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\\ CHARLES M. SHORTRIDGE,
Editor and Proprietor.
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TUESDAY OCTOBER 15, 1895
THE CALL SPEAKS FOR ALL.
The tight for pure milK finds support in
The East is painted at present with
Indian summer and prairie fires.
The miners' convention will show a good
lead for Congress to follow up this winter.
Democratic ideas of reform hardly go
further than an application of whitewash.
The Cubans are doing the striking, but
it is the Spaniards who will have to walk
Cleveland has gone back to Washington,
but the vigorous foreign policy is still
It is an unusual day that does not record
a death by a trolley-car in some part of the
The complexion of the local Democracy
is mainly made up of war paint and bad
With the present inadequate revenue,
tariff revision is not an issue merely but a
As a traveling menagerie the Corbett
and Fitzsimmons hippodrome is breaking
San Francisco should begin to distin
guish herself as a home market and a con
In going to Ohio to help Campbell Sena
tor Hill has the satisfaction of dodging his
home tight this year.
If the Sheriff of Hot Springs is right,
that place will be found too hot to be
healthy for pugilists.
Cuban victories begin to follow one an
other with the regularity of the chapters
of a continued story.
Keir Hardie's speech in Omaha can
hardly be called touching. It is said he
got only $4 in the collection.
If the Grand Jury attends to the work
before it a good many other people will be
made to attend to theirs a little better.
Gorman's fight in Maryland seems to be
a case of sixes and sevens, with the sixes
on his side and the sevens against him.
Such big preparations for the coming
carnival in San Jose are already in bight
that the carnival itself will probably be out
To the rest of the country the Bingle tax
fight in Delaware is only a side issue, but
Delaware herself seems to think it the
In some of the Eastern States the moto
cycle is already counted a success and a
demand has arisen for further road im
With a theatrical fight added to her city
election Sacramento is having almost as
good a variety show as if the Legislature
were in session.
slt looks now as if Kaiser William might
succeed in getting Russia to pair off with
Germany and leave France to do a pas
seal at the picnic.
It is clearly to the interest of dealers in
pure milk to help the city officials to crush
out the adulterators who spoil the trade by
spoiling the goods.
Spain will now have the sympathy of
Portugal at any rate, for Portugal has a
little colonial war of her own on hand and
knows how it is herself.
Within the last few days the Durrant
case has led one man to divorce, another to
attempt at suicide, and there is no telling
how many others have been generally de
The Sultan complains that the Arme
nians are taxing the patience of the Turks,
but he forgets that the Turks have taxed
something more than the patience of the
It would pay Uncle Sam to send some of
bis best new warships to Japan so that the
Mikado could see the kind of work our
ship- builders turn out in the way of naval
Uncle Sam expects the coming session
of Congress to provide him with a suffi
cient revenue and woe be to the free-traders
if the obstinate man they nave put in office
should veto the Dill that provides it.
In the proceedings of Congress this win
ter the people will see in the action of the
Republican majority in the House a thou
sand reasons why the Senate and the ad
ministration should be Republican also.
Now that the London papers have begun
to publish stories of cruelties in the Upper
Congo country it will not be long before
we shall hear that England must annex
the region in the interests of civilization.
The St. Louis Republic has no reason to
be dissatisfied with the experiment of fish
ing for a news thief by baiting a hook with
a fake story about the attempted assassina
tion of Cleveland. It caught the whole
The general bewilderment of the Chi
cago Associated Press is shown by recent
examples of stealing news one day and
then aenouncing it as fake on the next.
The only way to get things straight is to
take The Call and read The Call's spe-
THE BATTLE IS ON.
The Southern Pacific Railroad Company
has appealed to the courts to restrain the
Railroad Commissioners from enforcing
their recently adopted freight schedule.
The people of California will realize this
morning that their greatest battle with
the gigantic monopoly is on. Tb'e sov
ereign State's power to regulate railroad
freights and fares within its borders is
questioned and denied by this arrogant
and insolent Kentucky corporation.
The California layman — the merchant,
the mechanic, the farmer, the miner — who
pays his taxes and has his rights to life
and property determined by the State
courts, can now appreciate the cunning
diplomacy of this domineering corpora
tion. That diplomacy was exhibited when
citizens of this State betook themselves to
Kentucky to receive a charter of incorpora
tion, so that, being a so-called foreign cor
poration, they could go into the Federal
courts to light California. That diplomacy
was signally displayed when this foreign
tramp corporation recently made up the
record in the hearing before the Railroad
The Call again and again, in thought
ful editorials, warned our Railroad Com
missioners to beware of the cunning and
specious advocates of the Southern Pacific,
lest they make up such a record as would
not in court uphold the schedule adopted.
The Commissioners took no heed of
these warnings; designedly or ignorantly
they sat for days receiving the misleading
and false testimony of the party in inter
est. And so the ''record was made up."
Let the people awake and call to their
aid their ablest lawyers, for the great strug
gle with the Southern Pacific has com
A WISE SUGGESTION.
The real estate review published in yes
terday's Call contained some important
suggestions bearing on the questions of
rent-paying and home-building. In that
review the broad proposition was stated
that if a tenant is able to pay rent be is
able to build a home of his own under the
conditions prevailing in San Francisco.
The statement is so eminently wise and
true that it will bear some analysis. At
the same time it has a bearing on the gene
ral conditions of home-making in this City,
and they, too, deserve attention.
Two convenient ways in which persons
without reserved means and with a steady
income may acquire homes are through
the building and loan associations and by
purchase on monthly installments of places
already improved by those who are in the
business of buying lots and improving
them for that purpose. In the first place,
the prospective builder must as a rule own
his lot free of ineuinbrance, and in the
second he must make an initial payment
nearly or quite equal to the value of the
lot. Hence, the two methods are alike
in the matter of having a little to start
The extension of streetcar lines into
hitherto unsettled and inaccessible part3
of the City has operated to the great en
couragement of these two industries. At
the same time it accounts for the number
of vacant houses held for rent and to a re
duction of the inducement to build houses
for that purpose. It would be interesting
and instructive information if the real
estate dealers would gather and publish
tile extent of recent operations in these
lines. It would undoubtedly prove both
encouraging to persons who would like to
live in their own homes and explanatory of
the large number of vacant houses held for
rent. This number, it should be explained,
is far srialler than it was two years ago,
and that too offers a field for specific in
Returning to the assertion that the man
who is able to pay rent is able to own his
home, the question resolves itself into the
simple one of a way to save sufficient
money with which to make the initial
payment. There is no question about the
superior stability and content of a man
who lives in his own house. It is mani
fest, further, that he who pays rent gives
his landlord a profit which comes from a
very hard-earned income. Building for
residence-renting purposes is a perfectly
legitimate business, but its prosperity de
pends largely on the improvidence of those
who accept the opportunity. It is so
much less expensive to own one's home
than to pay rent that it seems this fact
alone should be'sufficient for sensible men
and women to make an extra exertion
toward saving the necessary amount for
the initial investment.
As the time draws nearer to the date of
the assembling of Congress it becomes
more evident that the Republican majority
in the House will resolutely undertake the
work of revising the tariff, no matter what
course may be taken by the Senate or by
the President. The country needs a reve
nue equal to its expenditures, and the Re
publicans of the House will devise a bill
for providing one, leaving it to the Popu
lists and Democrats in the Senate or the
Democratic President to assume the respon
sibility of rejecting it if they dare.
To make some sort of revision in the
tariff at the earliest opportunity is in fact
not so much a political issue as a financial
necessity. Since Cleveland entered upon
his second term the debt of the Nation has
been increased by more than $106,000,000.
Since the Wilson tariff was put into force
there has been a deficit in the National rev
enues every month except one. This con
dition of affaiis cannot of course be per
mitted to continue, it is imperative that
some remedy for the ill effects of Demo
cratic bungling should be adopted as
speedily as possible, and fortunately for
the country there is a Republican majority
in the House to undertake the work.
In devising a measure for supplying a
ereater revenue the Republican branch of
Congress will, of course, be true to the
protective principle, and the wool in
dustiy will be accorded the protection of
which the repeal of the McKinley tariff
deprived it. It is notable that in: the
present revival of industry the improve
ment in different trades has been in pro
portion to the amount of protection which
the Wilson tariff left them. Wool was
placed on the. free list, and the wool
grower is to-day as badly off almost as
during the worst period of the depression.
A restoration of the duty on wool is, there
fore, one of the things the Republicans
may be expected to offer in the way of
tariff revision. Will the Populist Sena
tors, who claim to represent the farmers of
the West, reject it? ; Will Cleveland, who,
in the White Hou3e, represents the
Democratic party, dare to do it?
: So long as the deficit in the revenue con
tinues, the public debt increases and for
eign goods are . imported to the injury of
American industry, so long will the tariff
confront the country as the supreme issue
in National affairs. No party can evade
an issue that threatens the Government
,wiU» J?£Bkrnptpy f -2toe £«?BWicaa party
THE SAN FRANCISCO CALL,, TUIGSDAr, uUTOiSJiiK 10, i095.
certainly will not evade it. Senator Sher
man is reported to have declared in a re
cent interview: "I have no hesitation in
saying that tariff legislation will be one of
the first things undertaken by the incom
ing Congress. It is absolutely imperative."
Tnis view is shared by other leaders of the
party and by the people. Tariff revision
There is reason to believe the Demo
crats will attempt to make up the deficit
by proposing a bill increasing the internal
revenues. The free-traders of course pre
fer to tax home goods rather than foreign
imports. The Senate may possibly be
made to sustain such a measure by a com
bination of Democrats and Populists. If
so there will be a conflict between the two
branches of Congress, and the issue will be
made up for 1896. The free-traders may
mock at this as a return to McKinleyism
if they choose. The people know it is true
Republicanism and only another name for
Dr. Parkhurst, the great New York po
litical reformer, has startled the moral
forces which rallied to his support by an
nouncing that the Republican coalition
ticket in that city furnishes all decent and
intelligent citizens a rallying ground.
"If," he declares, "we stand shoulder to
shoulder in the election of the names on
that ticket the cause is gained and the
enemy is worsted." He accordingly an
nounces his withdrawal from the Good
Government movement. This will likely
cause its disintegration.
The eminent reformer is evidently
blessed with a wise political brain. Proba
bly he is not entirely satisfied with all the
names on the Republican ticket, but he
knows that a splitting of the decent forces
would insure the election of Tammany's
candidates, and that is the overshadowing
calamity which he is anxious to avoid.
His position is a proclamation of the fact
that the Republican party of New York
embodies the decent voting elements of the
city; that independent reform tickets are
an invitation to the success of knavery,
and that the Republican party is the safe
haven of those who desire an honest and
It is herein that he displays his superior
political wisdom, without reference to his
choice of parties on moral grounds. In
this particular he shows an ability that is
too generally lacking among reformers, and
by reason of that lack they engage year
after year in unprofitable and hopeless
contests, defeating thereby the end which
they desire to accoiny>lish and blind to the
fact that the Republican party offers the
one hope of safe reformation of the evils
they would like to see abolished.
The Healdsburg Enterprise rightfully re
joices over the fact that although more
than thirty houses have been erected there
this year there is hardly a vacant house in
town. The local building and loan associ
ation deserves the credit for many of these
improvements. The Enterprise declares
that there is a demand for more dwelling
houses, and "the same is true of business
blocks." It adds: "Althoueh several new
storerooms have been constructed there is
not one vacant to-day, and but few of our
business men are complaining. Those
who have complaints to make are the ones
who never advertise or who do business
That the Board of Supervisors of San
Joaquin County has not handled the
county road fund to the best advantage is
a fact made clear bv the Stockton Matt,
which, writing concerning the interview
with Marsden Manson published in The
Call, holds up the shortcomings of the
board to view and sharply calls upon it to
rnend its ways and highways. Meanwhile
Santa Clara County is receiving an extra
ordinary amount of advertising on the
strength of Mr. Mauson's high praise of
the intelligence with which the public
roads are handled there. '"In that county,"
says the Mail, "there is spent about $90,000
annually for road purposes. Half of the
amount is expended in the building and re
pair of the roads, and the other half in
economically sprinkling 270 miles of graded
and graveled roadway. The county offi
cials are judiciously constructing culverts
and bridges or concrete and masonry,
thereby doing away with expensive re
pairs." The Mail then proceeds to read
the farmers of San Joaquin a serious lec
ture on their indifference, and then wisely
says: "We do not know what better in
ducement could be offered by this county
to desirable immigrants than the certain
prospect of good roads to market. That is
a boon enjoyed by the people of but few
localities, and if we possessed it we would
have a magnet that would attract from
the East settlers of the best class as
soon as our advantage became known
to them. That the prosperity of a lo
cality is affected by the condition of the
roads in it is a fact that is recognized by
every intelligent person who has given
this matter any thought."
Wilson R. and H. P. Ellis have sold the
Woodland Mail to J. H. Dungan, recently
proprietor of the Livermore Herald. It is
fortunate for Yolo County that Mr. Dun
gan possesses the experience and ability
to maintain the high reputation of the
Mail for independence, public spirit, enter
prise and a scholarly finish. W. ft. Ellis
succeeds Mr. Dungan as proprietor of the
The San Jose Mercury, undismayed by
the failure of Los Angeles to extend its
limits so as to include numerous contigu
ous and contributing settlements, suggests
that the arguments in favor of the Los
Angeles extension could be applied with
even greater force to San Jose. "Here,"
it says, "the city has grown beyond its
original lines and the anomaly is presented
of a city of 35,000 or 40,000 inhabitants,
fully one-fourth of whom reside outside
the municipal lines." It then quotes
the arguments in favor of annexation
advanced by the Los Angeles Times.
The following among them are of general
application and are so wise and forcible
that they deserve wide attention: Because
with annexation an established fact the
outlying districts would enjoy all the bene
fits derived from the government of an en
terprising and rapidly growing munici
pality, among which are: Street lights,
tire protection, the right to plant shade
trees a suitable distance from the line of
the streets, power to improve the streets,
high school privileges, reduced taxation
to large numbers of the people, privileges
of a large public library; the burdens of
sewer building will be lightened when sew
ers become actually necessary ; the advan
tage of a free mail delivery ; the city will
sprinkle all improved streets; lower rates
The Union is a bright new morning daily
which has made its appearance in Marys
ville under the direction of J. D. Crossette,
J. P. Juchem, P. Cumeskey and H. C.
Moore. It is a neatly constructed and ably
edited paper, and announces its advocacy
of Democratic principles.
The Kern County Echo and the Kern
County Democrat have been bought by the
Echo Publishing Company and will here
ttlter be issued at Bakeislield #a the EchOj
a morning Republican paper. S. C. Smith,
R. F. Gregory and E. A. McGee will be the
directing forces of the new enterprise, and,
as they are able men, the fortunes of Kern
ought to take an upward turn.
The Bakersfield Californian, illustrating
its assertion that a few if any portions of
the United States, not to say the entire
world, afford such opportunities to young
men for self-advancement and acquisition
of a comfortable competence as California,
relates the story of a young man who
went to work as a farm laborer at $26 a
month, and by sobriety, thrift and intelli
gence advanced to the management and
then to the ownership of a farm, and then
to the proprietorship of a fine business
block in Bakersfield. The Californian
"This is not by any means an isolated
case, for the greatest number of successful
men in this State to-day began life in the
same humble manner— without capital
other than their own muscle and good
sense. This State is full of just such
chances to-day. There is an urgent de
mand for reliable men of intelligence and
sobriety, who will remain for a long term
in the same employment. In every por
tion of the State ranches may be rented
which the former owners have allowed to
run down and deteriorate. Any active, in
dustrious, intelligent and sober young
man, with capital enough to buy a team,
tools and a few provisions, can take one
of these ranches and 'work out his own
salvation' on it, just as in the instance
cited at the outset. The State is full of
large landholders who are only too anxious
to encourage such men in every way and
help them toward success."
The Crescent City JV ews and the Oregon
Observer give additional particulars of the
narrow-gauge railroad which is to run from
the copper mines of the Waldo region, in
Southern Oregon, to join Hobbs, Wall &
Co.'s railroad at Chetco for Crescent City.
The Elmer-Brown Copper Mining and
Smelting Company is organized with a
capital of $900,000, and the machinery for
the mines at Waldo is on the way. "Such
a road," says the Newt, "althongh built
for the purpose of carrying copper, will in
a short time command considerable trade
from the merchants and farmers, and
travel will be great compared to the pres
ent. Crescent City will be to Southern
Oregon what Yaquina Bay is to Northern
Oregon. A line of fast and commodious
steamers will be put on and we will assume
our place among the thriving towns of the
coast. The two leading industries of the
counties named are mining and lumbering,
and both would be redoubled with such a
road. Within a few miles of Smith River
Valley are vast deposits of copper, chrome,
cinnabar and iron which would be operated,
and in Curry there are borate of lime ana
other mines. Josephine ia blessed with an
immense mineral wealth, and all could bo
reached by the proposed railroad. No
three counties that adjoin on the coast
have such vast and varied mineral re
sources awaiting development, with plenty
of building material and fuel close at hand.
Aside from the mining industry sawmills
would spring up all along the route to saw
the stately pines that otherwise would be
left to decay. Between the ocean and
Waldo are fertile spots that would make
homes for many ana open a market."
The Daily Record of Stockton, having
more than successfully weathered the
storms assailing the first six months of a
newspaper's existence, has started hope
fully on its second volume. The keynote
of its success is found in the following,
taken from its oolumns: "We claim no
superiority of intellect, but we do claim to
know how to publish a clean, decent,
newsy, tolerant, attractive newspaper, and
furthermore, we have found that it pays."
W. P. McFall of Mendocino County is boused
at the Grand.
S. N. Rucker, the ex-Mayor of San Jose, is at
the Palace Ilotel.
F. A. West, a wine merchant of Stockton, is
at the Occidental.
V. H. Hatton, a lawyer from Modesto, is in
the City, at the Lick.
S. F. Geil, an ex-Judge of Salinas, is regis
tered at the Occidental.
Lieutenant Tyler of the United States navy
is a guest at the Palace.
\v. A. Gett, a SRCr&mento lawyer, is at the
Lick House for a few days.
Allen Towle, the lumberman of Towles, is
booked at the Grand Ilotel.
J. Copeland of Valleclto is at the Lick House.
Mr. Copeland is a mining man.
John Burder, a mining man of Auburn Hill,
is registered at the Grand Hotel.
F. G. Hume, the leading fruit man of Los
Gatos, is registered at the Palace Hotel.
S. T. Black, superintendent of the Sacramento
schools, is in town and is stopping at the Lick.
S. E. Biddle, the banker and real estate man
of Hanford, is housed at the Lick for a few
John Nicholls, well known in the mining cir
cles of Dutch Flat, is stopping at the Grand
H.M. Yerington, superintendent of the Vir
ginia ana Truckee Kailroad of Nevada, is at
Frank Golden, the leading jeweler of Vir
ginia City, Nev., is in the City securing his
T. F. Sherwood, one of Marysville's live news
paper men, is at the Occidental Hotel. Mr.
Sherwood is the owner of the Democrat.
R. I. Thomas, the mining man and ex-Assem
blyman from Nevada County, is at the Lick.
Mr. Thomas is attending the mining conven
Captain Oliver Smith, the wine man of St.
Helena and one of the largest owners in the
canning industries of Alaska, is housed at the
E. B. Jerome and family have returned from
a trip to Lake Tahoe, where the twenty-fifth
anniversary of the wedding of Mr. and Mrs.
Jerome was celebrated.
Benicia New Era.
The Methodist ministers, in conference at
Pacific Grove, passed a unanimous resolution
condemning the lottery business and lotteries
in general and thanking The Call for oppos
ing such evils. The effect of The Call's good
work is becoming widespread.
CALIFORNIANS IN WASHINGTON.
WASHINGTON, D. C, Oct. 14— Californians
in Washington: E.E.Johnson and wife, San
Francisco, Ebbitt House; L. H. Whitehurat,
Mrs. H. Caswell, L. H. Chamberlain and wife,
G. U. S. Lanes, California.
HIS HOME FENCES.
Mr. Hearst of the Examiner has bought a
paper in New York and is going to
show the Gothamites how to ruu a
great newspaper. Had he not better
mind his fences at home, where Mr. Shortridge
of The Call is going him one better in the way
of conducting a clean, up-to-date, wide-awake
PREPARE TO SMILE.
"You say the convention lasted fourteen
days? What was the cause of the delay?"
"Couldn't think 01 nothing to start the free
fight on to wind it up with."— lndianapolis
Teacher— You're late again this morning,
Sammy (8 years old)— Yes'm. My ma won't
Bive me a bicycle, and it takes half an hour to
Teacher— Why, Sammy! I live several blocks
farther than you, and I get here in ten minutes.
bam my— Yeb'm. But Hunk of my eaor t leg, !
AROUND THE CORRIDORS.
"Nothing is like it used to be," said Railroad
Commissioner La Rue, as he leaned against
the counter in the Occidental Hotel yesterday.
"That is so far as politics is concerned. In the
good old days gone by we used to make our
political declarations for the sake of the party
and for the sake of that partisanship which
6tami>s the faith of the Republican or the
Democrat. There was no connivery, no chi
canery, no connubiation at the hands of that
unscrupulous element that seems to have con
trol to-day. In the past, after an election the
faithful went down in their pockets and rati
fied the election through absolute sincerity
"THEY TALK A GREAT DEAL BOT NEVEB PUT UP,"
SAID COMMISSIONER LA RUE.
[Sketched from life for "The Call" by A'anktveli.]
and delight at the outcome. To-day the spoils
men make a mad rush for the party plunder
and personal gain and greed hold the reins as
long as there is anything in sight. It is de
plorable. Thiug3 never seem as they used to
be any longer. Men wont back up their party
with money any longer unless there is bome
thing in sight
"As au illustration I recall an instance that
will make the case clear:
"In a certain city in this State— l will not
say where— an element apparently dissatisfied
left the ranks of the Democracy and went off
all by themselves to put up another ticket. It
so happened that one of the true line Demo
crats got wind of it and got in as one of the
insurgents. Well, things proceeded reason
ably well until they got ready to make nomina
tions. It was then that the true-blue Demo
crat got the floor and delivered himself of the
following remarks :
" 'Gentlemen, I believe this revolt is a good
thing for us all, but there is no denying the
fact that it takes capital to run a party. I
would, therefore, suggest that we all go down
in our pockets and chip in a few dollars— say
$20 apiece. I will start the ball myself.'
"With that ne threw a gold piece in his hat
and began to pass it around. Well, sir, you
might not believe it, but in about five minutes
the convention busted up and took to the
woods. They were quite willing to talk, but
weakened when it came to putting up. That
was a good way to break up a .convention,
wasn't it?" concluded Mr. La Rue, with a con
Among the delegates in San Francisco at
tending the Miners' Convention is Dr. J. C. C.
Price of Los Angeles, Superintendent of the
Pinther, Price <fc Burnap Consolidated Mining,
Mill and Smelting Company. Yesterday
at the Palace Hotel he spoke of mining de
velopment in Southern California, observing
that S. T. Peuberthy and himself were dele
gates to the convention elected by the Los
Angeles Chamber of Commerce and were the
first representatives from that region ever
elected to a convention of miners. He said:
"The company with which I am connected
own severable valuable mines in the Holcomb
Mountain mining district and the Colorado
Desert. An English syndicate with vast
capital is about to invest largely in mines of
the desert. Representatives of the syndicate
arrived in New York last Friday. Our own
company is working a mine where the ore pro
duced is worth $35 a ton. The mine is down
to the depth of forty-five feet, and the cost of
milling the ore does not exceed $2 75 a ton.
"In the Goler district of the desert, in San
Bernardino County, one mine has paid in divi
dends during the past year $425,000. The out
put is gold. An English syndicate has bought
placer mines, paying for the property $340,
--000, and putting in machinery valued at $100,
--000. The Mcfianey mine was recently sold
to Denver parties for $120,000. This mine
produced $30,000 in eix weeks. A company
has been incorporated in Los Angeles with a
capital of $2,000,000 to extend operations in a
mine on Mount Baldy, back of Pasadena."
"Mining developments in Southern Cali
fornia," continued Dr. Price, "have just be
gun, but so many good mines have been lo
cated and so much capital is being invested
that the industry is sure to attain great iin-
S. T. Penberthy, who recently went to South
ern California from the iron district of the
Lake Superior region of Michigan, is a dele
gate from Loa Angeles to the Miners' Conven
tion in session here. Mr. Penberthy was seen
at the Occidental Hotel last evening and re
quested to speak of Iron deposits in California.
He said: "I have seen iron deposits of great
value in Southern California. The iron ore is
of the finest and the quantitv unlimited. The
cost of fuel cuts a large figure in the produc
tion of pigiron, but I have made investigation
in this respect and find that coal can be deliv
ered at Los Angeles for $4 a ton. Pigiron is
worth, laid down in San Francisco, $22 a ton.
I am convinced that it can be produced from
the iron mines of this State and laid down here
for $15 per ton. The iron which I saw in
Southern California will produce a high grade
of steel for rails, girders and beams. It can be
refined and tempered into the best of steel. I
have lived all my life in the iron region of
Michigan and know good iron when I see it.
My judgment is that the iron deposits of Cali
fornia will prove a source of untold wealth to
the State. I can* say that development of the
industry will speedily follow, for a company of
Eastern capitalists has been formed to open
and work the iron deposits of which I speak.
The iron ore is accessible to the railroad and
not more than thirty-five miles distant from
OUR FOREIGN POLICY.
New "York Snn.
If the Secretary of State under the Cleveland
administration is ' putting as much nerve Into
his correspondence with the Spanish Govern
ment about Cuba as was pnt into that of the
Secretary of State under Grant's first term of
office, there hereafter be bo much to hia
credit account. •
If the American Minister at Madrid, Mr. Han
nis Taylor, performs the duties of that office
as efficiently as they were performed by Gen
eral Daniel E. Sickles twenty- three vears ago,
we shall know when his correspondence with
the State Department Is printed.
.. Boston Herald.
It is Secretary , Olney'B duty to enforce our
neutrality laws so long as the United States
refuses :to give the Cuban revolutionists the
recognition of belligerents; but it is possible
that both on sentimental, commercial and po
litical grounds the administration may ad
vise, when Congress comes together, that thi3
degree of recognition be accorded, and in tak
ing this stand the administration may force
the hand of the Republicans, and compel them
either to indorse its position or permit it, as rep
resenting one of the great American parties,
to stana as the exponent of what is termed . a
spirited foreign policy. _
. Chicago Times-Herald, v
There is no ground | known to the Amercan
people for . thinking the Waller ; case has pro-
' gressed at all. ; There will be no satisfactory
progress until an American citizen lying in a
i rench jaii aball bo enlarged, for, up to the
present time, there baa not been a jot el proof. .
proffered by the French Government that it
has a color of justice in keeping this black
American citizen a prisoner.
Another opportunity for the administration
to train its Monroe gun on European poachers
may be afforded by the reported action of Eng
land, France and Italy in enterine into an
agreement to press the claims of these coun
tries against Brazil "with vigor and effect."
The great fight in Maryland to determine
whether Gorman can retain possession of that
State with so many respectable Democrats re
belling against his sway is daily becoming
more intense. The principal issue concerns
the point whether one man and his henchmen
shaft practically rule a State as he sees fit, and
name the candidates for the most important
offices in it. It is not a question between the
.Republican and Democratic parties, but one
between the Republicans, re-enforced by large
numbers of the best Democrats of Maryland,
haters of fraud and devious practices generally
in elections, and the rump of the Democracy
reduced to camp followers and politicians des
perate from fear that honesty will triumph at
the November ejection.
Senator Gorman started out on Saturday on
something he bad not attempted for years, and
that is a public discussion of political issues
and vindication of his own record and leader
ship before the people of Maryland. Generally
the Senator has avoided public debate, like
our own great refoimer Quay, but the present
emergency has forced him to the front. He is
a plausible talker on all occasions, and what
he doesn't know about political skill and strat
egy is something past finding out. There is a
formidable and what appears to be a well
organized Democratic opposition to the elec
tion of Mr. Hurst as Governor, for no reason
affecting him other than that he was nomi
nated by the Senator as a representative of his
peculiar type of politics.
Senator Gorman must be in a bad way in
Maryland and the case of the Democratic party
desperate, since he has begun to threaten the
people with negro policemen ii the Repub
licans win the election this fall. When South
Carolina and Mississippi have ceased to talk
about the fear of negro domination it is a poor
time for Maryland and Kentucky Democrats
to take it up as a campaign issue. But Gorman
is as desperate in Maryland as are Blackburn
and Hardin in Kentucky.
In the imposing procession of blunders in the
management of Mr. Gorman's campaign the
revival of the sugar question by General Eppa
Hunton's letter to Mr. William Shepard Bryan
is x>ne of the most notable. Mr. Gorman and
his record in the sugar trust matter are thus
again put forward as an issue. This, of course,
sets people to recalling the incidents of that
exciting transaction in the Senate which re
sulted in the overthrow of the Democratic
party last fall.
FROM WESTERN SANCTUMS.
A Dead £agy Proposition,
With the Democrats of San Francisco divided
into Buckley and anti-Buckley factions, a gulf
raiiidly opening between the State administra
tion and. prominent leaders throughout the
State, the Federal officers at war among them
selves and the party as a whole hopelessly 6plit
on the policy of National administration, the
political situation in California is not a per
plexing one from a Republican standpoint.
In the Path of Progress.
Napa will be in the path of progress when It
comes to transmitting power from Clear Lake
to San Francisco ; and she had better be, for
the town that expects to shine as a manu
facturing center a few years hence will be
obliged to furnish electrical power or get out
of the swim. -
Short Funeral Appropriate.
There is talk In the lean councils of Populism
of nominating a Presidential ticket on Wash
ington's birthday. On the hypothesis that
funeral services long drawn out are a needless
infliction upon the mourners this purpose
should be discouraged by humane societies.
As He Protects the Armenians.
. San Jose Mercury. ; ...
It is edifying to learn from the Porte's reply
to the joint note of the six powers that the
Turks' are inoffensive victims of Armenian
ferocity. It is the duty of the powers to see
that the lowly Turk is protected.
' The Editor Wants More Blood.
Salida (Colo.) Mail.
It is ft great disappointment to read the
blood-curdling headlines of a report of a Cuban
battle and then read in the body of the dis
patch that "fully eighteen dead and wounded
men were carried off the field."
Milk-Venders Don't Blind It.
San Jose News.
San Jose has a milk ordinance and a milk
tester. The matter stops there, for there Is
no officer to enforce the ordinance or operate
the tester. ;
No Stop to This Campaign.
Montesano (Wash.) Vidette.
. Good roads being the greatest possible boon
to an agricultural community, a campaign for
road improvement is always in order.
It Conies Pretty Near Naming the Man,
' San Leandro Standard.
It's a pity the country press can't be Presi
dent of the United States. - • , .
ANSWERS TO CORRESPONDENTS-
Galway County Elections— L. 0.. City. The
celebrated County Galway elections were held
in 1872, and in the same year the petition to
unseat the candidate who had been returned
was heard before Judge William, Nicholas
Keogh. The candidates were Captain J. P.
Nolan, Home Ruler, and Captain Le Poer
French, Conservative. Nolan had been re
turned by a large majority and the petition
presented charged that undue influence had
been used in securing this result. The trial
lasted from April 1 to May 27 and it resulted In
Captain Nolan being unseated.
Tha Lotta Fotota n— B., City. The Lotta
Fountain, at Market and Kearny streets, was
given to the City of San Francisco by Miss Lot
tie Crabtree, the well-known actress, to com
memorate her kindly feelings for the people
here. It was accepted by Mayor Otis on behalf
of the City on the 9th of September, 1875, on
which day it was unveiled. The presentation
was made by Harrv Edwards, actor, on behalf
of Miss Crabtree. Cost, $8475.
Jeff Davis— E. M. 8., Berkeley, Cal. The
signature of Jefferson Davis as Secretary of
War has no special market value. It is only
worth, what some autograph hunter would be
willing to give for it. There are firms in New
York City and London, Eng., that make it a
business to purchase and sell autographs, but
Answers to Correspondents cannot advertise
Railroad Euchre— C. F. F., City. If a player
in railroad euchre elects to go alone he may
call for his partner's best card and discard any
in his own hand, but either player of the oppos
ing side may also call for his partner's best
card, and If the latter succeed in gaining a
euchre his side is entitled to a score of lour
Leaders in- the War— J. 8.. City. There is no
published record ol the religious creed of "the
principal leaders (generals and captains) of the
Mexican and civil wars," consequently the
information asked for cannot be furnished.
Miss Davis— W. S. , Napa, Cal. The local ad
dress of Miss Jessie Bartlett Davis of the Bos
tonians is the Occidental Hotel.
Picture cards. Roberts, 220 Sutter. •
Bacon Printing Company, soß Clay street.*
Extra fine salted Almonds. Townsena's. •
The Argonaut is one of the finest and most
popular brands of Kentucky Bourbon, and has
no equal for purity in the market. It is one of
the favorite brands of the best judges. E.
Martin & Co., 411 Market street, are the Pacific
Coast agents for this excellent whisky. They
are also agents for the celebrated J. P. Cutter
brand of Kentucky Bourbon. These are both
popular brands. •
Carroll D. Wright, United States Commisf
sloner of Labor, has accepted the chair o
economi"s in the MeMahon Hall of Philosophy
of the Catholic University at Washington
To purify your blood, build up your nerves, re
new your appetite, cure scrofula, salt rheum, ca
tarrh, rheumatism or malaria take Hood's Sarsa
parilla, the only true blood purifier.
Those who seek relief from pain and weakness
should use Pabksb's Ginseb Tonic.
Parkkr's Haib Balsam never fails to please.
liAßiEs take Dr. Slegert's Angostura Bitters gen
erally when they feel lww spitited. It brightens
Jben uj> bamedlateiy, '
NEW TO-DAT. ■■_ -J_
The above is a fac-simile of a pair*
of NOVA SCOTIA SEAL CORK SOLB
SHOES In a pan of water, on exhibi-
tion in our show window.
W S\ WET FEET
Nj 1 I COLD FEET
II U SORE FEET
Nl l COLDS
FOR WEARERS OF OUR
BOYS' 2* to 5 .$3.00
BOYS' 11 to 2 $2.50
MISSES' 11 t. a. 1 ..... .$1.75
CHILDS'sto7 % $1.25
Buckingham & Heclit
BBHTTi/ wiiif irmnri 1 ntft -rflrftrrio inrirriTfri rrarannril
Stamped on Every Genuine Pair.
738-740 Market Street
DON'T MISS IT!
WE NOW OJFFEK ■
Just notice our Window Display.
62 dozen VICUNA AND CAMEL'S-HAIR,
fine all wool, at ; $100
Positively worth $1 50.
62 dozen DERBY RIBBED, fine all wool,
• at 87J£o
Positively worth $1 60.
96 dozen RIBBED AND PLAIN, In grav *
and camel'B-hair color, FINE ALL-WOOL
SHIRTS AND DRAWERS, at......... 500
Fositively worth $1.
NEW tINE .JUST ADDED!
Look at our Window Display.
Fine line of handsomely trimmed EEEFEB
SUITS, at.... $1 60, 1 75 and $2 00
• and higher prices.
Grand line Of YOUTHS' BtnTS, ages 13 to
19, at $ 4 00, $5 00 and $6 00 pel suib
OVERCOATS, ULSTKRS AND CAPE
COATS, at $1 50, $2 00 and $2 50 eacl»
| Please Inspect our stock before par*
chasing. It will pay you big to do so. '
SHIRT DEPOT <
AND BOYS' CLOTHING.
1316 MARKET ST.,
Directly Opposite Seventh.
has no •FigyrT at,!
You will take it It you are worried.
You will take it if you are weak.
Yon will take it if you are nervous.
You will take it if you are tired.
You will take it if you have dyspepsia.
You will take it if you have lost energy.
You will take it if vou want health.
Is not an Experiment, but a Fact.
MANUFACTCBKD BT • • • ' •
THE VINTINB COMPANY,
Pacific Coast Agency, 119 Powell Street.
Price One Dollar at Drugstores.
Ely's Cream Ealmjpprl!3|
Cleanses the Nasal H^^V&S^n?"?!
Passages, Allays Pain K*sin#2L a i»»^*&J
ami Jnllaimuution, tS* fttv 3% JB A
llestores the Senses of WWA *S<Xr¥jSlM
Tattte and Smell. &■ V^SN^S
Heals the Sores. Bf*^_^^ffll
Apply Balm Into no»trll sSsßr«\s^ss23H
ELY BROS,s6Warren »t,N.Y feSt2^J!^2^^3
M*- POSITIVE and PERMANENT
W^CURE. Terms Reasonable.
W* Examination Free in Afternoon •
DB. MILLER CANCBB CURB,
939% Howard St., S. *.
Trt7"«,a»:fa.izxeto:tx, u. o.
«...'£"« Hotel "Par iixcellenco '*
the^atio.al.Capltal. : First class in afi appoint-
meuts ' G. CieWITT. Treas.
American plan, $3 per day and