CHARLES M. SHORTRIDGE,
Editor and Proprietor.
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n.vv" NOVEMBER 29, 1895
THE CALL SPEAKS FOR ALL. ;!;£
No city bad a better Thanksgiving than
It was a bad day outside, but the home
In a few days Congress will have Grover
on its hands.
Attend to your Christmas shopping early
and get the first pick.
There is no doubt that Ashworth had
cause for Thanksgiving.
There is always music in the air when
business .begins to hum.
The next thing will be Christmas, and
that means more turkey.
Many a happy man of yesterday will
Lave to pick a oone with his family to-day.
Chicago has her eyes on the convention,
but we are reaching to get our hands on it.
We can give thanks this morning that a
few turkeys are left for seed and another
The rain was troublesome, but it will
Dring us many things to give thanks for
Nearly ev&ry time we get onto the curves
of a street contractor we rind something
This is a good time for Corbett and Fitz
simmons to begin again; after the feast
come the scraps.
There is some comfort in knowing we
will not have to take Cleveland's message
on an empty stomach.
That which was known as an appetizer
yesterday is known as a digester to-day,
but it smells just as sweet.
Cleveland's best friends say he is not a
candidate for a third term, but his fool
frienJs are more numerous.
If we can only get the National Conven
tion now we will feel justified in writing
this down as a mascot year.
Eastern farmers are arranging to make
it warm for one another by holding farm
institutes through the winter.
It won't be long before winter racing in
Pan Francisco will begin breaking the rec
ords of summer racing in the East.
A Street Superintendent who never
superintends should be considered as street
rubbish and cleared out of the way.
Civic reform can hardly be said to have
illumined the City as yet, but it has let a
good deal of light into some dark places.
Money never seems as big during the
holidays as at other times, because it has
to move so lively it hasn't time to talk
Itis reported that the Vassar girls have
adopted "Yum, yum, yum, we chew gum"
as a college yell, but you needn't strain
yourself to believe it.
It is now said that Cleveland is more
companionable and less stiff than ever be
fore. So it is evident the tidal wave was
big enough to take the starch out of him.
No man has ever yet declined a Presi
dential nomination after it was eiven to
him. and lots of Democrats, with an eye on
his barrel, don't believe "Whitney wouid
break the rule.
The Trans-Mississippi Congress did well
in favoring a Trans-Mississippi Exposition
under the patronage of the Government,
but it should be held in Salt Lake City in
stead of Omaha.
Many an aspirant for the Presidency who
had the pleasure of eating his turkey with
the sauce of expectation yesterday will
have to take it with a pill of disappoint
ment nest year.
The Academy of Sciences may yet
practice what it preaches, for it has begun
to show signs of evolution and evidences of
the survival of the fittest in its government
as well as in its museum.
As the seal fisheries are rapidly being
reduced to a point where there will be
nothing left to dispute about, interna
tional supervision may be regarded as a
triumph of peaceful diplomacy.
The statement that the export of gold is
due to the fact tkat we have too much
money in this country emanates from the
Boston Herald and not from a lunatic
asylum, as one might reasonably suppose.
At the present rate the National revenues
fall short of the expenditures by about
$60,000,000 a year, and if in the face of that
Cleveland should veto a biil placing a pro
tective duty on wool and lumber he ought
to be impeached.
Walter Wellman in the Chicago Times-
Herald credits a leading New Yorker
with saying that if the National Conven
tion is held in ban Francisco fully 2000
New Yorkers will mate the trip across the
continent, every man paying his own ex
penses and these amounting to an average
of $1000 a man.
As Dr. Lorimer of Boston is reported to
have said in a recent sermon on profanity
that many women of that city use "lady
like expletives of a profane character," we
feel justified in calling on the Boston press
for illustrations and a diagram showing
the "expletives" and explaining wherein
they are profane and wherein they are lady
THE BATE ESTABLISHED.
The announcement made by the South
ern and Union Pacific roads that they have
agreed on a $50 round-trip rate from Chi
cago to San Francisco for those attending
the Republican National Convention settles
that important branch of the matcer. As
it is not stated that this rate will be con
iined to delegates the inference is that it
will be extended to all who visit California
at that time. The effect of such a rate will
be to bring thousands to California who
have no direct interest in the convention
and who otherwise would never see the
£tate. This action on the part of the rail
roads is highly commendable. The other
roads leading to the Coast will have to
make a similar rate, if they have not al
ready decided to do so.
According to the latest estimate, we need
seven delegates to secure a deciding vote
in the National Committee in favor of San
Francisco. Those which we have were se
cured without great difficulty. The earn
est personal canvass now to be made by
the California comniitteemen may be con
lidently expected to result in tiie selection
of San Francisco. Meanwhile, the original
amount of $103,000 estimated has been
raised, and the pledges are already ap
proaching $150,000, with nearly the whole
of the interior of the State yet to hear
from. Apparently the fund will be $200,000
before the work ceases.
Too much cannot be raised. Whatever is
not needed by the National Committee can
be profitably employed in entertaining dele
gates and other visitors, and exhibiting to
them the resources and attractions of the
State. As we all know that the money will
be honestly and intelligently handled,
there is a positive assurance that every
dollar of it will be expended to accomplish
the most good for the State.
THE ACADEMY'S IUTURE.
It is sincerely hoped that the bickerings
which for so long have crippled the useful
ness of the California Academy of Sciences
will be dropped. It is announced that the
dissatisfaction which the old management
created has gained sufficient strength to
reorganize the institution and place David
Starr Jordan at the head, and that in or
der to checkmate this movement a great
deal of diplomatic work is being done.
Wnatever may be the merits of this old
controversy it v undeniable that it has
been the cause of much bad feeling, and
that this in turn has done the institution
harm. Whether the proposed reorganiza
tion may bring about a better order of
things and promote the right purposes of
the academy is a matter that time only
In all of his rich endowments James
Lick, whose bounty created this Academy
of Sciences, was eminently practical, and
for his aim in this particular kept instruc
tion of the young in the front. He de
sired the rising generations of California
to profit directly from the work of the
academy. That purpose seems to have
been forgotten. The professed desire of the
reorganizers is to make it operative. If
they are sincere in this (and there is no
present reason to doubt thai thejt, are)
they can accomplish great good.
The advent of a considerable number of
able and progressive instructors from the
State and Stanford universities into the
academy has had a most wholesome effect.
These are ambitious men, leaders in their
several lines of investigation and thought,
and as their training has t>een in the direc
tion of instructing the young they natur
ally have awakened that sentiment in the
institution. And as a rule they represent
the advanced modern idea of making
knowledge as useful as possible to the
The academy might do a vast amount of
valuable work in making a close study of
the strange ingredients of California's
natural wealth. The State University is
doing a noble work in this hue. but evi
dently the academy, with its large mem
bership of enthusiastic investigators, is
better able to accomplish large results for
the benefit of the State. The academy
might make its work far more practical in
the future than in the past. Its oppor
tunities for doing so are boundless and
alluring. Such a great part is the purpose
of the two universities, and a co-operation
of their efforts through the academy
would advance the usefulness of both.
With some such tangible purpose the
academy under wise management might
develop a usefulness in the future that
would meet its creator's intention and
some of the most important needs of the
SAN MATEO BOUSED.
It seems to have taken the authorities of
San Mateo County a long time to realize
that a stop should be put to the "glove
contests' ' which of late have become so
frequent at a suburb of San Francisco
lying just within the limits of San Mateo
County. It is said that the Board of
Supervisors of that county will next Mon
day adopt resolutions prohibiting these
meetings. It is never too late to mend,
and San Mateo can completely redeem
itself by taking that action then.
As a matter of fact this •snort" has been
maintained in San Mateo by persons be
longing to San Francisco. They were
forced into San Mateo by the prohibitive
ordinances in force here. Such "contests"
as have been held there are such as would
not be permitted here, for the reason that
they are regarded as prize-fights, by what
ever politer name they may be called.
They have been reported in the daily press
of this City as prize-fights; they were en
gaged in by professional fighters, and con
tain the essential elements of that disgust
San Mateo has tolerated them because
the general laws do not prevent "giove
contests," but prohibit prize-fighting. Its
Board of Supervisors instructed Us Sheriff
to attend these meetings and interfere
when in his opinion the boxing-matches
degenerated into fights. He has obediently
and intelligently done so, and for interfer
ing properly has risked his bones before the
wrath of the flash elements whose pleasure
was spoiled by his interference. He now
announces that the board has no authority
to place him in such a position, and that if
it passes an ordinance suppressing these
meetings he will enforce it and save all the
shame. The board has the power to pass
such an ordinance, and by doing so it will
place itself in line with the modern move-
ment of morality and reform.
AN IMMENSE TEAVEL.
The invariable consequence of a rate
war between transportation companies is
a great stimulus to travel. A pointed in
stance of this is exhibited in the tremen
dous volume of traffic which has been de
veloped out of the right between the South
ern Pacific Company and the Oregon Rail
way and Navigation Company. Not less
than a dozen sleeping-cars compose the
trains sent out by the railroad company,
and the number generally runs higher,
while the steamers are so crowded that
every available foot of space has to be
These great reductions of rates serve as
an inducement for idle travel, but there is
a general benefit in that. If the rates
should be tied permanently at these low
THE SAN FRANCISCO CALL, FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 29, 1895.
figures the traffic would gradually fall
away and in the end remain stationary at
a point which would represent the neces
sities of business plus the idle travel that
occasionally would take advantage of the
inducement. That is to say. the volume
of business created Dy a rate war and
greatly reduced charges would not remain
permanently at the high point reached at
the beginning of the break, but indubit
ably it would be much larger than if th*
rates were kept high.
It is a recognition of this fact that in
duces transportation companies to run ex
cursion trains and boats on certain occa
sions and to charge very low rates for
them. Just as these ventures are under
taken for a profit, just so a profit usually
accrues from reduced rates growing out of
a rate war. It is e"Ven believed by a very
large part of the community that some of
the lights in which "rival" transportation
companies engage are sham and that the
excitement attending them and the free
advertising which the newspapers give
them are relied on to induce a heavy
liowever that may be the adoption of
the idea of excursions at reduced rates
commits transportation companies to the
principle of reduced rates for special times
and occasions, whatever they may be;
and although, as in the particular ca9e
under discussion, the railroad atmpany
declares that its high-priced business by
ordinary trains is suffering, we believe
that it dare not attempt to prove that it is
losing money by the fight. If the com
pany can run trains with special low rates
on steamer days it can run them regu
larly at such low rates at regular intervals
throughout the ye±r and without refer
ence to attempts to destroy a rival.
The point of all this is that in both
State and interstate traffic laws the rail
roads and steamship companies have
given abundant proof that laws can be
devised to compel the companies to run
special trains with special rates at regu
larly established intervals. That is some
thing worth looking into.
MORGAN'S GREAT POWER.
J. Pierpont Morgan, long regarded as
one of the ablest financiers of the world,
has been the author of a combination of
circumstances, which place him in the
position of one who may have much to say
in some of the most vital concerns of the
country. As the American agent of the
Rothschilds and the recognized leading
broker between sellers and buyers of
American railway securities, he practi
cally holds the entire railway business of
the United States in his hands. It was in
recognition of this fact that a politician of
National fame has recently called upon
President Cleveland to enlist Mr. Morgan's
services in the task of suppressing the
powerful combination of Eastern railroads
that has been recently made.
As Mr. Morgan represents the financial
interests that took the bonds issued
by Mr. Cleveland's administration and
pledged itself to maintain the gold reserve
in the National treasury, and as those in
terests are the ones that uphold American
railway interests, and as there has recently
arisen a conflict between the interests of
the Government and those of certain sub
sidized transcontinental lines, it begins to
look as though J. Pierpont Morgan is in a
position measurably to influence the policy
of the administration in the adjustment of
the railroad debt.
W. F. Detert of the Zeila mine is in town.
John E. Budd of Stockton reached here last
J. A. Sargent, the wealthy landowner of S&r
gents, is in tire City.
A. J. Hinds, a wealthy resident of Santa Cruz,
is among recent arrivals.
H. L. Robinson, * leading mining man of
Placerville, is at the Lick.
L. T. Hatfield. one of the leading attorneys of
Sacramento, is at the Lick.
A. J. Stemler, n leading horse-grower of Sac
ramento, reached here yesterday.
J. Haselacher, the big wheat grower and
dealer of Oakdale, is at the Palace.
C. L. Ruggles, editor and proprietor of the
Stockton Independent, is in the City.
Captain Jack Crawford; the poet scout, has
returned here and is at the California.
F. F. Marx, a rich landowner of Elk Park,
Kapa County, arrived here yesterday.
Fletcher F. Ryer, wife and child, are at the
California for the winter. They came yester
W. E. Lindsay of Carson, prominent in min
ing and politics in the Sagebrush State, is in
V. S. MeClatchy, well known as one of the
proprietors of the Sacramento Bee, is at the
Protessor E. S. Holden, director of the Lick
Observatory, Mount Hamilton, came up to the
R. A. Thompson, editor of the Santa Rosa
Democrat, is at the Occidental, accompanied
by his daughter.
W. M. McFaul, Assessor for Mendocino
j County, arrived here from Ukiah yesterday
! and is at the Grand.
C. Steinberg of Brentwood, one of the most
successful wine and fruit growers in that part
of the country, is at the Lick.
L. G. Pietro, a wealthy resident of Panta Bar
bara, is at the Palace with his wife. They have
just returned from a visit to Europe.
Mrs. J. M. Fraucis and Miss Francis of Napa,
wife and daughter of the proprietor of the
j Napa Register, are at the Occidental.
EL P. Winslow, superintendent of the noted
I Iron Mountain mine, Shasta County, which
wa- purchased recently by New York and Lon
don capitalists, is at the Palace. *
Nearly twenty professors of Stanford Univer
sity were registered at ths Grand yesterday.
They were all in town to see the football game.
Among them were Professor E. A. Ross and
wife, Mr«. Earl Barnes, Bessie E. Peary, M. D.,
and Dr. E. H. Griggs.
CALIFORNIANS IN WASHINGTON.
WASHINGTON, D. C, Xov. 28. -Among re
cent arrivals are Mrs. Henry T. Scott, Mr- and
Mrs. K. Forsyth, San Francisco, Arlington
A WET MORNING.
A cloudy sky
And all the "hills wore wreathed in moving mist.
But still the sunshine came to claim his own
And peered beneath ihe heavy bank of gray-
Now blushing 'neath (he anlor of his glance-
But all the pretty flowers were fast asleep.
The breezy chatter of the birds was hushed—
Aiiii so the Riinsbine softly went away.
And it rained. J. Elmer Wilson.
IN THE BROADEST SENSE.
San Miguel Central California,
The Examiner and Chronicle of San Fran
cisco are just now engaged in their usual semi
annual discussion over which of the two papers
has the larger circulation. * * * In the mean
time • * • The Call, San Francisco's best
daily, is jogging merrily along the even tenor
of its way, disseminating the news in a clean
and impartial manner, and gaining friends
and subscribers every day. The Call 1b a
newspaper in the broadest sense of the word.
MOUNT TAMALPAIS ROAD.
Some time ago the Marirf Press slightingly
spoke of some publications in different papers
concerning the building of a road to the sum
mit of Tamalpais. The publications referred
to were the old rehash articles that have ap
peared regularly year after year. There was
no merit in them; they were stale and bearded
with age and impossible. They were so absurd
as to be ridiculous, and we so stated at the
time. Not until the Marin fre^s and the San
Francisco Call simultaneously published the
facts was it known what the intention of the
projectors oi the me un tain road really was.
AROUND THE CORRIDORS.
A. L. McDonald has returned from Japan,
where he made close observations of all he
saw of the interesting Japanese ana their
country. In telling about his visit yesterday
"One wonders at the great progress made by
the Japanese in the last thirty years, the re
markable readiness with which they have as
similated European and American methods
and manners especially in matters of adminis
tration of goverraental affairs. As your vessel
steams into the harbor of Yokohama— the prin
cipal foreign port— neat steamtugs bring the
quarantine officers and Custom-house officials
••They are all young men dressed in clothes
cut after European fashion, dark blue cloth in
■winter and white duck in summer. Aii wear
their badges ot office, and have a polite smile
and a bow when they address you. You are
hardly prepared by this to go down the side
and slip into a "sampan," one of their primi
tive boats, and be wobbled ashore by a couple
of half-.iaked sunburnt, well say savages, for
it is nearer the mark than anything else. That
l here'are ladies in your party makes no differ
ence to them; they take everything as a mat
ter of course, and are held in no restraint
whatever by any notions of false modesty or
trammeled in the least by circumstance of
place or surroundings.
"At the landing place, or 'hatoba,' as they
call it. you see a crowd representing all grades
and types of the people, from a member of the
nobility in a plug hat and black cloth clothes
down to the half-naked coolie in a ragged
kimono or maybe no kimono at all. From this
time on you can look for contrasts to every
thing you have been accustomed to in this
"There is one habit they have taken from
foreigners and which they have made a na
tional characteristic, the use of tobacco.
Every man. woman and child insTapan uses It.
The 'sabatach,' a box or urn filled nearly full
of ashes in which rests a piece or two of glow
ing charcoal, forms a part of the furniture of
every shop and every room or place where
Japanese stay. The police stations, the post
office, the custom-house, at the street corners,
where the ricksha men stand, everywhere, in
fact, you will see the charcoal ready for light
ing the pipe.
"Every man and woman and many of the
children, too, carry a pipe and a tobacco
pouch fastened to the belt or stuck in the
bosom or down in the capacious sleeve of the
"The*Ameriean factories practically control
the trade in foreign cigarettes, and they sell
them much cheaper there than in this coun
try. They have to do it to compete with the
Japs, who have already established a number
of cigarette factories, using American tobacco,
but adulterating it, of course, very much.
They sell a cigarette larger than those mostly
used here, wrapped in rice paper, at the rate
of three boxes for 10 sen."
LETTERS FROM THE PEOPLE
Eureka, Nov. 25.
1o the Editor of the San Francisco Call— Sir:
The subject of the accompanying illustration
was the successful termination of a feat of en
gineering of a hard and extremely novel char
acter. The house shown in the picture is a
handsome two-story dwelling, owned by Ernest
Sevier, a well-known attorney 01 this city,. It
was built in Arcata, twelve miles from this
city, and when Mr. Sevier came into possession,
was a paying investment. When rents declined
in Arcata the house proved almost valueless
and the owner res-olved to move it to Eureka,
where he owns bnihling property. A contract
was entered into between contractors Mercer &
Berry of this city, who agreed to set the house
up here safely for $1200. In case it was unnt
for occupancy upon its arrival, they were to re
ceive the dwelling as their compensation.
Everything was put in readiness a few days
ago, and the s-tart was made. The moving to
the edge of the bay was qnite difficult on ac
count of the softness of the marsh, and the
structure also had to De carried over a large
dike. When the edee of the bay was reached
two large railroad lighters, used for carrying
rook to the jet tic*, were lashed together, and
the house moved upon them. On a high tide
Friday, November 15, this strange craft was
towed down to Eureka. Hundreds of people
lined the wa'er front when it arrived, and all
the mills and steam craft in the buy saluted in
honor of this triumph of engineering. The
house has & foundation area of 40x00 fee/, and
THE FLOATING HOUSE.
[From a photograph by Miller & Chase.]
is plasiered throughout and elegantly finished
in redwood burl. No damage was done, ex
cept a slight cracking of the plaster in the back
end, and a large ornamented chimney on Urn
out«ide of the~hou.se was in excellent condition
at the end of the iourney. K. M. Wiley.
A WEEK'S ADVERTISING.
I-'is Angeles Times.
We again show in the following statement a
comparison which is positive proof that this
paper printed more columns of advertising
every day last week— columns oi equal length
and width— than did anr of the great papers
oi the metropolis, and that the Times con
tained nearly 58 t>er cent as much advertising
for the week as all three San Francisco papers
:';»ifei? ; s^j
29 | 21
40 I 32
4.2 ! 28
61 ■ ! 26 '
120 1 63
369 I 217 ;
Los Apgeles once more leads not only the
coast but all other cities west of the Missouri
Kiver in her business showing, taking news
paper advertising as the guide.
DANGERS OF THE RAILROAD
Professor Lester K. Ward, in the November Forum.
The charge of paternalism is chiefly made by
the class that enjoys the largest share of Gov
ernment protection. Those who denounce
sta^ interference are the ones, who most fre
quently and successfully invoke it. The cry
of laissez faire mainly goes up from the ones
who, if really "let alone," would instantly
lose their wealth-absorbing power. A signifi
cant example of this is found in some of the
provisions of the so-called pooling bill. In a
paper read by the Hon. Carroll D. Wright be
fore the American Economic Association in
December last he characterizes this as "state
socialistic," and says:
"This pending legislation is demanded at
the instance of the shippers and the railroads
of the country, and its passage is beinjt aided
by a powerful lobby in their service. The rail
roads base their advocacy of the bill on the
claim that it will be for the interests of the
shippers to have such a law "
And he predicts taat it will be followed by a
doinand that the Government shall take charge
of the roads and guarantee dividends to the
stockholders. He further say»:
"All this will be at the demand and in the
interest of the railroads and of the shippers,
and not of tne labor involved in carrying on
the work of transportation, as the demand of
to-day for the enactment of the pooling bill is
alleged to be largely in the interest of the ship
pers and the public welfare."
Nothing is more obvious to-day than the sjg
nal inability of capital and private enterprise
to take care of themselves unaided by the state;
and while they are incessantly denouncing
"paternalism"—by which they mean the claim
01 the (iefenselets'laborer andartisan to a share
in this lavish state protection—they are all the
while besieging Legislatures for relief from
their own incompetency, and '"pleading the
baby act" through a trained body of lawyers
and lobbyist?. The dispensing of National pap
to this class should rather be called "maternal
ism," to which a square, open and dignihed
paternalism would be infinitely preferable.
TURMOIL IN KERN.
After all the pains taken by a Grand Jury of
"stern-faced farmers, many of tliem from the re
mote parts of thi: county, and none with any sym
pathy with the political rings and combinations."
then- is every appearance that no convictions will
be made, lor with the many and varied influences
brought to bear by the members of the ring and
their friends, whose toes are being trod upon, tbe
Grand Jury is being assailed as a body that has
been persecuting the innocent liard-worfced (?)
ofhcialr, the officeholders having hardly carried
out a single provision of the law relating to their
offices, except to draw their salary.— San Fran
So writes a correspondent from Bakersfleld to
the San Francisco Call. It is a pity that such
misrepresentations should be set afloat with
regard to reputable citizens of this community.
Nobody here has assailed the Grand Jury for
its work, and nobody is disposed to. It did
what It thought was right. But it made the
serious mistake of placing implicit reliance
upon an alleged expert who has convicted him
self out of h is own month.
In the only two cases of county officials ac
cused by Moore, so far tried, the most prompt
aecjuittals have followed. There was abso
lutely not a particle of evidence against them.
He must be utterly oblivious of the facts who
says that the juries which acquitted Howell
and Baker did so because of "influences
brought to bear by members of the ring and
their friends." This is a direct insult to the
gentlemen composing these juries and an in
sult to the community. There is not a decent,
fair-minded man in this country but knows
those juries acted with the strictest regard to
the facts and unswayed by any outside influ
ence. In the cases yet to come it can bo de
pended upon that if testimony other than that
of the discredited expert be introduced suffi
cient to convict, juries will be found who will
do their duty regardless of the alleged influ
ence of "rings" and the "friends of criminals."
Not all the work of the Grand Jury had so
flimsy a foundation as the Howell and Baker
The same contributor to The Call quotes at
length from the report of the Grand Jury.
Unfortunately that report, so far as relates to
alleged crookedness, is based entirely upon the
allegations of Expert Moore. As that indi
vidual now stands convictea out of his own
mouth of besmirching the character of two
prominent citizens, it is evident that little re
liance can be placed on his other charges un
less substantiated by other testimony than his.
It is a great pity that a man. a newspaper or
a jury of twelve men cannot declare in favor of
fair play without being accused of sympathy
with crime and oeing controlled by an alleged
"ring."— Bakersfield Caliiornian.
IDEAS FROM WESTERN EDITORS.
Democratic Precepts v«. Democratic
San Jose Mercury.
Secretary Carlisle has decided that the re
quirements of civil service reform do not apply
to Superintendent Daggett of the mint. The
Secretaryd oubtfess had in mind the shining
example of his own lord and master, the foun
tainhead of reform, who at the last session ot
Congress whipped recalcitrant Congressmen
into line by meaus of the Presidential patron
age lash. "Mr. Cleveland is an expert at not
practicing what he preaches.
Drop "Theories" and Take Up "Condi
Now that many of our Democratic contempo
raries are about through explaining the causes
of the avalanche that recently overwhelmed
the party they can take time to explain the
many benefits (?) to be derived from the influx
of cheap goods from Japan.
Wisdom Born of Dear Experience.
We think the people of the United States,
f having now once more obtained ample experi-
eiiceon the issue between protection and uon
' protection, will restore the policy of protec
i tion and mhv with it, for another generation
m ;•■ itst. Adam knew a good deal more after
he turned himself out of Paradise than he
knew before, but his posterity have always
doubted whether the expedience was worth
whet it has cost them.
The Silver State Wants More Farmers.
Iteno (New) Gazette.
Nevada needs a large addition to its agri
cultural population, and therefore in the ap
proaching boom a special effort should be
made to induce well-to-do farmers to come
from the East and make homes in our fertile
valleys. There is room enough under a system
of careful tillage to support twenty times as
many farmers as tlie State has at present.
oil o Masquerades an Batter.
Kau Diego Union.
Apparently our stomachs don't know oleo
margarine when they rub up against It. There
was manufactured in this State, for the fiscal
year ending June 30, '94. just 173,613 pounds,
of which but 10,750 was exported. For the
year ending this June the output was 223,289,
all of which we consumed in California but 29,
Omnipresence of Havana Tobacco.
A telegram says that the rebellion in Cuba
will not affect the crop of Havana tobacco.
No one ever supposed for a moment that it
would. The whole island might be swept off
the earth, yet our tobacco-dealers would con
tinue selling fragrant Havanas until the end
of the world.
Silnrianisra Inconsistent With Patri
One form of patriotism is to protect and de
fend the city or community in which one
lives. This is a form that is unknown to the
Silurian, who is always complaining that his
own home is the poorest place on earth.
DEPOSITED BY COARTZ.
In the palmy, prosperous days of 1862,
when silver was the standard money and gold
the cheapest commodity afloat in Buttfs
County, Henry Coartz deposited in a San
Francisco bank $3000. At that time he was
living with his sister. Mrs. J. J. Wickman, at
Enterprise, in this county. Mr. Coartz died
suddenly with heart disease and informed his
sister of the deposit he had made in the San
Francisco bank. She began a correspondence
with liH'l bank officials about six months ago
and substantiated her claim as the rigntful
neir of Henry Coartz and the money will be
tinned over to her. It has been at interest for
thirty-three years, and now amounts to
ANSWERS TO CORRESPONDENTS.
National Nominating Conventions— T. R..
City. Prior to 1816 it was the custom to hold
a Congressional caucus, canvass the subject
and name the candidates; then the several
State Legislatures selected the electors, who
voted for whomsoever they pleased for Presi
dent and Vice-President. In May, 1812, when
the Congressional caucus was called, the mem
bers assembled in their individual character.
Madison was nominated unanimously, but the
caucus went further and appointed a com
mittee on correspondence and arrangements of
one from each State, to see that the nomi
nation was duly respected. In the Congres
sional caucus of lSlti Taylor of New York in
troduced a resolution to the effect "that Con
gressional caucus nominations for the Presi
dency*were inexpedient and ought to be dis
continued." The motion, however, did not
prevail. Until 1824 the electors were usually
cuoseniy the several Legislatures, as had been
the custom in South Carolina. In that year
the Federalists were no longer of any moment
as a political organization. Local preferences
entered into ttie canvass and there were many
candidates. Nominations were made by Legis
latures and by mass-meetings. William R.
Crawford was nominated by the caucus in the
old style and was backed by home conven
tions. John C. Calboun, Andrew Jackson,
rienry Clay and John Quincy Adams also had
home conventions and entered the field against
Crawford. In 1828 local conventions multi
plied. In 1831 the National-Republican party
met at Baltimore and nominated Henry Clay.
In 1832 the Democrats met in the same city,
and at their first National Convention nomi
nated Jackson and Van Buren. From that
time date the National Conventions of the
Senators and Congressmen— T. A. S., Han
ford, Kings County, Cal. The constitution of
the United States says:
So person shall be a Representative -who shall
not nave attained the age of 25 years and been
seven years a resident of the I'nited States, and
who shall not. when elected, be an inhabitant of
that State in which he shall be chosen.
No person shall be a Senator who shall not have
attained the age of 30 years and been nine yet rs a
citizen of the United 'States, andxvho shall not,
when elected, be an inhabitant of that State for
which he shall be chosen.
As a rule eacn Congressman is a resident of
the district lie represents in the House, but
non-residence in a particular district does not
render a candidate constitutionally ineligible
so long as he is a resident of the State.
Newton Booth— S. ti., City. Newton Booth
never was a candidate before the people for
the office of Governor but once. That was in
1871, when he ran on the Republican ticket.
He was elected on the 6th of September, re
ceiving 62,581 votes, Haight (D.) receiving
57.520. He was inaugurated on the Bth of
December and resigned on the 27th of Febru
ary, 1875, to enter upon the duties of United
States Senator, he having been elected to that
oflice on the 20th of December, 1873. for the
term to commence on the 4th of March, 1875.
He died in Sacramento July 14, 1892. Romu
aldo Pacheco, who succeeded him, was elected
Lieutenant-Governor on the sanfe ticket and
at the same time that Booth was elected.
Dandruff— "Call" Reader, City. The follow
ing is given as a wash for the eradication of
dandruff: Sesquiearbonate of ammonia 2
drachms, carbonate of potash 2 drachms, soft
water J£ pint; dissolve and add to a mixture
of tincture of cantharides lji fluid ounces, rec
tified spirits % pint and good rum \% pints.
Agitate the whole well and add a little scent.
Of the merits of this preparation "Answers to
Correspondents" does not know anything.
Loss of the Strathclyde— R. V., City. The
Strathclyde, a Glasgow steamer, wes sunk by
a collision with the Hamburg ship Franconia
in Dover Bay, in daylight, on the 17th ot Feb
ruary, 1876. Seventeen lives were lost and a
verdict of manslaughter was returned against
the master of the Franconia.
Oldest Railroad— T. F., San Jose, Cal. The
oldest railroad in the State of California is the
Sacramento Valley road, that was built be
tween Sacramento and Folsom, and which in
later years became part of the Sacramento and
Piacerville line. It was incorporated in 1852 —
August 14— and was opened in February, 1856.
Calcutta— H. D. G., City. When it is 12
o'clock noon in San Francisco it is three min
utes past 2 o'clock in the morning in Calcutta,
India. The difference in time is 14 hours and
THE COMING CONGRESS.
Cleveland 2*ew3 and Herald.
What will Messrs. Cleveland and Carlisle do?
Will they assume the responsibility for the ex
isting condition of affairs and tell how it is to
be met, or willthey shift all the responsibility
upon the Republican Congress and heave Jo
Republican lawmakers the task of helping the
Government out of the hole into which it has
been plunged by Democratic incapacity and
mismanagement? If Messrs. Cleveland and
Carlisle are patriotic statesmen now is the
time for them to prove their ability and
Here is a fine fight ahead of us. We hope the
Republicans will make the most of it. Let
them add to the unpopular internal revenue
taxes if they see fit. Let them tackle the tariff
if they prefer that. And with this pleasing
contest ahead there are people who pretend to
think the Democratic party has not a good
fighting chance this next year, and that it
must nominate one man expecting him to be
beaten. There is trouble ahead of the Re
We do not believe the country cares very
much which party chooses the officers of the
present United States Senate. It is of no ad
vantage to either party to hold these places,
except to confer certain favors upon a few of
their members. It is a case of individual
profit therefore rather than of National im
St. Louis Globe-Democrat.
All "long 1 ' sessions of Congress, according to
predictions made at the beginning, will be
short. This circumstance ought to make peo
ple skeptical of the figuring which brings the
coining session to an end in Jlay or June. The
session is much more likely to last until Sep
The session promises to be one of inactivity,
enlivened by stage plays in the interest of par
ties and Presidential aspirants. In the words
of Senator Frye of Maine a Republican House,
a nondescript Senate and a Democratic Presi
dent do not iurnish a team for heavy work.
HE WAS EXTRAVAGANT.
He— lt doesn't seem possible, dearest, that
just one week from to-night you will be my
own, sweet little wife.
She (dreamily)— Doesn't it? But (sweetly) if
you are always as good to me as you have been
during our engagement I shall have no cause
He— l didn't know that I had been so good to
She— lndeed you have. Why, just look at the
lovely engagement ring you gave me! It's al
most twice as large as any of the other girls' —
He (remembering the bill) — True, my dar
ling. 1 wanted you to have the best.
She— And look at all the other beautiful
things you have given me.
He (modestly)— You deserved them, dear.
Khe— And think of the lovely wedding trip
we are going on.
He— l m glad that you are pleased with it.
By the way, I have something else for you.
Something in diamonds for your wedding
She (clapping her hands)— Oh, I just know it
is perfectly elegant I Can't I have a peep at it
He— Certainly. I want you to. It will be
She— And will you let me see it to-morrow
He — I'm afraid not, dearest. You see, to
morrow night I have arranged u> give my
ushers a little dinner.
She (coldly)— Do you think it necessary to
give your ushers a dinner?
He^-Certainly. Why not?
She (reproachfully) — Have you considered,
dear, how much it will cost?— Tom Masson in
PROGRESS OF ITALIAN CITIES.
Two great countries of Europe have within
these past weeks been celebrating with enthu
siasm the twenty -fif th anniversary of the events
which gave them national unity. The Ger
mans were a group of more or less discordant
kingdoms and principalities, but the victory
over the French at Sedan made possible the
new German empire. The progress of the Ger
man people in the auarter century that has
elapsed since the Franco-Prussian war is uni
versally recognized. It has no parallel in his
tory perhaps, except the progress made by the
United States in the twenty-five years follow
ing the conclusion of the civil war. The Ital
ian celebrations nave been no less hearty and
sincere than the German, but they have been
conducted with far less jubilance and assert
ive ness of tone. It was in October, 1870 just
twenty.flve years ago, that the kingdom of Vic
tor Emmanuel, which had been gaining ground
step by step with the help of statesmen like
Cavour and patriot soldiers like Garibaldi
took final and formal possession of the Papal
States and installed itself in the Eternal City
For the most part the recent comments upon
toe Italian celebrations nave occupied them*
.Reives with polntliiK out »*£ - P*2*f - fLfi! ■-
: financial dlflfcuHl««r w In = whlcli ; th Th?SS£
Government now.ftudc Ittrtl >"»«t. Jhcj occa
sion has also h<-i> <<i.i-i'iywJ U>t c. irlous ois-
Rome by the ""'/L iSmp?
▼ears Taeo It tr-ifc thai v,<-. too 4 between
ment to many grave «II«lcaltIe«. -Itl»*i»o trn*
Cities," by Albert- Shaw, In the J»o\emt>er Ke
view of Kevin w.".
Thoma la Fon, a Roman Catholic color*
man, died recently in New Orleans, leaving a
fortune estimated at $300,000. He left nu
merous bequests to charitable educational In
stitutions, aggregating about $100,000.
President Johnston of Tn!»ne University
says that he was examined for admission to
Yale in 1852, along with Professor Jacob
Cooper of Rulers College. At th* beginning
oftheexamina.iori Tutor Talcott said to Mr.
Cooper, "How much Greek have you read?
"Over 3000 pages," wa 1 ; the reply- "You don t
mean that, do you ?" eaifl Mr. Talcott. "Isn't
it 3000 lines?" "No sir," was the reply.
"When I say pages, I mean pages!" and his ex
amination proved that he spoke truly. Some
years afterward another classmate, knowing
Professor Cooper's love of Hebrew, asked him,
"Do you love Hebrew as much as ever?"
"Yes," was the reply. "Well, how much do you
love it?" The reply was modestly made, "I
think that if all tne Hebrew Bibles in the world
were destroyed, I conld write it from memory."
This is the man that Tulane honored with a
LL.D. at its last commencement.
Bkst printing, best prices. Koberts Ptg. Co.'
Extra fine Roasted Peanut Taffy. Townsend's,
Bacon Printing Company, soß Clay street*
Special information daily to manufacturers,
business houses and public men by the Press
Clipping Bureau (Allen's), 510 Montgomery. •
Rev. Dr. Charles A. Stoddard, senior editor
of the New York Observer, will attend the
sessions of the Association for the Reformation
and Codification of the Laws of Nations, to be
held at Brussels in October, of which he has
been a member for many years.
Sjcfferees from rheumatism should take
Hood's Sarsapariila. Tho acidity of the blood,
which causes the disease, is neutralized, ibe blood
purified and a feeling of serene health imparted.
VIA SANTA FE ROUTE.
A new train thnrichont begins October 2a
Pullman's finest sleeping-cars, vestibule reclining
chair cars and dininjj-cars. I-<os Angeles to Chi
cago, via Kansas City, without change. Annex
cars on sharp connection for Denver and St.
Louis. Twenty-seven hours quicker than the .
qnickest competing train. The Santa Fe has been
put in fl no physical condition and Is now the best
"Mrs. Winslow's Soothing Syrap"
Has been used over fifty years by millions of moth
«>rs for their children while Teething with perfect
success. It soothes the child, softeiis this gums, al
lays Pain, cures Wind Colic, regulates : th« ■ Bowels
and i 3 the best remedy for ,Diurrhcea3, whether
arising j from teething or other causes. . For sals b?
Druggists in every part of the world. £esureaai
ask for Mtra. Winslow's Sootblns Synp. ■ -53 »
bottle. ;> : Vi..v-;
Cobon'ado.— Atmosphere ij perfectly dry, soft
and mild, and is entirely fr^e from the mista com
mon further norrh. Round-trip tickets, by steam
ship, including fifteen days' board at the Hotel del
Coronado, $60 : longer stay ?•_' so per day. Apply
4 >"ew Montgomery St., San Francisco.
Miss Marion Talbot, now dean of Chicago
University, went into the practical side of sani
tation ■with an energy that proved her sin
cerity, and which also converted her into an
authority. She studied tne plumber's trade,
but found it too hard an occupation for a
woman. Her practical knowledge of plumbing
is, as may be guessed, of great value to her in
her work— first, as professor of sanitation, and
now as dean.
With each pound is given a *
Lovely Dish 11111
- ■ -■ ....... .... ■-/,._-.;««
100 Varieties to Choose From
THEY ARE GEMS
Great American Importiiis; Tea Co.
( 140 Sixth at.
965 Market st.
333 Hayes st.
■■■".; -» : ■'* 1419 Polk Bt.
521 Montg'y aye.
,1. . 2008 Fillmore St.
fifv SfArA« ' i 3006 Sixteenth st.
• i Vlljf WIUHSt 2510 3ltSBion st.
fj>* ■:'■ ■-. 218 Third st.
. , • : 104 Second st.
I 146 Ninth st.
1.3259 Mission st.
f 1053 Washington
' = AnlrloTuT J 917 Broadway.
-i\ '■• ...:'_ VUMuIIU. i i:u San Pablo ay.
J.616E. Twelfth st
iHftiUrUit" i Alaineda are.
Headquarters— s2 Market St., S. F.
. MSf We Operate 100 Stores and Agencies.
. Write far Price List. ?
Ii ■ - .- ■'
' Winter time — a good time
to get some big j warm, com-
fortable chairs ; . nice to • sit
around the fire in.
Can't 1 tell good upholstery
from Jthe looks ; feel it — feel
deep. ; If • it's good it's the.
same .through ; ours is.
Made in our own shop. \:.
\ Prices are right.. ; ;
You'd hardly 1 know the
store — in holiday attire.
No end of pretty Christmas
things. Welcome. ~L
Carpets . Rugs . Mattings
(N. P. Cole & Co.) ■■'•' -;'■'-. ... . t-
t 117-123 Geary Street.
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