Newspaper Page Text
CHARLES M. SHGRTRiDGE,
Editor and Proprietor.
SUBSCRIPTION RATES-Postage Free:
r*i!.r «nd PnnrfayCAi i . Omwert. by carrier. 15
I »ny pud m nday Cai.i. one 'far. by mail... 6.00
I ally ana Sunday Cam, six months, by mail 3.00
Jelly and f--ui.dn> < a: i . three months, by mull 1.60
J sily end Bonday Cam, one month, by mail .65
f- ti.Csy Cam., osip v c r by ma!! 1.50
V iejcly i ail. one year, by mall 1.50
7 1 1« Market street,
San Francisco, California.
5 i ; Clay .Street.
Telephone Main— lB74
rfT Mont goo ny street, corner Clay: open until
f■: i dock.
:-i ' Ham street : open until 9:30 o'clock.
Vi 7 I.rrkln <th : : open until 8:30 o'clock.
KW.corm-r bixieeiitb .-.,[ Mission streets; open
lj.;;: ! o'clock.
II M iwli 1, s-r> »-• : >■, es until 9 o'clock.
3itMir;li street; open until 9 o'clock.
I ASTERN OFFICE:
Puc'.fic Ftntea Advertising Bureau, Khlnplander
i \;"i!irtr. Bom Rnrt Duane streets, New York City.
FRIDAY OCTOBER 18, 1895
THE CALL SPEAKS FOR ALL.
The Democratic deficit extends even to
the intellect of the party.
Perhaps Popper is popping it to his old
pard just for vindication.
It is a wide, wide world, but Buckley
can find no 1 iace to retire from politics.
The Sultan seems about as nervous over
Armenia as if he had suddenly quit smok
The monopoly interest in City politics
smiles at the report that Buckley has no
If the Democrats will content themselves
with Indianapolis in 1898 they may
Cleveland will go to Atlanta with all the
air of a man who thinks he 19 a big exposi
The Now York campaign is still going
on, but David Bennett Hill seems to have
rolled off tb<
In every municipality in America re
form would stand a better show if it were
not for the reformers.
a the tariff deformity cannot draw
a paying revenue, Uncle Sam has no use
for it. even in a side show.
otmtry can allow Corbett
and i opportunity to land
one another a lick on the jaw.
•ral Campos promises to make an
paign later on, and so do
the Massachusetts Democrats.
The straw which shows the way the Re
publican wind blows is the same one that
broke the Democratic camel's back.
Suppose Vanderbilt, Gould and Hunting
ton should form a railroad combine, what
could the Government do besides kicking?
Korea existed a long time without gpt
ting into an international complication
but it looks now aa if she would never get
out of one.
The bicycle bark and the bicj'cle face
having ceased to interest, the loquacious
idiots of the world are now talking about
the bicycle brain.
■the next six months California is
: to be the baseball center of the uni
verse, and we cordially invite the East to
watch our umpires.
Eastern statesmen who cannot see the
advantage of crossing the continent to
see the country might at least come out
and see Chinatown.
ountry could do Spain a
good Bervice by compelling her to get out
t>a, and thus save her the humiliation
tig taken by a liitle island.
The Union needs Utah and needs it
badly, for two more Senators are required
to make a Republican majority in the
Senate and cura. up the Populists.
It is not until both factions of the Dem
ocracy have been put through the thresh
ing machine that we shall learn which is
the wheat and which is the chaff.
Kaiser Wiliiair. has distinguished him-
Fe!f by committing an act cf good judg
ment. He has ordered his court chaplain
to limit his sermons to twenty minutes.
The partition of Africa has been accora
■ I. the partition of Asia is being
figured out, and it is time for Uncle Ram
to keep a sharp lookout over all America.
According to the Chicago Tunes-Herald
the political bosses In the country towns
of Illinois are better machine managers
than the city bosses and can give them
Since Victoria has been on the throno
the debt of Great Britain has been de
crt ased by ovar ?] ,000,000,Onf), but some
thing more than $-';,50u,000,0<i0 more re
mains to be paid.
Both Chicago and Pittsburgare fluttered
by the fear of a civic investigation, but
.^jh irancisco is willing the whole Repub
lii an National Convention should come
out and investigate.
It is noted as one of the curiosities of
the recent hot spells in England that a
Booth African chief now on a visit to
London was prostrated by it, and came
near having a sunstroke.
A? poino »w Yorkers liavo organized
an "American Society for the Improve
ment of Speech," there is a living hope
that some of the Four Hundred will get
rid of ihe British accent.
The report that the drought in Ken
tucky has seriously interfered with the
work of the distilleries is the first intima
tion given to the world that the Ken
tuckians take water i>i thcir<.
Congressman Howard of Alabama de
clares be will devote all his energies dur
ing the coming session of Congress to
brine about the impeachment of Cleve
land, and that is the way the cuckoos are
coming back to the roost.
The Call publishes each week a con
densation of many interesting sermons
delivered in different parts of the United
States. These extracts are intended to
indicate the drift of intellectual ministers
•S r the gospel and will be read with interest
<i& the public generally.
THE MINERS IN EARNEST.
The absolute unanimity with which the
convention of the California Miners' Asso
ciation conducted its business was one of
its most, remarkable and significant feat
ures. The hints dropped by some of the
Jendins: delegates in interviews to the effect
that if the influence of the railroad com
panies was present it did not dare express
Ltself, have a far-reaching meaning, which
is fully developed by the openly announced
determination of the miners to put a check
upon the evil methods which the railroad
comnanies have employed to secure min
eral lands under the pretense that they are
John M. Wright, one of the delegates
and an able mover to protect the rights of
the people in this regard, made a speech,
in the course of which he declared that the
miners of California are the only inde-
pendent people in this State; that every
other industry is under the control of the
transportation interests, and that the
Miners' Association aione has the power to
grapple with the situation.
This i 3 a tierce arraignment of the farm
ers, merchants and producers of the State.
Mr. Wright's high worth as a citizen and
lawyer precludes the assumption of his in
sincerity in this assertion. Whether lie
may be honestly in error is another mat
ter. It is irue that miners are independ
ent; true also that they ar* fearless, de
termined and energetic. In assuming the
miners to be the only guardians of the
public interest in the matter of railroad
land aggression he is imposing a responsi
bility on them the gravest that ever de
volved upon any body of citizens, and in
their efforts to discharge it they will nave
the sympathy and support of thousands
whom Mr. Wright seems to have omitted
from his calculations.
The other great interests of the State
must accept the position in which Mr.
Wright hs.9 placed them unless they come
out openly and fearlessly in support of the
fight which the miners are making. The
it ading merchants uf San Francisco have
already done this. "We shall next await
with interest the action of the farmers as a
whole, regretting that their earnest oppo
sition to the miners on the hydraulic ques
tion may operate as an interference with
their natural desire to lessen the burdens
which the railroads impose on them.
Through the attorney for their Anti-Debris
Association, Mr. Devlin, they announce
that they will oppose any suggestion look
ing toward a solution of the problem of
impounding debris. The miners, on the
other hand, declare that they will not sup
port any plan which may operate as a
menace to the valley lands. There is seri-
ous danger that this attitude of the farm
ers on the hydraulic question wiil
strengthen the cause of the railroads on
the mineral lands question, and that the
whole matter will have a strong bearing
on the overshadowing question of trans
portation rates, as well as on the vastly
important subject of improving the water
way?, in which the farmers have a vital
interest. On this last point Mr. Devlin
leaves no room for doubt that the farmers,
while insisting on the improvement of the
rivers, will forever oppose any amalgamn
tion of it with hydraulic mining.
The situation is thus seen to be very se
rious. With the miners and merchants on
one side of great questions and the farmers
on the other, we cannot hope for the best
results to the State. Surely the civiliza
tion of California has progressed suffi
ciently far to make it possible for the in
telligence of the State to work harmoni
ously for the common good. Such harmony
is the one great thing next to be accom
There is a class of calamity howlers in
this and other countries who believe that
the world is going to the dogs, because in
all new countries a large number, probably
a majority, of the farms are mortgaged.
These people forget that the mortgage has
been used since the dawn of civilization,
and the world has never gone to the dogs
yet. And it is not going there now. There
is no other possible way under our present
civilization whereby young and energetic
men of small means can get the oppor
tunity to build themselves up by applying
capital to land, except the security of the
At the same time it is ooubtless essen
tial that the amount, the interest rate and
the application of the money be such as to
promise a. profit on the investment and to
pay off the debt, and it is also unquestion
ably true that wild and wholly foolish
estimates of the income-producing power
of land have induced many mortgage
loans in this and other countries which
bankers ought not to have made and
farmers ought not to have accepted. Es
pecially is it true that in countries which,
like some portions of California, have
endured the merciless aflliction of boom
methods money has been invested and
lost, and years of labor spent and also lost.
This cannot now be helped. Nature is
an inexorable punisher of error, and the
penalty must be paid.
Some farmers will lose their homes;
some bankers will lose their loans; some
tradesmen will fail from inability to col
lect. But the world will not go to the
dogs, and twenty years from now these
troubles will seem only like the remem
brance of a bad dream.
We take ihe financial situation to be
simply this: Modern science has bo in
creased the capacity to producs all commod
ities that the channels of exchange are
choked. There is a surplus of all things.
This is not poverty but wealth, and out of
this must necessarily come in due time
great prosperity and a higher plane of civil
ization. In the meantime there is the great
distress inevitably accompanying rapid in
dustrial changes. Those workers who
have been displaced by machinery and ita
results have now no way except by indul
gence whereby they can get any share of
the world's surplus.
These conditions can change only as the
impetus of this era of industrial invention
exhausts itself. Industrial conditions take
on some appearance of permanence, man
kind adjusts itself to the situation and
population begins to press harder upon the
means of subsistence. This will be a slow
but absolutely sure process. Those whom
changed conditions have thrown out of
employment will in the end lind work
in new enterprises. Farmers whose prod
ucts are no longer remunerative will find
other products which do pay. The true
income value of land will be understood,
and i&rni mortgages will again be regarded
and used as aids, not to speculation, but to
It is the interest as well as the duty ot
society to make this inevitable readjust
ment as painless as possible. It seems
that this effort is being made on the whole
with good results.
The conservative investors who kept their
heads during the boom report interest col
lections a 9 far better this year than last.
Those who were less careful in loaning are
recognizing the situation, meeting their
mortgagors more than half way and dis
turbing no one who is making an effort for
himself. In many cases they are giving the
aid of their financial experience to the bet
ter handling of the property with most
excellent results. The more of this sort
THE SAN FRANCISCO CALL, FRIDAY, OCTOBER IS, 1895.
of co-operation there can be between debtor
and creditor the better for both.
The return of prosperity is absolutely
certain. That it will come slowly is equally
certain. What we need in the interim is
frankness, patience, hopefulness, courage
and co-operation on all sides.
The annual meeting of the California
League of Mutual Building and Loan
Associations, just held in this City, calls
attention to some matters of interest in
connection with this plan of home
building. It is surprising to hei\r from
Frank Otis, president of the league, that
San Francisco rank? next to Philadelphia,
which is the first of all the large cities
having its population housed in dwellings
owned by its occupants. This is all the
more astonishing in\iew of the fact that
San Francisco is only ninth in size in the
United States and that we have been
accustomed to hear a great deal about a
"floating population." People who have
homes do not drift; they are as well
anchored to industry and prosperity as to
This is a condition sreneral throughout
the State, and that building and loan asso
ciations have had much to do with it can
not be doubted when we reflect that in
California there are 150 such institutions.
With an actual invested capital of over
$21,000,000, with a record of over $15,000,000
disbursed for matured or withdrawn
shares and with 40,000 members and
20,000 homes. Eight or nine years ago
this plan of borrowing had a tremendous
boom, and while many mistakes were
made at the beginning and by reason of
hard times the stock was not generally
matured as early as was expected, the idea
still remains excellent and its operation
usually successful. The creation of a
State Commission to regulate their con
duct was a wise provision and has already
operated to eJiminate all concerns that
were not properly organized or conducted.
Bankers long ago realized the fact that
while this form of borrowing apparently
interferes with their business of lending it
is particularly useful in reaching a large
number of persons who have not the
ability through thrift or foresight to repay
loans in the bulk required under bank
methods, and that when a man by any
means has secured hia own home by
pursuing a systematic course of small
savings and has begun to feel its benetits
and responsibilities he is very likely to
start a bank account, and that in any
event he is a better citizen and contributes
more substantially than formerly to the
welfare and stability of the community.
Any man who owns his home deserves a
respect which even opulent renters cannot
expect to command.
AN ORIGINAL IDEA.
W. R. Ellis, editor of the ' Livermore
Herald, is preparing to put in operation an
original and somewhat startling idea. By
reason of the fact that the Treadwells and
other capitalists are constructing electric
lines which will bring Corral Hollow coal
into use, and because a company has been
formed for employing the refuse coal at
the mine for the generation of electricity
to be sold for power aud lights, the charm
ing town of Livermore will come promi
nently into notice. But this cannot be
made to bring sufficient results unless tne
people display the requisite intelligence
and energy. For the purpose of educating
them and the other residents of the county
Mr. Ellis has started a movement to com
bine the efforts of all newspapers published
in. Alameda County.
Mr. Ellis declares: "The iirst concern
of the new.- papers should be to promote
the education of the people now here.
Great numbers of our present population
are practically living in ignorance and un
thinking indolence. They lack the very
information which we are anxious to con
vey to the frost-bitten denizens of the
effete East. The local paper's first and
constant mission is to keep its readers ad
vised of every new truth relative to the
possibilities of soil and climate that the
best experience of the most progressive
farmers may verify. So, to begin with,
the idea of publishing any matter what
ever that is especially addressed to stran
gers should be abolished. Let the columns
of all Alaraeda County newspapers be
filled with information for the good of the
people now here, and it will be of value to
those whom we want to bring here." *
This is hitting the prevalent evil of the
State squarely— our own people are igno
rant of tlie blessings wnich nature has
lavished on them. It is absurd to expect
settlers when our lack of intelligence and
industry is a warning to them to remain
away. If Californians did their duty by
their opportunities there would be no rea
son to complain of a lack of immigrants.
Mr. Ellis has made one of the most valu
able suggestions ever offered to the in
terior press. The newspapers aa a rule
have done their duty nobly in the way of
urging the advantages of living in Califor
nia; but clearly they can accomplish still
better results by educating and inspiring
their own people. No county could make
a mistake by adopting the plan outlined
for the Alameda County papers.
The Omaha Bee complains that immi
gration agents are successfully working
that State in the interest of the Southern
and Western States, and while we do not
wish to give the Bee further cause of com
plaint California should put in some
work in that field, for the harvest seems
to be ripe, and as Nebraska raises good
people we would profit by bringing some
of them out here.
The customs receipts under the McKin
ley tariff for the year ending August 31,
1893, amounted to more than $194,000,000,
or $33,000,000 more than the receipts from
the Wilson tariff for the year ending Au
gust 31, 1895. This fact is one of the rea
sons why we need tariff revision and need
The contest for the next Republican con
vention is said to be practically narrowed
down to Chicago, TittsLmrg and San Fran
cisco, and if the two Eastern cities will
agree to hold down each other we will
agree to hold up the convention.
WILL HELP MINING.
Georgetown (Cal.) Ouzette.
A. J. Brooks and B. M. McCloud, the travel
ing agents and correspondents of the £an
Francisco Call, have been in these parts, says
the Calaveras Prospect, for tha past two weeks
looking after the Interests of that journal,
making a personal inspection of all the mines
and writing them up with a view to promoting
the mining industry. They will take in the
whole State, following along the line of the
mother lode, with the same object in view.
Notwithstanding the fact that mining is
the fint and greatest industry of the State and
the superstructure upon which all others
were built, The Call is the first of the
great dailies to champion its cause and lend
a helping hand. In that paper, however, the
miner has found an able exponent and one
that is entitled to the hearty support aud
encouragement of the entire mining commun
ity in the good work it is doing.
Remorse at Past Xejfligence.
Contra Costa Xewg. i
Don't let us forget, the celebration of the
next Fourth of July. ,-t^ •...,..
SALMON P. CHASE AND THE CALI
In his recently published reminiscences of
"Washington in Lincoln's Time," Noah Brooks,
whilom Washington correspondent during the
war of tne Sacramento Union, gives an inter
esting insight into certain strained relations
between Salmon P. Chase, at that time Secre
tary of the Treasury, and President Lincoln.
According to Mr. Brooks, Secretary Chase was
inordinately jealous of any apparent invasion
i the appointing power of his office. He in
sisted that the head of an executive depart
ment should have exclusive control of all
appointments and removals in his branch of
the service. The result ot this theory, if put in
practice, would of course be to deprive the Presi
dent of all power, even in the matter of
the most trilling appointments. Nevertheless,
the Secretary of the Treasury was implacable
in his determination to control all appoint
ments in his department, and carried every
point by the sheer force of ill temper and
threats of resignation if crossed. Mr. Brooks
gives a curious illustration of this little weak
ness of the Secretary, who afterward, by Mr.
Lincoln s nomination, became Chief Justice of
the Supreme Court. Some time early in 1863
there had been a thorough overhauling of the
chief federal offices in San Francisco, con
ducted by a special agent of the Treasury De
partment—Thomas Bowcn, a confidential
lriend oi Secretary Chase. (In his report it was
determined in the councils of the depart
ment to make a "clean sweep," which decision
was made known to the three California Con
gressmen, a. A. Sargent (afterward United
States Senator and subsequently Minister to
Germany), F. F. Low afterward Minister to
China) and T. G. Phelps. These gentlemen,
being informed by the Secretary that he in
tended making rnuny changes, were invited
one evening to hih private office in the Treas
ury building, where they were given a brief
summary of Brown's report, and Secretary
Chase blandly informed them that he had re
solved to remove all the leading officials and
to supply their places with new men. He then
read a list of tlio appointments as he had made
them out, and waited to see what the Con
gressmen woul.l say. But as he had already
announced that his decision was irrevocable,
there was nothing for them to say, and
presently they departed, deeply astonished.
A few days alter they paid their respects to
the President and departed. Mr. Phelpa at
once took gtenmer for Panama, while' Messrs.
Sargent and Low lingered for a day or two in
New York. While they were there -Mr. Brooks
was one night urgently summoned by Mr.
Lincoln to come immediately to the White
House. Upon his arriving there the President
told him that he had just learned of the step
which Secretary chase had taken without
consulting either him or the California Con
gressmen and that the Congressmen had ieft
Washington very angry and discomfited.
With some asperity of manner Mr. Lincoln de
sired to .know if this was true. Brooks in
formed him that it was and recited the facts
as they had been told him by Messrs. Sargent,
Low and Phelps. The President then angrily
asked why Brooks had not told him this be
fore, to which he replied that it was not his
affair; that so long as the Congressmen had seen
lit to conceal their feelings of disappoint
ment from the President when they' bade
him good-by, it certainly was not his (Brooks')
business to "tell tales out of school."
The President expressed his astonishement
that he had been kept in the dark about so
grave a matter as the emptying and filling of
the most important Federal oflices on the Pa
cinc Coast. He then anxiously asked if there
was any way by which the California Congress
men could be reached and brought back to
Washington; and learning that Sargent and
Low were in New York lie requested Brooks to
telegraph them to return and consult with
President Lincoln. The dispatch was sent. The
two Congressmen returned and the slaie so
carefully prepared by Secretary Chase was
eventually broken. Subsequently Mr. Lin
coin informed Brooks thnt Mr. Chase
wuk "exceedingly hurt" by the President's in
terference with his plans. A curious outcome
of all this business was that Secretaiy Chase,
having been disappointed in ins scheme for
filling the office of Collector of the Port of San
Francisco, insisted that one of the two Con
gressmen who had returned to Washington
should be appointed in place of the person
whom he (Chase) had previously selected for
the post. The President suggested that all
three of the Congressmen should get together
in San Francisco, agree upon the list of ap
pointments, and neiid it to him for ratification
and approval. This, however, seemed imprac
ticable, and when Messrs. Sargrnt and Low
finally .-aiiod fcr San Francisco, Mr. Low car
ried with him his commission as Collector of
G. A. Cook of Watsonville is at the Russ.
J. A. Hale of San Jose is at the California.
A. L. Levinßky of Stockton is at the Grand.
J. H. Flickenger of San Jose is at the Palace.
E. W. Churchill, a banker from N'apa, is in
H. H. Rtanton of Bakersfield Is at the Bald
J. B. Chirm of Porterville is staying at the
11. A. McCraney of Sacramento is nt the
A. W. Starr of Vallcjo is a gnest at the Occi
Mr. and Mrs. William Moore o! Ukiah are at
A. E. I'lummcrof I.athrop is staying at the
F. C. Lusk, an attorney from Chico, has ar
rived at the Palace.
Colonel J. M. Moorhead of Santa Clara Is
registered at the California.
W. J. Scrutton, a mining man from La Porte
is visiting friends in the City.
Professor David Starr Jordan of Stanford
University is at the Occidental.
Allen B. Lemon of Santa Rosa is among yes
terday's arrivals at the Occidental.
John C. Jewett, a manufacturer of Buffalo,
N. \\, is a guest at the Occidental.
W. J. Smythe, a merchant and land-owner of
Empire City, Key., is registered at the Russ.
A. R. Galloway, an extensive fruit-raiser of
Healdsburg, will be at the Russ for a few days
J. S. Hoey. the large land-owner of Salinas, is
stopping at the Hu^s. Mrs. Iloey accompanies
John I. Mincar of Jerseydale, Mariposa
County, superintendent of the Hite Gold Min
ing Company, is in the City on business and
will remain about ten days.
Charles S. Perry, attorney at law, has just
returned from the meeting of the Grand Court
of Independent Order of Foresters held at
Riverside, where he was re-elected high coun
LETTERS FROM THE PEOPLE.
To tlie Editor of San Francisco Call — Sir:
Being a subscriber to The Call I take the
liberty of asking you a fair question. While
the sidewalk ordinance is 1 eißg enforced so
strictly, even as far out as theceimteries, how is
it that some people, and more especially the
fruit-vender at the corner of Kearny and Bush
streets, are exempt? I have no desire to see
anyone made to sufter loss, but I think fair
play is a jewel, and since a fruit-stand, as far
out as Broderick street, near Bush, must be re
moved, I think the one at the Daily Post build
ing could be treated in like manner.
ban Francisco, October 16, 1895.
MIGHT HAVE BEEN CAMPBELL.
Boston Green Bag.
"And gentlemen of the jury, as I stand at this
bar to-day in behalf of a prisoner whose health
is such that at any moment he may be called
before a greater Judge than the Judge of this
The Judge on the bench rapped sharply on
the desk, and the lawyer stopped suddenly
and looked at him questioningly.
"The gentleman," said the court, with dig
nity, "will please confine himself to the case
before the jury, aud not permit himself to in
dulge in invidious comparisons."
The San Francisco Call is the best, cleanest
and fairest daily on the coast, and hence the
most popular. It is a newspaper that tries to
give the news without prejudice, suppression
or distortion, and is a record-breaker.
"your own business."
Han Luis Obispo Breeze.
A level-headed Call editor aptly remarks
that "helping to save the City from misgovern
ment comes under the head of attending to
your own business."
Errs With Astonishing Frequency.
That the present administration of our Gov
ernment is a very human affair is evidenced
by the fact that it finds it a great deal easier to
borrow meaey than to make money.
SOME OPINIONS OF SACKVILLE.
Politics will be politics on both sides of the
ocean until the millennium comes. Neverthe
less, when a man gets caught between the
upper and nether millstones of the political
mill he cannot be expected after assembling
the fragments that remain to him to take a
philosophical view of the situation. If this
explosion relieves Lord Sackville of the feel
ings bottled up these seven years the American
Nation cannot but hope that his lordship feels
The opinion is expressed that Embassador
Bayard may ask the Rate Department to make
complaint against Lord Sackville-West on ac
count of the imputations which that individ
ual cast upon him In his remarkable publi
cation just issued. Mr. Bayard will probably
(1-< nothing of the kind. He can stand upon
his established chara 'er, his reputation of a
quarter of a century. He ntay well treat with
the cutting contempt of silence the utterances
of a sickly reminiscence.
Lord Sackville is plainly a disappointed man,
nursi-ig old grievances. His meddling in
American politics very properly resulted in
his being given his passport by President
Cleveland in 1888. His present pamphlet is
the act of a private person no longer in public
life and is scarcely worth attention either from
this Government or Mr. Bayard. The iioble
Lord has plainly written himself down in a
word of three letters and he might very weil be
let go at that.
The press is free in England as in the United
States, and the British Government cannot
restrain Lord Sackville from expressing his
sentiments, whether orally or in writing He
is entirely at liberty to defend his course while
acting as British Minister in this country
Whether he does this successfully or unsuc
cessfully, in good taste or bad taste, is a matter
which concerns him, and for which the British
Government is in nowise responsible.
Ss. Louis Post- Dispatch.
But none of this offers justification for the
writing of apolitical letter by a diplomat in
the crisis of a National campaign. It does not
give the British Government the shadow of
an excuse to reinstate the diplomat. It does
not extenuate Lord Sackville-West's folly but
simply shows that he suffered unusual "hard
ship because his folly was ill-timed; in short
he was an exceptionally unfortunate blun-'
Lord Sackville's extraordinary pamphlet
giving his own version of the famous "Murchi
son letter" episode will no doubt create a
diplomatic sensation, but to most people out
side of diplomacy it will serve only as an in
dication of the sagacity which led Lord Salis
bury to retire him after Mr. Cleveland had sent
him his passport.
New York Times.
In fact, we do not remember a case before
this of Lord Sackville's in which anybody has
written a book, even a book for private circu
lation, entitled "How I Was Bunkoed." That
may not be the exact title of Lord Saekville's
pamphlet, but it is a title which exactly de
scribes its subject-matter.
Lord Sackville doesn't make Sackville-West
appear a bit more knowing than he was as a
diplomatic innocent. How big a blow the
Murchison incident was to tfackville-West's
self-esteem the pamphlet of Lord Sackville
plainly shows, and that is the only object
which it accomplishes.
Lord Sackville gives credit for the publica
tion of the forged letter that took a rise out of
him to one "Quay, a Senator and chief of Re
publican wirepullers." We have heard of him.
Lord Sackvillc, whom Secretary Bayard sent
home just before the election ot '*88, complains
that Bayard meets him with a "smiling face."
Almost any American would.
Lord Sackville publishes to the world that
he was offered $2000 a week to go into a mu
seum. The price might now be increased and
be called a bargain.
FROM WESTERN SANCTUMS.
Guard the Door of the Mind.
Portland (Or.) Advance-Thought.
Why keep the doors of the mental mansion
wide of en and let every vagrant thought in
and give it nouriehment and sustenance? If
one allowed everybody to come in and order
his household to their liking he would soon
own neither house nor nome; so when he is
careless as to wnat thoughts find lodgment in
his mind it soon gets beyond his control.
French Wines From California.
Ogden (Utah) Standard.
A compiled report of the amount of wine pro
duced oy the various countries of both conti
nents shows the United States to be fifteenth on
the list. There must be something wrong
about this report. It may be that the French
wines imported from California have been
credited to France instead of to this country
We call fora new report.
Bleat of the Oregon Lamb.
Salem (Or.) Statesman.
One thing this country must do. It must
have more revenues. The only possible way *o
secure these is by levying such duties as will
not only yield the desired sum, but will also
protect our Droducers and manufacturers
This is the way the matter will be settled'
The first article on the new schedule should be
What Oregon Is loosing.
Salem (Or.) Statesman.
Oregon loses $1,000,000 a year by the free
trade on wool. She loses another million by
not supplying California with her imported
poultry products. Another is lost by not rais
ing more hogs. We lose a like amount by not
making all the butter for the markets of the
Clutching at a Straw.
Los Angeles Express.
The Democrats have elected the Mayor of
Indianapolis and they are consequently talk
ing of carrying the Presidential election next
year. Indianapolis is a pretty good town, but
its City Hail is a long way from the White
Advice to Grumblers.
Phoenix (Ariz.) Gazette.
We can say to the grumbling element, try
and keep quiet, and see what progressive men
will accomplish. Nothing was ever created in
vain, and we suppose the faultfinder cuts about
the same figure in the world's progress as does
Meditation and Demoralization.
After all we are but creatures of circumstance,
put here for a short time to play our little part
and retire. Let us try to make the world better
by smoothing over its hard places and not by
dissensions and jealousies cause our neighbor
Berkeley Won't Tackle the Band.
Stanford Palo Alto.
There seems to be a misconception among the
members of the band in regard to the use of
the gymnasium for practice. It is said that
the band will not be reorganized this year be
cause the gymnasium cannot be obtained.
Old Calaveras Booms.
The man with money who invests in Angels
dirt now and erects tenements thereon will
strike a sure-thing rich lead. The number of
people seeking in vain for houses is-sometuing
To Slug or >'ot to Slug.
Seattle (Wash.) Post-Intelligencer.
Hamlet, when he was soliloquizing as to
whether it was to be or not to be, was not in
half as much of a quandary as our modern
Xo Change Under Grover.
Ventura Free Press.
It is said that the foreign policy of the Demo
cratic administration Is to be changed. Of
course the change will be for the better. It
could not be for the worse.
A Cyclone Lifted Elijah.
Kingman (Ariz.) Miner.
Mojave County is the land where new life is
breathed into the weakly invalid and where no
one leaves this mundane sphere except as did
Elijah of old.
• The Optimistic Calculator.
Han Jose Mercury.
The Siberian Railway is being constructed
with rapidity, and its completion will insure a
new inaiKet for California fruits.
Why We Should Have More Ships.
We are less liable to war with a powerful
navy th&a -without it.
ANSWERS TO CORRESPONDENTS.
State Printing Office —A. S., City. In
answer to the question, "What is the reason
that the employes of the State Printing Office
at Sacramento are not paid for legal holidays
the same as all other State employes?" State
Printer A. J. Johnson says:
First— certain employes in the State Printing
Office are employed by the month at an a^ned
monthly salary. All such employes are paid each
month the amount agreed. Irrespective of holidays,
the same as employes in other State depart nu-iits
who are similarly employed.
Second— Other employes in the State Printing
Office ar*> employed at so much per day or hour
for each day or hour actually employed, overtime
in excess of eight nours per day being puid for
extra. As to employes in this lalter class tfipy arp
not paid for legal holidays because they do not
work on such days and because their contract of
employment is for so much per day or hour for
each day or hour employed and because as to some
of such employes the state Printer Is by section
581 of the Political Code (law of 1895, page 233)
prohibited from paying a higher rate of wages
than is paid by those employing printers in Sacra
mento for like work."
In Sacramento those employing printers, press
men, etc., only pay for the time «uch men are
actually employed at so much per day or hour or at>
so much per 1000 ems.
Training-ship Jamestown— Water Front, City.
By virtue of an act of the Legislature of 1875-70
the Board of Supervisors, through the Governor
of the State, applied to the Secretary of the
Navy, who, under tlie provisions of an act of
Congress passed in 1874, for the purpose of en
couraging public marine schools, furnished
and equipped the United States sloop-of-war
Jamestown as a training-ship for the City and
County of San Francisco, under the command
of Lieutenant-Commander Henry Glass, U.S. N.
The ship was formally transferred to the City
and County and accepted April 3, 1876. The
vessel remained in commission as a training
ship until the 28th of February, 1879, when
she was returned to the Government, it not
having proved the success it was expected.
During the time she was in commission, abo_t
three years, the cost was $96,0455 06. The
amount received for maintenance of boys was
$977 75, and the sale of stores and balance
refunded $549 70, leaving the net cost $94-,
537 01. The appropriation received from the
State was $21,076 85, and the amount ex
pended by the City and County was $72,800 70.
A Drama— Copyright, City. To secure copy
right for a drama the dramatist must send a
printed title of the drama to the Librarian of
Congress at Washington, D. C. This must be
done on or before the day of publication. The
printed title required may be a copy of the
title page of the drama, if it have a title page.
If not the title must be printed expressly for
copyright entry, with name of claimant of
copyright. The style of type is immaterial,
and the print of a typewriter may be used on
paper the size of commercial note*. The legal
fee for recording such copyright is 50 cents and
50 cents additional for a copy of the record.
No later than the day of publication two com
plete copies of the best edition of the drama, if
printed (if not, then two typewritten copies of
the drama will do), must be delivered or de
posited in the mail within the United States,
addressed to the Librarian oi Congress to per
fect the copyright.
God Tempers the Wind— s. W., Alameds
Cal. The quotation, "God tempers the wind
to the shorn lamb," is neither from the Bible
nor from Shakespeare, but from Sterne's "Sen
timental Journey." It is said that this idea
was stolen by Sterne from George Herbert, who
wrote, "To a close shorn sheep God gives wind
by measure," in Jacu'a Prudentum, and
Herbert is said to have translated this from
Henri Etienne. Virgil, in Georgics, book 111
line 330, says, "Feed the lambs at the setting
of the sun, when cool vesper tempers the air.''
Harbor Commissioners— o. 8., City. The
Board of Harbor Commissioners have control
of all the State property bordering on the
water front in this City and County, including
the water from half of all the streets. If the
Commissioners should rent part of that prop
erty to an individual for the purpose of main
taining a saloon thereon the License Collector
of this City and County would collect a license
from that individual, provided he had ob
tained a permit from the Police Commission
A Right to Vote— Placerville, El Dorado
County, Cal. The son of foreign parents never
naturalized, if born in the United States,
would, when he attains his majority, have the
right to cast a ballot in the place in which he
lives, should he desire to do so, being a citizen
of the United States by birth. There is an ex
ception, however, in the case of a son of a for
eigner in the diplomatic service. Such a son
is recognized as a citizen of the country the
father represents, though born in the United
Rcncible Spoon— Mrs. L., City. The word in
the "Owl nr.d the Pussy Cat" is "runcible" and
not "suncible," and the line reads: "They
dined on mince and slices of quince, which
they ate with a runcible spoon." The word is
not in any of tbe dictionaries, ancient or
modern; as the words are from Lear's "Non
sense Songs," it is probable that the word ih a
nonsensical one, used for want of a better one,
to fill out the line.
Unitarians— R. G., City. Unitarians are
eligible to membership in the Young Men's
Christian Association as associate but not as
active members. Associate members enjoy all
the privileges of the association except that of
voting and haying a directory voice. To be
eligible for active membership'in the associa
tion the applicant must be a member of an
Edward Coleman— W. s.. N'apa, Cal. A let
ter addressed to the care of the New York Clip
per will reach Edward Coleman. the actor
poet, who at one time was connected with oue
of the Frohman companies.
Gibraltar of America— X. H., City. The
name Gibraltar of America has been applied to
the city of Quebec, claimed to be, by reason of
its natural and other defense, the liiost stron g
ly fortified city in America.
Corbktt AND Brady— A. S., City. While Jim
7orbett was a shining lignt in "After Dark"
Srady was with him.
PEOPLE TALKED ABOUT.
Mr. Jameson, the sailing master of the Prince
of Wales' yacht, is an Irishman, and. perhaps,
the best living judge of a yacht's build and
The Duke of Sutherland's two sons, the Mar
quis of Stafford, who is 7, and Lord Alistar
Gower, who is 5, attend the village public
school at Golspie with the children of his ten
ants and workmen.
Dr. Adam Clarke, even when a boy, had a
memory bo phenomenal that after hearing a
sermon lasting an hour he could go home and
repeat the whole verbatim, imitating the man
ner, voice and gestures of the preacher.
Mark Twain has been quite a prolific in
ventor. His first patent, taken out In 1371,
was a strap for suspending trousers. He ua.«
been assignee of quite a number of patents,
several of recent date. His patent scrapbook
has been quite a success.
General Mahone, it was said, is a man utterly
without fear. During the ReTsellion, on the
battlefield, the distinguished Virginian was
reputed to be the calmest of men. General Lee
thought a great deal of him, and, according to
report, had arranged for Mahone to succeed
him as head of the Confederate army should he
M. G. Goron, the famous French detective, is
about to retire from the police. He is perhaps
the most wonderful and accomplished man in
his profession. It was M. Goron who was in
trusted with all the arrangements for insuring;
the safety of the Czarewitch Nicholas during
his visit to Paris seme three years ago. The
Russian Prince, accompanied by the detective,
made a tour of the lowest quarters of Paris in
disguise and visited some dens of the worst re
Krupp, the German gunmaker, has a delight
ful home, at which it is his pleasure to enter
tain many visitors, including his Americau
friends and acquaintances. He has instituted
a sort of honorary order for those who espe
cially please him. He gives to those who win
his favor a little silver pin in the torm of a lu
clfer match. Some of these pins have come to
America. Others are scattered over Germany,
and doubtless some are to be found in various
corners of Europe, for the enormous business
of the gunmaker has brought him into contac;
with a great variety of men from all parts of
the civilized world.
Something to Dan's Credit.
Astoria (Or.j Astorlan.
Let there be no unseemly hilarity when any
body mentions Dan Lsmont as a possible Presi
dential candidate next year. Dan I.annmt is a
smarter man than the Democrats of this gen
eration have been in the habit of nominating
Thorns anil Coin.
San Jose Mercury.
There is no rose without a thorn, and there
can be no carnival without coin.
BIKE AND BLOOMERS.
General Miles draws an interesting picture
j of the army of the future foraging the enemy's
| country and moving rapidly to attack and re
j treat on bicycles. He does not mention the
! bloomer girl, but it's pretty safe to say that
she'll be there.— New York Mercury.
Bloomers in some respects are all right.
With long skirts and pointed shoes a woman
lays herself liable to the concealed weapon
ordinance.— Wichita Eagle.
Emperor William has taken to the bicycle.
Now, if he is really a god from high Olympus,
let him icorch out a world's record.— Terre
Like an arrow he sped. down the crowded
All was darkness.
"And now, my young friend." cheerfully re
marked Setan. 'I shall be delighted to show
you what scoiching really Is."— Cincinnati En
It looks now as if eventually the song would
have to be, "We'll Never Take the Sprocket
From the Door," for there won't be any horse
shoes left.— Los Angeles Times.
Miss Willard's belief that bicycles have a ten
dency to decrease the drink habit is w*U
founded. By the time the average young man
pays for repairs on -his wheel he hasn't much
left to blow in at saloons.— Kansas City Jour
SOMETHING TO LAUGH AT.
An incident of the journey: Dante— Tell me,
0 Virgil, what is the idea of beginning an epic
poem in the middle? For between you and me
1 have some notion of writing an epic poem
Virgil— You begin an epic poem in the mid
dle.O Dante, because that is the best chance you
have of getting your reader a3 far as that.—
She (sweetly)— Let me see, how long— eight
years, isn't it, darling, since we were married?
He (proudly condescending)— Yes, dear.
She (still sweeter) — And do you know, dar
ling, that I love you more and more, if possible,
He (suspicious) — Uh-huh! T'm-m! Yes I
Where is the cloak opening at?— Cleveland
Lobbs — A woman's edition of Webster's
Dictionary has just bet-n published.
Bobbs — What changes are there?
Lobbs— One. The last word is left out.— New
Carson's Kcmurkulile Patience.
The Appeal has turned its forty-eighth vol
ume. We realize that the Appeal has a good
many faults on all four of its page?, but fa
jamming about the earth we have met ]Hp««rs
nearly as bad and a few a good deal worse. We
present our thanks to the Carson public for
overlooking these shortcomings and allowing
the paper to live on this earth. Hoping for a
Bacon Printing Company, soß Clay street. *
Best printing, best prices. Roberts Ptg. Co. •
Broken, mixed candies. 10c Id. Townsend's*
Griggs— That English chap is a great wheel
man, isn't he?
Diggs— Well, if I had spent two years on a
prison treadmill I might be, too.— New York
A TRUE nerve and biood remedy is found in
Hood's Harsaparilla, which purifier the blood, giv
ing it vitality and richness, and thus builds up and
strengthens the nerves.
" Mrs. Winslow's Soothing Syrnp"
Has been used over fifty years by millions of moth
ers for their children while Teething with perfect
success. It soothes the child, softens the gums, al
lays Pain, cures Wind Colic, regulates the Bowels
and is the best remedy for Diarrhoeas, whether
arising from teething or other causes. For sale 07
Druggists in every part of the world. Be sure aai
ask ior Mrs. Winslow's boothinz Syrup. -'3j *
"Ever have any trouble with your wheel?"
"Not yet," said the Sweet Young Thing. "So
far whenever I have run over any one I have
been able to gret away before he got up." — In
COL. A. ANDREWS,
Tie Famous Diaii Palace,
POSITIVELY RETIRING FROM
OFFERS HIS ENTIRE STOCK OF
Sterling Silver, 95c -Per Ounce.
This Is an Opportunity Sel-
dom Offered to the Public of
Ir- " ' 1 It seems pretty har 4
/ I at first blush to suggest
]fi — Tf any change in the make
Slaz^ of an ordinary dining-
j^lSl^ room chair, but in this
J ._ instance we have it.
<^^^^^ The shape of the bacK
Ifcl3[3~ (M 3 new ' an agreeable
lu^nr 2 Ik cnan ? c from the old up
ill 1^ \r ) and down spindles —
ft I J* more fomfort and a bit
1/4*' 11/ °* novelty.
A "box seat" adds -. -,. — .
something more than j I
good looks to a chair — t \ J
strength and durabil- JCII
ity. We show here the — ~fJP^"'" :: ~i?f
application of the box El V~* /HI
seat both in the arm (\L--JiKS=//(Jl
and the plain tlininy-fc^^gßH^Sn
room chair. j — s * := T ! fcH
The back is of beau-lft^^^^ f~fl
tiful quarter-sawed oak \!p" TT — 1 KXfl v »
of fine|grain and finish. \l| 11/ \[ \ I
The seats are of cane — W _JT*^^ ■ V'
gocd cane, durable \^fr \j
Carpets . Rugs . Mattings
(N. P. Cole Co.)
117- Geary Street