
acting from the higher and purer motives. The
fact remains that now is the time for the bay
counties to get their milk into San Francisco
fresh from the green Hillsides of Alameda,
Contra Costa, Sonoma and last, but not least
Marin. The congested state of the butter mar
ket would be at once relieved by the with
drawal of large numbers of cows from butter
The country along the sides of the North Pa
cific Railroad via Tiburon on into Sonoma and
via North Pacific Coast Railroad into the green
hills of Marin would grow apace.
More commodious homes would be built •
greater acres of farm land would be broken up
and tilled. Perhaps silos filled with ensilaee
(green fodder) for winter feed would be found
adjacent to the well-filled barns. The railroads
would carry back to the country vast quanti
ties of bran and ground feed to keep up the
flow of milk for the healthful supply of the
The want of reciprocity between the City and
the country is the cause to which is attributa
ble much of our hard times. The lowing herds
are only found on grassy hillsides or in the
moiat succulent vecetation of marshy mead
ows. Bellowing herds, disconsolate cows are
those found in the dark inclosures of the pur
lieus of the town. Distillery, slop fed kine,
they stand disconsolate longing for their couir
iwU'V?"* Beecher says the cow is the fam
n,iiK c it Copious, draughts of her rich
JS,« \ hri tjje flush of health to the invalid's
rhfif™- 1 w ebab TL crowsafter hels full of the
rich milk from the generous cow's full udder.
Fresh water and air ward off consumption
in the milch cows of tbe country. The noisome
air which th cows breathe where apace is
valuable, in the long, low sheds where they are
kept in the K Ub urbß of Rreat cities, the tainted
IS l wh . lch they drin^. the distillery slops
wh ch they eat, all promote disease, which is
easily disseminated through their milk to the
Bick and weak, and, worst of all, to the little
babies, who cry out for pure milk with the pit
eous appeal of innocent voices to the men
women of the land.
im i? g ! e . t ' and 80 d0 you, if women could
I™m hat^e sanitary conditions of great cities
wquld be better, not worse, than they now are,
the farmer would give you, nine times out of
ten pure milk If he put water into his cows
milk it would be pure water.
io^ tTa i nmßnyißm and Buckleyism rule the
land and we can look for nothing but a con
«^ na £ food ""PPiy- Hurrah for Milk In
"1 Oakland, Oct. 12, r 1895. p - J - SHA ™ R -
: Diamond finger-rings set in black enamel
fi ? 6 mtV he settin K is said to enhance
the brilliance of good stones. It will not
do to have rhinestonea thua aet.
RELIGIOUS THOUGHT AND PROGRESS
•In Epitome of Sermons of the Week
Beyond the Rockies.
Following is a mmmary of the principal ser
mons recently delivered in the United States
and Canada by the leading, clergymen, priests,
prelates, religious teachers and professors of
the Christian fnith. In every Instance the full
text has been carefully read and abbreviated.
Heaven, in the Bible, is used in more than
one sense. We read of the fm\ !- of the heaven,
meaning the atmo-sphere; read of the lights of
heaven, the stars of heaven, moaning the
firmament. The third heaven of the Scrip
tures is heaven in its sublimest senst — it is
where God dwells. It is somewhere beyond
this material universe; it is a place v. here liod
dwells in his infinite and mighty personality ;
it is where the Batata will have their eternal
home; where they will sing forever the songs
of the redeemed.— Rev. M. Curnick, Methodist,
Row ell, Si ass.
The woman that has no higher ambition than
simply to be dragged up into society is, indeed,
a most pitiable creature. What you want,
young man, in a wife is not a toy to play with,
a doll to be dressed, an ornament to be ex
hibited, but a helpmate, not simply a help eat.
Many women to-day, who were reared in the
kitchen, so to say, vainly imagine that they
make fine parlor ornaments. They have
an idea that they were made to be looked at,
and often they are too lazy to do anything
else.— Rev. Morgan A. i'eters, Reformed Chun. a,
The platform of this church is neither Re
publican nor Democratic, but it must stand for
good government and principle regardless of
party. Its voice shall be heard in no unmis
takable sound for the truth and right, for God
and humanity. Platforms are made to etand
upon. Every plank in a political platform
should be nailed down by wise and nonest men
and find Us solidity in its righteousness. May
the day soon dawn when men shall stand upon
a platform when they stand by the ballot-box,
instead of walking over the ricketv, rotten old
floor of a party.— Rev. Cortlandt Myers, Bap
tist, Brookfrn, N. Y.
The law closing saloons on Sunday is no
hardship on any one, except saloon-keepers
and drunkards. The State of New York will
never pass a law providing for Sunday liquor
selling. The Republicans are "ot going to
open the saloons on Sunday, iu their plat
form the Republicans have declared that they
would not pass a law opening the saloon on
Sunday, and all honor be to the Republican
party for its action iu this regard. ♦
The Democratic party will promise to do any
thing, but it doesn't dare pass a law for Sunday
opening— it doesn't dare go against the Cath
olic churches in that regard.— Rev. Thomas
Dixon Jr., New York City.
MUSIC AND BELIGION.
The one thing about music is its harmony,
the blending of melodious tones in one har
monious whole, the bringing of its tones under
the natural law. We are born for concord and
for peace, to live, not in discord, but in perfect
harmony. Before the sweet strains of Handel
and Haydn were given to the world they were
ih their souls. You often hear it said that
some men do not have an ear for music, but
there are few who can listen to the real music
that comes from the soul of genius without be
ing moved. The single strain of an Easter an
them ha« saved a man from suicide. — Rev. R.
P. Hoi way, Episcopalian, Worcester, Mass.
It is as natural for a healthy child to dance
as it is for a lamb to frolic in the fields. It is
the natural expression of the joy and gladness
of life. Every nation, every people had its own
native dances. Dancing entered into the re
ligious worship of ancient Hebrews, as well as
other nations. There were pure dances and
impure dances accordingly as the worship was
pure and impure. Our modern dance is the
social dance of our ancestors; the dance on the
village green or in the woodland glades. It is
a social festivity, and within proper limits it
is perfectly unobjectionable. It is only objec
tionable as it is abused, and this is true of all
good things. — Rev. Dr. Brundage, Albany, X. Y.
Infidels sometimes say that the milk of. hu
man kindness runs through their veins, but
no college has ever received an endowment
from an inlidel, for Girarr 1 . was not an infidel,
and, although he prohibited the entrance of
preachers ot the gost>el into the college which
he endowed, he desired the trustees of the col
lege to have the students instructed from the
best books of morals. The trustees unani
mously decided upon the Bible as being the
best book of morals and it is used in the col
lege. The Bible was not mentioned in the
will of Girard. So hospital, infant asylum or
other charitable institution was ever endowed
by an intide), but churches of all denomina
tions have these institutions and care -for
them. — Rev. L. S. Roder, Methodist, Jackson
PR. PARK HURST,
The New York divine who has become so
conspicuous throughout the world for the
heroism of his efforts to release the grasp of
the Tammany sachem undertook his wort in
precisely the spirit which animated David
against Goliath. He saw in the great giant a
representative of evil and believed in the pos
sible supremacy of virtue, and he recognized in
the defiant challenge, "What are you going to
do about it?" a challenge not only to the well
meaning people of New Y'ork, but he recoz
nized that the truth was challenged, nay, that
the Jehovah himself was challenged, and sub
missive agents, yielding themselves to the
Lord's command, might, with even so simple a
weapon as a paper ballot, fling defiance to the
foe and cause a stampede among the host-; who
had been following their champion.— Rev. A.
Z, Conrad, Worcester, Mass.
There is an apparent lack of American inde
pendence. We submit to things that our
fathers would have scorned to endure. For
eigners control our monetary existence. Our
fathers in the day of the Revolution, bare
footed and barebacked, defied all the powers of
Europe and dictated their own financial policy.
They were thereby enabled to establish a gov
ernment of the people, the credit of which was
as good as the credit of any nation in the
world— as good as specie. Now we are 70,
--000,000 strong. The country is girdled with
steel and bounded with cable lines, so that
every pulsation of sentiment is known and
felt from one end of the countrv to the other.
Our country is the grandest country God has
ever given to any people, and yet we, the
American people, sit supinely by and suffer
our financial policy to be mapped out and con
trolled by foreigners and disbelievers. — Rev. H.
S. SVilliams, Presbyterian, Memphis, Tenn.
ANSWERS TO CORRESPONDENTS-
Premium on Dollars— City. Had you read
the answer given to a previous correspondent
who inquired about dollars of 1884 you would
have noticed that It.was stated that "dealers
quote them at from $1 50 to $2 25." In other
words, dealers selling old coins to collectors
charge the prices mentioned for the dollars of
that date, but the answer did not state that
dealers paid these prices for them.
Evening Schools— J. 8. W.. City. The studies
pursued in the evening schools of this City are
reading, spelling,, writing, arithmetic, gram
mar, geography, architectural drawing, me
chanical drawing, bookkeeping, algebra and
geometry. The textbooks are the same as
those used *n the day schools. A boy can go
to one of the evening schools to finish his
education in the branches named.
General Wool— M. E., City. The steamer
John L. Stephens, with General John Ellis
Wool and Lieutenant Hardie, his aid, on
board, arrived in this port on \he 14th day of
Februarv, 1854. General Wool relieved Gen
eral H. W. Hallcck on the 17th of the same
month and was in cUarge of the Department of
the Pacific until 1857.
. The Cricket— H. F. A., City. It is believed
by those who have made it a study that by the
friction of the wing covers against each other
and from a peculiarity ot their/ structure
the male f cricket produces the stridulous
sound so well known.
Fish— W. H. F..EI Casco, Riverside County,
Cal. If you aesire fish with which to stoct a
large reservoir communicate with the Fish
Commission, Flood building, tnis City. The
secretary of the commission will furnish you
all the information.
~ . • — » — —
Extra fine salted Almonds. Townsena's. •
.■» ♦ »
Soft baby cream, 15c pound. Townsend's.*
Bacon Printing Company, so3 Clay street.
"Cards by the million." Roberts, 220Sutter.*
— • — — •
He— l wonder what she meant by telling me
she could never marry a man? j
She— Perhaps she said it to encourage you.—
Life. J«■ ■ ' -
If you have catarrh you should attack the dis
ease in the blood. Remove the impure cause by
taking 'sSarsaparllla, the great blood purifler,
which permanently cures catarrh. .
" Sirs. W'iualow's Soothing Syrnp"
Has been used over fifty years by millions of moth
ers for tbelr children while Teething with perfect
success. It soothes the child, nftetkl the cnim, al
lays Pain, cures Wlcd Colic, regulates 'h6 Boweli
and la the best, remedy for Warrbceas, whether
arising from teething or other causas. For sale by
Druggists In every part of the worlcL Ee sura and
ask lor Mrs, WisitoW 1 Soothing Syrap. '-ig *
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