Newspaper Page Text
Sfo x, Call
CHARLES M. SHORTRIDGE,
Editor and Proprietor. :
SUBSCRIPTION RATES— Postage Free:
rally and Sunday Call, one week, by carrier. f 0.15
rally and Sunday Call, one year, by ma 11... 6.00
I afly and Sunday Call, six months, by mall 8.00
J ally and Sunday Call, three months, by mall 1.50
"ally and Sunday Call, one month, by mail .65
(■nnday Calx, one year, by mail 1-50
Vv iikly Call, one year, by mail L6O
710 Market Street,
San Francisco, California.
Telephone .-^ Main-1868
517 Clay Street.
rrrMcntgon.ery street, corner Clay; open until
f .IT o'clock.
ft*) Hayes street : open until -.30 o'clock.
717 Larkin street: open until 9 :30 o'clock.
EW. comer Sixteenth and Mission streets; open
SSlfc Mission street; open until o'clock,
ilblSlßta street; open until 9 o'clock.
Booms 81 and 32, 84 Park Row, New York City.
DAVID M. FOLTZ, Special Agent.
SUNDAY NOVEMBER 3, 1895
THE CALL SPEAKS FOR ALL.
Wherever there Is a bobtail car there is a
need of reform.
"With the suspense of the Durrant case
over, we can really rest to-day.
No one can tell how hard Mrs. Grundy
saws wood to make society matches.
The game commissioners are on a wild
goose chase as a literal fact this time.
To be a genuine rival of Boston Chicago
must now get in and work for San Fran
Europe admits that Turkey is a thorn in
her flesh, but she fears to cut it out with
Now that the football games and the
cotillon clubs have begun, society feels at
With New England to push and the
Great West to pull things are bound to
come our way.
The administration continues silent on
the Monroe doctrine, but by and by Con
gress will talk.
Inspector Dockery has the satisfaction
of knowing that his good work is manifest
at every breakfast table.
As it is certain we would treat the
National Convention right it is only right
we should be treated to it. t
So long as the Pacific Mail has the only
key to the situation the Golden Gate might
as well be considered locked.
No matter how complex a problem may
appear at first, time always reduces it to a
single issue and then settles it.
Boston said the best summer-resort city
is the best convention city, and we are
pleased to note that she sticks to it.
The Corbett and Fitzsimmons affair is
off, but it is said that cards for the Marl
borough and Vanderbilt match bring good
The railroads report that second-class
travel to California is increasing, but why
call it second-class when it is a first-class
Science proposes to us a means of getting
rid of the fogs, but we had better purify
the City before we think of showing it up
in a brighter light.
In spite of all temptations to belong to
other nations Salisbury remains an Eng
lishman, but it is noted of late that he has
ceased to be a Jingo.
This is a good day to consider what you
will give to see a Presidential convention
in San Francisco and to-morrow will be a
good day to put it up.
If the Canadians do not look out they
will get into a position on the Alaskan
boundary that they cannot get out of
without a fight or a backdown.
The fall elections are near enough to a
close now for every one to see that the
Democrats will have the fall and the Re
publicans will have the elections.
The report that there will be a haystack
of chrysanthemums at the -Vanderbilt
wedding should have been accompanied
by a diagram giving the size of the stack.
Considering the difficult task Cleveland
has in writing his message this year, it
would not be surprising if he decides to
turn it into a mystery story and let people
guess at it.
There must have been something of a
mascot in the past week, for it brought to a
close the Durrant case, the Holmes case
and the Corbett and Fitzsimmons talk in
one fell swoop.
Uncle Sam might at least recognize that
the Cubans are fighting to render another
portion of American soil independent of
European control, and in that recognition
do the proper thing.
The interior press likes to amuse itself
at times by criticizing San Francisco, but
as soon as we start anything for the benefit
of the State it drops the criticism and joins
with us in the action.
The Mills building on Montgomery
street may be taken as typical of the
enterprise of San Francisco, and when the
bobtail car stands in front of it we can see
the contrast with that typical illustration
of Southern Pacific enterprise.
Of the 4000 invitations issued for the
stately ceremonial of the Marlborough
matrimonial alliance, something like 2300
were distributed in this country; so it
seems that even in matters of this kind
the lion's share is not as big as the eagle's.
George D. Hildebrand's sterling maga
zine, the Resources of California, has issued
a special edition for November that is of
unusual merit. In artistic design and
execution nothing more attractive has ever
been produced in this City. Mr. Hilde
brand's best efforts are given to carry out
tbe motto at the head of his editorial page,
which says that the magazine is devoted
to the settlement and development of the
Golden State. The illustrations this month
are of unusual merit, both in regard. to
the subjects chosen and in the high-class
style of reproduction. The letterpress is
contributed by able writers, who touch
upon some of the vital interests of tbe
♦ A PUEIPYING EFFECT.
Now that the community has been re
lieved of the intense strain of a great mur
der trial— a strain the intensity of which
has been increased out of all reason by the
sensational treatment of the case at the
hands of a majority of the local daily
press — it is hoped that the more whole
some occupation of working to secure the
Republican National Convention for San
Francisco will be pushed with all pos
There are reasons of the deepest signifi
cance behind all this public morbidness,
behind all these fearful crimes which have
given California an unpleasant notoriety
throughout Christendom, and behind the
rabid eagerness with which a large section
of the daily press feed the popular lust for
sensationalism and promote the immeas
urable harm which it produces. One of
the most potent of these reasons is a nar
row spirit of provincialism to which prac
tical isolation from the great people of
whom we should be, a part has given birth.
This spirit has manifested itself in many
ways. Provincialism is one of the most
offensive forms of egotism and one of the
most injurious, and in general it is the
product of isolation. Natural conditions
prevailing in California tend to make a
daring and adventurous race, which, in
the absence of the refining and restraining
influences of close intermingling with the
people of the whole countiy, nourishes a
feeling of independence, originality of
conception and virility of execution, and
in general a sentiment not in harmony
with the interests, purposes and destiny of
the country at large. Grotesque crimes
are a corollary of the situation.
If California should be, brought closer to
the people of the United States it would
bring them good benefits in manifold
variety. It would tame the exuberance of
the people, convert their provincialism
into patriotism and bring them under the
averaging effect of the nobler aims of the
country. We have never had a great Na
tional convention here, and hence can
form little conception of its value. It is
somewhat discouraging to observe that
much stress has been laid on the material
benefits which might flow from the instruc
tion of a great National party on the
physical needs of the West, while the pro
founder effect on the moral and patriotic
sense of the region seems to have been
It seems impossible for our people, who
are familiar with the mean squabbles of
local conventions, to appreciate the great
dignity and overshadowing sense of Na
tional responsibility which are elements of
a National convention. Under such an
influence the view is enlarged and the
meanness of provincialism discovered.
The resulting material and moral benefits
would work together, each assisting the
advancement of the other. The greater
the material progress of California the
larger the incoming of people bringing
with them the broader spirit of those who
have lived a lifetime in closer relation to
the Nation as one, and the closer the bind
ing of this section to the business, social
and political interests of the people at
The higher view of the effect which the
Republican National Convention would
have on our people will be appreciated by
those of deep understanding and by all
who would see crime, morbidness and sen
sationalism checked in this State of in
comparable natural attractions.
THE SACRAMENTO ASTIR.
It has been given out as news that a
number of large land-owners of the Sacra
mento Valley are organizing an extensive
scheme of pooling their lands to the ex
tent of 300,000 acres and opening them up
in 10,000-acre tracts for immigration pur
poses. One of these tracts is to be subdi
vided and sett-led at a time, and on each a
number of houses for immediate occu
pancy will be erected ; the land subdivi
sions are to be in tracts of fifty and a
Thus far this is an admirable and com
mendable scheme, and if intelligently and
energetically carried out would destroy
land monopoly in the Sacramento Valley
and would be a splendid measure of prog
ress for the State. If the news stopped
there it would arouse enthusiasm from one
end of the State to the other.
But it is added that C. P. Huntington,
C. F. Crocker and perhaps other million
aire owners of the Southern Pacific Com
pany had been taken into the scheme and
have cheerfully promised to contribute
large sums of money in their individual
capacity to forward its purposes. Indeed,
Mr. Huntington is quoted in an interview
as saying that he would place a large
amount of money in the enterprise.
On its face this would appear an excel
lent arrangement. The Southern Pacific
Company, with its innumerable offices and
agencies all over the United States and in
many parts of Europe, has the best con
ceivable machinery for advertising Cali
fornia and inducing immigration. It has
expended incredible sums of money in
that work on its own account and solely
for the purpose of increasing the popula
tion of the State. The extraordinary part
of it all is that these heavy expenditures
and this vast amount of work have not
brought immigrants to California and have
not served to advance the prosperity of the
State. On the other hand, the Atchison,
Topeka and Santa Fe, which made similar
expenditures and did similar work for
Southern California, has seen its efforts
rewarded in a very conspicuous manner.
The wealthy land-owners of the Sacra
mento Valley have doubtless reasoned
that by securing the direct financial inter
est of the leading owners of the Southern
Pacific the company will have a stronger
incentive to make more earnest efforts
than ever before, and that with the whole
of its perfectly organized machinery at
work in the interest of these lands their
value will be much enhanced by a large
demand and their owners accordingly en
riched. If that line of argument has been
followed it might be well to consider it,
1. The Southern Pacific Company's ef
forts to bring immigrants to California
have not been successful in the past; those
of the Santa Fe have been successful. The
reasons of both these facts are familiar to
2. The recent action taken by the Rail
road Commission was for the purpose of
making it possible for farming to be car
ried on In the Sacramento Valley as well
as other valleys. The Southern Pacific
Company is bitterly fighting the reduced
schedule of freight charges.
3. The building of the San Joaquin Val
ley Railroad has ; aroused and dismayed
the Southern Pacific, which recognizes the
fact that the new road will reduce charges
and make it possible to carry on farming
in the San Joaquin at a profit. Such a
road projected for the Sacramento Valley
would have exactly a similar effect.
4. The taking of the Southern Pacific
magnates into : the scheme for the settle
ment of the Sacramento Valley would
make it extremely difficult, and in all like
lihood impossible, for the people in the
valley to construct an independent com
peting line, as the best lands would be
tied up in a copartnership with the South
ern Pacific magnates, and if that should
THE SAN FRANCISCO CALL, SUNDAY, NOVEMBER 3, 1895.
not be so the moral effect of their associa
tion would act as a prohibition.
5. The association of the Southern Pa
cific magnates with the large landholders
in such a scheme as this would strengthen
the hold of the Southern Pacific on the
vital concerns of the State and would act
injuriously upon every part of it.
These suggestions are respectfully sub
mitted to the consideration of the people
of the Sacramento Valley.
A COMMON SUSPICION.
Popular cynicism regarding official
integrity has been expressed with re
freshing candor by the Grand Jury of
Solano County. That body ha 3 overhauled
the work of the Board of Supervisors, and
has found it in a great part rotten. It
discovered that half the revenues of the
county were devoted to road purposes,
that in applying these funds some of the
Supervisors violated the law and diverted
the funds to their own pockets and those
of their relatives. It then coolly declares:
"To place half the revenue of the county
in the hands of any five men to expend
when and where and through whom they
please, and then expect them to pass upon
the bills in the interest of the people, is
expecting too much, and yet they are
doing that very thing."
Why is it too much to expect of public
officers that they will honestly disburse
thepubiic funds intrusted to their care?
Why should it be expected that there
would be a greater likelihood of dis
honesty if half the revenues of the county
are placed at their disposal for a certain
purpose than if a less proportion were so
placed? This is a very interesting matter.
The Board of Supervisors of a county is
not the only authority charged with the
honest disbursement of the funds. Before
any claim may be paid it has to be ap
proved by the Auditor, and the law makes
him responsible on his bond for the faith
ful and intelligent use of his authority.
After his approval the claim goes to the
Treasurer, who in turn is charged with a
similar responsibility on his bond. Both
must know that the money is honestly
In short, the law is all right; the whole
trouble lies with the officers elected to put
it in operation. If the money in Solano
County has been improperly applied the
bondsmen of the Board of Supervisors, of
the Auditor and of the Treasurer are
equally liable, and if the Grand Jury does
its full duty it will cause proceedings to be
instituted to protect the county, recover
the wrongfully expended money and
punish those who have connived in its
improper expenditure. On this subject
the news from Solano is: "The Grand
Jury is determined to bring the Super
visors to terms, and unless the abuses
complained of are at least modified the
Supervisors may hear from them again."
If this is a full statement of the inten
tions of the Grand Jury, which is com
posed, we are assured, "of stern-faced
farmers, many of them from remote parts
of the county and none with any sym
pathy with the political rings and combi
nations that have placed the patronage in
the hands of a few," we begin to find the
source of all the trouble. The Grand
Jury is assumed to be a responsible body
of men who represent the decency and
patriotism of the county. If it fails in the
full discharge of its duties it proclaims the
prevalent indifference of the people and
explains the presence of political rings
and combinations organized to plunder the
county. Should Grand Juries do their
wHole duty such rings in any county
would be impossible. But it would be
unreasonable to expect such action from
a Grand Jury in any county whose voters
place the agents of corrupt rings in offlce.
We regret that Solano County happens
to be the one which furnishes the text for
these observations. It is an exceedingly
fertile county and could support in com
fort a very dense population. It is no
worse in a political sense than some other
counties. We believe that the toleration
of political rings with corrupt purposes
does not express the moral sense of the
county at large, and that the present state
of affairs is merely the result of a negli
gence which is amazingly prevalent.
But such negligence, wherever it exists, is
a reproach to the intelligence and honesty
of the whole community and a sure bar
rier against immigration and development.
THE EASTEKN SHOEE.
The pleasant town of Berkeley, hitherto
regarded as a subsuburb of San Francisco
by reason of being a suburb of Oakland,
and as the quiet seat of the University of
California, has suddenly and unexpectedly
stepped forth as a community strong in a
realization of its natural commercial ad
vantages and as a center of progressive ac
tivity. The property-owners of the town
have presented to the Town Trustees a
strong petition for the issuance of corporate
bonds to the amount of $75,000 for the
construction of a wharf to deep water, to be
built, maintained and operated by the
municipality for the public good.
This is not a large amount of money,
but it is the desire so to expend it that
carries the meat of the subject. It means,
in the first place, that the people are pro
gressive; in the second, that they are in
telligent; in the third, that they are sure
that the money which they want to invest
will be honestly expended. These consid
erations are particularly refreshing in view
of the Grand Jury opinion from an in
terior county that it is unwise and unsafe
to permit public officers to have the
handling of too large a proportion of the
public revenues for a single purpose.
The public wharf will bring substantial
benefits. It will not only give Berkeley
a connection with San Francisco which
shall be independent of the Southern Pa
cific monopoly, but it will open the town
to deep-sea traffic and the interior water
traffic of the State. It would be superflu
ous to enlarge on the results, which must
include an increased population and busi
ness and an enhancement of property
values. It will also prove a direct benefit
to the State University by increasing the
attractions of the place for residents who
may wish to avail themselves of the bene
fits which the university offers.
Such a step as this measures the intelli
gence of a community and proclaims the
honesty of its government. The strongest
argument advanced against bonding San
Francisco for greatly needed public im
provements is that in all likelihood the
money would •be stolen by the officers
charged : with its expenditure. Indeed
this has been the history* of publio ex
penditures in this City in the past. Public
officers merely reflect the intelligence and
honesty of the community which elects
them. With these considerations in view
Berkeley might well cherish a commenda
ble pride on the score of the step which it
is preparing to take.
Pan Francisco Star.
The lottery advertisements have a loneseme,
guilty look ln the cheap-chromo, fake-premium
papers since the moral snaking they got from
The Call. The papers look guilty all over.
Some of them would gladly reform, follow The
Call and throw the lotteries out, but the habit
of taking illicit coin ls too strong for them, in
their Eb*ttercd moral conditio^, to resist.
By John McNacght.
A recent court proceeding in Oakland
disclosed these facts: A gentleman of that
city died in 1 873, leaving an estate valued
then at $150,000. By the terms of his will
half the estate was left to the wile and the
remainder to the minor children. The
court appointed a lawyer to look after the
estate of the minors. * The wife died in a
few years, and another lawyer was ap
pointed to take charge of her portion of
the estate. During the twenty-two years
that have elapsed since 1873 ail property in
Oakland has increased in value to some
extent and most of it has increased a great
deal; but this particular estate was not so
much in Oakland as in the courts, and,
consequently, the record of the court in
the settlement of the matter showed that
while not one dollar has ever been paid to
the heirs "there remains of the estate only
enough to yield a rental of $26 a month.
If the Oakland case were the only one of
the kind in the neighborhood of recent
date it would have been a local scandal,
possibly a newspaper sensation, and cer
tainly would have got itself sufficiently
talked about for the extraction of the
moral without help of mine. It has been,
however, neither a scandal, a sensation
nor a matter of much talk. Too many
cases similar in nature and some even
worse in degree have occurred for this to
attract much notice as a part of the play
in the passing show. It is necessary,
therefore, to call attention to it and to
point out to the casual spectator of life
that this part of the play has been badly
devised, badly cast and badly acted.
There is no sufficient reason to believe
that the wasting of estates of minor heirs
has been in most cases the result of fraud
and dishonesty. Ihe truth seems to be
that our courts have exercised very little
care in the selection of proper guar
dians. The judges have thought more of
awarding these duties to good lawyers than
to good men of business. As a conse
quence, men have been appointed to these
trusts who have not sufficient business
sense to invest their own money wisely,
and who remain poor all their lives not
withstanding the large profits of their
practice. To remedy much of the evil,
therefore, nothing more appears necessary
than a law requiring judges in the ap
pointment of guardians of minor heirs to
select them from among men who have
shown enough knowledge of business
affairs to manage their own property with
thrift and success, and that much of re
form ought not to be difficult to obtain.
It is said the approaching art exhibit
does not flutter much the hearts of our
local artists nor thrill them with great ex
pectations. It is not to their imagina
tions a coming exposition of beauty glori
fied in art for the enlightenment of the
world and the inspiration of San Fran
cisco. They may talk of it by day, but
they do not dream of it by night; they
may paint something for it, but they do
not paint it with fancy's fondest hopes.
This feeling, however, will probably change
when the exposition opens. There will be
something in the reality then that will
more than atone for the absence of great
expectations now. When we see the pic
tures we will be pleased, and so indeed
will be the artists. There is many a for
mal function turns out to be a frolic in the
end. Even the artists who now speak and
perhaps think of the exhibit with languid
indifference will feel a little keenness of
interest in it when the function has drawn
its crowds and the appreciative friends of
California art stand before their works
and praise them. Then to the artist every
living picture of admiration will appear as
a model of criticism. Then they will won
der why society has not more raptures and
the press more enthusiasm.
It is asserted by men of science that by
using powerful dynamos to send electrical
discharges into the air San Francisco can
dissipate al) the fogs that come from the
ocean and dwell continually under serene
skies. This raises the question, do we wish
to lose our fogs? Ask ef the artist if he
would strip from the hills their changing
robes of purple and gray. Ask of the
maidens if they would remove from the
moisture that gives to their cheeks the
hue and bloom of June roses. Ask the
pilots of the bay if they would lose the
chief reason why incoming ships employ
them. Ask the merchants if they would
put away the sole cause why women wear
furs and men buy overcoats. Ask the
epicure if he would banish from the air
the tonic that gives him an appetite.
Ask the bartender if he would re
move from the morning the impulse to
cocktails. Ask the housekeepers if they
would like the streets deprived of the
dampness that prevents the dust from
rising. Ask the workers if they would
like the sun to beat with undiminished
rays upon them. But after all why ask
anybody anything except that science
should keep its hands off our climate?
it is evident that among the reforms
needed in California is the adoption of a
better system of providing for the care of
estates of minor heirs. So many estates
exceeding $100,000 have been vanished off
the earth of late by court-appointed guard
ians that no one will dispute the need of
reform except those people who are so
fond of disputing they would rather bay
the moon than be silent. Even in the
dark ages men recognized the duty of the
state to orphans whose property was in
the hands of its courts. Among many
nations in those days a "child of the
state," as such orphans were called, was
almost as sacred as a prince of the blood.
In England even to this day an offense
against the property or the person of a
ward in chancery entails a greater penalty
than a similar offense against a child
under the protection of its natural guard
ians. California has progressed of course
far beyond the dark ages, but there is no
reason why she should undertake to differ
from the people of those ages in every
thing. To drop a good custom simply be
cause it is old would be carrying advance
ment too far. In California, as in old
France, the property of a child of the
State should be as secure as the founda
tions of- justice and have every guardian
ship which the majesty of the law can de
In the result of the trial of Durrant two
things have been condemned — the pris
oner at the bar and the sensational press.
The condemnation of the first has been
pronounced by the verdict of twelve men ;
that of the second proceeds from the in
telligence of the community at large. The
sensation mongers have been proven guilty
on all their sensations. The mysterious
woman, the secret confessions, the hid
den links, the startling facts, the horrid
developments, the grewsome revelations,
the ghostly witnesses, all these things that
made up the daily sensations along with
the pictures of blood-curdling: shoestrings
and terrible toothbrushes— they have all
been proven to be lies— the kind of lies that
some newspapers get lousy with and are
not ashamed of. From these '. things for
the moment we get relief. The sensa
tional press must for a time at least go
back to its normal dullness and prattle of
guessing contests, lottery prizes and cir
From the great Corbett -Fitzsimmons
war the Governors of Texas and Arkansas
emerge with honor and it is pleasing to
know the Governors of Kansas and Colo
rado were prepared to emerge in the same
way if the fury of the war had turned in
their direction. We have had war Gov
ernors in the past who did us proud, but
as for these new war Governors we must
do them proud. It is with no little satis
faction we can recall that wherever in this
crisis the demand came, the Governor was
equal to it. From that fact we may draw
a reason for our belief that had the call
been made in any other State the result
would have been the same. The race of
great war Governors in th« land is still
alive, and the spirit of old '61 has come
down to '95.
If it should be decided to hold the Re
publican National Convention in this City,
it is more than probable that the San Jose
Carnival of Roses will be fixed for a date
corresponding with that of the convention
so that the delegates after the strife and
worry of nominating a President may have
an opportunity to turn to fairer things
and recreate themselves amid pleasant
surroundings before undertaking the ex
hausting fatigue of the return trip. This
casual allusion to the fatigue of the trip
must not be misunderstood. Of course
everybody knows that a trip across the
continent to California, so far from being
fatiguing, is a pleasure. The return trip,
however, is different. Now it is proposed
by some people in San Jose to make a
little recreation for those who, having en
joyed the pleasure of coming our way,
must then endure the pain of going back.
The proposal is certainly a good one. Na
tional conventions in the past have been
places where men have met merely to
nominate candidates, draw up a platform
and take a little whisky on the side. Noth
ing has been done in any convention city
heretofore to provide for the social enter
tainment of the delegates. California
ought to make an innovation on this busi
ness. After the convention is over the
visitors should be made to feel they are
still the guests of the State, with a wel
come awaiting them everywhere, and
carnivals and fiestas on all sides to amuse
them. A National convention, followed
by a series of festivals where politics is
laid aside in hearty hospitality, would
astonish the East. They would call it
Californian, and if it did not come to them
by that name, they would come out here
again and look for it in the old place.
THE HIGHER PRAISE.
[At tbe grave of Richard Realf, Lone Mountain.]
With curling lip I sought that chosen place
Wherein, at last, earth's tollers rest, nor hear
The fretful call of song bird, or the drear
Dull boom of waves against the sad shore's face.
The hopeless fog had ceased Its spectral race
in search of peace which restless man holds dear
And seldom finds. The air was cool and clear,
The flowers slept and night came on apace.
Beneath a mound of simple green there lay
A man who sang, yet lacks the deathless bay,
And lies unloved, unheeded 'neath the sod.
But as I mused the wind from o'er the sea
With scented breath crept gently up to me
And whispered low: "Unloved of all— save God I"
Howard V. Sutherland.
LETTERS FROM THE PEOPLE
JUSTICE FIELD DEFENDED.
John P. Irish Says a Word About Taylor
Rogers' Book ox Money.
To the Editor of the San Francisco Call— Sir:
In a recent issue of your interesting paper ap
peared a communication from Mr. J. A. John
son warmly indorsing Mr. Taylor Rogers' book
on "Scientific Money." That part of the work
most pleasing to Mr. Johnson is commended in
the following paragraph:
A notable feature of this little book Is its mas
tery of me lepal aspects of the subject, In the treat
ment of which Justice Field's theory of the Issue
of money as a function of government is subject to
merciless analysis and drastic criticism. There
can be but one verdict rendered on Judge Field
guilty: guilty of betraying the people by Judicial
decision into the hands of plutocracy. Lawyers
will appreciate It, even though Justice Field is
their highest authority; and the exposition is so
clear and strong that laymen will equally enjoy it.
Mr. Justice Field's minority opinion in the
legal-tender cases is the "judicial decision" re
The theory of that opinion is that the Gov
ernment may borrow money in emergency by
the issue of treasury notes, but that it has no
constitutional right to impair the obligation
of contracts by making these promises to pay a
legal tender between individuals.
This theory was the practice of President
Madison, the father of the constitution; of
James K. Polk and his great Secretary of the
Treasury, Robert J. Walker, and it was held as
the true constitutional doctrine by Samuel J.
Tilden.who converted Mr.Lincoln to it, though
he was overruled by his Cabinet.
Furthermore, when the legal-tender case was
decided Mr. George Bancroft, statesman, dip
lomat and historian, published a monograph
in support of Justice Field's position, in which
he proved its correctness by drawing upon his
store of facts used in writing the history oLour
It appears, then, that Justice Field is "guilty"
in very respectable company. Very truly,
John P. Irish.
CO-OPERATION AMONG FARMERS.
Edward F. Adams, ln the November Forum.
There can be no question of the immense
value of the co-operative movement of the past
three years to the fruit-growers of California.
Besides the strong organizations of the wine
growers and orange-growers, there are some
thirty or forty societies of deciduous-fruit
growers— by far the strongest being those of
Santa Clara County— which are gradually learn
ing how to work together effectively through
the State Exchange. But aside from the crea
tion of these organizations the educational ad
vance is astonishing. Where, three years since,
there was almost absolute ignorance of
the processes of marketing, there Is now a gen
eral intelligence which renders the manipula
tions and deceptions which were formerly
common utterly impossible. The competition
of the co-operative societies has led to such an
improvement in the service rendered by com
mission houses as alone to repay a hundred
fold the cost of the co-operative effort, and in
these and other indirect ways the benefits of
co-operation are felt and acknowledged by all.
There is danger, however, that growers, find
ing no present saving in the cost of marketing,
will not persist in co-operation until the
managers of societies have learned the busi
ness so well that they make the small
saving in expense which is certainly
possible by co-operation. For the present I
believe that wo must confine co-operative
effort to very simple matters, which are
familiar to most of those co-operating. Co-op
erative stores, co-operative mills, co-operative
canning companies, I constantly warn farmers
against touching. They are almost always pro
moted by some one desiring a place for which
he is not fit, and usually come to grief. I draw
the line at all co-operative enterprises Involv
ing the purchase of material or merchandise to
be sold again. These are unsafe for farmers in
their present state of development. The ob
jects of our societies are very simple. They are,
first, to inform ourselves before selling of the
condition of the market, remembering that
our maraet is thousands of miles away •
second, to increase our market Dy proper
advertising at the general expense, and by in
suring honest and uniform packing; third, to
insure the sale of our own labor to as great an
extent as possible, by doing for ourselves what
ever we do not find it more profitable to hire
others to do; fourth, to obtain for our product
in each year whatever the conditions of the
market warrant; fifth, to eliminate from the
process of marketing all unnecessary labor
and sixth, to prevent speculation by refusing
to sell until our product is ready, and then
selling at the market price, keeping" our goods
in our own possession until sold. This is all
that we try to do, and we find this even
sufficiently complex for farmers to deal with
The Queen of Italy has put the phonograph
to a novel use. She has the rare gift of Impro
vising upon the piano, but cannot recall the
melody she evolves. A phonograph has been
placed I upon the instrument, and records
faithfully all her Majesty's playing, to her
HARBOR COMMISSIONER OOLNON AS HE APPEARED TO A STOCKTON
ARTIST WHILE INSPECTING THE CORRAL HOLLOW ROADBED.
H. C. Buckmlnster of Boston is at the Palace.
George E. Bufl'urn of St. Louis is at the Pal
A. C. Ellis of Salt Lake City is stopping at the
K. B. Symington of New York is registered at
Charles C. Harding of Boston is registered at
Judge S. S. Holi of Sacramento ls registered
at the Grand.
Judge J. H. Logan of Santa Cruz is stopping
at the Grand.
W. F. Kennedy of Los Angeles is stopping at
Ed C. Barham and wife, of Santa Rosa, are at
William 11. Barnhardt of Portland is regis
tered at the Palace.
P. H. Quinn, a prominent business man of
Eureka, is at the Russ.
E. H. Trecarten and wife, of New York, are
guests at the Baldwin.
W. F. George, a prominent attorney of Sacra
mento, is at the Grand.
Lieutenant yon Spath, Copenhagen, ls regis
tered at the Occidental.
J. N. Gillis, a mining man from Sonora, Is a
guest of the Lick House.
Captain J. J. Brico of the United States navy
Is stopping at the Palace. • '//
H. A. Preston, a mining man of Jamestown,
is registered at the Grand.
C. B. Wingate, the well-known miner of Gib
sonville, is at the Occidental.
W. H. Peckham, a prominent merchant of
Eureka, is stopping at the Russ.
Henry M. Minster, a leading business man of
Portland, is a guest at the Palace.
T. B. Choate, the well-known railroad man
of Sacramento, is at the Occidental.
Judge R. McGarvey came down from Uklah
yesterday and is stopping at the Grand.
George F. Hersh and wife and George O.
Albright of Allen town, Pa., are at the Russ.
F. M. Bogel of Alaska, prominent in mining
circles of the north, Is registered at the Russ.
O. Kanloto of Tokio, electrician in the War
Department of Japan, is registered at the Pal
A. Pokrowsky and D. Daehn of St. Petersburg
arrived yesterday and are registered at the
W. R. Clark, the Railroad Commissioner,
accompanied by his wife and daughter, is at
N. Kumagaya of Osaka and M. Nlshkato of
Tokio, emissaries of the Japanese Government,
are at the Palace.
Dr. McArtis, with Dr. Albers Latterre of
Paris, arrived in the City yesterday, and are
registered at the Occidental.
Captain E. Coffin of New Bedford, Mass., is
registered at the Russ. He is on his way home
after a two years' voyage in the Arctic
Dr. George B. Somers, for many years the
Police Surgeon at the City Receiving Hospi
tal, has recently returned from a trip to China
and Japan. Shortly after his successor was
appointed by the new Board of Health Dr.
Somers was requested to take the place of the
regular ship's surgeon on the steamer China.
He accepted the offer in order to obtain a
much-needed rest after many years of arduous
application in pursuit of his profession.
Z POTATOES ARE UNWHOLESOME.
The Tuber Discussed From a Literary, Scien-
tific and CULINARY POINT OF VIEW.
John Gilmer Speed, Dr. Cyrus Edson (ex
president of the New York Board of Health)
and Mrs. S. T. Rorer learnedly discuss "The
Potato as a Daily Diet" in November Ladies'
Home Journal, and pretty conclusively prove
that the humble but popular tuber is not a
healthful article of food. Mr. Speed asseits
that the potato as a food Is not nearly so valu
able as we have generally esteemed It to be. It
is quite deficient in nitrogen apd as a sole diet
is therefore unsuitable. It is hard to digest and
therefore should be partaken of very sparingly
by ail save those who live active lives out-of
doors. * * * The potato provokes our great
National ailment, dyspepsia, and the sooner
the consumption of the mealy tubers begins the
sooner will the dread fangs of the dyspepsia
Dr. Edson in a rejoinder to Mr. Speed writes:
"I must quite agree with Mr. Speed in his con
demnation of the potato. lam sorry to have
to say anything against the humble tuber, but
the truth, especially when it is scientific, and
especially medico-scientific, must be told. It
is certain no one can at all times eat the potato
with the assurance that it will do him no harm.
* * * The practice of feeding potatoes to in
fants and young children cannot be too severely
condemned. A potato diet may not kill them
outright at once, but it is certain to injure their
digestive organs permanently and effectually,
bo as to make their lives a burden to them
selves and those who are brought in contact
with them." Dr. Edson also contends that the
potato is very deficient in nutritive qualities
and has less value as an article of food than
most other vegetables and cereals.
Mrs. Rorer writes: "lam not a potato pro
hibitionist, but I firmly believe that potatoes
should be served only with strongly concen
trated nitrogenous food, such as roasted beet,
or, for the . vegetarians, with beans, peas or
Ex-President Bartlett of Dartmouth at the
age of 98 has taken to the bicycle, and says it
is renewing his youth.
Henry M. Stanley, the explorer, has accepted
the appointment of associate editor of Bishop
William Taylor's monthly paper, "Illustrated
Africa." k-PXX i'v'i
Rev. Elijah Kellogg, who wrote "Spartacus,'
Is still living, at the age of 85 years. He
preaches twice each Sunday at a little church
in Harpeswell, Me., and cultivates a small
LI Hung Chang is worth $500,000,000, John
D. Rockfeller $180,000,000, Duke of Westmin
ster $100, 000,000, C010nel North 1100,000,000
and Wah Qua $100,000,000.
Mrs. John P. St. John, wife of the famous
Prohibition ex-Governor, has been for some
time superintending the engineering and other
work of constructing a tunnel in a gold mine
at Cripple Creek, in which her husband has a
controlling interest. .k.k.'k- : •.-_'}•'-':
Rev. Edward Everett Hale Is said to have
written as many books as he is years old. An
average of a book a year for seventy years is
quite remarkable, and yet it only shows what
a thinking, growing man can do in connection
with a multitude of practical dally duties.
FROM WESTERN SANCTUMS.
If Job Came to California.
Job figures in sacred history not only as th*
man who could remain patient under all kind*
of affliction, but as the greatest livestock man
of his age, and that, too, in a pastoral era. In
the language of the Scriptures: "His sub
stance also was 7000 sheep, and 3000 camels,
and 500 yoke of oxen, and 500 she asses, and
a very great household so that this man was
the greatest of all the men of the East." If
Job were alive to-day he would feel that he
was no great shakes alongside Henry Miller,
who testified in a San Francisco court yester
day that his firm owns 150,000 head of cattle,
125,000 sheep, 10,000 hogs and 5000 or COOO
The Wealth of Arizona.
Phcenlx (Ariz.) Gazette.
The aggregate value of taxable property of
tne Territory, as returned by the County
Assessors for the year, was $27,518,332, being
an increase over-last year of nearly half a mil
lion. As property is taxed at less than one
third Its real vane it can easily be calculated
that the wealth of Arizona is between $80,
--000,000 and $100,000 ,000.
Wedded to a Perfect Monotony.
San Jose Mercury. . .
So persistently perfect is the San Jose climate
that whenever San Francisco is guilty of at
tempting to dump some of its fog on us the sun
gets right down to business and drives it scur
rying back. San Francisco will please take
notice that our climate i« not to be trifled with.
An Editor's Popularity.
To go to the door with him and keep him
talking a little longer is no way to speed the
parting guest, and yet this is done quite fre
quently in Calistoga.
Petalnma Should Raise Cabbages.
Unless the Cuban insurrection comes to a
speedy end we will have to Import our Havana
cigars from Santa Rosa and Milpitas.
Webster-Hayne Episode Forgotten.
It is rather curious to see South Carolina and
Massachusetts playing with woman suffrage
at the same time. "• , ■ .
TENNESSEE'S BOYS AND GIRLS*
There are 686,000 boys and girls 7 in
Tennessee who have a voice in saying
what kind of a structure the Children's
Centennial building shall be. As this
building will be the only one used
for educational purposes 8100 teachers also
have an interest in It. There will never be
presented a better opportunity to emphasize
and accent the educational work in Tennessee.
if the boys and girls and teachers can once see
how eloquently and effectively a magnificent
building will speak In the Interest of educa
tion, and see the untold benefits that will
accrue to them, it is safe to say that the most
attractive feature of the grand exposition to
many will be the Children's building.
California Glace fruits, 50c lb, Townsend's.*
• — ♦ »
E. H. Black, painter, 120 Eddy street *
» ♦ »
Bacon Printing Company, so9 Clay street.*
• — ♦ »
Special information daily to manufacturers,
business houses and public men by the Press
Clipping Bureau (Allen's), 510 Montgomery. •
• ♦ •
People Sufficiently Educated Now.
Salem (Or.) Statesman.
The people want a short campaign. Bui
they cannot have it. It commenced in No
vember three years ago, and It will not end
until a year from this November. But, thank
goodness, three-fourths of tne time has now
been served I
If you have catarrh yon should attack the dis
ease in the blood. Remove the impure cause by
taking Hood's Sarsaparilla, the great blood purifier,
which permanently cures catarrh.
__ * * .
Use Dr. Siegert's Angostura Bitters to stimulate
the appetite and keep the digestive organs la
order - — *—
• — ♦ •
If afflicted with sore eyes use Dr. Isaac Thomp
son's Eye Water. Druggists sell it at 25 cents.
«■ — * — ■ ,
I Stiffen Potato Prices With Starch.
A starch factory that would put inferior
potatoes to their best use would make better
prices for those that are fit for human food.
1 Ipvepted §
©_»__ /~*_~ i
X ? !
.jJSP'- Before 9
M*&& white men fl
£!?%& . made cigars M
—Xlßty* the savage na- 5!
sif>£s tives of New Guinea *g
S^gjSS^ tobacco into crude fl
gaJaiw tives of New Guinea "■■-
AtafmW rolled tobacco into crude fl
t&kr cigars and wrapped them £3
jA| with a leaf from a tree. jS
gfi This was perhaps the first' round 53
8 This was perhaps first round *■
in a ladder the topmost one of J
%& which is the new La fl
§ Estrelte 1
© CIGAR 2