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'! Ti V RBDA V ■ .N'OVEMEKR 28. 1595
THE CALL SPEAKS FOR ALL.
Now, then, be thankful.
This is the day for the optimist to talk.
There is nothing cold in Thanksgiving
The question of the day: "Will you
dine with me?
Lots of sport in town tc-day, and you
can take your choice.
Over in the East they are giving thanks
that they survived the blizzard. .•
"When you consider tha poor to-day
don"t consider them a nuisance.
Happiness is the flower of Thanksgiv
ing, but the Iruit of it is charity.
From this time on the holidays will set
iv, and everybody will be worked to death.
This is the festival of American homes
and in every home it should be celebrated.
This is the time for Democratic factions
to drop their crow and pick a turkey to
Americans enpy the best conditions on
earth, and we live in the best Slate of
Don't c.ive your neighbors a chance to
Bay that in seeking an appetite you ended
J3i a happy tight.
Those who fro to Inpieside Park to-day
will be in it at the start of a new era for
the race on this coast.
Hard times are vanishing, good times
are coming, and in every prospect there is
a promise of prosperity.
In selecting" holiday gifts for your East
ern friends be sure to get something of
Every session of the Trans-Mississippi
Congress shows a great deal of pnsh, but
not one of ihem has shown any pull.
Speaker Reed will have a lively team to
manage in the coining session cf Congress,
but there are no wile! colts among them.
The rain may fret us a little in the City,
but in the State as a whole it will be
counted among the things to give thanks
It is in the homes of America only that
Thanksgiving is a National observance,
«nd the fact has a signilicance worth re
Some Democrats are demanding that
Cleveland make his message monumental,
but the chances are he will give them just
a plaiu gravestone.
Among the candidates for the Maryland
senatorship to succeed Gibson and profit
by the Democratic Waterloo are Colonel
lionaparte and Mr. Wellington.
It looks as if the Senate would have to
be something of an automobile institution
this winter. The Populists can't organize
it, the Democrats darsn't, and it seems the
The Pilgrim Fathers founded Thanksgiv
ing in the faith of good things to come, and
we should be profoundly grateful that in
our generation more than they dreamed
of has been realized.
Those who were caught in the rush of
shoppers yesterday will now resolve to
buy their Christmas goods early, but as
sure as fate they will be among the frantic
ones in the crush on Christmas eve.
.In the new enterprises undertaken, in
the growing harmony between City and
State, and in the increasing public spirit
of the people California finds abundant
reasons to give thanks for everything in
In writing that Cleveland could put an
end to the railroad trust by a vigorous ap
peal to J. Pierpont Morgan, Senator Chan
dler mistakes the situation. It is not
Cleveland who wags Morgan, but Morgan
who wags Cleveland.
Mr. Choate says the new mural paintings
in the New York courtrooms will elevate
the standards of judicial hearing and legal
courtesy, ana if that proves to be the result
we cannot, decorate our courtrooms with
angels and saints any 100 quickly.
As Senator Hill crawled out from under
the snowdrifts of election day only to
strike a blizzard at the opening of his
lecture tour, he has doubtless arrived at
the conclusion that for a bachelor poli
tician this is a very cold, cold world.
The Surgeon-General of the Navy has
recommended the building of ambulance
ships to accompany our fleets in time of
war so as to provide a place for the proper
care of the wounded. The suggestion is
novel, but there seems no reason why
modern navies should not be supplied
with ali those appliances of charity and
humanity which are now attached to
It is reported that a road near a large
sugar factory in Utah has been constructed
of molasses, the process being to lay a coat
of molasses on the roadway, then one of
gravel, then another of the syrup, which
acts as a cement, then anotner of line
gravei, and so on, until a road as hard as
any ever macadamized results. We have
pome big sugar factories in California, but
it is evident the or:ly way for U3 to get
ahead of Utah will be to substitute flap
jacks for the gravei and keep the roads
smooth with melted butter.
THE LAND 01 LIBEETY.
Whet: fcho Pilgrim Fathers, newly landed
on the coasts of Massachusetts, faced with
brave hearts the coming wintcV, whose
threatening severity was already heralded
by the cold November winds, and with a
■devout pratefiiliiess net about comnwmo
rstrog en that bleak coast, in that dreary
season, a day of solemn thanksgiving and
rejoicing, th;ir songs or praise could have
emanated only from the exultant faith of
strong .'•ouls .that even in the wilderness
were able to see the coming glory of the
promised laud, and in the desolations
around them discern assurances of what
in the fullness of time would come to a
people solemnly dedicated to the main
tenance on earth of that eternal truth
whose Spirit is liberty and v;hose form is
r.etween that Thanksgiving day and
this, manifold and marvelous have been
the works wrought for humanity in the
name of liberty and truth. The most fer
vent faith* of the Pilgrims could have
hardly foreseen that, which is to us the
realization of daiiy life. Ii is not solely
in iul material comforts, conveniences ana
luxuries our life affords an impressive
contrast to theirs. Not 'merely that the
desolations haye 1 given place to gardens,
that dangers have passed away, and that
cheerful firesides have driven the bleak
ness from November evenings. Not in
these only, nor in things like these, have
the greatest changes been wrought. It is
in the high domain of liberty and truth
the Pilgrims loved so well that the great
est advance has been made, and that the
glory of our realization has outstripped
the dreams of their faith.
They loved liberty and they loved truth,
these Pilgrim Fathers, but they loved
with a blind zeal, not recognizing that he
who would serve these must in all things
serve humanity. By slow decrees through
the yean since the first Thanksgiving day,
have the thoughts of men risen to higher
conceptions of these sublime idea 3 until
to-day we occupy almost another sphere
of thought in regard to them. From our
America have been banished many forms
of falsehood and tyranny which the Pil
grims did not recognize as tyrannous or
false. Political subjection to Europe, reli
gious intolerance, industrial slavery, dis
| tinotions of caste and class, and a hundred
Old World meannesses ingrained into the
Pilgrims by education, have been outgrown
by their descendants. They were free ac
cording to European ideas, but we are free
with the freedom of America — absolved
completely from every form of tyranny
over the mind of man.
Hard would it be to set bounds to the
things for which in all gratefulness we are
to give thanks to-day. Within the limits
of mortal destiny, where sorrows and suf
fering must ever be as a part of human
education, we are, indeed, blessed with
many blessings. No land is fairer than
ours, no skies more genial, no soil more
variously fruitful, no harvests more abun
dant, no people more kindly, no comfort
more universal, no homes more secure, no
progress more certain, no National life
more steadfast. With us is the hope
of the world, the helpfulness of the j
highest hun. unity, and with us will
these things remain while nations en
dure. They are ours, for, like all good
things they are based on freedom, and
this is freedom's land. Here liberty is not
hidden in the heart of the individual, but
lives openly in the law, having her temple
in the constitution, her bulwarks in every
statute, her altars in every court, her vota
ries in every citizen, her defender. 1 ; in every
strong arm and valiant heart, while her
.symbols stream in the glory of every starry
banner whose beaut y flames in the winds
Thanksgiving day is peculiarly an
American holiday. It is a day to re
uiember that America is something more
than a geographical expression ; a day to
recall her glory as? a nation as well as the
comforts of her people : a day to revive
memories of her eventful history, the
sublime deeds of her heroes, the eloquence
of her inspired orators, and by meditation
upon her true grandeur arrive at that de
vout eratefuhiess which will make our
Thanksgiving not a rejoicing only, but a
solemn dedication cf ourselves to the ser
vices of this great land of freedom whose
miphty destinies rest for this generation
at least in tne charge of our love, loyalty
ME. NIMMO FINISHED.
The Call has already exposed the
surdities contained in the pamphlet issued
some weeks ago by Joseph Nimmo Jr.,
who, asa friend of the transcontinental
railroads, an enemy of the interstate com
merce law and an advocate of any scheme
to relieve the transcontinental aided lines
of the obligations which they owe to the
Government, has bent his energies against
the project of the Nicaragua canal. This
paper had so thoroughly disposed of the
"arguments" which Mr. Nimmo presented
against the reasonableness of the canal
project that it had not thought it neces
sary to notice an addendum which he re
cently issued, purporting to give revised
statistics o; isthmian traffic.
We observe, however, that the San Fran
cisco Chamber of Commerce has deemed
these effusions of Mr. Ninirno's pen worthy
of refutation. It has issued a circular'
written by Captain William L. Merry,
which seems to regard these emanations of
the friend of the subsidized overland lines
as having weight, truth ana value. Cap
tain Merry hardly needed to go further
than announce that Mr. iSimmo's pam
phlet is dated from some Long Island place
bearing the interesting name of Hunting
ton. The town seems not to have any
Captain Merry's able refutation of Mr.
Nimmo's railroad monopoly arguments
does not contain much that is new to San
Francisco, but as he is evidently writing
for the information of those in the East
upon whom Mr. Nimmo's representations
may appeal on the score of ignorance and
credulity, his effort carries a measure of
Against Mr. Nimmo's estimate of prac
tically no tonnage through the canal, Cap
tain Merry shows 'that De Lesseps esti
mated 5,ft00,0G0 to 0,000,000 tons annually,
and that the committee appointed by the
Board of Trade of San Francisco in 1880
to investigate the matter estimated
5,000,000 tons annually at. the lowest. He
shows that Mr. Nimino, in quoting the
Panama Railway tonnage of 1890, ignored
the fact that in that year the overland
railway* were paying the Pacific Mail
Steamship Company and the Panama
Railway Company $75,000 per annum to
hold down the isthmian traffic to 1200
tons. These ere notorious facts, but they
are not useful to Mr. Nimmo's purposes.
It follows easily that Mr. Nimmo's dec
laration that the reduction in transcon
tinental rates has not been the result of
Panama Railway competition has no
foundation in view of the arrangement
which restricted isthmian trallii:.
Captain Merry hardly needed to show
that the distance of 5254 miles which must
be covered to round the Horn is a factor
in transportation rates, Mr. Nimnio to the
contrary notwithstanding. And every
navigator knows that the distance from
the Orient to the Atlantic Coast via the
Nicaragua route would be 570 miles shorter
THE SAN FRANCISCO CALL, THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 28, 1895.
in distance and still shorter in time and
safer in all ways than the route via the In
dian Ocean, the Suez canal, the Mediter
ranean Bea and the Atlantic Ocean.
As for tonnage through the canal, Cap
tain Merry seems properly to believe that
by 1900, before which time" the canal could
not be completed, it will reach over 8,000,
--OUO tons annually, and fn making this
statement he means tons of 2-10 pounds,
and pokes fun at Mr. Nimmo for estimat
ing a maritime ton at 2000 pounds, which
is ttie railroad "basis.
He shows also that Mr. Nimmo is unfair
in quoting values instead of volumes of
overland transportation, and yet we are
all aware that specie, passengers and every
high-priced and perishable merchandise
must go overland, and, being very valuable,
give no indication of the volume of the
traffic or its bearing on the necessities of
commerce. As a. matter of fact, bulky and
cheap articles go by water, and they vastly
exceed in tonnage the traflio of the rail
Captain Merry shows further that the
Suez canal toll of $1 83 a ton in 1894 can be
profitably duplicated by the Nicaragua
canal at the start without reference to
reductions that would inevitably result
from the increase of traffic which it would
create. And all this is separate from and
additional to the perils, delays and hard
ship of transportation round the Horn.
Finally, as Mr. Nimmo's whole argument
is intended to prove that oceans, the free
and natural highways of all the nations,
are obsolete, the very foundation upon
which he has reared his structure is absurd.
THE NEW KAOETKAOK.
The new racetrack at Ingleside will be
formally opened to-day. Its establishment
grew out of the increased interest in breed
ing and training horses in California, and
its existence will materially assist in the
accomplishment of still higher results in
that most important State industry.
The new electric road irom Mission street
to the track will be in operation to-day, it
is hoped, and also the steam road from
Third and Townsend streets. But an ex
ceedingly pleasant way to reach Ingleside
is by wagon road. Three line routes lead to
it— the Ocean House road from the Mis
sion, the same road from the beach, and
the Aimshouse road from the park. The
two last named are among the most pic-
turesque drives iv the State. The beach
road is familiar to all. but the Aimshouse
road ia not so well known, by reason of the
fact that the place where it reaches Golden
Gate Park is at present obscure and not in
the best condition. The purpose of the
recently organized boulevard association is
to make an extensive system of boulevards,
of which the Aimshouse road will consti
tute an important link. This road, as one
leaves the park, winds through a pictur
esque wooded canyon, in which a stream
babbles pleasantly, passes ihe Aimshouse
water works and then the Aimshouse itself
and emerges upon the Corbel t road a mile
or so from the Ingleside junction.
The situation of the new racing park is
exceedingly attractive. It is in an open
field, which is flanked on the east, north
and west by heavy forests planted many
years ago. In front, on the south, is the
tree-bordered avenue, the Ocean House
road — broad, hard and free from dust arid
mud. The environing trees protect the
racing park from the winds and are a
pleasing feature of the landscape. Back of
the trees are reared the sharp, bald, rocky
summits of the mountains surrounding
Twin Peaks, and to the southwest the
dark blue waters of Lake Merced are seen
gleaming throxigh the trees which em
bower them. A more picturesque site for
a racetrack cannot be found in this
It is taken for granted that the manag
ers of the new establishment will conduct
it on the most improved principles; that
not only will the best horses that
the country can produce be brought
thither and the most interesting and
varied programmes given, but that every
thing will be conducted in the most up
right and decorous manner. The State is
fortunate in having enterprising men thus
to promote one of its best and most useful
industries, and the City will quickly show
its appreciation of efforts to furnish high
Dr. L. E. Rice of San Jo3e is in the City.
Henry Copelnnd ol Los Angeles is here.
J. M.Mannon of L'lciah arrived here yester
H. M. La Rue Jr. is at the Grand from Sacra
Professor F. A. Schneider ol College Park is
in town. |
Lieutenant James L. Carter ol Honolulu is at
General J. W. B. Montgomery of Chico is at
O. H. Clifford of Wadsworth, Ohio, is at the
A. 8. Miller, a miner of Hunters Bay, Alaska,
is at the Lick.
J. E. Luis, a business man of Bismarck, N. D.,
is in the City.
T. EL White, a mining man of Trinity Center,
is at the Baldwin.
William Xettleton, a business man of Spo
kane, is in the City.
John La Frankie, a merchant of Moscow,
Idaho, is iv the City.
Ex-Mayor B. U. Stcinman of Sacramento ar
rived here last night.
G. Heitkemper Jr., a jeweler of Portland, ar
rived here yesterday.
Charles Faulkner, cashier of the Bank of
Chico, is at the Grand.
James Woodburn, a business man of Sacra
mento, is at the Grand.
Mark L. McDonald, the capitalist, of Santa
Kosa, is at the Occidental.
Among the arrivals here yesterday was Wil
liam P. Vauve of Los Gatos.
Dr. B. J. Powell and Dr. H. Stephenson of
Sacramento are at the Grand.
Thomas Fox, who is In the insurance busi
ness at Sacramento, is in town.
S. G. Little, the pioueer banker of Dixon, is
among the arrivals at the Russ.
G. W. Young, one of the prominent men of
Nupa, is spending Thanksgiving here.
F. J>. Chandler, a lumber-dealer of Elmira, is
at the Lick, accompanied by his family.
Among the arrivals yesterday was Frank
Brighiman, a mining man of French Gulch.
R. E. Anderson, one of the leading business
men of Tacoma, is registered at tte California.
W. C. Van Sant, a wagon and hardware
manufacturer of Cleveland, Ohio, is in the
Congressman Maguire and family left for
Washington, D. C, on Tuesday night's Sunset
Thomas Grant of Port Townsend was Among
many arrivals here from the north by yester
David Keith and Thomas Kearns, wealthy
mining men of Park City, Utah, arrived here
yesterday and are at the Lick.
J. E. O'Brien, proprietor of the Hotel Brew
ster, San Diego, is at the Lick, the guest of
Manager Souleof that hoatelry.
Sidney M. Ballon, an author and newspaper
correspondent of Boston, was among the ar
rivals from Honolulu yesterday.
James If. Young, one of the prominent and
wealthy residents of Newman, is at the Lick,
accompanied by Miss Mabel Young.
Moses Gunst, Police Commissioner, returned
yesterday from the progressive city of Los
Granville S. Bennett, a wealthy mining man
of Dead wood, S. D., is at the Palace. Mr. Ben
nett has resided v number of years in the Black
Hills. He is accompanied by his wife.
Ingleside track opens to-day. Take electric can.
AROUND THE CORRIDORS.
K'ng George, of the Tonga or Friendly
Mauds, is a robust potentate who wears a
British uniform and assesses hip subjects a
poll-tax each of $4 a year. He is descended
from the powerful Toubo family, along whose
line there have been many kings and queens,
and he feels the blood of royalty in his veins.
W. A. Peairs of Ohio, who recently visited
Tonga and is now at the Grand, found the
King arrayed with a glittering uniform and a
Stanley hat. He brought back a picture of
KING GEORGE OF TONGA ISLANDS.
him, and tells an interesting story of the life
the island potentate leads out in the South
King George's realm comprises :iSO islands,
the largest of which is Tonga, having for its
capital Mukualofa, the seat of the imperial
palace. Tonga is but twelve by twenty-one
miles in extent, and all the islands have a col
lective area of some 400 square miles.
When the King gets tired in the shade of the
cocoanuts and at gazing at the mountain tops
of Tonga he sails away in his boat to visit oth
ers of his subjects, attended by platoons of
canoes, from which wild music is discoursed.
Altogether he has a good time of it, though
the total number of his subjects reaches but
about 25,000. The King is a happy individ
ual, according to Mr. Pcairs. He worries over
nothing, dines frequently and drinss such po
tions as the traders bring him or of those
made at home that are deemed worthy of the
Captain John S. Layton of the schooner Cape
Horn Pigeon, wljo arrived here recently with a
big catch of whales and who has been staying
at the Russ, will leave again lot tha whaling
"We wads a big catch and got a lot of. money
by our last cruise," said be. "It is rare that a
vessel gets so many whales, especially one so
small as the Cape Horn Pigeon, a sailing craft
of but 210 tons register.
"All our catch came from the Okhotsk Sea,
near the Japan coast. We captured six right
whales and thirty sperm whales, from which
we got 8000 pounds of bone and 900 barrels of
oil. For the bone we will receive at least $4 50
a pound. Our crew consisted of 33 men, and
as they all get an interest in the catch, they
have been put in easy circumstances
"The Cape Horn Pigeon will sail for the
Okhotsk again to-day, going by way of the
Penope and Ladrone Islands. By July next we
will have rcßChed Hackodate with another
George Steams, c general merchant of Oak
land, Or., north of Roseburg, on the California
and Oregon Railroad, has arrived here with
something over 3500 turkeys, which were sold
in advance to local dealers for the Thanksgiv
ing trade. He says that region is one of the
best for producing turkeys on the coast.
"I shall bring down about 5000 more for the
Christinas and New Year's holidays," he said.
"I raise none myself, but buy them from the
farmers about Oakland. Tlic turkeys are very
"A few miles away from the town on the Co
quille elk can be had, and there are plenty of
deer and sonia bears. It is a first-rate game
Mr. Steams is a brother of Judge Steams of
Portland, one of the best-known men of Oregon.
THE FOOTBALL GAME.
BerkpJey (fni versify) Occident.
If we should win that football game
Our months would wear this kins ■--.
If Stanford's victor In the saint;
luto this curve they'll shrink -n.
LETTERS FROM THE PEOPLE
FOR A FREE MARKET.
To the Editor of the San Francisco Call— Sir:
I hope you will give space in your valuable
paper for the other side to Mr. Thomas Lang
ham's free marKet project objection. He bases
his conclusions on the allegation that the
prominent housekeeper rarely, if ever, pur
chases anything at the freo vegetable market.
If that is his style to measure out market de
mand by he certainly is right; that house
keepers need not worry about prices and go to
rind the best bargain. But the majority— the
laboring class— has to be taken into considera
tion, and these people on one side and the
farmer on the other will reapttie difference of
the commission, and each party is so much
ahead. While the rich housewife would not
care whether the price of meat is 2 or 4 cents
a pound, potatoes U"> or 40 cents a sack, flour
:«) or 35 cents per 100 pounds higher or
lower, the wife of the laboring man has to
count the few cents in her small purse
very carefully to make both ends meet.
Have the mantels conveniently situated, and
do not close enrly in the morning, but give
them time to go there, and we will see the
housewife, who has to do all the shopping her
self and cannot call in the butcher, baker or
vegetable boy, take advantage of the benefit
created for her interest. Of course nobody can
expect any one from Ninth or Twenty-second
streets to go down to Pacific and Davis streets
to buy vegetables so early in the morning,
the time when most wives prepare breaktast
for the husband to go to his daily work. Be
sides, a great many would object to leaving
the little ones unguarded at home. These peo
ple, although only buying in small quantities,
are the chief consumers, which Mr. L. will ad
mit; that, if work is scarce, his grocers will not
purchase as in "flush" times.
Mr. L.'a assertion looks too much commission
business like. W. M
San Francisco, Nov. 2fi. 1895.
THE YOSEMITE PARK.
Merced, Cal., Nov. 26, 1895.
To the Editor of the San Francisco Call— Sir:
Under Thk Call's column "Letters from the
People," in the Issue of Sunday last, I was
gratilied to read a communication from A.
Dv Mere, who is evidently a practical man of
good sound judgnient.in answer to a letter pub
lished in The Call of the 20th from the pen of
that wonderfully gifted word-painter, John
Muir, on the Yosemite and National Park. An
intimate acquaintance of more than twenty
years with the Yoseuiite Valley and the sur
rounding mountains now set apart as a Na
tional Park, should enable me to form a fairly
correct opi.tion of the same. lean truthfully
say that I indorse most all the writer has said
in answer to Mr. Muir's letter.
Thirty-three years ago I stood spellbound on
"Inspiration Kock," looking down from a
height of 3000 feet into the Yosemite Valley,
end that view was indelibly impressed upon
my mind. Then the uncivilized Indiana were
the commissioners and guardians of the valley.
And the windings of the beautiful, clear Mer
ced River could bo traced for five miles up the
valley, until lost to sight at the base of "Cathe
dral Rocks." At that time in the graceful
bends nestled beautiful meadows. Outside of
the meadows noble pines, Douglas firs and
cedars dotted the valley. No underbrush, cot
ton wood nor second-growth pine and firs to
obstruct the tfiew of the marvelous walls of the
valley. It may be asked why was this?
Because the Indians burned the floor
of the valley over each year, so that
they could better hunt the game. The same
practice was also followed through the whole
range of the Sierras for the same purpose.
When the National Park is burned over every
year there can be but little, if any, damage
done, as there is, practically speaking, no food
for tire. But keep fires out for ten years, with
the accumulation of dead timber standing and
fallen, the pine needles and pine cones cover
ing the ground from four to ten inches in
depth, together with the fallen limbs and dead
brush, should a fire left burning by some care
less camper spread among the trees, there
would be a raping forest of fire, consuming not
only the small, but the giant pines and firs,
leaving in its wake a charred and dead forest.
Where would John Muir's "Lilies which
ring their bells around the margin of the
meadows" "get off at"? Mr. Muir writes:
"The Comminatoners differ all around as to
what to do and how to do it." I understand
there is no difference of opinion of "what to
do," and iiave had one of the best engineers
and landscape gardeners in this State em
ployed to survey and map the floor of the
valley and indicate just where undergrowth
and second-growth trees should be cleared
Fur that purpose there should be a special
appropriation made at the next session of the
Mr. Muir is delighted that there is a great in
crease of campers this year to the valley and
mountains, and to add to that increase from
year to year is the main object of the "Sierra
Club." Yet the "Sierra Club" would not al
low those campers to picket their horses upon
the meadows, when they are compelled to pay
$40 to $50 per ton for hay. Should the views
expressed by ilr. Muir in this respect be
adopted then "the sparkle exhalations of
mountains" in their eyes would vanish and
their faces would express anger and contempt
for the management.
This is the garden of the gods and belongs to
the people, rich and poor alike.
H. J. 08TEA.NDER.
ANSWERS TO CORRESPONDENTS.
His Citizenship— G. A. 8., City. This corre
spondent writes: "Can an ex-convict, who has
served a term of years in a New York State
prison (his first and last offense), was released
without being restored to his civil rights, has
been atliberty for five years and during that
time has led an upright life in California, re
gain his citizenship?" If the individual was
civilly dead when he left the prison that con
dition exists only in the State of New York.
Each State makes its own laws as to citizen
ship, and while the ex-convict might not be
able to vote in the State of New York, it would
not prevent him from assuming in this State
the rights of citizenship, provided he had com
plied with the requirements prescribed as to
residence and was otherwise competent to be
come a voter.
Steamship Officers— J. E. C. City. If a boy
of 17 has a desire to enter the merchant steam
ship navy, with the intention of rising and be
coming an officer, he will have to commence
at the lowest round and work his way up. He
must study navigation, and then, by experi
ence, acquire the other knowledge to fit him
for the Dosition of mate or master. He will
have to make application to some steamship
company, and if it is favorably received will
have to wait until there is a vacancy. Cap
tains of steamers are paid from $125 to $250 a
montn, first officer from $80 to $125, second
otiicer from $G0 to $75. Chief engineers arc
paid from $ 120 to $125, first assistant $90,
second assistant $75, and third assistant $<t>s.
These rates vary, according to the class of
Gold— J. McN., Pescadero, San Mateo County,
Ctil. If a person deposits in the United States
Mint gold bullion of the value of $ 500 he will
receive therefore $500 in twenty-dollar gold
pieces, but the coined money does not contain
the exact amount of gold he deposited. It
contains r small amount of alloy necessary to
harden the coin. An amount of the bullion
cijual to the vreigbt of the alloy is taken from
the bullion. This is called seigniorage, and is
the amount the Government obtains for con
verting the bullion into coin. The proportion
is 900 pure metal and 100 alloy.
Mimeograph— E. G. P., San Jose, Cal. The
mimeograph is an apparatus invented by Edi
son, by which stencils of written pages may be
obtained for the production of an indefinite
number of copies. A pointed stylus is moved
ns in writing with a leadpencil over a kind of
tough prepared paper, placed on a very finely
grooved steel plate, and the writing is then
traced in a >;eries of minute perforations.
Stencils may also be prepared on typewriters.
Pogomp— L., Presidio, San Francisco, Cal.
Pogonip is the name given in the State of
Nevada to a sort of frozen fog that appears
in winter, even on the brightest and clearest
days. To breathe the pogonip is death to the
lungs, and when it comes Indians as well as
whites run to shelter. In a moment the air is
tilled with floating needle 3 of ice. This is
caused by the sudden freezing in the air of the
moisture which collects about the summits of
the highest peaks.
Postal Trains— G. G., City. There is no
special train between this City and Omaha or
between this City and New York carrying
nothing but the mails. The mailcara are at
tached to first-clas3 passenger trains. It would
not pay to run a mail .special between the
points named, nnd if there was such it could
not make much better time than the fliers are
City Ham. Towek— "The Subscriber." The
top of the Hall of Records at the new city Hall
is 140 feet from the ground to the top of crest
ing ; the top of the square tower is 151 feet
from the ground and the main tower, now
being finished will be 3.7 feet from the ground
to the extreme top of the torch in the hand of
J.WEmaet— H. V., City. The term jaque
mart was applied to automata of a clock, con
sisting of a man and woman who strike the
hours on a bell, so called, from Jean Jaque
mart of Dijon, France, a clockmaker who de
vised this piece of mechanism.
Wool— O. W., Riucon, Dona Ann County, N\
Mex. Australian and New Zealand wool,
scoured, best quality, brings a hirher price in
the murkcts of the United States than does the
No Longer Living— P. B. S., Udal, Cowley
County, Kirns. Henry P. Stainwood was agent
for the Northwestern Railroad at one time in
this City. He died about live years ago.
Silver Dollars— E. W. F. f Stockton, Cal.
Silver dollars were first coined in the United
States in the year 1794.
THE JAPANESE INCUBUS.
The Call is showing what the practical re
moval of the tariff from some articles is doing
for California. Japanese artisans, such as
those who make furniture, work for 10 cents a
day. Furniture comes in witii a low duty.
Furniture-dealers are stimulating the Japa
nese to mako furniture and are bringing it
here to sell. It is as good or better than Ameri
enn-made furniture— for the Japanese are cun
ning craftsmen— and can be sold away under
It. No American workmen can begin to com
pete with a Japanese. We need a law not only
to keep out goods made by foreign paupers but
the paupers themselves.
HIGH-CLASS ORIGINAL MATTER.
Lowlston (Idaho) Teller.
Modern daily newspapers are one of the won
ders of the age. The I'acinc Coast dailies are
well up in the front row. The San Francisco
Call is undoubtedly in the lead now in point
of merit of all the great Western dailies. Tub
Sunday Call, from a literary point of view, is
a prodigy. It carries more high-class original
matter than any other daily in the country.
California has more bright literary people than
any other State in the Union.
TRAVERTINE FOR "THE CALL."
Winnemucca (Xfcv.) Silver State.
Thirty tons of travertine from an Inyo
County quarry, which arrived at Carson Satur
day, was shipped to San Francisco Sunday for
Thk CALL building. This iock nas been care
fully selected from the finest of the calcium
production of the quarry, and its handsome
crystalline appearance when polished will add
to the ornamentation of The Calk's new
CREDIT WHERE IT IS DUE.
New Whatcom (Wash.) Blade.
The San Franciscco Call is swiftly growing
Into recognition as one of tne most trustworthy
and reliable papers in the West. Charles M.
Shortridge, the editor and proprietor, docs not
seem to be partial to the prevailing San
Francisco habit— sensational journalism and
The Call is right when it says: "Advertising
home products in homo papers is the surest
way of manufacturing the market as well as
the goods." __________
Collecting Press Pictures.
H. G. Otis, general manager of the Los Ange
les (Cal.) Times, has begun a collection of pic
tures showing prlntiug-presses of all kinds.
He will endeavor to get together pictures of as
many different styles of presses, and the col
lection as it grows will form part of
the history of the progress in print
ing machinery. As soon as obtained the
pictures are framed and hung in a room
specially devoted to them. Mr. Otis is enthu
siastic over Hie matter and will go to Europe
in order to make the collection as complete as
possible. It will be an excellent thing to have
such a collection, and any one having pictures
of presses should forward them to Mr. Otis.—
New York Newspaper Maker.
Palace Hotel stakes run to-day at Ingleside.
MUSIC AND MUSICIANS.
The Abbey, Schoeffel and Grau season has
opened at the Grand Opera-house and New
York has bowed before a California prima
donna. Her stage name is Frances Saville and
her .European triumphs have been won at the
Paris Opera Comique. She appeared on the
opening night as Juliet in Gounod's "Romeo
and Juliet" arid before she had opened her lips
she was, ior some mysterious reason, declared
a great singer. The Herald says: "Her first
florid passage, delivered in fresh crystalline
tones, with a certain facility, but with rather
uncertain intonation, brought her a storm of
applause. 'She is nervous, dreadfully ncr-
MME. FRANCES SAVIILE AS JULIET.
[From an engraving.]
vous,' said the sympathizing listeners, 'but
wait.' At the conclusion of the waltz the audi
ence rose at the prima donna, and she had to
repeat it. Mme. Saville's success was in a
measure deserved. Her voice captivates the
listener instantly, for it is a young voice, a
fresh voice, and is a voice that has a certain
carrying quality. In the garden scene she
showed considerable skill as an actress and
sang with positive charm. She did not force
her tones as before."
Judging from all accounts, Mme. Saville's
success seems to have been a genuine one.
She is the first California prima donna who
has won a triumph at the Metropolitan Opera
house, as Miss Sibyl Sanderson was not in good
voice last year, and proved a disappointment.
The new singer's real name is Fannie Simon
sen-Droun. Her mother is Fannie Simonsen,
who was well known at one time as a singer,
and her father is William M. Simonsen, the
Australian impressario. Fannie Simonsen-
Droun was born in California, but went at an
early ace to Australia. Her brother, William
M. Simonsen, a youth of about 20, who is said
to possess a remarkably promising tenor voice,
is studying for the concert stage with Robert
Lloyd. He is solo tenor at the Plymouth Con
gregational Church on Post street, and he will
be the tenor soloist in Cowen's "Rose Maiden,"
which the Harmony Choral Union will shortly
pioduce for some local charity.
It is sad to see the decline of a once famous
institution of learning, but even the Italian
papers are beginning to agitate the fact that the
Milan Conservatory, which in its day turned
out so many famous musicians, has become
effete and useless. II Trovatore, a Milan music
journal, gives the budget of the conservatory's
expenses, which it appears amount to $14,450
per annum (72,200 francs). This sum is
divided between professors of singing, har
mony, counterpoint, harp, flute, etc. "Little
fruit is obtained from the teaching of all this
staff," says II Trovatore. "From year to year no
singers above mediocrity are turned out by
the conservatory. It produces a few orchestra-
players, one or two pianists and a few miser
able professors, who go to augment the already
enormous number of struggling, despairing
The veteran Simms Reeves has made his first
appearance in a modern music hall at the Em
pire Theater, London. The management was
kind to Reeves, separating by an orchestral se
lection his own performance from that of a
Hock of trained geese ; while the audience did
their best to encourage him with applause,
which, although cordial and well meant, was
very different from the roars of cheers that
used to greet the great, tenor in the Handel or
chestra of the Crystal Palace. The fact is that
the music-hall debut of the octogenerian
Simms Reeves comes too late by some years;
many promennders moved away from the bar
riers after a feeble rendering of "Come Into
the Gr.rden.Maud," and before a highly artistic
and almost pathetic delivery of " Here a Sheer
Hulk Lies Poor Tom Bowling.' '
The old cemetery of Waehring, near Vienna,
where Beethoven and Schubert were buried,
is going to be dug up and a Catholic church
built on its site. Beethoven does not, how
ever, repose in his original tomb, his mortal
remains having been transported about ten
years ago to the new central cemetery, where
a magnificent tomb was erected to his memory
by the municipality of Vienna. But Bee
thoven's modest monument at Waehring has
been preserved, and a lady in the neighbor
hood has kept up around it a parterre of white
roses, the Bonn master's favorite flowers. The
old Beethoven, tomb and the Schubert monu
ment will be placed in the new Catholic
Orchestra leaders seem seriously threatened
with feminine competition in Italy, for follow
ing on the heels of the announcement that a
lady conductor had been appointed to the
chief theater in Verona, comes the news that
at the Manzoni Theater, one of the best in
Milan, where the Gargona Company is at pres
ent giving a season of light opera, the baton is
held by a "new" young girl, Signorina An
nina Cappeli, who is nightly directing in the
regulation black coat and white gloves, and
who for her debut conducted very ably Charles
Lecocq's "Le Coeur et la Main."
People often wonder how the little German
and Swiss towns manage to maintain 6uch
good orchestras as they possess. This is how
they do in the town of Lucerne, which pays its
conductor the sum of 4000 francs a year, a
very respectable salary for Switzerland, where
living is so cheap. The board of supervisors
contributes 1500 francs, the singing society
750 francs, the Catholic church 500 francs, the
concert society 700 francs and two little musi
cal societies 250 francs each. But the first
musician of the town certainly does not waste
his time, especially on Sunday; he first has to
conduct the church music, then he directs a
matinee musicale, and then he presides at the
open-air Sunday concert.
The Royal Opera house of Berlin has been
entirely reconstructed, and has become one of
the most magnificent theaters in the world. In
spite of the new glitter and show, however,
the public is beginning to claim that the acous
tics of the old building were much superior.
The electric lighting is magnificent, especially
in the large concert hall, which serves for a
foyer on opera nights. "Fidelio" was the in
augural performance, and though the new dec
orations and stag;: accessories produced a grand
effect, the singers left much to be desired. An
old amateur writes that "Fidelio" at the old
Opera was preferable, in spite of the magnifi
cence of the new house.
The provincial theaters in Belgium, as well
as in France, are fond of making a specialty of
monster performances; but the chief theater
in Verviers recently went one better than all
the others when it announced for the opening
of the season a representation of "Faust," pre
ceded by "The Hunchback"— an opera in tlve
acts and a drama in six acts. The first per
formance began at half-past 6 o'olock and the
last terminated a little after 2 o'clock in the
morning. The audience could not complain
of not being given its moneys worth.
The directors of the Carl Theater in Vienna
recently tried the plan of lending opera-glasses
gratuitously tr» the public. At the end of a
week a number of the glasses were missiug,
and it is not known whether they were stolen
willfully or whether vary simple-minded
theater-goers took Uitsm under the impression
that they were given away with the seats. The
management is undecided whether to replenish
the ttupply or to abandon lending opera
The Belgian papers state that Ysaye has been
consumed lor some time with a desire to exer
cise the very real talent which he possesses for
orchestra coudiu-tiag. In their joy at having
their great virtuoso with them this winter,
when he could, i: he chose, be making so much
more in America, the Belgians have organized
a new music society, with Eugene Ysaye at its
head. The object of the organization is to give
symphony concerts on a grand scale, with
Ysaye as chef d'orchestre.
Henry Marteau, the French violinist, who
has toured so much in the East, has just com
pleted a series of concerts in Sweden and Nor
way, where he has won many laurels. The
younar virtuoso has returned to Paris to lay
down his violin for the time beii'g and has en
tered the army to do his military service.
COININGS FROM EDITORIAL, MINTS.
Need of Branch Kailroitda Exemplified.
San Diego Union.
A steamer from the north brought to San
Diego a day or two ago a very considerable
consignment of apples. At first thought this
would seem like carrying coals to Newcastle,
for this county is a heavy exporter of this
fruit. The incident, however, simply empha
sizes the need of more' branch railways to the
back country. It merchants can lay down
northern apples in this city cheaper and easier
than they cum get that commodity from nearer
home, they will continue to do so. The back
country is being developed, but until there is
additional communication with it by rail, the
city cannot expect to benefit by the progress
that is being made.
Sage Advice to the New Settlers.
A word to the new settlers on the Nez Perces
lands: Start in the old way, so successful in
the early times. Don't mortgage your lands
for farm machinery, carpets and parlor organs.
Live within your means, no matter how lim
ited they may* be. Don't pout over hardships
or repine about your fate. Work hard and
keep out of debt, and in a few years you will
find easy goiner. But you never will find easy
going if you expect it now and run in debt to
get its luxuries. That loaf will turn sour bu
fore you get half through it. To run in debt
on a farm i 3 to cut off tne hope of the future.
Of this the whole country is so full of object
lessons, written in broadest character, that he
who runs may read.
Potency of the Unwritten Common Law.
Tucoma (Wash.) Ledger.
The sentences that our courts pronounce
upon criminals vary in duration of time; but
the condemnation that public opinion puts
upon a man in for life. This is what society
calls public opinion, which, when analyzed, is
nothing save the unwritten common law, and
which, fortunately for society, covers such
cases as elude the* grasp of the regular legal
machinery. Men who uoulil buy Legislatures,
bribe Judges, circumvent the devil, have been
obliged to" bow to the decrees of this invisible
court which makes every man, without any
election of his, a judge.
Novelty in Bear-Traps.
New Whatcom (Wash.) Reveille.
The latest novelty in bear-traps is made of
beer kegs. Drive strong, sharp spikes through,
pointing toward the center of the head. Put
some honey in the keg, close to the head, and
■ lay it where bruin Will lir.d it. He will dive
in after the honey and the spikes keep him
from getting out or traveling off. Then kill
him at your leisure and set the trap again!
Near Hoqu jam five bears were caught iv one
week in a single trap.
One of the Benefit* of Hard Times.
California's mining revival is the indirect re»
suit of the hard times. A large proportion of
the men^engaged in the work are those who
found business in other lines unprofitable and
turned to the earth to dig out wealth. Most of
them will congratulate themselves that the
hard times drove them back to the minea.
Can Put Ip Only One Kind of Weather.
Phoenix (Ariz.) Republican.
Phoenix has risen to the point where her
weather is predicted for her wvth scientific ac
curacy. The weather bureau service is of less
use here, however, than in almost any other
spot of the Union. It is a safe card'here to
hang up each night the prediction of "Fair"
for the morrow.
St. Ixui ls Oiiobe-Oemocrat.
It is said the President will give a large space
in his message at the opening of Congress to
the advocacy of the letirement of the green
backs, and tiiat lie will use all the influence
which he possesses to put that policy through
Congress. Perhaps there is truth in the re
port. Undoubtedly he will, in his mes.sa^o,
urge this policy, He has favored it for the past
year or two, and the lact that Secretary Car
lisle advocated it in his recent speech in Bos
ton shows that it is still popular with the ad
ministration. Yet it is safu to say that this
project can get very little support from Demo
crats. Moreover, it is likely to secure small
favor among the Republicans. Without power
ful Republican aid the policy has-no chance to
The Government is not goiug into bankruptcy
just because it is running behind a few mil
lions every month, for there is a way out of it.
Fortunately, it is a very simple matter to raise
revenue enough to meet all demands. When
we get on a pay-as-you-go basis once more and
have something left over with which to pay off
the debt that has been accumulating under
Cleveland and Carlisle, there will be no more
talk about the legal tenders. That time will
come just as soon as the Republicans are able
to add a few amendments to the destructive
tariff "reform" bill that was notradical enough
to suit the President.
Here is the financial situation in a nutshell.
The Government can reduce the supply of cur
rency which is now forcing our gold abroad by
absorbing the excess through a bond scale.
This would unlock the inner reservoir of the
treasury balance and turn the gold, or the
greenbacks that might be presented in ex
change for gold, into the treasury vaults,
where they would remain permanently locked
up, unless and until they found release through
the deficiency of the revenue.
If Secretary Carlisle had early in the history
.of the presentation of the legal tenders for re
demption ordered every lega' tender so re
deemed to be kept in the reserve, for reissue in
its operation— that is, when gold was offered
in exchange for it— sloo,ooo,ooo of the subse
quent increase of debt uould have been un
necessary, and there would not have been the
slightest question of ihe maintenance of the
reserve under such an administration.
Kobert3, card headquarters, 220 Sutter. •
Soft baby cream, 15c pound. Townsend's.*
Bacon Printing Company, so3 Clay street.*
An elegant Thanksgiving dinner at the Cafe
Zinkand, the popular family resort. •
Special information daily to manufacturers,
business houses and public men by the Press
Clipping Bureau (Allen's), 510 Montgomery. *
For men whose natures have been expanded
by social pleasures Argonaut whisky is made,
and it i 3 by these that Argonaut is ased. It is
a gentleman's drink, tne conscientious product
of distillers who know that in order to main
tain a high reputation for a particular article
they cannot afford to turn out any but a pure,
wholesome ami beneficial whisky. The fact
that physicians prescribe it is sufficient to in
dicate its quality. E. Martin «fc Co., 411 Mar
ket street. •
« —^ — * .
APPRECIATED IN : ARIZONA.
Kingman (Ariz.) Jliuer.
The San Francisco Cali- is how one of the
best papers published on the Pa<3ilic Coast. Its
news columns are filled with the choicest and
best of everything, and then it is an earnest
advocate of the free coinage of silver. Our
people should subscribe for it and help along
the good cause;
If you have catarrh you are in danger, as the dis
ease is liable to become chronic and affect your
general health. Hood's ?arsaparilla cures catarrh
by purifying and enriching the blood.
VIA SANTA FE KOUTE.
• A ■■" new train . throughout ; begins October 29.
Pullman's finest sleeping-cars, vestibule reclinln?-'.
chnir cars' and, dlnliiK-cars.' Los Angeles to Chi
cago, via Kansas City, without change. Annex
cars on sharp connection for Denver and St.
Louis.- Twenty-seven hours quicker, than tha
quickest competing train. The Santa i"c has been
put in fine physical condition and is now the best
transcontinental railway. V . .
;;"■ ;■■ ■■;■;■< > • • ' « — — • ' ' — — ' -
: ;No 1 buffet ■ should oe without a > bottle of ■ Dr. ?
Btegert'a • Angostura Bitt£r3, the South American
appetizer and invigorator.
• "v ' ' »''»'• — —
Use ; Parkeii'b Uisoeb Toxic and gain good
digestion, better health anil relief from pain.
V Parkkb's Mair Balsam Is lire to ta«i iialr. •■ ■•
"Brown's Broxciiiai. Troches" relieve Throat
Irritations caused by Cold or use of the voice. The
genuine sold only In boxes.