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CHARLES M. SHOKTRIDGE,
Editor and Proprietor.
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DAVID M. KOI.TZ, Special Agent,
FRIDAY... NOVEMBER 22, 1895
THE CALL SPEAKS FOR ALL.
Newfoundland has many fisheries, but
none so scah' as her hanks.
The Sultan's nnnie is Abdul Hamed
Khan, but he belies it for he won't.
It begins to look as if the next local issue
would be a special charter election.
Chicago is waiting for the convention to
come to her, but we are going for it.
If we must have a new charter, it would
be better to have it sooner than later.
In making preparations forThanugiving
do not forget that charity is a part of it.
There are few men in these days who can
pass a turkey without a happy thought.
American sold not only talks against the
Gorman tariff, but it leaves the country.
Cleveland at last holds a unique position
he is tue only Democrat in public sight.
The poolroom is a kind of blatherskite
business that shouid be made to shut up.
Sherman blames neither Harrison nor
Alger. He says it was their wicked
Men never knew what strides the new
woman was making until she began to
However the Ashworth trial may ter
minate, street contractors will be more
careful next time.
It is worth noting that none of the fights
now being made for public improvements
end in idle criticism.
Kovaler could not find liberty in his
own country, but we will give him rope
enough for a full swing.
By coming to this City the delegates to
the National Convention ■will get as good a
show as they will give us.
There may be fun in shooting folly as it
flies, but it would be more profitable to hit
that which stays with us.
Maguire may lead the Junta out of the
wilderness, but that is all. There is no
promised land for Democracy.
Now that the East is a day's ride nearer
to the Pacific Coast, it may justly claim to
have made a yreat step forward.
Massachusetts offers Democracy three
candidates for the Presidency, but shedoe3
not promise a single electoral vote.
Every movement for the pubiic welfare
leads to a battle-held. There must always
Le a tight before there can be a victory.
The New York S>m accuses Chicago of
h;ngne?s, r ' and it certainly does
seem to be making too much fuss in the
The Cuban insurgents have ordered the
sugar plantations to close up, but that
won't put a stop to raising cain in the
The safest thing to say of the weather
probabilities at present is that they are too
}:oo'l to swear at and too changeable to
t wear by.
More earthquakes have been felt in the
East, but the people have the option of
shaking tne country if they do not wish to
In sending three warships to Turkish
waters, Olney has done well, but he would
have done better to send a dozen to
As Canada is the biggest sideshow to
our circus it is worth noting that Cleveland
Las a considerable third-term support
General Campos will have to wait a
little longer for cool weather for his
aggressive campaign. Things are still too
hot for him in Cuba.
In comparison with the government of
other cities that of San Francisco is well
enough, but in comparison with its oppor
tunities it looks bad.
To demand the release of Waller as a
matter of right and then accept it as a
matter of trace may be diplomacy, but
there is no vigor in it.
The rate war is making a real Thanks
giving season for the Portland people, as
they can travel to San Francisco cheaper
than they can stay at home.
In the pressure of other things we must
not forget Mr. Mills' proposition of a free
market. That was one of the good things
that ought to be pushed along.
The good work done by the Board of
Health in the past gives the people confi
dence that in investigating the water sup
ply it will make a clean thing of it.
By the time the Supreme Court gets
through pruning off the powers of the
Mayor that official will be too much dis
figured to serve even as a figurehead.
If the state of the public funds permit
an increase of the salary of Inspector
Dockery, be ought to have it, for he has
certainly earned it by the faithful per
formance of disagreeable duties.
Now that Chicago is only three days
from San Francisco her people ought not
to overlook the advantage there will be in
an opportunity to see a National conven
tion and California at the same time.
A LESSON TOE FREE-TKADEBS.
Mr. Larke. the Canadian envoy who has
been trying to induce the people of New
Zealand to enter into reciprocal free-trade
relations with Canada, has not found the
ready agreement that he may have ex
pected. Even his appeal that such re
procity would be another "silken bond"
to hold the colonies together in the em
pire has been flouted, and his arguments
that the trade would be beneficial have
been met by the reply that the benefits
would accrue wholly to Canada and at the
expense of New Zealand.
The Auckland News, in commenting upon
the proposition, says: "It is pretty clear,
and the public has voiced the fact with no
uncertain sound, that the introduction of
Canadian pine free of customs, or its in
troduction practically free of freight, by
heavily subsidized steamers, would be
equally ruinous to all concerned in any
way with the timber interests and furni
ture and wood works of New Zealand. It
is not that we think that absolutely free
ports would bean injury to any country,
but if our workers and our traders are
heav'ly taxed on all the necessaries of life,
and then have to go into competition with
the low priced and Chinese labor that
fells the forests and works the mills on the
forest frontages of the deep sea sounds
and rivers of British Columbia, they will
be simply driven out of their own field."
The New Zealanders, it appears, have
learned the lesson that our free-traders are
too stupid to learn, even after the hard
experience of the two years of depression.
New Zealand not even to maintain the
"silken bond of the empire" will surrender
her industries to the ruinous competition
of Chinese labor and subsidized steamers
in British Columbia. With her people
business and sentiment are not mixed with
folly. They are willing enough, doubt
less, to maintain the British empire, but
they intend to maintain New Zealand in
dustry along with it.
The Democratic free-traders have ex
posed our lumber industry at close range
to trie very competition which the New
Zeaiandera object to, even when protected
by the immense distance that lies between
them and their would-be rivals. Although
there is now an urgent need for greater
revenues, these free-traders of ours are
still opposed to raising that revenue by
customs duties that would afford protec
tion to our wool and lumber. It is cer
tainly a strange folly that has rendered so
many otherwise intelligent Americans
more devoted to British ideas of free trade
than even the British colonists them
SPAIN HAS A STKONG- IKIEND.
El Otmtercio, an able Spanish -English
paper published in this City, takes The
Call .severely to task for a recent editorial
asserting that the Cuban rebellion is grow
ing, that General Campos has proved him
self unable thus far to suppress it, and that
the dissension in the home Government of
Spain and the apparent expectation of
General Campos that ihe United States
will recognize the belligerent ri.-hts of the
insurgents seem to indicate that such in
terference would not, only be proper and
tiiiely but would possibly be welcomed
by Spain as a solution of a difficulty from
which it seems unlikely to escape without
humiliation and great loss of life and
Our contemporary declares that the
news upon which our conclusions were
based was false. "It is evident,"' it asserts,
"that the seeds sown b\* the filibustering
center established in Boston have pro
duced a good crop, when so faithfully and
with such conviction the falsehoods and
calumnies there invented are upheld and
propagated by said paper." Elsewhere it
rays: "It would be most disgraceful for
us should our silence in the niatterauthor
ize such publication of groundless and
highly offensive judgment on the nation
to which we take pride in appertainin?."
As for the news from Cuba which The
Call lias published we know of no reason
to doubt its accuracy, and our contem
porary has given us none except in saying
that it emanates from a filibustering cen
ter at Boston. If The Calt, doubted the
accuracy of its news service it would re
gard itself as having been grossly imposed
upon in this instance, and would take
prompt measures for redress. But it be
lieves its news to be correct. It adopted
The United Press service because it be
lieved that to be reliable.
The declaration by our contemporary's
editor that he takes pride in appertaining
to Spain precludes any assumption that he
is an American citizen or has any sym
pathy with the American idea of a re
publican form of government. But as it
seems safe to assume that he loves Spain,
her monarchical form of Government and
her oppression of the Cubans better than
a republican form of government, better
than the American love of freedom and
Letter than the institutions, aims and as
pirations of the American people, the won
der is, not that he should so bitterly ar
raign those who sympathize with the Cu
bans in their effort to throw off oppression
and secure autonomy, but that, knowing
of the existence of a filibustering center at
Boston, he should fail to assist the country
to whicli he proclaims alleciance in bring
ing it before the exterminating notice of
our Government. In its readiness to sup
prees filibustering aimed at the security of
.Spain's hold on Cuba our Government has
set an example of loyalty to its friendly
relations with Spain which the Spanish
patriot who conducts our contemporary
might well emulate.
It would be interesting to know how
many of El Comcrcio's Spanish-speaking
readers are in symputhy with the senti
ments which it expresses; how many of
them prefer the monarchy of Spain to the
republic Of the United States; how many
are ready to deride the efforts of oppressed
peoples to throw off the yoke of a mon
archy and exercise the inherent and in
alienable right of intelligent human beings
to have a Government of their own making
and conduct. We do not believe that there
are many. We are confident that every
Spanish-speaking person born on this con
tinent is a freeman and republican to the
marrow in his bones, and that those nu
merous natives of Spain who have re
nounced allegiance to the country of their
birth and sworn fealty to the institutions
of the United States have hearts that beat
in pity for those suffering under monarch
ical oppression wherever they are found,
and that they cherish a generous sympathy
for all honorable efforts to aid these
wretched, helpless and worthy victims of
IRRIGATION IN NEBRASKA.
It can hardly be pleasant for Judge Res?
of California to read what the Supreme
Court of Nebraska has just done, but ad
vocates of the California irrigation law
have something to console them and pos
sibly to exert an influence on the Supreme
Court of the United States in its determi
nation of the appeal from Judge Ross' de
The news from Nebraska is very meager.
It is haraly sufficient to serve as a basis
for an analysis, but it is this, as it has been
telegraphed to The Call: ",The case just
deckled was entitled The Alfalfa Irrisa
tion District vb. Collins, an appeal from
THE SAN FRANCISCO CALL, FRIDAY, JN O V JUMISKK 22, I*^s.
Kean County. The district act provides
for the organization of irrigation districts
and for taxation of property to pay the
cost of construction of ditches and other
necessary works. The act is copied after
the California law, the constitutionality of
which is a question now pending in the
United States Supreme Court."
Taken in connection with the announce
ment that "the constitutionality of Ne
braska's irrigation Jaw has been sustained
by the Supreme Court," the news looks
straight and intelligent. It means to say
that the State of Nebraska, recognizing the
necessity of irrigation and of laws to pro
vide for meeting the necessity; has not
only followed the law of California but also
the decisions of our courts upholding the
law, Juds:e Ross and his famous adverse
decision to the contrary notwithstanding.
It means, further, that the States which
know what they want and have the intelli
eenci to go about securing it have courts
in sympathy with their necessities. And
they are giving the federal courts to un
derstand that there is such a thing as
Impertinent meddling in State affairs.
If it should be deemed unlikely that the
Supreme Court of the United States would
deign to notice either the needs of a State
or the rulings of its highest court, the
Congressmen from those Western States
which need National irrigation laws have
an opportunity to show the extent of their
combined influence on National legislation.
THE KOVALEV VERDICT.
From the history of Ivan Kovalev and
bis treatment in California it is hoped that
our people have learned a lesson which
will abide with them. Kovalev and a
number of his associates were desperate
criminals held in penal confinement on the
northern Pacific coast by Russia. They
escaped, came to San Francisco, were
found here by agents of Russia and a de
mand for their surrender to Russia was
made upon our Government. Instantly a
tremendous hullaballoo was raised in cer
tain quarters, principally the local sensa
tional press. It was announced that these
men were Russian patriots whom the
Great White Czar was hounding, because
they were opposed to the tyranny which
he exercised. The matter went into our
Federal courts, where it was decided on
treaty grounds that Russia's demand
should not be complied with.
The desperate criminals were set at lib
erty. Enough had Deen learned to inform
us that besides being common criminals
they were possibly nihilists. Whether
these dangerous men really were nihilists
or merely posed as such in order to rouse
sympathy on the score of being opposed
to the Czar's government is a matter of no
consequence. It ought to have been surli-
cient to reflect that a nihilist, like an
anarchist, is an enemy of established gov
ernment, and that therefore the nourish
ing of the nihilistic sentiment in this
country is the coddling of an enemy of
American institutions. There are nihilists
whose opposition to constituted authority
is confined to a desirp to see the throne of
Russia overturned and a republic estab
lished. Bach a desire is not incompatible
with American citizenship.
But Kovalev and his companions be
louged to a very different order. They
represented the criminal type in its most
degraded and most dangerous form. Being
of the lowest and most depraved order of
intelligence, their harboring could not
possibly express an intelligent sympathy
for any political idea. To mike heroes of
them was merely to arm them with greater
power to steal, murder and rob. And yet
they were transformed from a dangerous
menace to life and property into pictur
esque martyrs to Russian despotism.
Money was raised for them. They were
placed on exhibition and people Hocked to
see them, glad to pay for the privilege.
The end of the silly dream has come.
Desperate murders and other crimes have
been committed hereabout by persons
whose identity has never been discovered.
An old German and his wife named "We
ber were brutally murdered at Sacra
mento. A merchant of San Jose named
Dowdigan was waylaid and assaulted one
night by armed highwaymen, but he had
the grit to fight and left one of the bandits
dead on the field. After awhile the sharp
men of the law turned their attention to
the noble Russian heroes, and the outcome
of it is that they are known to have mur
dered the "Webers and assaulted Dowdi
gan. What further mischief they have
done may never be known.
Kovalev, one of the surviving murderers,
has been tried, convicted and treated with
a verdict to the gallows.. The raw-head
and-bloody-boncs of the mysterious third
section of course strutted and made faces
through the trial. The way for that had
been paved by the maudlin folly of San
Francisco. The next time that Russia
makes a demand upon us for desperate
thieves and murderers who have escaped
from her bast ; les, it is hoped we shall re
member that we have the lives and prop
erty of our own people to regard.
"THE CALL'S" STERLING VALUE.
Oakland Daily News.
In yesterday's News appeared an article ad
dressed to business men, showing how neces
sary it is that the latter should show some
sympathy for and interest in men who are
struggling to live by their labor in spite of the
crushing inroads of labor-saving machinery
upon their source of income.
That the gravity of the situation was not
overKtatcd and that tl>e News, and labor gene
rally, is not without friends and indorsement
in this rantter, is clearly shown by recent
action in San Francisco. The San Francisco
Call, which is now by tar the ablest
and best newspaper on the coast, has
contracted wtih the Typographical Union
not to put in typesetting machines for
a year and a half. It was led to
this action by the consideration thnt labor must
live: a viattcr to which it would be well for tin m if
its contemporaries ivould occasionally give a
thought. This course upon the part of Thk Call
will keep employed and able to live some
seventy-live or eighty sien, whereas the intro
duction of machines would have left liut ten or
fifteen with a source of livelihood from their
labor. This is a matter that means much to
the men, and also to those business men of
whom they buy their fcupplies, for neither of
these classes can live comfortably unless the
other is prosperous. For this action alone, to
say nothing of its sterling value as a news
paper. The ("all should have the united and
active support of all classes of labor on the
Albany (Or.) Democrat.
The editor of the San Francisco Call, in an
article in an Eastern paper, says ho doesn't
believo in coupon schemes, circus methods,
lotteries, etc., by newspapers to get. circula
tion. He believes in legitimate, straightfor
ward newspaper >york, giving the news in a
clean way. His head is level. The same may
be carried into any line of business. It pays
in the long run to do n straightforward busi
ness without any prize elephants, etc., 10 draw
trade. What the public wants is just dealing
in all lines of business.
INDORSEMENT OF MINERS.
Sunday's San Francisco Call has a long arti
cle on Coulterville mines, the second it has
published within a fortnight. The amount ot
attention that the metropolitan dailies are now
paying to mining matters is indicative of the
way in which popular interest is tending. The
gold qunrtz claims of Mariposa are being ivcll
kept to the front, a policy that receives the
hearty indorsement of all old-time miners who
have a knowledge of the district.
AROUND THE CORRIDORS.
Governor John E. Jones of Nevada, who has
been at the Palace for a few days, to which he
came from the sagebrush State because of ill
health, is rer.overing .slowly. He does not ven
ture out much and when he does it is with an
unsteady step, for he is weak. A physician at
tends him regularly and he thinks he will
soon be in better shape.
The Governor may be called a Nevada pio
neer. He came to lowa City in 1856 from
Wales and helped build the Union Pacific road
toward the West from the Missouri some years
later. He was one of the first in the rush to
GOVERNOR JOHN E. JOKES OF NEVADA.
White Pine, and later settled at Eureka. Eight
years ago he was elected Surveyor-General,
and last fall was successful as a gubernatorial
candidate against A. C. Cleveland, who was
known as a railroad candidate.
Governor Jones is connected with a colo
nization enterprise in the Pahrump Valley, in
which several Chicago men are interested.
The lands extend through Nye and Lincoln
Counties and over the line of California into
San Bernardino County.
"The lands extend over an area of 30 by 60
miles," said the Governor yesterday, "and
already filings have been made for from 100,
--000 to 150,000 acres. In regard to the new
colony enterprise, about half a dozen families
have come out already from the East and lo
cated, and I got a letter the other day saying a
dozen more familes were on their way. The
valley is to be watered by an artesian system.
There is an abundance of water to be had with
out great effort or cost, and ere long it will be
come one of the most productive regions of the
J. J. Connolly, Deputy United States Consul
at Kobe, Jaimu, was among the arrivals on the
steamer Rio de Janeiro yesterday. He is on
his way to New York, and will be absent sev
eral weeks. The Deputy Consul does not have
a very high idea of the probability of this coast
getting the shipbuilding for Japan.
"Tru-re is, I fear, nothing in it," said he.
"The representatives of the American yards
were there recently, but they couldn't find out
anything, and just what Japan is yet going to
do remains a closely guarded secret. Japan
appears to want more ships, but out there
among most classes the impression prevails
that to get ships made so far away, although it
has been done formerly, would add too greatly
to the cost. This, however, may possibly be
overcome, so that yet some of the warships
may tw manufactured. As yet, though, noth
ing has been given out as to the exact inten
tion of the Japanese officials, one of the most
influential of whom is Count Ito.
"Kobe, where I have been stationed since
June, I found a very pleasant place, and the
members of the foreign colony are very
friendly to each other. lam making a hurried
business trip, largely in the interest of niy
father, Consul Connolly."
[The Kansas Populist. S"i;ator has declared war
on official eulogies In Concress and the lavlshment
of flowers at National expense in funerals of state.]
Peffer, the Populist Senator, he
Kicks at the services over the dead—
Kicks at the eulogies solemnly read
Ovt the great, when, at heaven's decree,
1 he mortal is dust and the spirit is irea.
Pefftr. tho Ponulist Senator, would
That the Republic to merit wero blind—
Injrrate. to Pefferlike narrows confined,
Scorning the value of patriot blood.
Skeptical always of motives of good.
PefTer. tho Populist Senator, may
Strive to put eulogies under the ban.
I'ttlth, hope and love do not enter his plan.
"D.>ad men lire useless," this Peffer may say;
'• What is a OOrpee to us? Shove it away !"
Populist Senator I'pffer was not
Molded like statesmen iheirtimrs wholmpress;
Problem* of nations— they trouble him loss
Than cost of tho wreaths on a little grave-plot—
Of tributes the lust to mortality's lot.
Populist Senator I'ciTer, this land
Tolemtca erlli aa neetinj; «n you:
Yi't. while it clinics to the rod", white and blue,
Heroes departed up 11 honor full grand—
Patriot tin s by their deeds shiUl be fanned.
Populist Senator l'offer. in flowers,
Aye, should bo hidden the graves of our great.
Served they the people, and these are the .Stale.
Theirs be etiloglum-all heroes of ours-
Their end, from the ages the richest of dowers.
Populist Sonator PofTer will die—
Die, ami bli Dame, void of fame, perish too;
Yet. when his colil clay is buried irom view,
Surely sweet Charily, ijoveiinn Dtgb,
O'er him will drop both a flower and a slßh.
A Kkaiiiui or tiik Timfh.
LETTERS FROM THE PEOPLE
FLORENCE CRITTENTON HOME.
Good Work That Is };kixu Accomplished in a
To the Editor of the .San Francisco Call— Sir:
Realizing the importance of the work being
done by the Florence Crittenton Home in this
City for a most unfortunate class, I desire to
give to the readers of The Cam. the benefit of
a recent visit to and inspection of this institu
tion. This home has been in existence lor the
past six years, and during that time has been
doing in a quiet and unostentatious manner a
work that of its kind is not equaled on the
Pacific Coast. Starting with an indebtedness
of .^19(! and no assets the home now has over
$7000 worth of property End is expending
about $10,000 a year in caring tor these un
fortunate girls and their babes and also assist
ing a number of their more fortunate sisters
who have lourd their way to the City, yet who
need the watching care 01 some one to prevent
their going to destruction.
The present capacity or the home is for
cignty-Bix adults and sixty-four babeg, with a
kindergarten well equipped ana a hospital
that has no superior, considering Its size, in
California. The average cost of maintaining
each inmate i.= from $11 to $12 per month, in
Last year iifty-six young women were saved
and their lives rendered at least in a meauure
happy, aa the result of the efforts of the man
agement. Twenty-seven of these were placed
in honorable service, twenty-four returned to
their homes, three were married to respectable
industrious men wlio knew all about their
former lives, and only two of tha entire num
ber have gone backward. During three years
of the work of this home out of the 190 cases
twenty-four are known to have gone wrong,
thirteen were lost track of and tive died, while
forty-seven are doing well and at honoialjle
service, li;ty-three were returned to their par
ents and are doing well, twenty-three have
been married and three are in active Christian
work. Tha majority of these girls are under
17 years ol age, some being only 13 or 1-1.
The following letters will serve to indicate
the feelings of the girls toward their benefac
tors beutT than any words of mine. The first
is from one who has become a trained nurse
and is doing remarkably well, while the sec
ond is from a Salvation Army lassie who re
turns to the home every week to attend the
prayer-meeting, and the third was written by
one 22 years of age, who is doing well in every
respect and who was taken by the manage
ment at the age of IG. She is preparing her
self for missionary worn :
Letter 1 "The comforting rest to mind and
body 1 experienced in the home can never be for
gotten. 1 Mi that God In his great goodness had
led roe out from the depths of despair, and though
my little one's life was short it inspired me with
nobler thoughts, May , the Hand that guided me
had others wild seek consolation and sympathy 10
the Hißcue Home. : I know many hearts respond
with me and thank the heavenly Father who lilled
the hearts of those to do this labor of love. We
read in his 1 word, 'They who turn many; unto
righteousness shall shine as the stars forever and
ever.' " , -,„. --■■■ : ,-. .-. .- •;.,-....■ ■ - : ... ;
Letter No. 2: "I have asked God to bless the
words I shall write to some use in savins others.
I was horn in California In 1871. While young I
reruenitwr I was very wild. * * * Oh, the an
guish or those days. I hud many temptations to
kill myself, but a uood Christian girl explained to
me John Hi : 3-1 1, and told mo of a place in the
City where I could ko. The manager of the Hor
ence Crltlenton Home wrote int.- to come and I
iound a Christian home whore 1 could feel at res'.
I could not have hart better cure hud J had a father,
mother nnd sisters to care forme. 1 thank Ood
with ull my heart for the home and pray Him to
o'.ps ; it."
' Jitter No. 3: "There are so many thines I
would like to say of the loving kindness of those
who have charge of the home that I can hardly
find words with winch to express my gratitude and
thankfulness that I hero is such a home and such a
reople who so nobly give their lives and time to
helping deceived and broken-her.rted cirls. After
months of great misery and sorrow, ufraid to meet
a familiar face, broken-hearted and alone, 1 en
tered the home. :iiid Oh ! the peace that filled my
heart when I realized that there was a refuse and
friends indeed. While I was there 1 felt It was in
deed my home, and now that I am away 1 have
the same feeling lor it."
As the work is carried on purely by volun
tary offerings, with the exception of a small fee
charged where the patient is able to pay it, the
management linds itself in pressing need of
funds to increase the scope of the work to meet
the constant demands upon it. It is the only
institution of the kind on the coast where that
particular kind of work is done, and therefore
many cases are sent to it from other institu
tions. It is -.rue that a considerable source of
revenue is derived from thank-offerings that
come from girls who have left the home. While
I was there one of the former inmates handed
Mr. Ellsworth, the manager, $20 as such an
offering, with expressions of gratitude. Since
the 31st of January $1294 50 has been thus
donated. The society has paid out during that
time over $1000 for the maintenance of girls
who have never been in the home, and purely
for preventive purposes. Visitor.
FLAGRANT CRIMES AND PUBLIC
The Rev. Dr. Horatio Ktebbins Tells Why He
Will Not Speak To-Morrow Nioht.
To the Editor of the San Francisco Call— Sir:
My attention was called to notice on Tuesday
morning that a mass-meeting would be held on
Friday evening, the 22d inst., to consider the
flagrant crime too base to mention that has
been committed, the supposed perpetrators of
which are now in the hands of the police.
Among others my name was given as of one j
who would address the meeting. In a former
notice, I believe, it was understood that none |
but women would be present. In The Call of j
Tuesday morning it is announced that "both I
sexes will be represented in the audience ana j
on the platform."
With sincere respect for all good citizens and
for their honorable and upright intentions,
propriety and beeomir.er regard for the com
mittee who luive invited me to be present
allow and, maybe, require that I should eive
some reason for my dissent.
In Rich a meeting, for such a cause, little or
nothing can be done to increase the force of
public or private morals, or for the detection
and punishment of crime. What can be dis
cussed in a popular assembly concerning so
brutal a crime? Can anything be done, save
to give notoriety to human degradation and
wickedness, such as should be concealed from
every man, woman and child? Can it help the
police or excite th^ir vigilance? The police
know that the detection of crime is commonly
a "still hunt," and the less noise the better!
besides, the very important fact that there are
many things— suspicions, puesses and gypsy
tricks, of which "the public" knows nothing.
The insinuation that such degradation i* the
outcome of the "common school" deserves no
attention, and to eive it attention only gives it
an Importance which otherwise it would not
have. One of the must .sorrowful things of so
ciety is the number of those who have no
home or none of that care, authority and
obedience that makes home a citadel of flrotec
tion and peace. In this sorrowful fact old
wickedness ami young sins hold their carnival,
procuresses play their devilish arts, and chat
tt-ring fiends tend the fires of hell. But home
lite, security and manners are not established
by public discussion of the details of revolting
crime. Horatio Stebbins.
Thursday, November 21, 1895.
John T. York, an attorney of Napa, is at the
The Rev. C. Ben Ham of Napa Is at the Occi
Major J. R. Houghton of Chico arrived here
Pierre Wibaux, a mining man of Wibaux.
Mont., is at the I'alace.
Attorney Arthur Lezinsky of Stockton is
registered at the Grand.
Fred V. Holman, a business man of Portland,
was among yesterday's arrivals.
Altman Scoville. a wealthy merchant of
London and Ceylon, is in town.
John J. Seymour, a practicing attorney of
Fresno, arrived here last night.
G. E. Holland, an extensive manufacturer of
stoves, St. Louis, is at the Palace.
Rev. Frank EL White of London arrived here
yesterday and is at the Occidental.
L. Monte Verde, a mining man of Robinsons
Ferry, on the Tuolumne River, is in the City.
Mr. and Mrs. George Crocker left last night
for the East, where they will spend the winter.
F. W. Flint, who is extensively interested
in the oil wells of Los Angeles, is at the Grand.
Assemblyman William Llewellyn of Los An
geles arrived here yesterday on the steamer
H. A. Moss, one cf the contractors for build
ing the Government breakwater at Port Har
ford, is in town.
Mrs. A. Andrews, wife of Colonel Andrews,
leaves Saturday evening by the Sunset route to
spend the winter in New York.
George Crocker and his wife left last evening
for New York City, where they will spend tho
winter, in accordance with their annual
A. W. Thompson, ai?ent at Everett. Wash.,
of the whaleback steamers, which are manu
factured there and which ply along the coast,
is in the C'ty.
Richard Gird, formerly owner of the great
Chino ranch, and who nas been engaged in
the growing of beets and the manufacture of
sugar, is in town.
Nicholas C. Den of Santa Barbara, son of the
late Dr. Den, one of the early pioneers of the
before-named place, and well known all over
California, is in the City.
Among those wiio sailed on the steamer Cop
tic yesterday for Japan and China was the well
known Episcopal Bishop, MeKiat, of Tokio,
who has been many years in Japan in connec
tion with religious work.
George Warren, assistant manafror of the
Palace Hotel, has gone East, to be absent some
weeks, the principal object of his trip being to
visit his mother. Chief Clerk Cummings will
act in Mr. Warren's stead during his absence.
Colonel 11. Trevelyn of Fresno, formerly of
the English army, and one of the heroes of
lialaklava, is nt the Palace. The colonel has
turned his attention to grape-growing and
fruit-raising, eschewing the sword for the
CALIFORNIANS IN NEW YORK.
NEW YORK, X. V.. Xov. 21,-8. L. Goldstein,
W. B. Kirk, W. B. Wheaton, Hoffman; M. A.
Kenney and wife, H. A. Smith, Grand Union;
C. Michelson, J. J. Wheaton. Astor; E. Holli
day. C. L. llnlspy, Broadway Central; C. 11.
Holt, Gilsey; Mrs. M. F. Sanders, Brunswick;
H. Colton, St. Cloud; R. Forster, riaza.
CALIFORNIANS IN WASHINGTON.
WASHINGTON, D. C, Nov. 21.— Among re
cent arrivals are: San Francisco— Captain J.
E. Hansen, Riggs House; W. W. Sanford and
FREE PUBLIC MARKET.
San Dies?o Union.
The question of establishing a free market is
being agitated in San Francisco. The project
Is an outcome of the present discussion of the
subject of middlemen's profits. Agriculturists
all over the State as well as in San Francisco
complain that they are unable to obtain any
thing like fair returns for their products. The
consumer on the other hand declares that
when he purchases commodities which net the
growers next to nothing, he has to pay prices
which should mean mi enormous profit. For
example, in San Francisco people who
have grapes on their tables pay lor them
at the rate of *100 to $200 per ton. The
housekeeper buys potatoes at 50 cents a sack,
which would mean nearly $100 per acre to the
tanner if tiie prolit went' to him. And so it is
withothur commodities and these conditions
impiy to a very great extent to the entire State.
The idea of the free market is to pay the grower
more liberally, while at the same time cheap
ening commodities to the consumer. The mat
ter is being seriously considered at Sail Fran
cisco and it would not be surprising if it were
to result in the establishment of a free market.
If such should prove the result the experiment
would be watched with interest and should it
be successful there la little doubt that like in
stitutions would be established in other cities
of the State.
ADVERTISING A WHALE.
William H. Mills, one of the directors of the
Southern Pacific Railway Company, is an old
newspaper man and still retains the manage
ment of a daily paper, the Record-Union of
In many respects Mr. Mills is a genius, and
as an advertising expert he has at leest beaten
W. H. MILLS.
the record, for he has recently increased the
receipts of the railroad company by something
like $20,000 on an investment of $50.
The opportunity does not occur very often
where an expenditure of $50 in judicious ad
vertising will brinp about $^0,000 in cash re
sults. The Southern Pacific Railroad owns a
branch line running from Los Angeles] to
Santa Monica, a seaside resort, where the rail
road owns a mammoth wharf and a big hotel.
One day recently some fishermen discovered
a whale straggling in the shallow waters of the
Southern California coast, not far irom San
Pedro, a fishing to\* - n near Santa Monica. J.
M. Crowley, the Southern Pacific freight and
passenger"ngent at Los Angeles, thought the
big carcass would be a good attraetkn at Santa
Monica, and, after some trouble, succeeded in
renting the whnle for one week for the sum of
$50. The hiiEfe carcass was towed to Santa
Monica and landed in shallow water, m> tent
the multitudes who would cmie might get an
excellent view— and smell — of the monster. A
number, of people in Los Angeles heard of the
capture bii<! paid 50 cents to ride toSama
Monica to take In the sight. The traffic was
not as large aa Crowley hoped for, however,
and it looked as ii the $50 would be a losing
The genius then appeared in the person of
■ William 11. Mills, who had arrived in Los
i Angeles in hi.s ipeeial car on a tour of Iwpec
| tion of tho company's property. Mr. Mills baa
i solved difficult problems for the Southern Pa
cific in the t.n^t , and lie solved this one fur
; Crowley. He suggested a little advertising.
The plan whs agreed upon. Mr. Mills said
I $5O in advertising would pay bit; returns. So
1 he wrote out a two-inch display for the news
papers. Then Mr. Mills wrote a poster for the
Los Angeles deadwalll and billboards. The
, poster would have put a circus advertising 1
i man to the bluah. boa Angeles was papered
i from one cn<l to the other. On the following
day, which happened to be Sunday, the South
ern Pacific ran thirty-three special trains to
Santa Monica and carried 8000 people at 50
j cents per head to see the decaying carcass of
the whale which Mr. Crowley had rented
The rush continued for a week or more, and
altogether some 40,000 people visited Hnnta
! Monica to see the whnle, and the company
gathered In 50 cents from every one of them.
Upon an investment of $50 in advertising,
, therefore, some $20,000 was realized from
railroad fares. — Will M. Clemens in Fame.
GLORY FOR LOS ANGELES AND
liOs Angeles Times.
From time to time this journal has been
I making comparative showings of the Sunday
! advertising carried by the three morning
1 newspapers of San Francisco and by the Times,
; to the decided disadvantage of the former. We
; now show, in the following statement, a com-
I parison for an entire week, which gives cvi
i dence that this paper printed more columns of
i advertising every day— columns of equal
\ length and width — than any or the great
I papers of the metropolis, and that the Times
i contained over 00 per cent as much advertis
j mi; for the week as all three San Francisco
! papers combined :
San Francisco —
Q 9 «
— Ef *
~ I !
: = 3
i f 3
I Nunilay, Nov. 10
. Monday, Nov. 11
Tu^si'.uy. Nov. 13....
; Wednesday, Xov. 13.
Tliur>:!ay. Nov. 14. ..
Friday, Nov. 15
■ .Saturday, Nov. 16
148 5*2 481 64
80 24 '22 21
36 31 29 29
48 30 31 29
48 '29 -28! 28
39 29 25 24
47 27 26 29
591 222 209 '214
. As has been remarked in this connection
' heretofore, these figures are not given entirely
I for the purpose of exalting the Times news
paper, but 'o show to the world how business
lin the vigorous and growing city of Los
I Angeles compares with its older and larger but
I tardier neighbor at the bay, for the business of
I every town is best indicated by the business of
I its chief newspapers, which are the pulse of
: trade in the best sense. By this sign Los An-
I geles leads not only the coast, but all other
; cities west of the Missouri River, which is
j surely glory enough.
ANSWERS TO CORRESPONDENTS.
Agents— F. a., City. An individual who re
: sides in ihis City nnd acts as agent for a foreign
, firm, and carries on his business by mail or nd
; vertisement only, comes under Section SO of
j the local license ordinance, which says:
Kverv person who, within thelinai : sof this City
i and County, engages in the business or occupation
: or calling Qt what is commonly known as a coni
i mercial traveler, or commerciiU agent, or traveling
! agent, and sells or offers to soil, or solicits for the
, saie or purchase ol any goods or wares or nier
: chanciisc, shull pay a license as hereinafter speci-
Then follows the amount of license to be
paid according to the amount of sales or busi
Mm era 1. Wool— T. F., City. Mineral wool is
the slag of blast furnaces converted into a
fibrous state. The process consists in subject
ing a small stream of molten slag to the im-*
pelling force of a jet of steam or com:
air, which divides it into innumerable small
shot or sphericlos, forming a spray-like object.
The threads are spun immediately upon the
detachment, oi the slag particles from the main
body of the stream, their length ami fineness
depending on the fluidity and composition of
the material with treatment. The material is
used to fill in between the studs and. joists in
building to keep out the cold in winter and
heal lo summer, and in effectually closing up
nil passages in which vermin and Insects make
their home. It is also used for deafening
floors, as the wool is a poor conductor of sound.
Sentence for Murder— G. w. H., Sebastopol,
Cal. In this State the jury determines the
Dcnalty that shall be imposed on an individual
convicted of murder in the first degree. If the
verdict is in these words, "We Bud the de
fendant guilty of murder in the first degree."
then the Judge who is called upon to pass
sentence has no discretion; he must pronounce
[In- death penalty. It, however, the verdict is.
"We find the defendant guilty of murder in
the rirst degree and fix the penalty at impris
onment for lite," the Judge must pronounce
the sentence in accordance with that verdict.
A Carload— Freight, City. What is ge.ner
era'.ly understood by a carload is '20,000
pounds. The following articles make up a car
load : 70 barrels of salt, 70 of lime, 90 of Hour,
60 Ol whisky, 200 sacks of flour, t> cords of soft
wood, 18 to 120 head of cattle, 50 to CO hogs,
80 to 100 tbeep, 9000 l'oet of solid bo.irds. 17,
--000 feet of sidings, 13,000 of flooring, 40,000
shingles, 340 bushels of wheat, 100 <>t corn,
080 of oats, 400 of barley, 300 of Baxseed, 300
of apples, 4:10 ot potatoes, 300 of sweet pota
toes and 1000 of brp.n.
Single Tax— E. \V. H., Mer.docino, Cal.
Conprressniiui Maguire, who is the advocate of
the single tax on this coast, denies that "single
tax is a shrewd .scheme devised by the. money
sharps to shift the burden of taxes on the
farmers," and snys it is si means "to take the
weight of taxation off the agricultural d:s
tricta where land hr.s little or no value, irre
spective ff improvement*, and put it on towns
aiid cities, where bare lund rises to a value of
millions of dollars pet acre."
PaRAT.YSIS— C. S. F., San Xitvier, Hermosillo,
Mexico The question yon submit is one that
cttn be answered only by a competent physician
upon an exanii ration of the patient and a
thorough understanding of nil the conditions.
What you describe as paralysis may be only
Foreign CnrncHES-X. O. X., City. The seat
in? capacity of St. Peter's at Koine is 54.000:
cathedral at Milan, 37,000: Pi :. Paul aat inme,
32 000- St. Paul's nt L0nd0n, 25,600; cathedral
nt Florence, 24,300; Notre D«me at Paris, 21,
--000, and St. Mark's, Venice, 7000.
Blocks- E. W. H., Mendocino, Cal. A twelve
inch block will give no more power than one
of smaller sue, but increased power is ob
tained by the use of double blocks. Tne in
creased power is gained at the expense of
A Foreign Paper— A. 8., Jamestown, Tuol
umne County, Cal. The only paper published
nt Devonport. Devonshire, England, is the
'•Western Independent, I ' which appears every
Wednesday and exery Saturday.
Russia-J. A. H., Merrlo Park. Cal. The popu
lation of Russia is 113,354,649.
Fresh Molasses Buttercups, 2sc lb. Townsend's
Bacon Printing Company, soß Clay street.*
Roberts, 22o Sutter— "Cards by the million."*
Buy your Underwear, Bed Clothing, etc., at
Pioneer Dry-goods Store, 105 Fifth street. *JJ
Gentjine eyeglasses, specs, 15c, 40c. 81' 2 '4th,
nr. barber; Sun. 738 Market (Kast shoestore).*
Special information daily to manufacturers,
business houses and public men by the Pres3
Clipping Bureau (Allen's), 510 Montgomery. •
Husband's Calcined Magnesia— Four first
premium medals awarded ; more agreeable to
the taste and smaller dose man other magne
sia. For sale only in bottles registered
trademark label. •
Port Alvixo Benefits.
San Jose Mercury.
In the last six months 53,000 tons of freight
were shipped to and from Alviso. It Is easy to see
what a tremendous business would be done at
that port, ana what a great saving would be
effected by producers and merchants, were the
Alviso Railroad in operation and the harbor
Pfßiry your blood, build up your nerves, re
store your strength, renew the appetite, and in fact
cure catarrh, rheumatism or malaria by taking
Hood's Sarsaparilla, the great blood purifier.
VIA SANTA FE ROUTE.
A new train throughout begins October 29.
Pullman's finest sleeping-cars, vestibule reclinlnif
chair cars ami dlnlng-can. Los Angeles to Chi
cago, via Kansas City, without change. Annex
cars on sharp connection for Denver and St.
Louis. Twenty-seven hours quicker than the
quickest competing tnln. The Santa Fe has been
put in line physical condition and is now the best
•' Mrs. Winslow's Soothing Syrnp"
Has been used over fifty years by millions of moth
ers for their children while Teething with perfect
success. It soothes the child, softens the gam*, al
lays Pain, cures Wind Colic, regulates the Boweli
and 13 the best remedy for Diarrhoeas, whether
arising from teething or other causes. For salu b/
Druggists in every part of the world. Eesursaal
ask lor .lira. WioalOW'l boothlns Syrip. 253 »
bo l lie.
Corona no.— Atmosphere is penectly dry, soft
nml mild, and is entirely free from the mist* com
mon further Dorth. Hound-trip tickets, by steam
ship, including fifteen days' board at the Hottl del
Corouado, $60; longer stay $2 50 per day. Apply
4 Mew Montgomery St., San Kra-icisco.
Xabes, Alfs& Hhcxe- Who are the manufac
turers and proprietors of the Baja California Dami
ana Bitter 3, havn issued a very comprehensive cir
cular relative to this preparation. It can be had on
application at the Office, 323 Market street, or will
be sen; by mail.
Proper Way to Battle for Silver.
Virginia (Nev.) Enterprise.
The Republicans of Nevada will not stop
talkincr free coinage until their Eastern
bre'hren are converted to the true financial
faith, can do a thousandfold more good
by fighting- for the white metal in the party
than 10 go bushwhacking outside of it.
4* "' " mn " 2 «!
#> IMS t * 4
#)f A *&
A^ the poet, an enemy of
5^ tobacco, was once offered a t
*', cigar by a friend. "I never V
V* smoke!" said he indignant- *y
•I* ly, "Strange!" said the <^p
&£. friend, "and yet you are m%*
Wif&n— always Wiffin."
i Have you as yet enjoyed *^
*Z* whiffin' one of the NEW *f*
: "I* *§»
'I* CIGARS? Of new crop «f»
1&» Havana, with its bright *£•
' colors, fresh delicious aroma,
! mild flavor and delicate
2f fragrance. ".
* 2 for 25c loc 3 for 25c 'T
I** ESBERG, BACHMAN A CO.
&t WHOLESALERS *J*
• Every Cigar Banded ¥ ? a
Of course you are going to
make your Thanksgiving spread
as elaborate as possible. Did
you # ever think how new furni-
ture brightens up thing? ?
Don't think you are expected
to buy the particular pieces we
show pictures of — unless they
suit you. We've hundreds of
styles to show at the store.
Some Christmas presents last
a day— some until New Year's ;
Furniture lasts almost a lifetime.
(N. P. Cole & Co.)
[ 11 7- 123 Geary Street.