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VOLUME LXXIX.-NO. 19.
CONGRESS AND THE PEOPLE STAND FIRM
The House Passes the Bill
for a Venezuelan
WOT A DISSENTING VOTE.
England's Attempted Alaskan
Grab to Be Investigated
by the Senate.
INDORSED BY THE MASSES.
Patriotic Expressions and Proffers of
Aid Pour in Upon the
WASHINGTON, D. C, Dec. 18.— With
an enthusiasm equaled only by that dis
played in the Senate yesterday, when the
President's recommendation that Eng
la.nd must be made to arbitrate the Vene
zuelan dispute was read, the lower House
to-day placed itself at the Chief Magis
trate's back, and without a dissenting vote
passed the bill appropriating money for
the investigating commission. No parti
sanship was displayed. All realized that
the dignity and Honor of the United States
Government must be upheld, even at the
expense of war, or the stars and stripes
would henceforth be trampled upon by
even the weakest of nations.
As soon as the morning session opened
Hitt (R.) of Illinois introduced a bill ap
propriating $100,000 for the payment of
the expenses of a commission to examine
into the boundary between Venezuela and
Boutelle (R.) of Maine suggested refer
ence to a committee, but made no objection
to immediate consideration.
Uitt supported the bill in a brief speech.
Tne demand for the previous question was
suspended for a few moments for the pur
pose of permitting Crisp (D.) of Georgia
to say that he agreed with the gentleman
from Illinois (Hitt). Hitt had introduced
the bill which himself (Crisp) had offered
yesterday afternoon, but failed to gain
recognition. The United States, he said,
had invited Great Britain to arbitrate the
matter in dispute between it and Vene
zuela. Great Britain had refused to do so,
and the United States must now ascertain,
and ascertain speedily, on which side lies
the right. It was the President's purpose
in suggesting the appointment of a com
mission and the purpose of the bill in
providing the ways and means for making
the suggestion effective. If Great Britain
would not join in denning the right in the
case the U.uted States must do it alone.
"And when the right is so ascertained,"
said Crisp, "we have the courage and tne
manhood to maintain it." [Applause.]
The previous question was then ordered
without a dissenting vote, and the bill was
read a third time and passed unanimously.
Dingley (R.) of Maine offered a concur
rent resolution providing for a holiday re
cess extending from Friday, December 20,
to Friday, January 3, 1896.
Meredith (D.) of Virginia: "Before that
resolution is passed I would like to have
some gentleman on the otner side intro
duce a bill to repeal the law forbidding old
Confederates from serving in the army or
navy. I think this would be a good time."
The holiday resolution wa» passed, and
then at 12:40 o'clock, on motion of Ding
ley, the House adjourned until Friday.
VOTES FOR AN INQUIRY.
The Senate Takes Up the British
WASHINGTON, D. C, Dec. 18.— The |
only matters that occurred in the Senate
to-day having any bearing on the exciting
question of a possible war with Great I
Britain were the introduction by Chandler '
(R.) of New Hampshire and the reference I
to the Committee on Military Affairs of a j
bill appropriating $100,000,000 to strengthen ■
the military armament of the United j
States ; the introduction of a bill by Hill!
(D.) of New York to repeal the law that
prohibits officers of the late Confederate
States, who hid formerly held commis
sions in the United States army or navy,
from being appointed to any position in I
the army or navy; and a resolution of in
quiry offered by Davis (R.) of Minnesota
as to the attempted establishment of
post routes by Great Britain or Canada
over .or upon United States territory in
Hill's desire to have his bill passed
immediately was defeated by an objection
from Platt (R.) of Connecticut, who sug
gested that there was no immediate haste
for its passage, as the country was not
;" likely to get into a war before the re
assembling of Congress. Hill's ' opinion
was that it was particularly proper and
appropriate at "this critical period of our
history" that such offensive legislation
should be wiped ont. Hill's bill remains
on the table, so that it may be taken up
for action at any time, and Davis' resolu
tion was agreed to without any question.
The House bill appropriating $100,000
. for the proposed Venezuelan commission
was not received from the House.
Most of the day's session was occupied
in the discussion of a resolution offered
yesterday by Call (D.) of Florida for the
appointment of a select committee to in- !
vestigate "organized efforts of corpora- j
tions" to control the election of members |
of Congress or to influence legislation.
Amendments to confine the scope of the
investigation of the election of Senators
and to corporations in the State of Florida
were voted down by large majorities on
aye and no votes; but an amendment j
substituting the Committee on Privileges
and Elections for a select committee was
. carried by a majority of five; and the
resolution as thus amended was passed.
Call, however, being dissatisfied with
the amendment moved a reconsideration
The San Francisco Call.
of the vote by which the resolution was
agreed to, ana that motion is pending.
The Senate at 2:50 adjourned until to
ONE MILLION GUNS.
Chandler's Bill for the Purchase of
WASHINGTON, D. C. Dec. 18.—Numer
ous conferences have been held by the Sen
ators, and it appears that a unanimous ap
propriation will be speedily made to enable
trie administration to equip the army, if
necessary. It was with this idea in view
that Chandler this morning introduced a
bill, which was referred to the Committee
on Military Affairs, providing that the
President be authorized to strengthen the
military armament by adding thereto
equipped for use, 1,000,000 infantry rifles,
1000 puns for field artillery and not exceed
ing 5000 heavy guns for fortifications, pro
cured by manufacture in arsenals or by
contract for manufacture or by direct pur
chase in this country or elsewhere, accord
ing to the discretion of tne President, who
shall conform, when practicable, without
unwise delay, to the methods prescribed
for making contracts and purchases by ex
isting laws. A hundred million dollars is
appropriated to carry into effect the provi
sions of the act.
Grout (R.) of Vermont offered in the
House a bill of the same purport as Chand
ler's. It appropriates $100,000,000, to be
come immediately available, for the con
struction of fortifications and other works
of defense on the seacoasts and along the
Canadian frontier and for their armament
with heavy ordnance.
May Be a Member of the Invest!"
"WASHINGTON, D. C, Dec. 18.— There
was considerable speculation among mem
bers of the House to-day as to the person
nel of the commission which the Presi
dent, if the bill passed by the House be
comes a law. will appoint to investigate
the divisional line between Venezuela and
British Guiana. Had not the House ad
journed at so early an hour it was the pur
pose of McCreary of Kentucky, who has
been three times the chairman of the Com
mittee on Foreign Affairs, to offer a reso
lution that the number of commissioners
shall be five; that they shall report to the
President as soon as practicable, and that
they be authorized to take whatever action
may be necessary and proper to perform
the duties assigned to them.
Already gossip is busy connecting the
name of Chief Justice Fuller of the Su
preme Court, ex-President Harrison, ex-
Senator Edmunds of Vermont and other
well-known men with the proposed com
mission. But meantime the resolution has
to run the gauntlet of the Senate Commit
tee on Foreign Relations, some of whose
members have manifested a disposition to
load it down with important amendments.
The bill for the appropriation of $100,000
for the expenses of a commission to inves
tigate the Venezuelan boundary question,
as suggested by the President, caused a
renewal of the debate of the day before on
our foreign relations.
The Republicans apreed that it would be
the part of wisdom for this measure to be
referred to the Committee on Foreign Re
lations for revision and amendment, and
the debate showed that there was a una
nimity of sentiment iv favor of amending
the measure by incorporating in it the text
of the Monroe doctrine, that doctrine
never having been given the full force of
legislative enactment by Congress. The
time within which the commission shall
report was also taken into consideration
and the time when their report must be
The statement was made by one of the
speakers that all the data needed by this
commission was now on file in the State
Department, and that a full and thorough
report could be made within sixty days.
It was agreed that it would not do to let
the idea go abroad that the commission
was intended as a time-consuming affair,
during the deliberations of which the mat
ter at issue between this country and
Great Britain would be permitted to pas 3
out of sight. Its report was to be made at
as early a moment as possible and when
that was done Congress would be called
upon to act.
The war feeling was just as apparent as
it was during the caucus of yesterday, and
all those who spoke took strong grounds
in favor of upholding the President and
backing him in the enforcement of the
Press dispatches to the effect that Great
Britain was to secure the island of Cuba,
either by purchase or by exchanging Gib
raltar, caused the discussion to take a turn
in that direction. Tne prevailing senti
ment on this matter was that if England
sought to take possession of Cuba or Spain
soaght to dispose of the island, sucb act
would be accepted as a declaration of war.
The island must remain as the property of
Spain or it must be given its independence.
In the bands of any other power it
would be a menace to the United States,
and if such an affront to the Government
was attempted, the Republicans asserted,
this Government must tight.
The temper of the Republicans who took
part in the debate and of those who did
not speak but who indorsed what was said,
shows that the President will receive the
hearty co-operation of the majority party
in the Senate, and that his foreign policy
in this matter is thoroughly and man
CRUISE TO THB SOUTH.
Warships to Maneuver Near the
WASHINGTON, D. C. Dec. 18.— The
North Atlantic squadron of evolution is
still at Hampton Koads, awaiting orders
to sail southward on the practice voyage
to the West Indies and adjacent waters.
According to the itinerary for the cruise
tne longest stops will be made at St. Lucia
and Trinidad, the points nearest in the
programme to the Venezuela coast.
It was learned at the Navy Department
to-day that, although it had been intended
that the squadron should sail on December
21, its departure would probably be post
poned until the return of Secretary Her
bert from New Y r ork, which may not be
before Monday, although Friday is the
Rear Admiral Bunce is expected in
Washington to confer with Secretary Her
bert before the fleet takes its departure.
The squadron at present consists of the
SAN FRANCISCO, THURSDAY MORNING, DECEMBER 19, 1895.J
ENGLAND'S PREMIER OUGHT TO T ALK AS THE COON DID TO DAVY CROCKETT.
"Don't Shoot, Uncle Sam; I'll come down."
first-class cruiser New York as flagship,
tb« commerce destroyers Columbia and
Minneapolis, the cruisers Montgomery and
Raleigh and monitor Amphitrite. At Key
West the fleet /will be augmented by: the
cruiser Cincinnati, and orders were issued
to-day that the armored cruiser Maine
should be attached to the squadron imme
diately. An effort will also be made to
have the battle-ship Texas ready to join
Admiral Bunce before his departure.
4 • — — . . .-
DECISIVE AND JUST.
Ex-Secretary Whitney's Opinion of
NEW T YORK, N. Y\, Dec. 18.— William
C. Whitney has expressed himself emphat
ically in regard to President Cleveland's
message. He says:
"It is simply a renewed affirmation of
the Monroe doctrine. It expresses the
meaning and purposes of that doctrine.
Mr. Cleveland's expression of it is clear,
concise and not by any means overstated
"Its does not matter on what pretext
Englaud is seeking to extend its system
of government on this continent. If she
seeks in any way to extend her territory
against the will ol Venezuela she comes
into conflict with the Monroe doctrine.
And since we say, in obedience to that doc
trine, she shall not extend her system of
government on this continent it is
for us to decide whether or not
she is doing so, tither by just
arbitration or through our own inves
tigation. It is certainly not for England
to decide for us whether she violates the
Monroe doctrine or not. That we must de
cide for ourselves.
"I do not consider Mr. Cleveland's mes
sage in any sense a jingo document. It is
strong and decided, as it should be.
"I don't think we need worry about
war. War is a long way off. The simple
fact is that we cannot abandon the Monroe
doctrine, and that we must make clear our
intention to stick to it whenever a foreign
power shows an inclination to forget its
existence and vitality. Mr. Cleveland
states our side of the case very clearly.
We keep our hands out of Europe and
European rows on condition that Europe
shall keep her hands off this continent.
Without the Monroe doctrine there would
be nothing to keep European powers from
dividing up South America as they have
divided up Africa. They would so divide
it undoubtedly if allowed."
Patriotism Aroused Will Work for
the Country's Good.
OMAHA, Nebr., Dec. 18.— The World-
Herald (D.), commenting on the Presi
dent's message, says: "It cannot be said
that the World-Herald has any partiality
toward Grover Cleveland. In the main
his acts as President have been subjected
to the keenest criticism by tbis paper.
But we desire to say that his message of
yesterday was one of the best and the
(strongest state papers that was ever
issued in this country under the circum
stances and that he twisted the tail of the
British lion 'to the Queen's taste.' "
The Bee says: "It is for Congres9 to say
whether it be wise to adopt the extreme
measure suggested by the President and
whether the .Nation is prepared to thus in
vite a conflict with Great Britain. The
dominant spirit in Congress, as shown by
the applause which greeted the message,
is in favor of a firm stand for upholding
the Monroe doctrine, but calm delib
eration may lead to the conclusion that
the country is not ready to force hostili
ties with Great Britain, the consequences
of which would oe calamitous to both
nations. It is a most critical situation,
calling for the e^pcise on the part of the
people's representatives of the highest
wisdom and patriotism."
General Charles F. Manderson, who was
for several years a member of the Com
mittee on Military Affairs in the United
States Senate, said to-night that he did not
believe there would be a war because Ene
land could not afford to go to war with
America. He was gratified with the sup
port which the people were giving to
President Cleveland, and believed that it
would be of benefit to the whole country.
"We are not well prepared for war," said
he, "not nearly as well as we were in 1865,
when we could have conquered the world."
Major T. S. Clarkson, department com
mander of the Nebraska G. A. R., says:
"I consider the message of the President
the most loyal and patriotic sent to Con
gress in years. A million old soldiers will
applaud the President's action."
General Coppinger refused to express
any opinion on the subject.
NOT INTERNATIONAL LAW.
But the Position of the United States
BOSTON, Mass., Dec. 18.— Professor
Joseph H. Beaie of the Harvard Law
School, instructor in international law in
thfi university, says regarding President
Cleveland's claim that the Monroe doc
trine is a part of international law, that
this view is by no means tenable, in no
sense could the Monroe doctrine be called
a part of international law. The Mon
roe doctrine, he says, is merely a line of
political policy which I. as been adopted
and followed in this country. That does
not deny the wisdom of the doctrine at all;
nevertheless the United States cannot
maintain the ground that the Monroe doc
trine is a fundamental principle of the laws
that govern the intercourse and political
returns of nations.
On the contrary, says the professor, it is
the strongest theory of international law
that one nation shall not interfere in the
affairs of another nation unless it is di
rectly concerned, and it would be stretch
ing a point a great .way to say that the
United States has a direct interest in the
ccntroversy between Venezuela and Great
Britain over a disputed boundary line.
But taking it for granted, for purposes
of discussion, the professor thinks that
the Monroe doctrine is sound and that it
can be stretched to cover the case of a
strong European power in controversy
with an American power over a pure mat
ter of a boundary line. Having once de
cided, he says, that this controversy is
possibly the case of a European nation
trying to grab land rightfully belonging to
an American people, the President had ad
vocated the best possible plan, namely,
If the United States feels justified in
| going to war, if England is really trying
I to bulldoze Venezuela— and there is much
reason in the arguments of those who
think this is a matter for the United States
to look into and one which the Monroe
doctrine covers — then, before hostilities
are declared, it is far the best plan to as
j certain the full facts of the case. Then,
also, if the balance is against England,
the United States can enter into the con
troversy with open eyes and a free con
science as was done in President Madison's
administration, when Buenos Ayres, Peru
and Chile revolted from Spain.
PRAISED AT CHICAGO.
Persons Who Do Not Approve of the
Message Are Few.
CHICAGO, 111.. Dec. 18.— Merchants,
Board of Trade members, lawyers and
prominent men of the Chicago business
world generally, who were asked to-day
for an expression of opinion regarding the
message of the President to Congress- on
tne Venezuelan test of the Monroe doctrine,
spok approvingly of the position taken
by the Government, and in the majority of
cases indulged in enthusiastic praise in a
spirit of patriotism. There were a few ex
ceptions, but the criticism was actuated by
Among the leading Democrats identified
with the party management in the State
and county none could be found who
would say for publication that they ap
proved of the criticism of the message by
Governor Altgeld, and several were out
spoken in declaring that the Governor
acted ill advisedly from a party standpoint,
although honest in his conviction. Ex-
Mayor Hopkins was credited with saying
privately that the criticism would cost the
Governor a renomination and retire him
P. 1). Armour said : "I think it is a very
good message. Ido not think we will have
any war with England, as matters have
not reached the point where they cannot
be amicably settled, but if there is war I
believe it would be thoroughly justifiable
on the part of the United States. There
are a gre^t many of us Republicans who
like Mr. Cleveland."
Marshall Field said: "Some one will
have to back down in this international
dispute. I need not say whether it will be
the President or Lord Salisbury, but mark
my words, somebody will back down. Ex-
Minister Lincoln says Lord Salisbury once
offered to arbitrate the question. He may
be willing to do zo now."
Ex-United States Senator Charles B. Far
well said: '-I believe Lord Salisbury
should have acceded to President Cleve
land's request for arbitration. President
Cleveland has the courage of his convic
tions, and I believe the Monroe doctrine
should be upheld strictly in the present
dispute. The boundary question in itself
is so small that a great nation like England
could not well afford to refuse the request
of the United States for arbitration."
Congratulations Are Pouring In
Upon the President.
WASHINGTON, D. C, Dec. 18.— An ef
fort made this afternoon to obtain copies
of the congratulatory letters and tele
grams received by the President resulted
in the following statement from Private
"The President has received many con
gratulations on the subject of his message,
both by mail and by telegraph. These
have been comine; since last night, and are
still being received. We have telegrams
from Maine and California, from Michi
gan and Louisiana— indeed, from every
State and Territory. In addition to these
there have- been a number of tenders of
services from organizations and indi
LOYALTY OF THE SOUTH.
Cleveland's Stand Indorsed by the
Press and the People.
RICHMOND, Va., Dec. 18.— the Dis
patch says editorially this morning: "The
special message of President Cleveland,
sent to Congress yesterday, leaves not a
shadow of doubt as to his position on the
Venezuelan question. It seems to us that
Congress is bound to vote the money that
the President asks. That war is a serious
thing we need not tell the people of the
South, the people of Richmond particu
larly. Nevertheless, whenever.the country
needs soldiers it will find that the South
will not only furnish its share but more
than its siiare."
ATLANTA, Ga., Dec. 18.— The Atlanta
Constitution says: "The message is very
strong throughout, and from tirst to last
breathes the genuine American spirit. It
strikes a note of patriotism that is not
EUROPE APPALLED AT THE ULTIMATUM
often heard in high places during these
latter days, and for that reason it will fall
upon the ears of the people with a wel
PROTECTION IS NEEDED.
Puget Sound Cities Deplore Their
Lack of Defense.
PORT TOWNSEND. Wash., Dec. 18.—
Along the northwest border Jine of the
United States The United Press dispatches,
telling of possible war between this coun
try and England as a result of President
Cleveland's message on the Venezuelan
matter, while they stirred up patriotism
to a pitch of enthusiasm, also aroused a
feeling of deep anxiety among all classes.
The message is universally indorsed, and
thousands of citizens in the Northwest are
anxious to respond to a call to arms. At
the same time they realize that a declara
tion of war would mean the destruction of
their homes and the laying waste of the
Puget Sound country.
Esquimalt, scarcely forty miles from
here, is the Pacific station of the British
squadron and a visit from the Royal Ar
thur and other men-of-war stationed there
would leave the northwest corner of the
United States a barren waste before a sin
gle defender could be dispatched to these
The War Department haa long ago
selected Points Wilson and Marrowstone
and Admiralty Head, opposite Port
Townsend, for the location of fortifications
for the defense of Puget Sound, and the
department estimates say that an expend
iture of $5,000,000 would make it impossi
ble for any warship to pass these points
and enter Puget Sound. As yet, however,
nothing has been done toward construct
ing the fortifications ami this whole coun
try is open to the enemy.
In spite of all this people here are for
war if such be necessary to maintain the
stand taken by President Cleveland.
PROFFER TttHIR SERVICES.
Nebraska Grand Army Veterans
Ready to Fight Again.
LINCOLN, Nebr., Dec. 18.— The Presi
dent's message and the correspondence
which accompanied it was about the only
subject of conversation around the Capitol
to-day. Governor Holcomb sent the fol
lowing message of congratulation to Presi
dent Cleveland :
Lincoln, Nebr., Dec. 18.
To the President: In your firm stand favoring
the enforcement of the principles of the Mon
roe doctrine you have the warm support of the
people of Nebraska.
Silas A. Holcomb, Governor.
The State officers without exception
spoke in the same strain and declared that
the President at a single bound had placed
himself on a plane oi popularity heretofore
unknown. During the day Governor Hol
comb received messages from G. A. R.
posts throughout the State, in which the
members proffered their services in the
event of war with England.
INDORSED BY TEACHERS.
Resolutions Passed by an Institute
SEATTLE, Wash., Dec. 18.— There has
been widespread discussion of the Presi
dent's message in this city to-day. This
afternoon the King County Teachers' In
stitute unanimously passed the following
Resolved, That as patriot bodies, realizing the
full import of the National dignity and honor
in the treatment of international subjects, we
heartily commend the position of our chief
executive, Grover Cleveland, in his applica
tion of the Monroe doctrine in determining
the differences between Great Britain and
URGED TO TALK PATRIOTISM.
Judge Grosscup's Charge to a Fed-
eral Grand Jury.
PEORIA, 111., Dec. 18.— Judge Gross
cup, in the United States Court here to
day, enjoined the Grand Jury, before dis
charging it, to talk patriotism when the
members returned to their homes, and
urged them to stand by President Cleve
land, although they might differ with him
JOHN i. AIRS HIS VIEWS.
Monroe and Cleveland Gifted With the
Ki(//it Kind of ''Sand."
CHICAGO, 111., Dec. 18.— "Monroe had
the right kind of 'sand' when he wrote
that paper which made the nations of the
world duck their nuts to Uncle Sam," said
John L. Sulhvan this morning at the Im
•'l've had some experience myself with
Johnny Bull," continued the great scrap
per, "and I found them regular duffers.
There was Tug Wilson, who came over
here pretending to be a fighter. Charley
Mitchell had too much mouth for his size
and I quickly done him. These English
ers are very fond of talking, but they cut
no figure with a real fighter.
"That's where I admire Cleveland. He
gets right down to business the minute he
is challenged. Now, some of these fellows
what's always looking for an office like to
kick about the articles of agreement; they
don't like the gloves and other conditions.
But Cleveland, he just says, 'If you really
mean fight, why any fair referee will suit
me; and as for gloves, why anything from
a silk mit to a pillow is good enough, so
long as it be to a decision.'
"England has had a few good scrapper.-,
but they relied more upon strength tha;
science to win. There was that rnai
Butcher and — what's his name? Yes, Wei
lineton. They wasn't in it with Napoleon
when it came to the tine points of the
game; but they had the crowd with them,
and that made all the difference. See?
"Now look at England grabbing for the
stakes just as Mitchell used to do. She
says, 'I'll just take a little, extra slice of
the side bet,' meaning this country Vene
zuela, when your Uncle Samuel just steps
in and says, 'You had better get down to
your own class if you want to scrap.'
"We're a ereat deal stronger than Eng
land, and we can lick her to a standstill,
and don't you forget it. But England
won't fight. She is just like some of these
dubs that have been licked three or four
times and then want another try for the
Bayard Is Silent.
LONDON. Eng., Dec. 18.— All attempts
to obtain from Bayard an expression of
views in regard to Cleveland's message or
other phase of the Venezuelan dispute are
fruitless. He positively declines to speak
on the subject.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
Regarded as a Remarkably
Bold and Audacious
BRITONS ARE FURIOUS.
The English Press United in
Opposing a Humiliating
COMMENT ON THE CONTINENT.
German and French Editors Criticize
the Attitude of This
LONDON, Eng., Dec. 18.— The excite
ment caused by the news of President
Cleveland's message on the Venezuelan
affair has not abated throughout England.
Britons are furious, and the press and
people unite in declaring that Lord Salis
bury must back up his ultimatum, sub
bitted in the answer to Secretary Olney's
note. British egotism sees no other result
than a quick retreat upon the part of
Americans when a show of force is made.
The opinion seems prevalent that the of
fending nation must be chastised, though
many Englishmen do notyet know what all
the trouble is about. That the chastising
process is likely to cause any great trouble
or annoyance to England is a belief
scarcely entertained among the masses.
The Marquis of Salisbury held the usucl
Wednesday reception at the Foreign Ol
fice to-day. The FrencL, German, Italian
and Spanish Embassadors and the Aus
trian and Dutch Charge d'Affaires were
present. The United States Embassador.
Bayard, was absent.
It is understood that the British Gov
ernment has not been informed officially
of President Cleveland's message in re
gard to the proposed commission in the
Venezuelan boundary dispute, and that
Great Britain will follow the usual diplo
matic course until overt action is taken by
the United States. The action of the
House ot Representatives in voting an ap
propriation for the expenses of the com
mission may hasten a crisis, but it is not
expected that there will be serious devel
opments until the commission shall have
' arrived in Venezuela.
Its presence on the Guiana border will
constitute a grave menace, and the neces
sary instructions will be forwarded to the
authorities to maintain the interests of
Great Britain in Guiana.
A number of politicians seen at the va
rious Conservative clubs by a United Press
representative maintained that diplomats,
acting under instructions from Lord Salis
bury, had sounded European powers last
autumn prior to the dispatch of Great
Britain's reply, with the result that the
diplomats answered that all the powers
having interests in America agreed with
Salisbury that the Monroe doctrine, as
stated by Olney, did not possess interna
Lord Salisbury was at his residence,
Hatfield House, Hertfordshire, but is ex
pected to arrive in London this afternoon
to visit the Foreign Office.
Despite the publication of leaders assum
ing that President Cleveland's message is
merely an election move, most of the
newspapers print articles summing up the
war strength of the United States. The
St. James Gazette publishes a list of Brit
ish warships now in American waters,
with their dimensions, etc., followed by a
list of the vessels composing the United
States navy, giving their capacity, etc.
The "Westminster Gazette has an article
showing the numerical strength of the
United States army and the strength and
character and location of the country's
The Pall Mall Gazette presents a map
of the disputed frontiers, accompanied by
an article thereon.
While the afternoon papers generally
follow the lead of the morning newspapers,
the language is coarser and the insinua
The Daily News to-morrow will say that
it was hardly to be expected that Congress
would do otherwise than grant an appro
priation for the proposed Venezuelan Com
"Mr. Cleveland's plot." says the News,
"was well laid and has achieved his Im
mediate objtct. Probably he sees in the
vista a third term as his reward. But we
cannot believe he will permanently gain.
It is not to the advantage of the Republi
cans to prolong the excitement. Thus
party feelings, combined with the words
of the wise, will make common-sense pre
"if the message had been communicated
to the Foreign Office it must have led to
;i rupture of diplomatic relations. As it is
t does not call for a reply, but when it is
;nnounced through the Embassador that
he commission has been appointed it will
be necessary for Lord Salisbury to say how
lie regards it. He might under all the cir
cumstances treat its appointment — at least
its invasion of British territory— as a hos
tile act. He will probably deem it wiser
Is declared by Hood's Sarsaparilla upon
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