Newspaper Page Text
VOLUME LXXVIII.-NO. 164.
SCORCHED BY ISELIN.
Lord Dunraven Denounced
as a Liar and a
DEMANDS AN INQUIRY.
The New York Yacht Club to
Investigate the Briton's
READY TO BACK HIS WORDS.
The American Will Pass the Lie When
His Lordship Crosses
NEW YORK, N. V., Nov. 10.-It was
stated to-night that C. Oliver Iselin will
ask the New York Yacht Club to-morrow
to take action on the charges that Lord
Dunraven makes that the ballast of the
Defender was tampered with at Erie basin
in order to secure advantages in time al
" Lord Dunraven may rest assured."
paid Mr. Iselin, "that his outrageous
accusations will be thoroughly investi
gated. I am not accustomed to being
placed in the light of a thief, which is the
inference of Lord Dunraven's wor<is.
Either he is telling an untruth in this
matter or I am, and I shall demand that
the New York Yacht Club find out which
of us is. After the New York Yacht Club
has announced its decision I shall demand
that it take action personally with Lord
Dunraven to express the opinion of the
members of his conduct.
"I cannot tell just what course the club
will take, but presume that the investiga
tion will be in the form of a regular court
of inquiry, and that the witnesses will be
summoned from the crews of The Defender
and the Hattie Palmer. Some of the Val
kyrie's crew will be summoned, probably,
if they can be found. Lord Dunraven
must substantiate his accusations or take
"The assertion that the load water line
was lowered four inches by putting in
ballast is preposterous on the face of it.
Approximately it would require fourteen
to fifteen tons of lead to do this. Now,
does Lord Dunraven or any one else im
agine that this weight of baJlast could be
taken on drays and put aboard the De
fender in the night without creating a sen
sation in Erie ba^in? More persons than
the crew of the Valkyrie would of necessity
become aware of such a transaction.
<I trust that Lord Danraven will send
tt' person or persons who saw the ballast
puf aboard to the inquiry. Their testimony
would be highly valuable."
'•When you characterize such accusa
tions as Lord Dunraven's as those of a liar
and blackguard, that implies a challenge
to a duel, does it not, Mr. Iselin?" was
"Yes," was the decided answer, "and I
am fully prepared to sustain all I have
'Have you consulted with either Mr.
Morgan or Mr. Vanderbilt about this mat
"No, I have consulted no one. The
charges are directed against me personally,
as I consider, and l deem myself justified
in acting for myself in this affair."
"Shall you demand an apology of Lord
Dunraven in your private capacity, irre
spective of your relations to the New York
"As to that, I must decline to answer,
further than I stand ready to make good
everything which I have uttered."
"Would you tell Lord Dunraven that ac
cusations such as his were those of a liar
and a blackguard were he to be present at
"I most assuredly would."
"Have you heard from Maitland Kersey
concerning these charges?"
"No, I have heard nothing from Lord
Dunraven's representative in America."
ADRIFT ON A WRECK.
The Starving Crew of the Schooner Fran
cis Picked Up by a Pass
BALTIMORE, Me, Nov. 10.— A ship
wrecked crew and the captain's wife were
brought here to-day. For an entire week
the woman and seven men were threatened
with death, and when rescued were more
dead than alive, as the result of exposure
and . lack of nourishment. A few partly
decayed potatoes was the only food of
whicn the party partook for seven days,
and during that period there was no water
to drink. To add to the misery of their
position, the shipwrecked party was con
stantly menaced by death from drowning
daring those lone days and longer nights.
The schooner Francis of St. Johns, N.
8., left Jacksonville for Demarara with
lumber October 13. On board were Captain
John H. Geaner and wife, Chief Officer
James A. McDonald, and Seamen Harry
Davis, Richard Delmore, Richard Coyler,
George H. Orman and John Bree. On Oc
tober 21 a strong gale and heavy seas were
encountered. Late at bight some of the
deckload was washed away and the balance
was thrown overboard.
At 4 o'clock the following morning the
wind suddenly shifted, throwing the ves
sel on end and leaving her in an almost
perpendicular position until the rigginu
could be cut away. Heavy seas continued
,to wash the decks, making it necessary for
the crew to lash themselves to stationary
For three days no vessel was sighted.
Then a ray of hope came to the ship
wrecked party in the shape of two vessels,
but hope soon died out as they passed by
without being attracted by the distress
signals. During the next four days the
drooping spirits and fast failing strength
of Mrs. Gesner and the seven men were
occasionally revived by the sight of a
None of them saw the unfortunates,
however, until early Tuesday morning,
October 29, when the Norwegian bark
Enterprise, Captain Paulsen, from Mobile
for Havre, fourteen days out, sighted the
wreck ia latitude 2.58 north, longitude
The san Francisco Call.
".30 west, and sent boats alongside.
Captain Gesner, his wife and the crew
were transferred to the Enterprise, after
wtiich Captain Paulsen set fire to what re
mained of the Francis.
SHOT BY AN ANGRY HUSBAND.
An Arkansas Man's Attentions to the Wife
of a Drummer May Cause His
LEAVENWORTH, Kans., Nov. 10.—
Crawford Moore, a traveling salesman for
the Great Western Manufacturing Com
pany of this city, this afternoon shot
Major James M. Laing as he was going up
the stairs leading to his office on South
Fourth street, iv the Laing block. Moore
fired four shots, one of the bullets taking
effect in the lower right thigh, passing up
ward, ano was afterward discovered under
the skin near the groin, where it was cut
out by the physician. The bullets were
from a 38-caliber revolver.
Moore was arrested and placed in jail.
The major was taken to his home on
Osage street, between Sixth and Seventh,
where surgical aid was given him. The
shooting grew out of the attentions of
Laing to Moore's wife.
Shortly before 1 o'clock both men met
at the bottom of the stairs leading to Ma
jor Laing's office on South Fourth street,
where they remained for some time earn
estly engaged in conversation. From
what could be ascertained by those who
who were near, Moore demanded a sum
of money for despoiling the relations be
tween himself and wife. The major re
fused to comply with the request, and as
he started to go upstairs Moore fired.
For a number of years Major Laing has
been paying open attention to Mrs. Moo"re.
Their relations were notorious, and Moore
himself was well aware of it. Both Moore
and Major Laing were on friendly terms —
at least they were frequently seen together.
| For some time Major Laing has been try
ing to break away from the woman, and
those who are familiar with the situation
say this made Moore angry.
The family of Major Laing returned
from Europe about two months ago, hav
ing been absent there for several years.
ANDREW CARNEGIE'S GIFT.
A Free Library With an Endowment for Its
Maintenance to Be Presented to
PITTSBURG, Pa.. Nov. 10.— Andrew
Carnegie, upon his visit to Homestead last
week, made known his plans for present
ing the town with a free library. The pro
posed building is to cost $400,000, inde
pendent of the permanent endowment for
its maintenance, which Mr. Carnegie will
The building will comprise a free library,
reading-rooms, music ball, gymnasium,
clubrooms and swimming pool. The
music hall will be equipped with a large
organ, and organ recitals are to be held
every week. The people of Homestead
are profuse in their appreciation of Mr.
Carnegie's generosity, and a public meet
ing to that end will be neld soon. The
building is to be completed within a year.
STEPPED UPOX A CARTRIDGE.
Theatrical Manager Drew Hurting a
CLEVEL AN D.Ohio. Nov. 10.— The lately
established theatrical firm of Wood Camp
bell and Frank M. Drew, owners and man
agers of the Star Theater, came near
terminating on account of a most peculiar
accident last night.
The gentlemen were on their way home
togther after the show. Mr. Campbell
stepped upon a cartridge, which some one
had dropped on the sidewalk. The cart
ridge exploded, the ball striking Mr. Drew
in the foot and making a very ugly wound.
If blood poisoning does not follow the
wound may not be serious.
CANADA'S CABINET CRISIS
Resignation of the Present Min
istry Believed to Be Not
Numerous Dissensions That Promise
to Result in a Speedy Dis
OTTAWA, On-t., Nov. 10.-Matters are
not running very smoothly now in the
Dominion Cabinet, and reports say that
its disruption is only a matter of a few
days. The dissensions on the Manitoba
school case are hastening this, and besides
other things of more or less importance,
such as the Alaska question and the
trouble with the United States over the
sealing and fishing questions, are increas
ing the friction. Several of the Ministers
are now anxious to avoid remedial legisla
tion to the Catholics of Manitoba in re
storing to them separate schools until the
general elections are over, while others in
the Cabinet say they must stick to their
pledge although defeat is inevitable.
A letter from Lieutenant-Governor Cha
pleau, whom Sir Mackenzie Rowell is try
ing to induce to enter the Cabinet, says he
is not coming in now to take the chestnuts
out of the fire for others, and in diplomatic
circles this expression on the part of the
Lieutenant-Governor carries great weight.
Sovereign, grand master of the Orange
order, who holds the position of Controller
of Customs in the Rowell government,
says he will resign if remedial legislation
There are now six vacant setts in Parlia
ment, which -will have to be filed before
the House meets in January, and these
will give the Government an opportunity
of testing its strength in the country and
the popularity of its policy.which proposes
legislation in the interest of the Catholic
minority agafnst the protestations of the
Orange orders and those holding the ex
treme Protestant views.
Tise feeling is that the Cabinet will be
unable to rise to the emergency, harrassed
as it is by the multitude of questions be
fore it, and that it will have to resign be
fore these questions can be put to the coun
try. On all hands the situation is regarded
as very grave.
Han Aground at Queenttotcn.
QUEENSTOWN, Enq., Nov. 10.-The
British ship St. Mungo, Captain Hamil
ton, from San Francisco June 24, ran
aground while attempting to enter tins
harbor. Two tugs went to her assistance
and finally got her off. She was then taken
to an anchorage.
SAN FRANCISCO, MONDAY MORNING, NOVEMBER 11, 1895.
THE TAMMANY TIGER ESCAPED, AS USUAL.
GROVER FEELS THE WEIGHT OP THE REPUBLICAN HMD.
[With acknowledgments to the New York Herald.]
SEARCHED FOR ARMS
An American Brig Boarded
by an Armed Force of
PROTESTS OF NO AVAIL.
The United States Consul Ignored
by the Officer in
NO CAUSE FOE THE OUTRAGE
The Vessel Allowed to Proceed After
Its Cargo Had Been Thoroughly
QUARANTINE, S. 1., Nov. 10.-The brig
Harriet G, which arrived iast night from
Nuevitas, reports that a Spanish officer
with an armed force boarded the brig on
October 3 under the suspicion that arms
and munitions were concealed on board,
and searched the vessel in every part. Cap
tain Miller*protested against the outrage.
The United States Consul also came on
board and protested with the Spanish offi
cer without avail. Finding nothing to
verify their suspicions, they left the vessel
without further parley.
On board the Harriet G is Gustave de la
Torre, a Cuban, who was obliged to leave
Nuevitas to avoid persecution.
CAMPOS WANTS PEACE.
Declare* That It Will Take Three Tears
to Conquer the Cubans.
BOSTON, Mass., Nov. 10.— A dispatch to
a morning paper brings the following in
telligence of the present state of affairs in
Cuba. The dispatch, which ia dated Ha
vana, November 9, says:
The rebellion in Cuba has now reached
that period where the result may be said
to remain in the balance, and with the ex
odus of November the question whether
the despotic Spanish rule is going to grind
down the Cubans with a harder heel than
ever, or whether the time has at last
reached its full, ripe stage and Cuba is to
take her place among the Governments of
the world will be definitely decided.
That the state of affairs is very serious
indeed cannot be doubted. Trade in such
cities as Matannas, Santiago de Cuba and
Cienfuegos 1b at a standstill, while in
Havana itself, removed comparatively
quite a distance, as it were, from the strife,
the business situation is so seriously
affected that the depression in all circles of
commerce' is most marked.
The struggling patriots are now turning
their eyes with longine glances at the
United States, hoping constantly, but
seemingly hopelessly, that their beligerent
rights will be recognized ; and, strange as
it may seem, General Martinez Campos
pretends that he desires the consummation
of that one fond hope of the Cuban patri
ots. When seen and asked whether he
thought the United States Government
would do so he said :
"I have no doubt but that the United
States Government will recognize the so
called Cuban Republic whenever the au
thorities at Washington believe it, in their
best judgment, the policy of their Govern
ment to do so. When that will be I can
not pretend to prophecy."
In regard to this policy of showing leni
ency toward the insurgents and trying pa
cific measures, which has been rather
severely criticized not only by the Spanish
home Government but even by those in
power in Havana, General Campos said:
"I know that the feeling against this
policy in some quarters is very strong, but
I shall not take such expressions of feeline,
unless they take the form of a command
from my superiors, to have any influence
on my actions. I think that the one
and only practical way in which we can
hope for success and a happy adjustment
of the war. In addition to its being a
politic method it is the only humane one.
"Many insurgents are willing to lay
down their arms, announce allegiance to
Spain and receive immunity, and if any
thing will tend to end the war this policy
will. To make them outlaws, without the
possibility of pardon, would mean to them
that it would be better to die in battle than
in the hands of their captors. Ido not
hesitate to assert that unless this policy is
carried out most vigorously the war will
cont inue for at least three years more and
it would take surely 150,000 Spanish sol
diers to put down the insurrection. I have
at hand now in the island over 80,000
troops, with 35,000 more on their way from
When asked as to the probable outline
of his campaign General Campos said that
his whole efforts would be turned to the
region in the vicinity of Santiago de Cuba.
"When this campaign is once started I
have no doubts but that the war will reach
a speedy termination,'' said he. "I am
in hopes that we shall have finished by
the coming spring. Hopes are subject to
the fortunes of war, so I shall make no
rash surmises. Spanish politics may not
interest the American people, out I may
say that from my standpoint the present
division in Spanish politics is to be de
plored. This is the one great evil which I
always have to fear, and it may even be
so strong that I shall be unable to combat
it. I shall push the war forward, but its
early termination depends on how the
home Government acts."
Another dispatch from the headquarters
of the insurgent army of the ea3t, near
Santiago de Cuba, shows a similar feeling
in regard to the quick termination of the
struggle, but the patriots look in vain for
anything that would manifest a Spanish
triumph. The insurgents are winning
battles daily and have such complete con
trol over the eastern part of the island that
they can push forward their campaign in
the west as soon as practicable. General
Maceo says that all his men are well
armed, that defeat is impossible and that
by spring the Spanish will have been
driven out of the country. The whole
outlook of the struggle at present fa vors
REBELS IS V A HE MATAX Z AS.
Frontier Totcna in the Province of Ha
NEW YORK, N. V., Nov. 10.— A special
cable to the Herald from Havana says:
• A battle has been fought near the city
of Guanajay. The Government troops
The Spanish gnnhoat El Indio, which
went ashore at Trinidad during the cy
clone, is still aground, all efforts made so
far to get her off having proven in vain,
and it is now feared that she will have to
The engagement at Cavo Espino con
firms previous reports that large bodies of
insurgents liave succeeded in invading the
province of Matanzas, and are now men
acing frontier towns in the province of
MRS. COLT'S CASE LOST
She Is Unable to Substantiate
Her Charges Against
The Husband to Push His Suit for
Damages Against James J.
PROVIDENCE, R. L, Nov. 10.— The
proceedings for divorce begun last month
by Mrs. Elizabeth W. Colt, a social leader
of Bristol, have come to a standstill. The
failure of her counsel to secure the slight
est evidence to substantiate her allegation
against Colonel Samuel Pomeroy Colt will
in all probability result in the withdrawal
of the petition from the Supreme Court.
Mrs. Colt's lawyers are denouncing the
New Hampshire witnesses who were not
on hand at Conway to make depositions.
It was believed a week ago that some im
portant evidence might be found in New
York, but it is conceded that only state
ments of doubtful value are available
It is thought that the lawyers for Mrs.
Colt made a mistake in filing the divorce
petition before they had secured their
New Hampshire evidence relating to an
alleged episode at Jackson, in the White
Mountains. Mrs. Colt's divorce petition
will be withdrawn or dismissed just as
soon as her lawyers can do so without
The end of the divorce case does not in
least affect the standing on the court
docEet of the suit of Colonel Colt against
James J. Van Alen for $200,000 for alienat
ing his wife's affections.
ENGLAND'S BIG GRAB.
Alarming Aspect of the
Situation in Alaska
CONTROL OF THE YUKON.
A Bold Attempt to Seize the
Deep Sea Navigation
THE KEY TO THE GOLD FIELDS.
American Vessels to Be Supplanted by
Those of Great Britain in
WASHINGTON, D. C, Nov. 10.— Hon.
Arthur K. Delaney of Alaska, who was Col
lector of the Port of Sitka dm ing Cleve
land's first administration, and who was
appointed Judge of the United States Court
of Claims of Alaska, arrived in the city
yesterday. His mission here is to inform
the administration regarding the Alaska
boundard dispute, and to urge the neces
sity of action on the part of the United
States in opposing British aggressions.
The whole matter has been placed before
Attorney- General Harmon and Assistant
Secretary of the Treasury Hamlin. The
latter ha 3 been to Alaska and is familiar
with the situation. These gentlemen will
place the matter before the State Depart
ment after more investigations have been
In speaking of the surveys made by the
British corps of engineers and the inten
tion of the British Government to make
the southeast boundary to the westward,
thereby acquiring a large area of territary,
Mr. Delaney said to The Call corre
"The proposed new boundary line
swerves when it reaches Mount Windham
to the west. The reason of this change in
the line is obvious, for as it runs England
acquires the end of the inland passage.
By cutting off this nice slice of territory
England would get the terminal of deep
sea navigation, Pyramid harbor, Chilkat
and the beginning of the Yukon trail,
which would give her a vast hold over the
Yukon Valley, which for some reason,
probably modesty, she does not try to get
"If successful in her claims it is obvious
that England will control the key to a
large proportion of the most valuable ter
ritory of the United States. In acquiring
an entrance to Chilkat Pass and trail Eng
land would control the most easily accessi
ble route to the gold fields, the other route
being by Bering Sea and entering the
Yukon River at its mouth, and ascending
it, which would involve a journey of 2500
miles to Foriy-mile Creek and Circle City,
the present mining camps in the Yukon
"Aside from this England wonld establish
a trading post and custom-house at Pyra
mid harbor for the Yukon trade. She
would also supplant with English vessels
the vast commerce now being carried on
by us. As a consequence the United
States would lose the extensive trade it
now has with that section, as well as the
transportation carried on in American
Mr. Delaney said there was every reason
to believe that the Canadian Pacific Rail
road and the Canadian Pacific Navigation
Company, under Commodore John Irving,
M. P., were in the scheme ana its real
SIIOULD AID VENEZUELA.
Ex-Senator Edtt'tinds' Views on the South
PHILADELPHIA, Pa., Nov. 16.-An in
formal talk, as he called it, was given last
night by ex-United States Senator George
F. Edmunds to the members of the Union
Leajrue Club and their friends on "Inter
national Relations in Central and South
America.'.' The prominent position occu
pied by.the speaker for so many j years |in
the Senate, coupled with 1 the present diffi
culty over the boundary between Venezu
ela and British Guiana, added more than
the usual interest to such a discussion.
On a map which was hung alongside the
speaker's platform Senator Edmunds
pointed ont the possessions of Great Brit
ain, which encircled the globe. This great
expansion, he said, was not a conquest of
blood, but of trade, business and English
civilization. He gave a history of the
origin of the Monroe doctrine.
"That doctrine declared," be said, "that
we would not look with unconcern (which
in my Vermont dialect means we would
not tolerate) the interference of any for
eign power with respect to the autonomy
or existence of the American republics.
That was the Monroe doctrine, and it has
Btood as a standing menace to all foreign
countries from that time to this."
Senator Edmunds called attention to the
way British claims in Honduras had grown
from almost nothing to 7000 square miles.
In British Guiana in 1851 their claims in
cluded only a few towns, with no boundary
at all given on the border toward Vene
zuela. In 1870 this small claim had grown
to 76,000 square miles, and in 1892 to 109,
--000 square miles.
"That is British expansion," he added,
"but I hope and believe that the President
and his Secretary of State will not let Ven
ezuela be squeezed out of the mouth of the
Orinoco. I hope the President will see
that all of our southern neighbors are pro
tected in their just rights."
Senator Edmunds also urged the great
advantages of the Nicaragua canal under
American control. After referring to many
matters to be considered when discussing
annexation of Cuba, for instance, he paid
a compliment to President Cleveland, say
ing that no President had ever been found
lacking in patriotism in looking after our
relations with foreign countries, and Re
publican though he was, he could heartily
say that of both of Mr. Cleveland's admin
istrations, as would no doubt be demon
strated to all when all the facts came out.
JAPAX WAXTS PEACE.
JVb Disposition to Arouse the Jealousy of
WASHINGTON, D. C, Nov. 10.— re
cent dispatch from Paris stated that an
Embassador of one of the great powers had
expressed a belief that a grave crisis in the
far East was imminent, and that it could
be averted only by an alliance between the
United States, Great Britain and Japan.
The Embassador was quoted as saying that
"it is impossible for the United States to
remain neutral as they cannot abandon
their China trade to Russia without a
It is, of course, difficult to obtain an ex
pression of opinion concerning this state
ment in any official quarter, but it is easy
to see that it is not credited by those who
have the best means of accurately judging
tbe real trend of affairs in the East.
They say that Russia, Btrictly speaking, is
not a commercial power, and that, conse
quently, there is little, if any probability
of commercial rivalry between her and the
Petroleum is their only commercial ex
port of any importance to China and
Japan, and the preponderance of Russian
influence can make little or no difference
in the trade in that article.
- Japan's case is, of course, different, but
there is nothing in the present situation
to indicate that Japan is seeking an al
liance with either Russia or Great Britain.
In certain contingencies Russian and Jap
anese interests might possibly clash in
Korea, but the. recent declaration of the
Japanese Government regarding its policy
in that country must have disarmed any
possible jealousy on the part of Russia.
The announcement that most of the Jap
anese troops in Korea will be withdrawn
when Port Arthur is evacuated is accepted
here as a guarantee of Japan's good faith.
The retention of a small number of sol
diers to protect Japanese lives and prop
erty cannot be regarded as nullifying this
declaration, more especially as it has been
formally declared that these also will be
withdrawn when the Korean Government
is able to afford adequate protection to for
Taking into account the unquestionable
preponderance of Japanese interests in
Korea, which render such a course both
natural and proper, it does not seem prob
able that Russia or any other country will
object to it, or perceive in it, as has been
suggested, a parallel to the attitude of
Great Britain in Egypt.
A precedent for the action of Japan
might be found, if it were needed, in the
fact that both Great Britain and France
statibned troops at Yokohama for the pro
tection of the lives and property of their
people during the serious civil commotions
which preceded the restoration, and re
tained them there for several years. But
this is a minor point. The significant fact
is that the Japanese Government has
sternly repressed certain of its over-zealous
officials and subjects in Korea, and has
declared that its policy toward that coun
try is strictly one of non-interference.
This is the most notable developmentof
the Eastern situation -which has recently
occurred. The news of Japan's action was
doubtless as welcome at St. Petersburg as
at London, and so far at least may be
regarded as a deterrent to anything litce
an alliance between Great Britain and
Japan against Russia. On the other hand,
it may be taken for granted that Russia is
too sagacious to wantonly provoke sucb
an alliance, or to needlessly force the
friendship of either the United States or
Japan. - '
SB.IP-SCUTTLEHS IS TROUBLE.
Wtioleiale Arrest* of Prominent Xetc
foundlanders to He -"l/ade.
ST. JOHNS, N. F., Nov. 10.— The police
are indignant at the premature disclosure
of the ship-scuttling practices which are
now under investigation, but they are pre
paring to cope with any possible danger to
their case which may result from the fore
warning of those implicated.
The cruiser Fiona is being made ready
to start to-morrow to arrest outport mem
bers of the syndicate, while the housesand
business places of those suspected in St.
Johns are being watched to prevent the
suspects from mak ing their escape by out
going steamers. Much excitement pre
vails here over the matter, owing to the
reputed good character of those involved,
but nearly everybody expresses the hope
that if the cases are really as bad as is
represented the offenders will receive ex
Ex-Senator Thurman Improving.
COLUMBUS, Ohio, Nov. 10.— The condi
tion of ex-Senator Thurman continues to
improve. He spent a very good day, and
to-night Allen W. Thurman, his son, said
he was now regarded by his physicinn as
out of immediate danger.
For Pacific Coast Telegrams see
Pages 3 and 4.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
NEARING A CLIMAX.
European Powers Cannot
Long Avert a Crisis
GREAT BRITAIN'S PLIGHT
Must Choose Between Total Iso
lation or an Aggressive
CONTINENTAL ALLIES NEEDED.
An Effort to Force the Salisbury
Government Into a Definite
BERLIN, Gkrmany, Nov. 10.— The decla
rations of Lord Salisbury in his speech
upon the occasion of the banquet of the
Lord Mayor of London last night, and the
otficial statement made by M. Berthelot,
the French Minister of Foreign Affairs in
Paris, sum up everything of an official
character that is known here in regard to
the Eastern situation. The reticence of
our Foreign Office remains nearly absolute,
and no information conveying the slight
est idea of the general position is per
mitted to leak out.
Since Austria, under the approval of
Germany, entered the European concert,
the semi-official press says the situation
has cleared up materially. The Sultan
knows Austria's power and disposition to
take immediate action, and dreads that
more than any other thing that has yet
menaced him; and in consequence,' these
papers assert, he is prepared to concede
anything that may be demanded of the
Although Germany has joined the Eu
ropean league, she certainly has not com
mitted herself to any project contemplat
ing a European protectorate over Turkey,
the occupation of Armenia' by Russia or
any other scheme which would involve in
terference at the present time with the
powers of the $ultan within hi 3 own do
mains, and the Xorth German Gazette de
clares that the Christian inhabitants of
Turkey in the meantime will be in no wise
The correspondent of the Tageblatt in
Constantinople telegrams to his paper that
he is in a position to affirm that no war
like complications are likely to arise from
the Armenian trouble, and behind this
soothing, semi-official assertion remains a
combination of unexplained facts suggest
ing that it is the intention of Germany to
play the part of the honest broker in the
The principal one of these facts is the
action of Count Goulochowski, the Aus
trian Secretary of State for Foreign Af
fairs, in first making overtures to Lord
Salisbury calling attention to the fact that
it would greatly strengthen the position of
England if the Triple Alliance should be
taken into the alliance of powers on the
Turkish question, under conditions that
Austria would institute operations if re
quired to protect the Macedonian popula
tion, Austria's geographical position ena
bling her to do so at a moment's notice.
The assent of the English Premier to this
virtual proposal was obtained under Lord
Salisbury's conviction that England would
require a strong backing against the coali
tion of Russia and France when the time
should arrive for the partitioning of Tur
In view of all this, while peace reigns
for a moment under cautious ministerial
utterances, nobody believes that the Turk
will be able to weather the crisis which
confronts him very much longer. It is
thought that paramount interest in the
present position to the highest official cir
cle here lies in the hope that the policy
now being pursued will force England into
the Dreibund. England has always been
ready to seize advantages from the central
European coalition without committing'
herself to anything, but the time has come
when she is confronted with tlie alterna
tive of choic between fatal isolation and a
definite union with the Continental powers.
A semi-official paper in Hamburg, the
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