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Interesting Report of Important Up-to-Date News Items in Alameda County
DAVIE WHS SURPRISED.
The City Council Refused to Ratify
A COLORED JURY IMPANELED.
Extraordinary Sight in an Oakland
Courtroom at the Trial of a
. Oakland Office San Francisco Call,)
9QB Broadway, Dec. 17. [
Tlie failure of the Council to ratify the
action of the Mayor in opening Harrison
/street lias caused him some surprise. That
-the Council may eventually approve of it
.;is possible, but the Mayor thought they
iwould do it at once, and unanimously.
r When the matter came, up City Attorney
T£ irsol said he would not have voted as a
niember of the Board of Works to sustain
Hie act of the Mayor but that he thought
the street had been open a long time. The
resolution of ratification was c yen tually re
ferred to a committee consisting of Messrs.
Manuel, Towle and Watkinson, who will
report back to the Council.
"This is really the most remarkable
.thing I ever encountered in my life," said
Mayor Davie to-nigh?. '"I opened Harri
son street as Mayor. Then the two other
Commissioners of the Board of Works got
together and we all indorsed the opening
and ordered the Street Superintendent to
keep it clear to the water front. Now
Commissioner Peirsol in his capacity of
■City Attorney apologizes to the Council
for his vote, "and the Council appoints a
committee to go over the ground traversed
by the suit recently tried by Judge Ogden,
..and decide whether the Judge is right in
"When Pardee opened Broadway this
>"on-Partisan Council hurrahed and roared
lor weeks. They passed a resolution rati
fying his action, and soon afterward passed
a resolution directing the street Superin
tendent to open all streets to th%water
front. This was done, even before Judge
Osden"s decision that the water-front com
pany had no right to the property they
claim. Now the same Council, after Judge
Ogdtn's decision, has refused to ratify ray
action induing at the foot of Harrison
.street what Mayor Pardee did at the foot
of Broadway. I was not nearly so radical
as the > on- Partisan Mayor, for he took all
the railroad's property to the corporation
yard, smashed a boy's head en route and
sold the- obstructions at public auction. 1
ni'erely moved all the obstructions beyond
the property line and rilled in the street."
A FATHER'S PLAINT.
School Methods That Are II .lining Chil
Ex-City Attorney Johnson has submit
ted a communication to the Board of Edu
cation that will probably cause much dis
cussion. His letter read?:
Oakland, Ca!.. Dec. 16, 1895.
To the linanl <•( Education of the City of Oak
land—Gentlemen: As a resident of the' Seventh
■ Ward and a patron of tiie public schools of Oak
land, I respectfully direct your attention to
& system of instruction which is now permit
ted in the Franklin Grammar School, and ap
ply to your honorable body for the relief winch
the exigency oi the cate demands.
I refer to the methods enforced there by the
learned specialist who instructs the pupils in
He is, I regret to say, allowed to ride his un
bridled hobby at a reckless, child-killing
speed and exercises his particular privilege to
iia utmost limit.
It is time for some one in authority to call a
halt and impose the proper and much-needed
. restraint in order thai the teachers in this
school may give a fair proportion of the
school hours to instruction in reading, writ
ing, arithmetic and other important and
-'necessary branches of elementary learning.
Children in the lower grades, 9 and 10 years
of age, are required to consume occasionally
the greater part of a day, and often an hour a
day, and additional time in so-called "home
•work." to the tiresome and profitless study of
strictly technical and industrial drawing, and
are compelled to utilize as a "unit of design,"
" Scalene, isosceles, equilateral triangles, rhom
boids and many other complicated geometri
cal ligures with names which they cannot
■pronounce and definitions far beyond their
These boys and girls, regardless of personal
inclination, talents or natural adaptation, are
directed end required from the aforesaid
•■'units of design," to originate and evolve pat
terns suitable for walipaper, oilcloth, decora
tive borders and other intricate and complex
artistic designs, at tne cost of intense nervous
■ strain, physical exhaustion and consumption
• of time, vastly disproportionate to the benefit
received and to the time given to other useful
It is close, accurate, tedious, technical work
which properly belongs to the course of in
struction ai polytechnic institutes and schools
of ' technology, * and in fairness to pupils,
Tfarents and "the public, should, even in the
high school, be an elective study only, and has
no proper place in a iree public grammar
Many bright, industrious boys and girls,
with no taste or adaptability for technical
drawing, are, from the force of circumstances,
compelled to leave the schoolroom for pood,
after finishing the studies of the eighth or
ninth grades, and to such it works a great In
•: to consume so disproportionate an
amount of valuable time in enforced and un
willing attention to such specialty.
".The plan now pursued in the Franklin
Grammar School in relation to this subject is
raaically wrong and should be corrected.
In the belief that you will investigate and
make the correction, I respectfully submit this
communication. James a. Johnson,
375 East Fourteenth Street.
OAKLAND. Cal., Dec. 17.— The trial of
Louis Muhlner, the Point Reyes weather
' observer, for the killing of Jennie Lewis,
was resumed today before Judge Frick.
The prosecution is showing by witnesses
every movement of Muhlner's since he
left Point Reyes the day before the mur
der to the time he delivered himself up to
the San Francuco police. Several San
Francisco saloon-keepers were put on the
stand to testify as to Muhlner's move
ments on the evening of the murder. The
.chief effort of the prosecution is being di
rected to prove that Muhlner told contra
dictory stories after the shooting. Miss
Tillie'FrawJey told of the occurrences at
the ball at Gefmania Hall, when Muhlner
and Miss Lewis quarreled, and the police
told of the surrender of the prisoner.
Ihe case goes on to-naorrow.
A Colored Jury.
OAKLAND, Cat.., Dec. 17.-J. B. Wil
aon editor of the San Francisco Elevator,
a colored organ, was on trial to-day for
libeling Thomas Pearson, the colored
Lafayette-square gardener. The story of
the trouble has already been told in The j
Call and the case was tried by Judge |
Wood and Wilson found guilty. The de- j
fendant paid that he had not understood
what he was doing when he waived a jury
trial and Judge Wood granted him a new |
trial by jury. Two big venires of colored
men were examined to-day before the jury
was obtained. It was ver/ late when the
taking of evidence commenced and a
night session was held.
OAKLAND. Cal., Dec. 17.-The ex- j
aminations into the death of Felice V arm,
who was fouud murdered in the ban
l^eandro hills, was continued to-fiay. Ihe
four men who were the companions of the
dead man cannot speak English, and, as
an interpreter has to be used, the proceed
ing are very tedious. Tbe examination
goes on to-morrow.
OAKLAND, Cal.. Dec. 17. — Peter
O'Brien, William O'Brien and Danny
Needham, three pugilists, did some fright
ing list night. To-day they concluded
that their conduct had been unprofes
fcioual, and Danny Needham and Peter
O'Brien will now answer to warrants
charging them with battery.
I».-:i.l Infant la the Bay.
OAKLAND, C.v,, Dec. 17.— The body of
an infant was found to-day in the estuary
at the foot of Harrison street. It was
taken to the Honrne. Several such cases
l.aye recently been reported, but nothing
is ever heard" of the parents.
HISTOKY OF A DAY.
Alameria County Happenings Told In
Oakland Office San Francisco Call,)
908 Broadway, Dec. 17. }
It is estimated that the late John Crellin was
No trace of the bold lone highwayman who
held up the Lorin electric car at Telegraph and
Alcatraz avenues early yesterday morning ha»
as yet been discovered.
The autopsy in the case of Albert H. Hopken,
the West Oakland groceryman who dropped
dead, showed the cause of death to be fatty de
generation of the heart.
The citizens of Livermore have organized
what thoyhave styled the Livermore League
of l'ro^re'ss. H. H. Pitcher has been elected
chairman and J. O. McKown secretary.
George C. Kaufman, Mayor Oavie's private
secretary, hns prepared a design for a new city
hnll which he claims to be more feasible than
the one embracing an archway over the exten
sion of Washington street.
Jauies Quinlan. the ex-police officer of Oak
land, who stabbed John Summers Rt San Lean
dro yesterday afternoon, has furnished bonds
MAY LAMBERT. FLORENCE HARDIMAN MILLER. EMMA SECKLE MARSHALL.
for his release. He left the County Jail last
night. Summers is not badly hurt.
Yesterday the directors of the Home of the
Adult Blind met to formally install the new
superintendent, JacK Hays, in the position of
superintendent aud to approve his bond, which
was in the sum of .SSOOO, with Charles Mc-
Cleverty and W. J. Diugee as sureties.
The insurance on William Kirchner's resi
dence and saloon, with its contents, which was
destroyed by fire at 2 o'clock Sunday morning,
was divided as follows: Manchester, $1200;
Liverpool, Londo i and Globe, $2000; Pboeaix,
■$700. Total, $3900. Xo clew has been dis
covered regarding the money which was miss
WHEN DOCTORS DIFFER
The Latest Idea of the Health
Office Killed in the
Dr. Buckland Makes a Winning Fight
Against the Anti-Consumption
Oakland Office San Fraxcisco Call,)
The City Council has decided that there
should be no compulsory registration of
people suffering from consumption and
allied diseases, and although the doctors
on the Board of Health made a hard fight
from their standpoint the measure was
beaten. Tne Health Officer, Dr. Mayon,
read a circular which he said he proposed
to issue if the oidinance was passed, but
it had an effect on the Council contrary to
that which its author expected.
Dr. Fisher stated that if the ordinance
was passed the names of consumptives
would not be published in the newspapers.
Dr. Sarah Shuey corroborated, and Dr.
Ackerly said that contagion among ani
mals was better guarded against than
among human beings, for when an animal
had such a disease the law required it to
This aroused Councilman Buckland,
M. D., who said he hoped Dr. Akerly did
not mean that when human beings were
sick they should be shot like a glandered
horse. He did not believe the ordinance
was necessary and thought the Health
Office could fight the disease without it.
In Santa Barbara, a favorite resort for con
sumptives, every person coming to a hotel
is presented with an envelope addsessed
"important to you," in which were con
tained directions about sanitary matters.
Dr. Bucklana thought the ordinance was
only a preliminary measure to establish
ing'a bacteriological laboratory in order to
make analysis which would determine
who had consumption. He thought the
expense would be very great.
Councilman Bassett agreed with Buck
land and thought the Health Office could
give all the necessary advise to consump
tives without any such ordinance. It
would work a hardship on poor families,
because in the end, if it meant anything,
it meant establishing a quarantine in each
Health Officer Mayon denied that there
would be any quarantine. Typhoid fever
and scarlatina are not quarantined and
neither would consumption be treated in
that way. As for notifying patients with
out the cases being reported he wanted to
know how it could be done.
The general opinion regarding the ordi
nance was that it was an unnecessary piece
of legislation and would confer on ttie five
doctors forming the Board of Health a
power that would bring them almost con
tinually in conflict with the rest of the
The Council stood by Dr. Buckland and
the Health Officer retired.
Victim of the Train.
Robert O. Collier, the salesman for Caswell &
Co., 406 Sacramento street, who was run down
by a train at the crossing on Bartlett street,
between Twenty-fourth and Twenty-fifth, Mon
day, was taken from tne City and County Hos
pital to his home, 1724 Clay street, yesterday.
The chances of his recovery are doubttul.
Movements of fam-.v taatic Steamers.
NKW YORK— Arrived Dec 17— Stmr Veendam,
from Rotterdam: stmr La Champagne, from
Havre: stmr Pomeranian, from Glasgow; stmr
Friesland, from Antwerp.
Sailed Dec 17— stmr Aller, for Bremen.
GLASGOW— Arrived out Dec 17— Stmr Corean.
AMSTERDAM— Arrived out Dec 17— Stmr
HAMBURG— SaiIed Dec 17— Stmr Prussia, for
LlZAKD— Passed Dec 17— Stmr Spree, from New
York for Bremen.
SCJLL.V— Passed Dec 17— Stmr Persia, from New
York for Hamburg.
THE SAN FRANCISCO CALL, WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 18, 1895.
WRITERS OF THE COUNTY.
They Hold a Reception at
the Industrial Ex
SOUVENIRS FOR VISITORS.
Illustrated Music Adds to the At
tractions — Literary Evening
Oakland Office, San Francisco Call,)
908 Broadway, Dec. 17. f
Society has set its seal of approval on
the Industrial Exposition, and for the re
mainder of the week the promenade con
certs will be "the thing." The crowd to
night and last night formed the greater
part of the exhibition, ana if the space
were twice as large there would still be
need of more.
It is a ladies' exhibition more than any
thing else. Ladies originated it, ladies en
couraged the executive committee right
alone, ladies undertook to provide the
musical and literary programmes, and
having done so much they decided that
they must be on duty in their respective
headquarters and welcome all who come
to see the result of their work and of the
men who helped them. They have al
ready received thousands and before
Saturday night will receive thousands
It is the exhibition of the county and the
patronage has surpassed all expectations.
County officials, judges, bankers and mer
chants from all over the county attended
last night, half out of curiosity and half
from a sense of duty. To-night they came
again with their families, drank free
phosphates, etc., looked longingly at
bottled "old rye," enjoyed the odor of the
tamale corner, consented to let pretty
waitresses spray them with free cologne,
ate samples of bread, listened to the high
class music, concluded that they could
afford to break the ice of dignity for once
in their lives and when the lights went out
they were unanimous in their opinion that
the whole affair was a pronounced com
mercial and social success.
The ladies had a busy time this evening.
Mrs. Laura Y. Pinney.Mrs. Emily Remsen
and Miss Mary Lambert were the recep
tion committee in the Writers' Association
parlors and served tea to hundreds of
visitors. Neat souvenirs of the best-known
writers of Aiameda County were dis
tributed by the ladies and were eagerly
The speaker of the evening was Prison
Director RoDert M. Fitzgerald, who said in
"I have often in the past thought that
Oakland would have no existence if nature
had not decreed that men should sleep
one-third of the time. Now my opinion is
changed and I think that this exposition
will make an improvement in our city and
county. Socially we produce every kind
of man from street* orators to statesmen,
and every kind of woman from one capable
of intelligent gossip to the most perfect
type of motherhood and polished old
"I thought for a long time that this was
about all that we did produce, but I was
mistaken. A walk around this exhibition
has convinced me, and I think you also,
that Aiameda County can and does pro
duce everything that our civilization de
mands, and if we would we could be as in
dependent of San Francisco as of the
"No one can doubt the value of this ex
hibit. It has opened the eyes of the whole
county. We are to-night welcoming hun
dreds of visitors from San Francisco and
interior towns, and in their eyes we at last
appear an independent metropolis."
The crowd to-night was larger than last
night, and the promenades and galleries
The speaker for to-morrow night will be
ex-Mayor George C. Pardee, and the united
German societies of Oakland will give a
grand musical concert and athletic exhi
Friday afternoon there will be a baby
competition. To-morrow the ladies will
decide on a phrase and make it public, and
the child that can pronounce it most
clearly will be awarded a handsome prize.
The babies must not exceed three years of
Saturday F. R. Porter of Echoes, Miss
Mollie Conners of Oakland Saturday Night
and H. A. Redneld, acting as a committee,
have secured the following talent to give a
literary night in connection with the
Writers' Association :
Charles Edwin Markham, president; 11. A.
Redneld, vice-president; Martin Kellogg, Fred
S. Stratton, Rev. C. W. Miller, Miss Ray Frank,
Dr. Muhr, A. B. Nye, W. C. Bartlett, Mrs. Eva
Wren, Mrs. Blake-Alverson, George H. Carle
ton, Ben Clark. Willis E. Bacheller, John W.
Metcalf, Miss Ina Griffin, Miss Jean Hush, Miss
Margaret Cameron, Miss Mabel Hussey, Miss
Anne Kavanaugh, Mrs. H. E. Robbins, Miss
Margaret Craven, Miss Nellie Shipley, Warren
Crabtree, Miss Constance Jordan, Miss Blanche
Partington, William B. King.
It is now regarded as certain that the
xposition will be kept open another week.
WATER BATE FOR SCHOOLS.
Town Attorney Hayne Files an Opinion
in Berkeley on It.
BERKELEY, Cal., Dec. 17.— Town At-
torney Hayne riled an opinion at the meet
ing of ttie Board of Education last nipht
relative to the changes allowable by the
Aiameda Water Company regarding water
rates for schools. In his report it was
stated that companies may chaige 1
cent per pupil for all water consumed
within the schools. Sprinkling of lawns,
gardens, grounds, etc.. will be half of 1
cent for each square yard a month. He
also passed an opinion with regard to the
placing of meters when the consumer uses
excessively or wastes the water.
Miss Alma Alden was appointed sub
teacher for East Berkeley upon recom
mendation of Principal Waterman. The
Committee on Supplies was authorized to
purchase iorty pupils' desks and other
necessary furniture for the Kose-street
School. "It was reported that $148 had
been apportioned from the State and
county fund for library purposes, which
will be devoted to the purchase of maps
and supplemental readers.
Warrants were drawn on the treasury
for bills amounting to $2483.
BERKELEY, Cal., Dec. 17.— The Uni
versity of California football team will
not take its proposed trip to Southern Cal
ifornia durinir the Christmas recess. Man
ager Lang, in speaKing of the matter to
day, said: "The prime reason why we
snail not undertake the much-talked-of
tour is because the Olympic Club team,
with whom we expected to have a game,
cannot arrange to go to Los Angeles. The
greatest source of our revenue on the turf
is thus cut off. The Butte team is going
south. I understand, but of course we can
not play against it. because it has a num
ber of men who are classed as professionals.
We would not make enough by meeting
only the local clubs to justify us in under
taking the trip, so we will have to let it go
by the board."
G. W. Norton Honored.
BERKELEY, Cal., Dec. 17.— G. W. Nor
ton ol Lorln has been elected commander of
Lyon Post, G. A. R., Oakland, one of the
largest posts in the department of Cali
fornia. It is expected that Lookout
Mountain Post and Lookout Mountain
Corps of Berkeley will attend the public
installation of the* officers of Lyon Post, to
be held January 7, in recognition of the
honor bestowed upon a citizen of Berkeley.
Wish to Be Postmaster.
BERKELEY, Cal., Dec. 17. — There
promises to be a lively fight for the posi
tion of Postmaster in Berkeley next April,
the time when John McCarthy, ti:e pres
ent Postmaster, retires. The men already
in the held are John McCarthy (for re
appointraent), Thomas Landregan, N. B.
Byrne, Charles Kearns, E. H. Congdon
and 0. H. Wells.
Will Light the Grounds.
BERKELEY, Cal., Dec. 17.— An elec
trician, with a corps of assistants, is ar
ranging to wire the university crounds
with a view to having the electric lights
ready for use at the beginning of the
spring term. The electricity will be fur
nished by the plant at the Mechanics'
BERKELEY, Cal., Dec. 17.— The finan
cial report of the Associated Cnarities of
Berkeley for the period of nine months
and eight days, from March 8 to December
16, 1895. is as follows: Balance from last
report, $9015; receipts, $54; total, $144 15.
Expenditures, $69 70; leaving a balance in
the treasury of $74 45.
GATES ON LOCAL CARS.
The Municipal Trustees Propose
an Ordinance Requiring
The Southern Pacific Company Wants
Some of the City's Marsh
ALAMEDA, Cal., Dec. 17.— The pro
posed new ordinance of the Municipal
Trustees requiring gates to be put on the
cars of local trains is sure to arouse de
cided opposition on the part of the public
of Alameda, and especially the business
men of Park street. The incentive for the
enactment of such an ordinance was the
accident by which young Delanoy lost his
life some three weeks ago; but it was not
supposed that any further requirement
would be made than the putting of guards
under the car bodies, to prevent people
who may be thrown or who fall from car
platforms falling under the wheels. But
the proposed ordinance requires guards
and buffers to be placed everywhere, and
gates to be placed on car platforms. Street
cars must have buffers "of suitable design
and construction for the purpose of remov
ing from the track any obstruction there
on." The buffer shall be placed on both
sides of the wheels if the cars are pio
pelled backward and forward without be
ing turned around. Each engine must
have buffers to remove or catch persons
who get on the track, and it shall be un
lawful for any person or company to
operate cars propelled by steam unless
they are provided with a device to prevent
people getting on or off while the train is
moving. This is suspiciously similar to an
ordinance which it was once sought to
have enacted in Oakland, and a good many
people say it is inspired by the railroad
company. It is sure to provoke a storm.
The ordinance will come up for passage at
the next meeting of the board.
The Famous Open Letter.
ALAMEDA, Cal., Dec. 17.— Drs. Zeyn,
Smith and Lubbock of the Board of Health
attended the meeting of the Board of Edu
cation last night. They came when the
session was half over and filed in together.
It was understood at once that they came
on business connected with the famous
"open letter" which the members of the
Board of Education had addressed to Dr.
Smith. Dr. Smith at the last session of
Board of Health stated i hat a worse dis
ease than tuberculosis (naming it) was in
tl.e schools, and in tha ranks of teachers
at that. This brought the "open letter"
which demanded "proof or a retraction. ''
Which it was that the board had now come
to make excited a good deal of interest for
Dr. Smith, after some preliminary busi
ness, arose and addressed the board. He
stated that his remark at the Health
Board meeting was made upon authority,
and that authority was the president of
the Health Board. He said the public
statement was not considered fully or it
would not have been made. He further
said that he intended no reflection on the
School Board or School Department.
The present of the School Board said
he was surprised that anotner physician,
a member of the Board of Health, tad
given such informfttiou, obtained in his
practice, but as it had been frankly stated
by Dr. Smith, he was in favor of meeting
him half way and retracting the open let
ter, which reflected upon him so severely.
A retraction was therefore ordered, and
tue matter thus amicably ended.
Southern Pacific Wants It.
ALAMEDA, Cal., Dec. 17.— The Web
ster-street roadway and the track of the
broad-gauge railway run down across the
marsh from the high land of Alameda to
the estuary parallel and some four hun
dred feet apart. The city of Alameda
owns an undivided interest in the marsh,
which is now about to be partitioned, and
has elected to take the strip between these
two roada as its portion. The city has
niade improvements on the strip by filling
it in in part, and thus laid the basis of its
claim. An agent of the Southern Pacitic
Company appeared before the Board of
Municipal Trustees on Monday night and
requested that the city select some other
part of the marsh as its share. He stated
that the roadways would not remain per
manently on their present lines, but that
the two bridges would some day give way
to one situated between them. The board
declined to accede to the request.
The Winter Vacation.
ALAMEDA, Cal., Dec. 17.— The public
schools formally close for the winter vaca
tion on Friday next. The Superintendent
reported to the board at the regular meet
ing last night that the term has been the
most satisfactory of any under his super
A resolution of condolence with Director
Knowles was passed upon the recent
death of his little daughter Ruth, who
was burned to death.
ORATORS HAVE THE TOWN
Repeal of the Ordinance Forbid
ding Meetings on Street
Even the Lonely Light in the City
Hall Park Is Ordered to Be
Oakland Office Sax Francisco Call,)
908 Broadway, Dec. 17. f
Street meetings have been resumed in
Oakland, after having been tabooed for
a year. The repeal of the ordinance pro
hibiting meetings on the streets was prac
tically forced by the nightly scenes around
the City Hall. When street meetings were
prohibited all the religious, socialist, labor
and political orators made the City Hall
park and the steps to the hall their head
quarters. On some occasions the con
fusion and din was so great and the in
citement to belligerency so marked that
the police were forced to take a fiery orator
into the jail and keep him there till the
crowd had dispersed.
One of the most important features in
the nightly trouble around the City Hall
has been a single electric light. This light
hangs before the bandstand, and offered
such inducement to speak from the ros
trum that free rights frequently occurred
for the privilege of addressing the crowd.
This and the noise at the City Hall steps,
and the fact that the grass at the park has
disappeared in large plats, caused the
Council to reconsider the prohibitory
It was concluded that so long as the
street orators were bound to exercise their
powers it were better that they should be
distributed all over town, even with the
risk of a few being run over by electric
cars, than that they should make evening
hideous by massing in the center of the
To-night the light before the bandstand
was not connected with the current, and
the orators waited in darkness and in
vain. Then it was learned that at last
night's meeting the Council had passed an
order repeating the street-speaking ordi
nance, and added a rider directing that
the solitary light in the City Hall park
should be discontinued. There was an
indignation meeting improvised in the
darkness, but nothing was done, and the
man who came to demand that Cleveland
should not recede from his present stand
till John Bull had been severely taught
several lessons went away in disgust, as a
policeman informed him that there was a
"keep off the grass" ordinance in effect.
The street-oratory question has been
round a circle during the last eight
months and is now just where it was when
the agitation started.
Salisbury at Work.
Lord Salisbury has been working at the
problem presented by the sudden over
turn of British politics in the last election.
He is too old a politicician to admit the
conclusion that the English people or any
great part of them have been transformed
from Liberals to confirmed Tories. So he
inclines to think it is a Question of persons
rather than of principles and that the
people are disposed to give each set of
public men its turn and to dismiss them
when it is time to try the other. Yet
from 1846 to 1874 the Liberals carried
every election and the Tories never
got a turn at the hands of the
people, although they had the Ministry
at times through dissensions in the Par
liamentary majority. And there was a
long lease of power for the Tories from
1802 till 1830, whe-n the Liberal party
seemed permanently discredited. The
Tories are brought m now simply because
the country is doing badly, and the Lib
erals would do nothing to mend matters.
The people hope that the strongly na
tional instincts of Lord Salisbury and his
friends will bring them to some plan for
the abatement of the general depres
sion. That is all the Toryism the elec-*
tions stand for. Thus far the Tories have
not justified these expectations. Lord
Salisbury has declared that protection to
the English farmer is not to be thought of.
A commission has been constituted to in
quire into the needs of English farming,
and not a protectionist has been given a
place on it, as Mr. James Lowther points
out. If such action had been had before
the elections it would have been worth
two score of seats to Lord Rosebery.
It remains to be seen if the Tories can
deal more effectively with the silver prob
lem. That, indeed, is the real farmers'
question in Great Britain. Until foreign
competition was complicated with this the
British farmer held his own against Amer
ica and other gold using countries. It is
the competition of countries which use
silver that has forced down the prices of
produce for both England and America,
and nas made it impossible for the British
farmer to go on growing wheat.—Fhila
Faint Thinned by Water.
Water paints have been placed on the
market in England. They are supplied in
the form of thick paste, which, thinned
down with hot water to the consistency of
ordinary paint, have good covering power
and dry quickly, though the thorough set
ting or nardenine of the surface takes
longer. They are economical, and can be
applied to stone, cement or brick, as well
PRESSED BRICK OR STONE?
Harbor Commissioner Cole Does
Not Favor Stone for the
A TEANSFER COMPANY FIGHT.
A Railroad Official Asks the Board
of Harbor Commissioners to
At the meeting of the State Board of
Harbor Commissioners held yesterday
morning, the full board present, President
Colnon 3tated that K. A. White, agent of
the Southern Pacific Railroad Company at
the ferry depot, had made complaint of
solicitors at the landing and the matter
was referr ed to the president for action.
A communication from the Rocsy
Point Granite Works Company, in rela
tion to the quality of its granite, was read
Chief Engineer Holmes was instructed
to procure a sample of the Oregon gray
stone that was sent to Professor Hilcard,
retain one-half and have the other half
analyzed by Professor T. Price.
At the meeting to be held this morning
the commissioners will take some action
in regard to the iron contract let to the
Risdon Iron Works for the iron to be used
in the construction of the union depot.
Mr. Mead, who represents the iron works,
desires some security from the commis
sioners to enable his company to place
certain orders. The commissioners are
willing that the company shall place their
orders so that the iron may be ready ahead
of the time when it shall be needed, but
they want to be absolved from any action
for damages in case there should be any
delay on account of the selection of stone
for the structure. That v;ill probably be
arranged this morning to the satisfaction
of all parties concerned.
After the meeting Commissioner Cole
said that he had looked closely at the
various samples of stone submitted but
was of tiie opinion that the depot ought to
be built of pressed brick.
"That," said he, holding up a pressed
brick made by a San Jose hrni, "is what 1
think ought to be used. We have had ex
periences with that kind of material and
know by experience what it ia and what it
will stand. These stones we know nothing
of. There would be a saving of $50,000 on
the lowest bid for stone put in by McCar
thy. His bids are: Roman buff brick
$167,000, Roman buff brick (another quali
ty ) $173,000, red mud brick $168,000, Nevada
scone $218,000, Arizona red stone $227,000
and Oregon gray stone $230,000.
"President Colnon was of the opinion
this morning that the acting architect be
sent to Nevada to examine the stone of
fered from there, but I think that would
be a useless expense, but nothing was done
in that matter."
The complaint of K. G. White about so
licitors is bringing before the board for
official action the light for business be
tween the two transfer companies, the Pa
cific and the Morton delivery. Mr. White
stated that the solicitors in their endeavor
to secure business interfere with and delay
passengers as they leave the boats and
there is a possibility of trouble and some
one getting hurt in the desire to prevent
any suits for damages.
The Morton delivery, a tenant of the
State, baa an office near the point where
the passengers land from the apron. The
Pacific Transfer is a tenant of the Southern
Pacific Company, and has a small office in
the baggage department. The solicitors
in the employ of that company have the
exclusive right to solicit business on the
company's trains and boats.
The Morton Company employs no solici
tors, but one or two of its men stand in the
little office waiting for business. The
solicitors in the employ of the Pacific Com
pany, when a steamer arrives, range them
selves in line between the passengers and
the Morton office with a view of offering
their services to those who may wish to go
to the Morton office. On one or two oc
casions recently the Morton men have
been obliged to step out to go to persons
who on their way to the office were stopped
by Pacific Transfer men.
President Colnon said that this was an
effort of the railroad company to protect
its tenant and to have the Morton Com-
"After the meeting this morning Mr.
Morton called on me and suggested that
the Paciric Company be required to do as
his company is doing, have an office and
no solicitors. The railroad company has
the right to do whatever it wishes on its
boats and trains, but it has no control on
the State property. It is likely that Mr.
Morton's suggestion will be carried out.
The police do not control thia class sf so
licitors, as they are within the gates, and
nc complaint has been made of the solici
tors outside the gates, who are under the
control of the officers."
Manager O'Kane of the Pacific Com
pany oaid that if his company is forced to
do as suggested then offices might as well
be rented to every delivery company in
the City. He said that he had never
heard of any trouble between his men and
the Morton men, and did not believe that
passengers are in any way hindered by his
men on their way from the boat.
Many of the foreign papers that reach
my desk seem to be very much interested
in the late Professor Boyesen's paper in
the November North American Review on
our National plague of jocularity. It eives
them an opportunity to say what they
NEW TO- DAT.
A "It knocks 2 kinds of spots 2
S£ of o' any Havana cigar 2T
5? ever made — West or
W Key East/" —Such is the taP
M forcible way a large cigar fB
A retailer expressed himself A
A regarding the new La A
I "Estrella" i
5? Cigar. New crop Hav- 2£
w ana. Best Xmas Cigar, w
/*\** * f
are so fond of saying— that there is
no seriousness in America. One can
hardly blame them for saying this. I say
it myself when I am merely generalizing.
And yet it is not want of seriousness that
makes American jocular. Some of the
most serious men I know are the most
incessant jokers. I tell them something
of grave import, and they torture my
words into puns and seem to be listen
ing to me, even when I know that
they are interested, merely for an
opportunity to thrust in a joke. No
snubbing, DO expostulation has the slight
est effect. They cannot help it. In think
ing the matter over, I have come to the
conclusion that it is a form of hysteria,
and does not mean hilarity at all; it is
temperamental and not climatic. At any
rate, I quite agree with our foreign critics
that it is tiresome. To me it is positively
depressing.— "The Lounger," in the New
The ruins on the shores of Lake Titicaca
were in the same condition when visited
by Pizarro as they are to-day. They con
sist of immense earth pyramids faced with
stone and surrounded by Cyclopean walls.
There are many monoliths strikingly sug
gestive of Stonehenge, in England, some
of the^e giant stones being fourteen feet
high by four feet broad and three feet
W H MeKeiwie, Fresno G W Chrlsman, Ventura
M X Sanborn, Salt Lake 3 McGuire, Antioch
A W Jones, Monterey S Mitchell, Elmira
D Jones A w, san Diego J Norman Aw, Brentwd
R Chapman, Cal II Burton. Los Angeles
L Brown Aw, Chicago J Hennessy, St Louis
MrsJ WRobertson<vf,Cal J F Pock, Merced
H H Scales, Modesto Mrs B V Sargent, Cal
Mas J P Sargent, Cal A Riley, Santa HOsa
Mrs C Thompson, Cal A s Kinney, Astoria
Dr J C Xardiu, Calienfe C X Owens, Stockton
H X Baggs. -Stockton LT Hattield, Sac
B CogKeshall. Cal R M Menzios, San Rafael
H It Hatch, Mac N B Bishop A w.Stockton
Mrs E B Donohoe, Cal M strouss, Victoria
J W Day, Seattle \V H Cook, Seattle
G F Mathews, Victoria X A Hardy. Lldell
C Hamilton, Westly A \V Rhodes, Stockton
A 1* Catlin, Sac W A dett, Sac
T M Ricnardson, Or C C Eokart, Philadelphia
FJ, Calif A \v, Chicago J B Nation Aw, Cal
P T Htthman & w, Cal A Koyd. Denver
T Dongall A w, Cal J S Eastwood, Fresno
J J Seymour. Fresno C J Winters, Conn
J' W Parker, Salinas 0 steenbergh, Brentwood
M E Collins. Ariz J B Peaks, Stockton
A Todhunter, San Carlos
II E Barber, Stockton C Maze Jr, Modesto
X D Hatch, Xovalo, (i Van Oorden. Cal
H Jonei, sacto J B Hoyt, Bird's Ldg
H J Wright, Sacto W L Pritchnrd, Sacto
H A Fairhouse, Sacto H S Nathan, Snoio
S Cox, Folsom T Ferguson, Berkeley
E E Smith, Cal J Sproule, Cal
H M Jones, I.cs An?eles X P conway, Fr>-sno
H J Coiiway, Fresno £ F Wit:ler. St Loul«
ChasGruham A w. Mass Miss Small, Boston
Mrs J Keller, Woodland W Smith A wf. Xapa
W Mitchell, Elko, Nev G J Bowron, Los Ang
C G White, Del Monte Mrs M Hudson, Cal
Mrs J I) 1 rafton, Cal H P Gaston, San Jose
J E Jackson, Los An? T Montgomery A" fm; Cal
J Hinckley A wf, Cal Hn F Joss. Palo Alto
J H Tonley. Vallejo R Lucas A fm. Ft Worth
Mrs M de Vires, stocktonL Shiver A fm, Alaska
S 1> Balio, >an Lu!s Obis J F Clapp. Chicago
Mrs A W*st. Cal D P Tanscott, Cal
J C Tice, Stockton J P Co.x, Folsom
J J Pratt, Yuba City J H Kusil, Aurora
Dr L Cross Stockton C A Haskin. San Lula
W Zartmau A wf, Cal; H C Hulet, Willows
W F Miller, Willows Mrs X Douglas, Sacto
J A Little A wf, Di.xon W C Good, Sania Rosa
W L Rockwell, Stockton A Jones. Cal
J E Terry, Sacramento 0 M Ayres, San Jose
w S Leake, Sacramento F W McNear, Oakland
J G Woods, Vancouver W A Somerset, ' England
J 8 Levesey. England Mrs Jackson, Sacramnto
P L Foster, X V C J Smith, Seattle
C F Munday, Seattle M Salzmau, Arizona
Dr E O Svenson. Oregon H C Henry, Seattle
E M Doe, Flagstaff Rev M J Ferguson, Canda
B B Masten A w, Chicgo OG Sage. Sacto
M Kond, Seattle Col 'Jreveleyn. Fresno
FHle Favor Aw, Mare F J Curolan, Burlingame
Island Mrs Carolan, BurlinKame
Mr and Mrs W Curtis. Mr and Mrs C A
San Rafael Spreckels, San Mateo
A F Walnvvright, Blgme Mrs O Harvey, Gait
Miss Harvey, Gait H Wheeler, Blgme
E E Potter, San Diego A Thomas, Chicago
A S Levy, X V H Spring, San Jose
L R Brown, Term J Biscby A w.Hone Kong
W E Peck, Santa Cruz
F S Evens, St Helena W Rankin, Los Gatos
1$ M Bradley, Sonoma A C Bendick, Portland
C W George A wf, Or F W James, Wash
H G Jones, Cal H C Stevens Jr, CarsonO
G Crandall, Chicago J P Rollofoz A wf, Cal
AC Mande A wf, Bak- J J Whittle, s Fernando
ersttelrt M E Lee, Wash
A D Anthony, Portland t 3 Carter, Vallejo
J Rock, Niles B A Seabury. Los Ang
F M Bliss, Sta Cruz P J Aden, Vallejo
B F Tilton, Sonoma W R Clark, Stockton
B 0 Holly, Vallejo
— FOR —
TITE EXTEND A CORDIAL INVITATION TO
* » our patrons and the public in general to In-
spect one of the lar<est and best assorted stocks of
HOLIDAY HOODS ever shown. Our aim is to
sell choice goods, and while we endeavor to make
OUR PRICES as«low as possible the quality of
our goods will always be found to be THE BEST.
STORE OPEN EVENINGS.
Useful and Desirable Holiday Gifts.
Beyond doubt the finest ever presented in
NECKWEAR, FANCY TIDIES,
PCRSES, LACE SCARFS,
CARD CASES, SHAWLS,
SHOPPING BAGS, HOSIERY,
FANCY WORK OF EVERY DESCRIPTION.
Big Bargains in Handkerchiefs!
SILK INITIAL HANDKERCHIEFS!
Men's White Japanese Silk Handkerchiefs,
hemstitched, with handsome initials, size
18x18 At 26 cents each
Men's White Japanese Silk Handkerchiefs,
hemstitched, with handsome initials, size
20x20 At 85 cents each
Men's White Japanese Silk Handkerchiefs,
hemstitched, with elaborate embroidered
initials, size 22x22 At 50 cents each,
Better grade, with handsome initials, at 75 cents
LINEN INITIAL HANDKERCHIEFS!
Ladieß' Initial Handkerchiefs, six In a box, im-
ported expressly for the holidays, fl, f 1 75
and ?3 a box.
Men's Initial Handkerchiefs, six in a box, im-
ported expressly for the holidays, at fl, f 1 75
and 93 50 a box.
Ladles' Embroidered Handkerchiefs, in an Im-
mense assortment, at 10c, li". 2 c, 20c, 25c, 85c,
50c, 75c to $2 50 each.
CHILDREN'S INITIAL HANDKERCHIEFS!
1000 boxes Children's Colored Bordered Hem-
stitched Initial Handkerchiefs, in fancy boxes,
any letter, at 30c per box.
500 dozen Children's White Hemstitched Hand-
kerchiefs, with Initials, any letter, at 10c each.
STORE OPEN EVENINGS.
125, 127, 129, 131 Kearny Street
And 209 Sutter Street.
BRANCH STOKE— 742 and 744 Market